Mar./Apr. 2009 Volume 37 Issue 2 Ohio Mushroom Society The Mushroom Log I met Jack after his wife Janet When there to pass the test, if I Jack Sweigert joined the Ohio Mushroom could do my best. Society as a life member. He And I think again of Jack, the 1941-2009 was a dedicated mushroom green man with the grin hunter but he wasn’t interested in identifying them, he just liked Then I heard Kipling’s words –– to search for them. Actually, I a mumble from within –– A Tribute To Jack think–– along with just helping Janet in her love of “You’re a better man than I am, Sweigart mushrooming –– he just liked Gunga Din.” being in the woods. By Dick Grimm If you’d like to read the obituary It would have been comical on about Jack, from the Ada I looked at Jack Sweigart as a the outside looking in watching Herald, you can access it at man among men. One of those the two of us stumbling through http://www.adaherald.com/main rare individuals who did more the woods. Jack only had one .asp?SectionID- listening than talking. The term good leg having a fused knee 48SubSectionID=8&ArticleID=1 for Jack nowadays would be, on the other and along with me, 01542& “Green”. His love, other than now in my staggering, that for his wife Janet, was the doddering 80’s, it would have love of trees. He spent many MUSHROOMS ON been an even bet who would years promoting the value of fall down first… and how often! THE ROAD 2008 this usable and replaceable We welcomed the chance to sit natural commodity. Jack on a fallen log and rest and to By Walt Sturgeon planted many acres of trees on solve all the problems of the his farm and encouraged others country. I need to say, however, I am crazy about wild to follow suit. that Jack had an uncanny eye mushrooms. Some would say for locating mushrooms and he I'm just crazy. For years I have Jack was a strong influence in seldom left the woods with an traveled to numerous the “American Tree Farm empty basket even when the mushroom forays and System.” as well as the “Ohio weather conditions were not conducted mushroom Forestry Association”. He went conducive to the hunt. workshops and interpretive on to nurture, develop and hikes. I have decided to write encourage several local Ohio In those final days I quietly about my travels this year which Forestry Associations. Jack watched Jack deteriorate and has not been an especially received both the “Ohio Tree his body became like the good one. But even in a bad Farmer of the Year” award in “Shaggy Mane” turning against year there are noteworthy 2005 and was in the final four itself. When pain unimaginable mushrooms fruitings. for the National Tree Farmer of engulfed him, I wondered, as do the Year award in 2006. we all, if in that final turmoil I April and May bring out the pot would be so brave. hunter in me and I become obsessed with finding morels. I 2 The Mushroom Log made it to one of the OMS foray weekend approached. I interest to me was the bright morel forays, the one at Beaver went to the summer foray at yellow bolete, Boletus Creek State Park. I found a few Dawes Arboretum and even auriflammeus and a moth that but was energized and with the dry conditions we found was parasitized, possibly by somewhat surprised to see a several additions to the Dawes Hymenostilbe sphinghum or a shopping bag full that had mushroom species list. A species of Akanthomyces. eluded me. I found two or three highlight for me was a pretty on numerous after-work jaunts little brown and white Lepiota A September workshop at into the local woods. Several which stained green on the Beaver Creek State Park was people kept telling me what a stem and by the second day wet but only during the event. great morel year it was, the best was green all over, Lepiota So we collected in the rain after ever. Well…maybe for them. caerulescens. In late July I went a month and a half of dry Finally on a sunny Sunday I to the NEMF Foray in weather. Not a good scenario bagged about 5 pounds of Connecticut where conditions but participants seemed to prime Morchella esculenta. OK, were also dry. But with lots of enjoy the few mushrooms that I have kept my lifelong string people looking, there are we did find including some alive of always finding enough always lots of mushrooms oyster mushrooms. The third morels for a "mess", as my folks found. There were many weekend in September I went used to say. A "mess" is Boletus parasiticus which fruits to one of my favorite events, the roughly equal to a meal or at on the pigskin puffball, Cain Foray conducted by the least a large side dish. I am Scleroderma citrina. Tylopilus Toronto Mycological Society. always relieved when morel variobrunneus was collected This weekend event is held