Docstoc

Wakefield Real Estate Development Open Space Plan

Document Sample
Wakefield Real Estate Development Open Space Plan Powered By Docstoc
					                           Town of Wakefield
Open Space and Recreation Plan
                          FY 2005 - 2010




                                        June 15, 2004
              Adopted by the Planning Board: June 22, 2004
        Adopted by the Conservation Commission: August 18, 2004



                                            Prepared by:
                                Metropolitan Area Planning Council
                                         60 Temple Place
                                       Boston, MA 02111

Funded under Executive Order 418 by the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development,
Massachusetts Department of Economic Development, Executive Office of Transportation and Construction, and
                                Executive Office of Environmental Affairs.
                           Credits and Acknowledgements

MAPC Officers:
President:                  Richard A. Dimino
Vice President:             Gordon Feltman
Secretary:                  Jeanne E. Richardson
Treasurer:                  Grace S. Shepard
Executive Director:         Marc D. Draisen

MAPC Staff:
Project Manager:            Joan Blaustein
Lead Project Planner:       Meg Ounsworth
Mapping:                    Kevin Sears




Wakefield Open Space and Recreation Committee
                           Judy Green, Chair


Wakefield Conservation Commission
                           Frank J. Luciani, Jr., Chairman
                           Sally T. Green
                           David M. Sullivan
                           Mathew E. Robbins
                           Jane Gehron
                           Robert J. Romano
                           John J. Ruehrwein, Jr.
                           Frank Calandra, Assoc. Member
                           David N. Peterson, Assoc. Member

Conservation Agent:         Rebecca Davis



Wakefield Planning Board
                            Paul R. Di Nocco, Chairman
                            Paul J. Semenza
                            James T. French
                            Fred J. Emilianowicz, Jr.
                            Catherine M. Johnston
                            Sarah Madeleine T. Guerin, Assoc. Member

Town Planner:               Paul Reavis
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Section 1 – Plan Summary_______________________________________________________ 1

Section 2 – Introduction_________________________________________________________ 3
       Statement of Purpose……………………………………………………………………...3
       The Planning Process and Public Participation………………………………………….3

Section 3 – Community Setting___________________________________________________ 5
       Regional Context………………………………………………………………………….5
       History of the Community…………………………………………………………………7
       Population Characteristics………………………………………………………………..8
       Growth and Development Patterns………………………………………………………14

Section 4 – Environmental Inventory and Analysis___________________________________23
       Geology, Soils, and Topography………………………………………………………...23
       Landscape Character……………………………………………………………………23
       Water Resources…………………………………………………………………………24
       Vegetation………………………………………………………………………………..29
       Fisheries and Wildlife……………………………………………………………………30
       Scenic Resources and Unique Environments…………………………………………….32
       Environmental Challenges……………………………………………………………….36

Section 5 – Inventory of Lands of Conservation and Recreation Interest__________________ 43
       Introduction……………………………………………………………………………...43
       Inventory………………………………………………………………………………....45
       Access for the Disabled……………..……………………………………………………56

Section 6 – Community Goals___________________________________________________ 58
       Previous Goals…………………………………………………………………………...58
       Description of Process…………………………………………………………………...59
       Statement of Open Space and Recreation Goals………………………………………...59

Section 7 – Analysis of Need____________________________________________________ 60
       Summary of Resource Protection Needs………………………………………………... 60
       Summary of Community’s Needs………………………………………………………...62
       Management Needs………………………………………………………………………64

Section 8 – Goals and Objectives_________________________________________________65

Section 9 – Five Year Action Plan________________________________________________67

Section 10 – Implementation____________________________________________________ 83
Section 11 - Public Comments___________________________________________________ 87

Section 12 – References________________________________________________________ 88

Appendices
Public Comments at Open Space Forum
Section 504 Handicapped Accessibility Inventory
Streetscape Design Concept from Wakefield 1925 Master Plan
Lake Quannapowitt Utilization Study

List of Tables
Table 1: Household Composition 1990-2000_________________________________________9
Table 2: Population Density by Census Tract________________________________________10
Table 3: Projected Population by Age Group________________________________________12
Table 4: Occupation of Workforce________________________________________________13
Table 5: Educational Attainment of Population 25+ 1990-2000_________________________ 14
Table 6: Wakefield Zoning Districts_______________________________________________16
Table 7: Scheduled and Proposed Developments in Wakefield__________________________19
Table 8: Building Permits Issued 1990-2003________________________________________20
Table 9: Summary of Buildout Analysis___________________________________________21
Table 10: Buildout Impacts______________________________________________________22
Table 11: Land Use in Wakefield_________________________________________________24
Table 12: Summary of Water Quality Information____________________________________27
Table 13: Rare, Threatened, and Endangered Vascular Plants___________________________30
Table 14: Rare, Threatened, and Endangered Animals________________________________ 32
Table 15: Summary of Property Totals____________________________________________ 45
Table 16: Conservation Commission Properties_____________________________________ 46
Table 17: DPW Properties______________________________________________________ 47
Table 18: DPW Managed Water Department Facilities_______________________________ 49
Table 19: State Lands__________________________________________________________ 50
Table 20: School Properties and Recreation_________________________________________51
Table 21: Private Recreational Land_______________________________________________53
Table 22: Chapter 61 Land_____________________________________________________ 53
Table 23: Cemeteries__________________________________________________________ 54
Table 24: Parcels of Conservation and Recreation Interest_____________________________ 55
Table 25: Gertrude Spaulding’s “Wish List” of Private Parcels of Conservation Priority_____ 76
Table 26: Priority Acquisition Areas from the Gertrude Spaulding Wish List______________ 77

List of Maps
Map 1: Census Tracts__________________________________________________________ 11
Map 2: Zoning________________________________________________________________18
Map 3: Special Landscape Features_______________________________________________ 41
Map 4: Water Resources________________________________________________________42
Map 5: Open Space____________________________________________________________57
Map 6: Action Plan____________________________________________________________79
Map 7: Concept Bikeway Map___________________________________________________81
Open Space & Recreation Plan



Section 1 – Plan Summary
As part of the Town of Wakefield's efforts to create a comprehensive and contemporary Master
Plan, the Town contracted the Metropolitan Area Planning Council to develop the 2004 Open
Space and Recreation Plan (OSRP). The OSRP was originally developed in 1986 by the
Wakefield Conservation Commission and was subsequently updated by the Conservation
Commission in 2000. The 2004 plan updates the work done previously using new data, public
comments received during public meetings, and through discussion and meetings with Town
departments, boards, and officials.

The OSRP provides background information about the Town in terms of its history,
demographics, development patterns, present land uses, natural features, and important
resources. The open space inventory in section 5 describes the present status of large areas of
both Town-owned and privately owned undeveloped land. Further, the OSRP lays out the
community’s open space goals and objectives. It also discusses community, resource, and
management needs, identifying residents’ concerns and desires regarding the Town’s open space
and recreation facilities and programs. These needs are incorporated into an action plan, which
provides a year-by-year time table for the Town to work towards achieving the stated goals and
objectives. Finally, the OSRP provides a self-assessment of the accessibility of the Town’s open
space and recreational facilities to handicapped persons.

The goals identified in the 2004 Open Space and Recreation Plan are:

   Increase the amount of and improve the Town’s open space and “green areas”;

   Increase the number and quality of active recreational areas and facilities;

   Protect watershed and water resources;

   Step-up efforts to coordinate with and participate in local and regional planning efforts;

   Seek funding to maintain and increase the amount of active and passive recreational areas;

   Continue to use zoning and other land use regulations to create and protect open space.




___________________________________________________________________________
Section 1 – Plan Summary                                               1
                                                                       Town of Wakefield

The key recommendations of the Five-Year Action Plan are as follows:

   Obtain funding to create design plans for a town-wide greenway system;

   Develop a comprehensive list of lands of conservation and recreation interest;

   Review the inventory of tax-title and town-owned lands to identify the best uses of the lands;

   Determine how many certifiable vernal pools exist in Wakefield and where they are located;

   Hire a consultant to assess where to locate and how to develop and upgrade playing fields,
   athletic areas, and tennis courts;

   Review the Weston & Sampson bikeway proposal and the Wakefield Bike Committee bikeway
   proposal. Have a meeting to reconcile differences;

   Create a local land trust;

   Ensure that the Conservation Commission receives Chapter 61 right-of-first refusal notices
   concurrently with the Board of Selectmen;

   Develop a plan for the expansion of Mapleway Playground;

   Maintain greenbelts around Lake Quannapowitt and Crystal Lake; enhance them through
   further acquisition either of properties, rights of way, or easements;

   Revisit the Community Preservation Act and educate decision-makers.




Section 1 – Plan Summary                                                                 2
Open Space & Recreation Plan


Section 2 - Introduction
Web links in this report: If you have a copy of this plan on a disk or you are viewing the plan
on-line, the text that appears highlighted in blue indicates a direct web link. If you click on one
of these links, you will go directly to a web site with more information on that topic. If you are
reading a paper copy of this report but would like to access the web information, the full report
can be found on the Town of Wakefield website at
http://www.wakefield.ma.us/public_Documents/WakefieldMA_Depts/planner. In addition, a list
of the web site addresses can be found in the references section of this document.

Statement of Purpose
The principal purpose of the Open Space and Recreation Plan is to set goals and objectives for
the preservation and enhancement of the Town's natural resources and recreational facilities.
The goals and objectives and the action plan of the OSRP will be incorporated into the policies
and planning objectives of the Town’s Master Plan. Approval of the OSRP enables the Town to
take advantage of many state and federal aid programs available to communities.

The Town’s earliest planning efforts consisted of Master Plans that were prepared in 1925, 1961,
and 1987, which advocated to varying degrees for improved and expanded recreation facilities in
Wakefield. The 1961 Plan advocated for the creation of a Conservation Commission and in
1982 it was established. In 1986, the State’s Division of Conservation Services developed an
Open Space Plan for Wakefield, in which the larger open space parcels throughout the Town
were inventoried and key parcels for acquisition or stewardship were identified. This plan was
updated in 2000. The 2004 update builds on these previous efforts by incorporating the 2000
Open Space and Recreation Plan with the Executive Office of Environmental Affairs’ (EOEA)
Division of Conservation Services Open Space Plan requirements and through review of the
existing conditions in Wakefield in order to create a comprehensive document that addresses the
open space and recreation needs and goals of the Town.

The Planning Process and Public Participation
In order to facilitate the update of the Town’s open space and recreation plan, the Town of
Wakefield contracted with the Metropolitan Area Planning Council (MAPC) to prepare an
updated plan. The 2004 update for Wakefield’s Open Space Plan is part of the community’s
efforts to appropriately plan for the future and is funded through the state’s Executive Order 418
(EO418) initiative. Through EO418, the state made all cities and towns eligible for funds for
technical assistance and planning services to assist in the preparation of a Community
Development Plan, a comprehensive plan that addresses housing needs, open space, economic
development, and transportation.


 Section 2 - Introduction                                                                   3
                                                                       Town of Wakefield

To begin the process of updating the plan, MAPC met with the Town Planner on February 11,
2004. MAPC then held public meetings at Town Hall to obtain information from residents and
interest groups regarding the plan. These forums were held on May 4 and June 3, 2004. The
results of an interactive dialogue with Town residents and decision makers about the goals and
objectives of the Open Space Plan, the community needs, and discussion about the open space
map and parcels of conservation interest are incorporated throughout this plan and form the basis
for the Action Plan items.




Section 2 - Introduction                                                                4
Open Space & Recreation Plan


Section 3 – Community Setting
Regional Context
Wakefield is a suburban residential community that is located 10 miles northeast of Boston and
is bordered to the north by Lynnfield and Reading, to the west by Stoneham, and to the south by
Stoneham, Saugus, and Melrose. State Route 128 passes through the north end of the
community and Interstate 93 is located approximately one and a half miles west of the western
edge of the Town. There are two commuter rail stops in Wakefield that transport commuters to
Boston and several Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) bus routes through
Wakefield. Due to its location in proximity to Boston and two major interstate highways, in
addition to its commuter rail access, Wakefield is in a prime location for both business and
residential development.

Wakefield is part of the North Coastal Watershed with most of Wakefield’s streams and small
rivers draining to the east towards Saugus and Lynn. Four significant open space areas exist in
Wakefield in addition to the Saugus and Mill Rivers and numerous other recreational and park
areas identified in the inventory. These parcels include:

   Lake Quannapowitt – a 247 acre lake that is the headwaters of the Saugus River. It is
   located at the north end of Wakefield near the borders with Reading and Lynnfield.

   Crystal Lake - a 78 acre lake in the southeastern portion of the Town. It is used as a
   drinking water reservoir and supplies approximately 10 to 15 percent of the Town’s water
   needs. The Massachusetts Water Resource Authority (MWRA) supplies the remainder. It
   abuts the Town of Stoneham and some of the watershed protection properties are located in
   Stoneham. Its outlet is the Mill River, which flows to the Saugus River.

   Reedy Meadow (Lynnfield Marsh) - Predominantly located in the Town of Lynnfield but
   more than 30 acres are located and protected within Wakefield. The Saugus River passes
   through the meadow.

   Breakheart Reservation - is over 600 acres and includes two ponds and a portion of the
   Saugus River. It is predominantly located in the Town of Saugus, but more than 27 acres of
   the reservation are located in the eastern end of Wakefield with other undeveloped Town
   land adjoining it. The Regional Vocational School property abuts Breakheart with more than
   30 forested acres.




 Section 3 – Community Setting                                                             5
                                                                       Town of Wakefield

Regional Planning Affiliation
Wakefield is one of 101 municipalities that are served by the Metropolitan Area Planning
Council (MAPC). Created by an act of the Legislature in 1963, MAPC serves as a forum for
state and local officials to address issues of regional importance. Council membership consists
of community representatives, gubernatorial appointees, and city and state agencies that
collaborate in the development of comprehensive plans and recommendations in areas of
population and employment, transportation, economic development, regional growth and the
environment. The Council’s professional planners, GIS specialists, demographers and others
also provide technical assistance to its member communities.

Wakefield is also a member of the North Suburban Planning Council (NSPC), one of eight
subregions within the Metropolitan Area Planning Council. NSPC is a group of nine
communities (Burlington, Lynnfield, North Reading, Wilmington, Reading, Stoneham, Woburn,
and Winchester) that meet regularly to discuss issues of common interest. NSPC is a forum for
discussing regional open space issues and opportunities.

Relationship to the Regional Development Plan
MetroPlan, adopted in 1990, was an outgrowth of MAPC’s commitment to promote efficient and
environmentally sound development and provided a roadmap for development in the Boston
metropolitan area. The plan’s framework promoted a sustainable development pattern that
focused on existing infrastructure in order to strengthen the region’s economy and safeguard air,
water, and land resources. MetroPlan encouraged efficient development by promoting compact
development patterns and discouraging sprawl. By limiting sprawl, MetroPlan also encouraged
the protection of open space and sensitive natural resources such as wetlands, watersheds, and
aquifers.

MetroFuture, launched in 2003, is MAPC’s large-scale, participatory regional development
visioning forum to create a new regional plan for the Boston metropolitan area. Through
MetroFuture, MAPC is taking a collaborative approach to identifying what regional residents
believe should be safeguarded and what should be changed about the region. MAPC is
incorporating these visions with strategies aimed at accomplishing these changes.

Regional Open Space Efforts
Wakefield’s early master plan recognized the Town’s regional context and proposed parkways
linking Wakefield to the major open spaces in adjoining Towns. There are three major regional
parks to the east of Wakefield: Breakheart Reservation, Lynn Woods and Mt. Hood Memorial
Park. These three parks abut the Saugus River and the Town has discussed applying for a
riverways grant or becoming involved in the Adopt-A-River program for the Saugus River,

Section 3 – Community Setting                                                           6
Open Space & Recreation Plan

which begins at Lake Quannapowitt and threads through several marshlands in Town. To the
south and west of Town, Middlesex Fells Reservation principally adjoins Melrose. Future
efforts to link Wakefield to the Fells may include collaboration with the City of Melrose to study
possible pathways from the Greenwood area of Wakefield to West Hill Terrace or Ferdinand
Street in Melrose. Both these trails are very close to the Fells and could provide future trail
access to the Fells if they are extended.

In addition, the Town of Wakefield is also part of a five-town, regional bikeway project that is
underway with the Towns north of Wakefield. An application to create the bikeway through the
federal Inter-modal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA), now known as Tea3, was
approved in 1997 and the draft plan for its creation is now in its final stages. The project will
provide linkages for Wakefield to the Towns of Reading, Lynnfield, Wilmington, and North
Reading. When completed, this trail system will provide extended access to the Bay Circuit
Trail, a major 200 mile, circumferential park and trail system intended to link 50 cities and
towns.

History of the Community
Initially settled in 1638 as a Parish of Lynn, "Linn Village" was incorporated as the Town of
Reading (Redding) in 1644. At that time, "Old Redding" included what are presently Reading
and Wakefield. In 1651, a grant extended the Reading lands north of the Ipswich River to the
Andover line (presently North Reading). A southern section was annexed from Malden as
Greenwood in 1729, and boundaries were established with Stoneham and Saugus. In 1812,
because of political differences among the three parishes, the First Parish (South Parish)
separated and became incorporated as South Reading. Then, in 1868, following a gift of land
and a new brick Town Hall from local businessman Cyrus Wakefield, the Town was renamed in
his honor. For many years, all the territory west of Crystal Lake, the Lake and Albion Streets
section, and a large part of the present Wakefield Park belonged to Stoneham. The southern
section of this Stoneham land was acquired by an Act of the Legislature in 1856; the northerly
part, comprising 142 acres (including the balance of the Wakefield Park), was acquired in 1889.
In 1933, a portion of Saugus known as Golden Hills became part of Wakefield.

Wakefield has a long history as a manufacturing community. In 1677, Jonas Eaton was given a
grant of land on the condition that he would remain and become a shoemaker. By the mid-18th
century, shoemaking had become a thriving industry, and in 1805, Wakefield had its first shoe
manufacturing company, Thomas Emerson & Sons. Early records of the Evens family revealed
Thomas Evens, Jr., made hand-turned footwear in the early 1800's as well. His son, Lucius
Bolles Evans, introduced shoemaking as a collective system, distributing leather linings, thread,
lasts, tacks, etc., to the townspeople for assembly. L.B. Evans footwear (established in 1841)
became L.B. Evans Son in 1881, and incorporated as L.B. Evans Son Company in 1905. For
many years, the company was Wakefield's leading industry, and the country's oldest shoe
manufacturing company. In the early 1980's the company terminated its manufacturing business

 Section 3 – Community Setting                                                             7
                                                                         Town of Wakefield

in Wakefield and the factory building was renovated for multiple commercial uses.

Other early industries included shoe tools (awls), razor straps, and tin-ware. Dr. Richardson's
Sherry Wine Bitters was also a well-known New England product.

In 1845, with the completion of the Boston and Maine Railroad line from Boston passing
through South Reading, the Town was transformed into a commuting residential suburb of
Boston. The railroad brought new citizens and new industries, and specifically "heavy industry."
Two important industries were founded by Wakefield's leading entrepreneur, Cyrus Wakefield:
the Boston and Maine Foundry, which became the first in the country to produce enameled
bathtubs; and, in 1855, the Wakefield Rattan Company, which produced wicker furniture, seat
covers for street cars and trains, and floor matting and carpeting. In addition to these industries,
in the 1870's Cyrus Wakefield built two-acre commercial/industrial blocks and organized the
Quannapowitt Water Company, supplying the Town with water from the two lakes. Later, the
Wakefield Rattan Company consolidated with Heywood Brothers & Company to become the
Heywood-Wakefield Company. In 1930, the company moved to Gardener, Massachusetts. The
matting portion of the business remained in Wakefield and incorporated as the National Mat and
Matting Company, Inc.

In addition to the industries noted above, for many years ice companies cut and stored ice from
Lake Quannapowitt to be shipped to Boston and the South. In addition, the Winship-Boit
Company, later known as Harvard Mills, came to Wakefield in 1889. Its factory building,
located on Albion Street, has been renovated for multiple commercial uses.

Population Characteristics
According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the population of Wakefield was 24,804, continuing a trend
of minor population loss beginning in 1980 when the population dipped from 1970’s Census
figure of 25,402 to 1980’s of 24,895. In 1990, there were 24,825 people in Wakefield. Based on
the Census, 47.4%, or 11,762 residents, were male and 52.6%, or 13,042 residents, were female.
The population of the Town is 96.9% white with 3.1% of other races. The median age was 38.9
years.

Wakefield follows the national trend of decreasing household size with an increasing number of
households. The average household size in Wakefield decreased 5% between 1990 and 2000,
from 2.67 persons/household to 2.54. For the MAPC region, the average household size
decreased from 2.63 to 2.56, a decline of 3%. That decline is predicted to continue and explains
why it is that though overall population is predicted to decline, demand for housing will continue
to be high and will continue to influence land use demands in Wakefield.

The table below shows how the composition of Wakefield households has changed over the past

Section 3 – Community Setting                                                              8
Open Space & Recreation Plan

decade. As noted above, the total number of households in Wakefield has increased. Also, as
compared with the total number of households, there are fewer married couples overall, as well
as fewer persons who are 65 and older and more single parents with children than in 1990.

                            Table 1: Household Composition 1990-2000
                                                                      % of all       % of all
                                                                      Households     Households
Household Type                          1990       2000    % Change   1990           2000
Family Households
Married Couples with children           2,366      2,455       3.8%          25.5%             25.2%
Married Couples without children        3,091      2,913      -5.8%          33.3%             29.9%
Single females with children              366        384       4.9%           3.9%              3.9%
Single females without children           521        563       8.1%           5.6%              5.8%
Single males with children                 67        103      53.7%           0.7%              1.1%
Single males without children             229        186     -18.8%           2.5%              1.9%

Non-family households
Persons living alone                    2,171      2,575      18.6%          23.4%             26.4%
Persons not living alone                  417        568      36.2%           4.5%              5.8%
Persons over 65                         1,066      1,030      -3.4%          11.5%             10.6%
Data Source: U.S. Census 1990, 2000

Population Density

Population density demonstrates what amount of space there is relative to the number of people
in the Town. It gives a sense of how densely developed a Town is and also what kind of demand
for open space and recreation facilities there might be. According to the 2000 U.S. Census,
24,804 people live within Wakefield’s 7.91 square miles. This means that there were 3,375
people/square mile in Wakefield in 2000. This is a higher density than many of the Towns that
abut Wakefield, such as Lynnfield and North Reading, which both have densities of just over
1,000 people/square mile, and Reading, which has 2,409 people/square mile.

There are four census tracts in Wakefield with densities that range from 2,589 persons per square
mile to 4,403 persons per square mile. Table 2 shows the population and density by census tract
and Map 1 shows the census tract boundaries.




  Section 3 – Community Setting                                                            9
                                                                     Town of Wakefield

                           Table 2: Population Density by Census Tract
Census Tract               2000 Pop.         Total Area (sq.miles)   Persons/sq. mile of Land
                                                                     Area
3351                       5,995             2                       3,650
3352                       5,684             1.38                    4,403
3353                       8,154             3.15                    2,589
3354                       4,971             1.38                    3,590
Data Source: U. S. Census 2000




Section 3 – Community Setting                                                       10
Open Space & Recreation Plan




   Section 3 – Community Setting   11
                                                                        Town of Wakefield

Age of Residents
The age of the residents of the Town is significant in planning for open space and recreation
because the type of open space desired often varies according to age categories. Playgrounds are
important for young children, for example, while there may be a greater demand for playing
fields from young teens. On the other hand, older members of the community may desire areas
where they can walk, run, sit, and relax, or go fishing and biking. A summary of the most recent
data on the current and forecasted age structure of the Town of Wakefield is provided below:

                           Table 3: Projected Population by Age Group


                                                             %                             %
                             2000                          Change        Projected       Change
                          Population/     % of Total       1990 to       Population      2000 to
     Age Group            Age Group       Population        2000           2020           2020
Under 5 years                    1,593           6.4%        -2.6%               973      -38.9%
5 to 9 years                     1,513           6.1%         1.1%               995      -34.2%
10 to 14 years                   1,578           6.4%        18.3%             1,161      -26.4%
15 to 19 years                   1,347           5.4%        -8.1%             1,467        8.9%
20 to 24 years                   1,009           4.1%       -39.0%             1,504       49.1%
25 to 34 years                   3,628         14.6%        -20.5%             2,815      -22.4%
35 to 44 years                   4,473         18.0%         12.5%             2,154      -51.8%
45 to 54 years                   3,746         15.1%         47.0%             3,285      -12.3%
55 to 64 years                   2,168           8.7%        -5.3%             3,428       58.1%
65 to 74 years                   1,770           7.1%       -18.5%             2,856       61.4%
75 years +                       1,979           8.0%        17.0%             1,050      -46.9%
Total                           24,804                                        21,688
Source: U.S. Census 1990, 2000

As shown in this table, Wakefield’s current population is dominated by the middle range age
groups of 25-34, 35-44, and 45-54. These ages collectively represent over 47% of the 2000
population of the Town of Wakefield. The 2020 projection shows a population that is losing
numbers in the younger age categories while gaining significantly in the upper age categories
from 55 years to 75 years. Thus, according to the tendencies of preference for open space and
recreation facilities by different age groups noted above, an increasing older population indicates
that there may be a future need for additional passive recreational facilities while playgrounds
and athletic fields may become less of a priority.




Section 3 – Community Setting                                                            12
    Open Space & Recreation Plan



    Economic Data
    Wakefield is considered a middle class suburb of Boston with many people employed in Boston
    and the surrounding communities. Based on Massachusetts Division of Employment and
    Training employment data, the major employment sector in Wakefield is in professional and
    technical services while manufacturing, though still an active and significant component, makes
    up a smaller proportion of the local economy. The Town's evolution from the rattan industry and
    shoe manufacturing to predominantly a residential community with corporate headquarters for
    international organizations, light manufacturing, electronics and service industries, has been
    most evident during the past thirty years. According to the Town Economic Development Plan,
    Wakefield evolved into more of a bedroom community during the 1990s even though new office
    buildings were also developed during that time. Only 18.4% of Wakefield’s 2000 workforce
    worked in Wakefield, down from 25.9% a decade earlier. Among the leading companies whose
    home offices are located in Wakefield are Comverse Networking Systems (formerly Boston
    Technology); Worldwide Construction; Edgewater Technology; Metcalf and Eddy, Engineers;
    and Nevlen, Inc. More detailed information on Wakefield’s economy and economic
    development plans can be found in the 2004 Wakefield Economic Development Plan.

    According to the 2000 Census, the median household income in Wakefield was $66,117 while
    the median family income was $77,834. The per capita income was $30,369. In 2000, 2% of all
    families in Wakefield were below the poverty level, which was one percentage point lower than
    the poverty rate of 1990.

    In 2001, the resident labor force in Wakefield was 13,949 workers while Wakefield businesses
    employed 14,941 workers. Based on this data, Wakefield is a net importer of labor, though by a
    small margin. The average annual wage in 2001 was $53,983. The trade, services, and
    government sectors employed the greatest number of workers while agriculture, forestry, and
    fishing employed the fewest. MAPC projects job growth in Wakefield to grow to 17,868 by
    2020.
                                   Table 4: Occupation of Workforce
                                                                   Farming,     Construction,      Production,
                        Management/                      Sales/    fishing,     extraction,        transportation
                        Professional          Service    Office    forestry     maintenance        material moving
                1990                  4,447      1,267     4,832           83              1,412               1,144
                2000                  6,292      1,303     3,622           10                979               1,011
% Change 1990-2000                   41.5%       2.8%      -25%         -88%             -30.7%              -11.6%
1990 % of total                      33.7%       9.6%     36.6%         0.6%              10.7%                8.7%
2000 % of total                      47.6%       9.9%     27.4%         0.1%               7.4%                7.6%

    Source: U.S. Census 1990, 2000



      Section 3 – Community Setting                                                                13
                                                                         Town of Wakefield

                 Table 5: Educational Attainment of Population 25+ 1990-2000
                    High School       2 Yr College    4 Yr College    Graduate School
              1990                 5,814           1,319              2,945                    1,542
              2000                 4,430           1,559              4,472                    2,590
% Change                         -23.8%           18.2%              51.9%                      68%
1990 % of Total
population 25+                   33.7%             7.7%              17.1%                     8.9%
2000 % of Total
population 25+                   24.9%             8.8%              25.1%                     14.6%
Source: U.S. Census 1990, 2000

As the charts above indicate, Wakefield’s workforce shifted towards management and
professional industries during the 1990s while the Town also saw a shift towards higher
educational attainment. As the Town’s population and economy continue to evolve, the interest
in and demand for conservation areas and green spaces within the Town may also shift.

Housing Characteristics

According to the 1990 Census, 2,675 units (29%) of Wakefield’s housing was renter occupied.
Though the number of units that were renter occupied increased during the 1990s to 2,728 units,
the percentage of total units dropped slightly to 28%. The homeowner vacancy rate, which gives
a sense of the demand for properties in an area, increased in Wakefield during the 1990’s from
.3% to .4%. However, the rental vacancy rate dropped from 4.1% to 1.8% during the same
period, indicating a high demand and tight supply for housing. Both the homeowner and rental
vacancy rates for Wakefield are lower than the MA (3.5% rental, .7% homeowner) and National
(5% rental, 3% homeowner) rates, indicating tighter housing supply in Wakefield. In many
instances, a tight housing situation results in a greater need for outdoor recreation facilities and
open space preservation.

In addition to the vacancy and ownership rates noted above, it should also be noted that 63% of
Wakefield’s housing units are single unit detached units, 22% are 2-4 unit structures, while 13%
contain 5 units or more. These figures are important for understanding what kinds of
development pressures there may be in Wakefield as well as areas in Town that may have
different open space and recreation needs according to the types of housing in those sections.

Growth and Development Patterns

Patterns and Trends
Wakefield has a long history as a manufacturing community and though manufacturing
continues to be a significant economic influence today, Wakefield has also evolved into a

Section 3 – Community Setting                                                             14
Open Space & Recreation Plan

residential suburb of Boston and has experienced heavy residential growth. In addition to a
manufacturing sector, Wakefield is also home to numerous high technology and medical
equipment firms because of its easy access and proximity to some of the major transportation
routes in Eastern Massachusetts.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Interstate 95/State Route 128 passes through the north end of Wakefield while Interstate 93 is
approximately one and a half miles west of the western edge of the Town. Wakefield has two
commuter rail stops as well as several Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) bus
routes.

Sewer Service

Wakefield is part of the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority (MWRA); all sewerage is
collected and treated at MWRA facilities. A small percentage (less than 5%) of houses are not
connected to sewer lines, and as inspections or problems arise with the leach fields or septic
tanks, they are rebuilt according to current standards or are connected to the MWRA sewer lines.
Because sewerage is collected and treated by the MWRA, growth limitations or house lot size
are not impacted by restrictions under Title 5 requirements.

Water Supply System

Crystal Lake provides approximately 10 to 15 percent of Wakefield’s drinking water, with the
rest supplied by the MWRA. Crystal Lake measures approximately 78 acres with a 700-acre
protected watershed. There are no permitted drinking water wells located in Wakefield.
Generally speaking, groundwater supply and aquifer recharge issues are not expected to be
development constraints for the Town of Wakefield except in the area of Crystal Lake where
watershed protection remains important as does long-term water use.

Wakefield contains the headwaters of the Saugus and Mill Rivers. Because the Saugus River is
used as a drinking water supply for the City of Lynn, at some point in the future additional
protections for this river and the Mill River may be needed. However, currently, a need for
additional protections has not been called for.

Long-Term Development Patterns

The Town’s long-term development is largely a function of the economy, the zoning bylaws, and
the amount of remaining, buildable land.


 Section 3 – Community Setting                                                          15
                                                                        Town of Wakefield


Zoning

The Town of Wakefield is divided into ten zoning districts with two overlay districts.
Residential densities range from 8,000 to 60,000 square foot lots. These districts are shown in
the table below.

                               Table 6: Wakefield Zoning Districts
Abbreviation                       District Name                 Minimum Lot Size (sq ft)
SSR                                Special Single Residence      20,000
SR                                 Single Residence              12,000
GR                                 General Residence             8,000
MR-1                               Multiple Residence            40,000
MR-2                               Multiple Residence            60,000
NB                                 Neighborhood Business         20,000
B                                  Business                      Office 3F – 3000
                                                                 4F – 4000
                                                                 5F – 5000
                                                                 6F – 6000
LB                                 Limited Business              40,000
I                                  Industrial                    20,000
LI                                 Limited Industrial            80,000
FP                                 Floodplain
MD                                 Municipal District
Source: Wakefield Zoning By-Laws

Residential Districts

The majority of the land area in Wakefield (84.3%) is zoned for residential use, and specifically
for single family residential units. As is noted in the table above, the Town has five residential
districts: SSR, SR, GR, MR-1, and MR-2. SSR districts are designed to be low density areas for
single-family residences and their allowed accessory uses. It has a minimum lot size of 20,000
square feet and a minimum street frontage of 100 feet. The SR district is also composed of
single-family residences and their allowed accessory uses but the minimum lot size is 12,000
square feet. The GR district consists of specific areas located adjacent to Wakefield Center and
Greenwood which are intended for single- and two-family residences and specified
complimentary and accessory uses. The minimum lot size for this zone is 8,000 square feet
while the minimum lot frontage is 80 feet. Finally, the MR district is for multi-family units,
including townhouses. It is divided into two parts: MR-1 allows garden apartments and attached
dwellings at a maximum density of 14 units per acre while MR-2 allows garden apartments,
attached dwellings, and mid-rise apartments at a maximum density of 36 units per acre. Both
require a special permit.



Section 3 – Community Setting                                                               16
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Business Districts

There are three types of business districts in Wakefield and all together they make up 6.06% of
Wakefield’s land use. The NB district consists of business areas that primarily serve the
convenience needs of local residential neighborhoods (as opposed to the Town at large). The LB
district allows for office and primarily non-retail business uses with the possibility of multi-
family residential use by special permit. These zones are located in proximity to Route 128 or
other major roadways. Finally, the B district includes those business areas in Wakefield Center
and Greenwood. Uses allowed are those that serve a community-wide need and encourage the
growth of a healthy Town or village business center. Multiple-residence uses are also allowed
by special permit in this zone.

