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					  The Statistic Monitoring and Appraisal
 System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
Development of the Chongqing Municipality




               Tang Ying Yu
   Chongqing Municipality Statistics Bureau
    Excerpt: Being a newly emerged municipality in China, the city of Chongqing is
    situated in an interlinked region with the Eastern and Western parts of the country
    converged together, exhibiting a natural combination of both Eastern and Western social
    and economic phenomena, in which developed urban economy and backward rural
    economy coexist simultaneously, forming up a distinctive dually-structured, fragile eco-
    environment, which is virtually an epitome of the whole national condition of China. In
    March, 2007, the Central Party Committee and the State Council, having given
    considerations to the optimization of the overall strategic planning of the regional
    development of the whole country, made a particular plan for the development of the
    Chongqing Municipality, requesting that the Municipality adopt a non-balanced
    development strategic path in coordination with the sustainable development in its
    endeavors to build Chongqing into a municipality with both its urban and rural
    developments planned in a whole grand scheme. Therefore, the overall planning of
    urban-rural development has in fact become the primary and prioritized strategy in the
    present development stage for Chongqing. Hence, based upon the particular situation
    and condition of the Municipality and an overall study and mastery of the connotation
    and intensity on the holistically planned urban-rural development, the actual foundation
    of the Municipality and its overall planning of urban-and-rural development strategy, as
    well as by drawing upon relevant experiences from both home and abroad, this thesis
    has ascertained the “The Monitoring and Appraisal System of the Overall planning of &
    Rural Development of the Chongqing Municipality” and the 2020 development goals,
    which have adopted subjective weight method and synthesized index method in the
    initial construction of the „The Monitoring and Appraisal System of the Overall
    planning of & Urban and Rural Development of the Chongqing Municipality‟

2
        Part One: A holistically planned urban-and-rural
       development is a natural and necessary choice for
            Chongqing in its scientific development
    1. The necessity and requirement due to the Municipality’s particular condition
    As a famous cultural city with a history stretching over 3,000 years, Chongqing is an
    old industrial base in western China and at the same time a newly emerged
    municipality. The colossal Municipality urban system is made up of a very large city
    (the metropolitan area), six large cities, 25 small and medium sized cities, 495 small
    towns with a total land area of 82.4 thousand square kilometers. The total registered
    population reaches 32.35 million people with population density and economy
    density reaching 393 person/per square kilometers and 5 million Yuan/ per square
    kilometers respectively, a level 1.9 times higher and 0.9 times higher respectively
    than the national averages. For the past 11 years since Chongqing became a
    municipality, its urbanization has kept a rapid development trend at a 1.7% pace on
    year-by-year basis with its 2007 urbanization rate reaching 48.3%, which exceeded
    the national average level.


3
     Part One: A holistically planned urban-and-rural
    development is a natural and necessary choice for
         Chongqing in its scientific development

    Proportion of population density   Proportion of economic density
     between Chongqing and the          between Chongqing and the
            country in 2007                    country in 2007


                                                    0.9
                  1.9                             times
                times




       CHINA         Chongqing           CHINA            Chongqing




4
        Part One: A holistically planned urban-and-rural
       development is a natural and necessary choice for
            Chongqing in its scientific development
    The urban economy constitutes the principal part of the whole economy of
    Chongqing. In 2007, the three times of investigation of industrial added value ratios
    were 11.7:45.9:42.4 respectively. Of its total 412.3 billion Yuan of industrial
    value, 88.3% was produced in the urban area. Being one of the six oldest industrial
    bases of China, Chong Qing enjoys a relatively complete modern industrial system
    with relatively developed industries of automobile and motor, petroleum natural
    gases, equipment manufacturing, material and metallurgy, electronic information, etc
    with its industrial sector making up 38.1% of the total national economy, which has a
    contribution rate above 50% in GDP growth. The rapid industrial growth has become
    a distinctive feature in the industrial growth structure of the Municipality. At present
    the per capita GDP of Chong Qing is at a transitional period which ranges from 2000
    to 3,000 US dollars, and its industrial structure is in the metaphase of the whole
    industrialization development with an overall transformation in the economic
    structure.
5
        Part One: A holistically planned urban-and-rural
       development is a natural and necessary choice for
            Chongqing in its scientific development

      Proportion of the three industrial      Industry percentage in GDP of
        values in Chongqing,2007.                    Chongqing,2007

                                                             Industry
               Secondary Industry
                                                              38.1%
                    45.9%
    Primary
    Industry
     11.7%        Tertiary Industry
                       42.4%



    2007,Of its total 412.3 billion Yuan of   2007, which has a contribution rate
    industrial value, 88.3% was produced in   above 50% in GDP growth.
    the urban area.


6
        Part One: A holistically planned urban-and-rural
       development is a natural and necessary choice for
            Chongqing in its scientific development
    Chongqing is the largest, most populous municipality in China with a widest
    jurisdiction area that is 5, 7,13 times those of Beijing, Tianjin, and Shanghai
    respectively. The total population of Chongqing is 2.7, 3.4, and 2.3 times those of
    Beijing, Tianjin, and Shanghai respectively. The total number of regions under the
    Municipality‟s jurisdiction reaches 40, more than twice as many as those of Beijing,
    Tianjin, and Shanghai respectively. In 2007, the urban area, which makes up 6.6% of
    the total of the whole Metropolitan area, possessed 43.5% of the total GDP of the
    Municipality with its economy density reaching 37.77 million yuan/per square
    kilometers. Besides, the per capita GDP of Chongqing was 3,690 US dollars,
    climbing up to those of countries with middle level incomes, as publicized by the
    World Bank. In contrast to the urban area, the economy densities in regions outside
    the metropolitan area of the Municipality is only 3.03 million Yuan/per square
    kilometers with a per capita GDP at 1485 US dollars, or 1.5 times lower than that of
    the metropolitan area. The difference of incomes between the urban and rural
    residents is 3.91:1. In addition to those, the particular and special fabrication of
    large city, large countryside, large reservoir area, and large mountainous area leads to
    huge unbalanced developments between the urban and rural, and among different
    regions. Due to such a dually structured feature, the Municipality is faced with a
    pressing and arduous task in its economic development.