at season is over so that I can get several times, extending the the Tally Ho cottage resort near back to less compulsive known range for that species. Huntsville, Ontario, just west of mushroom hunting, enjoying There were many bolete Algonquin Provincial Park. what I find and not just looking species collected including the Finally a foray in wet conditions! for those elusive prizes. recently renamed Bothii Actually collecting is often castanellus which was formerly better than we had this June as usual is a tease with Suillus castanellus. (“DNA particular year but we still deer mushrooms (Pluteus analyses confirm its placement managed to identify over 300 cervinus) and broad gills, as a unique generic lineage in species. Absolutely perfect and Megacollybia platyphylla on the Boletaceae.” It was artificial looking king boletes woody debris in the local renamed “in honor of Ernst E. were right on the resort woods. Wood mulched areas Both, promoter, facilitator and grounds. Just a few of the had the usual troops of consummate student of common mushrooms there Agrocybe praecox. boletology” quoted from the which are not common here Mycologia article which details include Albatrellus ovinus, Early July was wet, very wet the evidence for the name Hygrophorus erubescens, and the summer season got off change, Ed. Note.) Hygrophorus purpurescens, to a great start. The best Boletus flammans, Suillus collecting by far was in lawn In August I conducted two local paluster, Suillus cavipes and areas under oak trees. Smooth mushroom workshops. Lactarius uvidus. I found chanterelles and boletes were Conditions were very dry. For Hypsizygus ulmarius on a birch there for the picking. The bolete each I made collecting trips into tree which lacks the water spots variety was good. Boletus frostii some wetter woods in Pa. so of Hypsizygus tessulatus which was the most attractive and that we would have ample is our common species. Boletus subvelutipes the most mushrooms to examine. Another new find for me was common. Good edible species Tubaria confragosa. Many like Tylopilus alboater, Boletus My wife Trish and I made an mushrooms and a moose variipes and Xanthoconium early September trip to encounter as well. separans were all around Greenbrier State Forest to locally. For some reason the attend the WV foray. Once Early October found me at wooded areas did not have again conditions were dry but South Chagrin Reservation, nearly as many mushrooms as there were oyster mushrooms doing a workshop in fairly dry the open areas did. Conditions to cook and enough conditions again. There were started to dry up as the summer mushrooms to keep us busy. Of mushrooms, almost all of them 3 The Mushroom Log on logs and stumps. Armillaria has this murder mystery only To figure out the culprit, Blehert species and its parasite surfaced recently? and his colleagues ran post- Entoloma abortivum were the mortem tests on more than 100 most common edibles. Again I The fungi live in the soil, water bats from the affected regions. had brought mushrooms from a and air, and now on bat skin. The bats included little brown wetter woods in Pa. They can survive refrigerator- myotis (Myotis lucifugus), level temperatures, which are northern long-eared myotis The next weekend was the typical of many caves where (Myotis septentrionalis), big OMS Fall Foray which had bats hibernate. Once beneath brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) some fungi brought on by the outer layer of skin covering and tricolored bats (Perimyotis recent rains. Again saprobic a bat's wing, the fungus multi- subflavus). decomposers made up most of plies, sometimes causing the the finds. The highlights for me wing to bulge to five to 10 times "We found that this fungus had were a county record, Suillus its original thickness. The colonized the skin of 90 percent pictus which occurs under researchers are not sure if the of the bats we analyzed from all native white pine of which we fungus is the sole exterminator the states affected by white- have very few and a state of infected bats. Most of the nose syndrome," Blehert said. record, Boletellus projectellus fungus infected bats are also which may be common in emaciated and some leave their The fungus had invaded deep certain parts of Ohio but I have caves during the cold of winter into the skin of infected bats. yet to see it here. in search of insect food, in vain. The fungal spores likely sneak The fungus could be the cause into the bats' skin through hair Bat Death Mystery of starvation or it could have follicles or sweat and oil glands. invaded the skin of starving The fungi continue to multiply Solved: bats whose immune systems and push their way