Determining the EGA Handicap by sdfgsg234


									Determining the EGA Handicap

The EGA Handicap System of the European Golf Association adopted by the Swiss Golfing
Assocation (ASG) has the following aims:
- uniform, harmonizing management of the golf handicap system in Switzerland
- exact reflection of the sporting golfer’s potential by means of a handicap
- participation of golfers of different handicaps in competitive games under comparable
- allocation of playing handicaps in accordance with the degree of difficulty of the golf course
   (course und slope rating)

Basis of the method: Stableford
- All qualifying scores must be converted into Stableford points.
- Calculation of the Stableford points taking account of the par score on each hole is done as

Net score at a hole                               Stableford points
2 or more over par (or no score)                   0
1 over par                                         1
Par                                                2
1 under par                                        3
2 under par                                        4
3 under par                                        5
4 under par                                        6

The score in a qualifying competition against par (so-called Bogey competition) must be
converted into Stableford points by adding 36 points to the player’s score.

2 down          -2 + 36 = 34 Stableford
5 up            +5 + 36 = 41 Stableford
All square       0 + 36 = 36 Stableford

The Club secretariat is responsible for calculating the Stableford points. The player is responsible
only for his gross score (Rule 6-6d).
With this new method and the way of calculating the playing handicap which allows for the
difference between the course rating and the par for the course, a player who plays his handicap
exactly achieves a Stableford score of 36 points, whatever the course rating and the par for the

Buffer Zone
The buffer zone is the spread of the score which does not result in any change of the exact

Handicap categories
The exact handicaps are divided into 5 categories. See Table 1.

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Determining the EGA Handicap

Mixed tournaments
To be able to organize mixed match play or stroke play Stableford or against par net tournaments
with a single classification, it is sufficient (if the pars on each hole for men and women are the
same) to use the conversion table Exact Handicaps – Playing Handicaps. For brutto tournaments
it is recommended to arrange separate classifications for men and women.

Exact Handicap
The exact handicap is the number (in decimal points) which reflects the player’s level of play on a
golf course that has a slope rating of 113. It is applied in order to determine a player’s playing
handicap on a specific golf course. The highest number of the exact handicap for ladies and
gentlemen is fixed at 36.0.

Extra Day Score (Card Handicap)
The extra day score is the score in Stableford points that a player achieves on his home course,
but not in a qualifying competition and provided the handicap conditions are respected. The
player must announce in advance his intention to play an extra day score (qualifying card). The
Club may make restrictions with regard to the marker (exclude members of the player’s family,
demand a different marker for each card).

Handicap allowances

Match Play
Official forms of game (see the rules of golf)

Full difference between the playing handicaps.

The team with the greater total of playing handicaps receives 50% of the difference between the
totals of the playing handicaps of each team.

The player who has the lowest handicap plays scratch and gives each of the other three players
90% of the difference of the playing handicaps.

Unofficial forms of game
Greensome and Chapman:
In each team the player with the lowest handicap receives 60%, the other 40% of his own playing
handicap. These two figures are counted together without being rounded up or down. The total
that is the handicap of the team is rounded to the next whole number. The team with the highest
handicap receives the full difference between the two sides.

Stroke Play, Stableford, Against Par
Official forms of game (see rules of golf)

The player gets the full playing handicap.

The team receives 50% of the total of the playing handicaps of both players.

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Determining the EGA Handicap

Each player receives 90% of his own playing handicap.

Unofficial forms of game
Greensome and Chapman:
In each team the player with the lowest handicap receives 60%, the other 40% of his own playing
handicap. To obtain the team’s handicap, these two figures are counted together without
rounding up or down. The total is then rounded to the next whole number.

In all cases the calculated values are rounded up or down to the next whole number.

In a mixed competition each team has to consist of one male player and one female player. In a
mixed-up competition each team can consist of 2 male players, 2 female players or 1 male player
and 1 female player according to the choice of the participants.

Handicap conditions
Prerequisites of handicap conditions:
- course rating by the ASG according to the USGA method
- no length deviations of the tee markings (more than 100 meters) from the measured and
    rated lengths
- observance of the rules of the Royal & Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews as well as the official
    local rules
- forms of game for singles: stroke play, Stableford or against par subject to the handicap
    standard for Stableford or against par
- confirmation of the score by qualified markers recognized by the Club

Handicap stroke
A handicap stroke is a fictitious stroke deducted from the player’s gross score. If the player has a
plus handicap, the handicap stroke is added to his score.

Handicap stroke index
The Club must designate the sequence of holes on its score card on which the fictitious strokes
are added or deducted. Players who have a plus handicap do their strokes on the easier holes
(stroke index 18, 17, etc.).

Home Club
A player’s home club is the club of which the player is a member and which is responsible for the
management of his handicap. A player who is a member of several clubs must specify his home
club at the beginning of the year. A change of home club is only possible at that moment.

