Document Sample
December 10, 2008

Mr. Lee Scott, President and CEO
Walmart Stores, Inc.
702 SW 8th Street
Bentonville, Arkansas 72716-8611

Dear Mr. Scott:
I urge you in the strongest possible terms to pursue alternate building locations for the Walmart
Supercenter proposed in Orange County, Virginia. The site currently under consideration lies
within the historic boundary of the Wilderness Battlefield and only one quarter mile from the
current boundary of the Wilderness Battlefield unit of Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National
Military Park.
The Battle of the Wilderness was among the most significant engagements of the Civil War. It
marked the first time legendary generals Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S. Grant faced off against
one another on the field of battle. During two days of desperate conflict in a harsh, unforgiving
landscape tangled with underbrush, 4,000 Americans lost their lives and nearly 20,000 were
The proposed location will greatly increase traffic through the area and encourage further
development to encroach upon and spoil the battlefield. This, in turn, will seriously degrade the
experience for the many tens of thousands of heritage tourists who visit this National Park every
year. The Wilderness Battlefield is easily the biggest tourist attraction in Orange County, with
visitors coming from around the world to experience its serenity and contemplate its history and
As a historian, I feel strongly that the Wilderness Battlefield is a unique historic and cultural
treasure deserving careful stewardship. Currently only approximately 20 percent of the
battlefield is protected by the National Park Service. If built, this Walmart would seriously
undermine ongoing efforts to see more of this historic land preserved and deny future
generations the opportunity to wander a landscape that has, until now, remained largely
unchanged since 1864.
The Wilderness is an indelible part of our history, its very ground hallowed by the American
blood spilled there, and it cannot be moved. Surely Walmart can identify a site that would meet
its needs without changing the very character of the battlefield.
There are many places in central Virginia to build a commercial development, but there is only
one Wilderness Battlefield. Please respect our great nation’s history and move your store farther
away from this historic site and National Park

  Central Virginia Battlefields Trust • Civil War Preservation Trust • Friends of Fredericksburg Area Battlefields
   Friends of Wilderness Battlefield • National Coalition for History • National Parks Conservation Association
                    National Trust for Historic Preservation • Piedmont Environmental Council
Historian Letter Opposing Walmart at Wilderness Battlefield
December 10, 2008
Page 2 of 4

Terrie Aamodt, Walla Walla University           Gary Casteel, Lexington, Va.
Edward D. Abrahams, Silver Spring, Md.          Jane Turner Censer, George Mason University
Sean P. Adams, University of Florida            William Cheek, San Diego State University
Garry Adelman, History Associates, Inc.         John Cimprich, Thomas More College
Nicholas Aieta, Marlborough School, West        Thomas G. Clemens, Hagerstown Community
    Springfield, Mass.                              College
A.J. Aiseirithe, Washington, D.C.               Leon F. Cohn, Plantation, Fla.
James Anderson, Ashburn, Va.                    Thomas B. Colbert, Marshalltown Community
Adam Arenson, University of Texas                   College
Jonathan M. Atkins, Berry College               James R. Connor, Chancellor emeritus
Arthur H. Auten, University of Hartford         University of Wisconsin-Whitewater
David Bard, Concord College                     B. Frank Cooling, National Defense Univ.
Alwyn Barr, Texas Tech University               William J. Cooper, Jr., Louisiana State Univ.
Craig A. Bauer, Metairie, La.                   Janet L. Coryell, Western Michigan Univ.
Erik Bauer, West Hollywood, Calif.              Charles E. Coulter, Yankton, S.D.
Dale Baum, Texas A&M University                 Robert E. Curran, Richmond, Ky.
Edwin C. Bearss, Historian emeritus, NPS        Thomas F. Curran, Saint Louis, Mo.
Caryn Cosse Bell, UMASS Lowell                  Gordon E. Dammann, National Museum of
Jeffrey R. Bennett, Waterford, N.Y.                 Civil War Medicine
Shannon Bennett, Ellettsville, Ind.             Guy Stephen Davis, Atlanta, Ga.
