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March April Mushroom Log parison


									Mar./Apr. 2009                                                               Volume 37 Issue 2

                                   Ohio Mushroom Society

                 The Mushroom Log
                                      I met Jack after his wife Janet       When there to pass the test, if I
Jack Sweigert                         joined the Ohio Mushroom             could do my best.
                                      Society as a life member. He         And I think again of Jack, the
1941-2009                             was a dedicated mushroom             green man with the grin
                                      hunter but he wasn’t interested
                                      in identifying them, he just liked   Then I heard Kipling’s words ––
                                      to search for them. Actually, I      a mumble from within ––
  A Tribute To Jack                   think–– along with just helping
                                      Janet in her love of                 “You’re a better man than I am,
      Sweigart                        mushrooming –– he just liked         Gunga Din.”
                                      being in the woods.
        By Dick Grimm                                                      If you’d like to read the obituary
                                      It would have been comical on        about Jack, from the Ada
I looked at Jack Sweigart as a        the outside looking in watching      Herald, you can access it at
man among men. One of those           the two of us stumbling through
rare individuals who did more         the woods. Jack only had one         .asp?SectionID-
listening than talking. The term      good leg having a fused knee         48SubSectionID=8&ArticleID=1
for Jack nowadays would be,           on the other and along with me,      01542&
“Green”. His love, other than         now in my staggering,
that for his wife Janet, was the      doddering 80’s, it would have
love of trees. He spent many
                                                                           MUSHROOMS ON
                                      been an even bet who would
years promoting the value of          fall down first… and how often!      THE ROAD 2008
this usable and replaceable           We welcomed the chance to sit
natural commodity. Jack               on a fallen log and rest and to      By Walt Sturgeon
planted many acres of trees on        solve all the problems of the
his farm and encouraged others        country. I need to say, however,     I am crazy about wild
to follow suit.                       that Jack had an uncanny eye         mushrooms. Some would say
                                      for locating mushrooms and he        I'm just crazy. For years I have
Jack was a strong influence in        seldom left the woods with an        traveled to numerous
the “American Tree Farm               empty basket even when the           mushroom forays and
System.” as well as the “Ohio         weather conditions were not          conducted mushroom
Forestry Association”. He went        conducive to the hunt.               workshops and interpretive
on to nurture, develop and                                                 hikes. I have decided to write
encourage several local Ohio          In those final days I quietly        about my travels this year which
Forestry Associations. Jack           watched Jack deteriorate and         has not been an especially
received both the “Ohio Tree          his body became like the             good one. But even in a bad
Farmer of the Year” award in          “Shaggy Mane” turning against        year there are noteworthy
2005 and was in the final four        itself. When pain unimaginable       mushrooms fruitings.
for the National Tree Farmer of       engulfed him, I wondered, as do
the Year award in 2006.               we all, if in that final turmoil I   April and May bring out the pot
                                      would be so brave.                   hunter in me and I become
                                                                           obsessed with finding morels. I
2 The Mushroom Log
made it to one of the OMS           foray weekend approached. I         interest to me was the bright
morel forays, the one at Beaver     went to the summer foray at         yellow bolete, Boletus
Creek State Park. I found a few     Dawes Arboretum and even            auriflammeus and a moth that
but was energized and               with the dry conditions we found    was parasitized, possibly by
somewhat surprised to see a         several additions to the Dawes      Hymenostilbe sphinghum or a
shopping bag full that had          mushroom species list. A            species of Akanthomyces.
eluded me. I found two or three     highlight for me was a pretty
on numerous after-work jaunts       little brown and white Lepiota      A September workshop at
into the local woods. Several       which stained green on the          Beaver Creek State Park was
people kept telling me what a       stem and by the second day          wet but only during the event.
great morel year it was, the best   was green all over, Lepiota         So we collected in the rain after
ever. Well…maybe for them.          caerulescens. In late July I went   a month and a half of dry
Finally on a sunny Sunday I         to the NEMF Foray in                weather. Not a good scenario
bagged about 5 pounds of            Connecticut where conditions        but participants seemed to
prime Morchella esculenta. OK,      were also dry. But with lots of     enjoy the few mushrooms that
I have kept my lifelong string      people looking, there are           we did find including some
alive of always finding enough      always lots of mushrooms            oyster mushrooms. The third
morels for a "mess", as my folks    found. There were many              weekend in September I went
used to say. A "mess" is            Boletus parasiticus which fruits    to one of my favorite events, the
roughly equal to a meal or at       on the pigskin puffball,            Cain Foray conducted by the
least a large side dish. I am       Scleroderma citrina. Tylopilus      Toronto Mycological Society.
always relieved when morel          variobrunneus was collected         This weekend event is held at
season is over so that I can get    several times, extending the        the Tally Ho cottage resort near
back to less compulsive             known range for that species.       Huntsville, Ontario, just west of
mushroom hunting, enjoying          There were many bolete              Algonquin Provincial Park.
what I find and not just looking    species collected including the     Finally a foray in wet conditions!
for those elusive prizes.           recently renamed Bothii             Actually collecting is often
                                    castanellus which was formerly      better than we had this
June as usual is a tease with       Suillus castanellus. (“DNA          particular year but we still
deer mushrooms (Pluteus             analyses confirm its placement      managed to identify over 300
