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					     Donations to the
     Territorial Capital Museum
     ♦ Ornate brass turn of the century National Cash Register, by Elaine Taylor.
     ♦ Two sewing baskets, President Eisenhower book and newspaper articles, by Ellen Duncan.
     ♦ Santa Fe Railroad identification board from Grover, Ks train station, three old medical needles,                      VOL. 30, NO.4                        LECOMPTONKANSAS.COM                                WINTER, 2005
       1951 Kansas River flood book, by Peg Wiser.
     ♦ President Eisenhower book, by Mildred Luckan.
     ♦ Newspaper collection of 911 events, by Debra Shirer.
     ♦ Lecompton High School photos from 1920, taken by Virginia (Winter) Anderson
     ♦ 1920 Kansas farm directory, by Darrell Grammer, in memory of his parents, Walter and Ruth
     ♦ Old Tom & Jerry comic books, Book, Presidents of the United States from Washington to
       Eisenhower, by Elsie Middleton.
     ♦ President Eisenhower coffee mug, cream pitcher and plate, featuring a picture of Ike & Mamie, by
       Iona Spencer.


        President *Paul Bahnmaier                                                 Mailing Labels *Sandra Nichols
        Vice President *Rich McConnell                                                 Program *Beverly VanDyke
        Secretary *Vicki Roberts Bahnmaier                              Membership *Georgia Simmons Trammel
        Treasurer * Betty Leslie                                 Genealogy & Historical Researcher *Iona Spencer
        Board Members * Maxine Dark, George Simmons                                        Tours *Charlene Winter      Lecompton and Douglas County in 1856-57.Please note that Hamm Quarry #109 sits absolutely atop Camp Sackett, the
        Keith Noe, Jason Dexter, Duane Wulfkuhle, Ron Meier                              Funding *Mae Holderman        major U.S. Army encampment for the years of Bleeding Kansas. In the summer of 1856 about 600 troops were stationed here,
        Curators *Opal Goodrick, Dorothy Shaner, Ann Dunnaway                             Illustrator *Ellen Duncan    guarding Gov. Charles Robinson who had been charged with “high treason.” The Lecompton Historical Society believes it
        George & Arloene Simmons, Darlene Paslay                                 Assistant Treasurer *Sherri Neill     would be a “high crime” to blast a gravel pit into hallowed ground, which also happens to border the historic Oregon Trail-
        Membership Ass'ts. *Duane & Dorothy Wulfkuhle               Kitchen *Helen Hildenbrand & Vicki Leochner        California Road.
        John Peterson *Editor                                                                  Memorials *Ruth Ice
                                                                                                                      Camp Sackett: Ground Zero in 1856, A Quarry in 2005?
        Change Service Requested                                                      Non-Profit Organization
        Published by                                                                   U.S. POSTAGE PAID                       In the summer of 1856 the ground zero of events          and the Battle of Hickory Point. This was Bleeding
        The Lecompton Historical Society                                                   Permit No. 1               that produced “Bleeding Kansas” and, ultimately, the              Kansas.
        Lecompton, Kansas                                                                 Lecompton, KS               Civil War, was Camp Sackett, a tent-city cantonment                   The epicenter of the activity was Camp Sackett where
                                                                                                                      where 600 U.S. Army soldiers sprawled along a tributary           Colonel Edwin “Bull” Sumner ordered that the “rebel”
                                                                                                                      of Coon Creek. The five-mile-long swale neatly allowed                                                         continued on page 4
                                                                                                                      the force to maintain a separation between “Free State”
                                                                                                                      rebels in Lawrence and “pro-slavery” officials of Kansas
                                                                                                                      Territory in its capital of Lecompton.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            DON'T FORGET
                                                                                                                               This swirl of violence began earlier in the year                  Lecompton High School Banquet - June 18, 2005
                                                                                                                      with battles some miles south at Black Jack, Ft. Saunders
                                                                                                                      and, twice to the east of Lawrence, at Franklin. The                              Territorial Days - June 25, 2005
                                                                                                                      action then moved north to Ft. Titus, a pro-slavery
                                                                                                                      stronghold a mile east of Camp Sackett. More violence                 Lecompton Historical Society will host 150 classic
                                                                                                                      followed: the sack of Lawrence, Pottawatomie Creek                   automobiles traveling toward Topeka on June 21, and
                                                                                                                      Massacre, Battle of Middle Creek, Battle of Osawatomie,                   300 Border Raiders Bike Tour on June 25.

