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					                   Advanced Placement United States  History
Mr. David A. Olderman          oldermd@gw.kirkwood.k12.mo.us               (314)213-6100 ext. 1274

        Congratulations on your decision to take APUSH this year. No doubt you have concerns and
questions regarding this class. “How much work is there?” “Will this help or hurt my GPA?” “Do I
really belong here?” “Can I handle this class?” “Am I the only one that doesn’t get this stuff?” This
course is quite demanding-possibly this will be the most demanding class you have taken to date.
But, I believe that over the course of this school year you will find that you are capable of much
more than you originally thought you could do.
        Ways in which you can succeed in this class. When you go to college in a few years, you will
learn that the rule of thumb for success at the next level is this “for every hour you spend in the
classroom, two hours of study should be devoted outside of the classroom.” Now, I don’t know if two
hours is a hard and fast rule, but if you want results you have to make the committment to put in
the time. So, besides time, what else is necessary for success? You have to learn to question, to be
critical of what you read, hear, and see in order to gain a better understanding of the subject
matter. You are principally in charge of your learning. My job here is not to “pour” the information
in your ear in hopes that it stays there until, May 11th 2007. I am here as a facilitator or coach that
will prepare you all year long for a morning exam some ten months from now, this is true. The drills
I will run you through will develop skills that will payoff not just at th end of the school year, but for
many years to come. But more importantly, my task this year is to help you gain a better
understanding and appreciation of the rich history of our country, of the people, and of the times.
Other, more tangible elements to assist you in your quest for success should include:
        a) (2) 3 ring binders
        b) A spiral notebook with folders to keep track of all the handouts.
        c) Frequent visits to
http://occawlonline.pearsoned.com/bookbind/pubbooks/divine5e/chapter1/deluxe.html


       Too often you hear how woefully ignorant today’s high school and college graduates are of
our nation’s history let alone world history. Studies and surveys of these graduate reveal a
discouraging fact- that the youth of today do not have an understanding of the past. It is my
contention that if you don’t know your past, you will have difficulty in making intelligent decisions
in the present, and as a result your future will be beset with problems that could and should have
been avoided. So take ownership of your education. You are in charge of how well you will do this
year in this class and all your other classes and activities.

Item            % of Grade                   Grading scale:
Essays                    20   1.                           A=93-100%       A-= 90-92.9%
research/presentations    20   2. B+=87.5-89.9%             B=83-87.4%      B-=80-82.9
participation/preparation 20   3. C+=77.5-79.9%             C=73-77.4%      C-=70-72.9% exams
20      4. D+=67.5-69.9%             D=63-67.4%             D-=60-62.9%
quizzes                   20                         5. F= 59-below



Grades. You will earn quarter semester and final grades. Quarter grades will be cumulative work from
that period, while semester grades represent the average of the two quarters’ grades. I do not round up
averages at the end of the quarter. Your final grade will represent the average of the two semesters.Grades
will represent total points on the following work:
       1. Participation and discussion which will include class discussion of topics, completing in-class
assignments, and participation in group work

       2. Homework assignments will be every night. Good outlining and note taking are integral &
required to succeed in the class. Keep a notebook and folder solely devoted to this class. Failure to
complete hw on time will result in:
       a) a percentage reduction in point value for submitted late work.
       b) phone calls home to notify the parent/guardian of the matter.
       c) mandatory contacts/detentions will be issued.
       d) meetings with grade level principal.
       3. Make-up work is to be completed in the same time frame as the rest of the class after the student
receives the assignment. here is a 10% reduction in the grade of an assignment for each day that the
assignment is turned in late without a valid excuse. Also, if you are absent, it is your responsibility to see
me and find out about any missed work. If a test or quiz is missed, it must be made up the next day before
or after school, IP, or study block.

       4. Daily Quizzes are always open note assessments. The quizzes will be drawn from readings and
lectures, primarily.

       5. Chapter Quizzes average one every one-two weeks or so and will be a combination of two or
more of the following: multiple choice, matching, true-false, short answer, essay, and maps. These are
never open note. The assessment draws from lecture, readings, projects, and group work. Alternate
Weekly Quizzes may also be given for those students continuously absent on the day of the assessment.
       6. Projects and papers will be assigned throughout the year with the guidelines to be explained at
that time. think National History Day.

Students are responsible for the following:
1. Come to class on time & prepared.
2. BE ACTIVE in your learning, not passive. Participate and ask questions.
3. Keep a 3 ring binder for the class, and a notebook
4. Respect others, respect yourself, and respect this class as a place of learning.

Keys to success
1. Do not fall behind in your reading.
2. Create a study schedule and stick with it.
3. Join a study group.
4. Use contact
5. Review constantly throughout the year.
                            AP US History Syllabus                   2008-2009
APP=America Past and Present: Divine 8th Edition
AMSCO= U.S. History Preparing for the Advanced Placement Examination
AR=American Reader
Booknotes: Lamb
TS= Taking Sides, Volume I & II, 10th Edition
OV= Opposing Viewpoints, Greenhaven Press
August 19-22
Day 1 Welcome
       Summer Reading subsection groups
Day 2 Chapter 1 AMSCO mc, essay groups 1-5
       Summer Reading subsection groups
       Columbus documents p18-22
        Seminar/Debate What is the legacy of Columbus and 1492?
Day 3 Chapter 2 AMSCO mc, essay groups 1-5
      Summer Reading subsection groups
Day 4 Chapter 2 AMSCO
      Summer Reading subsection groups

August 25-29
Day 1 Chapter 3 AMSCO mc & 1-5 , docs a-c w/ questions 1-3
Day 2 Chapter 3: Putting Down Roots: Families in an Atlantic Empire, 1620-1700
       a) Sources of Stability: New England Colonies of the Seventeenth Century 63-69
       b) The Challenge of the Chesapeake Environment, 69-73
       Feature Essay: Anthony Johnson: A Free Black Planter on Pungoteague Creek w/ questions
       c) Race and Freedom in British America 73-79
APP DBQ, AP-5,6
Booknotes: 46-52
Day 3 Chapter 3
       d) Rise of a Commercial Empire 79-81
       e) Colonial Factions Spark Political Revolt, 1676-1691, 81-86
Law and Society I: Witches and the Law: A Problem of Evidence in 1692 w/ questions
APP Free Response AP-20
Day 4 TEST    1-3 AMSCO, 3 APP
September 2-5
Day 1 Chapter 4 AMSCO mc & essays 1-5
       Introduction of DBQ: Chesapeake ad New England
APP Free Response AP-39
Day 2 Chapter 4 APP Experience of Empire: Eighteenth Century America 1680-1763
       a) Growth and Diversity 95-103
       b) Spanish Borderlands of the Eighteenth Century 103-104
       c) The Impact of European Ideas on American Culture, 105-110
Day 3 Chapter 4
       d) Religious Revivals in Provincial Societies, 110-113
        Feature Essay: Learning to live with Diversity w/questions
        e) Clash of Political Cultures, 113-116
        f) Century of Imperial War, 116-124

