RONALD rheology by mikeholy


									                                      RONALD E. PITT


     Associate Vice President for Academic Affairs   Bridgewater State College   2003-present
     Director of the Faculty Development Center      Bryant College              1999-2003
     Professor                                       Cornell University          1992-99
     Associate Professor (tenured 1985)              Cornell University          1985-92
     Assistant Professor                             Cornell University          1980-85
     Lecturer                                        Cornell University          1979-80
     Graduate Research/Teaching Assistant            Cornell University          1976-79
     Research Assistant                              University of Wisconsin     1974-76


     Ph.D., 1980
     Cornell University, Mechanical Engineering
     Minors: Applied Probability, Theoretical and Applied Mechanics

     M.S., 1977
     University of Wisconsin-Madison, Agricultural Engineering

     B.S., 1974 with Senior High Honors
     University of Wisconsin-Madison, Agricultural Engineering

     Sabbatic Leaves

     Department of Animal Science, Cornell University, March-August 1993.

     Cryobiology Laboratory, Cornell University, January-April 1987.
     Scottish Centre of Agricultural Engineering, April-June 1987.


     Bridgewater State College, Bridgewater, MA

     Responsible for coordinating resources for faculty professional development, student
     appeals, and grants and contracts office.


     Bryant College, Smithfield, RI
     1999 – 2003

Development of programs to strengthen the academic qualifications of the faculty at
Bryant College, with a particular focus on the integration of technology.

Research Development

Conducted discussion forums and supported research groups in human-subjects research,
grant proposal development, use of SPSS, and mathematical finance. Developed
documentation for in-house requests for funding, institutional approvals for external
grants, and guidelines on indirect costs and fringe benefits. Subscribed to IRIS funding
database and helped faculty seek external support.

Institutional Review Board for Human Subjects

Initiated and developed the college’s first guidelines on use of human subjects in
research, and wrote the proposal to establish an Institutional Review Board, which was
approved by the Committee on College Organization, the V.P. for Academic Affairs, and
the President.


PI on a three-year, $250,000 grant from the Davis Educational Foundation for faculty
development in instructional technology. Funding will provide support for a full-time
instructional technology specialist, a faculty-to-faculty mentoring program, and a small-
grants initiative for new ideas on the integration of technology and pedagogy. Grant
awarded November, 2001.


Vice Coordinator of the institution’s ten-year reaffirmation of AACSB accreditation in
2001-2003. Second author of the self-evaluation document, with responsibility for major
areas of data collection and analysis. Chair of Faculty Composition and Development
section and evaluator of faculty academic qualifications.

Teaching Workshops, Seminars, and Discussions

Conducted over thirty public events per year on topics including use of technology in
teaching, class discussions, case method of teaching, and Bryant’s international and
diversity initiatives.

Managing Editor, Bryant Literary Review

Manager of the production, publication, and budget of the Bryant Literary Review, a
national magazine of poetry and fiction. First issue published in Spring, 2000 (over 3000
submissions each year). Web site is at

Newsletter: The Faculty Network

Created and published a faculty development newsletter. The themes centered on
“Looking Ahead in our Disciplines,” “The Climate for Honesty,” “The Impact of
Technology on Teaching,” “Managing Students’ Expectations,” “Assessing Our Progress
as an Institution,” “Interactions Between Teaching and Research,” “Facilitating Class
Discussions,” and “Helping Students Make International Connections.” Collected survey
data and wrote an article on the needs of new faculty.

Global Perspectives on Accounting Education

Partner with Accounting faculty member on the development of new, academic, peer-
reviewed online journal. Website is at

Faculty Mentoring

Provided individual consultation to approximately 130 faculty as requested on a variety of
issues, including promotion and tenure, hiring, student/faculty interactions, academic
integrity, and resource allocation.

Web Presence

Proposed and obtained approval to launch Blackboard web product in Fall, 2001.
Responsible for deployment, system administration, and training of faculty, resulting in
550 websites in three semesters. Also worked with four academic departments, several
academic minors, and Honors Program to create web sites. Collaborated with all Bryant
faculty to create academic profiles for the Bryant web site.

Distance Learning

Every semester and summer, delivered a six-session training course for faculty teaching
in the distance-learning executive MBA program for the Naval Undersea Warfare Center.