      Illustration and story reprinted from Frank Leslie’s Illustrated
                                                                                                                                  husband, Rob, Topeka; and Suzy Rousey and                 He was a Navy Veteran of World War II, serving
                                                                                                                                  husband, Wayne, Mathews, N. C.; a son, Chris           on the USS Sarasota.
                                                                                                                                  Newell and wife, Karen, Topeka; a sister, Jane Allen      He married Mary Lee Fitzpatrick on April 17,
                                                                                                                                  and husband, Marvin, Lanesville, Ind. and 13           1942, in Topeka at Holy Name Church. She survives.
                                                                                                                                  grandchildren.                                            Other survivors include a son, Kirk and wife,
                                                                                                                                                                                         Alicia, of Wichita, and two brothers, John
                                                                                                                                  Henry, Helen Louise, 85, died Feb. 14, 2005 at her     Holzmeister, Topeka, and Ralph Holzmeister,
                                                                                                                                  home.                                                  Albany, Calif. Burial Mount Calvary Cemetery in
                                                                                                                                    She was born Oct. 8, 1919, near Lecompton the        Topeka.
                                                                                                                                  daughter of Willie I. and Georgia Dummer Brown.
                                                                                                                                  She was a member of the United Methodist Church at
                                                                                                                                  Big Springs and also a member of the Lecompton                      Membership Report
                                                                                                                                  Historical Society.
                                                                                                                                     She married William Henry, Sept. 17, 1942, at       Life Membership:
                                                                                                                                  Lecompton. He passed away July 18, 1985. She also            Rod L. Spencer and wife
                                                                                                                                  was preceded in death by two daughters; Linda Henry
                                                                                                                                                                                               Jeanette (Hartman) Spencer
                                                                                                                                  in 1971 and Margie Whelan in 1998.
                                                                                                                                     Other survivors include a son Roy and wife Marcia
                                                                                                                                                                                               Roger D. Spencer and wife
                                                                                                                                  of Lecompton and two grandsons, Brian and Matthew            Joyce (Smith) Spencer by Iona Spencer
                                                                                                                                     Inurnment will be in East View Cemetery in Big      Memorial Life Membership:
                                                                                                                                  Springs.                                                    Elmer Robert ‘Jake’ Shirley by
                                                                                                                                  Holzmeister, Robert G. ‘Jerome’, 86, died Feb. 17,          Kate Studdard
                                                                                                                                  2005. He was born Oct. 22, 1918, the son of George
                                                                                                                                  J. Holzmeister and Amelia Hertlein in Topeka.          NOTE: Another member of the Lecompton
                                                                                                                                      He was a member of Christ the King Catholic        Historical Society went to the Lecompton Grade
                                                                                                                                  Church in Topeka and also was a member of the          School that burned. This is Merle Bartlett.
                                                                                                                                  Lecompton Historical Society.

         Frank Leslie’s hugely popular newspaper passed for what could be called a national newspaper in 1856. His daguerreotyp
         the daguerreotype fades into the mist of the rolling Kansas countryside beyond Camp Sackett. To make our reproduction
         did and her effort is a work of art itself.

        Lecompton is the name of the site intended for       prairie, surrounded by an encampment of United
the capital of Kansas Territory, and contains already        States troops, over six hundred in number,
quite a population and the unfinished buildings              commanded by Col. Cook. Our magnificent picture of
intended for the use of the State. It is, as a matter of     the camp is from a daguerreotype, taken a few days
course, the official center of the Territory, the            before the prisoners were released. Besides its
residence of the Governor and other territorial              intrinsic merit, as a representation of an historic event,
officers. Upon the arrest of Governor Robinson and           it must be admired for its faithful delineation of a
his associates, they were, through the United States         scene from nature, enlivened by the pomp and
Marshal, confined in tents. As the difficulties in           circumstance of slumbering war. The squad of
Kansas increased, these prisoners were found                 infantry drilling, the detached companies of
troublesome, and they were removed from place to             dragoons—the teamster and his wagons, --the hangers
place, until finally they found themselves about a half      on of the camp, --the log cabins interspersed among
mile from Lecompton, in the center of a beautiful            the white tents, --the distant horizon, all tend to make

2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             11
                                                                                                                         Newspaper, Oct. 4, 1856.

