Alberta Farm Animal Care 2006 ANNUAL REPORT by gdf57j


									Alberta Farm Animal Care



About AFAC
In 1993, Alberta’s major livestock groups formed the Alberta Farm Animal Care Association; a partnership with
a mandate to:
    •   Promote responsible, humane animal care within the livestock industry;
    •   Engage in discussion with the public about today’s animal agriculture;
    •   Monitor and participate in issues and legislation that affect animal care;
    •   Encourage research relevant to animal care.

The members of AFAC recognize that animal welfare issues are a growing international concern and the public expect
all animals to be humanely treated throughout their lifetime. The livestock industry expects the same. Thus, our
focus is on the continued improvement of livestock well-being.
AFAC, working with industry, has established:
    •   open communication with livestock protection agencies;
    •   animal welfare curriculum with agriculture colleges;
    •   handling and care of livestock guidelines, reports and training programs;
    •   public communication that farmers care for their animals;
    •   research programs;
    •   a livestock care response plan.

                     together for
                     livestock care.

                     What is Animal Welfare?
                     According to Canadian Veterinary Medical Association website ...
                     “Animal welfare is a human responsibility that encompasses all aspects
                     of animal well-being: including proper housing, management, nutrition,
                     disease prevention, responsible care, humane handling and, where
                     necessary, humane euthanasia.”

2                                                                                   Alberta Farm Animal Care
AFAC Board Members
Alberta Auction Markets Association                                Alberta Pork
Alberta Beef Producers                                             Alberta Sheep & Wool Commission
Alberta Chicken Producers                                          Alberta Turkey Producers
Alberta Egg Producers                                              Alberta Veterinary Medical Association
Alberta Elk                                                        Western Stock Growers Association
Alberta Hatching Egg Producers                                     Wild Rose Agricultural Producers
Alberta Milk                                                       Alberta Agriculture and Food

Active Members
Alberta Association of Agricultural Societies                      Edmonton Northlands
Alberta Cattle Feeders’ Association                                Feeders Association of Alberta Ltd.
Alberta Equestrian Federation*                                     Horse Racing Alberta
Alberta Poultry Hatchery Association                               Lakeland College, Agricultural Science
Bison Producers of Alberta                                         North American Equine Ranching Information Council, Inc.
Canada/Alberta Livestock Research Trust Inc.                       University of Alberta*
Canadian Professional Rodeo Association                                                      * Current Directors at Large on AFAC Board

Associate Members
Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada              Crestomere Veterinary Services                  Rockyview Animal Clinic Ltd.
Airdrie & District Agricultural             Crossfield Ag Society                            Shacklady Veterinary Services
Alberta Goat Breeders Association           Elanco Animal Health                            Shipwheel Cattle Feeders Ltd.
Alberta White Tail & Mule Deer Assoc.       Highland Feeders Limited                        Shooters Hill Livestock Inc.
Alta Genetics Inc.                          L.E.D. Farms Ltd.                               Southern Alberta Sheep Breeders Assoc.
Animal Nutrition Association of Canada      Lilydale Foods                                  Stettler Veterinary Clinic
ATB Financial                               Lilyfer Poultry Farms Ltd.                      Stockyards Veterinary Services Ltd.
Auburndale Elk Farm                         Maple Leaf Poultry                              Stolte Farms Ltd.
Berdina Farms Ltd.                          Municipal District of Rocky View #44            STS Farms Ltd.
Bouvry Exports Calgary Ltd.                 Narwood Turkey Farms                            Sundgaard Poultry Farm Ltd.
Calgary Cooperative Association Ltd.        Nilsson Bros. Inc.                              Sunterra Meats Ltd.
Calgary Exhibition & Stampede               Olds College                                    United Farmers of Alberta
Calico Beef Consulting                      Olymel                                          West Farm Underwriting (Co-operators
Canada Safeway Limited                      Oyen Veterinarian Services
                                                                                            Wildridge Elk Ventures Inc.
Canadian Turkey Marketing Agency            Patsy Clark Ostrich Farm
                                                                                            Willabend Angus Ranch Ltd.
Cargill Foods                               Reflected J Consulting
                                                                                            Winter’s Turkeys
Carmen Creek Gourmet Meats                  Rennie, Mack
Clearwater County                           Richter Farms Ltd.