through It's A Fungus would have been depressed, other skin layers until they've the researchers speculate. broken through the outer layer By Jeanna Bryner called the epidermis and The work will be detailed in the reached a layer of connective Bats are getting moldy and Oct. 31 issue of the journal tissue, the researchers suggest. dying, and this is no Halloween Science. trick. Now scientists have And while the fungus is genetic- identified the culprit in the Bats covered with the fungus, a ally a member of the genus deadly mystery. sickness now called white-nose Geomyces, it looks different syndrome, were first spotted in from the known Geomyces The killer is a member of a Howes Cave near Albany, N.Y., species. group of cold-loving fungi called during the winter of 2006. At Geomyces. This white, that time, field biologists "A typical Geomyces has club-- powdery-looking fungus coats reported caves that were shaped spores and these are the muzzles, ears and wings of typically covered with curved or shaped like little bats and has meant death for hibernating bats had loads of bananas," Blehert said. more than 100,000 of the night vacancies, which the scientists flyers in the northeastern United assume is because the bats The caves where bats hibernate States. either died or were flitting from late October through late around in search of food. In one April or early May in the north- "So essentially these bats are case, a cave floor was littered eastern United States could be hanging on the cave ceiling with dead bats. the perfect spots for fungal almost like a piece of food that growth, the researchers say. you've forgotten about in your Since then, scientists have esti- refrigerator and for whatever mated drastic declines in popu- Fungi in general do best in reason now they're getting lations of cave-hibernating bats moist environments, and so it's moldy," microbiologist David in Connecticut, Maine, New no surprise that the researchers Blehert of the U.S. Geological York and Vermont. In some found more infected bats in the Survey told LiveScience. caves, more than 75 % of the most humid caves. In addition, bats have perished. this particular fungus can A big question remains: Why survive at temperatures 4 The Mushroom Log between 36 degrees and 60 graduate students working on degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees projects to determine the to 15 degrees Celsius), which spread of ectomycorrhizal fungi are typical in caves. to novel sites around the world. Some ectomycorrhizal fungi, The bats also lower their core such as truffles and Pisolithus body temperatures to match tinctorius, have been used as that of the caves, making their inoculants on roots of seedling bodies perfect hideouts for the trees to increase their rate of fungi. (In addition, bats lower growth or to produce an their heart rates from about important commercial crop. 1,000 beats per minute to four These intentional plantings of beats a minute during hi- trees and fungi have rapidly bernation.) increased the spread of exotic Blehert plans to continue study- fungi to new locations. These He added, "The bats have done ing the fungi and its link with bat sites are now the focus of this for millions of years. They deaths to get to the bottom of research by ecologists trying to have hibernated in these same the batty mystery. 30 0ctober learn what impact introduced caves using the same 2008. Livescience.com. fungi have on the habitat, and physiological mechanism, to determine if the fungi will, or dropping their heart rates down, Fig. of Geomyces. Character- have become invasive. not eating, dropping their core ized by short but distinct conid- body temperature down, and iophores that are branched One of the fungi being studied they didn't used to get moldy." above and which bear chains of is Amanita phalloides, which is spores formed directly from the prevalent in Clark County, Why now? The bats may have cells of the branches. Washington and found in ingested some environmental Sometimes only the tips of the scattered locations from contaminant that is causing branches become converted Southern California to British them to starve, Blehert said, or into spores. The spores Columbia. It was not pesticides may have wiped out (conidia) are unicellular and intentionally inoculated onto their food source, keeping the may be white or yellow. roots of any trees, but it is bats from fattening up before Occurring in soil and dung. thought to have arrived in this entering caves for hibernation. Credit: botany.utoronto.ca country as an ectomycorrhizal Their emaciated bodies would fungus on the roots of Cory/us then be susceptible to invasion How did they get spp. and other