Industrial Districts

The Industrial District, which consists of about 9.1% of Wakefield’s land use, is largely located
adjacent to Wakefield Center along the railroad corridors and on the northerly side of Route 128.
Uses permitted are primarily light industrial uses that would not have detrimental environmental
impacts on a primarily residential community. The LI district is similar to the I district but
requires a special permit for certain specified uses and requires a larger minimum lot size than
the I district as well as other more stringent dimensional requirements.

Other Land Use Controls

Finally, the Town has three special overlay districts. The Flood Plain district regulates uses in
the underlying districts that are subject to periodic flooding. The Municipal District regulates the
uses and dimensional requirements of buildings erected on Town-owned land. All land on the
zoning map that is zoned “parks”, “schoolgrounds”, or “other Town property” comprise the
Municipal District. Finally, the Wireless Communications Services Overlay District establishes
an area in which wireless communications services may be provided by special permit. It is
designed to allow for the necessary infrastructure to be put in place for wireless communication
while protecting the general public from the harms associated with wireless communication
towers and facilities and also minimizing the visual impacts of these towers and facilities in the
Town.




 Section 3 – Community Setting                                                             17
                                Town of Wakefield




Section 3 – Community Setting                 18
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Recent Growth: Proposed Subdivisions and Building Permits

Wakefield has more than doubled its housing units since 1940, with almost 6,000 units being
built between 1940 and 1999. The total number of housing units in Wakefield increased from
8,817 in 1980 to 9,520 in 1990, and 9,937 in 2000. However, the number of units being built is
increasing at a decreasing rate (+8% from 1980 to 1990 but only + 4.4% from 1990 to 2000)
while demand continues to be an issue for the Greater Boston Metropolitan Area. Though
Wakefield’s population is anticipated to decline in the coming years and the average household
size (the number of persons/household) has been declining, the number of households has been
increasing (though a decline is predicted beyond 2000), following a national trend. This means
that although there is a potential decline in overall numbers of people, the demand for housing
will continue and possibly at an increasing rate. Wakefield’s Housing Master Plan of 2003
addresses the Town’s housing concerns by suggesting alternative types of development such as
cluster development, conservation subdivision design, and mixed-use development that could
accommodate increased demand in addition to being attentive to maintaining adequate open
space and recreation areas.

Subdivisions

Listed below are the scheduled and proposed developments for Wakefield. Some of those listed
are already built but all of the sureties have not yet been returned so they remain “active”. In
addition to the subdivisions, there have also been large condo developments built in recent years.
For example, there is a 4 acre site on Lake Street where two new buildings containing 137 condo
units is being built. Also, a 40-unit condo complex was put in off Water Street and a 30-unit
complex was approved for Main Street.

            Table 7: Scheduled and Proposed Developments in Wakefield
Development                         Year      No. of Lots       Total Sq. Ft.
Andrews Road Ext.                                      1993                      8                   130,000
Wicker Lane                                            1995                     11                   227,700
The Woods/Upland Road                                  1996                      7                   127,513
Dexter's Lane                                          1997                      6                    92,857
Hillview Estates                                       1997                     28                   673,673
Garden Lane                                            1997                     19                   138,353
Thayer Circle                                          1997                      5                    62,787
McDonald Farm                                          1998                      5                   153,562
Butternut Street Ext.                                  1999                     11                   231,240
Sophia’s Way                                           2003                      5                   298,071
Palmer’s Way                                           2003                      3                    90,060
Total                                                                         108                  2,225,816
Source: Wakefield Master Plan Housing Issues Report, 2001, MAPC Buildout Study, Wakefield Planning Board




  Section 3 – Community Setting                                                                   19
                                                                              Town of Wakefield

Building Permits

The following is a breakdown of the number of new residential dwelling permits issued from
1990 to 2003. For the years prior to 1999, if the data wasn’t divided clearly into single-family,
two-family, or multi-family categories, the specific categories for type of unit permitted were left
blank but the total units permitted for that year was entered in the “total # of units” category. It
is evident from this table that building permits have been issued consistently, especially for
single-family residential units in the latter part of the 1990s and continuing into the early 2000s.

                          Table 8: Building Permits Issued 1990-2003
Year                 Single-Family     Two-Family         Multi-Family                 Total # of Units
1990                                                                                   19
1991                                                                                   36
1992                 87                    1                                           88
1993                                                                                   48
1994                                                                                   81
1995                                                                                   46
1996                                                                                   33
1997                                                                                   27
1998                 130                   1                                           131
1999                 28                    6                     2 bldgs., 16 units    50
2000                 29                    3                                           32
2001                 22                                          1 bldg., 20 units     42
2002                 22                    1                     1 bldg., 40 units     63
2003                 16                    6                                           22
Total # of Units     352                   20                    76                    873
Data Source: Town of Wakefield Building Department, Wakefield Open Space and Recreation Plan 2000

The housing starts included significant single family developments off Lowell Street, Montrose
Avenue, and the Greenwood neighborhood, as well as townhouse-style developments in various
places in the Town - and generally away from the Town center. There has been extensive
development in the Lowell and Montrose areas near the Interstate 95 /128 exits that reflect
suburban subdivision development and sprawl issues. The housing in the Greenwood area
included numerous large, previously undeveloped tracts, some of which are near protected land.
Additionally, new developments have been located on previously unbuildable properties. These
locations include rocky outcroppings and hills (such as Rattlesnake Hill abutting the Town
Forest), as well as lands near flood plains and wetlands. The Wakefield Economic Development
Plan addresses this development issue in more detail.

During the 1980s and 1990s the Town saw increased commercial development as well.
Edgewater Office Park was constructed on the land formerly occupied by Pleasure Island

Section 3 – Community Setting                                                                   20
Open Space & Recreation Plan

amusement park. The office park was constructed next to Reedy Meadow and incorporates a
number of design features intended to take advantage of and to protect the significant open space
and natural resources of the marsh. Two more commercial buildings were added at the end of
the 1990s in this area as well on two parcels of 9.5 and 14.1 acres respectively. New office
construction also occurred at the northern end of Lake Quannapowitt on existing parking lots and
open space. In all, Wakefield added substantial commercial office space during the 1980s and
1990s.

Buildout
In 2000, MAPC, under contract to EOEA prepared a buildout analysis for every community in
the Boston region. A buildout analysis is a tool to help communities understand the potential
impacts of future growth that might occur given the amount of developable land remaining and
how that land is zoned.

The table below summarizes the results of that buildout analysis for Wakefield. The analysis
starts with available land in each zoning district and makes projections of additional housing
units as well as commercial/industrial space according to each district’s minimum lot size and
other regulations. The projections only account for as of right development and do not include
development by special or comprehensive permit that may increase the amount of development.
These buildout projections were combined with 2000 Census and other data to create a profile of
each community at buildout according to its current zoning. To get to the Department of
Housing and Community Development (DHCD) web page on the Community Preservation
Initiative and buildout analyses, click here.

                             Table 9: Summary of Buildout Analysis
Population                                   1990                            24,825
                                             2000                            24,804
                                             Buildout                        27,473
Students                                     1990                            3,357
                                             2000                            3,467
                                             Buildout                        3,852
Households                                   1990                            9,296
                                             2000                            9,937
                                             Buildout                        11,009
Water use (gallons/day)                      2000                            2,498,901
                                             Buildout                        2,714,663
Source: MAPC Buildout Analysis, EOEA Community Preservation Initiative Community Profile page




  Section 3 – Community Setting                                                                 21
                                                                   Town of Wakefield

                                      Table 10: Buildout Impacts
Developable Land Area (sq ft)                                                     16,458,423
Additional Residential Lots                                                              970
Comm./Industrial Buildable Floor Area (sq ft)                                        207,711
Additional Comm./Industrial Water Use (Gal/day)                                       15,578
Additional Dwelling Units                                                              1,072
Additional Future Residents                                                            2,669
Additional Residential Water Use (Gal/day)                                           200,184
Additional Municipal Solid Waste (tons)                                                1,369
Additional Non-Recycled Solid Waste (tons)                                               974
Additional Students                                                                      385
New Roads (miles)                                                                         11
Source: MAPC Buildout Analysis




Section 3 – Community Setting                                                    22
Open Space & Recreation Plan


Section 4 – Environmental Inventory and
Analysis
Geology, Soils and Topography
Geology and Soils
Glacial movement left Wakefield’s landscape scattered with small pockets of variegated soil
types. However, two main soil groups predominate. The first soil group consists of sand and
gravel soils, principally Merrimac and Hinckley, which vary from fertile soil to almost pure sand
or gravel, sometimes with boulders. The second soil group includes the upland soils of medium
texture, largely the Gloucester series, which are often shallow and may have bedrock outcrops.

The soils are generally porous sandy loams, but the varied topography allows for areas
containing organic soils often associated with lowlands and wetlands. There are small pockets of
wetlands as well as numerous rock outcrops reflecting areas with shallow soils. There are few
soils of great value for agriculture. The only form of agriculture that is much practiced in
Wakefield is greenhouse horticulture. The sandy soils of the lowlands are excellent media for
such seedbeds and nurseries.

Topography
Wakefield has a sufficiently varied topography to make it an interesting and highly individual
Town. The topography is comprised of several hills with rock outcrops, low hummocks of
gravely deposits, green fields, and swamp and marshlands. The highest points are Harts Hill,
which is 230 feet above mean sea level (MSL); Greenwood Hill, which is about 250 feet above
MSL; and "Rattlesnake Rock”, which is 220 feet above MSL. Naturally, the two lakes, Lake
Quannapowitt and Crystal Lake, are also significant features of the landscape.

Lower elevation topographical features are found at Lake Quannapowitt, Crystal Lake, the
Saugus River, the Mill River, and Reedy Meadow. There are numerous pockets of small
wetlands dispersed throughout Wakefield. Heavy rain during the June 1998 storm led to
flooding along the Mill River and in a number of additional lowlands and wetlands areas. This
flooding renewed attention to new construction near the rivers and wetlands.

Landscape Character
Wakefield has a diversity of land use types within its 5,112 acres. Principal land use
designations have been summarized in the table below. Based on the MacConnell Land Use
Study from 1999, approximately 47.8% of Wakefield land areas are categorized as single family

 Section 4 – Environmental Inventory and Analysis                                        23
                                                                          Town of Wakefield

or multi-family residential areas. The industrial/commercial sector encompasses 11.4% of the
total Town acreage. The remaining lands fall into a number of land use types associated with
open space, forestry, wetlands, or agricultural areas and make up 40.7% of the Town’s acreage.
Of special note is that almost 7% of Wakefield is comprised of Lake Quannapowitt and Crystal
Lake.

                                Table 11: Land Use in Wakefield
                     1991 Acres      1999 Acres        Change       % of Wakefield Land 1999
Forestry                       1,124           1,045        -7.0%                              20.4%
Agricultural                      14              18        28.2%                               0.4%
Open Lands                       372             389         4.4%                               7.6%
Wetlands                         631             628        -0.5%                              12.3%
Single-Family                  2,366           2,425         2.5%                              47.4%
Multi-Family                      18              18         0.0%                               0.4%
Commercial                       363             366         0.9%                               7.2%
Industrial                       217             217         0.0%                               4.2%
Data Source: MassGIS and The MacConnell Land Use Survey

Water Resources
Wakefield contains two lakes and several rivers and streams within its boundaries. The most
significant from a local and regional recreational standpoint is the 247-acre Lake Quannapowitt,
which is the subject of a separate section of this report. The Saugus River originates at Lake
Quannapowitt, then flows to the east into Reedy Meadow, then southerly through the eastern
portion of Town into Saugus, and eventually to the Atlantic Ocean. The Mill River is a small
tributary stream to the Saugus River that originates at Crystal Lake. The Mill River flows
through the industrial core of Wakefield and near the Water Street residential area. During the
severe rainstorms of 1996, 1997, and 1998, many residents rediscovered the Mill River flood
plain as flooding caused significant property damage.

Crystal Lake is located at the south end of the center of Town and is 78 acres in area. This was
Wakefield's original and principal supply of domestic water for drinking and industry for many
years. The pond outlet is the Mill River, flowing east to join the Saugus River at the Wakefield-
Lynnfield-Saugus Town lines. In the early years, the Boston Ice Company operated a large
icehouse on its northerly shores.

In the early 1900s, there was a move to build camps and bungalows on the west shore of Crystal
Lake. At one time, the Town had an opportunity to purchase a 13-acre tract around the lake for
$9,000, but it was rejected by Town meeting. However, strict building restrictions were
established in an attempt to discourage prospective buyers. Boating, bathing and fishing have
long been prohibited.


Section 4 – Environmental Inventory and Analysis                                          24
Open Space & Recreation Plan


Historical Background
The Quannapowitt Water Company, later known as the Wakefield Water Company, was
empowered by a legislative act of 1872 to furnish water to the inhabitants of Stoneham and
Wakefield, and was authorized to take water from both Crystal Lake and Lake Quannapowitt.
However, it was not until 1883 that a pumping station was constructed and the company began
laying pipes with Crystal Lake as the supply. The Crystal Lake Waterworks on Broadway is still
standing and in use. The structure was considered for an individual nomination to the National
Register of Historic Places.

In 1902, the Town of Wakefield purchased the properties and rights of the Wakefield Water
Company, including the Green Street pipeline and the standpipe in Stoneham. The Town of
Stoneham had by then entered the Metropolitan Water System.

In 1910, the Wakefield Water District was consolidated with the Wakefield Sewer Department.
At present, the Department of Public Works (established in 1950) operates both systems. The
main source of water supply was Crystal Lake until the Town entered the Metropolitan Water
System in September 1958. Lake Quannapowitt was used briefly as a source of water during the
1957 drought. An emergency treatment plant was constructed near the southeasterly end of the
lake. Wells at Sexton Avenue and Bay State Road supplemented the Town's water supply from
the 1930's, but are no longer used.

Present Uses
Wakefield's average daily consumption of water is about 3 million gallons. Approximately 85%
of the Town's water supply comes from the Massachusetts Water Resource Authority, and 10 to
15-percent comes from Crystal Lake. The MWRA's connection is through Melrose, along
Greenwood Street to the pumping station on Linden Street. In the 1990s the MWRA completed
construction of an additional connection on Bear Hill in the Middlesex Fells Reservation in
Stoneham, coming into Wakefield via Albion Street. This will serve to meet the drinking water
supply needs of the Town for the foreseeable future.

About 95% of the residences, commercial establishments, and industries in the Town are
connected to the municipal sewer collection system, and most of the sewage from these sources
flows through a main interceptor sewer into the MWRA's sewer system at the Wakefield-
Melrose Town line. The main interceptor receives sewage from later sewers and services
connected directly to it, and from trunk sewers in North Avenue, Main Street, and Nahant Street.
The Farm Street Pumping Station services approximately one-third of the Town, and discharges
into the main interceptor at the Melrose line.




 Section 4 – Environmental Inventory and Analysis                                       25
                                                                           Town of Wakefield

Water Quality Assessment
A comprehensive assessment of water quality in the Saugus River drainage basin can be found
on the Department of Environmental Protection’s website. Click here to go to the DEP website.
You will need to scroll down to the North Coastal Watershed 1998 Water Quality Assessment
Report and choose section III. The water quality information in Table 12 is taken from that
report.

The Department of Environmental Protection assigns a classification to all surface waters. In
Wakefield, the rivers and lakes all carry the classification of “B”, except for Crystal Lake, which
is a drinking water supply lake and is classified as “A”. Class “B” waters are designated as a
habitat for fish, other aquatic life, and wildlife, and for primary and secondary contact recreation.
Some waters may also be designated for water supply with appropriate treatment. Class B
waters should also be suitable for irrigation and other agricultural uses and for compatible
industrial cooling and process uses. These waters should also have consistently good aesthetic
value. For each designated use, the river or stream is assessed as being in support, partially in
support, or non-supportive of that use.

The use designations relevant to Wakefield waters are as follows:

Aquatic Life – The water shall provide suitable habitat for sustaining a native, naturally diverse
community of aquatic flora and fauna.

Fish Consumption – Pollutants shall not result in unacceptable concentrations in edible portions
of marketable fish or shellfish or for the recreational use of fish, shellfish, other aquatic life or
wildlife for human consumption.

Primary Contact Recreation – Suitable for any recreation or other water use in which there is
prolonged and intimate contact with the water with a significant risk of ingestion of water.
These include, but are not limited to, wading, swimming, diving, surfing, and water skiing.

Secondary Contact Recreation – Suitable for any recreation or other water use in which contact
with the water is either incidental or accidental. These include, but are not limited to, fishing,
boating, and limited contact incident to shoreline activities.

Aesthetics – All surface waters shall be free from pollutants in concentrations or combinations
that settle to form objectionable deposits; float as debris, scum, or other matter to form
nuisances; produce objectionable odor, color, taste, or turbidity; or produce undesirable or
nuisance species of aquatic life.




Section 4 – Environmental Inventory and Analysis                                            26
Open Space & Recreation Plan

DEP is responsible for identifying waters of the Commonwealth that are impaired and for
developing a plan to bring them into compliance. The list of impaired waters is known as the
“303d” list. Once a waterbody is identified as impaired, DEP is required to develop a pollution
budget known as a TMDL (Total Maximum Daily Load).

                         Table 12: Summary of Water Quality Information
                                   Fish
                                   Consumption
                                   (for rivers and
                                   streams) OR
                         Aquatic   trophic state (for   Primary    Secondary                DEP 1998
Water Body       Class   Life      ponds and lakes)     Contact    Contact     Aesthetics   303(d) list
Saugus River
(from
Quannapowitt
outlet to Lynn                                                                              Pathogens,
Water Sewer                                                                                 low
Commission                                                                                  dissolved
canal                    Partial                        Not        Not         Non-         oxygen,
diversion        B       Support   Not assessed         assessed   assessed    support      nutrients

Saugus River
(from Lynn
Water Sewer
Commission
diversion to
Saugus Iron              Non-                           Non-       Partial     Partial
Works)           B       support   Not assessed         Support    Support     Support
                         Non-                           Non-       Partial     Partial
Mill River       B       support   Not assessed         Support    Support     Support      pH
                                                                                            Noxious
                                                                                            aquatic,
                                                                                            exotic
                                                                                            species,
                                                                                            turbidity,
                                                                                            contaminated
                                                                                            sediment,
                                                                                            phosphorus,
Lake                    Partial                         Partial    Partial     Partial      nitrogen,
Quannapowitt     B      Support    Eutrophic            Support    Support     Support      fecal bacteria
                        Not                             Partial    Partial     Partial      Noxious
Crystal Lake  A         Assessed   Mesotrophic          Support    Support     Support      plants
Source: DEP Water Quality Assessment, 2000


Water Supply Protection
The Town of Wakefield has acquired 35.26 acres of land in five parcels for the purpose of
protecting Crystal Lake. Almost all other parcels in the watershed of the reservoir have been

  Section 4 – Environmental Inventory and Analysis                                             27
                                                                       Town of Wakefield

developed for residential use. A large portion of the reservoir’s watershed lies in the Town of
Stoneham. As a result, inter-municipal cooperation and continued public education efforts are
necessary for continued protection of the water supply, as is suggested in the North Suburban
Water Supply Protection Plan done by MAPC in 1992. In that plan it was recommended that
Wakefield encourage Stoneham to develop a watershed protection district for the portion of the
Crystal Lake watershed located in Stoneham. In addition, the plan suggested that Wakefield
create a Watershed Protection District Bylaw. The Town of Wakefield did upgrade its treatment
facilities on Broadway to ensure continued compliance with state and federal safe drinking water
regulations.

Aquifer Recharge Areas
As is noted above, the focus of Wakefield’s drinking water protection efforts has been on its
surface water supply coming from Crystal Lake. At one time, Wakefield obtained drinking
water though groundwater wells. However, there are no permitted drinking water wells in
Wakefield and the wells are no longer in operation. As a result, wellhead protection and aquifer
recharge for individual wells are no longer an issue. The location of the aquifers within
Wakefield can be seen on Map 4: Water Resources.

Vernal Pools

Vernal pools are small, shallow ponds that do not support fish and that have annual or semi-
annual periods of dryness. Vernal pools are very important to a variety of wildlife species.
Some amphibians breed exclusively in vernal pools while others spend their entire life cycles in
such pools. The Massachusetts Natural Heritage and Endangered Species Program has a
program by which vernal pools can be certified. Certified vernal pools are protected if they fall
under the jurisdiction of the Massachusetts Wetlands Protection Act Regulations. They are also
protected under other state programs. There are currently no certified vernal pools in Wakefield.
However, the state maintains a computerized database of potential vernal pools. There are 24
such sites in Wakefield. Although this is not a comprehensive listing, these would be good
locations to investigate, along with other sites identified by the conservation agent.

Flood Hazard Areas
Wakefield’s Zoning Bylaws contains a Floodplain Overlay Zoning District (Article V, Wakefield
Zoning Bylaws) which defines floodplain districts as the areas designated as Zone A-1 through
A-5 on the Town of Wakefield Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) and the Flood Boundary and
Floodway Map, both of which are on file with the Town Clerk and the Planning Board. These
areas are depicted on Map 4: Water Resources. Building is allowed in these areas through
approval by the Building Inspector who reviews applications to determine if they meet elevation


Section 4 – Environmental Inventory and Analysis                                       28
Open Space & Recreation Plan

and floodproofing requirements of the State Building Code. Alternatively, building may be
allowed through special permit if approved by the Board of Appeals.

Wetlands
Research and history have demonstrated that wetlands provide myriad functions including the
protection of public and private water supplies; protection of groundwater supply; flood control;
storm drainage prevention; prevention of pollution; protection of fisheries; and the protection of
wildlife habitat. Additionally, wetlands may provide valuable open space that buffers and
separates residential and commercial land uses.

Wakefield’s major identified wetland areas are mapped on Map 4: Water Resources. As the map
shows, many of the Town’s wetlands are also zoned as 100-year floodplains, demonstrating the
importance of wetlands for stormwater storage. The Water Resources Map does not include
every wetland resource area in Wakefield. The map serves only as a guide to the more
significant wetland areas in Town. Specific questions on a particular lot must be directed to the
Conservation Commission. The Conservation Commission is empowered to regulate any
activities which may impact wetlands locally under the Wetlands Protection Action (Section 40
of Chapter 131 M.G.L.), the Rivers Protection Act, and the Town of Wakefield Written Policies
under the Conservation Commission.

Vegetation
An integral part of the establishment of breeding colonies of birds, as well as wildlife in general,
is the available habitat.

General Inventory
In the Audubon Road area (by Reedy Meadow), a wide variety of plants, wildflowers, and shrubs
exist. Of these, many provide food and/or shelter to birds and other wildlife. These include, but
are not limited to, the following: purple loosestrife 1, cattails, Queen Anne's lace, several varieties
of ferns, water lilies, skunk cabbage, and swamp azalea. It should also be noted that at least one
rare plant was seen (whorled pegonia) as well as an unusual one (pipsissewa).

The forested wetland off Audubon Road is a red maple swamp. The trees are mostly deciduous,
including maples, oaks, and some birch. There are very few evergreens. In addition, Reedy
Meadow is one of only ten sites in Massachusetts designated as a National Natural Landmark. It
is also listed by Mass Audubon as an Important Bird Area.


1
 It should be noted that Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum Salicaria), though a beautiful, purple, flowering plant, is a
highly invasive and destructive wetland plant.

    Section 4 – Environmental Inventory and Analysis                                                         29
                                                                                     Town of Wakefield

Rare, Threatened, and Endangered Plants
Mass Wildlife’s Natural Heritage Program lists on their March 1, 2003, inventory species that
are considered rare or endangered that have been observed in Wakefield at one time. Only those
species observed in the past 25 years are used in Natural Heritage project reviews in association
with Massachusetts Wetlands Protection Regulations and Massachusetts Endangered Species
Regulations. Though the species listed below have not been seen in recent years, it does not
mean that they do not exist.

              Table 13: Rare, Threatened, and Endangered Vascular Plants
Rare, Threatened, and Endangered Vascular Plants



                                                                                          Most Recent
Element Name                                Common Name           State Status            Observation
                                            Slender
Eriophorum gracile                          Cottongrass           Threatened                             1913

                                            Long-Leaved
Houstonia longifolia var longifolia         Bluet                 Endangered                             1915
Source: Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, Natural Heritage Program


Fisheries and Wildlife
General Inventory
Wakefield is host to a wide variety of wildlife. In the Audubon Road area in the northeast
portion of the Town (also known as Reedy Meadow or Lynnfield Marsh) rabbits, raccoons,
skunks, muskrats, turtles, pheasants, ducks, Canada geese, and a variety of other bird species are
commonly observed.

An environmental study of the avian population of Reedy Meadow was conducted by
Interdisciplinary Environmental Planning (IEP from 1973 to 1981). It reported a variety of bird
species as either resident migrant, transient, or rare. Species of birds sighted at Reedy Meadow
and in surrounding habitat and believed to be permanent residents (indicated by an asterisk *), or
usually present throughout the year, are as follows:




Section 4 – Environmental Inventory and Analysis                                                   30
Open Space & Recreation Plan


 American Bittern                   Canada Goose *               Mallard
 American Kestrel *                 Red-Shouldered Hawk *        Osprey *
 Red-Tailed Hawk *                  Ring-Necked Pheasant *       Virginia Rail
 Red-Headed Woodpecker              Great Horned Owl *           Killdeer
 Common Flicker *                   Common Crow *                Fish Crow *
 Long-Billed Marsh Wren             Grey Catbird                 Brown Thrasher
 Eastern Bluebird                   Cedar Waxwing                Starling *
 Yellow-Ramped Warbler *            Common Yellow Throat         Redwinged Blackbird
 Common Grackle                     Brown Headed Cowbird         American Goldfinch *
 Rufous-sided Towhee                Cark-Eyed Junco *            Swamp Sparrow
 White-Throated Sparrow             Song Sparrow *               Black Duck *
 Sora Rail                          Field Sparrow

According to Mass Wildlife, the following mammals are believed to exist in Wakefield or to
have been present at one time: otter, muskrat, mink, red and possibly gray fox, bat, cottontail
rabbit, raccoon, opossum, gray and red squirrel, weasel, and woodchuck, as well as mice, rats
and moles. In addition, the white-tailed deer is believed to be a transient species.

It should be noted that not all species of mammals and birds would inhabit the same areas. For
instance, otter, mink, and muskrat would be found around brooks, streams, and marshes; rabbits
in brush land; raccoons and opossums would be found in woodland areas; and fox in pastures
and marsh. Beaver would also be found in the areas where there are bodies of water.

Finally, because of Wakefield’s large water bodies, the Town’s wildlife resources also include
fish and amphibians. Fish and amphibians that are indigenous to Lake Quannapowitt are:
largemouth bass, pickerel, brown bullhead, yellow and white perch, pumpkinseed, bluegill,
common carp, golden shiner, and various species of "minnow". Some species of frogs and toads
as well as the painted turtle, the snapping turtle, and the box turtle could also be present.




 Section 4 – Environmental Inventory and Analysis                                         31
                                                                                Town of Wakefield

Rare, Threatened, and Endangered Animals

According to the Massachusetts Natural Heritage Program, the following animals have been
observed in Wakefield and are listed by the state as rare, endangered, or of special concern.

                 Table 14: Rare, Threatened, and Endangered Animals
Rare, Threatened, and Endangered Animals

Taxonomic                                                                                Most Recently
Group                  Scientific Name         Common Name            State Status       Observed



                       Ambystoma               Blue-Spotted
Amphibian              laterale                Salamander             Special Concern               1989

                       Ambystoma               Marbled
Amphibian              opacum                  Salamander             Threatened                    1974
                       Gallinula               Common
Bird                   chloropus               Moorhen                Special Concern               1990

Bird                   Ixobrychus exilis       Least Bittern          Endangered                    197-

Bird                   Rallus elegans          King Rail              Threatened                    1988



                       Cicindela               Hentz's Redbelly
Beetle                 rufiventris hentzii     Tiger Beetle           Threatened                    1909
Source: Massachusetts Division of Fish and Wildlife, Natural Heritage Program


Scenic Resources and Unique Environments

Major Characteristics or Unusual Geologic Features
Lake Quannapowitt: Wakefield’s Outstanding Natural Resource

Wakefield's most important natural feature is Lake Quannapowitt, the southern end of which
touches the Town Common and Veteran's Field. The lake is a ‘Great Pond’ under

Section 4 – Environmental Inventory and Analysis                                              32
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Massachusetts’ law and is considered the focal point of the community. The lake encompasses
247 surface acres with sandy beaches at either end. It forms the headwaters of the Saugus River,
contributing to the water supply of the City of Lynn along its course.

The lake is readily accessible and widely used for recreational purposes by the general public.
Access for swimming and wading is available at a public beach. A public boat ramp for
sailboats and other small craft is available. A maximum outboard motor size limit of 10-
horsepower was instituted in 1984 through Town petition to the State. The elimination of
motorboats has contributed to the serene quality of the lake. Sailing and windsurfing have
become particularly popular sports on the lake because of the steady crosswinds. The
Quannapowitt Yacht Club, the oldest inland yacht club in the United States, is located on the
western shore and moors approximately 100 boats.

The lake is the site of numerous other water-based activities including swimming, fishing, and
canoeing. Ice skating, ice fishing, and ice sledding are popular in the winter months. The lake is
a favorite spot for walkers, joggers, cyclists, and in-line skaters from Wakefield and the
surrounding region. It is also enjoyed passively through the use of the park and picnic facilities
on the shore.

The geological features of Lake Quannapowitt’s watershed result from glacial erosion and
deposition. The lake is a glacial kettle, and mainly glacial features and pre-glacial valleys
control drainage. Surface deposits consist of a stratified and unstratified drift and a small amount
of swamp deposits. These deposits are characterized as till: a poorly sorted mixture of sand,
gravel, silt, and clay. Organic sediments are widespread in the area, which are underlain by
leached sand and silt and may contain peat deposits.

Historically, the lake was known as the Great Pond or Reading Pond. In 1847, it was given the
name Quannapowitt in honor of one of the signers of the 1686 Indian deed. For years, ice was
harvested on the shores of the lake and shipped to Boston. A devastating fire in 1929 consumed
the last of the ice warehouses, which had been built on Hartshorne Meadows, and is now
Veteran's Field. After the fire, the Town purchased the property at the corner of Church Street
and North Avenue, including the Colonel James Hartshorne House.

Other Areas of Natural Scenic Beauty
Reedy Meadow, Breakheart Reservation and Crystal Lake also remain significant scenic
resources for the Town.

Cultural and Historic Areas
In 2001, the Town of Wakefield commissioned a Preservation Plan for the Town to be completed
by consultant Alfred J. Lima. The plan looks extensively at cultural and historic resources in the

 Section 4 – Environmental Inventory and Analysis                                          33
                                                                        Town of Wakefield

Town and suggests goals and objectives as well as outlines an action plan for historic
preservation. The subsections below highlight a few of Wakefield’s historic and cultural
properties and features but the Preservation Plan should be used as a resource for a much more
comprehensive understanding of Wakefield’s cultural and historic areas.

Hartshorne House

The Town purchased the property at the corner of Church Street and North Avenue in the 1920s,
including the Colonel James Hartshorne House, which was built in 1681 and had been used as a
boarding house for ice company employees. The Hartshorne House is now Wakefield's oldest
structure and is maintained by the Hartshorne Family Trust and the Wakefield Historical Society.

Town Center

Another important scenic resource of the Town is the Town center, which maintains a historical
flavor yet remains an important economic base.

Elizabeth Boit House

Elizabeth Boit was a successful businesswoman who founded Harvard Knitting Mills in
Wakefield in 1889. She built this home, which is listed on the National Register of Historic
Places: Where Women Made History, in 1910. Although the Elizabeth Boit House is not open to
the public, it is a significant historical asset for the Town.

Historic Churches and Cemeteries

The historic churches include the First Parish Congregational Church, which had title to all
common land until early in the 19th century. Four cemeteries are located on the west side of the
lake: Lakeside Cemetery, established in 1846, and three Jewish cemeteries. Temple Israel
Cemetery, established in 1859, was the first Jewish cemetery in the Boston area. Wakefield's
first burying ground was located in the park where the bandstand now stands. When the first
Town House was erected in 1834, the early graves were moved to a site on the north side of the
present First Parish Congregational Church. A second burying ground had been laid out in 1688
along Church Street to the shore of the lake.

National Register Properties

In 1989, the Wakefield Historical Commission nominated 248 properties in Wakefield to be
listed on the National Register of Historic Places for being architecturally, archeologically, or
historically significant. They were accepted and the complete listing of properties can be seen at
http://www.wakefieldma.org/nationalregister.html or in Appendix C of the Wakefield


Section 4 – Environmental Inventory and Analysis                                        34
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Preservation Plan. All of the properties listed on the Town’s “Cultural Resources of Wakefield”
list that is stored at the Beebe Library are protected by the Town’s Demolition Delay bylaw.

Historic Districts

Wakefield has four National Register Districts. The districts are the Church-Lafayette Streets
Historic District (with 25 properties); the Common Historic District (48 properties); the
Wakefield Park Historic District (27 properties); and the Yale Avenue Historic District (13
properties). These districts are designated on Map 3: Special Landscape Features. The
Wakefield Preservation Plan proposes adding 8 new historic districts at various locations within
the Town.

Areas of Critical Environmental Concern
An Area of Critical Environmental Concern (ACEC) is a state-designated critical resource area.
The Department of Conservation and Recreation administers the ACEC program on behalf of the
Secretary of Environmental Affairs. The objectives of the ACEC program are: to identify and
designate critical resource areas, to ensure that actions by state agencies protect and enhance the
resources, and to support local and regional actions for the long-term stewardship of ACECs.
The state's definition of an ACEC is "an area containing concentrations of highly significant
environmental resources that has been formally designated by the Commonwealth's Secretary of
Environmental Affairs". ACECs may be nominated by citizens groups, municipal officials,
regional or state agencies, or by a legislator.