AFAC Annual Report 2006                                                                                                              3
Message from the Chair
The past year has been a year of continual improvement       approach to develop Canada’s Recommended Codes of
as well as looking ahead with strategic vision and focus     Practice for the Care and Handling of farm animals.
to the future.                                               The scientific community provided input to this process.
                                                             NFACC has also started to look at other aspects of
We are fortunate in this province to have industry
                                                             where national coordination of farm animal care can be
organizations, government and individual support that
                                                             beneficial. I represented the four provincial farm animal
makes AFAC strong and effective. These same organiza-
                                                              care (FAC) groups on the executive of NFACC. This
tions and people have contributed to the development
                                                             meant many Ottawa meetings, but I am pleased to report
of a long term framework for the future that will hope-
                                                             the good progress made to date and believe our contribu-
fully continue to position Alberta as a leader in actively
                                                             tion and input to many discussion points was valued.
dealing with animal welfare challenges. While this
planning is still in progress, I am confident that a clear    The new collective initiative called Putting Farm Animal
and ambitious direction for our industry will result         Welfare on the Agenda puts much needed resources
from these efforts.                                           towards having all four FAC groups work together on
                                                             projects, particularly public messaging and industry
Our member groups and many others have come to rely
                                                             extension. For example, AFAC’s 4-H program and trucker
on AFAC for deciphering the issues, for example the
                                                             training course are being used by other provinces. And,
humane transport regulations and the federal animal
                                                             AFAC benefits from the new farm animal booklet
cruelty bills, and providing guidance or recommenda-
                                                             developed by OFAC.
tions. This helps us all be prepared. There is no question
all of our organizations face burgeoning demands on          In closing I would like to personally express my heartfelt
our time. Collectively supporting AFAC helps make            appreciation to Susan Church and her staff for making
our jobs easier.                                             my job so easy and for being competent and dedicated to
                                                             our industry. I thank my fellow board members for their
Last year I noted the loss of one of our industry groups,
                                                             support and commitment to our board and to all the
the Wild Rose Equine Ranching Association. This year
                                                             many people I have had the privilege of working along-
I am pleased to note the Alberta Equestrian Federation
                                                             side these past few years. It has truly been an honor and
 stepped forward as a new Active member and are
                                                             a privilege to work together through the challenges and
represented on our board as a Director-at-Large. The
                                                             opportunities we have faced.
Alberta Auction Market Association, a long-standing
Active member, requested to be a permanent member on         Respectfully submitted,
AFAC’s board. This interest demonstrates the recognition
of AFAC’s value.
Our working relationship through the ALPS with Alberta
Agriculture and Food, the Alberta SPCA, the RCMP and         AFAC Chairman
CFIA continues to prove the benefit of openness and           Alberta Chicken Producers’ representative to AFAC
industry participation in enforcement issues. We have        Board
worked on a difficult large herd seizure protocol and          March 2007
on a draft proposal for the use of specified monetary
penalties. This followed the proclamation of the revised
Animal Protection Act. We met with the Standing Policy
Committee on Agriculture and were encouraged to be
more proactive on long-term chronic poor management
Our on-call veterinarian and Livestock Care Advisor,
Dr. Ray Fenton, skillfully handled several situations that
resulted in improved animal care. Our industries have
been most fortunate to benefit from his dedication and
depth of knowledge.
The National Farm Animal Care Council (NFACC), set
up in 2005 has made good strides in developing a new