Melvyn S. Berger, Newton, Mass.                 William C. “Jack” Davis, Virginia Tech.
Arthur W. Bergeron, Shippensburg, Pa.           Joseph G. Dawson, III, Texas A&M Univ.
Edward H. Bergerstrom, Port Richey, Fla.        Mary DeCredico, U.S. Naval Academy
Eugene H. Berwanger, Colorado State Univ.       James Lyle DeMarce, Arlington, Va.
Fred W. Beuttler, Deputy Historian, U.S.        Charles B. Dew, Williams College
    House of Representatives                    Steven Deyle, University of Houston
Darrel Bigham, Univ. of Southern Indiana        Richard DiNardo, Marine Corps Command
John Bloom, Las Cruces, N.M.                        and Staff College
Frederick J. Blue, Youngstown State Univ.       Luis-Alejandro Dinnella-Borrego, Warwick, N.Y.
Christopher Bobal, Lees Summit, Mo.             Richard R. Duncan, Alexandria, Va.
Thomas Bockhorn, Huntsville, Ala.               Kenneth Durr, History Associates, Inc.
Keith Bohannon, University of West Georgia      David Dykstra, Poolesville, Md.
Phillip S. Bolger, San Diego, Calif.            Mark Elliott, Univ. of North Carolina at
Patrick Boyd, Pomfret School, Pomfret, Conn.        Greensboro
Vernon S. Braswell, Corpus Christi, Tex.        Robert F. Engs, University of Pennsylvania
Roger D. Bridges, Bloomington, Ill.             C. Wyatt Evans, Drew University
Ronald S. Brockway, Regis University,           Daniel Feller, University of Tennessee
Col. George M. Brooke, III, USMC (Ret.),        Rex H. Felton, Tiffin, Ohio
    Lexington, Va.                              Paul Finkelman, Albany Law School
Bruce A. Brown, Cypress, Calif.                 Jeff Fioravanti, Lynn, Mass.
Norman D. Brown, University of Texas            Joseph C. Fitzharris, Univ. of Saint Thomas
David Brush, Pomfret School, Pomfret, Conn.     J.K. Folmarm California, Minn.
Jim Burgess, Manassas National Battlefield      George B. Forgie, University of Texas Austin
Ken Burns, Walpole, N.H.                        Lee W. Formwalt, Organization of American
Brian Burton, Ferndale, Wash.                       Historians
Victoria Bynum, Texas State University-San      Janet B. Frazer, Narberth, Pa.
    Marcos                                      Garry W. Gallagher, University of Virginia
Peter S. Carmichael, West Virginia University   Jonathan Gantt, Columbia College
Marius M. Carriere, Christian Brothers Univ.    Jason Gart, History Associates, Inc.
Katherine Cassioppi, National-Louis Univ.       Louis S. Gerteis, Univ. of Missouri, St. Louis
Historian Letter Opposing Walmart at Wilderness Battlefield
December 10, 2008
Page 3 of 4

Kate Gillin, Pomfret School, Pomfret, Conn.           Carl E. Kramer, Indiana University Southeast
Mary Giunta, Edinburg, Va.                            Arnold Krammer, Texas A&M University
Martin K. Gordon, Columbia, Md.                       Robert K. Krick, Fredericksburg, Va.
Cathy Gorn, University of Maryland                    Michael E. Krivdo, Texas A&M University
Thomas M. Grace, Amherst, N.Y.                        Benjamin Labaree, Saint Alban’s School,
Susan W. Gray, Severna Park, Md.                          Washington, D.C.
A. Wilson Greene, Pamplin Historical Park and         Dan Laney, Austin, Tex.
    National Museum of the Civil War Soldier          Connie Langum, Wilson’s Creek National
Debra F. Greene, Jefferson City, Mo.                      Battlefield, Mo.