nut trees. by the fungus. Hazelnuts (also known as here? filberts), chestnuts, and possibly Another possibility is that the oak were brought to the Pacific fungal infestation is irritating the By Jan Lindgren, Chairman, Coast in the 1800s and early bats' skin. The irritation could OMS Toxicology Committee 1900s to establish family and cause the bats to wake up more commercial orchards. Trees often during hibernation. While were also imported for hibernating bats typically wake Newspapers and TV stations landscaping homes, parks and up for short periods every two often have stories about cemeteries. It is not known if weeks or so, the fungi could identifying and destroying some trees were grown from cause more frequent wake-ups. invasive plants and animals in seed (nuts, acorns), but it is These midhibernation arousals Oregon, but have you heard known that plants, with soil on are costly as the bat warms up anything about unwanted or their roots, were transported its body and turns on other invasive fleshy fungi in our from Europe by ships to the body processes like its immune area? In fact, several of our Pacific Coast. Records show system. That means the wake- largest conservation groups that in 1836 the Hudson Bay's up could use up critical energy hardly recognize the importance Company's fort at Vancouver in the form of fat reserves, of fungi in the ecosystem. had a large orchard including causing the bats to starve. nut trees. Also, a botanist, Times may be changing. Henry Biddle, settled here in Currently, several major 1887 on 300 acres east of universities have staff and 5 The Mushroom Log Vancouver and imported many Stropharia, Stropharia rugosa- important part of the food of the plants for his large estate. It is near annulata, which is now fairly native people before the arrival of these early settlements that common on wood chips and is the Europeans. Ancient potato- Amanita phalloides has been thought to have been brought in on shaped vessels still show the collected in recent years. wood chips of West Coast origin. reverence in which they were held. Will the shitake (Lentinue edodes), Researchers have not found any which is widely grown commercially Potatoes were brought to Europe in references in the literature to on oak logs, escape into the wild? the second half of the 16th century, document the occurrence of I asked Walt if he’s seen A. but at first were looked at with Amanita phalloides and their phalloides in our neck of the suspicion. It did not help that eating association with filbert and chestnut woods. His reply: “no verified the berries ended in disaster, as all trees, but that is where I have Ohio collections that I’m aware of. above-ground and green parts of always found them in Oregon and Closest I’ve found it was in the plant are highly toxic. But, at southwest Washington. David Rochester, N.Y. from 2 sites. Also some point, potatoes really took off, Arora, in Mushrooms Demystified, on Cape Cod a couple of years and became the main carbon and states that in California A. ago. It’s also been verified from food source for many people, phalloides has taken a fancy to the Delaware. I think it occurs on especially small poor farmers. All native oaks and spread like the Quercus (oak) in the East. It’s the potatoes cultivated in Europe at plague. It is now the most abundant probably in Ohio but no records that time came from the same small Amanita of the live oak woodlands. that I know of.” selections brought from South Arora has also observed A. America, and there was great phalloides with other species of oak genetic uniformity among them. in southern Oregon and with THE INTRICATE Some years the crops did well, but conifers and hardwoods in eastern some times there were minor North America. STORY OF LATE disasters, and the potato harvest POTATO BLIGHT disappointed. However, what Doesn't it seem prudent that we, in happened in the 1840s changed the Pacific Northwest, should be this dramatically; the potato plants, paying more attention to this By Else C. Vellinga and most importantly the tubers, Amanita and to other mushrooms rotted until all that was left, over a that are not native? We need to Reprinted from Mycena News, wide area, was a putrid-smelling survey Oregon white oak habitat, Mycological Society of San mess. The rot appeared first in old orchard sites, parks, and vacant Francisco, Jan. 2009. northeastern North America in land for this distinctive and 1843, spread west, east, and north, potentially deadly mushroom. I am Potatoes: staple food for many! I and reached Belgium in the willing to coordinate a study this fall grew up with them in the Neth- summer of 1845. In Europe that if others will help with a survey