Committee Responsibilities

Chair of the college-wide Assessment Committee and Portfolio Task Force. Member of
President’s Advisory Council, faculty advising committee, faculty search advisory group,
Diversity Council, Bryant Momentum editorial board, and committees for strategic
planning, new Communication and Applied Psychology departments, forty faculty
searches, faculty handbook development, protection from harassment, web site
development, technology infrastructure, classroom redesign, First-Year Success Program,
K-12 initiatives, and Bryant Financial Markets Center.

Teaching and Advising

Teacher of CIS 361, Digital Multimedia System Design (seven semesters). Facilitator for
the First-Year Success Program and faculty advisor for 24 undergraduates. Volunteered
as math specialist in the Academic Center for Excellence, Fall 1999. Co-author of paper
describing CIS 361 course (see refereed publications).

     Recent Professional Service

     Reviewer for three papers in “To Improve the Academy,” January, 2003. Chair and
     discussant of session at the Northeast Political Science Association meeting, Fall, 2002.
     Invited presenter of four workshops for K-12 teachers on multimedia in the classroom.


     Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
     Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering
     Colleges of Engineering, and Agriculture and Life Sciences
     January 1980 – June 1999

     Research, teaching, advising, program administration, and industry outreach in the
     application of engineering to living systems. Research interests included mathematical
     modeling of microbial and enzymatic processes, noise-induced hearing loss in humans,
     and low-temperature biology and cryopreservation.

     Effort Distribution, 1996-99

     Administration: Director of Department Undergraduate Program – 35%
     Research – 30%
     Teaching – 30%
     Cooperative Extension – 5%

     Awards for Teaching and Research

     1999, 1996 J. P. and Mary Barger Excellence in Teaching Awards from the College of
       Engineering ($2,000 award).

     1997 One of ten professors across the university nominated for outstanding teaching
       award by Cornell Greek system.

     1995 Professor of Merit Award from the senior class of the College of Agriculture and
       Life Sciences, given to one of 400 faculty per year.

     1995, 1994 Named by Merrill Presidential Scholars Adam Whitman and Susannah Daly
       as most influential Cornell professor.

     1992 National ASAE Young Researcher Award. Given to one person per year by ASAE
       technical engineering society.

     1992 NABEC Young Engineer of the Year Award. Northeast Agricultural and Biological
       Engineering Council.

1991 ASAE Paper Award for "The Probability of Inoculant Effectiveness in Alfalfa
  Silages" by R. E. Pitt. Published in Transactions of the ASAE.

1986, 1987 Honorable Mentions for Excellence-in-Teaching Award, given by Cornell
  Delta Chapter of Tau Beta Pi.

1984, 1985 Outstanding Faculty Awards, given by the Cornell Student Branch of the

1984 ASAE Paper Award for "Mathematical Prediction of Density and Temperature of
  Ensiled Forage" by R. E. Pitt. Published in Transactions of the ASAE.

1983 ASAE Paper Award for "Design Criteria for a Forage Plant Fractionation Press" by
  R. E. Pitt, R. J. Straub, R. G. Koegel, and H. D. Bruhn. Published in Transactions of
  the ASAE. (ASAE Paper Awards are given to ten papers per year out of a pool of

1983 ASAE Paper Award for "Models for the Rheology and Statistical Strength of
  Uniformly Stressed Vegetative Tissue" by R. E. Pitt. Published in Transactions of the

Areas of Research

Engineering aspects of animal physiology.
Simulation modeling of microbial and enzymatic processes in natural fermentations.
Cryopreservation for reproductive technologies.
Noise induced hearing loss in humans.
Micromechanics of cellular materials.

Interdisciplinary Activities

Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology. Collaboration on NSF proposal to digitize the
Library of Natural Sounds (1999). Field trips with BEE 454 class for demonstrations on

New York City Water Supply Protection Project (1993-98). One of 18 Cornell principals
performing research to assist New York City in preventing pathogen and nutrient
pollution in Catskill watershed region. Focus on nutrient management.

College of Veterinary Medicine. Collaboration with faculty in teaching and research
activities for both graduate and undergraduate students on projects related to
anesthesiology, sensory ecology, and medical imaging.

