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RONALD E. PITT PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE Associate Vice President for Academic Affairs Bridgewater State College 2003-present Director of the Faculty Development Center Bryant College 1999-2003 Professor Cornell University 1992-99 Associate Professor (tenured 1985) Cornell University 1985-92 Assistant Professor Cornell University 1980-85 Lecturer Cornell University 1979-80 Graduate Research/Teaching Assistant Cornell University 1976-79 Research Assistant University of Wisconsin 1974-76 EDUCATION Ph.D., 1980 Cornell University, Mechanical Engineering Minors: Applied Probability, Theoretical and Applied Mechanics M.S., 1977 University of Wisconsin-Madison, Agricultural Engineering B.S., 1974 with Senior High Honors University of Wisconsin-Madison, Agricultural Engineering Sabbatic Leaves Department of Animal Science, Cornell University, March-August 1993. Cryobiology Laboratory, Cornell University, January-April 1987. Scottish Centre of Agricultural Engineering, April-June 1987. ASSOCIATE VICE PRESIDENT FOR ACADEMIC AFFAIRS Bridgewater State College, Bridgewater, MA 2003-present Responsible for coordinating resources for faculty professional development, student appeals, and grants and contracts office. DIRECTOR, FACULTY DEVELOPMENT CENTER Bryant College, Smithfield, RI 1999 – 2003 2 Development of programs to strengthen the academic qualifications of the faculty at Bryant College, with a particular focus on the integration of technology. Research Development Conducted discussion forums and supported research groups in human-subjects research, grant proposal development, use of SPSS, and mathematical finance. Developed documentation for in-house requests for funding, institutional approvals for external grants, and guidelines on indirect costs and fringe benefits. Subscribed to IRIS funding database and helped faculty seek external support. Institutional Review Board for Human Subjects Initiated and developed the college’s first guidelines on use of human subjects in research, and wrote the proposal to establish an Institutional Review Board, which was approved by the Committee on College Organization, the V.P. for Academic Affairs, and the President. Grant PI on a three-year, $250,000 grant from the Davis Educational Foundation for faculty development in instructional technology. Funding will provide support for a full-time instructional technology specialist, a faculty-to-faculty mentoring program, and a small- grants initiative for new ideas on the integration of technology and pedagogy. Grant awarded November, 2001. Accreditation Vice Coordinator of the institution’s ten-year reaffirmation of AACSB accreditation in 2001-2003. Second author of the self-evaluation document, with responsibility for major areas of data collection and analysis. Chair of Faculty Composition and Development section and evaluator of faculty academic qualifications. Teaching Workshops, Seminars, and Discussions Conducted over thirty public events per year on topics including use of technology in teaching, class discussions, case method of teaching, and Bryant’s international and diversity initiatives. Managing Editor, Bryant Literary Review Manager of the production, publication, and budget of the Bryant Literary Review, a national magazine of poetry and fiction. First issue published in Spring, 2000 (over 3000 submissions each year). Web site is at http://web.bryant.edu/~blr. Newsletter: The Faculty Network 3 Created and published a faculty development newsletter. The themes centered on “Looking Ahead in our Disciplines,” “The Climate for Honesty,” “The Impact of Technology on Teaching,” “Managing Students’ Expectations,” “Assessing Our Progress as an Institution,” “Interactions Between Teaching and Research,” “Facilitating Class Discussions,” and “Helping Students Make International Connections.” Collected survey data and wrote an article on the needs of new faculty. Global Perspectives on Accounting Education Partner with Accounting faculty member on the development of new, academic, peer- reviewed online journal. Website is at http://gpae.bryant.edu. Faculty