4                                                                                      Alberta Farm Animal Care
Manager’s Report
Regulations, Extension, Public Messaging                     Yet, on the other hand there are legislated changes in
                                                             some states in the US that will impact our industries.
Much of AFAC’s efforts in 2006 focused on regulation
                                                             Most immediate is the California and now the Texas ban
as it relates to livestock welfare. With the proclamation
                                                             to prohibit horses being killed and processed at meat
in January ‘06 of the revised Alberta Animal Protection
                                                             plants. This emotionally-based decision has no humane
Act (APA) and its regulations came the ability to apply
                                                             or economic rationale.
monetary penalties or fines.
                                                             The pressure by activists in Canada targeting gestation
To continue the process of maintaining industry input,
                                                             stalls for sows, cages for laying hens, transportation
meetings were held with all major livestock groups to
                                                             and the horse issue has grown in 2006. It will not be
explain the changes made to the APA and to gather feed-
                                                             slowing down.
back regarding the future use of specified monetary pen-
alties. The use of a Special Prosecutor was also reviewed.   I was struck by a recent article by Thomas D’Aquino,
                                                             President of the Canadian Council of Chief Executives.
Linked to animal protection is the federal criminal code
                                                             He was addressing the climate-change debate. I believe
and the sections on animal cruelty. Proposed changes
                                                             his comments apply to animal welfare as well. He said,
to this have been on-going for over seven years. AFAC’s
                                                             “in the two decades since I embraced the concept of
first submission was dated April 2000. Given the pro-
                                                             sustainable development, I have never wavered in my
tracted nature of the situation, AFAC has chosen to hold
                                                             view that responsible environmentalism and responsible
up the APA as an example, provide regular updates on
                                                             economics go hand in hand. The supreme test of leader-
our website, monitor the situation for our members and
                                                             ship is to draw the best from both. How then is this to
not get involved any further.
                                                             be done?” We too must be asking this question and
The AFAC board reviewed the new CFIA proposed                taking action.
changes for the Animal Transport regulations and
                                                             Our public messaging is more important than ever. The
submitted recommendations. AFAC’s working docu-
                                                             ALIDF funding of What’s on Your Plate? program and
ment was used by many groups in Alberta and in other
                                                             the new booklet Farm Animals: Who Cares? are helpful
provinces as a basis for their submissions to CFIA.
                                                             new tools. But, each and every person in the livestock
Several of AFAC’s initiatives tie directly to livestock      business plays a vital role in stating our commitment to
transportation and the proposed regulatory changes.          animal care.
These have given the industry needed leverage to
                                                             AFAC continues with its extension programs with 4-H
demonstrate our actions regarding responsible animal
                                                             and has experienced an increase in local groups spear-
care. Animal activist groups have targeted livestock
                                                             heading workshops on livestock welfare and handling
transport using like statements like “needless suffering
                                                             and partnering with AFAC.
that is inflicted on animals as they are moved.” We
need to stand up with the facts on this subject.             I appreciate the opportunity to work for and with
                                                             Alberta’s livestock industries.
AFAC completed a three year benchmarking study on
animals in transport. We know the numbers. We can            Respectfully submitted,
show how we have improved and how well we transport
livestock. AFAC has completed a comprehensive, in-
dustry driven livestock trucker training course, now
ready for delivery. Together with industry, the humane       AFAC Manager
handling guidelines for swine, dairy, sheep and beef
cattle are in the hands of farmers, auction markets, and     March 2007
inspectors. The need for Canadian and regionally-based
transport research has been identified and industry and
AFAC funding allocated.
When in Washington, DC for a livestock welfare meeting,
I was surprised to learn how few basic animal protection
laws are in place or enforced in the US and how little
the livestock industry is involved in helping direct
realistic regulations.