Golden Hills

The Golden Hills ACEC is about 500 acres of land containing a unique blend of residential and
ecological resources within the heavily urbanized Boston metropolitan area. At the time of
designation, approximately 300 acres of this land was open space. The terrain is varied, with the
majority of the area being hilly, but also consisting of low, flat areas, three ponds, and wetlands
scattered throughout the area. Bedrock outcrops, or ledges, are prevalent throughout, especially
in the hilly sections. The Town of Saugus owns the three ponds and several acres of land fall
under the jurisdiction of the Saugus Conservation Commission. Wakefield owns about 50 acres,
which are mostly Town Forest and are noted on Map 3: Special Landscape Features. The Golden
Hills area contains a local historic landmark known as Castel Clare. The Department of
Conservation and Recreation’s Breakheart Reservation is just to the north of the Golden Hills
ACEC.




 Section 4 – Environmental Inventory and Analysis                                          35
                                                                         Town of Wakefield

Environmental Challenges
Wetlands Degradation, Flooding, and Drainage Problems
Many of the environmental problems in Wakefield result in part from poorly planned, executed,
or maintained residential development. Residents frequently complain to local authorities about
drainage and flooding issues. Development in and near wetlands and in the flood plains of the
Saugus and Mill Rivers has resulted in the degradation of these water resources as well as the
flooding of many properties during severe rainstorms. Development in poorly drained areas has
resulted in down gradient flooding as well.

Soil Erosion
Soil erosion, as a result of hydrological and wind processes, requires monitoring for both acute
and chronic effects. Implications of soil erosion may include the degradation of water quality,
transportation of absorbed pollutants, reduction in nutrient availability, and the alteration of
topography and stream channels. Acute soil erosion is typically associated with active
construction sites. Construction activities occurring within the jurisdiction of the Conservation
Commission are required to address and mitigate for potential erosion and sedimentation impacts
to regulated resource areas. Chronic soil erosion can occur as a result of altered hydrology or
topography, which may include the removal of physical wind barriers, etc.

Traffic Concerns
The relatively old road network has given rise to concerns about traffic impacts on residential
areas and in the downtown district. Unlike many communities, part of Wakefield’s industrial
zone (including an active sand and gravel business) is located near the center of the Town. As a
result, heavy trucks must pass through residential neighborhoods to reach this industrial area.
The Town, with the help of the Town’s Traffic Advisory Committee, is consistently looking for
ways to better control traffic problems and address areas where there have been complaints. In
addition, the Town is currently looking into doing a parking needs study for the downtown.
Fortunately, the Town has no history of significant air, water, or soil pollution from industrial or
municipal sources.

Concerns with Lake Quannapowitt
The land on the north and northwest side of the lake was originally a vast wetland area. The
Reading Drainage Canal cut off the shoreline area from the watershed of the lake in the late
1930’s. The filling and diverting of wetland waters has increased the lake's flushing time and
reduced filtering capacity, which has contributed to water quality degradation. The construction


Section 4 – Environmental Inventory and Analysis                                          36
Open Space & Recreation Plan

of Route 128, the former American Mutual Insurance Company (now Comverse) building, the
Lord Wakefield Motel, and other buildings in the area resulted in further diversion of this portion
of the watershed around the lake.

Additionally, Veteran's Field and the public parking area were once wetlands. Other historical
activities that may have affected the water quality of Lake Quannapowitt were the discharges and
dumping of coal, tar, and other wastes from the old manufactured gas plant on the western side
of the lake. Also, the area near the inlet, just south of the Lord Wakefield, was an open dump for
many years (Camp Dresser & McKee, 1985).

In recent years, the water quality of the lake has become a source of concern to the public that
uses the lake. Camp, Dresser, & McKee found in their Clean Lakes Diagnostic and Feasibility
Study of 1985 that there were three main concerns facing Lake Quannapowitt. First, heavy weed
growth that is caused by the shallowness of the shoreline and high nutrient levels in the lake
causes aesthetic concerns and interferes with recreational use of the lake. A second major
concern that they noted is the algae blooms that occur in the lake throughout the summer and
fall. These blooms, the primary cause of which is the high nutrient levels in the water column,
cause severe aesthetic problems, odors, and reduce the clarity of the water. Finally, they note
that there is low clarity in the water, partially due to the algae blooms but also resulting from the
windy nature of the area and the resultant waves that stir up sediments in the shallow lake.
Occasionally, the clarity of the lake falls below bathing beach standards for transparency. These
issues, discussed in 1985, continue to be the dominant concerns facing the lake today.

As a result of the report, the Wakefield Board of Public Works considered alternative solutions
to improve the lake's water quality and other conditions by: 1) limited dredging; 2) inflow
treatment of the water; and 3) the purchase of a weed harvester. A final component of the
project was a public education program to educate watershed residents on how to reduce nutrient
levels entering the lake. The watershed-wide objectives of such a program were to reduce the
use of fertilizer and the use of detergents containing phosphorus in car and boat washings.

In addition, the Friends of Lake Quannapowitt (Friends) was created in 1992 and began and
continues to perform monthly sampling and testing of lake water to keep a record of water
quality measures such as pH, dissolved oxygen, phosphorous levels, and alkalinity. They also
spear-headed an investigation in the late 1990s to identify the sources of phosphorus and their
impacts on the lake. It was determined that the major sources of phosphorous and other
substances that enter the lake are from storm water runoff, geese and other animal droppings, and
sediment release from phosphorus-bearing organic sediments. The Friends sponsor a public
awareness campaign informing residents of the impacts of over- fertilizing lawns and have
joined with the Town to address the significant Canadian Geese droppings problem.

Pressures of development are a reality in Wakefield even on the shoreline of Lake Quannapowitt.
In the spring of 1985, a proposed condominium project, adjacent to the Common and along the


 Section 4 – Environmental Inventory and Analysis                                           37
                                                                        Town of Wakefield

southern shoreline of the lake, brought strong public reaction and led subsequently to an eminent
domain land taking by the Town meeting. In 1998 the construction of two large office buildings
began on the filled land at the northern end of the lake. The construction of these buildings
resulted in the loss of a significant open space parcel that had been used periodically for
community events. As a result of a lawsuit settlement brought in connection with the project, the
buildings’ developer installed a walking path between the pre-existing 1950s vintage office
building (formerly occupied by the American Mutual Insurance Company) and the lake. The
1999 Town Meeting voted to renew the long-term lease of open land with the developer on the
condition that public access to the northern end of the lake was maintained.

In 1998 the Town Meeting voted to acquire a commercial property occupied by the former Lanai
Island restaurant at the northern end of the lake and appropriated $818,000 for the acquisition.
The Town executed an eminent domain taking of the property and eventually transformed this
area into Gertrude Spaulding Park.

Hazardous Waste Sites
At present, Wakefield is the site of several identified Massachusetts Department of
Environmental Protection (MA DEP) listed oil or hazardous waste disposal sites regulated under
the Massachusetts Contingency Plan (310 CMR 40.0000), although none are identified as
significant. An undetermined number of residential underground fuel storage tanks (UST) exist.
However, the Town has by local Board of Health regulation required the inspection of USTs. In
addition, all commercial USTs are required to be inspected periodically by federal and state
regulation.

Landfills
Wakefield has one active landfill on Nahant Street that is used for the disposal of brush and other
yard waste. On certain days, the DPW organizes a television, computer, and other electronics
drop-off at this site but it is otherwise used solely for the purpose of yard waste disposal.

According to the 1992 MAPC North Suburban Water Supply Protection Plan, the DEP’s Waste
Sources Overlay identified a closed landfill in Stoneham that fell within Crystal Lake’s
watershed zone. According to DEP’s report, this landfill was closed in 1970 but is unlined and
does not have a leachate collection system.




Section 4 – Environmental Inventory and Analysis                                         38
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Development Impact
Most new development has environmental impacts. They can consist of: land disturbance; new
road paving (which increases the amount of impervious surface); the building up of what little
open space remains and the resultant disturbance of habitat and wildlife corridors; sedimentation
and erosion resulting from the construction process; and the creation of new sources of pollution
and runoff. These impacts can be mediated by strict enforcement of federal, state, and local
environmental regulations but can nonetheless be disheartening to current residents because of
the resultant loss of greenspace and the indirect impacts of development.

Ground and Surface Water Pollution
Crystal Lake is an active public surface water supply, supplying drinking water to 10-15% of the
Town’s residents. Residential development in its watershed, the presence of the commuter rail
track on its eastern shore, and small industrial neighborhoods in the nearby watershed threaten
Crystal Lake. In addition, the Town of Stoneham has a sewer pumping station at Rita Road that
has, in the past, overflown into Crystal Lake. The Town’s water department, subject to the
oversight of the MA DEP, manages Crystal Lake and deals with these concerns. With few
exceptions, Crystal Lake has been able to serve as a reservoir and drinking water supply.

The Saugus River begins at Lake Quannapowitt and runs at or near the northern boundary of the
Town. While the river has significant problems downstream from Wakefield, the primary issues
in Wakefield relate to development adjacent to or within the watershed of the river. The river
has been the subject of several studies, including a recent environmental notification in
connection with a project funded by the state Massachusetts Department of Environmental
Management.

The Mill River has also suffered from industrial and residential development along its banks.
Extensive flooding damage as a result of the severe storms in 1996 and 1998 demonstrated that
further study and action is necessary to restore the health of the river and to protect existing
developed properties. Numerous industrial and business properties adjacent to the Mill River
also raise concerns about contamination and sedimentation. Finally, the dumping of trash along
the river and in the Reedy Meadow conservation area may have had a negative impact on water
quality in these areas. The Conservation Commission and the DPW have worked together to
reduce the impact of dumping in these areas.

As far as air pollution from development or industry is concerned, due to the fact that
Wakefield’s smokestack industries have largely vanished the most significant source of air
pollution is from automobiles and trucks within the Town and passing through on Route
128/Interstate 95.



 Section 4 – Environmental Inventory and Analysis                                        39
                                                                          Town of Wakefield

Point and Non-Point Source Pollution

Non-point source pollution is pollution that does not come from a “point” source, such as a pipe,
but rather indirectly affects water quality through rainwater or snowmelt runoff. Non-point
source runoff from fertilizers used on lawns, debris collected in urban streets, acid rain, and, to a
lesser extent, septic systems, contributes to phosphorous and nutrient pollution in the lakes and
rivers of Wakefield as well as in downstream communities.

In addition, as identified in MAPC’s 1992 North Suburban Water Supply Protection Plan Study,
there was a storm water drain that discharged directly into Crystal Lake. “A drainage pipe
located at the end of Hawthorne Street discharges directly into the reservoir”.




Section 4 – Environmental Inventory and Analysis                                           40
Open Space & Recreation Plan




 Section 5 – Inventory of Lands of Conservation and Recreation Interest   41
                                                                     Town of Wakefield




Section 5 – Inventory of Lands of Conservation and Recreation Interest             42
Open Space & Recreation Plan



Section 5 – Inventory of Lands of Conservation
and Recreation Interest
Introduction
The following tables lay out a current inventory of all private, public, and nonprofit recreation
and conservation parcels in Wakefield. They also provide information regarding location,
acreage, management, use, source of funds, current condition, recreation potential, public access,
zoning, and the degree of legal protection for preservation as open space for each parcel. Private
as well as public lands have been identified. Map 5: Open Space shows the distribution of
protected and unprotected open lands in Wakefield.

For planning purposes, it is important to be aware of the degree of protection for each parcel.
Knowing the level of protection (or lack thereof) will point out how easily some properties we
assume to be open space can be developed. This knowledge will help in identifying those open
space and recreation areas that need additional effort for their preservation and protection. The
classification of protection status used in this plan comes from a variety of sources, primarily
local knowledge and the Mass GIS open space data layer. It does not reflect any additional
research into deeds or restrictions and will need to be updated if new information is discovered
about these parcels.

It is important to understand that regardless of the level of protection on these lands, the potential
for development always exists. The higher the level of protection, though, the more challenging
it is for development to occur. The inventory is divided into three overall categories:

Highly Protected Conservation and Recreation Land: Includes all land that is owned by the
Conservation Commission, Water Department, and the Parks and Recreation Department. The
conversion of these properties would invoke Article 97 of the Amendments to the State
Constitution, making it difficult, but not impossible, for a municipality to sell, transfer, or use
this land for other purposes. Federal involvement would be triggered on any lands purchased
with federal Land and Water Conservation Funds (LWCF).

Moderately Protected Open Land: Includes all land owned by other municipal departments or
commissions including school properties and lands managed by the Board of Selectmen for non-
recreational purposes. While it only happens occasionally, Town Meeting can approve the sale
of this type of land for private development.

In addition, this category includes private land that is taxed as forest, farm, or recreation land
under Chapter 61, 61A, or 61B or land on which development is restricted through a short-term


 Section 5 – Inventory of Lands of Conservation and Recreation Interest                      43
                                                                        Town of Wakefield

(5-30 year) conservation restriction. These tax programs are rarely used on a long-term basis and
are, therefore, vulnerable to development. The owners of land classified under Chapter 61 must
notify the Town if they plan to sell or convert the land to another use and the Town has 120 days
to decide whether to exercise the option to purchase the land.

Unprotected Open Land: Includes all undeveloped land with significant open space or
recreational values such as golf courses, cemeteries, and schools. While these properties appear
to be part of the Town’s open space network because of the length of time they have existed as
such, these lands, in most cases, can be easily developed into office parks or housing
developments. This can be especially disheartening and special efforts must be made to protect
or acquire the most important of these properties.

When is property considered to be legally protected open space?

Determining the actual legal level of protection for any given parcel can require some detective
work. The section below is an excerpt from the “Open Space Planner’s Workbook” published by
the Executive Office of Environmental Affairs. This excerpt is included here to give the Town
additional background on protection levels. The entire workbook can be found on-line at
http://www.mass.gov/envir/dcs/global/publications.htm.

       “Article 97 of the Articles of Amendment to the State Constitution, or simply “Article
       97”, protects certain lands acquired for natural resources purposes, meaning
       “conservation, development and utilization of the agricultural, mineral, forest, water, air
       and other natural resources”. Furthermore, a 1973 opinion of the Attorney General
       stipulates that land acquired for these purposes cannot be converted to any other use
       without the following actions:1) the local conservation commission must vote that the
       land is surplus to its needs, 2.) the park commission must vote the same if it is parkland in
       question, 3.) the matter must be taken up at Town Meeting or City Council and pass by a
       2/3 vote, 4.) the town must file an Environmental Notification Form with EOEA’s MEPA
       Unit, and 5.) the matter must pass by a 2/3 vote of the Massachusetts Legislature.
       Finally, if the property was either acquired or developed with grant assistance from
       EOEA’s Division of Conservation Services (i.e. Self-Help, Urban Self-Help or Land and
       Water Conservation Fund), the converted land must be replaced with land of equal
       monetary value and recreational or conservation utility. While conversions do occur, the
       process is purposefully onerous in an attempt to protect these conservation and recreation
       lands in perpetuity. Lands protected by Article 97 are often owned by the municipal
       conservation commission, recreation commission, water department, or by a state or
       federal conservation agency ( i.e. state EOEA agencies or the federal National Park
       Service). Lands purchased for general municipal purposes are not protected by Article
       97. Private lands can be permanently protected lands if the deed is restricted by a
       Conservation Restriction, Agricultural Preservation Restriction, Historic Restriction or


Section 5 – Inventory of Lands of Conservation and Recreation Interest                   44
Open Space & Recreation Plan

       Wetlands Restriction.

       How do we determine if a property is legally protected open space?

       Lands owned by municipal conservation commissions and water departments are usually
       protected, and lands held by EOEA agencies, the National Park Service and the USDA
       Forest Service are also protected. However, it may be necessary to do some research at
       the Registry of Deeds or at Town Hall to make a final determination. The deed may
       stipulate that the land is to be managed by the conservation commission or park
       commission, or that it was gifted to the town with deed restrictions or for park or
       conservation purposes. If the property was acquired or developed with DCS grant
       assistance, the grant agreement should have been recorded as an adjunct to the deed.
       Land acquired by the town can also be researched by looking at the Town Meeting Vote
       or City Council Vote authorizing the acquisition, with an eye toward the intended
       purpose of the acquisition or the managing municipal agency”.

       Source: Open Space Planner’s Handbook, Section 5

Inventory
The following table summarizes the amount of open space and recreation land managed by each
type of land-owner highlighted in the inventory. Wakefield’s open space is fairly well
distributed throughout the town in that there are pockets of open space within a few blocks of
each neighborhood. However, the densest area of town, the western section on the border with
Stoneham, has very few open space parcels relative to the number of people per square mile. In
general, the areas with the fewest open space parcels are those near the center of town.
Fortunately, Lake Quannapowitt’s location near the town center provides access to a spectacular
resource relatively close-by. On the south end of town, bordering Melrose, and also on the
eastern edge of town, bordering Saugus (but north of the Town Forest), significant open space
areas are also more sparse, though the population densities in these areas are lower as well.

                        Table 15: Summary of Property Totals
              Summary Table: Open Space and Recreation Lands in Wakefield
MANAGEMENT AGENCY                                   NUMBER OF ACRES
Conservation Commission                             56.66 acres
DPW – Parks and Recreation Land                     147.75 acres
DPW – Water Resources                               144.2 acres
State                                               114.2 acres
Schools                                             114.94 acres
Public cemetery                                     37.69 acres
Private lands                                       52.49 acres


 Section 5 – Inventory of Lands of Conservation and Recreation Interest                 45
                                                                          Town of Wakefield

Public, Non-Profit Conservation Land
Approximately 57 acres of land fall under the purview of the Conservation Commission. These
conservation lands are highly protected as they are held in conservation restrictions. As can be
seen in the table below, Reedy Meadow is the largest conservation holding and the parcel with
the most significant recreation possibilities. There are opportunities for hiking and bird
watching, as well as other types of recreation.

                            Table 16: Conservation Commission Properties
                  Conservation Commission Managed Properties
 LOCATION         AREA        USE      FUNDS       CONDITION    REC.     PUBLIC   ZONING       DEG. OF
                                        USED                   POTENT.   ACCESS               PROTECT.
Reedy Meadow         52.6     Rec.     Gift - MA     Good        High      Free      I          High
                      +A      trails   Audubon
                   over 4               Society
                  parcels
Land off Forest       0.1     No        Gift -       Good      Medium     Free      SR          High
Street                        Rec.      Cullen
                              Use
Land off Paon     1.21 A      No         Gift -      Good        Low      Free      SR          High
Blvd./Rt 128                  Rec.     Thompson
                              Use
Land off          2.74 A      No        Town         Good      Medium     Free      SR          High
Gumwood/Butler     over 7     Rec.     Meeting
                  parcels     Use      Transfer
Total Lands = 56.66 acres




Section 5 – Inventory of Lands of Conservation and Recreation Interest                   46
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Parks and Recreation Land
Approximately 148 acres of land fall under the jurisdiction of the DPW’s Department of Parks
and Forestry. The recreation facilities include athletic fields, playgrounds, small parks, walking
areas, a beach, tennis courts, a boat launch, and a historic house. In addition, some small parcels
of land serve simply as a break in the developed landscape.

                                          Table 17: DPW Properties
            DPW Managed Parklands, Playgrounds, and Athletic Fields
 LOCATION         AREA          USE        FUNDS       CONDITION     REC.     PUBLIC      ZONING    DEG. OF
                                            USED                   POTENT.    ACCESS               PROTECT
Triangle @         1.15 A     No Rec.       Town         Good       Limited     Free        SR       High
Prospect &                     Use
Hopkins Streets
Spring St. Park   10.64 A     No Rec.        Town        Good        Good       Free        SR     Moderate
                                Use
Hall Park          1.28 A      Scenic        Town        Good        Good       Free        SR     Moderate
                                Park
Quannapowitt       2.98 A    Historic        Town        Good        Good     Rental        SR     Moderate
Lakeshore                    House,                                             Fee
                             Tennis                                           Cts. res.
                             Courts
Quannapowitt        1.8 A     No Rec.        Town         Fair      Limited   Limited       SR        High
Lakeshore           3.1 A       Use
Landrigan Field     3.0 A     Athletics      Town        Good        Good      Free         SR        High
(next to High      6.57 A
School)
Little League      2.38 A       LL           Town        Good        Good      Free         SR     Moderate
Field (aka          over 3    Baseball
Fernald Field)     parcels
Town Forest          45.23      Rec.        Town         Good        Good      Free         SR     Moderate
                         A
Lower                8.3 A      Rec.        Town         Good        Good      Free         SR        High
Common              over 3
                   parcels
Upper Common         2.6 A    Rockery        Town        Good        Good      Free         SR        High
                    over 2
                   parcels
Gertrude           40,900       Rec.        Town         Good        Good      Free         SR     Moderate
Spaulding Park          SF
Spaulding St.      1.39 A    Playgroun      Private/     Good        Good      Free         SR     Moderate
Playground/         over7     d/ Park        Town
Park               parcels




  Section 5 – Inventory of Lands of Conservation and Recreation Interest                     47
                                                                         Town of Wakefield

                                          Table 17 Continued
  DPW Managed Parklands, Playgrounds, and Athletic Fields Continued
 LOCATION         AREA         USE        FUNDS   CONDITION      REC.     PUBLIC    ZONING    DEG. OF
                                           USED                POTENT.    ACCESS             PROTECT
Veteran's Field   3.15 A    Boat Ramp,     Town      Good        Good       Free       SR      High
                             Softball                                      (Great
                                                                           Pond)
Sullivan          13.3 A    No Rec. Use    Town      Good       Good        Free       SR      High
Playground Ext.    over 3
                  parcels
Moulton           5.53 A       Rec.        Town      Good       Good        Free       SR      High
Playground
Nasella           4.69 A       Rec.        Town      Good       Good        Free       SR      High
Playground
J.J. Round        6.52 A       Rec.        Town      Good       Good        Free       SR      High
Memorial Park/    9.22 A
Playground
Mapleway          16.78A       Rec.        Town      Good       Good        Free       SR      High
Playground
Sullivan           6.5 A       Rec.        Town      Good       Good        Free       SR      High
Playground
COL Connolly      1.08 A     Seasonal      Town      Good       Good        Free       SR    Moderate
Playground/        over 3     Beach
Beach             parcels
Total Lands =       147.75 acres




Section 5 – Inventory of Lands of Conservation and Recreation Interest                 48
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Water Facilities

Wakefield’s DPW also manages about 144 acres of land protecting the Crystal Lake watershed
and pumping stations. The protected area in Crystal Lake’s watershed and the old Town wells
are highly protected as they are a drinking water source, held by the Town’s water department.
The Town of Stoneham has protected an additional 13 acres in the Crystal Lake watershed.

                    Table 18: DPW Managed Water Department Facilities
                   DPW Managed Water Department Facilities
LOCATION         AREA       USE      FUNDS   CONDITION    REC.     PUBLIC     ZONING     DEG. OF
                                      USED               POTENT    ACCESS               PROTECT
Old Town         27.74 A    Closed   Town      Good       None      Limited     SR           High
Wells/Pumping      over 2
Station           parcels
Crystal Lake     42.34 A    Water    Town      Good      Limited    Limited     SR           High
Watershed/         over 4   Source
Pumping           parcels
Station         Easement
Crystal Lake     17.67 A    Water    Town      Good      Limited    Limited     SR           High
Watershed          over 8   Source
                  parcels
Crystal Lake     17.51 A    Water    Town      Good      Limited    Limited     SR           High
Watershed          over 4   Source
                  parcels
Crystal Lake     14.2 +A    Water    Town      Good         ?          ?         ?             ?
Watershed (in      over 3   Source
Stoneham)         parcels
Water Tower         .36 A   Water    Town      Good       None      Limited     SR           High
                            Source
Linden Street      .38 A    Water    Town        ?          ?          ?        SR           High?
Pumping                     Source
Station
Nahant Street       24 A    Town     Town        ?          ?          ?                Unprotected?
Pit                         Dump
Total Lands = 144.2 acres




  Section 5 – Inventory of Lands of Conservation and Recreation Interest                49
                                                                              Town of Wakefield

State and Federal Land
The state Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR) owns approximately 7 acres of
land in Wakefield as part of the Breakheart Reservation which adjoins Saugus. The state of
Massachusetts owns and manages 107 additional acres, some of which is a Regional Vocational
High School which abuts Breakheart Reservation and another portion of which is used by the
MA Army National Guard.

                                            Table 19: State Lands
                          Commonwealth of Massachusetts Properties
LOCATION        AREA      MGMT.    USE       FUNDS    CONDITION      REC.       PUBLIC     ZONING    DEG. OF
                                              USED                  POTENT.     ACCESS              PROTECT.

Open space       3.9 A    Comm                State      Good        None        Limited     ?           ?
bordering Rt.             of MA
128
Camp Curtis      22.83    Comm      MA        State      Good       Limited      Limited    GR      Unprotected
Guild, Bay           A    of MA     Nat.
State Road                         Guard
Breakheart       27.5A    DCR/     Rec.       State      Good        Good         Free       SR        High
Reservation      over 3   Comm
                parcels   of MA
NE                60 A     Reg.    Gr. 9-     State      Good        Good         Free       SR     Unprotected
Metropolitan              School    12
Regional                   Dist.
Vocational                 Com.
School

Total Lands = 114.2 acres




Section 5 – Inventory of Lands of Conservation and Recreation Interest                       50
        Open Space & Recreation Plan

        School Properties (Public and One Private)
        Wakefield’s school department owns about 110 acres of land in Wakefield in the form of athletic
        fields and playgrounds, while an addition 5 acres is held by a private school. School property is
        not protected for open space or recreation purposes. The school department has discretion on
        how the land will be used and, as has happened in some cases in recent years, these parcels can
        be used for school expansions and other development. Also, as can be seen in the table below, a
        number of schools have been closed but the properties are still owned and managed by the school
        department. These properties provide an opportunity for the town to preserve the recreation
        facilities.

                                   Table 20: School Properties and Recreation
                                   School Properties and Recreation
LOCATION       AREA       MGMT.        USE        FUNDS   CONDITION    REC.        PUBLIC   ZONING     DEG. OF
                                                   USED               POTENT       ACCESS             PROTECT

West Ward        .82 A    School     Historic     Town       Poor      Limited      Free      SR       Moderate
School                     Dept.     Property
Walton          2.46 A    School     Gr. 1-4      Town      Good         Fair       Free      SR            High
School                     Dept.
Doyle           7.77 A    School      Closed      Town      Good        Good        Free      SR       Moderate
School                     Dept.
Dolbeare        7.87 A    School      Gr. 1-4     Town      Good        Good        Free      SR       Moderate
School                     Dept.
Greenwood       4.54 A    School      Gr. 1-4     Town       Fair        Fair       Free      SR       Moderate
School           over 3    Dept.
                parcels
Yeuell         7.29 +A    School      Closed      Town      Good        Good        Free      SR       Moderate
School                     Dept.
Montrose        3.85 A    School     Closed;      Town       Fair        Fair       Free      SR       Moderate
School and       over 2    Dept.   Temporarily
Playground      parcels            occupied by
(Handicap                             police
Acc.)                              department

Woodville       3.11 A    School    Alt. School   Town       Poor       Poor        Free      SR       Moderate
School           over 2    Dept.
(includes       parcels
Blatz Field)
Wakefield      45.26 A    School     Gr. 9-12     Town      Good        Good        Free      SR       Moderate
Memorial         over 4    Dept.
High School     parcels
(includes
Walsh Field)




          Section 5 – Inventory of Lands of Conservation and Recreation Interest                51
                                                                                    Town of Wakefield

                                         Table 20 Continued
                          School Properties and Recreation Continued
LOCATION        AREA      MGMT.          USE         FUNDS     CONDITION    REC.      PUBLIC     ZONING    DEG. OF
                                                      USED                 POTENT     ACCESS              PROTECT
Hurd School      1.02 A    School       Being         Town        Poor       Poor       Free       SR      Moderate
                            Dept.     rented as a
                                        school
                                      facility but
                                      not part of
                                        public
                                        school
                                        system
Franklin         3.25 A    School       Closed       Town         Poor      Poor        Free      GR       Moderate
School                      Dept.
Galvin Middle     15.16    School       Gr. 5-6      Town        Good       Fair        Free       SR        High
School                A     Dept.
(includes
Walton Field)

Mill River        5.6A     School          ?         Town          ?         ?           ?         ?      Unprotected
Floodplain                  Dept.




Our Lady of      5.34A      Mary       Gr. 9-12      Private     Good       Good       Private     SR     Unprotected
Nazareth                  Elizabeth     (girls)
Academy                    Kelly,
(PRIVATE)                 Principal
        Total Lands =114.94 acres




        Section 5 – Inventory of Lands of Conservation and Recreation Interest                     52
       Open Space & Recreation Plan

       Privately-Owned Lands of Conservation and Recreation Interest
       There are 7.49 acres of land held privately that are currently used for recreation purposes but
       which are not protected from future pressures to use these properties for other purposes should
       these lands change ownership.

                                         Table 21: Private Recreational Lands
                                             Private Recreational Lands
LOCATION        AREA        MGMT.        USE         FUNDS      CONDITION    REC.     PUBLIC        ZONING       DEG. OF
                                                      USED                  POTENT    ACCESS                    PROTECT

Y.M.C.A.         .31 A      YMCA         Rec.        Private      Good      Medium       Fee          GR        Unprotected
Quannapowitt      .31 A      Yacht       Rec.        Private      Good       Good        Fee          SR        Unprotected
Yacht Club       over 2      Club
                parcels
Sheraton          6.9 A    Starwood    Lodging/      Private      Good       Good     Reservation     LB        Unprotected
Colonial         over 2    Hotels &      Rec
Hotel and       parcels     Resorts
Golf Club                  Worldwide
       Total lands = 7.49 acres

       Private Recreational Lands - Chapter 61/61A/61B

       There are 17.48 acres of private forest land under the private recreation Chapter 61B provision.
       There are no lands enrolled in Chapter 61 or 61A. Refer to Section 10: Implementation for more
       detail on these programs.

                                                Table 22: Chapter 61 Land
                                              Chapter 61B Recreation Land
       LOCATION           AREA     MGMT.      USE    FUNDS      CONDITION    REC.      PUBLIC       ZONING       DEG. OF
                                                      USED                  POTENT     ACCESS                   PROTECT

       Bear Hill            8.79     Bear     Rec.    Private      Good       High        Fee         SR        Unprotected
       Golf Club               A     Hill
                                    Assoc.
       Land off             4.45    Dr. J.    No      Private      Good      Medium       Un-         SR         Moderate
       Forest Road             A   Breslin    Rec.                                      official
                          4.24 A      19      Use
                                   Belmont
                                      Rd
       Total Lands = 17.48 acres




            Section 5 – Inventory of Lands of Conservation and Recreation Interest                         53
                                                                          Town of Wakefield

Cemeteries
Approximately 66 acres of open land in Wakefield is currently used for cemeteries. The
majority do not present any potential for recreation use, though they are useful for open space
and walking areas.

                                           Table 23: Cemeteries
                                                    Cemeteries
LOCATION        AREA      MGMT.        USE       FUNDS     CONDITION    REC.    PUBLIC   ZONING     DEG. OF
                                                  USED                 POTENT   ACCESS             PROTECT

Old               3.85      DPW       Cemetery   Town        Good      Medium    Free         SR      High
Cemetery             A      Hist.      Floral
(public)                   Comm.      Walkway
                          oversight
Forest Glade     33.8A      DPW       Cemetery   Town        Good       None     Free         SR      High
Cemetery         over 5
(public)        parcels
Lakeside         22.6A    Lakeside    Cemetery   Private     Good       None     Fee          SR      High
Cemetery         over 4   Cemetery
(private)       parcels    Corp.
Jewish            .43 A     Tem.      Cemetery   Private     Good       None     Fee          SR   Unprotected
Cemeteries                 Adath
(3) - private              Israel
                3.51 A     Lynn
                          Hebrew
                1.49 A    Ben. Soc
                  .46 A    Tem.
                 over 2   Emman.
                parcels
Total Lands = 66.21 acres




Section 5 – Inventory of Lands of Conservation and Recreation Interest                   54
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Parcels of Conservation and Recreation Interest

                Table 24: Parcels of Conservation and Recreation Interest
Parcels of Conservation Interest from Gertrude Spaulding's 1995 "Wish List"
Parcel Name/Location                                    Comments on Parcel
#3 - Lakeside Office Park/Motel – North Ave.            connect to Town-owned pathway; complete
                                                        pathway around Lake Quannapowitt
#4 - Spaulding St – Jackson Residential                 connect to Town-owned pathway; complete
                                                        pathway around Lake Quannapowitt
#5 - Quannapowitt Yacht Club – Linda Rd                 connect to Town-owned pathway; complete
                                                        pathway around Lake Quannapowitt
#6 - Scott Ln and Water St                              part of Mill River watershed; potential riparian
                                                        buffer
#7 - Foster Lane/Paon Blvd                              part of Mill River watershed
#8 - New Salem St                                       part of Mill River watershed
#9 - Salem/Walton St                                    Saugus River watershed
#10 - Montrose Ave – power lines                        land under power lines; was a bike path in
                                                        the 1970s
#11 - Montrose Ave – power lines                        land under power lines; was a bike path in
                                                        the 1970s
#12 - Audubon Road – power lines – 4 separate parcels   land under power lines; was a bike path in
                                                        the 1970s
#13 - Salem/New Salem Streets                           may have already been developed
#14 - Parker Road/Rte. 128 – 5 separate parcels         fill in land not owned by town - all wet; part of
                                                        Lake Quannapowitt watershed
#16 - Chapter 61B land – Forest Str/Forest Rd           attaches to a bigger upland area; possibly
                                                        attached area may be given to the town; wet
#20 - Bathol St/Washington – 2 separate parcels         flood-prone area
#21 - Linden Street                                     adjacent to town-owned pumping station
#22 - Forest Street                                     highest point in Wakefield - ledge
#24 - Oak St/Melrose Ave                                connection to Town Forest
#25 - Montclare Ave                                     connection to Town Forest
#27 - Lowell St/Penfield Circle/RR                      property owner petitioned to buy a piece of
                                                        property
#29 - Salem St/Walton Rd                                wet area

Suggestions on Lands of Conservation Priority from forum May 4, 2004
Parcel Name/Location                                    Comments on Parcel
"Linear Park" - acquire right of way from RR
Path through Lakeside Cemetery
St. Florence Church




 Section 5 – Inventory of Lands of Conservation and Recreation Interest                     55
                                                                       Town of Wakefield

Access for the Disabled
The Wakefield Town Planner worked in consultation with James Caffrey, the Chair of the
Commission on Disabilities, and Roger Maloney, the Director of the Parks and Recreation
Department, to develop a Section 504 Self-Evaluation Survey in August 2000. The inventory
included site visits to all of the DPW-managed park and recreation facilities in order to examine
them for handicap accessibility. A comprehensive Accessibility Survey was developed as an
addendum to the Open Space Plan of 2000 and can be viewed in Appendix II of this plan. The
sites surveyed were:

Moulton Playground
Mapleway Playground
J.J. Round Park
Sullivan Park
Nasella Field
Fernald Field
Walsh Park
Blatz Field
Landrigan Field
Hall Park
Veteran’s Field
Spaulding Playground
Col. Connolly Beach

In addition, the newly-acquired Gertrude Spaulding Park was surveyed in June of 2004.

