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									Orange County Superior Court
  Collaborative Courts Unit
    2007 Annual Report
                       Table of Contents, p.1

Introduction                                                          4

1. Adult Drug Court — Program Description                             5
     Countywide Program Information                                   6
     Summary of Admissions                                            7
     Demographic Information                                          8

  Adult Drug Court — Descriptions & Demographics by Judicial Center
    Central Justice Center                                            25
    Harbor Justice Center / Laguna Niguel                             28
    Harbor Justice Center / Newport Beach                             31
    North Justice Center                                              34
    West Justice Center                                               37

  Adult Drug Court — 2007 Program Results
    Recidivism Reduction, Cost Savings, and Other Benefits            40
    Recidivism Demographics and Other Information                     43


2. ITT (Intensive PC section 1210) Court
     Program Description                                              52
     Summary of Admissions                                            53
     Demographic Information                                          54

3. DUI Court — Program Description                                    57

   DUI Court — Harbor Justice Center / Newport Beach
    Summary of Admissions                                             59
    Demographic Information                                           61

   DUI Court — North Justice Center
    Summary of Admissions                                             73
    Demographic Information                                           74


4. Juvenile Drug Court                                                86
     Program Description                                              87
     Recidivism Data                                                  88
     Summary of Admissions                                            89
     Demographic Information



                                                                           2
                      Table of Contents, p.2

5. Truancy Court
     Program Description                       92
     Outcomes and Recidivism                   93


6. Dependency Drug Court
    Program Description                        96
    Summary of Admissions                      97
    Demographic Information                    98


7. Co-Occurring Disorders Court
    Program Description                        102
    Recidivism Data                            103
    Demographic Information                    113


8. WIT (“Whatever It Takes”) Court
    Program Description                        114
    Summary of Admissions                      115
    Demographic Information                    116


9. Recovery Court
    Program Description                        119
    Summary of Admissions                      120
    Demographic Information                    121


10. Homeless Outreach Court
     Program Description                       124
     Summary of Admissions                     125
     Demographic Information                   126
     Recidivism Data                           128


11. Domestic Violence Court
     Program Description                       131
     Summary of Admissions                     132


12. The Community Court                        133

                                                     3
            Introduction – What Are the Collaborative Courts?

Collaborative justice courts are specialized court tracks that combine judicial supervision
with rigorously monitored rehabilitation services. They have a problem-solving focus,
and they usually include integrated treatment and social services, a team approach to
decision-making, strict oversight and accountability, and a proactive role for the judicial
officer that involves frequent, direct interaction with the defendants. Collaborative
Courts have been shown to increase public safety and to save money by dramatically
slowing the revolving door of incarceration and re-arrest. They also provide profound
human and social benefits.

The Orange County Collaborative Courts, which began in 1995 with one Drug Court at
the Central Justice Center, have expanded to embrace twenty-seven court tracks at all
six of the Superior Court’s Justice Centers. In the pages that follow, the accomplish-
ments during 2007 of Orange County’s nationally recognized Collaborative Courts are
recounted. The substantial monetary and social benefits that are shown to have re-
sulted from these programs are a tribute to the unwavering support of the County Board
of Supervisors, and to the dedication and hard work of the partnering agencies and the
individuals that constitute the Collaborative Courts.




From Judge Matthew Anderson:

Seven years ago, I grimly stood in the doorway of my courtroom waiting to preside over my first
Drug Court. I knew very little about Drug Court other than it involved a "collaborative" approach
to processing drug cases and, it seemed to me, focused more on coddling than consequences.

The room became silent as I prepared to enter. Grumpily, I looked into the audience. Time to
bring some order to their disorderly lives, I thought. Before stepping forward, I glanced into the
crowd expecting the usual sights: nervous fidgeting, sweaty faces, bored fatigue, and phony
respect. I expected impatient silence and tired resignation. I expected surly disinterest and de-
fiant stares. Instead, I saw something unexpected. I saw eyes filled with hope.

As I looked into the expectant faces of Drug Court participants, I felt their hope for understand-
ing, their hope for patience, their hope for compassion and their hope for a new beginning. The
reality of their hope was startling and quite disturbing. I was the wrong judge in the right place.
My expectations, my point of view based on years processing criminal cases, changed in that
moment. I was being forced into a new arena, challenged to re-define the purpose of a court-
room, pushed to change course. I turned abruptly, returned to my chambers and closed the
door.

I sat in my leather chair and considered the feelings pouring over me. I was fully prepared to
be a critic. I was ready, willing and able to mete out punishment. I was totally unprepared to
dispense hope.
                                                                                               4
                       CHAPTER 1 – Adult Drug Court

Located at five justice centers, the Adult Drug Court program works with seriously ad-
dicted offenders to help them achieve sobriety and rebuild their lives. The program is
a collaboration of the Court, the Probation Department, the Health Care Agency, the
Public Defender’s office, the District Attorney’s office, the Sheriff’s Department and
other local law enforcement agencies. The four-phase program includes intensive su-
pervision by a Drug Court probation officer, individual and group counseling provided
by the Health Care Agency’s Division of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Services, frequent
court appearances, random drug and alcohol testing, and regular team meetings to
discuss the participant’s progress.

As participants advance through the phases they are held accountable to program re-
quirements, and if they are non-compliant they may receive sanctions that can esca-
late from an essay to community service, incarceration, and program termination. Par-
ticipants are also rewarded with incentives for positive behavior, such as phase ad-
vancements, decreased program requirements, drawings for movie tickets or gift
cards, and program graduation.

In order to graduate, participants are required to formulate and follow a life plan, to
obtain their high school diploma or a GED, to be gainfully employed or attending a
training/academic program, to be attending regular self-help meetings, and to have
maintained consistent attendance at all court hearings, probation reviews, and coun-
seling appointments.

Program continuity is ensured by the Drug Court Oversight Committee, which meets
regularly to set policy. Operational guidelines are provided by a Memorandum of Un-
derstanding that is signed by all participating agencies, and a Standards Manual which
insures uniformity among the Drug Court programs at the different sites.

The Orange County Superior Court’s Drug Court program began in March 1995 at the
Central Justice Center in Santa Ana. Over the next several years, as its social and eco-
nomic successes became clear, the program expanded to the other justice centers in
the County – to the Harbor Justice Center, Laguna Niguel in January 1997, to the
North Justice Center, Fullerton in January 1999, to the West Justice Center, Westmin-
ster in January 2000, and to the Harbor Justice Center, Newport Beach in July 2000.

Funding for Drug Court comes from several sources. The Orange County Board of Su-
pervisors provides annual funding for the Probation Department, Health Care Agency,
and the Offices of the District Attorney and the Public Defender — which allocate the
personnel who are essential to the success of the program. The State of California
provides annual funding under the Drug Court Partnership Act of 1998, which is imple-
mented through a partnership between the Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs
and the Judicial Council, and under the Comprehensive Drug Court Implementation Act
of 1999, implemented through the Substance Abuse Focus Grant Program adminis-
tered through the Administrative Office of the Courts.
                                                                                       5
                       Adult Drug Court — Countywide

At the start of the year, 530 persons were participating in the Drug Court program coun-
tywide. During the year, 299 additional participants were admitted into the program,
and 119 graduated. By the end of the year, accounting for graduations, terminations,
and “window” or opt-out terminations, 571 participants were active in the program.

Since inception, the Orange County Drug Court program has admitted 3,259 participants
and, as of December 31, 2007, 1,274 participants had graduated from the program.
The recidivism rate for Drug Court graduates, three years after graduation, is 35.1% for
all crimes, compared with a recidivism rate for comparable non-participants of 74% (see
discussion, p. 40).

During 2007, the program saved 10,448 jail bed days, which resulted in a savings of
$1,791,653.70, and 10,622 prison bed days, which resulted in a savings of $993,794.32.
Since inception, the program has saved $12,232,673 in jail bed days, and $6,690,657.50
in prison bed days. Nine drug-free babies were born to program participants in 2007,
bringing the program total to 91 drug-free babies.




                Drug Court Judicial Officers, Since Inception
                         CJC:
                         1995 – 1998      Judge David McEachen
                         1998 – 1999      Judge David Velasquez
                         2000             Judge Ronald Kreber
                         2001             Judge David Thompson
                         2002 – present   Judge Wendy Lindley

                         HJC/LN
                         1998 – 2000    Judge Ronald Kreber
                         1999 – 2003    Judge Carl Biggs
                         2000 – 2001    Judge Gail Andler
                         1997 – 2001    Judge Wendy Lindley
                         2001 – present Judge Matthew Anderson

                         HJC/ NB
                         2000 – 2003       Judge Geoffrey Glass
                         2003 – 2007       Judge Jamoa Moberly
                         2007 – present    Commissioner James Odriozola

                         NJC
                         1999 – 2000,01   Commissioner Erick Larsh
                         2000             Judge Gerald Johnston
                         2001             Commissioner Allen Stone
                         2001 – present    Commissioner Ronald Klar

                         WJC
                         2000 –   2001    Judge David Thompson
                         2001             Judge Michael McCartin
                         2001 –   2002    Judge Mary Fingal Erickson
                         2002 –   2004    Judge Peter Polos
                         2004 –   2006    Judge Glenda Sanders
                         2006 –   2007    Judge Linda Marks                          6
     SUMMARY OF DRUG COURT ADMISSIONS — 2007

                                                          Harbor -
                                                          Laguna Harbor -
                                             Central       Niguel Newport            North                   Countywide
                                              (cap.         (cap.   Beach            (cap.         West         Totals
                                               200)          100)  (cap. 50)          100)       (cap. 50)    (cap. 500)
    # of participants (12/31/06)               229           96           45           108           52         530
    # admitted (1/1/07-12/31/07)                95           52           37           77            38         299
 # transferred in (1/1/07-12/31/07)              1            0            0            1            1           3
     # transferred out (1/1/07-
             12/31/07)                           0            2            0            0            1           3
   # of participants terminated
             (window)                           13            6            7           13            7           46
       No Fault Terminations                     0            0            1            0            0           1
 Transfer to Alternative Program                 1            2            0            0            0           3
   # of participants Terminated
           (non-window)                         35           18            5           26            8           92
   # graduates (1/1/07-12/31/07)                42           26           14           17            20         119
    # of participants (12/31/07)               235           96           55           130           55         571


  # of active warrants (12/31/07)               47           14            9           23            10          92
  # of warrants over six months
          old (12/31/07)*                       30            7            5           14            8           58


 # of new admissions -- PC 1210
            fall outs                           67           33           24           64            31         219


         Drug - Free Babies                      1            0            1            3            4           9


        Jail Bed Days Saved                                                                                    20,448
      Prison Bed Days Saved                                                                                    10,622
    Community Service Hours                      (data not available by Justice Center)                         2,529
*included in active warrant count


                         Jail and Prison Bed Cost Savings — 2007

                               Total Jail Bed Savings** $1,791,653.70
                              Total Prison Bed Savings**= $993,794.32

**jail bed day cost caluclated by averaging the daily cost of the five different county jail facilities
                                                                                                                        7
            Drug Court Program Demographics
                    Admissions 2007
                                                        Harbor -
                                               Harbor -
                                                        Newport
                                               Laguna              Countywide
                                                         Beach
                        Central North   West    Niguel               Totals        %
   # Admissions           95     77      38       52      37          299       100.0%
       # males            61     36      23       35      14          169        56.5%
      # females           34     41      15       17      23          130        43.5%
         Age
      Age 18-21           17     16       4      10        2           49       16.4%
      Age 22-30           38     36      14      23       11          122       40.8%
      Age 31-40           20     16       9      11       11           67       22.4%
      Age 41-50           16      6      11       8        9           50       16.7%
      Age 51-60            4      2       0       0        4           10        3.3%
       Age 61+             0      1       0       0        0            1        0.3%
        Race
     Caucasian            47     53      25      37       31          193       64.5%
       Hispanic           39     18       6       7        3           73       24.4%
 African-American          4      4       0       1        1           10        3.3%
        Asian              3      2       5       1        1           12        4.0%
  Native American          0      0       1       0        0            1        0.3%
        Other              2      0       1       6        1           10        3.3%
     Education
  no diploma/GED          35     28      10       8        8           89       29.8%
    diploma/GED           32     34      23      27       11          127       42.5%
    some college          25     10      5       15       12           67       22.4%
   college degree         3      5       0       2         6           16        5.4%
    Employment
 Employed @ entry         41     29      14      25       12          121       40.5%

Unemployed @ entry        54     48      24      27       25          178       59.5%
  Marital Status
      Single              65     63      26      39       20          213       71.2%
     Married              11      5       6       5        2           29        9.7%
    Separated              7      2       1       1        8           19        6.4%
     Divorced             11      7       5       6        7           36       12.0%
      Widowed             1      0       0        1        0           2        0.7%
# of Participants who
     are parents          40     32      17      13       18          120       40.1%
   Drug of Choice
     Meth / Speed         65     50      28      30       22          195       65.2%
        Heroin             9      5      6       14        4           38       12.7%
   Cocaine / Crack         8      8      1        2        6           25        8.4%
      Marijuana           12     12      2       3        3            32       10.7%
       Alcohol             1      1      0        0        2            4        1.3%
  Prescription meds        0      0      0       1         0            1        0.3%
        Other              0      1       1       2        0            4        1.3%
  Years of Drug use
           <2              3      1       0       0        1            5        1.7%
         (2-5)            20      7       8      12        6           53       17.7%
        (6-10)            31     28      10      20        7           96       32.1% 8
       (11-15)            18     17      6       10        9           60       20.1%
       (16-20)             7      7       6       6        6           32       10.7%
         (20+)            16     17       8       4        8           53       17.7%
2007 Drug Court Program Demographics
                        2007                  2007                     2007
                      Admissons   %       Terminations       %       Graduates       %
          Total          299     100           92           100         119         100
         # males        169     56.5%          59          64.1%         66        55.5%
       # females        130     43.5%          33          35.9%         53        44.5%
            Age
       Age 18-21              49   16.4%       22          23.9%         17        14.3%
       Age 22-30             122   40.8%       32          34.8%         42        35.3%
       Age 31-40              67   22.4%       23          25.0%         35        29.4%
       Age 41-50              50   16.7%       14          15.2%         20        16.8%
       Age 51-60              10   3.3%         1          1.1%          5         4.2%
        Age 61+               1    0.3%         0          0.0%          0         0.0%
          Race
       Caucasian             193   64.5%       56          60.9%         87        73.1%
        Hispanic              73   24.4%       27          29.3%         22        18.5%
   African-American           10   3.3%         2          2.2%          4         3.4%
          Asian               12   4.0%         3          3.3%          3         2.5%
    Native American           1    0.3%         0          0.0%          1         0.8%
          Other               10   3.3%         4          4.3%          2         1.7%
       Education
    no diploma/GED            89   29.8%       34          37.0%         25        21.0%
     diploma/GED             127   42.5%       40          43.5%         55        46.2%
     some college             67   22.4%       16          17.4%         32        26.9%
     college degree           16   5.4%         2          2.2%          7         5.9%
     Employment
  Employed @ entry           121   40.5%       39          42.4%         54        45.4%
 Unemployed @ entry          178   59.5%       53          57.6%         65        54.6%
     Marital Status
          Single             213   71.2%       70          76.1%         87        73.1%
         Married              29   9.7%        11          12.0%         12        10.1%
       Separated              19   6.4%         3          3.3%          5         4.2%
        Divorced              36   12.0%        8          8.7%          14        11.8%
        Widowed               2    0.7%         0          0.0%          1         0.8%
   # of Participants
   who are parents           120   40.1%       40          43.5%         56        47.1%
    Drug of Choice
     Meth / Speed            195   65.2%       57          62.0%         75        63.0%
          Heroin              38   12.7%       20          21.7%         7         5.9%
    Cocaine / Crack           25   8.4%         1          1.1%          11        9.2%
       Marijuana              32   10.7%        9          9.8%          20        16.8%
         Alcohol              4    1.3%         2          2.2%          2         1.7%
   Prescription meds          1    0.3%         1          1.1%          2         1.7%
          Other               4    1.3%         2          2.2%          2         1.7%
  Years of Drug use
             <2               5    1.7%         3           3.3%          1         0.8%
            (2-5)             53   17.7%       19           20.7%        24         20.2%
          (6-10)              96   32.1%       27           29.3%        38         31.9%
         (11-15)              60   20.1%       13           14.1%        18         15.1%
         (16-20)              32   10.7%       13           14.1%        14         11.8%
           (20+)              53   17.7%       17           18.5%        24         20.2%
* Total Program Admissions excludes Window Terminations,   No Fault Terminations, and
                                                                                        9
Transfers to Alternative Programs
                        20%
                               40%
                                        60%
                                              80%




                                                                                        100%




                                                                                                                                                       20%
                                                                                                                                                              40%
                                                                                                                                                                       60%
                                                                                                                                                                             80%
                   0%