Playing abroad
If a player whose country has introduced the EGA Handicap System takes part in tournaments of
a country where this is not yet the case, he must play with the playing handicap obtained in his
home club and play from the same tee. This must be proved in certain circumstances. Otherwise
he must play with his exact handicap. On the other hand, a player whose country has not yet
introduced the EGA Handicap System, must play with his playing handicap in a country where
this is the case.

Tee markings
The course and slope ratings for gentlemen have been calculated from the "White*" and
"Yellow**" tees, and for ladies from the "Blue*" and "Red**" tees. (* = Back tees, ** = Forward

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Determining the EGA Handicap

Handicap changes
- If a player obtains a net score within the buffer zone, his exact handicap will not be changed.
   In all other cases it will be changed according to the indications in Table 1:

Handicap       Exact Handicap     Buffer Zone          Net score lower than    Net score higher
category:                                              buffer zone             than buffer zone:
                                                       (+ no return)           Per point over 36
                                                       Increase in the         Reduction in the
                                                       handicap by:            handicap by:
      1        - 4.4              35-36                0.1                     0.1

      2        4.5 – 11.4         34-36                0.1                     0.2

      3        11.5 – 18.4        33-36                0.1                     0.3

      4        18.5 – 26.4        32-36                0.1                     0.4

      5        26.5 – 36.0        31-36                0.2                     0.5

-   If the reduction in the player’s exact handicap leads to the next lower category, the factor of
    the corresponding category is applied for calculating his new handicap. Example:

If a player with the exact handicap of 19.1 submits a card with a score of 42 points, the reduction
in his exact handicap is calculated as follows:

Category 4:     19.1 – (2 x 0.4) = 19.1 – 0.8 = 18.3
Category 3:     18.3 – (4 x 0.3) = 18.3 – 1.2 = 17.1
The player’s new exact handicap is: 17.1

-   All qualifying scores of a player, i.e. all results that have been achieved in a qualifying
    competition or an extra day score, in both cases also from cards not submitted (no return),
    must be registered by the Club on the respective handicap control sheet, in Stableford points
    and in chronological sequence.

-   The changes in the exact handicap when the qualifying scores are known must be made by
    the Club’s handicap committee. These changes must be communicated to all players without
    delay, as is generally customary in golf clubs, e.g. on notice boards, etc.

-   The Club’s handicap committee must alter the exact handicap of its members up or down if
    these handicaps no longer correspond to their actual level of play. Such alterations
    particularly concern players who seldom participate in tournaments with individual
    classification or not at all. If this measure concerns a category 1 player, or should a category
    2 player be graded in category 1, the handicap commission of the ASG must first be

-   The exact handicap of a player who throughout the season has not submitted at least 2
    qualifying scores, must be increased by 1 point at the end of the year.

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Determining the EGA Handicap

-   Every player who has reached an exact handicap of 28.0 can, if he wishes, ask his Club not
    to increase his exact handicap beyond 28.0.

Duties of the player
- Before each tournament the player must check the correctness of his playing handicap.
- The player must report to his home club all qualifying scores achieved outside his Club.

Receipt of an exact handicap
To obtain his first handicap (36), a player must submit at least 3 cards (of which at least two
played in his home club) with a result of 36 Stableford points or more. These scores must have
been played under the extra day score conditions. In this case he will be awarded a
provisional exact handicap of 36. The first handicap is subject to successfully passing an exam
on etiquette and rules.

Winter period
Handicap conditions can exist during the winter period (December – April) even if the rule
"Preferred Lies" applies. It is therefore still possible to achieve a qualifying score (in which case
all results have to be counted).

Loss of handicap
A player loses his ASG handicap when he leaves or is excluded from his home club.

Playing handicap
The playing handicap is the number of strokes that a player on a course – from the given tees:
white, yellow, blue, red – receives for his game. It depends on the player’s exact handicap and
the slope rating of the course and is calculated according to the following formula:
Playing Handicap = Exact Handicap x (Slope Rating / 113) + (Course Rating – Par)
Each Club must display a table that indicates the relative relationship between the exact handicap
and the playing handicap.

A playing handicap can be higher than 36 if the slope rating is is higher than 113.

Qualifying score
A qualifying score is a score that has been played in a qualifying competition or extra day score.
In both cases a scorecard not submitted (no return) is regarded as a qualifying score. A qualifying
score can be achieved even if a course rule allows the ball to be moved to a better lie (preferred

Qualifying scores that do not count:
- results that have been achieved together with a partner, except for the fourball game
- results that have dropped below the buffer zone in a qualifying competition in which, due to
   unfavourable conditions, less than 10% of the results lie within or above the corresponding
   buffer zone

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Determining the EGA Handicap

Qualifying Competition / Non-Qualifying Competition
A qualifying competition is a tournament in which the handicap conditions have been respected;
all results must be taken into consideration for the handicapping. A tournament can be declared
a non-qualifying competition if this has been announced beforehand as such by the
Championship Committee. In this case no result is effective for the handicap.

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