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Introduction to History Glossary

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					                        Introduction to History - Glossary of Terms
AD: anno Domini, meaning ‘in the year of our Lord’. This term is used t o indicat e the years since Christ’s
birth.
Age: a period of time named for a common feature of that time, for example the Bronze Age, the Jaz z Age
Archaeology: study of material evidence of past ages, especially of prehistoric times and ancient times.
Artefact: material object made by a person or people.
BC: means ‘Before Christ’. This term is used to indicate the years before Christ’s birth.
BCE: Before Common Era; used instead of BC.
CE: Common Era; used instead of AD.
Biased: one sided, or coming from one point of view.
chronological order: the sequenc e in which events happened (from the earliest to the latest.
contradictory evidence: information that differs from the information in another source.
Evidence: information that proves or disproves something.
Generation: the name given to the body of people born in about t he same ten-year time span as one
another.
Heritage: all the things which we have inherited from previous generations and which we value, including
events, traditions, influences and ex periences.
Hypothe si s: a theory that tries to answer questions about the past and which can be tested against the
evidence given by a historian’s sources.
Oral history: people’s spoken recollections of the past.
Perspective: a pers on’s point of view or outlook on life.
Prehistoric: a belonging to the time period of time before people created written records (more than 5000
years ago).
Prejudice: dislike of a person or group or people, often the person’s or group’s race, culture or religion.
Primary source: raw materials of history, evidence created in the time being studied.
Secondary source: reconstruction of the past by historians at a later time.
Source s: written and non-written items that help us to understand past events and people and information.
Strata: layers of remains in archaeological site.
Written source s: records in any kind of writing system.




                        Introduction to History - Glossary of Terms
AD: anno Domini, meaning ‘in the year of our Lord’. This term is used t o indicat e the years since Christ’s
birth.
Age: a period of time named for a common feature of that time, for example the Bronze Age, the Jazz Age
Archaeology: study of material evidence of past ages, especially of prehistoric times and ancient times.
Artefact: material object made by a person or people.
BC: means ‘Before Christ’. This term is used to indicate the years before Christ’s birth.
BCE: Before Common Era; used instead of BC.
CE: Common Era; used instead of AD.
Biased: one sided, or coming from one point of view.
chronological order: the sequenc e in which events happened (from the earliest to the latest.
contradictory evidence: information that differs from the information in another source.
Evidence: information that proves or disproves something.
Generation: the name given to the body of people born in about t he same ten-year time span as one
another.
Heritage: all the things which we have inherited from previous generations and which we value, including
events, traditions, influences and ex periences.
Hypothe si s: a theory that tries to answer questions about the past and which can be tested against the
evidence given by a historian’s sources.
Oral history: people’s spoken recollections of the past.
Perspective: a pers on’s point of view or outlook on life.
Prehistoric: a belonging to the time period of time before people created written records (more than 5000
years ago).
Prejudice: dislike of a person or group or people, often the person’s or group’s race, culture or religion.
Primary source: raw materials of history, evidence created in the time being studied.
Secondary source: reconstruction of the past by historians at a later time.
Source s: written and non-written items that help us to understand past events and people and information.
Strata: layers of remains in archaeological site.
Written source s: records in any kind of writing system.