                                                                                         20%
                                                                                         40%
                                                                                         60%
                                                                                         80%




                                                                                                                                                  0%
                                                                                          0%
         Central                                                                                                                        Central
                                                                              Central




                                                                                                                                                                                                          DRUG COURT PROGRAM — 2007
          North                                                                                                                          North
                                                                               North




                                                                                                           Terminations by Gender




                                                                                                                                                                                   Admissions by Gender
          West                                                                                                                           West
                                                    Graduates by Gender
                                                                               West


        Harbor-                                                              Harbor-                                                   Harbor-
        Laguna                                                               Laguna                                                    Laguna
         Niguel                                                               Niguel                                                    Niguel

       Harbor-                                                              Harbor-                                                   Harbor-
       Newport                                                              Newport                                                   Newport
        Beach                                                                Beach                                                     Beach


     Countywide                                                           Countywide                                                Countywide



        Program                                                              Program                                                   Program
         Total                                                                Total                                                     Total
                          Females
                                    Males




                                                                                         Females
                                                                                                   Males




                                                                                                                                                         Females
                                                                                                                                                                   Males
10
                   DRUG COURT PROGRAM — 2007



                                 Admissions by Education

70%
60%
50%
40%                                                                                      no diploma/GED
30%
20%                                                                                      diploma/GED
10%
 0%                                                                                      some college




                                                                              Program
      Central



                    North




                                         Harbor-
                              West



                                         Laguna



                                                    Newport



                                                              Countywide
                                                    Harbor-
                                          Niguel
                                                                                         college degree




                                                     Beach




                                                                               Total
                               Terminations by Education

70%
60%
50%
40%                                                                                      no diploma/GED
30%
20%                                                                                      diploma/GED
10%
 0%                                                                                      some college
                                                                              Program
      Central



                    North




                                         Harbor-
                              West



                                         Laguna



                                                    Newport



                                                              Countywide
                                                    Harbor-
                                          Niguel



                                                     Beach




                                                                                Total




                                                                                         college degree




                                       Graduates by Education

80%
                                                                                         no diploma/GED
60%
                                                                                         diploma/GED
40%
                                                                                         some college
20%
                                                                                         college degree
 0%
                                                                               Program
         Central



                      North




                                          Harbor-
                                West



                                          Laguna



                                                    Newport



                                                                 Countywide
                                                    Harbor-
                                           Niguel



                                                     Beach




                                                                                 Total




                                                                                                          11
                   DRUG COURT PROGRAM — 2007



                                  Admissions by Employment

80%
60%                                                                                                 Employed
                                                                                                    at Entry
40%
                                                                                                    Unemployed
20%                                                                                                 at Entry
 0%




                                                                                        Program
         Central



                       North




                                            Harbor-
                                    West



                                            Laguna



                                                      Newport



                                                                       Countywide
                                                      Harbor-
                                             Niguel



                                                       Beach




                                                                                          Total
                                Terminations by Employment

70%
60%                                                                                                 Employed
50%
40%                                                                                                 at entry
30%                                                                                                 Unemployed
20%
10%                                                                                                 at entry
 0%
                                                                                       Program
      Central



                     North




                                           Harbor-
                                  West



                                           Laguna




                                                                 Countywide
                                                      Newport
                                                      Harbor-
                                            Niguel



                                                       Beach




                                                                                        Total




                                   Graduates by Employment

80%
                                                                                                     Employed
60%
                                                                                                     at entry
40%
                                                                                                     Unemployed
20%
                                                                                                     at entry
 0%
                                                                                          Program
         Central



                        North




                                            Harbor-
                                    West



                                            Laguna



                                                       Newport



                                                                          Countywide
                                                       Harbor-
                                             Niguel



                                                        Beach




                                                                                           Total




                                                                                                                  12
DRUG COURT PROGRAM — 2007



   Admissions by Marital Status in 2007


         12% 1%
                                             Single
       6%
                                             Married
      10%                                    Separated
                                             Divorced
                        71%                  Widowed




   Terminations by M arital Status in 2007

            9%
         3%        0%                        Single
      12%                                    Married
                                             Separated
                                             Divorced
                        76%                  Widowed




     Graduates by Marital Status in 2007

            12%
                  1%
                                              Single
         4%
                                              Married
        10%
                                              Separated
                                              Divorced
                        73%                   Widow ed




                                                          13
DRUG COURT PROGRAM — 2007



   Admissions by Parental Status in 2007




                    40%
                                            Parents
     60%                                    Non-parents




  Terminations by Parental Status in 2007




                    44%                     Parents
     56%                                    Non-parents




   Graduates by Parental Status in 2007




                     47%                    Parents
     53%                                    Non-parents




                                                          14
           SUMMARY OF DRUG COURT ADMISSIONS
               Program Totals Since Inception
                                     Harbor-    Harbor -
                           Central   Laguna     Newport      North       West      Countywide Totals
                                     Niguel      Beach
    # of participants
       (12/31/06)            230        96          45        108          52               531
# of participants admit-
           ted              1420       564         279        700         310               3259
    # transferred in         20          6          5          12          25                68
   # transferred out         24         14          3          21          6                 68
# of participants termi-
    nated (window)           258        60          68        118          60               564
No Fault Terminations         1          0          2           0          0                  3
 Transfers to Alterna-
    tive Programs             7          2          1           1          0                 11

# of participants ter-
minated (non-window)
                             416       137          58        172          68                851
     # of graduates          499       262          97        270         146               1274
    # of participants
       (12/31/07)            235        95          55        130          55               570
    Retention Rate*                                                                        68.5%
*Retention rate excludes window terminations, no fault terminations, and transfers to alternative pro-
grams

 # of new admissions -
   PC 1210 fall outs         479       145         134        311         189               1258

  Drug - Free Babies         34         19          8          17          13                91



                 Jail and Prison Bed Cost Savings 2000-2007

                               Jail Bed Days Saved = 150,131
                           Total Jail Bed Savings** $12,232,673.88

                              Prison Bed Days Saved = 75,875
                         Total Prison Bed Savings**= $6,690,657.50


**Incarceration Costs calculated based on 2004 - 2007 daily costs


                                                                                                         15
Drug Court Program Demographics — 2007 and Total
                                                                                         Total
                                                 Total                 Total
                                                                                       Program
                         2007                  Program               Program
                                                                                      Graduates
                       Admissons       %      Admissions       %   Terminations   %               %
        Total             299         100        2695         100       851      100     1274    100
       # males            169        56.5%       1545        57.3%      560     65.8%     808   63.4%
      # females           130        43.5%       1150        42.7%      291     34.2%     466   36.6%
         Age
      Age 18-21             49       16.4%        399        14.8%        182       21.4%      134      10.5%
      Age 22-30            122       40.8%        903        33.5%        292       34.3%      394      30.9%
      Age 31-40             67       22.4%        928        34.4%        262       30.8%      510      40.0%
      Age 41-50             50       16.7%        417        15.5%        106       12.5%      213      16.7%
      Age 51-60             10        3.3%         46         1.7%         9         1.1%       23       1.8%
       Age 61+               1        0.3%          2         0.1%         0         0.0%        0       0.0%
         Race
     Caucasian             193       64.5%        1787       66.3%        515       60.5%      902      70.8%
       Hispanic             73       24.4%         655       24.3%        265       31.1%      254      19.9%
 African-American           10        3.3%         111        4.1%         40        4.7%       58       4.6%
        Asian               12        4.0%          79        2.9%         18        2.1%       35       2.7%
  Native American            1        0.3%          10        0.4%          4        0.5%        4       0.3%
        Other               10        3.3%          53        2.0%          9        1.1%       21       1.6%
     Education
  no diploma/GED           89        29.8%         887       32.9%        369       43.4%      336      26.4%
    diploma/GED            127       42.5%        1107       41.1%        303       35.6%      562      44.1%
    some college           67        22.4%         578       21.4%        154       18.1%      305      23.9%
   college degree          16         5.4%         123        4.6%         25        2.9%       71       5.6%
    Employment
 Employed @ entry          121       40.5%        1236       45.9%        334       39.2%      657      51.6%
Unemployed @ entry         178       59.5%        1459       54.1%        517       60.8%      617      48.4%
   Marital Status
        Single             213       71.2%        1737       64.5%        584       68.6%      755      59.3%
       Married              29        9.7%         380       14.1%        116       13.6%      207      16.2%
      Separated             19        6.4%         130        4.8%         34        4.0%       62       4.9%
       Divorced             36       12.0%         419       15.5%        103       12.1%      239      18.8%
      Widowed                2        0.7%          29        1.1%         14        1.6%       11       0.9%
 # of Participants
  who are parents          120       40.1%        1269       47.1%        406       47.7%      242      19.0%
  Drug of Choice
   Meth / Speed            195       65.2%        1634       60.6%        469       55.1%      782      61.4%
       Heroin              38        12.7%         376       14.0%        170       20.0%      137      10.8%
  Cocaine / Crack          25         8.4%         289       10.7%         97       11.4%      155      12.2%
     Marijuana             32        10.7%         265        9.8%         82        9.6%      129      10.1%
      Alcohol               4         1.3%          77        2.9%         19        2.2%       43       3.4%
 Prescription meds          1         0.3%          27        1.0%          8        0.9%       13       1.0%
       Other                4         1.3%          27        1.0%          6        0.7%       15       1.2%
 Years of Drug use
         <2                  5        1.7%        120         4.5%         50        5.9%       59       4.6%
        (2-5)               53       17.7%        690        25.6%        256       30.1%      329      25.8%
       (6-10)               96       32.1%        773        28.7%        260       30.6%      351      27.6%
      (11-15)               60       20.1%        445        16.5%        115       13.5%      220      17.3%
      (16-20)               32       10.7%        329        12.2%         86       10.1%      168      16
                                                                                                        13.2%
       (20+)                53       17.7%        338        12.5%         84        9.9%      147      11.5%
* Total Program Admissions excludes Window Terminations, No Fault Terminations, and Transfers to Alternative
Programs
         Drug Court Program Demographics
     Total Program Admissions as of 12/31/2007
                                                            Harbor -
                                                 Harbor -
                                                            Newport
                                                 Laguna
                                                             Beach
                        Central   North   West    Niguel               Countywide Totals      %
    # Admissions         1154      581    250      502        208            2695          100.0%
        # males          803       208    135      316         83            1545           57.3%
       # females         351       373    115      186        125            1150           42.7%
           Age
       Age 18-21         173       77      27       93        29             399           14.8%
       Age 22-30         385      176      85      186        71             903           33.5%
       Age 31-40         403      211      91      155        68             928           34.4%
       Age 41-50         174      102      42       63        36             417           15.5%
       Age 51-60          19       13       5        5         4              46            1.7%
        Age 61+            0        2       0        0         0               2            0.1%
          Race
       Caucasian         613      401     190      411        172            1787          66.3%
        Hispanic         410      135      36       58         16             655          24.3%
   African-American       76       21       1       10          3             111           4.1%
          Asian           34       16      17        8          4              79           2.9%
   Native American         4        0       1        3          2              10           0.4%
          Other           17        8       5       12         11              53           2.0%
       Education
   no diploma/GED        419      215     73       128        52              887          32.9%
     diploma/GED         410      283     103      222        89             1107          41.1%
     some college        274      66      65       127        46              578          21.4%
    college degree       51       17       9       25         21              123           4.6%
     Employment
  Employed @ entry       562      232      81      260        101            1236          45.9%
 Unemployed @ entry      592      349     169      242        107            1459          54.1%
    Marital Status
          Single         744      372     150      326        145            1737          64.5%
        Married          168       77      40       75         20             380          14.1%
       Separated          53       28      14       20         15             130           4.8%
        Divorced         173      101      42       79         24             419          15.5%
        Widowed           16        3       4        2          4              29           1.1%
# of Participants who
      are parents        537      327     132      196        77             1269          47.1%
   Drug of Choice
     Meth / Speed        606      435     183      292        118            1634          60.6%
         Heroin          221      32      19       79          25             376          14.0%
   Cocaine / Crack       178      39      18       36          18             289          10.7%
       Marijuana         106      55      19       58         27              265           9.8%
        Alcohol           30      12       4        22          9              77           2.9%
  Prescription meds       6        4       4         8          5              27           1.0%
          Other            7       4       3         7          6              27           1.0%
  Years of Drug use
            <2            53       16       5       40         6             120            4.5%
           (2-5)         290      127      66      145        62             690           25.6%
          (6-10)         341      152      65      154        61             773           28.7%
         (11-15)         185      106      47      69         38             445           16.5%
         (16-20)         131       86      36       59        17             329           12.2%17
          (20+)          154       94      31       35        24             338           12.5%
              Drug Court Program Demographics
     Total Program Regular Terminations as of 12/31/2007
                                              Harbor -   Harbor -
                                              Laguna     Newport    Countywide
                     Central   North   West    Niguel     Beach       Totals       %
  # Terminations      416       172     68      137        58          851        100
      # males         283       114     34       87        42          560       65.8%
     # females        133        58     34       50        16          291       34.2%
        Age
     Age 18-21         84       36      13      37         12          182       21.4%
     Age 22-30        146       47      25      52         22          292       34.3%
     Age 31-40        135       53      25      31         18          262       30.8%
     Age 41-50         49       31       5      15          6          106       12.5%

      Age 51-60        2        5       0        2          0           9         1.1%
       Age 61+         0        0       0        0          0           0         0.0%
         Race
      Caucasian       197      109      48      111        50          515       60.5%
       Hispanic       178       49      13       18         7          265       31.1%
  African-American     29        7       1        3         0           40        4.7%
         Asian          5        7       4        2         0           18        2.1%
  Native American       3        0       0        1         0            4        0.5%
         Other          4        0       2        2         1            9        1.1%
      Education
  no diploma/GED      194       82      24      45         24          369       43.4%
    diploma/GED       131       77      25      52         18          303       35.6%
    some college      78        12      18      35         11          154       18.1%
   college degree     13        1       1       5           5           25        2.9%
    Employment
 Employed @ entry     176       60      16      56         26          334       39.2%
Unemployed @ entry    240      112      52      81         32          517       60.8%
   Marital Status
         Single       285      115      40      100        44          584       68.6%
       Married         50       27      16       16         7          116       13.6%
      Separated        14        7       4        5         4           34        4.0%
       Divorced        59       20       7       15         2          103       12.1%
       Widowed          8        3       1        1         1           14        1.6%
 # of Terminations
  who are parents     202       99      40      49         16          406       47.7%
  Drug of Choice
    Meth / Speed      182      132      55      69         31          469       55.1%
        Heroin        112      10       4       32         12          170       20.0%
  Cocaine / Crack      70      11       3        6          7           97       11.4%
      Marijuana       38       13       4       21         6            82        9.6%
       Alcohol          8       5        1       5          0           19        2.2%
 Prescription meds     2        1        1       2          2            8        0.9%
         Other          4       0        0       2          0            6        0.7%
 Years of Drug use
           <2          26        5       2      16          1           50         5.9%
          (2-5)       123       45      25      42         21          256        30.1%
         (6-10)       122       45      21      50         22          260        30.6%
        (11-15)       59        25       8      13         10          115        13.5%
                                                                                 18
        (16-20)       42        26       7       9          2           86        10.1%
         (20+)         44       26       5       7          2           84         9.9%
                 Drug Court Program Demographics
              Total Program Graduates as of 12/31/2007
                                               Harbor -   Harbor -
                                               Laguna     Newport    Countywide
                      Central   North   West    Niguel     Beach       Totals       %
     # Graduates       499       270    146      262        97          1274       100
        # males        351       172     80      160        45           808      63.4%
       # females       148        98     66      102        52           466      36.6%
           Age
       Age 18-21        59       19      15      31         10          134       10.5%
       Age 22-30       155       71      41      93         34          394       30.9%
       Age 31-40       197      127      59      95         32          510       40.0%
       Age 41-50        80        `      28      39         21          168       13.2%
       Age 51-60         8        8       3       4          0           23        1.8%
        Age 61+          0        0       0       0          0            0        0.0%
          Race
       Caucasian       301      183     123      218        77          902       70.8%
        Hispanic       138       61      16       31         8          254       19.9%
  African-American      37       13       1        6         1           58        4.6%
          Asian         17        6       5        3         4           35        2.7%
   Native American       0        0       0        2         2            4        0.3%
          Other          6        7       1        2         5           21        1.6%
       Education
   no diploma/GED      132      84       42       59        19          336       26.4%
     diploma/GED       218      133      52      111        48          562       44.1%
     some college      121      44       43      76         21          305       23.9%
    college degree     28        9       9       16          9           71        5.6%
     Employment
 Employed @ entry      277      118      51      156        55          657       51.6%
Unemployed @ entry     222      152      95      106        42          617       48.4%
    Marital Status
          Single       294      155      89      153        64          755       59.3%
        Married         93       41      18       44        11          207       16.2%
       Separated        23       14       9       12         4           62        4.9%
        Divorced        84       59      28       53        15          239       18.8%
        Widowed          5        1       2        0         3           11        0.9%
# of Graduates who
      are parents      242      149      74      119        41          625       49.1%
   Drug of Choice
     Meth / Speed      271      194     101      162        54          782       61.4%
         Heroin        80       15       7        23        12          137       10.8%
   Cocaine / Crack     87       22      16        25         5          155       12.2%
       Marijuana       41       29      14       30         15          129       10.1%
        Alcohol        16        4       4        14         5           43        3.4%
  Prescription meds     1        3       3         5         1           13        1.0%
          Other         3        3       1         3         5           15        1.2%
 Years of Drug use
            <2          20        9       2      22          6           59        4.6%
           (2-5)       130       63      33      79         24          329       25.8%
          (6-10)       154       63      38      70         26          351       27.6%
         (11-15)       73        55      33      39         20          220       17.3%
                                                                                    19
         (16-20)       57        42      24      36          9          168       13.2%
          (20+)         65       38      16      16         12          147       11.5%
                    Demographics
  Total Program Window Terminations as of 12/31/2007