September 8-12
Day 1 Chapter 5 AMSCO, stop at Organization of New Governments, mc 1-7 & essays 1-4
Day 2 Chapter 5 APP The American Revolution: From Elite Protest to Popular Revolt, 1763-1783
       a) Structure of Colonial Society 127-132
       b) Eroding the Bonds of Empire, 132-144
       c) Steps Toward Independence, 144-148
Booknotes: 9-13
Day 3 Chapter 5 APP
      d) Fighting for Independence 148-155
      f) The Loyalist Dilemma 155-157
      g) Winning the Peace, 157
Seminar/Debate Was the American Revolution a Conservative Movement? TS or Were the Founding
Fathers Democratic Reformers? TS
Day 4   TEST 4,5 AMSCO & 4, 5 APP with miniDBQ: AMSCO 72-76, 87-88, 91-95
September 15-19
Day 1 Chapter 5 AMSCO 83-88, mc 8-10 & essay 5
       Chapter 6 AMSCO stop at Washington’s Presidency, mc 1-5 & essays 1,2
       Chapter 6 AMSCO 116-120, questions 1,2
Day 2 Chapter 6 APP The Republican Experiment, 1776-1791
       a) Defining Republican Culture 161-162
       b) Living in the Shadow of Revolution 163-168
       c) The States: Experiments in Republicanism 168-170
Day 3 Chapter 6 APP
       d) Stumbling Toward a New National Government 170-175
       e) Strengthening Federal Authority 175-177
       f) “Have We fought for This?” 177-181, 184-185
Booknotes: 14-21
Day 4 Chapter 6 APP
       Feature Essay: The Elusive Constitution: Search for Original Intent
       g) Whose Constitution? Struggle for Ratification 185-189
       Law and Society II: The Strange Ordeal of Quok Walker: Slavery on Trial in Revolutionary Massachusetts
Seminar/Debate Were the Founding Fathers Democratic Reformers? TS
Booknotes: 22-27

September 22-26
Day 1 Chapter 6 AMSCO 102-113, mc 6-10 & essays 3-5
Day 2 Chapter 7 APP Democracy in Distress: The Violence of Party Politics, 1788-1800
       a) Principles and Pragmatism: Establishing a New Government 195-198
       b) Conflicting Visions: Jefferson and Hamilton 198-200
       d) Hamilton’s Plan for Prosperity and Security 200-203
Booknotes: 32-35
Seminar/Debate A National Bank Would Be Unconstitutional.OV
PPP: Washington
Day 3 Chapter 7 APP
       e) Charges of Treason: The Battle over Foreign Affairs 203-208
       f) Popular Political Culture 209-212
Day 4 Chapter 7 APP
       g) The Adams Presidency 212-217
       h) The Peaceful Revolution: The Election of 1800 217-219
DBQ: Alien & Sedition Act
Booknotes: 36-40
PPP: Adams

September 29-October 3
Day 1 TEST 5, 6 AMSCO & 6,7 APP with Free Response Essay
Day 2 Chapter 7 AMSCO mc 1-10 & essays 1-5
Day 3 Chapter 8 APP Jeffersonian Ascendancy: Theory and Practice of Government, 1800-1815
       a) Regional Identities in a New Republic 223-228
       b) Jefferson as President 228-233
       c) Jefferson’s Critics 233-239
SCT: Fletcher v Peck
PPP: Jefferson
Booknotes: 28-31, 41-45
SCT: Marbury v Madison, McCulloch v Maryland
Day 4 Chapter 8 APP
       d) Embarrassments Overseas 240-244
       e) The Strange War of 1812 244-248
Day 4 AMSCO 136-139
PPP: Madison
Day 5 Debate Jefferson, a principled man

October 6-10
Day 1 Chapter 8 AMSCO mc 1-10 & essays 1-5
Day 2 Chapter 9 APP Nation Building and Nationalism 1815-1825
       a) Expansion and Migration 251-261
       Feature Essay: Confronting New Land
       b) A Revolution in Transportation 261-264
APP Free Response AP-33
Day 3 Chapter 9 APP
      c) Emergence of a Market Economy 264-268
Booknotes: 53-59
Day 4 Chapter 9 APP
      c) The Politics of Nation Building after the War of 1812 268-274
PPP: Monroe
SCT: Dartmouth College v. Woodward, Gibbons v Ogden, Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge
Chapter 8 AMSCO DBQ 163-165

October 13-16
Day 1 Chapter 10 AMSCO mc 1-10 & essays 1-5, 196-201 questions 1-4
Day 2 Chapter 10 APP The Triumph of White Men’s Democracy, 1820-1840
       a) Democracy in Theory and Practice 277-284
       b) Jackson and the Politics of Democracy 284-290
       Featured Essay: Philly’s Working People in the Age of Jackson
PPP: John Q. Adams, A. Jackson
SCT: Cherokke Nation v Gerogia, Worcester v. Georgia
Booknotes: 60-65
Seminar/Debate Was Andrew Jackson’s Indian Removal Policy Motivated by Humanitarian Impulses? TS
Day 3 Chapter 10 APP
      b) Jackson and the Politics of Democracy 290-293
      c) The Bank War and the Second Party System 293-298
      d) Heyday of the Second Party System 298-301
PPP: Martin Van Buren, William H. Harrison, John Tyler
Booknotes: 66-72
Octover 20   Quarter Exam Chapters 1-10 APP & AMSCO
October 20-24
Day 1 Chapter 11 AMSCO 202-207
Day 1 Chapter 11 APP The Pursuit of Perfection, 1801-1850
a) The Rise of Evangelicalism 320-327
b) Domesticity and Changes in the American Family 327-330