AFAC Annual Report 2006                                                                                                 5
2006 AFAC Program Highlights
Promote responsible, humane animal care within the livestock industry.
AFAC Member & Industry Contact                                    Livestock Handling DVDs
AFAC distributed one issue of Livestock Welfare INSIGHTS          AFAC distributed 106 copies of Dr. Temple Grandin
and two Updates in 2006 to members and contacts. Seven            handling and auditing DVDs. Requests came from
media releases were issued. And, on a daily basis, relevant       producers, CFIA, education and industry organiza-
industry information is forwarded to keep our contacts aware.     tions. AFAC’s website now features video clips from
                                                                  Dr. Grandin’s DVD series.
Livestock Protection System
AFAC continues to work with Alberta SPCA, Alberta
                                                                  Livestock Accident / Incident Tracking
Agriculture and Food (AF), the RCMP and CFIA regarding            AFAC continues to track livestock accidents /
issues on handling of unfit livestock, cases of neglect and un-    incidents. In 2006 we tracked:
due suffering and regulatory issues. This working partnership
                                                                  • Seven liner accidents (4 cattle, 1 horse, 2 poultry)
is called the Alberta Livestock Protection System (ALPS).
                                                                  • Five liner rollovers (1 pig, 4 cattle)
Tracking incidents, benchmarking and informing AFAC
membership of identified problem areas aids in driving             • Five stock trailer accidents (horses)
change. Together, the three groups are looking a ticketing        • Two barn fires (1 pig, 1 horse)
as an enforcement tool.
                                                                  • Two incidents of cattle on roadways.
Benchmarking Project                                              The toll free line continues to link emergency
Four years ago, the industry agreed to collect data on a sensi-   response personnel with Livestock Investigation
tive topic (downers) and to participate in extension efforts to    Services and offers phone support when necessary.
reduce the number of unfit livestock being transported.            The LIS manager issued a notice to all brand
                                                                  inspectors to use the line and has booked Jennifer
Three years of data was collected and summarized in a final        Woods for a staff workshop.
report. With this we have a very good understanding of the
industry’s performance to date and how it has improved in         Producer Extension
three years (and since 1994, data collected by AFAC).
Funding for this was made available by ALIDF.                     AFAC’s staff attended 25 industry meeting,
                                                                  conferences and workshops. Eight customized
                                                                  Livestock Welfare, the Pressures, Challenges and
                                                                  Action presentations were made. This included
                                                                  annual presentations to students at Lakeland and
                                                                  Olds colleges. A presentation on animal welfare is
                                                                  also included in the new Canadian Beef and Pork
                                                                  schools held at Olds College.
                                                                  AFAC staff presented at a future trends in animal
                                                                  agriculture session in Washington DC.
Humane Handling Guidelines
A major part of the Benchmarking project was extension.           Dr. Temple Grandin
AFAC and the swine, dairy, sheep and beef industries all          AFAC, at the request of the Grey Wooded Forage
actively promoted and distributed the humane handling             Association, teamed up to bring Dr. Temple Grandin
guidelines. Demand has been strong, with all groups having        in to deliver livestock handling workshops in
to do reprints.                                                   Lesleyville and Forestberg. These were very success-
AFAC mailed out 2,807 beef guidelines, 450 dairy, nine swine      ful and proved the value of Dr. Grandin’s presence
and 31 sheep in 2006. The guidelines are also distributed at      even after all these years of her doing presentations
many producer events and featured in AFAC presentations.          on livestock handling.

6                                                                                      Alberta Farm Animal Care
Livestock Welfare Extension Workshop                              Livestock Care Response Plan
AFAC coordinated a one-day workshop with Dr. Paul                 AFAC’s Livestock Care Response Plan, with
Hemsworth on Human — Livestock Interaction, the                   funding from ALIDF and DLFOA, covers the
Stockperson, Productivity and Welfare of Farmed Animals.          costs of on-call veterinary, Dr. Ray Fenton.
Dr. Hemsworth is Professor of Animal Behaviour and Welfare
                                                                  The ALERT Line coordinator
and Director of the Animal Welfare Centre, University of
                                                                  works with Dr. Fenton,
Melbourne, Australia. He is internationally recognized for
                                                                  Alberta SPCA, local producers,
his work on the effects of humans on the behaviour, stress
                                                                  industry representatives, the
physiology and productivity of farm animals.
                                                                  RCMP, Ag Fieldmen, Alberta
Dr. Hemsworth reviewed the science behind the ProHand             government specialists and
stockperson training programs, how they focus on understand-      the Alberta Veterinary Medical
ing people’s attitudes and how they convey animal behaviour       Association to assist with          Dr. Ray Fenton
knowledge to modify handling practices.                           cases. She also links with
                                                                  Alberta Mental Health crisis line should they
This workshop was funded by AFAC’s ALPS grant and the
                                                                  be dealing with a person with livestock who
Putting Farm Animal Welfare on the Agenda project. Over
                                                                  may need help.
50 people attended.
                                                                  Dr. Fenton assisted with 26 cases and visited 15
Matched Training                                                  farms in 2006. He made a special presentation
                                                                  about humane handling of unfit cattle to feedlot
AFAC continues to offer matched assistance for delivery of the     personnel.
good livestock handling pays message at industry workshops
and seminars.
                                                                  Alberta Express and Alberta Country continue
Nine organizations throughout the province                        to carry the ALERT line ad mat in their
requested and received matched assistance                         publications. The ad was also run in 96 weekly
funding in 2006. Jennifer Woods spoke at                          newspapers across Alberta.
four of these workshops.