7
        Part One: A holistically planned urban-and-rural
       development is a natural and necessary choice for
            Chongqing in its scientific development


                Comparison of area                       Comparison of population




                                                   2.7         3.4     2.3
      5           7       13                                         times
                                                 times       times
    times       times   times




      BeiJing     TianJin ShangHai   ChongQing     BeiJing    TianJin ShangHai   ChongQing




8
           Part One: A holistically planned urban-and-rural
          development is a natural and necessary choice for
               Chongqing in its scientific development
       2. Requirements Laid Out in the “314” Overall Planning by the Central Party
       Committee and the State Council
                                     Three Orientations

      An important economic growth         An economic center in       A municipality under an
       pole in the Western area of         the upper reach region        holistically planned
                  China                     of the Yangtze River        scheme of urban and
                                                                         rural development

      One Goal (namely, being a pioneer in the realization of building up a overall
      moderately well-off society in the Western region)

                                           Four Great Tasks

     intensify the    promote the development        practically transform the      quicken its steps in
                      of the rural area with that   economic growth mode and
       efforts of                                     speed up the paces in the        urbanization
                        of the urban area in its
      promoting       step-by-step and down-to-         adjustment of its old        construction with
                                                      industrial base; come up           enhanced
      agriculture           earth mannered           with practical measures to
    with industrial      endeavors of pushing       solve problems concerning       management level
       strength        forward the construction      people’s livelihood so as to        and skills
                          of the socialist new         build up a harmonious
                              countryside                  socialist society
9
         Part One: A holistically planned urban-and-rural
        development is a natural and necessary choice for
             Chongqing in its scientific development
     3. Requirements by the general logical laws in urbanization development
     The relationships between industrial workers and farmers, and those between urban
     and rural areas are natural issues and problems that all countries in the world must
     face and find solutions during their economic social developments. Viewed by the
     general logical law as shown in various countries in the world, during the initial
     period of industrialization, it is a common trend that agriculture should support and
     provide accumulations to the industrial development. However, when the
     industrialization has reached a certain level and degree, it is also a common trend for
     the industry to give back its support to agriculture in realizing a coordinated
     development between industry and agriculture and that between the urban and rural
     areas. Right now, the economic development of Chongqing has stepped into a special
     period where its economy and social structure is undergoing a rapid adjustment. The
     fine and healthy interactions and mutual promotions between industrialization and
     urbanization have provided good opportunities for the implementation of a
     holistically planned strategy of the urban-and-rural development, optimizing the
     industrial layout, guiding the task assignments and cooperation of both urban and
     rural areas, as well as building up policies and system for the coordinated
     development of the urban and rural areas so as to lay a solid foundation for finding
     out solutions so as to address the problems of weak agricultural bases, low income
     farmers, and lagged development of the countryside.
10
         Part One: A holistically planned urban-and-rural
        development is a natural and necessary choice for
             Chongqing in its scientific development
     3. Requirements by the general logical laws in urbanization development
     The colossal systematic project of the holistically planned urban-and-rural area
     development is, in effect, a strategic adjustment made on a whole national economic
     and social development level. In pushing forward the holistically planned urban-and-
     rural area development, close attention should be attached to the dynamic situation
     of the urban-rural social development with an overall analysis and an accurate
     judgment on the actual course according to various strategies regarding the
     holistically planned development and its existing problems. Thereby, as government
     statistic organizations, we should actively promote our research on the construction
     of “The Monitoring and Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
     Development” and try to materialize the system at an earliest possible date so as to
     carry out periodic monitoring and appraisals on the strategic goals in the overall
     planned development of the whole Municipality, thus laying out foundations for
     governments on various levels to make, adjust, and perfect their policies in this
     regard.

11
         Part two: Connotations and Main Features of the
         Overall Planning of Urban & Rural Development

     1. Some classic discourses on overall planning of urban & rural development
     In „The Principles of Communism‟, Engels points out: „… only through eradicating
     the old-moded job assignments…and through sharing welfare created by the
     common efforts of the whole society, as well as through the amalgamation of the city
     and the countryside, can talents of the whole society members be fully developed.‟
     Lenin also points out that „The status of rural residents can only be improved, freeing
     them from isolated and helpless situation and position when they have migrated into
     the cities with a mingling of both agricultural and non-agricultural populations‟. „It is
     just this very appropinquity of living conditions of the agricultural and non-
     agricultural populations that can create conditions for eradicating the antitheses or
     contradictions between the city and the countryside. The development economist
     Louis enthusiastically argues that „Urban centers should be established to form
     greater regional unity so as to reconstruct balances between the urban and rural areas
     with all the residents enjoying benefits brought about by a genuine city life‟. The
     Howard garden city theory proposes the development path to realize the combination
     of city and the countryside under industrialization: „Replacing the old social
     structure of antitheses between the urban and rural areas with a new social structure
     of the integration of the both‟.
12
         Part two: Connotations and Main Features of the
         Overall Planning of Urban & Rural Development