                                             Harbor - Harbor -
                                             Laguna Newport      Countywide
                    Central   North   West    Niguel   Beach       Totals        %
 # Terminations      258       118     60       60      68          564       100.0%
      # males        169       69      41       43      36          358        63.5%
     # females        89       49      19       17      32          206        36.5%
         Age
     Age 18-21        41       23      10      19        5           98       17.4%
     Age 22-30        98       45      19      17       25          204       36.2%
     Age 31-40        76       33      24      13       17          163       28.9%
     Age 41-50        34       17       7       9       21           88       15.6%
     Age 51-60         8        0       0       2        0           10        1.8%
      Age 61+          1        0       0       0        0            1        0.2%
        Race
     Caucasian       120       69      45      52       59          345       61.2%
      Hispanic       115       41      11       8        6          181       32.1%
 African-American     9         4       0       0        1           14        2.5%
        Asian         9         3       4       0        0           16        2.8%
 Native American      1         0       0       0        0            1        0.2%
        Other         4         1       0       0        2            7        1.2%
     Education
 no diploma/GED      119       59      25      20       26          249       44.1%
   diploma/GED        78       46      29      24       22          199       35.3%
   some college      49        11       5      12       15           92       16.3%
  college degree     12        2       1       4         5           24        4.3%
   Employment
Employed @ entry     124       31      10      21       30          216       38.3%
  Unemployed @
         entry       134       87      50      39       38          348       61.7%
  Marital Status
        Single       167       88      45      43       48          391       69.3%
      Married         32        5       6       9        6           58       10.3%
     Separated        12        5       2       0        5           24        4.3%
      Divorced        44       19       7       8        9           87       15.4%
      Widowed          3        1       0       0        0            4        0.7%
# of Terminations
 who are parents     121       55      29      22       26          253       44.9%
 Drug of Choice
   Meth / Speed      136       84      46      34       47          347       61.5%
       Heroin        56        11      7       10       5            89       15.8%
 Cocaine / Crack     31         6      1        3        9           50        8.9%
     Marijuana       17        14      3       8        5            47        8.3%
      Alcohol        12         3      3        3        1           22        3.9%
Prescription meds     2         0       0       1        1            4        0.7%
        Other         4         0       0       1        0            5        0.9%
Years of Drug use
          <2          11        5       1       1        6           24        4.3%
         (2-5)        73       30      11      24       21          159       28.2%
        (6-10)        56       34      26      17       21          154       27.3%
                                                                                20
       (11-15)        44       23      12      8         6           93       16.5%
       (16-20)        35       12       3       6        5           61       10.8%
        (20+)         39       14       7       4        9           73       12.9%
            DRUG COURT PROGRAM
            DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS
      2007 / Program Total Since Inception

                      Admissions Countywide by Age

50%
40%
30%                                                                  2007
20%                                                                  Program Total
10%
0%
       Age 18-21 Age 22-30 Age 31-40 Age 41-50 Age 51-60 Age 60+




                      Terminations Countywide by Age

40%

30%
                                                                     2007
20%
                                                                     Program Total
10%

0%
       Age 18-21 Age 22-30 Age 31-40 Age 41-50 Age 51-60 Age 61 +




                        Graduates Countywide by Age

 50%
 40%
 30%                                                                 2007

 20%                                                                 Program Total

 10%
  0%
         Age 18-   Age 22-   Age 31-   Age 41-   Age 51-   Age 61+
           21        30        40        50        60


                                                                                     21
            DRUG COURT PROGRAM
            DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS
      2007 / Program Total Since Inception


                                       Admissions by Race

70%
60%
50%
40%                                                                                       2007
30%                                                                                       Program Total
20%
10%
 0%
           Caucasan




                                                                          Other
                       Hispanic




                                      American




                                                            American
                                                 Asian
                                      African-




                                                             Native



                         Terminations Countywide by Race

70%
60%
50%
40%                                                                                       2007
30%                                                                                       Program Total
20%
10%
 0%
           Caucasian




                                                                          Other
                       Hispanic




                                      American




                                                            American
                                                 Asian
                                      African-




                                                             Native




                                  Graduates Countywide by Race

80%
60%
                                                                                            2007
40%
                                                                                            Program Total
20%
0%
        Caucasion




                                                                                  Other
                       Hispanic




                                      American




                                                               American
                                                    Asian
                                      African-




                                                                Native




                                                                                                            22
            DRUG COURT PROGRAM
            DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS
      2007 / Program Total Since Inception



                               Admissions by Drug of Choice

70%
60%
50%                                                                                                                   2007
40%
30%
20%                                                                                                                   Program Total
10%
 0%
                                    Cocaine/Crack
         Meth/Speed



                      Heroin




                                                    Marijuana




                                                                                  Prescription



                                                                                                      Other
                                                                    Alcohol



                                                                                     meds

                               Terminations by Drug of Choice

70%
60%
50%
40%                                                                                                                   2007
30%                                                                                                                   Program Total
20%
10%
 0%
                                 Cocaine /
         Meth/Speed



                      Heroin




                                                    Marijuana




                                                                                  Prescription



                                                                                                      Other
                                                                    Alcohol
                                  Crack




                                                                                     meds




                                Graduates by Drug of Choice

70%
60%
50%
40%                                                                                                                     2007
30%                                                                                                                     Program Total
20%
10%
 0%
                                  Cocaine /
      Meth/Speed



                      Heroin




                                                        Marijuana




                                                                                       Prescription




                                                                                                              Other
                                                                        Alcohol
                                   Crack




                                                                                          meds




                                                                                                                                        23
            DRUG COURT PROGRAM
            DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS
      2007 / Program Total Since Inception



                           Admissions by Years of Drug Use

35%
30%
25%
20%                                                                                             2007
15%                                                                                             Program Total
10%
 5%
 0%
       <2 Years   2-5 Years 6-10 Years        11-15           16-20           20+ Years
                                              Years           Years




                        Terminations by Years of Drug Use

35%
30%
25%
20%                                                                                            2007
15%                                                                                            Program Total
10%
 5%
 0%
      <2 Years 2-5 Years         6-10         11-15          16-20           20+ Years
                                 Years        Years          Years




                               Graduates by Years of Drug Use

40%
30%
                                                                                                  2007
20%
                                                                                                  Program Tot al
10%
0%
      <2 Year s   2-5 Year s     6-10 Years    11-15 Years     16-20 Years         20+Year s




                                                                                                                   24
                   Adult Drug Court – Central Justice Center


At the beginning of 2007, the Drug Court program at the Central Justice Center had
229 participants. During the course of the year, 95 additional individuals were admit-
ted to the program, and 42 participants graduated. After graduations and termina-
tions, 235 participants were active in the program at the end of the year.

The “Positive Life Attitudes” class at Santa Ana Community College, which was incor-
porated into the drug court program in June 2000, has been a graduation requirement
since 2001. This eight-week program has become very popular with the participants,
encouraging them to view their lives in a positive manner and establish goals to be at-
tained. The participants speak highly of the class at both progress reviews and
graduation ceremonies. Many participants go on to take further college level courses.




                                  Drug Court Hosts Site Visits

During 2007, the Drug Court at the Central Justice Center hosted site visits for several
legislators interested in the Collaborative Courts and their cost-effective alternative to
incarceration. These distinguished guests included State Senator Lou Correa, and
State Assemblymen Jim Silva, Jose Solorio, and Todd Spitzer.




    Pictured above is Senator Correa (front row, fourth from left), with Superior Court CEO Alan Slater and
    a group of distinguished jurists, many of whom are or have been Collaborative Court judicial officers.
    From L to R: Hon. Erick Larsh, Hon. Duane Neary, Hon. Carolyn Kirkwood, Hon. Fred Horn, Hon.
    Andrew Banks, Hon. Geoffrey Glass, Senator Correa, Hon. Joe Perez, Assistant Presiding Judge Kim
    Dunning, Hon. Wendy Lindley, Hon. Kimberly Menninger, Hon. Robert Moss, CEO Alan Slater, Hon.
    John Conley and Hon. Salvador Sarmiento.
                                                                                                              25
                      Program Demographics 2007
                         Central Justice Center
                              Drug Court
                            2007                      2007                     2007
                          Admissons        %      Terminations       %       Graduates        %
         Total               95           100          35           100         42           100
        # males              61          64.2%         11          31.4%        31          73.8%
       # females             34          35.8%         24          68.6%        11          26.2%
          Age
       Age 18-21              17         17.9%           7         20.0%          8         19.0%
       Age 22-30              38         40.0%          15         42.9%         16         38.1%
       Age 31-40              20         21.1%          11         31.4%         13         31.0%
       Age 41-50              16         16.8%           2          5.7%          4          9.5%
       Age 51-60               4          4.2%           0          0.0%          1          2.4%
        Age 61+                0          0.0%           0          0.0%          0          0.0%
          Race
       Caucasian              47         49.5%          14         40.0%         30         71.4%
        Hispanic              39         41.1%          17         48.6%          8         19.0%
   African-American            4          4.2%           1          2.9%          2          4.8%
         Asian                 3          3.2%           0          0.0%          1          2.4%
   Native American             0          0.0%           0          0.0%          0          0.0%
         Other                 2          2.1%           3          8.6%          1          2.4%
       Education
   no diploma/GED             36         37.9%          18         51.4%         12         28.6%
     diploma/GED              32         33.7%           7         20.0%         11         26.2%
     some college             25         26.3%           9         25.7%         16         38.1%
      college degree            3         3.2%          1           2.9%          3          7.1%
       Employment
    Employed @ entry           41        43.2%         13          37.1%         20         47.6%
   Unemployed @ entry          54        56.8%         22          62.9%         22         52.4%
      Marital Status
           Single              65        68.4%         26          74.3%         31         73.8%
          Married              11        11.6%          3           8.6%          4          9.5%
        Separated               7         7.4%          1           2.9%          1          2.4%
         Divorced              11        11.6%          5          14.3%          5         11.9%
         Widowed                1         1.1%          0           0.0%          1          2.4%
  # of Participants who
       are parents             40        42.1%         15          42.9%         18         42.9%
     Drug of Choice
       Meth / Speed            65        68.4%         18          51.4%         30         71.4%
           Heroin               9         9.5%          9          25.7%          2          4.8%
     Cocaine / Crack            8         8.4%          1           2.9%          2          4.8%
        Marijuana              12        12.6%          4          11.4%          8         19.0%
          Alcohol               1         1.1%          1           2.9%          0          0.0%
    Prescription meds           0         0.0%          0           0.0%          0          0.0%
           Other                0         0.0%          2           5.7%          0          0.0%
    Years of Drug use
             <2                 3         3.2%          3           8.6%          1          2.4%
            (2-5)              20        21.1%          5          14.3%          6         14.3%
           (6-10)              31        32.6%         12          34.3%         18         42.9%
          (11-15)              18        18.9%          5          14.3%          3          7.1%
          (16-20)               7         7.4%          4          11.4%          6         14.3%
           (20+)               16        16.8%          6          17.1%          8         19.0%26
* Total Program Admissions excludes Window Terminations, No Fault Terminations, and Transfers to
Alternative Programs
            Program Demographics — 2007 and Total
                    Central Justice Center
                         Drug Court
                                                Total                 Total             Total
                         2007                 Program               Program           Program
                       Admissons        %    Admissions       %   Terminations   %   Graduates   %
           Total          95           100      1154         100       416      100      499    100
         # males          61         64.2%       803        69.6%      283     68.0%     351   70.3%
        # females         34         35.8%       351        30.4%      133     32.0%     148   29.7%
             Age
        Age 18-21           17       17.9%      173        15.0%         84        20.2%        59      11.8%
        Age 22-30           38       40.0%      385        33.4%        146        35.1%       155      31.1%
        Age 31-40           20       21.1%      403        34.9%        135        32.5%       197      39.5%
        Age 41-50           16       16.8%      174        15.1%         49        11.8%        80      16.0%
        Age 51-60            4        4.2%       19         1.6%          2         0.5%         8       1.6%
            Race
       Caucasian            47       49.5%      613        53.1%        197        47.4%       301      60.3%
         Hispanic           39       41.1%      410        35.5%        178        42.8%       138      27.7%
   African-American          4        4.2%       76         6.6%         29         7.0%        37       7.4%
           Asian             3        3.2%       34         2.9%          5         1.2%        17       3.4%
    Native American          0        0.0%        4         0.3%          3         0.7%         0       0.0%
           Other             2        2.1%       17         1.5%          4         1.0%         6       1.2%
       Education
    no diploma/GED          36       37.9%      419        36.3%        194        46.6%       132      26.5%
      diploma/GED           32       33.7%      410        35.5%        131        31.5%       218      43.7%
      some college          25       26.3%      274        23.7%         78        18.8%       121      24.2%
     college degree         3         3.2%       51         4.4%         13         3.1%        28       5.6%
      Employment
  Employed @ entry          41       43.2%      562        48.7%        176        42.3%       277      55.5%
 Unemployed @ entry         54       56.8%      592        51.3%        240        57.7%       222      44.5%
     Marital Status
           Single           65       68.4%      744        64.5%        285        68.5%       294      58.9%
         Married            11       11.6%      168        14.6%         50        12.0%        93      18.6%
        Separated            7        7.4%       53         4.6%         14         3.4%        23       4.6%
         Divorced           11       11.6%      173        15.0%         59        14.2%        84      16.8%
        Widowed              1        1.1%       16         1.4%          8         1.9%         5       1.0%
   # of Participants
   who are parents          40       42.1%      537        46.5%        202        48.6%       242      48.5%
    Drug of Choice
      Meth / Speed          65       68.4%      606        52.5%        182        43.8%       271      54.3%
          Heroin             9        9.5%      221        19.2%        112        26.9%        80      16.0%
    Cocaine / Crack          8        8.4%      178        15.4%         70        16.8%        87      17.4%
        Marijuana           12       12.6%      106         9.2%         38         9.1%        41       8.2%
         Alcohol             1        1.1%       30         2.6%          8         1.9%        16       3.2%
   Prescription meds         0        0.0%        6         0.5%          2         0.5%         1       0.2%
           Other             0        0.0%        7         0.6%          4         1.0%         3       0.6%
  Years of Drug use
             <2              3        8.8%       53         4.6%         26         6.3%        20       4.0%
            (2-5)           20       21.1%      290        25.1%        123        29.6%       130      26.1%
           (6-10)           31       32.6%      341        29.5%        122        29.3%       154      30.9%
          (11-15)           18       18.9%      185        16.0%         59        14.2%        73      14.6%
          (16-20)            7        7.4%      131        11.4%         42        10.1%        57      11.4%
                                                                                                      27
           (20+)            16       16.8%      154        13.3%         44        10.6%        65      13.0%
* Total Program Admissions excludes Window Terminations, No Fault Terminations, and Transfers to Alternative
Programs
      Adult Drug Court – Harbor Justice Center / Laguna Niguel


At the start of 2007, the Drug Court program at Harbor Justice Center / Laguna Niguel
had 95 participants active in the program. Fifty-two additional participants were ad-
mitted into the program during the year, and 26 graduated. After graduations and ter-
minations, 96 individuals were participating in the program at the end of the year.

In a change from 2006, the highest percentage of new admissions to the program
were of a younger age bracket — with 44% being between the ages of 22 and 30 —
and new admissions as a group also had more education — with only about 15% be-
ing without a high school diploma or GED.

The Drug Court at Harbor Justice Center / Laguna Niguel continued its partnership
with Saddleback Community College. Program participants are required to complete a
minimum of 4 course units at Saddleback College prior to graduation. The college has
also been instrumental in providing services to participants and encouraging many par-
ticipants to continue their education. Participants of the program are also required to
attend a cultural event, a civic event, and perform eight hours of community service
prior to graduation.