Day 2 Chapter 11 AMSCO 207-212
Day 2 Chapter 11 APP
c) Institutional Reform 330-333
d) Reform Turns Radical 333-345
Feature Essay: Spiritualism

Day 3 Chapter 5 AW 84-114
Day 3 PPP: William H. Harrison, John Tyler

Day 4 Chapter 6 AW 115-139
Essay Questions
1. Discuss Spiritualism and its impact on the peoples of the late nineteenth century.
2. Explain the extent of educational reform in the late nineteenth century.
3. Describe the Second Great Awakening and why it was important.
4. Describe "utopianism" and explain the different sects and their beliefs as presented in your textbook.
5. Discuss in detail the transitions encountered by the average family in terms of marriage and home life.
Seminar/Debate Do Women Hold an Exalted Status in America? OV
Movie: The Shakers
WCR Ch 1,2

October 27-30
Day 1 Chapter 12 AMSCO 221-225
Day 1 Chapter 12 APP An Age of Expansionism, 1830-1860
a) Movement to the Far West 348-358

Day 2 Chapter 12 AMSCO 225-230
Day 2 Chapter 12 APP
b) Manifest Destiny and the Mexican-American War 358-365
Day 3 Chapter 12 AMSCO 230-232
Day 3 Chapter 12 APP
c) Internal Expansionism 365-377
Feature Essay: The Telegraph
Essay Questions
1. What factors lured Americans to the Far West - California, New Mexico, Oregon, and Utah - from the
1820s through the 1840s?
2. Were the Texans justified in revolting against Mexico in 1836? Explain.
3. Was the Mexican War an imperialistic venture by the United States? Why, given the expansionist spirit
of the age, did the United States not seek to acquire all of Mexico?
4. Americans have seemingly always believed that their nation was blessed with a divine mission. Explain.
How did that notion relate to the concept of Manifest Destiny? Does such a sense of mission persist
today?
Seminar/Debate Was the Mexican War an Exercise in Imperialism? TS and documents
Movie: Alamo
WCR Ch 3,4
Day 3 PPP: Polk, Taylor, Fillmore

November 3-7
Day 1 AMSCO Chapter 9 166-170
Day 1 Chapter 13 APP Masters and Slaves, 1800-1860
a) Slavery and the Southern Economy 380-388

Day 2 AMSCO Chapter 9 170-174
Day 2 Chapter 13 APP
b) The Slaveholding Society 388-397

Day 3 AMSCO Chapter 9 166-170
Day 3 Chapter 13 APP
c) The Black Experience Under Slavery 397-407
Feature Essay: Plantation Women-White and Black
Essay Questions
1. Compare the reaction of slaves to oppression with examples of passive resistance.
2. Was the South justified in suppressing free speech on the issue of slavery?
3. How democratic was the pre-war South?
4. To what extent was it true that northern laborers were in as bad a condition as southern slaves?
5. Why were the yeoman farmers not opposed to slavery, but instead vigorously in support of it?
Seminar/Debate Slavery IS Oppressive. OV
SCT: Amistad Case
Movie: Amistad
WCR 5,6

Day 4 AW Chapter 7

November 10-14
Day 1 Chapter 13 AMSCO 240-248
Day 1 Chapter 14 APPThe Sectional Crisis, 1848-1860
a) The Compromise of 1850 410-417
b) Political Upheaval, 1852-1856 417-425

Day 2 Chapter 13 AMSCO 248-252
Day 2 Chapter 14 APP
c) The House Divided, 1857-1860 425-435
Law and Society: The Case of Dred and Harriet Scott

Day 3 Chapter 11 AMSCO 252-255
Day 3 Chapter 11 APP
d) Explaining the Crisis 435-438
Essay Questions
1. List and explain the alternative suggestions for the problem of extending slavery to new territories
acquired by the United States in the Mexican War. Why did they fail to provide an adequate solution?
What "ambiguity" doomed popular sovereignty as a solution?
2. How could Northerners detest slavery and yet not embrace abolitionism? Contrast the goals and appeal
of the FreeSoil movement with those of the abolitionist movement.
3. The author suggests that the Compromise of 1850 "was really more like an armistice or a ceasefire."
Explain.
4. How and why were the 1840s and 1850s a time of shifting political alignments in the United States?
Account for the seeming dominance of the Democratic party during this era.
5. Assume the role of a northern politician in 1860. Give "evidence" of how a proslavery conspiracy has
captured the Democratic party and why you are voting for Abraham Lincoln for president.
6. Assume the role of a southern slaveholder in 1860. Give "evidence" of how antislavery forces have
attempted to ruin your way of life and why you oppose the election of Abraham Lincoln as president.
7. Why did Lincoln win the election of 1860? How did the South react?
Seminar/Debate Constitutional Rights Do Not Extend to Blacks. OV
SCT: Dred Scott v. Sandford
Booknotes: 73-79
Movie: Uncle Tom’s Cabin
WCR 7,8

Day 4 AW Chapter 8 161-187
PPP: Pierce, Buchanan

November 17-25
Day 1 Exam Chapters 11-14 APP

Day 2 In class Essay

November 27-December 1
Day 1 AMSCO Chapter 14 265-267
Day 1 Chapter 15 APP Secession and the Civil War, 1861-1865
a) The Storm Gathers 440-448

Day 2 AMSCO Chapter 14 267-272
Day 2 Chapter 15 APP
b) Adjusting to Total War 448-460
Feature Essay: Soldiering in the Civil War

Day 3 AMSCO Chapter 14 272-281
Day 3 Chapter 15 APP
c) Fight to the Finish 460-471
Essay Questions
1. Considering that the Southerners faced such a formidable military task in a war with the North, why did
they secede?
2. Could the Southerners have better defended their interests through a political struggle within the
Union, rather than a military struggle outside the Union?
3. Discuss the social and economic effects of the "total war" between North and South.
4. Could the South have won the Civil War, or was its defeat inevitable?
Seminar/Debate Did Abraham Lincoln Free the Slaves? TS
SCT: Ex parte Vallandingham
Ex parte Milligan
Booknotes: 80-85, 86-92, 93-96, 97-103, 104-110, 111-117, 118-124, 125-132
Movie: Glory,Gettysburg
WCR 9,10

