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A Culture in Conflict Effects of WWI

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					A Culture in Conflict
     Effects of WWI

     World History
     Mr. Scherrman
 A. New Views of the Universe
 Moving  to the Atomic Age!
 Marie Curie: Polish scientist.
 Discovered atoms could be
  divided and were not solid.
     Will be a major impact @ end
      of war.
 Won  two Nobel prizes!
 Died of radiation poisoning.
A. New Views of the Universe
          Albert Einstein: German
           Physicist
          His Theory of Relativity
           challenged Newtonian
           science that the universe
           operated according to
           absolute laws.
          This fit the theme for the
           inter-war years: “the universe
           is beyond the understanding
           of human reason.”
 A. New Views of the Universe
 Sigmund   Freud: Another
  challenge towards reason.
 His psychoanalysis, the
  study of how the mind
  works, felt that a persons
  subconscious mind drove
  human behavior.
     Society norms & morality are
      there to check a person’s
      powerful urges.
     A. New Views of the Universe
1.    All three are examples of the questioning
      and uncertainty that emerged in the
      decades after WWI.

     If man can cause such destruction, what is
              the point of our existence?
     ?
     ?
     ?
     ?
 B. Modern Art & Architecture

1. Themes in Early Modern Art
     a. Uncertainty/insecurity.

     b. Disillusionment.

     c. The subconscious.

     d. Violence & savagery.
Edvard Munch: The Scream (1893)

                       A.
                  Expressionism
                   Using bright
                    colors to
                    express a
                    particular
                    emotion.
                   the tendency of
                    an artist to
                    distort reality
                    for an emotional
                    effect
Franz Marc: Animal Destinies (1913)
  Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer -
        Gustav Klimt, 1907
• When the Nazis took
  over Austria, it was
  confiscated.
• Maria Altmann, niece
  of Bloch-Bauer was
  named as one of the
  inheritors of his
  estate in 2006.
• Painiting came to
  America.
• Sold in June 2006 for
Henri Matisse:
 Open Window
      (1905)

     B. FAUVE

 The use of intense
  colors in a
  violent, and
  uncontrolled
  way.
 Les fauves = “wiLd
  Beast.”
  Woman with a
   Hat by Henri
  Matisse, 1905.




It is believed that the
woman in the painting
was Matisse's wife,
Amelie
Georges Braque: Violin & Candlestick
              (1910)

                         C. CUBISM

                     The subject matter
                      is broken down,
                      analyzed, and
                      reassembled in
                      abstract form.
Georges Braque:
 Woman with a
   Guitar
    (1913)
Georges Braque: Still Life: LeJeur (1929)
Pablo Picasso: Les Demoiselles d’Avignon
                                  (1907)
Picasso: Studio with Plaster Head (1925)
Pablo Picasso:
Woman with a
  Flower
   (1932)
Guernica, Pablo Picasso, 1937
Destruction of Basque Capital,
             1937
  George Grosz
      Grey Day
        (1921)

      D. DaDa
 Ridiculed
  contemporary
  culture &
  traditional art
  forms.
 The collapse during
  WW I of social and
  moral values.
 Nihilistic-a complete
George Grosz
 The Pillars
 of Society

   (1926)
Salvador Dali: Soft Construction with
Boiled Beans (Premonition of Civil War),
                 1936
                                   E.
                              Surrealis
                                   m
                            Late 1920s-1940s.
                         Influenced by
                          freud’s theories on
                          psychoanalysis and
                          the subconscious.
                         Confusing &
                          startling images
                          like those in dreams.
         Salvador Dali:
The Persistence of Memory (1931)
 Salvador Dali: The Apparition of the
Face and Fruit Dish on a Beach (1938)
Salvador Dali: Geopoliticus Child
Watching the Birth of a New Man
             (1943)
Walter Gropius: Bauhaus Building (1928)


ARCHITECTURE

   Bauhaus
 Based on the ideals
  of simplified forms
  and unadorned
  functionalism.
 Used techniques & materials employed
  especially in industrial fabrication &
  manufacture  steel, concrete, chrome, glass.
                 C. Literature
 2.   stream of consciousness:
      A technique where the writer probes a
       characters random thoughts and feelings
       without any logic or order.




              James          Virginia
              Joyce          Woolf
         D. The Jazz Age

 Jazz music, affordable cars, movies,
 spectator sports, & radio ushered in a new
 culture.
           FLAPPERS: The
             rebellious young
             women of the Jazz
             Age
E. Women’s Lives

				
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posted:5/13/2011
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