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JULY/AUGUST 2006 NEWSLETTER THE MAGAZINE FOR THE STAFF OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE EW N OO K L Six Universityl ways to bel greenl Plus: Cambridge research saves sight | Who’s coming, who’s going | What’s on SNAP SHOT Business savvy: Oliver Griffin, a Programme Manager at the CONTENTS University of Cambridge International Examinations (CIE), being presented 3-6 with an award for coming up with the What’s new best business project. He was taking A round up of recent developments part in the Summer School of the Centre for Entrepreneurial Learning, 7 part of Judge Business School. Yupar Feature: Nanoland Myint is presenting the award to The beautiful world of the Oliver. microscopic 8 Cover story Six University ways to be green Helping hand: This ‘bionic’ glove helps visually impaired people to 10 sense the world around them using Cambridge knowledge ultra-sound, rather like a bat. The Highlights of research findings, with glove has a small vibrator which turns a focus on a medical breakthrough this signal into a physical sensation that the wearer can feel. It was 12 invented by engineering students and Prizes, awards and honours displayed at the Department’s annual Cambridge excellence recognised design show this summer. 14 People People coming and people going 15 Hot metal: The world of the private Advertisements press is on display at an exhibition Rent a house in Umbria or pick up which has just opened at the an exercise treadmill! University Library. See a triangular book, a book bound in stone, and 16 a ‘deconstructed’ book reduced to What’s on highlights an illegible object – a shredded text … plus curious Cambridge facts in a polythene bag. COVER IMAGE BY JONATHAN HORDLE/REX FEATURES NEWSLETTER Newsletter is published for the staff of the University of Cambridge and is produced by the Office of Communications. Beam me up: The Chancellor is shown some of the latest prototype Your contributions and comments are most televisual displays on a visit to the welcome. Please send them to the editor at firstname.lastname@example.org. new building for Electrical Tel: 01223 332300. Engineering in West Cambridge. The special feature of this display is its The deadline for the next edition is August 18. compactness in that the image is Editors: Charlotte Sankey, Nicola Rogers transmitted from underneath the Contributors: Gregory Hayman, Tim Holt, screen. On the left is Dr Adrian Travis, Genevieve Maul, Nicola Buckley, Alex lecturer in the Photonics and Sensors Buxton, Leila Coupe, Lucy Close, Nerissa Group, at the Centre for Advanced Hannink, Suvi Tenkanen. Photonics and Electronics (CAPE). Designers: Esterson Associates Printed by: Cambridge Printing Park Printed on paper made from elemental chlorine free wood pulp sourced from sustainable forests. 2 | CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY NEWSLETTER | JULY/AUGUST 2006 WHAT’S NEW Your comments and contributions are always welcome. Please send them to the Editor at email@example.com The deadline for the next issue is August 18. Stephen Fry joins ALL NEW… Lifts The School of Humanities and Social Prince of Wales in bid ` Sciences has improved its labyrinthine complex at 17 Mill Lane to make it accessible to disabled colleagues for better teaching thanks to two new lifts. The project is part of a university-wide programme to comply with the Disability Discrimination Act. The new system IRONY IN Shakespeare and fiction Secretary, will be Chairman of the was tested by Judith Jesky (pictured), in Victorian times were among the charity. He said: “It is clear from University Disability Adviser, who subjects discussed in Cambridge in listening to teachers of English and pronounced it a success. Wheelchair June by celebrities, in a bid to History that there is a gap in the users wishing to access 17 Mill Lane encourage History and English market for career development should contact Matthew Ham teachers to stretch their pupils more. which focuses on the content of what (firstname.lastname@example.org) to get their This is the latest initiative from the is taught in the classroom, rather University card activated. Prince of Wales who has joined than on professional skills.” Book for A guide for university staff and forces with the University in a new More than 80 teachers attended students wanting to start a development of the Prince of Wales’s the 2006 Summer School. The guest entrepreneurs technology company has been Education Summer School, now in speakers included Melvyn Bragg, published by Cambridge Enterprise. its fourth year. Stephen Fry, Michael Morpurgo, Starting a Technology Company The new partnership offers Lynne Truss, Kate Adie, David provides valuable insights into starting training to state school teachers of Starkey and academics a science-based business. It draws on English and History, encouraging from the Cambridge Enterprise’s experiences of them to set more challenging books departments of starting businesses with University and historical topics for school English and researchers, with input from external contributors. It covers the whole pupils. The Education Summer History process of launching a company, from School provides an annual forum for at the establishing objectives and building a teachers to step away from the University. team, to an overview of product classroom, hear from an development and accounting. Teri inspirational range of speakers, and Willey, the new director of Cambridge rediscover the depth and breadth of Enterprise, said: “I hope individuals the subjects they teach. will feel inspired to bring science A new charity is also being forward to benefit the wider world”. formed, the Prince’s Cambridge The guide, sponsored by the Programme for Teaching, and at its Cambridge-MIT Institute, is available JOHNNY BOYLAN free as a PDF on Cambridge Enterprise’s heart will continue to be an annual website: www.enterprise.cam.ac.uk residential course. Lord Wilson of Dinton, Master of Emmanuel A new addition to the work on display College and former Cabinet Sculpture in the Fitzwilliam Museum courtyard is a bronze by contemporary artist, William Turnbull. The piece, called Your chance to become Large Blade Venus, stands 3m high and was donated by the Art Fund, the country’s largest independent a ‘superworker’ art charity. It is the first example of Turnbull’s work to be acquired by the museum. The gift was made in honour A COURSE FOR high-achievers is Leadership at Lucy Cavendish of the Art Fund’s former chairman, being offered to members of the College. “Essentially it’s a mini Sir Nicholas Goodison, who has University for a reduced price of course in positive psychology,” she been a long-standing admirer £600 (standard price £950). Called said, “that will teach participants to of Turnbull’s work and a ‘Superworking’, the workshop will maximise use of their brains and strong supporter of the use latest research on brain function cope with conflicting demands.” Fitzwilliam Museum. to teach participants how to perform Open to men and women, the Over the years, Sir more effectively and creatively. The course is spread over four weeks and Nicholas and his wife course is run by Mary Sharpe, a runs in September and October. have donated 50 pieces of consultant who is a visiting scholar More details at www.gnosis7.com contemporary art. at the Centre for Women and or contact email@example.com. JULY/AUGUST 2006 | CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY NEWSLETTER | 3 WHAT’S NEW Cambridge: the home of football? Eton would come to Parker’s Piece to play but had no consensus on how to play. In 1848 a list of 12 basic rules was drawn up by University students to overcome this. Copies of the rules were displayed on trees around Parker’s Piece. The 1840s ‘Cambridge Rules’ were quickly taken up by teams in the surrounding area. When the Football Association was formed in 1863, they used them as guidelines for the new FA rules. Cambridge can also lay claim to having the country’s oldest football club. Cambridge University FC was active in 1857 – a year earlier than the formation of Sheffield FC, long thought to be the oldest club in the world. To mark this the Zion Eagles, a team drawn from the city’s homeless, held a commemorative AS WE LICK our wounds over the known as the ‘Cambridge Rules’, History revisited: a football match in 2000 and called commemorative match World Cup, it may provide some that laid the foundations for for a permanent memorial to between the University small comfort to remember that the modern football. (in blue and white) and the Cambridge’s historic links with University played a key role in In the early days football was a Zion Eagles, a team drawn football. This has yet to be agreed shaping the game of football that we rough game with few rules. Physical from the city’s homeless but in the meantime a small plaque know today. For Cambridge was the force prevailed and brawls, fights on a tree near the fire station reads: place where the rules of football and injuries were common. By the “Here on Parker’s Piece, students were first invented. mid-1800s various different established a common set of rules of In the 1840s a group of University versions of the game had evolved. simple football rules emphasising students drew up a list of rules, Public schools such as Harrow and skill above force.” How does Cambridge perform on race equality? THE STAFF Race Equality Amendment Act 2000 also requires to promote race equality, with an Advisory Group (REAG) is calling universities to promote good initial random sample of ethnic on all staff to take part in a survey relationships between people of minority staff members. It is about their experiences of race different racial groups. supported by the Vice-Chancellor relations. This is the first survey The survey will be entirely and Pro-Vice-Chancellors and is part of its kind to be created internally. confidential and give a voice to all of the University’s desire to improve It will be launched this autumn and staff members. REAG member Joan the experience of its employees and every member of staff will be invited Koehler said that the survey will help students in respect of race equality. to participate. provide “an overview of problems Promoting equality: Joanne REAG would like to thank all staff The project is a mapping exercise regarding any race issues”. Gordana Koehler, left, Library in advance for their help in this Assistant at the University to gain an understanding of good Najdanovic added: “It is important Library, and Huen Swee Kim exercise. and bad practice in the University. to have as many members of staff of the Race Equality Advisory If you would like to know more, It falls in line with the core values of participate as possible, as that will Group contact the group’s secretary Huen the University – freedom of thought help make the survey results valid Swee Kim, Personnel Division, at and expression, and freedom from and reliable”. firstname.lastname@example.org, tel: discrimination. The Race Relations REAG was started two years ago (7)65807. 4 | CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY NEWSLETTER | JULY/AUGUST 2006 Your comments and contributions are always welcome. Please send them to the Editor at email@example.com The deadline for the next issue is August 18. Changes at the UAS ALL NEW… A SERIES OF proposals to enhance Administrative Services Division; Name CareerStart@cam is the catchy new the services delivered by the integrating teaching and research name for the University employment University’s central administration administration within a renamed scheme formerly known as the Young (Unified Administrative Service or Academic and Student Services Employees Programme (YEP). CareerStart@cam offers support and UAS) were sent to staff earlier this Division; ensuring that the training to employees working in the month by the Registrary, Tim Mead, relationships between the University and Colleges in the early and discussed at an open meeting on University’s various Senior Officers stages of their career. The name July 4. are seamless; enhancing change reflects new legislation on age The overall push behind the administrative service delivery at discrimination which comes into force changes is the desire to enhance the School level and support to this autumn. University’s ability to compete out in departmental and faculty Based at the Staff Development the world, “while also preserving the administrators; and, tying in to the office in Trumpington Street, reality of a self-governing academic whole those institutions that supply CareerStart@cam supports an average community,” says Mead. He stresses discrete services to students and staff of 20 staff who are either new to the workplace or new to the University. the need for the UAS to be as involved (Careers Service, Physical Education The programme offers vocational with academic units as it is with the and Sport, the several Health Services). training and informal support. senior policy committees, and for the At the open meeting the Registrary For more information go to UAS to be trusted by academics as reassured staff that the changes are www.admin.cam.ac.uk/offices/ “being on their side” and not “of the not about cutting jobs but about personnel/jobs/careerstart centre”. making the administration more Since the UAS was created in 1996, effective and efficient, although he 800th book A book celebrating the 800th much has changed. The roles of said it was “impossible to guarantee anniversary of the University – its past, Treasurer and Secretary General have that no jobs will disapear as a present and future – is being published been discontinued, and Pro-Vice- number of jobs will have their in September 2008. It will be a mixture of alumni reminiscences and academic Chancellors are now very much part content changed in part or articles. Alumni and staff are invited of the scene, leading strategic and completely”. to subscribe early; in return their name policy development. The demands on The University Council agreed the will be printed in the book. It is being the University from outside have also proposals in outline on June 19. The produced by Third Millennium increased dramatically, massively detail will be worked out through a Information who have produced increasing the burden on process of planning and consultation similar works for individual colleges. administration. This drives the over the Michaelmas Term. It is The Vice-Chancellor is chair of the University to be increasingly hoped the changes will be fully editorial board. The next issue of CAM coordinated and purposeful, knowing operational by Michaelmas 2007. will include a brochure inviting alumni where its interests lie. If you would like a copy of the to subscribe and submit stories and photos. To subscribe contact the The creation of the UAS only went Registrary’s paper email Angela University Development Office, tel so