Mentoring Provided individual consultation to approximately 130 faculty as requested on a variety of issues, including promotion and tenure, hiring, student/faculty interactions, academic integrity, and resource allocation. Web Presence Proposed and obtained approval to launch Blackboard web product in Fall, 2001. Responsible for deployment, system administration, and training of faculty, resulting in 550 websites in three semesters. Also worked with four academic departments, several academic minors, and Honors Program to create web sites. Collaborated with all Bryant faculty to create academic profiles for the Bryant web site. Distance Learning Every semester and summer, delivered a six-session training course for faculty teaching in the distance-learning executive MBA program for the Naval Undersea Warfare Center. Committee Responsibilities Chair of the college-wide Assessment Committee and Portfolio Task Force. Member of President’s Advisory Council, faculty advising committee, faculty search advisory group, Diversity Council, Bryant Momentum editorial board, and committees for strategic planning, new Communication and Applied Psychology departments, forty faculty searches, faculty handbook development, protection from harassment, web site development, technology infrastructure, classroom redesign, First-Year Success Program, K-12 initiatives, and Bryant Financial Markets Center. Teaching and Advising Teacher of CIS 361, Digital Multimedia System Design (seven semesters). Facilitator for the First-Year Success Program and faculty advisor for 24 undergraduates. Volunteered as math specialist in the Academic Center for Excellence, Fall 1999. Co-author of paper describing CIS 361 course (see refereed publications). 4 Recent Professional Service Reviewer for three papers in “To Improve the Academy,” January, 2003. Chair and discussant of session at the Northeast Political Science Association meeting, Fall, 2002. Invited presenter of four workshops for K-12 teachers on multimedia in the classroom. PROFESSOR OF BIOLOGICAL ENGINEERING Cornell University, Ithaca, NY Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering Colleges of Engineering, and Agriculture and Life Sciences January 1980 – June 1999 Research, teaching, advising, program administration, and industry outreach in the application of engineering to living systems. Research interests included mathematical modeling of microbial and enzymatic processes, noise-induced hearing loss in humans, and low-temperature biology and cryopreservation. Effort Distribution, 1996-99 Administration: Director of Department Undergraduate Program – 35% Research – 30% Teaching – 30% Cooperative Extension – 5% Awards for Teaching and Research 1999, 1996 J. P. and Mary Barger Excellence in Teaching Awards from the College of Engineering ($2,000 award). 1997 One of ten professors across the university nominated for outstanding teaching award by Cornell Greek system. 1995 Professor of Merit Award from the senior class of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, given to one of 400 faculty per year. 1995, 1994 Named by Merrill Presidential Scholars Adam Whitman and Susannah Daly as most influential Cornell professor. 1992 National ASAE Young Researcher Award. Given to one person per year by ASAE technical engineering society. 1992 NABEC Young Engineer of the Year Award. Northeast Agricultural and Biological Engineering Council. 5 1991 ASAE Paper Award for "The Probability of Inoculant Effectiveness in Alfalfa Silages" by R. E. Pitt. Published in Transactions of the ASAE. 1986, 1987 Honorable Mentions for Excellence-in-Teaching Award, given by Cornell Delta Chapter of Tau Beta Pi. 1984, 1985 Outstanding Faculty Awards, given by the Cornell Student Branch of the ASAE. 1984 ASAE Paper Award for "Mathematical Prediction of Density and Temperature of Ensiled Forage" by R. E. Pitt. Published in Transactions of the ASAE. 1983 ASAE Paper Award for "Design Criteria for a Forage Plant Fractionation Press" by R. E. Pitt, R. J. Straub, R. G. Koegel, and H. D. Bruhn. Published in Transactions of the ASAE. (ASAE Paper Awards are given to ten papers per year out of a pool of 300.) 