Day 4 AW Chapter 9 188-207
Day 4 PPP: Lincoln

Begin Morning & Night Review Sessions
December 1-5
Day 1 AMSCO Chapter 15 289-295
Day 1 Chapter 16 APP The Agony of Reconstruction, 1863-1877
a) The President Versus Congress 480-491
Day 2 AMSCO Chapter 15 295-298
Day 2 Chapter 16 APP
b) Reconstruction in the South 491-497

Day 3 AMSCO Chapter 9 298-303
Day 3 Chapter 16 APP
c) The Age of Grant 497-505
d) Reunion and the New South 505-510
Feature Essay: Changing Views of Reconstruction
Essay Questions
1. If Lincoln had lived, would the events and outcome of Reconstruction have been substantially different?
Why or why not?
2. Was radical Reconstruction policy based more on humanitarian concern for the freedmen or on selfish
political and economic interests?
3. Andrew Johnson was the only U.S. president impeached in our history. (Richard M. Nixon tendered a
timely resignation.) What does it mean to impeach a president? Should Andrew Johnson have been
convicted?
4. Government plays a role in determining the supply of money and, therefore, the general price levels.
During Grant's administration, what factors led the president to allow special interests to determine his
policy on the money question?
Seminar/Debate Was Reconstruction a "Splendid Failure"? TS
SCT: Hepburn v Griswold
The Slaughterhouse Cases
United States v Cruikshank
Civil Rights Cases
Movie: Birth of a Nation
WCR 11,12

Day 4
Seminar/Debate Was Reconstruction a "Splendid Failure"? TS
PPP: Johnson, Grant, Hayes


December 8-16
Day 1 AMSCO Chapter 16 310-311, 315-317
Day 1 Chapter 17 APP The West: Exploiting an Empire, 1850-1900
a) Beyond the Frontier 514-517
b) Crushing the Native Americans 517-525
Feature Essay: Blacks in Blue: The Buffalo Soldiers in the West

Day 2 AMSCO Chapter 16 311-313
Day 2 Chapter 17 APP
c) Settlement of the West 525-532
d) The Bonanza West 532-538

Day 3 AMSCO Chapter 16 313-315
Day 3 Chapter 17 APP
e) Farming on the Frontier 538-544
Essay Questions
1. Was Horace Greeley's 1867 editorial on the agrarian opportunity of the West an overly optimistic view of
the conditions and forces at work on the Great Plains?
2. Why did the policy of the government toward Native Americans waver from 1834 to 1934?
3. Theodore Roosevelt once stated that the only alternative to the defeat of the Indian was to "keep the
entire continent as a game preserve for squalid savages." Explain the causes and results of such an attitude.
4. What factors propelled and made possible rapid settlement of the American West from 1870 to 1900?
What were the economic and political consequences?
Seminar/Debate The Takeover of Indian land. OV
PPP: Garfield
SCT: United States v Reynolds
Booknotes: 139-145
Movie: Dances With Wolves
WCR: 13,14,15,16

Day 4 AW Chapter 10 208-237

Semester Finals Chapters 1-17
December 19th, 6th hour
December 20th, 7th hour
December 21st, 5th hour

Winter Recess
Chapter 18 & 19 assignment

January 5-8
Day 1 AMSCO Chapter 17 333-347, 350-357
Day 1 Chapter 18 APP The Industrial Society, 1860-1900
a) Industrial Development 548-550
b) An Empire on Rails 550-558
c) An Industrial Empire 558-564

Essay Questions
1. Was the industrial "revolution" inevitable, or could Americans have maintained a more agricultural
economy?
2. Why did so many Americans accept, and even applaud, ruthless methods used to accumulate personal
fortunes?
3. Are our early industrialists best described as "captains of industry" or as "robber barons"?
4. American workers could have gained more by adopting the program of the Knights of Labor rather than
that of the American Federation of Labor. True or false? Explain your answer.
Seminar/Debate Were the big businessmen of the late 19th century "Robber Barons" or "Captains of
Industry?"
PPP: Arthur
Booknotes: 133-138, 164-174
Movie: The Molly Maguires
WCR: Ch 1,2

Day 2 AMSCO Chapter 17, 350-357
Day 2 Chapter 18 APP The Industrial Society, 1860-1900
d) The Sellers 564-568
e) The Wage Earners 568-576
Feature Essay: The Machine That Talks

Day 3 AMSCO Chapter 18 358-372, 375-379

Day 4 Chapter 19 APP Toward an Urban Society, 1877-1900
a) The Lure of the City 580-590
b) Life in America, 1877 590-603
c) The Stirrings of Reform 603-609
Feature Essay: Plessy v. Ferguson: The Shaping of Jim Crow
Essay Questions
1. Many historians have emphasized the role of the western frontier in shaping American society. Should
we place greater emphasis on the significance of the city? Why or why not?
2. What factors led to the rapid development of the city in the late nineteenth century?
3. Why have urban Americans been more tolerant of individual social and cultural differences?
4. The social workers tried to alleviate the conditions of poverty that the political machines exploited. To
what extent have they succeeded? Have they simply transformed the dependency of the urban poor?
PPP: Cleveland
Movie: Gangs of New York
WCR: Ch 3,4

January 12-16
Day 1 AMSCO Chapter 19 380-386
Day 1 Chapter 20 APP Political Realignments in the 1890s, 1890-1900
a) Politics of Stalemate 612-618
b) Republicans in Power: The Billion-Dollar Congress 618-620
PPP: Garfield , Arthur, Cleveland 1st

Day 2 AMSCO Chapter 19 321-325,386-388
Day 2 Chapter 20 APP
c) The Rise of the Populist Movement 620-624
d) The Crisis of the Depression 624-629
e) Changing Attitudes 629-632
PPP: Harrison, Cleveland 2nd

Day 3 AMSCO Chapter 19 388-392
Day 3 Chapter 20 APP
f) The Presidential Election of 1896 632-638
g) The McKinley Administration 638-640
Feature Essay: The Wonderful Wizard of Oz
Essay Questions
1. Why were the presidential elections of the "Gilded Age" so very close?
2. What was the basic difference in the approaches of the Republican and Democratic parties to the
problems of the 1890s? Why did Americans choose the Republican approach?
3. Was the silver issue a symbol of class differences? of sectional differences? Explain your answers.
4. The Populists' political rebellion defined the American response to industrialism. True or false? Explain
your answer.
5. What determined the outcome of the PopulistDemocratic contest in the South? Did class differences
play a significant role? Did race play a significant role?
Seminar/Debate A Populist Prescription for Social Reform. OV
SCT: Munn v Illinois
Wabash, St Louis, & Pacific RR Co. v Illinois
US v E.C. Knights Co.
Booknotes: 146-150, 151-156
Movie: The Wonderful Wizard of Oz
WCR: Ch 5,6
PPP: McKinley



January 20-23
Day 1 AMSCO Chapter 20 400-403, 419-20
Day 1 APP Chapter 21 Toward Empire, 1867-1902
a) America Looks Outward 642-653

Day 2 AMSCO Chapter 20 403-406
Day 2 APP Chapter 21
b) War with Spain 653-660

Day 3 AMSCO Chapter 20 406-409, 414-16, 421-422
Day 3 APP Chapter 21
c) Debate over Empire 660-668
Essay Questions
1. What factors of the latter nineteenth century contributed to an increasing interest by Americans in
events abroad, preparing them for a larger role in the world?

