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Buffalo Pellet Stoves Model Wood Pellet Stove Owner

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Buffalo Pellet Stoves Model Wood Pellet Stove Owner Powered By Docstoc
					                          Buffalo Pellet Stoves
                              Model B100
                           Wood Pellet Stove
                       Owner’s Installation and
                         Operation Manual




•   Read this manual in its entirety before installation or use of this pellet-heating appliance.
•   Failure to follow these instructions may result in property damage, bodily injury or death.
•   Contact local building inspector and/or fire officials to identify restrictions, obtain necessary permits,
    installation requirements and/or inspection requirements in your area.
•   Contact your local dealer with questions or with requests for warranty service.
•   Save this manual for future reference.




                                 Snyder Manufacturing
                                  255 Rochester Street
                                 Salamanca, NY 14779
Dear Buffalo Pellet Stove Owner:

Congratulations, on the purchase of your Buffalo Pellet Stove! You have selected the most
efficient residential wood pellet heating technology to provide heat in your home.

We would like to take this opportunity to share a few “tips” about installing your stove and heating
with wood pellets.

   1. A quality installation is a must for the safety of your family and for efficient, satisfactory
      operation of your stove. We strongly suggest that you have your stove installed by a
      National Fireplace Association certified Pellet Stove Specialist.

   2. Know the quality and characteristics of the pellets that you burn. Pellets can vary greatly
      from manufacturer to manufacturer, from load to load from the same manufacturer and
      occasionally from bag to bag within the same load.

   3. Develop and diligently follow a timely cleaning schedule to ensure your stove operates as
      efficiently as possible.

   4. Approximately 90% of operational issues with pellet stoves are directly related to improper
      installation, poor quality of pellets being burned and/or lack of timely/routine cleaning.

With minimum daily care your Buffalo Pellet Stove will provide years of clean, efficient, comfortable
and environmentally sound heat to your home.


Thank you for selecting a Buffalo Pellet Stove.

Sincerely,



Snyder Manufacturing Inc




                                             Page 1 of 37
Page 2 of 37
Table Of Contents

Warnings/Safety Precautions           4        Automatic Fire Ignition         16
Specifications                        5        Control Panel                   17
Heating Specifications                5        Error Codes                     18
Dimensions                            5        Hopper                          18
Electrical Specifications             6        Priming the Auger               18
Fuel                                  6        Start-Up Process (Su)           19
Packaging                             6        Automatic Temperature Control   20
                                               Mode/User Control Mode
Optional Accessories                  6
                                               Automatic Temperature Control   21
Installation Notices                  7
                                               Mode (Ac)
Building Permit                       7
                                               User Control Mode/Manual        21
Safety Testing and Listing            7        Control (Uc)
Installation Cautions and Warnings    7        Set-Up Mode – Feed Rate         21
                                               Adjustment
Installation Check List               8
                                               Overheat Safety Switch          22
Floor Protection                      9
                                               FA1 Error                       23
Clearances to Combustible             9
Materials                                      Shut Down (Sd)                  23
Exhaust System Guidelines             9        Manual Lighting Procedure       23
Exhaust System Sizing                10        Stove Maintenance               24
Combustion Air                       12        Clean Heat Exchanger Tubes      25
Fresh Air Intake Damper              12        Inspect Burn Pot for Clinkers   26
Exhaust System Termination           12        Clean Door Glass                26
Horizontal Through Wall              13        Clean Burn Pot, Box and Grate   27
Installation
                                               Clean Door Airwash              29
Vertical Installation                14
                                               Ash Trap Door Cleanout          30
Venting Through an Existing          14
                                               Empty Ash Pan                   31
Chimney
                                               Check Fresh Air Intake          31
Mobile Home Installation             15
                                               Inspect/Clean Exhaust Vent      31
Smoke Detectors                      15
                                               System
Introduction to Heating With         15
                                               Oil Circulation Blower          32
Wood Pellets
                                               Oil Exhaust Blower              33
Stove Operation                      16
                                               Troubleshooting                 34
Exhaust Blower at Power-Up           16
                                               Warranty                        36
Thermal Sensing Cable                16


                                      Page 3 of 37
Warnings/Safety Precautions

o   Turn off the stove if you smell smoke or can               home must be completely sealed and air tight.
    see smoke coming from the heating                          All pellet vent joints must be sealed with RTV
    appliance.                                                 500F silicone sealant.
o   Turning the stove power switch to “Off” will not     o     All pellet-burning heating appliances require
    turn off power to all electronics within the               routine maintenance/cleaning in order to
    stove - if the stove has been burning and is               operate properly. Failure to follow the
    hot, the exhaust blower will continue to                   maintenance/cleaning schedule identified in
    operate until the stove cools.                             this manual will reduce the efficiency of the
o   Never unplug the stove to turn it off;                     heating appliance, will cause the appliance to
    unplugging the stove to shut it down may                   not function properly, may cause premature
    permit the stove to seep smoke in your home.               failure of components and in extreme cases
o   Unless directed by Buffalo Pellet Stove/                   may void the warranty on the appliance.
    Snyder Manufacturing personnel, never                o     Allow the appliance to cool entirely before
    attempt to repair or replace any parts on the              doing any routine maintenance/cleaning on
    stove. All repair work done on the appliance               the stove.
    should be completed by a trained pellet stove        o     This pellet stove is designed, tested and
    technician.                                                approved to only burn wood pellets at this
o   The burn chamber door, front glass and the                 time. Burning any other type of medium will
    heat exchanger door all become extremely hot               void the warranty and Warnock Hersey safety
    during stove operation, do not touch, severe               listing.
    burns may result.                                    o     This pellet-burning appliance will not operate
o   Keep clothing, furniture, and all other                    during a power outage. If power within your
    combustibles away from the front of the stove              home is intermittent, turn the power switch on
    during operation.                                          the stove to the “Off” position and leave the
o   Closely supervise children when in close                   stove powered down until uninterrupted power
    proximity to the stove. Keep children away                 to the appliance is restored (power down
    from the heating appliance.                                threatening condition has passed).
o   Do not store or use gasoline, lighter fluid,         o     Pellet stove must be connected to a standard
    kerosene or any other flammable vapors or                  115V, 60Hz., grounded electrical outlet.
    liquids near the heating appliance during                  Power to the heating appliance must not be
    operation.                                                 provided through a ground fault interrupt (GFI)
o   The burn chamber door and ash pan must be                  circuit.
    securely closed and latched during stove             o     Exhaust piping must be checked once every
    operation to ensure proper function of the                 ton-and-a-half of pellets burned to inspect for
    heating appliance.                                         and to clean any accumulation of soot and/or
o   During operation, if the flame becomes dark                creosote that has accumulated within the
    orange, lazy or sooty or if the burn pot begins            exhaust system. Failure to follow this exhaust
    to over fill with pellets, immediately turn the            system inspection/cleaning schedule may
    power switch to “Off” and allow the stove to go            result in adverse and potentially dangerous
    through a “Power Off” shut down procedure.                 stove operation conditions.
    Once the stove burns through the remaining           o     Never put your hands or fingers near the
    pellets in the burn pot, completely turns off              auger (located on the inside bottom sloped
    (exhaust blower will run for a minimum of 30               surface of the hopper). A high torque motor
    mins) and cools, thoroughly clean the stove                drives the auger which is capable of inflicting
    following the maintenance procedures                       harm to fingers placed in close proximity to
    identified in this manual.                                 the auger. The auger is driven by software,
o   Keep all areas around the stove free of                    based on the set temperature of the stove and
    obstructions to permit free airflow to the                 the detected room temperature the auger can
    appliance during operation.                                turn on and off at any time
o   All exhaust piping transferring exhaust gasses
    from the appliance to the exterior of your


                                                Page 4 of 37
Specifications

Heating Specifications
BTU output range: 6,500 to 42,000 BTU
Circulation blower size: 265 CFM
Efficiency: 87%
Flue size: 3”
Air intake size: 2”
Approximate maximum heating capacity: 1200 to 1800+ sq. ft.
Burn Rate: 0.8 to 5.0 lbs./hour
Maximum burn time at lowest setting (manual control): 62 hours (50/0.8)
Maximum burn time (automatic temperature control): 72 hours plus*
 * Dependent upon thermal load of the installation
Hopper Capacity, Standard: 50 lbs.
Hopper Capacity, Extended: 90 lbs.
Dimensions
Width (A): 26”
Depth (G): 29”
Height, standard hopper (B): 30”
Height, extended hopper: 37”
Exhaust location
   Side to center of exhaust (D): 3 7/8”
   Bottom to center of exhaust (E): 17 1/8”
Fresh air intake location
   Side to center of fresh air intake (C): 8 3/8”
   Bottom to center of fresh air intake (F): 13 3/8”




   Figure 1: Rear view                                     Figure 2: Top Down View


                                            Page 5 of 37
Electrical Specifications
Voltage: 120 VAC
Power (current) during start-up: 438 watts (3.65A)
Power (current) during operation: 370 watts (3.08A)

Fuel
This heating appliance was designed to burn wood pellets that comply with the standards set by
the Pellet Fuels Institute

   •   Minimum density of 40 pounds/cubic foot
   •   Maximum length of 1.5”
   •   Pellet diameter between 1/4” and 5/16”
   •   Fines that will pass through 1/8” screen not to exceed 0.5% by weight
   •   Salt content no more that 300 parts per million
   •   Ash content no more than 3% by weight (standard grade pellets)
   •   Moisture content less than 8% by weight

If the fuel being burned does not comply with these minimum standards, the appliance may not
operate as designed and may be cause to negate the warranty.

Packaging

Included with your assembled Buffalo Pellet Stove Model B100 are the following items

Owner’s Installation and Operations Manual
Power cord
Thermal sensing cable (standard length – 10’)
Artificial log


Optional Accessories

Thermal sensing cable (length 25’)
Thermal sensing cable (length 50’)
Extended hopper
Fresh air intake damper




                                          Page 6 of 37
INSTALLATION NOTICES
Safe Installation Notice

Your BUFFALO Pellet Stove must be properly installed to meet the safety listing of the stove.
Failure to strictly follow these installation instructions could result in the possibility of a house fire,
property damage, bodily harm or even death.

Building Permit

Local building codes must be followed and required building permits obtained from local building
officials prior to installation of your Buffalo Pellet Stove.

Safety Testing And Listing

Your Buffalo Pellet Stove has been tested and is listed by Warnock Hersey Laboratories, an
accredited independent testing laboratory, in accordance with the requirements in UL1482 and
ASTM standards for solid fuel heaters, hearth stoves, fireplaces and inserts. The safety label is
located on the right side of the pellet hopper cover. This safety label contains installation
specifications that must be followed during installation of your Buffalo Pellet Stove.

Installation Cautions & Warnings

The installation sketches shown in this manual are only examples of many acceptable installation
designs. Other designs that meet local code, stated installation requirements identified in this
manual, the stove’s label and PL vent manufacturer’s requirements may be deemed acceptable.
NOTE: All stove owners, operators and installers must read and become thoroughly acquainted with the information in
this manual before installing and/or operating this heating appliance.

   1. All stoves must be placed on non-combustible material (following the guidelines provided
      within this manual).
   2. Caution should be taken to avoid damaging any electrical wires, water pipes, heating ducts,
      etc. that may be in the vicinity of the holes that must be put through walls to provide the
      required exhaust venting and fresh air supply for your pellet stove.
   3. Your Buffalo Pellet Stove operates with a slightly positive venting system. For the safety of
      people, animals and plants in the vicinity of your stove, the exhaust system must be
      correctly installed and must be airtight!
   4. All installations must meet all local building codes, PL vent manufacturer’s requirements an
      all requirements in this manual.
   5. Any alteration made to your Buffalo Pellet Stove by any party other than an authorized
      Buffalo Pellet Stove dealer or an employee of Snyder Manufacturing (Buffalo Pellet Stove)
      will void the warranty on your stove.




