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n CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS reciprocating screw

VIEWS: 202 PAGES: 38

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                                               Plastics
    Society of
Plastics Enaineers   CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS   Engineering
                                               CONTENTS

                                    COLOR & APPEARANCE DIVISION

Precolored Plastics for Medical Applications: Meeting Federal and State Regulations
S. Parikh, Monsonto                                                                              2
Use of Reflectance Spectra to Predict Heat Buildup of Pigmented PVC Panels
T. Sullivan and G. Peake, The Shepherd Color Company                             '.               6
Titanium Dioxide Particles for Protection of Plastics from Ultraviolet Radiation
B.R. Palmer and J.W. Kauffinan, Kerr-McGee Corporation
P. Stamatakis, Nalco Fuel Tech           ,                                                       9
Red Cerium Sulfide Pigments: New Cadmium-Free Inorganic Red Pigments for the
Plastics Industry
G. Velleret, Rhone-Poulenc                                                                       13
Cadmium, Lead, Mercury & Hexavalent Chromium Free Color for Fluorocomp
(PTFE Compound)
S. Parikh and P. McCullough, ICI Fluoropolymers                                                  424
Variation of Shrinkage in Commodity Plastics Resulting from the Addition of Colorants
R. Broadhead and P. Koch, The Pennsylvania State University at Erie                                  429
Observations of Differences Between CMC and CIE1992 L*a*b* (CIE TC1-29) Color
Difference Equations
A.L. Liebeknecht, Eastman Chemical Company                                                       433
"What's Wrong With That Number"
B. Mulholland, Hoechst Celanese                                                                  437


                                            EXTRUSIONDIVISION

Comparison of Mixing Elements in Single Screw Reactive Extrusion: Compatibilization of
Nylon 6 and Polypropylene Blends
S.S. Dagli, K M. Kamdar and M. Xanthos, Polymer Processing Institute                              18
Modelling and Control of a Reactive Extrusion Process
T.O. Broadhead, W.I. Patterson and J.M. Dealy, McGill University                                 23
A Backmix Drag-Flow Reactor
Y. Lu, J.A. Biesenberger and D.B. Todd, Polymer Processing Institute                              27
Non-Newtonian and Non-Isothermal Analysis ofFlow During Polymerization ofMethyl
Methacrylate in a Model Twin Screw Extruder
L.L. Chu and K. Min, University ofAkron                                                          30
Acceleration of Chemical Reaction in Boiling Polymer Solutions
G.H. Hu, L.Q. Chen and J.T. Lindt, University ofPittsburgh                               :       37
Performance Differences Observed Between Structures Containing Simulated Post-
Consumer Recycle Resin
M.S. Edmondson and S.E. Pirtle, Dow Plastics                                                     42
A New Family of Linear Ethylene Polymers with Enhanced Sealing Performance Designed
for the Multilayer Barrier Food Packaging Films
D. Van der Sanden and R.W. Halle, Exxon Chemical                                                 46
Blown Film Bubble Forming and Quenching Effects on Film Properties
T.Butler and R.Patel, Dow Plastics                                                               51
Flexomer Polyoleflns, A Unique Class ofEthylene Copolymers for Low Temperature
Applications
D.C. Eagar, G.E. Ealer, S.A. Bartocci and D.M. Kung, Union Carbide                               58

                                                                                             ANTEC '93Ax
  * Presented in a joint session
CGCT: New Rules for Ethylene Alpha-Olefinlnterpolymers—Processing-Structure-Property
Relationships in Blown Films
M.S. Edmondson, S.E. VirAe, Dow Plastics                                                                                 63
Correlating the Plastic Strain with the Properties of the Linear Low Density Polyethylene
Blown Film
 A.K. Babel and G.A. Campbell, Clarkson University                                                                      444
 A New Look at Melt Fracture in Linear Low Density Polyethylene
 L.T. Kale and D. Hager, Chemical Canada Inc.                                                                            449
The Control of Sharkskin Patterns in Film Extrusion
S. Kurtz, Union Carbide Corporation                                                                                     454
Post-Die Effects on Sharkskin Melt Fracture of LLDPE
P.O. Tong and V. Firdaus, Mobil Chemical Company                                                                        457
BlownFilmStability
P.A. Sweeney and G.A. Campbell, Clarkson University                                                                     461
Investigation of Processing-Structure-Properties Relationships in Polyethylene Blown Films
R.M. Patel and T.I. Butler, Dow Chemicals                                                                               465
 "Characterization of Polyamide 6 Synthesised in a Twin-Screw Extruder
PR. Homsby, J.F. Tung and K. Tarverdi,Brunei University                                                                470
 •Processing and Properties of Polyamide 6/Polyethyleneterephthalate Blends
W. Michaeli and A. Grefenstein, Institut fur Kunststofjfverabeitung                                                     474
•Reactive Extrusion Grafting of Polyglutarimides to Polyamides
M. Hallden-Abberton, Rohm and Haas Inc                                                                                 481
•Thermoplastic Composites from Post-Consumer Mixed Plastics Modified for Improved
Adhesion
J. Grenci, S. Dey, C. Jacob, A. Patel, S.S. Dagli, S.H. Patel and M. Xanthos, Polymer Processing
  Institute                                                                                                            488
•In-Situ Compatibilization of PPE/Polyolefin Copolymer Blends by Reactive Melt Blending
S.G. Cottis, KM. Natarajan, D. Elwood and X. Xu, Enichem America, Inc.                                                   492
•Continuous Thermal Degradation of Polypropylene in Single and Twin Screw Extruders
K. Ebner, J.L. White, The University of Akron                                                                           499
Application of Engineering Science to the Extruder Isolation of Polymers from Solution
K. Powell, GE Corporate Research and Development                                                                         1046
Devolatilization of Reacting Polymer Solutions
L. Chen, G.H. Hu and J.T.Lindt, University ofPittsburgh                                                                 1055
Effect of Stripping Agents for the Devolatilizing of Highly Viscous Polymer Melts
M. Mack and A. Pfeiffer, BerstorffCorp.                                                                                 1060
Melt Conveying in Extruders
N. Dontula and G.A. Campbell, Clarkson University                                                                       1524
Three Dimensional Analysis of the Metering Section of a Single-Screw Extruder
M. Spalding, J. Dooley, K. Hyun and S. Strand, The Dow Chemical Company                                                  1533
TheMixingElementEvaluator
C.G. Gogos, M. Esseghir, B. David, D.B. Todd and D. Sebastian, Polymer Processing Institute                             1542
Evaluation of Screw Designs for Extrusion Coating Polymers
M. Spalding, D. Kelley and S. Karande, The Dow Chemical Company
C. Wood and A. Christie, Black Clawson Company                                                                          1546
A Study of the Effect of the Extrusion Variables, Screw Design, and Melt Temperature on the
Thermal and Rheological Characteristics of Acetal and Nylon 66
P. Shah, RheoPlast Assoc
E. Steward, Davis-Standard
G.Yazbak,Dynisco                                                                                                        1554
•ISO-9000; "What, Why and How" for the Plastics Extrusion Industry
R. Nichols, R. Wailionis and R. Cornell, Farrel Corporation                                                             1562
•Continuous Measuring and Surface Inspection of Extrusion Profiles
W. Michaeli and M. Behrens, Institut fur Kunststqffverabeitung                                                          1570
•The Application of Fuzzy Cluster Analysis to On-Line Quality Control of the Plastics
  Processing
H. Potente, Y.H. Du, J. Haubler and D. Harming, University ofPaderborn                                                   1576

X/ANTEC '93
                                                                                                   * Presented in a joint session
•New Aspects in Process Data Processing on Extrusion Lines
W. Michaeli and L. Spix, Institut fur Kunststqffverabeitung                                     1580
Dispersed Solids Melting Theory
C. Rauwendaal, Rauwendaal Extrusion Engineering, Inc                                            2232
Residence Time Distribution in Non-Intermeshing Counter-Rotating Twin-Screw Extruders
L. Chen, G.H. Hu and J.T. Lindt, University of Pittsburgh                                       2238
Calculating the Temperature in the Flight Clearance
S. Derezinski, Eastman Kodak Company                                                            2243
Cooling hi Single Screw Extruders
S.K. Dey, C. Jacob and D.B. Todd, Polymer Processing Institute                                  2248
Measuring On-Line Polymer Properties Using an Ultrasonic Technique
R. Gendron, M.M. Dumoulin, J. Tatibouet, L. Piche and A. Hamel,
Industrial Materials Institute                                                                  2256
Transient Flow Calculation of Co-Rotating Twin Screw Extruders
Dr. A. Kiani, Werner & Pfleiderer Corporation
H.J. Samann, Werner & Pfleiderer GmbH,                                                          2758
The Influence of Curvature on the Simulation of Flow in a Tangential Counter-Rotating
Twin Screw Extruder
D.-S. Bang and J. White, The University of Akron                                                2763
A Numerical Model for Plasticating Screw Extruders with PVC
F. Thibault and P.A. Tanguy, Laval University
D. Blouin, P.H. Tech. Inc                                                                       2767
Simulating the Flow and Heat Transfer Effects During Polymer Processing Using the
Boundary Element Method
P. Gramaim and T. Osswald, University of Wisconsin-Madison                                      2774
Extrusion of Viscoplastic Fluids Subject to Different Slip Coefficients at Screw and
Barrel Surfaces
A. Lawal and D. Kalyon, Stevens Institute of Technology                                         2782
On the Mixing Window in Chaotic Systems
F.H. Ling, Polymer Processing Institute                                                         2786
The Study on Melt Conveying and Mixing Characteristics of Staggered Non-Intermeshing
Counter-Rotating Wave Twin-Screw Extruders
X. Geng and J. Li, Beijing Institute of Chemical Technology, China                              2793
A Network Approach for the Design of Profile Dies
M. Huneault, P. Lafleur and P. Carreau, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal                         3338
Compressible Viscous Flow in Slits and Tubes • A Slip Mechanism for Extrusion
G.C. Georgiou, The University of Cyprus
M.J. Crochet, Universite Catholique De Louvain                                                  3344
Velocity Measurement in Single and Multi-Layer Flow Using Laser Doppler Velocimetry
W. Michaeli and F. Poehler, IKV                                                                 3347
Coextrusion Layer Rearrangement in Different Geometric Channels
J. Dooley, The Dow Chemical Company
B.T. Hilton, Manteq International                                                               3354
Investigating Interface Instabilities in Coextrusion
J. Vlcek, Compuplast International Inc.
J. Perdikoulias, Brampton Engineering Inc.
J. Vlachopoulos, McMaster University                                                            3365
The Extrusion Performance of Co-Rotating, Intermeshing Twin Screw Extruder Screw
Elements-An Experimental Investigation
T.W. McCullough, The Dow Chemical Company
B.T. Hilton, Manteq International Corp                                                          3372
The Effects of Polymer Viscoelasticity on Fiberglass Attrition When Compounding
Fiberglass Strand on the Co-Rotating Intermeshing Twin Screw Extruder
J. Grillo, Werner & Pfleiderer Corp
E. Papazoglou, ARCO Chemical Company
S. Petri, University of Massachusetts at Lowell                                                 3380
Co-Rotating Fully Intermeshing Twin Screw Extruder Mixing Analysis
J.P. Christiano, Davis Standard                                                                 3386

                                                                                        ANTEC
  •Presented in a joint session                                                                   '93/X*
Three Dimensional Analysis of Co-Rotating Twin Screw Extrusion Using Tools of Dynamics
A. Lawal and D. Kalyon, Stevens Institute of Technology                                                         3397
Simulation ofFlow in a Modular Corotating Intermeshing Twin Screw Compounding
Extrusion System with Multiple Feeds and Vents
Z. Chen and J. White, The University of Akron                                                                    3401


                                     INJECTION MOLDING DIVISION

Gas-Assisted Displacement of a Viscous Liquid in a Tube
A.J. Poslinski and V.K. Stokes, GE Corporate Research & Development                                               68
New Developments in CAE Technology for the Gas-Assisted Injection Molding Process
L.S.Twng, AC Technology                                                                                         74
Experimental Case Studies of Dimensional Repeatability on Gas Assisted Injection Molding
Process and Cavity Pressure Controlled Closed Loop Injection Molding for Structural Parts
E. Okeke, Xerox Corporation
L. Cosma, General Electric Company                                                                               79
Numerical Simulations and Experimental Studies ofthe Co-Injection Molding Process
S.C. Chen, K.F. Hsu and KS. Hsu, Chung Yuan University                                                           82
Comparison of Flat Thin-Shell Finite Elements for Structural Analysis of
Injection-Molded Parts
L. Kudryavtsev and K.K. Wang, Cornell University                                                                88
An Integrated Design Program for Injection Molding Process
W.R. Jong, L. Himasekhar and H.H. Chiang, AC Technology
K.K. Wang, Cornell University                                                                                    91
Control ofMoMingDefects by Melt Flow Front Prediction
G. Churchward, E. Kosior and S.N. Bhattacharya, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology                          98
Spiral-Flow Analysis Including Variable-Density Effects
C.A. Hieber, Cornell University
H.H. Chiang, Advanced CAE Technology, Inc.                                                                        102
Using Process Simulation to Optimize Tooling Cost and Performance of an
Injection Molded Printer Chassis
S.F. DeFoss, D.T. Tyler and H.R. Fister, Plastics Technology Center
C. Do, Transaction Technology Inc., Citicorp                                                                      108
•Quality Improvement ofElastomeric Moldings by Evacuation of the Cavity or By
Scavenging the Cavity with an Inert Gas
W. Michaeli and R. Maass, Institute For Plastics Processing (IKV)                                                 116
•Quality Assurance in Injection Molding with Neural Networks
J. Haeussler and J. Wortberg, University ofPaderborn                                                             123
*A Systematic Approach for Solving an Injection Molding Problem
G. An and J. Wilson, Bowles Fluidics Corporation
Q. Zou, Black and Decker Inc.                                                                                    130
•In-LineOpticalMonltoringofPolymer Injection Molding
A.J. Bur and F.W. Wang, National Institute of Standards and Technology
C.L. Thomas and J.L. Rose, Drexel University                                                                     135
•Closed Loop Control ofInjection Molding Hold Time
C.L. Thomas and A.A. Tseng, Drexel University
A.J. Bur, National Institute of Standards and Technology
J.L. Rose, The Pennsylvania State University                                                                     143
Advantages ofUsingMuItiple Gates on Injection Molded Products
B. Catoca, Husky Injection Molding Systems Ltd.                                                                   508
Weldline Strength in Glass Fiber Reinforced Polyamide 66
A. Meddad, A. Kerachni and B. Fisa, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal                                              511
Weld Line Strength and the Prediction for an Injection Molded Polymer Blend
N. Mekhilef, A. Ait-Kadi and A. Ajji, Laval University                                                          516
Improving Weld Line Strengths Using a Multi-Live Feed Injection Molding Process
R. Malloy and G. Gardner, University of Massachusetts Lowell
E. Grossman, SCORTEC Incorporated                                                                                521
Xii/ANTEC '93                                                                               * Presented in a joint session
Shear Controlled Molding of Long Fiber Reinforced Thermoplastic Composites
S. Parekh, S. Desaiand J. Brizzolara, Polymer Processing Institute                                530
Procedures for Increasing the Weldline Strength of Injection Molded Parts
W. Michaeli and S. Galuschka,//isftft<te./wr Kunststqffverabeitung                               534
Lamellar Injection Molding Process for Multiphase Polymer Systems
W.J. Schrenk, M.A. Barger, R.E. Ayres and R.K. Shastri, Dow Chemical Company                     544
Gas and Solvent Barrier Blends by Lamellar Injection Molding
M.A. Barger, W.J. Schrenk, D.F. Pawlowski and C.N. Brown, Dow Chemical                           550
High Speed Injection
J. Overbeeke, Husky Injection Molding Systems                                                    557
Preventing Cartridge Heater Failure in Hot Manifolds
F. Rodrigues, Bright Brothers Limited                                                            563
Adaptive Control of Cavity Pressure During Filling
F. Gao, W.I. Patterson and M.R. Kamal, McGill University                                         565
Investigation of Material, Process, and Design Effects on Color and Appearance
of Injection Molded Aircraft Parts
J.S. Griffing and K.M. Whitaker, The Boeing Company                                              570
•How to Achieve Repeatable Production of Quality Parts Details of the Plastics
World Productivity Challenge "What Did We Do And Why?" The Results!
J. Bozzelli and R. Groleau, RJG Associates
P. Colby, Sr., Spirex Corporation
C.Kirkland, Plastics World                                                                       574
•Process Monitoring in Plastics Processing A Number of Critical Observations
H. Potente, J. Wortberg, D. Harming and J. Haubler, University of Paderborn                       579
•A Method of Improving the Quality of Molded Plastics By Ultrasonic Vibration
A. Cui, M. Konno, N. Nishiwaki and S. Hori, Tokyo University                                     585
•The Use of Designed Experiments to Optimize the Strength of Reinforced PET
Moldings—A Case Study
M. Sepe, Dickten & Masch Mfg. Co                                                                 591
•Statistical Quality Control, Electronic Data Collection and Injection Molding
J.L. Golmanavich and J. Nielson, AT&T                                                            597
The Influence of Variable Injection Rate on Residual Stress, Haze Patterns and Surface
Properties of ABS Moldings
L.R. Schmidt, LR Schmidt Associates
J. Maxam, G£ Corporate Research and Development                                                   1070
Hierarchical Structural Gradients in Injection Molded Polyethylene 2,6 Naphthalate) Parts
Y. Ulcer and M. Cakmak, The University ofAkron                                                    1073
Advanced Quality Control for Powder Injection Molding via Die Cavity Instrumentation
K Hens and R. German, Penn State University
S K Bauer, Kistler Instrument Corporation                                                        1081
Process Studies in Precision Injection Molding
C. Liu and L.T.Manzione, AT&T Bell Laboratories                                                  1085
The Effects of Pressure, Volume, Temperature Data on Packing Analysis
L.L. D'Amico, Monsanto Chemical Co                                                                1090
Evolution of Molding Machine Controls and Parameter Setting
A. Bernhardt and G. Bertacchi, Plastics & Computer                                               1097
Rapid Evaluation ofFilling Simulations
T. Burton, Structural Dynamics Research Corporation                                              1101
Optimization of CAE Software for Injection Molding
G. Batch, 3M Corporation                                                                         1108
Function Based Design for Injection Molding
Dr. D. Sebastian, Polymer Processing Institute                                                   1114
•Process Control for Vinyl Molders
R.C. Neuman,ft C.Neuman Associate                                                                1122
•A Case History of Conversion From ABS to PVC in a Monitor Housing
T. Minnick and D. Kerkhoff, The Pro Corporation                                                  1125