cervinus) and broad gills,          as a unique generic lineage in      species. Absolutely perfect and
Megacollybia platyphylla on         the Boletaceae.” It was             artificial looking king boletes
woody debris in the local           renamed “in honor of Ernst E.       were right on the resort
woods. Wood mulched areas           Both, promoter, facilitator and     grounds. Just a few of the
had the usual troops of             consummate student of               common mushrooms there
Agrocybe praecox.                   boletology” quoted from the         which are not common here
                                    Mycologia article which details     include Albatrellus ovinus,
Early July was wet, very wet        the evidence for the name           Hygrophorus erubescens,
and the summer season got off       change, Ed. Note.)                  Hygrophorus purpurescens,
to a great start. The best                                              Boletus flammans, Suillus
collecting by far was in lawn       In August I conducted two local     paluster, Suillus cavipes and
areas under oak trees. Smooth       mushroom workshops.                 Lactarius uvidus. I found
chanterelles and boletes were       Conditions were very dry. For       Hypsizygus ulmarius on a birch
there for the picking. The bolete   each I made collecting trips into   tree which lacks the water spots
variety was good. Boletus frostii   some wetter woods in Pa. so         of Hypsizygus tessulatus which
was the most attractive and         that we would have ample            is our common species.
Boletus subvelutipes the most       mushrooms to examine.               Another new find for me was
common. Good edible species                                             Tubaria confragosa. Many
like Tylopilus alboater, Boletus    My wife Trish and I made an         mushrooms and a moose
variipes and Xanthoconium           early September trip to             encounter as well.
separans were all around            Greenbrier State Forest to
locally. For some reason the        attend the WV foray. Once           Early October found me at
wooded areas did not have           again conditions were dry but       South Chagrin Reservation,
nearly as many mushrooms as         there were oyster mushrooms         doing a workshop in fairly dry
the open areas did. Conditions      to cook and enough                  conditions again. There were
started to dry up as the summer     mushrooms to keep us busy. Of       mushrooms, almost all of them
3 The Mushroom Log
on logs and stumps. Armillaria      has this murder mystery only         To figure out the culprit, Blehert
species and its parasite            surfaced recently?                   and his colleagues ran post-
Entoloma abortivum were the                                              mortem tests on more than 100
most common edibles. Again I        The fungi live in the soil, water    bats from the affected regions.
had brought mushrooms from a        and air, and now on bat skin.        The bats included little brown
wetter woods in Pa.                 They can survive refrigerator-       myotis (Myotis lucifugus),
                                    level temperatures, which are        northern long-eared myotis
The next weekend was the            typical of many caves where          (Myotis septentrionalis), big
OMS Fall Foray which had            bats hibernate. Once beneath         brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus)
some fungi brought on by            the outer layer of skin covering     and tricolored bats (Perimyotis
recent rains. Again saprobic        a bat's wing, the fungus multi-      subflavus).
decomposers made up most of         plies, sometimes causing the
the finds. The highlights for me    wing to bulge to five to 10 times    "We found that this fungus had
were a county record, Suillus       its original thickness. The          colonized the skin of 90 percent
pictus which occurs under           researchers are not sure if the      of the bats we analyzed from all
native white pine of which we       fungus is the sole exterminator      the states affected by white-
have very few and a state           of infected bats. Most of the        nose syndrome," Blehert said.
record, Boletellus projectellus     fungus infected bats are also
which may be common in              emaciated and some leave their       The fungus had invaded deep
certain parts of Ohio but I have    caves during the cold of winter      into the skin of infected bats.
yet to see it here.                 in search of insect food, in vain.   The fungal spores likely sneak
                                    The fungus could be the cause        into the bats' skin through hair
Bat Death Mystery                   of starvation or it could have       follicles or sweat and oil glands.
                                    invaded the skin of starving         The fungi continue to multiply
Solved:                             bats whose immune systems            and push their way through
It's A Fungus                       would have been depressed,           other skin layers until they've
                                    the researchers speculate.           broken through the outer layer
By Jeanna Bryner                                                         called the epidermis and
                                    The work will be detailed in the     reached a layer of connective
Bats are getting moldy and          Oct. 31 issue of the journal         tissue, the researchers suggest.
dying, and this is no Halloween     Science.
trick. Now scientists have                                               And while the fungus is genetic-
identified the culprit in the       Bats covered with the fungus, a      ally a member of the genus
deadly mystery.                     sickness now called white-nose       Geomyces, it looks different
                                    syndrome, were first spotted in      from the known Geomyces
The killer is a member of a         Howes Cave near Albany, N.Y.,        species.
group of cold-loving fungi called   during the winter of 2006. At
Geomyces. This white,               that time, field biologists          "A typical Geomyces has club--
powdery-looking fungus coats        reported caves that were             shaped spores and these are
the muzzles, ears and wings of      typically covered with               curved or shaped like little
bats and has meant death for        hibernating bats had loads of        bananas," Blehert said.
more than 100,000 of the night      vacancies, which the scientists
flyers in the northeastern United   assume is because the bats           The caves where bats hibernate
States.                             either died or were flitting         from late October through late
                                    around in search of food. In one     April or early May in the north-
"So essentially these bats are      case, a cave floor was littered      eastern United States could be
hanging on the cave ceiling         with dead bats.                      the perfect spots for fungal
almost like a piece of food that                                         growth, the researchers say.