Livestock Handling for Youth                                        ���������������������������
AFAC & 4-H
With funding from ALIDF, AFAC was able to deliver ten
livestock handling workshops per year to 4-H for three years.
We are in the final year of this project.
AFAC & Green Certificate                                                            ����������
In 2006, AFAC completed delivery of five safe livestock handling            �����������������������������������������

workshops to 75 Green Certificate trainees in Lethbridge, Stony
Plain, Olds, Fairview and Vermilion. We are currently looking     ALERT Line Case Summary
into funding to continue this program in 2007/08.
                                                                                                    Beef               47 Bison     4
Handle with Care Cards                                                                              Horse              24 Pigs      2
These cards outline key points on understanding animal                                              Sheep               1 Other     6
behavior (cattle & horses) to prevent injury. AFAC distributes
                                                                   TOTAL Cases 2006                                                84
the cards to farm safety organizations that target youth,
including 4-H and the rural school programs run by the             Information Calls                                              162
Multicultural Heritage Centre.
                                                                   TOTAL Cases 2005                                                92
                                                                   Information Calls                                              158
                                                 Students at
                                                 Olds College      TOTAL Cases 2004                                                99
                                                                   Information Calls                                              220

AFAC Annual Report 2006                                                                                                           7
Certified Livestock Transporter (CLT) Training Program
The AFAC developed                                                 The development of the CLT livestock transport
Certified Livestock                                                 training course required careful consideration
Transporter Training                                               from all sectors of the industry; enforcement,
Program (formerly called                                           marketing within the industry, practical standard
QLT) is a comprehensive                                            operating procedures from the truckers them-
training course and                                                selves. In order to accommodate these diverse
support service for                                                inputs, a comprehensive CLT Advisory Group
livestock truckers, ship-                                          was established.
pers and receivers. It focuses on the humane and safe reloca-
                                                                   Due to demand for this program from across
tion of livestock and the regulatory requirements for Canada
                                                                   Canada plans are underway to offer a Train-the-
and the US.
                                                                   Trainer session.
CLT offers species-specific customized training on livestock
                                                                   AFAC set up for this
handling, loading and biosecurity. It includes recognizing and
                                                                   project. The site provides further research and
dealing with livestock not fit to be transported, accident
                                                                   extension resources for transporters.
response and regulations.
As an additional bonus for hog haulers, the CLT
course incorporates the National Pork Board’s
popular Trucker Quality Assurance (TQA)
program, complete with Canadian-specific content.

Goal 2:
Monitor and participate in issues and legislation that affect animal care.
Animal Protection Act &                  Livestock Transportation                 Media Releases
Regulations                              In response to CFIA’s proposed           Seven media releases were issued:
The Alberta Animal Protection Act        regulations on the animal transport,
                                                                                  ✔ New project puts farm animal
(APA) was proclaimed January 3,          AFAC prepared a working document.
                                                                                     welfare on the agenda
2006. It was revised to clarify defini-   It outlined the current situation, the
                                         proposed changes, the impacts, the       ✔ New board executive & new
tions and other wording to improve                                                   board members
animal protection and to respond         position of animal activist groups and
                                         a recommended course of action.          ✔ Orcas, ‘Freedom Food’ and the
to AFAC’s (industry input) request
                                                                                     World Bank
to amalgamate other provincial           AFAC participated in several
regulations (or portions thereof )                                                ✔ Livestock care progress linked to
                                         industry meetings on this subject           economic opportunities
that related to animal care.             and submitted a response to CFIA.
                                                                                  ✔ Transport tops agenda of key
AFAC prepared a summary of the                                                       livestock care initiatives
revisions for industry and key media     Horse Welfare in Alberta                 ✔ Livestock care leaders recognized
 messages including the Alberta’s        AFAC, together with the Alberta             with Awards of Distinction
livestock industry commitment to         Equestrian Federation, brought           ✔ Alberta a new leader in animal
high standards of animal care and        together key representatives of             protection legislation - every
the industry stands behind the APA.      Alberta’s equine industry to discuss        animal deserves good care
The regulations now include the          the development of an agreed in-         AFAC staff attended a media training
ability to use specified monetary         dustry strategy to manage the public     workshop sponsored by Alberta Egg
penalties. AFAC participated in a        pressure related to horse welfare and    Producers.
committee to draft a schedule of         horse slaughter for food in Canada.
fines. This draft was then presented      The group agreed to proceed imme-
                                         diately with an action plan.
                                                                                  Cattle Industry Council
at industry meetings (AFAC’s board
member groups) in order to gather                                                 AFAC was invited to be a member of
feedback.                                                                         this group.