2. Discuss the underlying as well as the immediate causes of the Spanish-American War. Why did Secretary
of State Hay refer to the conflict as "a splendid little war"?
3. Detail the arguments presented by American anti-imperialists against ratification of the Treaty of Paris
in 1898-1899. Why did they fail?
4. Explain the concept of the Open Door policy in China. Would it prove to be a successful policy for the
United States?
Seminar/Debate Did Yellow Journalism Cause the Spanish-American War? TS
SCT: Insular cases
Plessy v Ferguson
Booknotes: 157-163
Zinn: Ch. 12, 297-320
Movie: Hawaii
WCR: Ch 7,8

Day 4 AW Chapter 13

January 26-30
Day 1 AMSCO Chapter 16 317-321, Chapter 21 424-430
Day 1 APP Chapter 22 The Progressive Era, 1900-1920
a) The Changing Face of Industrialism 670-678
b) Society’s Masses 678-688
c) Conflict in the Workplace 688-692
d) Life in America: A New Urban Culture 692-693
e) The Uses of Leisure 693-698
Feature Essay: Madam C.J. Walker
Essay Questions
1. What factors combined to create the Progressive Movement for reform during the late nineteenth and
early twentieth centuries?
2. Discuss the changes in managerial attitudes, business organization, and industrial worker roles during
the early twentieth century.
3. Explain the conditions that prompted formation of the National Association for the Advancement of
Colored People (NAACP). Evaluate its success during the Progressive Era.
4. Examine the causes for conflict in the industrial workplace from 1900 to 1920. How did workers and
managers respond?
PPP: Theodore Roosevelt
SCT: Northern Securities case
Standard Oil of New Jersey V US
U.S V American Tobacco Co.
Movie: Modern Times

Day 2 AMSCO Chapter 21 430-440
Day 2 APP Chapter 23 From Roosevelt to Wilson in the Age of Progressivism, 1900-1916
a) The Spirit of Progressivism 702-712
b) Reform in the Cities and States 712-718
c) The Republican Roosevelt 718-724
e) The Ordeal of William Howard Taft 724-729
f) Woodrow Wilson’s New Freedom 729-734
Feature Essay: Margaret Sanger and the Birth Control Movement
Law and Society: Muller v. Oregon: Expanding the Definition of Acceptable Evidence
Essay Questions
1. What basic views united progressives? Were progressives accurate in their appraisal of human nature?
2. How would you explain Roosevelt's attitude toward trusts, the labor movement, and conservation?
3. Despite his good intentions and prior success as an administrator, Taft in his administration was plagued
by problems and, as the public perceived, numerous failures. How do you account for this
4. Wilson's administration revolutionized the role of the federal government in regulating banking,
business, and trade. To what extent were the reforms of the New Freedom permanent, and to what
extent do they affect American society today?
Seminar/Debate Did Racial Segregation Improve the Status of African Americans? TS
SCT: Lochner v. New york
Muller v. Oregon
Booknotes: 175-178, 179-184
Movie: The Jungle
WCR: Ch 9,10

Day 3 AW Chapter 14
PPP: Theodore Roosevelt, William H. Taft

Day 4 Exam APP Chapters 19-23, AMSCO Chapters 11-14

February 2-6
Day 1 AMSCO Chapter 20 409-416
Day 1 APP Chapter 24 The Nation at War, 1900-1920
a) A New World Power 742-748
b) Foreign Policy under Wilson 748-751

Day 2 AMSCO Chapter 22 447-453,456-457
Day 2 APP Chapter 24
c) Toward War 751-757
d) Over There 757-762

Day 3 AMSCO Chapter 22 453-455,457-462
Day 3 APP Chapter 24
e) Over Here 762-768
f) The Treaty of Versailles 768-773
Feature Essay: Measuring the Mind
Essay Questions
1. Neutrality, although the United States policy for the first three years of the war in Europe, was not
actually neutral. What were the problems in remaining neutral?
2. Several factors prompted U.S. entry into the war against Germany in 1917. What do you consider to be
the most important reasons for intervention?
3. How did mobilization change the habits and patterns of American society at home? To what extent did
the federal government become "big brother" to the economy during the war?
4. W. E. B. Du Bois spoke of a "New Negro" during the war years. How did the war change the expectations
and directions of blacks in a still predominantly whitedominated society?
Seminar/Debate The United States Should Join the League of Nations. OV
SCT: Schenck v. US
Debs v. US
Booknotes: 185-189
Movie: Sgt. York,
WCR: Ch 11,12

Day 4
PPP: Woodrow Wilson

February 9-12
Day 1 AMSCO Chapter 23 473-479
Day 1 APP Chapter 25 Transition to Modern America, 1920-1928
a) The Second Ind.Rev. 776-782
b) The New Urban Culture 782-789

Day 2 AMSCO Chapter 23 479-481
Day 2 APP Chapter 25
c) The Rural Counterattack 789-797
Feature Essay: Marcus Garvey: Racial Redemption and Black Nationalism

Day 3 AMSCO Chapter 23 470-474
Day 3 APP Chapter 25
d) Politics of the 1920s 797-801
Essay Questions
1. What elements of American life that were changed by the automobile.
2. How was the economic revolution of the 1920s different from the changes of the latter nineteenth
century?
3. What groups did not share in the prosperity of the 1920s?
4. Compare the women's movement of the 1920s with other similar movements in American history.
Seminar/Debate Did the Women's Movement Die in the 1920s? TS
Booknotes: 190-196, 197-205, 206-211, 212-218
Movie: Inherit the Wind
WCR: Ch 13,14