you've forgotten about in your      Since then, scientists have esti-
refrigerator and for whatever       mated drastic declines in popu-      Fungi in general do best in
reason now they're getting          lations of cave-hibernating bats     moist environments, and so it's
moldy," microbiologist David        in Connecticut, Maine, New           no surprise that the researchers
Blehert of the U.S. Geological      York and Vermont. In some            found more infected bats in the
Survey told LiveScience.            caves, more than 75 % of the         most humid caves. In addition,
                                    bats have perished.                  this particular fungus can
A big question remains: Why                                              survive at temperatures
4 The Mushroom Log
between 36 degrees and 60                                                    graduate students working on
degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees                                                projects to determine the
to 15 degrees Celsius), which                                                spread of ectomycorrhizal fungi
are typical in caves.                                                        to novel sites around the world.
                                                                             Some ectomycorrhizal fungi,
The bats also lower their core                                               such as truffles and Pisolithus
body temperatures to match                                                   tinctorius, have been used as
that of the caves, making their                                              inoculants on roots of seedling
bodies perfect hideouts for the                                              trees to increase their rate of
fungi. (In addition, bats lower                                              growth or to produce an
their heart rates from about                                                 important commercial crop.
1,000 beats per minute to four                                               These intentional plantings of
beats a minute during hi-                                                    trees and fungi have rapidly
bernation.)                                                                  increased the spread of exotic
                                       Blehert plans to continue study-      fungi to new locations. These
He added, "The bats have done          ing the fungi and its link with bat   sites are now the focus of
this for millions of years. They       deaths to get to the bottom of        research by ecologists trying to
have hibernated in these same          the batty mystery. 30 0ctober         learn what impact introduced
caves using the same                   2008.                fungi have on the habitat, and
physiological mechanism,                                                     to determine if the fungi will, or
dropping their heart rates down,       Fig. of Geomyces. Character-          have become invasive.
not eating, dropping their core        ized by short but distinct conid-
body temperature down, and             iophores that are branched            One of the fungi being studied
they didn't used to get moldy."        above and which bear chains of        is Amanita phalloides, which is
                                       spores formed directly from the       prevalent in Clark County,
Why now? The bats may have             cells of the branches.                Washington and found in
ingested some environmental            Sometimes only the tips of the        scattered locations from
contaminant that is causing            branches become converted             Southern California to British
them to starve, Blehert said, or       into spores. The spores               Columbia. It was not
pesticides may have wiped out          (conidia) are unicellular and         intentionally inoculated onto
their food source, keeping the         may be white or yellow.               roots of any trees, but it is
bats from fattening up before          Occurring in soil and dung.           thought to have arrived in this
entering caves for hibernation.        Credit:            country as an ectomycorrhizal
Their emaciated bodies would                                                 fungus on the roots of Cory/us
then be susceptible to invasion        How did they get                      spp. and other nut trees.
by the fungus.                                                               Hazelnuts (also known as
                                       here?                                 filberts), chestnuts, and possibly
Another possibility is that the                                              oak were brought to the Pacific
fungal infestation is irritating the   By Jan Lindgren, Chairman,            Coast in the 1800s and early
bats' skin. The irritation could       OMS Toxicology Committee              1900s to establish family and
cause the bats to wake up more                                               commercial orchards. Trees
often during hibernation. While                                              were also imported for
hibernating bats typically wake        Newspapers and TV stations            landscaping homes, parks and
up for short periods every two         often have stories about              cemeteries. It is not known if
weeks or so, the fungi could           identifying and destroying            some trees were grown from
cause more frequent wake-ups.          invasive plants and animals in        seed (nuts, acorns), but it is
These midhibernation arousals          Oregon, but have you heard            known that plants, with soil on
are costly as the bat warms up         anything about unwanted or            their roots, were transported
its body and turns on other            invasive fleshy fungi in our          from Europe by ships to the
body processes like its immune         area? In fact, several of our         Pacific Coast. Records show
system. That means the wake-           largest conservation groups           that in 1836 the Hudson Bay's
up could use up critical energy        hardly recognize the importance       Company's fort at Vancouver
in the form of fat reserves,           of fungi in the ecosystem.            had a large orchard including
causing the bats to starve.                                                  nut trees. Also, a botanist,
                                       Times may be changing.                Henry Biddle, settled here in
                                       Currently, several major              1887 on 300 acres east of
                                       universities have staff and
5 The Mushroom Log
Vancouver and imported many               Stropharia, Stropharia rugosa-          important part of the food of the
plants for his large estate. It is near   annulata, which is now fairly           native people before the arrival of
these early settlements that              common on wood chips and is             the Europeans. Ancient potato-
Amanita phalloides has been               thought to have been brought in on      shaped vessels still show the
