Wetland Field Data Sheet
Investigator: G. Bell Weather: Cool/Windy Wetland Atlas No.: Topographic Sheet: Salinity: N/A Date: May 29, 2006 Location: North of Summerside Wetland size: Ass. watercourse: Malpeque Bay shoreline Conductivity: N/A
Dominant plant tvpe (%): 1.Spartina patens 30% 2.Spartina alternifolia 3.Spartina pectinata 30% 4.Scaly sedge 10%
5.Juncus 5% 6.Cattail 20% 7.Elephant grass __5%__ 8.Arrow grass
Description: Other salt tolerant species include sea lavender, sweet grass, salt water bulrush, scotch lovage, and sea-side goldenrod.
Distinct zonation: 1 Yes
Description: A broad shrubby zone dominated by Spartina pectinata occupies the fresh margin of the wetland, while areas nearer to the shore are dominated by Spartina patens and shallow pannes. The two habitats intermingle gradually over 10 to 20 m. Mature forest borders the wetland at the upland edge.
Morphology (%): 1 Protected-tidal exchange restricted _____ 2.Protected-tidal exchange unrestricted ____
Description: The saltmarsh wetlands border the Malpeque Bay north of Summerside. Large driftwood in the marsh indicates that higher high tide and storm-surges overtop the wetland.
Dimensions (compared with 1985 aerial photos): 1.Size enlarged ____ 3. Size same 2.Size decreased ____
Description: No recent development of costal areas or shore erosion.
Productivity: Moderate (dense vegetation but low diversity).
Ditches and tidal channels: 1 Extensive system ____ 2.Occasional channels
3.Few channels (tide generally overtops marsh banks) _X_ 4. Man-made channels
Description: There is no sign of past dyking or drainage for agriculture. A tidal restriction has been created by a culvert across the outlet to the westernmost saltmarsh in the Project area. Area covered by saltwater pannes: 1.Low (<5%) X 2.Moderate (5-40%) __ Freshwater influence: 1.Low 2.Moderate __ X__
Description: There is significant upland drainage into the marsh and vegetation in the salt marshes indicates a considerable freshwater input around the wetland margin. Tidal influence: 1.Flooded frequently X 2.Flooded infrequently __ __
3.Subsurface irrigation ____
Description: Vegetation and wrack line indicate that most of the saltmarsh areas are flooded daily. An extended shrub-zone at the wetland margin indicates a regular stormsurge influence as well.
Adjacent wildlife habitat (%): 1.Freshwater wetland __20__ 2.Forest _40_ 3.Dykelands ____
4.Mudflats ____ 5.Beach ____ 6.River _ _
Description: Areas of coniferous forest and shrubswamp grow up to the wetland margin to the south and west. The adjacent waterbody is Malpeque Bay.
Drift Material: 1.Yes X
Description: Natural and human refuse consisting mainly of wood.
Surrounding land use (%): 1.Agriculture __40__ 2.Forestry ____ 3 Recreation ____ 4.lndustrial ___ 5.Urban development ____ 6.Transportation __ (Route 345)
7.Residential _5__ 8.Waste Disposal ____ 9.Scientific Research ____ 10.Trapping ____ 11.Education ____ 12.Seasonal resident ____
Description: Route 345 runs around the northeast margin of the wetland. Two or three single family residences face the marsh. Disturbance: 1.Low __X__ 2.Moderate 3.High ____
Description: Previous agricultural activity has affected a very small marginal portion of wetland habitat. Roads and/or tracks: 1.Private road adjacent ____ 2.DOT road adjacent ___ 3.Private road within ____ Description:
4.DOT road within ____ 5.Vehicle tracks ____ 6.Other ____
Existing uses of wetlands: 1.Economic use (e.g. farming) ____ 2.Recreational activities ____ Previously dyked (%): 1.Yes, recent breach ____ 2.Yes, past breach ____ Special features: 1.Rare wetland type __X_ 2.Rare animal or plant species____ 3.Habitat of rare species ____
3.Aesthetics __X_ 4.Education & public awareness ____
4.Nesting site for colonial water birds ____ 5.Migration stopover site ____
Description: Coastal wetland identified as provincially significant according to the PEI Wetland Conservation Policy. Existing Management: None. Management Potential: Low (low habitat diversity, direct access limited due to narrow roadway and lack of parking. Also, location is far from urban centres). Enhancement Potential: Low (low habitat diversity, limited area). Notes: Wildlife observed include seagulls, bittern, and meadow vole. Tracks and nibbled vegetation indicate small mammal such as rabbit, fox, and possibly domestic cat. Small fish were observed in the channels and were greatly abundant along the tidal shoreline at high tide.