Integrating Knowledge to Improve Agricultural Sustainability (1994-96). Co-led a
sustainable development project involving 24 faculty and staff in eight departments.
Performed systematic analysis of the nutrient flows on two large dairy farms.

Department of Animal Science. Collaboration with faculty working on animal nutrition
and reproduction. Joint research projects, guest lectures, co-teaching of An. Sci. 412.
Elected to a joint appointment in the department in 1993.

External Funding

New York Center for Agricultural Medicine and Health, $144,400
  Noise Induced Hearing Loss, Sept. 1996 - Aug. 1999

New York Center for Advanced Technology in Biotechnology, $83,665
  Co-sponsored by Ralston Purina International, Agway, Countrymark, Pennfield,
  Pioneer Hi-Bred, and Cargill, July 1996 - June 1999

New York City Watershed Project, $100,000 (individual share)
  One of 18 Cornell Principals on a multi-million dollar project
  to protect the quality of New York City's drinking water.

Agricultural Ecosystems Project, $18,000
  Soil Modeling and Water Quality Monitoring on a New York Dairy Farm
  May 1995 - Dec. 1995

USDA-CSRS, $108,000
  National Needs Fellowships: Animal Bioengineering, Sept. 1993-Aug. 1998

National Science Foundation, $75,802
  Effect of Electroporation on Permeation of Water and
  Cryoprotectants Across Membranes of Biological Cells,
  Sept. 1993-Aug. 1995

National Science Foundation, $214,827
  Stochastic-Process Modeling of Intracellular Ice Formation
  during Freezing of Biological Cells, Sept. 1989-Aug. 1993

BASF, Inc., $7,590
  Use of Formic-Acid Based Silage Preservatives on Legume
  Crops in the Northeastern U.S., May, 1990

New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets, $29,500
  Co-Investigator: Preservation of Protein in Haycrop Silages
  on New York Dairy Farms, Aug. 1989-Aug. 1990

National Institutes of Health, $56,952
  Co-Investigator: Cryopreservation of

  Drosophila Embryos, Dec. 1986-Nov. 1989

National Science Foundation, $58,295
  Mechanics of Soft Tissue in Plant Products, Jan. 1986-June 1988

Agway, Inc., $4,000
  Enzyme Additives for Silage, Sept., 1988
  Survey and Analysis of Haycrop Preservation in
  Bunker Silos, Sept. 1989

Finnsugar Biochemical, Ltd., $6,650
   Effect of Enzyme Additives on Silage Quality, April, 1989

Chr. Hansen's Laboratory, $10,350
  The Economic Benefit of Silage Inoculants, Jan. 1986
  Enzyme Additives for Silage, Sept. 1988
  Innovative Silage Inoculants, Oct. 1992

U.S. Department of Agriculture, $48,347
  Chemical Conditioning Systems for Forage
  Harvesting on Small Farms in the Northeast, Aug. 1982-Mar. 1985

Kemin Industries, Inc., $7,443
  The Effectiveness of Silage Inoculants, July 1984-Mar. 1985

National Science Foundation, $39,527
  Research Initiation: Accumulative Mechanical
  Damage to Agricultural Products, May 1980-Oct. 1982

National Science Foundation, $44,875
  Co-investigator: Physical Testing Facility for
  Agricultural Products, Aug. 1980-Jan. 1982

Paper Review Activities

Animal Feed Science and Technology
Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Canadian Agricultural Engineering
Grass and Forage Science
Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research
Journal of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
Journal of Dairy Science
Journal of Mathematical Biology
Journal of Production Agriculture
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Journal of Texture Studies
Natural Resources, Agriculture, and Engineering Service
Plant Physiology
Transactions of the ASAE

Proposal Review Activities

Binational Agricultural Research and Development Fund
National Institute of Standards and Technology
National Science Foundation
U. S. Department of Agriculture
U. S. Department of Energy

Undergraduate Director for Biological and Environmental Engineering (1996-99)

Responsibilities included implementing curriculum and advising system; student
recruitment and retention; assigning advising loads; interfacing between faculty and
university administration; creating written and web-based information about program;
and coordinating services with undergraduate deans and offices for counseling and
advising, career development, admissions, and minority and women’s programs.