      Morris, Lucille Marjorie “Marge”, 80, died Nov. 15,        Springs.
      2004, at her home.
        She was born Mar. 26, 1924, in Topeka, the               Leslie, Harold V., 90, Hollywood, Fla. died Dec. 17,
      daughter of George and Mary Olds Powell.                   2004, at Hollywood Medical Center.
        She was a member of the Northland Christian                He was born Oct. 2, 1914, in Lecompton, Kan., the
      Church and also a member of the Lecompton                  son of Henry and Nettie McClure Leslie. He
      Historical Society.                                        graduated from Lecompton High school in 1932. He
      She married Ralph F. Morris on Mar. 1, 1945, in            was a Life member of the Lecompton Historical
      Bremerton, Wash. He died June 26, 1986.                    Society.
        Survivors include two sons, Steve Morris and Rob           Mr. Leslie served in the U. S. Air Force during
      Morris, both of Topeka; a daughter, Sherry Sieliet,        World War II.
      Perry; a brother, Dale Powell, Richmond, Va.: a              His wife, Mary Leslie, died in 2001.
      sister, Dorothy “Dot” Woods, Mayetta; 16                     Survivors include a sister, Edythe Stevenson,
      grandchildren; 32 great-grandchildren and two great-       Lawrence, Kan.; two brothers, William, Lecompton,
      great grandchildren.                                       and Homer, Perry, Kansas.
        Burial in Maple Grove Cemetery at Lecompton.
                                                                 Wilson, Dean Eldwin, 75, rural Tecumseh, died Dec.
      Griffin, Teresa Anderson, 92, died Nov. 23, 2004, at       17, 2004, at his home, after a lengthy illness.
      Olathe Medical Center.                                       He was born Dec. 10, 1929, the son of Virgel L.
         She was born Jan. 10, 1912, near Lawrence, the          and Neta I. Milliken Wilson. He attended Milliken
      daughter of Michael A. “Alex” and Helen O’Brien            Grade School and Highland Park High School.
      Anderson. She was an elementary school teacher in
      Yarnold, Lecompton, Lawrence and Manhattan. She            He was a member of Big Springs United Methodist
      was a member of Seven Dolors Catholic Church’s             Church, and also a member of the Lecompton
      altar Society and also a member of the Lecompton           Historical Society.
      Historical Society.                                         He married Elaine Barr on Dec. 10, 1949, in
        She married Paul Griffin in 1944 in Lawrence. He         Topeka. She survives of the home.
      died in 1982.                                                Other survivors include two daughters, Garnet
        Survivors include a brother, Leo Anderson, Olathe.       Marie                                                                                                                               By permission from the Kansas State Historical Society.
       Burial in St. Peters Catholic Cemetery at Big              Sherman, Saginaw, Mich., and Tanya Sue Howbert,
                                                                                                                        ype, an early photographic process, is a precise image of the vastness of Camp Sackett. Even in its original presentation
                                                                 Tecumseh; two sons, Marcus Dean Wilson,
                                                                                                                         of the 148-year-old image legible, we asked the LHS illustrator, Ellen Duncan, to artistically enhance its qualities. She
                                                                 Davenport, Iowa, and Warren Lee Wilson, Topeka; a
     The Camp Sackett Neighbors -                                brother Merlin D. Wilson, Tecumseh; a sister,
                                                                 Mildred Ann Nicks, Mayer, Ariz.; and nine                     a picture of unusual merit. On the right can be                  become tyrants over the helpless so as to disgrace the
