MED100 Otolaryngology - ENT 1)The word buccal means pertaining to the: A)jaw. B) palate. C) tongue. D) cheek. 2)The infection of the mouth and tongue called oral candidiasis is also known as: A)leukoplakia. B) thrush. C)glossitis. D) pharyngitis. 3)Epistaxis is the medical word for: A)sore throat. B) earache. C) dizziness. D) nosebleed. 4)Rinne and Weber are eponyms for: A)tests to assess hearing capability. B)surgical procedures done to correct hearing difficulty. C)diseases of the ear. D)instruments used in ear surgery. 5)Which is the fleshy tissue in the back of the oral cavity that hangs from the soft palate? A)eustacian tube B) tragus C)uvula D) auricle 6)Hearing loss associated with old age is known as: A)tinnitus. B) presbycusis. C)otalgia. D) otosclerosis. 7)The eponym for the condition with edema in the semicircular canals causing hearing loss, ringing in the ears, and vertigo is: A)Romberg. B) Maccent(e)niaccent(e)re. C) Hertz. D) Weber. 8)Kate was unhappy about her protruding ear so she elected to have an otoplasty performed on her: A)pinna. B) external auditory canal. C)vestibule. D) tragus. 9)A stapedectomy would be performed for which condition? A)otosclerosis B) labyrinthitis C)sinusitis D) cerumen impaction 10)Which medication is used to suppress the cough center in the brain? A)beclomethasone (Beconase) B) dextromethorphan (Robitussin) C)nystatin (Mycostatin) D) fexofenadine (Allegra) 11)The patient had removal of the bony prominence just behind his ear. This procedure is a: A)mastoidectomy. B) ethmoidectomy. C)turbinectomy. D) stapedectomy. 12)Which is a structure in the middle ear that can be partially visualized during otoscopy? A)stapes B) vestibule C) cochlea D) malleus 13)Rhinophyma is: A)polyp formation in the nasal mucosa. B)lateral displacement of the nasal septum. C)frequent nosebleeds. D)redness and hypertrophy of the nose. 14)An example of a URI is: A)nosebleed. B) common cold. C)hay fever. D) postnasal drip. 15)TMJ syndrome includes pain, clicking, and muscle spasm in the area of the: A)tongue. B) jaw. C)outer ear. D) back of the throat. 16)John is a six year old with chronic serous otitis media. Treatment for his condition would be: A)cheiloplasty. B) mastoidectomy. C)tympanostomy tube insertion. D) otoplasty. 17)Patients with allergic rhinitis can find relief by using: A)Meclizine (Antivert). B) Nystatin (Mycostatin). C)Fexofenadine (Allegra). D) Hydrocodone (Hycodan). 18)Which condition would produce an abnormal brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER)? A)vertigo B) otosclerosis C)cleft lip D) acoustic neuroma 19)Anacusis is: A)lack of the sense of smell. B) deafness. C)inability to swallow. D) having no voice. 20)Glue ear, a thick accumulation of middle ear secretions, is associated with: A)cerumen impaction. B) labyrinthitis. C)otitis media. D) otitis externa. 21)The patient has acute pharyngitis. What test would be done to identify the cause of the infection and identify the appropriate treatment? A)URI B) ABR C) PND D) C&S 22)The infant with a thrush infection was treated with: A)flunisolide (Nasalide). B) penicillin. C)nystatin (Mycostatin). D) Cerumenex. 23)A radical neck dissection for cancer would include partial removal of the: A)mandible. B) pharynx. C)maxillary sinus. D) epiglottis. 24)The frontal sinuses are located: A)above each eyebrow. B)beneath the cheek bones. C)behind the eye, deep within the skull. D)on either side of the nose. 25)Sounds (ringing, buzzing, hissing, roaring) that are heard constantly or intermittently in one or both ears, even in a quiet environment are a symptom of the condition known as: A)vertigo. B) acoustic. C) tinnitus. D) rales. 26)Which is the medical word that refers to the chin? A)mentum B) tragus C) ala D) helix 27)Which is an oral infection caused by the yeast-like fungus Candida albicans? A)tonsillitis B) thrush C) pharyngitis D) gingivitis 28)Otorrhea is the drainage of serous fluid or pus from the: A)throat. B) eye. C) nose. D) ear. 29)Acute or chronic bacterial infection of the middle ear with purulent (pus) material is known as: A)serous otitis media. B) acoustic neuroma. C)suppurative otitis media. D) otosclerosis. 30)The Sudden, sometimes severe, bleeding from the nose is known as: A)epistaxis. B) anosmia. C)hemotympanum. D) rhinorrhea. 