to erlands, and when we talk about a summer stood out because of its locate novel sites. In the past 20 Dutch dinner, it is potatoes, meat, wetness and the relatively low years there have been seven and veggies-in that sequence. My temperatures. Within a few poisonings in the Portland area by home country is big in potato months, potato plants were A. phalloides with four of the growing and is the world's leading affected from Ireland in the west to victims needing a liver transplant. exporter of seed potatoes. Apples Germany in the east. At least a of the earth is the Dutch word for quarter of the potato harvest was Editors' Note: Interesting historical potatoes, and like apples, they ruined. The next year was and scientific information on come in many, tasteful varieties. even worse, and 90 percent Amanita phalloides is available on of the potato harvest in Ire- Wikipedia at But there is a darker side. Potatoes land failed. A catastrophic http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amanita are a target for the late potato famine ensued as a third _phalloides blight, a disastrous disease, with of the Irish peasantry was deep socio-economic conse- entirely dependent on potatoes. Reprinted from the Mar/Apr 2009 quences. This was the disease issue of MushRumors, the responsible for the infamous 19th The English clergyman M.J. Newsletter of the Oregon century Irish famine and for the Berkeley, who described so many Mycological Society (OMS) birth of plant pathology. The history mushroom species from all over of how this disease was the world, gave a detailed Dave Miller, Ed. Note: No reason understood reads like a layered description of the "potato murrain" to exclude fleshy fungi from the detective story. and realized that the mold was the lists of invasive species. Of course same species described by pathogenic fungi like Chestnut Potatoes are the tubers of Solanum Montagne as Botrytis infestans. But Blight or Dutch Elm Disease are tuberosum and related species. it took some more time before it prime candidates. As well as the They grow naturally in the Andean was generally accepted as the poisonous A. phalloides, one could countries of South America-Bolivia, cause for the disease. The credit include the edible Wine Cap Ecuador, and Peru-and were an for swinging opinion in favor of the 6 The Mushroom Log parasite goes to De Bary, a because of the failing potato Ireland but from before the second German scientist, who established harvest. wave of pathogenic immigrants, the whole cycle of the organism on was also instrumental in clinching plants. De Bary also changed the The blight proved to be particularly the problem. name to Phytophthora infestans. devastating in the cool and wet He infected healthy plants which countries of Europe. In the Andes After the arrival of the new Mexican consequently showed the many genetically different cultivars strain in Europe, the genetic symptoms, while healthy non- were grown, some more, some less diversity of Phytophthora infestans infected plants stayed healthy, susceptible to the disease, but the in the Netherlands became as despite being exposed to the same weather there is not particularly great as that in Mexico-one reason wet weather as the infected ones. It cool and wet. to discard the out-of-Mexico theory. was a milestone in the It is significant, too, that potatoes understanding of disease, whether New potato cultivars were made were not grown in Mexico in the of animals, humans, or crops. with the help of a resistant Mexican first half of the 19th century. It is Phytopathology was born. close relative, but the arms race more plausible that the parasite with the pathogen kept going. came from South America in the The culprit is not a fungus, but a 1840s, with the many new fast water mold in the Straminopila, to In the 1970s, a new aggressive boats, than that it came with early which the giant kelps and the tiny strain of the blight appeared with potatoes. Even if it was on 16th diatoms also belong. Water molds devastating effects. Till then the century potatoes, the potatoes differ from the real fungi because of European version of Phytophthora were likely to have been so the cellulose in their cell wall infestans had lacked the capacity affected by the long voyage that (fungal cell walls are made of for sexual recombination, but this the diseased tubers were definitely chitin), and the fact that they store new strain, which originated in the not used for new plantings. starch. The organism now ravaging central highlands in Mexico, was of the coast live oaks and tanbark a different mating type. The blight However, the most convincing oaks in California is a close relative could now