Play Therapy by pengxiuhui


									        Play Therapy

           Presented by
Cory Melissa Boyer, M.S.W., R.S.W.
           July 14, 2004
• In her book, Play Therapy (ballantine,
  1969), Virginia Axline, a leading expert in
  play therapy, explains: “Play Therapy is
  based upon the fact that play is the child‟s
  natural medium of self expression. It is an
  opportunity for the child to „play out‟
  his/her feelings and problems just as adults
  talk out their difficulties.”
           Definition cont‟d
• Play Therapy involves using play materials
  as part of a therapeutic process designed to
  meet the emotional, social, psychological,
  and developmental needs of clients.
• Children are invited to play, however, it
  must be remembered that play on its own
  will not produce change – how the therapist
  uses the play is the key.
    Parameters of Play Therapy
What tools are available   Using play in a deliberate
                           manner to provide a
                           therapeutic experience

What is the underlying     Creating a distinct
theoretical framework      therapeutic relationship
              Tools Available
Using         Having a     Are the toys Do toys
interesting   choice of    durable?     allow for
toys.         materials.                creative

Do the toys   Can the      Is there     Remove
encourage     child        opportunity isolating
emotional     explore real for success? toys.
expression    life
  Using Play in a Deliberate
Manner to Provide a Therapeutic
•   Play comes naturally to most children
•   Helps develop a relationship with child
•   Takes the inner world and makes it concrete
•   Allows for control/manipulate objects
•   Assists with child‟s overall development
    The Underlying Theoretical
• A wide range of theoretical models are used
  by play therapists.
• Psychoanalytic, Release, Structured,
  Relational, Behavioural, Gestalt, Jungian,
  Filial, Theraplay, Developmental, etc.
• The framework is a guide by which the
  therapist organizes her thinking
 Creating a Distinct Therapeutic
• The play therapy relationship is like no
• The relationship is central to the healing
  power of therapy
• Ensures a place of safety, predictability,
  consistency, and respect
               Types of Play
• Directive Play      • Non-Directive Play
        Play Therapy Methods
Sand Tray     Puppets      Therapeutic
                           Story Telling

Art therapy   Toys/Games   Theraplay
                Sand Tray
•   Respectful for child
•   Eloquent communication
•   Non-verbal
•   Tactile
•   Use of metaphor
             Case Study 1
• Sand Box
• Skills needed
• Triangulation
     Therapeutic Story Telling
• Helps create metaphors
• Works at both a conscious and unconscious
• Story is not a prescription
              Art Therapy
• Designed to utilize the non-verbal
  communication produced with art materials
Case Study 2
      • Simon
      • Cartooning
     Toys, Games, and Crafts
• Dress-up and makeup
• Doll House and Family Figures
• Kitchen Set
                Case Study 3
• Beth
• Paper Dolls
        Theraplay Case Study 4
Nurturing Activities     Intrusion/Engagement

Structuring Activities   Challenging Activities
             Developing Play
A Good Play Therapist   Play Room Rules

Stages of Play          Forms of Play
A Note about Transference and
   Counter Transference

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