                                                                                            ANTEC '93/Xiii
  * Presented in a joint session
•Effects of Nozzle Length on Mold Filling Simulation Accuracy
S. Weii, BF Goodrich                                                                                              1129
•Understanding the Uses of Acrylic Processing Aids in Rigid PVC Injection Molding
J.C. Stevenson and R.A. Einhom, Rohm and Haas Company                                                             1134
•Successful Processing of Vinyl Compounds Through a Hot Runner System                                             *
W. Hume, Kona Corporation                                                                                         1141
The Effects of Processing Conditions on Shrinkage of Injection Molded Polyethylene
Thinwall Containers
S.D. Clark and D.K Belcher, The Dow Chemical Company                                                               1590
Shrinkage and Filling of Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE)
N. Shah and S. McCarthy, UMASS at Lowell
D. Colford, Hoechst-Celanese Corp                                                                                  1597
A Model for the Filling of Cold Cavities with Solidifying, Semi-Crystalline Polymers
T. Papathanasiou, Imperial College
D. Guell, Los Alamos National Laboratory                                                                          1603
Simulation of the Packing of s Viscoelastic Melt in a Complex-Shaped Cavity
H. Kumazawa, Japan Synthetic Rubber Co., LTD.
M.R.KamsA,McGill University                                                                                       1607
An Analytical and Experimental Study ofWarpage and Shrinkage of an Injection Molded Part
S.J. Ni and K.K. Wang, Cornell University                                                                         1612
Multi-Mode Warpage-Prediction and Experiment
C. Cuvelliez, C. Friedl, V. Leo and P. Kennedy, SohayS.A. and Mold/low Pty. Ltd.                                   1618
The Four W's of CAE: What, When, Where & Who
A. Bemhardt, Plastics & Computer                                                                                  1622
IndustrialMetamorphosis
C. Austin, Moldflow Pty. Ltd.                                                                                     1626
Overcoming Obstacles in the Implementation ofCAE Flow Analysis
B.L. Guinn, Apple Computer                                                                                        1628
Pitfalls of Computer-Assisted Engineering in Thermoplastic Injection Molding
W. Light, Master Industries, Inc.                                                                                  1629
How to Successfully Utilize CAE Simulation Software for Plastic Part, Mold and
Process Design
P. Medina, AC Technology Plastics Productivity Center                                                              1632
•The Evaluation of Packing Analysis Software and Its Uses in Process Design
M.A. Yurkewicz, Penn State Erie                                                                                   2128
•Characterizing Shear Rates for Use in Mold Filling Software
M.D. Tyger,Pem State Erie                                                                                        2132
•Optimizing Mold Cooling
J. Divinagracia, Western Washington University                                                                     2135
•Using Abductive Induction to Create a Math Model of an Injection Molding Process
J.R. Schenker, Penn State Erie                                                                                    2137
•Warpage Index of Various Thermoplastic Resins
D.S. Raybuck, Penn State Erie                                                                                     2142
•TQM: Beginning to Manage Continuous Improvement
G. Wasinski, Ferris State University                                                                              2146
•Evaluation of Co-Injection Flow Analysis Software with Foamed Core Material
T. Rastatter, Perm State Erie                                                                                     2149
•Long Term Shrinkage of Polypropylene
M.R. Nagy, Penn State Erie                                                                                        2155
The Machine Audit-A Systematic Evaluation ofInjection Molding Machines
How to Tell a Good Machine-Old or New
J. Bozzelli and R. Groleau, RIG Associates
N. Ward, Ford Motor Company                                                                                       2263
A Rule-Based Expert System for Choosing Injection Molding Machines for a Given Application
M.A. Elsayed, University of Southwestern Louisiana
T.M. Patel, Composites and Polymers                                                                               2269
Machine Design for Injection Molding Using Post-Consumer Resin
V. Butera, Husky Injection Molding Systems Ltd.                                                                   2272
Xiv/ANTEC '93
                                                                                             * Presented in a joint session
Tandem Injection Molding Technology
M. Urquhart, Husky Injection Molding Systems, Ltd.                                                2277
Precision Molding with the Tiebarless Injection Molding Machine
F. Strohmaier, Engel Canada Inc                                                                   2280
•Effect of Processing Conditions on Fiber Orientation in Injection-Molded Composites          *
M. Gupta and K.K. Wang, Cornell University                                                        2290
•Correlation Between Orientation and Mechanical Properties in Kevlar-Nylon Composites
Z. Yu, A. Ait-Kadi and J. Brisson, CERSIM                                                         2297
•FRP Fiber Degradation During Reciprocating-Screw Plastication
C.K. Yoon and R.E. Nunn, University of Massachusetts at Lowell                                     2299
•Fiber Length Optimization in FRP Reciprocating Screw Plastication Using
Experimental Design
C.K. Yoon and R.E. Nunn, University of Massachusetts at Lowell                    '.               2306
•Feed Systems for Long Fiber Injection Molding Materials
M.J. Sandeen, Polymer Composites, Inc.                                                            2313
•Verification of Shrinkage and Warpage Analysis Using Differences in Flow Type
and Mold Temperature
R.P. Mozes, Penn State Erie                                                                       2726
•Alternative Restricted Gate Design for Improved Packing of Molded Parts
J.A. Koren, Penn State Erie                                                                       2733
•Metal Injection Molding-An Exciting New Process for Molders
T. Dubridge, Ferris State University                                                              2738
•Characterizing Resin Which Has a Shear History to Produce Better Rheological
Data for Flow Analysis Software
S.D. Holler, Penn State Erie                                                                      2743
•Energy Loss in Screw Transport as Related to Injection Molding Flow Analysis Software
R. Golab, Penn State Erie                                                                         2746
Measurement of Polymer Melt Temperature in Injection Molding Machine By
Using Ultrasonic Techniques
M. Konno, A. Cui, N. Nishiwaki and S. Hori, Tokyo University of Agriculture & Technology           2798
Performance Characteristics of the Dray Non-Return Valve Using SPC/SQC
in Injection Molding
Dr. F. Lai and J.N. Sanghvi, University of Massachusetts at Lowell                                 2804
Energy Consumption and Reproducibility ofAll-Electric Injection Molding
Machines Compared with Hydraulic Machines
W. Michaeli and Th. Robers, Institut fur Kunststqffverarbeitung                                   2809
The Rejuvenation of an Old Injection Molding Workhorse to an Energy
EfficientThoroughbred
T. Thornburg, Commonwealth Edison Company                                                         2818
Planned Maintenance ofInjection Molds Increases Productivity
W. Michaeli and A. Feldhaus,//wfift<f./«r Kunststqffverarbeitung                                  2875
•Conversion of an Insulated Runner Injection Mold to a Hot Runner Mold
J. Cheah, British Columbia Institute of Technology                                             3318
•Using Tie Rod Load Sensing as a Means of Injection Fill Cut-Off
S. Frantz, Penn State Erie                                                                        3321
•The Effect of Heat and Shear History on the Rheological Data Used
 in Flow Analysis Software
M. Conley, Penn State Erie                                                                        3325
•An Expert System to Estimate the Cost of Thermoplastic Injection Molds
C. Buck and L. Khalife, Penn State Erie                                                           3328
•Analysis of Hot Stamping a Cured Injection Molded Plastic Part
D. Sands, The Paragon Group of Plastics Companies Inc                                             3333
Moving on with Computer Aided Engineering in Plastics
D. Weissmann, Monsanto Company                                                                 3412
Lean Plastics
C.Austin, Pty. Ltd.                                                                            3414


                                                                                           ANTEC '93/XV
  * Presented in a joint session
 The Hitchhiker's Guide to Flow Analysis: How To Ask The Right Questions -
 And Get the Right Answers
 S. Morgan, Apple Computer, Inc.
 M. Obennier, Cray Research, Inc.
 D. Weissman, Monsanto Chemical Co.                                                                              * 3417
 CAE in Plastics - Material Supplier's Viewpoint
 K. Mehta, M/ey/nc.                                                                                                3420
 TupperwareandCAE
 C. Cadavid, Tupperware Inc.                                                                                       3421
 •Recycled Plastics for Automotive Applications
 A. Stamulis,M?C/W>we«//ic.                                                                                       3424
 •The Recyclability of PC/PBT Blends From Post-Consumer Automotive Bumpers
 W.H. Tao, A. Golovoy, M. Zinbo and D.R. Bauer, Ford Motor Company                     '.                          3427
 •Degradation of Polymers During Injection Molding
 K.T. Nguyen, L. Weber and L.P. Hebert, Industrial Materials Institute                                              3432
 •An Experimental Validation of a Shrinkage/Warpage Predictor Part II
 A. Gennari, GE Plastics                                                                                          3436
 •System Deflection Considerations in Large Toggle Clamp Injection Molding Machines
 R. Daul, Saturn Corporation
 T. Okada, Ube Industries Ltd.                                                                                     3441
 •Application ofASTM Standards to a Property Database for Advanced Polymer
 Materials: Description of Materials
 S.I. Gurke, Chemical Abstracts Service                                                                            2164
 •The Effect of Polymeric Coupling Agent on Mica-Filled Polypropylene:
 Optimization of Properties Through Statistical Experimental Design
 K. Borden, R. Well andC. Manganaro, Aristech Chemical Corporation                                                 2167
 •Thermoset Coatings on Aluminum Sheets: Characterization of Coatings
 B.K. Rearick and I.R. Harrison, The Pennsylvania State University                                                 2171
 •Choosing Proper Gating for Injection Molded Ceramic
 J. Jones, Creative Plastics                                                                                     2175
 •Experimental Study on Injection Compression Molding
 S. Yang and M. Ke, National Taiwan University                                                                   2182
 •Influence on Processing on Quality in Injection-Compression-Molded Disks
 S. Yang and M. Ke, National Taiwan University                                                                    2188
 •Adaptive Holding Pressure Control Based on The Prediction of Polymer
 Temperature in a Mold Cavity
 K. Yakemoto and T. Sakai, The Japan Steel Works, Ltd.
 Z. Maekawa and H. Hamada, X/yofo Institute of Technology                                                         2192
 •Modeling of PVT Behavior in Injection Molding Processing Using Neural Networks
 K.T. Nguyen, B.I. Nelson and R.W. DiRaddo, Industrial Materials Institute                                          2203
 •Modelling of the Dependence of PVT-Behavior on the Cooling Rate by Considering
  the Degree of Crystallization
 W.Michaeli and W. Tietz, Institut far Kunststqffverarbeitung                                                      2209
 •Signal Interpretation of Polymer Melt Temperatures Using an IR Pyrometer
 Viewing a Defined Thermal Environment
 J. Rietvel and G.-Y. Lai, University of Wisconsin-Madison                                                        2218


                                ELECTRICAL&ELECTRONICDIVISION

Precursory Experiments in Electronics Encapsulations-An Historic Retrospective
A.G.Winfield,.4mWG. Winfieldlnc.                                                                                  150
Analysis of Wire Sweep Related to Encapsulation of Semiconductor Chips
S. Han and K.K. Wang, Cornell University                                                                          153
Analysis of Epoxy Resin Systems By Dynamic Mechanical Analysis and
Rheological Techniques
I.S. Adhihetty, P.K. Mukerji and R.P. Padmanabhan, Package Materials & Characterization Lab                         158

Xvi/ANTEC '93
                                                                                            * Presented in a joint session
Development ofReinforced Polyphthalate Carbonate Compounds for the Electronics Industry
B. Moody, DSM Engineering Plastics                                                                     161
High Performance Materials for Electrical/Electronic Applications
L.H. Wadhwa and J.W. Sell, Hoechst Celanese Corporation                                               *166
Development ofa New Electrically Conductive Advanced Composite Pipe
G.A. Van Beek and Dr. S. Pang, Louisiana State University
R. Lea, Specialty Plastics, Inc.                                                                       602
Dielectric Properties of Polyethylene-Stainless Steel Fiber Composites
H. Gokturk, T. Fiske and D. Kalyon, Stevens Institute of Technology                                    605
Electrical Resisitivity of Short Fiber Composites
A.A. Dani and A.A. Ogale, Clemson University                                                           609
Electric and Magnetic Properties of Low Density Polyethylene Filled with
Ferromagnetic Powders
T.J. Fiske, H.S. Gokturk and D.M. Kalyon, Stevens Institute of Technology                              614
Polypropylene Composites Reinforced with Electrically Conductive Fibers
M.E. Weber and M.R. Kamal, McGill University                                                          618
Smart Fluids
M.Hiles, Technology 2000                                                                  '.          624
Deposition of Silane Monolayers on Silica Surfaces
J.L. Markham,J.D.LeGrangeandC.R.Kurkjian,^r<£rSe//Lafeo/-atorjey                                      1148
Predicted Interfacial Shearing Stress in Dual-Coated Optical Fiber Specimens
Subjected to Tension-Part 1: The Case of a Cylindrical Double Lap Shear Joint
E. Suhir, AT&T Bell Laboratories                                                                      1152
Predicted Interfacial Shearing Stress in Dual-Coated Optical Fiber Specimens
Subjected to Tension-Part 2: The Case of a Specimen Embedded Into Epoxy
E. Suhir, AT&T Bell Laboratories                                                                      1156
Howto Survive LeadframeMoIding Without Dam Bars
G. Shevchuk, M. Acarlar, L. Manzione and D. Stefaoik, AT&T Bell Laboratories                           1163
The Effect of Injection Molding Parameters on the Conductivity of an ABS/IDP Alloy
J. Harding, DSM Engineering Plastics, Inc.                                                             1638
Characterization Techniques for Complex Dielectric Studies of Electroactive Polymers
L. Buckley and S. Kolesar, AfrvaMw- Warfare Center                                                     1644
Conducting Polyaniline as a Lithographic Resist
M. Angelopoulos, J. Shaw and K.-L. Lee,
IBM Research Division-TJ. Watson Research Center                                                       1647
Conducting Amic Acid/Polyaniline Blends
N. Patel, IBM Technology Products
M. Angelopoulos and R. Saraf, IBM Research Division-TJ. Watson Research Center                         1650
Process Factors Contributing to Variations in Molecular Weight, Dissolution Rate,
and Glass Transition in meta/para Naphthol Novolac Resins Used in Photoresists
M.D. Holloway, University of Massachusetts-Lowell                                                      1654
Engineering Optimization of Polyglutarimide for Photoresist Applications
M.D. Holloway, University of Massachusetts-Lowell                                                      1657
Analytical Tools for Adhesive Process Development
K. Macneal, Digital Equipment Corporation                                                             1660


                                      THERMOFORMING DIVISION

Procedure for Remanufacturing Worn Thermoforming Equipment
S. Rosen, Mold Systems Corp.                                                                          174
Role of Laser Technology in Thermoforming Industry
M. Tabrizi, University of Wisconsin
M. Baldwin, Iowa Laser Technology                                                                     178
Some Design Guidelines for Plug Assists
L.J. Throne, Sherwood Technologies, Inc                                                                182


                                                                                               ANTEC ' 9 3 / w i i
  * Presented in a joint session
Large Deformation Finite Element Analysis of Various Thermoforming Processes
W.N. Song and S.A. Meguid, University of Toronto                                                                    191
RTM Reinforcement ofThermoformed Parts
P. Sampson and F. Howatineck, ICI Acrylics Inc.                                                                   «626
Highly Thermoformable Polyolefin Alloys
A. Scheibelhoffer, A. Wimolkiatisak, B. Leonard and D. Chundury, Ferro Corporation                                 629
Acrylic Modified Polypropylene for Thin Gauge Thermoforming: Improved Processing
Properties and Economics
K.A. Albert, C.A. Cruz andR.W. Johnson, Rohm and Haas Company                                                      633
An Analysis ofthe Thennofor inability ofPolypropylene Foam
P. Sunderland and J. Manson, Ecole Polytechnique Federate de Lausanne                                              638
The Case for Using Conventional 3 Axis CNC Machinery for Trimming
Pressure Formed Parts
R. Freeman, Freetech Plastics                                                                                      646