       Volunteers have been Vital to the Success of Drug Court (part 1)


During 2007, volunteers continued to provide many essential services to the participants of
Drug Court and other Collaborative Courts programs. Most of this support has been coordi-
nated through the non-profit Drug Court Foundation of Orange County.

The Drug Court Foundation was established by Kathy Burnham, a tireless advocate who has
volunteered thousands of hours to support Drug Court program participants as they under-
take this life-altering challenge. The Foundation received major support at this year’s annual
fund-raising golf tournament from the Orange County Trial Lawyers Association.

Throughout the year, the Drug Court Foundation provided incentives for program partici-
pants, arranged cultural events and other activities, assisted with program graduations, and
helped to facilitate alumni activities. It continued to have a crucial role in the success of the
Collaborative Court programs, and in the ongoing success of program participants and
graduates.

One of the most effective methods of stabilizing a participant, so as to increase his or her
chances of success in the program, is residential treatment. During the year, Phoenix House
made an ongoing donation of a 90-day residential treatment bed to the Drug Court Founda-
tion of Orange County for this purpose.
                                                                                                28
             Program Demographics — 2007
          Harbor Justice Center - Laguna Niguel
                       Drug Court
                          2007                     2007                    2007
                        Admissons        %     Terminations      %       Graduates         %
           Total           52           100         18          100         26            100
         # males           35          67.3%        10         55.6%        16           61.5%
        # females          17          32.7%         8         44.4%        10           38.5%
             Age
        Age 18-21            10        19.2%          6        33.3%          3           11.5%
        Age 22-30            23        44.2%          6        33.3%         11           42.3%
        Age 31-40            11        21.2%          3        16.7%          8           30.8%
        Age 41-50             8        15.4%          3        16.7%          4           15.4%
        Age 51-60             0         0.0%          0         0.0%          0            0.0%
         Age 61+              0         0.0%          0         0.0%          0            0.0%
            Race
        Caucasian            37        71.2%         16        88.9%         20           76.9%
         Hispanic             7        13.5%          1         5.6%          6           23.1%
    African-American          1         1.9%          0         0.0%          0            0.0%
           Asian              1         1.9%          0         0.0%          0            0.0%
    Native American           0         0.0%          0         0.0%          0            0.0%
           Other              6        11.5%          1         5.6%          0            0.0%
        Education
    no diploma/GED            8        15.4%          4        22.2%          6           23.1%
      diploma/GED            27        51.9%         11        61.1%         18           69.2%
      some college           15        28.8%          3        16.7%          2            7.7%
     college degree           2         3.8%          0         0.0%          0            0.0%
      Employment
   Employed @ entry          25        48.1%          7        38.9%          8           30.8%
  Unemployed @ entry         27        51.9%         11        61.1%         18           69.2%
     Marital Status
           Single            39        75.0%         16        88.9%         20           76.9%
         Married              5         9.6%          2        11.1%          3           11.5%
        Separated             1         1.9%          0         0.0%          0            0.0%
         Divorced             6        11.5%          0         0.0%          3           11.5%
         Widowed              1         1.9%          0         0.0%          0            0.0%
 # of Participants who
       are parents           13        25.0%          5        27.8%         11           42.3%
    Drug of Choice
      Meth / Speed           30        57.7%         10        55.6%         18           69.2%
          Heroin             14        26.9%          5        27.8%          0            0.0%
    Cocaine / Crack           2         3.8%          0         0.0%          2            7.7%
        Marijuana             3         5.8%          2        11.1%          4           15.4%
         Alcohol              0         0.0%          0         0.0%          1            3.8%
   Prescription meds          1         1.9%          1         5.6%          1            3.8%
           Other              2         3.8%          0         0.0%          0            0.0%
   Years of Drug use
             <2               0         0.0%          0         0.0%          0            0.0%
            (2-5)            12        23.1%          6        33.3%          6           23.1%
           (6-10)            20        38.5%          5        27.8%          6           23.1%
          (11-15)            10        19.2%          2        11.1%          6           23.1%
          (16-20)             6        11.5%          5        27.8%          5           19.2% 29
           (20+)              4         7.7%          0         0.0%          3           11.5%
* Total Program Admissions excludes Window Terminations, No Fault Terminations, and Transfers to
Alternative Programs
            Program Demographics — 2007 and Total
             Harbor Justice Center - Laguna Niguel
                          Drug Court
                                                Total                 Total             Total
                         2007                 Program               Program           Program
                       Admissons   %         Admissions       %   Terminations   %   Graduates   %
         Total            52      100            502         100       137      100      262    100
       # males            35     67.3%           316        62.9%       87     63.5%     160   61.1%
      # females           17     32.7%           186        37.1%       50     36.5%     102   38.9%
           Age
      Age 18-21            10       19.2%         93        18.5%        37        27.0%       31      11.8%
      Age 22-30            23       44.2%        186        37.1%        52        38.0%       93      35.5%
      Age 31-40            11       21.2%        155        30.9%        31        22.6%       95      36.3%
      Age 41-50             8       15.4%         63        12.5%        15        10.9%       39      14.9%
      Age 51-60             0        0.0%          5         1.0%         2         1.5%        4       1.5%
       Age 61+              0        0.0%          0         0.0%         0         0.0%        0       0.0%
          Race
      Caucasian            37       71.2%        411        81.9%        111       81.0%      218      83.2%
       Hispanic             7       13.5%         58        11.6%         18       13.1%       31      11.8%
  African-American          1        1.9%         10         2.0%          3        2.2%        6       2.3%
         Asian              1        1.9%          8         1.6%          2        1.5%        3       1.1%
  Native American           0        0.0%          3         0.6%          1        0.7%        2       0.8%
         Other              6       11.5%         12         2.4%          2        1.5%        2       0.8%
      Education
  no diploma/GED            8       15.4%        128        25.5%        45        32.8%       59      22.5%
    diploma/GED            27       51.9%        222        44.2%        52        38.0%      111      42.4%
    some college           15       28.8%        127        25.3%        35        25.5%       76      29.0%
   college degree          2         3.8%         25         5.0%         5         3.6%       16       6.1%
    Employment
 Employed @ entry          25       48.1%        260        51.8%        56        40.9%      156      59.5%
Unemployed @ entry         27       51.9%        242        48.2%        81        59.1%      106      40.5%
   Marital Status
         Single            39       75.0%        326        64.9%        100       73.0%      153      58.4%
       Married              5        9.6%         75        14.9%         16       11.7%       44      16.8%
      Separated             1        1.9%         20         4.0%          5        3.6%       12       4.6%
       Divorced             6       11.5%         79        15.7%         15       10.9%       53      20.2%
       Widowed              1        1.9%          2         0.4%          1        0.7%        0       0.0%
 # of Participants
  who are parents          13       25.0%        196        39.0%        49        35.8%      119      45.4%
  Drug of Choice
    Meth / Speed           30       57.7%        292        58.2%        69        50.4%      162      61.8%
        Heroin             14       26.9%         79        15.7%        32        23.4%       23       8.8%
  Cocaine / Crack           2        3.8%         36         7.2%         6         4.4%       25       9.5%
      Marijuana            3         5.8%         58        11.6%        21        15.3%       30      11.5%
       Alcohol              0        0.0%         22         4.4%         5         3.6%       14       5.3%
 Prescription meds         1         1.9%          8         1.6%         2         1.5%        5       1.9%
         Other              2        3.8%          7         1.4%         2         1.5%        3       1.1%
 Years of Drug use
           <2               0        0.0%         40         8.0%        16        11.7%       22       8.4%
          (2-5)            12       23.1%        145        28.9%        42        30.7%       79      30.2%
         (6-10)            20       38.5%        154        30.7%        50        36.5%       70      26.7%
        (11-15)            10       19.2%         69        13.7%        13         9.5%       39      14.9%
        (16-20)             6       11.5%         59        11.8%         9         6.6%       36      13.7%
         (20+)              4        7.7%         35         7.0%         7         5.1%       16     306.1%
* Total Program Admissions excludes Window Terminations, No Fault Terminations, and Transfers to Alternative
Programs
     Adult Drug Court – Harbor Justice Center / Newport Beach


At the beginning of 2007, the Drug Court at Harbor Justice Center / Newport Beach
had 45 participants in the program. An additional 31 were admitted during the year,
and 14 participants graduated. After graduations and terminations, 55 participants re-
mained in the program at the end of 2007.

In a change from 2006, new admissions tended to be older, with the percentage of
those between the ages of 22 and 40 dropping from 75% to under 60%. The percent-
age of those who were unemployed at the time of their entry into the program more
than doubled, to almost 68%.

In order to encourage educational advancement, the Drug Court has continued its
partnership with Orange Coast College. Presently, all participants are required to at-
tend one credited college level course approved by the team. Participants of the pro-
gram are also required to attend a cultural event and a civic event, and to perform
eight hours of community service prior to graduation.




       Volunteers have been Vital to the Success of Drug Court (part 2)

Participants in Collaborative Court programs are held strictly accountable as they progress
through the program phases. As each participant learns to accept responsibility for punctual
attendance at counseling and court sessions, for clean drug and alcohol tests, and for the
achievement of goals in their personal recovery plan, a system of incentives and positive rein-
forcement becomes as important as the threat of sanctions in guiding their behavioral change.
During 2007, the Drug Court Foundation worked with many concerned groups and individuals
to provide a variety of incentives for participants.

Incentives can also help program participants to re-engage with society. LensCrafters,
through its Gift of Sight program, continued to be an active partner of the Drug Court Founda-
tion, as were local service clubs such as the Sunrise Rotary Club of Monarch Beach. Working
with the Foundation in 2007, volunteers donated concert tickets and other items, and gave
their time to offer free enrichment activities. Dr. Jay Bauman continued his partnership with
the Foundation, which has provided tens of thousands of dollars in free restorative dental work
to Drug Court participants.

As participants advance through the program phases, they must develop and pursue life plans
that include educational or vocational goals. Volunteers provided a helping hand in the climb
toward these milestones. Professor Virgil Adams of Cypress College counseled participants in
Drug Court at the West Justice Center regarding their educational goals; and in Juvenile Drug
Court at the Lamoreaux Justice Center, student interns who assisted with group counseling
sessions also tutored participants in the completion of job applications and resumes.
                                                                                            31
             Program Demographics — 2007
          Harbor Justice Center - Newport Beach
                       Drug Court
                            2007                      2007                     2007
                          Admissons        %      Terminations      %        Graduates        %
         Total               37           100           5          100          14           100
        # males              14          37.8%          2         40.0%          4          28.6%
       # females             23          62.2%          3         60.0%         10          71.4%
          Age
       Age 18-21               2          5.4%          1         20.0%          2          14.3%
       Age 22-30              11         29.7%          3         60.0%          6          42.9%
       Age 31-40              11         29.7%          1         20.0%          3          21.4%
       Age 41-50               9         24.3%          0          0.0%          3          21.4%
       Age 51-60               4         10.8%          0          0.0%          0           0.0%
        Age 61+                0          0.0%          0          0.0%          0           0.0%
          Race

        Caucasian             31         83.8%          5         100.0%         10         71.4%
         Hispanic              3          8.1%          0          0.0%           2         14.3%
    African-American           1          2.7%          0          0.0%           1          7.1%
           Asian               1          2.7%          0          0.0%           0          0.0%
    Native American            0          0.0%          0          0.0%           1          7.1%
           Other               1          2.7%          0          0.0%           0          0.0%
        Education
    no diploma/GED             8         21.6%          1         20.0%          1           7.1%
      diploma/GED             11         29.7%          3         60.0%          6          42.9%
      some college            12         32.4%          0          0.0%          5          35.7%
     college degree           6          16.2%          1         20.0%          2          14.3%
      Employment
   Employed @ entry           12         32.4%          2         40.0%          7          50.0%
  Unemployed @ entry          25         67.6%          3         60.0%          7          50.0%
     Marital Status
           Single             20         54.1%          3         60.0%          11         78.6%
         Married               2          5.4%          0          0.0%           2         14.3%
        Separated              8         21.6%          1         20.0%           0          0.0%
         Divorced              7         18.9%          1         20.0%           1          7.1%
         Widowed               0          0.0%          0          0.0%           0          0.0%
 # of Participants who
       are parents            18         48.6%          3         60.0%          7          50.0%
    Drug of Choice
      Meth / Speed            22         59.5%          3         60.0%          7          50.0%
          Heroin              4          10.8%          2         40.0%          3          21.4%
    Cocaine / Crack           6          16.2%          0          0.0%          1           7.1%
        Marijuana             3           8.1%          0          0.0%          2          14.3%
         Alcohol              2           5.4%          0          0.0%          0           0.0%
   Prescription meds          0           0.0%          0          0.0%          1           7.1%
           Other               0          0.0%          0          0.0%          0           0.0%
   Years of Drug use
             <2                1         4.3%          0           0.0%           0          0.0%
            (2-5)              6        16.2%          0           0.0%           4         28.6%
           (6-10)              7        18.9%          1          20.0%           5         35.7%
          (11-15)              9        24.3%          3          60.0%           3         21.4%
          (16-20)              6        16.2%          0           0.0%           1          7.1%32
           (20+)               8        21.6%          1          20.0%           1          7.1%
* Total Program Admissions excludes Window Terminations, No Fault Terminations, and Transfers to
Alternative Programs
            Program Demographics — 2007 and Total
             Harbor Justice Center - Newport Beach
                          Drug Court
                                               Total                 Total             Total
                        2007                 Program               Program           Program
                      Admissons   %         Admissions       %   Terminations   %   Graduates   %
           Total         37      100            208         100       58       100      97     100
         # males         14     37.8%            83        39.9%      42      72.4%     45    46.4%
        # females        23     62.2%           125        60.1%      16      27.6%     52    53.6%
            Age
        Age 18-21           2        5.4%       29        13.9%         12        20.7%       10       10.3%
        Age 22-30          11       29.7%       71        34.1%         22        37.9%       34       35.1%
        Age 31-40          11       29.7%       68        32.7%         18        31.0%       32       33.0%
        Age 41-50           9       24.3%       36        17.3%          6        10.3%       21       21.6%
        Age 51-60           4       10.8%        4         1.9%          0         0.0%        0        0.0%
         Age 61+            0        0.0%        0         0.0%          0         0.0%        0        0.0%
           Race
       Caucasian           31       83.8%      172        82.7%         50        86.2%       77       79.4%
         Hispanic           3        8.1%       16         7.7%          7        12.1%        8        8.2%
   African-American         1        2.7%        3         1.4%          0         0.0%        1        1.0%
           Asian            1        2.7%        4         1.9%          0         0.0%        4        4.1%
    Native American         0        0.0%        2         1.0%          0         0.0%        2        2.1%
           Other            1        2.7%       11         5.3%          1         1.7%        5        5.2%
       Education
    no diploma/GED          8       21.6%       52        25.0%         24        41.4%       19       19.6%
      diploma/GED          11       29.7%       89        42.8%         18        31.0%       48       49.5%
      some college         12       32.4%       46        22.1%         11        19.0%       21       21.6%
     college degree         6       16.2%       21        10.1%          5         8.6%        9        9.3%
      Employment
  Employed @ entry         12       32.4%      101        48.6%         26        44.8%       55       56.7%
 Unemployed @ entry        25       67.6%      107        51.4%         32        55.2%       42       43.3%
     Marital Status
           Single          20       54.1%      145        69.7%         44        75.9%       64       66.0%
         Married            2        5.4%       20         9.6%          7        12.1%       11       11.3%
        Separated           8       21.6%       15         7.2%          4         6.9%        4        4.1%
         Divorced           7       18.9%       24        11.5%          2         3.4%       15       15.5%
        Widowed             0        0.0%        4         1.9%          1         1.7%        3        3.1%
   # of Participants
   who are parents         18       48.6%       77        37.0%         16        27.6%       41       42.3%
    Drug of Choice
      Meth / Speed         22       59.5%      118        56.7%         31        53.4%       54       55.7%
          Heroin            4       10.8%       25        12.0%         12        20.7%       12       12.4%
    Cocaine / Crack         6       16.2%       18         8.7%          7        12.1%        5        5.2%
        Marijuana           3        8.1%       27        13.0%          6        10.3%       15       15.5%
         Alcohol            2        5.4%        9         4.3%          0         0.0%        5        5.2%
   Prescription meds        0        0.0%        5         2.4%          2         3.4%        1        1.0%
           Other            0        0.0%        6         2.9%          0         0.0%        5        5.2%
  Years of Drug use
             <2             1        4.3%        6         2.9%          1         1.7%        6        6.2%
            (2-5)           6       16.2%       62        29.8%         21        36.2%       24       24.7%
           (6-10)           7       18.9%       61        29.3%         22        37.9%       26       26.8%
          (11-15)           9       24.3%       38        18.3%         10        17.2%       20       20.6%
          (16-20)           6       16.2%       17         8.2%          2         3.4%        9      339.3%
           (20+)            8       21.6%       24        11.5%          2         3.4%       12       12.4%
* Total Program Admissions excludes Window Terminations, No Fault Terminations, and Transfers to Alternative
Programs
                  Adult Drug Court – North Justice Center


The North Justice Center Drug Court began the year with 108 participants. Seventy-
seven additional participants were admitted into the program during the year, and 17
participants graduated. After graduations and terminations, 130 participants were ac-
tive in the program by the end of the year.