Leader of 1998 ABET engineering accreditation process for departmental program,
including development of 350-page document detailing curriculum, courses, faculty,
students, and support services. Solicited input from 18 faculty and collected course and
vita information. Prepared faculty for site visit. Program received full, six-year

College Recruitment Initiatives

Director of Explorations in Engineering 1998, an intensive, six-week program for 85 high
school seniors from all over the world. Program open to all students but targeted toward
under-represented minorities. Designed program content, created three new hands-on
labs, arranged tours and departmental visits, recruited faculty speakers, coordinated with
college initiatives, mentored students, supervised staff of eight, and conducted opening
and closing ceremonies.

Faculty advisor and speaker for 1998 CURIE Academy, a one-week engineering program
for 40 high school women. Helped develop new project, recruited faculty participants,
met with students, and gave presentation on design in nature.

Institutional Service, 1990-99

Ad Hoc Tenure Review and Promotion Committees (four total, chair of one).

Faculty Search Committees (four total, chair of one).

Committee on Academic Achievement and Petitions (1994-99; chair, 1997-98).

Volunteer in Office of Counseling and Advising, Fall 1997 (10 hours/week).

Pre-Med Interviewer for Health Careers Evaluation Committee (1995-99). Interviewed
16 students applying to medical school.

Faculty advisor for Cornell Student Branch of Biomedical Engineering Society (1994-99).

Faculty Advisory Council for Engineering Minority Programs Office (1996-99).

Academic Integrity Hearing Board (member, 1991-94; backup member, 1994-99).

College and Department Curriculum Committees (1996-99).

Task forces on Academic Honors and Quantitative Literacy (1998-99).

Faculty Fellow for Baker Court Dormitory (Spring, 1997).

Presidential Appointee to Search Committee for Judicial Advisor (1994).

Courses Developed

Physiological Engineering, 3 credits, 1994-99. 20-42 students.
Prerequisite: fluid mechanics
Engineering analysis and design in the physiology of animals and humans. Use of
engineering principles to study how animals work in nature and to intervene in
physiological functions. The two major themes are: frequency analysis as applied to
neural conduction, sound processing, vision, and image processing; and systematics as
applied to cardiovascular and respiratory systems, bioenergetics, and locomotion.
Laboratories involve experiments, computing applications, field trips, and live animal

Life After Graduation, 1 credit, 1997-99. 85-110 students.
A forum to discuss the career opportunities for engineering students and the activities and
curricula that will lead to these opportunities. A series of seminars are given by
practicing engineers, Cornell faculty members, alumni, staff from career offices, and
students. Students develop written career plans, perform a web search for jobs, and select
future courses to meet their career goals.

Engineering Applications in Biological Systems, 3 credits 1980-92. 25-65 students.
Prerequisite: sophomore status in an engineering curriculum.

Case studies of engineering problems in agricultural, biological, and environmental
systems, including bioremediation, environmental controls, energy, biomedicine, and
food engineering. Emphasis is on the application of mathematics, physics, and the
engineering sciences to energy and mass balances in biological systems.

Undergraduate Advising

Number of undergraduate advisees – typically about 40

Graduate Field Memberships

Biological and Environmental Engineering
Biomedical Engineering
Conservation and Sustainable Development

Graduate Majors

Robert Hoy, M.Eng. 1999
Terecita Pierluissi, M.Eng., 1998
Theresa Hitselberger, M.Eng., 1998
Shana Bloomfield, M.P.S., 1998
Christopher Erickson, M.S., 1997
Chunsheng Jiang, Ph.D., 1997
James Houser, Ph.D., 1996
Jill Sangree, M.Eng., 1996
Christina Mueller, M.Eng., 1995
Murali Chandrasekaran, Ph.D., 1994
Stephen Delwiche, Ph.D, 1990
Ta-Te Lin, M.S., 1985; Ph.D., 1988
Qiong Gao, M.S., 1984; Ph.D., 1987
Neil B. McLaughlin, Ph.D., 1982

Graduate Minors

Shih-Jon Wang, Ph.D., Animal Science
Patricia Crosscombe, M.S. 1996; Ph.D., Education
Antonello Cannas, Ph.D., Animal Science
Carolina Diaz, M.S., Animal Science
Pablo Guiroy, M.S., Animal Science
Luis Tedeschi, Ph.D., Animal Science
Rodrigo Ruiz, M.S./Ph.D., Animal Science
Miriam Yener, Ph.D., Food Science, 1996
Ajay Bhaskar, Ph.D., Food Science, 1996
Paul Ndiwena, Ph.D., Animal Science, 1993
Kurt Ruppel, M.S., Animal Science, 1992
Douglas Rector, M.S., Food Science, 1992
Olga Padilla, Ph.D., Food Science, 1991

