What South Redford believes about the Bible?
The Christian Church as a whole claims that the Bible is inspired and inerrant. This means that
God is the one who moved through the writers to communicate to us the words which God
wanted us to hear. This inspiration, however, is not a dictation, but a movement of God's spirit
through the writer, utilizing the personality and style of the writer. Inerrancy means that all that
is written in the inspired documents is without error. Now, there is a comment worth mentioning
here. Inspiration and inerrancy applies to the original writings, not to the copies. In other words,
it is the original writings that are without error. In this class I am going to show you how over
2000 years of coping the copies are very, very close to the originals. The MESSAGE of scripture
we have today clearly communicates without errors everything God has intended for us to hear.
This may not be everything we would like, but it contains everything that we need to hear from
God without a doubt.
1. The main reason is because the material they were written on was
biodegradable, lost, destroyed
2. When a historian wants to study an ancient document to find if it is historically
reliable he will apply these test to the document.
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9. This slide demonstrates how errors are copied down from one manuscript to
another, how they are counted, and how we can determine what the correct
reading is. In this example we have 26 manuscripts 9 of them have a copy
mistake (this is not a copy of a real Bible manuscript) the critic would say out
of 26 manuscripts there are 9 copy mistakes that’s 35% that sounds like a large
portion of the manuscripts have mistakes in them. When you read or hear
people talk about large numbers of mistakes in the Bible that is how they count
them. Yes it is a true statement there are 9 copy errors, but we see by
examining the 26 manuscripts it is only one word the word only is missing
from this 3rd century document and then that mistake is copied down to some
later manuscripts. After examining the Manuscripts for ourselves the numbers
do not sound as bad as first reported. Using different archeological methods
(that are commonly applied to other not Biblical historical documents then the
results are taken as fact. We want the historical manuscripts of the Bible to be
given equal treatment) they can not only date manuscripts they can also tell
which part of the world they were probably written in. What that means is they
can take this 3rd century manuscript and compare it to not only to a 2nd century
manuscript, but to the 2nd century manuscript family that it was copied from.
They date and categorized manuscripts by analyzing their location of
discovery, type of jars found in, type of material they were written on, type of
ink used, style of writing, etc. Child manuscripts can be matched very
accurately to father manuscripts. With this type of method, the New Testament
documents can be reconstructed with an incredible accuracy. Furthermore, the
New Testament is approximately 99.5% textually pure. This means that of all
the manuscripts in existence they agree completely 99.5% of the time. Of the
variants that occur, most are easily explainable and very few have any effect on
the meaning of passages. In all, no New Testament doctrine is affected by any
variant reading. (There are no manuscripts out there that say Jesus and this
other guy is the only way to be saved).
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11. With this large amount of manuscript evidence we can easily cross check to see
if the copies all have the same message. (The smallest fragments included in
12. The Iliad by Homer ranks next to the New Testament in possessing the greatest
amount of manuscript testimony and scholars believe we have and accurate
copy of the Iliad. Iliad was written around 900 B.C. the earliest copies are from
400 B.C. this is a time gap of 500 years the reason the time gap is important
because the more time between the original and the first copies gives more time
for mistakes to creep in. We have 643 copies of the Iliad to compare to each
other for accuracy. The New Testament was written before the end of the first
century we have a fragment of a copy (John Ryland’s manuscript which is the
oldest extant fragment of the New Testament (Gospel of John)) that dates to
around 114 A.D., copies of whole books dating to around 200 A.D., copies of
most of the New Testament dating around 250 A.D., and complete copies of the
New testament that date around 325 A.D. considering only complete books the
time gap is 225 years from the original writing to the complete copies of the
New Testament again the shorter time between the original and the copy leaves
less time for mistakes to creep in. We have more than 24000 New Testament
manuscript copies to compare to each other to check for accuracy. If we have a
reliable copy of the Iliad then we must be willing to say we have a reliable copy
of the New Testament.
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16. Very interesting fact
17. Very interesting fact
18. We do not have any where near the quantity of Old Testament manuscripts as
we do New Testament manuscripts, but because of the discovery of the Dead
Sea Scrolls we can be confident that we have the Old Testament just as it was
originally written. Read from page 78 of Josh McDowell book
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20. Probably the biggest reason the Dead Sea Scrolls are significant to us. This also
shows the ability of the Jews who made the copies of the Old Testament. Read
from Josh McDowell page 74 about the Talmudists and the Masoretes page 76
21. The Jews were conquered and there towns were destroyed so were the place the
old manuscripts were kept.