In a change from 2006, new admissions to the program were younger, with nearly
47% being between the ages of 22 and 30.

Participants in the Drug Court program at the North Justice Center are required to at-
tend a cultural event and complete eight hours of community service prior to graduat-
ing from the program.




                            Women Moving Forward Event

On August 18, 2007, the Drug Court Foundation of Orange County, in partnership with the Or-
ange County Women Lawyers Association and Women Helping Women, presented a day for
“Women Moving Forward” at the Newport Sports Museum in Fashion Island. More than 133
Drug Court and Dependency Drug Court participants attended the event, at which they re-
ceived assistance with resume writing and job searches, a selection of free work-appropriate
clothing, and a variety of other gifts to help them begin a new life. The Honorable Pamela Iles
spoke to the women about domestic violence and its effect on the family. Businesswoman
Staci Dancy and Deputy District Attorney Debbie Carrillo spoke of overcoming challenges in
their personal lives. The event was funded by donations to the Drug Court Foundation of Or-
ange County.




                  Presenters at the “Women Moving Forward” event: (left to right):
                  Staci Dancy, Hon. Wendy Lindley, Kathy Burnham of the Drug
                  Court Foundation, and Linda Johnson.
                                                                                            34
                       Program Demographics — 2007
                            North Justice Center
                                Drug Court
                                2007                     2007                   2007
                              Admissons       %      Terminations     %       Graduates        %
               Total             77          100          26         100         17           100
             # males             41         53.2%         20        76.9%         9         52.9%
            # females            36         46.8%          6        23.1%         8         47.1%
                 Age
            Age 18-21              16      20.8%           5        19.2%          1         5.9%
            Age 22-30              36      46.8%           6        23.1%          4        23.5%
            Age 31-40              16      20.8%           6        23.1%          4        23.5%
            Age 41-50               6       7.8%           8        30.8%          6        35.3%
            Age 51-60               2       2.6%           1         3.8%          2        11.8%
             Age 61+                1       1.3%           0         0.0%          0         0.0%
                Race
           Caucasian               53      68.8%          15        57.7%         12        70.6%
             Hispanic              18      23.4%           8        30.8%          2        11.8%
       African-American             4       5.2%           1         3.8%          1         5.9%
               Asian                2       2.6%           2         7.7%          1         5.9%
        Native American             0       0.0%           0         0.0%          0         0.0%
               Other                0       0.0%           0         0.0%          1         5.9%
           Education
        no diploma/GED             28      36.4%           9        34.6%          2        11.8%
          diploma/GED              34      44.2%          15        57.7%         12        70.6%
          some college             10      13.0%           2         7.7%          2        11.8%
         college degree             5       6.5%           0         0.0%          1         5.9%
          Employment
      Employed @ entry             29      37.7%          14        53.8%         10        58.8%
     Unemployed @ entry            48      62.3%          12        46.2%          7        41.2%
         Marital Status
               Single              63      81.8%          18        69.2%          9        52.9%
             Married                5       6.5%           5        19.2%          2        11.8%
            Separated               2       2.6%           1         3.8%          1         5.9%
             Divorced               7       9.1%           2         7.7%          5        29.4%
            Widowed                 0       0.0%           0         0.0%          0         0.0%
  # of Participants who are
             parents               32      41.6%          15        57.7%          8        47.1%
        Drug of Choice
          Meth / Speed             50      64.9%          19        73.1%          9        52.9%
              Heroin                5       6.5%           3        11.5%          1         5.9%
        Cocaine / Crack             8      10.4%           0         0.0%          2        11.8%
            Marijuana              12      15.6%           3        11.5%          3        17.6%
             Alcohol                1       1.3%           1         3.8%          0         0.0%
       Prescription meds            0       0.0%           0         0.0%          0         0.0%
               Other                1       1.3%           0         0.0%          2        11.8%
      Years of Drug use
                 <2                 1       1.3%           0         0.0%          0         0.0%
                (2-5)               7       9.1%           4        15.4%          3        17.6%
               (6-10)              28      36.4%           6        23.1%          4        23.5%
              (11-15)              17      22.1%           3        11.5%          2        11.8%
              (16-20)               7       9.1%           4        15.4%          1         5.9%
               (20+)               17      22.1%           9        34.6%          7        41.2%35
* Total Program Admissions excludes Window Terminations, No Fault Terminations, and Transfers to
Alternative Programs
                     Program Demographics — 2007 and Total
                                      North Justice Center
                                          Drug Court
                                               Total                 Total             Total
                        2007                 Program               Program           Program
                      Admissons   %         Admissions       %   Terminations   %   Graduates           %
        Total            77      100            581         100       172      100      270            100
       # males           36     46.8%           208        35.8%      114     66.3%     172           63.7%
      # females          41     53.2%           373        64.2%       58     33.7%      98           36.3%
         Age
      Age 18-21            16       20.8%         77       13.3%        36        20.9%       19       7.0%
      Age 22-30            36       46.8%        176       30.3%        47        27.3%       71      26.3%
      Age 31-40            16       20.8%        211       36.3%        53        30.8%      127      47.0%
      Age 41-50             6        7.8%        102       17.6%        31        18.0%       45      16.7%
      Age 51-60             2        2.6%         13        2.2%         5         2.9%        8       3.0%
       Age 61+              1        1.3%          2        0.3%         0         0.0%        0       0.0%
         Race
     Caucasian             53       68.8%        401       69.0%        109       63.4%      183      67.8%
       Hispanic            18       23.4%        135       23.2%         49       28.5%       61      22.6%
 African-American           4        5.2%         21        3.6%          7        4.1%       13       4.8%
        Asian               2        2.6%         16        2.8%          7        4.1%        6       2.2%
  Native American           0        0.0%          0        0.0%          0        0.0%        0       0.0%
        Other               0        0.0%          8        1.4%          0        0.0%        7       2.6%
     Education
  no diploma/GED           28       36.4%        215       37.0%        82        47.7%       84      31.1%
    diploma/GED            34       44.2%        283       48.7%        77        44.8%      133      49.3%
    some college           10       13.0%         66       11.4%        12         7.0%       44      16.3%
   college degree          5         6.5%         17        2.9%         1         0.6%        9       3.3%
    Employment
 Employed @ entry          29       37.7%        232       39.9%        60        34.9%      118      43.7%
Unemployed @ entry         48       62.3%        349       60.1%        112       65.1%      152      56.3%
   Marital Status
        Single             63       81.8%        372       64.0%        115       66.9%      155      57.4%
       Married              5        6.5%         77       13.3%         27       15.7%       41      15.2%
      Separated             2        2.6%         28        4.8%          7        4.1%       14       5.2%
       Divorced             7        9.1%        101       17.4%         20       11.6%       59      21.9%
      Widowed               0        0.0%          3        0.5%          3        1.7%        1       0.4%
   # of Participants
   who are parents         32       41.6%      327        56.3%         99        57.6%      149        55.2%
    Drug of Choice
     Meth / Speed          50       64.9%      435        74.9%        132        76.7%      194        71.9%
         Heroin             5        6.5%       32         5.5%         10         5.8%       15         5.6%
    Cocaine / Crack         8       10.4%       39         6.7%         11         6.4%       22         8.1%
       Marijuana           12       15.6%       55         9.5%         13         7.6%       29        10.7%
        Alcohol             1        1.3%       12         2.1%          5         2.9%        4         1.5%
   Prescription meds        0        0.0%        4         0.7%          1         0.6%        3         1.1%
         Other              1        1.3%        4         0.7%          0         0.0%        3         1.1%
  Years of Drug use
           <2               1        2.4%       16         2.8%          5         2.9%        9         3.3%
          (2-5)             7        9.1%      127        21.9%         45        26.2%       63        23.3%
         (6-10)            28       36.4%      152        26.2%         45        26.2%       63        23.3%
        (11-15)            17       22.1%      106        18.2%         25        14.5%       55        20.4%
        (16-20)             7        9.1%       86        14.8%         26        15.1%       42        15.6%
                                                                                                        36
         (20+)             17       22.1%       94        16.2%         26        15.1%       38        14.1%
* Total Program Admissions excludes Window Terminations, No Fault Terminations, and Transfers to Alternative
Programs
                   Adult Drug Court – West Justice Center


At the being of the 2007, 52 participants were enrolled in the Drug Court at the West
Justice Center. Thirty-eight additional participants were admitted into the program
during the year, and 20 participants graduated. After graduations and terminations,
55 participants remained in the program at the end of 2007.

In a change from 2006, the percentage of participants who were unemployed at the
time of their entry into the program increased to over 63%. In partnership with the
Coastal County Regional One Stop Center, the participants are offered meaningful di-
rection and resources in preparing for the GED exam, education planning, career de-
velopment, and job searches.

The West Justice Center Drug Court scholarship fund, established in 2001 by a gener-
ous donation from an interested local resident, provides the means by which partici-
pants and graduates of the program who are in financial need can pursue their educa-
tional and career goals.




       Volunteers have been Vital to the Success of Drug Court (part 3)

Participants in Collaborative Court programs may have lost jobs, homes, and families to their
addiction. Building a “support community”, within which they can learn to trust others and
toward which they feel an obligation to act responsibly, is a key to achieving lasting change in
their lives. Many previous program graduates, such as Lewis van der Wyk, who founded the
website drugcourtalumni.com, offered their support during the year at phase advancements
and graduations, and through after-program support groups.

Program graduations are especially important events. Each graduate is required to write and
read a speech about the changes the program has made in their lives, and the words often
have a very powerful effect – on family and friends, on members of the treatment team and,
when the event takes place in the courtroom, on the in-custody defendants who have the
chance to plead guilty and request admission into the program. In 2007, volunteers helped to
make these occasions memorable. At one Drug Court graduation, for example, Superior Court
employees provided the refreshments, the music, and the photography.

At every step along the road to recovery, participants in the programs of the Collaborative
Courts have been assisted by the Drug Court Foundation of Orange County and by community
members who care deeply about the lives of others.

                                                                                             37
                 Program Demographics — 2007
                      West Justice Center
                          Drug Court
                           2007                     2007                    2007
                         Admissons       %      Terminations      %       Graduates         %
            Total           38          100           8          100         20            100
          # males           23         60.5%          3         37.5%         6           30.0%
         # females          15         39.5%          5         62.5%        14           70.0%
              Age
         Age 18-21            4        10.5%         3         37.5%           3          15.0%
         Age 22-30           14        36.8%         2         25.0%           5          25.0%
         Age 31-40            9        23.7%         2         25.0%           7          35.0%
         Age 41-50           11        28.9%         1         12.5%           3          15.0%
         Age 51-60            0         0.0%         0          0.0%           2          10.0%
          Age 61+             0         0.0%         0          0.0%           0           0.0%
             Race
         Caucasian           25        65.8%         6         75.0%          15          75.0%
          Hispanic            6        15.8%         1         12.5%           4          20.0%
    African-American          0         0.0%         0          0.0%           0           0.0%
            Asian             5        13.2%         1         12.5%           1           5.0%
     Native American          1         2.6%         0          0.0%           0           0.0%
            Other             1         2.6%         0          0.0%           0           0.0%
         Education
     no diploma/GED          10        26.3%         2         25.0%           4          20.0%
       diploma/GED           23        60.5%         4         50.0%           8          40.0%
       some college           5        13.2%         2         25.0%           7          35.0%
      college degree          0         0.0%         0          0.0%           1           5.0%
       Employment
   Employed @ entry          14        36.8%         3         37.5%           9          45.0%
  Unemployed @ entry         24        63.2%         5         62.5%          11          55.0%
      Marital Status
            Single           26        68.4%         7         87.5%          16          80.0%
          Married             6        15.8%         1         12.5%           1           5.0%
         Separated            1         2.6%         0          0.0%           3          15.0%
          Divorced            5        13.2%         0          0.0%           0           0.0%
         Widowed              0         0.0%         0          0.0%           0           0.0%
 # of Participants who
        are parents          17        44.7%         3         37.5%          12          60.0%
     Drug of Choice
       Meth / Speed          28        73.7%         7         87.5%          11          55.0%
           Heroin             6        15.8%         1         12.5%           1           5.0%
     Cocaine / Crack          1         2.6%         0          0.0%           4          20.0%
         Marijuana            2         5.3%         0          0.0%           3          15.0%
          Alcohol             0         0.0%         0          0.0%           1           5.0%
    Prescription meds         0         0.0%         0          0.0%           0           0.0%
            Other             1         2.6%         0          0.0%           0           0.0%
   Years of Drug use
              <2              0         0.0%         0          0.0%           0           0.0%
             (2-5)            8        21.1%         4         50.0%           5          25.0%
            (6-10)           10        26.3%         3         37.5%           5          25.0%
           (11-15)            6        15.8%         0          0.0%           4          20.0%
           (16-20)            6        15.8%         0          0.0%           1           5.0%
            (20+)             8        21.1%         1         12.5%           5          25.0%
* Total Program Admissions excludes Window Terminations, No Fault Terminations, and Transfers to 38
Alternative Programs
            Program Demographics — 2007 and Total
                     West Justice Center
                        Drug Court
                                               Total                 Total             Total
                        2007                 Program               Program           Program
                      Admissons   %         Admissions       %   Terminations   %   Graduates   %
           Total         38      100            250         100       68       100      146    100
         # males         23     60.5%           135        54.0%      34      50.0%      80   54.8%
        # females        15     39.5%           115        46.0%      34      50.0%      66   45.2%
             Age
        Age 18-21           4       10.5%       27        10.8%         13        19.1%       15       10.3%
        Age 22-30          14       36.8%       85        34.0%         25        36.8%       41       28.1%
        Age 31-40           9       23.7%       91        36.4%         25        36.8%       59       40.4%
        Age 41-50          11       28.9%       42        16.8%          5         7.4%       28       19.2%
        Age 51-60           0        0.0%        5         2.0%          0         0.0%        3        2.1%
         Age 61+            0        0.0%        0         0.0%          0         0.0%        0        0.0%
            Race
        Caucasian          25       65.8%      190        76.0%         48        70.6%      123       84.2%
         Hispanic           6       15.8%       36        14.4%         13        19.1%       16       11.0%
   African-American         0        0.0%        1         0.4%          1         1.5%        1        0.7%
           Asian            5       13.2%       17         6.8%          4         5.9%        5        3.4%
    Native American         1        2.6%        1         0.4%          0         0.0%        0        0.0%
           Other            1        2.6%        5         2.0%          2         2.9%        1        0.7%
        Education
    no diploma/GED         10       26.3%       73        29.2%         24        35.3%       42       28.8%
      diploma/GED          23       60.5%      103        41.2%         25        36.8%       52       35.6%
      some college          5       13.2%       65        26.0%         18        26.5%       43       29.5%
     college degree         0        0.0%        9         3.6%          1         1.5%        9        6.2%
      Employment
  Employed @ entry         14       36.8%       81        32.4%         16        23.5%       51       34.9%
 Unemployed @ entry        24       63.2%      169        67.6%         52        76.5%       95       65.1%
     Marital Status
           Single          26       68.4%      150        60.0%         40        58.8%       89       61.0%
         Married            6       15.8%       40        16.0%         16        23.5%       18       12.3%
        Separated           1        2.6%       14         5.6%          4         5.9%        9        6.2%
         Divorced           5       13.2%       42        16.8%          7        10.3%       28       19.2%
        Widowed             0        0.0%        4         1.6%          1         1.5%        2        1.4%
 # of Participants ho
       are parents         17       44.7%      132        52.8%         40        58.8%       74       50.7%
    Drug of Choice
      Meth / Speed         28       73.7%      183        73.2%         55        80.9%      101       69.2%
          Heroin            6       15.8%       19         7.6%          4         5.9%        7        4.8%
    Cocaine / Crack         1        2.6%       18         7.2%          3         4.4%       16       11.0%
        Marijuana           2        5.3%       19         7.6%          4         5.9%       14        9.6%
         Alcohol            0        0.0%        4         1.6%          1         1.5%        4        2.7%
   Prescription meds        0        0.0%        4         1.6%          1         1.5%        3        2.1%
           Other            1        2.6%        3         1.2%          0         0.0%        1        0.7%
  Years of Drug use
             <2             0        0.0%        5         2.0%          2         2.9%        2        1.4%
            (2-5)           8       21.1%       66        26.4%         25        36.8%       33       22.6%
           (6-10)          10       26.3%       65        26.0%         21        30.9%       38       26.0%
          (11-15)           6       15.8%       47        18.8%          8        11.8%       33       22.6%
          (16-20)           6       15.8%       36        14.4%          7        10.3%       24       16.4%
           (20+)            8       21.1%       31        12.4%          5         7.4%       16      39
                                                                                                       11.0%
* Total Program Admissions excludes Window Terminations, No Fault Terminations, and Transfers to Alternative
Programs
                           Adult Drug Court
                    Countywide 2007 Program Results
Recidivism

The most important measure of the success of Drug Court is the reduction in the rate
of recidivism, or re-arrest, for program graduates. In determining the rate of recidi-
vism, the arrest records of Drug Court graduates are reviewed three years after their
graduation, and any arrest during that time is noted. In 2007, the recidivism rate
for Orange County Drug Court program graduates was 35.1% for any crime.