     2. Discourse made by the Sixteenth Party Congress Report on the holistically
     planned urban-rural development
     At the Sixteenth Party Congress Report, it was pointed out that: „It is a momentous
     and important task that an overall planning of the urban-rural economic social
     development and the construction of a modern agriculture and the development of
     the agricultural economy to increase farmers‟ incomes should be realized‟. At the 3rd
     Plenary Meeting of the Sixteenth Party Congress, it was pointed out that: „ A fuller
     play must be given to the basic and essential role of the market in resource
     collocations so as to provide strong and forcible systematic assurances to building up
     a all-round moderate well-off society through abiding by the principles of an overall
     planning of urban-rural development, of regional development, of social and
     economic development, of a natural and harmonious development between humanity
     and the great nature, as well as of a holistic planning of domestic development and
     requirements for opening up to the outside world‟. Furthermore, the Fourth Plenary
     Meeting of the Sixteenth Party Congress also stresses: „Supports must be returned to
     agriculture by industry so that a coordinated and harmonious development between
     industry and agriculture, and that between urban and rural areas can be achieved‟.

13
          Part two: Connotations and Main Features of the
          Overall Planning of Urban & Rural Development

     3. Discourse in strategic development planning for Chongqing on the holistically
     planned urban and rural development
                                                                 urban and rural land
               the urban and rural labor                         management and usage system
               force employment                                  urban and rural social security
                                                                 system, public fiscal system
               the orderly
               transformation of farmers                         urban and rural social security
               to urban residents                    six         system
      five                                       reforming
      key      public services                  experiments      public fiscal system
     tasks
               income distribution                               rural financial system

               development and planning                          urban and rural administrative
                                                                 systems
     We must speed up the implementation of what we call “One Circle and Two Wings”
     strategic layout, and build up the socialist new countryside with practical and down-to-
     earth measures. Great efforts must also be put into the construction of the New Three
     Georges Reservoir Zone and we must quicken our steps in perfecting integrated
     transportation and communication hinges in order to upgrade the “soft” management
     strength of Chong Qing. On top of those, we must also strengthen regional cooperation
     and build the growth pole in the Western region and hold up to the policy of greater
     opening up to the outside world so as to promote greater development of Chong Qing.
14
           Part two: Connotations and Main Features of the
           Overall Planning of Urban & Rural Development

                      1. The holistic planning of urban and rural systems which encompass an
                      overall planning of the urban and rural labor force employment system,
                      and that of household management system, and that of fiscal distribution
          the         and transferred payment system, that of the social security system, and
     connotation      that of the educational and public health system, etc.
        of the
      holistically    2. The holistic planning mainly concerns some basic factors of the urban
                      and rural areas including holistically planned basic factors of the urban
       planned        and rural areas, including the land factors, the capital management, and
      urban and       human resources, etc.
         rural
     development      3. The connotation covers holistic planning of urban and rural
                      relationships such as an overall planning of urban and rural relations in
                      different trades and industries, that of regional relationship, and that of
                      the urban and rural residents, etc.

         In constructing The Monitoring and Appraisal System of the Overall
         Planning of Urban & Rural Development, emphasis should be laid upon
         reflecting the urban and rural structure that involves various basic factors in
         the overall planning of urban and rural development, characteristics of the
         changes in regional structures, as well as the connections between
         microcosmic and macrocosmic aspects with descriptive indicators as the
         foundation and integrated indexes as the main elements. Correlation among
         various indicators must also be made clear so as to increase the information
         volume covered by the monitoring indicator system.
15
         Part three: Goals, principles, and methods in
     constructing The Monitoring and Appraisal System of
      the Overall Planning of Urban & Rural Development
     1. Goals

                        1. Building up the platform for constructing the holistically
                        planned urban and rural development and making
                        synthesized use of the information resources of each and
        The goals in
                        every government department.
     constructing The
      Monitoring and
         Appraisal      2. Keeping track of the actual progress of implementing the
       System of the    strategy of urban and rural development of Chong Qing
          Overall       and monitoring the dynamic urban and rural development,
      Planning of &     as well as the shortcomings and problems.
          Rural
       Development.     3. Providing guiding services to making and perfecting
                        policies and measures for constructing the Monitoring and
                        Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
                        Development and giving full play to the role of aptitude and
                        qualifications of the statistic science.




16
         Part three: Goals, principles, and methods in
     constructing The Monitoring and Appraisal System of
      the Overall Planning of Urban & Rural Development
     2. Principles
     (1) Principle regarding the levels
     The holistically planned urban and rural development is a complicated system, which can
     be divided into several subsystems according to some inherent relationships. Hence, in
     describing and giving appraisals on the holistically planned urban and rural economic
     and social development as regards its extent and status, different indicators should be
     used on different levels so as to facilitate the adjustment and control over economic and
     social problems on different levels by policy makers of the Party and Government.
     (2) Principles of being measurable and comparability
     The measurable degree refers to the good sensibility of the monitoring indicator system
     with biggest possible quantified changes clearly reflected. The comparability stands for
     the transverse and longitudinal comparisons according to the unified definition of certain
     indicator(s). Principle of the unity between urban and rural areas must be abided by so as
     to break any dual standards as regards making appraisals of urban and rural
     developments.
     (3) Principle of combining completeness and simplicity
     The urban and rural differences lie in different economic and social aspects. Therefore, it
     is imperative that the monitoring indicator system should have an all-round coverage
     with a synthesized reflection of the various factors concerning the holistically planned
     urban and rural development. Meanwhile, due to many-faceted restrictions, such
     elements as refinedness, explicitness, and representiveness must also be requested so as to
     give accurate and clear-cut reflections of the problems.