                      ENGINEERING PROPERTIES & STRUCTURE DIVISION

Double-Stage Crystallization of Poly(ether ether ketone) and its Blends with
Poly(ether imide)
H.-L. Chen and R.S. Porter, University ofMassachusetts                                                             196
Miscibility and Cocrystallization in Homopolymer-Segmented Block Copolymer Blends
K.P. Gallagher, X. Zhang and J.P. Runt, Penn State University                                                      199
Properties of Polyphenylsulfone (PPSF) Blends with Polysulfone (PSF)
and Polyethersulfone (PES)
M.J. El-Hibri andB.L. Dickinson, Amoco Performance Products, Inc                                                    202
Compatibilization of Polyamide/Polyolefln Blends with Functionalized
Styrenic Block Copolymers
M.J. Modic, Shell Development Company                                                                             205
A Morphological Study ofInjection Molded HDPE/PA6 Blends
S. Fellahi, B. Fisa and B.D. Favis, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal                                                211
Block Copolymers From Melt Transesterification of Poly(AryI Ether Ketone Carbonates)
andPolyarylate
B. Dean, Amoco Performance                                                                                         220
Morphology and Properties ofEpoxy Resins Containing Functionalized
Perfluoroether Oligomers
L. Mascia and F. Zitouni, Loughborough University of Technology                                                     223
Beneficial Effects of E-GMA Copolymers on Reactive Blending of PC and PET
K. Chikanari, N. Yamaguchi and T. Ohmae, Sumitomo Chemical Co                                                       229
Rheology of Reactive Processes with Phase Separation
A.Y. Malkin, Research Institute For Plastics                                                                       233
Solution and Melt Chemical Modification ofABS: Methods and Characterization
M. Tellez, F. Rodrigues, M. Mondragon and L.F. Ramos,
Centro de Investigacion en Quimica Aplicada                                                                         237
Heterogeneous Nucleation of Semi-Crystalline Polymers
R. Palz, P. Nigam and R.D. Wesson, Louisiana State University                                                      242
Kinetics of Crystallization of Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate)
K.T. Nguyen and G. Prevost, Industrial Materials Institute                                                         245
Crystallization Kinetics During Biaxial and Uniaxial Extension of
Poly(VtoyudeneChloride/VinylChloride)CopolymerFilm
K.A. Toney, Dow Brands L.P.                                                              ,                         252
A Fast Dual Wavelength Optical Technique to Study Crystallization in Pre-Oriented PET Films
H. Venkateswaran and M. Cakmak, The University ofAkron                                                             257
•Mechanical Property-Structure Relationships in Linear Aromatic Polyimide Films-Part I
T.L. St. Clair, J. Dezem and C. Croall, NASA Langley Research Center                                                650
•Mechanical Property-Structure Relationships of Linear Aromatic Polyimide Films-Part H
T.L. St. Clair, J. Dezem and C. Croall, NASA Langley Research Center                                                650

XViii/ANTEC '93
                                                                                              * Presented in a joint session
•Use of FDEMS Sensing for In-Situ, On-Line Monitoring of Degree of Cure During
Polymerization of a 2-Stage, High Performance RTM Composite Resin
D. Kranbuehl, D. Polis, C. Short and Y. Wang, The College of William and Mary                           653
•The Relationship of Morphology to Properties in Spin Coated Polyimide Films                       .
J.C. Coburn and M.T. Pottiger, DuPont                                                                  653
•Morphological Composites from Polyimide Precursor Solutions
C. Feger, R. Saraf and R. Haring, IBM                                                                  660
•ARYL Substituted Rod-Like Aromatic Polyimides: One-Step Synthesis and Precursor Route
K.H. Becker, R. Glesa andH. Schmidt, University of California                                          667
•Characterization of Polyamide 6 Synthesised in a Twin-Screw Extruder
P.R. Homsby, J.F. Tung andK. Tarverdi,Brunei University                                                470
•Processing and Properties of Polyamide 6/Polyethyleneterephthalate Blends •
W. Michaeli and A. Grefenstein, Institut Fur Kunststqffverarbeitung                                    474
•Reactive Extrusion Grafting of Polyamides to Polyglutarimides
M. Hallden-Abberton, Rohm and Haas Inc.                                                                481
•Thermoplastic Composites from Post-Consumer Mixed Plastics Modified for
Improved Adhesion
J. Grenci, S. Dey, C. Jacob, A. Patel, S.S. Dagli, S.H. Patel and M. Xanthos,
Polymer Processing Institute                                                                           488
•In-Situ Compatibilization of PPE/Polyolefln Copolymer Blends by Reactive Melt Blending
S.G. Cottis, KM. Natarajan, D. Elwood and X. Xu, Enichem America, Inc                                  492
•Continuous Thermal Degradation of Polypropylene in Single and Twin Screw Extruders
K. Ebner and J.L. White, The University of Akron                                                       499
Miscibility in Blends of Acidic Polymers with Amorphous Organic and Inorganic
Polymers Containing Etheric Side Groups
C.J.T. Landry, B.K Coltrain, D.M. Teegarden and W.T. Ferrar, Eastman Kodak Company                     674
The Phase Behavior of Binary and Ternary Mixtures of Polymers Containing 4-Vinyl
Phenol, n-Decyl Methacrylate and Ethylene Oxide
M.M. Coleman, Y. Xu and P.C. Painter, The Pennsylvania State University
J.F. Graf, General Electric Corporation                                                                680
Development of Miscible Blends by Intrapolymer Repulsion Effects: Blends
of Polycarbonate and Polystyrene Ionomers
X. Lu and R.A. Weiss, The University of Connecticut                                                    684
Blends of Sulfonated Polystyrene Ionomers with Poly(xylenyl ether)
H. Tomita and R. Register, Princeton University                                                        687
Rheo-Scattering Studies of the Phase Behavior of Polymer Blends Under Flow
R. Wu, M.T. Shaw and R.A. Weiss, The University of Connecticut                                         694
Rheological Characterization of PP/PS Alloys
M.C.T. Huang, C.H. Wei-Berk and D. Done, Himont, USA, Inc                                              700
Droplet/Fibre Transitions in Immiscible Polymer Blends Generated During Melt Processing
N. Chapleau, C. Alepin and B.D. Favis, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal                                 706
Compression Molding ofDrawn Polypropylene Vectra A Strands
A.A. Handlos and D.G. Baird, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University                        1170
Self-Reinforced LCP-LCP Prepregs and Laminates
R. Ding and A.I. Isayev, The University of Akron                                                       1176
Processing of Liquid Crystal Polymer Reinforced Polyethylene Blends for Thin Film Applications
T.C. Hsu and I.R. Harrison, The Pennsylvania State University                                          1183
Dow Constrained Geometry Catalyst Technology (CGCT): New Rules for
Ethylene a-Olefins Interpolymers—Controlled Rheology Polyolefins
S. Lai and G.W. Knight, The Dow Chemical Company                                                       1188
Thermal and Mechanical Characterization ofVery Low and Ultra-Low Density Polyethylenes
L. Wood, T.K. Ling and S. Westphal, Baxter Healthcare                                                  1193
Development of Crystalline Morphology in Polyethylene Blown Films Using
Small-Angle X-ray Scattering
A. Gupta, D. Simpson and I. Harrison, The Pennsylvania State University                                1201
The Effect of Processing Parameters on the Morphologies and Mechanical Properties
of Polyethylene Blown Films
D.M. Simpson and I.R. Harrison, The Pennsylvania State University                                      1206
                                                                                                 ANTEC '93/XIX
  * Presented in a joint session
Properties of "Super Strength" Hexene Film Resins
V.J. Crotty and V. Firdaus, Mobil Chemical Company                                                                  1210
Transesterification ofPoly(ethylene 2,6-naphthalene dicarboxylate)/
Poly(ethylene terephthalate) Blends                                                                                 -
M.E. Stewart, A.J. Cox and D.M. Naylor, Eastman Chemical Company                                                        1222
Peroxide Modification of a Multicomponent Polymer Blend for Recycling
T. Vivier and M. Xanthos, Polymer Processing Institute
?. Breast, ElfAtochem                                                                                               1227
Functionalized Elastomer Modification ofAromatic/Aliphatic Polyamide Blends
J. Parmer, M.L. LaForest and G. Smith, Allied Signal Incorporated
M. Xanthos, Polymer Processing Institute                                                                            1232
Development of Processing Windows for Prediction of Graft Properties
in Functionalization of Polyolefins
H. Kotlar, Statoil Petrochemicals and Plastics                                                                          1240
Reactive Compatibilization ofHDPE/PET Blends-Part I: Effects of Sequence
ofComponentAddition
KM. Kamdar and S.S. Dagli, Polymer Processing Institute                                                                 1249
Limits of Toughening by Localized Plasticization
S. Spiegelberg, A. Argon and R. Cohen, Massachusetts Institute of Technology                                            1668
Residual Birefringence in Amorphous Plastic Products
G.D. Shyu and A.I. Isayev, The University of Akron                                                                  1673
Self-Reinforcement ofPolypropylene
M. Prox and G. Ehrenstein, Erlangen-Nurnberg University                                                                 1678
Aging Characteristics of Oriented Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate)
S. Mukherjee and S.A. Jabarin, The University of Toledo                                                             1683
Viscoelastic Properties of Oriented Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene Cords
L. Sinclair, D. McCammond and R.T. Woodhams, University of Toronto
D. Suwanda, Self-Reinforced Plastics Industries Limited                                                             1687
The Process of Energy Absorption During Instrumented Izod Impact Testing
oflmpact-ModifiedRigidPVC
J.E. WeierandC.P. Hemenway, Rohm and Haas Company                                                                   1690
The Mechanical Response of Ternary Composites of Polypropylene With Organic
Fillers and Elastomer Inclusions
J. Jancar and A.T. DiBenedetto, University of Connecticut                                                           1698
Blends of Thermotropic LCPs and Thermoplastics Polymers Structure Formation
During Melt-Processing and Mechanical Properties
G. Groeninckx, Catholic University ofLeuven
G. Crevecoeur, DSM Research                                                                                         1702
Semiflexible Liquid Crystalling Copolyesters and Their Blends with Commercial Thermoplastics
U. Pedretti and A. Roggero, Eniricerche S.P.A.
F.P. LaMantia and P.L. Magagnini, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica                                                    1706
The Effect of Compatibilization and Mixing on the Mechanical Properties of a
Polypropylene/TLCP Blend
H.J. O'Donnell, H.H. Chen and D.G. Baud, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University                            1711
Processing Studies of In-Situ Composites Based on Blends of Liquid Crystalline
Polymers with Engineering Thermoplastics
J.P. deSouza and D.G. Baird, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University                                        1716
Investigation of Blends Containing Two Liquid Crystal Polymers
M.T. DeMeuse, Enichem America, Inc.                                                                                     1722
Incompatible Blends ofLiquid Crystalline Polymers and Thermoplastics -Improvement
of Adhesion Between the Two Phases
C. Carfagna and E. Amendola, University of Naples "Federico II"                                                         1726
Flame Retarding Polycarbonate/PET Blends Bromine vs Bromine/Phosphorus
J. Green, FMC Corporation                                                                                           1734
Tracking Index of Flame Retarcded Nylon and PBT
R.L. Markezich, Occidental Chemical Corporation                                                                     1739
Recent Advances on the Use of Zinc Borates and Boric Oxide as Fire Retardants
K. SehnandD. Ferm, U.S. Boraxlnc.                                                                                       1745
XX/ANTEC '93
                                                                                               * Presented in a joint session
New Intumescent Phosphorus Fire Retardant Systems
M.T. Huggard, Polymer Additives Group                                                          1753
Effect of Calcium Carbonate on Properties ofIrradiated PVC Compounds
P. Bataille, M. Mahlous and H.P. Schreiber,
Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, Centre de Developpement des Techniques Nuclearires             1757
Improvements in the UV Resistance of Flame-Retarded Styrenics:
An Experimental Design Approach
S.D. Landry, C.J. Nalepa and J.S Reed, Ethyl Corporation                                       1760
Reparation of Structurally Regular Poly (p-Phenylene) From Methyl 2,5-Dichlorobenzoate
K. Kaeriyama, V. Chaturvedi and S. Tanaka, Research Institute for Polymers and Textiles        2318
Molecular Self-Assembly of Conducting Polymers: A New Process for
Fabricating Electrically Conducting Thin Films
M. Ferreira, J.H. Cheung, W. Scruggs and M.F. Rubner, Massachusetts
Institute of Technology                                                                        2321
Changes in Wettability on Polythiophene Layers
G. Kossmehl, Institut Fuer Organische Chemie
M. Niemitz, University ofKuopio
W. Rauh, Fogra-Institut                                                                        2324
Dimensional Changes in Conducting Polymers as a Function of Doping:
Stretchoelectrochemistry
J.B. Schlenoff and T.E. Herod, The Florida State University                                    2327
Charge Transport in Conducting Oligomers in FET Configurations
K. Waragai H. Akimichi, T. Inoshita and S. Hotta, Quantum Wave Project
H. Sakaki, University of Tokyo                                                                 2331
•Anomalous Behavior of the Properties of Thermosetting Systems versus Cure:
A Generalized Conversion-Temperature-Property (TgTP) Diagram
R.A. Venditti and J.K Gillham, Princeton University                                            2336
•Characterization of Cure in Photocrosslinking Polymers—The Relationship Between
Tensile Properties and Ultraviolet (UV) Dose
M.A. Rakas, Loctite Corporation                                                                2344
•Dielectric Characterization of Diethylene Glycol Bis (Allyl Carbonate)
M. DeMeuse, Enichem America, Inc.                                                               2347
•Influence of Reinforcement on Photocuring: Photo Dynamic Mechanical Analysis
T. Renault, A.A. Ogale and M.J. Drews, Clemson University                                      2352
•Curing Study of Reactive Polycarbonate Oligomers
H.-H. Chin,Cabot Corporation, S.D. Wu, D. Shopland and D.Routzahm, Enichem America, Inc         2356
•New Methods for Optimizing Material Selection
G.G. Trantina and P.R. Oehler, General Electric Corporation
M. Minnichelli, General Electric Plastics                                                      2362
•Experimental Analysis of Stresses in Interference Fit Assemblies
S.W. Choi, D.E. Duvall, P.K. So and L.J. Broutman, L.J. Broutman and Associates Ltd.            2367
•Creep and Relaxation of Prestek Structural Systems
G.E. Johansen, R. Wilson and Dr. F. Roll, E.T. Techtonics
P. Ritchie, Lehigh University                                                                  2374
Poly(Amide Ether Amide) Linear Triblock and Star Block Copolymers
R.J. Clark, C.S. Henkee and R.J.G. Dominguez, Texaco Chemical Company                           2836
Morphological Studies of a Block Copolymer Ionomer
X. Lu, W.P. Steckle and R.A. Weiss, University of Connecticut                                  2842
Characterization of Degree of Mixing of Concentrated Suspensions
R. Yazici and D.M. Kalyon, Stevens Institute of Technology                                     2845
Properties and Microstructure of Impact Modified Post-Consumer Plastics
KE. Van Ness, W.T. Fielder and L.W. Strickler, Washington and Lee University                    2851
Scratch-Resistant Anti-Condensation Layer on Polymethyl Methacrylate Made
by Plasma Polymerization
W. Michaeli and K. Telgenbuscher,//writer ^ur Kunststqffverarbeitung                           2857
Polymeric Relfective Materials
J.A. Wheatley and W.J. Schrenk, The Dow Chemical Company                                       2864