James Daniels, Ph.D., Food Science, 1990
David Dreesen, Ph.D., Vegetable Crops, 1988
Carlos Aguilar-Salazar, M.S., Food Science, 1988
Jin-Shi Chen, Ph.D., Agricultural Engineering, 1986
Jae Young Lee, Ph.D., Agricultural Engineering, 1986
Richard Gates, Ph.D., Agricultural Engineering, 1984
Michael R. Greenfield, M.S., Mechanical Engineering, 1981

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Matthew Panzarella, 1999 (co-advised with Marjolein van der Meulen)
   Bending strength of bone fracture fixation methods on the fifth metatarsal.

Susannah C. Daly, 1995 (co-advised with Charles Short, Dan Aneshansley)
   Compressed spectral analysis of brain wave changes evoked by audio stimuli
   during propofol anesthesia in a canine model

Refereed Publications

Records, H.R., and R.E. Pitt (2003) Teaching digital multimedia as a component of
   business education. Journal of Information Systems Education 14:31-40.

Jiang, C., R. E. Pitt, J. E. A. Bertram, and D. J. Aneshansley (1999) Fractal-based image
    texture analysis of trabecular bone architecture. Medical and Biological Engineering
    and Computing 37:413-418.

Pitt, R. E., T. L. Cross, A. N. Pell, P. Schofield, and P. Doane (1999) Use of in vitro gas
    production models in ruminal kinetics. Mathematical Biosciences 159:145-163.

Klausner, S. D., D. G. Fox, C. N. Rasmussen, R. E. Pitt, J. J. Hanchar, T. P. Tylutki, P. E.
   Wright, and L. E. Chase (1998) Improving dairy farm sustainability I: An approach to
   animal and crop nutrient management planning. Journal of Production Agriculture

Hutson, J., R. E. Pitt, R. K. Koelsch, J. B. Houser, and R. J. Wagenet (1998) Improving
   dairy farm sustainability II: Environmental losses and nutrient flows. Journal of
   Production Agriculture 11:233-239.

Pell, A. N., R. E. Pitt, P. H. Doane, and P. Schofield (1998) The development, use and
    application of the gas production technique at Cornell University. Occasional
    Publication, No. 22, pages 45-54. In In Vitro Techniques for Measuring Nutrient
    Supply to Ruminants. British Society of Animal Science.

Pitt, R. E., and A. N. Pell (1997) Modeling ruminal pH fluctuations: Interactions between
    meal frequency and digestion rate. Journal of Dairy Science 80:2429-2441.

Pitt, R. E. (1997) Modeling the effects of propionic acid bacteria in silage. Transactions
    of the ASAE 40:405-411.

Pitt, R. E., J. E. Parks, S. C. Huber, and J. A Sangree (1997) Glycerol permeability of rye
    leaf protoplasts as affected by temperature and electroporation. Plant Cell, Tissue and
    Organ Culture 50:215-219.

Pitt, R. E., J. S. Van Kessel, D. G. Fox, M. C. Barry, and P. J. Van Soest (1996)
    Prediction of ruminal volatile fatty acids and pH within the net carbohydrate and
    protein system. Journal of Animal Science 74:226-244.

Fox, D. G., M. C. Barry, R. E. Pitt, D. K. Roseler, and W. C. Stone. (1995) Application
   of the Cornell Net Carbohydrate and Protein model for cattle consuming forages.
   Journal of Animal Science 73:267-277.

Ruppel, K.A., R.E. Pitt, L.E. Chase, and D.M. Galton (1995) Bunker silo management
   and its relation to forage preservation on dairy farms. Journal of Dairy Science

Chandrasekaran, M., R.E. Pitt, D.J. Aneshansley, and J.E. Parks (1995) Effect of
   electroporation on intracellular ice formation in rye leaf protoplasts. Cryobiology

Pitt, R.E. (1995) A model of aflatoxin formation in stored products. Transactions of the
    ASAE 38:1445-1453.