far in rationalising the University’s Faulkner at firstname.lastname@example.org 32288, email@example.com. complex system of administration and academic support, and adapting A brand new building for the it to modern expectations. Mead Building Department of Biological observes: “There was ample evidence Arts funding Anthropology has just been opened that the time was right to take a in Fitzwilliam Street, opposite the dispassionate look at the way the THE SCHOOLS OF ARTS and Fitzwilliam Museum. Designed by administrative system as a whole was Humanities and Humanities and architects Sheppard Robson, it blends functioning.” Social Sciences have announced a in sensitively with one of the most beautiful examples of historic The Registrary’s paper proposes second year of early-career terracing in the city. Named the Henry around 20 changes. They include: fellowships for teaching officers Wellcome Building, it is home to the reducing the number of UAS divisions wanting time off to pursue research. Leverhulme Centre for Human reporting direct to the Registrary This is launched in association with Evolutionary Studies. This was from eight to six, one of several the Centre of Research in the Arts, established in 2000 (but without a measures to rationalise the work load Social Sciences and Humanities. site) by Dr Marta Mirazón Lahr and of Senior Officers, allowing them to The scheme allows University Professor Robert Foley. The Centre give due attention to strategic issues, teaching officers and college brings together fields such as the and prevent against them “becoming teaching officers to apply for an study of fossils, genetics, cultural part of the problem rather than part additional term of research leave. diversity and linguistics. The launch was attended by eminent anthro- of the solution”; creating five key Contact CRASSH for further pologist Richard Leakey (right). professional Divisions and one details on tel: (7)65276. JULY/AUGUST 2006 | CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY NEWSLETTER | 5 WHAT’S NEW A Cambridge honour IN A CEREMONY that dates back The Governor of the Bank of to 1493 the Chancellor of the England, Professor Mervyn King University, HRH the Duke of Novelist, Margaret Drabble Edinburgh, conferred honorary University of Cape Town Vice- degrees this June on seven Chancellor, Professor Njabulo distinguished individuals at a Ndebele congregation at the Senate House. Dr Charles Vest, former President of The Congregation of the Senate the Massachusetts Institute of House was conducted entirely in Technology Latin, and the ceremony was Professor Edward Witten, Charles accompanied by the combined choirs Simonyi Professor of Mathematical Novelist Margaret Drabble at Clare College before the ceremony of Gonville and Caius and St Physics at Princeton Catharine’s Colleges. Professor Ahmed Zewail, Linus The Chancellor ascending the steps into Clare College The seven recipients were: Pauling Professor in Chemical Physics dining hall where a lunch Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr at the California Institute of was held before the Rowan Williams Technology. ceremony Professor King and the Archbishop of Canterbury in procession before the degree Congregation in the Senate House Professor Ahmed Zewail, an Egyptian- American chemist who won the 1999 Nobel Prize for his work on femtochemistry Professor Ndebele responded to the programme to do the English Tripos admission, when it came, was Chancellor’s toast at a garden party in two years, coming from a country simultaneously an experience of self following the Congregation. He where every day was an assault on worth and an opening up of the spoke of when he first came to one’s self-confidence. I remember world. To then go on to qualify for Cambridge: agonising over whether I was good the Southern African Bursary Fund at “Some 33 years ago I arrived at enough even to write a letter of Churchill College for deserving Churchill College just in time for the application for admission to a world “I remember agonising over victims of a country against its own Michaelmas Term, a recent graduate university such as Cambridge. And so whether I was good enough people, was an act of unimaginable even to write a letter of of the University of Botswana, it was that one was conditioned to application for admission to validation. It could not be otherwise Lesotho, and Swaziland at the Roma self-select oneself out of seemingly a world university such as that coming to study at Cambridge campus in Lesotho. I still smelled of improbable opportunity. Cambridge” was for me and my family, a most undergraduate milk at the start of a “That is why the letter of Professor Ndebele liberating experience.” 6 | CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY NEWSLETTER | JULY/AUGUST 2006 ON CAMERA The magic of the microscopic, captured by the Department of Engineering Images from nanoland THESE EXQUISITE images take us into the hidden world inside matter, a world of unsuspected beauty. It is a place to which we rarely get access, and one which inspires no small degree of awe and wonder as we encounter the magic of the microscopic. The images are the products of a photographic competition for staff and students in the Department of Engineering earlier this summer. The University of Cambridge Epson Photography Competition is now in its second year, with prizes of professional printers worth £1,000 going to the best entries. To see other entries in the competition go to www.eng.cam.ac.uk/ photocomp/2006/ First prize went to Dr Steve Hoath for his Tails from the Nozzle Bank. He is a Research Associate at the Inkjet Research Centre. The image was taken during experiments to investigate printer performance. Dr Hoath used a very short flash time of 20 nanoseconds to capture the ink droplets as they hurtled towards the page at 6 metres per second. The whole image is only 2.3 mm wide and each droplet’s tail is 10 times thinner than a human hair. In third place is a remarkable image which shows a ball only ~65µm across (about 20 times smaller than the head of a pin) captured in the cage of a microgripper. Entitled Nanohand and its captured ball, the image was taken using a scanning electron microscope by Research Associates Dr Jack Luo and Dr Yong Qing Fu. The nanohand is suitable for trapping and holding biological specimens such as cells without applying force to it, thus avoiding damage. A In second place, student Laura current can also be applied to the cage to Harrison’s untitled photo is of a allow it to open and close. It is hoped to microscopic chain mail. Laura is a 4th year use the nanohand in cancer research, manufacturing engineering technology where it could hold a cell to enable student at the Department’s Institute for removal of its nucleus for study. Another Manufacturing (IfM). It was taken to application may be drug testing, where a investigate the potential for using the cell could be held in place during process ‘selective laser sintering’ for new exposure to specific drugs. garment manufacturing techniques. This chain-link structure enables the creation of flexible textiles from rigid materials which will be useful in sporting and military applications. JULY/AUGUST 2006 | CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY NEWSLETTER | 7 ENVIRONMENT With nearly 9,000 staff the University uses a great deal of energy. However, staff are constantly coming up with new initiatives in the effort to be greener. Here are six you