MED100 Otolaryngology - ENT
1)The word buccal means pertaining to the:
A)jaw. B) palate. C) tongue. D) cheek.
2)The infection of the mouth and tongue called oral candidiasis is also
A)leukoplakia. B) thrush. C)glossitis. D) pharyngitis.
3)Epistaxis is the medical word for:
A)sore throat. B) earache. C) dizziness. D) nosebleed.
4)Rinne and Weber are eponyms for:
A)tests to assess hearing capability. B)surgical procedures done to
correct hearing difficulty. C)diseases of the ear. D)instruments used
in ear surgery.
5)Which is the fleshy tissue in the back of the oral cavity that hangs
from the soft palate?
A)eustacian tube B) tragus C)uvula D) auricle
6)Hearing loss associated with old age is known as:
A)tinnitus. B) presbycusis. C)otalgia. D) otosclerosis.
7)The eponym for the condition with edema in the semicircular canals
causing hearing loss, ringing in the ears, and vertigo is:
A)Romberg. B) Maccent(e)niaccent(e)re. C) Hertz. D) Weber.
8)Kate was unhappy about her protruding ear so she elected to have an
otoplasty performed on her:
A)pinna. B) external auditory canal. C)vestibule. D) tragus.
9)A stapedectomy would be performed for which condition?
A)otosclerosis B) labyrinthitis C)sinusitis D) cerumen impaction
10)Which medication is used to suppress the cough center in the brain?
A)beclomethasone (Beconase) B) dextromethorphan (Robitussin) C)nystatin
(Mycostatin) D) fexofenadine (Allegra)
11)The patient had removal of the bony prominence just behind his ear.
This procedure is a:
A)mastoidectomy. B) ethmoidectomy. C)turbinectomy. D) stapedectomy.
12)Which is a structure in the middle ear that can be partially
visualized during otoscopy?
A)stapes B) vestibule C) cochlea D) malleus
A)polyp formation in the nasal mucosa. B)lateral displacement of the
nasal septum. C)frequent nosebleeds. D)redness and hypertrophy of the
14)An example of a URI is:
A)nosebleed. B) common cold. C)hay fever. D) postnasal drip.
15)TMJ syndrome includes pain, clicking, and muscle spasm in the area of
A)tongue. B) jaw. C)outer ear. D) back of the throat.
16)John is a six year old with chronic serous otitis media. Treatment for
his condition would be:
A)cheiloplasty. B) mastoidectomy. C)tympanostomy tube insertion. D)
17)Patients with allergic rhinitis can find relief by using:
A)Meclizine (Antivert). B) Nystatin (Mycostatin). C)Fexofenadine
(Allegra). D) Hydrocodone (Hycodan).
18)Which condition would produce an abnormal brainstem auditory evoked
A)vertigo B) otosclerosis C)cleft lip D) acoustic neuroma
A)lack of the sense of smell. B) deafness. C)inability to swallow. D)
having no voice.
20)Glue ear, a thick accumulation of middle ear secretions, is associated
A)cerumen impaction. B) labyrinthitis. C)otitis media. D) otitis
21)The patient has acute pharyngitis. What test would be done to identify
the cause of the infection and identify the appropriate treatment?
22)The infant with a thrush infection was treated with:
A)flunisolide (Nasalide). B) penicillin. C)nystatin (Mycostatin). D)
23)A radical neck dissection for cancer would include partial removal of
A)mandible. B) pharynx. C)maxillary sinus. D) epiglottis.
24)The frontal sinuses are located:
A)above each eyebrow. B)beneath the cheek bones. C)behind the eye, deep
within the skull. D)on either side of the nose.
25)Sounds (ringing, buzzing, hissing, roaring) that are heard constantly
or intermittently in one or both ears, even in a quiet environment are a
symptom of the condition known as:
A)vertigo. B) acoustic. C) tinnitus. D) rales.
26)Which is the medical word that refers to the chin?
A)mentum B) tragus C) ala D) helix
27)Which is an oral infection caused by the yeast-like fungus Candida
A)tonsillitis B) thrush C) pharyngitis D) gingivitis
28)Otorrhea is the drainage of serous fluid or pus from the:
A)throat. B) eye. C) nose. D) ear.
