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The History of the Violin

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The History of the Violin Powered By Docstoc
					An Overview to the History
      of the Violin
             By
    Stephanie Marie Tropepe
      The History of the Violin

The history of the violin is very hard to trace.
Over the years, before its development as the
“new violin” in the 1600’s, the violin’s
predecessors were numerous and varied in size,
shape, the number of strings it used, and how it
was played.

It is best to think that the violin was derived by
taking and combining the best qualities of all
the early string instruments.
Some people believe
that the Egyptian
Kithara is the first
string instrument.

This string
instrument, and
others that followed,
were plucked.
Some believe that the
first string
instrument that was
played using a bow
came from India.

This instrument is
called a ravanastron.
This is a chart that shows the transition of
different stringed instruments that led to the
development of the “new violin.”
          The Violin of Today

The violin, as we know it today, was created in
the 1600’s.

It is unknown who the first person was who
“created” the violin, but there are a few men
who deserve credit and recognition.
            Gasparo da Salo

Gasparo da Salo is usually credited with being
the first to create the violin.

He did not make many violins, but he is
attributed as being the one for setting the path
for the Italian style of violin making.

He had one pupil that we know of who carried
on his work, Paolo Maggini.
         Gaspar Duiffoprugcar

Gaspar Duiffoprugcar is also attributed to being
the first violin creator.

Little is known about him.

His original name was Tieffenbrucker, but he
changed it so people would recognize his name
more easily.

Six of his violins still exist today, one of them
dating back to 1510.
              Pablo Maggini
               (1579-1630?)
Pablo Maggini was a pupil of Gasparo da Salo.

His main focus was making violins.

He was the founder of the Brescian School of
violin making.

Some of his violins still exist today.
              Amati Family

At the same time as Pablo Maggini, there was
the famous Cremonese School that was run by
the Amati family.
Andreas Amati, born around 1520, was also one
of the first to work on and create the violin.
None of his violins are still around, so his work
cannot be compared to Maggini’s.
Based on violins that are still around and were
made by Amati’s sons, Jerome and Anthony, it
is believed that his violins were smaller than
Maggini’s and that they had daintier outlines
and had a sweet and mellow tone.
             Nicolo Amati
             (1596-1684)
The Amati family's fame was best made known
by Jerome’s son, Nicola Amati.
Nicola Amati is considered to have been the
greatest master of the art of violin making.
He was the teacher of Antonio Stradivari and
Andreas Guarneri (Joseph Guarneri’s
grandfather).
Compared to his predecessors, Nicola used a
larger pattern for making his violins.
          Antonio Stradivari
             (1644-1737)
Antonio Stradivari is
the most famous violin
maker that ever lived.
He was apprenticed
until he was 24 years
old and then he
opened up a violin
shop of his own.
At the age of 56, after
much experimenting,
he developed the
design that made his
Stradivarious violins
well-known and
desired.
   Giuseppe (Joseph) Guarneri
          (1698-1744)
Giuseppe Guarneri,
more commonly
known as Joseph
Guarnerius del Gesu,
was also one of the
finest violin makers
ever.
He learned the art of
violin making from
his father.
His violins are known
as “del Gesu” (of
Christ) because he
marked his labels
with a cross and the
letters IHS (Jesus,
savior of mankind).
A lot of his violins are
no longer around.
                 Conclusion

Despite the complicated process that the violin
has gone through to become what we know it as
today, it has arrived in a perfect state of
creation.

There have been many violin makers since, but
not one of them has been able to improve on it.

The violin is the result of simplicity.

It has remained in the same form of
construction over the last 400 years or so.

				
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