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23. Historians also apply something called and internal evidence test to historical
document to test there reliability
24. These were archeological discoveries
25. Here is a very reasonable explanation for the different accounts of Judas
26. Remember the people who wrote the New Testament were either eyewitnesses
or got the information from the eyewitnesses to write the book. Remember each
one of these guys died a horrible death, so I don’t think it would be reasonable
to say they wrote the story’s to make Jesus look good and suffered the death
penalty for what they wrote.
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31. These are sources out side the Bible that confirm some of the events mentioned
in the Bible.
One of the greatest proofs of the Bible's inspiration is prophecy. Following are some of the
prophecies of both secular and religious fulfillment. In other words, the first section deals with
prophecies of the secular world. The second part deals with prophecies about Jesus.
1. Secular Prophecies
A. In Daniel 2 four kingdoms are described in the interpretation of the dream of
Nebuchadnezzar who was the king of Babylon. The four were the Babylon,
Medo-Persia, Greek and the Roman empire (Dan. 2:39-43). These four kingdoms
occurred just as prophesied.
B. The following cities were prophesied to be destroyed and never rebuilt which has
come true since they have not yet been rebuilt. Nineveh (Nah. 1:10; 3:7,15; Zeph.
2:13-14), Babylon (Isaiah 13:1-22), and Tyre (Ezek. 26:).
C. Daniel 12:4 prophesied that knowledge would increase as well as the ability to
travel great distances. Of course, this has occurred given our present rise in
2. Messianic Prophecies
A. Jesus would be born of a virgin Isaiah 7:14, "Therefore the Lord himself will give
you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call
i. Fulfilled in Matt. 1:18,25, "This is how the birth of Jesus Christ came
about: His mother Mary...was found to be with child through the Holy
Spirit... But he had no union with her until she gave birth to a son. And he
gave him the name Jesus."
B. Jesus' place of birth in Bethlehem Micah 5:2, "But you, Bethlehem
Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you
will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from
of old, from ancient times."
. Fulfilled in Matt. 2:1, "After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the
time of King Herod, Magi from the east came to Jerusalem."
C. Jesus would be preceded by a messenger Isaiah 40:3, "A voice of one
calling: 'In the desert prepare the way for the LORD; make straight in the
wilderness a highway for our God.'"
. Fulfilled in Matt. 3:1-2, "In those days John the Baptist came, preaching in the
Desert of Judea and saying, 'Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near.'"
D. Rejected by His own people Isaiah 53:3, "He was despised and rejected by
men, a man of sorrows, and familiar with suffering. Like one from whom
men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not."
. Fulfilled in John 7:5, "For even his own brothers did not believe in him," and
John 7:48, "Have any of the rulers or the Pharisees believed in Him?"
E. Jesus' side pierced Zech. 12:10, "And I will pour out on the house of David
and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication. They
will look on me, the one they have pierced, and they will mourn for him as
one mourns for an only child, and grieve bitterly for him as one mourns
for an only son."
. Fulfilled in John 19:34, "Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side
with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water."
F. Jesus would be crucified Psalm 22:1, Psalm 22:11-18, "For the director of
music. To the tune of "The Doe of the Morning." A psalm of David. My
God, my God, why have you forsaken me?...Do not be far from me, for
trouble is near and there is no one to help. Many bulls surround me;
strong bulls of Bashan. Dogs have surrounded me; a band of evil men has
encircled me, they have pierced my hands and my feet. I can count all my
bones; people stare and gloat over me. They divide my garments among
them and cast lots for my clothing."
. Fulfilled in John 19:23-24, "When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his
clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the
undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven in one piece from
top to bottom. Let's not tear it, they said to one another. "Let's decide by lot who
will get it." This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled which said, "They
divided my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing." So this is what
the soldiers did."
Though nothing in the above lists "prove" biblical inspiration, they are strong evidence that it is
indeed inspired. I think some of the strongest evidence is the staying power (years in print/copies
sold) and the millions of people all over the world testify to having an encounter with the God of
the Bible, the seemingly powerful nature of the words of the Bible, the changed lives of countless
people and you have further, though more subjective, evidence that the Bible is the inspired
word of God.
A Natural Delivery
The Bible was NOT dropped from heaven.
The Bible was NOT delivered by an angel.
The Bible was NOT found in a farmer’s field like the Book of Mormon.
The Bible was NOT suddenly “discovered” in a clay jar with 66 books
Intact like the Dead Sea Scrolls.