Day 4 AW Chapter 15
PPP: Harding, Coolidge

February 17-20
Day 1 AMSCO Chapter 24 492-502
Day 1 APP Chapter 26 Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal, 1929-1938
a) The Great Depression 804-809
b) Fighting the Depression 809-815

Day 2 AMSCO Chapter 24 502-511
Day 2 APP Chapter 26
c) Roosevelt and Reform 815-820
d) Impact of the New Deal 820-826
Feature Essay: Eleanor Roosevelt and the Quest for Social Justice
e) End of the New Deal 826-831
Essay Questions
1. Comment on the extent to which Roosevelt's personality affected the course of the New Deal.
2. "The differences between Hoover and Roosevelt were more appearance than reality." Comment. To what
extent is this true, and in what ways is it false?
3. What were the permanent changes of the New Deal? Were these changes for the better or not?
4. Compare the New Deal with other reform movements, such as populism and progressivism.
Seminar/Debate To what extent is the federal government responsible for the welfare and security of the
individual? GD and documents
SCT: Schecter v. US
Booknotes: 227-236
Movie: Grapes of Wrath
WCR: Ch16,17

Day 3 AW Chapter 16
PPP: Hoover

Febrary 23-27
Day 1 AMSCO 482-484, Chapter 25 518-529
Day 1 APP Chapter 27 America and the World, 1921-1945
a) Retreat, Reversal, and Rivalry 834-839
b) Isolationism 839-843
c) The Road to War 843-847

Day 2 AMSCO Chapter 25 529-537,540-544
Day 2 APP Chapter 25
d) Turning the Tide Against the Axis 847-851
e) The Home Front 851-859
f) Victory 859-864
Feature Essay: “Inside the Vicious Heart”
Essay Questions
1. To what extent did the American retreat from responsibility in foreign affairs aid the rise of dictators in
the 1930s?
2. Comment on the allegation that in the 1920s and 1930s there was no change in U.S.Latin American policy
goals; that is, economic dominance of the Western Hemisphere. Was the "Good Neighbor" policy merely a
change in tactics?
3. Considering the reasons for conflict in Asia, how surprising was the attack on Pearl Harbor?
4. What were the longrange effects of World War II on American society?
Seminar/Debate The United States Should Not Drop the Atomic Bomb on Japan. OV
SCT: Hirabayashi v US Korematsu v US
Booknotes: 237-244, 245-250, 251-258, 259-261, 262-268, 269-273, 274-279, 280-288
Movie: Come See the Paradise
WCR: Ch 15,16

Day 3 AW Chapter 17
PPP: FDR

March 2-6
Day 1 AMSCO Chapter 26 545-554
Day 1 APP Chapter 28 The Onset of the Cold War, 1945-1960
a) The Cold War Begins 868-873
b) Containment 873-878

Day 2 AMSCO Chapter 26 555-561
Day 2 APP Chapter 28
c) The Cold War Expands 878-883
d) The Cold War at Home 883-892
Feature Essay: The “Lost Sheep” of the Korean War

Day 3 AMSCO Chapter 27 572-579
Day 3 APP Chapter 28
e) Eisenhower Wages the Cold War 892-898
Essay Questions
1. What were the causes of the Cold War? Which side was more to blame for it-the United States or the
Soviet Union?
2. How did the Truman administration respond to the onset of the Cold War? Was he successful? Explain.
3. Why was Truman's reelection as president in 1948 such a surprise? Was Truman a successful president in
domestic affairs?
4. What factors contributed to the rise and fall of Joseph McCarthy as a political power in the U.S. from
1950 to 1954? What lessons might be learned from the experience of McCarthyism?
5. Why did the Cold War escalate during the late 1940s and early 1950s? What were the major
consequences?
Seminar/Debate Did Communism Threaten America’s Internal Security after World War II? TS
Booknotes: 289-293, 294-299, 300-304, 305-312, 313-320
Movie: Dr. Strangelove
WCR: Ch 17,18

Day 4 AW Chapter 18
PPP: Harry S Truman


March 10-13
Day 1 AMSCO Chapter 27 570-572, 581-584
Day 1 APP Chapter 29 Affluence and Anxiety, 1946-1960
a) The Postwar Boom 904-910
b) The Good Life? 910-916
c) Farewell to Reform 916-918
Feature Essay: Rise of a New Idiom in Modern Painting: Abstract Expressionism

Day 2 AMSCO Chapter 27 579-581
Day 2 APP Chapter 29
d) The Struggle over Civil Rights 918-924
Essay Questions
1. What were some of the sociological effects of suburban living after the war?
2. According to William H. Whyte, David Riesman, and C. Wright Mills, what was disturbingly flawed
about life in the 1950s? Were their concerns justified? Why or why not?
3. What factors enabled the civil rights movement to achieve some successes under the apparently
conservative administration of Eisenhower?
4. What was Martin Luther King Jr. pressing for with passive resistance and civil disobedience? Why were
his tactics successful?
Seminar/Debate Was Eisenhower a Great President? TS
PPP: Eisenhower
SCT: Missouri v Ex.Rel. Gaines
McLaurin v Oklahoma State Regents
Sweatt v. Painter
Brown v. Bd of Education
Booknotes: 321-328, 329-333
Movie: The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit
WCR: Ch 19,20

Day 3 3rd Quarter Exam AMSCO Chapters 1-27, APP Chapters 1-29,

Day 4 DBQ
March 16-19
Day 1 AMSCO Chapter 28 593-597,599-603
Day 1 APP Chapter 30 The Turbulent Sixties, 1960-1969
a) Kennedy Intensifies Cold War 928-938
b) The New Frontier at Home 938-844

Day 2 AMSCO Chapter 28 597-599605-609
Day 2 APP Chapter 30
c) “Let Us Continue” 944-950
d) Johnson Escalates the Vietnam War 950-956
Feature Essay: Surviving Vietnam