collected in recent years.                wood chips of West Coast origin.        reverence in which they were held.
                                          Will the shitake (Lentinue edodes),
Researchers have not found any            which is widely grown commercially      Potatoes were brought to Europe in
references in the literature to           on oak logs, escape into the wild?      the second half of the 16th century,
document the occurrence of                I asked Walt if he’s seen A.            but at first were looked at with
Amanita phalloides and their              phalloides in our neck of the           suspicion. It did not help that eating
association with filbert and chestnut     woods. His reply: “no verified          the berries ended in disaster, as all
trees, but that is where I have           Ohio collections that I’m aware of.     above-ground and green parts of
always found them in Oregon and           Closest I’ve found it was in            the plant are highly toxic. But, at
southwest Washington. David               Rochester, N.Y. from 2 sites. Also      some point, potatoes really took off,
Arora, in Mushrooms Demystified,          on Cape Cod a couple of years           and became the main carbon and
states that in California A.              ago. It’s also been verified from       food source for many people,
phalloides has taken a fancy to the       Delaware. I think it occurs on          especially small poor farmers. All
native oaks and spread like the           Quercus (oak) in the East. It’s         the potatoes cultivated in Europe at
plague. It is now the most abundant       probably in Ohio but no records         that time came from the same small
Amanita of the live oak woodlands.        that I know of.”                        selections brought from South
Arora has also observed A.                                                        America, and there was great
phalloides with other species of oak                                              genetic uniformity among them.
in southern Oregon and with               THE INTRICATE                           Some years the crops did well, but
conifers and hardwoods in eastern                                                 some times there were minor
North America.
                                          STORY OF LATE                           disasters, and the potato harvest
                                          POTATO BLIGHT                           disappointed. However, what
Doesn't it seem prudent that we, in                                               happened in the 1840s changed
the Pacific Northwest, should be                                                  this dramatically; the potato plants,
paying more attention to this             By Else C. Vellinga                     and most importantly the tubers,
Amanita and to other mushrooms                                                    rotted until all that was left, over a
that are not native? We need to           Reprinted from Mycena News,             wide area, was a putrid-smelling
survey Oregon white oak habitat,          Mycological Society of San              mess. The rot appeared first in
old orchard sites, parks, and vacant      Francisco, Jan. 2009.                   northeastern North America in
land for this distinctive and                                                     1843, spread west, east, and north,
potentially deadly mushroom. I am         Potatoes: staple food for many! I       and reached Belgium in the
willing to coordinate a study this fall   grew up with them in the Neth-          summer of 1845. In Europe that
if others will help with a survey to      erlands, and when we talk about a       summer stood out because of its
locate novel sites. In the past 20        Dutch dinner, it is potatoes, meat,     wetness and the relatively low
years there have been seven               and veggies-in that sequence. My        temperatures. Within a few
poisonings in the Portland area by        home country is big in potato           months, potato plants were
A. phalloides with four of the            growing and is the world's leading      affected from Ireland in the west to
victims needing a liver transplant.       exporter of seed potatoes. Apples       Germany in the east. At least a
                                          of the earth is the Dutch word for      quarter of the potato harvest was
Editors' Note: Interesting historical     potatoes, and like apples, they         ruined. The next year was
and scientific information on             come in many, tasteful varieties.       even worse, and 90 percent
Amanita phalloides is available on                                                of the potato harvest in Ire-
Wikipedia at                              But there is a darker side. Potatoes    land failed. A catastrophic      are a target for the late potato        famine ensued as a third
_phalloides                               blight, a disastrous disease, with      of the Irish peasantry was
                                          deep socio-economic conse-              entirely dependent on potatoes.
Reprinted from the Mar/Apr 2009           quences. This was the disease
issue of MushRumors, the                  responsible for the infamous 19th       The English clergyman M.J.
Newsletter of the Oregon                  century Irish famine and for the        Berkeley, who described so many
Mycological Society (OMS)                 birth of plant pathology. The history   mushroom species from all over
                                          of how this disease was                 the world, gave a detailed
Dave Miller, Ed. Note: No reason          understood reads like a layered         description of the "potato murrain"
to exclude fleshy fungi from the          detective story.                        and realized that the mold was the
lists of invasive species. Of course                                              same species described by
pathogenic fungi like Chestnut            Potatoes are the tubers of Solanum      Montagne as Botrytis infestans. But
Blight or Dutch Elm Disease are           tuberosum and related species.          it took some more time before it
prime candidates. As well as the          They grow naturally in the Andean       was generally accepted as the
poisonous A. phalloides, one could        countries of South America-Bolivia,     cause for the disease. The credit
include the edible Wine Cap               Ecuador, and Peru-and were an           for swinging opinion in favor of the
6 The Mushroom Log
parasite goes to De Bary, a               because of the failing potato           Ireland but from before the second
German scientist, who established         harvest.                                wave of pathogenic immigrants,
the whole cycle of the organism on                                                was also instrumental in clinching
plants. De Bary also changed the          The blight proved to be particularly    the problem.
name to Phytophthora infestans.           devastating in the cool and wet
He infected healthy plants which          countries of Europe. In the Andes       After the arrival of the new Mexican
consequently showed the                   many genetically different cultivars    strain in Europe, the genetic
