The Egyptian Pyramids By Olivia Pandolfi Introduction • 7 wonder of world • Sphinx • Pyramids Mummification • Internal organs and brain removed • Covered in preserving salt for 70 days • Wrapped in linen cloth and put in a coffin • You can’t go to afterlife without mouth/jaw • Afterlife beliefs-hieroglyphics Creation of pyramids • Made out of granite • Perfect geometry on slants • Slaves made them serving a very demanding Pharaoh-Pharaoh Khufu • The great Pyramid was built for Khufu Contents of Coffins • Clothing-Valuable • Food • Treasure, money • Pets • Script-map of afterworld Timeline • 5000 B.C.- immigrants came from Palestine, Syria, Libya, and Nubia • 4200 B.C.- traders came from Iraq • 3100- the pyramids were made • 2500 B.C.- The great pyramid was made for Pharaoh Khufu The Sphinx • It is a lion with man’s head • Mark Lehner went for 13 years for school • He thought there were files under Sphinx’s paws Reasons for pyramids • The pyramid is a shape of power, importance and knowledge • They only buried pharaohs in Pyramids King Tut’s Tomb Discovery • Carter and Carnarvon discovered it • In tomb- wife’s statue with beard • Most things in chamber- no use Diagram Workers building Half -finished With only pyramid Wood and rope Mill ions of slaves carrying things to entrance Conclusion • 7 wonder of world • Sphinx • Pyramids • Mummification • Tut’s tomb Bibliography Abels, Harriet S. The Pyramids. Mankato: Crestwood House, 1987. 4-43. Hart, George. Ancient Egypt. 1st ed. London: Alfred a. Knopf, 1990. 6-64. Physical Science: Structures. Discovery Channel School. 2002. unitedstreaming. 21 December 2006 <http://www.unitedstreaming.com/> Reeves, Nicholas. Into the Mummy's Tomb. Toronto: Madison P Books, 1992. 1-54.