1983 ASAE Paper Award for "Models for the Rheology and Statistical Strength of Uniformly Stressed Vegetative Tissue" by R. E. Pitt. Published in Transactions of the ASAE. Areas of Research Engineering aspects of animal physiology. Simulation modeling of microbial and enzymatic processes in natural fermentations. Cryopreservation for reproductive technologies. Noise induced hearing loss in humans. Micromechanics of cellular materials. Interdisciplinary Activities Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology. Collaboration on NSF proposal to digitize the Library of Natural Sounds (1999). Field trips with BEE 454 class for demonstrations on bioacoustics. New York City Water Supply Protection Project (1993-98). One of 18 Cornell principals performing research to assist New York City in preventing pathogen and nutrient pollution in Catskill watershed region. Focus on nutrient management. College of Veterinary Medicine. Collaboration with faculty in teaching and research activities for both graduate and undergraduate students on projects related to anesthesiology, sensory ecology, and medical imaging. Integrating Knowledge to Improve Agricultural Sustainability (1994-96). Co-led a sustainable development project involving 24 faculty and staff in eight departments. Performed systematic analysis of the nutrient flows on two large dairy farms. 6 Department of Animal Science. Collaboration with faculty working on animal nutrition and reproduction. Joint research projects, guest lectures, co-teaching of An. Sci. 412. Elected to a joint appointment in the department in 1993. External Funding New York Center for Agricultural Medicine and Health, $144,400 Noise Induced Hearing Loss, Sept. 1996 - Aug. 1999 New York Center for Advanced Technology in Biotechnology, $83,665 Co-sponsored by Ralston Purina International, Agway, Countrymark, Pennfield, Pioneer Hi-Bred, and Cargill, July 1996 - June 1999 New York City Watershed Project, $100,000 (individual share) One of 18 Cornell Principals on a multi-million dollar project to protect the quality of New York City's drinking water. Agricultural Ecosystems Project, $18,000 Soil Modeling and Water Quality Monitoring on a New York Dairy Farm May 1995 - Dec. 1995 USDA-CSRS, $108,000 93-38420-8750 National Needs Fellowships: Animal Bioengineering, Sept. 1993-Aug. 1998 National Science Foundation, $75,802 BCS-9311906 Effect of Electroporation on Permeation of Water and Cryoprotectants Across Membranes of Biological Cells, Sept. 1993-Aug. 1995 National Science Foundation, $214,827 CTS-8910866 Stochastic-Process Modeling of Intracellular Ice Formation during Freezing of Biological Cells, Sept. 1989-Aug. 1993 BASF, Inc., $7,590 Use of Formic-Acid Based Silage Preservatives on Legume Crops in the Northeastern U.S., May, 1990 New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets, $29,500 C000492-06000 Co-Investigator: Preservation of Protein in Haycrop Silages on New York Dairy Farms, Aug. 1989-Aug. 1990 National Institutes of Health, $56,952 Co-Investigator: Cryopreservation of 7 Drosophila Embryos, Dec. 1986-Nov. 1989 National Science Foundation, $58,295 MSM-8512319 Mechanics of Soft Tissue in Plant Products, Jan. 1986-June 1988 Agway, Inc., $4,000 Enzyme Additives for Silage, Sept., 1988 Survey and Analysis of Haycrop Preservation in Bunker Silos, Sept. 1989 Finnsugar Biochemical, Ltd., $6,650 Effect of Enzyme Additives on Silage Quality, April, 1989 Chr. Hansen's Laboratory, $10,350 The Economic Benefit of Silage Inoculants, Jan. 1986 Enzyme Additives for Silage, Sept. 1988 Innovative Silage Inoculants, Oct. 1992 U.S. Department of Agriculture, $48,347 58-32U4-2-408 Chemical Conditioning Systems for Forage Harvesting on Small Farms in the Northeast, Aug. 1982-Mar. 1985 Kemin Industries, Inc., $7,443 The Effectiveness of Silage Inoculants, July 1984-Mar. 1985 National Science Foundation, $39,527 CME-8006754 Research Initiation: Accumulative Mechanical Damage to Agricultural Products, May 1980-Oct. 1982 National Science Foundation, $44,875 CPE-8015535 Co-investigator: Physical Testing Facility for Agricultural Products, Aug. 1980-Jan. 1982 Paper