31)Which is the sensation of being off balance when the body is not moving? A)vertigo. B) syncope. C) transient. D) tinnitus. 32)The cause of cold sores is: A)herpes simplex virus type 2. B) herpes simplex virus type 1. C)leukoplakia. D) thrush. 33)The second bone of the middle ear is the: A)incus. B) ossicle. C) malleus. D) stapes. 34)The auricle is also called the: A)pinna. B) incus. C) anvil. D) hammer. 35)All of the following structures are found in the ear EXCEPT: A)ossicle. B) vestibule. C)oval window. D) turbinates. 36)Loss of the sense of smell is known as: A)auditory. B) tinnitus. C)nasal decongestant. D) anosmia. 37)The abbreviation AS means: A)left ear. B) each ear. C) both ears. D) right ear. 38)Which is a surgical procedure to repair the lip? A)buccoplasty B) cheiloplasty C)polypectomy D) gingivoplasty 39)Which is a benign, slow-growing mass in the middle ear composed of cholesterol deposits and epithelial cells? A)serous otitis media B) suppurative otitis media C)cholesteatoma D) cochlear implant 40)Which drugs are used to suppress the cough center in the brain? A)corticosteroid drugs B) antihistamine drugs C)antitussive drugs D) decongestant drugs 41)Which drugs constrict blood vessels and decrease swelling of the mucous membranes of the nose and sinuses due to colds and allergies? A)antihistamine drugs B) decongestant drugs C)corticosteroid drugs D) antitussive drugs 42)The abbreviation T & A means: A)tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. B)teeth and adenoids. C)tonsils and adenoids. D)throat and adenoids. 43)Which diagnostic procedure analyzes the brain's response to sounds? A)audiometry B) Rinne and Weber hearing test C)BAER D) tympanometry 44)Bacterial or viral infection of the throat is known as: A)thrush. B) laryngitis. C)tonsillitis. D) pharyngitis. 45)The combining form ossicul/o- means: A)eustachian tube. B) little bone. C)eardrum. D) middle ear. 46)Which is a surgical procedure to reconstruct a ruptured eardrum? A)otoplasty B) myringotomy C)tympanoplasty D) cheiloplasty 47)Which medical procedure is performed to assess equilibrium? A)Romberg's sign B) tonometry C)audiometry D) rapid strep test 48)All of the following abbreviations relate to the ear or hearing EXCEPT: A)BOM. B) HZ. C) BAER. D) PND. 49)The medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology of the ears, nose, mouth, and throat and uses diagnostic tests and medical and surgical procedures is called: A)otolaryngology. B) laryngoscopy. C)otology. D) laryngology. 50)Which of the following words contains a combining form that means hammer? A)mallear B) meatus C) incudal D) ossicular 51)Which part of the ear do these structures belong to: vestibule, semicircular canals and cochlea? A)inner ear B) outer or external ear C)middle ear D) none of the above 52)Which of the following sinuses is actually a group of four pairs of sinuses? A)ethmoid sinuses B) paranasal sinuses C)frontal sinuses D) maxillary sinuses 53)Which of the following phrases contains a word part that means cheek? A)submandibular nodes B) temporomandibular joint C)oral mucosa D) buccal mucosa 54)The semicircular canals are oriented in all of the following planes EXCEPT: A)midsagittal. B) horizontal. C) oblique. D) vertical. 55)Hearing loss may be caused by all of the following EXCEPT: A)foreign body or infection in the external auditory canal. B)dysequilibrium. C)degeneration of the ossicles of the middle ear. D)damage to the inner ear by exposure to loud music, especially on a long-term basis. 56)Which of the following is NOT a benign tumor of some portion of the ENT system? A)cervical lymphadenopathy B) cholesteatoma C)polyp D) acoustic neuroma 57)Which of the following surgical procedures is done to correct hearing loss by surgically placing a small device behind the ear? A)cheiloplasty B) sinus endoscopy C)cochlear implant D) myringotomy 58)Which best describes the path sound travels? A)external ear, external auditory canal, tympanic membrane, middle ear, inner ear B)external auditory canal, external ear, tympanic membrane, middle ear, inner ear C)tympanic membrane, external ear, external auditory canal, middle ear, inner ear D)external ear, tympanic membrane, external auditory canal, middle ear, inner ear 59)Which is bilateral hearing loss due to aging? A)conductive B) sensorineural C)presbyacusis D) anacusis 60)Blood in the middle ear space is called: A)Maccent(e)niaccent(e)re's disease. B) presbyacusis. C)hemotympanum. D) labyrinthitis. 