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AEShareNet and other options Including Creative Commons and GNU Sometimes Asked Questions (SAQs) Question: What are the relevant Open Content licences available in the Australian marketplace for use within education and training? Answer: There are currently: 1. The AEShareNet Suite of 5 protocols which are designed for sharing and trading (U, P, S, C and E) and 2. The AEShareNet ‘Free for Education’ (FfE) which is the newest addition to the suite 3. The GNU (free documentation licence) 4. The Creative Commons US Licence 5. The Creative Commons Australian version Question: What is the difference between these options? Answer: 1. AEShareNet licences are specifically for content relevant to learning and teaching and have been developed from an Australian perspective. They provide mechanisms for free and cost-recovery approaches, as well as options for obtaining some dollars as a return on investment. Each of the 5 protocols above offer a different range of options and these can be seen at http://www.aesharenet.com.au/CoreBusiness 2. The FfE licence was specifically designed to encourage free use of publicly available material including website content, but does not allow exploitation. You do not need to formalise the licence, as it arises automatically if the owner has applied the FfE Mark to the material. You simply click on the Mark which takes you to the AEShareNet website where the conditions of use are displayed. 3. The GNU Licence is available for free software and software manuals and can be used for any textual work (particularly those for reference materials). Derivative works must be freely available (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) 4. The Creative Commons US Licence is designed for creative/artistic/literary content. It usually has a mark ‘No Rights Reserved’ and the terminology conforms to US copyright law. http://creativecommons.org/ 5. The Creative Commons Australian version is being developed through Queensland University of Technology and Blake Dawson Waldron lawyers. There is only one licence currently under development which covers attribution, non- commercial and no derivative works. http://creativecommons.org/projects/international/au Question: So how do I choose? Answer: It is best to look at the details of what you are trying to do and see which of the various options under any of these licences best meet your needs. The basic choice is dependent on whether you prefer the ‘sharing’ alternative along the lines of Open Source (Linux) and Copyleft approaches, or whether you want to have some restrictions on the use and/or whether you are seeking commercial opportunities. Those working in vocational education and training areas will find the AEShareNet licences are tailored to specifically suit the sector’s needs with all the above options available across the Suite of 6 AEShareNet licences. Question: How does Free for Education and Creative Commons (Non- Commercial ShareAlike) differ? Answer: Free for Education was designed for content intended for public use and with no intention of obtaining revenue but where owners do not want the material changed, eg information on public websites; government marketing and general information; general corporate information, etc. The conditions of use clearly outline that the material is: a) For ‘educational use’, as defined on the website below b) free for reproduction and use with no permission required; c) no enhancements are permitted. d) the conditions do allow editing, supplementary works and compilations e) moral rights are preserved f) exploitation is not permitted (commercialising) (see: http://www.aesharenet.com.au/FfE/ for full details) As an example, if you have an information sheet publicly available on, say, use of poisons in an agricultural environment; management of hazards; overseas travel information; general reports or policies – and those in education wanted to use these as examples for their students, the owners would not want these altered but would be happy to have them included in the educator’s lessons. Creative Commons (Non-Commercial ShareAlike) licence is not restricted to educational use. The major areas of difference between the US and Australian version is around Derivative Works, Moral Rights and GST. The conditions include: a) Attribution – you must give the original author credit b) Non-commercial. You may not use this work for commercial purposes c) ShareAlike. If you alter, transform or build on this work, you must distribute the resulting work only in a licence identical to this one (see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/1.0 for full details) Question: Does this have potential to confuse people; this area is complicated enough already? Answer: I suppose it does. But like any marketplace there are usually competing offerings. AEShareNet is pleased that other bodies are creating noise in this emerging marketplace of intellectual property sharing and trading. However, recognising that the area of licensing and copyright is not well understood nor something that educational practitioners wish to focus on, AEShareNet and the Creative Commons “agents” in Australia, Queensland University of Technology, are working closely together to minimise any confusing messages. Question: Does AEShareNet do any more than just provide licence templates enabling people to share and trade? Answer: It certainly does. AEShareNet’s Free for Education, FfE template is the most akin to the Creative Commons model in that a “Mark” can be downloaded from the site and used by IP owners. But AEShareNet’s other 5 licence protocols are backed up by a full online brokering service and accounting functionality. Question: Where can I find out more? Answer: http://www.aesharenet.com.au/ and http://creativecommons.org/projects/international/au/ Or speak to directly to Carol Fripp or Dennis Macnamara from AEShareNet.
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