29)Acute or chronic bacterial infection of the middle ear with purulent
(pus) material is known as:
A)serous otitis media. B) acoustic neuroma. C)suppurative otitis media.
30)The Sudden, sometimes severe, bleeding from the nose is known as:
A)epistaxis. B) anosmia. C)hemotympanum. D) rhinorrhea.
31)Which is the sensation of being off balance when the body is not
A)vertigo. B) syncope. C) transient. D) tinnitus.
32)The cause of cold sores is:
A)herpes simplex virus type 2. B) herpes simplex virus type 1.
C)leukoplakia. D) thrush.
33)The second bone of the middle ear is the:
A)incus. B) ossicle. C) malleus. D) stapes.
34)The auricle is also called the:
A)pinna. B) incus. C) anvil. D) hammer.
35)All of the following structures are found in the ear EXCEPT:
A)ossicle. B) vestibule. C)oval window. D) turbinates.
36)Loss of the sense of smell is known as:
A)auditory. B) tinnitus. C)nasal decongestant. D) anosmia.
37)The abbreviation AS means:
A)left ear. B) each ear. C) both ears. D) right ear.
38)Which is a surgical procedure to repair the lip?
A)buccoplasty B) cheiloplasty C)polypectomy D) gingivoplasty
39)Which is a benign, slow-growing mass in the middle ear composed of
cholesterol deposits and epithelial cells?
A)serous otitis media B) suppurative otitis media C)cholesteatoma D)
40)Which drugs are used to suppress the cough center in the brain?
A)corticosteroid drugs B) antihistamine drugs C)antitussive drugs D)
41)Which drugs constrict blood vessels and decrease swelling of the
mucous membranes of the nose and sinuses due to colds and allergies?
A)antihistamine drugs B) decongestant drugs C)corticosteroid drugs D)
42)The abbreviation T & A means:
A)tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. B)teeth and adenoids. C)tonsils and
adenoids. D)throat and adenoids.
43)Which diagnostic procedure analyzes the brain's response to sounds?
A)audiometry B) Rinne and Weber hearing test C)BAER D) tympanometry
44)Bacterial or viral infection of the throat is known as:
A)thrush. B) laryngitis. C)tonsillitis. D) pharyngitis.
45)The combining form ossicul/o- means:
A)eustachian tube. B) little bone. C)eardrum. D) middle ear.
46)Which is a surgical procedure to reconstruct a ruptured eardrum?
A)otoplasty B) myringotomy C)tympanoplasty D) cheiloplasty
47)Which medical procedure is performed to assess equilibrium?
A)Romberg's sign B) tonometry C)audiometry D) rapid strep test
48)All of the following abbreviations relate to the ear or hearing
49)The medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology of the
ears, nose, mouth, and throat and uses diagnostic tests and medical and
surgical procedures is called:
A)otolaryngology. B) laryngoscopy. C)otology. D) laryngology.
50)Which of the following words contains a combining form that means
A)mallear B) meatus C) incudal D) ossicular
51)Which part of the ear do these structures belong to: vestibule,
semicircular canals and cochlea?
A)inner ear B) outer or external ear C)middle ear D) none of the above
52)Which of the following sinuses is actually a group of four pairs of
A)ethmoid sinuses B) paranasal sinuses C)frontal sinuses D) maxillary
53)Which of the following phrases contains a word part that means cheek?
A)submandibular nodes B) temporomandibular joint C)oral mucosa D)
54)The semicircular canals are oriented in all of the following planes
A)midsagittal. B) horizontal. C) oblique. D) vertical.
55)Hearing loss may be caused by all of the following EXCEPT:
A)foreign body or infection in the external auditory canal.
B)dysequilibrium. C)degeneration of the ossicles of the middle ear.
D)damage to the inner ear by exposure to loud music, especially on a
56)Which of the following is NOT a benign tumor of some portion of the
A)cervical lymphadenopathy B) cholesteatoma C)polyp D) acoustic
57)Which of the following surgical procedures is done to correct hearing
loss by surgically placing a small device behind the ear?