8                                                                                     Alberta Farm Animal Care
Goal 3:
Engage in discussion with the public about today’s animal agriculture.
Awards of Distinction                                        AFAC’s Website
AFAC seeks to honour individuals, companies and              AFAC’s site,, is an communication tool for
organizations within the agriculture industry who are        all our target audiences. The home page design and
making a positive impact. AFAC’s 2006 Awards of              navigation was updated. The site averaged 11,130
Distinction went to:                                         visits per month last year.
•   Communication - Dr. Roy Lewis                            The most popular sections of the site include transport,
•   Industry Leadership - Jeff Ball                          links, laws and regulations and education resources.
•   Innovation - Jennifer Woods

Urban Public Interaction
1. Targeted Events
   ✔ AFAC continues to attend urban agricultural education events, including City Slickers in Stony Plain and
     Aggie Days in Calgary. These events enable us to connect directly with teachers, students and the urban
     public. In 2006, over 1,000 grades 4-6 students attended City Slickers. Aggie Days has a reach of over 6,000
     students with an addition 20,000 people attending on the weekend.
   ✔ The students enjoy spinning the AFAC Trivia Wheel and answer farm animal questions. We distribute
     workbooks and rulers as well as Teachers Guides, DVDs and CDs.
   ✔ AFAC’s member organizations deliver a strong We Care message via their displays, live animals and
     informed personnel at major urban fairs.

2. Teacher / Student Resources
   ✔ AFAC directly targets teachers by participating in the Ag Education Expo, hosted by the Calgary Stampede
     Aggie Day Committee and by advertising in the Alberta Teachers Association News.
   ✔ In 2006, we mailed out 69 elementary teacher guides, 2,753 student workbooks and 18 junior / senior high
     packages. These resources are also available on our website.

3. Extended Public Messaging
   ✔ The new ALIDF sponsored
     What’s on Your Plate? was
     featured monthly in the Calgary Herald and Edmonton Journal. It helps extend the animal care message. Never
     before has AFAC and the animal care message been delivered to such a large audience. The following articles
     featured farm animal welfare in 2006: Barnyard bullying & animal welfare,
     Humane care a way of life, To audit or not, that is the question, Animal
     protection is the number one priority, Meat quality follows chain of
     responsibility and Research by observation makes sense.
   ✔ Farm Animals: Who Cares? We are very fortunate that OFAC developed
     this new 8-page booklet directed to the urban public. It provides good detail
     on how farmers care for their animals and how
     the industry works with the research community
     to learn more about animal behavior and ways to
     improve animal care. This has been widely
     distributed to our member organizations and at
     all events we attend.
   ✔ The web site was developed
     to extend the animal care message to the public.
     It now includes the Putting Animal Welfare on
     the Agenda project.                                            New display

AFAC Annual Report 2006                                                                                              9
Goal 4:
Encourage research relevant to animal care.
Animal Welfare Research Projects
The following are some projects currently funded by industry, government and AFAC.
Engineering, animal welfare and meat quality                            Egg Corticosterone & Furnished Colony Cage Project
considerations of broiler transportation in a                           Dr. Nigel Cook, Alberta Agriculture and Food, heads up these
heated and ventilated vehicle                                           studies to test the hypothesis that egg levels of corticosterone
Dr. Trever Crowe, University of Saskatchewan, heads up this             are a biomarker of stress responses in the hen. The second
project to evaluate the effects of transport environmental               part of the project is the application of this technique to assess
conditions (temperature and relative humidity) on the welfare           the stress impact of different sizes of furnished colony cages and
and meat quality of broiler chickens.                                   conventional battery cages.