17
         Part three: Goals, principles, and methods in
     constructing The Monitoring and Appraisal System of
      the Overall Planning of Urban & Rural Development
     2. Principles
     (4)Principle of relevancy and dynamics
     The core issue regarding an overall planning of urban and rural development is the
     materialization of a coordinated development between urban and rural areas, and
     between and among different industries and trades, and between the economic and social
     aspects. Intimate and inherent relations must be kept among various motoring indicators
     so that better appraisals can be made as regards to what extent the development of urban
     and rural aspects has been accomplished. Besides, the chosen monitoring indicators must
     possess certain dynamic sensibilities.
     (5)Principle of compatibility with constructing an all-round well-off society
     The overall planning of urban and rural development is a strategic path leading to the
     realization of the goals in constructing an all-round well-off society as well as the inherent
     major factors in this regard with the coordinated urban and rural development and a
     happy life enjoyed by all the people as the starting point and foundation. Accordingly, the
     Monitoring and Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural Development
     should be compatible with the system of monitoring indicators in constructing an all-
     round well-off society, and in a like manner, the course and progress of the holistically
     planned urban and rural development must also be kept in conformity with those of
     building up an all-round well-off society towards a same direction.

18
         Part three: Goals, principles, and methods in
     constructing The Monitoring and Appraisal System of
      the Overall Planning of Urban & Rural Development
     3. Ascertaining the target values
     The bordering target value of the statistic monitoring indicators of the holistically

     planned urban & rural development takes the present actual foundation of the

     economic society of Chongqing as its precondition, and it is based upon the goals set

     for the holistically planned urban and rural development strategy and the monitored

     goals set for constructing an all-round well-off society of the whole country, as well

     as based upon synthesizing standards practiced in some relatively developed Eastern

     provinces and cities in China and those in some of the advanced countries.




19
         Part three: Goals, principles, and methods in
     constructing The Monitoring and Appraisal System of
      the Overall Planning of Urban & Rural Development
     4. Ascertaining the weight values
     In ascertaining of the weight values for The Monitoring and Appraisal System of the
     Overall Planning of Urban and Rural Development, layer-by-layer structured and
     Delphi weight modes in the subjective weight methods have been adopted. The
     basic procedures are as follows: the general framework of the indicator system is
     divided into four subsystems, 19 first level indicators and 45 secondary level
     indicators. The first step is ascertaining the weight of the four subsystems; the
     second step is ascertaining the weight of each first level indicator in the four
     subsystems; the third step is ascertaining the weight of each of the second level
     indicator under the first level indicator; and the final step is calculating the weight of
     each indicator towards the general goal. As the experts generally agreed upon the
     opinions regarding the weight values, two rounds of inquiries were conducted.

20
         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     1.The Monitoring and Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
     Development of the Chongqing Municipality

     According to the connotations and principles of constructing The Monitoring and
     Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural Development, we have adopted
     45 secondary level indicators, which are further synthesized into 19 first level
     indicators, forming up The Monitoring and Appraisal System of the Overall Planning
     of & Rural Development. (See the following table for detailed information and
     contents)




21
                      The Monitoring and Appraisal System of the Overall
                      Planning of & Rural Development of the Chongqing
                                        Municipality

                                                                       Weight     Target
                      Name of indicator                     Unit
                                                                       value    value(2020)
     1. Economic development level                                       30
     (1) Urbanization rate                                   %           5         ≧70
     (2) Per capita GDP                                  Yuan(RMB)       7       ≧32,000
                                                           with the
      (3) Proportion of “One circle and two wings” per
                                                         “two wings”     4         ≦2.0
     capita GDP
                                                             as 1
     (4) Duality structured index                            %           5         ≦40
       Industrial structure                                  %
      Labor force employment structure                       %
      Population structure                                   %
     (5) Land consolidation index                            %           5         ≧60
     (6) Index of rural marketing trend                      %           4         ≧90
      Rate of agricultural products-turned commodities       %                     ≧80
      Farmers’consumption market rate                        %                     ≧95

22
                       The Monitoring and Appraisal System of the Overall
                       Planning of & Rural Development of the Chongqing
                                              Municipality

                       Name of indicator                       Unit      Weight     Target
                                                                         value    value(2020)
     2. Social development level                                           25
      (7) Urban and rural educational development index         %          5         100
       Per capita educational expenditure of students          Yuan       1.25      ≧7,250
     presently at school                                      (RMB)
        Number of full-time teachers owned by per               人         1.25        100
     thousand school students
        Gross enrollment rate of high school education          %         1.25        100
       Proportion of middle vocational educational              %         1.25       ≧20
     students presently studying at school
      (8) Urban and rural public health development             %          5         100
     index
       Number of licensed (or assistant)physicians owned     persons      1.5        ≧36
     by per thousand people
        Number o patient beds per thousand people               Bed       1.5        ≧34
        Community health service center coverage rate            %         2         100
      (9)Index of basic urban and rural social security        With
     coverage                                                agricultu     5         ≦125
                                                             re as 100