                                                                                          ANTEC '93/Xxi
  • Presented in a joint session
•Characterization of Polymeric Materials Using Dielectric Analysis
W.J. Sichina, N. Nakamura, Y. Teramoto and A. Bizet, Seiko Instruments USA                                      2572
•Dielectric Cure Characterization ofModel Elastomers: Influence of Individual Components
X. Xu and V. Galiatsatos, University of Akron                                                                *.. 2875
•The Effects of Polymer Chain Length, Ion Size, and Water Content on Ion
Conductivity in Silicone Systems
J.E. Companik and S.A. Bidstrup, Georgia Institute of Technology                                                2880
•Theories on the Deviation of Mixing Rules for Dielectric Composites
K.C. Schwartz, Chomerics-W.R. Grace
M.D. Holloway, University of Massachusetts-Lowell                                                              2884
•Characterization of Polypyrrole Coated Textiles
H.H. Kuhn and J.E. Carlton, Milliken Research Corporation                                                       2892
•Characterization of Kapton Polyimide Films by Using X-ray and Optical Techniques
C. Cha and R.J. Samuels, Georgia Institute of Technology                                                        2896
•Determination of Intrinsic Molecular Parameters of PMDA-ODA by
Molecular Modeling and Experimental Observation
S. Hardaker and R.J. Samuels, Georgia Institute of Technology                                                   2900
•Prediction of the Useful Life of Structural Silicone Rubber Sealants
R. Keshavaraj, Texas Tech University                                                                           2906
•Engineering Property Changes in Silicone Sealants Due to Aging
R. Keshavaraj andR. Tock, Texas Tech University                                                                2910
• Simultaneous Thermal Analysis Combined with Fourier-Transform Infrared
Spectrophotometry: A Powerful New Tool for Plastics Failure Analysis
J. Mason, SEAL Laboratories                                                                                    2914
•Tribological Properties ofLubricated Polyphthalamide
E. Williams III and K. Quinn, LNP Engineering Plastics Inc.                                                      2921
•Breakdown Fault Levels Related to Extruder Screw Wear
Dr. D. Rile, Extrusion Engineers                                                                                2928
•Cautions on the Use of Recycled Plastics
S. Miller, GEPlastics                                                                                          2931
Water Soluble Polyamides
C.S. Henkee and G.P. Speranza, Texaco Chemical Company                                                           3446
Assessment of Interfacial Adhesion in Chemically Coupled Glass Fiber
Reinforced Polypropylene
H. Karian and H. Wagner, Thermofil Inc.                                                                         3449
Effects of Hydrogen Bonding on Tensile Modulus of Polyvinyl Alcohol Fiber
Z. Sun, R. Morgan and Q. Zheng, Michigan Molecular Institute                                                     3456
Determination of the Mechanical Properties of a Copolymer in Presence of a Retarder
E. Michel-Valdivia, R. Velasco-Michel, M. Barcena-Soto and V.M. Gonzalez-Romero,
Universidad de Guadalajara                                                                                       3458
Functionalization of Styrene or Methyl Methacrylate with N-Methylolacrylamide
J.B. Frias, J.E. Puig and E. Mendizabal, Universidad de Guadalajara                                             3460
•Kinetic Studies on Rubber Vulcanization
H. Moehler ind A. Cossu, Fachhochschule Wuerzburg-Schweinfuri                                                   3464
•Cure Characterization of Thick SMC Part Using Dielectric and Finite Difference Analysis
D.R. Day, Micromet Instruments, Inc.                                                                             3470
•Reactive Filling and Curing Simulation in Thin Cavities
B. Nagi and L.J. Hagerman, Structure Dynamics Research Corp.                                                     3473
•Analytical Modeling and Sensor Monitoring for Optimal Processing of Advanced Textile
Structural Composites by Resin Transfer Molding: Infiltration
A. Loos, J. MacRae and V. Hammond, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University
D.E. Kranbuehl, S.M. Hart and D. Hood, The College of William and Mary
G.H. Hasko and B. Dexter, NASA Langley Research Center                                                           3478
•A Cure Temperature-Property Relationship Study of LaRC RP46
M.D. Soucek and R.H. Pater, NASA Langley Research Center                                                        3483



XXii/ANTEC '93
                                                                                           * Presented in a joint session
•Application of ASTM Standardstoa Property Database for Advanced Polymer Materials:
Description of Materials
S.I. Gurke, Chemical Abstracts Service                                                          2164
•The Effect ofPolymeric Coupling Agent on Mica-Filled Polypropylene: Optimization           ,
of Properties Through Statistical Experimental Design
K. Borden, R. Well and C. Manganaro, Aristech Chemical Corporation                              2167
•Thermoset Coatings on Aluminum Sheets: Characterization of Coatings
B.K. Rearick and I.R. Harrison, The Pennsylvania State University                               2171
•Choosing Proper Gating for Injection Molded Ceramic
J. Jones, Creative Plastics                                                                     2175
•Experimental Study on Injection Compression Molding
S. Yang and M. Ke, National Taiwan University                                               2182
•Influence on Processing on Quality in Injection-Compression-Molded Disks
S. Yang and M. Ke,National Taiwan University.....                                               2188
•Adaptive Holding Pressure Control Based on The Prediction of Polymer
Temperature in a Mold Cavity
K. Yakemoto and T. Sakai, The Japan Steel Works, Ltd.
Z. Maekawa and H. Hamada, Kyoto Institute of Technology                                     2192
•Modeling of PVT Behavior in Injection Molding Processing Using Neural Networks
K.T. Nguyen, B.I. Nelson and R.W. DiRaddo, Industrial Materials Institute                       2203
•Modelling of the Dependence of PVT-Behavior on the Cooling Rate by
Considering the Degree of Crystallization
W. Michaeli and W. Tietz, Institut far Kunststqffverarbeitung                                   2209
•Signal Interpretation of Polymer Melt Temperatures Using an IR Pyrometer
Viewing a Defined Thermal Environment
J. Rietvel and G.-Y. Lai, University of Wisconsin-Madison                                       2218

                                        VINYL PLASTICS DIVISION

Mixed Ca/Zn Thermal Stabilizers for Weatherable Rigid PVC
G. Mur, Rhone-Poulenc Recherches
R. Madgwick, Rohm and Haas France S.A                                                           714
Non-Lead Stabilizer Systems for PVC Wire & Cable Extrusion - (An Update)
T.G. Kaseler.BaerlocherUSA                                                                  717
Improved Method for Detection of Organotins in Food Simulants
M.R. Dominic, C.P. Koch and J. Mills, Morton International, Inc                                  728
Metal Formates as Potential Stabilizers for Vinylidene Chloride Copolymers
B.A. Howell and C.V. Rajaram, Central Michigan University                                       732
Lubricant Systems for Rigid PVC Applications
J.A Falter and K.S. Geick, Lonza Inc.                                                           736
A Novel Impact Modifier System for Vinyl Siding & Profile Substrate
M. Grohman, GE Specialty Chemicals                                                          742
DATA Analysis for Non-Statisticians
R. Neuman,/J.C. Neuman Associates                                                               746
•Process Control for Vinyl Molders
R.C. Neuman, R.C. Neuman Associates                                                             1122
•A Case History of Conversion from ABStoPVC in a Monitor Housing
T. MinnickandD. Kerkhoff, The Pro Corporation                                                   1125
•Effects of Nozzle Length on Mold Filling Simulation Accuracy
S.Weir.BF Goodrich                                                                              1129
•Understanding the Uses of Acrylic Processing Aids in Rigid PVC Injection Molding
J.C. Stevenson and R.A. Einhorn, Rohm and Haas Company                                      1134
•Successful Processing of Vinyl Compounds Through a Hot Runner System
W. Hume, Kona Corporation                                                                       1141
Rigid Cellular PVC - The Next House Siding Material?
E.C. Szamborski and T.E. Buterbaugh, Rohm and Haas Company                                  1768
The Weathering of Vinyl Siding
A. Stoloff, Consultant                                                                          1771
  * Presented in a joint session                                                      ANTEC '93/XXiii
Changes in Properties of Rigid PVC During Weathering
E.B. Rabinovitch, J.S. Summers and W.E. Northcott, BF Goodrich                                                    1784
Environmental Stress Cracking of Polyvinyl Chloride Compounds Under Long-Term Stress
J.W. Summers, E. Rabinovitch and J. Rodriguez, BF Goodrich                                                      41790
Mathematical Modeling of Rigid Poly(vinyl chloride) Formations: Fusion Characteristics
C.R. Bambrick, L.R. Hoegy and L.P. Ferrari, Dow Chemical Canada Inc                                                 1797
Factors Influencing PVC Resin Apparent Bulk Density
M.A. Kauffinan and R.S. Guise, Occidental Chemical Corporation                                                      1807
The Effect of the FTC Environmental Guidelines on the Marketing of Vinyl Products
J.P. Rakm, Alpha Chemical & Plastics Corp                                                                          1814
Processing Conditions Optimization for PVC Plastisol Rotational Molding
E. Mendizabal, J.M. Candia, V. Gonzalez-Alvarez and C.F. Jasso-Gastinel,
Universidad de Guadalajara
L. Cruz, Hedstrom Corporation                       ;                                                              2378
Trimethylpentanediol Dibenzoate: New Plastidzer for Plastisol Screen Ink
W. Arendt and H. Beitsch, Velsicol Chemical Corporation                                                            2381
Effect of Plasticizer Functionality on the Performance Properties of Flexible PVC Compounds
J. Ingram and S. Hookanson, Vista Chemical Company                                                                  2385
Effect of Crystallinity on PVC Physical Properties
R.A. Marshall, The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company                                                                  2390
High Quality PVC Calander Films Processed More Economically by Using Gear Pumps
Dr. R. Stehr and P. Andersen, Maag Pump Systems AG                                                                 2396
•Plasticization of PVC with Ethylene Copolymer Resins
G.H. Hofmann, R.J. Statzand R.B. Case, E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co                                                2938
•Additives for Processing Rigid PVDC Copolymers
M.C. Patterson and D.L. Dunkelberger, Rohm and Haas                                                               2950
•Effect of Thermal Aging on Physical Properties of Impact-Modified Vinyl
R.A. Einhorn and J.C. Stevenson, Rohm and Haas                                                                    2956
•The Effect of Biocide Selection on the Performance of PVC Heat Stabilizers
R.G. Hamel and N.M. Rei, Morion International                                                                      2963
•An Accelerated Microbial Challenge of Biologically Inert Polymers
T.E. Robitalle and K.P. Roberts, Olin Corporation                                                                 2977
•A Viscoelastic Interpretation of Miscibility for Three PVC-Styrenic Copolymer Blends
N. Prakash and A. Letton, Texas A&M University
R. Asay, Vista Chemical Company                                                                                   2980


                                            THERMOSET DIVISION

New Software Tools for the Filling Simulation of Thermosets
W. Michaeli and Th. Gernot, Institut far Kunststqffverarbeitung                                                   2406
Modeling and Simulation of High Reynolds' Number Flows During Reaction Injection Mold Filling
T.J. Spiegelhoff and T.A. Osswald, University of Wisconsin-Madison                                                 2415
A Unified Simulation for Reactive Polymer Processing: RIM, SRIM and RTM
T.-Y. Chen and V.W. Want, AC Technology                                                                           2421
On the Control of the Resin Transfer Molding Process Using a Neural Fuzzy Controller
F. Trochu and M. Balazinski, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal
E. Czogalo, Technical University of Silesia                                                                         2426
An Expert System to Estimate Costs of Compression Molds
P.G. Sniegocki and R.E. Farrell, The Behrend College                                                              2431
A New Artificial-Skin Face Mask for Measurement of Laceration Potential
R. McKinney and D. Moody, Triangle Research and Development Corporation                                            2988
Relaxation Methods for Studying the Cure and Cure State of Composites
R.E. Wetton and J.C. Duncan, Polymer Laboratories Ltd.                                                             2991
Kinetic Study of a Reticulated Copolymer Reaction in Presence of a Retarder
R. Velasco-Michel, E. Michel-Valdivia, M. Varcena-Soto and V.M. Gonzalez-Romero,
Universidad de Guadalajara                                                                                         29%

Xxiv/ANTEC '93
                                                                                              * Presented in a joint session
Experimental Determination ofthe Kinetic Rates ofSheet Molding Compound
Resins Using Differential Scanning Calorimetry
H.-T. Kza, General Motors                                                                           3000
Rubber-Toughened Epoxy Polymers: The Role oftbeEpoxy-Rubber Interface                           *
R. Bagheri and R. Pearson, Lehigh University                                                        3006
Toughened Epoxy Resins via Reactive Thermoplastic Modification
T.H. Yoon, S.C. Liptak, D. Priddy and J.E. McGrath,
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University                                                 3011



                              THERMOPLASTIC MATERIALS & FOAMS DIVISION

Development ofPolyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Foam
T. Kirai andN. Amano, Setdsui Plastics Co., Ltd.                                                    1256
An Innovative Polymer - High Heat Resistant Acrylics (HHA)
J. Shen, ICI Acrylics Inc.                                                                          1260
LLDPE Blown Film Resins with Low Inherent Blocking Force
S. Karande, L. HazlittandM. CastiMes, Dow Plastics                                                   1262
Extrusion Coating ofBio-Degradable Polymer on Paperboard: Development
of a New Extrusion Coating Method
K. Yabusa, T. Aizawa, M. Taniguchi and T. Katoh, Toppan Printing Co., Ltd.                          1267
Novel Aliphatic Thermoplastic Polyurethalastomers Based on Isophorone Disocyanate
and Poly (Propylene Oxide) Glycols That Have Low Terminal Unsaturation
C. Smith, A. Chen and J. O'Connor, Olin Corporation                                                 1271
Extrusion of Microcellular Polymers Using a Rapid Pressure Drop Device
C. Park and N. Suh, Massachusetts Institute of Technology                                           1818
Fatigue of High Density Microcellular Polycarbonate
V. Kumar, University of Washington
K. Seeler, Lafayette College                                                                        1823
The Nucleation of Microcellular Foams in Polystyrene Containing Low Glass
Transition Particles
N.S. Ramesh D.H. Rasmussen and G.A. Campbell, Clarkson University                                   1828
Linear and Nonlinear Viscoelastic Behavior of Polycarbonate and Microcellular
PolycarbonateFoam
V. Kumar, G.Wing, A. Pasricha and M. Turtle, University of Washington                               1832
Viscoelastic Behavior of Gas/Polymer Solutions Glass Transition Temperature
Depression at High Gas Concentrations
D. Baldwin, D. Gustafson, M. Shimbo and N. Suh, Massachusestts Institute of Technology              1840
Investigation of the Cell Size Effect in the Viscoelastic Behavior of Microcellular Plastics
M. Shimbo, D.F. Baldwin andN.P. Suh, Kanazawa Institute of Technology                               1844
Non-Isothermal Crystallization of Polymers: Regimes of Coupling
A. Benard and S.G. Advani, University of Delaware                                                   3016
Modeling of the Crystallization Behavior of High Performance Semicrystalline Polymers
J.M. Kenny, Universita di Catania
A. Maffezzoli, Universita di Lecce                                                                  3021
Measurement of the Physical Properties of Engineering Thermoplastics Using
Thermal Analysis
J.A. Foreman, C.J. Lundgren and P.S. Gill, TA Instruments, Inc.                                     3025
Temperature Effects on Thermoplastic Foam Sheet Formation
S.-T. Lee, Sealed Air Corporation
N.S. Ramesh and G.A. Campbell, Clarkson University                                                  3033
Use of Rheology in Polypropylene Resin Design
H. Yoo, Himont U.S.A., Inc.                                                                         3037
Evaluation of Recycled Structural Foam Polystyrene in Business Machine Applications
O. Khennache, Camoplast Inc.
P. Grelle, The Dow Chemical Co                                                                      3043

                                                                                               ANTEC '93/XXV
  * Presented in a joint session
Performance ofPolypropylene Foam Food Containers in Microwave Cooking
T.M. Pontiff, Himont USA, Inc.                                                                               3047



                                        BLOW MOLDING DIVISION

Leasing Solutions for the Plastics Industry
H. Jerz, Indiana-Michigan Corporation                                                                        1280
Rule of Thumb - Guidelines for Selecting Industrial Blow Molding Machines
R. Slawski, WIN Industrial Networks Inc.                                                                     1284
What Do We Buy?
S. Belcher, Sabel Plastechs. Inc.                                                                            1286
Sequential Extrusion Blowmolding: A Newly Accessible Technology
J. Schwaegerle and W. Deaton, Johnson Controls, Inc                                                          1289
Adaptive Ambient Control: Maximum Efficiency Through Mold Temperature Regulation
S. London, Bekum America Corporation                                                                         1294
Numerical Simulation and Experimental Techniques Applied to Extrusion Blow Molding
A. Garcia-Rejon and R.W. DiRaddo, Industrial Materials Institute                                             1850
Computer Modeling of Blow Molding
K. Kouba, M.O. Ghafurand J. Vlachopoulos, McMaster University                                                1861
Neural Network Modelling of the Inflation Stage in Blow Molding
R.W. DiRaddo and A. Garcia-Rejon, Industrial Materials Institute                                             1865
Numerical Simulation of the Blow Molding Process
B. Debbaut, B. Hocq and J.M. Marchal, Polyflow S.A                                                           1870
Optimization of Preform for Blow Molding Process
D.K. Lee and S.K. Soh, University of Detroit Mercy                                                           1873
Extrudate Swell, Rheological Behavior, and Parison Formation of Blow Molding
Grade Engineering Resins
A.H. Wagner and D.M. Kalyon, Stevens Institute of Technology                                                 1878
On-Line Measurement of the Thickness Distribution of Blow Molding Parisons
A. Garcia-Rejon and P. Cielo, Industrial Materials Institute
M.R. Kamal and P.L. Swan, McGill University                                                                  1885
Finite Element Modelling of the Heat Transfer Dynamics for the Reheating
Stage of Injection Blow Molding
R.W. DiRaddo, Industrial Materials Institute                                                                 1890
Strain-Hardening ofPolypropylene
S.A. Jabarin, The University of Toledo                                                                       2436
Biodegradable Bacterial PHBV Copolyesters: Properties, Processing and
Performance in Bottle Applications
G. O'Brien, ICVZeneca Byproducts                                                                             2443
Processing Additives in High Density Polyethylene Extrusion Blow Molding Applications
D. Duchesne, 3M Canada Inc.
T.J. Blong, 3M Company
M. Brandon, 3M Europe                                                                                       2452
Modification ofPolyamides for Blowmoldability
P.M. Subramanian, E.I. du Pont                                                                              2463
Blow Molded Reinforced High Density Polyethylene
D. Allen, D. Peters, J. Rathman and D. Kowalski, Phillips 66 Company                                        2467
The Broadway Bottle: New Technology in a One-Piece, PET Beverage Bottle
J.C. Maddow, Broadway Companies Inc.                                                                         3052
Designing Containers for Hot Fill Applications
D. Weissmann, Monsanto Company                                                                               3058
Comparative Cost Analysis of Polypropylene and PET on Injection Stretch Blow Machines
S. Everett, Exxon Chemical Company                                                                           3063



