THE ADVERB 1. Choose the correct form from those given in brackets: - (near, nearly) 1. They … resemble each other. 2. The book is … at hand. 3. She … fainted. - (hard, hardly) 1. I could … understand what he was saying. 2. He tried … and finally found the right solution. - (short, shortly) 1. They will .. return from their holidays. 2. Our supplies ran … 3. The chairman cut … the proceedings. - (direct, directly) 1. The bus goes there … 2. Go to him … and tell him about it. 3. Come in … - (late, lately) 1. I think he’ll be … 2. Have spoken to him …? - (right, rightly) 1. Turn to the … and then go straight on. 2. He went … to the end of the street. 3. You have acted … 4. It serves him … 2. Make sentences with adverbs of manner: Model: He is a good student. He learns well. 1. He is a careful reader of English books. 2. The rooms have poor furniture. 3. She is a fast typist. 4. He spoke in a loud voice. 5. He gave us correct answers. 6. They sent a prompt reply to our letter. 7. His answer was clear and concise. The correspondent must use a courteous tone in his letters. 9. His greeting was respectful. 3. Add an adverb of time to each of the following sentences (either an adverb of indefinite time or frequency or an adverb of definite time): Examples: - He is reading a novel. - He is reading a novel now. - He wrote a reply to the letter. - He wrote a reply to the letter yesterday. - He has asked some questions. - He has often/seldom asked some questions. - He had arrived. - He had arrived before. 1. It is cold. 2. They have run fast. 3. I went to the theatre and saw an interesting performance. 4. They will attend the lectures. 5. We had opened the window. 6. Mary plays the piano. 7. She has performed a well known tune. 8. She will spend her holidays at the seaside. 9. We spent our holidays in a mountain resort. 10. Have you been to the Danube Delta? 4. Find the right place for the adverbs in the following sentences: 1. I have not answered her letter (yet). 2. They have failed in the exams. (seldom). 3. Have you been to theatre performances (often)? 4. We have met there (never). 5. You have received a prompt reply from them (usually). 6. They have found someone suitable (already). 7. George is late for school (never). 8. Mr.Smith travels to London by car (always). 9. John Brown goes shopping (every week). 10. He bought a new car (last month). 11. He called on us (two days ago). 12. He had left the office (an hour before). 5. Use the following adverbs in different degrees of comparison in sentences of your own: -well, fast, high, easily, far, little, slowly. Example: - hard - He works harder than you. - He works as hard as you. - He does not work as hard as you. - He works the hardest of you all. 6. Put the adverbs in the right place: a) 1. Father talked to her (kindly). 2. He speaks English (fluently). 3. He watched the children play (silently). 4. They wrote the homework given by the teacher (carefully). 5. I know English (very well). 6. He liked our house (very much). 7. I agree to the terms of the contract (fully). 8. It is cold (too). 9. We have anything to say on this (scarcely). b) 1. He is due to arrive (early, tomorrow). 2. He will come (here, next week). 3. They arrived (there, yesterday evening). 4. He left Bucharest (at night, late). 5. She will work (gladly, tomorrow, there). 6. They return (home, always, willingly). 7. Use still, yet or already: 1. Are you … here? 2. He has … left home, but he hasn’t arrived at my office … 3. He is … there. 4. They haven’t answered … 5. We haven’t received the advice of dispatch …, but we hope the goods are … on their way to us. 8. Translate into English: 1. Am mers şi mai departe şi am acceptat ideea lui. 2. Am mers mai departe decât tine în excursia de săptămâna trecută. 3. El ştie mai puţin decât tine, iar fratele lui ştie cel mai puţin dintre voi toţi şi trebuie să lucreze sârguincios ca să poată să se prezinte la examen. 4. Ne plăcea tot mai puţin felul în care îşi îndeplinea obligaţiile sale. 5. Cu cât mergem mai iute, cu atât vom ajunge mai departe. 6. În cele din urmă el găsi soluţia cea mai bună. 7. Cel mai târziu mâine vom expedia marfa comandată de clienţii noştri. 8. Mi-ai dat mai puţin de lucru ca de obicei. 9. Add enough to the following sentences: 1. He is tall to reach where the things are. 2. I have money to pay the bill. 3. He is old to decide for himself. 4. It is cold to make a fire inside. 5. They have time to think it over. 10. Replace each group of underlined words by an adverb given at the end of the exercise: 1. Although unwilling to do it, he had to be rude in his answer. 2. Certain natural substances can be obtained by artificial means. 3. He was known to have worked with unremitting effort. 4. He had always worked with care and thoroughness. 5. They were waiting for the answer with anxious fear. 6. His point of view seemed correct but from the opposite point of view he was wrong. - apprehensibely, conversely, conscientiously, sythetically, reluctantly, tirelessly. 11. Translate into English, paying attention to the different ways in which the Romanian adverb “mai” is expressed in English: 1. Ce ţi-a mai spus? 2. Mai dă-mi o cană de ceai. 3. Cel mai bun lucru e să aştepţi. 4. Mai niciodată nu m-a crezut pe mine. 5. Acest răspuns e şi mai prost. 6. Mai stăm câteva minute. 12. Translate, using some compound adverbs from the list given below. 1. În zilele noastre ştiinţa a realizat progrese enorme. 2. A găsit metodele prin care să obţină rezultatul dorit. 3. A semnat şi prin aceasta a confirmat primirea coletului. 4. Părţile contractante vor fi denumite mai jos în acest document vânzătorul şi cumpărătorul. 5. Care sunt metalele din care se fac bijuteriile? 6. Orice acord la care se va ajunge de acum încolo trebuie să fie conform cu înţelegerile anterioare. - hereafter, hereinafter, nowadays, thereby, whereby, whereof. 13. Replace the underlined adverbial phrases by simple adverbs and make any necessary changes: 1. At last he won the prize. 2. In the long run he proved he was right. 3. Little by little he persuaded us to support him. 4. He lives a long way off. 5. They parted for good. 6. At that time the things were not clear. 7. You are wrong, to a large extent. 8. From time to time we paid them a visit. 9. I lived in this place some years ago. 10. He has been absent in recent times, on account of his illness.