23
                        The Monitoring and Appraisal System of the Overall
                        Planning of & Rural Development of the Chongqing
                                               Municipality
                     Name of indicator                            Unit              Weight     Target
                                                                                    value    value(2020)
     (10)Equal income distribution index                           %                  5          100
      Geordie coefficient of urban resident                         1

      Geordie coefficient of rural resident                         1
      Geordie coefficient of urban and rural resident               1                 5        0.3-0.4
      (11)Index of services enjoyed in the urban and      With agriculture as 100     5         100
     rural people’s livelihood
       Tap water popularization rate                      With agriculture as 100
                                                                                     0.7        ≦110
       Per capita household electricity consumption of    With agriculture as 100
                                                                                     0.7        ≦150
     the residents
                                                          With agriculture as 100
       Coverage rate of broadcasting population                                      0.6        100
       Coverage rate of television population             With agriculture as 100    0.6        100
       Road smoothness rate (traffic jam-free rate)                %                 0.6        80
      Fixed line telephones owned by per hundred          With agriculture as 100
                                                                                     0.6        ≦120
     household
       Mobile phones owned by per hundred                With agriculture as 100
                                                                                     0.6        ≦180
     household
       Harm-free disposal rate of household garbage                %                 0.6         80

24
                        The Monitoring and Appraisal System of the Overall
                        Planning of & Rural Development of the Chongqing
                                               Municipality
                        Name of indicator                        Unit       Weight     Target
                                                                            value    value(2020)
      3. Level of living quality                                             18
      (12)Index of resident income                                %           6         100
        Per capita disposable income of the urban resident       Yuan         1       ≧18,000
     families
        Per capita net income of the rural resident families     Yuan        2.5      ≧14,400
                                                                  With
       Proportion of urban and rural resident incomes          agricultur    2.5        ≦200
                                                                e as 100
     (13)Index of the residents’ consumptive expenditure                      6         100
      Per capita expenditure of urban residents                  Yuan         1       ≧13,500
      Per capita expenditure of rural residents                  Yuan        2.5      ≧11,520
       Proportion of per capita consumptive expenditure of        With
     urban and rural residents                                 agricultur    2.5        ≦180
                                                                e as 100
     (14)Engel’s coefficient index of residents                    %          6         100
       Engel’s coefficient of the urban residents                  %          1         ≦33
       Engel’s coefficient of the rural residents                  %         2.5        ≦40
       Proportion of Engel’s coefficient of the urban and         With
     rural residents                                           agricultur    2.5        ≧84
                                                                e as 100

25
                      The Monitoring and Appraisal System of the Overall
                      Planning of & Rural Development of the Chongqing
                                               Municipality
                                                                       Weight     Target
                        Name of indicator                       Unit
                                                                       value    value(2020)

     4.Transferred labor force employment rate of the
                                                                         27
     countryside

     (15)Index of exported rural labor force                    %        6         ≧72

       Proportion of the already transferred rural labor        %
                                                                        1.8        ≧70
     force in the total labor force in the countryside

     Proportion of newly increased transferred labor force      %
     having undergone technical training in total number of             1.8        ≧80
     the transferred labor force people

     Newly increased organized transferred labor force in       %
                                                                        1.8        ≧80
     total number of the transferred labor force people

       Labor force that has been transferred outside the city   %
                                                                        0.6        ≧60
     in total number of the transferred labor force people



26
                       The Monitoring and Appraisal System of the Overall
                       Planning of & Rural Development of the Chongqing
                                             Municipality

                         Name of indicator                        Unit   Weight     Target
                                                                         value    value(2020)
      (16)Labor force absorption rate                             %        6          ≧74
        Labor force absorption by regional fabrication            %       3.6         ≧60
       Labor force absorption by industrial fabrication           %       1.8         100
     Proportion of rural origin-turned labor force having been    %
     transferred to work in urban areas in total number of the            0.6        ≧80
     transferred labor force people
     (17)Index of migrant workers’rights and interests            %        6         100
     insurance
        Employment contract signing and implementation rate       %       1.2        100
        Social insurance rate covering work-related injuries,     %       1.2        100
     medicare, and retired life assurance, etc.
        Minimum wage insurance rate                               %       1.2        100
        Housing insurance rate                                    %       1.2        100
        Rural migrants’children’s enrollment rate                 %       1.2        100
      (18)Index of environment for self-established business by   %        5         ≧80
     the farmers
      (19)Index of self-established business by farmers having    %        4         ≧30
     returned to their own home countryside

27
         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values

     (1) Urbanization rate reaching 70%

     By 2002 world statistics, the average urbanization rate of countries with high
     incomes had reached 77%, that of countries with middle higher incomes had reached
     75%, and that of countries with middle or lower incomes had reached 49%. As for
     the Municipality of Chongqing, the urbanization rate by 2020 will have reached 70%,
     a level close to that of countries with middle higher incomes.




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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values

     (2) Per capita GDP reaching 32,000 Yuan

     The Sixteenth Party Congress ascertained the goal of quadrupling GDP by the 2020,
     and the Seventeenth Party Congress modified the goal as quadrupling the per capita
     GDP. By 2000, the per capita GDP of China was 7,858 Yuan. According to
     comparable prices, by 2020, the per capita GDP will have reached 31,432 Yuan. As
     for Chongqing, the set target value is 32,000 Yuan.