                                                  Page 7 of 37
                               INSTALLATION CHECK LIST
Unless you are knowledgeable and experienced in stove installation, we strongly recommend
that an Authorized Buffalo Pellet Stove Dealer, Buffalo Pellet Stove Factory Service
Representative or an experienced pellet stove installer/technician, install your Buffalo Pellet Stove.
Complete this checklist prior to turning on your Buffalo Pellet Stove for the first time.
         Thoroughly read this entire owner’s manual. SAVE THIS MANUAL FOR
         FUTURE REFERENCE!
         Request that your Buffalo Pellet Stove dealer review operation of the stove and all
         cleaning/maintenance procedures necessary to ensure optimum performance.
         Obtain all necessary permits from local municipalities for stove installation and has
         had the installation inspected by a local building inspector.
         Proper location of the appliance within the home; the layout of your home and the
         selected installation location of your pellet burning appliance will determine its
         effectiveness as a heat source within your home. This pellet-burning appliance will
         put heated air into the room or area of your home within which the stove is installed.
         The heated air generated by the appliance depends on air circulation to distribute
         heat to other areas of your home.
         It is strongly suggested that sufficient space be provided (a minimum of 24”) on each
         side of the appliance to enable the unit to be serviced. If this space is unavailable
         upon installation, a provision must be made to enable sliding the stove out for service.
         Use only PL type venting for pellet vent exhaust system. Use stainless steel
         liner for venting through any existing chimney. Under NO circumstances can
         plastic piping be utilized in any part of the stove’s exhaust system.
         Plug stove into a 3-pronged, 120VAC, 60 Hz, grounded outlet. Stove cannot be
         plugged into a GFI (Ground Fault Interrupt) outlet. It is recommended that a surge
         protector be utilized to protect the control circuitry in the stove from erratic power
         surges.
           * Note: It is extremely important that the AC power provided to this stove
             be properly wired (hot and neutral correctly wired, not reversed). Test
             the outlet providing power to the stove by using an electrical outlet
             tester. This Buffalo Pellet Stove will not function properly if AC power
             provided to the appliance is reversed.
         If outside air is going to be provided to the stove, use of metal pipe (rigid or
         flexible) is required.
         After installation is complete, recheck the installation to confirm that all installation
         requirements identified in this manual have been met. If required, schedule a
         post-installation inspection with your local building inspector.
         Complete Buffalo Pellet Stove Limited Warranty registration card (included in this
         manual) and mail it to:

                                       Snyder Manufacturing
                                       255 Rochester Street
                                       Salamanca, NY 14779
                                            Page 8 of 37
Floor Protection                                             Although not required for safety reasons, it is
                                                             strongly suggested that sufficient space be
                                                             provided (a minimum of 24”) on each side of the
This appliance requires noncombustible floor                 appliance and at the back of the appliance to
protection. If the stove is being placed on top              enable servicing the unit if necessary. If this space
of a combustible floor surface (i.e. wood or                 is unavailable upon installation, a provision must
carpeted floor surface), use of a non-                       be made to enable sliding the appliance out for
combustible floor protector must be utilized,                service.
extending the full width and depth of the
heater extending:
                                                       General Exhaust System Guidelines
   •   A minimum of 6” in front of the
       appliance                                       There are many available options for installing
   •   A minimum of 6” to each side of the             a pellet stove within a home
       appliance                                             •   Horizontal through wall
   •   A minimum of 2” behind the tee used                   •   Vertical inside home then through wall
       at the exhaust exit at the rear of the                •   Horizontal through wall, vertical 5 to 8
       appliance (if one is utilized)                            feet outside home, 90 degree elbow to
   •   A minimum of 0” from the back of the                      horizontal, then cap
       stove if a tee is not being utilized at the           •   Vertical inside home through attic and
       exhaust exit at the rear of the stove                     roof
                                                             •   Through wall, vertical up outside of
Note: It is important your Buffalo Pellet Stove                  home, through eve and roof
to be level when installed. Leveling should                  •   Through existing masonry chimney
occur below the floor protection pad. Make
any necessary adjustments to the levelness                   •   Through existing wood stove chimney
of the floor protection pad during installation                  pipe
of the pad to ensure a level stove installation.
                                                       Pellet vent pipe will be required to carry
                                                       exhaust gasses from the stove to outside the
Minimum Clearances To Combustible                      home. The manufacturer of pellet vent pipe
Materials                                              you select will have detailed installation
                                                       instructions for each available type of
Minimum clearances to nearby combustible               installation that can be used to install your
materials must be maintained to avoid any              pellet stove. The installation instructions from
potential fire hazard. The following stove             the pellet vent pipe manufacturer you select
clearances to combustibles must be                     will identify the specific components required
maintained at all times:                               for each available installation option and will
                                                       include detailed directions as to how to route
   •   A minimum of 1” from the back                   and connect the vent pipe together to ensure
   •   A minimum of 2” from the sides                  that the exhaust system is air tight.
   •   A minimum of 1” from the corners
   •   A minimum of 16” from the top                   Below we have included some additional
   •   A minimum of 18” from the front                 guidelines to follow in addition to those that
   •   A minimum of 36” to drapes, doors,              are available from the pellet vent pipe
       drawers or anything that can open or            manufacturer you use to construct your pellet
       swing                                           stove exhaust system.
   •   A minimum of 3” from PL vent
       (including cleanout tees and elbows)                  1. Pellet vent pipe must maintain a
       to combustibles                                          minimum clearance of 3” to any
                                                                combustibles.

                                              Page 9 of 37
2. Do not install a damper in the exhaust             13. It is strongly recommended that the
    venting system of this unit.                          exhaust vent system NOT exit and be
3. Use of a UL approved wall thimble is                   terminated on the prevailing wind side
    required when passing pipe vent                       of the home.
    through any combustible wall.                     14. Exhaust pipe surfaces can get
4. Use only UL listed, 3 or 4 inch PL vent                extremely hot and can cause burns if
    pipe on all stove installations. A UL                 touched, care should be taken to
    safety listed 3 to 4 inch adapter must                ensure that vent piping is not easily
    be used when 4-inch vent pipe is                      accessible to people or pets. Shields
    required.                                             or guards, maintaining proper PL vent
5. Horizontal exhaust system runs of over                 clearance may be required for some
    15 feet are not recommended.                          installations.
6. Exhaust systems must maintain a                    15. Stove may not be placed in, or vented
    minimum of ¼” vertical rise for every                 through a gas fireplace.
    12” of horizontal travel.
7. Use of more than 3 tees and/or elbows           Exhaust System Sizing
    in any installation is not suggested.
                                                   The exhaust pipe exiting at the rear of your
    Exhaust systems with more than 3 tees
                                                   Buffalo Pellet Stove will accept standard 3”
    and/or elbows may not draft properly.
                                                   PL vent pipe. Your Buffalo Pellet Stove is
8. All areas of the exhaust system must
                                                   certified for both 3 and 4 inch exhaust
    be installed such that all vertical and
                                                   venting. The numbers of tees, elbows,
    horizontal runs can be periodically
                                                   horizontal and vertical runs of vent pipe all
    inspected and cleaned (plan proper
                                                   add resistance to the flow of air through the
    placement of cleanout tees).
                                                   exhaust system. Excessive resistance to the
9. A clean out tee must be used at the
                                                   exhaust air passing through the venting
    bottom of all vertical runs enabling the
                                                   system can lead to combustion problems in
    collection and removal of fly ash. In
                                                   the stove. A calculation called “total factored
    some installations, 4 way tees may be
                                                   length” is used to determine whether 3 or 4-
    necessary to enable cleaning access
                                                   inch vent pipe is required. By calculating the
    to both horizontal and vertical exhaust
                                                   total factored length of your planned exhaust
    piping runs.
                                                   system, it can be determined if your venting
10. All PL vent pipe manufacturer’s
                                                   system will have too much resistance for
    installation and clearance requirements
                                                   standard 3-inch vent pipe to be used.
    must be followed.
                                                   Adjusting the size of the exhaust system vent
11. Exhaust system joints may or may not
                                                   pipe to compensate for these variables will
    be required to be attached using sheet
                                                   help improve exhaust gas flow and overall
    metal screws, please reference the
                                                   performance of your stove. The use of 4-inch
    pellet vent manufacturer’s instructions.
                                                   vent pipe will reduce this resistance. For
    If sheet metal screws are required to
                                                   installations requiring a 4-inch PL vent pipe, a
    attach pellet vent pipe components,
                                                   3 to 4-inch PL adapter must be placed on
    proper length screws must be used to
                                                   your stove’s exhaust pipe.
    ensure that the inner liner of the pellet
    vent pipe is NOT penetrated.
                                                  Apply the multipliers listed in the table below
12. All exhaust system joints located inside
                                                  to the different components of the exhaust
    the home must be completely sealed
                                                  system, then add up all of the exhaust system
    with high temperature RTV silicone to
                                                  factored components to calculate the total
    guarantee a gas tight seal. Proper
                                                  factored length of the planned exhaust
    sealing of all exhaust system joints is
                                                  system. Use this calculated value to
    required to prevent any leakage of
                                                  determine the appropriate exhaust system
    exhaust fumes into the home.
                                                  pipe size (3 or 4”).
                                         Page 10 of 37
Total factored length multipliers:

                                                             Multiplying
                         System component
                                                              Factor
             Total length of piping, in feet (horizontal &
                                                                 x1
                          vertical straight)
                    Horizontal run length, in feet               x3

                      90 degree elbows or tees                   x5

                          45 degree elbow                        x3

             Each 1000 feet of altitude above sea level         x1.5

              Figure 3

If the total factored length is under 30, use a 3 or 4-inch exhaust system

If the total factored length is 30 or greater, use a 4-inch exhaust system

Example 1: An exhaust system going straight out the wall with 2 feet horizontal PL vent, into a
TEE with a clean out cap, then running vertical for 5 feet, then into a 90 degree elbow and
terminating with a 45 degree elbow, installed at sea level.

Example 2: The same system as in example 1 installed at an elevation of 6,000 feet. To estimate
the size of the exhaust system use the following factors:

                             VARIABLES                           Example 1      Example 2
              Total length of exhaust system, in feet                  7             7

              3 feet for each foot of horizontal run.            (3 x 2) = 6    (3 x 2) = 6

              5 feet for each 90 degree elbow or tee             (5 x 2) = 10   (5 x 2) = 10

              3 feet for each 45 degree elbow                    (3 x 1) = 3    (3 x 1) = 3

              1.5 feet for each 1,000 feet of altitude          (1.5 x 0) = 0   (1.5 x 6) = 9

              Total Factored Length                                    26            35

              Required size of exhaust system                      3 or 4”           4”

              Figure 4

NOTE: 4 inch PL vent may be used in any installation. Always increase up to a 4” exhaust
system if in question as to the size pellet vent pipe to use.


