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What Should I Do

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					What Should I Do?

Part 1: Ethical Relativism
    Everyone has a code of ethics
 Hitler
 Al Qaeda
 That guy who dented
  your car door in the
  WalMart parking lot
  and didn’t leave a
  note!
 Everybody!
Truth

      Universal Truths
          Capital “T” Truth
      Moral codes that are
       true for everyone in all
       times and all places.
Four “major” views of truth…
   Moral Subjectivism
       Right and wrong don’t really exist (at all)
   Ethical Relativism
       Right and wrong depends on majority
   Soft Universalism
       Right and wrong are determined by a few basic Truths
        (deep down) but are often put into practice in different
        ways.
   Hard Universalism
       There is ONE best way for everyone to live which is
        determined by the Truth, and if you think differently,
        you are wrong.
            Cultural Relativism
 Herodotus   observed that different cultures
  all have highly developed moral character,
  but that their views about what should be
  considered moral are determined by the
  culture…hence “Culture is King.”

 This is   a Descriptive theory
             Freud’s Agreement
   Freud’s concept of the
    Superego as an
    internalization of
    society’s standards
    also implies that our
    moral development
    relies on cultural codes
    of ethics, even when
    we are not conscious
    of them
              Tolerance
 With whatshould we be tolerant? With
     what should we not be tolerant?
The flaws of ethical relativism
 “the idea that the attitude of the majority is always
  right simply is unacceptable”
 Majority attitudes are changing
 The traditional notion of culture is disintegrating
 The tolerance proposed by ethical relativism is
  self-defeating
 Evidence of soft universalism…
Cultures do share basic ideas
 David Hume  argued that all human beings
  share compassion
 James Rachels argues that all cultures:
    Valuecontinuation of the culture
    Abhor lying
    Abhor murder

 If this
        is true, then soft universalism seems a
  more truthful view than ethical relativism
Do the Right Thing (p.126)

 Read thesummary of Spike Lee’s film and
 discuss with a few classmates, in a group,
 what you believe the message of this film to
 be. What ethics, if any, are being
 advocated?

				
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posted:5/15/2011
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