A)cheiloplasty B) sinus endoscopy C)cochlear implant D) myringotomy
58)Which best describes the path sound travels?
A)external ear, external auditory canal, tympanic membrane, middle ear,
inner ear B)external auditory canal, external ear, tympanic membrane,
middle ear, inner ear C)tympanic membrane, external ear, external
auditory canal, middle ear, inner ear D)external ear, tympanic membrane,
external auditory canal, middle ear, inner ear
59)Which is bilateral hearing loss due to aging?
A)conductive B) sensorineural C)presbyacusis D) anacusis
60)Blood in the middle ear space is called:
A)Maccent(e)niaccent(e)re's disease. B) presbyacusis. C)hemotympanum.
61)Acute or chronic infection of the middle ear is known as:
A)otis media. B) mastoiditis. C) otalgia. D) myringitis.
62)A collection of fluid behind the tympanic membrane that creates an
air-fluid level is:
A)serous. B) effusion. C)suppurative. D) otorrhea.
63)Infection of the air cells of the bone of the mastoid process is
A)tinnitus. B) mastoiditis. C) myringitis. D) mastitis.
64)Abnormal formation of bone in the inner ear, particularly between the
stapes and the oval window is called:
A)otosclerosis. B) tinnitus. C)otorrhea. D) anosmia.
A)ringing in the ears. B) ruptured eardrum. C)dizziness. D)
inflammation of the nose.
66)Redness and hypertrophy of the nose with small to large, irregular
lumps in the skin is known as:
A)URI. B) epistaxis. C)rhinophyma. D) sinusitis.
67)A surgical procedure that uses plastic surgery to correct deformities
of the external ear is called:
A)otoplasty. B) laryngectomy. C)rhinoplasty. D) glossectomy.
68)The combining forms that mean eardrum are myring/o- and:
A)ot/o-. B) tympan/o-. C) lingu/o-. D) gloss/o-.
69)The medical word otolaryngologist can be separated into the following
component word parts:
A)prefix, prefix, combining form, suffix. B)combining form, combining
form, suffix, suffix. C)prefix, combining form, combining form, suffix.
D)combining form, combining form, combining form, suffix.
70)The suffix -tome means:
A)surgical excision. B) disease condition. C)instrument used to cut.
D) process of measuring.
71)The combining form cheil/o- means:
A)neck. B) chin. C) lip. D) ear.
72)The suffix -metry in the medical word audiometry means:
A)instrument used to examine. B) pertaining to. C)state or condition.
D) process of measuring.
73)The physician looks into the ear with a lighted instrument known as
A)tuning fork. B) otoscope. C)ophthalmoscope. D) endoscope.
74)Otitis media is a bacterial infection of the:
A)pharynx. B) middle ear. C)cochlea. D) external ear.
75)The ____________ chain is the name given to the collection of the
three small bones in the middle ear.
A)auricular B) eustachian C) ossicular D) tympanic
76)Alligator forceps are used to remove:
A)ossicles. B) turbinates. C) cerumen. D) tonsils.
77)All of the following abbreviations refer to the ear EXCEPT:
78)Ear pinning, the surgery done for protruding ears, is known as:
A)tonsillectomy. B) radical neck dissection. C)tympanoplasty. D)
79)Surgery to insert PE ventilating tubes to drain the middle ear is
A)myringitis. B) audiometry. C)presbycusis. D) tympanoplasty.
80)By pressing on the cheekbones, the physician is evaluating the patient
for signs of:
A)sinusitis. B) allergic rhinitis. C)tonsillitis. D) deviated septum.
81)What is the purpose of the vestibular branch of cranial nerve VIII?
A)hearing B) smell C) swallowing D) balance
82)Air is warmed and moisturized in the nasal cavity by which structure?
A)tragus B) conchae C) cochlea D) sinuses
83)A patient with epistaxis has:
A)an earache. B) a sinus infection. C)a nosebleed. D) poor hearing
84)Another name for the chin is the:
A)mentum. B) nasolabial fold. C)vermilion border. D) philtrum.
85)The vermilion border can be found:
A)around the tongue. B)in the inner ear. C)at the end of the tympanic
membrane. D)on the lips.