                                             Page 11 of 37
Combustion Air                                         of vent pipe in the exhaust system, it may be
                                                       possible that the natural draft due to the
Air supplied to your stove and utilized for            exhaust system will draw air to the fire at a
combustions can come from two sources,                 higher rate than is desired. If your installation
room air or outside air.                               has more than 10 feet of vertical rise in the
                                                       exhaust system, contact your Buffalo Pellet
 •   All mobile home installations require that
                                                       Stove dealer to purchase a fresh air intake
     outside air be provided to the pellet-
                                                       damper that can be installed on the end of
     burning appliance.
                                                       your fresh air intake to compensate for the
 •   Outside air is also recommended for all
                                                       vertical rise in the exhaust system.
     other installations, especially if
     appliance is being installed into a well-
                                                       Exhaust System Termination
     insulated airtight home.
 •   Only metal pipe, rigid or flexible, is to be
                                                          1. If it is necessary to terminate the
     used for all outside air applications (PVC
                                                             exhaust system on the prevailing wind
     or other combustible materials must
                                                             side of the home (which is strongly
     NOT be used).
                                                             NOT suggested) a minimum of 5 feet
 •   A wind shield, rain cap or 90 degree
                                                             of vertical rise should be included in
     down turned elbow must be used at the
                                                             the exhaust system.
     end of the air intake pipe to restrict
                                                          2. Do not terminate the exhaust system in
     excessive wind from blowing into the
                                                             any enclosed or semi-enclosed areas
     stove and to prevent water from entering
                                                             such as a carport, garage, attic, crawl
     the air intake.
                                                             space or any other area within which
 •   Use of ¼” rodent screen must also be
                                                             exhaust gasses can accumulate and/or
     used at the end of the air intake pipe to
                                                             concentrate.
     restrict entrance and possible blockage
                                                          3. Exhaust system must be terminated
     of the air intake.
                                                             using and approved cap (to prevent
 •   Outside air must not be drawn from any
                                                             water from entering the exhaust
     enclosed space (garage, enclosed
                                                             system) or using a 45-degree elbow
     porch, unventilated crawl space, etc.)
                                                             pointed in a downward direction.
 •   The combustion air inlet pipe on your
                                                          4. Termination must not be located where
     Buffalo Pellet Stove is 2” OD, the metal
                                                             snow, leaves, grass or any other
     pipe connected to the air inlet pipe on
                                                             material could block it.
     your stove must be at least 2” ID (must
                                                          5. The exhaust system MUST NOT
     be fit over the pipe on the stove, not
                                                             TERMINATE LESS THAN:
     inside).
                                                             • 1 foot from the wall through which
 •   Outside air pipe termination must not
                                                                   the exhaust system exits
     end above or within 1’ below the
                                                             • 1 foot above ground level
     exhaust system termination point
                                                             • 2 feet above the roof line when
     outside the home.
                                                                   extending through a roof
                                                             • 4 feet below or to the side of any
Fresh Air Intake Damper (Optional)
                                                                   door, window or static air inlet that
                                                                   opens
The rate at which fresh air is supplied to the
                                                             • 1 foot below or to the side of any
burn pot for combustion is regulated by the
                                                                   door or window that does not open
exhaust blower speed. The exhaust blower
                                                             • 1 foot above any door, window or
pulls fresh air through the fresh air intake and
                                                                   static air inlet that opens
draws it to the fire. In most typical
                                                             • 3 feet from any adjacent building
installations there is no need to restrict the air
                                                                   owned by the pellet-burning
being drawn in through the air intake tube. If
                                                                   appliance owner
your installation has an extended vertical rise
                                              Page 12 of 37
      •   2 feet below any overhang or eave              8. Place the stove on the floor pad, close
      •   7 feet above grade when located                    to its final position, leaving space to
          adjacent to any public walkway                     connect the pellet vent pipe to the rear
          (Note: Vent may not terminate in                   of the stove.
          any covered walkway or                         9. Place a bead of high temp RTV
          breezeway)                                         silicone around the outside exhaust
      •   3 feet above any grass, plants or                  pipe exiting your stove.
          other combustible ground materials             10. Connect pellet vent pipe adapter to the
      •   3 feet below any porch, deck or                    exhaust pipe exiting the stove using a
          balcony                                            minimum of 2 sheet metal screws to
      •   3 feet above any forced air inlet                  attach the pipe adapter to the
          located within 10 feet                             appliance flue outlet (exhaust pipe) on
      •   3 feet from any oil tank vent or gas               the stove.
          meter                                          11. If 4-inch pellet vent is required, use a 3
      •   10 feet from any adjacent property                 to 4-inch pellet vent adapter directly
          line and/or buildings not owned by                 behind the pellet vent pipe adapter
          the pellet-burning appliance owner                 attached in the step above.
                                                         12. Connect the length of pellet vent pipe
                                                             (which is passing through the thimble)
Horizontal Through-Wall Installation                         onto the pellet vent pipe adapter or 3
                                                             to 4-inch pellet vent adapter (if being
   1. Taking into account all clearances that                utilized).
      must be maintained as identified                   13. Place your stove in its final position on
      above, select the location for your                    the pad.
      stove.                                             14. At a minimum, on the outside of the
   2. Plan the exhaust system                                building attach a downward directed
   3. Determine and acquire the brand and                    45-degree PL type elbow onto the end
      proper size pellet vent pipe (PL) to be                of the horizontal PL vent (45-degree
      used (use only one brand of pellet vent                elbow location a minimum of 1 foot
      pipe for the entire installation, do not               from the outside surface of the
      mix and match different pellet vent pipe               building)
      brands).                                           15. A more preferred exhaust system
   4. Following the pellet vent                              routing outside the home, is to bring
      manufacturer’s specifications, mark                    the vent pipe out the side of the
      and cut a hole(s) through the wall to                  building into a cleanout tee, then travel
      accommodate the wall thimble (and                      5 to 8 feet vertically to a 90-degree
      outside air pipe if outside air is going to            elbow (pointing away from the wall of
      be provided). Take care to avoid                       the structure), 12-inch horizontal pipe,
      cutting wall studs, power lines, water                 terminating with a down turned 45
      lines, etc. when cutting the hole for the              degree elbow or horizontal cap. This
      wall thimble.                                          type of pipe routing outside the home
   5. Install the wall thimble according to the              will put a slight positive draft on the
      pellet vent manufacturer’s instructions.               exhaust system which will aid in
   6. Position the non-combustible floor pad,                evacuating smoke from the appliance
      upon which the stove is going to be                    in the event of a power failure.
      placed, on the floor where the                     16. Once the entire exhaust system is
      appliance is going to be located.                      installed, using high temp RTV
   7. Insert the proper size and length pellet               silicone, seal the joint where the pellet
      vent pipe through the wall thimble.                    vent pipe passes through the inside
                                                             and outside of the wall thimble.
                                             Page 13 of 37
   17. Install fresh air to air intake pipe on the            chimney system. Verify with the pipe
       rear of the appliance (if required or                  manufacturer that the selected pipe
       desired).                                              brands will interconnect. NOTE: The
        a. If outside air is used, route and                  connection into a masonry chimney
           install the outside air pipe through               must be airtight.
           the wall of the building (taking note           3. Horizontal out room wall, vertical a
           NOT to locate it above or within 1                 minimum of 5 feet into a 90-degree
           foot below the exhaust system                      elbow, terminating with a down turned
           termination point).                                45-degree elbow or a horizontal cap.
        b. Seal the outside air pipe to your               4. Horizontal out room wall, vertical
           stove’s fresh air intake with RTV                  through eve and roof, terminating with
           silicone                                           a vertical or rain cap.
        c. The outside air pipe connecting to
           your stove’s air intake must fit over
           (not inside) the air intake on the          Venting Through An Existing Chimney
           stove.
                                                         • The following points are suggestions for
        d. A wind shield, rain cap or 90
                                                           venting your pellet-burning appliance
           degree down turned elbow must be
                                                           through an existing chimney. More
           used at the end of the air intake
                                                           importantly, you should follow the vent
           pipe to restrict excessive wind from
                                                           pipe manufacturer’s instructions included
           blowing into the stove and to
                                                           with the vent piping purchased to build the
           prevent water from entering the air
                                                           exhaust system for this pellet-burning
           intake.
                                                           appliance.
        e. Use of ¼” rodent screen must also
           be used at the end of the air intake
                                                            1. Have chimney inspected by a qualified
           pipe to restrict entrance to and
                                                               installer to determine its structural
           possible blockage of the air intake.
                                                               integrity.
                                                            2. Existing chimneys and fireplaces must
Vertical Installation
                                                               be thoroughly cleaned prior to being
                                                               used in a pellet stove installation.
Your Buffalo Pellet Stove may be installed
                                                            3. Use of PL vent pipe must be used on
using a variety of vertical designs. Follow the
                                                               the portion of the venting system
same basic steps in locating your stove,
                                                               between the stove and fireplace
attaching the exhaust system and outside air
                                                               shroud if one is used.
to the stove as described above in the
                                                            4. Use of 3 or 4-inch stainless steel single
Through Wall Direct Installation section.
                                                               wall L-Vent pipe must be used to carry
Follow the PL vent pipe manufacturer’s
                                                               exhaust gasses from the backside of
instructions for installing through a ceiling,
                                                               the fireplace shroud up the existing
eve or roof.
                                                               masonry chimney.
                                                            5. Use of an L-vent clean out tee at the
Common vertical installation designs are:
                                                               bottom of the vertical run is required to
    1. Vertical, through room ceiling, through
                                                               enable ash collection and cleanout.
       second floor room or attic, through
                                                            6. Vent pipe exiting at the top of the
       roof.
                                                               chimney should extend a minimum of
    2. Vertical, up inside wall of room to an
                                                               6” above the top of the chimney.
       existing Class A or masonry chimney.
                                                            7. Use of a vertical cap to terminate the
       A chimney adapter must be used to
                                                               exhaust system is required.
       make the connection from 3” (75mm)
                                                            8. Vent pipe must be sealed at the top
       or 4” (100mm) pellet vent pipe (listed to
                                                               exit of the chimney utilizing a non-
       UL 641 or ULC S609) to existing UL
                                                               combustible cover plate and silicone
                                               Page 14 of 37
      (use of a storm collar is also                 requires a smoke detector be installed within
      suggested).                                    the same room, you must follow the
   9. Never vent more than one appliance             requirements of your local code. Check with
      (stove, furnace, etc.) into the same           your local building department for
      chimney.                                       requirements in your area.

