Word Confussion Confusion #1 Disagreement as to what is correct. Because... Because conj - indicates cause and effect. I did not go to dance class because I hurt my foot. Because I hurt my foot, I did not go to dance class. #2 Words are often used incorrectly. go or say? Go vb - to pass from one place to another. I go to the pet store on weekends. Say vb - to utter or express in words. She said that it rained yesterday. She went, “I don't like mushrooms.” He goes, “I've never eaten green eggs before.” #3 Many words differ by one or two letters. They sound similar yet have very different meanings. prostate or prostrate? Prostate adj - refers to the gland men have. Prostate cancer tends to grow slowly and does not spread for many years or decades. Prostrate adj - lying flat, lying face down in humility or submission. Many religious people recite scriptures and fall prostrate in worship. Prostrate cancer tends to grow slowly and does not spread for many years or decades. Many religious people recite scriptures and fall prostate in worship. #4 Many words look and sound different yet are used for similar ideas. because or since? Because conj - indicates cause and effect. I will go to the game because my daughter is on the team. Since adv, conj - is used for a relationship or time. Since I have some money, I will buy shoes. Since they spoke, she's had second thoughts. (ambiguous) The reason I didn't stop by was because I was late for work. (redundant) #5 Many words differ by one or two letters and are used in similar situations. affect or effect? Affect vb, noun - describes facial expression; to have influence on (not cause). Rheumatic fever can affect the heart. She showed little affect when told she had won the lottery. Effect vb, noun - result, cause, influence, produce, or it is preceded by “a,” “an,” “any,” “the,” “take,” “into,” “no,” and “and.” He effected a commotion in the crowd. The prescribed medication had an immediate affect on the patient's symptoms. The cutbacks were designed to affect basic economies for the company. More example of words that are often used incorrectly Anyway Anyways - non-standard Who does he think he is anyway? Who does he think he is anyways? Like - means similar to. It does not mean “such” or “such as.” Such Such as Please bring pens, paper, and such supplies. Please bring pens, paper, and like supplies. Chuck enjoys desserts such as brownies and macaroons. Chuck enjoys desserts like brownies and macaroons. Regardless Irregardless - incorrect She continued to finish raking the leaves regardless of the cold weather. She continued to finish raking the leaves irregardless of the cold weather. Anxious - means apprehensive. It does not mean “eager.” Eager We are eager to see the show. We are anxious to see the show. Pretty - means attractive. It does not mean “very.” Very He was very tired after staying up for the late night show. He was pretty tired after staying up for the late night show. Aggravate - means to make worse. It does not mean “annoy.” Annoy His constant chatter annoys me. His constant chatter aggravates me. First Firstly - non-standard First, it is inexpensive. Second, it looks good. Firstly, it is inexpensive. Secondly, it looks good. While - means at the same time as. It does not mean “and,” “although,” or “but.” And, Although, But Vegetable oil is digestible and mineral oil is not. Vegetable oil is digestible while mineral oil is not. Try to Try and - incorrect I will try to finish reading the book before tomorrow. I will try and finish reading the book before tomorrow. Unique - adj - means one of its kind. It can not be modified. This is a problem unique to the coastal areas. This is a problem strikingly unique to the coastal areas. Hopefully - adv - means in a hopeful way It does not mean “I hope.” Gazing at me hopefully, the little boy said, “May I have a cookie?” Hopefully, the booklet will contain all the answers you need. Thank you !