In contrast, as part of a 2007 study of the Drug Court program at the West Justice
Center *, the arrest records of a group of 1,685 people who were eligible for but did
not participate in Drug Court programs in California were reviewed three years after
the date of their eligibility. This comparison group had a recidivism rate for any
crime of 74%.


Cost Savings

The alternative sentence of Drug Court saves the cost of jail bed days and prison bed
days. In order to yield an accurate number in the computation of jail bed days, the
calculation is made only for program graduates, and any incarceration days that result
from in-program sanctions are subtracted from the number of jail bed days saved as a
result of the alternative sentence. The daily cost of a jail bed is calculated at $87.62
by averaging the daily cost at the five County jail facilities.

In 2007, the Drug Court program saved 20,448 jail bed days, for a cost sav-
ings of $1,791,653.70, and saved 10,622 prison bed days, for a cost savings
of $993,794.32. Since inception, the program has saved $12,232,673.88 in jail bed
costs and $6,690,657.50 in prison bed costs.

In 2005, the Administrative Office of the Courts directed a cost study of selected Drug
Court programs in California, including those at the Central and Harbor/ Laguna Niguel
Justice Centers **. This study, which tracked and valued the time of each person in-
volved with the program, found that both programs yielded a net cost savings com-
pared with processing the offenders through “business as usual”, and noted that
every dollar invested in the Drug Court program at the Central Justice Cen-
ter resulted in a net benefit of $7.30.

___________________

* California Drug Courts: Costs and Benefits; Phase III, Piloting the DC-SET, Superior Court of Orange
County, West Orange Drug Court Site-Specific Report; Shannon M. Carey, Ph.D., et al., October, 2007,

** California Drug Courts: A Methodology for Determining Costs and Benefits; Phase II: Testing the
Methodology, Final Report submitted to the Administrative Office of the Courts; Shannon M. Carey,
Ph.D., et al., April 2005, at p.31. The full report is available at http://www.courtinfo.ca.gov/programs/
                                                                                                       40
collab/documents/drug_court_phase_II.pdf.
                      Adult Drug Court
         Countywide 2007 Program Results, continued

Drug-Free Babies

In addition to the tens of thousands of dollars in health care costs attributable to the
special care necessary at the time of a drug-addicted baby’s birth and initial hospitali-
zation, there will be significant, on-going medical and socialization challenges as the
child grows. Thus, the number of drug-free babies born to program participants is an-
other important measure of programs success – both in human and in economic
terms.

During 2007, 9 drug-free babies were born to Drug Court program participants, bring-
ing to 91 the total of drug-free babies born to participants since the inception of the
program.


Other Benefits

Community service hours are an important component of the Drug Court program, and
during the year participants performed 2,529 hours of community service.

During 2007, 119 Drug Court participants were graduated from the program “clean
and sober”, and each of them was also employed or pursuing educational goals.
Changing drug-addicted criminals into responsible, tax-paying members of society has
obvious social and economic benefits, though these may be challenging to quantify.

Similarly clear but hard to value with precision are the future costs to crime victims
that are avoided, and the enhancements to the quality of life of the community that
are gained, as a result of transforming the lives of drug-addicted offenders.

Drug Court is not only saving money and saving lives, it is changing the way the com-
munity feels about the criminal justice system. The courthouse has become a place
where hope is found, and where people in need of help can find a path to a better life.




                                                                                       41
                                   ORANGE COUNTY DRUG COURT PROGRAM
                          Recidivism Data, 3 years from graduation, as of 12/31/07




                                                Harbor Harbor
                                                Laguna Newport                  Countywide
                                      Central   Niguel Beach     North   West     Totals
                    Number of
                    Graduates          374       214     54      194      93       929


             Number of
             Graduates
  Paradigm 1 Re-Offending              129        72     21       72      32       326
             Number of
             Arrests                   351       200     66      161      83       861
             Number of
             Charges                   645       412     141     292     163       1653
             Number of
             Graduates
Excluding DA Convicted                 117        62     19       61      26       285
rejects, dismiss-
als & minor traf-   Number of
  fic violations    Convictions        529       252     115     188     116       1200

                    % Re-
                    Offending          34%       34%    39%      37%     34%      35.1%
                    % Convicted        31%       29%    35%      31%     28%      30.7%


                    Number of
                    Graduates
   Paradigm 2       Re-Offending       111        59     19       57      24       270
Substance abuse Number of Arrests      220       130     41      107      50       548
 violations only
 (including DUI Number of
  related viola- Charges               369       213     65      168      94       909
      tions)     Number of
                 Graduates
                 Convicted              99        50     15       46      20       230
                    Number of
                    Convictions        302       159     55      111      76       703

                    % Re-
                    Offending          30%       28%    35%      29%     26%      29.1%
                    % Convicted        26%       23%    28%      24%     22%      42
                                                                                  24.8%
                 Drug Court 2007 Recidivism Data
                 Demographics by Justice Center
                                   Harbor - Harbor -
                                   Laguna Newport                     Countywide
                         Central    Niguel   Beach     North   West     Totals       %

# Rearrested Graduates    129        72        21       72      32       326       100.0%
         # Males          93         43        16       47      23       222        68.1%
        # Females         36         29         5       25       9       104        31.9%
            Age
        Age 18-21          18        12        2         8       6        46       14.1%
        Age 22-30          40        27        8        16       8        99       30.4%
        Age 31-40          52        22        9        39      13       135       41.4%
        Age 41-50          18        11        2         8       5        44       13.5%
        Age 51-60           1         0        0         1       0         2        0.6%
         Age 61+            0         0        0         0       0         0        0.0%
        Ethnicity
        Caucasian          72        59        18       49      31       229       70.2%
         Hispanic          41         9         2       15       1        68       20.9%
    African-American       13         2         0        5       0        20        6.1%
           Asian            1         1         1        0       0         3        0.9%
    Native American         0         0         0        0       0         0        0.0%
           Other            2         1         0        3       0         6        1.8%
        Education
    No Diploma/GED         35        21        7        26      10        99       30.4%
      Diploma/GED          58        23        9        32      13       135       41.4%
     Some College          29        24        4        10      8         75       23.0%
     College Degree        7         4         1        4       1         17        5.2%
      Employment
   Employed @ entry        68        49        14       34      12       177       54.3%
  Unemployed @ entry       61        23        7        38      20       149       45.7%
     Marital Status
           Single          72        44        15       45      20       196       60.1%
         Married           26        10         3        6       5        50       15.3%
        Separated           9         0         0        4       1        14        4.3%
         Divorced          22        18         3       16       5        64       19.6%
         Widowed            0         0         0        1       1         2        0.6%
    Drug of Choice
      Meth / Speed         47        42        12       56      21       178       54.6%
          Heroin           32        9         3        3       1         48       14.7%
    Cocaine / Crack        34        6         2        4       6         52       16.0%
        Marijuana          10        8         3        7       3         31        9.5%
          Alcohol           4        4         0        1        1        10        3.1%
   Prescription meds        0        1         0        1       0          2        0.6%
           Other            2         2         1        0       0         5        1.5%
   Years of Drug Use
             <2             6         4        1         4       1        16        4.9%
            (2-5)          33        29        6        18       5        91       27.9%
           (6-10)          36        18        4        19      12        89       27.3%
          (11-15)          20        12        5        16      8         61       18.7%
          (16-20)          18         5        1         8       3        35       10.7%
           (20+)           16         4        4         7       3        34           43
                                                                                   10.4%
DRUG COURT RECIDIVISM 2007




                 Re-arrests by Age


               0.6%
                      14.1%                     Age 18-21
         13.5%
                                                Age 22-30
                                                Age 31-40
                         30.4%
                                                Age 41-50
        41.4%
                                                Age 51-60




                Re-arrests by Race
         1.8%

         0.9%

        6.1%                            Caucasian
                                        Hispanic
     20.9%
                                        African-American
                                        Asian
                      70.2%
                                        Other




             Re-arrests by Employment




      45.7%                                  Employed
                         54.3%
                                             Unemployed




                                                            44
DRUG COURT RECIDIVISM 2007



              Re-arrests by Education



              5.2%
                        30.4%             No Diploma/GED
     23.0%
                                          Diploma/GED
                                          Some College
                                          College Degree
              41.4%




        Re-arrests by Drug of Choice


          0.6%                          Meth/Speed
       3.1% 1.5%
      9.5%                              Heroin
                                        Cocaine / Crack
    16.0%                               Marijuana
                        54.6%
                                        Alcohol
     14.7%                              Prescription meds
                                        Other




      Re-arrests by Years of Drug Use


                                            <2
        10.4% 4.9%
                                            2-5 Years
     10.7%               27.9%              6-10 Years
                                            11-15 Years
      18.7%
                                            16-20 Years
                     27.3%
                                            20 +




                                                            45
                  ORANGE COUNTY DRUG COURT
                      2007 RECIDIVISM DATA
                  CODE SECTION DEFINITION TABLE
                        Substance Abuse Crimes
                           Property Crimes
                            Violent Crimes
                           All Other Crimes
                Number of
Code Section    Charges                          Definition
BP4060                  17    Possess controlled substance without prescription
BP4140                  55    Unauthorized possession hypodermic needle
BP4324                    2   Forgery of prescription
GGMC8.76.010              1   Trespass on School Grounds
HS11173(a)                1   Obtained controlled substances through fraudulent acts
HS11350A               112    Possession of controlled substance
HS11351                   7   Unlawful possession -for sale
HS11352A                  2   Transportation of controlled substance
HS11353.6                 2   Unlawful possession for sale near or on school grounds
HS11357A                  4   Possession of concentrated cannabis
HS11357B                37    Possession less than 1oz of Marijuana
HS11357C                  1   Possession Marijuana-more than 28.5 grams
HS11359                   5   Possession for sale of marijuana
HS11360A                  2   Sale or transportation of Marijuana
HS11364                206    Possession of controlled substance paraphernalia
                              Use of a concealed compartment for storage of a controlled
HS11366.8(a)             1    substance
HS11370.1A               1    Possess controlled substance with firearm
                              Possession/Possession for sale of designated controlled
HS11375(b)(2)            1    substances
HS11377A               194    Possession of controlled substance
HS11378                 35    Possession for sale of controlled substance
HS11379                 17    Transportation for sale controlled substance-not a narcotic
HS11532A                 2    Loiter in public place to engage in illegal drug activity
HS11550                 86    Under the influence of controlled substance
                              Use or sale of fireworks without registration with the State
HS12671                  1    Fire Marshal
HS12677                  1    Possession of dangerous fireworks without a permit
HS664-11350A             4    Attempted possession of a controlled substance
PC116.4                  2    Tampering with jury box or jury list

                                                                                 46
                    ORANGE COUNTY DRUG COURT
                        2007 RECIDIVISM DATA
                    CODE SECTION DEFINITION TABLE
                          Substance Abuse Crimes
                             Property Crimes
                              Violent Crimes
                             All Other Crimes
                    Number of
Code Section        Charges                       Definition
PC12020A(1)                 4   Manufacture or keep for sale prohibited firearms
PC12020A(4)                 3   Carrying a concealed dirk or dagger
PC12021(a)(1)               2   Convicted Felon in possession of firearm
PC12025(A)(1)(b)(5)         3   Carry a concealed firearm with a prior
                                Carry a loaded fierarm on person with crime against person
PC12031(a)(2)(E)           1    or drugs
PC12316B                   4    Possessing ammunition without the right to own firearms
PC135                      1    Destroying evidence
PC136.1(b)(1)              1    Prevent/Dissuade witness/victim from reporting crime
PC148.9A                  21    False representation of self to a peace officer
PC148A                    16    Resisting, delaying, or obstructing a public officer
PC148(A)(1)                9    Obstruct public officer
PC166.4                    4    Disobedience of court order
PC166A                     2    Contempt of court
PC166(a)(4)                1    Contempt of court - disobey court order
PC166C1                    4    Violation of protective order/stay away order
PC182(a)(1)                3    Conspire to commit a crime
PC186.22                   1    Participation in gang activity
PC211                     13    Robbery
                                Robbery of an individual performing public transportation
PC212.5                    2    duties
PC215(A)                   1    Carjacking
PC236                      3    False imprisonment
PC240                      6    Assault
PC241B                     1    Assault against peace officer/emergency respondent
PC242                      8    Battery
PC243                      2    Assault upon a peace officer/detention officer
PC243E                     4    Spousal or domestic partner battery
PC243(E)(1)                6    Battery - spouse, ex-spouse, domestic partner

                                                                                  47
                 ORANGE COUNTY DRUG COURT
                     2007 RECIDIVISM DATA
                 CODE SECTION DEFINITION TABLE
                      Substance Abuse Crimes
                         Property Crimes
                          Violent Crimes
                         All Other Crimes
               Number of
Code Section   Charges                         Definition
PC245(a)(1)                2 Assuault with deadly weapon other than firearm
PC245(a)(2)                1 Assault with a firearm

PC245( c)                  1   Assault with weapon not a firearm on peace officer/firefighter
PC266(h)                   1   Pimping
PC270                      1   Child neglect
PC273a(b)                  3   Child abuse and endangerment
                               Willfully inflicting corporal injury resulting in trauma on spouse
PC273.5A               13      or cohabitant
PC273.6                15      Violation of protective order
PC273A                  6      Child endangering
PC273D                  2      Corporal punishment or injury to a child
PC288A                  1      Unlawful oral copulation
PC32                    1      Accessory to commission of felony
PC381B                  1      Possession of nitrous oxide
PC415 (1)               1      Disturb peace
PC415 (2)               3      Offensive words to disturb another person
PC417(a)(1)             2      Exhibit a deadly weapon - not a firearm
PC422                   8      Terrorist Threats
PC4573                  1      Bring controlled substance in to jail or prison
PC459                  37      Burglary
PC459-460(a)            5      Burglary;1st degree
PC459-460(b)           32      Burglary; 2nd degree
PC460                   3      Burglary 1st degree, residential
PC460(a)                1      Burglary 1st degree
PC460B                 12      Burglary 2nd degree
PC466                   7      Possession of burglar tools
PC470                  13      Forgery
PC470D                  1      Forgerey - Check/Money Order/Cashiers Check

                                                                                        48
                   ORANGE COUNTY DRUG COURT
                       2007 RECIDIVISM DATA
                   CODE SECTION DEFINITION TABLE

                        Substance Abuse Crimes
                           Property Crimes
                            Violent Crimes
                           All Other Crimes