symptoms, while healthy non-              were grown, some more, some less        diversity of Phytophthora infestans
infected plants stayed healthy,           susceptible to the disease, but the     in the Netherlands became as
despite being exposed to the same         weather there is not particularly       great as that in Mexico-one reason
wet weather as the infected ones. It      cool and wet.                           to discard the out-of-Mexico theory.
was a milestone in the                                                            It is significant, too, that potatoes
understanding of disease, whether         New potato cultivars were made          were not grown in Mexico in the
of animals, humans, or crops.             with the help of a resistant Mexican    first half of the 19th century. It is
Phytopathology was born.                  close relative, but the arms race       more plausible that the parasite
                                          with the pathogen kept going.           came from South America in the
The culprit is not a fungus, but a                                                1840s, with the many new fast
water mold in the Straminopila, to        In the 1970s, a new aggressive          boats, than that it came with early
which the giant kelps and the tiny        strain of the blight appeared with      potatoes. Even if it was on 16th
diatoms also belong. Water molds          devastating effects. Till then the      century potatoes, the potatoes
differ from the real fungi because of     European version of Phytophthora        were likely to have been so
the cellulose in their cell wall          infestans had lacked the capacity       affected by the long voyage that
(fungal cell walls are made of            for sexual recombination, but this      the diseased tubers were definitely
chitin), and the fact that they store     new strain, which originated in the     not used for new plantings.
starch. The organism now ravaging         central highlands in Mexico, was of
the coast live oaks and tanbark           a different mating type. The blight     However, the most convincing
oaks in California is a close relative    could now fulfill the complete life     evidence comes from comparison
of the potato blight mold.                cycle with a sexual part, and           of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA
                                          through genetic recombination           of strains collected over a wide
The potato blight was so successful       soon was resistant to the applied       area. This shows that an ancestral
because of its rather simple life         fungicides.                             population of Phytophthora
cycle. A spore lands on a leaf                                                    diverged into different lineages in
surface, grows into the plant, and        Debate on the origin of the original    the Andes, growing on wild
emerges on the underside of the           1840s strain has kept researchers       Solanum species; two of these
leaf. There it forms a branched           busy. Did it co-evolve with Solanum     developed into the present day
sporangiophore, a small tree-like         tuberosum in the Andes, as the          types of Phytophthora infestans
structure with sporangia at the tips.     original researchers suggested?         capable of infecting potatoes,
Each sporangium is a sack                 Did it originate in Mexico where        tomatoes, and some other closely
containing up to eight zoo-spores.        wide genetic variation in               related Solanum species. Others
In wet cool weather a sporangium          Phytophthora infestans                  evolved into several distinct
disperses as a unit, which opens          existed (this was the prevailing        species, one named Phytophthora
up and lets the zoospores out. In         theory in the latter part of the 20th   andinum. The South American
warm dry weather, the sporangium          century)? Or did it migrate from        strains were transported to areas
itself will germinate and the             Mexico to the Andes and, from           where potatoes were cultivated and
zoospore phase will be skipped.           there, to the rest of the world?        wreaked havoc on a grand scale.
The zoospores have swimming               Where do we have to go to find          Late potato blight serves as the
devices in the form of two flagella       resistant potatoes or less virulent     prototypical plant disease. Its story
and reinfect the plant. They can          Phytophthora?                           illustrates not only many of the
only survive on a wet leaf surface.                                               hazardous aspects of agriculture-
The sporangia from the leaves get         The problem of origin was solved        such as the role of the unwelcome
into the soil to infect the tubers, and   only in 2007, by careful comparison     companions who arrive with
they can spend the winters in             of the genetic make- up of Ph.          introduced species, the fragility of
stored tubers, to spread through          infestans in the Andes, in Mexico;      genetically uniform crops, and the
the growing plants in spring. A           and in other parts of the Americas.     social costs from the impacts plant
potato plant can be turned to mush        These strains were then compared        diseases have on the lives of
in less than three weeks.                 with ones found in Ireland and          ordinary people-but also the
                                          elsewhere. Fortunately herbarium        strength of scientific evidence
The use of copper fungicides              material of some infected Irish         throughout the years. Alas, these
protected the potatoes from the           plants had been preserved, and          stories can be told for many other
blight, but in World War I, Germany       DNA could still be isolated from this   equally devastating plant
needed copper to make bullets, not        one-and-a half-century old material.    pathogens.
to protect the potatoes, and              Historic material from South
hundreds of thousands people died         America, not as old as that from
7 The Mushroom Log
                                           a boil, then simmer for about 15         varies considerably. Some issues
Cooking with Fungi                         minutes until the mushrooms are          are very heavy on technical
                                           soft. Remove the herb bundle, and        articles. Some newsletters are
By Sharon Greenberg                        strain the broth through a fine          nothing more than a brief listing of
                                           strainer. Return the broth to the        club events. But, there are many
During the last board meeting, we          saucepan, and finely mince the           interesting articles that we simply
decided that it would be nice to           mushrooms. Keep the broth warm           don’t have room for in the Log. I
share some of our favorite                 on low heat.                             would be happy to make