Review Activities Animal Feed Science and Technology Biotechnology and Bioengineering Canadian Agricultural Engineering Cryobiology Cryo-Letters Grass and Forage Science Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research Journal of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers 8 Journal of Biomechanical Engineering Journal of Dairy Science Journal of Mathematical Biology Journal of Production Agriculture Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture Journal of Texture Studies Natural Resources, Agriculture, and Engineering Service Plant Physiology Transactions of the ASAE USDA-ARS Proposal Review Activities Binational Agricultural Research and Development Fund National Institute of Standards and Technology National Science Foundation U. S. Department of Agriculture U. S. Department of Energy Undergraduate Director for Biological and Environmental Engineering (1996-99) Responsibilities included implementing curriculum and advising system; student recruitment and retention; assigning advising loads; interfacing between faculty and university administration; creating written and web-based information about program; and coordinating services with undergraduate deans and offices for counseling and advising, career development, admissions, and minority and women’s programs. Leader of 1998 ABET engineering accreditation process for departmental program, including development of 350-page document detailing curriculum, courses, faculty, students, and support services. Solicited input from 18 faculty and collected course and vita information. Prepared faculty for site visit. Program received full, six-year accreditation. College Recruitment Initiatives Director of Explorations in Engineering 1998, an intensive, six-week program for 85 high school seniors from all over the world. Program open to all students but targeted toward under-represented minorities. Designed program content, created three new hands-on labs, arranged tours and departmental visits, recruited faculty speakers, coordinated with college initiatives, mentored students, supervised staff of eight, and conducted opening and closing ceremonies. Faculty advisor and speaker for 1998 CURIE Academy, a one-week engineering program for 40 high school women. Helped develop new project, recruited faculty participants, met with students, and gave presentation on design in nature. Institutional Service, 1990-99 9 Ad Hoc Tenure Review and Promotion Committees (four total, chair of one). Faculty Search Committees (four total, chair of one). Committee on Academic Achievement and Petitions (1994-99; chair, 1997-98). Volunteer in Office of Counseling and Advising, Fall 1997 (10 hours/week). Pre-Med Interviewer for Health Careers Evaluation Committee (1995-99). Interviewed 16 students applying to medical school. Faculty advisor for Cornell Student Branch of Biomedical Engineering Society (1994-99). Faculty Advisory Council for Engineering Minority Programs Office (1996-99). Academic Integrity Hearing Board (member, 1991-94; backup member, 1994-99). College and Department Curriculum Committees (1996-99). Task forces on Academic Honors and Quantitative Literacy (1998-99). Faculty Fellow for Baker Court Dormitory (Spring, 1997). Presidential Appointee to Search Committee for Judicial Advisor (1994). Courses Developed Physiological Engineering, 3 credits, 1994-99. 20-42 students. Prerequisite: fluid mechanics Engineering analysis and design in the physiology of animals and humans. Use of engineering principles to study how animals work in nature and to intervene in physiological functions. The two major themes are: frequency analysis as applied to neural conduction, sound processing, vision, and image processing; and systematics as applied to cardiovascular and respiratory systems, bioenergetics, and locomotion. Laboratories involve experiments, computing applications, field trips, and live animal demonstrations. Life After Graduation, 1 credit, 1997-99. 