Mobile Home Installation                             INTRODUCTION TO HEATING WITH
                                                     WOOD PELLETS
Your BUFFALO PELLET stove has been
tested and listed for mobile home installation.      Heating with wood pellets presents many
In addition to all previously identified             challenges, but the cost savings and the
installation requirements, mobile home               environmental benefits far outweigh the
installations must meet the following                challenges. Pellet fuel is “Green House Gas
requirements and must be in accordance with          Neutral”, meaning that the carbon products
the Manufactured Home and Safety Standard            emitted from burning were absorbed by the
(HUD), CRF 3280.                                     trees used for the pellets when growing.
                                                     Unlike fossil fuels, that release green house
   1. Stove must be connected to an outside          gases to the environment, pellet fuels come
      source of combustion air utilizing metal       from renewable resources.
      pipe (rigid or flexible) and connecting it
      directly to the fresh air intake located       Pellet fuels are produced using national
      on the back of the stove. A rodent             standards established by the Pellet Fuel
      guard (¼” wire mesh) must be                   Institute. The standards guarantee that the
      attached to the outside end of the fresh       fuel produced at a particular plant overall has
      air intake.                                    the characteristics that were agreed to by the
   2. Stove must be bolted directly to the           Institute. These include a maximum pellet
      floor of the mobile home. Connection           length of 1.25”, minimum fines (or sawdust),
      points for bolting the stove to the floor      ash, salt, and mineral contents. Does this
      are located below the ash pan of your          mean that every bag coming from that plant
      pellet-burning appliance.                      adheres to the standard? No, it does not.
   3. The structural integrity of the floor,         Quality of fuel varies from manufacturer to
      walls and ceiling must be confirmed            manufacture, can vary from load to load from
      and maintained.                                the same manufacturer, it can even vary from
   4. The appliance must be permanently              bag to bag within the same load.
      electrically grounded to the chassis of
      the mobile home, using a minimum of            Pellets are made from sawdust, and although
      8 AWG copper wire.                             inspection techniques are very sophisticated,
   5. The appliance must NOT be located in           the occasional bad log gets through. The
      a sleeping area.                               wood may have a high bark content, have
                                                     mud mixed in or simply be old rotting timber.
Smoke Detectors                                      These variations in pellet fuels lead to most of
                                                     the irregularities in burn characteristics,
Due to multiple potential sources of fire within     efficiency and stove failure. Although the
any home, we strongly recommend installing           Buffalo Pellet Stove was designed to work
smoke detectors. The most appropriate                with all types of wood pellet fuel efficiently,
location of a smoke detector in proximity to         there may need to be adjustments made to
the stove is in a hallway adjacent to the room       the stove to make it operate properly.
that contains the heating appliance (this will
reduce the possibility of false activation from
the heat produced by the stove). If local code
                                            Page 15 of 37
STOVE OPERATION                                     the stove. The stove software and the
                                                    thermal sensing cable combine to become an
Your Buffalo Pellet Stove is designed to burn       integral thermostat for the stove. When the
wood pellets. It’s operation and maintenance        stove is in Automatic Temperature Control
requirements are unique to that of any other        Mode, the feed rate, exhaust and circulation
heat-generating appliance (wood, coal, corn,        blower speeds are all adjusted based on the
electric, propane or oil).                          temperature sensed by the thermal sensing
                                                    element on the end of the cable. The end of
How Your Buffalo Pellet Stove Works                 the thermal sensing cable should be located
                                                    within the home at a stable temperature
Fuel (wood pellets) is stored in the hopper of      location (away from any door or window that
your stove. An auger, located on the                may be opened or closed occasionally or any
underside of the hopper transports the pellets      heat duct or register that may cause the
to the top of the drop tube, which guides the       temperature at the cable end to fluctuate
pellets into the burn pot. The burn pot,            significantly). If the thermal sensing element
located directly behind the artificial log, is      at the end of the cable is subjected to
where the pellets are burned. The heat from         frequent fluctuations in temperature, this will
the fire heats a series of ten heat exchanger       cause the stove to start-up and shut down
tubes located directly above the burn pot.          frequently. Frequent start-ups and shut
Room air is passed through the heat                 downs may cause undesired fluctuation of
exchanger tubes by way of the circulation           room temperature, will result in overall higher
blower. The air passing through the heat            than necessary pellet consumption and may
exchanger tubes is heated, then blown out           lead to premature igniter element failure.
the front of the stove into the room effectively
transferring the heat generated by the burning      The standard length thermal sensing cable
pellets to the air in the room.                     included with each Buffalo Pellet Stove is 10
                                                    feet. Longer length cables are available from
Exhaust Blower At Power Up                          your Buffalo Pellet Stove dealer.

Upon initial power up, the control software will    Automatic Fire Ignition
turn the exhaust blower on for 30 minutes.
This is done as a safety precaution in case         Your Buffalo Pellet Stove is equipped with an
there is a loss of power to the stove. If there     igniter, located behind the burn pot, which is
is a loss of power to the stove and then power      used to initiate a fire in the stove when heat is
is restored, the most important function of the     called for by the control electronics. During
stove (at power up) is to evacuate all exhaust      the start-up process the igniter is activated,
gasses that have accumulated within the burn        provides the required heat to initiate a fire,
chamber (during the power outage) to outside        then is turned off.
your home.

At any time during the initial 30 minutes that
the exhaust blower is running at power up,
the software can take control and initiate a
start-up sequence if it is detected that there is
a demand for heat.

Thermal Sensing Cable
Your Buffalo Pellet Stove automatically
senses the current room temperature via a
thermal sensing cable that exits the back of
                                           Page 16 of 37
Control Panel                                                 •   Power switch – Controls power to the
                                                                  stove’s electrical components and
To access the control panel, slide the front                      control board. When in the “ON”
cover forward approximately 4.25” to its fully                    position the stove will display
extended position. The control panel is                           information to the operator through the
located on the left side of the hopper just                       3 segment Temp Display Window
behind the open front cover (Figure 5).                           located just above the Low and Set
                                                                  buttons on the Control panel. Any
                                                                  time an error code is displayed in the
                                                                  Temp Display Window, after all pellets
                                                                  have burned out and the stove has
                                                                  cooled, the power switch must be
                                                                  toggled to the “OFF” position for a
                                                                  minimum of 1 minute to reset the
                                                                  stove.
                                                                         Note: If the Power Switch is
                                                                         toggled to the “OFF” position
                                                                         when the stove is still hot or
                                                                         when there is still a fire in the
                                                                         burn chamber, the exhaust
                                                                         blower will continue to run until
                                                                         the fire in the stove is out and
              Figure 5                                                   the stove has cooled.
                                                              •   Temp Display Window – Displays
The main power switch for the stove is                            information that will identify the current
located at the top right corner of the control                    operational status of the stove, the
panel. This switch controls the main power to                     current room temperature, current set
the stove. Please note that if power to the                       point temperature if in Automatic
stove is turned off while there is still a fire in                Temperature Control Mode, current
the burn chamber or when the stove is still                       User Control Mode (manual setting)
hot, the exhaust blower will continue to run                      when in User Control Mode, error
until all exhaust fumes have been evacuated                       codes, etc.
from the burn chamber and the burn chamber                    •   High Button – Adjusts selected
has been cooled to below 110 degrees F.                           variable up.
This will eliminate getting unwanted exhaust                  •   Low Button – Adjusts selected variable
fumes in the home if power is turned off while                    down.
there is still a fire in the stove. NOTE: If the              •   Set Button – Used in conjunction with
power cord is disconnected from the wall (or if                   the High Button and Low Button to
there is an unexpected power outage) while                        adjust the set point temperature of the
there is still a fire in the burn chamber, unless                 stove, adjust the User Control Mode of
there is significant positive draft on the stove                  the stove, to get into and out of Set-Up
via the exhaust system, it is possible that                       Mode when adjusting the base feed
smoke will leak from the stove into the home.                     rate of the stove and to adjust the feed
                                                                  rate table being used to operate the
                                                                  stove (when in Set-Up Mode).




                                              Page 17 of 37
Error Codes

        Error     Meaning                            Potential Cause of Error Code     Corrective Action
        Code
                                                     Stove out of pellets                Fill hopper with pellets
                                                                                         then prime auger
         FA1    No fire in burn chamber
                                                     Ignition of pellets during start-up Clean burn pot, grate,
                                                     failed                              burn box, burn chamber
                                                     Thermal sensing cable not           Plug in thermal sensing
                Control board not receiving signal   plugged in.                         cable
          4
                from thermal sensing cable           Thermal sensing cable               Replace thermal sensing
                                                     damaged                             cable

