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                            SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION

  The ability to rewrite sentences so that they have the same meaning as the original is often
required for many English Exams such as Cambridge's FCE. It is also an important skill which
   can help you improve your understanding of similar English expressions and vocabulary.

 Rewrite the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first. Use no more than 5
                                            words.

                                         EXERCISE 1

         1 - You must never take your helmet off while you are riding a motorcycle.

                                               all

              Helmets must be worn --at all times when riding a motorcycle.

      2 - They wanted to apologize for their behaviour: that's why they paid for dinner.

                                             order

              They paid for dinner --in order to apologize for their behaviour.

            3 - It isn't necessary to bring skis as they are included in the package.

                                              have

             You --don't have to bring skis as they are included in the package.

                           4 - I thought parking was allowed here.

                                     under the impression

                IÂ --was under the impression that parking was allowed here.

                  5 - Simon said, "I will be playing tennis when you arrive."

                                               he

                 Simon said --he would be playing tennis when I arrived.

       6 - When I was a child, we would go to the local park every Saturday afternoon.
                                     used

       When I was a child, --we used to go the park every Saturday.

   7 - His daughter continued to cry until he could not be seen any longer.

                                     sight

             She continued to cry until he --was out of sight.

                 8 - I'm afraid that car is just too expensive.

                                    means

                      That car is --beyond my means.

                   9 - They moved to this village in 1999.

                                     lived

               They --have lived in this village since 1999.

10 - One other thing before I forget - Donata is coming to visit next weekend.

                                      by

           --By the way, Donata is coming to visit next weekend.

                                EXERCISE 2



      1-They managed to finish the project in time for the presentation.
                                succeeded

    They --succeeded in finishing the project in time for the presentation.

     2-Marcin didn't come to the meeting yesterday. Perhaps he was ill.
                                  might

                  Marcin --might have been ill yesterday.

 3-Magda allows her children to stay up to midnight on Saturday evenings.
                                    let

           Magda --lets her children stay up late on Saturdays.
4-Luckily, Peter wasn't charged with an offence when the police caught him stealing the first
                                            time.
                                              off

                      Peter was very lucky because he --was let off.

                           5-Can I accompany you to the party?
                                         mind

                   Do you --mind my accompanying you to the party?

                              6-I wish you didn't drive so fast.
                                            only

                             If --only you didn't drive so fast.

                7-I think Roman needs to see a doctor. His cough is terrible.
                                          ought

                 With that terrible cough, Roman --ought to see a doctor.

                8-You should feel horrible! Why did you say that to Jacek?
                                          shame

                      --Shame on you! Why did you say that to Jacek?

               9-The authorities said she wasn't responsible for the accident.
                                           fault

                             The accident --wasn't her fault.

                      10-"Why don't you take a holiday?", said Simon.
                                        suggested

                           Simon --suggested I take a holiday.


                                       EXERCISE 3

                               I haven't seen Joanna for ages.
                                            since

                      It's been a long time --since I last saw Joanna.
                They were still playing cricket after two hours.
                                     been

               They --had been playing cricket for two hours.



                   He didn't want to join in the celebrations.
                                      take

              He didn't want --to take part in the celebrations.



                    What a shame he wasn't able to come.
                                   wish

                     I wish --he had been able to come.



                    I took a jumper but it wasn't necessary.
                                     taken

                      IÂ --needn't have taken a jumper.



If you don't know how to spell the word, why don't you check in the dictionary?
                                      up

            Why don't you --look the word up in the dictionary?



                          Somebody should tell him.
                                   told

                     He needs --to be told by someone.



                           The concert was horrible.
                                    time
            The concert was a complete --waste of time.



                He couldn't find me at the exhibition.
                                 find

           He wasn't able --to find me at the exhibition.



            She let her son go to Poznan for the weekend.
                                allowed

              She --allowed her son to go to Poznan.



                            EXERCISE 4



                     I haven't seen her for ages.
                                 time

            The --last time I saw her was 15 years ago.



I didn't understand what he was saying because I hadn't read his book.
                                would

If I had read his book IÂ --would have understood what he was saying.



       As the class representative I would like to welcome you.
                                 behalf

          I'd like to welcome you --on behalf of the class.



         They believe the students were educated in England.
                               believed
The students --are believed to have been educated in England.



                 He escaped using a disguise.
                           means

           He escaped --by means of a disguise.



                   Remind me to call Asia.
                          forget

             Don't let --me forget to call Asia.



            This pasta is a new experience for me.
                              time

         It is --the first time I have tried this pasta.



              She has probably found a new job.
                           likely

           It --is likely she has found a new job.



        I don't agree with prohibiting smoking in bars.
                             favour

     I'm not --in favour of prohibiting smoking in bars.