61)Acute or chronic infection of the middle ear is known as: A)otis media. B) mastoiditis. C) otalgia. D) myringitis. 62)A collection of fluid behind the tympanic membrane that creates an air-fluid level is: A)serous. B) effusion. C)suppurative. D) otorrhea. 63)Infection of the air cells of the bone of the mastoid process is called: A)tinnitus. B) mastoiditis. C) myringitis. D) mastitis. 64)Abnormal formation of bone in the inner ear, particularly between the stapes and the oval window is called: A)otosclerosis. B) tinnitus. C)otorrhea. D) anosmia. 65)Vertigo is: A)ringing in the ears. B) ruptured eardrum. C)dizziness. D) inflammation of the nose. 66)Redness and hypertrophy of the nose with small to large, irregular lumps in the skin is known as: A)URI. B) epistaxis. C)rhinophyma. D) sinusitis. 67)A surgical procedure that uses plastic surgery to correct deformities of the external ear is called: A)otoplasty. B) laryngectomy. C)rhinoplasty. D) glossectomy. 68)The combining forms that mean eardrum are myring/o- and: A)ot/o-. B) tympan/o-. C) lingu/o-. D) gloss/o-. 69)The medical word otolaryngologist can be separated into the following component word parts: A)prefix, prefix, combining form, suffix. B)combining form, combining form, suffix, suffix. C)prefix, combining form, combining form, suffix. D)combining form, combining form, combining form, suffix. 70)The suffix -tome means: A)surgical excision. B) disease condition. C)instrument used to cut. D) process of measuring. 71)The combining form cheil/o- means: A)neck. B) chin. C) lip. D) ear. 72)The suffix -metry in the medical word audiometry means: A)instrument used to examine. B) pertaining to. C)state or condition. D) process of measuring. 73)The physician looks into the ear with a lighted instrument known as a/an: A)tuning fork. B) otoscope. C)ophthalmoscope. D) endoscope. 74)Otitis media is a bacterial infection of the: A)pharynx. B) middle ear. C)cochlea. D) external ear. 75)The ____________ chain is the name given to the collection of the three small bones in the middle ear. A)auricular B) eustachian C) ossicular D) tympanic 76)Alligator forceps are used to remove: A)ossicles. B) turbinates. C) cerumen. D) tonsils. 77)All of the following abbreviations refer to the ear EXCEPT: A)TM. B) AD. C) EAC. D) TMJ. 78)Ear pinning, the surgery done for protruding ears, is known as: A)tonsillectomy. B) radical neck dissection. C)tympanoplasty. D) otoplasty. 79)Surgery to insert PE ventilating tubes to drain the middle ear is known as: A)myringitis. B) audiometry. C)presbycusis. D) tympanoplasty. 80)By pressing on the cheekbones, the physician is evaluating the patient for signs of: A)sinusitis. B) allergic rhinitis. C)tonsillitis. D) deviated septum. 81)What is the purpose of the vestibular branch of cranial nerve VIII? A)hearing B) smell C) swallowing D) balance 82)Air is warmed and moisturized in the nasal cavity by which structure? A)tragus B) conchae C) cochlea D) sinuses 83)A patient with epistaxis has: A)an earache. B) a sinus infection. C)a nosebleed. D) poor hearing 84)Another name for the chin is the: A)mentum. B) nasolabial fold. C)vermilion border. D) philtrum. 85)The vermilion border can be found: A)around the tongue. B)in the inner ear. C)at the end of the tympanic membrane. D)on the lips. 86)The adenoids are found in the: A)nasopharynx B) hypopharynx C)larynx. D) oropharynx 87)The opening to the larynx is covered by the ____________ during swallowing. A)Adam's apple B) vocal cords C)epiglottis D) glottis 88)The bone that divides the nasal cavity from the oral cavity and forms the roof of the mouth is known as the: A)hard palate. B) buccal mucosa. C)soft palate. D) maxillary sinus. 89)A benign tumor of the auditory nerve is a/an: A)cholesteatoma. B) otosclerosis. C)acoustic neuroma. D) hemotympanum. 90)Edema of the semicircular canals with destruction of the cochlea, causing hearing loss, tinnitus, and vertigo, is caused by: A)otitis externa. B) otitis media. C)Maccent(e)niaccent(e)re's disease. D) myringitis. 