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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values

     (3)The GDP ratio of „One Circle‟ and „Two Wings‟ to be kept at 2:1

     From 2000 to 2007, the GDP ratio of „One Circle‟ and „Two Wings‟ of the
     Municipality was kept around 2.5:1. Along with the implementation of the
     holistically planned development strategy of „One Circle‟ leading „Two Wings‟, the
     development of the „One Circle‟ and „Two Wings‟ will gradually reach a coordinated
     development situation where the per capita GDP will be further reduced to as low as
     2:1 by 2020.




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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values
     (4)Duality structured index to be kept below 40%
     The Duality structured index is a relative figure in weighing and measuring urban
     and rural differences. The smaller the figure, the smaller the difference is. This index
     is made by integrating such synthesized indexes as labor force employment structure,
     industrial structure, population structure, and household registration. The formula of
     duality structured index is as follows:
     Duality structured index = ( proportion of agricultural added value + proportion of
     agricultural work force + agricultural population) ÷ (proportion of non- agricultural
     added value + proportion of non- agricultural work force + proportion of non-
     agricultural population).
     Taking consideration of the essential status of agriculture in the whole economic
     development, the agricultural economy must be kept on a considerable scale. It is
     expected that by 2020, the proportion of agricultural added value will be 7%, and the
     proportion of agricultural work force and agricultural population will be 35-40%. By
     such a calculation method, the duality-structured index will drop to below 40% by
     then.
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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values
     (5) Land consolidation index no less than 60%
     The land consolidation index reflects land transfer and consolidation degree, and it
     reflects the ratio of land with certain sizable or larger area under business activities
     to the total land area. The so-named “sizable land area” refers to that, during the
     process of transferring land management right, the land area of the recipients under
     business operation reaches 20 mu or (and) above on a per household basis
     Land consolidation rate = land with certain sizable (or larger) area under business
     activities÷the total land area×100%
     Land consolidation is the only and necessary path in constructing modern
     countryside and materializing the urban-rural integration. According to the target set
     forth in reforming urban and rural land transfer and with references to international
     experiences, we have ascertained that the targeted value of land consolidation
     management index be set at 60%.

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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values
     (6) Index of rural marketing trend reaching 90% or above

     The index of rural marketing trend is synthesized through agricultural products-
     turned commodities and farmers‟ consumption market rate, respectively by 40% and
     60% through weight value synthesis.

     The rural marketing trend and integration of urban and rural marketing is an
     important aspect in the holistically planned urban and rural development. According
     to requirements set forth for the development of urban-rural marketing and drawing
     upon valuable experiences from the advanced countries, we have thus ascertained
     that agricultural products-turned commodities and farmers‟ consumption market rate
     respectively be set at 80% and 95% with the index of rural marketing trend reaching
     90%.

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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values
     (7) Urban and rural educational development index reaching 100%

     The urban and rural educational development index is the ratio value of the rural and
     urban educational development indexes. The educational development index is a
     synthesized index, which can reflect the development level in the educational field.
     This index is synthesized by four indexes, namely, per capita educational
     expenditure of school students, the number of full-time teachers owned by per
     thousand school students, gross enrollment rate of high school education, and
     proportion of middle vocational educational students presently studying at school.
     We have set this target value at 100%. Details concerning this aspect are as follows:




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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values
     (7) Urban and rural educational development index reaching 100%
     A. Per capita educational expenditure of school students:
     Given that the average proportion of educational expenditure and GDP in countries
     with middle level incomes is 4.3%, and the fact that there have been much too many
     arrears in essential education as far as Chongqing is concerned, we have therefore set
     our own target value in this regard to be half of that in countries with middle level
     incomes. By 2020, the GDP of Chongqing will have reached 2000 billion Yuan, and
     according to the statistic data concerning the population, the number of school
     students will climb up to 5,931,540 with per capita educational expenditure of school
     students as high as 7,250 Yuan.
     B. The number of full-time teachers owned by per thousand school students:
     According to general logical law in educational development, a rational ratio of
     teachers and students should be no higher than 1:10, namely, the number of full-time
     teachers owned by per thousand school students should be as many as 100.
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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values
     (7) Urban and rural educational development index reaching 100%
     C. Gross enrollment rate of high school education: As required by the overall
     planning of urban and rural development scheme, as well as the specific
     development goals set for educational undertakings in Chongqing, by 2020, high
     school education will have been popularized. Therefore, by then, the gross
     enrollment rate of high school education will reach 100%.
     D. Proportion of middle vocational educational students presently studying at school
     The Chongqing Municipality‟s goal in this regard is to further strengthen its
     vocational technical training on the basis of popularizing high school education with
     a far greater development of vocational education. As a result, the proportion of
     middle vocational educational students studying at school will have reached 20% by
     2020.


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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values
     (8) Urban and rural development indexes

     The urban and rural public health development index is the ratio value of rural and
     urban public health indexes. The public health development index is a synthesized
     index that reflects the level of public health and medical care. This synthesized index
     is made up of three indexes, namely, the number of licensed (or assistant) physicians
     owned by per thousand people, the number of patient beds per thousand people, and
     the community health service center coverage rate.

     According to the theory of an overall planning of urban and rural development
     concerning requirements of equality and equalization of public services, we have
     hence set our target value at 100%. Amongst which:



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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values
     (8) Urban and rural development indexes
     A. The number of licensed (or assistant) physicians owned by per thousand people:
     given the fact that, the present number of doctors owned by per thousand people in
     EU countries is 30 or above, whereas that in the relatively developed regions in
     China is as high as 40 or above, and through an overall consideration, the targeted
     number set for Chongqing is 36(doctors).
     B. The number of patient beds per thousand people: as this indicator in countries
     with middle level incomes has reached 34(patient beds per then thousand people),
     hence that of Chongqing should also reach such a level by 2020.
     C. The community health service center coverage rate: according to the set goal of
     the Chongqing Municipal Government, this indicator will reach 100%.