         It doesn't need to be finished this afternoon.
                             finish

         It --isn't necessary to finish this afternoon.
                 EXERCISE 5



  Skwierzyna is less exciting than Bogdaniec.
                       as

 Skwierzyna --isn't as exciting as Bogdaniec.



He couldn't read the cup because it was too high.
                       low

He cup wasn't --low enough for him to reach.



    She didn't accept his marriage proposal.
                     down

  She --turned his marriage proposal down.



   We were told to wait here by the director.
                    who

It was the director --who told us to wait here.



   Can you look after the kids this afternoon?
                       of

Can you --take care of the kids this afternoon?



 "Why don't you take a day off?" asked Magda.
                    should

 Magda suggested --I should take a day off.
        He acts like a poor man even if he has a lot of money.
                                 fact

Even though he acts like a poor man, he --in fact has a lot of money.



                   I didn't mean to break that vase.
                                  on

               I didn't break that vase --on purpose.



                 William says Harold is responsible.
                             according

        It's Harold's --responsibility according to William.



                 I was so bored by her lecture I left.
                               boring

                 Her lecture was --so boring I left.




         Sentence Transformations - worksheet 1
You need to take the information in the first sentence and re-
write it, using the word in bold so that the second sentence
has exactly the same meaning. You cannot change the word
in bold in ANY way. You can use only a maximum of FIVE
words for each space.
1.   Many   people  think Steve  stole   the money.
believed
Steve ______________________________ the money.
2. The strong winds blew down the two ancient trees during
the                                                 storm.
blown
The two ancient trees ______________________________
the storm.
           3. He doesn't have enough money to buy the computer.
           too
           The computer ______________________________ to buy.
           4. "You should start a new hobby, Mr. Jenkins", the doctor
           said.
           take
           The Doctor advised ______________________________ a
           new hobby.
           5. We have been waiting here since half past ten.
           for
           We have been waiting ______________________________
           one hour.
           6. The man suddenly realised that the neighbour was
           watching                                        him.
           watched
           The      man    suddenly     realised    that     he
           ______________________________ the neighbour.
           7. I could never have passed that exam without your help.
           you
           I     could    never    have     passed    that    exam
           ______________________________ me.
           8. We paid some people to landscape the garden for us last
           year.
           had
           We ______________________________ last year.
                       Sentence Transformations - worksheet 1 answers
You need to take the information in the first sentence and re-write it, using the word in bold so
that the second sentence has exactly the same meaning. You cannot change the word in bold in
            ANY way. You can use only a maximum of FIVE words for each space.

                        1. Many people think Steve stole the money.
                                         believed
                 Steve __IS BELIEVED TO HAVE STOLEN__ the money.

            2. The strong winds blew down the two ancient trees during the storm.
                                          blown
           The two ancient trees __WERE BLOWN DOWN DURING__ the storm.

                   3. He doesn't have enough money to buy the computer.
                                            too
                 The computer __IS TOO EXPENSIVE FOR HIM__ to buy.

               4. "You should start a new hobby, Mr. Jenkins", the doctor said.
                                            take
      The Doctor advised __MR. JENKINS TO TAKE UP__ a new hobby.

                5. We have been waiting here since half past ten.
                                      for
                We have been waiting __HERE FOR__ one hour.

        6. The man suddenly realised that the neighbour was watching him.
                                     watched
The man suddenly realised that he __WAS BEING WATCHED BY__ the neighbour.

             7. I could never have passed that exam without your help.
                                        you
    I could never have passed that exam __IF YOU HADN'T HELPED__ me.

         8. We paid some people to landscape the garden for us last year.
                                      had
            We __HAD THE GARDEN LANDSCAPED___ last year.



               Sentence Transformations - worksheet 2
     You need to take the information in the first sentence and re-
     write it, using the word in bold so that the second sentence
     has exactly the same meaning. You cannot change the word
     in bold in ANY way. You can use only a maximum of FIVE
     words for each space.
     1. "How about going to the cinema tonight?", said Anne
     suggested
     Ann ______________________________ to the cinema.
     2. My      advice    to   you    is   to   talk   to   your    parents.
     would
     ...

                               Plik z chomika:

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                          Inne pliki z tego folderu:

                        Word%20formation.doc (80 KB)
                 SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION.doc (76 KB)
                Lexical Flexibility 2 Word Formation.doc (207 KB)
                           IO001S-sample.rtf (60 KB)
                first-certificate-practice-tests-pack-B.doc (457 KB)
    Inne foldery tego chomika:

         Azargrammar summary tests
          English Vocabulary in Use
             Fast Track To FCE
     FCE Practice Tests Plus 2 - ebook
   Self Study Material First Certificate Gold

				
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