91)Which word is misspelled? A)otolaryngology B) myringitis C)tinnitus D) tonsilectomy 92)Which hearing test uses a tuning fork? A)tympanometry B) Rinne C)hertz D) culture and sensitivity 93)A rapid strep test would be done for a patient with: A)serous otitis media. B) a ruptured tympanic membrane. C)sore throat. D) sinusitis. 94)The inner ear consists off all of these structures EXCEPT: A)helix. B) semicircular canals. C)cochlea. D) organs of Corti. 95)Jimmie Jencks stuck a jellybean in his right ear. In that ear, he would have: A)presbyacusis. B) conductive hearing loss. C)otitis media. D) mastoiditis. 96)To examine the nose, the physician uses a nasal ____________ and shines a penlight to light up into the area. A)myringotome B) endoscope C)otoscope D) speculum 97)A/an ____________ is a flexible, fiberoptic scope with a magnifying lens and a light source that can be inserted into the nose, sinuses, or throat to examine the tissues and take a biopsy. A)tuning fork B) endoscope C) speculum D) otoscope 98)During a radical neck dissection, all of the following may be performed EXCEPT: A)removal of the jaw bone. B) myringotomy. C)laryngectomy. D) glossectomy. 99)Irene Stansbury suffered a sudden blow to the head that caused her tympanic membrane to rupture. This injury would be repaired by performing a/an: A)myringotomy. B) Weber test. C)tympanoplasty. D) otoplasty. 100)The common name for a condition with painful, recurring clusters of blisters erupting on the lips or nose caused by the herpes simplex virus is ____________ ____________. 101)The medical word for drainage of fluid or pus from the ear is ____________ . 102)The precancerous lesion associated with tobacco use ____________ looks like a thickened, flat white patch on the mucous membrane of the mouth. 103)The combining forms gloss/o- and lingu/o-, refer to the ____________. 104)An ____________ is a test done to assess hearing acuity and hearing loss. 105)Elisa Marks elected to have a/an ____________ to correct her oversized nose. 106)The abbreviation for the right ear is ____________. 107)There are four pairs of ____________ or hollow cavities within the skull. 108)When cerumen becomes thick and a large amount of it is wedged in the external auditory canal, this is known as a/an ____________. 109)The external ear is also known as the ____________. 110)The middle ear contains three tiny bones called the: ____________, ____________, and ____________. 111)The ____________ are three long projections of the ethmoid bone that jut into the nasal cavity and function to break up the stream of air as it enters the nose. They are also known as the nasal conchae. 112)A/an ____________ ____________ is a benign tumor of the nerve cells of the auditory nerve. 113)____________ is the sound of buzzing, ringing, hissing, or roaring heard constantly or intermittently in one or both ears, even in a quiet environment. 114)____________ is a drug toxic effect in which certain drugs damage the cochlea. 115)____________ is sinusitis that involves all of the sinuses on one side of the face. 116)____________ is a medical procedure that uses a lighted scope to examine the external auditory canal and tympanic membrane. 117)____________ is the study of the ears, nose, and larynx. 118)The ear canal has glands that secrete ____________, a waxy, sticky substance that traps dirt and has an antibiotic action against microorganisms that enter the canal. 119)The eardrum is also called the ____________ membrane. 120)The middle ear is connected to the upper throat by the ____________ tube. 121)The first structure of the inner ear is called the ____________. 122)The end of the vestibule coils on itself to form a snail shell-shaped structure known as the ____________. 123)The nasal ____________ is a vertical wall of bone that divides the nose into right and left sides. 124)Along the walls of the nasal cavity are a series of three long, bony projections, known collectively as the nasal ____________. 125)A ____________ is a hollow cavity within a cranial or facial bone. 126)The ____________ fold is the oblique skin crease in the cheek, going from the edge of the nose to the corner of the mouth. 127)The ____________ border is the pink-red border around the lips. 128)Each end of the mandible is attached to the temporal bone of the cranium at the moveable ____________ joint. 