XXVi/ANTEC '93
                                                                                        • Presented in a joint session
P&G and Blow Molded Bottle Recycling
T. Rattray, Procter & Gamble                                                                  3065
Blow Molding Engineering Thermoplastics Method of Improving the Molded
Part Surface Part I: Heat/Cool Process Technology                                         »
H. Furuya, H. Takatori and L. Ferguson, GE Plastics                                           3070
Blow Molding Engineering Thermoplastics Method ofImproving the Molded
Part Surface Part H: Heat/Cool Process Cycle Time Study
L. Ferguson, H. Takatori and H. Furuya, GE Plastics                                           3080
The Effect of Machine Process Monitoring and the Use of CIM on the Operation
and Productivity ofBlow Molding Plants
D. Hunkar, Hunkar Laboratories, Inc                                                            3088


                                           AUTOMOTIVE DIVISION

Aging Methodology for Under-the-Hood Plastics
D.M. Bigg, Battelle                                                                           1298
Permeability-Temperature Relationships ofExpansible Nylon Fabrics
R. Tock and G. Nusholtz, Texas Tech University                                                1302
Zinc Chloride Resistant Nylon 6 Alloy for Automotive Applications
B. Matthew and M. Normandin, Nylon Corporation of America                                      1307
Manufacturing and Lifecycle Costs of a Composite Automotive Structure
A. Mascarin and J. Dieffenbach, IBIS Associates, Inc                                           1311
Long-Fiber Thermoplastic Direct Melt Phase Molding
F. Deans, Composite Products, Inc.
J. Raisoni, General Motors Corp                                                               1314
Automotive Interiors for the '90's
R.D. Arndt, Ford Motor Company                                                                2478
Thermoplastic Elastomers - An Innovative Approach to Automotive Weatherstripping
D. Peterson, J. Gleeson and R. Banning, Advanced Elastomer Systems                            2480
Kinetic Energy Adsorption By Expansible Nylon Fabrics
R. Tock and G. Nusholtz, Texas Tech University                                                2487
Novel Precolored TPO Systems Suitable for Partially Painted and Non-Painted
Exterior Automotive Applications
E. LauandD. Edge,D & S Plastics International                                                 2487
Paintability of Olefinic Substrates
S. Srinivasan, D & S Plastics International                                                   2491
•Recycled Plastics for Automotive Applications
A. Staniulis, MRC Polymers Inc.                                                               3424
•The Recyclability of PC/PBT Blends From Post-Consumer Automotive Bumpers
W.H. Tao, A. Golovoy, M. Zinbo and D.R. Bauer, Ford Motor Company                             3427
•Degradation of Polymers During Injection Molding
K.T. Nguyen, L. Weber and L.P. Hebert, Industrial Materials Institute                         3432
•An Experimental Validation of a Shrinkage/Warpage Predictor Part II
A. Gennari, G£ Plastics                                                                       3436
•System Deflection Considerations in Large Toggle Clamp Injection Molding Machines
R. Daul, Saturn Corporation
T. Okada, Ube Industries Ltd.                                                                 3441



                                      PLASTICS ANALYSIS DIVISION

Morphology, Deformation Mechanisms and Mechanical Behavior of MBS
Rubber Modified PVC
D. Dompas and G. Groeninckx, Catholic University ofLeuven
T. Hasegawa, M. Kadokura and M. Isogawa, Kaneka Corporation                                   266
                                                                                     ANTEC '93/XXVii
  ' Presented in a joint session
Heat Deflection Temperature (HDT) and Notched IZOD: Two Key Measurements
That Have Outlived Their Usefulness
L.E. Nunnery, Jr., Bulk Molding Compounds, Ind.                                                                 268
Quantitative Analysis of Antioxidants in Polyethylene by On-line Supercritical                              .
Fluid Extraction/Chromatography
T. Tikuisis and M. Cossar, Novacor Chemicals Ltd.                                                               270
Rapid On-Line and Near On-Line Determination of Polymer Product
Changeover During Extrusion via Process-FITR Analysis
R.A. Fidler, Flow Vision
T. Oswald and N. Pewar, Dow Chemical Canada Inc.                                                                277
The Relationship Between Crosslink Density and Tensile Properties of UV Curved
Multifunctional Acrylates
P.T. Weissman, S.-M. Linden and R.P. Chartoff, University of Dayton                                             283
Prediction of Diffusion Coefficients of Small Molecule Penetrants in Polymers by
Molecular Dynamics Simulation
R.H. Boyd and K.P.V. Pant, University of Utah                                                                   288
Chain Conformations and Dynamics in Polymer Melts by Simulations and AB
Initio Calculations
D.Y. Yoon and T. Matsuda, IBM Almaden Research Center
G.D. Smith, Eloret Institute
R.L.Jaffe, NASA                                                                                                 291
A Method to Predict the Properties of Polymers
J. Bicerano, The Dow Chemical Co                                                                                292
Structure-Property Relationships in Short-Fiber-Reinforced Resins
Y. Termonia, E.I. du Pont de Nemours, Inc.                                                                       296
Modeling Thermochromic Transitions in the Polysilanes: A Novel Computational
Chemistry Approach
W. Welsh, University of Missouri                                                                                298
Applications of Neural Networks in Polymer Simulations
D.W. Noid and B.G. Sumpter, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
J.A. Darsey, The University of Arkansas                                                                         750
Simulation of Viscoelasticity in Model Polymer Melts
J. Gao and J.H. Weiner, Brown University                                                                        755
Prediction of Macroscopic Properties of Sulfur-Cured Elastomeric Networks
A. Al-Ghamdi, T.B. Rayes and V. Galiatsatos, University ofAkron                                                 756
QSPR Methods for Diffusion in Polymers
R. Vaz, Tripos Associates, Inc                                                                                   759
A Process Model for Laser Photopolymerization in Stereolithography
L. FlachandR. Chartoff, University ofDayton                                                                     763
Instant Wall Slip Along the Die Land During Spurting Extrusion of HDPE
X. Wang, Brownsburg Technical Center, ICI
P.J. Carreau and P.G. LaFleur, Polytechnique de Montreal, Case                                                   767
Two-Dimensional Dynamic Study ofDistributive Mixing of a Banbury Mixer
T.H. Wong, Yale University
I. Manas-Zloczower, Case Western Reserve University                                                             773
•Mechanical Property-Structure Relationships of Linear Aromatic Polyimide Films-Part I
T.L. St. Clair, J. Dezem and C. Croall, NASA Langley Research Center                                             650
•Mechanical Property-Structure Relationships of Linear Aromatic Polyimide Films-Part H
T.L. St. Clair, J. Dezem and C. Croall, NASA Langley Research Center                                             650
•Use of FDEMS Sensing for In-Situ, On-Line Monitoring of Degree of Cure
During Polymerization of A 2-Stage, High Performance RTM Composite Resin
D. Kranbeuhl, D. Polis, C. Short and Y. Wang, The College of William and Mary                                    653
•The Relationship of Morphology to Properties in Spin Coated Polyimide Films
J.C. Coburn and M.T. Pottiger, DuPont                                                                           656
•Morphological Composites from Polyimide Precursur Solutions
C. Feger.R. SarafandR. Haring,ZBAf                                                                              660
• ARYL Substituted Rod-Like Aromatic Polyimides: One-Step Synthesis and Precursor Route
K.H. Becker, R. Giesa and H. Schmidt, University of California                                                  667
XXviii/ANTEC '93
                                                                                          * Presented in a joint session
Fluorine Containing High-Performance Polyimides: Synthesis, Properties and Applications
F.W. Harris, F.E. Arnold, Jr., M. Eashoo, S.L.-C. Hsu, C.J. Lee D. Shen, A. Zheng
and S.Z.D. Cheng, The University of Akron                                                       .*   1318
Fluorinated Polyimides Containing Dimethysilane and Isopropylidene Linkages
A. St. Clair and T. St.Clair, NASA Langley Research Center
J.R. Pratt, Georgia Pacific Chemical Division                                                         1321
Prediction of Dielectric Constant of Polyimides
C.-T. Tsal and V. Galiatsatos, University of Akron                                                   1325
Stiff, Fluorinated Polyimides for Electronics Applications
B. Auman,2i./. du Pont de Nemours                                                                    1328
High Performance Polymers Comprising Non-coplanar Bipheyls
R.A. Gaudiana, Polaroid Corporation                                                                  1898
Fluorine-and Silicon-Containing Polyoxadiazoles
J.W. Fitch, P.E. Cassidy, J. Weikel, T.M. Lewis, T. Trial, L. Burgess and J.L. March,
Southwest Texas State University
D.E. Glowe and G.C. Rolls, Texas Research Institute                                                  1901
Teflon AF: A Family ofAmorphous Fluoropolymers with Extraordinary Properties
P.R. Resnick and W.H. Buck, DuPont Polymers                                                          1904
Synthesis and Properties of Perfluoroalkyl Substituted Para-Linked Aromatic Polyamides
W. Hatke and H.-W. Schmidt, University of California                                                 1908
Functional Fluoromonomers & Their Oligomers
M.-H. Hung, DuPonf                                                                                   1911
Characterization of Polyimide Formation Using 15N NMR Spectroscopy
A. Beeler, J. Sonnett and T. Gannett, E.I. du Pont                                                   1916
Analysis of Orientation and Conformation Polyimide Films in a Modified Non-Contact
Breaking ATR-IR Geometry
D.J. Walls, E.I. du Pont                                                                             1919
Effect of Cure Schedule on Stress in Spin Coated Polyquinoline Films
B. Sinno, S. Bidstrup and P. Kohl, Georgia Institute of Technology                                   1922
Determination of Out-of-Plane Expansion in Thin Polymer Films
M.T. Pottiger and J.C. Coburn, DuPont Electronics                                                    1925
Relative Adhesion and Surface Property Studies of Polyimide Films Using
a Surface Acoustic Wave Sensor
D.W. Galipeau, South Dakota State University
J.F. Vetellino, University of Maine
C. Feger, IBM T.J. Watson Research Center                                                             1928
Frequency Dependence of Dielectric Properties of BPDA-PDA Polyimide
C. Feger and M.O. Aboellfotoh, IBM T.J. Watson Research Center                                       1933
•Anomalous Behavior of the Properties of Thermosetting Systems Versus Cure:
A Generalized Conversion-Temperature-Property (TgTP) Diagram
R.A. Venditti and J.K Gillham, Princeton University                                                  2336
•Characterization of Cure in Photocrosslinking Polymers—The Relationship Between
Tensile Properties and Ultraviolet (UV) Dose
M.A. Rakas, Loctite Corporation                                                                      2344
•Dielectric Characterization of Diethylene Glycol Bis (Allyl Carbonate)
M. DeMeuse, EniChem America, Inc                                                                     2347
•Influence of Reinforcement on Photocuring: Photo Dynamic Mechanical Analysis
T. Renault, A.A. Ogale and M.J. Drews, Clemson University                                            2352
•Curing Study of Reactive Polycarbonate Oligomers
H.-H. Chin, S.D. Wu, D. Shopland and D. Routzahn, EniChem America, Inc.                              2356
•Characterization of Polymeric Materials Using Dielectric Analysis
W.J. Sichina, N. Nakamura, Y. Teramoto and A. Bizet, Seiko Instruments USA                           2872
•Dielectric Cure Characterization of Model Elastomers: Influence of Individual Components
X. Xu and V. Galiatsatos, University ofAkron                                                         2875


                                                                                            ANTEC '93/XXix
* Presented in a joint session
•The Effects of Polymer Chain Length, Ion Size, and Water Content on Ion Conductivity
in Silicone Systems
J.E. Companik and S.A. Bidstrup, Georgia Institute of Technology                                                   2880
•Theories on the Deviation of Mixing Rules for Dielectric Composites
K.C. Schwartz, Chomerics-W.R. Grace
M.D. Holloway, University of Massachusetts-Lowell                                                                  2884
•Characterization of Polypyrrole Coated Textiles
H.H. Kuhn and J.E. Carlton, Milliken Research Corporation                                                         2892
•Characterization of Kapton Polyimide Films by Using X-ray and Optical Techniques
C. Cha and R.J. Samuels, Georgia Institute of Technology                                                           2896
•Determination of Intrinsic Molecular Parameters of PMDA-ODA by Molecular
Modeling and Experimental Observation
S. Hardaker and R.J. Samuels, Georgia Institute of Technology                                                      2900
Molecular Modelling of the Interfacial Behavior ofAmorphous Polymers: A Method
for the Simulation of Fracture of Polymer/Polymer Interfaces
D. Theodorou, University of Californa                                                                              3094
Adhesion of Thin Polymer Films: Effects of Surface and Interfacial Energies
and Rheological Properties
V.S. Mangipudi and M. Tirrell, University ofMassachusetts
A.V. Pocius, 3M Company                                                                                           3099
Optical and Electrical Properties of Spin-Coated Polyimide Films
L. Lin and S.A. Bidstrup, Georgia Institute of Technology                                                          3101
Spontaneous Nanoscale Roughening of Polymer Surface for Adhesion Enhancement
R. Saraf.J. RoldanandT. Derdexian, IBM Corporation                                                                 3104
•Rheological Molecular Weight Distribution Determinations
W.H. Tuminello, DuPont Experimental Station                                                                       3108
•Rheological Characterization of Short and Long Glass Fiber Filled Polypropylene
Melts on a Rotary Rheometer
T.A. Huang, Polymer Processing Institute                                                                          3112
•Measurement of the Viscosity of Glass Mat or Long Fibre Reinforced Thermoplastics
by Compression Molding
W. Michaeli and J. Starke, Institut far Kunststqffverarbeitung                                                    3125
•Transient and Steady State Rheological Measurements for Some LCPs and
Blends Containing LCPs
M.R. Nobile, L. Incarbato and D. Acierno, University of Salerno                                                    3131
•Estimation of the Extensional Viscosity of LCP and its Effect on Simulation
Software Pressure Predictions
G. Sherbelis, Moldflow
A. Mekkaoui, Hoechst Celanese Corporation                                                                         3139
•Coexistence of Two Relaxation States in the Rheological Behavior of Viscoelastic Materials
R.M. Jimenez-Amezcua, J.M. de Santos, L.F. Des Castillo and J.E. Puig,
Universidad de Guadalajara                                                                                         3144
•Processability of Polyethylene Resins for Extrusion Coating
M.T. Tan, C. Wasson and S.V. Lin, Westlake Polymers Corporation                                                     3147
•Kinetic Studies on Rubber Vulcanization
H. Moehler and A. Cossu, Fachhochschule Wuerzburg-Schweinfart                                                     3464
•Cure Characterization of Thick SMC Part Using Dielectric and Finite Difference Analysis
D.R. Day, Micromet Instruments, Inc.                                                                                3470
•Reactive Filling and Curing Simulation in Thin Cavities
B. Nagi and L.J. Hagerman, Structure Dynamics Research Corp.                                                        3473
•Analytical Modeling and Sensor Monitoring for Optimal Processing of Advanced
Textile Structural Composites by Resin Transfer Molding: Infiltration
A. Loos, J. MacRae and V. Hammond, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
D.E. Kranbuehl, S.M. Hart and D. Hood, The College of William and Mary
G.H. Hasko and B. Dexter, NASA Langley Research Center                                                              3478
•A Cure Temperature-Property Relationlship Study of LaRc RP46
M.D. Soucek and R.H. Pater, NASA Langley Research Center                                                           3483

XXX/ANTEC '93
                                                                                              * Presented in a joint session
Crystallization and Morphology Studies of Poly(aryl ether ketone ketone) Blends
B.S. Hsiao and K.H. Gardner, E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., Inc.
J.J. Schultz and W. Wang, University of Delaware                                        1004
Blend Morphology Information by the Analysis of Scattered Reflected Light
C. Belanger, P. Cielo and L. Utracki, Industsrial Materials Institute
W.I. Patterson, McGill University
B. Favis, Ecole Polytechnique                                                           1010
Modulated Differential Scanning Calorimetry
S.R. Sauerbrunn, B.S. Crowe and J.A. Foreman, TA Instruments,Inc.
M. Reading, ICI Slough, U.K.                                                            1014
A Study of the Curing Process of Paint on Metal Utilizing Thermal Stimulated
Current (TSC) and Relaxation Map Analysis (RMA)
F. Mclntyre, C. Hanson, A. Matthiesen and J.P. Ibar, Solomat Instrumentation            1017
Failure Analysis and Quality Control with Thermal Analysis Techniques
J. Song and G.W. Ehrenstein, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg                           1023
Evaluation of Crystallization Kinetic Parameters Using Nonisothermal Data
T.W. Chan, K. Shimojo and A.I. Isayev, University of Akron                              1032
Nondestructive On-Line Measurement ofthe Polymerization ofMethyl Methacrylate
for ApplicationtoReactive Extrusion
C. Kiehl, The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company
K. Min, University of Akron                                                             1037
Rheological Property and its Applicationtoa Convected Maxwell Model with
Acetal Copolymers
K.-J. Choi, Fleetguard, Inc.
M. Haque, Tennessee Technological University                                            1042