Pitt, R.E. and R.E. Muck (1995) Enumeration of lactic acid bacteria on harvested alfalfa
    at long and short wilting times. Transactions of the ASAE 38:1633-1639.

Muck, R. E. and R. E. Pitt (1994) Aerobic deterioration in corn silage relative to the silo
  face. Transactions of the ASAE 37:735-743.

Maki, K., J. A. Bartsch, R. E. Pitt, and A. C. Leopold (1994) Viscoelastic properties and
  the glassy state in soybeans. Seed Science Research 4:27-31.

Schofield, P., R. E. Pitt, and A. N. Pell (1994) Kinetics of fiber digestion from in vitro
   gas production. Journal of Animal Science 72:2980-2991.

Pitt, R. E. (1993) A descriptive model of mold growth and aflatoxin formation as affected
    by environmental conditions. Journal of Food Protection 56:139-146.

Knowlton, K. F., R. E. Pitt, and D. G. Fox (1993) Model-predicted value of enzyme-
   treated alfalfa silage for lactating dairy cows. Journal of Production Agriculture

Wilks, D. S., R. E. Pitt, and G. W. Fick (1993) Modeling optimal alfalfa harvest
   scheduling using short-range weather forecasts. Agricultural Systems 42:277-305.

Rotz, C. A., R. E. Pitt, R. E. Muck, M. S. Allen, and D. R. Buckmaster (1993) Direct-cut
   harvest and storage of alfalfa on the dairy farm. Transactions of the ASAE 36:621-

Ruffing, N. A., P. L. Steponkus, R. E. Pitt, and J. E. Parks (1993) Osmometric behavior,
   hydraulic conductivity and incidence of intracellular ice formation in bovine oocytes
   at different developmental stages. Cryobiology 30:562-580.

Pitt, R. E. and R. E. Muck (1993) A diffusion model of aerobic deterioration at the
    exposed face of bunker silos. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research 55:11-26.

Delwiche, S. R., R. E. Pitt, and K. H. Norris (1992) Sensitivity of near infrared absorption
   to moisture content vs. water activity in starch and cellulose. Cereal Chemistry

Delwiche, S. R., K. H. Norris, and R. E. Pitt (1992) Temperature sensitivity of near
   infrared scattering transmittance spectra of starch and cellulose. Applied
   Spectroscopy 46:782-789.

Pitt, R. E., M. Chandrasekaran, and J. E. Parks (1992) Performance of a kinetic model for
    intracellular ice formation based on the extent of supercooling. Cryobiology 29:359-

Knowlton, K. F., R. E. Pitt, and D. G. Fox (1992) Dynamic model prediction of the value
   of reduced solubility of alfalfa silage protein for lactating dairy cattle. Journal of
   Dairy Science 75:1507-1516.

Chandrasekaran, M. and R. E. Pitt (1992) On the use of nucleation theory to model
   intracellular ice formation. Cryo-Letters 13:261-272.

Pitt, R. E. (1992) Viscoelastic properties of fruits and vegetables. In Viscoelastic
    Properties of Foods (M. A. Rao, J. F. Steffe, eds.). Elsevier Applied Science
    Publishers. pp. 49-76.

Pitt, R. E., S. P. Myers, Ta-Te Lin, and P. L. Steponkus (1991) Subfreezing volumetric
    behavior and stochastic modeling of intracellular ice formation in Drosophila
    melanogaster embryos. Cryobiology 28:72-86.

Muck, R. E., R. E. Pitt, and R. Y. Leibensperger (1991) A model of aerobic fungal
  growth in silage, I. Microbial characteristics. Grass and Forage Science 46:283-299.

Pitt, R. E., R. E. Muck, and N. B. Pickering (1991) A model of aerobic fungal growth in
    silage, II. Aerobic stability. Grass and Forage Science 46:301-312.

Pitt, R. E. (1991) Thermodynamics and intracellular ice formation. In Advances in Low
    Temperature Biology (P. L. Steponkus, ed.) 1:63-99. JAI Press.

Gao, Q. and R. E. Pitt (1991) Mechanics of parenchyma tissue based on cell orientation
   and microstructure. Transactions of the ASAE 34:232-238.

Pitt, R. E., Y. Liu, and R. E. Muck (1991) Simulation of the effect of additives on aerobic
    stability of alfalfa and corn silages. Transactions of the ASAE 34:1633-1641.