85-110 students. A forum to discuss the career opportunities for engineering students and the activities and curricula that will lead to these opportunities. A series of seminars are given by practicing engineers, Cornell faculty members, alumni, staff from career offices, and students. Students develop written career plans, perform a web search for jobs, and select future courses to meet their career goals. Engineering Applications in Biological Systems, 3 credits 1980-92. 25-65 students. Prerequisite: sophomore status in an engineering curriculum. 10 Case studies of engineering problems in agricultural, biological, and environmental systems, including bioremediation, environmental controls, energy, biomedicine, and food engineering. Emphasis is on the application of mathematics, physics, and the engineering sciences to energy and mass balances in biological systems. Undergraduate Advising Number of undergraduate advisees – typically about 40 Graduate Field Memberships Biological and Environmental Engineering Biomedical Engineering Conservation and Sustainable Development Graduate Majors Robert Hoy, M.Eng. 1999 Terecita Pierluissi, M.Eng., 1998 Theresa Hitselberger, M.Eng., 1998 Shana Bloomfield, M.P.S., 1998 Christopher Erickson, M.S., 1997 Chunsheng Jiang, Ph.D., 1997 James Houser, Ph.D., 1996 Jill Sangree, M.Eng., 1996 Christina Mueller, M.Eng., 1995 Murali Chandrasekaran, Ph.D., 1994 Stephen Delwiche, Ph.D, 1990 Ta-Te Lin, M.S., 1985; Ph.D., 1988 Qiong Gao, M.S., 1984; Ph.D., 1987 Neil B. McLaughlin, Ph.D., 1982 Graduate Minors Shih-Jon Wang, Ph.D., Animal Science Patricia Crosscombe, M.S. 1996; Ph.D., Education Antonello Cannas, Ph.D., Animal Science Carolina Diaz, M.S., Animal Science Pablo Guiroy, M.S., Animal Science Luis Tedeschi, Ph.D., Animal Science Rodrigo Ruiz, M.S./Ph.D., Animal Science Miriam Yener, Ph.D., Food Science, 1996 Ajay Bhaskar, Ph.D., Food Science, 1996 Paul Ndiwena, Ph.D., Animal Science, 1993 Kurt Ruppel, M.S., Animal Science, 1992 Douglas Rector, M.S., Food Science, 1992 Olga Padilla, Ph.D., Food Science, 1991 11 James Daniels, Ph.D., Food Science, 1990 David Dreesen, Ph.D., Vegetable Crops, 1988 Carlos Aguilar-Salazar, M.S., Food Science, 1988 Jin-Shi Chen, Ph.D., Agricultural Engineering, 1986 Jae Young Lee, Ph.D., Agricultural Engineering, 1986 Richard Gates, Ph.D., Agricultural Engineering, 1984 Michael R. Greenfield, M.S., Mechanical Engineering, 1981 Undergraduate Honors Theses Matthew Panzarella, 1999 (co-advised with Marjolein van der Meulen) Bending strength of bone fracture fixation methods on the fifth metatarsal. Susannah C. Daly, 1995 (co-advised with Charles Short, Dan Aneshansley) Compressed spectral analysis of brain wave changes evoked by audio stimuli during propofol anesthesia in a canine model Refereed Publications Records, H.R., and R.E. Pitt (2003) Teaching digital multimedia as a component of business education. Journal of Information Systems Education 14:31-40. Jiang, C., R. E. Pitt, J. E. A. Bertram, and D. J. Aneshansley (1999) Fractal-based image texture analysis of trabecular bone architecture. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 37:413-418. Pitt, R. E., T. L. Cross, A. N. Pell, P. Schofield, and P. Doane (1999) Use of in vitro gas production models in ruminal kinetics. Mathematical Biosciences 159:145-163. Klausner, S. D., D. G. Fox, C. N. Rasmussen, R. E. Pitt, J. J. Hanchar, T. P. Tylutki, P. E. Wright, and L. E. Chase (1998) Improving dairy farm sustainability I: An approach to animal and crop nutrient management planning. Journal of Production Agriculture 11:225-233. Hutson, J., R. E. Pitt, R. K. Koelsch, J. B. Houser, and R. J. Wagenet (1998) Improving dairy farm sustainability II: Environmental losses and nutrient flows. Journal of Production Agriculture 11:233-239. Pell, A. N., R. E. Pitt, P. H. Doane, and P. Schofield (1998) The development, use and application of the gas production technique at Cornell University. Occasional Publication, No. 22, pages 45-54. In In Vitro Techniques for Measuring Nutrient Supply to Ruminants. British Society of Animal Science. Pitt, R. E., and A. N. Pell (1997) Modeling ruminal pH fluctuations: Interactions between meal frequency and digestion rate. Journal of Dairy Science 80:2429-2441. 