                                   MOLD MAKING & MOLD DESIGN DIVISION

Understanding and Preventing Cracks
F.T. Gerson, FT. GersonLimited                                                         2496
Understanding and Choosing Corrosion-Resistant Mold Materials
E. Tamey, Crucible Service Centers                                                      2500
Effects of Inserts on the Heat Transfer Within Injection Molds
M. Rezayat and B. Jantzen, Structural Dynamics Research Corporation                     2505
Weld Repair ofMoldmax for Extended Mold Life
A. Guha, Brush Wellman Inc.                                                             2512
An Experimental Evaluation of Ejection Forces: Frictional Effects
R. Balsamo, D. Hayward and R. Malloy, University of Massachusetts-Lowell               2515
Concept to Production in Three Weeks, Is It Possible?
C.I.Beal,BF Goodrich                                                                   3158
Mold Cost Estimator Generator Utilizing Standard Data Development and
Linear Regression
R. Peret, NYPRO Incorporated                                         '.                3162
A Computer Integrated System to Select the Most Appropriate Demolding Technique
for a Given Part Geometry
G. Salloum, A. Provost and F.LaPlume, Industrial Materials Institute                    3169
High Pressure Application Nozzles
S.M. Holjevac, Mold-Masters Limited                                                    3172
Thermal Compensation: A More Flexible Hot Runner System
T. Scherbluk and P. Weick, Husky Injection Molding Systems Ltd.                         3177
The Life Cycle of Hot Runner Injection Molds: A Preventative Maintenance Study
H. Rozema and D. Brown, Tradesco Mold Limited                                           3180
Faster-Cycling Compact Disk Injection Mold Designed with Integrated Part-
Removal Automation
G. Galic and S. Maus, Galic Maus Ventures                                               3183

                                                                                  ANTEC '93/Xxxi
  * Presented in a joint session
                                       MEDICAL PLASTICS DIVISION

Benefits of Thermoplastic Urethanes in Medical Tubing Applications
R. Brinkman, Mileslnc.                                                                                        »•• 780
The Physical and Visual Property Changes in Thermoplastic Resins After Exposure
to High Energy Sterilization-Gamma Versus Electron Beam
N. Hermanson and J. Steffen, The Dow Chemical Company                                                             784
Energy Dissipation and Absorption Pathways During the High Energy Radiation
of Bisphenol A Polycarbonate
C. Lundy, Miles, Inc                                                                                             790
Processing of Degradable Polymers
W. Michaeli and R.V. Oepea, Institut far Kunststqffverarbeitung             ;                                    796
Synthesis and Characterization of Poly(D,L-Lactide) Fumarate Networks for
Incorporation into Bioabsorbable Composites
M.K. Shoemake and R.F. Storey, University of Southern Mississippi                                                 805
Hydrolytic Degradation Behavior ofBioabsorbable Polymer Networks
R.F. Storey and J.S. Wiggins, University of Southern Mississippi                                                  811
Epoxy-TerminatedPrepolymersforTotally Bioabsorbable Networks
R.F. Storey and T.P. Hickey, University of Southern Mississippi                                                   815


                                           MARKETING DIVISION

Berkshire Plastics Network: The Power of Cooperation in a Competitive Industry
J.J. Beauregard, Plastics Technology Labs
B. Lyon, GE Plastics                                                                                             302
Controlling Expectations: The Sales Professional's Role in Product Development
A.J. Garcia, GR Technical Services, Inc.                                                                          304
What's InvolvedtoHost a Technical Training Program
C.A. Martin, American Leistritz                                                                                  309
Cashing In: Planning and Posturing for a Profitable Exit by a Closely Held Business Owner
D.L. Douglas, G.D. Douglas Co                                                                                    311
Private Plastics Business Valuation
L. Hogan, Hogan Associates, M&A                                                                                  313
Marketing Specialist Distribution: An AnswertoCorporate Restructuring
R.F. Jones, Franklin Polymers, Inc.
M. Baumann, G.H. Associates                                                                                       820
Marketing Challenges Facing the Plastics Industry in the Nineties
M. Pottle, Martin Thomas, Inc.                                                                                    825
United Europe - The Morning After
B. Massey, Altkoenigstrasse                                                                                      828
Implementing a Successful Export Program
H. Gunther Hoyt, Xaloy Inc.                                                                                      830


                           POLYMER MODIFIERS & ADDITIVES DIVISION

Reinforcement of Thermoplastics with Natural Fibres • Polypropylene with Flax Fibres
W. Michaeli and P. Hock, Institut far Kunststqffverarbeitung                                                     1332
Development of Biodegradable Polymer Film for Controlled Fertilizer Release
T. Posey and R. Hester, University of Southern Mississippi                                                        1338
Degradation Studies of Starch Filled High Impact Polystyrene By Several Routes
C.G. Jasso-Gastinal, L. J. Gonzalez-Ortiz and E. Mendizabal,
Universidad de Guadalajara                                                                                       1341



XXXii/ANTEC '93
                                                                                            • Presented in a joint session
A New, Improved Smoke Point Determination
W. Nyberg, American Ingredients Company                                                             1346
The Effect of Filler Surface Treatment on Anisotropy of CLTE for Polycarbonate
Based Composites                                                                                     •
K. Nichols, J. Sole and F. Shieu, The Dow Chemical Company                                          1938
Effects of Mica Particle Size and Loading Amount on Properties of PBT
and Nylon Composites
L. Canova, KMG Minerals, Inc                                                                        1943
Improving Adhesion in Reinforced Polypropylene
K. Cantor, Pennsylvania College of Technology                                                      1950
Mechanism of Flame Retardancy of Magnesium Hydroxide Filled Polypropylene
P.R. Hornsby and A. Mthupha, University of West London                             :                1954
Magnesium Hydroxide as an FR/SS Filler in Engineering Plastics
J.L. Levesque and J.T. Fraval, Morion International                                                1957
Influence of Calcium Carbonate Particle Size and Coating on the Properties
ofFilled Polypropylene Homopolymer
D. Skelhorn, ECC International                                                                     1965
On-Line Determination ofPolyolefin Additives
K. Miller, Guided Wave, Inc.
R. Spatafore, Ciba Geigy Corporation                                                               2524
Quality Control Techniques for Processing Additives
D.E. Priester, K.M. Stika, G.R. Chapman, R.S. McMinn and P. Ferrandez,
E.I. du Pont de Nemours                                                                            2528
Performance Characteristics of a Novel Concentrate System for Liquid and Low
Melting Additives
S.E. Amos and M.M. Goldin, Himont USA                                                              2534
Effect of Various Additives on Controlled Rheology Polypropylene Using Statistical
Experimental Design
L. Palys, P. Callais and R. Kazmierczak, ElfAtochem North America                                   2539
Process-Stabilization of Polypropylene Using Cyclic Phosphite Esters
E. Tobita and T. Haruna, Asahi Denka Kogyo K.K.                                                     2544
•Plasticization of PVC with Ethylene Copolymer Resins
G.H. Hofmann, R.J. Statz and R.B. Case, E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co                                2538
•Additives for Processing Rigid PVDC Copolymers
M.C. Patterson and D.L. Dunkelberger, Rohm and Haas Company                                        2950
•Effect of Thermal Aging on Physical Properties of Impact-Modified Vinyl
R.A. Einhorn and J.C. Stevenson, Rohm and Haas                                                     2956
•The Effect of Biocide Selection on the Performance of PVC Heat Stabilizers
R.G. Hamel and N.M. Rei, Morion International                                                       2963
•An Accelerated Microbial Challenge of Biologically Inert Polymers
T.E. Robitaille and K.P. Roberts, Olin Corporation                                                  2977
•A Viscoelastic Interpretation of Miscibility for Three PVC-Styrenic Copolymer Blends
N. Prakash and A. Letton, Texas A&M University
R. Asay, Vista Chemical Company                                                         ,          2980


                                   ADVANCED POLYMER COMPOSITES DIVISION

Transverse Tensile Strengths of Carbon Fiber-Epoxy Composites with Different
Fiber Surface Treatments
Q. Zheng, R. Morgan and Z. Sun, Michigan Molecular Institute                                        316
Pressure and Cooling Rate Effects on Carbon Fiber Adhesion to Thermoplastics
M. Adams, C. Mosier and G.S. Campbell, Clarkson University                                          318
Characterization of Molecular Interaction in Composites by FTIR and ESCA Methods
M.M. Sain and B.V. Kokta, Universite due Quebec a Trois-Rivieres                                    320



                                                                                            ANTEC '93/XXXiii
  • Presented in a joint session
Properties of Cellulose - Polypropylene Compounds Subjected to Corona Treatment
P. Bataille, N. Belgacemand S. Sapieha, Ecole Polytechnique                                                      325
RTM Simulation: Non-Isothermal Flow and Cure Kinetics for Complex
3-D Shell-Like Structures
M.V. Bruschke and S.G. Advani, University of Delaware                                                            834
Compaction and Permeability ofMultilayers ofMats
R. Gauvin, A. Kerachni and B. Fisa, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal                                              841
Void Entrapment During Resin Impregnation of Fabric Preforms
A.W. Chan and R.J. Morgan, Michigan Molecular Institute                                                          844
Glass Fiber/Polypropylene Prepregs Produced by Electrostatic Fluidized Bed Powder Coating
M.A. DeBenedictis and J. Muzzy, Georgia Institute of Technology                                                  848
Polycarbonate/Glass Reinforcement Rod for Concrete
Dr. S. Ramrattan and Dr. P. Engelmann, Western Michigan University                                               852
Differential Thermal Expansion: A Non-Autoclave Process for Thermoplastic Composites
CM. Rouse and S.R. Taylor, £.R. Taylor and Associates                                                            855
•Fatigue ofHybrid Composites
H.-R. Azimi, R. Hertzberg and R. Pearson, Lehigh University                                                      1352
•Effects of Thermal Cycling on Mechanical Properties of High Temperature
Bismaleimide (BMT) - Carbon Fiber Composites
E.E. Shin and R.J. Morgan, Michigan Molecular Institute                                                          1357
•Failure Mechanisms of 2-D and 3-D Woven Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites
H.P. Chen and B.Z. Jang, Composites Research Lab                                                                  1364
•Optimizing the Fracture Resistance in Two Directional Fabric Composites
Through Controlled Interiaminar Bonding
V. Challappa and Dr. B.Z. Jang, Auburn University                                                                1368
•Statistically Optimized Production of an SMC Part
C.L. Geary and R.P. Heggs, Battelle                                                                              1373
•The Relationship Between Carbon and Glass Fibers and the Polyurethane Base
Resin of a Composite Structure
T. Moyak, Penn State Erie                                                                                        1504
•Composite Disk Brakes: The Advantages & Disadvantages and its Feasibility
 in a Production Car
A. Yuen and W. Chung, San Jose State University                                                                 1508
Low Cost Resin Transfer Molding (TRM) ofFoil (Rudder)
D. DeLave, Cerritos College                                                                                      1510
•Designing an Extrusion Die for a Recycled Paper-Plastic Composite Structural
Member Using Computer Aided Flow Simulation Software
T. Johnson, Penn State Erie                                                                                     1515
•From Kayak to Leeboard: Recycled GFR Parts as Enforcing Filling Material
M. Sacher, College ofRosenheim                                                                                  1518
An Analytical Method for Predicting In-Plane Thermal Expansion Coefficients
ofWoven Fabric Reinforced Multilayer Boards
J. Yuan, AT&T Bell Laboratories                                                                                  1972
Effect of Processing Conditions on Thermoplastic Glass Reinforced Bumper
Beam Performance
H.F. Giles, Azdel.Inc.                                                                                           1976
Application of BIS-2-Oxazoline/Bismaleimide Resins to High-Performance Composites
K.D. Jones, L.-H. Ho, A.T. DiBenedetto and S.J. Huang, The University of Connecticut                             1979
Macrostiffness of Materials with Random Morphologies
W.C. Bushko and V.K. Stokes, GE Corporate Research and Development                                                1986
Pultruded Fiber Reinforced Blocked Polyurethane Composites: Static and
Dynamic Mechanical Properties
C.-H. Chen, Chinese Culture University
C.-C. Ma, National TsingHua University                                                                           1993
•Effect of Processing Conditions on Fiber Orientation in Injection-Molded Composites
M. Gupta and K.K. Wang, Cornell University                                                                      2299



XXXiv/ANTEC '93
                                                                                            * Presented in a joint session
•Correlation Between Orientation and Mechanical Properties in Kevlar-Nylon Composites
Z. Yu, A. Ait-Kadi and J. Brisson, CERSIM                                                          2297
•FRP Fiber Degradation During Reciprocating-Screw Plastication
C.K. Yoon and R.E. Nunn, University of Massachusetts at Lowell                                      2299
•Fiber Length Optimization in FRP Reciprocating Screw Plastication
Using Experimental Design
C.K. Yoon and R.E. Nunn, University of Massachusetts at Lowell                                      2309
•Feed Systems for Long Fiber Injection Molding Materials
M.J. Sandeen, Polymer Composites, Inc.                                                              2313
•Mechanics and Mechanisms of Fracture in Glass Fiber Reinforced
Semi-Crystalline Thermoplastics
S.V. Nair and M.L. Shiao, University ofMassachusetts
P.D. Garret and R.E. Pollard, Monsanto Chemical Company                                             2552
•Tensile and Impact Performance ofModified Polypropylene/Aluminum Laminates
W. Chinsirikul, M. Karaset and I. Harrison, The Pennsylvania State University                       2555
•Damage Generation at the Transcrystalline Interphase in Glass/Polypropylene Composites
A. Lustiger, C.N. Marzinsky, R.R. Mueller and H.D. Wagner
Exxon Research and Engineering Company                                                             2559
•A NewDamage Evaluation Model for Composite Materials
R.K. Verma and R.G. Kander, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University
R.C. Croman and B.S. Hsiao, DuPont Fibers                                                          2566


                                      PLASTICSRECYCLINGDIVISION

Enhancement of Asphalt Concrete Mixtures Through the Addition of Recycled Polyethylene
W. Tappeiner and A. Male, Novophalt America, Inc.                                                   860
Performance Evaluation of Blow Molded Refuse Carts Using Post Consumer
Recycled Material
N. Lee, ZARNInc.
A.B. Strong, Brigham Young University
R.L. Walling, Advance Materials Center                                                             866
A Method for the Recovery of Polycarbonate from Compact Audio Discs
K. Boudreau, R. Malloy and A. Tayebi, University of Massachusetts-Lowell                            867
The Utilization of First Generation 100% Regrind for Business Machine Applications
J. Adams and E. Phillips, International Business Machines Corporation                               875
Melt Filtration, Characterization, Product Selection and Design from Painted/Plated
Recycled Computer Casings
P. Borkar and F. Lai, University ofMassachusestts                                                  877
Improvement in the Quality and Performance of Recycled Plastics Products
Using Industrial Computed Tomography
R. Bennett, D. Faron and B. Vaughan, The University of Toledo                                       882
Recycling of Plastics Wastes Using Solid State Shear Extrusion
A. Riahi, J. Li, H. Arastoopour, G. Ivanov and F. Shutov, Illinois Institute of Technology         891
Post Consumer Plastics Recycling - The Economic Realities
J. Ellis, Jeffrey R. Ellis, Inc.                                                                    893
•Time-U.V. Exposure Effects on Mechanical Properties of Biodegradable Polymers
M. Trimble, Penn State Erie                                                                        976
•The Effects of Post Consumer Ground Rubber Tires as an Additive in Polystyrene
and San Polymers
J. Palmateer, Ferris State University                                                              978
•Analyzing Ultrasonically Welded Oil Absorbent Matting
K. Potter, Penn State Erie                                                                         981
•Property Performance Resulting From Processing of Commingled Polyethylene
Terephthalate, Polypropylene, and Polyethylene
L.M. Howard, Western Michigan University                                                            985


                                                                                             ANTEC '93/XXXV
  * Presented in a joint session
•Diffusivlty and Rate Constants for Sulfur Trioxide in Polymer Films
R.J. Andrews, Michigan State University                                                                        988
•Developing Injection Molding Grade HDPE's from Recycled Blow Molding Grade Bottle Scrap                       „
D. Ross, University of Massachusestts at Lowell                                                                 991
•A Feasibility Study Using Recycled Phenol-Formaldehyde as an Additive/Reinforcement
in Molded-Phenolic Based Components
C. KruegerandC. Gradel, University of Wisconsin-Platteville                                                     996
•Analysis of Color in Recycled Resin
P. Phillips, San Diego State University                                                                        998
•Thermal Characteristics of the Dual Phase Region in Mixtures of Recycled
Polystyrene/Curbside Tailings Materials
R.W. Renfree, T.J. Nosker and D.R. Morrow, Rutgers University
K.E. Van Ness, Washington and Lee University                                                                     1378
•Reprocessed Multilayer LDPE/Nylon-6 Film
A. Ram,M.M. NirandJ. lAiltz, Israel Institute of Technology                                                     1384
•Processabuity-Morphology-Properties Relationship in Compoounding
Polyolefinic Recycled Plastics
A.A. Adewole and M.D. Wolkowicz, Himont U.S.A., Inc.                                                             1388
•Extrusion Compression Molding of Polyethylene/Polyester Blends
P.V. Engelmann, Western Michigan University
M.D. Monfore, Robert Morgan Co                                                                                  1396
•Composites from Commingled Plastic Wastes and Newspaper:
Empirical and Statistical Approaches
D. Hon, Clemson University                                                                                       1399
A Comparison of PET Hydrolysis and Glycolysis Rates at High Temperatures
J.R. Campanelli, M.R. Kamal, D.G. Cooper and M. Brues, McGill University                                        3192
Emerging Technologies in Plastics Recycling
M.W. Meszaros, Ph.D., Amoco Chemical Co                                                                         3195
An Experimental Feasibility Study ofBTDA (BenzophenonetetracarboxyUc Dianhydride)
as a Recycling Agent for PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate)
C.C. Ibeh and G.W. Graham, Pittsburg State University                                                           3198
Modification of Recycled Polyesters Containing Halogen Impurities
P.M. Subramanian, DuPont Company                                                                               3206
The Effects of Regrind on the Properties of Advanced Engineering Resins
L. Dzeskiewicz and R. Farrell, The Behrend College
J. Winkler, Johnson Controls, Inc.                                                                              3208
Properties of Melt-Blended Composites from Post-Consumer Polypropylenes
andWastepapers
CM. demons and G.E. Myers, USDA Forest Service                                                                  3213
The Use of Commingled Plastic Lumber as Construction Materials
T.J. Nosker and R.W. Renfree, Rutgers University
K.E. Van Ness, Washington & Lee University                                                                      3216
The Polysort System - The Method of Sorting Recyclable Plastic Bottles Automatically
by Color & Chemical Composition
C.T. McCourt, Automation Industrial Control, Inc.                                                                2224
Washington Plastics Recycling Coalition and Research In Post Consumer Plastics
Recycling at Western Washington University
J.J. Kutz, Western Washington University
R. Grulich, Clean Washington Center
L. Turner, The Turner Group                                                                                     2226
Site Cleanup - A Recycling Problem? A German Case Study
B.H. Massey, Altkoenigstrasse                                                                                  2229