Many upgrades to improve accessibility have been accomplished since the 2000 survey. The
steps that have been taken are outlined in Appendix II.




Section 5 – Inventory of Lands of Conservation and Recreation Interest                  56
Open Space & Recreation Plan




Section 6 – Community Goals    57
                                                                       Town of Wakefield


Section 6 – Community Goals
Previous Goals
In the spring of 1999 a survey about open space and recreation needs and preferences was mailed
to the households in Wakefield through their gas and electric bills. The general findings of the
survey indicated that there was a strong desire for more open space, conservation land, active
recreational facilities (including athletic fields), and better maintenance and improved equipment
in existing play facilities. The strongest desire expressed in the survey was to improve and
protect the shoreline of Lake Quannapowitt and the public water supply at Crystal Lake. Forty-
nine percent of respondents felt that tax dollars should be used to purchase additional land for
conservation and/or management of open space.

The goals and objectives of the 2000 Open Space and Recreation Plan were derived from the
survey. The 2000 plan included four goals:

Goal #1: Increase the amount of and improve the Town’s open space and “green” areas

   •   Increase conservation lands through acquisition, conversion, and conservation
       restrictions;
   •   Improve open space throughout the Town;
   •   Accommodate special needs by improving accessibility and achieving compliance with
       the Americans with Disabilities Act goals;
   •   Plan and implement achievable open space preservation and recreation projects.

Goal #2: Increase the number and quality of active recreational areas and facilities

   •   Identify properties within the Town suitable for creating new active recreational areas
       and facilities;
   •   Increase quality of active recreational areas and facilities.

Goal #3: Protect watershed and water

   •   Improve water quality in Lake Quannapowitt;
   •   Provide long-term oversight of conservation lands and watershed and resource protection
       by broadening the Conservation Commission’s mandate;
   •   Involve the public in issues of watershed and resource protection;
   •   Strengthen existing by-laws to further protect watersheds and water resources.



Section 6 – Community Goals                                                             58
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Goal #4: Step-up efforts to coordinate with and participate in local and regional planning
efforts

These goals are ongoing and the Town will continue to pursue them.

Description of Process
This update of the Open Space and Recreation Plan is the culmination of ideas and information
provided by the residents of Wakefield through public forums, interviews with Town officials,
field work, reviewing past reports and studies, and evaluating documents pertaining to regional
open space and recreation issues. The planning and public participation process is described in
Section 2 – Introduction of this plan.

Statement of Open Space and Recreation Goals
The goals that the community outlined in 2000 were reviewed and renewed in 2004. These goals
show a desire on the part of Wakefield residents to protect, conserve, and enhance Wakefield’s
open space, watershed, and recreational resources. The 2000 goals were enhanced to include
goals to seek funding for open space and recreation projects and to find ways to connect trails,
jogging routes, and destination areas within Town. The community’s open space and recreation
vision is to properly maintain the current inventory of open space and recreation parcels; to
acquire new parcels in order to expand both passive and active recreational opportunities and
further water and watershed protection goals; to create connections between open space lands,
recreational facilities, and destination areas in Town; and to work both locally and regionally to
improve open space and recreational resources.




Section 6 – Community Goals                                                             59
                                                                         Town of Wakefield


Section 7 – Analysis of Need
Summary of Resource Protection Needs
The 1999 survey results found that the protection of Lake Quannapowitt and Crystal Lake was
very important, and that remains true today. In addition, respondents felt that it was important
for the Town to acquire open land and conservation areas, as well as to work to improve
maintenance at existing areas. Wakefield residents have become increasingly concerned about
the protection of open space and conservation issues as a result of increased housing
development pressures since the 1980s. Part of the constraint in open space planning for
Wakefield is the limited land available on which to develop more housing or more playing fields
or simply to set aside for conservation purposes. Though many of the needs are clear and long-
standing, how to go about addressing them is more complicated.

Protect Natural Resource Areas in Town

Wakefield has many outstanding natural resources, as has been highlighted throughout this text.
The impacts of development and growth in the Town encroach upon these resources, however,
and many residents believe it is necessary to continue to make improvements in the protection of
lands in Town. For example, improving the health of the Mill River was noted as an area of
importance. According to DEP’s Water Quality Assessment, the Mill River was considered
impaired because of an imbalance in its pH. Also, because the river flows through the industrial
core of Wakefield and also through a residential area, it picks up various types of refuse along its
path. These are just a few examples of concerns pertaining to the Mill River.

Further work to remediate problems of this nature is also needed on other natural resource areas
in the Town. Lake Quannapowitt, for example, continues to be an area of great concern and
interest for Town residents. The Friends of Lake Quannapowitt are still working to improve the
water quality of the lake, and the community’s interest in using the lake for recreational purposes
is evident in the number of people walking, biking, or jogging the trail around it on any given
day. Ensuring the continued use of the trail around the lake as well as working to improve the
water quality in the lake through stormwater management, wetlands protection, and increasing
public awareness remain priorities for Wakefield.

In addition, as noted in section 5, many of the open space and recreation areas in the Town are
not protected. Therefore, as development pressure continues, they could be sold and built on.
The Town Planner has suggested creating a land trust, which typically is “a nonprofit
organization that, as all or part of its mission, actively works to conserve land by undertaking or
assisting direct land transactions—primarily the purchase or acceptance of donations of land or
conservation easements” (Land Trust Alliance). So far, this effort has not been successful but it


Section 7 – Analysis of Need                                                              60
Open Space & Recreation Plan

could be a valuable organizational means to begin to address Wakefield’s resource protection
needs from an education, organization, and acquisition standpoint.

Stormwater Management

The issues with stormwater management in Wakefield continue to be a concern for the
community. As was noted in section 4, a 1992 Water Supply Protection Plan Study noted that a
drainage pipe discharged directly into Crystal Lake. This was noted by a resident during the
May 4, 2004, forum as a continuing problem. In general, residents discussed their concerns
about the impacts of stormwater runoff on lakes and rivers in Town. As noted in section 4, there
are many concerns with flooding and draining problems in Town, a problem that underscores the
importance of preserving wetlands and implementing a comprehensive stormwater management
policy. In order to facilitate the improvement of stormwater drainage and polluted stormwater
runoff, residents mentioned ideas such as developing parking with more permeable surfaces and
creating a low-salt zone for Lake Quannapowitt.

Greenbelt

One idea that was mentioned repeatedly at the May public forum was the importance of
connecting resources, trails, and destination spots in the Town. Residents were interested in
creating a greenbelt and/or bikeway to link existing open space areas in Town but also to connect
other areas. The vision was to make it possible to safely walk or bike to many Town
destinations. One resident noted that the infrastructure that already exists, such as sidewalks,
though not “green” spaces, could be emphasized and/or redesigned to creative a cohesive
connector route to various trails, parks, and other areas.

The Town Planner recommended revisiting the streetscape design suggested in Wakefield’s 1925
Master Plan as a guideline for re-greening Wakefield’s streetscape. A print of the 1925
streetscape design can be viewed in Appendix 3. In addition, the Town of Reading is working
on a Downtown Streetscape Improvements Project for their Main Street which could provide
some ideas for what could be done in Wakefield. Also, the Town of Wakefield may wish to
review the City of Newton’s Tree Preservation Ordinance for an example of how they could
mobilize and codify efforts at re-greening the streetscape.

Unified Design for Path around Lake Quannapowitt

A related idea to the Town-wide greenbelt discussed above was an interest in creating a unified
streetscape design for a path around Lake Quannapowitt.




Section 7 – Analysis of Need                                                           61
                                                                         Town of Wakefield

Summary of Community’s Needs
Public Education/Increase Awareness of Resource Concerns and Benefits

Forum attendees noted a lack of awareness on the part of many residents regarding Wakefield’s
open space and the importance of conserving and protecting various parcels in Town, both for
recreational purposes and in order to protect water and watershed resources. Also, the
importance of educating residents about the impacts of certain types of activities, such as using
salt on roads, driveways, and sidewalks in the winter, on the environment and specifically on the
health of the lakes in Wakefield, was noted.

Playing Fields

Residents in the Town of Wakefield have remarked on a number of occasions about the need for
more playing fields. The current fields are used constantly and there is no period of time in
which they can be left to recover from their use because there is such high demand. The Town is
looking into the feasibility of hiring a consultant to prepare a master plan for the redevelopment
of playing fields in Town, in order to try to maximize the design and use of what they already
own. In addition, one resident at the May forum mentioned that some Town-owned properties
are underused and that these could be converted into playing fields or parks. One example was
an unused detention basin at the Dolbeare School that could possibly be converted to a playing
field. A second example was converting the now-closed Franklin School property into a park.
These suggestions, though they may not be feasible after more detailed consideration, are
examples of how the Town might work to creatively and strategically use its current resources to
address demand issues.

Encourage a Variety of Transit Options

As noted in an earlier section, Wakefield has been participating in discussions to create a Five-
Town bike path. Should this path be completed, it would link Wakefield with adjoining Towns
and would therefore facilitate both more fluid alternative transportation options and also a wider
variety of recreation opportunities in the Town. During the May 4 forum, residents expressed
interest in making it easier to choose to bike or walk to places than to drive. In order for this to
be possible, the regional bike path needs continued support from the community and the region
in order to gain necessary rights of way for use of the abandoned railway line. The regional
bikeway is one major example of a way to begin connecting adjoining Towns and also open
spaces within Town. The desire to connect open spaces, destination spots, and transit with safe
cycling routes was expressed by residents, and these efforts would go a long way towards
making Wakefield a cycling friendly community. In addition to these broader, design and
visioning aspects of creating alternative transportation options, basic improvements in Town
need to be made, such as placing more bike racks throughout Town.

Section 7 – Analysis of Need                                                              62
Open Space & Recreation Plan


Zoning/Town Design Changes

As Wakefield strives to balance housing and development demand with open space, recreation,
and environmental protection needs, new, creative solutions need to be developed in order to
accommodate the demands on limited resources. Many of the residents who attended the May
Open Space and Recreation Plan forum noted that issues of housing, economic development, and
open space are inter-related. This understanding led to some suggestions regarding how broader
planning issues impact open space. For example, residents discussed the importance of
increasing density downtown in order to take pressure of other parts of Town so that open space
is preserved.

In addition, some residents noted how useful it would be to rezone the sand and gravel and
cement factory sites that are in Wakefield Center for eventual re-use. As was described in
section 4, Wakefield is one of very few Towns that has an industrial area in the center of the
downtown. This location creates a challenge for residents and businesses in Wakefield Center
because of the number of trucks that, as a result, use the main thoroughfare though Town.

Other general design changes that would improve the aesthetic appeal of the Town included
implementing traffic calming measures, such as etched crosswalks; working to improve the
streetscape with more street trees, especially in sections of Town, such as Albion Street, where
there are none; improving areas where there are vast expanses of uninterrupted asphalt, such as
by the Lord Wakefield Hotel, by adding some green areas and thereby also contributing to
assisting in stormwater drainage.

The National Recreation and Parks Association Standard
The National Recreation and Parks Association (NRPA) has developed the most widely used
standards for park and recreation land. According to NRPA standards, a local park system
should, at a minimum, be composed of a “core” system of parklands with a total of 6.25 to 10.5
acres of developed, “close-to-home” open space per 1,000 population. The local park system
should include mini-parks, neighborhood parks and larger community parks. Based on this
standard, Wakefield should have between 155 and 260 acres of open space for parks and
recreation areas. Wakefield’s almost 228 acres of open space and recreation, which includes all
of the DPW park and recreation land, Reedy Meadow, and Breakheart Reservation in this
calculation is within this general goal. One must also acknowledge that some of the School
Department’s 102 acres serve as “adjunct” parks and recreation areas, but there clearly is a need
to increase the amount of developed park and recreation space.

SCORP Relationship
The Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan (SCORP) makes the following open

Section 7 – Analysis of Need                                                            63
                                                                       Town of Wakefield

space and recreation recommendations for the Metropolitan Boston Region (which includes
Wakefield):

       •   Improve water-based recreation opportunities for such activities as boating and
           fishing.
       •   Increase and improve opportunities for hiking, cross-country skiing and picnicking.
       •   Maintain a balance between acquisition and development of recreation and
           conservation areas.
       •   Improve maintenance of recreation facilities through the development of incentive
           programs.
       •   Improve opportunities for land-based recreation, particularly for golf, tennis, and
           field-based events.
       •   Offer incentives to recreation agencies that develop day care programs with
           recreational components.
       •   Examine the feasibility of extending outdoor recreation opportunities within wetland
           recreation areas for such activities as hiking, nature observation, photography and
           cross-country skiing.

Many of these recommendations also apply to Wakefield and provide some ideas that can be
used to encourage new solutions to the resource and community needs facing the Town.

Management Needs
Maintenance

The 1999 Open Space survey indicated that many of the active recreational facilities were in
need of immediate attention, a management concern that remains true today with the high
demand for playing fields and other recreational areas. In addition, the survey indicated that
many of the play facilities were degraded or of obsolete design. A more proactive management
approach will need to be developed by the Town to ensure the improvement of these facilities.
One resident suggested putting a moratorium on the sale of all Town-owned land until a plan that
outlines explicitly what kinds of fields and recreation areas are needed is completed.

Funding

The ability to pay for general maintenance of current properties, let alone for property
acquisition, is always a concern. The Town of Wakefield is no exception. Section 10 –
Implementation - outlines a variety of funding sources that may prove instrumental in aiding the
Town in meeting some of the community, recreation, and management needs set forth in this
plan.


Section 7 – Analysis of Need                                                           64
Open Space & Recreation Plan


Section 8 – Goals and Objectives
The 2000 Open Space and Recreation Goals and Objectives were discussed at an open public
meeting in Wakefield on May 4, 2004. The public was given an opportunity at this forum to
discuss, add, refine, or remove goals and objectives in order to update the plan to reflect the
vision of the Town going forward from 2004. All of the goals and objectives from the 2000 plan
were still deemed valid and on-going, while in addition meeting attendees added new goals and
refined some of the previous goals. Through this discussion, the following goals and objectives
were established.

   1. Increase amount of and improve the Town’s open space and green areas

           a. Create a series of trail networks to connect specific destinations in town, link
              Wakefield to regional resources, and provide broader recreation opportunities;

           b. Increase conservation land through acquisition, conversion, and conservation;

           c. Improve open space throughout the Town, working to ensure that every section of
              Town has some green space;

           d. Plan and implement achievable open space preservation and recreation projects.

   2. Increase the number and quality of active and passive recreational areas and
      facilities

           a. Identify properties suitable for creating new active and passive recreational areas
              and facilities;

           b. Increase quality of active and passive recreational areas and facilities;

           c. Improve Americans with Disabilities Act accessibility to park and recreation
              lands.

   3. Protect watershed and water resources

           a. Improve the water quality in Lake Quannapowitt;

           b. Involve the public in issues of watershed and resource protection;

           c. Strengthen existing by-laws to further protect watersheds and water resources;



Section 8 – Goals & Objectives                                                            65
                                                                    Town of Wakefield

          d. Reduce direct stormwater discharge to the extent possible.

   4. Step-up efforts to coordinate with and participate in local and regional planning
      efforts - improve coordination of open space and recreation planning efforts with
      neighboring communities and regional planning entities.

   5. Seek funding to maintain and increase the amount of active and passive recreational
      areas

   6. Continue to use zoning and other land use regulations to create and protect open
      space - create incentives that make it economically advantageous to save land.




Section 8 – Goals & Objectives                                                    66
Open Space & Recreation Plan


Section 9 – Five Year Action Plan
The 2000 Open Space and Recreation Plan had an ambitious Five - Year Action Plan consisting
of 46 actions to accomplish the four major goals of the plan. The major accomplishments since
the 2000 Plan are as follows:

   •   Hiring of a full-time Town Planner;
   •   Acquisition of the Lanai Island parcel and the creation of Gertrude Spaulding Park;
   •   Creation of Vision 2000, a committee organized to define a shared vision for the future of
       Wakefield and to protect the quality of life, the beauty and character of the town, and the
       property and interests of everyone who lives in Wakefield;
   •   Worked with MAPC on Geographic Information Systems needs;
   •   Acquired funding to upgrade many parks and recreation facilities throughout Town to
       provide wheelchair and handicap access;
   •   Worked to integrate the Open Space and Recreation Plan with Wakefield’s Master Plan;
   •   Acquisition by the Town of an additional 7.28 acres to add to Mapleway Playground;
   •   Acquisition by the Town of 34 acres near Lowell St.;
   •   Updated the Town’s open space inventory, taking into account the new acquisitions since
       2000 and the work of Gertrude Spaulding in the 1990’s.

The Five-Year Action Plan is the most important section in any open space and recreation plan.
The following recommendations are meant to bridge the gap between the existing open space
and recreation resources identified in Section 5, the goals and objectives (Section 8), and the
needs and desires of the residents of Wakefield (Section 7). The designation of a target year is
meant as a guide only. It is more important to be flexible and to take advantage of opportunities
as they arise. Many items will need to occur over several years. In each case, a primary
responsible party or parties is identified. Map 6: Action Plan is a map illustrating the Action
Plan recommendations.

The 2004 Five-Year Action Plan was developed by first reviewing the action plan from the 2000
Plan. All completed actions were removed from the list. The remaining action items were
reviewed by various Town departments to determine if they were still desirable. Additional
action items were added based on citizen input at public meetings held on May 4 and June 3,
2004.




Section 9 – Action Plan                                                                 67
                                                                                        Town of Wakefield

                                                 Wakefield 2004 Open Space Plan Action Steps
      GOALS & OBJECTIVES                                        ACTIONS                             RESPONSIBLE        2004 2005   2006   2007 2008 FUNDING
Goal 1: Increase amount of and improve the Town’s open space and ‘green’ areas
1A. Create a series of trail networks to   Obtain funding to create design plans for a town-       Planner, Planning   X    X                     MA
connect specific destinations in town,     wide greenway system                                    Board                                          Greenways
link Wakefield to regional resources,                                                                                                             and Trail
and provide broader recreation                                                                                                                    Grant
opportunities                                                                                                                                     Program
                                           Create design plans to establish a cohesive             Planner, Planning        X                     MA
                                           trailway/greenway along Main, Water, Lowell,            Board, consultant                              Greenways
                                           Albion, and Prospect Streets                                                                           and Trail
                                                                                                                                                  Grant
                                                                                                                                                  Program
                                           Begin developing greenway by increasing the             Planner                         X              Public
                                           number of and design scheme for street trees and                                                       Works Econ
                                           walking paths along the main greenway system                                                           Dev
                                           (Main and Water Streets), beginning in the                                                             (PWED)
                                           Greenwood neighborhood and stemming off the                                                            Program
                                           Melrose project begun in 2004
                                           Acquire or restrict lands along the Saugus and Mill     ConCom                                 X       MA Self-
                                           Rivers to connect open space lands and scenic                                                          Help Grant
                                           areas into the greenway trails                                                                         Program
                                           Increase access to the town’s water resources by        Rec, ConCom,                    X      X       MA Urban
                                           creating trails, areas to put in canoes, walkways out   Planner, OSRC                                  Self-Help
                                           to the water's edge, and/or viewing areas                                                              Grant
                                                                                                                                                  Program
                                           Develop safe links along major transportation                               X    X      X      X   X
                                           corridors where it is not practical to acquire land
                                           Confirm ownership by MBTA of the abandoned              Wakefield Bike     X
                                           Boston and Maine railroad line right-of-way from        Committee, Planner
                                           Wakefield Center (junction of North Ave. and
                                           Main St.) to the Lynnfield town line


Section 9 – Action Plan                                                                                      68
Open Space & Recreation Plan

      GOALS & OBJECTIVES                                     ACTIONS                           RESPONSIBLE        2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 FUNDING
                                         Acquire right of way from Guilford Corp. to          Town Manager,            X                  MA Urban
                                         convert the unused railway line into a linear park   BOS                                         Self-Help; MA
                                                                                                                                          Greenways and
                                                                                                                                          Trail Demo
                                                                                                                                          Grant Program

                                         Review Weston & Sampson bikeway proposal and         Planner, Wakefield X
                                         the Wakefield Bike Committee bikeway proposal.       Bike Committee,
                                         Have a meeting to reconcile differences              BOS
                                         Based on the Wakefield Bicycle Committee and         Planner, Wakefield      X
                                         Weston & Sampson bike routes suggestions, create     Bike Committee
                                         safe cycling routes to connect parks and other
                                         destinations within town
                                         Implement the design plans for a linear park along Planner, Planning              X               Tea3
                                         the abandoned Boston and Maine railway line        Board
                                         through Wakefield
1B. Increase conservation land through   Create a local land trust, following up on work of   Planner, OSRC           X
acquisition, conversion, and             AVIS and Wakefield's Vision 2000 efforts
conservation
                                         Determine a "go-to" person to answer potential       OSRC, ConCom            X
                                         donor's land protection options questions
                                         Develop a brochure/handout indicating who people OSRC, ConCom,               X
                                         can speak with if they are interested in donating or Planner, BOS
                                         protecting land
                                         Develop a comprehensive list of lands of             BOS, Planning       X
                                         conservation interest                                Board, ConCom,
                                                                                              OSRC
                                         Review the inventory of tax-title and town-owned     Planner, Planning       X
                                         lands to identify the best uses of the lands         Board
                                         Prioritize lands of conservation interest            ConCom, OSRC            X




Section 9 – Action Plan                                                                                69
                                                                                   Town of Wakefield

     GOALS & OBJECTIVES                                   ACTIONS                           RESPONSIBLE         2004 2005 2006 2007 2008    FUNDING
                                      Develop clear open space acquisition criteria to    OSRC, ConCom,              X
                                      be able to quickly respond as opportunities arise   Planner, BOS
                                      Prioritize Chapter 61 and tax-title lands           OSRC, ConCom,         X
                                                                                          Planner, BOS
                                      Organize procedures for acquisition of Ch. 61 and ConCom, Planner,        X
                                      tax title lands in order to be able to respond      OSRC
                                      within the 120 day right-of-first-refusal period
                                      should these lands become available
                                      Ensure that the Conservation Commission             ConCom, BOS           X
                                      receives Chapter 61 right-of-first-refusal notices
                                      concurrently with the Board of Selectmen
                                      Approach owner of the last working farm in town Planner, OSRC                         X
                                      to determine interest in putting the property under
                                      Ch 61A or protecting it in some way
1C. Improve open space throughout the Establish an entity to oversee the management       OSRC                  X       X   X   X   X
Town, working to ensure that every    and implementation of the Open Space and
section of town has some green space  Recreation Plan
                                      Pass a Tree Preservation Ordinance                    Planner, ConCom             X
                                      Develop a tree management plan for the town           Planner                         X
                                      Begin a re-greening program to increase the           Planner, DPW                        X
                                      number of street trees in Wakefield
                                      Maintain green belts around Lake Quannapowitt         Friends, BOS, DPW   On-                        Recreation
                                                                                                                going
                                      and Crystal Lake; enhance them through further                                                       Trails
                                      acquisition either of properties, rights of way, or                                                  Program;
                                      easements                                                                                            Federal Land
                                                                                                                                           and Water
                                                                                                                                           Cons. Fund
                                      Dedicate at least one Conservation Commission ConCom, OSRC                X
                                      meeting of each calendar year for a public hearing
                                      to assess progress toward implementing and fine-
                                      tuning the Open Space and Recreation Plan



Section 9 – Action Plan                                                                              70
Open Space & Recreation Plan

      GOALS & OBJECTIVES                                      ACTIONS                            RESPONSIBLE       2004 2005 2006 2007 2008    FUNDING
                                         Promote communication and cooperation among           ConCom, OSRC,       On-
                                                                                                                   going
                                         Town boards regarding use and jurisdiction of         Planner
                                         open space
                                         Collaborate with the Historical Commission, the       ConCom, OSRC,       On-
                                                                                                                   going
                                         Housing Authority, and other interest groups to       HC, HA
                                         create opportunities for cross-jurisdictional land
                                         protection initiatives
1D. Plan and implement achievable        Investigate how many certifiable vernal pools         ConCom, OSRC        X
open space preservation and recreation   exist in Wakefield and where they are located
projects
                                         Determine feasible areas for/desirability of pocket   OSRC, Planner,              X
                                         parks (possibly using tax-title lands -see Goal 2A)   Planning Board
                                         Implement management plans for key areas of           ConCom, OSRC                    X   On-
                                                                                                                                   going
                                         protected open space land, watershed, and water
                                         resource areas, especially focusing on Crystal
                                         Lake and Lake Quannapowitt
                                         Develop a riverway plan for the Saugus River          ConCom                          X
                                         Begin Adopt-A-River programs for the Saugus           ConCom                              X
                                         and the Mill Rivers
                                         Improve the water quality of the Mill River           ConCom                                      X
Goal 2: Increase number and quality of active recreational areas and facilities
2A. Identify properties suitable for     Hire a consultant to assess where to locate and       Planner, Rec, DPW           X
creating new active and passive          how to develop and upgrade playing fields,
recreation facilities                    athletic areas, and tennis courts
                                         Develop a comprehensive list of lands of              Planner, DPW, Rec, X
                                         recreation interest                                   BOS, OSRC
                                         Review the inventory of tax-title and town-owned      Planner, Planning           X
                                         lands to identify the best uses of the lands          Board
                                         Prioritize lands of recreation interest               DPW, Rec, OSRC              X
                                         Determine reuse possibilities of town-owned           Planner, BOS                X
                                         lands for playing fields or recreational use


Section 9 – Action Plan                                                                                 71
                                                                                      Town of Wakefield

      GOALS & OBJECTIVES                                          ACTIONS                      RESPONSIBLE       2004 2005 2006 2007 2008    FUNDING
                                            Put a moratorium on the sale of town-owned land BOS                  X
                                            until the best use of parcels can be determined
2B. Increase quality of active and          Develop a plan for the expansion of Mapleway      Friends of                 X       X
passive recreational areas and facilities   Playground, adding a soccer field to the existing Mapleway Park
                                            recreation facilities
                                            Expand recreational programs for teenagers and      DPW, Rec                             X      MA Urban
                                            enhance town-run recreation options                                                             Self-Help
                                                                                                                                            Program
                                            Maintain and upgrade existing town properties       DPW, Rec         On-                        MA Urban
                                                                                                                 going
                                                                                                                                            Self-Help
                                                                                                                                            Program
                                      Develop a maintenance and rest/use schedule for           DPW                      X
                                      all playing fields in Wakefield
2C. Improve ADA accessibility to park Work with DPW, Recreation Department,                     DPW, Rec, Town   X       And
                                                                                                                         on-
and recreation lands                  Community Development, and Town Engineer on               Engineer, OCD            going
                                      further upgrades needed to provide wheelchair
                                      and handicapped access to all parks and
                                      recreation areas, especially Moulton Playground,
                                      Fernald and Blatz Fields, and Col. Connelly Park
                                      Develop a brochure to include in Town light bills         Planner,                 X
                                      or text to put on Town's webpage highlighting the         Commission on
                                      ADA accessible recreation facilities and parks            Disabilities
Goal 3: Protect watershed and water resources
3A. Improve the water quality in Lake       Work with Friends of Lake Quannapowitt and          Town, Friends,   On-
                                                                                                                 going
Quannapowitt                                other organizations to identify sources of water    OSRC
                                            quality problems and potential remedies
                                            Work with DPW towards creating a watershed          ConCom, DPW,                     X
                                            protection area around Crystal Lake by helping to   Planner, BOS
                                            extend their property ownership in that area
                                            through acquisition and codifying it
                                            Broaden the Conservation Commission mandate         ConCom, BOS      X



Section 9 – Action Plan                                                                                    72
Open Space & Recreation Plan

        GOALS & OBJECTIVES                                       ACTIONS                           RESPONSIBLE       2004    2005   2006    2007    2008     FUNDING
                                             Review road salting policy near Lake                 DPW, ConCom                X                             Coastal Non-
                                             Quannapowitt and Crystal Lake to ensure an                                                                    Point Source
                                             environmentally friendly road maintenance                                                                     Pollution
                                             program for these sensitive areas                                                                             Grant
                                                                                                                                                           Program
                                             Educate the public about the impact of salt use in   Friends, ConCom,                  X                      Coastal
                                             the winter on the water resources in town            OSRC                                                     Pollutant
                                                                                                                                                           Remediation
                                                                                                                                                           Program
3B. Involve the public in issues of          Expand fertilizer/pesticide and other public         ConCom, Friends    X       X      On-                    Coastal
watershed and resource protection            education efforts                                                                      going                  Pollutant
                                                                                                                                                           Remediation
                                                                                                                                                           Program
                                             Continue to make the public aware of resource        ConCom, Planner    On-
                                             protection issues and on-going activities to                            going
                                             improve the watersheds and resources of the town
                                             Implement an annual Town-wide clean-up day           ConCom, Friends    X       On-    going
                                             Link the town webpage to the webpages of groups      Town IT Manager/   X
                                             working to advance the resource needs of the         webmaster
                                             town, such as the Friends of Lake Quannapowitt
                                             and Vision 2000
3C. Strengthen existing by-laws to further   Develop a Watershed Protection District Bylaw for    ConCom, BOS,                              X
protect watersheds and water resources       the Crystal Lake watershed that meets the standard   Planning Board
                                             of the model bylaw in the 1992 North Suburban
                                             Water Supply Protection Plan
                                             Review and develop or upgrade local bylaws to        Planner, BOS                      X       On-
                                             improve resource protection                                                                    going
3D. Reduce direct stormwater discharge to    Work with DPW to remove the stormwater               DPW, ConCom                X
the extent possible                          drainage pipe that discharges into Crystal Lake
                                             Reduce the amount of stormwater runoff,              ConCom, OSRC       On-
                                             especially in high priority areas, by preserving                        going
                                             open land and permeable surfaces


Section 9 – Action Plan                                                                                 73
                                                                                Town of Wakefield

       GOALS & OBJECTIVES                                   ACTIONS                            RESPONSIBLE       2004 2005 2006 2007 2008        FUNDING
                                         Pursue the implementation of stormwater system       DPW, ConCom        X    X    X    X    X
                                         improvements and public education as part of
                                         Phase II of the EPA's Stormwater Regulations
                                         Extend the jurisdiction of the DEP's Stormwater      ConCom                     X
                                         Guidelines to include all development, not just
                                         development that is subject to the Wetlands
                                         Protection Act
Goal 4: Step-up efforts to coordinate with and participate in local and regional planning efforts
Improve coordination of open space and   Continue participation in regional planning efforts Planner             On-
recreation planning efforts with         regarding recreation and open space with                                going
neighboring communities and regional     organizations such as MAPC, DCR, and NSPC.
planning entities
                                         Continue work with the towns of Lynnfield, North     Wakefield Bike     On-
                                         Reading, Reading, and Wilmington to develop a        Committee, Planner going
                                         regional bikeway through the 5 towns and to create
                                         links within Wakefield
                                         Work with the Lynnfield Conservation                 ConCom             On-
                                         Commission to continue the protection of Reedy                          going
                                         Meadow
                                         Work with the towns of Saugus and Melrose to                                    X
                                         develop a Resource Management Plan for the
                                         Golden Hills ACEC
                                         Work with Stoneham to develop a watershed            BOS, Planner,                  X   On-
                                         protection district for the portion of the Crystal   ConCom                             going
                                         Lake watershed that lies within that Town's
                                         boundaries
                                         Work with the city of Melrose to create a pathway                                       X       On-
                                         from the Greenwood area in Wakefield to the                                                     going
                                         Middlesex Fells Reservation
                                         Collaborate with the towns of Reading and            Planner, BOS                   X
                                         Lynnfield to develop a 3-town plan for the
                                         potential re-use of the Camp Curtis Guild property


Section 9 – Action Plan                                                                             74
Open Space & Recreation Plan

       GOALS & OBJECTIVES                                       ACTIONS                            RESPONSIBLE      2004    2005   2006   2007   2008   FUNDING
Goal 5: Seek funding to maintain and increase the amount of active and passive recreational areas
                                            Allocate an established amount of funding to the      BOS               X
                                            Open Space Fund as a regular budget item
                                            Re-establish the Gertrude Spaulding Fund for          Friends, Vision           X
                                            Environmental Education or create another similar     2000, Planner
                                            Open Space Fund
                                            Create a means through which people who are           OSRC                             X
                                            interested in donating money to the improvement
                                            of Wakefield's open space and recreation facilities
                                            can do so
                                            Revisit the Community Preservation Act (CPA)          Planner, OSRC             X
                                            Educate decision-makers re: CPA                       Planner, PB,                     X
                                                                                                  ConCom, OSRC
Goal 6: Continue to use zoning and other land use regulations to create and protect open space
Create incentives to make it economically   Implement smart growth strategies to take the     Town-wide             On-
advantageous to save land                   pressure off development happening outside of the                       going
                                            downtown and more high-density areas