       Figure 6

Hopper                                                        As a safety precaution the rear hopper cover
                                                              is equipped with a switch, which senses the
The hopper of your stove is where pellets are
                                                              condition (open or closed) of the rear hopper
stored before being transferred to the burn
                                                              cover. When the rear hopper cover is in the
pot and burned to create heat. The hopper is
                                                              open position, power to the gear motor that
located at the top of the stove and can be
                                                              drives the auger is cut off to stop the auger
accessed by pulling the top front cover of
                                                              from turning to ensure that the turning auger
your stove forward (it is attached to rollers)
                                                              will not pinch fingers. When the rear hopper
and lifting the back top cover of your stove
                                                              cover is returned to the closed position, power
up. Load pellets into the hopper by dumping
                                                              to the gear motor will be restored and pellets
them directly into the hopper opening. The
                                                              being transported to the burn pot will resume.
maximum volume of pellets can be loaded
into the hopper by pushing the pellets into                   If there is a fire in the burn pot when the rear
each corner of the hopper and leveling them                   hopper cover is opened, leaving the rear
out with the top.                                             hopper cover open (suspending the feed of
                                                              pellets to the fire) for too long will allow the
  • Note: Never rest a bag of pellets or put
                                                              fire to go out. If the fire goes out while the
   any significant downward pressure on the
                                                              rear hopper cover is open, leave the rear
   front cover of the hopper cover when it is
                                                              hopper cover open until all burning pellets in
   when it is in the open (forward) position.
                                                              the burn pot have completely burned up.
   Putting downward pressure on the front
                                                              After the fire and all remaining smoldering
   cover when it is the open position may
                                                              pellets have extinguished, turn the power
   damage the sliders that allow the cover to
                                                              switch to the off position (the exhaust fan may
   slide forward.
                                                              continue to run), leave the stove turned off for
Located at the bottom of the hopper is the                    a minimum of 5 minutes, then turn the power
auger, which carries the pellets to the drop                  to the stove back on and resume operation of
tube. The drop tube guides the pellets into                   the stove as desired.
the burn pot. The auger located at the bottom
of the hopper rotates within a tube that                      Priming the Auger
restricts the volume of pellets that can be
dropped into the fire. Keep your hands away               Before firing your Buffalo Pellet Stove for the
from the auger at all times. If at any time it is         first time or any time the hopper has been
necessary to remove jammed pellets from the               burned completely empty of pellets, it is
auger/auger tube area, first turn off the stove           necessary to refill the hopper and auger with
and disconnect the power cord from the                    pellets before firing the stove. If the auger is
power source.                                             not loaded with pellets when a start-up
                                                          sequence is started, the stove will not have
                                                 Page 18 of 37
enough fuel (pellets) in the burn pot to initiate     uninterruptible start-up sequence is initiated.
a fire.                                               Depending on whether the stove is hot or cold
                                                      (a recent fire has been in the stove or not),
To prime the auger with pellets follow the            the stove goes through one of two different
steps listed below (read through entire list of       sets of sequences of turning on the
steps below before beginning the auger                combustion blower to a set speed, feeding
priming process).                                     pellets to the burn pot, heating of the igniter
                                                      and activation of the circulation blower.
   1. Load the hopper with pellets.
   2. With the stove turned off, open the             The control software chooses between two
      burn chamber door and remove the                different start-up sequences depending on
      artificial log (Remove log from front of        whether your stove is cold (has not been
      burn box by grasping log on the sides           running) or hot (recently shut down and has
      and lifting straight up).                       been called upon to provide heat). The
   3. Close the burn chamber door, turn the           software determines if the stove has recently
      stove on and raise the set point                been burning by checking a temperature-
      temperature at least 3 degrees above            sensing switch located on the exhaust
      the current room temperature to initiate        system.
      a start-up sequence.
   4. Wait 2 and ½ minutes. Turn power to             If the stove is cold, the software will put the
      the stove off, wait 30 seconds, turn            stove through a “cold start” sequence. Stove
      power to the stove back on, this will           operation cannot be interrupted during this
      initiate a second start up sequence             start-up process. It will be evident that the
      and again begin turning the auger.              stove is going through a start-up routine
   5. Looking through the burn chamber                because the display will alternately show the
      door window, watch for pellets to drop          current room temperature, then will display Su
      into the burn pot.                              (Start-up). This “cold start” sequence takes
   6. When you see the first pellets drop into        15 minutes and 30 seconds. Once the stove
      the burn pot, turn the power switch to          has completed the start-up sequence, it will
      the off position to terminate the start-up      transfer control of the stove operation to
      sequence.                                       either Automatic Temperature Control Mode
   7. Leave the stove powered off while you           or User Control Mode (manual control)
      open the burn chamber door and place            depending upon the mode the stove was in
      the artificial log back into the log            prior to the initiation of the start-up sequence.
      retention slots at the front of the burn
      box.                                            If power to the stove has just been turned on
   8. Close the burn chamber door.                    and a start-up sequence has been initiated, at
   9. Stove is now ready for operation.               the end of the start-up, control of the stove
                                                      transfers to Automatic Temperature Control
 • Note: If the stove has recently been               Mode (this is the default mode).
   burning and the hopper and auger have
   been burned empty of pellets, the stove            If the stove is hot (has recently been burning)
   must be given time to completely cool              and is again called upon to provide heat, the
   before priming the auger.                          software will put the stove through a “hot
                                                      start” sequence. Again, stove operation
                                                      cannot be interrupted during this start-up
Start-Up Process                                      process. It will be evident that the stove is
                                                      going through a start-up routine because the
When the stove electronics detects that heat          display will alternately show the current room
is required to warm the home, an                      temperature, then will display Su (Start-up).
                                             Page 19 of 37
The “hot start” sequence takes 13 minutes            User Control Mode (Uc) the display will cycle
and 30 seconds. Once the stove has                   between the letters Uc to confirm that the
completed the start-up sequence, it will             stove is in User Control Mode, the current
transfer control of the stove to either              User Control Mode setting (0, 3-7) and the
Automatic Temperature Control Mode or User           current room temperature.
Control Mode (manual control) depending
upon the mode the stove was in prior to the             Transfer From Automatic Temp Control
initiation of the start-up sequence.                    Mode to User Control Mode (Manual
                                                        Control)
Automatic Temperature Control Mode /                        •   Depress and hold Low button
User Control Mode
                                                            •   Depress and hold High button (in
                                                                combination with Low button)
Your Buffalo Pellet stove hast two different
                                                            •   After both Low and High buttons
modes of operation, Automatic Temperature
                                                                depressed for 2 seconds – transfer
Control Mode and User Control Mode
                                                                to User Control
(manual control). The software enables the
stove to operate in either Automatic                            * Note – Upon transfer from
Temperature Control Mode or User Control                        Automatic Temperature Control to
Mode – Manual Control (both individually                        User Control, the default User
described below).                                               Control Mode setting is 3, if the
                                                                stove is not burning when transfer
In Automatic Temperature Control Mode, the                      from Automatic Temperature
software will regulate all operational functions                Control to User Control occurs, a
of the stove (feed rate, combustion blower                      start-up sequence will be initiated.
speed and circulation blower speed) based
on the difference between your desired room             Transfer From User Control Mode (Manual
temperature (set point temperature) and what            Control) to Automatic Temp Control Mode
the stove senses (through the temperature                   •   Depress and hold Low button
sensing cable) your current room temperature
                                                            •   Depress and hold High button (in
to be. In User Control Mode you will select a
                                                                combination with Low button)
continuous burn rate for you stove (0 or
                                                            •   After both Low and High buttons
between 3 and 7). The stove will burn pellets
                                                                depressed for 2 seconds – transfer
at the selected feed rate regardless of the
                                                                to Automatic Temperature Control
current room temperature.
                                                                Mode
At initial power up the stove will default to           * Note – Upon transfer from User Control
Automatic Temperature Control Mode. In                    Mode to Automatic Temperature Control
Automatic Temperature Control Mode (Ac)                   Mode, the set point temperature on the
the display will cycle between the letters Ac to          stove will default to the current room
confirm that the stove is in Automatic                    temperature. Adjustments to the set
Temperature Control Mode and the current                  point temperature can be made using
room temperature.                                         the instructions below once transfer into
                                                          Automatic Temperature Control Mode is
If you wish to transfer from Automatic                    complete.
Temperature Control Mode to User Control
mode, depress and hold the Low button, then
depress and hold the High button. After both
the Low and High buttons have been
depressed together for 2 seconds the stove
will transfer into User Control Mode (Uc). In
                                            Page 20 of 37
Automatic Temperature Control Mode (Ac)              number 3, the highest burn rate setting is
                                                     number 7. To change the User Control Mode
Automatic Temperature Control Mode (Ac) is           setting (while in User Control Mode) follow the
the self-regulating, operational mode of the         instructions below.
stove. In this mode, the software adjusts the
feed rate, as well as the exhaust/combustion            User Control Mode Adjustment
and circulation blower speeds according to                  •   Depress and hold Set button
the heat required to bring your home up to the
                                                            •   Depress High or Low button (in
desired set point temperature (as selected on
                                                                combination with Set button) to
your stove).
                                                                adjust the User Control Mode of the
                                                                stove (any number between 3 and
   Set Point Temperature Adjustment
                                                                7)
   (Automatic Temp Control Mode)
                                                            •   Selecting User Control Mode 0 will
       •   Depress and hold Set button                          shut down the stove
       •   Depress High or Low button (in
           combination with Set button) to           In User Control Mode (Uc) the display will
           adjust set point temperature*             cycle between the letters Uc, to confirm that
           (depressing and holding the High or       the stove is in User Control Mode, the current
           Low button in combination with the        User Control Mode setting (0, 3-7) and the
           Set button will adjust the set point      current room temperature.
           temperature at a rapid rate)
                                                     Set-up Mode - Feed Rate Adjustment
           * Once set point temperature has
           been set 2.1 degrees or more
                                                     While in Automatic Temperature Control
           below the current room
                                                     Mode (Ac) it is possible to transfer into a set-
                temperature, the stove will
                                                     up mode, which enables the base feed rate of
           initiate its controlled shut down
                                                     the stove to be adjusted. If the stove is
           procedure.
                                                     operating in User Control Mode and the base
                                                     feed rate requires adjustment, the stove must
In Automatic Temperature Control Mode (Ac)
                                                     first be transferred into Automatic
the display will cycle between the letters Ac to
                                                     Temperature Control Mode, then transferred
confirm that the stove is in Automatic
                                                     into Set-Up Mode. The base feed rate
Temperature Control Mode and the current
                                                     adjustment made within set-up mode will
room temperature.
                                                     apply to all feed rate speeds of the stove. It is
                                                     necessary to be able to adjust the base feed
User Control Mode / Manual Control (Uc)
                                                     rate for each stove due to many factors,
                                                     including varying quality of fuel being burned,
User Control Mode (Uc) allows you to select a
                                                     the size of the area being heated within the
continuous heat setting on your stove
                                                     customer’s home, the type of installation, as
between 3 and 7 (levels 1 and 2 are to be
                                                     well as other factors. Set-up Mode allows the
used for diagnostic testing purposes only at
                                                     base feed rate for each stove to be fine tuned
this time). The stove will feed pellets and run
                                                     to offset the affect of these various factors.
the exhaust/combustion and circulation
blowers at preset speeds regardless of room
temperature. User Control Mode 0 will shut
the stove down. If the stove is shut down in
User Control Mode, changing the User
Control Mode setting from 0, to any number
between 3 and 7 will initiate a start-up
sequence. The lowest burn rate setting is
                                            Page 21 of 37
To get into set-up mode follow the instructions                •   After High and Low buttons have
below                                                              been depressed together for 2
                                                                   seconds – transfer out of Set-up
   Enter Set-up Mode (from Automatic                               Mode
   Temperature Control Mode)
       •   Depress and hold High button                 Upon transfer out of Set-up Mode, the new
       •   Depress and hold Set button (in              base feed rate settings take effect. To further
           combination with High button)                adjust the base feed rate of the stove,
                                                        transfer back into Set-up Mode and go back
       •   Depress and hold Low button (in
                                                        through the procedure outlined above.
           combination with High and Set
           buttons)
                                                        Note: If the base feed rate is adjusted too
       •   After High, Set and Low buttons
                                                        low, the fire may go out when the stove is
           depressed together for 2 seconds
                                                        burning at the lowest feed rate speeds. If this
           – transfer to Set-up Mode
                                                        occurs, re-enter set-up mode and select the
                                                        next higher base feed rate setting.
While in Set-up Mode, the stove will continue
to operate in Automatic Temperature Control
                                                        If the base feed rate is adjusted too high, the
Mode.
                                                        fire may have trouble keeping up with the rate
                                                        at which pellets are being dropped into the
When you transfer into set-up mode, the
                                                        burn pot (overfeed condition). If this occurs,
current base feed rate setting (a number
                                                        re-enter set-up mode and select the next
between 1 and 15) of the stove will be
                                                        lower base feed rate setting.
displayed, as a number, on the display. In
Set-up Mode, the base feed rate of the stove
                                                        Overheat Safety Switch
can be adjusted up or down by selecting a
higher or lower base feed rate setting
                                                        Your Buffalo Pellet Stove is equipped with an
number. Selecting a higher number will
                                                        overheat safety switch, which monitors the
increase the feed rate, selecting a lower
                                                        internal temperature of the stove while it is
number will decrease the feed rate.
                                                        burning. If the internal temperature of the
                                                        stove exceeds what is considered safe, fuel
While in set-up mode, change the base feed
                                                        feed to the burn pot will temporarily be
rate setting by following the instructions below
                                                        suspended while the stove is given the
                                                        opportunity to cool to a safe temperature.
   Base Feed Rate Setting Adjustment
                                                        When the stove has cooled to an acceptable
       •   Depress and hold Set button                  level, pellet feed to the burn pot will resume.
       •   Depress High or Low button (in               If the time required for the stove to cool is
           combination with Set button) to              long enough for the fire to go out (before feed
           adjust the base feed rate setting            to the burn pot is resumed), unburned pellets
           (number between 1 and 15)                    may accumulate in the burn pot (the stove will
                                                        then display an FA1 error (identified below)
Once a new base feed rate setting has been              and go through a controlled shut down
selected, follow the instruction below to               procedure). If this occurs, the feed rate
transfer out of Set-up Mode                             setting at which the stove is being burned
                                                        must be reduced. The stove must be turned
   Exit Set-up Mode                                     off, given sufficient time to cool and then the
       •   Depress and hold High button                 burn pot and burn chamber should be
       •   Depress and hold Low button (in              thoroughly cleaned. Once the burn pot and
           combination with High button)                burn chamber are again ready for operation,
                                                        turn the stove on and immediately bring the
                                               Page 22 of 37
set point temperature down so that the stove         seem that the stove is blowing cool air into
does not immediately go into a start-up              the room, however, the circulation blower
sequence. After the set point temperature            draws room air to pass through the heat
has been reduced to below the current room           exchanger tubes, the air passing through the
temperature, transfer into set-up mode               stove and being blown into the room is no
(following the procedure identified above) and       cooler than the current room air temperature.
reduce the feed rate setting from it’s current       The temperature of the air exiting from the
setting. Transfer out of set-up mode and             heat exchanger tubes may seem cooler than
resume normal stove operation.                       the current room air temperature but it is
                                                     simply because the air is moving at a faster
FA1 Error                                            velocity than the static room air (same
                                                     concept as how a fan keeps you cool in the
When an FA1 error has been detected, as a            summer).
safety precaution, the exhaust blower will run
for a minimum of 30 minutes. If at the end of        In Shut Down Mode (Sd) the display will cycle
30 minutes, the software determines that the         between the letters Sd to confirm that the
exhaust blower is still removing hot air from        stove is in the process of shutting down and
the burn chamber, the exhaust blower will            the current room temperature.
continue to run until all hot air has been
evacuated from the burn chamber.
                                                     Manual Lighting Procedure (Without
Shut Down (Sd)                                       Igniter)
                                                       • The steps identified below to manually light
Once the stove has brought the current room              your Buffalo Pellet Stove must be done in a
temperature 2.1 degrees above the current                timely manner once the process is initiated.
set point temperature (in Automatic                      Before starting this manual lighting procedure,
Temperature Control Mode) or User Control                read through and fully familiarize yourself with
                                                         the entire sequence of steps which must be
Mode 0 has been selected (in User Control                followed to manually light the appliance.
Mode) the stove will go through a controlled
Shut Down (Sd) procedure. When the stove             Before manually lighting the stove, thoroughly
goes into Shut Down, the display will cycle          clean the burn chamber taking care to remove
between the letters Sd, to confirm that the          any ash that has accumulated in the burn pot,
stove is currently shutting down and the             on the burn grate and in the burn box.
current room temperature.
                                                     Place approximately a quarter cup of pellets
As a safety precaution. the exhaust blower           into the burn pot. Squeeze a tablespoon of
will run for a minimum of 30 minutes as part         pellet starter gel on top of the pellets. Place
of the Shut Down procedure. If at the end of         another half cup of pellets on top of the
30 minutes, the software determines that the         pellets and starter gel in the burn pot.
exhaust blower is still removing hot air from        Squeeze another tablespoon of pellet starter
the burn chamber, the exhaust blower will            gel on top of the second batch of pellets.
continue to run until all hot air has been
evacuated from the burn chamber. Also as             Place the artificial log into the log retention
part of the standard shut down procedure, the        slots. Push the burn chamber door closed
circulation blower will run (at it’s pre-shut        but do not latch it.
down speed) for a minimum of 30 minutes.
This is done to assure that all available heat      Turn power to the stove on. Immediately
is transferred from the burn chamber to the         lower the stove set point temperature (by
room during the shut down procedure. Once           depressing the set button and low button at
the stove has cooled during shut down, it may       the same time) to at least 3 degrees below
                                           Page 23 of 37
the current room temperature (this will ensure          Note: If the stove has been started manually
that the stove will not go into a start-up              due to a faulty failed igniter, the stove must
sequence). The exhaust motor will turn on.              be operated in User Control (manual) mode
                                                        until repairs are completed.
Once the exhaust motor has turned on, open
the burn chamber door. Light the pellets by             STOVE MAINTENANCE
reaching through the log with long wooden
match, handheld igniter or by some other                By far the most important factor in obtaining
means taking care to keep your hands                    cost-effective, efficient, reliable heat from
sufficiently away from the flame which will             your pellet-burning appliance is performing
quickly spread across the surface of the                regularly scheduled routine maintenance on
pellets.                                                your stove. The cleaner you keep the
                                                        appliance, the better it will perform. Burning
Push closed, but do not latch, the burn                 wood pellets is an inexpensive way to
chamber door to provide the flame the                   provide supplemental heat to your home,
appropriate amount of air to establish a sound          however, burning any wood product requires
fire in the burn pot. If the flame drops down           regular maintenance of the heating
to a point that it looks like it is going to go out,    appliance. The trade-off of having an
the burn chamber door has been closed too               inexpensive, renewable energy heat source
far, open the burn chamber door slightly so             in your home, is taking what amounts to a
the fire continues to burn. Keeping the door            few hours a month to maintain the integrity of
pushed closed, but not latched, watch the fire          the heat source by performing specific
until the pellets are clearly burning (3 to 4           cleaning tasks.
minutes). Once the flame is established and
it is obvious that the pellets (not just the            Daily and/or Bi-weekly Stove Maintenance
starter gel) are burning, fully close the burn
chamber door by locking the door latch. If it              •   Shut down stove and let it cool a
appears that the fire is in jeopardy of going                  minimum of 60 minutes.
out, it is too soon to latch the burn chamber              •   Once stove has cooled for 60 minutes,
door, unlatch the door and continue to                         toggle the on/off toggle switch to the
monitor the fire until it again appears that the               off position.
fire is well established and again try latching            •   Unplug the power cord from the back
the burn chamber door closed.                                  of the stove.