Delwiche, S. R., R. E. Pitt, and K. H. Norris (1991) Examination of starch-water and
   cellulose-water interactions with near infrared (NIR) diffuse reflectance spectroscopy.
   Starch 43:415-422.

Pitt, R. E. and M. B. McGechan (1990) The rewetting of partially dried grass swaths by
    rain, I. Lumped and distributed models of moisture fluctuation. Journal of
    Agricultural Engineering Research 45:55-67.

McGechan, M. B. and R. E. Pitt (1990) The rewetting of partially dried grass swaths by
  rain, II. Exploratory experiments into absorption and drying rates. Journal of
  Agricultural Engineering Research 45:69-76.

Steponkus, P. L., S. P. Myers, D. V. Lynch, R. E. Pitt, Ta-Te Lin, R. J. MacIntyre, S. P.
   Leibo, and W. F. Rall (1990) Cryobiology of Drosophila melanogaster embryos. In
   Insects at Low Temperatures (R. E. Lee, Jr. and D. L. Denlinger, eds.), pp. 408-423.
   John Wiley and Sons.

Steponkus, P. L., S. P. Myers, D. V. Lynch, L. Gardner, V. Bronshteyn, S. P. Leibo, W. F.
   Rall, R. E. Pitt, Ta-Te Lin, and R. J. MacIntyre (1990) Cryopreservation of
   Drosophila melanogaster embryos. Nature 345:170-172.

Gao, Q., R. E. Pitt, and A. Ruina (1990) A mechanics model of the compression of cells
   with finite initial contact area. Biorheology 27:225-240.

Pitt, R. E. (1990) Cryobiological implications of different methods of calculating the
    chemical potential of water in partially frozen suspending media. Cryo-Letters

Pitt, R. E. (1990) A model of cellulase and amylase additives in silage. Journal of Dairy
    Science 73:1788-1799.

Pitt, R. E. (1990) The probability of inoculant effectiveness in alfalfa silages.
    Transactions of the ASAE 33:1771-1778.

Pitt, R. E. and P. L. Steponkus (1989) Quantitative analysis of the probability of
    intracellular ice formation during freezing of isolated protoplasts. Cryobiology 26:44-

Gao, Q., R. E. Pitt, and J. A. Bartsch (1989) Elastic-plastic constitutive relations of the
   cell walls of apple and potato parenchyma. Journal of Rheology 33:233-256.

Pitt, R. E. and K. G. Gebremedhin (1989) Effects of forage species, chop length, moisture
    content, and harvest number on tower silo capacity and wall loads. Journal of
    Agricultural Engineering Research 44:205-215.

Brusewitz, G. H., R. E. Pitt, and Q. Gao (1989) Effects of storage time and static
   preloading on the rheology of potato tissue. Journal of Texture Studies 20:267-284.

Lynch, D. V., Ta-Te Lin, S. P. Myers, S. P. Leibo, R. J. MacIntyre, R. E. Pitt, and P. L.
   Steponkus (1989) A two-step method for permeabilization of Drosophila eggs.
   Cryobiology 26:445-452.

Lin, Ta-Te, R. E. Pitt, and P. L. Steponkus (1989) Osmometric behavior of Drosophila
    melanogaster embryos. Cryobiology 26:453-471.

Myers, S. P., R. E. Pitt, D. V. Lynch, and P. L. Steponkus (1989) Characterization of
  intracellular ice formation in Drosophila melanogaster embryos. Cryobiology

Leibensperger, R. Y. and R. E. Pitt (1988) Modeling the effects of formic acid and
   molasses on ensilage. Journal of Dairy Science 71:1220-1231.

Myers, S. P., Ta-Te Lin, R. E. Pitt, and P. L. Steponkus (1987) Osmometric
  characteristics and cryobehavior of bovine oocytes. Cryo-Letters 8:260- 275.

Pitt, R. E. (1987) Theory of particle size distributions for chopped forages. Transactions
    of the ASAE 30:1246-1253.

Pitt, R. E. and J.-Y. Parlange (1987) Effluent production from silage with application to
    tower silos. Transactions of the ASAE 30:1198-1204, 1208.