mushroom recipes. After all,                                                        reasonably sized packets of some
besides admiring the fungi for their       2. In a skillet melt 2 T of butter on    of the more interesting newsletters,
diversity and beauty, the next             medium-high heat, and cook the           which can be circulated among our
question is usually "can I eat that?"      fresh mushrooms, 1 cup chopped           members. Distribution would take
We have a plethora of great cooks          onions, dried thyme, and ½               place at forays.
in our humble little group, and            teaspoon salt. Cook and stir until
thought that we could share our            the moisture from the mushrooms          Log Options by Dave Miller
experiences with mycophagy.                has evaporated, and mushrooms
                                           are browned, 7-10 minutes. Stir in
                                                                                    As most of you already know, the
Since it is still winter, I thought that   chopped garlic, and cook for
                                                                                    Log is also available online at the
this recipe was perfect for a chilly       another minute until fragrant.
                                                                                    club website in the
day, and a good use of some of             Transfer mushroom mix to a bowl,
                                                                                    Members Only section (currently
your stored dry mushrooms. It is a         and deglaze the pan with a little
                                                                                    under construction). This section
little bit putsy, but what is more         water, to scrape up the browned
                                                                                    will be password protected and will
satisfying on a cold winter day in         bits. Add this liquid to the broth.
                                                                                    periodically change. It will be made
Ohio than cooking a great meal?
This is adapted from COOK'S                                                         available at the same time as the
                                           3. In a large saucepan, heat 3 T of
                                                                                    issue goes to the printer. If you
ILLUSTRATED Sept and Oct 2003              butter over medium heat, add the
                                                                                    prefer to read the Log online only,
issue. Enjoy with a good red wine          remaining cup of chopped onions,
                                                                                    you now have the option of having
and company.                               ¼ t of salt, and cook until the
                                                                                    your name removed from our
                                           onions are translucent, about 10
Mushroom Risotto                                                                    newsletter mailing list.
                                           minutes. Add the rice and cook
2 bay leaves                               stirring frequently until the edges of
                                                                                    As with most choices, there are
6 sprigs fresh thyme                       the rice become transparent, about
                                                                                    pros and cons. On the plus side:
4 sprigs fresh parsley, plus 2T            5 minutes. Add wine, and stir until
                                                                                    you get the Log a few days before
chopped parsley leaves                     wine is absorbed into the rice. Add
                                                                                    the issue arrives via snail-mail, you
1 oz. of a strongly flavored dried         the minced dried mushrooms and 3
                                                                                    save yourself ($15 instead of $20,
mushroom (porcini, shitake, black          ½ cups of the broth, cook with
                                                                                    beginning in 2010) and OMS
trumpets, morels, etc.) It's a good        stirring every 2-3 minutes until this
                                                                                    money(the cost of printing and
idea to rinse them first.                  liquid is absorbed, 10 minutes or
                                                                                    mailing the Log is one of our
1 quart low-sodium chicken broth           so. Add an additional ½ cup of
                                                                                    biggest expenses), and you get to
or stock                                   broth every 2-3 minutes until the
                                                                                    save a couple of tree branches
2 T soy sauce                              rice is cooked, but still somewhat
                                                                                    somewhere. On the negative side,
3½ cups water                              firm, another 10-15 minutes. All of
                                                                                    there are many of us who just like
6 T unsalted butter                        the broth may not be used. Stir in
                                                                                    the feel of a printed document and
1 ¼ lb fresh mushrooms, cut into           the last tablespoon of butter, then
                                                                                    who like to get something welcome
large pieces                               add the cooked fresh mushrooms
                                                                                    in the mail. If you wish to opt out of
2 cups chopped onions                      plus any accumulated juice,
                                                                                    getting the Log mailed to you,
2 t chopped fresh thyme (optional)         Parmesan, and chopped parsley.
                                                                                    contact Jerry Pepera at
salt                                       Cook until heated through. The
3 garlic cloves minced                     finished dish should have the
2 ½ cups Arborio rice or short-            consistency of loose oatmeal.
grained sushi rice (no other types         Adjust salt and pepper to taste, and
will work!)                                serve. To make extra elegant,
1 cup dry white wine or vermouth           shave several curls of Parmesan          Articles for the next newsletter
2 oz Parmesan cheese, grated               over each bowl.
ground black pepper                        Enjoy! Sharon                            Deadline –May 19