Continue to watch the pellets until 90% of the
pellets are fully engulfed in flames or have
become burning embers, glowing orange
(approximately 7 to 9 minutes from the time
the pellets were initially lit). Once 90% of the
pellets are completely burning or have turned
into glowing embers, bring the stove set point
temperature up to at least 4 degrees above
the current room temperature. This will
initiate a start up sequence. The stove will
indicate that it is going through a start-up
sequence by alternately showing the current
room temperature, then Su (Start-up) on the
display. From this point, the manual start-up
sequence will take between 11 and 16
minutes to complete.
                                               Page 24 of 37
Clean Heat Exchanger Tubes (daily, if                      •   Grasp heat exchanger scraper rod and
possible or at a minimum bi-weekly - every                     move rod up and down to clean
6 to 9 bags of pellets)                                        deposits from the outside of the heat
                                                               exchanger tubes. Use of both hands
   •   Open Heat Exchanger door above
                                                               will enable full even strokes to clean
       Burn Chamber door to expose the
                                                               deposits from the entire length of the
       heat exchanger tubes and heat
                                                               heat exchanger tubes (full stroke
       exchanger scraper rod (leave Burn
                                                               length approximately 5.25”).
       Chamber door closed, Figure 8).




                                                                Figure 10
                                                           •   If the scraper becomes stuck while
                                                               cleaning the heat exchanger tubes,
                                                               gently wiggle the rod left and right
                                                               while putting moderate upward or
           Figure 7
                                                               downward pressure on the rod (use of
                                                               channel locks on the rod may be
                                                               required if the scraper becomes
                                                               securely lodged). If daily cleaning of
                                                               the heat exchanger tubes is not done,
                                                               eventually the heat exchanger tubes
                                                               will become encrusted with deposits,
                                                               not enabling the tubes to be cleaned at
                                                               all. Deposits accumulated on the heat
                                                               exchanger tubes will result in less
                                                               efficient transfer of heat from the burn
                                                               chamber to the home.
           Figure 8
                                                               NOTE: If the heat exchanger tubes
       •   Cautiously confirm that heat                        are not cleaned on a regular basis by
           exchanger scraper rod is cool                       following the above-identified
           (Figure 9).                                         procedure, eventually deposits will
                                                               build-up to the point that the scraper
                                                               rod and attached scraper will not
                                                               move. All heat exchanger scrapers
                                                               and scraper rods are checked at the
                                                               factory before shipment to confirm
                                                               functionality. Repair of an immovable
                                                               heat exchanger scraper rod is cost
                                                               prohibitive. This repair is not covered
       Figure 9                                                under warranty.

                                           Page 25 of 37
Inspect burn pot for clinkers/air                           inspect the burn pot for ash
obstructions (Bi-weekly or every 6 to 9                     accumulation. Remove any ash that
bags of pellets)                                            has accumulated with a Cheetah Ash
                                                            Vacuum or any alternate vacuum with
   •   Vacuum or brush off any accumulation                 sufficient filtering to avoid putting ash
       of ash from the artificial log.                      inside your home. If you do not have a
   •   Confirm that log is cool.                            vacuum with sufficient filtering using a
   •   Remove log from front of burn box by                 narrow, firm bristle, nylon brush, brush
       grasping log on the sides and lifting                any ash that has accumulated in the
       straight up.                                         burn pot through the burn grate holes
   •   Look inside burn pot (Figure 11) to                  to beneath the burn grate.
       check for any accumulation of ash or             •   Check the burn grate (located at the
       clinkers. A clinker is a hard ash                    bottom of the burn pot, viewed with
       formation that can be created when the               mirror and flashlight as demonstrated
       ash present in the burn pot begins to                above) for any blocked holes.
       melt.                                            •   If any holes in the burn grate have ash
                                                            or carbon build-up restricting airflow,
                                                            scrape the burn grate clean of ash
                                                            and/or carbon deposits with a
                                                            screwdriver, narrow trowel, narrow
                                                            paint scraper or spoon using care to
                                                            not touch the cartridge heater/igniter.
                                                            After clearing any obstructed burn
                                                            grate holes, vacuum the burn pot area
                                                            again (or brush the burn grate with a
                                                            narrow, firm bristle, nylon brush).

                                                     Clean Door Glass (As Needed)
       Figure 11
                                                        •   Clean glass by wiping with a clean dry
   •   Use of a mirror and flashlight will allow            soft cloth.
       for close inspection inside the burn pot         •   If glass is soiled such that it cannot be
       area.                                                cleaned with a dry cloth, use of gas
   •   Confirm that the burn pot area is cool               appliance glass cleaner is suggested.
       (room temperature).                              •   Close burn chamber and heat
   •   Using a screwdriver (or spoon) to                    exchanger door.
       reach inside the burn pot, gently
       dislodge and remove any clinkers that         Once the identified daily maintenance
       may have formed inside the burn pot.          procedures have been completed, reinstall
   •   There are air intake holes on the             the power cord into the back of the stove, turn
       bottom front side and back side of the        the power switch to the on position and
       burn pot, these holes must be clear of        resume normal stove operation.
       obstructions for an efficient burn.
       Clear away any build up of carbon
       and/or ash by scraping the bottom front
       inside of the burn pot with a trowel,
       paint scraper or spoon.
   •   Once any clinkers have been removed
       from the burn pot and the front inside
       burn pot air intake holes are clear, re-
                                            Page 26 of 37
Weekly Stove Maintenance                                 •   Vacuum the burn pot area thoroughly.
                                                         •   Remove the wing nut at the front of the
In addition to the Bi-Weekly Stove                           burn pot (use of pliers may be
Maintenance procedures, perform the                          necessary).
following procedures once a week (or every
10 to 15 bags of pellets).

   •   Shut down stove and let it cool a
       minimum of 60 minutes.
   •   Once stove has cooled for 60 minutes,
       toggle the on/off toggle switch to the
       off position.
   •   Unplug the power cord from the back
       of the stove (as identified in the Daily
       Stove Maintenance procedure above)

Clean Burn Pot, Burn Grate, Burn Box,                        Figure 13
Burn Chamber (Weekly or every 10 to 15
bags of pellets)                                         •   Lift the front of the burn pot up, remove
                                                             the burn pot from the burn box.
   •   Open Burn chamber door.                           •   Once the burn pot is removed from the
   •   Using a small brush, brush any                        burn box, thoroughly clean it using a
       accumulation of ash inside the burn                   firm bristle wire or nylon brush taking
       chamber (Figure 12) into the ash                      care to ensure that all burn pot holes
       pan/drawer. If preferred, vacuum any                  are clear of obstruction.
       accumulation of ash from the burn                 •   Locate the burn grate jog switch
       chamber using a Cheetah Ash Vacuum                    (Figure 14) found on the right side of
       or alternate vacuum with sufficient                   the stove, just below the right side
       filtering to avoid putting ash inside your            panel (switch is located on the bottom
       home.                                                 lip of the stove frame, pointing
                                                             downward).