can get involved in Six University ways to be green CLIMATE CHANGE is prompting University has now drawn up a us all – institutions and individuals – detailed action plan and set to look long and hard at the ambitious goals, most significantly environmental impact of our the reduction of carbon emissions by actions. There’s much that we can 10 per cent over the next five years. do, whether it’s to reduce our carbon This is despite an expansion of footprint, cut our water usage, cycle housing stock in the University. to work, or make use of recycling The University has already signed a facilities. contract to get 97 per cent of its The University, as a large energy from non-fossil fuel sources. institution and a major user of Clearly if we all act collectively, resources, is taking these issues our small actions can make a big seriously. On the macro scale it is difference. Make it an automatic part of a universities’ initiative run gesture to turn off your computer by the Carbon Trust, a body that screen every night, and switch off helps organisations to reduce lights you don’t need. emissions and develop low carbon In addition here are six simple technologies. ways you can help make the To meet Carbon Trust targets, the University a greener place. Get on your bike: free cycle loans outside the city, a one-off payment 1 There are now more reasons than ever to travel by bike. You get around far more easily in the city of £1 enables staff to use the Park & Cycle facility off Madingley Road. Park each day in the free camera- centre, most of which was built long secured car park, retrieve your bike before the invention of the car. from your personal locker, and ride What’s more, the University will into the city centre along a pretty lend you the money to get a set of route that follows the Coton wheels. In tune with its sustainable footpath and Garret Hostel Lane. policy, the Travel to Work Loan scheme offers loans to help Don’t drive in alone employees with the cost of buying a bike. Loans are offered, interest free, to the value of the employee’s 2 If you drive to work, think about joining up with other people living in your area to travel together. monthly pay, to be repaid over ten Car sharing saves money, is more months. sociable, and most importantly better The scheme, which also offers for the environment. The University loans for annual bus and rail tickets, subscribes to CamShare, an electronic was introduced two years ago and car sharing database for employees of has become increasingly popular. Cambridge organisations, operated Roughly four to seven University through the Travel For Work employees a month apply for bike Partnership. University staff can loans. For more information, email register as users and search for car firstname.lastname@example.org or sharing partners; it is free to staff. phone (3)32348. More details are available on the For those commuting from CamShare website (below) where 8 | CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY NEWSLETTER | JULY/AUGUST 2006 CHANGES TO THE UNIVERSITY BUS SERVICE Travelling by bus is clearly a green University card holders now pay choice. The subsidised bus service a nominal 50p per journey on the which links West Cambridge with uni 4, substantially less than a normal the city centre and Addenbrooke’s fare of £1.80. Hospital remains one of the It should not be confused with University’s priority travel schemes. same route from Madingley Road citi 4 which is now the brand name Now that the initial contract for Park & Ride and West Cambridge for the normal, non-University, citi 4 with service provider to Addenbrooke’s, via Silver Street, service from Cambourne to Stagecoach has come to an end, a throughout the working week. Cambridge city centre, not subsidised. new agreement, also with The cost to the University of Looking ahead, there are plans Stagecoach, has been negotiated subsidising a bus service has risen to introduce a trial 50p fare for and comes into effect in July. significantly, largely due to the end university card holders on all The new service, named uni 4, of ‘pump-priming’ funding from the Stagecoach routes across the city runs every 20 minutes along the City and County Councils. As a result, to prompt greater bus usage. you can find partners and get Recycle your old computers An unused mobile advice. For those interested in It is now illegal to dump occasional car sharing, the informal newsgroup ucam.adverts.car- 5 computers in general waste, but you can get your outdated machine phone charger that is still plugged in uses 85% sharing is a University-wide forum collected by a specialist contractor of full power, and some used by those offering or seeking (see below). Good quality lifts. More at www.camshare.info equipment is refurbished and TVs up to 100% and ucam.adverts.car-sharing offered for re-sale after hard drives have been wiped to remove all Switch it off: the curse of standby remaining data. Older equipment 3 ManyTVs andareenergy whenuse some people the same amount of not aware that DVD players is dismantled and component materials – such as lead, aluminium, copper, precious metals, glass and GREEN ACHIEVEMENTS they are on standby as when they plastic – are recovered for re-use. are on! And a mobile phone To get your computer collected go Some 97 per cent of electricity charger that is still turned on at the to www.admin.ac.uk/cam- used by the University is now plug uses 85%. So remember to only/offices/environment/ obtained from non-fossil sources. switch them off fully. Last October guidance/it.html Water usage has been cut by 53 per the University took part in a Switch Alternatively, a charity called cent since 1988, despite a building Off Day when staff were asked to Computer Aid will take relatively stock increase of 25 per cent. make sure they turned everything new computers (Pentium 111 All new buildings are assessed for off rather than leaving them on upwards) and send them overseas; their BREEAM (Building Research standby. The effect was a staggering to date it has sent 65,000 PCs to 101 Establishment Environmental 5 per cent saving on total electricity countries. www.computeraid.org Assessment Method) rating. consumption over the following Buildings which rate highly include seven days. So before you leave the Skip the skip the Faculty of Education, Plant office each evening, turn off monitors, printers and photocopiers. department or college 6 If yourdon’tequipmentConsider has surplus furniture, chuck it. or Growth Facility at the Botanic Garden, the William Gates building and the Centre for Mathematical whether it might be useful to Science. Think before you bin it someone somewhere – phone local There are now around 100 more than 4 There arebins across 100 large recycling the University to collect cardboard, charities for advice. Another option is the Community Giveaway Board, a free service to University recycling points around the University. paper, plastic, glass and aluminium Departments and colleges. Post a Still to be done… cans. General waste bins are message on the board advertising International air travel by normally blue; bins for recyclable any items you wish to give away. University staff has been identified as materials are usually green or silver. Community groups can see what’s an activity with significant impact. Last year 120 tonnes of paper and on offer and get in touch. No money The University has drawn up an 135 tonnes of cardboard were changes hands and the group itself