Jim Griffin, Frisco, Tex.                             William P. Leeman, Coventry, R.I.
Linda J. Guy, Clearville, Pa.                         Kevin Levin, Charlottesville, Va.
Edward J. Hagerty, American Military Univ.            Richard G. Lowe, University of North Texas
Alfred W. Hahn, Midlothian, Va.                       Robert W. Lowery, Jr., Newport News, Va.
Judith Lee Hallock, South Setauket, N.Y.              M. Philip Lucas, Cornell College
Jerry Harlow, President, Trevilian Station            R. Wayne Mahood, Geneseo, N.Y.
    Battlefield Foundation                            Daniel Martin, Lancaster, Pa.
D. Scott Hartwig, Gettysburg National                 William Marvel, South Conway, N.H.
Military Park, Pa.                                    Matthew Mason, Brigham Young University
David S. Heidler, Colorado State University           Dinah M. Mayo-Bobee, UMASS Amherst
Jeannie Heidler, U.S. Air Force Academy               George T. Mazuzan, Springfield, Va.
John S. Heiser, Gettysburg National Military          Nathan McAlister, Hoyt, Kan.
    Park, Pa.                                         David McCullough, West Tisbury, Mass.
Earl J. Hess, Lincoln Memorial University             Dennis K. McDaniel, Washington, D.C.
Libra Hilde, San Jose State University                Kathleen G. McKesson, Eighty Four, Pa.
T. John Hillmer, Jr., Wilson’s Creek National         James M. McPherson, Princeton University
Battlefield, Mo.                                      James G. Mendez, Chicago, Ill.
David Hochfelder, State Univ. of New York –           Brian Craig Miller, Emporia State University
    Albany                                            Roger E. Miller, Eagle River, Alaska.
Sylvia Hoffert, Texas A&M University                  Wilbur R. Miller, State Univ. of New York –
Patrick Hotard, Philadelphia, Pa.                         Stony Brook
Richard Houston, Harwich, Mass.                       Eric J. Mink, Fredericksburg, Va.
Randal L. Hoyer, Madonna University                   Robert E. Mitchell, Brookline, Mass.
Richard L. Hutchison, Fort Worth, Tex.                John Moody, Orange Park, Fla.
Brian M. Ingrassia, Georgia State University          Richard Moore, Woodbridge, Va.
Perry D. Jamieson, Crofton, Md.                       Richard Morey, Kent Place School, Summit, N.J.
Jim Jobe, Fort Donelson National Battlefield, Tenn.   Geoffrey Morrison, Saint Louis, Mo.
Willie Ray Johnson, Kennesaw Mountain                 Brenda Murray, North Pole, Alaska.
    National Battlefield Park, Ga.                    Richard J. Myers, Doylestown, Pa.
Vivian Lee Joyner, New Hill, N.C.                     Eric Nedergaard, Mesa, Ariz.
Whitmel M. Joyner, New Hill, N.C.                     Robert D. Neuleib, Normal, Ill.
Walter D. Kamphoefner, Texas A&M Univ.                Kenneth Noe, Auburn University
Amalie M. Kass, Harvard Medical School                Justin Oakley, Martinsville, Ind.
Philip M. Katz, Washington, D.C.                      Kristen Oertel, Millsaps College
Brad Keefer, Kent State University                    Marvin Olson, La Crescenta, Ca.
Brian J. Kenny, Denver, Co.                           Beverly Palmer, Claremont, Ca.
Victoria A. Kin, San Antonio, Tex.                    John T. Payne, Lone Star College
George W. Knepper, University of Akron                Graham Peck, Saint Xavier University
Christopher Kolakowski, National Museum of            William D. Pederson, Louisiana State Univ.
    the U.S. Army Reserve                             William E. Pellerin, Santa Barbara, Ca.
Historian Letter Opposing Walmart at Wilderness Battlefield
December 10, 2008
Page 4 of 4

Don Pfanz, Fredericksburg, Va.                       Clay W. Stuckey, DDS, Bedford, Ind.