       Figure 12

   •   Vacuum or brush off any accumulation
       of ash from the artificial log.                       Figure 14
   •   Confirm that log is cool.
                                                         •   Depress the switch to move the grate
   •   Remove log from front of burn box by
                                                             and grate rod (power cord must be
       grasping log on the sides and lifting
                                                             plugged in but the stove power should
       straight up.
                                                             be turned off).
   •   Confirm that burn pot area is cool.
                                             Page 27 of 37
•   When the grate jog switch is
    depressed, the circulation blower will
    turn on and you will see the grate rod
    (which extends through the front of the
    burn box) slowly moving.
•   The grate rod will move forward and
    back while the grate jog switch remains
    depressed.
•   Looking inside the burn box, keep the
    switch depressed until the grate and
    grate rod are both in their forward most
    position.                                            Figure 16
•   When the grate is in its forward most
    position, release the grate jog switch to        •   Vacuum any ash that may have
    stop the movement of the grate.                      accumulated inside the front edge of
•   Reach inside the burn box and remove                 the igniter tube.
    the grate by lifting it straight up.             •   Put the burn grate back into the burn
•   Thoroughly clean the grate using a firm              box by placing the grate on the stay
    bristle wire or nylon brush taking care              clean grate rod, straddling it over the
    to ensure that all grate holes are clear             stay clean grate rod spacer.
    of obstruction.                                  •   Put the burn pot back into the burn box
•   Thoroughly vacuum the inside of the                  by placing the top rear upper edge of
    burn box (Figure 15).                                the burn pot under the small tabs
                                                         located near the top rear edge of the
                                                         burn box.
                                                     •   Once the back of the burn pot is
                                                         located under the burn box retention
                                                         tabs, rotate the front of the burn pot
                                                         downward to seat it in the burn box.
                                                     •   While pushing the front of the burn pot
                                                         downward and pushing the back
                                                         angled surface of the burn pot toward
                                                         the rear of the stove reinstall the wing
                                                         nut to secure the burn pot in place.
                                                     •   Inspect the burn pot installation to
                                                         ensure that there is not a gap between
    Figure 15
                                                         the back top edge of the burn pot and
                                                         the burn box (Figure 17). The rear
•   Vacuum all ash from the two air                      upper edge of the burn pot should be
    combustion channels that extend                      snug against the back of the burn box.
    directly back from the burn box (Figure              If it appears that there is a gap, loosen
    16).                                                 the wing nut and attempt reinstallation
                                                         of the burn pot. A gap between the
                                                         back of the burn pot and burn box will
                                                         have a slight adverse effect on the
                                                         efficiency of the stove.




                                         Page 28 of 37
       Figure 17
                                                               Figure 19
   •   Install Log
                                                          •   Vacuum along the same length of
        o Place front lower edge of log in the
                                                              glass, both top and bottom to remove
           log retention slots at the front of the
                                                              any ash or other deposits that have
           burn box.
                                                              been brushed loose along the length of
        o Drop log into burn box slots until
                                                              glass (Figures 20 and 21).
           they bottom out.
   •   Close burn chamber door.
   •   Resume normal stove operation.


Clean Door Glass Airwash - Top and
Bottom (weekly or every 10 to 15 bags)

   •   Open the door to the burn chamber.
   •   Using a narrow, firm bristle, nylon
       brush, clean along the glass along
       both the top and bottom metal
       guarding (the entire length of all three                  Figure 20
       pieces of glass, Figures 18 and 19).




          Figure 18                                            Figure 21




                                              Page 29 of 37
   •   The gap along the top and bottom of
       the glass is called the airwash. Air
       enters the burn chamber along this
       length of glass, washes along the inner
       surface of the glass and helps keep
       the glass clean during stove operation.
       Not cleaning the airwash on a weekly
       basis may cause your glass to become
       prematurely soiled.

Once the identified weekly maintenance                          Figure 23
procedures have been completed, reinstall
the power cord into the back of the stove, turn          •    Using a 5/16” nutdriver or socket
the power switch to the on position and                       extension remove the ash trap
resume normal stove operation.                                cleanout doors (Figure 23).
                                                         •    With a trowel pull the ash that has
Semi-Weekly Stove Maintenance                                 accumulated behind that ash trap
                                                              doors forward to drop into the ash pan
In addition to the Bi-weekly and Weekly Stove                 or vacuum any ash that has
Maintenance procedures, perform the                           accumulated behind the ash trap doors
following procedure once every other week                     with a Cheetah Ash Vacuum or any
(or every 20 to 30 bags of pellets).                          alternate vacuum with sufficient
                                                              filtering to avoid putting ash inside your
Ash trap door cleanout (Weekly or every                       home.
10 to 15 bags)                                           •    After all ash has been removed from
                                                              behind the ash trap cleanout doors,
   •   There are ash trap compartments                        reinstall the cleanout doors using a
       located behind the burn chamber,                       5/16” nutdriver or socket extension.
       which trap and prevent excess ash
       from exiting the stove.                               Ash trap door cleanout may not be
   •   There are two ash trap clean out doors                required every week or 10 to 15 bags
       located on the right and left side of the             depending on various factors. We
       stove (Figure 22), below the fire brick               suggest cleaning out behind the ash trap
       which enable you to clean                             doors weekly until you can get a feel for
       accumulated ash from the ash trap                     the required cleaning frequency. Ash
       compartments located behind the burn                  trap doors should be cleaned before the
       chamber.                                              cavities behind the ash trap doors
                                                             become full. The picture on the right
                                                             above shows the ash trap doors 2/3 to
                                                             3/4 full, which is an appropriate time to
                                                             clean them out.

                                                     --------------------



         Figure 22




                                            Page 30 of 37
Monthly Stove Maintenance                                        may result in an improper seal of the
                                                                 ash pan which in turn can lead to less
In addition to the Bi-weekly, Weekly and
                                                                 than optimum burn conditions.
Semi-Weekly Stove Maintenance procedures,
perform the following procedure once a               Fresh Air Intake (Monthly or every 40 to 50
month (or every 40 to 50 bags of pellets).           bags)
   •   Shut down stove and let it cool a                •        Inspect air intake to be sure that it is
       minimum of 60 minutes.                                    free of any obstructions.
   •   Once stove has cooled for 60 minutes,
       toggle the on/off toggle switch to the        Semi-Annual Maintenance Procedure
       off position.
                                                     In addition to the Bi-weekly, Weekly and
   •   Unplug the power cord from the back           Monthly Stove Maintenance procedures,
       of the stove (as identified in the Daily      perform the following procedure twice a
       Stove Maintenance procedure above)            heating season (or once every 50 to 75bags
Empty ash pan/drawer (Monthly or every               of pellets).
40 to 50 bags)                                       Inspect and Clean Exhaust Vent System
   •   Using a 7/32” Allen head wrench               (Every 50 to 75 bags, 1 to 1½ tons of
       remove the two Allen heat bolts that          pellets)
       hold the ash pan/drawer in place                     •    Twice a season (or every 50 to 75
       (Figure 24).                                              bags, 1 to 1½ tons) it is necessary to
                                                                 inspect and clean all exhaust vent
                                                                 piping.
                                                            •    To loosen and dislodge any ash that
                                                                 has accumulated in the vent pipe, tap
                                                                 lightly along all vertical lengths of pipe.
                                                            •    Open and remove the bottom of all
                                                                 “T”s in your exhaust vent system to
                                                                 remove any accumulated ash.
       Figure 24                                            •    Entering the exhaust pipe from the
                                                                 bottom of all “T”s in your exhaust
   •   After the Allen head bolts have been                      system, vacuum as much ash out of all
       removed, pull the ash pan straight                        exhaust pipe as can be reached with a
       back from the stove to remove it.                         vacuum.
   •   Dispose of the ashes from the ash                    •    Reinstall the bottom of any “T”s that
       pan/drawer in a fireproof container.                      have been removed, using aluminum
   •   Vacuum the inside of the ash                              tape to seal all “T” end caps.
       pan/drawer area (the space that the                  •    Go to the exit end of the exhaust
       ash pan was just removed from).                           system (where it vents outside the
   •   Before reinstalling the ash pan, check                    home) and remove the end cap.
       the gasket on the inside of the ash                  •    Vacuum as much ash out of the
       pan/drawer to confirm that it is securely                 exhaust pipe as can be reached with a
       in place.                                                 vacuum.
   •   To reinstall the ash pan simply slide                •    Reinstall the end cap on the pipe.
       the pan back into the stove pedestal
       and reinstall the 7/32” Allen head bolts.                Improper or neglected cleaning of
   •   Snug the ash pan in place taking care                    exhaust system can lead to less than
       to not over tighten the bolts and deform                 optimum performance, premature
       the sides of the ash pan cover, this                     component failure and can be
                                                                EXTREMELY DANGEROUS.
                                            Page 31 of 37
Annual Stove Maintenance
   Before firing the stove for the first time each
   heating season, perform all of the above
   maintenance/cleaning procedures; in addition,
   perform the following two simple maintenance
   procedures.

NOTE: It is extremely important to thoroughly
inspect and clean the exhaust system prior to
the beginning of the each heating season.
This must be done to both clean any
                                                              Figure 25
accumulated ash and/or soot that may have
accumulated, but also to confirm that it is free          •   Place two drops of oil into the oil port
of any obstructions, such as bird or rodent                   on the circulation blower
nests which will have a significant detrimental
                                                          •   Reinstall Right Side Panel
effect on the performance of the appliance.
                                                              o Open the burn chamber and heat
                                                                  exchanger doors.
   •   Shut down stove and let it cool a
                                                              o Holding the rear of the side panel
       minimum of 60 minutes.
                                                                  1” to 2” away from the side of the
   •   Once stove has cooled for 60 minutes,
                                                                  stove, position the front of the
       toggle the on/off toggle switch to the
                                                                  panel around the door latch.
       off position.
                                                              o Keeping the rear of the side pane 1
   •   Unplug the power cord from the back
                                                                  to 2” away from the side panel of
       of the stove (as identified in the Daily
                                                                  the stove, slide the panel forward
       Stove Maintenance procedure above)
                                                                  until the inner front surface of the
Oil Circulation Blower                                            side panel bottoms out against the
                                                                  outer surface of the stove.
                                                              o Holding the front of the panel flush
   •   Remove Right Side Panel
                                                                  against the side of the stove, slide
       o Loosen the two screws (if your side
                                                                  the panel toward the rear of the
          panel is slotted) or remove the two
                                                                  stove. The front of the panel has
          screws (if your side panel has
                                                                  two slots, which will catch behind
          holes) at the back of the right side
                                                                  Phillips head screws mounted on
          panel of the stove (right as you are
                                                                  the side of the stove (one near the
          looking at the stove from the front)
                                                                  top, one near the bottom) to hold
          that hold the right side panel in
                                                                  the front of the panel in place.
          place.
                                                              o After the front of the panel is
       o Open the burn chamber door and
                                                                  secured behind the two Phillips
          heat exchanger door.
                                                                  head screws, push the back lip of
       o Pull the back of the right side panel
                                                                  the panel around the back of the
          away from the stove 1” to 2”.
                                                                  stove.
       o Push forward on the side panel
                                                              o Reattach the back of the side panel
          (toward the front of the stove) to
                                                                  to the stove using two screws
          free it from the stove; you may
                                                                  mounted through either holes or
          need to “bump” the side panel
                                                                  slots on the back of the side panel.
          forward with the palm of your hand
          to free it.
   •   Locate the oil port on the circulation
       blower (Figure 25)


                                              Page 32 of 37
Oil Exhaust Blower
                                                             o Holding the side panel with two
  •   Remove Left Side Panel                                     hands, align the front of the side
       o Loosen the two screws (if your side                     panel so it fits around the hinges of
           panel is slotted) or remove the two                   both doors.
           screws (if your side panel has                    o Moving the front of the panel as far
           holes) at the back of the left side                   forward as possible (front of panel
           panel of the stove (left as you are                   just behind the end of the burn
           looking at the stove from the front)                  chamber and heat exchanger
           that hold the left side panel in                      doors) push the front of the panel
           place.                                                flush against the side of the stove.
       o Open the burn chamber door and                      o Holding the front of the panel flush
           heat exchanger door about half                        against the side of the stove, slide
           way (45 degrees).                                     the panel toward the rear of the
       o Pull the back of the left side panel                    stove. The front of the panel has
           away from the stove 1” to 2”.                         two slots, which will catch behind
       o Push forward on the side panel                          Phillips head screws mounted on
           (toward the front of the stove) to                    the side of the stove (one near the
           free it from the stove; you may                       top, one near the bottom) to hold
           need to “bump” the side panel                         the front of the panel in place.
           forward with the palm of your hand                o After the front of the panel is
           to free it.                                           secured behind the two Phillips
  •   Locate the oil port on exhaust blower                      head screws, push the back lip of
      (figure 26).                                               the panel around the back of the
                                                                 stove.
                                                             o Reattach the back of the side panel
                                                                 to the stove using two screws
                                                                 mounted through either holes or
                                                                 slots on the back of the side panel.
                                                        •   After the stove has been fully
                                                            reassembled, reattach the power cord
                                                        •   Toggle the power switch to the “On”
                                                            position to turn the power on and
                                                            immediately hold the set button and
                                                            low buttons down to lower the set
                                                            temperature of the stove. Lower the
          Figure 26                                         set temperature to the lowest available
                                                            setting, 50F.
  •   Put two drops of oil into oil port on the         •   The exhaust blower will turn on and
      exhaust blower.                                       run for 30 minutes. This 30 minutes of
  •   Reinstall left side panel.                            run time will give the oil applied to the
      o Open the burn chamber and heat                      exhaust motor sufficient time to
          exchanger doors to approximately                  thoroughly lubricate the exhaust motor.
          45 degrees.                                   •   After 30 minutes the exhaust blower
                                                            will turn off.