Day 3 AMSCO Chapter 28 603-605,609-611
Day 3 APP Chapter 30
e) Years of Turmoil 956-962
f) The Return of Richard Nixon 962-966
Essay Questions
1. How do the diplomatic events of the Kennedy administration indicate his commitment to the Cold War?
2. After considering the alternatives, do you think that Kennedy responded correctly to the Cuban missile
crisis? What were the long term consequences of that showdown?
3. Given John Kennedy's military and foreign policy views, would he have followed the Vietnam policies
pursued by Lyndon Johnson? Would he have escalated? Withdrawn?
4. How do you account for the buildup of American forces in Vietnam? To what degree was Johnson
responsible for the tragedy of Vietnam?
Seminar/Debate Did President Kennedy Effectively Manage the Cuban Missile Crisis? TS
SCT: Gideon v Wainwright
Miranda v Arizona
Engle v Vitale
Booknotes: 339-343, 344-348, 349-352, 353-357, 358-362, 363-367, 368-374, 382-386, 387-392, 398-403,
404-409, 410-416
Movie: Letters Home from Vietnam
WCR: Ch 21,22,23

Day 4 AW Chapter 19
PPP: John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson
March 30-April 3
Day 1 AMSCO Chapter 29 619-626
Day 1 APP Chapter 31 A Crisis in Confidence, 1969-1980
a) Nixon in Power 972-979
b) The Crisis of Democracy 979-983
Feature Essay: The Pentagon Papers Affair

Day 2 AMSCO Chapter 29 626-634
Day 2 APP Chapter 31
c) Energy and the Economy 983-988
d) Politics After Watergate 988-991
e) From Detente to Renewed Cold War 991-996
Essay Questions
1. How did Nixon and Kissinger effectively reshape American foreign policy?
2. Account for the overwhelming reelection of Richard Nixon as president in 1972. What is the irony of the
Watergate break-in?
3. The text argues that the Watergate episode "revealed both the weaknesses and strength of the
American political system." Explain.
4. What caused the "energy crisis" of the 1970s? Discuss the political as well as economic consequences of
the energy crises.
Seminar/Debate President Nixon Should be Impeached. OV
SCT: Regents of University of California v Bakke
Roe v Wade
US Furman v. Georgia
US v. Nixon
Booknotes: 375-381, 393-397, 417-426
Movie: All The President’s Men
WCR: Ch 24,25,26,27

Day 3 AW Epilogue
PPP: Nixon, Ford, Carter

Spring Recess

AMSCO Chapter 30, APP Chapter 32 Assignment

April 6-10
Day 1 AMSCO Chapter 30 642-647
Day 1 APP Chapter 32 The Reagan-Bush Era, 1980-1992
a) The Conservative Resurgence: Reagan in Power 1000-1011
b) Social Dilemmas 1011-1018
Feature Essay: The Christian Right

Day 2 AMSCO Chapter 30 647-650
Day 2 APP Chapter 32
c) Reagan and the World 1018-1024

Day 3 AMSCO Chapter 30 650-653
Day 3 APP Chapter 32
d) Passing the Torch 1024-1033
Essay Questions
1. Did Reagan's victory in 1980 signal a major realignment in American politics with the Republicans
becoming the majority party?
2. Analyze the success of the Reagan administration in curing the nation's economic woes.
3. What factors contributed to the rise and fall of the Christian Right in American politics during the
Reagan-Bush era? Why has American history been marked by periodic religious revival movements?
4. What were the causes of the AIDS epidemic and drug crisis that threatened the U.S. during the 1980s?
Why was the federal government slow and ineffective in its responses?
Seminar/Debate Did President Reagan win the Cold War? TS
SCT: New Jersey v. T.L.O.
Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier
Booknotes: 427-438, 439-443, 444-450, 451-458, 459-465, 466-472, 473-476, 477-482
Movie: Philadelphia
WCR: Ch 28,29

Day 4 Law and Society V: Bakke v. Regents of the University of California: The Question of Affirmative
Action 1036-39
PPP: Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush

April 13-17
Day 1 AMSCO Chapter 30 659-662
Day 1 APP Chapter 33 America in Flux, 1990-2001

a) The Changing American Population 1040-1054
b) Private Lives-Public Lives 1054-1059

Day 2 AMSCO Chapter 30 659-662
Day 2 APP Chapter 33
c) Economic Crosscurrents 1059-1063
d) Democratic Resurgence 1063-1081
Essay Questions
1. Why does the author title this chapter "America in Flux"? What factors made this a period of growing
social unrest? Explain.
2. Who gains and who loses from illegal immigration? What immigration policies should the nation
enforce?
3. Is America today a "melting pot" or a "mosaic" of multiethnic diversity? What difference does it make
which analogy is used?
4. At this writing, American forces are still deployed in Iraq. Are the American government's justifications
for this valid? Why or why not?
Seminar/Debate America Needs an Equal Rights Amendment. OV
SCT: Clinton v. New York City
Booknotes:489-494, 495-497, 498-502, 503-508, 509-514
Movie: Primary Colors
WCR: Ch30,31,32,33

Day 3
PPP: William J. Clinton, George W. Bush


Review April 20-May 7

MAY 8th AP EXAM
                                     History or Hollywood
Due: Beginning 3rd week of school.

To analyze the validity of contemporary historical films through compare and contrast presentations.

Overview:
Your basic assignment is to review a popular, history-related film and assess its historical accuracy and
potential for teaching viewers about some aspect of American history. You will select a film dealing with a
historical event, person, or time period, and compare the film to actual events in history. Each student will
present findings in a minimum of a 10 slide powerpoint summarizing his or her analysis and show clips to
the class. Imagine some studio or television executive has asked you for a historian’s view of how
historically accurate the film or show is. The studio exec wants to know if they film or show “gets it right,”
and it’s your job to answer that question for him or her. As you might have guessed, you’re going to
concentrate on historical trends and patterns rather than on dress and décor and minutiae.