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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values
     (9) Index of basic urban and rural social security coverage reaching 125%
     Index of basic urban and rural social security coverage refers to the ratio of rural and
     urban index of basic urban and rural social security coverage. The basic urban and
     rural social security coverage represents the proportion of those people who already
     enjoy basic retirement insurance, basic medical care insurance, and lowest possible
     livelihood insurance in the total population entitled to such treatments. According to
     the basic requirements and direction for development, the number of people in China
     who are supposed to enjoy the basic social insurance should include the total labor
     force in urban and rural areas, covering also regular retirees and retired people with
     fully paid salaries in their retirement.
     With a view to meet the demands set forth in the basic social insurance according to
     the overall planning of development for urban and rural areas, by 2020, the basic
     rural social insurance should reach 80%or above with the standard value set at 125
     %(with agriculture as 100).

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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values
     (10) Equal income distribution index at set 100%

     Geordie coefficient is an indicator used to weigh the equality and equalization of
     income distribution. It is a interregional moderate indicator with its maximum value
     set at „1‟, minimum value at „0‟, below 0.2 regarded as being highly equalized, 0.2-
     0.3 as relatively equalized, 0.3-0.4 as relatively rational, and 0.4 or above as too
     great a disparity. In a holistically planned urban and rural development scheme, we
     should not only seek after the equality in income distribution, but also take
     considerations of the general logical law, which applies to the present stage of
     development of Chongqing. Hence, we must pursue a relatively rational distribution
     of incomes with the ascertained targeted standard value set at between 0.3 and 0.4.



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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values
     (11)Urban and rural livelihood service index set at 100%
     The urban and rural livelihood service index refers to the ratio of indexes regarding
     urban and rural livelihood service level, which reflects the level of service provided
     to the livelihood of the residents. Being a synthesized index, it represents some
     major aspects that concern services enjoyed by the residents in their daily lives (such
     as tap water drinking, household electricity consumption, transportation,
     broadcasting and television, telecommunication, as well as improvement in harm-
     free disposal rate of household garbage, etc).
     The overall planning of urban and rural development requires that the countryside
     should enjoy just as much livelihood service as the urban area. Due to the wide gap
     between the target and the reality, both the requirement for development and the
     feasibility in reality have been fully considered in the determination of the target
     value, so as to narrow the gap as much as possible.


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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values
     (12) Resident income index set at 100%
     Resident income index is a synthesized index used to weigh and measure the overall
     income level of urban and rural residents and the differences in this regard, which
     consists of per capita disposable income of the urban resident families, per capita net
     income of the rural resident families, and per capita net income of the urban and
     rural resident families, and proportion of urban and rural resident incomes. By 2020,
     the per capita disposable income of the urban resident families will have reached
     18,000(by 2000 comparable price, and hereafter the same method applies). Because
     of the implementation of the policies in the holistically planned urban and rural
     development, the per capita net income of the rural resident families will see an even
     rapider increase reaching 14,400 Yuan. The income difference and gap between
     urban and rural residents will be reduced to below 200%, with standard value of
     residents‟ income index set at 100%.



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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values
     (13) Index of the residents' consumptive expenditure at 100%
     The index of the residents' consumptive expenditure is a comparative figure used to
     weigh and measure the overall level of expenditures of the urban and rural residents
     and their differences. It is a synthesized index that reflects the living conditions of
     both the urban and rural residents. This index is made up of the three indexes upon
     synthesized weight values, namely, per capita expenditure of urban residents, per
     capita expenditure of rural residents, and proportion of per capita consumptive
     expenditure of urban and rural residents. According to analytic estimation on the
     historical data of the developed provinces in the Eastern region and the development
     trend of Chongqing, by 2020, the resident consumption trend in the Municipality is
     expected to reach 75% with corresponding consumptive expenditure at 13,500 Yuan.
     The expenditure trend of rural residents is expected to reach as high as 80% with the
     corresponding expenditure level climbing up to 11,520 Yuan. The proportion of per
     capita consumptive expenditure of urban and rural residents is set at below 180%
     (with agriculture as 100)
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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values
     (14) Engel's coefficient index of urban residents at 100%
     The Engel's coefficient index of urban residents is a synthesized index that reflects
     the quality of lives of urban and rural residents, as well as the differences and gaps
     between the two. The index is composed of Engel‟s coefficient index of the residents,
     Engel's coefficient index of the rural residents, and proportion of Engel's coefficient
     index of the urban and rural residents. The bigger the index value is, the worse the
     quality of living condition is, and the bigger the differences between urban and rural
     areas are. As demanded in the goals for building an all-round and well-off society, as
     well as combining the specific requests concerning the overall planning of urban and
     rural development of Chongqing, the targeted value of Engel's coefficient index is
     thus set at 33% and 40% for the urban and rural residents respectively with the
     proportion of Engel's coefficient index of the urban and rural residents set at above
     84% ( with agriculture as 100).


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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values
     (15) Index of exported rural labor force set at 72%
     The index of exported rural labor force is a synthesized index that reflects labor
     force export regarding such aspects as the total amount of rural labor force having
     been transferred during a certain period of time, and its pattern, space distribution,
     and efficiency, etc. This index is synthesized by four following indexes, namely,
     proportion of the already transferred rural labor force in the total labor force in the
     countryside, proportion of newly increased transferred labor force having undergone
     technical training in total number of the transferred labor force people, newly
     increased organized transferred labor force in total number of the transferred labor
     force people, and labor force that has been transferred outside the city in the total
     number of people of the transferred labor force.




