VIEWS: 33 PAGES: 31 POSTED ON: 5/13/2011
A Culture in Conflict Effects of WWI World History Mr. Scherrman A. New Views of the Universe Moving to the Atomic Age! Marie Curie: Polish scientist. Discovered atoms could be divided and were not solid. Will be a major impact @ end of war. Won two Nobel prizes! Died of radiation poisoning. A. New Views of the Universe Albert Einstein: German Physicist His Theory of Relativity challenged Newtonian science that the universe operated according to absolute laws. This fit the theme for the inter-war years: “the universe is beyond the understanding of human reason.” A. New Views of the Universe Sigmund Freud: Another challenge towards reason. His psychoanalysis, the study of how the mind works, felt that a persons subconscious mind drove human behavior. Society norms & morality are there to check a person’s powerful urges. A. New Views of the Universe 1. All three are examples of the questioning and uncertainty that emerged in the decades after WWI. If man can cause such destruction, what is the point of our existence? ? ? ? ? B. Modern Art & Architecture 1. Themes in Early Modern Art a. Uncertainty/insecurity. b. Disillusionment. c. The subconscious. d. Violence & savagery. Edvard Munch: The Scream (1893) A. Expressionism Using bright colors to express a particular emotion. the tendency of an artist to distort reality for an emotional effect Franz Marc: Animal Destinies (1913) Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer - Gustav Klimt, 1907 • When the Nazis took over Austria, it was confiscated. • Maria Altmann, niece of Bloch-Bauer was named as one of the inheritors of his estate in 2006. • Painiting came to America. • Sold in June 2006 for Henri Matisse: Open Window (1905) B. FAUVE The use of intense colors in a violent, and uncontrolled way. Les fauves = “wiLd Beast.” Woman with a Hat by Henri Matisse, 1905. It is believed that the woman in the painting was Matisse's wife, Amelie Georges Braque: Violin & Candlestick (1910) C. CUBISM The subject matter is broken down, analyzed, and reassembled in abstract form. Georges Braque: Woman with a Guitar (1913) Georges Braque: Still Life: LeJeur (1929) Pablo Picasso: Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907) Picasso: Studio with Plaster Head (1925) Pablo Picasso: Woman with a Flower (1932) Guernica, Pablo Picasso, 1937 Destruction of Basque Capital, 1937 George Grosz Grey Day (1921) D. DaDa Ridiculed contemporary culture & traditional art forms. The collapse during WW I of social and moral values. Nihilistic-a complete George Grosz The Pillars of Society (1926) Salvador Dali: Soft Construction with Boiled Beans (Premonition of Civil War), 1936 E. Surrealis m Late 1920s-1940s. Influenced by freud’s theories on psychoanalysis and the subconscious. Confusing & startling images like those in dreams. Salvador Dali: The Persistence of Memory (1931) Salvador Dali: The Apparition of the Face and Fruit Dish on a Beach (1938) Salvador Dali: Geopoliticus Child Watching the Birth of a New Man (1943) Walter Gropius: Bauhaus Building (1928) ARCHITECTURE Bauhaus Based on the ideals of simplified forms and unadorned functionalism. Used techniques & materials employed especially in industrial fabrication & manufacture steel, concrete, chrome, glass. C. Literature 2. stream of consciousness: A technique where the writer probes a characters random thoughts and feelings without any logic or order. James Virginia Joyce Woolf D. The Jazz Age Jazz music, affordable cars, movies, spectator sports, & radio ushered in a new culture. FLAPPERS: The rebellious young women of the Jazz Age E. Women’s Lives
"A Culture in Conflict Effects of WWI"