                                    Abbreviations Codes
ConCom                                    Conservation Commission
Rec                                       Recreation Department
OSRC                                      Open Space and Recreation Committee
DPW                                       Department of Public Works
HC                                        Historical Commission
HA                                        Housing Authority
Planner                                   Town Planner
Planning Board                            Planning Board
OCD                                       Office of Community Development
BOS                                       Board of Selectmen
Friends                                   Friends of Lake Quannapowitt



Section 9 – Action Plan                                                                                  75
                                                                                    Town of Wakefield

                        Table 25: Gertrude Spaulding’s “Wish List” of Private Parcels of Conservation Priority
                                                  Parcels of Conservation and Recreation Interest
                                   The numbers next to the area’s name/location correlate with the numbers on the map
Parcel Name/Location                       Comments on Parcel from Public Meeting 5/4/2004                                    Natural Features
#3 - Lakeside Office Park/Motel            Connect to Town-owned pathway; complete pathway around Lake Quannapowitt           aquifer, lake edge, wetlands
#4 - Spaulding St – Jackson Residential    Connect to Town-owned pathway; complete pathway around Lake Quannapowitt           Lake edge
#5 - Quannapowitt Yacht Club               Connect to Town-owned pathway; complete pathway around Lake Quannapowitt           Lake edge, wetlands?
#6 - Scott Ln and Water St                 Part of Mill River watershed; potential riparian buffer                            river edge, near proposed greenway (Water St)
#7 - Foster Lane/Paon Blvd                 Part of Mill River watershed                                                       vernal pool, wellhead protection area, wetlands
#8 - New Salem St                          Part of Mill River watershed                                                       wetlands, along river
#9 - Salem/Walton St                       Saugus River watershed                                                             aquifer, along river, along proposed secondary
                                                                                                                              greenway
#10 - Montrose Ave – power lines           Land under power lines; was a bike path in the 1970s                               wetlands, vernal pool, abuts river
#11 - Montrose Ave – power lines           Land under power lines; was a bike path in the 1970s                               some wetlands
#12 - Audubon Road – power lines – 4       Land under power lines; was a bike path in the 1970s                               rare species habitat, wetlands, vernal pool,
separate parcels                                                                                                              abuts Reedy Meadow, biomap core habitat,
                                                                                                                              rare wildlife habitat
#13 - Salem/New Salem Streets              May have already been developed                                                    wetlands
#14 - Parker Road/Rte. 128 – 5 separate    Would fill in land in this area that is owned by town - all wet; part of Lake      wetlands, part in aquifer
parcels                                    Quannapowitt watershed
#16 – Ch. 61B land – Forest St/Forest Rd   Attaches to bigger upland area; possibly attached area may be given to town; wet   wetlands, vernal pool
#20 - Bathol St/Washington – 2 separate    Flood-prone area                                                                   zoned commercial, surrounded by wetlands,
parcels                                                                                                                       vernal pool
#21 - Linden Street                        Adjacent to town-owned pumping station                                             wetlands
#22 - Forest Street                        Highest point in Wakefield - ledge                                                 some wetlands
#24 - Oak St/Melrose Ave                   Connection to Town Forest                                                          ACEC
#25 - Montclare Ave                        Connection to Town Forest                                                          ACEC
#27 - Lowell St/Penfield Circle/RR         Property owner petitioned to buy a piece of property                               wetlands
#29 - Salem St/Walton Rd                   Wet area                                                                           wetlands, abuts small pond


Section 9 – Action Plan                                                                                76
Open Space & Recreation Plan


                             Table 26: Priority Acquisition Areas from the Gertrude Spaulding Wish List
                             The numbers next to the area’s name/location correlate with the numbers on the map
Parcel Name/Location                                       Comments on Parcel from Public Meeting                  Natural Features
#3 - Lakeside Office Park/Motel – North Ave.               Connect to Town-owned pathway; complete                 aquifer, lake edge, wetlands
                                                           pathway around Lake Quannapowitt
#6 - Scott Ln and Water St                                 Part of Mill River watershed; potential riparian        river edge, near proposed
                                                           buffer                                                  greenway (Water St)
#7 - Foster Lane/Paon Blvd                                 Part of Mill River watershed                            vernal pool, wellhead protection
                                                                                                                   area, wetlands
#8 - New Salem St                                          Part of Mill River watershed                            wetlands, along river, along
                                                                                                                   proposed rail trail
#9 - Salem/Walton St                                       Saugus River watershed                                  aquifer, along river, along
                                                                                                                   proposed secondary greenway

#10 - Montrose Ave – power lines                           Land under power lines; was a bike path in the          wetlands, vernal pool, abuts
                                                           1970s                                                   river
#12 - Audubon Road – power lines – 4 separate parcels      Land under power lines; was a bike path in the          rare species habitat, wetlands,
                                                           1970s                                                   vernal pool, abuts Reedy
                                                                                                                   Meadow, biomap core habitat,
                                                                                                                   rare wildlife habitat

#14 - Parker Road/Rte. 128 – 5 separate parcels            Would fill in land in this area that is owned by town   wetlands, some parcels in
                                                           - all wet; part of Lake Quannapowitt watershed          aquifer, would piece together
                                                                                                                   pieces already owned by town

#24 - Oak St/Melrose Ave                                   Connection to Town Forest                               ACEC
#25 - Montclare Ave                                        Connection to Town Forest                               ACEC




Section 9 – Action Plan                                                                       77
                                                       Town of Wakefield

Map Legend
Priority Acquisition Areas from Spaulding Wishlist     Areas of Interest
    • See Table on previous page                          • Lake Quannapowitt
                                                          • Crystal Lake
                                                          • Golden Hills/Town Forest/ACEC
Facilities in Need of Improvement                         • Reedy Meadow
   • JJ Round Playground                                  • Breakheart Reservation
   • Yeuell School fields                                 • Parcels #4 and 5 from Gertrude Spaulding list – right of
                                                              way or access to complete loop trail around Lake Q.
                                                          • Chapter 61B Lands
Develop Recreation Facilities
   • Mapleway Playground Extension                     Sites of Interest
   • Boat/canoe launch to Lake Quannapowitt near           • Camp Curtis Guild property
      Veteran’s Field                                      • St. Florence Church property
   • Town-owned property near Nasella Field                • Last working farm in Wakefield
   • Boardwalks, water access, to Reedy Meadow along       • Yeuell School
      railroad right of way                                • Franklin School
                                                           • Doyle School
Improve Access to
                                                           • Hurd School
   • Reedy Meadow
                                                           • Montrose School
   • Mill River
                                                           • Area between Main and Green Streets (known as Gates
   • Lake Quannapowitt                                         of Greenwood)




Section 9 – Action Plan                                               78
Open Space & Recreation Plan




Section 9 – Action Plan        79
                                                                       Town of Wakefield


There is much overlap between the proposed greenway trail outlined on the action plan map and
the proposed bikeway routes through Wakefield. In order to highlight both concepts, a copy of
the complete bike trail concept map proposed by the Wakefield Bike Committee has been
inserted here (on the next page). This concept map was submitted for consideration to the 5-
Town Regional Bikeway Committee’s consultant, Weston & Sampson, as they designed the
concept plan for the 5-town regional bike route. The two concept plans differ somewhat and
neither has been adopted as a final plan thus far.

The development of bike routes is an important piece of the open space and recreation activities
underway in Wakefield and the surrounding region. It is important to resolve the differences
between the two concepts as planning and implementation forward.




Section 9 – Action Plan                                                                80
Open Space & Recreation Plan


Concept Map of Proposed Bike Paths through Wakefield by the Wakefield Bike Committee




Section 9 – Action Plan                                                    81
                                                                       Town of Wakefield

        Wakefield Bike Committee Key for Bike Path Streets and Points of Interest

Color         Route                                  Connecting:

Blue          Main St.                               Lowell St. to Main St., Melrose
Blue          Greenwood St.                          Main St. (Wakefield) to Franklin St.
(broken)                                             (Melrose)
Orange        North Ave.                             John St., Reading to Main St.
Orange        Quannapowitt Parkway                   North Ave. to Lowell St.
(broken)
Red           Salem, Church & Prospect Sts.          Salem St., Lynnfield to North St.,
                                                     Stoneham
Red           New Salem St.                          Salem St. to Vernon St.
(broken)
Purple        Vernon St.                             Main St., Lynnfield to Water St.
                                                     (Rte 129)
Purple        Bay State Rd.                          Main St., Lynnfield to Haverhill St.
(broken)                                             Reading.
Black         Chestnut, Cedar, Elm,                  Main St. to Ash St., Reading
              Tuttle Sts. & Parker Rd.
Black         Winn St.                               Elm St. to North Ave.
(broken)                                             (no motorized traffic)
Green         Water (Rte. 129), W. Water Sts.,       Water St., Saugus to Elm St.,
              North Ave., Albion St.                 Stoneham
Green         Butler Ave.                            New Salem St. to Water St.
(broken)
Yellow        Farm St.                               Water St. (Rte. 129) to Main St.,
                                                     Saugus
Yellow        Hemlock Rd.                            Farm St. to Breakheart Res.
(broken)

Brown         Lowell St.                             Main St. to Salem St.

                                         Points of Interest

   1)   Lake Quannapowitt                                5)   Downtown Wakefield
   2)   Breakheart Reservation                           6)   Sullivan Park
   3)   North Ave. MBTA Station                          7)   Wakefield High School
   4)   Main St. MBTA Station                            8)   Galvin Middle School
        (Greenwood)                                      9)   Dolbeare Elementary School



Section 9 – Action Plan                                                                   82
Open Space & Recreation Plan


Section 10 - Implementation
In order to successfully implement the action plan and to achieve the goals of this open space
plan, Town decision-makers and residents should be aware of the different ways to preserve
and/or acquire open space and recreation land. The purpose of this section is to discuss some
implementation options.

State and Federal Funding Programs
Commonwealth Capital Fund (CCF) – Beginning in FY 2005, the state’s Office of
Commonwealth Development will ensure coordinated administration of the state capital
spending programs that affect development patterns so that state spending represents an
investment in both: 1) projects that are consistent with sustainable development principles; and
2) partnerships with municipalities that advance the Commonwealth interests reflected in those
principles. Commonwealth Capital is premised on the recognition that sustainable development
requires a partnership that links state spending programs with municipal land use policies.

As a result, the way towns and cities apply for many of the programs noted below, as well as
many others, will be redirected to encourage smart growth. The programs noted below with an
asterisk (*) are those that as of FY 2005 will be incorporated as part of the CCF.

*The Massachusetts Self-Help Program – This program assists municipalities with the
acquisition of land for conservation and passive outdoor recreation purposes. Depending upon a
community’s equalized valuation per capita decimal rank, the State will reimburse between 52%
and 70% of the acquisition cost. The maximum amount that can be received by any one
community is $250,000.

*The Massachusetts Urban Self-Help Program – The Urban-Self Help Program assists cities and
urban towns with the acquisition, construction and/or renovation of parks. As with the Self-Help
Program, the State reimburses between 52% and 70% of the acquisition/construction/renovation
cost of a project depending upon a community’s equalized valuation per capita decimal rank.
The maximum amount that can be received for any one project is $250,000. The criteria for the
types of projects that are eligible under this program are different from those for the Self-Help
Program. For a town the size of Wakefield, for example, which is smaller than the 35,000
minimum population criteria for this grant, the proposed project would have to demonstrate a
statewide or regional use or propose a Small Town Project.

Federal Land and Water Conservation Fund - This federal program is administered by the State
Division of Conservation Services for the acquisition and development or renovation of park,
recreation and conservation land. The program reimburses 50% of the total cost of public
outdoor recreation projects. Currently, there is a maximum award limit of $250,000.


Section 10 – Implementation                                                             83
                                                                        Town of Wakefield


Massachusetts Greenways and Trails Demonstration Grants Program – Administered by the
Department of Conservation and Recreation, this grant program is for the planning and
construction of trails and greenways. The maximum grant awards are $3,000.

DEM Lake and Pond Grant Program - This program gives grants for the protection, restoration
and enhancement of public lakes and ponds. The program takes a holistic approach to lake
management, based on scientific principles.

Tea3 (formerly ISTEA, the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act) – This funding is
distributed through state transportation departments generally for bicycle and pedestrian projects
that would be used primarily for transportation rather than recreation. ISTEA funds have been
used for such transportation-related recreation needs as the 5-town regional bikeway, of which
Wakefield is a part.

Recreational Trails Program – Administered through DCR, this program provides funding for
projects involving construction, promotion, maintenance, and protection of recreational trails.
The fund is administered on a reimbursement basis with requests of $2,000 to $50,000 being
accepted. A local match of 20% of the project value is required. This program is also funded
through TEA-21, the federal “Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century”.

Flood Mitigation Assistance Program (FMA) – The National Flood Insurance Fund (NFIF)
funds three programs, Planning, Project, and Technical Assistance, that aid states and
communities in reducing or eliminating the long-term risk of flood damage to buildings,
manufactured homes, and other structures insurable under the National Flood Insurance Program
(NFIP). There is also a Pre-Disaster Mitigation Program. Additional information can be read on
FEMA’s Mitigation Planning webpages.

Coastal Pollutant Remediation Program (CPR) – Administered by the Massachusetts Office of
Coastal Zone Management, this grant program is aimed at assisting communities in addressing
nonpoint source pollution control efforts such as educating the public about stormwater runoff
problems and identifying and treating urban runoff from municipal roadways. The communities
eligible for this grant are the 220 municipalities within the Greater Massachusetts Coastal
Watershed, which includes Wakefield. The funds are granted on a reimbursement basis. The
maximum award limit is $600,000 but they typically run between $10,000-$111,000.

Coastal Nonpoint Source Pollution Grant Program – This program complements the CPR
program by funding projects that address more general areas of nonpoint source control. It funds
municipal projects that address stormwater discharges from roads, highways, and parking areas.
Specifically, it deals with projects on the “assessment, identification, and characterization of
nonpoint sources; the development of transferable tools (nonstructural best management
practices), such as guidance documents, model by-laws, and land use planning strategies to


Section 10 -Implementation
Open Space & Recreation Plan

improve nonpoint source control and management; and the implementation of innovative and
unique demonstration projects that utilize nonpoint source best management practices”. Grants
usually range from up to $15,000 - $30,000.

Town Funds
The Town of Wakefield currently has limited local-level funding resources dedicated to
financing open space and recreation improvements or expansion. Some potential options the
Town could consider in order to raise fund availability for open space and recreation are:

   •   Re-establish the Gertrude Spaulding Fund for Environmental Education or create a
       comparable funding program for open space needs;
   •   Use the proceeds from the sale of tax possession lands to fund open space acquisitions;
   •   Pass the Community Preservation Act – with a one-to-one match of the funds from the
       state of the funds raised locally, the CPA provides a significant opportunity to instantly
       double the amount of money a Town can raise on its own.

Community Preservation Act- The idea of using a real estate transfer tax to leverage funding for
projects in specific program areas was signed into law on September 14, 2000, as the
Community Preservation Act (CPA). The CPA is a tool for communities to preserve open space,
historic sites, and affordable housing. The Community Preservation Act is statewide enabling
legislation that allows cities and towns to exercise control over local planning decisions by
providing a new funding source which can be used to address acquisition and preservation of
open space; creation and support of affordable housing; and acquisition and preservation of
historic buildings and landscapes.

A minimum of 10% of the annual revenues of the fund must be used for each of the three core
community concerns. The remaining 70% can be allocated for any combination of the allowed
uses. This gives each community the opportunity to determine its priorities, plan for its future,
and have the funds to make those plans happen. The Town of Wakefield has chosen not to adopt
the Community Preservation Act at this time.

Other Land Preservation Techniques
Massachusetts Chapter 61 Laws - The following three statutes provide a way for land owners to
reduce taxes on eligible farm, recreation and forestland. These statutes require cities and towns
to reduce property tax assessments on farm, forest and recreation lands, provided the owners
make a commitment to keep their lands in that use. The statutes also give cities and towns the
right of first refusal on these lands if such lands are sold for residential, commercial or industrial
purposes.



Section 10 – Implementation                                                                 85
                                                                         Town of Wakefield

-   Chapter 61 (Forest Land) – Known as the “Forest Tax Law”, properties of contiguous forest
    land of 10 acres or more can qualify for a 95% reduction in the property’s assessment. To
    qualify, the State must approve a forest management plan for the property.

-   Chapter 61A (Agricultural Land) - This classification is used for agricultural and
    horticultural lands. To qualify, a property owner must have five acres in farm use for at least
    two years. The owner must demonstrate minimum yearly gross sales of farm products.
    Typically, a farm enrolled under this program will receive an 80% reduction in the assessed
    value of the property. There are no Wakefield properties in this program.

-   Chapter 61B (Recreation Land) – This statute is designed for recreation lands such as golf
    courses with the provision that they be open to the public. The assessed value of the property
    is reduced by 75%. There are two recreational properties in Wakefield enrolled under 61B.

Conservation Restrictions - A Conservation Restriction (CR) is a legally binding agreement
between a landowner and a public agency or non-profit land trust where the landowner agrees to
keep some or all of the land undeveloped and in its natural state. A Conservation Restriction is a
good alternative when the acquisition of the property is not possible. CRs are useful when an
undisturbed green belt is desired along a river or stream, to preserve a significant view, or to
prevent development in an environmentally sensitive area.

A Conservation Restriction can reduce the landowner’s federal income taxes, federal and state
capital gains taxes, local property taxes, and estate and gift taxes. The tax savings are dependent
on the value of the property being restricted. To qualify for these tax benefits, the property being
restricted must have some bona fide conservation value. While public access to the restricted
land is not required, it does help fulfill the requirement that the restriction provides a public
benefit. A landowner that agrees to allow public access and does not charge a fee is not liable
for injuries to persons or property (per Chapter 21, Section 17C of the Massachusetts General
Laws).

Transfer of Title – The fee-simple interest of a parcel of land is purchased by or donated to
someone who wants to preserve the property. More detailed information about this and the
following suggestions for land protection options, including recommended strategies for
approaching landowners, are explained in Appendix E of the Division of Conservation Service’s
Open Space Planners Workbook.

Transfer with Restrictions – This is similar to the transfer of title, but the owner of a parcel of
land in this case chooses to sell their land but attaches certain restrictions governing the future
use of the land to the deed prior to the sale.

Limited Development – This option involves selling part of a parcel of land for development
which will then subsidize the protection of the rest of the parcel.


Section 10 -Implementation
Open Space & Recreation Plan


Section 11 – Public Comments
Public comments were received through two public forums held May 4, 2004, and June 3, 2004,
respectively. The comments received at the public forum are set out in Appendix I.

The draft Open Space and Recreation Plan was circulated to Town boards on June 11, 2004.
Comments have been received from:
   •

These letters of review are reproduced on the following pages.




Section 11 – Public Comments                                                       87
                                                                    Town of Wakefield



Section 12 - References
Census data obtained from State Data Center, Massachusetts Institute for Social & Economic
Research (MISER) and U.S. Census 1990 and 2000

Town of Wakefield: Town Planner, Planning Board, Conservation Commission, Open Space
Committee, Town Manager, Office of Community Development, Building Inspector,
Department of Public Works, Board of Health, Commission on Disabilities, Employee Benefits
Department, Town Engineer

Town Meeting Reports 1985-1998

Eaton, William and the History Committee. History of Wakefield, Massachusetts.

Wakefield Daily Item Wakefield, MA (miscellaneous dates)

Wakefield Historical Commission. Preserving Wakefield: A Plan for Action. Eagle Graphics,
Boston, MA 1986.

Citizen and Banner, Wakefield, MA, 1885.

1986 Open Space Plan, Wakefield, MA

1999 Open Space Plan Update Survey

2000 Open Space and Recreation Plan

Wakefield 2004 Economic Development Plan

Wakefield 2001 Preservation Plan

Wakefield 2001 Housing Plan

Lake and Watershed Management Plan, Lake Quannapowitt, Wakefield, Massachusetts
(Updated to 1997)

Clean Lakes Diagnostic and Feasibility Study, by Camp Dresser & McKee, November 1985.

Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife Natural Heritage and Endangered Species


Section 12 – References                                                             88
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Program, http://www.state.ma.us/dfwele/dfw/dfw_toc.htm

The Open Space Planner’s Workbook – www.state.ma.us/envir

Massachusetts’s Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan (SCORP) –
www.state.ma.us/envir

Weblink References
These are the web addresses for the weblinks that are embedded in the text. These resources can
be used by people wishing to find out more information who are reading the Open Space and
Recreation Plan in a text form rather than on the computer.

Town of Wakefield website - http://www.wakefield.ma.us/

Town of Wakefield Planning Department website -
http://www.wakefield.ma.us/public_Documents/WakefieldMA_Depts/planner

Executive Office of Environmental Affairs - http://www.state.ma.us/envir/

Metropolitan Area Planning Council – www.mapc.org

Executive Order 418 - http://www.massdhcd.com/eo418/homepage2.htm

Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority – www.mbta.com

Massachusetts Water Resource Authority – www.mwra.com

Lynnfield Marsh -
http://www.nature.nps.gov/nnl/Registry/USA_Map/States/Massachusetts/nnl/lm/index.htm

Metropolitan Area Planning Council – www.mapc.org

North Suburban Planning Council - http://www.mapc.org/metro_area/nspc.html

MetroPlan 2000 - http://www.mapc.org/regional_planning/MetroPlan.html

MetroFuture - http://www.metrofuture.org/

State Riverways Program - http://www.state.ma.us/dfwele/River/riv_toc.htm

ISTEA (now TEA 3) - http://www.istea.org/


Section 12 – References                                                              89
                                                                      Town of Wakefield

Bay Circuit Trail - http://www.serve.com/baycircuit/

Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority – www.mbta.com

Massachusetts Water Resource Authority – www.mwra.com

Wakefield’s Housing Master Plan -
http://www.wakefield.ma.us/public_documents/wakefieldMA_webdocs/housingmasterplan/index

EOEA’s Community Preservation Initiative -
http://commpres.env.state.ma.us/community/cmty_main.asp?communityID=305

Massachusetts DEP Watersheds Water Quality Assessment –
http://www.state.ma.us/dep/brp/wm/wqassess.htm

Vernal Pools - http://www.state.ma.us/mgis/cvp.htm

Massachusetts Wetlands Protection Act Regulations -
http://www.state.ma.us/dep/brp/ww/files/310cmr10.pdf

Purple Loosestrife - http://www.nps.gov/plants/alien/fact/lysa1.htm

National Natural Landmark - http://www.nature.nps.gov/nnl/

Mass Audubon’s Important Bird Area -
http://www.massaudubon.org/Birds_&_Beyond/IBAs/index.php

Mass Wildlife (Massachusetts’ Division of Fisheries and Wildlife) -
http://www.state.ma.us/dfwele/dfw/dfw_toc.htm

Colonel James Hartshorne House - http://www.hartshornehouse.org/

Wakefield Historical Society - http://www.wakefieldma.org/society.html

National Register of Historical Places: Where Women Made History -
http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/travel/pwwmh/index.htm

Elizabeth Boit House - http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/travel/pwwmh/ma54.htm

National Register of Historic Places - http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/



Section 12 – References                                                             90
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Demolition Delay Bylaw - http://www.wakefieldma.org/demolition.html

Areas of Critical Environmental Concern - http://www.state.ma.us/dem/programs/acec/index.htm

Golden Hills - http://www.state.ma.us/dem/programs/acec/acecs/l-gldhil.htm

Friends of Lake Quannapowitt - http://www.wakefield.org/folq/

Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection -
http://www.state.ma.us/dep/dephome.htm

Massachusetts Contingency Plan on Hazardous Waste Cleanup -
http://www.state.ma.us/dep/bwsc/files/mcp/mcptoc.htm

DCS Open Space Planner’s Workbook - http://www.mass.gov/envir/dcs/global/publications.htm.

Land Trust Alliance – www.lta.org

Town of Reading Downtown Streetscape Improvements Project -
http://www.ci.reading.ma.us/planning/streetscape.htm

City of Newton Tree Preservation Ordinance -
http://www.ci.newton.ma.us/legal/ordinance/Chapter_20.htm#art4

Vision 2000 - http://www.wakefield.org/2000/2001.htm#steering

Commonwealth Capital Fund – http://www.mass.gov/ocd/comcap.html

The Massachusetts Self-Help Program - http://www.state.ma.us/envir/dcs/selfhelp/default.htm

The Massachusetts Urban Self-Help Program -
http://www.state.ma.us/envir/dcs/urban/default.htm

Federal Land and Water Conservation Fund –
http://www.state.ma.us/envir/dcs/LandWater/default.htm

Massachusetts Greenways and Trails Demonstration Grant Program -
http://www.state.ma.us/dem/programs/greenway/grants.htm

DEM Lake and Pond Grant Program -
http://www.state.ma.us/dem/programs/lakepond/lakeapp.htm



Section 12 – References                                                             91
                                                                       Town of Wakefield

Tea3 – www.tea3.org

Recreational Trails Program – http://www.state.ma.us/dem/programs/trails/grants.htm

Flood Mitigation Assistance Program - http://www.fema.gov/fima/mitgrant.shtm

Coastal Pollutant Remediation Program - http://www.state.ma.us/czm/cprgp.htm

Coastal Nonpoint Source Pollution Grant Program -
http://www.state.ma.us/czm/coastalnpsgrants.htm

Massachusetts Chapter 61 Laws - http://www.state.ma.us/legis/laws/mgl/gl%2D61%2Dtoc.htm

Chapter 61 – http://www.state.ma.us/legis/laws/mgl/gl-61-toc.htm

Chapter 61A – http://www.state.ma.us/legis/laws/mgl/gl-61A-toc.htm

Chapter 61B - http://www.state.ma.us/legis/laws/mgl/gl%2D61b%2Dtoc.htm

Conservation Restrictions - http://www.state.ma.us/envir/dcs/restrictions/default.htm

Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 21, Section 17C -
http://www.state.ma.us/legis/laws/mgl/21%2D17c.htm

Community Preservation Act - http://commpres.env.state.ma.us/content/cpa.asp




Section 12 – References                                                                 92
Open Space & Recreation Plan

                                        APPENDIX I

                          Public Comments at Open Space Forum

         A public forum was conducted in May 2004 to review the objectives of and outline for
the Open Space and Recreation Plan update and to receive input on plan goals and objectives and
resident’s views, needs, and desires for improving the Town’s open space and recreation
facilities. There were 30 people in attendance at the forum. During a brainstorming activity on
“community needs”, the following needs were expressed by those attending:

   •   Unified streetscape design for a path around Lake Quannapowitt;
   •   Moratorium on sale of all Town-owned land until plan is completed;
   •   Lack of awareness of environmental issues regarding the use of salt;
   •   Create a low-salt application zone for Lake Quannapowitt;
   •   Lots of work to do on stormwater runoff;
   •   More permeable surfaces for parking;
   •   Convert the unused detention basin at the Dolbeare School into a playing field;
   •   McCarthy Senior Center – light pollution; lights are on all night; light pollution is a
       Town-wide issue as well;
   •   Look at the storm drains that empty into Crystal Lake;
   •   Improve the health of the Mill River;
   •   Rezone sand and gravel and cement factory sites for eventual re-use;
   •   Increase density downtown to take pressure off other parts of Town so open space is
       preserved;
   •   Public education;
   •   Connect open spaces and transit with safe cycling routes.
   •   More bike racks are needed throughout Town (specific mention of one that was removed
       at one of the schools and has not yet been replaced);
   •   Make Wakefield a cycling friendly community;
   •   Traffic calming – etched crosswalks;
   •   Overhead utilities – Galvin Middle School, Jiffy Lube;
   •   Streetscape – street trees;
   •   Lord Wakefield Hotel area – too much asphalt; needs more green, stormwater;
   •   Albion Street – needs some green, more trees;
   •   Use Franklin School (currently closed) property as a park;
   •   Need more athletic playing fields;
   •   The playing fields that already exist are over-used; they need time to rest and recover;
   •   Connectivity – link resources, trails, destination spots;
   •   Connection between open space and housing and economics noted.



Appendix I – Public Comments at Open Space Forum                                      93
                                                                         Town of Wakefield

                                          APPENDIX II

               STUDY OF OPEN SPACE AND RECREATION PROGRAMS
                        FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was enacted to give civil rights protection to
individuals with disabilities similar to those provided to individuals on the basis of race, color,
sex, national origin, age, and religion. It guarantees equal opportunity for those with disabilities
in public accommodations, employment, transportation, state and local government services and
telecommunications.

Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 requires all communities to conduct a self-
evaluation study on their facilities and programs. It applies to properties improved, directly or
indirectly, with federal money.

This section is prepared as part of a Town-wide Section 504 evaluation. It refers to Town policy,
and evaluates programs, services, and lands under the jurisdictions of the Recreation Department
and Conservation Commission.

SECTION 504 SELF-EVALUATION FOR CONSERVATION COMMISSION AND
RECREATION DEPARTMENT.

The self-evaluation consists of three parts: administrative requirements, program accessibility,
and employment practices.

PART I – Administrative Requirements

1. Designate ADA Coordinator

The designated ADA Coordinator for the Town of Wakefield is Richard Testa, Chair,
Commission on Disabilities, located at the Wakefield Town Hall, One Lafayette Street,
Wakefield, MA 01880. Telephone Number - (781) 246-6390.

The representative for the Wakefield Conservation Commission is Elaine Vreeland, Esq.,
Administrator, Wakefield Conservation Commission, Wakefield Town Hall, One Lafayette
Street, Wakefield, MA, 01880, (781) 721-7152. The representative for the Wakefield Recreation
Department is Mr. Roger Maloney, Wakefield Recreation Department, Wakefield Town Hall,
One Lafayette Street, Wakefield, MA 01880, (781) 246-6390.




Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                 94
Open Space & Recreation Plan

2. Grievance Procedure

EQUAL ACCESS TO FACILITIES AND ACTIVITIES
Maximum opportunity will be made available to receive citizen comments, complaints, and/or to
resolve grievances or inquiries.

STEP 1:

The Town Administrator will be available to meet with citizens and employees during business
hours.

When a complaint, grievance, request for program policy interpretation or clarification is
received either in writing or through a meeting or telephone call, every effort will be made to
create a record regarding the name, address, and telephone number of the person making the
complaint, grievance, program policy interpretation or clarification. If the person desires to
remain anonymous, he or she may.

A complaint, grievance, request for program policy interpretation or clarification will be
responded to within ten working days (if the person making the complaint is identified) in a
format that is sensitive to the needs of the recipient, (i.e. verbally, enlarged type face, etc).

Copies of the complaint, grievance, or request for program policy interpretation or clarification
and response will be forwarded to the appropriate Town agency (i.e. park commission,
conservation commission). If the grievance is not resolved at this level it will be progressed to
the next level.

STEP 2:

A written grievance will be submitted to the Town Administrator. Assistance in writing the
grievance will be available to all individuals. All written grievances will be responded to within
ten working days by the Town Administrator in a format that is sensitive to the needs of the
recipient, (i.e. verbally, enlarged type face, etc.). If the grievance is not resolved at this level it
will be progressed to the next level.

STEP 3:

If the grievance is not satisfactorily resolved, citizens will be informed of the opportunity to meet
and speak with the Board of Selectmen, with whom local authority for final grievance resolution
lies.




Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                     95
                                                                      Town of Wakefield

3. Public Notification Requirements

The Americans with Disabilities Act requires the Town to provide notice of ADA requirements
as follows:

A. Post at all program sites in large print;
B. Make available upon request in other alternative formats, e.g. audiotape, Braille, ASCII
   computer diskette, etc.;
C. Include in employment applications, program applications, and program application forms;
D. Announce test of this notice verbally at public meetings and program meetings;
E. Include in program handbooks and other publications;
F. Provide notice via captioned cable television and broadcast television.

Public notice has been given to employees and to the public that the Town does not discriminate
on the basis of disability. Addendum E, ADA/504 Self -Evaluation and Transition Plan, includes
an Executive Order from James Caffrey, 504 Coordinator at that time, that all applicable
administrative and employment practices are to conform to the law, and the manner in which this
is to be done.

4. Participation of Individuals with Disabilities or Organizations Representing the Disabled
Community

Wakefield Town Meeting has established the Wakefield Commission on Disabilities.

PART II: Program Accessibility

The inventory of Wakefield’s facilities under the jurisdiction of the Recreation Department and
Conservation Commission was completed in two phases. In the initial phase, a general inventory
and assessment of existing facilities was performed. In the second phase, a much more thorough
documentation of the sites was undertaken. To follow below are both inventories.