     Then and Now continued from page 9                          grandchildren. Burial at Penwell-Gable’s Memorial             recognized a group of figures which denotes the                  name of humanity, became subservient, and the
     immediate area was home to H. Lewis and J.H. Oakley,        Park Cemetery, Topeka. Ks.                                    location of the free-state prisoners tents; it was on that       judiciary found it possible to be merciful as well as
     south of the California Road; T.H. Thomas and T. Oliver,
                                                                                                                               designated spot that our daguerrian artist took the              just. On Monday, September 10th, the prisoners were
     right in the valley; D. Hanston and J.E.D. Evans, just to   Newell, Arthur E. ‘Bud’, 71, Lecompton, died, Jan.
     the north, and to the west of them, G.W. Zinn, W. and A.    29, 2005 at a Topeka hospital.                                portrait of the group on our first page (and on page 4           brought into Lecompton from the camp, and about 11
     Glenn and W.A. Cardwell.                                      He was born Jan. 9, 1934, in Topeka, the son of             of this Bald Eagle), and it is the foreground of the             o’clock Judge LeCompte opened court. Mr. C.H.
         Today, the other homes south of the Oregon Trail,       Arthur Robert and Juanita Elizabeth Leuenberger               camp scene, near the settler's; wagon, that he paced             Grover appeared on behalf of the government, Mr.
     perched on the ridge overlooking the proposed Hamm          Newell. He served his country in the U. S. Army               his instrument when he took the camp itself. To the              Parrott in behalf of the prisoners. After the usual
     Quarry No. 109, include the Holiday farmhouse built in      and was stationed in Germany.                                 weakness of Gov. Reeder, and the imbecility of Gov.              nonsense, peculiar to all courts of law, Judge
     the mid 1880s. Other neighbors are Betty Schirmer,             He established Serenata Farms School of                    Shannon, we are indebted in a large degree to the sad            Lecompte decided that the parties could be held to
     Bruce & Sue Silkey, Alan & Judy Wheeler, George &           Equestrian Arts . a equine-facilitated therapy                chapter of history regarding Kansas Territory. The               bail, and finally, for the sum of five hundred dollars
     Deb Davis, Carol Higginbotham, Doc and Sue Carson,          program for individuals with physical and emotional           appointment of Gov. Geary, a man of character,                   each, they were released. It is said that Col. Cook
     Steve & Lucy Hurst, Troy & Karen Robbins, Bryce &           disabilities. He was a Life Member of the                     inspired confidence, and the anticipations of good               congratulated himself on being relieved from the
     Gina Schuman, Emmett & Sherri Tuckel, John & Vera           Lecompton Historical Society.                                 men have not been disappointed. The moment he                    custody of the prisoners.
     Pletcher, Ann Wilson, Harry & Virginia Butler, Sue            Bud was preceded in death by his parents and a
                                                                                                                               arrived in the territory, a change came over the whole
     Cranston, Mick & Jane Baier, Jim & Patsy Chenhall, Joe      sister, Arnita Selders.
     & Neita Bahr, Noah & Sue Goodards, Mary Nelle                  Survivors include three daughters, Kim Mertz and           administration of affairs, --men who had abused their
     Huizenga, Steve & Nancy Zahniser.                           husband Joe, Manhattan; Courtney Cunningham and               power, and under pretence of obeying the laws had