86)The adenoids are found in the:
A)nasopharynx B) hypopharynx C)larynx. D) oropharynx
87)The opening to the larynx is covered by the ____________ during
A)Adam's apple B) vocal cords C)epiglottis D) glottis
88)The bone that divides the nasal cavity from the oral cavity and forms
the roof of the mouth is known as the:
A)hard palate. B) buccal mucosa. C)soft palate. D) maxillary sinus.
89)A benign tumor of the auditory nerve is a/an:
A)cholesteatoma. B) otosclerosis. C)acoustic neuroma. D) hemotympanum.
90)Edema of the semicircular canals with destruction of the cochlea,
causing hearing loss, tinnitus, and vertigo, is caused by:
A)otitis externa. B) otitis media. C)Maccent(e)niaccent(e)re's disease.
91)Which word is misspelled?
A)otolaryngology B) myringitis C)tinnitus D) tonsilectomy
92)Which hearing test uses a tuning fork?
A)tympanometry B) Rinne C)hertz D) culture and sensitivity
93)A rapid strep test would be done for a patient with:
A)serous otitis media. B) a ruptured tympanic membrane. C)sore throat.
94)The inner ear consists off all of these structures EXCEPT:
A)helix. B) semicircular canals. C)cochlea. D) organs of Corti.
95)Jimmie Jencks stuck a jellybean in his right ear. In that ear, he
A)presbyacusis. B) conductive hearing loss. C)otitis media. D)
96)To examine the nose, the physician uses a nasal ____________ and
shines a penlight to light up into the area.
A)myringotome B) endoscope C)otoscope D) speculum
97)A/an ____________ is a flexible, fiberoptic scope with a magnifying
lens and a light source that can be inserted into the nose, sinuses, or
throat to examine the tissues and take a biopsy.
A)tuning fork B) endoscope C) speculum D) otoscope
98)During a radical neck dissection, all of the following may be
A)removal of the jaw bone. B) myringotomy. C)laryngectomy. D)
99)Irene Stansbury suffered a sudden blow to the head that caused her
tympanic membrane to rupture. This injury would be repaired by performing
A)myringotomy. B) Weber test. C)tympanoplasty. D) otoplasty.
100)The common name for a condition with painful, recurring clusters of
blisters erupting on the lips or nose caused by the herpes simplex virus
is ____________ ____________.
101)The medical word for drainage of fluid or pus from the ear is
102)The precancerous lesion associated with tobacco use ____________
looks like a thickened, flat white patch on the mucous membrane of the
103)The combining forms gloss/o- and lingu/o-, refer to the ____________.
104)An ____________ is a test done to assess hearing acuity and hearing
105)Elisa Marks elected to have a/an ____________ to correct her
106)The abbreviation for the right ear is ____________.
107)There are four pairs of ____________ or hollow cavities within the
108)When cerumen becomes thick and a large amount of it is wedged in the
external auditory canal, this is known as a/an ____________.
109)The external ear is also known as the ____________.
110)The middle ear contains three tiny bones called the: ____________,
____________, and ____________.
111)The ____________ are three long projections of the ethmoid bone that
jut into the nasal cavity and function to break up the stream of air as
it enters the nose. They are also known as the nasal conchae.
112)A/an ____________ ____________ is a benign tumor of the nerve cells
of the auditory nerve.
113)____________ is the sound of buzzing, ringing, hissing, or roaring
heard constantly or intermittently in one or both ears, even in a quiet
114)____________ is a drug toxic effect in which certain drugs damage the
115)____________ is sinusitis that involves all of the sinuses on one
side of the face.
116)____________ is a medical procedure that uses a lighted scope to
examine the external auditory canal and tympanic membrane.
117)____________ is the study of the ears, nose, and larynx.
118)The ear canal has glands that secrete ____________, a waxy, sticky
substance that traps dirt and has an antibiotic action against
microorganisms that enter the canal.
119)The eardrum is also called the ____________ membrane.
120)The middle ear is connected to the upper throat by the ____________
121)The first structure of the inner ear is called the ____________.
122)The end of the vestibule coils on itself to form a snail shell-shaped
structure known as the ____________.