HANDICAPPED ACCESSABILITY INVENTORY


 SCHOOL                 PKG.        RAMPS         PUBLIC        DRINKING
 PLAYGROUNDS            SPACES                    PHONES        FOUNTAINS

 Woodville              N           N             N             N

 Dolbeare               currently   undergoing    renovation/   new equipment



Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                             96
Open Space & Recreation Plan

 Doyle                 Y           N            N            N

 Franklin              Y           N            N            N

 Galvin                Y           N            N            N

 Greenwood             N           Y            N            N

 Mem. High School      Y           N            N            N

 Montrose              N           N            N            N

 Walton                N           N            N            N

 Yeuell                N           N            N            N

 Vocation Tech.        Y           N            N            Y

 Hurd                  N           N            N            N

 PARKS &               PKG.        RAMPS        PUBLIC       DRINKING
 PLAYGROUNDS           SPACES                   PHONES       FOUNTAINS

 Col. Connolly Beach   N           Y            N            N

 Dolbeare Field        currently   undergoing   renovation   new equipment

 Mapleway Field        N           N            N            N

 Moulton Park          N           N            N            N

 Nasella Field         currently   undergoing   renovation   new equipment

 J.J. Round Park       N           N            N            N

 Sullivan Park         currently   undergoing   renovation   new equipment

 Veterans Field        Y           N            N            N

 Walsh                 N           N            N            N



Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                    97
                                                                   Town of Wakefield



 Landrigan Field       Y           Y            N             N

 Spaulding             Y           N            N             N
 Playground

 Blatz Field           N           N            N             N

 Fernald Field         N           N            N             N

 Hall Park             Y           N            N             N

 COMBINATION           PKG.        RAMPS        PUBLIC        DRINKING
 PARCELS               SPACES                   PHONES        FOUNTAINS

 Veterans Field        N           N            N             N

 Lowers Common         N           N            N             N

 Breakheart Res.       N           N            N             N

 OPEN SPACE            PLAY        GAME         BOAT          FISHING
 PARCELS               AREAS       AREAS        DOCKS         FACILITIES

 Hopkins & Prospect    N           N            N             N

 Converse & Gould      N           N            N             N

 Quannapowitt Shore    N           N            N             N

 SCHOOL                PLAY        GAME         BOAT          FISHING
 PLAYGROUNDS           AREAS       AREAS        DOCKS         FACILITIES

 Woodville             N           N            N             N

 Dolbeare              currently   undergoing   renovation/   new equipment

 Doyle                 N           N            N             N



Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                        98
Open Space & Recreation Plan



 Franklin              N           N            N            N

 Galvin                N           N            N            N

 Greenwood             N           N            N            N

 Mem. High School      N           N            N            N

 Montrose              N           N            N            N

 Walton                N           N            N            N

 Yeuell                N           N            N            N

 Vocation Tech.        N           N            N            N

 Hurd                  N           N            N            N

 PARKS &               PLAY        GAME         BOAT         FISHING
 PLAYGROUNDS           AREAS       AREAS        DOCKS        FACILITIES

 Col. Connolly Beach   N           Y            N            Y

 Dolbeare Field        currently   undergoing   renovation   new equipment

 Mapleway Field        N           N            N            N

 Moulton Park          N           N            N            N

 Nasella Field         currently   undergoing   renovation   new equipment

 J.J. Round Park       N           N            N            N

 Sullivan Park         currently   undergoing   renovation   new equipment

 Veterans Field        N           N            N            N

 Walsh                 N           N            N            N



Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                    99
                                                                   Town of Wakefield



 Landrigan Field       N           Y            N             N

 Spaulding             N           N            N             N
 Playground

 Blatz Field           N           N            N             N

 Fernald Field         N           N            N             N

 Hall Park             N           N            N             N

 COMBINATION           PLAY        GAME         BOAT          FISHING
 PARCELS               AREAS       AREAS        DOCKS         FACILITIES

 Veterans Field        N           N            N             N

 Lowers Common         N           N            N             N

 Breakheart Reserv.    N           N            N             N

 OPEN SPACE            PLAY        GAME         BOAT          FISHING
 PARCELS               AREAS       AREAS        DOCKS         FACILITIES

 Hopkins & Prospect    N           N            N             N

 Converse & Gould      N           N            N             N

 Quannapowitt Shore    N           N            N             N

 SCHOOL                TOILET      PICNIC       TRAILS        SWIMMING
 PLAYGROUNDS           FACIL.      AREAS                      POOLS

 Woodville             N           N            N             N

 Dolbeare              currently   undergoing   renovation/   new equipment

 Doyle                 N           N            N             N



Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                       100
Open Space & Recreation Plan



 Franklin              N           N            N            N

 Galvin                N           N            N            N

 Greenwood             N           N            N            N

 Mem. High School      N           N            N            N

 Montrose              N           N            N            N

 Walton                N           N            N            N

 Yeuell                N           N            N            N

 Vocation Tech.        N           N            N            N

 Hurd                  N           N            N            N

 PARKS &               TOILET      PICNIC       TRAILS       SWIMMING
 PLAYGROUNDS           FACIL.      AREAS                     POOLS

 Col. Connolly Beach   Y           N            N            N

 Dolbeare Field        currently   undergoing   renovation   new equipment

 Mapleway Field        N           N            N            N

 Moulton Park          N           N            N            N

 Nasella Field         currently   undergoing   renovation   new equipment

 J.J. Round Park       N           N            N            N

 Sullivan Park         currently   undergoing   renovation   new equipment

 Veterans Field        N           N            N            N

 Walsh                 N           N            N            N


Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                    101
                                                         Town of Wakefield



 Landrigan Field       N           N        N        N

 Spaulding             N           N        N        N
 Playground

 Blatz Field           N           N        N        N

 Fernald Field         Y           N        N        N

 Hall Park             N           N        N        N

 COMBINATION           TOILET      PICNIC   TRAILS   SWIMMING
 PARCELS               FACIL.      AREAS             POOLS

 Veterans Field        N           N        N        N

 Lowers Common         N           N        N        N

 Breakheart Reserv.    N           N        N        N

 OPEN SPACE            TOILET      PICNIC   TRAILS   SWIMMING
 PARCELS               FACIL.      AREAS             POOLS

 Hopkins & Prospect    N           N        N        N

 Converse & Gould      N           N        N        N

 Quannapowitt Shore    N           N        N        N




Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                             102
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Survey for:          Moulton Playground            Comments: See 521 CMR 19.7 & 20.2
Site Access                                        There are four (4) entrances. Three (3) are                  Comments:
                              yes   no   comment   accessible, but Albion Street’s stone gates mark the         The international symbol for a handicapped parking
                                                   park’s main entrance. No signage as to wheelchair            space is painted on the asphalt, but there are no
Does the entrance allow             no   below     access. To control parking significant barricades            signs at the proper height. See 521 CMR 23.6.
vehicles to disembark
                                                   have been installed around the park with openings
passengers?
                                                   less than 36” clearance. The Albion Street                   Ramps
Is the travelway from the           no             barricades block all wheelchair access.                                                         yes   no    comment
disembarking and parking
areas accessible?                                  Parking Areas                                                Are there any ramps on                   no
                                                                                  yes     no    comment         the site?
Is the surface evenly paved         no
or hard-packed?                                    What is the total number                                     Do they have a slope of
Does water pond on any                             of parking spaces in the                                     1:12 (1 ft. rise in 12 ft.)?
                              yes                  parking lot?      43____
pathways?                                                                                                       Are there level platforms
Are the pathways at least 4                        How many are assigned                                        (4 ft. x 4 ft.) at every 30 ft.,
                                    no   below
ft. wide?                                          as handicapped? 5___                                         at the top, bottom and at
                                                   Does this meet the             yes     no    below           every change in direction?
Are all pathways slopes       yes
less than 1:20 (5%)?                               standard?                                                    Is there a non-slip surface?
                                                   Are the handicapped            yes                           Are there handrails on
Are all the surfaces in a     yes                  spaces adjacent to an                                        both sides?
common plane with no
changes in level greater                           accessible entrance?                                         Is there a min. clear space
than ¼ in?                                         If the handicapped spaces                    below           of 4 ft. between the
Are primary entrances                              are not within 200 ft. of                                    handrails?
                              yes        below     the entrance, is the drop-
accessible to a person in a                                                                                     Are handrails located at
                                                   off area within 100 ft. of                                   34-38 in. and 18-20 in.
wheelchair?
                                                   the entrance?                                                above the surface?
Is there a level pad                     NA        Are the spaces striped         yes                           Do the handrails extend 12
extending at least 5 ft.
                                                   according to code?                                           in. beyond the top and
from the top and bottom
of all sloped pathways?                            Does a sign bearing the        yes                           bottom of the ramp?
                                                   international symbol                                         Is the handgrip oval or
Are there any objects               no             designate the spaces?                                        round?
protruding into the
pathway between 27in. to                           Is the sign placed above 5             no                    Is the handgrip surface
80 in. above the surface?                          ft. and below 8 ft.?                                         smooth?
Are there signs at non-                            Is the parking surface         yes                           Is the diameter of the
                                    no   below
accessible entrances                               evenly paved or hard-                                        handgrip between 1¼ in
indicating the location of                         paced with no cracks?                                        and 1½ in.?
accessible entrances?                              Does the surface of the        yes                           Is there a clearance of 1½
Does the site have side-                           parking space slope less                                     in. between the handgrip
                              yes                  than 1:50 (2%)?
walk access with wheel-                                                                                         and the wall?
chair ramps?                                       If there is a sidewalk, is                   NA
Are crosswalks signalized                          there a curbcut for the                                      Comments:
                                    no             access aisles?
with accessible controls?                                                                                       The ground plane at this site is level, and no ramps
                                                   Does the curbcut have a                      NA              are needed.
                                                   minimum width of 3 ft.
                                                   and meet code?


Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                 103
                                                                                                  Town of Wakefield

Stairs                                                     Comments:                                                        Drinking Fountains
                                 yes     no     comment    Generally, there is a lack of signage at the site. The                                            yes    no     comment
Are there any stairs on the              no                signage for handicapped parking spaces does not                  Are there any drinking           yes           below
site?                                                      meet code.                                                       fountains at the site?
Are the risers open?                                                                                                        Where provided at least
Do the treads project                                      Structures / Restrooms                                           one should comply.
                                                                                            yes     no     comment          Is the crest of the bubbler
beyond the riser?                                                                                                                                            no
Are the handrails on both                                  Are there any structures         yes            below            stream less than 36 in.
sides and 34 in. above the                                 on the site? Utility and                                         above ground?
nosing?                                                    maintenance structures                                           Is it operated by a level        no
 Do the handrails extend 1                                 are not considered.                                              control?
ft. beyond the top and                                     Are there any restrooms                                          Is the stream of water           no
bottom riser?                                              on the site?                                                     from the spout near the
Are the handgrips oval or                                  Do the restrooms comply                                          front and parallel to the
round and smooth?                                          with the handicapped                                             front rim of the basin?
Is the diameter of the                                     code?                                                            Does the space below             no
handgrip between 1¼ in                                                                                                      fountain allow approach
and 1½ in.?                                                                                                                 by wheelchair?
Is there a clearance of 1½
in. between the handgrip                                                                                                    Comments:
and the wall?                                              Comments:                                                        One fire hydrant has been modified with a bubbler. It
                                                           There is one unmarked structure at this site; it may or          does not meet code. 521 CMR 36.2.
Comments:                                                  may not contain restrooms. An adjacent private
The ground plane at this site is level and no stairs are   facility, The Westside Social Club, may permit                   Public Telephones
needed.                                                    occasional use of handicapped restrooms.                                                          yes    no     comment
                                                                                                                            Are there any public                    no
Signs                                                      Switches / Controls / Signals                                    telephones at the site?
                                 yes     no     comment                                     yes     no     comment          Where provided at least
Are signs placed such that               no                Are all controls for lights,                    None             one should comply.
the centerline is 60 in.                                   cross walks a min. of 36 in.                                     There are no operating
above the ground?                                          and max. of 54 in. above                                         parts higher than 54 in.?
Are the letters at least 1¼              no                the ground?                                                      Is there a volume control
in. high?                                                  Are crosswalk signals                                            for the headset?
Are the letters raised 1/32              no                visual as well as audible?                                       Are there any wheel chair
in. above the surface of the                                                                                                obstructions ?
sign?                                                      Comments:                                                        Is the ground plane level
Does the letter color and                no                There are no traffic signals at any of the intersections         & paved for wheelchairs?
the background contrast?                                   around the site.
Are the signs illuminated                no                                                                                 Comments:
for visibility at                                                                                                           There are no public telephones at this site.
dusk/night?




Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                             104
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Survey for:          Mapleway Playground           Comments: See 521 CMR 19.7 & 20.2                             Comments:
Site Access                                        There are two (2) entrances. One (1) is accessible,           No handicapped parking spaces are designated at
                              yes   no   comment   but Fell’s Way is blocked by an auto guardrail with           this site. The international symbol for a handicapped
                                                   no signage as to wheelchair access. To control                parking space is not painted on the asphalt, and
Does the entrance allow       yes        below     parking, significant barricades have been installed           there are no signs at the proper height. See 521 CMR
vehicles to disembark
                                                   around the park, and the openings restrict access to          23.6. State code requires two handicapped spaces.
passengers?
                                                   less than 36”.                                                521 CMR 23.2.1.
Is the travelway from the           no
disembarking and parking
                                                   Parking Areas
areas an accessible?
                                                                                  yes     no     comment         Ramps
                                                   What is the total number                                                                         yes   no   comment
Is the surface evenly paved   yes
or hard-packed?                                    of parking spaces in the                                      Are there any ramps on                   no
Does water pond on any                             parking lot?      38____                                      the site?
                                    no             How many are assigned
pathways?                                                                                                        Do they have a slope of
Are the pathways at least 4                        as handicapped? 0___                                          1:12 (1 ft. rise in 12 ft.)?
                                    no   below
ft. wide?                                          Does this meet the                     no     below           Are there level platforms
                                                   standard?                                                     (4 ft. x 4 ft.) at every 30 ft.,
Are all pathways slopes       yes
less than 1:20 (5%)?                               Are the handicapped                    no                     at the top, bottom and at
                                                   spaces adjacent to an                                         every change in direction?
Are all the surfaces in a     yes                  accessible entrance?                                          Is there a non-slip surface?
common plane with no
changes in level greater                           If the handicapped spaces                     below           Are there handrails on
than ¼ in?                                         are not within 200 ft. of                                     both sides?
Are primary entrances                              the entrance, is the drop-                                    Is there a min. clear space
                                    no   below     off area within 100 ft. of
accessible to a person in a                                                                                      of 4 ft. between the
                                                   the entrance?                                                 handrails?
wheelchair?
Is there a level pad                               Are the spaces striped                 no                     Are handrails located at
                                         NA        according to code?                                            34-38 in. and 18-20 in.
extending at least 5 ft.
from the top and bottom                            Does a sign bearing the                no                     above the surface?
of all sloped pathways?                            international symbol                                          Do the handrails extend 12
                                                   designate the spaces?                                         in. beyond the top and
Are there any objects               no
protruding into the                                Is the sign placed above 5             no                     bottom of the ramp?
pathway between 27in. to                           ft. and below 8 ft.?                                          Is the handgrip oval or
80 in. above the surface?                          Is the parking surface                 no                     round?
Are there signs at non-                            evenly paved or hard-                                         Is the handgrip surface
                                    no   below
accessible entrances                               paced with no cracks?                                         smooth?
indicating the location of                         Does the surface of the        yes                            Is the diameter of the
accessible entrances?                              parking space slope less                                      handgrip between 1¼ in
Does the site have side-                           than 1:50 (2%)?                                               and 1½ in.?
                                    no             If there is a sidewalk, is
walk access with wheel-                                                                          NA              Is there a clearance of 1½
chair ramps?                                       there a curbcut for the                                       in. between the handgrip
Are crosswalks signalized                          access aisles?                                                and the wall?
                                    no             Does the curbcut have a
with accessible controls?                                                                        NA
                                                   minimum width of 3 ft.
                                                   and meet code?



Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                  105
                                                                                                  Town of Wakefield

Comments:                                                  Are the signs illuminated                no                      Drinking Fountains
The ground plane at this site is level and no ramps        for visibility at                                                                                 yes    no     comment
are needed.                                                dusk/night?                                                      Are there any drinking           yes           below
                                                                                                                            fountains at the site?
Stairs                                                     Comments:                                                        Where provided at least
                                 yes     no     comment    Generally, there is a lack of signage at the site.               one should comply.
Are there any stairs on the              no                There is no signage for handicapped parking spaces.              Is the crest of the bubbler      no
site?                                                                                                                       stream less than 36 in.
Are the risers open?                                       Structures / Restrooms                                           above ground?
                                                                                            yes     no     comment          Is it operated by a level
Do the treads project                                                                                                                                        no
beyond the riser?                                          Are there any structures         yes            below            control?
Are the handrails on both                                  on the site? Utility and                                         Is the stream of water           no
sides and 34 in. above the                                 maintenance structures                                           from the spout near the
nosing?                                                    are not considered.                                              front and parallel to the
 Do the handrails extend 1                                 Are there any restrooms                                          front rim of the basin?
ft. beyond the top and                                     on the site?                                                     Does the space below             no
bottom riser?                                              Do the restrooms comply                                          fountain allow approach
Are the handgrips oval or                                  with the handicapped                                             by wheelchair?
round and smooth?                                          code?
Is the diameter of the                                     Comments:                                                        Comments:
handgrip between 1¼ in                                     There is one unmarked                                            One fire hydrant has been modified with a bubbler.
and 1½ in.?                                                structure at this site; it may                                   Its does not meet code. 521 CMR 36.2.
Is there a clearance of 1½                                 or may not contain
in. between the handgrip                                   restrooms.                                                       Public Telephones
and the wall?                                                                                                                                                yes    no     comment
                                                                                                                            Are there any public                    no
Comments:                                                  Switches / Controls / Signals                                    telephones at the site?
The ground plane at this site is level and no stairs are                                    yes     no     comment          Where provided at least
needed.                                                    Are all controls for lights,                                     one should comply.
                                                                                                           None
                                                           cross walks a min. of 36 in.                                     There are no operating
Signs                                                      and max. of 54 in. above                                         parts higher than 54 in.?
                                 yes     no     comment    the ground?                                                      Is there a volume control
Are signs placed such that               no                Are crosswalk signals                                            for the headset?
the centerline is 60 in.                                   visual as well as audible?                                       Are there any wheel chair
above the ground?                                                                                                           obstructions ?
Are the letters at least 1¼              no                Comments:                                                        Is the ground plane level
in. high?                                                  There are no traffic signals at any of the intersections         & paved for wheelchairs?
Are the letters raised 1/32              no                around the site.
in. above the surface of the                                                                                                Comments:
sign?                                                                                                                       There are no public telephones at this site.
Does the letter color and                no
the background contrast?




Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                             106
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Survey for:          J.J. Round Playground          Comments: See 521 CMR 19.7, 20.2                             Comments: The parking lot
Site Access                                                                                                      needs to be graded and
                                                                & 21.                                            paved in accordance with
                              yes   no   comment   There is one formal entrance to J.J. Round Park. The
                                                                                                                 the handicapped code. See
Does the entrance allow       yes        below     crosswalk at this location does not have a wheelchair
                                                                                                                 521 CMR 23.
vehicles to disembark                              ramp. The grade of the parking lot exceeds 2%, and
passengers?                                        in many locations it exceeds 5%.                              Ramps
                                                                                                                                                    yes   no   comment
Is the travelway from the           no
disembarking and parking                           Parking Areas                                                 Are there any ramps on                   no
areas an accessible?                                                              yes    no     comment          the site?
Is the surface evenly paved         no             What is the total number                     below            Do they have a slope of
or hard-packed?                                    of parking spaces in the                                      1:12 (1 ft. rise in 12 ft.)?
Does water pond on any        yes                  parking lot?      36 +/-__                                    Are there level platforms
pathways?                                          How many are assigned                                         (4 ft. x 4 ft.) at every 30 ft.,
Are the pathways at least 4         no   below     as handicapped? 0___                                          at the top, bottom and at
ft. wide?                                          Does this meet the                                            every change in direction?
                                                                                         no                      Is there a non-slip surface?
Are all pathways slopes             no             standard?
less than 1:20 (5%)?                               Are the handicapped                                           Are there handrails on
                                                                                         no                      both sides?
Are all the surfaces in a           no             spaces adjacent to an
common plane with no                               accessible entrance?                                          Is there a min. clear space
changes in level greater                           If the handicapped spaces                                     of 4 ft. between the
                                                                                         no                      handrails?
than ¼ in?                                         are not within 200 ft. of
Are primary entrances               no   below     the entrance, is the drop-                                    Are handrails located at
accessible to a person in a                        off area within 100 ft. of                                    34-38 in. and 18-20 in.
wheelchair?                                        the entrance?                                                 above the surface?
Is there a level pad                no             Are the spaces striped                                        Do the handrails extend 12
                                                                                         no
extending at least 5 ft.                           according to code?                                            in. beyond the top and
from the top and bottom                            Does a sign bearing the                                       bottom of the ramp?
                                                                                         no
of all sloped pathways?                            international symbol                                          Is the handgrip oval or
Are there any objects               no             designate the spaces?                                         round?
protruding into the                                Is the sign placed above 5                                    Is the handgrip surface
                                                                                         no
pathway between 27in. to                           ft. and below 8 ft.?                                          smooth?
80 in. above the surface?                          Is the parking surface                                        Is the diameter of the
                                                                                         no
Are there signs at non-             no   below     evenly paved or hard-                                         handgrip between 1¼ in
accessible entrances                               paced with no cracks?                                         and 1½ in.?
indicating the location of                         Does the surface of the                                       Is there a clearance of 1½
                                                                                         no
accessible entrances?                              parking space slope less                                      in. between the handgrip
Does the site have side-            no             than 1:50 (2%)?                                               and the wall?
walk access with wheel-                            If there is a sidewalk, is                                    Comments:
chair ramps?
                                                                                                NA               The ground plane at this site
                                                   there a curbcut for the
Are crosswalks signalized           no             access aisles?                                                is not level, and ramps may
with accessible controls?                          Does the curbcut have a                                       be needed, if the parking
                                                                                                NA               areas are not regarded
                                                   minimum width of 3 ft.
                                                   and meet code?



Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                  107
                                                                                                Town of Wakefield

Continued for: J.J. Round Playground                     Are the signs illuminated                no
                                                         for visibility at                                                Drinking Fountains
                                                         dusk/night?                                                                                       yes    no     comment
Stairs
                                yes     no     comment                                                                    Are there any drinking                         below
Are there any stairs on the                              Comments:                                                        fountains at the site?
                                        no
site?                                                    Generally, there is a lack of signage at the                     Where provided at least
Are the risers open?                                     site. There is no signage for handicapped                        one should comply.
                                                         parking spaces.                                                  Is the crest of the bubbler
Do the treads project
beyond the riser?                                                                                                         stream less than 36 in.
Are the handrails on both                                Structures / Restrooms                                           above ground?
sides and 34 in. above the                                                                yes     no     comment          Is it operated by a level
nosing?                                                  Are there any structures                 no                      control?
 Do the handrails extend 1                               on the site? Utility and                                         Is the stream of water
ft. beyond the top and                                   maintenance structures                                           from the spout near the
bottom riser?                                            are not considered.                                              front and parallel to the
Are the handgrips oval or                                Are there any restrooms                                          front rim of the basin?
round and smooth?                                        on the site?                                                     Does the space below
                                                         Do the restrooms comply                                          fountain allow approach
Is the diameter of the
handgrip between 1¼ in                                   with the handicapped                                             by wheelchair?
and 1½ in.?                                              code?
Is there a clearance of 1½                                                                                                Comments:
in. between the handgrip                                                                                                  None noted on this inspection.
and the wall?
                                                                                                                          Public Telephones
                                                                                                                                                           yes    no     comment
Comments:                                                Comments:
The ground plane at this site is not steep enough to                                                                      Are there any public                    no
require stairs.                                                                                                           telephones at the site?
                                                                                                                          Where provided at least
                                                         Switches / Controls / Signals                                    one should comply.
                                                                                          yes     no     comment          There are no operating
                                                         Are all controls for lights,                                     parts higher than 54 in.?
Signs                                                                                                    None
                                yes     no     comment   cross walks a min. of 36 in.                                     Is there a volume control
                                                         and max. of 54 in. above                                         for the headset?
Are signs placed such that              no               the ground?                                                      Are there any wheel chair
the centerline is 60 in.
                                                         Are crosswalk signals                                            obstructions ?
above the ground?
                                                         visual as well as audible?                                       Is the ground plane level
Are the letters at least 1¼             no                                                                                & paved for wheelchairs?
in. high?
                                                         Comments:
Are the letters raised 1/32             no                                                                                Comments:
                                                         There are no traffic signals at any of the intersections
in. above the surface of the                                                                                              There are no public telephones at this site.
                                                         around the site.
sign?
Does the letter color and               no
the background contrast?



Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                           108
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Survey for:          Sullivan Playground           Comments:                                                       Comments:
Site Access                                        There is one (1) driveway entrance to the park. It is           No handicapped parking spaces are designated at
                              yes   no   comment   paved, but most parking areas are not paved. There              this site. The international symbol for a handicapped
                                                   are no handicapped spaces designated by signage.                parking space is not painted on the ground surface,
Does the entrance allow       yes        below     The site slopes, and accommodation must be made to              and there are no signs at the proper height. See 521
vehicles to disembark
                                                   regrade the site or install wheelchair ramps to several         CMR 23.6. State code requires a minimum of two
passengers?
                                                   function areas.                                                 handicapped spaces. 521 CMR 23.2.1.
Is the travelway from the           no                                                                             There is no separate sidewalk for wheelchair access
disembarking and parking
                                                   Parking Areas
                                                                                   yes    no     comment           to the site. Wheelchair access is in the travelway
areas an accessible?                                                                                               with automobiles.
Is the surface evenly paved                        What is the total number
                                    no             of parking spaces in the
or hard-packed?
Does water pond on any                             parking lot?      36 +/-_                                       Ramps
                                    no             How many are assigned                                                                                         comment
pathways?                                                                                                                                             yes   no
                                                   as handicapped? 0___                                            Are there any ramps on
Are the pathways at least 4         no   below
                                                                                                 below
                                                                                                                                                            no
ft. wide?                                          Does this meet the                     no                       the site?
                                                   standard?                                                       Do they have a slope of
Are all pathways slopes             no                                                                                                                      no
less than 1:20 (5%)?                               Are the handicapped                    no                       1:12 (1 ft. rise in 12 ft.)?
                                                   spaces adjacent to an                                           Are there level platforms
Are all the surfaces in a           no                                                                                                                      no
                                                   accessible entrance?                                            (4 ft. x 4 ft.) at every 30 ft.,
common plane with no
changes in level greater                           If the handicapped spaces                     below             at the top, bottom and at
than ¼ in?                                         are not within 200 ft. of                                       every change in direction?
Are primary entrances                              the entrance, is the drop-                                      Is there a non-slip surface?
                                    no   below     off area within 100 ft. of                                                                               no
accessible to a person in a                                                                                        Are there handrails on                   no
                                                   the entrance?
wheelchair?                                                                                                        both sides?
Is there a level pad                               Are the spaces striped                 no
                                    no   NA        according to code?                                              Is there a min. clear space              no
extending at least 5 ft.                                                                                           of 4 ft. between the
from the top and bottom                            Does a sign bearing the                no
                                                   international symbol                                            handrails?
of all sloped pathways?                                                                                            Are handrails located at
                                                   designate the spaces?                                                                                    no
Are there any objects               no                                                                             34-38 in. and 18-20 in.
protruding into the                                Is the sign placed above 5             no
                                                   ft. and below 8 ft.?                                            above the surface?
pathway between 27in. to                                                                                           Do the handrails extend 12
80 in. above the surface?                          Is the parking surface                 no                                                                no
                                                   evenly paved or hard-                                           in. beyond the top and
Are there signs at non-                  NA                                                                        bottom of the ramp?
accessible entrances                               paced with no cracks?
                                                   Does the surface of the                                         Is the handgrip oval or                  no
indicating the location of                                                                no                       round?
accessible entrances?                              parking space slope less
                                                   than 1:50 (2%)?                                                 Is the handgrip surface                  no
Does the site have side-            no                                                                             smooth?
walk access with wheel-                            If there is a sidewalk, is                    NA
                                                   there a curbcut for the                                         Is the diameter of the                   no
chair ramps?                                                                                                       handgrip between 1¼ in
Are crosswalks signalized                          access aisles?
                                    no             Does the curbcut have a                                         and 1½ in.?
with accessible controls?                                                                        NA                Is there a clearance of 1½               no
                                                   minimum width of 3 ft.
                                                   and meet code?                                                  in. between the handgrip
                                                                                                                   and the wall?


Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                    109
                                                                                                  Town of Wakefield

                                                           sign?                                                            Drinking Fountains
Comments:                                                  Does the letter color and                no                                                       yes    no     comment
The ground plane at this site is not level and site must   the background contrast?                                         Are there any drinking           yes
be regarded with sidewalks installed at the                Are the signs illuminated                no                      fountains at the site?
appropriate slopes or ramps will be needed. As this        for visibility at                                                Where provided at least
park is currently being redesigned and new facilities      dusk/night?                                                      one should comply.
are being installed, additional consideration of                                                                            Is the crest of the bubbler
handicapped access issues is required.                     Comments:                                                        stream less than 36 in.
Stairs                                                     Generally, there is a lack of signage at the site.               above ground?
                                 yes     no     comment                                                                     Is it operated by a level
                                                           There is no signage for handicapped parking spaces.
Are there any stairs on the              no                                                                                 control?
site?                                                      Structures / Restrooms                                           Is the stream of water
Are the risers open?                                                                        yes     no     comment          from the spout near the
Do the treads project                                      Are there any structures                                         front and parallel to the
                                                                                                    no                      front rim of the basin?
beyond the riser?                                          on the site? Utility and
Are the handrails on both                                  maintenance structures                                           Does the space below
sides and 34 in. above the                                 are not considered.                                              fountain allow approach
nosing?                                                    Are there any restrooms                                          by wheelchair?
 Do the handrails extend 1                                 on the site?
ft. beyond the top and                                                                                                      Comments:
                                                           Do the restrooms comply
bottom riser?                                                                                                               One fire hydrant has been modified with a bubbler. It
                                                           with the handicapped
Are the handgrips oval or                                                                                                   does not meet code. 521 CMR 36.2.
                                                           code?
round and smooth?
Is the diameter of the                                                                                                      Public Telephones
handgrip between 1¼ in                                                                                                                                       yes    no     comment
and 1½ in.?                                                                                                                 Are there any public                    no
Is there a clearance of 1½                                 Comments:                                                        telephones at the site?
in. between the handgrip                                   None noted from field visit.                                     Where provided at least
and the wall?                                                                                                               one should comply.
                                                           Switches / Controls / Signals                                    There are no operating
Comments:                                                                                   yes     no     comment          parts higher than 54 in.?
The ground plane at this site is not level and stairs                                                                       Is there a volume control
                                                           Are all controls for lights,                     None
may be needed to access some functional areas of the                                                                        for the headset?
                                                           cross walks a min. of 36 in.
site.                                                                                                                       Are there any wheel chair
                                                           and max. of 54 in. above
Signs                                                      the ground?                                                      obstructions ?
                                 yes     no     comment                                                                     Is the ground plane level
                                                           Are crosswalk signals
Are signs placed such that               no                visual as well as audible?                                       & paved for wheelchairs?
the centerline is 60 in.                                   Comments:
above the ground?                                          There are no traffic signals at any of the intersections         Comments:
Are the letters at least 1¼              no                around the site.                                                 There are no public telephones at this site.
in. high?
Are the letters raised 1/32              no
in. above the surface of the


Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                             110
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Survey for:          Nasella Field                                  Comments:                                    Comments:
                                                    There are two (2) park entrances; one (1) is
                                                                                                                 A minor street, Melvin Street, functions as a parking
Site Access                                         accessible. The Water Street stone gates mark the
                                                                                                                 lot. Parking spaces along the street are not striped.
                              yes    no   comment   park’s main entrance, but there is no signage as to
                                                                                                                 If striped, several handicapped spaces could be
Does the entrance allow       yes                   wheelchair access.
                                                                                                                 available adjacent to the entrance. See 521 CMR
vehicles to disembark                                    See 521 CMR 19.7 & 20.2                                 23.6.
passengers?
                                                                                                                 Ramps
Is the travelway from the     yes                   Parking Areas                                                                                   yes   no    comment
disembarking and parking                                                           yes    no     comment         Are there any ramps on                   no
areas an accessible?                                What is the total number                                     the site?
Is the surface evenly paved   yes                   of parking spaces in the
or hard-packed?                                                                                                  Do they have a slope of
                                                    parking lot?      16____                                     1:12 (1 ft. rise in 12 ft.)?
Does water pond on any               no             How many are assigned
pathways?                                                                                                        Are there level platforms
                                                    as handicapped? 0___                                         (4 ft. x 4 ft.) at every 30 ft.,
Are the pathways at least 4   yes                   Does this meet the                           below
ft. wide?
                                                                                          no                     at the top, bottom and at
                                                    standard?                                                    every change in direction?
Are all pathways slopes       yes                   Are the handicapped
less than 1:20 (5%)?
                                                                                   yes                           Is there a non-slip surface?
                                                    spaces adjacent to an                                        Are there handrails on
Are all the surfaces in a     yes                   accessible entrance?                                         both sides?
common plane with no                                If the handicapped spaces                    below
changes in level greater                                                                                         Is there a min. clear space
                                                    are not within 200 ft. of                                    of 4 ft. between the
than ¼ in?                                          the entrance, is the drop-                                   handrails?
Are primary entrances         yes                   off area within 100 ft. of
accessible to a person in a                                                                                      Are handrails located at
                                                    the entrance?                                                34-38 in. and 18-20 in.
wheelchair?                                         Are the spaces striped
Is there a level pad
                                                                                          no                     above the surface?
                                          NA        according to code?                                           Do the handrails extend 12
extending at least 5 ft.                            Does a sign bearing the
from the top and bottom
                                                                                          no                     in. beyond the top and
                                                    international symbol                                         bottom of the ramp?
of all sloped pathways?                             designate the spaces?
Are there any objects                                                                                            Is the handgrip oval or
                                     no             Is the sign placed above 5            no                     round?
protruding into the                                 ft. and below 8 ft.?
pathway between 27in. to                                                                                         Is the handgrip surface
                                                    Is the parking surface         yes                           smooth?
80 in. above the surface?                           evenly paved or hard-
Are there signs at non-                                                                                          Is the diameter of the
                                     no   below     paced with no cracks?
accessible entrances                                                                                             handgrip between 1¼ in
                                                    Does the surface of the        yes                           and 1½ in.?
indicating the location of                          parking space slope less
accessible entrances?                                                                                            Is there a clearance of 1½
                                                    than 1:50 (2%)?                                              in. between the handgrip
Does the site have side-      yes                   If there is a sidewalk, is
walk access with wheel-                                                                          NA              and the wall?
                                                    there a curbcut for the
chair ramps?                                        access aisles?
Are crosswalks signalized                                                                                        Comments:
                                     no             Does the curbcut have a                      NA              The ground plane at this site is level, and no ramps
with accessible controls?                           minimum width of 3 ft.                                       are needed.
                                                    and meet code?


Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                  111
                                                                                                 Town of Wakefield

Continued for: Nasella Field                                                                                               Drinking Fountains
                                                          Comments:                                                                                         yes    no     comment

Stairs                                                    Generally, there is a lack of signage at the                     Are there any drinking           yes           below
                                 yes    no      comment   site. There are no signs for handicapped                         fountains at the site?
Are there any stairs on the                               parking spaces.                                                  Where provided at least
                                        no                                                                                 one should comply.
site?
                                                                                                                           Is the crest of the bubbler      no
Are the risers open?
                                                          Structures / Restrooms                                           stream less than 36 in.
Do the treads project
                                                                                           yes     no     comment          above ground?
beyond the riser?
                                                          Are there any structures                                         Is it operated by a level        no
Are the handrails on both                                                                  yes                             control?
sides and 34 in. above the                                on the site? Utility and
                                                          maintenance structures                                           Is the stream of water           no
nosing?
                                                          are not considered.                                              from the spout near the
 Do the handrails extend 1
                                                          Are there any restrooms                                          front and parallel to the
ft. beyond the top and                                                                                    below            front rim of the basin?
bottom riser?                                             on the site?
                                                                                                                           Does the space below             no
Are the handgrips oval or                                 Do the restrooms comply
                                                                                                                           fountain allow approach
round and smooth?                                         with the handicapped
                                                                                                                           by wheelchair?
Is the diameter of the                                    code?
handgrip between 1¼ in
                                                                                                                           Comments:
and 1½ in.?
                                                                                                                           One fire hydrant has been modified with a bubbler.
Is there a clearance of 1½
                                                                                                                           Its does not meet code. 521 CMR 36.2.
in. between the handgrip
and the wall?                                             Comments:
                                                          There is one unmarked structure at this site; it                 Public Telephones
                                                                                                                                                            yes    no     comment
Comments:                                                 appears to be a concession booth. It also may or may
The ground plane at this site is level, and no stairs     not contain restrooms.                                           Are there any public                    no
are needed.                                                                                                                telephones at the site?
Signs                                                                                                                      Where provided at least
                                 yes    no      comment                                                                    one should comply.
                                                          Switches / Controls / Signals
Are signs placed such that                                                                                                 There are no operating
                                        no                                                 yes     no     comment
                                                                                                                           parts higher than 54 in.?
the centerline is 60 in.                                  Are all controls for lights,                    None
above the ground?                                         cross walks a min. of 36 in.                                     Is there a volume control
Are the letters at least 1¼                                                                                                for the headset?
                                        no                and max. of 54 in. above
                                                                                                                           Are there any wheel chair
in. high?                                                 the ground?
Are the letters raised 1/32                               Are crosswalk signals                                            obstructions ?
                                        no                                                                                 Is the ground plane level
in. above the surface of the                              visual as well as audible?
sign?                                                                                                                      & paved for wheelchairs?
Does the letter color and               no                Comments:
the background contrast?                                  There are no traffic signals at any of the intersections         Comments:
Are the signs illuminated                                 around the site.                                                 There are no public telephones at this site.
                                        no
for visibility at
dusk/night?



Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                            112
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Survey for:          Fernald Field                                 Comments:                                     Comments:
                                                                                                                 All the parking for this site is located along Vinton
                                                   The parking lot is unpaved, but Del Carmine Street is
                                                                                                                 and Del Carmine Streets. There are approximately
Site Access                                        fully paved.
                                                                                                                 45 spaces, but none are designated as handicapped
                              yes   no   comment
                                                                                                                 spaces. The placement of several signs along Del
Does the entrance allow       yes                  Parking Areas                                                 Carmine Street would resolve this issue. See 521
vehicles to disembark                                                             yes    no     comment          CMR 23.6
passengers?                                        What is the total number                                      Ramps
Is the travelway from the     yes                  of parking spaces in the                                                                         yes   no     comment
disembarking and parking                           parking lot?      45____                                      Are there any ramps on
areas an accessible?                                                                                                                                      no
                                                   How many are assigned                                         the site?
Is the surface evenly paved   yes                  as handicapped? 0___                                          Do they have a slope of
or hard-packed?                                    Does this meet the                    no     below            1:12 (1 ft. rise in 12 ft.)?
Does water pond on any              no             standard?                                                     Are there level platforms
pathways?                                          Are the handicapped            yes                            (4 ft. x 4 ft.) at every 30 ft.,
Are the pathways at least 4   yes                  spaces adjacent to an                                         at the top, bottom and at
ft. wide?                                          accessible entrance?                                          every change in direction?
Are all pathways slopes       yes                  If the handicapped spaces                    below            Is there a non-slip surface?
less than 1:20 (5%)?                               are not within 200 ft. of                                     Are there handrails on
Are all the surfaces in a     yes                  the entrance, is the drop-                                    both sides?
common plane with no                               off area within 100 ft. of
                                                                                                                 Is there a min. clear space
changes in level greater                           the entrance?
                                                                                                                 of 4 ft. between the
than ¼ in?                                         Are the spaces striped                no                      handrails?
Are primary entrances         yes                  according to code?
                                                                                                                 Are handrails located at
accessible to a person in a                        Does a sign bearing the               no                      34-38 in. and 18-20 in.
wheelchair?                                        international symbol                                          above the surface?
Is there a level pad                     NA        designate the spaces?
                                                                                                                 Do the handrails extend 12
extending at least 5 ft.                           Is the sign placed above 5            no                      in. beyond the top and
from the top and bottom                            ft. and below 8 ft.?                                          bottom of the ramp?
of all sloped pathways?                            Is the parking surface         yes                            Is the handgrip oval or
Are there any objects               no             evenly paved or hard-                                         round?
protruding into the                                paced with no cracks?
pathway between 27in. to                                                                                         Is the handgrip surface
                                                   Does the surface of the        yes                            smooth?
80 in. above the surface?                          parking space slope less
Are there signs at non-                                                                                          Is the diameter of the
                                    no             than 1:50 (2%)?
                                                                                                                 handgrip between 1¼ in
accessible entrances                               If there is a sidewalk, is
indicating the location of
                                                                                                NA               and 1½ in.?
                                                   there a curbcut for the
accessible entrances?                                                                                            Is there a clearance of 1½
                                                   access aisles?
Does the site have side-                                                                                         in. between the handgrip
                              yes                  Does the curbcut have a                      NA               and the wall?
walk access with wheel-                            minimum width of 3 ft.
chair ramps?                                       and meet code?
Are crosswalks signalized                                                                                        Comments:
                                    no                                                                           The ground plane at this site is level and no ramps
with accessible controls?
                                                                                                                 are needed.



Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                  113
                                                                                                 Town of Wakefield

Continued for: Fernald Field                              Are the signs illuminated                no                      Drinking Fountains
                                                          for visibility at                                                                                 yes    no     comment
                                                          dusk/night?                                                      Are there any drinking           yes           below
Stairs
                                 yes    no      comment                                                                    fountains at the site?
Are there any stairs on the                               Comments:                                                        Where provided at least
                                        no                Generally, there is a lack of signage at the site. There         one should comply.
site?
                                                          are no signs for handicapped parking spaces.                     Is the crest of the bubbler      no
Are the risers open?
                                                                                                                           stream less than 36 in.
Do the treads project
                                                          Structures / Restrooms                                           above ground?
beyond the riser?
                                                                                           yes     no     comment          Is it operated by a level        no
Are the handrails on both
                                                          Are there any structures                                         control?
sides and 34 in. above the                                                                 yes                             Is the stream of water
nosing?                                                   on the site? Utility and                                                                          no
                                                          maintenance structures                                           from the spout near the
 Do the handrails extend 1
                                                          are not considered.                                              front and parallel to the
ft. beyond the top and
                                                          Are there any restrooms                                          front rim of the basin?
bottom riser?                                                                              yes                             Does the space below
Are the handgrips oval or                                 on the site?                                                                                      no
                                                                                                                           fountain allow approach
round and smooth?                                         Do the restrooms comply          yes                             by wheelchair?
Is the diameter of the                                    with the handicapped
                                                                                                                           Comments:
handgrip between 1¼ in                                    code?
                                                                                                                           One fire hydrant has been
and 1½ in.?
                                                                                                                           modified with a bubbler. Its
Is there a clearance of 1½                                                                                                 does not meet code. 521
in. between the handgrip                                                                                                   CMR 36.2.
and the wall?
                                                                                                                           Public Telephones
                                                          Comments:                                                                                                       comment
                                                                                                                                                            yes    no
Comments:
The ground plane at this site is level, and no stairs                                                                      Are there any public                    no
are needed.                                                                                                                telephones at the site?
                                                          Switches / Controls / Signals                                    Where provided at least
                                                                                           yes     no     comment
                                                                                                                           one should comply.
                                                          Are all controls for lights,                    None             There are no operating
                                                          cross walks a min. of 36 in.                                     parts higher than 54 in.?
Signs                                                     and max. of 54 in. above                                         Is there a volume control
                                 yes    no      comment   the ground?                                                      for the headset?
Are signs placed such that              no                Are crosswalk signals                                            Are there any wheel chair
the centerline is 60 in.                                  visual as well as audible?                                       obstructions ?
above the ground?                                                                                                          Is the ground plane level
Are the letters at least 1¼             no                Comments:                                                        & paved for wheelchairs?
in. high?                                                 There are no traffic signals at any of the intersections
Are the letters raised 1/32             no                around the site.                                                 Comments:
in. above the surface of the                                                                                               There are no public telephones at this site.
sign?
Does the letter color and               no
the background contrast?



Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                            114
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Survey for:          Walsh Park                                    Comments:                                   Comments:
                                                                                                               An appropriate number of handicapped parking
                                                   There one (1) park entrance, from Hemlock Street,
                                                                                                               spaces could be assigned along Hemlock Street. If
Site Access                                        and it has a ramp to the street.
                                                                                                               striped and signed, the spaces would meet code. See
                              yes   no   comment
                                                                                                               521 CMR 23.6.
Does the entrance allow       yes                  Parking Areas
vehicles to disembark                                                            yes    no     comment
                                                                                                               Ramps
passengers?                                        What is the total number                                                                     yes    no     comment
Is the travelway from the     yes                  of parking spaces in the
                                                                                                               Are there any ramps on                   no
disembarking and parking                           parking lot? on-street
                                                                                                               the site?
areas an accessible?                               How many are assigned
                                                   as handicapped? 0___                                        Do they have a slope of
Is the surface evenly paved   yes
                                                   Does this meet the                          below           1:12 (1 ft. rise in 12 ft.)?
or hard-packed?                                                                         no                     Are there level platforms
Does water pond on any              no             standard?
                                                   Are the handicapped                         below           (4 ft. x 4 ft.) at every 30 ft.,
pathways?                                                                        yes                           at the top, bottom and at
Are the pathways at least 4   yes                  spaces adjacent to an
                                                   accessible entrance?                                        every change in direction?
ft. wide?
                                                   If the handicapped spaces                   below           Is there a non-slip surface?
Are all pathways slopes       yes
                                                   are not within 200 ft. of                                   Are there handrails on
less than 1:20 (5%)?
                                                   the entrance, is the drop-                                  both sides?
Are all the surfaces in a     yes
                                                   off area within 100 ft. of                                  Is there a min. clear space
common plane with no
                                                   the entrance?                                               of 4 ft. between the
changes in level greater
                                                   Are the spaces striped                                      handrails?
than ¼ in?                                                                              no                     Are handrails located at
Are primary entrances         yes                  according to code?
                                                   Does a sign bearing the                                     34-38 in. and 18-20 in.
accessible to a person in a                                                             no                     above the surface?
wheelchair?                                        international symbol
                                                   designate the spaces?                                       Do the handrails extend 12
Is there a level pad                     NA        Is the sign placed above 5                                  in. beyond the top and
extending at least 5 ft.                                                                no                     bottom of the ramp?
from the top and bottom                            ft. and below 8 ft.?
                                                   Is the parking surface                                      Is the handgrip oval or
of all sloped pathways?                                                          yes                           round?
Are there any objects               no             evenly paved or hard-
protruding into the                                paced with no cracks?                                       Is the handgrip surface
                                                   Does the surface of the                                     smooth?
pathway between 27in. to                                                         yes                           Is the diameter of the
80 in. above the surface?                          parking space slope less
Are there signs at non-                            than 1:50 (2%)?                                             handgrip between 1¼ in
                                    no   below                                                                 and 1½ in.?
accessible entrances                               If there is a sidewalk, is                  NA
indicating the location of                         there a curbcut for the                                     Is there a clearance of 1½
accessible entrances?                              access aisles?                                              in. between the handgrip
                                                   Does the curbcut have a                                     and the wall?
Does the site have side-      yes                                                              NA              Comments:
walk access with wheel-                            minimum width of 3 ft.
chair ramps?                                       and meet code?                                              The ground plane at this site is generally level and no
                                                                                                               ramps are needed.
Are crosswalks signalized           no
with accessible controls?




Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                115
                                                                                                 Town of Wakefield

Continued for: Walsh Park                                                                                                  Is the stream of water
                                                          Comments:                                                        from the spout near the
                                                          Generally, there is a lack of signage at the site.               front and parallel to the
Stairs
                                                                                                                           front rim of the basin?
                                 yes    no      comment   There are no signs for handicapped parking
                                                                                                                           Does the space below                      no
Are there any stairs on the             no                spaces.                                                          fountain allow approach
site?                                                     Structures / Restrooms                                           by wheelchair?
Are the risers open?                                                                       yes     no     comment
Do the treads project                                     Are there any structures                 no                      Comments:
beyond the riser?                                         on the site? Utility and                                         No fountains were observed at the site.
Are the handrails on both                                 maintenance structures
sides and 34 in. above the                                are not considered.                                              Public Telephones
nosing?                                                   Are there any restrooms                                                                          yes       no   comment
 Do the handrails extend 1                                on the site?                                                     Are there any public            yes            below
ft. beyond the top and                                    Do the restrooms comply                                          telephones at the site?
bottom riser?                                             with the handicapped                                             Where provided at least
Are the handgrips oval or                                 code?                                                            one should comply.
round and smooth?
                                                                                                                           There any operating parts                 no
Is the diameter of the
                                                          Switches / Controls / Signals                                    higher than 54 in.?
handgrip between 1¼ in                                                                                    comment
                                                                                           yes     no                      Is there a volume control
and 1½ in.?
                                                          Are all controls for lights,                    None             for the headset?
Is there a clearance of 1½
                                                          cross walks a min. of 36 in.                                     Are there any wheel chair                 no
in. between the handgrip
                                                          and max. of 54 in. above                                         obstructions ?
and the wall?
                                                          the ground?                                                      Is the ground plane level       yes
                                                          Are crosswalk signals                                            & paved for wheelchairs?
Comments:
                                                          visual as well as audible?
The ground plane at this site is level, and no stairs
are needed.                                                                                                                Comments:
                                                          Comments:                                                        There is one public telephone across the street from
Signs                                                     There are no traffic signals at any of the intersections
                                                comment
                                                                                                                           the park.
                                 yes    no
                                                          around the site.
Are signs placed such that              no
the centerline is 60 in.
                                                          Drinking Fountains
above the ground?                                                                                         comment
                                                                                           yes     no
Are the letters at least 1¼             no                Are there any drinking                   no     below
in. high?
                                                          fountains at the site?
Are the letters raised 1/32             no                Where provided at least
in. above the surface of the                              one should comply.
sign?                                                     Is the crest of the bubbler
Does the letter color and                                                                          no
                                        no                stream less than 36 in.
the background contrast?                                  above ground?
Are the signs illuminated               no                Is it operated by a level
for visibility at                                                                                  no
                                                          control?
dusk/night?
                                                                                                   no


Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                            116
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Survey for:          Blatz Field                                     Comments:                                    minimum width of 3 ft.
Site Access                                        There is one (1) park entrance; it is from the high            and meet code?
                              yes   no   comment   school parking lot (some slopes exceed handicapped             Comments:
Does the entrance allow                            parameters). Persons with disabilities can                     Three handicapped spaces need to be created
                              yes                                                                                 adjacent to the park’s gate where the grade is
vehicles to disembark                              disembark at the park’s gate, but the travelway to the
passengers?                                        spectator area does not include a paved wheelchair             relatively level. Spaces that are now marked as #’s
                                                   path.                                                          91 & 92 may be converted for this purpose.
Is the travelway from the     yes                              See 521 CMR 19.7 & 20.2                            Appropriate signage should be added to the site. See
disembarking and parking
                                                                                                                  521 CMR 23.
areas an accessible?
Is the surface evenly paved                        Parking Areas                                                  Ramps
                              yes                                                                comment                                             yes   no   comment
or hard-packed?                                                                    yes    no
Does water pond on any                             What is the total number                                       Are there any ramps on                   no   below
                                    no                                                                            the site?
pathways?                                          of parking spaces in the
Are the pathways at least 4   yes                  parking lot?      62____                                       Do they have a slope of
ft. wide?                                          How many are assigned                                          1:12 (1 ft. rise in 12 ft.)?
Are all pathways slopes             no             as handicapped? 0___                                           Are there level platforms
less than 1:20 (5%)?                               Does this meet the                     no     below            (4 ft. x 4 ft.) at every 30 ft.,
Are all the surfaces in a                          standard?                                                      at the top, bottom and at
                                    no   below
common plane with no                               Are the handicapped                    no                      every change in direction?
changes in level greater                           spaces adjacent to an                                          Is there a non-slip surface?
than ¼ in?                                         accessible entrance?                                           Are there handrails on
Are primary entrances               no             If the handicapped spaces                     below            both sides?
accessible to a person in a                        are not within 200 ft. of                                      Is there a min. clear space
wheelchair?                                        the entrance, is the drop-                                     of 4 ft. between the
Is there a level pad                               off area within 100 ft. of                                     handrails?
                                         NA        the entrance?                                                  Are handrails located at
extending at least 5 ft.
from the top and bottom                            Are the spaces striped                 no                      34-38 in. and 18-20 in.
of all sloped pathways?                            according to code?                                             above the surface?
Are there any objects               no             Does a sign bearing the                no                      Do the handrails extend 12
protruding into the                                international symbol                                           in. beyond the top and
pathway between 27in. to                           designate the spaces?                                          bottom of the ramp?
80 in. above the surface?                          Is the sign placed above 5             no                      Is the handgrip oval or
Are there signs at non-                            ft. and below 8 ft.?                                           round?
                                         NA        Is the parking surface                                         Is the handgrip surface
accessible entrances                                                               yes
indicating the location of                         evenly paved or hard-                                          smooth?
accessible entrances?                              paced with no cracks?                                          Is the diameter of the
Does the site have side-            no             Does the surface of the                no                      handgrip between 1¼ in
walk access with wheel-                            parking space slope less                                       and 1½ in.?
chair ramps?                                       than 1:50 (2%)?                                                Is there a clearance of 1½
Are crosswalks signalized                          If there is a sidewalk, is                    NA               in. between the handgrip
                                         NA        there a curbcut for the                                        and the wall?
with accessible controls?
                                                   access aisles?
                                                   Does the curbcut have a                       NA
                                                      i i        idth f 3 ft


Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                   117
                                                                                                    Town of Wakefield

Comments:                                                    Are the letters raised 1/32              no                      Drinking Fountains
While several areas of the park have steep slopes,           in. above the surface of the                                                                      yes    no     comment
handicapped ramps will not be required if the                sign?                                                            Are there any drinking                  no
attention is given to the location of parking spaces         Does the letter color and                no                      fountains at the site?
and the travelway to the spectator area. See 521             the background contrast?                                         Where provided at least
CMR 20.                                                      Are the signs illuminated                no                      one should comply.
                                                             for visibility at                                                Is the crest of the bubbler
                                                             dusk/night?                                                      stream less than 36 in.
Continued for: Blatz Field
                                                                                                                              above ground?
                                                             Comments:                                                        Is it operated by a level
Stairs                                                                                                                        control?
                                  yes     no       comment   Generally, there is a lack of signage at the
                                                             site. There are no signs for handicapped                         Is the stream of water
Are there any stairs on the               no                                                                                  from the spout near the
                                                             parking spaces.
site?                                                                                                                         front and parallel to the
Are the risers open?                                                                                                          front rim of the basin?
                                                             Structures / Restrooms
Do the treads project                                                                         yes     no     comment          Does the space below
beyond the riser?                                                                                                             fountain allow approach
                                                             Are there any structures                 no
Are the handrails on both                                                                                                     by wheelchair?
                                                             on the site? Utility and
sides and 34 in. above the
                                                             maintenance structures
nosing?
                                                             are not considered.
 Do the handrails extend 1
                                                             Are there any restrooms                                          Public Telephones
ft. beyond the top and                                                                                                                                                       comment
                                                             on the site?                                                                                      yes    no
bottom riser?
                                                             Do the restrooms comply                                          Are there any public                    no
Are the handgrips oval or
                                                             with the handicapped                                             telephones at the site?
round and smooth?
                                                             code?                                                            Where provided at least
Is the diameter of the
                                                                                                                              one should comply.
handgrip between 1¼ in
                                                             Switches / Controls / Signals                                    There are no operating
and 1½ in.?
                                                                                              yes     no     comment          parts higher than 54 in.?
Is there a clearance of 1½
                                                             Are all controls for lights,                                     Is there a volume control
in. between the handgrip                                                                                     None             for the headset?
and the wall?                                                cross walks a min. of 36 in.
                                                             and max. of 54 in. above                                         Are there any wheel chair
Comments:                                                    the ground?                                                      obstructions ?
The location of facilities at this site does not             Are crosswalk signals                                            Is the ground plane level
necessitate stairs.                                          visual as well as audible?                                       & paved for wheelchairs?

Signs                                                        Comments:                                                        Comments:
                                  yes     no       comment   There are no traffic signals at any of the intersections         There are no public telephones at this site.
Are signs placed such that                                   around the site.
                                          no
the centerline is 60 in.
above the ground?
Are the letters at least 1¼               no
in. high?



Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                               118
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Survey for:          Landrigan Field                                Comments:                                      Does the curbcut have a                       NA
                                                                                                                   minimum width of 3 ft.
                                                   The football field and bleachers are on a hill
Site Access                                                                                                        and meet code?
                                                   approximately 25 ft. above Hemlock Street. Persons
                                         comment                                                                   Comments:
                              yes   no             with disabilities can disembark at the top of the hill,
                                                                                                                   Handicapped spaces need
Does the entrance allow       yes                  inside the park and next to the concession stand, but
                                                                                                                   to be created in n area
vehicles to disembark                              there are no designated handicapped spaces in this
                                                                                                                   above the street and near
passengers?                                        area.
                                                                                                                   the park’s gate.
Is the travelway from the           no                  See 521 CMR 19.7 & 20.2                                    Appropriate signage should
disembarking and parking                                                                                           be added to the site. See
areas an accessible?                               Parking Areas                                                   521 CMR 23.
Is the surface evenly paved   yes                                                   yes    no     comment          Ramps
or hard-packed?                                                                                                                                       yes   no   comment
                                                   What is the total number
Does water pond on any              no             of parking spaces in the                                        Are there any ramps on                   no   below
pathways?
                                                   parking lot?      62____                                        the site?
Are the pathways at least 4   yes                  How many are assigned                                           Do they have a slope of
ft. wide?
                                                   as handicapped? 0___                                            1:12 (1 ft. rise in 12 ft.)?
Are all pathways slopes             no             Does this meet the                      no     below            Are there level platforms
less than 1:20 (5%)?                               standard?
Are all the surfaces in a                                                                                          (4 ft. x 4 ft.) at every 30 ft.,
                                    no   below     Are the handicapped                     no                      at the top, bottom and at
common plane with no
                                                   spaces adjacent to an                                           every change in direction?
changes in level greater                           accessible entrance?
than ¼ in?                                                                                                         Is there a non-slip surface?
                                                   If the handicapped spaces                      below            Are there handrails on
Are primary entrances               no             are not within 200 ft. of                                       both sides?
accessible to a person in a                        the entrance, is the drop-
wheelchair?                                                                                                        Is there a min. clear space
                                                   off area within 100 ft. of                                      of 4 ft. between the
Is there a level pad                no             the entrance?
extending at least 5 ft.                                                                                           handrails?
                                                   Are the spaces striped                  no                      Are handrails located at
from the top and bottom
                                                   according to code?                                              34-38 in. and 18-20 in.
of all sloped pathways?
                                                   Does a sign bearing the                 no                      above the surface?
Are there any objects               no             international symbol                                            Do the handrails extend 12
protruding into the
                                                   designate the spaces?                                           in. beyond the top and
pathway between 27in. to
                                                   Is the sign placed above 5              no                      bottom of the ramp?
80 in. above the surface?
                                                   ft. and below 8 ft.?                                            Is the handgrip oval or
Are there signs at non-                  NA        Is the parking surface           yes                            round?
accessible entrances
                                                   evenly paved or hard-                                           Is the handgrip surface
indicating the location of
                                                   paced with no cracks?                                           smooth?
accessible entrances?
                                                   Does the surface of the                 no                      Is the diameter of the
Does the site have side-            no             parking space slope less                                        handgrip between 1¼ in
walk access with wheel-
                                                   than 1:50 (2%)?                                                 and 1½ in.?
chair ramps?
                                                   If there is a sidewalk, is                     NA               Is there a clearance of 1½
Are crosswalks signalized                NA        there a curbcut for the                                         in. between the handgrip
with accessible controls?
                                                   access aisles?                                                  and the wall?



Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                    119
                                                                                                    Town of Wakefield

                                                             Are the letters at least 1¼              no                      Comments:
Comments:                                                    in. high?                                                        There are no traffic signals at any of the intersections
Sensitive design changes could permit access to this         Are the letters raised 1/32              no                      around the site.
site without the construction of ramps. See 521 CMR          in. above the surface of the                                     Drinking Fountains
20.                                                          sign?                                                                                             yes     no     comment
                                                             Does the letter color and                no                      Are there any drinking                   no     below
                                                             the background contrast?                                         fountains at the site?
Continued for: Landrigan Field                               Are the signs illuminated                no                      Where provided at least
                                                             for visibility at                                                one should comply.
                                                             dusk/night?                                                      Is the crest of the bubbler
Stairs                                                                                                                        stream less than 36 in.
                                  yes     no       comment
                                                             Comments:                                                        above ground?
Are there any stairs on the               no                                                                                  Is it operated by a level
site?                                                        Generally, there is a lack of signage at the site. There
                                                             are no signs for handicapped parking spaces.                     control?
Are the risers open?                                                                                                          Is the stream of water
Do the treads project                                                                                                         from the spout near the
beyond the riser?                                            Structures / Restrooms                                           front and parallel to the
                                                                                              yes     no     comment
Are the handrails on both                                                                                                     front rim of the basin?
sides and 34 in. above the                                   Are there any structures                no                       Does the space below
nosing?                                                      on the site? Utility and                                         fountain allow approach
 Do the handrails extend 1                                   maintenance structures                                           by wheelchair?
ft. beyond the top and                                       are not considered.
bottom riser?                                                Are there any restrooms                                          Comments:
Are the handgrips oval or                                    on the site?                                                     No drinking fountains were noted during this site
round and smooth?                                            Do the restrooms comply                                          visit.
Is the diameter of the                                       with the handicapped                                             Public Telephones
handgrip between 1¼ in                                       code?                                                                                             yes     no     comment
and 1½ in.?                                                  Comments:
                                                                                                                              Are there any public                     no
Is there a clearance of 1½                                   There is a concession structure and perhaps a
                                                                                                                              telephones at the site?
in. between the handgrip                                     restroom building at this site. These facilities were
                                                                                                                              Where provided at least
and the wall?                                                not open. Arrangements will have to be made to view
                                                                                                                              one should comply.
                                                             them.
                                                                                                                              There are no operating
Comments:                                                                                                                     parts higher than 54 in.?
The location of facilities at this site does not             Switches / Controls / Signals
necessitate stairs.                                                                                                           Is there a volume control
                                                                                              yes     no     comment
                                                                                                                              for the headset?
                                                             Are all controls for lights,                    None             Are there any wheel chair
                                                             cross walks a min. of 36 in.                                     obstructions ?
Signs                                                        and max. of 54 in. above                                         Is the ground plane level
                                  yes     no       comment   the ground?                                                      & paved for wheelchairs?
Are signs placed such that                no                 Are crosswalk signals
the centerline is 60 in.                                     visual as well as audible?                                       Comments:
above the ground?                                                                                                             No telephones were noted during this site visit.




Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                               120
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Survey for:          Hall Park                                     Comments                                Comments:
                                                   This is a passive botanical, park with two
                                                                                                           Handicapped parking needs to be designated at the
Site Access                                        entrances. There are two parking lots at
                                                                                                           drop-off area with proper signage. See 521 CMR
                              yes   no   comment   either end of the park. Handicapped drop-
                                                                                                           23.6.
Does the entrance allow       yes                  offs are available.
vehicles to disembark
passengers?                                                                                                Ramps
                                                                                                                                              yes   no   comment
Is the travelway from the     yes                  Parking Areas
disembarking and parking                                                                   comment
                                                                                                           Are there any ramps on                   no
                                                                                yes   no
areas an accessible?                                                                                       the site?
                                                   What is the total number
Is the surface evenly paved                                                                                Do they have a slope of
                              yes                  of parking spaces in the
                                                                                                           1:12 (1 ft. rise in 12 ft.)?
or hard-packed?                                    parking lot?      18____
Does water pond on any                                                                                     Are there level platforms
                              yes                  How many are assigned
                                                                                                           (4 ft. x 4 ft.) at every 30 ft.,
pathways?                                          as handicapped? 0___
Are the pathways at least 4                                                                                at the top, bottom and at
                              yes                  Does this meet the                 no                   every change in direction?
ft. wide?                                          standard?
Are all pathways slopes                                                                                    Is there a non-slip surface?
                              yes                  Are the handicapped                     below           Are there handrails on
less than 1:20 (5%)?                               spaces adjacent to an
Are all the surfaces in a                                                                                  both sides?
                              yes                  accessible entrance?
                                                                                                           Is there a min. clear space
common plane with no                               If the handicapped spaces               below
changes in level greater                           are not within 200 ft. of                               of 4 ft. between the
than ¼ in?                                         the entrance, is the drop-                              handrails?
Are primary entrances                                                                                      Are handrails located at
                              yes                  off area within 100 ft. of
                                                                                                           34-38 in. and 18-20 in.
accessible to a person in a                        the entrance?
wheelchair?                                        Are the spaces striped                                  above the surface?
                                                                                      no                   Do the handrails extend 12
Is there a level pad                     NA        according to code?
extending at least 5 ft.                           Does a sign bearing the                                 in. beyond the top and
                                                                                      no                   bottom of the ramp?
from the top and bottom                            international symbol
of all sloped pathways?                            designate the spaces?                                   Is the handgrip oval or
Are there any objects                                                                                      round?
                                    no             Is the sign placed above 5         no                   Is the handgrip surface
protruding into the                                ft. and below 8 ft.?
pathway between 27in. to                           Is the parking surface                                  smooth?
                                                                                yes                        Is the diameter of the
80 in. above the surface?                          evenly paved or hard-
Are there signs at non-                  below                                                             handgrip between 1¼ in
                                    no             paced with no cracks?
                                                                                                           and 1½ in.?
accessible entrances                               Does the surface of the      yes
indicating the location of                         parking space slope less                                Is there a clearance of 1½
accessible entrances?                              than 1:50 (2%)?                                         in. between the handgrip
Does the site have side-                                                                                   and the wall?
                                         NA        If there is a sidewalk, is              NA              Comments:
walk access with wheel-                            there a curbcut for the
chair ramps?                                       access aisles?                                          The ground plane at this site
Are crosswalks signalized                                                                                  is level, and no ramps are
                                         NA        Does the curbcut have a                 NA              needed.
with accessible controls?                          minimum width of 3 ft.
                                                   and meet code?


Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                            121
                                                                                                  Town of Wakefield

Continued for: Hall Park                                                                                                   Where provided at least
                                                          Comments:                                                        one should comply.
Stairs                                                    Generally, there is a lack of signage at the                     Is the crest of the bubbler
                                 yes    no      comment   site. The signage for handicapped parking                        stream less than 36 in.
Are there any stairs on the                               spaces does not meet code.                                       above ground?
                                        no                                                                                 Is it operated by a level
site?
                                                          Structures / Restrooms                                           control?
Are the risers open?
                                                                                            yes     no    comment          Is the stream of water
Do the treads project
                                                          Are there any structures                                         from the spout near the
beyond the riser?                                                                                   no                     front and parallel to the
Are the handrails on both                                 on the site? Utility and
                                                          maintenance structures                                           front rim of the basin?
sides and 34 in. above the
                                                          are not considered.                                              Does the space below
nosing?
                                                          Are there any restrooms                                          fountain allow approach
 Do the handrails extend 1
                                                          on the site?                                                     by wheelchair?
ft. beyond the top and
bottom riser?                                             Do the restrooms comply
                                                          with the handicapped                                             Comments:
Are the handgrips oval or
                                                          code?                                                            There are no drinking fountains at this site.
round and smooth?
Is the diameter of the
handgrip between 1¼ in
and 1½ in.?                                                                                                                Public Telephones
                                                                                                                                                            yes     no     comment
Is there a clearance of 1½
in. between the handgrip                                  Comments:                                                        Are there any public                     no
and the wall?                                             There are no structures at this site.                            telephones at the site?
                                                                                                                           Where provided at least
Comments:                                                                                                                  one should comply.
The ground plane at this site is level, and no stairs     Switches / Controls / Signals                                    There are no operating
are needed.                                                                                 yes     no    comment          parts higher than 54 in.?
Signs                                                     Are all controls for lights,                                     Is there a volume control
                                                                                                          None             for the headset?
                                 yes    no      comment   cross walks a min. of 36 in.
Are signs placed such that                                and max. of 54 in. above                                         Are there any wheel chair
                                        no                                                                                 obstructions ?
the centerline is 60 in.                                  the ground?
above the ground?                                         Are crosswalk signals                                            Is the ground plane level
Are the letters at least 1¼                               visual as well as audible?                                       & paved for wheelchairs?
                                        no
in. high?
Are the letters raised 1/32                               Comments:                                                        Comments:
                                        no                                                                                 There are no public telephones at this site.
in. above the surface of the                              There are no traffic signals at any of the intersections
sign?                                                     around the site.
Does the letter color and               no
the background contrast?                                  Drinking Fountains
Are the signs illuminated               no                                                  yes     no    comment
for visibility at                                         Are there any drinking                    no
dusk/night?                                               fountains at the site?



Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                            122
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Survey for:          Veteran’s Field                               Comments:                                   Comments:
                                                                                                               All spaces need to be re-striped. The sign posts need
                                                   There are three (3) park entrances. The Church St.
                                                                                                               to be straightened. See 521 CMR 23.6.
Site Access                                        entrance is a steep grass slope; however, two (2)
                              yes   no   comment   accessible entrances are highly visible from Church
Does the entrance allow                            Street. Crosswalk push buttons are between 38” and          Ramps
                              yes                                                                                                                 yes   no   comment
vehicles to disembark                              42’’ from the ground.
passengers?                                        Parking Areas                                               Are there any ramps on                   no
                                                                                 yes    no     comment         the site?
Is the travelway from the     yes
disembarking and parking                           What is the total number                                    Do they have a slope of
areas an accessible?                               of parking spaces in the                                    1:12 (1 ft. rise in 12 ft.)?
Is the surface evenly paved                        parking lot?      73____                                    Are there level platforms
                              yes                                                                              (4 ft. x 4 ft.) at every 30 ft.,
or hard-packed?                                    How many are assigned
Does water pond on any                             as handicapped? 3___                                        at the top, bottom and at
                              yes                                                                              every change in direction?
pathways?                                          Does this meet the                   no     below
Are the pathways at least 4                        standard?                                                   Is there a non-slip surface?
                              yes                                                                              Are there handrails on
ft. wide?                                          Are the handicapped           yes
Are all pathways slopes                            spaces adjacent to an                                       both sides?
                              yes                                                                              Is there a min. clear space
less than 1:20 (5%)?                               accessible entrance?
Are all the surfaces in a                          If the handicapped spaces     yes           below           of 4 ft. between the
                              yes                                                                              handrails?
common plane with no                               are not within 200 ft. of
changes in level greater                           the entrance, is the drop-                                  Are handrails located at
than ¼ in?                                         off area within 100 ft. of                                  34-38 in. and 18-20 in.
Are primary entrances                              the entrance?                                               above the surface?
                              yes                                                                              Do the handrails extend 12
accessible to a person in a                        Are the spaces striped               no
wheelchair?                                        according to code?                                          in. beyond the top and
Is there a level pad                               Does a sign bearing the       yes                           bottom of the ramp?
                                         NA        international symbol                                        Is the handgrip oval or
extending at least 5 ft.
from the top and bottom                            designate the spaces?                                       round?
of all sloped pathways?                            Is the sign placed above 5    yes                           Is the handgrip surface
Are there any objects                              ft. and below 8 ft.?                                        smooth?
                                    no                                                                         Is the diameter of the
protruding into the                                Is the parking surface        yes
pathway between 27in. to                           evenly paved or hard-                                       handgrip between 1¼ in
80 in. above the surface?                          paced with no cracks?                                       and 1½ in.?
Are there signs at non-                            Does the surface of the       yes                           Is there a clearance of 1½
                                         below                                                                 in. between the handgrip
accessible entrances                               parking space slope less
indicating the location of                         than 1:50 (2%)?                                             and the wall?
accessible entrances?                              If there is a sidewalk, is    yes
Does the site have side-                           there a curbcut for the                                     Comments:
                              yes                                                                              The ground plane at this site is level, and no ramps
walk access with wheel-                            access aisles?
                                                   Does the curbcut have a                                     are needed.
chair ramps?                                                                                   NA
Are crosswalks signalized                yes       minimum width of 3 ft.
with accessible controls?                          and meet code?




Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                123
                                                                                          Town of Wakefield

Continued for: Veteran’s Field                       Comments:                                                   Is the crest of the bubbler    no
Stairs                                               The signage for                                             stream less than 36 in.
                                yes   no   comment   handicapped parking spaces                                  above ground?
                                                     needs to be straightened.                                   Is it operated by a level      no
Are there any stairs on the           no
site?                                                                                                            control?
                                                                                                                 Is the stream of water         no
Are the risers open?
                                                     Structures / Restrooms                                      from the spout near the
Do the treads project
                                                                                    yes     no   comment         front and parallel to the
beyond the riser?
                                                     Are there any structures                                    front rim of the basin?
Are the handrails on both                                                                   no                   Does the space below
sides and 34 in. above the                           on the site? Utility and                                                                   no
                                                     maintenance structures                                      fountain allow approach
nosing?
                                                     are not considered.                                         by wheelchair?
 Do the handrails extend 1
ft. beyond the top and                               Are there any restrooms
                                                     on the site?                                                Comments:
bottom riser?
                                                                                                                 Three fire hydrant has been modified with a bubbler.
Are the handgrips oval or                            Do the restrooms comply
                                                                                                                 None meet code. 521 CMR 36.2.
round and smooth?                                    with the handicapped
Is the diameter of the                               code?
handgrip between 1¼ in
and 1½ in.?                                          Comments:                                                   Public Telephones
                                                                                                                                                yes    no     comment
Is there a clearance of 1½
in. between the handgrip                             Switches / Controls / Signals                               Are there any public           yes
and the wall?                                                                       yes     no   comment         telephones at the site?
Comments:                                                                                                        Where provided at least
                                                     Are all controls for lights,   yes
The ground plane at this site                                                                                    one should comply.
                                                     cross walks a min. of 36 in.
is level, and no stairs are                                                                                      There are no operating         yes           below
                                                     and max. of 54 in. above
needed.                                                                                                          parts higher than 54 in.?
                                                     the ground?
                                                     Are crosswalk signals                                       Is there a volume control      yes
                                                                                            no                   for the headset?
Signs                                                visual as well as audible?
                                yes   no   comment                                                               Are there any wheel chair      yes
Are signs placed such that                           Comments:                                                   obstructions ?
                                      no                                                                         Is the ground plane level
the centerline is 60 in.                             Most crosswalks controls are at 38” high.                                                         no
above the ground?                                    Several at 42”                                              & paved for wheelchairs?
Are the letters at least 1¼           no
in. high?                                                                                                        Comments: See photograph, Fig. 12.2.
                                                                                                                 There are two (2) public telephones at this
Are the letters raised 1/32           no             Drinking Fountains                                          site. Access is blocked the phone that uses
in. above the surface of the                                                        yes     no   comment
                                                                                                                 credit cards. The second phone’s coin slot is
sign?                                                Are there any drinking         yes          below           55” from the ground. Pavement is broken.
Does the letter color and             no             fountains at the site?
the background contrast?                             Where provided at least
Are the signs illuminated             no             one should comply.
for visibility at
dusk/night?



Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                  124
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Survey for:          Spaulding Playground                          Comments                                Comments:
                                                   An ice cream truck parks in the handicapped
                                                                                                           Handicapped parking needs to be designated at the
Site Access                                        area. The water’s edge trail squeezes
                                                                                                           drop-off area with proper signage. See 521 CMR
                              yes   no   comment   through fence posts on an unpaved, steeply
                                                                                                           23.6.
Does the entrance allow       yes                  sloping path. Crosswalk push buttons are at
vehicles to disembark                              the top of the height-range allowed by code.
passengers?                                        Two were at 43” and 44” above the ground.               Ramps
                                                                                                                                              yes   no    comment
Is the travelway from the     yes                  Parking Areas
disembarking and parking                                                        yes   no   comment         Are there any ramps on                   no
areas an accessible?                               What is the total number                                the site?
Is the surface evenly paved                        of parking spaces in the                                Do they have a slope of
                              yes                                                                          1:12 (1 ft. rise in 12 ft.)?
or hard-packed?                                    parking lot?      66____
Does water pond on any                             How many are assigned                                   Are there level platforms
                              yes                                                                          (4 ft. x 4 ft.) at every 30 ft.,
pathways?                                          as handicapped? 4___
Are the pathways at least 4                        Does this meet the           yes                        at the top, bottom and at
                                    no                                                                     every change in direction?
ft. wide?                                          standard?
Are all pathways slopes                            Are the handicapped                     below           Is there a non-slip surface?
                                    no                                                                     Are there handrails on
less than 1:20 (5%)?                               spaces adjacent to an
Are all the surfaces in a                          accessible entrance?                                    both sides?
                                    no                                                                     Is there a min. clear space
common plane with no                               If the handicapped spaces               below
changes in level greater                           are not within 200 ft. of                               of 4 ft. between the
than ¼ in?                                         the entrance, is the drop-                              handrails?
Are primary entrances                              off area within 100 ft. of                              Are handrails located at
                              yes                                                                          34-38 in. and 18-20 in.
accessible to a person in a                        the entrance?
wheelchair?                                        Are the spaces striped       yes                        above the surface?
Is there a level pad                               according to code?                                      Do the handrails extend 12
                                    no                                                                     in. beyond the top and
extending at least 5 ft.                           Does a sign bearing the            no
from the top and bottom                            international symbol                                    bottom of the ramp?
of all sloped pathways?                            designate the spaces?                                   Is the handgrip oval or
Are there any objects                              Is the sign placed above 5         no                   round?
                              yes                                                                          Is the handgrip surface
protruding into the                                ft. and below 8 ft.?
pathway between 27in. to                           Is the parking surface       yes                        smooth?
80 in. above the surface?                          evenly paved or hard-                                   Is the diameter of the
Are there signs at non-                            paced with no cracks?                                   handgrip between 1¼ in
                                    no   below                                                             and 1½ in.?
accessible entrances                               Does the surface of the      yes
indicating the location of                         parking space slope less                                Is there a clearance of 1½
accessible entrances?                              than 1:50 (2%)?                                         in. between the handgrip
                                                   If there is a sidewalk, is                              and the wall?
Does the site have side-      yes                                                          NA
walk access with wheel-                            there a curbcut for the
chair ramps?                                       access aisles?                                          Comments:
Are crosswalks signalized                          Does the curbcut have a                 NA              The ground plane at this site is generally level, and
                              yes        below                                                             no ramps are needed if the paths are properly
with accessible controls?                          minimum width of 3 ft.
                                                   and meet code?                                          redesigned.



Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                            125
                                                                                                  Town of Wakefield

Continued for: Spaulding Playground                       Are the signs illuminated                                      Drinking Fountains
                                                          for visibility at                                                                             yes    no     comment
                                                          dusk/night?                                                    Are there any drinking         yes
Stairs
                                 yes    no      comment                                                                  fountains at the site?
Are there any stairs on the                               Comments:                                                      Where provided at least
                                        no                                                                               one should comply.
site?                                                     Generally, there is a lack of signage at the
                                                          site. The signage for handicapped parking                      Is the crest of the bubbler
Are the risers open?
                                                          spaces does not meet code.                                     stream less than 36 in.
Do the treads project
                                                                                                                         above ground?
beyond the riser?
                                                                                                                         Is it operated by a level
Are the handrails on both
                                                          Structures / Restrooms                                         control?
sides and 34 in. above the
                                                                                            yes     no   comment         Is the stream of water
nosing?
                                                          Are there any structures                                       from the spout near the
 Do the handrails extend 1                                                                          no                   front and parallel to the
ft. beyond the top and                                    on the site? Utility and
                                                          maintenance structures                                         front rim of the basin?
bottom riser?
                                                          are not considered.                                            Does the space below
Are the handgrips oval or
                                                          Are there any restrooms                                        fountain allow approach
round and smooth?
                                                          on the site?                                                   by wheelchair?
Is the diameter of the
                                                                                                                         Comments:
handgrip between 1¼ in                                    Do the restrooms comply
                                                                                                                         There is one drinking
and 1½ in.?                                               with the handicapped
                                                                                                                         fountains at this site.
Is there a clearance of 1½                                code?
in. between the handgrip
and the wall?                                             Comments:
                                                          There are no structures at this site.                          Public Telephones
                                                                                                                                                        yes    no     comment
Comments:
The ground plane at this site is level, and no stairs     Switches / Controls / Signals                                  Are there any public           yes
are needed.                                                                                 yes     no   comment         telephones at the site?
                                                                                                                         Where provided at least
                                                          Are all controls for lights,      yes                          one should comply.
Signs                                                     cross walks a min. of 36 in.
                                                comment                                                                  There are no operating                no     below
                                 yes    no                and max. of 54 in. above
                                                                                                                         parts higher than 54 in.?
Are signs placed such that              no                the ground?
the centerline is 60 in.                                  Are crosswalk signals                                          Is there a volume control      yes
                                                                                                    no                   for the headset?
above the ground?                                         visual as well as audible?
Are the letters at least 1¼                                                                                              Are there any wheel chair      yes
                                        no                                                                               obstructions ?
in. high?                                                 Comments:
                                                          The traffic signal is located approximately 800 ft.            Is the ground plane level      yes
Are the letters raised 1/32             no
                                                          from the park’s entrance.                                      & paved for wheelchairs?
in. above the surface of the
sign?                                                     Crosswalk push buttons are at the top of the height-
                                                          range allowed by code for front access. Two were at            Comments:
Does the letter color and               no
                                                          43” and 44” above the ground.                                  Bollards to protect the telephone from cars may block
the background contrast?
                                                                                                                         wheelchair access. The coin slot is 55” above the
                                        no                                                                               ground.




Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                          126
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Survey for:          Col. Connolly Beach                             Comments:                                      Comments:
                                                                                                                    Handicapped parking needs to be designated along
                                                   The site has wheelchair access. There is a traffic
                                                                                                                    the street with proper signage. See 521 CMR 23.6.
Site Access                                        signal nearly 1000 ft. from the site at the intersection
                              yes   no   comment   of Main and Lowell Streets. The intersection is not
Does the entrance allow                            signalized.                                                      Ramps
                              yes                                                                                                                      yes   no   comment
vehicles to disembark
passengers?                                                                                                         Are there any ramps on                   no
                                                   Parking Areas
                                                                                                                    the site?
Is the travelway from the     yes                                                   yes     no     comment
disembarking and parking                                                                                            Do they have a slope of
                                                   What is the total number
areas accessible?                                                                                                   1:12 (1 ft. rise in 12 ft.)?
                                                   of parking spaces in the
Is the surface evenly paved                                                                                         Are there level platforms
                              yes                  parking lot?      20____
                                                                                                                    (4 ft. x 4 ft.) at every 30 ft.,
or hard-packed?                                    How many are assigned
Does water pond on any                                                                                              at the top, bottom and at
                                    no             as handicapped? 0___
                                                                                                                    every change in direction?
pathways?                                          Does this meet the                       no     below
Are the pathways at least 4                                                                                         Is there a non-slip surface?
                                    no             standard?
                                                                                                                    Are there handrails on
ft. wide?                                          Are the handicapped                             below
Are all pathways slopes                                                                                             both sides?
                                    no             spaces adjacent to an
                                                                                                                    Is there a min. clear space
less than 1:20 (5%)?                               accessible entrance?
Are all the surfaces in a                                                                                           of 4 ft. between the
                                    no             If the handicapped spaces                no     below            handrails?
common plane with no                               are not within 200 ft. of
changes in level greater                           the entrance, is the drop-                                       Are handrails located at
than ¼ in?                                         off area within 100 ft. of                                       34-38 in. and 18-20 in.
Are primary entrances                                                                                               above the surface?
                              yes                  the entrance?
                                                                                                                    Do the handrails extend 12
accessible to a person in a                        Are the spaces striped                   no
wheelchair?                                        according to code?                                               in. beyond the top and
Is there a level pad                                                                                                bottom of the ramp?
                                         NA        Does a sign bearing the                  no                      Is the handgrip oval or
extending at least 5 ft.                           international symbol
from the top and bottom                            designate the spaces?                                            round?
of all sloped pathways?                            Is the sign placed above 5                                       Is the handgrip surface
                                                                                            no                      smooth?
Are there any objects         yes                  ft. and below 8 ft.?
protruding into the                                Is the parking surface                                           Is the diameter of the
                                                                                    yes                             handgrip between 1¼ in
pathway between 27in. to                           evenly paved or hard-
80 in. above the surface?                          paced with no cracks?                                            and 1½ in.?
Are there signs at non-                                                                                             Is there a clearance of 1½
                                         NA        Does the surface of the          yes                             in. between the handgrip
accessible entrances                               parking space slope less
indicating the location of                         than 1:50 (2%)?                                                  and the wall?
accessible entrances?                              If there is a sidewalk, is                                       Comments:
Does the site have side-
                                                                                                   NA               The ground plane at this site
                              yes                  there a curbcut for the
                                                                                                                    is level, and no ramps are
walk access with wheel-                            access aisles?
chair ramps?                                                                                                        needed.
                                                   Does the curbcut have a                         NA
Are crosswalks signalized                no        minimum width of 3 ft.
with accessible controls?                          and meet code?



Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                     127
                                                                                                  Town of Wakefield

Continued for: Col. Connolly Beach                        Are the signs illuminated                 no                       Drinking Fountains
                                                          for visibility at                                                                                    yes   no   comment
                                                          dusk/night?                                                        Are there any drinking                       recheck
Stairs
                                 yes     no     comment                                                                      fountains at the site?
Are there any stairs on the                               Comments:                                                          Where provided at least
                                         no                                                                                  one should comply.
site?                                                     Generally, there is a lack of signage at the site.
                                                                                                                             Is the crest of the bubbler
Are the risers open?
                                                          Structures / Restrooms                                             stream less than 36 in.
Do the treads project
                                                                                            yes     no     comment           above ground?
beyond the riser?
                                                          Are there any structures                                           Is it operated by a level
Are the handrails on both                                                                   yes                              control?
sides and 34 in. above the                                on the site? Utility and
                                                          maintenance structures                                             Is the stream of water
nosing?
                                                          are not considered.                                                from the spout near the
 Do the handrails extend 1
                                                          Are there any restrooms                                            front and parallel to the
ft. beyond the top and                                                                      yes                              front rim of the basin?
bottom riser?                                             on the site?
                                                                                                                             Does the space below
Are the handgrips oval or                                 Do the restrooms comply                          below             fountain allow approach
round and smooth?                                         with the handicapped
                                                                                                                             by wheelchair?
Is the diameter of the                                    code?
handgrip between 1¼ in
                                                                                                                             Comments:
and 1½ in.?
                                                                                                                             An additional site visit is required.
Is there a clearance of 1½
in. between the handgrip
and the wall?                                             Comments:                                                          Public Telephones
                                                                                                                                                               yes   no   comment
                                                          The structures were unavailable during the site visit
Comments:                                                 and must be rechecked.                                             Are there any public              yes
The ground plane at this site is level, and no stairs                                                                        telephones at the site?
are needed.                                                                                                                  Where provided at least
                                                                                                                             one should comply.
                                                          Switches / Controls / Signals
                                                                                                           comment
                                                                                                                             There are no operating                       below
                                                                                            yes     no
                                                                                                                             parts higher than 54 in.?
                                                          Are all controls for lights,                     NA
Signs                                                                                                                        Is there a volume control         yes
                                                          crosswalks a min. of 36 in.
                                                comment                                                                      for the headset?
                                 yes     no               and max. of 54 in. above
                                                          the ground?                                                        Are there any wheel chair         yes        below
Are signs placed such that               no                                                                                  obstructions ?
the centerline is 60 in.                                  Are crosswalk signals
                                                          audible as well as visual?                                         Is the ground plane level                    below
above the ground?
                                                                                                                             & paved for wheelchairs?
Are the letters at least 1¼              no                                                                                  Comments:
in. high?                                                 Comments:
                                                                                                                             The coin slot is 55” above
Are the letters raised 1/32              no               There is a traffic signal nearly 1000 ft. from the site at
                                                                                                                             the ground. A small
in. above the surface of the                              the intersection of Main and Lowell Streets. The
                                                                                                                             concrete pad and telephone
sign?                                                     intersection is not signalized.
                                                                                                                             pole may partially restrict
Does the letter color and                no                                                                                  wheelchair access.
the background contrast?



Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                              128
Open Space & Recreation Plan

ADA Accessibility Improvements since 2000

Moulton Playground
  1. Installed accessible drinking fountain.

Mapleway Playground
  1. Added accessible walkways to playing fields;
  2. Installed accessible drinking fountain;
  3. Brought bituminous concrete to existing bleachers from parking lot;
  4. added 2 handicap parking spaces;
  5. Repaved and striped handicap parking spaces;
  6. Added handicap signs to accessible parking spaces.

J.J. Round Playground
     1. Repaved and added 2 handicap parking spaces;
     2. Striped and signed the handicap parking spaces;
     3. Brought bituminous concrete path from parking area to basketball court and on to newly-
        installed accessible drinking fountain and then on to the back field;
     4. Installed an accessible drinking fountain;
     5. Installed a stone dust walkway to the back field between the concrete out to pad near
        baseball field and the furthest playing field.

Sullivan Playground
    1. Added 2 handicap parking spaces;
    2. Striped and posted handicap parking spaces;
    3. Installed a bituminous concrete path from lot to the far side of the bleachers;
    4. Added an accessible drinking fountain (removed the old one).

Nasella Field
   1. Installed an accessible drinking fountain;
   2. Added a walkway from the existing walkway to the drinking fountain (which is on Water
       Street);
   3. On Melvin Street, added 4 foot wide opening in the chain link fence;
   4. Brought a bituminous concrete walkway to the bleachers near the playing field;
   5. Added a couple of handicap signs;
   6. Developer working adjacent to this field will be doing further work on this park for the
       Town.




Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                129
                                                                      Town of Wakefield

Walsh Park
  1. Added an accessible drinking fountain;
  2. There was an existing ramp from the street but they fixed some bumps in the walkway at
      the opening in the fence and made the entryway accessible;
  3. Paved from the entrance to the new drinking fountain;
  4. Installed a concrete pad from which one can see the field and tennis courts.
  5. The only parking available for this park lot is at the school across the street and that
      remains the case.

Blatz Field
   1. A new school was recently built at this site. An accessible ramp was extended from the
       rear of the school to an accessible pathway, allowing access to the playing fields.

Landrigan Field
   1. Excavated and paved a flat area of ground at the top of the field to create 4 handicap
       parking spaces;
   2. Made level path access from the handicap parking area to the playing fields and across an
       area that was gravel onto an existing pad;
   3. Added a viewing pad adjacent to the existing bleachers.

Hall Park
   1. Added 2 handicap parking spaces;
   2. Added signs to designate the new handicap parking spaces;
   3. Redid the walkway from the parking spaces to the existing paved area; leveled the slopes.

Veteran’s Field
   1. Added lines, stripes, and appropriate signs to the existing handicap parking spaces;
   2. Added 2 accessible drinking fountains;
   3. Made a path from the parking area to the bleachers and installed a viewing pad at the side
       of the bleachers.

Spaulding Playground
   1. Added 2 handicap parking signs;
   2. Added an accessible drinking fountain;
   3. Added a 4 foot wide stone dust walkway that goes about 4 feet from the existing paved
       area and becomes a concrete path; as a result, handicap access is possible from the
       sidewalk to the drinking fountain or from the parking spaces to the drinking fountain.

In addition, the Gertrude Spaulding Park site was inventoried in 2004 (see following page)




Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                            130
Open Space & Recreation Plan

Survey for:          Gertrude Spaulding Park
                                                   Parking Areas                                               Ramps
                                                                                 yes     no    comment                                            yes   no    comment
Site Access
                              yes   no   comment   What is the total number                                    Are there any ramps on                   no    below
Does the entrance allow                            of parking spaces in the                                    the site?
                              yes                  parking lot?      7___
vehicles to disembark                                                                                          Do they have a slope of
passengers?                                        How many are assigned                                       1:12 (1 ft. rise in 12 ft.)?
                                                   as handicapped? 2___                                        Are there level platforms
Is the travelway from the     yes                  Does this meet the            yes                           (4 ft. x 4 ft.) at every 30 ft.,
disembarking and parking
                                                   standard?                                                   at the top, bottom and at
areas an accessible?
                                                   Are the handicapped           yes                           every change in direction?
Is the surface evenly paved   yes                  spaces adjacent to an                                       Is there a non-slip surface?
or hard-packed?
                                                   accessible entrance?                                        Are there handrails on
Does water pond on any              no             If the handicapped spaces                   NA              both sides?
pathways?
                                                   are not within 200 ft. of                                   Is there a min. clear space
Are the pathways at least 4   yes                  the entrance, is the drop-                                  of 4 ft. between the
ft. wide?
                                                   off area within 100 ft. of                                  handrails?
Are all pathways slopes
                                                   the entrance?                                               Are handrails located at
less than 1:20 (5%)?
                                                   Are the spaces striped        yes                           34-38 in. and 18-20 in.
Are all the surfaces in a
                                                   according to code?                                          above the surface?
common plane with no
                                                   Does a sign bearing the       yes                           Do the handrails extend 12
changes in level greater
                                                   international symbol                                        in. beyond the top and
than ¼ in?
                                                   designate the spaces?                                       bottom of the ramp?
Are primary entrances         yes                  Is the sign placed above 5            no    below           Is the handgrip oval or
accessible to a person in a
                                                   ft. and below 8 ft.?                                        round?
wheelchair?
                                                   Is the parking surface        yes                           Is the handgrip surface
Is there a level pad          yes                  evenly paved or hard-                                       smooth?
extending at least 5 ft.
                                                   packed with no cracks?                                      Is the diameter of the
from the top and bottom
                                                   Does the surface of the       yes                           handgrip between 1¼ in
of all sloped pathways?
                                                   parking space slope less                                    and 1½ in.?
Are there any objects               no             than 1:50 (2%)?                                             Is there a clearance of 1½
protruding into the
                                                   If there is a sidewalk, is    yes                           in. between the handgrip
pathway between 27in. to
                                                   there a curbcut for the                                     and the wall?
80 in. above the surface?
                                                   access aisles?
Are there signs at non-                  NA
accessible entrances                               Does the curbcut have a       yes                           Comments:
indicating the location of                         minimum width of 3 ft.                                      Most of the site is very level. Where there are grade
accessible entrances?                              and meet code?                                              changes, the pathways have gentle slopes that are
Does the site have side-                                                                                       accessible.
                              yes                  Comments:
walk access with wheel-
chair ramps?                                       Both signs are taller than 6ft. but one sign was
Are crosswalks signalized                          posted at 9’ 10” (measuring from the ground to the
                                         NA        top of the sign).
with accessible controls?




Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                131
                                                                                                 Town of Wakefield

                                                        Are the signs illuminated                                        Drinking Fountains
Continued for: Gertrude Spaulding Park                  for visibility at                                                                                 yes    no     comment
                                                        dusk/night?                                                      Are there any drinking                  no
                                                                                                                         fountains at the site?
Stairs                                                                                                                   Where provided at least
                               yes       no   comment   Comments:
                                                        There are no signs at this site.                                 one should comply.
Are there any stairs on the    yes            below                                                                      Is the crest of the bubbler
site?                                                                                                                    stream less than 36 in.
Are the risers open?                                                                                                     above ground?
Do the treads project
                                                        Structures / Restrooms
                                                                                           yes     no   comment          Is it operated by a level
beyond the riser?                                                                                                        control?
Are the handrails on both                               Are there any structures                   no
                                                        on the site? Utility and                                         Is the stream of water
sides and 34 in. above the                                                                                               from the spout near the
nosing?                                                 maintenance structures
                                                        are not considered.                                              front and parallel to the
 Do the handrails extend 1                                                                                               front rim of the basin?
ft. beyond the top and                                  Are there any restrooms
                                                        on the site?                                                     Does the space below
bottom riser?                                                                                                            fountain allow approach
Are the handgrips oval or                               Do the restrooms comply
                                                                                                                         by wheelchair?
round and smooth?                                       with the handicapped
Is the diameter of the                                  code?
                                                                                                                         Comments:
handgrip between 1¼ in                                                                                                   No drinking fountains were observed at this site.
and 1½ in.?
Is there a clearance of 1½
                                                                                                                         Public Telephones
in. between the handgrip                                                                                                                                                comment
                                                                                                                                                          yes    no
and the wall?                                           Comments:
                                                        There are no structures at this site.                            Are there any public                    no
                                                                                                                         telephones at the site?
Comments:
                                                                                                                         Where provided at least
Stone steps leading down to the water.
                                                                                                                         one should comply.
Sitting/viewing area.
                                                                                                                         There are no operating
                                                        Switches / Controls / Signals                                    parts higher than 54 in.?
                                                                                           yes     no   comment
                                                                                                                         Is there a volume control
Signs                                                   Are all controls for lights,                    None             for the headset?
                               yes       no   comment   cross walks a min. of 36 in.                                     Are there any wheel chair
Are signs placed such that                              and max. of 54 in. above                                         obstructions ?
the centerline is 60 in.                                the ground?                                                      Is the ground plane level
above the ground?                                       Are crosswalk signals                                            & paved for wheelchairs?
Are the letters at least 1¼                             visual as well as audible?
in. high?                                                                                                                Comments:
Are the letters raised 1/32                             Comments:                                                        There are no public telephones at this site.
in. above the surface of the                            There are no traffic signals at any of the intersections
sign?                                                   around the site.
Does the letter color and
the background contrast?



Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory                                                                          132
Open Space & Recreation Plan

PART III: Employment Practices

1. Recruitment/Job Announcements

2. Personnel Actions

3. Leave Administration

4. Training

5. Tests

6. Medical Exams/Questionnaires

7. Social and Recreational Programs

8. Fringe Benefits

9. Collective Bargaining Agreements

10. Wage and Salary Administration




Appendix II – ADA Accessibility Inventory   133
                                                                  Town of Wakefield

                                                       APPENDIX III

                                Streetscape Design Concept from 1925 Wakefield Master Plan




Appendix III – Streetscape Design Concept from 1925 Master Plan                134
Open Space & Recreation Plan


                                          APPENDIX IV

                                Lake Quannapowitt Utilization Study
                                           August, 1998
                                 Prepared by A.J. Dwyer-Heidkamp

During the month of August, 1998 a survey was conducted to determine the number of people
that use Lake Quannapowitt and its surrounding parks. The results of the survey show that the
lake is used by almost 24,000 people each week.

It was very quickly apparent that the largest group of people is made up of those who walk, jog,
run, rollerblade or bicycle around the lake. This group is made up of people of all ages, from all
walks of life. There are people walking alone, couples, parents pushing babies in carriages,
youngsters on tricycles, groups of teenagers and seniors using canes and even walkers. There are
people on rollerblades, roller skates, skate boards, wheel chairs and bicycles. There are also
large numbers of runners, joggers and power walkers.

In order to quantify this group, a count was taken of the people who passed a point on the Main
Street side of the lake near the intersection with Lowell Street. The survey is based on thirty six
sample periods, each twenty minutes long. Samples were taken throughout the month at various
times during the day, seven days a week.

The samples show that on weekdays the busiest times are in the morning and early evening. On
Saturday and Sunday, activity is spread fairly evenly throughout the day. The peak period
overall is from 7:00pm to 8:00pm Monday through Thursday, when over 500 people per hour
were counted.

In addition to the people circling the lake, there are large numbers of people who sail or windsurf
on the lake, swim, play in one of the parks, or take advantage of the sports facilities. At least 2
samples were taken of each of these populations.


                                 Daily rate   Daily rate Weekly
                                 Mon-Fri      Sat-Sun    Total

 Walkers, joggers, etc.          3,000        2,800        19,600
 (see detail in charts below)

 Spaulding Playground            150          300          1,350

 Vets Field                      100          100          700


Appendix IV – Lake Quannapowitt Utilization Study                                      135
                                                                   Town of Wakefield


                            Daily rate     Daily rate Weekly
                            Mon-Fri        Sat-Sun    Total

 Col. Connelly Park         50             100         450

 Tennis Courts              20             50          200

 Common                     25             100         325

 Boats and Windsurfers      25             100         325

 Total                      3,370          3,550       23,950


Walkers, Joggers, Bicyclists, Etc.
Twenty Minute Observations Monday through Friday

    DAY     Mon    Tue    Wed Thu        Fri     Rate per   Rate per
 TIME                                            20 minutes Hour

 7:00am                                          30          90

 8:00am            48     45     47              45          135

 9:00am     55            70                     60          180

 10:00am    41                                   40          120

 11:00am           52                            50          150

 12:00pm                                         20          60

 1:00pm                                          20          60

 2:00pm                                          20          60

 3:00pm                                          20          60

 4:00pm                                          50          150

Appendix IV –Lake Quannapowitt Utilization Study                                136
Open Space & Recreation Plan


    DAY     Mon    Tue    Wed Thu       Fri    Rate per   Rate per
 TIME                                          20 minutes Hour

 5:00pm                                        50         150

 6:00pm     127    99     138                  120        360

 7:00pm     187           160                  170        510

 8:00pm     172    174    145           110    160        480

 9:00pm     98     122                  57     90         270

 10:00pm    18     102                         50         150

 Total                                                    2,985

Twenty Minute Observations - Saturday and Sunday

 Time       Sat    Sun    Rate per 20   Rate per
                          minutes       Hour

 7:00am                   30            90

 8:00am            52     50            150

 9:00am            77     75            225

 10:00am           91     90            270

 11:00am           90     90            270

 12:00pm    54     65     60            180

 1:00pm                   55            165

 2:00pm     45     51     50            150

 3:00pm     51     63     55            165


Appendix IV – Lake Quannapowitt Utilization Study                    137
                                                   Town of Wakefield


 Time       Sat    Sun    Rate per 20   Rate per
                          minutes       Hour
 4:00pm     48            50            150

 5:00pm     51            50            150

 6:00pm     56            55            165

 7:00pm     62            60            180

 8:00pm            73     75            225

 9:00pm                   50            150

 10:00pm                  25            75

 Total                                  2,760




Appendix IV –Lake Quannapowitt Utilization Study                138

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: Unofficial copy, Open Space Plan for Wakefield, Massachusetts. This is one of various useful tidbits on the town website.