10                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             3
        This daguerreotype was taken from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper and appeared in the Oct. 4, 1856 issue. Pictured are the
        principal "Free State Prisoners", George W. Brown, John Brown, Jr., Judge Smith, Charles Robinson, Gains Jenkins, Mr. Williams,
        and George W. Deitzler.                                                                                                                    This topographic map of the proposed Hamm Quarry No. 109 shows how it sits next to the Kansas turnpike, U.S. 40 and many
                                                                                                                                                   homes. Please see page one for a map showing its intrusion on historically important sites. The Bahnmaeir home pictured on
Camp Sackett: Ground Zero in 1856, A Quarry in 2005?                                                                                               the facing page is the black square on the map, top and just left of center. "The Clock House" sits just south of US 40.
continued from page 1
                                                                                                                                                 Mark Boose, Aaron Kaser,
prisoners be held. Colonel Philip St. George Cooke and his                Kansas National Heritage Area. The Heritage Area would                 Dean & Jackie Christy, Mark
troops stood guard over the leaders of the rebellion—                     be expected to bring big tourist dollars and national                  Christy, Bill Maxwell, Vicki
Charles Robinson, George W. Brown, John Brown Jr., the                    attention to the role Bleeding Kansas played in the years              Bahnmaier, Chuck & Sally
son of the zealot, and others. One of the Union officers was              leading to the Civil War.                                              Wright, Daniel & Tammy
a new graduate of West Point, Lt. J.E.B. Stuart, who would                    This immediate area abutting Lecompton, the Oregon                 Yergey, Dan & Leah Kuhlman,
become General Robert E. Lee’s illustrious cavalry                        Trail-California Road, and battle sites in addition to historic        Paul Bahnmaier, and others.
commander.                                                                buildings will be key ingredients to the Heritage Area. A
    What created the tense atmosphere around Camp                         rock quarry smack in the middle makes no sense and, to                      Nearly all of them still
Sackett that summer was the question of whether “Gov.”                    Lecompton Historical Society members, desecrates                       possess some native, virgin,
Charles Robinson and other rebels would hang. He was,                     hallowed ground.                                                       never-before-plowed prairie,
after all, charged with “high treason” and “usurping office.”                                                                                    just as the entire 175-acre
                                                                                             Gearing up for April 27                             proposed quarry is. It is also an
                 High Crimes of 2005                                                                                                             important archeological site,
                                                                               The Society has been active in rounding up support for            proven by the collection of
    What makes these events of 1856 so important today is                 its effort to thwart the quarry. Many organizations such as            many pre-Civil War-era
what could euphemistically be called progress.                            the Kansas Preservation Alliance, other historical societies           artifacts on exhibit from the
    “A plan to build a new quarry to help expand the                      and more are considering active roles. The Society's                   valley in the Territorial Capital
Kansas Turnpike has pitted a contractor against a                         resolution (see it in full above) will be presented at the             Museum at Lane University,
community steeped in history,” the Lawrence Journal-                      Lawrence-Douglas County Planning Commission’s April                    Lecompton.
World reported Feb. 7, 2005. The fight will involve much                  27th meeting. By then the Society promises the Save Camp                    In 1857, the year Camp       The original house was built by the Fitzpatrick family in 1905. Deb and George Davis began their
more than that.                                                           Sackett campaign will have gained real momentum.                       Sackett was abandoned, the        ongoing restoration and rehabilitation work in 1980. They installed the clock, creating one of eastern
    U.S. Senator Sam Brownback of Kansas is the leading                        This issue of the Bald Eagle describes Camp Sackett’s                                                    Kansas’ most notable landmarks, “The Clock House.” The quarry would fill the view from their front
                                                                                                                                                 continued bottom page 10
proponent to establish a multi-million-dollar Bleeding                    historical importance and the role the area continues to play                                                 porch.