XXX\i/ANJEC '93
                                                                                           * Presented in a joint session
                    FAILURE ANALYSIS & PREVENTION SPECIAL INTEREST GROUP
Plastic Product Failures
F. Rodrigues, Bright Brothers Limited                                                          ."..332
Aspects of Forensic Engineering Related to Plastics
C.H. Braithwaite, Braithwaite Consulting                                                          338
Failure Analysis and Litigation of Composite Pipe
R.L. Hauser, D.W. Woods, J. Krause-Singh and S.R. Ferry, Hauser Laboratories, Inc                 341
Failure Analysis of Polymers with Stress Concentrations
R.L. Hauser, Hauser Laboratories, Inc                                                            347
What It Takes To Be An Expert Witness
W.J. Tobin, WJT Associates                                                                        351
Fatigue Behavior of Rigid Thermoplastic Polyurethanes
V. Tanrattanakul and A. Moet, Case Western Reserve University                                     898
Effect of Filler on the Fatigue Performance of a 65PC/35 ABS Blend
S.R. Seibel and A. Moet, Case Western Reserve University
D.H. Bank and K. Nichols, The Dow Chemical Company                                                 902
The Fracture Toughness and Fatigue Failure of Reaction Injection Molded Polyurethane
Elastomers with Differing Molecular Weight Between Cross-Links
O. Thomas, M. Rincon, D. Latham and M.D. Heaney, Dow Chemical USA                                 906
Creep and Environmental Stress Crack Resistance Determined by a Compliance Method:
A Computer Program
K. Tonyall, J. Borke and P.L. Fernando, Quantum Chemical Corporation                               916
Annealing with Infrared Radiation to Improve the Quality ofMolded Polycarbonate Parts
D.G. Powell, Mileslnc                                                                             923
On the Impact Fracture Parameters in Ductile Polymer
T. Vu-Khanh, Industrial Materials Institute                                                       1404
High Speed Failure Loads for Polyetherimide and Polycarbonate Notched
Three-Point Bend Beams
H.G. DeLorenzi and J.T. Woods, General Electric Corporate Research & Development                   1411
Predicting the Pallet Wrapping Performance of Stretch/Cling Films Using a Small
Scale Flaw Resistance Test
J. Wooster and S. Chum, Dow Chemical                                                              1418
Predicting Creep Rupture of PC From Tensile Creep Data
S. Challa, Case Western Reserve
R. Progelhof, Penn State-Behrend                                                                  1421
Creep Properties of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polyetheretherketone (PEEK)
Laminated Composites (IT)
C.C. Ma, H.C. Kuo, S.H. Wu, C.L. Ong, Y.C. Wu and M.F. Sheu,
Institute of Chemical Engineering                                                                1425
•Fatigue ofHybrid Composites
H.-R. Azimi, R. Hertzberg and R. Pearson, Lehigh University                                      1352
•Effects of Thermal Cycling on Mechanical Properties of High Temperature
Bismaleimide (BMI) - Carbon Fiber Composites
E.E. Shin and R.J. Morgan, Michigan Molecular Institute                                           1357
•Failure Mechanisms of 2-D and 3-D Woven Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites
H.P. Chen and B.Z. Jang, Composites Research Lab                                                   1364
•Optimizing the Fracture Resistance in Two Directional Fabric Composites Through
Controlled Interlaminar Bonding
V. Challappa and Dr. B.Z. Jang, Auburn University                                                1368
•Statistically Optimized Production of an SMC Part
C.L. Geary and R.P. Heggs, Battelle                                                              1373
Estimates of the Dependance of Crack Velocity on the Molecular Weight
Evaluation of the Oxidative Stability ofPolyethylene Geomembranes by the High Pressure
Oxidative Induction Time Test
of Polyethylene Pipe Material
G.W. Kamykowski and D.E. Duvall, L.J. Broutman & Associates, Ltd.                                  2000

                                                                                         ANTEC '93/XXXvii
  * Presented in a joint session
R.W. Thomas and C.R. Ancelet, National Seal Company
J.E. Brzuskiewic, Heraeus Dset Laboratories, Inc.                                                               2005
Deformation Mechanism for Surface Embrittlement in Polyethylene
S.W. Choi, D.E. Duvall and L.J. Broutman, L.J. Broutman and Associates Ltd.                                     2«09
HDPE Geomembranes: Liner Construction Quality Assurance Practices
I.D. Peggs and E.R. Steinle, Jr., I-Corp International, Inc.                                                    2018
HDPE Geomembranes: Typical Problems and Solutions
I.D. Peggs, I-Corp International, Inc.                                                                          2021
•New Methods for Optimizing Material Selection
G.G. Trantina and P.R. Oehler, General Electric Corporation
M. Minnichelli, General Electric Plastics                                                                      2362
•Experimental Analysis of Stresses in Interference Fit Assemblies
S.W. Choi, D.E. Duvall, P.K So and L.J. Broutman, L.J. Broutman and Associates Ltd.                             2367
•Creep and Relaxation of Prestek Structural Systems
G.E. Johansen, R. Wilson and Dr. F. Roll, E.T. Techtonics
P. Ritchie, Lehigh University                                                                                  2374
•Mechanics and Mechanisms of Fracture in Glass Fiber Reinforced Semi-Crystalline
Thermoplastics
S.V. Nair and M.L. Shiao, University ofMassachusetts
P.D. Garret and R.E. Pollard, Monsanto Chemical Company                                                         2552
•Tensile and Impact Performance ofModified Polypropylene/Aluminum Laminates
W. Chinsirikul, M. Karasek and I. Harrison, The Pennsylvania State University                                   2555
•Damage Generation at the Transcrystalline Interphase in Glass/Polypropylene Composites
A. Lustiger, C.N. Marzinsky, R.R. Mueller and H.D. Wagner,
Exxon Research and Engineering Company                                                                        2559
•A New Damage Evaluation Model for Composite Materials
R.K Verma and R.G. Kander, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University
R.C. Croman and B.S. Hsiao, DuPont Fibers                                                                      2566
•Prediction of the Useful Life of Structural Silicone Rubber Sealants
R. Keshavaraj, Texas Tech University                                                                          2906
•Engineering Property Changes in Silicone Sealants Due to Aging
R. Keshavaraj and R. Tock, Texas Tech University                                                               2910
•Simultaneous Thermal Analysis Combined with Fourier-Transform Infrared
Spectrophotometry: A Powerful New Tool for Plastics Failure Analysis
J. Mason, SEAL Laboratories                                                                                    2914
•Tribological Properties ofLubricated Polyphthalamide
E. Williams III andK. Quinn, LNP Engineering Plastics Inc.                                                      2921
•Breakdown Fault Levels RelatedtoExtruder Screw Wear
Dr. D. Riley, Extrusion Engineers                                                                              2928
•Cautions on the Use of Recycled Plastics
S. Miller, GEPlastics                                                                                          2931


                PRODUCT DESIGN & DEVELOPMENT DIVISION-IN-FORMATION

Holistic Design for Plastics
H. Finkel, Henry Finkel Industrial Design                                                                      2028
Plastic Part Design and Material Selection
C.J. Kaye, Master Industries, Inc.                                                                             2031
Silicone Rubber Molding: The What and Why
C.K.Dekker,Afer-Z,-.F/o//jc.                                                                                  2034
Networking and the Plastics Product Designer
J. Karlin, James Karlin Design Inc                                                                             2037
Design: The Forgotten Factor in Plastics Recycling - An Australian Perspective
J. Gertsakis and E. Kosior, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology                                            2041
Development of Airbag for Packing of Computer
Dr. F. Lai andR. Saraiya, University ofMassachusetts at Lowell                                                  2043

XXXViU/ANTEC '93
                                                                                          * Presented in a joint session
Application ofASTM Standards to Engineering Databases for Advanced
Polymeric Materials: PartH
W.A. Woishnis, Plastics Design Library
S.I. Gwke,MDPNetwork                                                                              "2574
Knit Line Strength of Reinforced Polyphenylene Sulfide Injection Moldings
C. McChesney, G. Croteau and E. Kelly, Hoechst Celanese Corporation                                2579
Combining Structural and Mold Filling Analysis for Optimization in the Design
of Vinyl Components
M. Warchola, BF Goodrich                                                                          2588
High Performance RP Injection Moldings
D.V. Rosato, Rhode Island School of Design                                                        2590
Concurrent Engineering in Product Design & Development: Putting Principles into Practice
J.R. Harkins, Roche Harltins Inc.
M.R. Dubreuil, PTA Corporation                                                                    2592
Design Enhancements Using Rapid Prototyping Manufacturing
T. Kreplin, Baxter Healthcare Corp                                                                3220
3D Laser Digitizing Applications for Rapid Product Design and Development
CM. Schuster, Laser Design, Inc                                                                   3222
Urethane Replications Cast From Rapid Prototyping Models
W.D. Cutler and M.S. Molitor, Innovative Engineering of Michigan Inc                               3224
Selective Laser Sintering - The Process and Its Materials
F. Prioleau, Plynetics Corporation                                                                3231
Experiences with Desktop Rapid Manufacturing
M. Hartfel, D. Nechrebecki and M. Scanlan, 3M Company                                             3235
Snap Fit Cap Design Using Rapid Prototyping & Taguchi Methods
J. Bowman and K. Pawlak, Baxter Healthcare Corp                                                    3244


                                   APPLIED RHEOLOGY SPECIAL INTEREST GROUP

Control of a Polypropylene Visbreaking Process Using a Novel In-Line Rheometer
B.I. Nelson, J.M. Dealy and W.I. Patterson, McGill University                                     1434
In-Line Near Infrared Monitoring of Polymeric Processes: Part H, Blends,
Unfilled & Filled Polymers
M.G. Hansen, A. Khettry, J. BatraandD.A. Stewart, University of Tennessee                          1437
Development ofOn-Line Melt Flow Monitor (MFM) for Polypropylene Melt Flow
Rate (MFR) Measurement
H.J. Yoo, S.W. Shang and J.L. Chin, Himont U.S.A., Inc.
J. Shekhtmeyster, Rheometrics, Inc.                                                                1444
On-Line Rheology Control for the Peroxide Degradation of Polypropylene
M.M. Dumoulin, L.E. Daigneault, R. Gendron and J. DuFour, Industrial Materials Institute           1448
The Use of Capillary Rheometry in Predicting Polymer Processing Performance
O. Kemenczky and P. VanBuskhk, C.W. BrabenderInstruments, Inc                                      1455
Unstable Flow of Concentrated Suspensions in Tube Flow
P. Yaras, D. Kalyon and U. Yilmazer, Stevens Institute of Technology                               2604
Time-Dependent Development of Wall Slip in Shear Flows of Concentrated Suspensions
B. Aral and D. Kalyon, Stevens Institute of Technology                                            2607
The Effect of Degassing on Wall SUp of LLDPE in Large Amplitude Oscillatory Shear
R.S. Jeyaseelan, A.J. Giacomin and J.C. Slattery, Texas A&M University                            2611
Determining the Rheological Flow Window for Thermosetting Polymers
J. Gotro and G. Kohut, IBM Corporation
G. Martin, Syracuse University                                                                    2614
The Determination of the Gel Point for Highly Entangled Polymers
M.E. DeRosa and H.H. Winter, University of Massachusetts                                          2620
•Rheological Molecular Weight Distribution Determinations
W.H. Tuminello, DuPont Experimental Station                                                       3108


                                                                                           ANTEC '93/XXXix
  * Presented in a joint session
•Rheological Characterization of Short and Long Glass Fiber Filled Polypropylene
Melts on a Rotary Rheometer
T.A. Huang, Polymer Processing Institute                                                                     ^3112
•Measurement of the Viscosity of Glass Mat or Long Fibre Reinforced
Thermoplastics by Compression Molding
W. Michaeli and J. Starke, Institut far Kunststqffverarbeitung                                                 3125
•Transient and Steady State Rheological Measurements for Some LCPs and Blends
Containing LCPs
M.R. Nobile, L. Incarbato and D. Aciemo, University of Salerno                                                 3131
•Estimation of the Extensional Viscosity of LCP and its Effect on Simulation
Software Pressure Predictions
G. Sherbellis, Moldflow
A. Mekkaoui, Hoechst Celanese Corporation                                                                      3139
•Coexistence of Two Relaxation States in Rheological Behavior in Viscoelastic Materials
R.M. Jimenez-Amezcua, J.M. de Santos, L.J. Des Castillo and J.E. Puig,
Universidad de Guadalajara                                                                                     3144
•Processability of Polyethylene Resins for Extrusion Coating
M.T. Tan, C. Wasson and S.V. Lin, Westlake Polymers Corporation                                                3147


                             TOTALQUALITY SPECIAL INTERESTGROUP

•Quality Improvement ofElastomeric Moldings by Evacuation of the Cavity or by Scavenging
the Cavity with an Inert Gas
W. Michaeli and R. Maass, Institute for Plastics Processing (IKV)                                              116
•Quality Assurance in Injection Molding with Neural Networks
J. Haeussler and J. Wortberg, University of Paderborn                                                          123
•A Systematic Approach for Solving an Injection Molding Problem
G. Ari and J. Wilson, Bowles Fluidics Corporation
Q. Zou, Black and Decker Inc                                                                                   130
•In-Line Optical Monitoring of Polymer Inj ection Molding
A.J. Bur and F. W. Wang, National Institute of Standards and Technology
C.L. Thomas and J.L. Rose, Drexel University                                                                   135
•Closed Loop Control oflnjectionMoldingHold Tune
C.L. Thomas and A.A. Tseng, Drexel University
A.J. Bur, National Institute of Standards and Technology
J.L. Rose, The Pennsylvania State University                                                                   143
•How to Achieve Repeatable Production of Quality Parts Details of the Plastics
World Producivity Challenge "What Did We Do And Why?" The Results
J. Bozzelli and R. Groleau, RJG Associates
P. Colby, Sr., Spirex Corporation
CKirkland, Plastics World                                                                                      574
•Process Monitoring in Plastics Processing A Number of Critical Observations
H. Potente, J. Wortberg, D. Harming and J. Haubler, University of Paderborn                                    579
•A Method of Improving the Quality of Molded Plastics By Ultrasonic Vibration
A. Cui, M. Konno, N. Nishiwaki and S. Hori, Tokyo University                                                   585
•The Use of Designed Experiments to Optimize the Strength of Reinforced PET Moldings -
A Case Study
M. Sepe, Dickten & Masch Mfg. Co                                                                               591
•Statistical Quality Control, Electronic Data Collection and Injection Molding
J.L. GohnanavichandJ. Nielson,^r<fer                                                                           597
•ISO-9000; "What, Why and How" for the Plastics Extrusion Industry
R. Nichols, R. Wailionis and R. Cornell, Farrel Corporation                                                    1562
•Continuous Measuring and Surface Inspection of Extrusion Profiles
W. Michaeli and M. Behrens,//wftfKf,/wr Kunststqffverarbeitung                                                 1570
•The Application of Fuzzy Cluster Analysis to On-Line Quality Control of the
Plastics Processing
Xl/ANTEC '93
                                                                                           * Presented in a joint session
H. Potente, Y.H. Du, J. Haubler and D. Harming, University ofPaderborn                       1576
•New Aspects in Process Data Processing on Extrusion Lines
W. Michaeli and L. Spix, Institut far Kunststqffverarbeitung                                1580
Developing an Effective AQP (Advanced Quality Planning) Team:                               "
How the Plastics Industry Can Benefit
S. Bell and D. Liniarski, Huron Plastics Group                                               3250
Activity Networks for the Support of Concurrent Engineering of Resin Transfer Molding
D. Wright, S. Jones and V. Karbhari, University of Delaware                                  3256
ISO 9000 for Plastics
L. Yasenchak, Polhemus & Yasenchak Associates, Inc                                            3261
The Implementation of ISO 9000 in a Small Injection Molding Factory
A. Gilead, Plasson Plastic Products                                             .".          3265