fulfill the complete life evidence comes from comparison of the potato blight mold. cycle with a sexual part, and of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA through genetic recombination of strains collected over a wide The potato blight was so successful soon was resistant to the applied area. This shows that an ancestral because of its rather simple life fungicides. population of Phytophthora cycle. A spore lands on a leaf diverged into different lineages in surface, grows into the plant, and Debate on the origin of the original the Andes, growing on wild emerges on the underside of the 1840s strain has kept researchers Solanum species; two of these leaf. There it forms a branched busy. Did it co-evolve with Solanum developed into the present day sporangiophore, a small tree-like tuberosum in the Andes, as the types of Phytophthora infestans structure with sporangia at the tips. original researchers suggested? capable of infecting potatoes, Each sporangium is a sack Did it originate in Mexico where tomatoes, and some other closely containing up to eight zoo-spores. wide genetic variation in related Solanum species. Others In wet cool weather a sporangium Phytophthora infestans evolved into several distinct disperses as a unit, which opens existed (this was the prevailing species, one named Phytophthora up and lets the zoospores out. In theory in the latter part of the 20th andinum. The South American warm dry weather, the sporangium century)? Or did it migrate from strains were transported to areas itself will germinate and the Mexico to the Andes and, from where potatoes were cultivated and zoospore phase will be skipped. there, to the rest of the world? wreaked havoc on a grand scale. The zoospores have swimming Where do we have to go to find Late potato blight serves as the devices in the form of two flagella resistant potatoes or less virulent prototypical plant disease. Its story and reinfect the plant. They can Phytophthora? illustrates not only many of the only survive on a wet leaf surface. hazardous aspects of agriculture- The sporangia from the leaves get The problem of origin was solved such as the role of the unwelcome into the soil to infect the tubers, and only in 2007, by careful comparison companions who arrive with they can spend the winters in of the genetic make- up of Ph. introduced species, the fragility of stored tubers, to spread through infestans in the Andes, in Mexico; genetically uniform crops, and the the growing plants in spring. A and in other parts of the Americas. social costs from the impacts plant potato plant can be turned to mush These strains were then compared diseases have on the lives of in less than three weeks. with ones found in Ireland and ordinary people-but also the elsewhere. Fortunately herbarium strength of scientific evidence The use of copper fungicides material of some infected Irish throughout the years. Alas, these protected the potatoes from the plants had been preserved, and stories can be told for many other blight, but in World War I, Germany DNA could still be isolated from this equally devastating plant needed copper to make bullets, not one-and-a half-century old material. pathogens. to protect the potatoes, and Historic material from South hundreds of thousands people died America, not as old as that from 7 The Mushroom Log a boil, then simmer for about 15 varies considerably. Some issues Cooking with Fungi minutes until the mushrooms are are very heavy on technical soft. Remove the herb bundle, and articles. Some newsletters are By Sharon Greenberg strain the broth through a fine nothing more than a brief listing of strainer. Return the broth to the club events. But, there are many During the last board meeting, we saucepan, and finely mince the interesting articles that we simply decided that it would be nice to mushrooms. Keep the broth warm don’t have room for in the Log. I share some of our favorite on low heat. would be happy to make mushroom recipes. After all, reasonably sized packets of some besides admiring the fungi for their 2. In a skillet melt 2 T of butter on of the more interesting newsletters, diversity and beauty, the next medium-high heat, and cook the which can be circulated among our question is usually "can I eat that?" fresh mushrooms, 1 cup chopped members. Distribution would take We have a plethora of great cooks onions, dried thyme, and ½ place at forays. in our humble little group, and teaspoon salt. Cook and stir until thought that we could share our the moisture from the mushrooms Log Options by Dave Miller experiences with mycophagy. has evaporated, and mushrooms are browned, 7-10 minutes. Stir in As most of you already know, the Since