                                                                                                                           continued on page 5
4                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            9
                                                                                                                                    BE IT RESOLVED THAT THE Lecompton Historical Society is opposed to the Lecompton Quarry #109
                                                                                                                                    Conditional Use Permit requested by N.R. Hamm Quarry, Inc.

                                                                                                                                    The primary purpose of the Lecompton Historical Society is to promote and preserve the history of this area that was
                                                                                                                                    so important to Kansas and the United States during the mid-1850s.

                                                                                                                                    The area in question is near the site of pre-Civil War Camp Sackett where seven Free-State men, including a Kansas
                                                                                                                                    Governor, were held prisoner while awaiting trial for treason at Territorial Capital Lecompton. Among the guards
                                                                                                                                    were J.E.B. Stuart and John Sedgwick and Major T.W. Sherman. Artifacts from that period have been found in the

                                                                                                                                    The area is also the site of the California-Oregon Trail. Depressions left from buffalo wallows can still be seen on
                                                                                                                                    the property. With tourism being promoted by the State, Douglas County and Lecompton, it is important to keep this
                                                                                                                                    pristine native grass valley reminiscent of the Flint Hills intact.

                                                                                                                                    RESOLVED and signed this 19th day of February 2005, at Lecompton, Kansas.

                                                                                                                                    Paul Bahnmaier, president; Rich McConnell, vice president; Vicki Roberts Bahnmaier, secretary; Betty Leslie,
                                                                                                                                    Treasurer; Maxine Dark, Jason Dexter, Ron Meier, Keith Noe and George Simmons, Duane Wulfkuhle, board
                   The idea was to publish a picture of the Paul Bahnmaier home, but he asked us to consider Ellen
                   Duncan’s excellent painting. The home sits in the northern-most section of old Camp Sackett, its
                   view full of a pristine valley now threatened by Hamm Quarry No. 109.
                                                                                                                               in the community. Today it is a 175-acre piece of the less       Society has restored. Constitution Hall would soon be
                   The Camp Sackett Neighbors - Then and Now                                                                   than one percent of virgin prairie still left in Douglas         built so to host the framers of the "Lecompton
                                                                                                                               County. In 1856 it was home to momentous events and              Constitution." It is a state and national landmark.
         The Hamm Quarry No. 109 would become the front              quarry on a neighborhood, please drive to Big Springs     historically significant characters. For example, 0n Page 7          The Lecompton Historical Society, housed in the
    yard of many houses lining the old Oregon Trail/                 and turn south on East 100 Road. That area, for several   please read excerpts of imprisoned Gov. Robinson’s               Territorial Capital Museum—the old to-be capitol turned
    California Road, which is now US 40. The stately                 square miles, has been turned into rubble, a war zone.    moving letter to General John C. Fremont, the 1856 and           into Lane University in 1882, strongly suggests the
    Fitzpatrick house was built in 1905 and then fabulously               The other homes surrounding the proposed quarry      first-ever Republican presidential candidate.                    pristine, never-before-plowed prairie where Camp Sackett