1. Tie together the bay leaves,            If anyone is interested in reading       David Miller
thyme, and parsley sprigs. Put the         the newsletters of other mushroom        352 W. College St.
bundled herbs, dried mushrooms,            clubs, let me know. I am                 Oberlin, OH 44074
chicken broth, soy sauce, and              accumulating stacks of them and
water into a sauce pan and bring to        need to get rid of them. Quality
8 The Mushroom Log

                                        Calendar of Events
OMS Events                                June 28 (Sun.) Rocky River
                                                                                An open invitation to anyone who
                                                                                wants to mushroom hunt in
Email Jerry at to          Nature Center-Cleveland               Fredericktown. Call Dick Grimm
receive notification of impromptu         Metroparks . Program and Talk by      (740) 694-0782, and if he’s
events. Check your most recent            Walt Sturgeon.                        available and there are mushrooms
issue of the Mushroom Log for                                                   in the woods, he will go.
event updates and for more
detailed information. Please plan                                               Jul. 24-26 Summer Foray. J. H.
to join us. All mini-and morel
                                                                                Barrows Biological Field Station of
forays are subject to cancellation.
Call first to confirm. Please bring a                                           Hiram College. Hiram is located in
whistle and compass and RSVP                                                    Portage Co. in the village of Hiram
the host so they have cancellation                                              where OH Rtes 82/700 and OH
flexibility.                                                                    Rte. 305 meet. More details to
                                                                                follow in May/June Log. Questions:
TBA-Dawes-Hosted Morel Hunt                                                     Contact Pete and Pauline Munk.
See p. 7 of Jan/Feb, 2009 Log or                                                (440) 236-9222.
phone 740/323-2355or email                                                       Sept. 11-13 Fall Foray. Hocking
                                                                                Co. at Clear Creek Metropark
May 3 (Sun.) Morel Miniforay.                                                   Nature Preserve. Leaders: Andrea
Salt Fork State Park at Cambridge                                               Moore (740) 969-8049 & Shirley
OH, near the junction of I-77 and I-      July 11 (Sat.) Chanterelle Mini-      McClelland. (740) 536-7448.
70. Meet at 9am at State Park             Foray. Hocking Hills. Meet at 10
Office parking lot. Foray departs         AM in Bob Evans parking lot.          Sat. Nov. 7. Annual Dick Grimm
promptly at 9:30 am. Jerry Pepera.        Shirley McClelland (740) 536-7448.    Banquet. Buckeye Lake Yacht
(440) 354-4774.                                                                 Club. Details tba.
                                          July 19 (Sun.) Scenic Vista Park
May 9 (Sat.) Morel Mini-Foray at          – Lisbon. 2 PM. Walk and talk by
Beaver Creek. Meet at 9 am at             Walt Sturgeon.                        Ohio & Regional
McDonald’s in Calcutta. next to the
                                          Aug. date tba. Gorman Nature          May 2-3 (Sat.-Sun.) Western PA
Ogilve Plaza. Directions: Exit OH                                               Mushroom Club Morel Mania
Rte 11 onto OH Rte 170. Go north          Center. Richland Co. Pete and
                                                                                weekend in Mingo Creek Park.
for ca. 1-1.5 mi. McDonald’s is of        Pauline Munk. (440) 236-9222.
left and meeting area is Ogilve                                                 Sept. 12 (Sat.) Gary Lincoff Mid-
parking lot just before McDonalds.        Aug. 29 or Sept. 5 Mini-foray.        Atlantic Mushroom Foray in North
Meet 9am, leave 9:30 am.                  Chance Creek, Lorain Co.              Park. See their website at
                                          Metroparks, date depends on  for
Walt Sturgeon. (330) 426-9833.
                                          weather! Call Dave Miller (440)
May 21, 22(7-9 pm), May 23                774-8143 for details.                 National & More
(9:30am-2:30 pm) Introductory                                                   33 Annual NEMF The Sam Ristich
workshop on mushrooms, Dave               Oct. 17 (Sat.) Hocking Hills          Foray. Oct. 15-18 Cape Cod. See
                                          Buckeye Trail. Winter Chanterelles    their website for details:
Miller. Details at
                                                                       or call (440)         (Cantharellus tubaeformis). Shirley
526-1012, Deb Shankland.                  McClelland. (740) 536-7448.
Other impromptu mini forays, as
follows: details will follow in next
9 The Mushroom Log