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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values
     (15) Index of exported rural labor force set at 72%
     In consideration of the importance that the remaining rural labor force, along with
     natural population growth and urbanization process, should also be transferred as
     much as possible, the ratio of rural labor force to be transferred in our Municipality
     should reach 70%. In the total transferred labor force, the ratio of that to be exported
     outside of the city should be as high as 60%. The present major task in this regard is
     to enhance the intensity and organization degree in technical training of the newly
     increased transferred labor force. Therefore, the proportion of newly increased
     transferred labor force having undergone technical training should be as high as 80%,
     and the proportion of the newly increased organized transferred labor force should
     reach 80%. Considering those factors such as the self-growth of agriculture, the
     natural growth of population, urbanization process, as well as the need of labor force
     in the construction of the new socialist countryside, etc, the index of exported labor
     force in our Municipality should reach 72%.

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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values
     (16) Labor force absorption rate at 74%
     The labor force absorption rate is an integrated index that can reflect labor force
     absorption. This index is synthesized by three minor indexes, namely, labor force
     absorption by regional fabrication, labor force absorption by industrial fabrication,
     and rural origin-turned labor force having been transferred to work in urban areas in
     the total number of the transferred labor force people. Based upon the multiple-
     element nature of the fabrication of employed people in the urban area, as well as the
     scale of transferred rural labor force, we have ascertained that the targeted value of
     accumulated transferred rural workers should make up some 60% of the total of the
     presently employed people in the urban areas. Among the transferred rural labor
     force, the proportion of those transferred to non-agricultural aspects should reach
     100%, of which 80% of those transferred into urban areas should also have their
     residence registration simultaneously transferred into the city. Also ascertained is
     that the labor force absorption index should reach 74%.

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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values
     (17) Index concerning migrant workers‟ rights and interests insurance set at 100%
     The index concerning migrant workers‟ rights and interests insurance is a
     synthesized index reflecting insurance of migrant workers‟ rights and interests,
     covering such aspects as social insurance, maintenance of rights and interests, and
     living conditions, etc of the migrant rural workers. The index of migrant workers‟
     rights and interests insurance is made up of the following five minor indexes, namely,
     employment contract signing and implementation rate, social insurance rate covering
     work-related injuries, medical care, and retirement life, etc, minimum wage
     insurance rate, housing insurance rate, and insurance of rural migrants‟ children‟s
     enrollment rate. These above five indexes make up the major aspects as regards the
     legitimate rights and interests of the migrant rural workers. The holistically planned
     urban and rural development requires that the legitimate rights and interests of the
     migrant rural workers should enjoy the same insurance as that of urban residents.
     Therefore the targeted value in this regard for the migrant rural workers is set at
     100%.
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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values
     (18) Index of environment for self-established business by the farmers set at 80%
     The index of environment for self-established business by the farmers is a
     synthesized index that reflects the overall situation and condition in terms of the
     “soft and hard” environments for self-established business by the farmers. The
     improvement of environment for self-established business is a dynamic process,
     which, along with the economic and industrial layout, needs constant improving and
     which also includes the subjective feeling of the business creators and investors.
     Therefore, given the above reasons, we have ascertained that the targeted value be
     set at 80%.




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         Part four: Main Contents of The Monitoring and
       Appraisal System of the Overall Planning of & Rural
          Development of the Chongqing Municipality
     2.Interpretation of the methodology of synthesized monitored indicators and the
     target values
     (19) Index of self-established business by farmers having returned to their own home
     countryside set at 30%
     The index of self-established business by farmers having returned to their own home
     countryside refers to the proportion of the self-established business by farmers who
     have met the requirements and standard for returning to their own home countryside
     in the total labor force having already been transferred. The calculation formula is as
     follows:
     Index of self-established business by the farmers having returned to their own home
     countryside = the proportion of the self-established business by the farmers who
     have met the requirements and standard for returning to their own home
     countryside÷the total labor force having already been transferred.
     The self-established business by rural workers having returned to their home
     countryside has very close and intimate relationships with the local investment
     environment and the actual capability of the rural workers. According to the present
     situation of our municipality in this regard, and given that the general diathesis of the
     labor force is relatively rather low, their economic and technical strength for self-
     establishing their own business, as well as the fact that the relatively fewer numbers
     of farmers who have met the requirements and standard for returning to their own
     home countryside, etc, we have set the periodic targeted value of index of self-
     established business by the farmers having returned to their own home countryside at
     30%.
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     The social and economic development of Chongqing is right now
     experiencing a crucial period which calls for our strenuous and arduous
     efforts and endeavors, the Municipality of Chongqing will surely strive to
     live up to this historical mission. Guided by scientific development
     outlook and vision, we will devote our earnest efforts in the construction
     of the Municipality under the overall planning of urban and rural
     development and materialize the ‘314’ general planning. Meanwhile, the
     statistic work of Chongqing is also stepping into a critical period with
     integrated upgrading. We must also further update our work with new
     ideas, new innovative means and methods, as well as try to expand our
     work areas and keep close paces with the steps of the metropolitan
     development with objective records of the development tracks of the
     Metropolis so as to make our due contribution to the grand development
     drive of the Metropolitan City of Chongqing.


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That's all,
thank you.

				
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