    remodeled in 1980 by Deb and George Davis. We know               site, north of the Kansas Turnpike, in the Coon Creek          In her book, Kansas: Its Interior and Exterior Life,        stood be the focal point of the proposed Bleeding Kansas
    it today as “The Clock House,” one of Douglas County’s           Valley, belong to Kevin Powell, Paul & Anne Kirk,         written at Camp Sackett that summer, Sara Robinson               National Heritage Area. Many archaeologists’ treasures
    most prominent landmarks.                                        Roxie & Ted Sumner, Darlene Paslay, Bill & Kathy          characterized Camp Sackett as “Uncle Sam’s Bastille on           have been discovered in the valley and many await further
         The Hamm Quarry No. 109 also would become the               Fair, Gary & Deborah Powell, Bill & Dorothy Smith,        the Kansas prairies.” See Page 6 for excerpts from her           discovery. Some are on display in Lane Museum.
    front yard of many historic farms, most notably that of          Robert & Mary Sue Christman, Bob & Carey Treanor,         book.                                                                For Kansans, Camp Sackett plays a role similar to Fort
    the pioneer-era Bahnmaier farm. George M. Bahnmaier              Sara Kirk, Tom Hutton, David Breitenback, Karen &              According to the authoritative Frank Leslie’s               Sumter in South Carolina, Valley Forge in Pennsylvania,
    homesteaded the family’s first acreage just west of the          Ron McCoy, Brad & Debbie Sorrick, Eric Lee, Heather       Illustrated Newspaper of Oct. 4, 1856, Camp Sackett was          and the Little Big Horn Valley in Montana. These are
    Camp Sackett valley in 1856. He would daily walk to              Ledon, Gary & Vicki Loechner, Sally & Joe Yost, Jeff      at “the center of a beautiful prairie…a scene from nature        hallowed, historic grounds where brave men defended
    Lecompton where he was a noted tailor.                           Bean, Jennifer Hurley, Roy & Pam Cook, Gerry Luther,      enlivened by the pomp and circumstances of slumbering            their country. This is another of those places where our
                                                                     Toni Kalousek, Skip & Robin Saylor, David & Sheila        war.” (See Pages 2-3 for the Leslie daguerreotype and            nation suffered to build its beginnings, where momentous
        The Sixth Child                                              Robles, Cindy Dameron, Doug Flemming, William &           description of Camp Sackett in 1856.)                            events occurred.
                                                                     Carolyn Simpson, Jeff & Tammy Morris, Jay & Connie                                                                             This valley should not be blown apart, desecrated to
        The sixth child of George Michael and Caroline               Robertson, Jeff Robertson, Frank & Carol Stevenson,                       On the Oregon Trail                              ease another mile of paving. The Lecompton Historical
    Bahnmaier, George Jacob, bought the farm a mile to the           Ann McGarity, Jerry & Mary Ice, Joyce Poietevint, Jeff                                                                     Society strongly opposes Camp Sackett becoming be a
    east of the homestead which contained the beautiful,             & Barbara Haney, Ione Paslay, Melvin & Venora Dark,           The Oregon Trail and the California Road bordered            gravel pit quarry—No. 109—for Hamm Construction
    three-story stone home built in 1880. His grandson, Paul         Vicki & Steve Marino, Bob & Mary Lou Morris, John &       Camp Sackett’s valley to the south. Just three miles to the      Company. This Society prays that Hamm Construction
    Marion Bahnmaier, lives on the family farm today. Our            Jeanne Fries, Darin & Patricia Christman, Regina & Scot   southwest down the California Road, the Territorial Free         and the Kansas Turnpike Authority leaders have not
    painting by the Society’s illustrator, Ellen Duncan, might       Clement, Ronda Banks, Bret & Ruthanne Sanford,            State Party was founded in Big Springs.                          forgotten their history and their obligation to the historical
    be the last bucolic recollection of the farm and valley if       David Dark, Dusty & Susan Dark, Craig & Sherri Neill,         A couple miles to the north of the Camp in                   past of Kansas and of the Nation.
    Hamm Quarry No. 109 starts loosening the plate glass in          Gary & Cindy Merritt, Ethel Clement, Jim Oldham,          Lecompton, the new Kansas Territorial Capitol Building
    the windows. If there is any debate about the effect of a        Freda LaDuke, Dusty & Susan Dark, Tanya & Mark            was beginning to rise and on the banks of the Kansas                                                  --John Peterson
                                                                     Bartling, James & Cindy Stansill, Kate & Shawn Welch,     River, a hundred yards to the north, the Territorial
                                                                                                                               Democratic Party was founded in the stone structure this