Michael Pierson, UMASS Lowell                        Carlyn Swaim, History Associates, Inc.
Kermit J. Pike, Western Reserve Historical Society   Andrew Talkov, Richmond, Va
Ann Poe, Alexandria, Va.                             Robert A. Taylor, Florida Institute of
Kieth Ploakoff, Rossmoor, Ca.                            Technology
Lawrence N. Powell, Tulane University                Paul H. Tedesco, Northeastern University
Adam J. Pratt. Baton Rouge, La.                      James Thayer, Milford, Mass.
Gerald Prokopowicz, East Carolina University         Emory M. Thomas, University of Georgia
John Quist, Shippensburg University                  JoAnne Thomas, Peoria, Ill.
Steven J. Rauch, Evans, Ga.                          Joseph Trent, Worcester, Mass.
S. Waite Rawls, III, Museum of the Confederacy       Tony R. Trimble, Plainfield, Ind.
Carol Reardon, Pennsylvania State University         Bruce Turner, Univ. of Louisiana, Lafayette
Douglas Reasner, Durant, Iowa                        Edwin C. Ulmer, Jr., Feasterville, Pa.
Michael Reis, History Associates, Inc.               Charles W. Van Adder, Forked River, N.J.
Robert V. Remini, Office of the Historian,           Charles Vincent, Baker, La.
U.S. House of Representatives                        Joseph F. von Deck, Ashburnham, Ma.
James Renberg, Southern Pines, N.C.                  Brent Vosburg, Elizabethtown, N.J.
Gordon Rhea, Mount Pleasant, S.C.                    Robert Voss, Lincoln, Neb.
Jean Richardson, Buffalo State College               George N. Vourlojianis, Lorain County
Jeffrey Richman, Brooklyn, N.Y.                          Community College
Harris D. Riley, Jr., M.D., Nashville, Tenn.         Christopher R. Waldrep, San Francisco State Univ.
James I. Robertson, Jr., Virginia Tech               John Weaver, Tipp City, Ohio
Stephen I. Rockenbach, Virginia State Univ.          Robert Welch, Ames, Iowa
Sylvia Rodrigue, Baton Rouge, La.                    Lowell E. Wenger, Cincinnati, Ohio
Rodney A. Ross, Center for Legislative               Jeffrey Wert, Centre Hall, Pa.
    Archives, Washington, D.C.                       Kristopher White, Fredericksburg, Va.
Jennifer Ross-Nazzal, Johnson Space Center           Bruce E. Wilburn, Glen Allen, Va.
Jeffrey J. Safford, Montana State University         Diana I. Williams, Wellesley College
Frank Scaturro, New Hyde Park, N.Y.                  Mary Williams, Fort Davis NHS, Tex.
Mark S. Schantz, Hendrix College                     Terry Winschel, Vicksburg National Military
Laurence D. Schiller, Deerfield, Ill.                    Park, Miss.
Christopher A. Schnell, Springfield, Ill.            Roger Winthrop, Lansing, Mich.
Glenna R. Schroeder-Lein, Springfield, Ill.          Eric J. Wittenberg, Columbus, Ohio
Frederick Schult, Jr., New York University           Ralph A. Wooster, Lamar University
Donald L. Schupp, Warrenton, Va.                     Donald Yacovone, Harvard University
Richard D. Schwartz, Morristown, N.J.                Shirley J. Yee, University of Washington
Cynthia Seacord, Schenectady, N.Y.                   Mitchell Yockelson, National Archives and
Tomas Seaver, Woonsocket, R.I.                           Records Administration
Diane Shalda, Chicago Military Academy               William D. Young, Maple Woods Community
Peter D. Sheridan, Torrance, Ca.                         College
Mark Snyder, Akron, Ohio                             Mary E. Younger, Dayton, Ohio
John Sotak, O.S.A., New Lenox, Ill.                  Jack Zevin, City University of New York