                      THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS SPECIAL INTEREST GROUP

The Living Carbocationic Polymerization of Isobutylene Using a Dicumyl
Chloride/TiC14/Pyridine Initiating System and Its Application to the Synthesis of
Poly(Styrene-b-Isobutylene-b-Styrene) Block Copolymers
R.F. Storey and B.J. Chisholm, The University of Southern Mississippi                         354
Thermoplastic Elastomer Behavior of Ultra-Low Density Polyethylene and
Comparison with Flexible PVC
L. Woo, S.P. Westphal and M.T.K. Ling, Baxter HealthCare Corp                                358
The Influence of Styrene-Butadiene Diblock Copolymer on Styrene-Butadiene-Styrene
Triblock Copolymer Viscoelastic Properties and Product Performance
KW. McKay, Dow Chemical
W.A. Gros and D.L. Smith, DEXCO Polymers                                                     362
New Thermoplastic Elastomer Based on Fluoroelastomer
S. Nam, N. Nelson and C Novak, 3M                                                            370
Advances in Adhesion of Thermoplastic ElastomerstoOther Substrates
S. Whitehouse, Lord Corporation                                                              928
A New Generation of Rubber Products for Residential Glazing Seals
B.J. Gedeon and J.M. Christensen, Advanced Elastomer Systems                                 933
Flexible Polyurethane Cables
S. Richter, Alcatel, Kabelmetal Electro
M.T. Fraser,BASF Corporation                                                                939
Sensitivity to Latex Rubbers: Problems and Opportunities for the Plastics Industry
P. Maguire, Kiddie Products Inc.
W. Curry, The West Company                                                                   944


                 JOINING OF PLASTICS & COMPOSITES SPECIAL INTEREST GROUP

The Evaluation of Molecular Orientation and Structural Changes in Polypropylene Welds
S.M. Stevens, TWl                                                                           378
Short-and Long-Term Properties of Fusion-Jointed Polyethylene
I. Narisawa, Yamagata University
H. Nishimura, Osaka Gas Co., Ltd.                                                            381
Morphology Characterization ofthe Heat-Affected Zone (HAZ) in Hot Plate Welding
J.Y. Nieh and L.J. Lee, The Ohio State University                                            388
The Evaluation of Mechanical Testing Techniques and the Influence of Defects in
MDPE Butt Fusion Welds
M.A.Girardi,7W7                                                                             393
Processing-Structure-Property Relationships for the Amorphous Bonding of
High Performance Composites
J.J. Kenny, L. Torre and L. Nicolais, Universita di Catania                                  396

                                                                                        ANJEC '93/Xli
  * Presented in a joint session
Modeling Squeeze Flow in Hot Plate Welding of Thermoplastics
S. Staicovici and A. Benatar, The Ohio State University                                                         950
Experiments on the Hot-Tool Welding of Dissimilar Thermoplastics
V.K. Stokes, GE Corporate                                                                                       953
Effects of Hot Plate Welding Parameters on the Weld Line Strength of Polypropylene
T.T. Lin and A. Benatar, The Ohio State University                                                              961
New Welding Technology for the Production of Heat Exchangers of Thermoplastic Materials
Dr. I.H. Gross, Kunststqff Verfahrenstechnik                                                                    964
Quality Assurance for Hot Plate Welding in Volume Production
E. Pecha and R. Casey, Bielomatik, Inc                                                                           969
Design, Testing, and Failure Analysis of a Composite Aluminum Cylinder Joint
or Pressure Hull Applications
S. Andersen and J. Gillespie, Jr., University of Delaware                                                        1462
Analysis of a Taper-Taper Adhesive-Bonded Pipe Joint Without Coupling
J.E. Helms and R.D. Bradshaw, Ethyl Corporation                                                                 1468
Resistance Heated Fusion Bonding of Carbon Fiber/Peek Composites and 7075-T6 Aluminum
S. McKnight, S. Holmes and J. Gillespie, Jr. University ofDelaware
C Lambing and J. Marinelli, Aluminum Company of American Technical Center                                         1474
Strength and Life Distributions of Composite Bolted Joints
P. Herrington, University of New Orleans                                                                         1480
Ultrasonic Molding ofUHMWPE Using Prototype Molder
W.-C Ng and A. Benatar, The Ohio State University                                                               2048
Morphological Changes in Ultrasonically Welded Polypropylene
S.K. Nayar, M.E. Cavaleri and M. Brostrom, 5A/ Center                                                           2052
Identification of Phase 3 in the Vibration Welding Process
M. Giese and G.W. Ehrenstein, University Erlangen-Nurnberg                                                       2058
The Effect of Fillers on the Vibration Welding of Poly(Butylene Terephthalate)
V.K. Stokes, GE Corporate Research & Development                                                                2067
Vibration Welding of High Temperature Resistant Plastics
H. Potente and M. Uebbing, University-GH Paderborn                                                              2075
Influence of Glass Fibers on the Spin Welding of Thermotropic Liquid Crystalline Polymer
D. Festa and M. Cakmak, University of Akron                                                                     2082
Through-Transmission Ulstrasonic Sensing for Process Control of the Fusion
Bonding ofThermoplastic Composites
K. Tackitt, R. Don, S. Holmes and J. Gillespie, Jr., University ofDelaware                                      2628
Feasibility Study on Ultrasonic NDI as a Melt Measuring Technique
D. Grewell and M. St. John, Edison Welding Institute                                                            2631
Induction Sealing of Aseptic Food Packages
H.-J. Yeh and A. Benatar, The Ohio State University                                                            2634
Large-Scale Bonding of PAS/PS Thermoplastic Composite Structural Components
Using Resistance Heating
S. Holmes, S. McKnight and J. Gillespie, Jr., University ofDelaware
S.-I. Wu and J. Schwarz, Lockheed Aeronautical Systems Co                                                        2639
Assessment of PP and PDF Joints Made by a New Infrared Jointing System
N.S.Taylor, TWI
F. Klaiber and J. Wermelinger, Georg Fischer Piping Systems Ltd.                                                 2647

                           ALLOYS & BLENDS SPECIAL INTEREST GROUP
•Thermal Characteristics of the Dual Phase Region in Mixtures of Recycled
Polystyrene/Curbside Tailings Materials
R.W. Renfree, T.J. Nosker and D.R. Morrow, Rutgers University
K.E. Van Ness, Washington and Lee University                                                                     1378
•Reprocessed Multilayer LDPE/Nylon-6 Film
A. Ram, M.M. Nir and J. Miltz, Israel Institute of Technology                                                   1384


Xhi/ANTEC '93
                                                                                           * Presented in a joint session
•Processability-Morphology-Properties Relationship in Compounding
Polyolefinic Recycled Plastics
A.A. Adewole and M.D. Wolkowicz, Himont U.S.A., Inc.                                             1388
•Extrusion Compression Molding of Polyethylene/Polyester Blends
P.V. Engelmann, Western Michigan University
M.D. Monfore, Robert Morgan Co                                                                  1396
•Composites from Commingled Plastic Wastes and Newspaper:
Empirical and Statistical Approaches
D. Hon, Clemson University                                                                      1399
A Review of Existing Theories for Yield Strength, Modulus and Toughness
V. Flaris, Queen's University
Z.H. Stachurski, Australian National University                                                 2090
Morphology and Fatigue ofPP/EP(D)M-BIends
T. Zysk, S.G. Zhao and G.W. Ehrenstein, University Erlangen-Nurnberg                             2093
A Synergistic Impact Modifier Combination for Polypropylene/Polystyrene Alloys
K.T. Okamoto, A.J. Denicola, Jr. M.C.T. Huang and M. Van Cleuvenbergen,
Himont U.S.A., Inc                                                                               2103
Polymeric Dispersions of PET in HDPE
C.S. Lin and S. Qutubuddin, Case Western Reserve University                                     2107
Morphology and Properties of Ternary Blends ofHDPE/Nylon6/Compatibilizing Agent
K. Chandramouli and S. Jabarin, The University of Toledo                                         2111
Immiscible Polymer Blends Compatibilized with a Mutually Miscible Homopolymer
J.M. Machado and C.S. Lee, Shell Oil Company                                                    2120
Row and Mixing Mechanisms in a Modular Intermeshing Counter-Rotating
Twin-Screw Extruder: Development of Phase Morphology in Blending
S. Lim and J. White, The University ofAkron                                                      2658
A New Basic Approach for Effective In-Situ Compatibilizing of PET/PA6 Blends
in Melt Mixing Processes
M. Stephen and L. Jakisch, Institute of Polymer Research Dresden                                 2665
Processabiliry and Shear Stability of the Blends of Three Liquid Crystalline
Polymers with Polyamideimide
X. Lai, D. Zhao and F. Lai, University of Massachusetts Lowell                                    2676
The Influence of Processing on the Properties of Rubber-Toughened
Polysulfone-Poly(Phenylene Sulflde) Blends
A. Golovoy, M.-F. Cheung, H.K. Plummer, Jr. M.C Paputa Peck and D.R. Bauer,
Ford Motor Co                                                                                   2686
High Performance Engineering Blends by Lamellar Injection Molding
M.A. Barger, N.N. Bremmer, R.E. Ayres and N. Hermanson, The Dow Chemical Co                      2693
The Deformation and Instability of Phase Morphology ofFluoroelastomer
and Polycarbonate Blends
H.-Y. Tsai and K. Min, The University ofAkron                                                   3270
Fracture Resistance of Unreinforced and Glass Fiber Reinforced PC/ABS Blends
S.V. Nair, L. Vestergaard and M.L. Shiao, University ofMassachusetts
L.A. Goettler and W.D. Henry, Monsanto Co                                                       3279
Effect of Mold Temperatures on Physical Properties of Polypbenylene Sulfide (PPS)
and PPS/Glass Fiber Composites
M.M. Ni, CH. Chen, H. Chang and J.Y. Wu, Union Chemical Laboratories, TTRI                        3283
Toughened PPS Blends: Effect of Morphology on Impact Properties
V. Sullivan, Hoechst Celanese Corporation                                                       3286
Study of Alloys of Thermosets and Amorphous-Crystalline Block Copolymers
K. Kubotera and A. Yee, The University of Michigan                                               3290

                            EDUCATION & TRAINING SPECIAL INTEREST GROUP

Development of the First Australian Polymer Engineering Degree
G. Churchward, E. Kosior and S.N. Bhattacharya, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology         3296
Evolution in Plastics Engineering Technology at Pittsburg State University
Dr. G. Graham, Pittsburg State University                                                       3300

  • Presented in a joint session                                                          ANTEC '93/xltil
The International School of Advanced Studies in Polymer Science
N.E. Fuenmayor, K. McHugh and D. Pierick, Himont U.S.A., Inc                                                      3303
The Integration of Polymer Concepts in the Kindergargen Through
Twelfth Grade Curriculum
M. Stewart, Stow-Munroe Falls High School                                                                      .7. 3306
Managing Research and Development Using Project Management Techniques
J. Skilbeck, Novacor Plastics Division                                                                           3308
Just Train 700 Employees in Quality...It's No Big Deal
R. Rothenberg, LNP Engineering Plastics, Inc.                                                                    3314

                                               STUDENTPAPERS

 •Predicting the Effects of Gate Design on the Molded Part
M.J. Zadrozny, Penn State Erie                                                                                  400
 •Applying Laser TechnologytoRapid Prototyping
 C. Hefright, Penn State Erie                                                                                   406
 •Using Computer Software to Analyze the Filling of Mold Cavities in the Plastics Industry
D.D. Quinlin, Ball State University                                                                             411
•Maximizing Weld Line Strength
D.J. Dooley, Penn State Erie                                                                                    414
•Evaluation of Sintered Metal Molds for Rapid Commercialization
GL.BetckmilleT, PennStateErie                                                                                   420
•Time-U.V. Exposure Effects on Mechanical Properties of Biodegradable Polymers
M. Trimble, Penn State Erie                                                                                     976
•The Effects of Post Consumer Ground Rubber Tires as an Additive in Polystyrene
and San Polymers
J. Pahnateer, Ferris State University                                                                           978
•Analyzing UltrasonicaUy Welded Oil Absorbent Matting
K. Potter, Penn State Erie                                                                                      981
•Property Performance Resulting From Processing of Commingled Polyethylene
Terephthalate, Polypropylene and Polyethylene
L.M. Howard, Wester Michigan University                                                                          985
•Diffusivity and Rate Constants for Sulfur Trioxide in Polymer Films
R.J. Andrews, Michigan State University                                                                          988
•Developing Injection Molding Grade HDPE's from Recycled Blow Molding Grade Bottle Scrap
D. Ross, University of Massachusetts at Lowell                                                                    991
•A Feasibility Study Using Recycled Phenol-Formaldehyde as an Additive/Reinforcement
in Molded-Phenolic Based Components
C. KruegerandC. Gradel, University of Wisconsin-Platteville                                                      996
•Analysis of Color in Recycled Resin
P. Phillips, San Diego State University                                                                         998
Conception, Design and Fabrication of Theatrical Props and Display Shapes: Using the
Plastics; Polyethylene Terphthalate, Unsaturated Polyester, Polystyrene, and Polyurethane
P. Waymire, Pittsburg State University                                                         ,                 1484
Determining the Accuracy of Thermoset Molding Analysis Software
K. Reiland, Penn State Erie                                                                                     1487
Effects of Processing Temperature on Selected Mechanical Properties of
MoIdedPhenol-Formaldehyde
T. Chan, University of Wisconsin                                                                                 1491
The Adhesion of Automotive FinishestoPlastic Bumper Covers on Repaired Automobiles
J.L. Thomas, University of Massachusetts                                                                         1493
Semi-Rigid Behavior ofPFRP/UC Beam-To-Column Connections
S. Zahr, S. Hill andH. Morgan, The George Washington University                                                   1496
•The Relationship Between Carbon and Glass Fibers and the Polyurethane Base
Resin of a Composite Structure
T. Moyak, Penn State Erie                                                                                       1504
•Composite Disk Brakes: The Advantages & Disadvantages and Its Feasibility in a Production Car
A. Yuen and W. Chung, San Jose State University                                                                 1508
xliv/ANTEC '93                                                                              ,   Presented in
•Low Cost Resin Transfer Molding (RTM) of Foil (Rudder)
D. DeLave, Cerritos College                                                                         1510
•Designing an Extrusion Die for a Recycled Paper-Plastic Composite Structural Member
Using Computer Aided Flow Simualtion Software
J. Johnson, Penn State Erie                                                                         1515
•From Kayak to Leeboard: Recycled GFR Parts as Enforcing Filling Material
M. Sacher, College ofRosenheim                                                                      1518
•The Evaluation of Packing Analysis Software and Its Uses in Process Design
M.A. Yurkewicz, Penn State Erie                                                                     2128
•Characterizing Shear Rates for Use in Mold Filling Software
M.D. Tyger, Penn State Erie                                                                         2132
•Optimizing Mold Cooling
J. Divinagracia, Western Washington University                                      '.              2135
•Using Abductive Induction to Create a Math Model of an Injection Molding Process
J.R. Schenker, Penn State Erie                                                                      2137
•Warpage Index of Various Thermoplastic Resins
D.S. Raybuck, Penn State Erie                                                                       2142
•TQM: Beginning to Manage Continuous Improvement
G. Wasinski, Ferris State University                                                                2146
•Evaluation of Co-Injection Flow Analysis Software with Foamed Core Material
T. Rastatter, Penn State Erie                                                                       2149
•Long Term Shrinkages of Polypropylene
M.R.Nagy, Penn State Erie                                                                           2155
Phase Behavior of Miscible Blends: Blends of Polystyrene Ionomers and Nylon 6
D. Luther, The University of Connecticut                                                            2704
Distortion Reduction in Acrylic Photopolymer Optical Freeform Fabrications
with Visible Light Lasers
J. Culley, Ball State University                                                                    2707
A Comparison of Two Stereolighography Resins
R. Caudill, Delco Remy Division of General Motors                                                   2709
Experimental Investigation on the Ultimate Performance of PFRP Beams
J.N. Benton and K. Al-Mannaei, The George Washington University                                     2713
Creep Response of Pultruded FRP Materials
A.R. Levy and P.J. Murray, The George Washington University                                         2720
•Verification of Shrinkage and Warpage Analysis Using Differences in Flow
Type and Mold Temperature
R.P. Mozes, Penn State Erie                                                                         2726
•Alternative Restricted Gate Design for Improved Packing ofMolded Parts
J.A.Koren, Penn State Erie                                                                          2733
•Metal Inj ection Molding-An Exciting New Process for Molders
T. Dubridge, Ferris State University                                                                2738
•Characterizing Resin Which Has a Shear History to Product Better Rheological
Data for Flo w Analysis Software
S.D. Holler, Penn State Erie                                                                        2743
•Energy Loss in Screw Transport as Related to Injection Molding Flow Analysis Software
R. Golab, Penn State Erie                                                                           2746
•Conversion of an Insulated Runner Injection Moldtoa Hot Runner Mold
J. Cheah, British Columbia Institute of Technology                                                  3318
•Using Tie Rod Load Sensing as a Means of Injection Fill Cut-Off
S. Frantz, Penn State Erie                                                                          3321
•The Effect of Heat and Shear History on the Rheological Data Used in Flow Analysis Software
M. Conley, Penn State Erie                                                                          3325
•An Expert System to Estimate the Cost of Thermoplastic Injection Molds
C. Buck and L. Khalife, Penn State Erie                                                             3328
•Analysis of Hot Stamping a Cured Injection Molded Plastic Part
D. Sands, The Paragon Group of Plastics Companies, Inc                                              3333


                                                                                               ANTEC '93/xlv
  * Presented in a joint session

								
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