Requirements:
1. You will choose a movie to review from the list below.
2. In the course of your presentation you should chose 10 events in the movie and compare the events to
the historical evidence of the period.
3. Find, read and use 2 articles about your topic. The "article" should ideally be an historian's or scholar's
essay/book.
4. Find, study, and use at least 2 primary documents related to your topic.
5. You should show clips from the movie, but be careful that the clips you choose are not in anyway
objectionable. If in doubt, ask me for approval.
6. Minimum 10 slide powerpoint that assesses the historical accuracy and usefulness of the film. The ppt
should include these elements:
        a. a short plot synopsis. (5-6 sentences or 1⁄2 page, maximum)
        b. an assessment of the historical accuracy (or inaccuracy) of the film based on 10 events. A Reality
vs. Hollywood chart form is a possibility.
        c. your assessment of how useful you think the film would be in helping viewers learn more about
American history (remember to provide reasons why you think different aspects of the film would be
useful—or why they might not be useful, or even why they might be harmful)
        d. A bibliography slide.
        e. Presentation should be 20-25 minutes in length.
7. Some of the movies are rated PG-13 or R; don't choose a movie you or your parents would find
objectionable.
                                                 The List
Platoon                               Born on the Fourth of July            Avalon
In America                                Patton                                         Sargeant York
Education of Little Tree                  Fat Man and Little Boy                         Hoffa
Rebel without a Cause                     Thirteen Days                                  Iron Jawed Angels
American Graffiti                         JFK ,                                          Eight Men Out
The Alamo                                 The Right Stuff                                Seabiscuit
All the President’s Men                   The Long Walk Home                             Come See the Paradise
Amistad                                   Mississippi Burning                            Tuskegee Airman
Geronimo: An American Legend              Malcolm X                                      Memphis Belle
Gettysburg                                The Majestic                                   Goodnight and Good Luck
Glory                                     The Best Years of Our Lives                    The New World
Apollo 13                                 Quiz Show                                      M*A*S*H*
Gone with the Wind                        Gangs of New York                              Newsies
Inherit the Wind                          Rosewood                                       Far and Away
The Longest Day                           Roots Episode 1, 2                             All the King’s Men
The Patriot                               1776*
Patton                                    The Crucible
The Right Stuff                           Johnny Tremain
To Kill a Mockingbird                     The Scarlet Letter
The Grapes of Wrath                       Light in the Forest
Truman                                    Northwest Passage*
Citizen Kane                              Allegheny Uprising*
Norma Rae                                 Drums along the Mohawk*
Saving Private Ryan                       The Last of the Mohicans*
All Quiet on the Western Front            1492
Columbus,                                 The Mission
Black Robe                                Christopher Columbus
The Molly Maguires                        Dr. Strangelove
Matewan                                   Wizard of Oz

 FINAL PROJECT EVALUATION CRITERIA: PowerPoint Presentation

NAME ___________________________
GRADE RANGE CRITERIA FOR SCORING
9   8     7         • Thorough and in-depth work which fully meets or exceeds the instructions given.
                    • Significant content with appropriate depth.
                    • Well-organized presentation, well-paced and easily followed by the viewer.
                    • 10 content slides present.
                    • Creative, readable graphics and text that enhance important ideas in the presentation
                    without distracting from the main theme of that presentation.
                    • Speaker notes are clear and comprehensive.
                    • Evidence of 2 or more primary source documents referenced in the background research
                    and 2 or more secondary sources.
                    • Bibliography slide follows all of the MLA-citation rules.
                                          Presidents Powerpoint Project
President assignments                    11  Chester A. Arthur                       22 Dwight D. Eisenhower 
1  George Washington                     12  Grover Cleveland                        23 John F. Kennedy 
2  John Adams                            13  William McKinley                        24 Lyndon B. Johnson 
3  Thomas Jefferson                      14  Theodore Roosevelt                      25 Richard M. Nixon
4  James Madison                         15  William H. Taft                         26 Gerald R. Ford
5  James Monroe                          16  Woodrow Wilson                          27 Jimmy Carter
6  John Quincy Adams                     17 Warren Harding                           28 Ronald W. Reagan
7  Andrew Jackson                        18 Calvin Coolidge                          29 George Bush
8  James Polk                            19 Herbert Hoover 
9  Abraham Lincoln                       20 Franklin D. Roosevelt 
10  Ulysses S. Grant                     21 Harry S Truman 
Directions:  Your job is to become an expert on your assigned president, making a PowerPoint presentation showing what
you've learned.  Do not put anything on a slide that you can't explain! Also, be sure to list your sources in the "Notes"
section of your PowerPoint slide.

Your PowerPoint must contain the following slides:
Put this title on your slide:     It should contain this info:
1         (Your President's name) President's name, President's picture, President's signature, a quote that you found and
understand that is representative of your president, and your name.
2         Early Life      Information about his birth, childhood, other jobs he worked, and other things he did before
becoming the President. 
          His early life
          Chart of occupations
          Education & occupations (This is a great, easy to understand site that you will want to use for some other slides
too)
3         The Election (if your president served two terms, just do the first election) Tell:  Who your guy beat to become
President
         His "campaign slogan" (if he had one)
         What issues were being debated?
          graphs, charts, and issues
          campaign slogan (only after 1840)
          more about his election results
4         Policies. Explain AT LEAST ONE domestic policy decision, and AT LEAST ONE foreign policy decision that
your President made.
("domestic" = stuff in USA, "foreign" = stuff outside USA)
5         Events EXPLAIN at least two important events that happened during his presidency.
6         Fun Facts       Put anything interesting on this slide -
Nickname, pets, family life, interesting stories, etc.
7         Death Tell how he died and show when & where he's buried.
For living presidents (Ford, Carter, Reagan, Bush Sr., Clinton), rename this slide "Life Today," and tell what he has done
since leaving office.
8         Legacy          . Give your EDUCATED OPINION - Judging by all that you've read, was he a good president? 
What was his impact on the world?  How should he be remembered?  YOU MUST GIVE EXAMPLES TO SUPPORT
YOUR OPINION!!!!!
9.        Presidential Biopoem. Follow format provided earlier. Biopoem is based on your research in the book “To the
Best of My Ability” and other sources.
10. Notes. List your sources for the project. on a bibliographic slide. Must use a minimum of 4 sources, 2 primary & 2
secondary within powerpoint.




Presidential Powerpoint PROJECT EVALUATION CRITERIA

NAME ___________________________
GRADE RANGE CRITERIA FOR SCORING
9    8    7           • Thorough and in-depth work which fully meets or exceeds the instructions given.
                      • Significant content with appropriate depth.
                      • Well-organized presentation, well-paced and easily followed by the viewer.
                      • 10 content slides present.
                      • Creative, readable graphics and text that enhance important ideas in the presentation
                      without distracting from the main theme of that presentation.
http://www.potus.com/index.html


http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/presidents/


http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/


http://www.americanpresidents.org/


http://ap.grolier.com/browse?type=profiles#pres


http://americanhistory.si.edu/presidency/home.html


http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/


http://www.potus.com/index.html


http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/presidents/


http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/


http://www.americanpresidents.org/


http://ap.grolier.com/browse?type=profiles#pres


http://americanhistory.si.edu/presidency/home.html


http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/

				
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