it is still winter, I thought that chopped garlic, and cook for Log is also available online at the this recipe was perfect for a chilly another minute until fragrant. club website www.oms.org in the day, and a good use of some of Transfer mushroom mix to a bowl, Members Only section (currently your stored dry mushrooms. It is a and deglaze the pan with a little under construction). This section little bit putsy, but what is more water, to scrape up the browned will be password protected and will satisfying on a cold winter day in bits. Add this liquid to the broth. periodically change. It will be made Ohio than cooking a great meal? This is adapted from COOK'S available at the same time as the 3. In a large saucepan, heat 3 T of issue goes to the printer. If you ILLUSTRATED Sept and Oct 2003 butter over medium heat, add the prefer to read the Log online only, issue. Enjoy with a good red wine remaining cup of chopped onions, you now have the option of having and company. ¼ t of salt, and cook until the your name removed from our onions are translucent, about 10 Mushroom Risotto newsletter mailing list. minutes. Add the rice and cook 2 bay leaves stirring frequently until the edges of As with most choices, there are 6 sprigs fresh thyme the rice become transparent, about pros and cons. On the plus side: 4 sprigs fresh parsley, plus 2T 5 minutes. Add wine, and stir until you get the Log a few days before chopped parsley leaves wine is absorbed into the rice. Add the issue arrives via snail-mail, you 1 oz. of a strongly flavored dried the minced dried mushrooms and 3 save yourself ($15 instead of $20, mushroom (porcini, shitake, black ½ cups of the broth, cook with beginning in 2010) and OMS trumpets, morels, etc.) It's a good stirring every 2-3 minutes until this money(the cost of printing and idea to rinse them first. liquid is absorbed, 10 minutes or mailing the Log is one of our 1 quart low-sodium chicken broth so. Add an additional ½ cup of biggest expenses), and you get to or stock broth every 2-3 minutes until the save a couple of tree branches 2 T soy sauce rice is cooked, but still somewhat somewhere. On the negative side, 3½ cups water firm, another 10-15 minutes. All of there are many of us who just like 6 T unsalted butter the broth may not be used. Stir in the feel of a printed document and 1 ¼ lb fresh mushrooms, cut into the last tablespoon of butter, then who like to get something welcome large pieces add the cooked fresh mushrooms in the mail. If you wish to opt out of 2 cups chopped onions plus any accumulated juice, getting the Log mailed to you, 2 t chopped fresh thyme (optional) Parmesan, and chopped parsley. contact Jerry Pepera at salt Cook until heated through. The firstname.lastname@example.org 3 garlic cloves minced finished dish should have the 2 ½ cups Arborio rice or short- consistency of loose oatmeal. grained sushi rice (no other types Adjust salt and pepper to taste, and will work!) serve. To make extra elegant, 1 cup dry white wine or vermouth shave several curls of Parmesan Articles for the next newsletter 2 oz Parmesan cheese, grated over each bowl. ground black pepper Enjoy! Sharon Deadline –May 19 1. Tie together the bay leaves, If anyone is interested in reading David Miller thyme, and parsley sprigs. Put the the newsletters of other mushroom 352 W. College St. bundled herbs, dried mushrooms, clubs, let me know. I am Oberlin, OH 44074 chicken broth, soy sauce, and accumulating stacks of them and David.H.Miller@oberlin.edu water into a sauce pan and bring to need to get rid of them. Quality 8 The Mushroom Log Calendar of Events OMS Events June 28 (Sun.) Rocky River An open invitation to anyone who wants to mushroom hunt in Email Jerry at email@example.com to Nature Center-Cleveland Fredericktown. Call Dick Grimm receive notification of impromptu Metroparks . Program and Talk by (740) 694-0782, and if he’s events. Check your most recent Walt Sturgeon. available and there are mushrooms issue of the Mushroom Log for in the woods, he will go. event updates and for more detailed information. Please plan Jul. 24-26 Summer Foray. J. H. to join us. All mini-and morel Barrows Biological Field Station of forays are subject to cancellation. Call first to confirm. Please bring a Hiram College. Hiram is located in whistle and compass and RSVP Portage Co. in the village of Hiram the host so they have cancellation where OH Rtes 82/700 and OH flexibility. Rte. 305 meet. More details to follow in May/June Log. Questions: TBA-Dawes-Hosted Morel Hunt Contact Pete and Pauline Munk. See p. 7 of Jan/Feb, 2009 Log or (440) 236-9222. phone 740/323-2355or email firstname.lastname@example.org. Sept. 11-13 Fall Foray. Hocking Co. at Clear Creek Metropark May 3 (Sun.) Morel Miniforay. Nature Preserve. Leaders: Andrea Salt Fork State Park at Cambridge Moore (740) 969-8049 & Shirley OH, near the junction of I-77 and I- July 11 (Sat.) Chanterelle Mini- McClelland. (740) 536-7448. 