ambitious plan to reduce carbon recycled. In addition, mercury, is responsible for collecting the item. emissions by 10 per cent over the metal and glass are recovered from This service reduces waste and the next five years, despite continuing 12,000 old fluorescent tubes every cost of removal. See www.giveaway expansion and demand for energy. year. A local charity called OWL .group.cam.ac.uk. You could also A carbon footprint is being (Opportunities Without Limits) contact the Cambridgeshire developed to look at all aspects of collects aluminium cans and intends Materials Exchange at energy use, including waste, travel to set up a cycle renovation project. www.eastex.org.uk/cambs. and water. JULY/AUGUST 2006 | CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY NEWSLETTER | 9 MAKING A DIFFERENCE Cambridge scientists have come up with a solution to tackle one of the scourges of the developing world. What is more, it is cheap Third World breakthrough A BREAKTHROUGH in the The new wafer thin dipstick is trialled on people living in diagnosis of trachoma, an infectious the Mount Kilimanjaro area disease of the eye and one of the of Tanzania. The dipstick is world’s leading causes of preventable touched on to the eye and blindness, is at hand. Thanks to detects whether trachoma scientists from Cambridge, the first bacteria are present in a very short time. It is an cheap, reliable and easy-to-use test adaptation of the award has been developed which can be winning ‘FirstBurst’ used out in the field. diagnostic test used to detect The breakthrough relies on a the sexually-transmitted form of chlamydia. The test wafer-thin dipstick which is used to than half an hour, and could have a was developed at the touch the eye to detect whether dramatic impact on the treatment of Diagnostic Development bacteria are present. It is an the disease, as it can be used where Unit at the University. adaptation of the award-winning trachoma-induced blindness is most ‘FirstBurst’ diagnostic test used to prevalent, namely in countries in the detect the sexually-transmitted form developing world where there is a of chlamydia. The test was lack of sufficient resources for developed at the Diagnostic testing. In these areas diagnosis relies Development Unit at Cambridge on clinical observation by health University, with funding from the workers which is far less accurate. Wellcome Trust. In a trial involving over 600 Masai The test produces results in less children in Mount Kilimanjaro, ALL ABOUT TRACHOMA It took just one Tanzania, the test was shown to have 97% accuracy in diagnosing the Trachoma is thought to be one of and South America, Australia and hour to train infection. This compared with only the oldest infectious diseases known the Middle East. local health 47% accuracy when diagnosis relied to mankind, dating back several The word Trachoma means ‘rough workers to on purely visual checks. It took just thousand years. It was first observed eye’. After years of repeated one hour to train local health some 3,500 years ago in Egypt. It infection, if left untreated, scarring carry out the workers to carry out the tests which came to the attention of European of the eyelid can occur when the tests which were then evaluated in a village surgeons during the Napoleonic eyelid turns inward and the lashes rub were then ‘office’ without electricity or running campaigns in Egypt when soldiers on the eyeball. This can lead to visual water, using makeshift lab benches. brought the disease back to Europe. impairment and, in severe cases, evaluated in a Trachoma is an infectious disease Its spread was fuelled by the blindness. village ‘office’ of the eye caused by the bacterium crowded, unhygienic living Trachoma today affects about 84 without Chlamydia Trachomatis and is conditions during the Industrial million people, leading to visual spread by the bazaar fly, particularly Revolution. impairment in over 8 million and electricity or in areas of poor sanitation and By the end of World War II, blindness in over one million. running water crowded conditions. Of the 84 trachoma had disappeared from most The infectious agent causing the million people world-wide requiring developed countries, but persists symptoms of the disease was first treatment, the WHO estimates that today in the poorest regions of the visualised in 1907, and the bacteria 90% of cases are in the developing world such as Africa, Asia, Central isolated in Peking by T’ang in 1957. world, often striking the most 10 | CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY NEWSLETTER | JULY/AUGUST 2006 For more stories about breakthroughs in the sciences and the arts by Cambridge researchers go to www.admin.cam.ac.uk/news OTHER RECENT FINDINGS Literature and exclusive licence has been psychoanalysis signed by CMI and OrthoMimetics Ltd – the first Department: Centre for technology company to Research in the Arts, Social emerge from the collaboration Sciences and Humanities between Cambridge and MIT – (CRASSH) to commercialise the products. A new book has been published by the Director Birds act like spies of CRASSH, Professor Mary Jacobus. The Poetics of Department: Psychoanalysis explores the Experimental Psychology literary aspects of the 20th Cambridge experimental century psychoanalytic psychologists have found that tradition that has come to western scrub-jays use be known as British Object counterespionage tactics to Relations psychoanalysis. protect their food from It focuses on Melanie Klein's competitors. Drs Joanna Dally legacy to psychoanalysis and Nathan Emery and between the 1930s and 1970s. Professor Nicola Clayton have Jacobus breaks new ground discovered that the western by giving a central place to scrub-jay (a relative of the the literary and aesthetic raven) remembers which concerns of the British Object individual birds watched them Relations tradition. The when they were hiding their Poetics of Psychoanalysis food, and uses this information argues against the separation to decide how and which of British and continental caches of food to protect. Dally traditions and for the and colleagues caution that continuing links between these newly discovered abilities psychoanalysis and aesthetics. do not necessarily require a human-like theory of mind. Progress on joint They do say that the behaviour replacements must be the result of learning ‘conditional rules’. Departments: Materials Science and Metallurgy/ Milky Way is a ‘cannibal’ vulnerable members of communities. important advance in the fight MIT/CMI/Cambridge Enterprise A revolutionary technology to Department: Institute of The infection has led to blindness in against trachoma. The new test will reduce the need for joint Astronomy more than one million people. enable programme managers to find replacement surgery has been Our galaxy, the Milky Way, Once diagnosed trachoma can be out for themselves which developed by a team led by grows by ‘cannibalising’ simply treated with the antibiotic communities still harbour the Professor William Bonfield smaller galaxies say researchers azithromycin. Current treatment infection, and thus to focus (Department of Materials at the Institute of Astronomy. focuses on mass treatment of treatment.” Science and Metallurgy) and They have used the major suspected infected communities with The team at Cambridge is being Professor Lorna Gibson (MIT). project, the Sloan Digital Sky azithromycin, repeated at intervals. led by Dr Helen Lee of the New sponge-like ‘tissue Survey