                               Membership Application for the
                                  Ohio Mushroom Society



CITY                                           STATE                  ZIP

TELEPHONE                                      FAX


Enclosed please find check or money order (check one):

        ____ $15.00 annual family membership without a paper copy of the newsletter
        ____ $20.00 annual family membership which includes a paper copy of the newsletter
        ____ $150.00 life membership which includes a paper copy of the newsletter

For existing 2008 members (on their 2009 renewals only):

        ____ $10.00 annual family membership which includes a paper copy of the newsletter
        ____ $125.00 life membership which includes a paper copy of the newsletter

My interests are:

Mushroom Eating/Cookery                 Photography            Nature Study

Mushroom ID                     Cultivation                    Other (specify)

Would you like to be an OMS volunteer? In what way?

How did you hear about our group?_________________________________________________


May OMS provide your name to other mushroom related businesses? Yes ______ No

Return form and check or money order to:

        Ohio Mushroom Society
        c/o Jerry Pepera
        8915 Knotty Pine Ln.
        Chardon, OH 44024
10 The Mushroom Log

        2008 Ohio Mushroom Society Volunteers
Chairman                Newsletter Editor            Program Planners          Hospitality Co-chairs

Walt Sturgeon           Dave Miller                  Walt Sturgeon             Sharon Greenberg
(330) 426-9833          (440) 774-8143               (330) 426-9833            (330) 457-2345       d.greenberg@worldnet.att.
Treasurer/Membership/   All-round Special Person     Pete & Pauline Munk
Circulation                                          (440) 236-9222            New Board Members:
                        Dick Grimm         
Jerry Pepera            (740) 694-0782                                         Shirley McClelland
(440) 279-0611        Lake MetroParks Liaison   (740) 536-7448                                                       
                        Cleveland Metroparks         Pat Morse                 m
Jack-of-All-Trades      Liason                       (440) 256-2106
                                                     pmorse@lakemetroparks.c   Andrea Moore
Dick Doyle              Debra Shankland              om                        (740) 969-8049
(740) 587-0019          (440) 526-1012                                      dks@clevelandmetroparks.                               m
Corresponding Sec’y

Joe Christian
(419) 757-4493
11 The Mushroom Log

         Ohio Mushroom Society
           The Mushroom Log

           Circulation and Membership
                  Jerry Pepera,
              8915 Knotty Pine Lane
               Chardon, OH 44024

                   Dave Miller
                352 W. College St.
                Oberlin, OH 44074


The Mushroom Log, the official newsletter of the
Ohio Mushroom Society, is published bi-monthly
throughout the year.

Contributions of articles and ideas for columns are
always welcome. Articles may be edited for length
and content.

Non-copyrighted articles may be reprinted without
permission in other mushroom club publications,
provided that The Mushroom Log is credited. We
                                                             DATED MATERIAL
appreciate receiving a copy of the publication.       Address service requested. Return postage

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