Five preliminary field test runs have been completed to date             The first experiment focused on the incorporation of corticos-
with meat analysis being done on up to 50 broilers per run.             terone into the egg. This was demonstrated by injecting birds
Subjective animal welfare parameters were observed on these             with radioactive corticosterone and tracing when and where the
runs and DOAs (birds found “dead on arrival” following                  hormone was excreted in the feces and it’s occurrence in egg yolk
transport) were collected and necropsies were done                      and albumin.
to examine cause of death. In three of these test runs, a               The second part of the experiments was to collect serial samples
commercial Super B Trailer was studied in transport to                  of blood and matching egg and fecal samples, following ‘normal’
obtain temperature profiles and vapour gradients for load                activity and after stimulation of corticosterone by injection of
conditions in the trailers.                                             ACTH, or by handling.
Preliminary analysis suggests the step in a Super B’s front             It is important that the corticosterone assay method is sensitive
trailer provides an outlet for load air that has not yet been           and precise. Thus, an extraction protocol was developed prior to
investigated and will influence load conditions. Winter test             analyzing yolk and albumin samples.
schedules are in place and we are ready for our first season
of winter data collection.                                              The second part of the study
                                                                        is the welfare evaluation
Staff working on this research helped AFAC develop the                   of furnished colony cages
poultry section of Certified Livestock Transporter program               and conventional battery
and attended a meeting where prototype trailer design,                  cages. Two strains of laying
application and performance results were tested.                        hens have been housed for
Alberta Chicken Producers, Lilydale Inc. and AFAC are                   approximately one year in
among the several funders of this NSERC project.                        colony cages containing 10,
                                                                        20 and 40 birds/cage. Colony
                                                                        cages are fitted with perches,
                                                                        nest boxes and scratch pads. The numbers and position of eggs
                                                                        on the collection belt have been used to evaluate the use of the
                                                                        nest boxes. Night observations have assessed roosting behavior
                                                                        and perch use.
                                                                        Egg and fecal samples have been collected during the mid part
                                                                        of the lay cycle and at the end of the cycle. Infrared images were
                                                                        taken to assess the quantity and quality of feather cover. At the
        U of S Prototype Poultry          Installing temperature &      end of March, 2007 the birds will be euthanized and bone density
     Trailer uses active ventilation   humidity sensor in a drawer to   measurements made to determine bone strength and the rela-
       to improve temperature &        record conditions experienced    tionship to the availability of perch space. Similarly, claw length
      humidity conditions of birds        by the birds in transport.    will be measured to estimate the utility of scratch pads.
              in transport.

                                                                        University of Alberta - Animal Care
                                                                        AFAC is represented on U of A’s University Animal Policy and
                                                                        Welfare Committee. This group sets policy on animal care for all
                                                                        research conducted at U of A that involves animals. U of A is the
                                       Marking modules with id flags     third largest user of animals for research in Canada.
       “Painting” a bird for easy      to track their position during
            identification.                       transport.

10                                                                                                    Alberta Farm Animal Care
            AFAC’s Project & Revenue Sources — 2006
Project                                                  Industry and            Industry        Grants /
                                                          Other Cash          Incremental       Contracts
                                                             to AFAC            & In-Kind

AFAC Operations                                               $99,280

Livestock Protection & Extension
 ALERT Line & Data Entry                                                             $11,379         $16,000
 - Beef ALERT                                                  $5,000                                                    ABP

 Benchmarking / Data                                                                                   3,000
 Industry Training (CLT & livestock handling training)          3,500                 32,394          25,000
 Industry Extension                                             5,688 *               21,000          33,000
 ALPS Mtgs                                                                            12,000
 Media Values                                                                         43,709          15,000
 Subtotal                                                     $14,188               $120,482         $92,000     AAFRD/ALPS

Livestock Care Response Plan                                  $50,975                                           ALIDF/DLFOA

Certified Livestock Transporter                                                                       $46,000           ALIDF

                                                                7,060                                          ABP & User Pay

4-H Project                                                     1,500                   5,000        $22,000           ALIDF

Downer Benchmarking Project                                                                          $27,500           ALIDF

Safe Livestock Handling                                                                               12,000           ACICR

Livestock Welfare Research                                                          $100,000         $75,000     Reinvest Fund

Livestock Welfare Communication
 AFAC Website                                                                           7,000         10,000
 Media Releases, Contacts                                                             30,000           8,000
 Issue Management                                                                     30,000           3,000
 Conference, Speakers, Seminars                                 6,838                 30,000          25,000
 - Speakers Grant                                               2,130                                                  CARD