8                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            5
Col. E.V. "Bull"                Philip St. George Cooke                   Sara Robinson                     Chas. Robinson     Lt. Jeb Stuart                       Gov. John Geary                 Samuel LeCompte                  Gen John C.Fremont
                      Editor’s Note:         Camp Sackett in 1856 was full of famous people. Famous people wrote letters to   Capt. Sackett, a noble-looking man, has the prisoners        Gov. Robinson’s release
                      other famous people from or about Camp Sackett. Some of most illustrious military leaders of the era    now in charge….
                      were either stationed at, or detailed to pass through, Camp Sackett. One famous woman, Sara                      We have moved camp again to-day, two miles                   On the afternoon of the 10th September, just
                      Robinson, wrote a book about Kansas while at Camp Sackett in 1856. Detailed information about           further from Lecompton. It was my first experience in        four months from the day my husband was taken
                      these characters can be found at and                   the inside of these huge covered wagons. I protested         prisoner, and nearly four months since the arrest of the
                                                                                                                              that I would rather walk than attempt to mount into          others, the tents on “Traitor Avenue” were struck.
                      Excerpts from Sara Robinson’s book:                                                                     such a vehicle; but they all said ride. By extra effort E.   Three wagons were filled with the furniture and
                                                                                                                              and I got it, attempting to find a place to sit among the    valuables of the prisoners…. Within a mile of
                      Kansas: Its Internal and Exterior Life                                                                  mattresses. At first move, one of the mules, by rapidly      (Lawrence)…we were met by Gen. Lane and his staff,
                                                                                                                              throwing up his feet, was soon out of harness. The           who led the way into Massachusetts-street, where
                      Chapter XXI. The U.S. Camp – Dispersion of the Legislature                                              jolting of the wagon was intolerable when the mules          crowds of people had gathered to greet their long-
                               Early on the morning of the 17th,                                                              traveled faster than a walk….                                absent townsmen.
                                                                           Upon Moving Camp Sites
    John Brown, Sr.   with a brother of my husband, and a friend, I                                                                    All kinds of vegetables have been bountifully
                      left for Lecompton, or for Uncle Sam’s                        …At last we were packed in with           supplied to the prisoners for many weeks by their            Mrs. Robinson’s book is available unabridged at
                      Bastille on the Kansas prairies, which had           bags, baskets, and anything we preferred           friends. In some cases they have brought the first fruits
                      been moved a mile and a half, or two miles           carrying in our own care, and jolted along         of their fields. Wild grapes and apples are growing
                      from that tribunal of justice. It was only a         the mile and a half in the scorching sun. A        plenty now. To-day some gentlemen, concert singers,
                      day or two since persons had been allowed            mule team was in advance, some of the blue         brought their melodeon and sang to us. It made quite a
                      to go in, and some doubt existed whether I           coats rode each side of us, and the main           variety in camp life….
                      could have the privilege. We came in sight           body of this portion of the President’s army                                                                    Gov. Robinson’s Famous
                      of the tents. There were three in one row,           of subjugation brought up the rear. Out on         Cannon Balls Whizzing By                                     Camp Sackett Letter
                      with poles set along in front, and cloth             the prairie, less than a mile from
                      spread over them, and upon the tents,                Lecompton, we came to a double log cabin,                   (August 15th.) In the night (Colonel) Titus’        Camp Sackett, Kansas July 28, 1856
                      making a long shady place, which E. told me          and as we alighted, and our chairs were            band was out, as usual, stealing horses. They had taken
                                                                                                                              three, when they came upon the advance guard of free-        Hon. J.C. Fremont
                      was called the “pavilion.” The tents being a         taken from the wagon, the captain pointing
    James H. Lane     few feet apart, the cloth stretching over            to the right hand cabin, said, “You can go in      state men. Titus, seeing the numbers upon which he
                                                                                                                              had fallen, fled, they following but a little way, taking    Dear Sir:
                      them, made a fine place to sit, for the table        there and stay.” We went in. There was no                                                                       My friend J.S. Emery, Esq., of the State, is about going
                      and all culinary arrangements. Another row           window and no air in the cabin…. So seven          one or two prisoners.
                                                                                                                                                                                           East into the Campaign for Fremont & Dayton. Col.
                      of tents was pitched in front of these, with         men and two women had to stay in one little                 About sunrise, the 16th, firing was heard near      Emory is an excellent Stump Speaker & can do good
                      only a driveway between, while the                   room without a window. The mattresses lay          our tents, and one of the cannon balls whizzed past us.      service in the cause. Any favor you can show him will
                      captain’s tent was on a rise of ground a little      so close upon the floors that ours was slid        Two or three horsemen were standing upon a high hill         be duly appreciated by
                      distant….                                            partly under the bedstead….                        (the Bahnmaier hill) a half-mile distant, apparently
                               I ran down and met my husband just                                                             watching the troops in the camp…. The bugle call had         Yours very truly,
                                                                                                                              sounded, and the troops were soon on their way to            C. Robinson
                      outside the tent; the sentinel pacing back and       Chapter XXII – “Law-and-Order”
                      forth, close to the pavilion, musket in hand.                                                           Lecompton. At the moment the troops started, the
                                                                           Men – Free-State Men Aroused                       horsemen on the hill disappeared. As we sat in a little      Affairs here are as bad as they can be.
                      He stopped a half moment at the sight of a                                                                                                                           Tyranny rules with a rod of iron. It is
                      new face, then resumed the everlasting                                                                  tent, a la Turque, eating our breakfast, with our plates
                                                                                   July 7th. —We experienced a heavy          in our laps, one of the persons looking out, said, “Titus’
                                                                                                                                                                                           unknown as yet whether (President)
                      tread….                                              rain yesterday. It poured through the tents,                                                                    Pierce has fully decided to hang us or
John Sedgwick                  On the 23rd the prisoners received an                                                          house is on fire. The black smoke is rising over the         not. However, if our hanging can
                                                                           wetting everything. This tent-life in the
                      accession to their numbers in the persons of                                                            hill.” (Indeed, the battle of Ft. Titus, fought a mile to    change this infernal administration
                                                                           burning sun and pouring rains will be a good       the east that day, was over with two pro-slavery men
                      Capt. John Brown, Jr., (son of the zealot                                                                                                                            they will not make much by the
                                                                           recipe for ague or cholera. So, besides the        and the free state captain killed.)
                      John Brown) and H.W. Williams, likewise                                                                                                                              investment.
                                                                           discomfort of the present, we have these in
                      dignified with the name of “traitors.”               anticipation. Capt. W. left on Saturday, and

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