70. Meet at 9am at State Park Foray. Hocking Hills. Meet at 10 Office parking lot. Foray departs AM in Bob Evans parking lot. Sat. Nov. 7. Annual Dick Grimm promptly at 9:30 am. Jerry Pepera. Shirley McClelland (740) 536-7448. Banquet. Buckeye Lake Yacht (440) 354-4774. Club. Details tba. July 19 (Sun.) Scenic Vista Park May 9 (Sat.) Morel Mini-Foray at – Lisbon. 2 PM. Walk and talk by Beaver Creek. Meet at 9 am at Walt Sturgeon. Ohio & Regional McDonald’s in Calcutta. next to the Aug. date tba. Gorman Nature May 2-3 (Sat.-Sun.) Western PA Ogilve Plaza. Directions: Exit OH Mushroom Club Morel Mania Rte 11 onto OH Rte 170. Go north Center. Richland Co. Pete and weekend in Mingo Creek Park. for ca. 1-1.5 mi. McDonald’s is of Pauline Munk. (440) 236-9222. left and meeting area is Ogilve Sept. 12 (Sat.) Gary Lincoff Mid- parking lot just before McDonalds. Aug. 29 or Sept. 5 Mini-foray. Atlantic Mushroom Foray in North Meet 9am, leave 9:30 am. Chance Creek, Lorain Co. Park. See their website at Metroparks, date depends on http://www.wpamushroom.org for Walt Sturgeon. (330) 426-9833. details. weather! Call Dave Miller (440) May 21, 22(7-9 pm), May 23 774-8143 for details. National & More rd (9:30am-2:30 pm) Introductory 33 Annual NEMF The Sam Ristich workshop on mushrooms, Dave Oct. 17 (Sat.) Hocking Hills Foray. Oct. 15-18 Cape Cod. See Buckeye Trail. Winter Chanterelles their website for details: Miller. Details at http://www.nemf.org/files/2009/200 www.clemetparks.com or call (440) (Cantharellus tubaeformis). Shirley 526-1012, Deb Shankland. McClelland. (740) 536-7448. Other impromptu mini forays, as follows: details will follow in next Log. 9 The Mushroom Log Membership Application for the Ohio Mushroom Society NAME ADDRESS CITY STATE ZIP TELEPHONE FAX EMAIL ADDRESS Enclosed please find check or money order (check one): ____ $15.00 annual family membership without a paper copy of the newsletter ____ $20.00 annual family membership which includes a paper copy of the newsletter ____ $150.00 life membership which includes a paper copy of the newsletter For existing 2008 members (on their 2009 renewals only): ____ $10.00 annual family membership which includes a paper copy of the newsletter ____ $125.00 life membership which includes a paper copy of the newsletter My interests are: Mushroom Eating/Cookery Photography Nature Study Mushroom ID Cultivation Other (specify) Would you like to be an OMS volunteer? In what way? How did you hear about our group?_________________________________________________ SIGNATURE May OMS provide your name to other mushroom related businesses? Yes ______ No Return form and check or money order to: Ohio Mushroom Society c/o Jerry Pepera 8915 Knotty Pine Ln. Chardon, OH 44024 10 The Mushroom Log 2008 Ohio Mushroom Society Volunteers Chairman Newsletter Editor Program Planners Hospitality Co-chairs Walt Sturgeon Dave Miller Walt Sturgeon Sharon Greenberg (330) 426-9833 (440) 774-8143 (330) 426-9833 (330) 457-2345 email@example.com David.H.Miller@oberlin.edu firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com. ne Treasurer/Membership/ All-round Special Person Pete & Pauline Munk Circulation (440) 236-9222 New Board Members: Dick Grimm firstname.lastname@example.org Jerry Pepera (740) 694-0782 Shirley McClelland (440) 279-0611 email@example.com Lake MetroParks Liaison (740) 536-7448 firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com Cleveland Metroparks Pat Morse m Jack-of-All-Trades Liason (440) 256-2106 firstname.lastname@example.org Andrea Moore Dick Doyle Debra Shankland om (740) 969-8049 (740) 587-0019 (440) 526-1012 Chickenmom64@yahoo.co email@example.com dks@clevelandmetroparks. m com Corresponding Sec’y Joe Christian (419) 757-4493 firstname.lastname@example.org 11 The Mushroom Log Ohio Mushroom Society The Mushroom Log Circulation and Membership Jerry Pepera, 8915 Knotty Pine Lane Chardon, OH 44024 Editor Dave Miller 352 W. College St. Oberlin, OH 44074 www.ohiomushroom.org The Mushroom Log, the official newsletter of the Ohio Mushroom Society, is published bi-monthly throughout the year. Contributions of articles and ideas for columns are always welcome. Articles may be edited for length and content. Non-copyrighted articles may be reprinted without permission in other mushroom club publications, provided that The Mushroom Log is credited. We DATED MATERIAL appreciate receiving a copy of the publication. Address service requested. Return postage guaranteed.