12 Pitt, R. E. (1997) Modeling the effects of propionic acid bacteria in silage. Transactions of the ASAE 40:405-411. Pitt, R. E., J. E. Parks, S. C. Huber, and J. A Sangree (1997) Glycerol permeability of rye leaf protoplasts as affected by temperature and electroporation. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 50:215-219. Pitt, R. E., J. S. Van Kessel, D. G. Fox, M. C. Barry, and P. J. Van Soest (1996) Prediction of ruminal volatile fatty acids and pH within the net carbohydrate and protein system. Journal of Animal Science 74:226-244. Fox, D. G., M. C. Barry, R. E. Pitt, D. K. Roseler, and W. C. Stone. (1995) Application of the Cornell Net Carbohydrate and Protein model for cattle consuming forages. Journal of Animal Science 73:267-277. Ruppel, K.A., R.E. Pitt, L.E. Chase, and D.M. Galton (1995) Bunker silo management and its relation to forage preservation on dairy farms. Journal of Dairy Science 78:141-153. Chandrasekaran, M., R.E. Pitt, D.J. Aneshansley, and J.E. Parks (1995) Effect of electroporation on intracellular ice formation in rye leaf protoplasts. Cryobiology 32:461-476. Pitt, R.E. (1995) A model of aflatoxin formation in stored products. Transactions of the ASAE 38:1445-1453. Pitt, R.E. and R.E. Muck (1995) Enumeration of lactic acid bacteria on harvested alfalfa at long and short wilting times. Transactions of the ASAE 38:1633-1639. Muck, R. E. and R. E. Pitt (1994) Aerobic deterioration in corn silage relative to the silo face. Transactions of the ASAE 37:735-743. Maki, K., J. A. Bartsch, R. E. Pitt, and A. C. Leopold (1994) Viscoelastic properties and the glassy state in soybeans. Seed Science Research 4:27-31. Schofield, P., R. E. Pitt, and A. N. Pell (1994) Kinetics of fiber digestion from in vitro gas production. Journal of Animal Science 72:2980-2991. Pitt, R. E. (1993) A descriptive model of mold growth and aflatoxin formation as affected by environmental conditions. Journal of Food Protection 56:139-146. Knowlton, K. F., R. E. Pitt, and D. G. Fox (1993) Model-predicted value of enzyme- treated alfalfa silage for lactating dairy cows. Journal of Production Agriculture 6:280-286. Wilks, D. S., R. E. Pitt, and G. W. Fick (1993) Modeling optimal alfalfa harvest scheduling using short-range weather forecasts. Agricultural Systems 42:277-305. 13 Rotz, C. A., R. E. Pitt, R. E. Muck, M. S. Allen, and D. R. Buckmaster (1993) Direct-cut harvest and storage of alfalfa on the dairy farm. Transactions of the ASAE 36:621- 628. Ruffing, N. A., P. L. Steponkus, R. E. Pitt, and J. E. Parks (1993) Osmometric behavior, hydraulic conductivity and incidence of intracellular ice formation in bovine oocytes at different developmental stages. Cryobiology 30:562-580. Pitt, R. E. and R. E. Muck (1993) A diffusion model of aerobic deterioration at the exposed face of bunker silos. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research 55:11-26. Delwiche, S. R., R. E. Pitt, and K. H. Norris (1992) Sensitivity of near infrared absorption to moisture content vs. water activity in starch and cellulose. Cereal Chemistry 69:107-109. Delwiche, S. R., K. H. Norris, and R. E. Pitt (1992) Temperature sensitivity of near infrared scattering transmittance spectra of starch and cellulose. Applied Spectroscopy 46:782-789. Pitt, R. E., M. Chandrasekaran, and J. E. Parks (1992) Performance of a kinetic model for intracellular ice formation based on the extent of supercooling. Cryobiology 29:359- 373. Knowlton, K. F., R. E. Pitt, and D. G. Fox (1992) Dynamic model prediction of the value of reduced solubility of alfalfa silage protein for lactating dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science 75:1507-1516. Chandrasekaran, M. and R. E. Pitt (1992) On the use of nucleation theory to model intracellular ice formation. Cryo-Letters 13:261-272. Pitt, R. E. (1992) Viscoelastic properties of fruits and vegetables. In Viscoelastic Properties of Foods (M. A. Rao, J. F. Steffe, eds.). Elsevier Applied Science Publishers. pp. 49-76. Pitt, R. E., S. P. Myers, Ta-Te Lin, and P. L. Steponkus (1991) Subfreezing volumetric behavior and stochastic modeling of intracellular ice formation in Drosophila melanogaster embryos. Cryobiology 28:72-86. Muck, R. E., R. E. Pitt, and R. Y. Leibensperger (1991) A model of aerobic fungal growth in silage, I. Microbial characteristics. Grass and Forage Science 46:283-299. Pitt, R. E., R. E. Muck, and N. B. Pickering (1991) A model of aerobic fungal growth in silage, II. Aerobic stability. Grass and Forage Science 46:301-312. Pitt, R. E. (1991) Thermodynamics and intracellular ice formation. In Advances in Low Temperature Biology (P. L. Steponkus, ed.) 1:63-99. JAI Press. 