 Ag Industry Updates, INSIGHTS                                                        20,000          20,000
 - Pain Management Document                                     1,171                                                  MFAC

 Post Secondary Institutions / Tech Transfer                                          13,000           9,000
 Teacher / Student Resources                                                          15,000           5,000
 Public Events                                                                        25,000          15,000
 Farm Animal Care Group Project                                                       20,000           5,000
 Subtotal                                                     $10,139               $190,000       $100,000            ALIDF

Total                                                        $183,142               $415,482       $374,500

 * Putting Farm Animal Welfare on the Agenda Project             * This is an summary and will vary from financial statements.

AFAC Annual Report 2006                                                                                                     11
AFAC Timeline
1988-1991                                                         2003
1988-91 • OFAC, MFAC & FACS formed                                       • BSE case in Alberta - US border closes to cattle,
1990    • Unifarm forms ad hoc committee for industry                      sheep & bison
          to address issues jointly                                      • Grades 7-12 student / teacher resource completed
                                                                         • Livestock care consulting veterinarian Dr. Ray
1992                                                                       Fenton joins the AFAC team
May     • Alberta Agriculture sponsors ‘Livestock Issues                 • Swine humane handling guidelines completed
          Coalition’ meeting
        • Issues:                                                 2004
          - Animal welfare                                               • AFAC & AVMA co-sponsor Dr. Grandin to speak
          - Food safety / animal health                                    in Fairview, Vermilion & Lethbridge
          - Environment                                                  • Dairy humane handling guidelines completed
June    • Industry meets & agrees value in coalition,                    • Horse Welfare in Alberta report / brochure released
          strength in number & need for a more effective                 • PMU contracts ended
          voice for animal agriculture
                                                                         • Do we still need AFAC? review completed
Nov     • Industry decides to focus on animal welfare & calls
                                                                         • Begin distributing Dr. Grandin handling DVDs
          group Alberta Foundation for Animal Stewardship
                                                                         • New Handle with Care cards developed
1993-1995                                                                • Alberta Canada Livestock Research Partnership
1993    • Name changes to Alberta Foundation for Animal
                                                                         • AFAC received 2nd research fund installment
          Care & by-laws established
        • Perspectives newsletter launched                        2005
1994    • Active & associate members join AFAC
                                                                         • International Animal Transportation meeting
        • Horned Cattle Trust Fund monies directed to
          AFAC                                                           • US border re-opens to cattle, sheep & bison
        • Animal Care ALERT Line started                                 • Livestock transport training program underway
                                                                           with industry advisory team
1995    • Livestock Transportation Review completed
                                                                         • Beef & sheep humane handling guidelines
        • Dr. Jeff Goodwin tells us at the AGM “While it
          is essential to tell our side of the story, the focus
          should be less on a positive public perception                 • Funding received for Livestock Care consulting
          and more on an accurate one”                                     veterinarian (2 yrs)
                                                                         • Animal Protection Act & Regulations revised
1996-1999                                                                • AFAC & manager receive Humane Care award
                                                                           from CVMA
1996    •   4-H Learning About Animal Welfare launched
                                                                         • National Farm Animal Care Council launched
1997    •   Alberta Livestock Protection System (ALPS) set up
1998    •   Livestock Care Conference series started              2006
        •   Elementary student / teacher resources completed
                                                                         • What’s on Your Plate? consumer messaging started
        •   Name change to Alberta Farm Animal Care
                                                                         • Animal Protection Act (APA) & Regulations
        •   Cattle & pig hauling courses launched
                                                                           revisions enacted
1999    •   Issue reports & INSIGHTS started
                                                                         • Downer Benchmarking Study completed
2000-2002                                                                • Review of Humane Transport Regs coordinated
                                                                         • Putting Farm Animal Welfare on the Agenda joint
2000    •   McDonald’s adds animal welfare to QA protocols                 project underway
        •   AFAC Research fund initiated                                 • Use of monetary fines for APA reviewed
2001    •   AFAC Awards of Distinction started
2002    •   ALIDF supports AFAC’s Communication Plan
        •   Livestock Care Response Plan put in place due to

                                                                                          Alberta Farm Animal Care

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