                 Number of
Code Section     Charges                        Definition
PC475A                    1   Forgery -- possess a counterfeit item with an intent to defraud
PC475B                    2   Forgery - Checks
PC475D                    2   Forgery; possession or receipt of items; intent to defraud
PC476                    10   NSF Checks
PC476(a)                  1   Forgery; fictious or altered bills, notes, checks
PC484                     8   Petty theft
PC484(a)-488             19   Unlawful use of expired/forged/revoked access card
PC484.1(A)                3   False information to Pawn Broker
PC484e(d)                 5   Acquire access card using different names
PC484f(b)                 1   Forge name on access card
PC484g(a)                 1   Fraudulent use of access card
PC485                     3   Finding lost property and not returning it to the owner
PC486                     1   Appropriate lost property
PC487A                   33   Grand theft -- exceeding $400 in value
PC487D                    3   Grand theft -- stealing a firearm
PC488                     5   Petty theft
PC496                    50   Receiving stolen property
PC496d(a)                 5   Receiving stolen vehicle or equipment
PC502( c)(1)              2   Computer acess fraud
PC529.3                   8   False personation
PC530.5                   8   Identity theft
PC530.5(a)               13   Unauthorized use of personal identifying information
PC537(a)(1)               1   Defrauding an innkeeper
PC594                     2   Vandalism
PC594(a)(b)(1)            5   Vandalism, greater than $50,000
PC594 (B) 4               2   Possession of tools with intent to commit vandalism
PC594.2A                  1   Possession of tools with intent to commit vandalism
PC602                     1   Tresspass on Land
                                                                                    49
                     ORANGE COUNTY DRUG COURT
                         2007 RECIDIVISM DATA
                     CODE SECTION DEFINITION TABLE
                          Substance Abuse Crimes
                             Property Crimes
                              Violent Crimes
                             All Other Crimes
                   Number of
Code Section       Charges                            Definition
PC602.5(a)                     2   Unauthorized entering/remaining in residential place
PC602K                         1   Trespass on lands under cultivation
PC602(L)                       1   Trespass/occupy property without consent
PC602M                         1   Drive on private property without consent
PC602N                         2   Refusing to leave upon request of peace officer
                                   Refuse or fail to leave land by a pease offcer upon owners
PC602(o)                    1      request
PC602R                      1      Refusing to leave hotel/motel after refusing to pay
PC646.9A                    2      Willful and malicious harassment
PC647A                      2      Disorderly conduct: lewd behavior in public
PC647B                     10      Disorderly conduct: lewd behavior in public
PC647D                      1      Disorderly conduct: loitering by a public toilet
PC647F                      6      Disorderly conduct: public and dangerous intoxication
PC647(j)                    1      Disorderly conduct: lodging without permission
PC647H                      1      Peeking into inhabited building
PC653.22                    1      Loitering with intent to commit prostitution
PC653K                      4      Carrying a switch blade knife
                                   Use of electronic communication to make obscene or
PC653M                         1   threatening remarks
PC664-422                      1   Attempted criminal threats with intent to terrorize
PC664-484(A)-488               7   Attempted petty theft
PC664-487(a)                   2   Attempted grand theft
PC666.5(a) -
10851(a)                    1      Theft with prior felony conviction of taking of vehicle
PC666                       4      Petty theft with prior
PC666-484(A)-488           10      Petty theft after prior theft conviction
PC853.7                     9      Violation of a promise to appear in court
PC1320(b)                   1      Failure to appear
VC10851A                   25      Vehicular theft
VC12500                    15      Driving without a license
VC14601.1A                 53      Driving with suspended license

                                                                                             50
               ORANGE COUNTY DRUG COURT PROGRAM
                        2007 RECIDIVISM DATA
                    CODE SECTION DEFINITION TABLE
                          Substance Abuse Crimes
                             Property Crimes
                              Violent Crimes
                             All Other Crimes
                 Number of
Code Section     Charges                       Definition
VC14601.2A               21 Driving with suspended license (after DUI conviction)
                             Driving with suspended license, driving while intoxicated,
VC14601.5A                 4 refusal to submit to chemical tests
VC20002                  11 Failure to stop after damaging property with a motor vehicle
VC23103(a)                 2 Reckless Driving
VC23152A                 69 Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs
VC23152B                 29 Driving with a blood alcohol of .08% or more
VC23153A                   3 Driving under the influence alcohol/drugs with injury
                             Possessing more than one ounce of marijuana while driving a
VC23222B                   7 vehicle
VC2800.1A                  4 Evade police officer
VC2800.2A                  6 Driving recklessly so as to flee a peace officer
VC40508A                   4 Violation of a promise to appear in court
VC4462.5                   5 Avoid registration compliance




                                                                                      51
              CHAPTER 2 – ITT (Intensive PC §1210) Court

The Intensive Twelve Ten (ITT) program, located at the Central Justice Center and es-
tablished in 2007, is a Drug Court within the Proposition 36 (Penal Code §1210) pro-
gram. The goal of the ITT Program is to increase program retention and completion
rates by providing participants with a higher level of accountability through the use of
Drug Court protocols and partnerships, and the Drug Court model of sanctions and in-
centives.

Penal Code §1210 authorizes a drug diversion program, mandated by the voter initia-
tive Proposition 36, that is designed to educate people as to the dangers of drug use.
Those who complete the program have their cases dismissed; but many people in the
program suffer from serious addiction, and education alone is not sufficient to keep
them from returning to the criminal justice system. A more intensive program, based
on the Drug Court model, is being used to help these addicted offenders change their
lives. In its first year of operation, 72 participants were admitted into the program.

The collaborative partners of the ITT Court program include the Court, the Probation
Department, Health Care Agency, the Public Defender’s office, the District Attorney’s
office, the Sheriff’s Department and other local law enforcement agencies. In 2007,
the ITT court was under the supervision of Commissioner Duane Neary.




       Commissioner Duane Neary (sixth from right) with ITT Court team members and courtroom staff




Thanks to this program, the life I lead is the total opposite of what it was one
year ago. What I learned from this program is that I can once again be part of
society. It’s taught me how to be accountable for my actions and that I alone
hold the key to a happy and successful life. Slowly but surely, I’m putting my
life back together.

— a 2007 ITT Court participant, from her phase advancement speech
                                                                                                     52
                    SUMMARY OF ADMISSIONS — 2007
                     ITT (Intensive PC Sec.1210) Court
Active participants 12/31/06         2007 Admissions        Totals    %
               0                       Total Number          72       100
Admitted 1/1/07 - 12/31/07                Gender
              72                           Males             43      59.7%
# of participants terminated              Females            29      40.3%
              17                        Age Bracket
# of No Fault Terminations               Age 18 - 21         14      19.4%
               9                         Age 22 - 30         22      30.6%
       # of graduates                    Age 31 - 40         16      22.2%
               0                         Age 41 - 50         14      19.4%
Active participants 12/31/07             Age 51 - 60          6      8.3%
              46                            Race
 Active warrants 12/31/07                Caucasian           39      54.2%
               0                           Hispanic          24      33.3%
                                      African-American       3        4.2%
                                             Asian            4       5.6%
                                             Other            2       2.8%
                                          Education
                                    Less Than HSD/GED        19      26.4%
                                          HSD/GED            17      23.6%
                                       Some College          26      36.1%
                                      College Graduate       9       12.5%
                                           Unknown            1      1.4%
                                    Employment Status
                                          Employed           33      45.8%
                                        Unemployed           39      54.2%
                                       Marital Status
                                            Married           9      12.5%
                                          Separated           8      11.1%
                                            Single           44      61.1%
                                           Divorced           9      12.5%
                                           Widowed            1       1.4%
                                           Unknown           1        1.4%
                                    # of Participants who
                                        have childern        30      41.7%
                                       Drug of Choice
                                      Methamphetamine        55      76.4%
                                            Cocine            2       2.8%
                                            Herion            5       6.9%
                                          Marijuana           7       9.7%
                                           Alcohol            3       4.2%
                                      Years of Drug Use
                                            <2 yrs            6       8.3%
                                            02 - 05          14      19.4%
                                            06 - 10          22      30.6%
                                            11 - 15          10      13.9%
                                            16 - 20           5       6.9%53
                                             20 +            14      19.4%
                                          Unknown            1       1.4%
ITT COURT PROGRAM — 2007



            Admissions by Gender




     40.3%                                    Males
                      59.7%                   Females




             Admissions by Age


            8.3%   19.4%                   Age 18-21
     19.4%                                 Age 22-30
                                           Age 31-40
                                           Age 41-50
                    30.6%
      22.2%                                Age 51-60




             Admissions by Race
          2.8%
     5.6%
                                   Caucasion
    4.2%
                                   Hispanic
                                   African-American
  33.3%            54.2%
                                   Asian
                                   Other




                                                        54
ITT COURT PROGRAM — 2007



         Admissions by Education

         1.4%
   12.5%           26.4%               no diploma/GED
                                       Diploma/GED
                                       some college
 36.1%                                 college degree
                   23.6%               Unknown




        Admissions by Employment




                   45.8%         Employed at entry
54.2%                            Unemployed at entry




        Admissions by Marital Status
            1.4%
           1.4%
                                             Single
        12.5%
                                             Married
    11.1%                                    Separated

                      61.1%                  Divorced
    12.5%
                                             Widowed
                                             Unknown



                                                         55
ITT COURT PROGRAM — 2007


    Admissions by Parental Status




                     41.7%            Parents
   58.3%                              Non-Parents




      Admissions by Drug of Choice
          4.2%
     9.7%
   2.8%                              Meth/Speed
                                     Heroin
   6.9%
                                     Cocaine/Crack
                                     Marijuana
                    76.4%            Alcohol




   Admissions by Years of Drug Use

           1.4%                       < 2 Years
                  8.3%
     19.4%                            2-5 Years
                     19.4%            6-10 Years
    6.9%                              11-15 Years
                                      16-20 Years
    13.9%
                   30.6%              20+ Years
                                      Unknown



                                                     56
                            CHAPTER 3 – DUI Court


Within the County, three Driving Under the Influence (DUI) Courts have been estab-
lished to target second and third-time drunk driving offenders. Based on the Drug
Court model, the voluntary program provides participants with professional assistance
to address their chronic alcohol abuse issues. In addition to sobriety, the program em-
phasizes rebuilding family ties, maintaining employment and a stable living environ-
ment, and pursuing educational goals.

A DUI Court program modeled after the principles of Drug Court had long been a goal
of the Orange County Superior Court. In January of 2004, a planning and develop-
ment committee under the leadership of Judge Carl Biggs designed the program and,
following the receipt of a two-year grant from the California Office of Traffic Safety,
the program was implemented in October of 2004 at the Harbor Justice Center in
Newport Beach. The successful program has continued beyond the end of the grant
period because of the financial support given to the partnering agencies by the
County.

With an additional two-year grant from the Office of Traffic Safety, obtained in 2006,
the program was expanded to the North Justice Center under the guidance of Judge
Douglas Hatchimonji; and, in 2007, pursuant to a two-year grant obtained from the
Administrative Office of the Courts through an initiative of the California Office of Traf-
fic Safety, a third DUI Court was inaugurated at the Central Justice Center, with Judge
Wendy Lindley presiding.

The DUI Court program is a partnership that includes the Superior Court, the Probation
Department, the Health Care Agency, the Public Defender’s Office, the District Attor-
ney’s Office, the Sheriff’s Department, Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD), and lo-
cal law enforcement agencies.

In 2007, a total of 203 people were admitted to the program, and 91 participants
graduated — including 10 participants who transferred from the program at the Harbor
Justice Center into the program at the North Justice Center. The DUI Court pro-
gram resulted in the saving of a total of 9,430 jail bed days, for a total sav-
ings of $826,256.60. Since inception, the DUI Court program has saved
$1,725,938.76 in jail bed costs.

In addition to the direct financial benefit, of course, is the tremendous savings in hu-
man lives that results from reforming repeat drunk drivers — who, if given enough
time, will likely end up causing death or serious injury to themselves and to the inno-
cent victims of their crime. In a truly remarkable statistic, of the 201 people who had
graduated from the Orange County DUI Court program by the end of 2007, only 4 had
been re-arrested — a recidivism rate of under 2%.
                                                                                        57
                     National Spotlight on the DUI Court

In 2007, the DUI Court at the Harbor Justice Center / Newport Beach, Judge Carl
Biggs presiding, was recognized as a model program by two separate national organi-
zations. On May 23, the National Drug Court Institute featured a half-day site visit to
the Court as a highlight of its three-day training conference, designed to assist jurisdic-
tions in the western United States in establishing DUI Courts. In September, the NDCI
selected the Court as one of four Academy Courts in the United States. The Academy
Courts will assist the NDCI with training and setting best practices for DUI Courts
across the country.

In June, Judge Biggs — joined by Mack Jenkins, Director of Juvenile Supervision of the
County Probation Department, Brett O’Brien, Division Manager of the Health Care
Agency’s Drug and Alcohol Services, and Collaborative Court Coordinator Karlee
Hughes — presented a workshop on creating a successful DUI Court to collaborative
court personnel from throughout the country at the annual conference of the National
Association of Drug Court Professionals in Washington D.C.




"My heart and thanks go out to Judge Biggs and all these wonderful people who administer
this program and all the hard work they put into it for us. I have come to realize that they do
this kind of work because they know that they are changing people's lives for the better. I can
think of no higher or more noble calling in life than that."

-- from a 2007 graduation speech
                                                                                            58
Harbor Justice Center Newport Beach
                    DUI COURT
SUMMARY OF ADMISSIONS — 2007

             # of participants
                (12/31/06)                138

            # admitted (1/1/07-
                12/31/07)
                                          127

                Transfers In
                                           8

              Transfers Out
                                          31
             # of participants
                terminated
                 (window)                 18
             # of participants
             terminated (non-
                 window)                  28

                # graduates
             (1/1/07-12/31/07)
                                          81

             # of participants
                (12/31/07)
                                          113




              # of active war-
              rants (12/31/05
                                           4
            Jail Bed Day Sav-
                   ings                  8,393

            Drug Free Babies               1



        INCARCERATION COST SAVINGS

    jail bed days** = $87.62 x 8393 days = $735,394.66

         **jail bed day cost caluclated by averaging
                                                                  59
    the daily cost of the five different county jail facilities
Harbor Justice Center Newport Beach


           DUI COURT
     SUMMARY OF ADMISSIONS
               Program Totals


          # of participants
             (12/31/06)
                                    138

        # of participants ad-
               mitted
                                    432

            Transfers In
                                     8

           Transfers Out
                                     31

       # of participants ter-
        minated (window)
                                     49

       # of participants ter-
       minated (non-window)
                                     56

          # of graduates
                                    191
          # of participants
             (12/31/07)             113
          Retention Rate*          85.4%

       *retention rate excludes window terminations.




         Drug Free Babies            2




                                                       60
Harbor Justice Center Newport Beach
             DUI COURT
2007 ADMISSIONS DEMOGRAPHICS



      # Admissions         127   100.0%
          # males          91    71.7%
         # females         36     28.3%
            Age
         Age 18-21          5     3.9%
         Age 22-30         45    35.4%
         Age 31-40         32    25.2%
         Age 41-50         27    21.3%
         Age 51-60         16    12.6%
          Age 61+           2     1.6%
            Race
        Caucasian          74    58.3%
          Hispanic         35    27.6%
    African-American        6     4.7%
           Asian            8     6.3%
     Native American        0     0.0%
           Other            4     3.1%
        Education
     no diploma/GED        12     9.4%
       diploma/GED         40    31.5%
       some college        45    35.4%
      college degree       30    23.6%
       Employment
    Employed @ entry       99    78.0%
   Unemployed @ entry      28    22.0%
      Marital Status
           Single          73    57.5%
          Married          29    22.8%
         Separated          5     3.9%
          Divorced         19    15.0%
         Widowed            1     0.8%

 # of Admissions who are
         parents           39    30.7%
  Years of Alcohol Use
            <2              0     0.0%
           (2-5)           13    10.2%
          (6-10)           22    17.3%
         (11-15)           23    18.1%
         (16-20)           17    13.4%
          (20+)            52    40.9%    61
    Harbor Justice Center Newport Beach
                DUI COURT
Graduate Demographics — Totals through 2007

          # Graduates       191   100.0%
             # males        148   77.5%
            # females        43    22.5%
               Age
            Age 18-21        7     3.7%
            Age 22-30       56    29.3%
            Age 31-40       56    29.3%
            Age 41-50       40    20.9%
            Age 51-60       26    13.6%
             Age 61+         6     3.1%
              Race
           Caucasian        126   66.0%
             Hispanic        48   25.1%
       African-American       3    1.6%
              Asian           7    3.7%
        Native American       0    0.0%
              Other           7    3.7%
           Education
        no diploma/GED      22    11.5%
          diploma/GED       35    18.3%
          some college      76    39.8%
         college degree     58    30.4%
          Employment
       Employed @ entry     167   87.4%
      Unemployed @ entry    24    12.6%
         Marital Status
              Single        98    51.3%
             Married        44    23.0%
            Separated       12     6.3%
             Divorced       34    17.8%
            Widowed          3     1.6%
     # of Graduates who
          are parents       84    44.0%
     Years of Alcohol use
               <2            0     0.0%
              (2-5)         11     5.8%
             (6-10)         34    17.8%
            (11-15)         29    15.2%
                                              62
            (16-20)         28    14.7%
             (20+)          89    46.6%
          Harbor Justice Center Newport Beach
                       DUI COURT
           Regular Termination Demographics
              Program Totals through 2007
                          Regular
                        Terminations   Deceased
   # Terminations            56           1       100.0%
        # males              37           1       66.7%
       # females             19           0       33.3%
          Age
      Age 18-21               2           1        5.3%
      Age 22-30              19           0       33.3%
      Age 31-40              15           0       26.3%
      Age 41-50              12           0       21.1%
      Age 51-60               8           0       14.0%
        Age 61+               0           0        0.0%
          Race
      Caucasian              41           0       71.9%
        Hispanic             11           0       19.3%
  African-American            2           0        3.5%
         Asian                0           0        0.0%
   Native American            0           0        0.0%
         Other                2           1        5.3%
      Education
   no diploma/GED             9           0       15.8%
     diploma/GED             13           1       24.6%
     some college            24           0       42.1%
    college degree           10           0       17.5%
     Employment
  Employed @ entry           42           1       75.4%