                                                     Resume normal stove operation.




                                            Page 33 of 37
Troubleshooting


Problem                Possible Cause                                  Required Action
Power on, stove not    Set point temperature is less than 2.1          Increase set point temperature or transfer into
firing                 degrees above current room temperature          and operate stove in User Control Mode
                       Hopper empty of pellets                         Fill hopper with pellets
                       Auger was not primed at time of start-up        Clean burn pot, prime auger, restart stove
Stove goes into start-
                       Burn pot dirty                                  Clean burn pot
up (Su) but not firing
(eventual FA1 error) No fuel feed                                      See No Fuel Feed below
                                                                       Inspect, test and replace exhaust blower snap
                       Failed exhaust blower snap switch
                                                                       switch
Stove starts, runs,     Hopper empty of pellets                        Fill hopper with pellets
then at some point                                                     Increase base feed rate of stove using "Set-up
FA1 faults (no          Feed rate set too low
                                                                       Mode"
unburned pellets
remain in the burn pot) No fuel feed                                   See "No fuel feed" below
Stove starts, runs,
then at some point
                                                                       Reduce base feed rate of stove using "Set-up
FA1 faults (unburned Overheat condition, feed rate set too high
                                                                       Mode"
pellets found in burn
pot)
                                                                       Confirm that stove is plugged into a grounded
                       No power to the stove                           120V AC electrical outlet and the outlet is
                                                                       supplying power to the appliance
                       Hopper empty of pellets                         Fill hopper with pellets
                       Rear hopper lid open                            Close rear hopper lid
                       Burn chamber door not completely latched        Close burn chamber door
                       Ash pan not securely installed                  Securely install ash pan
                       Vacuum line broken, loose or obstructed         Inspect, reattach, clear or replace vacuum line
No fuel feed
                       Exhaust vent system plugged or obstructed       Inspect and clean exhaust vent system
                                                                       Lubricate exhaust blower as identified in this
                       Exhaust blower requires lubrication
                                                                       manual
                                                                       Inspect auger and clear jam (power cord
                       Auger jammed
                                                                       disconnected)
                       Auger motor failure                             Test auger motor, replace if failed
                       Vacuum switch failure                           Test vacuum switch, replace if failed
                       Exhaust blower failure                          Test exhaust blower, replace if failed
Exhaust blower and
                        Stove cooling down after shut down (both
circulation blower will                                                None, normal operation
                        may remain on for 30 mins or longer)
not turn off
                       Power to stove recently turned on, exhaust
                                                                       None, normal operation
                       blower will run for 30 mins at power-up
Exhaust blower runs
                       Stove has FA1 faulted (no fire in the stove),
with no fire in the                                                    See "Stove not firing" section above
                       exhaust blower will run for 30 mins
stove
                       Stove has recently shut down, exhaust
                                                                       None, normal operation
                       blower will run for 30 mins




                                                   Page 34 of 37
Troubleshooting (contd.)

Problem                  Possible Cause                                   Required Action
                         Burn pot, burn grate, burn pot dirty restricting
                                                                          Clean burn pot, burn grate, burn box
                         air to the fire
Lazy or dark orange Ash traps filled with ash                             Clean ash traps
flame, pellets piling up                                                  Reduce base feed rate of stove using "Set-up
in the burn pot          Feed rate too high
                                                                          Mode"
                         Poor quality fuel (moist, dirty, high in fines) Acquire and use better quality fuel
                         Exhaust vent system plugged or obstructed Inspect and clean exhaust vent system
                                                                          Increase base feed rate of stove using "Set-up
                         Feed rate set too low
                                                                          Mode"
Short flame at high      Natural draft on venting system may require
feed rates                                                                Contact dealer to obtain Buffalo Pellet Stove
                         that an optional air damper be installed and
                                                                          external air damper
                         utilized
                         Poor quality fuel                                Acquire and use better quality fuel
Flame goes out at                                                         Increase base feed rate of stove using "Set-up
                         Feed rate set too low
lower feed rates                                                          Mode"
                         Power to the stove has been lost                 Restore power to the stove
                                                                          Inspect venting system for leaks and seal with
Smell of smoke in        Joints in vent pipe not properly sealed
                                                                          high temperature RTV silicone sealant
home
                         Airflow through the exhaust vent system has
                                                                          Inspect and clean exhaust vent system
                         been blocked or severely restricted
Circulation blower
                                                                       Allow stove to cool, then decrease base feed
continuously runs on    Unit has gone into an overheat condition
                                                                       rate using "Set-up Mode"
high




                                                    Page 35 of 37
Buffalo Pellet Stoves Limited Warranty

Buffalo Pellet Stoves/Snyder Manufacturing honors a 5-year limited warranty on all steel fabricated parts and a 1-year
warranty on all electrical components. This warranty is non-transferable and will be honored to the original purchaser
effective from the date of purchase (dated sales receipt confirming purchase from an authorized Buffalo Pellet Stove
dealer required).

The following items are not covered under this warranty – burn pot, igniter, heat exchanger tube scraper (and attached
rod), glass, paint, all gaskets and seals, plating on door trim.

This warranty is null and void if your Buffalo Pellet Stove has not been installed, operated, cleaned and maintained in
strict accordance with all guidelines identified within this owner’s manual. This warranty does not cover damage,
component failure or reduced performance due to misuse, mishandling, neglect, accident, alteration or willful abuse.

The limited warranty registration card must be completely filled out, signed and returned to Snyder Manufacturing
within 30 days of purchase in order for this warranty to be valid.

All claims under this limited warranty must be made through the dealer from which the stove was purchased. Check
with dealer in advance for any costs to you when arranging a warranty call. Mileage or service charges are not
covered by this warranty. Service charges vary from dealer to dealer. If upon inspection the dealer indicates that a
limited warranty claim is justified and all conditions of this limited warranty have been met, the manufacturer’s
responsibilities and liabilities shall be to repair or replace, at the manufacturer’s option, the defective part(s). All costs
associated with removal, shipment to and from the dealer or manufacturer, any losses incurred during shipment and
reinstallation, and any other losses incurred due to the appliance being removed and reinstalled, shall be covered by
the appliance owner.


                                   Conditions and Exclusions
o   There is no warranty, written or implied, on the performance of this Buffalo Pellet Stove. The manufacturer has no
    control over the installation, day-to-day operation, cleaning, maintenance or quality of fuel burned in this stove. All
    above identified factors are key to the performance of the appliance and are not under the control of the
    manufacturer.
o   This warranty does not cover operational-related problems and damage caused by various issues such as but not
    limited to
       1. Overfiring (caused by excessive feed rate).
       2. Damage caused by burning any heating medium other than wood pellets.
       3. Environmental conditions that restrict free flow of exhaust gasses from exiting the exhaust system (issues
           such as, but not limited to, downdraft or back draft, negative air pressure within the home caused by other
           mechanical systems within the home such as furnaces, clothes dryers, etc., improper ventilation, nearby
           trees or structures that can inhibit the free exit of exhaust gasses).
o   In order for this warranty to be valid, the appliance must be installed by a qualified installer (trained pellet stove
    technician).
o   This warranty is null and void if:
       1. Appliance has been operated in an environment contaminated by Chlorine, fluorine or other damaging
           chemicals.
       2. Appliance has been subjected to submersion in water or prolonged exposure to dampness or high humidity
           conditions.
o   This warranty does not cover damage, component failure or reduced performance due to misuse, mishandling,
    neglect, accident, improper installation, alteration or willful abuse.
o   Buffalo Pellet Stoves and Snyder Manufacturing is free of liability for any damages caused by this heating
    appliance. Incidental of consequential damages are not covered by this warranty.
o   This warranty is null and void if the appliance’s serial number has been removed or if it is found that the serial
    number has been changed with that of another identical appliance.
o   This warranty is not valid for appliances used for commercial use.
o   This warranty is not valid if the appliance has not been purchased from an authorized Buffalo Pellet Stove dealer.
o   There is no warranty on damage caused by corrosion.




                                                      Page 36 of 37
                              Buffalo Pellet Stoves Limited Warranty (contd.)
Neither the manufacturer, nor the suppliers to the purchaser, accepts responsibility, legal or otherwise for the
incidental or consequential damage to property or persons resulting from the use of this product. Any warranty implied
by law, including but not limited to implied warranties of merchantability or fitness, shall be limited to one (1) year from
the date of original purchase. Whether a claim is made against the manufacturer based on the breach of this warranty
or any other type of warranty expressed or implied by law, manufacturer shall in no event be liable for any special,
indirect, consequential or other damages of any nature whatsoever in excess of the original purchase price of this
product. All warranties by manufacturer are set forth herein and no claim shall be made against manufacturer on any
oral warranty or representation.

Some states do not allow exclusion of limited, incidental or consequential damages or limitations of implied warranties,
so the limitations or exclusions set forth in this limited warranty may not apply. This limited warranty gives you specific
legal rights and you may have other rights, which vary from state to state.




                                                     Page 37 of 37
                                  “Buffalo Pellet Stove”
                          Warranty Registration Information Card
               Please fill out this card and return to Snyder Manufacturing, Inc in order to continue to receive
                              warranty coverage and any notices about your Buffalo Pellet Stove.


                                                                              Date of Purchase             ____/____/20____


Last Name:     _________________________           First Name:                ________________             Middle Initial:________


Address:       __________________________          __________________


City:          _________________________           State: ____________        Zip Code: ___________


Home Phone:    _____-_____-________                Email Address:             ___________________

               B-100
Model:         B-200                               Serial Number:             ___________________


Dealer Name:   _________________________           Installer:                 ____________________




                                               Snyder Manufacturing, Inc
                                                  255 Rochester Street
                                                 Salamanca, NY 14779
                                                     716-945-0354
Snyder Manufacturing, Inc
255 Rochester Street
Salamanca, NY 14779
                            Snyder Manufacturing, Inc
                            C/O Warranty Registration
                            255 Rochester Street
                            Unit #1
                            Salamanca, NY 14779

				
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