123)The nasal ____________ is a vertical wall of bone that divides the
nose into right and left sides.
124)Along the walls of the nasal cavity are a series of three long, bony
projections, known collectively as the nasal ____________.
125)A ____________ is a hollow cavity within a cranial or facial bone.
126)The ____________ fold is the oblique skin crease in the cheek, going
from the edge of the nose to the corner of the mouth.
127)The ____________ border is the pink-red border around the lips.
128)Each end of the mandible is attached to the temporal bone of the
cranium at the moveable ____________ joint.
129)The oropharynx contains the ____________ tonsils, areas of lymphoid
tissue on either side of the throat where the soft palate arches
130)The ____________ or voice box is a short, triangular structure.
131)At the superior end of the larynx just below the base of the tongue
is the ____________, a lid-like structure.
132)Surgical excision of a polyp from the vocal cord is called a
133)____________ is the medical name for clear but excessive discharge
from the nose.
134)The medical word for earwax is ____________.
135)The medical word for a sore throat is ____________.
136)In audiometry, the frequency of a pure tone is measured in
____________, while the intensity of a pure tone is measured in
137)A feeling of dizziness and nausea from riding in a car, boat, or
plane is known as motion sickness. The medical word for this condition is
138)Prior to inserting PE tubes into the middle ear to drain fluid, the
surgeon must first perform a/an ____________, making an incision in the
tympanic membrane. For this procedure, the physician uses an instrument
known as a/an ____________.
139)The mentum refers to the vertical ridges on the upper lip.
140)A cholesteatoma is a benign, slow growing mass commonly found on the
141)Removal of lymphoid tissue from the pharynx is abbreviated T&A.
142)When a physician tells the patient, "open your mouth wide and say
ah," the physician wants to look at the patient's pharynx.
143)Audit/o- and aur/i- are combining forms that both mean the sense of
144)The plural spelling for both nostrils is naris.
145)An audiologist is a physician who specializes in the diseases of the
146)If the patient is experiencing constant ringing in the ears, he has
147)Anosmia occurs when a person loses the sense of smell.
148)Tonsilitis is the correct spelling for the inflammation of the
149)Otosclerosis means the external ear becomes hardened.
150)The ENT system shares some structures with the gastrointestinal
system and the respiratory system.
151)Rhinoplasty is the treatment for a ruptured tympanic membrane.
152)Otosclerosis is hardening of the arteries of the ear, similar to
arteriosclerosis of the cardiovascular system.
153)The suffix in the word otorrhea means the same thing as the suffix in
the word diarrhea.
154)A 79-year-old patient presents to the emergency department
complaining of feeling dizzy or off balance. It could be said that she
155)Glossitis is an inflammation of the tongue.
156)Audiometry is a diagnostic test that analyzes the brain's response to
157)Romberg's sign is a medical finding that helps a healthcare worker
assess a patient's equilibrium.
158)A mastoidectomy is a surgical procedure to remove part of the
tympanic membrane as a result of chronic middle ear infection.
159)Decongestant drugs dilate the blood vessels in order to decrease
swelling of the mucous membranes of the nose and sinuses due to colds and
160)The nasal cavity is formed by the ethmoid bone and the mandible.
161)The tonsils and adenoids play a role in the immune response.
162)Inhaled air causes the vocal cords to vibrate.
163)A laryngectomy is a surgery that would be done for patients with
164)To test a patient's hearing, audiometry uses pure tones while speech
audiometry uses spoken words.
165)The eustachian tube allows pressure in the inner ear to equalize with
pressure in the throat and mouth and outside of the body.
166)Why is otitis media common in young children?
167)Describe vocal polyps and describe the type of employment that would
predispose a person to develop vocal cord polyps.
168)Name the three areas of the throat.
169)The three bones of the middle ear are the hammer, anvil, and stirrup.
What are their correct medical names?
170)Explain the relationship between the function of the vocal cords and
171)Briefly explain how hearing occurs.
172)Briefly discuss the three major types of hearing loss, and what may
173)Briefly discuss thrush and the type of patients in which it is seen.
174)What is brainstem auditory evoked response (BAER) and what is it used