Leibensperger, R. Y. and R. E. Pitt (1987) A model of clostridial dominance in ensilage.
   Grass and Forage Science 42:297-317.

Pitt, R. E. and R. Y. Leibensperger (1987) The effectiveness of silage inoculants: a
    systems approach. Agricultural Systems 25:27-49.

Bartsch, J. A., N. B. McLaughlin, and R. E. Pitt (1986) A computerized control and data
   acquisition system for a universal testing machine. Journal of Texture Studies

Gates, R. S., R. E. Pitt, A. Ruina, and J. R. Cooke (1986) Cell-wall elastic constitutive
   laws and stress-strain behavior of plant vegetative tissue. Biorheology 23:453-466.

Gao, Q., R. E. Pitt, and A. Ruina (1986) A model to predict soil forces on the plough
   mouldboard. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research 35:141-155.

Pitt, R. E. (1986) Dry-matter losses due to oxygen infiltration in silos. Journal of
    Agricultural Engineering Research 35:193-205.

Lin, Ta-Te and R. E. Pitt (1986) Rheology of apple and potato tissue as affected by cell
    turgor pressure. Journal of Texture Studies 17:291-313.

Pitt, R. E. (1985) Evaporation-based drying rate of forage: effects of desiccants and crop
    density. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 105:223-229.

Pitt, R. E., R. E. Muck, and R. Y. Leibensperger (1985) A quantitative model of the
    ensilage process in lactate silages. Grass and Forage Science 40: 279-303.

Gates, R. S., N. R. Scott, R. E. Pitt, and D. L. Bartel (1985) Elastic constitutive laws for
   cow teat tissue undergoing finite deformations. Biorheology 22:495-508.

McLaughlin, N. B. and R. E. Pitt (1984) Failure characteristics of apple tissue under
  cyclic loading. Transactions of the ASAE 27:311-320.

Pitt, R. E. (1984) Stress-strain and failure characteristics of potato tissue under cyclic
    loading. Journal of Texture Studies 15:131-155.

Lazarus, W. F. and R. E. Pitt (1984) Economic feasibility of diesel fuel substitutes from
   oilseeds in New York State. Energy in Agriculture 3:211-221.

Pitt, R. E. and D. C. Davis (1984) Finite element analysis of fluid-filled cell response to
    external loading. Transactions of the ASAE 27:1976-1983.

Pitt, R. E. (1984) Stochastic theory of forage drying as related to pan evaporation.
    Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 32:197-215.

Pitt, R. E. (1984) Forage drying in relation to pan evaporation. Transactions of the ASAE
    27:1933-1937, 1944.

Pitt, R. E. and H. L. Chen (1983) Time-dependent aspects of the strength and rheology of
    vegetative tissue. Transactions of the ASAE 26:1275-1280.

Pitt, R. E. (1983) Mathematical prediction of density and temperature of ensiled forage.
    Transactions of the ASAE 26:1522-1527.

Smith, R. L., S. L. Phoenix, M. R. Greenfield, R. B. Henstenburg, and R. E. Pitt (1983)
   Lower-tail approximations for the probability of failure of 3-D fibrous composites
   with hexagonal geometry. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series A

Pitt, R. E. and S. L. Phoenix (1983) Probability distributions for the strength of composite
    materials IV: localized load-sharing with tapering. International Journal of Fracture

Pitt, R. E., R. J. Straub, R. G. Koegel, and H. D. Bruhn (1982) Design criteria for a
    forage plant fractionation press. Transactions of the ASAE 25:18-22.

Pitt, R. E. (1982) A probability model for forage harvesting systems. Transactions of the
    ASAE 25:549-555, 562.

Pitt, R. E. (1982) Models for the rheology and statistical strength of uniformly stressed
    vegetative tissue. Transactions of the ASAE 25:1776-1784.

Pitt, R. E., G. S. Farmer, and L. P. Walker (1982) Approximating equations for rotary
    distributor spread patterns. Transactions of the ASAE 25:1544-1552.

Pitt, R. E. and S. L. Phoenix (1982) Probability distributions for the strength of composite
    materials III: the effect of fiber arrangement. International Journal of Fracture

Pitt, R. E. and S. L. Phoenix (1981) On modelling the statistical strength of yarns and
    cables under localized load-sharing among fibers. Textile Research Journal 51:408-

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