II (SDSS-II), to trace the However, this can result in many Department of Haematology. scaffolding’ guides and trails of stars left behind by the people being repeatedly given the Dr Lee has set up a spin out supports the body’s natural Milky Way. These show that, as repair mechanisms, encouraging galaxies orbit the Milky Way, drug unnecessarily. What is more, company, Diagnostics for the Real cartilage, ligaments or tendons their stars are torn off by the the amount of azithromycin pledged World, whose goal is to improve to regenerate concurrently massive, gravitational forces of by the manufacturer Pfizer is not health in resource-poor settings by with the bone which anchors the Milky Way. The stars spiral sufficient to treat everyone living in developing badly needed diagnostic them in place. The technology inwards leaving the night sky endemic communities. tests for a range of neglected allows patients to either criss-crossed with their streams. Professor Mabey of the London diseases. Equity holders in the postpone joint replacement SDSS-II researchers Vasily School of Hygiene and Tropical company include scientists in her surgery until their first implant Belokurov and Daniel Zucher Medicine who was a collaborator on group, the University of Cambridge can last the rest of their lives, or captured a new image of this, the trial said: The test is an and the Wellcome Trust. avoid it altogether. An named the ‘Field of Streams’. JULY/AUGUST 2006 | CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY NEWSLETTER | 11 PRIZES AWARDS & HONOURS Seven Cambridge Fellows University, but other students, international colleagues and school of the Royal Society 2006 pupils. Between them, they have helped bring to life everything from SEVEN CAMBRIDGE scientists have French Medieval literature to complex been elected to the Fellowship of the molecular structures. Royal Society. The Royal Society is Christine Counsell of the Faculty of the world’s oldest scientific academy Education MIKE CAMERON and has been at the forefront of Dr David Pyle of the Department of discovery since its foundation in Earth Sciences 1660. The backbone of the Society Allan McRobie of the Department of is its Fellowship of eminent scientists, Engineering elected by peer review for life and Dr Keith Johnstone of the entitled to use FRS after their name. The eleven Pilkington Fluid Dynamics in the Department of Department of Plant Sciences prize winners They are: Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Dr Nicholas Bullock of the Professor Andrew Hopper, Physics, is recognised for his Department of Architecture Professor of Computer Technology, contributions to nonlinear convection Dr William Burgwinkle of the is a world leader in computer network theory and to the understanding of Department of Modern and Medieval design and mobile computing. His fluid dynamos. With WVR Malkus, Languages vision of ‘sentient computing’, he was the first to elucidate the so- Dr Nick Hopwood of of the involving the movement of people and called Malkus-Proctor-effect and Department of History and sensors, has widely inspired academic showed that appropriate scaling for Philosophy of Science research. geomagnetic equilibration is Dr Mark Arends of the Department Professor Richard James Jackson, independent of viscosity. of Pathology Professor of RNA Biochemistry, he is Professor Austin Gerard Smith, Dr John Benson of the School of distinguished for his contributions to MRC Professor at the Institute for Clinical Medicine understanding the mechanism and Stem Cell Research at the University Dr William Nolan of the Department regulation of initiation of eukaryotic of Edinburgh and Chair of the of Chemistry messenger RNA translation. He co- Institute for Stem Cell Biology at the Dr Philip Stiles of the Judge Business discovered the regulation of University of Cambridge, has carried School translation initiation via out path-breaking work on the The Pilkington Prizes were set up by phosphorylation of a translation mechanisms of self-renewal and the late Sir Alastair Pilkington, former initiation facto. lineage commitment in mammalian Chairman of the Cambridge Professor Ruth Marion Lynden-Bell pluripotent embryonic stem cells. Foundation. The prizes are supported of the Cambridge University Centre Professor Nicholas Ian Shepherd- and hosted by Cambridge University for Computational Chemistry is the Barron, Professor of Algebraic Press, and are awarded annually by only woman from Cambridge to be Geometry, is one of the world’s the Vice-Chancellor, Professor Alison elected this year. She is an Emeritus leading algebraic geometers. He has Richard. Professor at Queen’s University had a major impact on classification Belfast and Emerita Fellow of New of higher dimensional varieties and OBEs go to Frances Sword Hall. Her research has involved using provided remarkable solutions to computers to model liquids, solutions deep and difficult problems across and Professor Andrew and surfaces. Currently her main a broad range of topics in algebraic Fabian interests are understanding the geometry and number theory. properties of room temperature ionic THE HEAD OF Education at the liquids and those of water. Eleven lecturers Fitzwillam Museum and an eminent Lord Browne of Madingley, a University astronomer have both been Cambridge graduate and chairman of rewarded for teaching honoured with an OBE in the 2006 the Judge Business School’s Advisory excellence Queen’s Birthday Honours List. Board, is Group Chief Executive of Frances Sword has worked at the BP plc and is distinguished for his ELEVEN University of Cambridge Fitzwilliam Museum for 20 years, application of science, particularly of lecturers have been recognised for creating an award-winning education earth science, to the transformation of their excellence in teaching, at an service. Professor Andrew Fabian FRS a major UK company, BP, and thus award ceremony for the 2006 (1996) has been a Royal Society improving peoples’ way of life, also Pilkington Prizes earlier this month. Research Professor at the Institute of for his leadership of the climate All have made outstanding Astronomy since 1982, researching debate. contributions to teaching in their clusters of galaxies, accreting black Professor Michael Richard Edward departments. Their work has had an holes and other topics in X-ray Proctor, Professor of Astrophysical impact not only on students at the astronomy. 