14 Gao, Q. and R. E. Pitt (1991) Mechanics of parenchyma tissue based on cell orientation and microstructure. Transactions of the ASAE 34:232-238. Pitt, R. E., Y. Liu, and R. E. Muck (1991) Simulation of the effect of additives on aerobic stability of alfalfa and corn silages. Transactions of the ASAE 34:1633-1641. Delwiche, S. R., R. E. Pitt, and K. H. Norris (1991) Examination of starch-water and cellulose-water interactions with near infrared (NIR) diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Starch 43:415-422. Pitt, R. E. and M. B. McGechan (1990) The rewetting of partially dried grass swaths by rain, I. Lumped and distributed models of moisture fluctuation. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research 45:55-67. McGechan, M. B. and R. E. Pitt (1990) The rewetting of partially dried grass swaths by rain, II. Exploratory experiments into absorption and drying rates. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research 45:69-76. Steponkus, P. L., S. P. Myers, D. V. Lynch, R. E. Pitt, Ta-Te Lin, R. J. MacIntyre, S. P. Leibo, and W. F. Rall (1990) Cryobiology of Drosophila melanogaster embryos. In Insects at Low Temperatures (R. E. Lee, Jr. and D. L. Denlinger, eds.), pp. 408-423. John Wiley and Sons. Steponkus, P. L., S. P. Myers, D. V. Lynch, L. Gardner, V. Bronshteyn, S. P. Leibo, W. F. Rall, R. E. Pitt, Ta-Te Lin, and R. J. MacIntyre (1990) Cryopreservation of Drosophila melanogaster embryos. Nature 345:170-172. Gao, Q., R. E. Pitt, and A. Ruina (1990) A mechanics model of the compression of cells with finite initial contact area. Biorheology 27:225-240. Pitt, R. E. (1990) Cryobiological implications of different methods of calculating the chemical potential of water in partially frozen suspending media. Cryo-Letters 11:227-240. Pitt, R. E. (1990) A model of cellulase and amylase additives in silage. Journal of Dairy Science 73:1788-1799. Pitt, R. E. (1990) The probability of inoculant effectiveness in alfalfa silages. Transactions of the ASAE 33:1771-1778. Pitt, R. E. and P. L. Steponkus (1989) Quantitative analysis of the probability of intracellular ice formation during freezing of isolated protoplasts. Cryobiology 26:44- 63. Gao, Q., R. E. Pitt, and J. A. Bartsch (1989) Elastic-plastic constitutive relations of the cell walls of apple and potato parenchyma. Journal of Rheology 33:233-256. 15 Pitt, R. E. and K. G. Gebremedhin (1989) Effects of forage species, chop length, moisture content, and harvest number on tower silo capacity and wall loads. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research 44:205-215. Brusewitz, G. H., R. E. Pitt, and Q. Gao (1989) Effects of storage time and static preloading on the rheology of potato tissue. Journal of Texture Studies 20:267-284. Lynch, D. V., Ta-Te Lin, S. P. Myers, S. P. Leibo, R. J. MacIntyre, R. E. Pitt, and P. L. Steponkus (1989) A two-step method for permeabilization of Drosophila eggs. Cryobiology 26:445-452. Lin, Ta-Te, R. E. Pitt, and P. L. Steponkus (1989) Osmometric behavior of Drosophila melanogaster embryos. Cryobiology 26:453-471. Myers, S. P., R. E. Pitt, D. V. Lynch, and P. L. Steponkus (1989) Characterization of intracellular ice formation in Drosophila melanogaster embryos. Cryobiology 26:472-484. Leibensperger, R. Y. and R. E. Pitt (1988) Modeling the effects of formic acid and molasses on ensilage. Journal of Dairy Science 71:1220-1231. Myers, S. P., Ta-Te Lin, R. E. Pitt, and P. L. Steponkus (1987) Osmometric characteristics and cryobehavior of bovine oocytes. Cryo-Letters 8:260- 275. Pitt, R. E. (1987) Theory of particle size distributions for chopped forages. Transactions of the ASAE 30:1246-1253. Pitt, R. E. and J.