129)The oropharynx contains the ____________ tonsils, areas of lymphoid tissue on either side of the throat where the soft palate arches downward. 130)The ____________ or voice box is a short, triangular structure. 131)At the superior end of the larynx just below the base of the tongue is the ____________, a lid-like structure. 132)Surgical excision of a polyp from the vocal cord is called a ____________. 133)____________ is the medical name for clear but excessive discharge from the nose. 134)The medical word for earwax is ____________. 135)The medical word for a sore throat is ____________. 136)In audiometry, the frequency of a pure tone is measured in ____________, while the intensity of a pure tone is measured in ____________. 137)A feeling of dizziness and nausea from riding in a car, boat, or plane is known as motion sickness. The medical word for this condition is ____________. 138)Prior to inserting PE tubes into the middle ear to drain fluid, the surgeon must first perform a/an ____________, making an incision in the tympanic membrane. For this procedure, the physician uses an instrument known as a/an ____________. 139)The mentum refers to the vertical ridges on the upper lip. 140)A cholesteatoma is a benign, slow growing mass commonly found on the cochlea. 141)Removal of lymphoid tissue from the pharynx is abbreviated T&A. 142)When a physician tells the patient, "open your mouth wide and say ah," the physician wants to look at the patient's pharynx. 143)Audit/o- and aur/i- are combining forms that both mean the sense of hearing. 144)The plural spelling for both nostrils is naris. 145)An audiologist is a physician who specializes in the diseases of the ear. 146)If the patient is experiencing constant ringing in the ears, he has tinnitus. 147)Anosmia occurs when a person loses the sense of smell. 148)Tonsilitis is the correct spelling for the inflammation of the tonsils. 149)Otosclerosis means the external ear becomes hardened. 150)The ENT system shares some structures with the gastrointestinal system and the respiratory system. 151)Rhinoplasty is the treatment for a ruptured tympanic membrane. 152)Otosclerosis is hardening of the arteries of the ear, similar to arteriosclerosis of the cardiovascular system. 153)The suffix in the word otorrhea means the same thing as the suffix in the word diarrhea. 154)A 79-year-old patient presents to the emergency department complaining of feeling dizzy or off balance. It could be said that she has vertigo. 155)Glossitis is an inflammation of the tongue. 156)Audiometry is a diagnostic test that analyzes the brain's response to sounds. 157)Romberg's sign is a medical finding that helps a healthcare worker assess a patient's equilibrium. 158)A mastoidectomy is a surgical procedure to remove part of the tympanic membrane as a result of chronic middle ear infection. 159)Decongestant drugs dilate the blood vessels in order to decrease swelling of the mucous membranes of the nose and sinuses due to colds and allergies. 160)The nasal cavity is formed by the ethmoid bone and the mandible. 161)The tonsils and adenoids play a role in the immune response. 162)Inhaled air causes the vocal cords to vibrate. 163)A laryngectomy is a surgery that would be done for patients with rhinorrhea. 164)To test a patient's hearing, audiometry uses pure tones while speech audiometry uses spoken words. 165)The eustachian tube allows pressure in the inner ear to equalize with pressure in the throat and mouth and outside of the body. 166)Why is otitis media common in young children? 167)Describe vocal polyps and describe the type of employment that would predispose a person to develop vocal cord polyps. 168)Name the three areas of the throat. 169)The three bones of the middle ear are the hammer, anvil, and stirrup. What are their correct medical names? 170)Explain the relationship between the function of the vocal cords and speech. 171)Briefly explain how hearing occurs. 172)Briefly discuss the three major types of hearing loss, and what may cause each. 173)Briefly discuss thrush and the type of patients in which it is seen. 174)What is brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) and what is it used for?
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