12 | CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY NEWSLETTER | JULY/AUGUST 2006 OTHER AWARDS The Girton Library, which has won a 2006 RIBA award, succeeds in integrating an uncompromising modern style into a neo-Gothic setting Physical sciences: Professor of using pearl mussels to purify Organic chemistry: Professor Michael Kelly of the Centre for polluted water in China. Steven Ley Cambridge Professor of Advanced Photonics and Electronics All fields: Professor Patrick Bateson Organic Chemistry Steven Ley has (CAPE), Department of Engineering, and Professor Colin Renfrew Two received the prestigious Nagoya Gold has been awarded the Hughes medal leading Cambridge academics have Medal Award for 2006. The Nagoya by the Royal Society. His research been honoured with membership Medal Prize is awarded each year to advanced the physics of tunnelling to the American Philosophical Society. an organic chemist whose research and hot electron injection in The society, founded in 1743 by has been both original and Lynn Gladden semiconductor multilayers, leading Benjamin Franklin, promotes significant. This is the first time the to two new generation microwave knowledge by supporting research award has been made to a British devices now in production. The medal and innovators in all fields of study. chemist working in the UK. is awarded annually for an original Famous members include George Economics: Dr Petra Geraats of discovery in the physical sciences. Washington, Albert Einstein, Charles the department of Economics Chemistry: Professor Jean-Pierre Darwin and Louis Pasteur. received the Klaus Liebscher Award Hansen, Head of Theoretical Materials science: Alex Mischenko 2006 for her paper The Mystique of Chemistry, has been awarded the PhD student Alex Mischenko has won Central Bank Speak. Rumford Medal by the Royal Society. the Royal Institution’s Graduate Biophysics: Dr McMahon Professor Lord Renfrew The Rumford Medal is awarded Student of the Year competition for Dr Harvey McMahon of the MRC biennially in recognition of an his presentation on materials science. Laboratory of Molecular Biology has outstandingly important discovery Out of the 140 applicants he won the won the 2006 Raymond and Beverly in the field of thermal or optical award which includes a life Sackler International Prize in properties of matter. It recognises his membership to the Royal Institution. Biophysics. The prize recognises pioneering work on molten salts and Chemical engineering: Professor his seminal contributions to the dense plasmas which has led the way Lynn Gladden The Engineering and discovery of structural mechanisms to a quantitative understanding of Physical Sciences Research Council of clathrin-mediated endocytosis, a strongly correlated ionic liquids. Steven Ley (EPSRC) has appointed Professor Lynn process crucial for a broad range of Previous recipients of the medal Gladden to its governing council. vital cellular functions. include Louis Pasteur. Professor Gladden is currently the Safety: University’s Health and Science and the media: Dr Shell Professor of Chemical Safety Division University’s Health Jonathon Wood Dr Wood, a Engineering at the University of and Safety Division was a top Cambridge PhD graduate in Physics, Cambridge. contender in a national competition won FameLab 2006, an event where Architecture: Girton College and run by Building Magazine. It was young scientists from across the UK Archive, designed by Allies and chosen as one of five finalists for present their research in front of a Morrison, is one of two new buildings employers’ commitment to safety, TV audience. He beat 150 other Petra Geraats in the East of England to be given a being beaten by BAA. young scientists to become the best 2006 Royal Institute of British The Health and Safety Division new talent in science communication. Architect (RIBA) Award. The jurors employs a staff of 24 people who He won the crowd using comic book praised the “extraordinarily difficult together have more than 100 years hero Spiderman to discuss the piece of integration into a neo-Gothic of expertise. The division prepares strength of spider’s silk. setting” of the building, which has University safety policy, directs its Environment: Dr David Aldridge been carried out in uncompromis- strategy, and advises senior won a prize at the prestigious World ingly modern style. Other new personnel on health and safety. Bank Development Marketplace. Cambridge buildings shortlisted Its website receives around 40,000 Grants of up to $200,000 go to included the Faculty of Education hits a month. “We cover everything innovative solutions to on Hills Road, the Institute of from accidents to zoonoses [animal environmental and energy problems Criminology on the Sidgwick Site diseases communicable to humans],” across the world. Out of 118 finalists, and the Plant Growth Facility at said Sara Cooper, the Department’s Dr Aldridge won a grant for his idea the Botanic Garden. Director. JULY/AUGUST 2006 | CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY NEWSLETTER | 13 PEOPLE PEOPLE COMINGL Sir Alan Wilson becomes Master of Corpus Christi Ross Harrison elected Provost IN SEPTEMBER, Professor Sir Alan A passionate supporter of Wilson, the Director General of widening opportunities, Sir Alan KING’S COLLEGE is delighted to Higher Education, will become collaborated with Sir Roger Ogden announce the election of Professor Master of Corpus Christi College, to launch a scholarship scheme to Ross Harrison as the College’s next succeeding Professor Haroon help children from disadvantaged Provost. He will take up office this Ahmed. An outstanding academic, areas of South Yorkshire stay in autumn. Professor Harrison is a Sir Alan is a mathematician with a education. The scheme was a Fellow of King’s, and in the past has passion for widening access to higher precursor of the Government’s served both as Director of Studies education, who has been adviser to Education Maintenance Awards. “There is no greater honour and Admissions Tutor in the College. than to be invited to be Ruth Kelly and Charles Clarke in the Sir Alan was appointed first Professor Harrison is a philosopher Master of one’s old college” government. Director General for Higher Sir Alan Wilson who has taught in Cambridge (where He studied Mathematics at Education in 2004. He was key he was also Chair of the Faculty Corpus Christi, worked at the adviser to Charles Clarke and then of Philosophy), Bristol, Berkeley Rutherford Laboratory, then moved Ruth Kelly, and has played an (California), and most recently on to the University of Oxford’s important role in the government’s University College London. He has Institute of Economics and Statistics, drive to widen participation in higher worked in several branches of then to Head of the Mathematical education. philosophy; his most recent major Advisory Unit at the Ministry of He was elected to the Fellowship publication is Hobbes, Locke, and Transport in London. As Professor of of the Royal Academy in 1994, Confusion’s Masterpiece (CUP 2003). Urban and Regional Geography at knighted in 2001 and made a Fellow The Acting Vice-Provost, Peter the University of Leeds, he developed of the Royal Society in 2006. “There Jones, says of Harrison’s election: an international reputation. In 1991 is no greater honour than to be “Ross brings both academic he was appointed Vice-Chancellor of invited to be Master of one’s old distinction and proven powers of Leeds. college,” said Sir Alan. “I accepted leadership.” EMBS gets new in development projects to the tune University estate, financially as well of around £600 million. as environmentally,” he said. “It is Director Formerly Deputy Director and Head vitally important that the University MICHAEL BIENIAS has been of Major Projects at EMBS, Bienias continues to make a significant and appointed Director of the University has overseen a number of key positive contribution to the of Cambridge Estate Management developments, including the first architecture of Cambridge.” and Building Service (EMBS), stages of the implementation of the Educated at Swavesey Village succeeding David Adamson who has West Cambridge Master Plan. College, Bienias studied at the gone to work for central Bienias is a qualified architect and Oxford School of Architecture and government. He heads a team of landscape architect. He was Chief Michael Bienias Manchester University. He is a Fellow almost 250 staff responsible for the Architect at Cambridge City Council of Wolfson College, Cambridge, a upkeep of more