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AKS 31a - explain how geographic features and cultural diffusion

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					Name: ____________________________     Date: _____________________                                  Period: _____
                               ANCIENT INDIA AND CHINA

AKS 31a - explain how geographic features and cultural diffusion affected the development of the ancient Indian
and ancient Chinese River Valley civilizations (INDIA PAGES 44-45) (CHINA PAGE 50)

   1. Explain how the geography of India affected the development of Ancient India. Hint: Pay attention to the
      landforms, rivers, and the impact of the monsoons. (PAGE 44)




   2. What were some of the environmental challenges faced by the Indus River civilization? (PAGE 45)




   3. Explain how the geography of China affected the development of Ancient China. Hint: Pay attention to the
      landforms and rivers. (PAGE 50)




   4. Where were some of the environmental challenges faced by the ancient Chinese? (PAGE 50)




FILL IN THE CHART USING PAGE 56.
                                 EARLY RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS
                                          INDUS VALLEY                                 CHINA
      Environment




      Power and Authority




      Science and
      Technology




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AKS 31b - analyze the development of Indian civilization including the rise and fall of the Maurya Empire, "Golden
Age" under Gupta, and the emperor Asoka.

   1. How did Chandragupta support his successful war efforts (economically)? (PAGE 189)




   2. How did Chandragupta hold his vast empire together? (PAGE 189)




   3. Why did Asoka wage war early in his campaign? (PAGE 190)




   4. What religion did Asoka adopt? How did he treat his subjects as a result of this? (PAGE 190)




   5. Explain what happened after Asoka’s death that led to the fall of the Mauryan Empire? (PAGE 191)




AKS 31c – Explain the development and impact of Hinduism and Buddhism on India and subsequent diffusion of
Buddhism. (PAGE 66 – 71)
                                         HINDUISM                                       BUDDHISM
1. Founder/Origins



2. Key Beliefs




3. Gods




4. Sacred Literature



5. Effect on Society




                                                                                                                 2
6. Modern-Day
Traditions




   7. How did Buddhism spread? Be as specific as possible. (PAGE 71)




AKS 31d – Describe the development of Chinese civilization under the Zhou, Qin, and Han Dynasties.

   1. When did the Zhou Dynasty rule? (PAGE 55)


   2. How did the Zhou claim that they had authority to take over after the Shang Dynasty? Explain this concept.
      (PAGE 54)




   3. How is the dynastic cycle connected to the Mandate of Heaven? (correlates to AKS 31e) (PAGE 54)




   4. How did the Zhou Dynasty control the vast territory they owned? Describe this system. (PAGE 54-55)




   5. List three improvements in technology and trade by the Zhou Dynasty? (PAGE 55)



   6. How did the Zhou lose power? (PAGE 55)



   7. What dynasty took control after the fall of the Zhou Dynasty? (PAGE 107)


   8. What measures did Shi Huangdi take to crush political opposition at home? (PAGE 107)




   9. What kind of government did Shi Huangdi establish? (PAGE 109)


   10. What did Shi Huangdi build that is very famous? Why did he build this? (PAGE 109)



   11. When did the Han Dynasty rule? (PAGE 206)




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Use PAGES 200 – 207 to complete the following two charts as it relates to the Han Dynasty. PAY ATTENTION TO
WHAT YOU ARE SUPPOSED TO WRITE IN EACH BOX.




AKS 31e – Explain the impact of Confucianism on Chinese culture including the Examination System, the
Mandate of Heaven, the status of peasants, gender status, the status of merchants, and the patriarchal family and
the diffusion of Chinese culture to Southeast Asia, Japan, and Korea

   1. What was the basis of the Chinese ethical system of Confucianism? (CHART – PAGE 106)

   2. How was Chinese society structured? (PAGE 202-203)


   3. What was the role of women in Chinese society? (PAGE 206)

   4. By what means was Chinese culture able to diffuse to areas like Southeast Asia, Japan, and Korea? Defend this
      by giving some examples of Chinese cultural elements that were diffused throughout east and Southeast Asia.
      (PAGE 204-205)

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