TRADE OF GOODS

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					                             SCREENING CHAPTER 18
                                  STATISTICS




                         TRADE OF GOODS



                    Country Session: The Republic of TURKEY
                                 17-18 July 2006


17 - 18 July 2006
                               SCREENING CHAPTER 18
                                      STATISTICS
                             Agenda Item: TRADE OF GOODS




  CONTENT
  • Overview
  • Responsible Institution and Stakeholders
  • Methodology
         - Coverage
         - Data Sources
         - Classifications
         - Periodicity
         - Dissemination
  • Foreign Trade Indices
  • Future Plans

17 - 18 July 2006                 The Republic of TURKEY   2
                              SCREENING CHAPTER 18
                                     STATISTICS
                            Agenda Item: TRADE OF GOODS




 Overview

    • Foreign Trade Statistics are one of the oldest statistics in Turkey
          - Annual publication from 1923
          - Database from 1969


    • A protocol was signed with Undersecretariat of Customs in 2004 to
    receive the foreign trade statistics data




17 - 18 July 2006                The Republic of TURKEY                     3
                              SCREENING CHAPTER 18
                                     STATISTICS
                            Agenda Item: TRADE OF GOODS




 Responsible Institution and Stakeholders

    • Undersecretariat of Customs (compiling trade data)
    • Undersecretariat of Foreign Trade (compiling free zone data)
    • Turkish Statistical Institute (analysing, publishing and
    disseminating data)




17 - 18 July 2006                The Republic of TURKEY              4
                              SCREENING CHAPTER 18
                                     STATISTICS
                            Agenda Item: TRADE OF GOODS



 Methodology
 Coverage

    • Turkey’s Foreign Trade Statistics cover trade of goods between
    Turkey and rest of the world
    • Data are compiled on a special trade basis
    • Statistical territory coincides with customs territory




17 - 18 July 2006                The Republic of TURKEY                5
                             SCREENING CHAPTER 18
                                    STATISTICS
                           Agenda Item: TRADE OF GOODS




 Methodology (cont’d)
     Coverage
     Exclusions:
     • Shuttle trade
     • Transactions under 100 $ (statistical threshold)
     • Repairs
     • Transit trade
     • Monetary gold
     • Temporary exports and imports
     • Banknotes, securities, coins not in circulation and foreign
     currencies

17 - 18 July 2006               The Republic of TURKEY               6
                               SCREENING CHAPTER 18
                                      STATISTICS
                             Agenda Item: TRADE OF GOODS



 Methodology (cont’d)
   Data sources
    • Main source of foreign trade statistics is customs
    documents
              - Single Administrative Document (SAD) has been
                used for data collection since 1996


    • Petroleum, natural gas and electricity information are
    obtained from importer/exporter


    • Free zone data from Undersecretariat of Foreign Trade

17 - 18 July 2006                 The Republic of TURKEY        7
                               SCREENING CHAPTER 18
                                      STATISTICS
                             Agenda Item: TRADE OF GOODS



   Methodology (cont’d)
    Classification
     Commodity Classification
     • 12-digit commodity codes (GTIP)
     • First 6 digits - HS
     • First 8 digits - CN

     Country Classification
     Geonomenclature is used for classifying trading partner
     countries (3-digit numeric)



17 - 18 July 2006                 The Republic of TURKEY       8
                             SCREENING CHAPTER 18
                                    STATISTICS
                           Agenda Item: TRADE OF GOODS




 Methodology (cont’d)
   Periodicity

    • Foreign trade statistics are published monthly as press release
    • Reference month is the calendar month in which the goods are
    imported or exported




17 - 18 July 2006               The Republic of TURKEY                  9
                            SCREENING CHAPTER 18
                                   STATISTICS
                          Agenda Item: TRADE OF GOODS



 Methodology (cont’d)
   Dissemination
    • TURKSTAT is responsible for disseminating foreign trade
    statistics in Turkey
    • Data are available by SITC, ISIC, BEC, CPA and CPC
    • Data are available since 1969




17 - 18 July 2006              The Republic of TURKEY           10
                                    SCREENING CHAPTER 18
                                           STATISTICS
                                  Agenda Item: TRADE OF GOODS



 Methodology (cont’d)
  Dissemination (cont’d)

   • Data transmission to Comext database (Eurostat)
             - Monthly data have been sent to Eurostat since 2002
                    according to Doc.400 transmission rules
             - eDAMIS is used for data transmission
             - Transmission delay is approximately 30 days after the end
                    of the reference month




17 - 18 July 2006                      The Republic of TURKEY          11
                                 SCREENING CHAPTER 18
                                        STATISTICS
                               Agenda Item: TRADE OF GOODS




  Foreign Trade Indices
     • Unit Value Indices (Export and Import)
               - Method: Chain index method
               - Classifications: SITC, BEC, ISIC Rev3 and CPA
               - Currency: US Dollar and New Turkish Lira
               - Coverage: 87% for Exports, 80.5% for Imports


     • Volume Indices
               - Derived from value indices




17 - 18 July 2006                   The Republic of TURKEY       12
                                 SCREENING CHAPTER 18
                                        STATISTICS
                               Agenda Item: TRADE OF GOODS




  Future plans

     • General Trade System in 2008
     • Intrastat pilot project before membership
               - The studies will start with the Intrastat pilot project




17 - 18 July 2006                   The Republic of TURKEY                 13

				
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