than 300 buildings for seven years before joining the Governor of Swavesey Village and a variety of major building University in 1996. “The priority is College, and a Board Member of the projects. EMBS is currently involved to ensure sustainability of the King Street Housing Society. PEOPLE GOINGL Early in his career his head of was appointed to the position of Technician retires department noted: “Barlow is 20. He Principal Assistant, the department’s after 46 years is by far and away our brightest boy senior assistant staff position. Peter’s PETER BARLOW retired in March and the best spec for the future that outstanding ability to fulfil technical 2006 from the Department of we have.” According to Professor and administrative responsibilities Zoology after 46 years of service. Malcolm Burrows, current head of has always been evident. He was His long career in the department department: “This was a prescient also particularly known for showing began when he came as a student assessment even if the language used a concern for students as individuals. technician on day release, and seems from a distant age.” In wishing him well in retirement, finished in the role of Principal Barlow took on a series of growing Peter Barlow Professor Burrows commented: Assistant. Over the years he carried responsibilities over the years. He “Peter’s sense of duty and loyalty out a huge variety of tasks to support was promoted to Assistant in Charge, to the department are unsurpassed. the study of animals, ranging from then to Senior Laboratory Technician, His huge knowledge of, and the behaviour of worms to that of then Group Assistant for the Neuro- commitment to, the department crabs and fish. biology research group. In 1989 he will be much missed.” 14 | CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY NEWSLETTER | JULY/AUGUST 2006 ADVERTISEMENTS Advertising on this page is open to University staff. The cost is £15 for a single insertion or £75 for six insertions (six for the price of five). The deadline for the September/October issue is August 25. Maximum word count is 70 words. Send your copy to the editor at email@example.com or call 01223 332300 ACCOMMODATION TO LET farmhouse in the countryside of Poitou- MG Midget in ‘Preparing for Patients D’, a Charentes region of sunny SW France. 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Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org Would you be interested in taking part or their content. JULY/AUGUST 2006 | CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY NEWSLETTER | 15 WHAT’S ON You can find more details about all events below and full listings in the What’s On brochure. This lists all University events open to the public. To submit an event email email@example.com TOP TWO SUMMER EVENTS 1. Lines of Enquiry at Kettle’s Yard reformulations of Einstein’s organised by the Autism Research relativity equation, to Sir John Centre (ARC) at the University of Even in our hi-tech age, sometimes Sulston’s human genome Cambridge to raise funds for their grabbing a pen and paper is the only explorations. research into autism. Around way to explain yourself. Lines of Kettle’s Yard, until 17 September 535,000 people have an autism Enquiry is a fascinating show at spectrum condition in the UK, a Kettle’s Yard over the summer. It is 2. Jools Holland concert in aid term for a range of conditions that all about drawing, not by expert of autism share characteristics, such as draftsmen or artists, but drawings difficulties in social interaction and by ‘thinkers’ – all of whom have Musician Jools Holland is hosting a unusually strong, narrow interests. used drawing in some way to help concert performed by people with Around 40% of children with them think. Many of the autism and Asperger’s Syndrome. autism wait more than three years contributors have a connection with Performers range from a seven- for a clear diagnosis. The ARC works the University. Exhibits range from piece band, a 13-year-old classical to improve the understanding of Tariq Ahmad’s drawings for plastic cellist and the talented, blind jazz autism. For tickets call 01234 328330 reconstruction surgery, Richard pianist Derek Paravicini. There is John Sulston’s jottings of the or see www.arc-conference.com Seymour’s 360º drawing of Piccadilly also an auction of art, with work by cell lineage of the nemotode West Road Concert Hall, Circus and Sir Roger Penrose’s 20 artists. The event is being worm, 1980. Sunday 17 September OTHER HIGHLIGHTS For children Turn botanical plants into beautiful Quartet perform at Madingley Hall. Make 3D art from scrap metal. prints at the ‘Printing with Plants’ Works by Mozart, Beethoven and Workshop for 5-8 year olds at two-day workshop at the Botanical Brahms. 23 July Kettle’s Yard. 2 August Gardens. 23 and 24 September Lectures Be a dinosaur detective… A family Travel the world with Cambridge Art, science, theatre and history at day of fossil crafts and activities at museums, and win a prize. Pick up the summer plenary lectures. Sedgwick Museum of Earth Sciences. the ‘Travel the World’ sheets from Contact the Institute of Continuing 19 August any Cambridge museum this Education on 01954 280280 for Cool off with Antarctic Volcanoes summer and visit them all to win! further details. Find out about Antarctica at the Call Liz Hide on 336684 for The Britten Sinfonia Globalisation and Chinese Museum of Zoology’s ‘Antarctic details. performs Beethoven literatureWang Ning, from the on 28 Septemeber Summer’. Until 23 September For charity Join over 2,500 people Tsinghua University, Beijing, will Art and culture on the Bridge the Gap Charity speak at on ‘Globalization and See intricate woodcuts by Albrecht Walk. The walk around the city Current Chinese Literary & Altdorfer. These finely wrought prints and colleges will raise money for Cultural Studies’. At CRASSH, 17 are on display at the Fitzwilliam charity. Starts Jesus Green. Mill Lane, Cambridge. Open to all. Museum. Until 5 November 10 September 5pm, 25 September Be enthralled with a visual account Music Book ahead for… of life ‘Due South’. John Kelly’s See how the University Bells are Britten Sinfonia This top orchestra drawings and photography reveal his rung at demonstrations of ‘change performs Beethoven’s piano experience of Antarctica at the ringing’ at Great St Mary’s Church. concertos 1 and 2 at the Cambridge Museum of Zoology. Until 23 Until 30 July Corn Exchange. West Road. September Hear the world renowned Alberni 28 September I NEVER What is the origin of being date. It was lowered from the gallery expressions now in general KNEW given ‘the wooden spoon’? in the Senate House as he went use in the English language. THAT… forward to be awarded his degree. The Lady Margaret Boat Club At Cambridge a wooden spoon Sadly the spoon is no longer awarded was founded in1825 by St John’s used to be awarded every year to but the expression is still around. College. It was the first University the man who came bottom in the Club to wear boating jackets Mathematical Tripos. The spoon Why is a blazer called a blazer? in college colours, and the was a glorious thing, about five feet St John’s colour was bright red. long, painted with the arms of the The answer is here in Cambridge, as is As a result the jackets became winner’s college, his name and the the case for many words and known as blazers. 16 | CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY NEWSLETTER | JULY/AUGUST 2006
"Cambridge University Newsletter JulyAugust"