-Y. Parlange (1987) Effluent production from silage with application to tower silos. Transactions of the ASAE 30:1198-1204, 1208. Leibensperger, R. Y. and R. E. Pitt (1987) A model of clostridial dominance in ensilage. Grass and Forage Science 42:297-317. Pitt, R. E. and R. Y. Leibensperger (1987) The effectiveness of silage inoculants: a systems approach. Agricultural Systems 25:27-49. Bartsch, J. A., N. B. McLaughlin, and R. E. Pitt (1986) A computerized control and data acquisition system for a universal testing machine. Journal of Texture Studies 17:315-330. Gates, R. S., R. E. Pitt, A. Ruina, and J. R. Cooke (1986) Cell-wall elastic constitutive laws and stress-strain behavior of plant vegetative tissue. Biorheology 23:453-466. Gao, Q., R. E. Pitt, and A. Ruina (1986) A model to predict soil forces on the plough mouldboard. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research 35:141-155. 16 Pitt, R. E. (1986) Dry-matter losses due to oxygen infiltration in silos. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research 35:193-205. Lin, Ta-Te and R. E. Pitt (1986) Rheology of apple and potato tissue as affected by cell turgor pressure. Journal of Texture Studies 17:291-313. Pitt, R. E. (1985) Evaporation-based drying rate of forage: effects of desiccants and crop density. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 105:223-229. Pitt, R. E., R. E. Muck, and R. Y. Leibensperger (1985) A quantitative model of the ensilage process in lactate silages. Grass and Forage Science 40: 279-303. Gates, R. S., N. R. Scott, R. E. Pitt, and D. L. Bartel (1985) Elastic constitutive laws for cow teat tissue undergoing finite deformations. Biorheology 22:495-508. McLaughlin, N. B. and R. E. Pitt (1984) Failure characteristics of apple tissue under cyclic loading. Transactions of the ASAE 27:311-320. Pitt, R. E. (1984) Stress-strain and failure characteristics of potato tissue under cyclic loading. Journal of Texture Studies 15:131-155. Lazarus, W. F. and R. E. Pitt (1984) Economic feasibility of diesel fuel substitutes from oilseeds in New York State. Energy in Agriculture 3:211-221. Pitt, R. E. and D. C. Davis (1984) Finite element analysis of fluid-filled cell response to external loading. Transactions of the ASAE 27:1976-1983. Pitt, R. E. (1984) Stochastic theory of forage drying as related to pan evaporation. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 32:197-215. Pitt, R. E. (1984) Forage drying in relation to pan evaporation. Transactions of the ASAE 27:1933-1937, 1944. Pitt, R. E. and H. L. Chen (1983) Time-dependent aspects of the strength and rheology of vegetative tissue. Transactions of the ASAE 26:1275-1280. Pitt, R. E. (1983) Mathematical prediction of density and temperature of ensiled forage. Transactions of the ASAE 26:1522-1527. Smith, R. L., S. L. Phoenix, M. R. Greenfield, R. B. Henstenburg, and R. E. Pitt (1983) Lower-tail approximations for the probability of failure of 3-D fibrous composites with hexagonal geometry. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series A 388:353-391. Pitt, R. E. and S. L. Phoenix (1983) Probability distributions for the strength of composite materials IV: localized load-sharing with tapering. International Journal of Fracture 22:243-276. 17 Pitt, R. E., R. J. Straub, R. G. Koegel, and H. D. Bruhn (1982) Design criteria for a forage plant fractionation press. Transactions of the ASAE 25:18-22. Pitt, R. E. (1982) A probability model for forage harvesting systems. Transactions of the ASAE 25:549-555, 562. Pitt, R. E. (1982) Models for the rheology and statistical strength of uniformly stressed vegetative tissue. Transactions of the ASAE 25:1776-1784. Pitt, R. E., G. S. Farmer, and L. P. Walker (1982) Approximating equations for rotary distributor spread patterns. Transactions of the ASAE 25:1544-1552. Pitt, R. E. and S. L. Phoenix (1982) Probability distributions for the strength of composite materials III: the effect of fiber arrangement. International Journal of Fracture 20:291-311. Pitt, R. E. and S. L. Phoenix (1981) On modelling the statistical strength of yarns and cables under localized load-sharing among fibers. Textile Research Journal 51:408- 425.
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