 Unemployed @ entry          14           0       24.6%
     Marital Status
         Single              36           1       64.9%
        Married               7           0       12.3%
       Separated              4           0        7.0%
        Divorced              8           0       14.0%
       Widowed                1           0        1.8%
# of Terminations who
      are parents            16           0       28.1%
 Years of Alcohol Use
           <2                 0           0        0.0%
          (2-5)               4           0        7.0%
         (6-10)              10           1       19.3%
        (11-15)               6           0       10.5%    63
        (16-20)              11           0       19.3%
         (20+)               25           0       43.9%
     Harbor Justice Center Newport Beach
                DUI COURT
      Window Termination Demographics
         Program Totals through 2007

      # Terminations        49    100.0%
           # males          38    77.6%
          # females         11    22.4%
             Age
          Age 18-21          5     10.2%
          Age 22-30         17     34.7%
          Age 31-40         11     22.4%
          Age 41-50         11     22.4%
          Age 51-60          3      6.1%
           Age 61+           2      4.1%
            Race
         Caucasian          34     69.4%
           Hispanic         11     22.4%
     African-American        2      4.1%
            Asian            2      4.1%
      Native American        0      0.0%
            Other            0      0.0%
         Education
      no diploma/GED         5     10.2%
        diploma/GED         14     28.6%
        some college        17     34.7%
       college degree       13     26.5%
        Employment
     Employed @ entry       31     63.3%
   Unemployed @ entry       18     36.7%
       Marital Status
            Single          33     67.3%
           Married           5     10.2%
          Separated          2      4.1%
           Divorced          9     18.4%
          Widowed            0      0.0%
# of Terminations who are
           parents          13     26.5%
  Years of Alcohol Use
            <2               0      0.0%
           (2-5)             5     10.2%
          (6-10)            11     22.4%   64
         (11-15)            10     20.4%
         (16-20)             6     12.2%
          (20+)             17     34.7%
     DUI COURT PROGRAM — 2007
HARBOR JUSTICE CENTER / NEWPORT BEACH


              Admissions by Gender



          28.3%

                                          Males
                                          Females

                             71.7%




              Terminations by Gender




            33.9%
                                          Males
                                          Females
                             66.1%




                    Graduates by Gender



                    22.5%
                                             Males
                                             Females
                            77.5%




                                                       65
     DUI COURT PROGRAM — 2007
HARBOR JUSTICE CENTER / NEWPORT BEACH


                   Admissions by Age

                  1.6%
                          3.9%                 Age 18-21
           12.6%
                                               Age 22-30
                                       35.4%   Age 31-40
         21.3%
                                               Age 41-50
                                               Age 51-60
                   25.2%                       Age 61 +




                   Terminations by Age


                         0.0%                  Age 18-21
                 14.3%          3.6%
                                               Age 22-30
                                  33.9%        Age 31-40
           21.4%
                                               Age 41-50
                                               Age 51-60
                     26.8%
                                               Age 61 +




                     Graduates by Age


                   3.1% 3.7%                   Age 18-21

             13.6%                             Age 22-30
                                   29.3%       Age 31-40
            20.9%                              Age 41-50
                                               Age 51-60
                           29.3%
                                               Age 61 +


                                                           66
     DUI COURT PROGRAM — 2007
HARBOR JUSTICE CENTER / NEWPORT BEACH


                       Admissions by Race
                3.1%
           6.3%
                                              Caucasion
          4.7%
                                              Hispanic
                                              African-American
        27.6%                  58.3%
                                              Asian
                                              Other




                       Terminations by Race

                  0%
                        4%
                 4%                           Caucasion

           20%                                Hispanic
                                              African-American
                                              Asian
                             72%
                                              Other




                         Graduates by Race
                  3.7%

                 3.7%
                                               Caucasion
                1.6%
                                               Hispanic
           25.1%
                                               African-American
                              66.0%            Asian
                                               Other



                                                                  67
     DUI COURT PROGRAM — 2007
HARBOR JUSTICE CENTER / NEWPORT BEACH


                Admissions by Education


                     9.4%
        23.6%
                                            no diploma/GED
                                            Diploma/GED
                            31.5%
                                            some college
                                            college degree
         35.4%




                Terminations by Education


           17.9%          16.1%
                                             no diploma/GED
                                             Diploma/GED
                            23.2%            some college
                                             college degree
          42.9%




                  Graduates by Education



                       12%
           30%                                no diploma/GED
                             18%              Diploma/GED
                                              some college
                                              college degree
                    40%



                                                               68
     DUI COURT PROGRAM — 2007
HARBOR JUSTICE CENTER / NEWPORT BEACH


                Admissions by Employment



        22.0%

                                             Employed at entry
                                             Unemployed at entry

                       78.0%




                Terminations by Employment




          25.0%
                                              Employed at entry
                                              Unemployed at entry
                       75.0%




                  Graduates by Employment



            12.6%

                                              Employed at entry
                                              Unemployed at entry

                      87.4%



                                                                    69
     DUI COURT PROGRAM — 2007
HARBOR JUSTICE CENTER / NEWPORT BEACH


           Admissions by M arital Status


           15.0% 0.8%
                                            Single
          3.9%                              Married
                                            Separated
                              57.5%
         22.8%                              Divorced
                                            Widowed




           Terminations by Marital Status

                 1.8%

            14.3%                           Single
                                            Married
            7.1%
                                            Separated
           12.5%            64.3%           Divorced
                                            Widow ed




             Graduates by Marital Status



                     1.6%                   Single
             17.8%
                                            Married
            6.3%                            Separated
                             51.3%
                                            Divorced
             23.0%
                                            Widow ed



                                                        70
     DUI COURT PROGRAM — 2007
HARBOR JUSTICE CENTER / NEWPORT BEACH


          Admissions by Parental Status



                        30.7%
                                             Parents
                                             Non-Parents
         69.3%




           Terminations by Parental Status




                       28.6%
                                              Parents
                                              Non-Parents
            71.4%




             Graduates by Parental Status




                         44.0%                Parents
           56.0%                              Non-Parents




                                                            71
     DUI COURT PROGRAM — 2007
HARBOR JUSTICE CENTER / NEWPORT BEACH


         Admissions by Years of Alcohol Use


                           10.2%                  2-5 Years

                                 17.3%            6-10 Years
          40.9%
                                                  11-15 Years
                                                  16-20 Years
                             18.1%                20+ Years
                  13.4%




          Terminations by Years of Alcohol Use



                          7.1%                   2-5 Years

                             17.9%               6-10 Years
          44.6%                                  11-15 Years
                             10.7%               16-20 Years
                          19.6%                  20+ Years




            Graduates by Years of Alcohol Use



                           5.8%                   2-5 Years
                              17.8%               6-10 Years
           46.6%                                  11-15 Years
                                 15.2%            16-20 Years
                          14.7%                   20+ Years



                                                                72
     North Justice Center - DUI COURT
SUMMARY OF ADMISSIONS — 2007 and Total

             # of participants
                (12/31/06)                 0

            # admitted (1/1/07-
                12/31/07)
                                           76

             # of participants
              transferred in
                                           28

             # of participants
              transferred out
                                           6
             # of participants
                terminated
                 (window)                  7
             # of participants
             terminated (non-
                 window)                   4

                # graduates
             (1/1/07-12/31/07)
                                           10

             # of participants
                (12/31/07)
                                           77




              # of active war-
              rants (12/31/07
                                           3
            Jail Bed Day Sav-
                   ings                  1,037

             Drug Free Babies              1



            INCARCERATION COST SAVINGS

        jail bed days** = $87.62 x1,037 days = $90,861.94

             **jail bed day cost caluclated by averaging
        the daily cost of the five different county jail facilities
                                                                      73
       North Justice Center
         DUI COURT
  2007 Admissions Demographics


     # Admissions         76   100.0%
         # males          55    72.4%
        # females         21    27.6%
           Age
        Age 18-21          4    5.3%
        Age 22-30         31   40.8%
        Age 31-40         22   28.9%
        Age 41-50         14   18.4%
        Age 51-60          4    5.3%
         Age 61+           1    1.3%
          Race
        Caucasian         31   40.8%
         Hispanic         37   48.7%
    African-American       3    3.9%
          Asian            4    5.3%
    Native American        1    1.3%
          Other            0    0.0%
        Education
    no diploma/GED        14   18.4%
      diploma/GED         32   42.1%
      some college        23   30.3%
     college degree       7     9.2%
      Employment
   Employed @ entry       64   84.2%
  Unemployed @ entry      12   15.8%
    Marital Status
        Single            52   68.4%
       Married            15   19.7%
      Separated            0    0.0%
       Divorced            8   10.5%
      Widowed              1    1.3%

# of Admissions who are
        parents           27   35.5%

 Years of Alcohol use
           <2              0    0.0%
          (2-5)            6    7.9%
         (6-10)           20   26.3%
        (11-15)           13   17.1%
        (16-20)           11   14.5%
         (20+)            26   34.2%    74
        North Justice Center
         DUI COURT
 2007 Graduate Demographics

    # Graduates        10   100.0%
       # males         7    70.0%
      # females        3     30.0%
         Age
      Age 18-21        0     0.0%
      Age 22-30        4    40.0%
      Age 31-40        1    10.0%
      Age 41-50        3    30.0%
      Age 51-60        2    20.0%
       Age 61+         0     0.0%
        Race
     Caucasian         7    70.0%
       Hispanic        3    30.0%
 African-American      0     0.0%
        Asian          0     0.0%
  Native American      0     0.0%
        Other          0     0.0%
     Education
  no diploma/GED       0     0.0%
    diploma/GED        3    30.0%
    some college       6    60.0%
   college degree      1    10.0%
    Employment
 Employed @ entry      10   100.0%
Unemployed @ entry     0     0.0%
   Marital Status
        Single         5    50.0%
       Married         3    30.0%
      Separated        0     0.0%
       Divorced        2    20.0%
      Widowed          0     0.0%
# of Graduates who
     are parents       4    40.0%
Years of Alcohol use
          <2           0     0.0%
         (2-5)         0     0.0%
        (6-10)         3    30.0%
       (11-15)         1    10.0%    75
       (16-20)         1    10.0%
        (20+)          5    50.0%
         North Justice Center
              DUI COURT
2007 Regular Terminations Demographics


       # Terminations         4   100.0%
            # males           4   100.0%
           # females          0    0.0%
              Age
          Age 18-21           0    0.0%
          Age 22-30           3   75.0%
          Age 31-40           1   25.0%
          Age 41-50           0    0.0%
          Age 51-60           0    0.0%
            Age 61+           0    0.0%
              Race
          Caucasian           1   25.0%
            Hispanic          3   75.0%
      African-American        0    0.0%
             Asian            0    0.0%
       Native American        0    0.0%
             Other            0    0.0%
          Education
       no diploma/GED         0    0.0%
         diploma/GED          3   75.0%
         some college         1   25.0%
        college degree        0   0.0%
         Employment
      Employed @ entry        3   75.0%
     Unemployed @ entry       1   25.0%
        Marital Status
             Single           2   50.0%
            Married           2   50.0%
          Separated           0    0.0%
           Divorced           0    0.0%
           Widowed            0    0.0%
  # of Terminations who are
           parents            3   75.0%
     Years of Alcohol use
               <2             0    0.0%
              (2-5)           0    0.0%
             (6-10)           1   25.0%
            (11-15)           3   75.0%    76
            (16-20)           0    0.0%
             (20+)            0    0.0%
         North Justice Center
             DUI COURT
2007 Window Termination Demographics


    # Terminations       7   100.0%
         # males         4   57.1%
        # females        3   42.9%
            Age
        Age 18-21        0    0.0%
        Age 22-30        2   28.6%
        Age 31-40        1   14.3%
        Age 41-50        4   57.1%
        Age 51-60        0    0.0%
         Age 61+         0    0.0%
           Race
        Caucasian        3   42.9%
         Hispanic        3   42.9%
    African-American     1   14.3%
          Asian          0    0.0%
    Native American      0    0.0%
          Other          0    0.0%
        Education
    no diploma/GED       2   28.6%
      diploma/GED        1   14.3%
      some college       3   42.9%
     college degree      1   14.3%
      Employment
   Employed @ entry      7   100.0%
  Unemployed @ entry     0    0.0%
     Marital Status
          Single         4   57.1%
         Married         2   28.6%
        Separated        0    0.0%
         Divorced        1   14.3%
         Widowed         0    0.0%
   # of Terminations
    who are parents      7   100.0%
  Years of Alcohol Use
             <2          0    0.0%
           (2-5)         0    0.0%
          (6-10)         2   28.6%
         (11-15)         1   14.3%
         (16-20)         0    0.0%     77
           (20+)         4   57.1%
DUI COURT PROGRAM — 2007
  NORTH JUSTICE CENTER



       Admissions by Gender



    27.6%

                                Males
                                Females

                      72.4%




       Terminations by Gender



              0%

                                Males
                                Females

              100%




       Graduates by Gender



      30.0%
                                Males
                                Females
                     70.0%



                                          78
DUI COURT PROGRAM — 2007
  NORTH JUSTICE CENTER



             Admissions by Age
           1.3%

       5.3%       5.3%             Age 18-21

   18.4%                           Age 22-30
                                   Age 31-40
                           40.8%
                                   Age 41-50
                                   Age 51-60
     28.9%                         Age 61+




             Terminations by Age

             0.0%
         0.0%
                 0.0%
                  0.0%             Age 18-21
      25.0%
                                   Age 22-30
                                   Age 31-40
                                   Age 41-50
                     75.0%         Age 51-60
                                   Age 61+




              Graduates by Age
               0.0%
                  0.0%             Age 18-21
      20.0%
                                   Age 22-30
                         40.0%     Age 31-40
                                   Age 41-50
     30.0%                         Age 51-60
                   10.0%
                                   Age 61+



                                               79
DUI COURT PROGRAM — 2007
  NORTH JUSTICE CENTER



              Admissions by Race
           1.3%

      5.3%
     3.9%                             Caucasion

                          40.8%       Hispanic
                                      African-American
                                      Asian
   48.7%
                                      Native American




              Terminations by Race
                  0%
            0%
                   0%                 Caucasion
                        25%
                                      Hispanic
                                      African-American
                                      Asian
      75%                             Native American




                  Graduates by Race
                   0%

                   0%

                   0%                 Caucasion
     30%
                                      Hispanic
                                      African-American
                                      Asian
                         70%
                                      Native American




                                                         80
DUI COURT PROGRAM — 2007
  NORTH JUSTICE CENTER


            Admissions by Education


          9.2%           18.4%
                                         no diploma/GED
                                         Diploma/GED
  30.3%
                                         some college
                                         college degree
                         42.1%




            Terminations by Education
                    0%
                    0%
          25%                             no diploma/GED
                                          Diploma/GED
                                          some college
                                          college degree
                         75%




                Graduates by Education



                  0.0%
          10.0%                           no diploma/GED
                          30.0%
                                          Diploma/GED
                                          some college
                                          college degree
          60.0%



                                                           81
DUI COURT PROGRAM — 2007
  NORTH JUSTICE CENTER


          Admissions by Employment


   15.8%


                                     Employed at entry
                                     Unemployed at entry


                 84.2%




      Terminations by Employment



  25.0%

                                     Employed at entry
                                     Unemployed at entry

                  75.0%




     Graduates by Employment


           0%


                                 Employed at entry
                                 Unemployed at entry


          100%


                                                           82
DUI COURT PROGRAM — 2007
  NORTH JUSTICE CENTER


    Admissions by M arital Status


       11%    1%
     0%                              Single
                                     Married
    20%
                                     Separated
                                     Divorced
                         68%
                                     Widow ed




    Terminations by Marital Status

                  0%
             0%
                   0%                Single
                                     Married
     50%                50%          Separated
                                     Divorced
                                     Widow ed




      Graduates by Marital Status



                                     Single
      20.0% 0.0%
                                     Married
      0.0%
                        50.0%        Separated
                                     Divorced
     30.0%
                                     Widow ed



                                                 83
DUI COURT PROGRAM — 2007
  NORTH JUSTICE CENTER




     Admissions by Parental Status




                  35.5%
                                      Parents
                                      Non-Parents
   64.5%




   Terminations by Parental Status



     25.0%
                                     Parents
                                     Non-Parents
               75.0%




    Graduates by Parental Status




               40.0%                 Parents
    60.0%                            Non-Parents




                                                    84
DUI COURT PROGRAM — 2007
  NORTH JUSTICE CENTER


    Admissions by Years of Alcohol Use


                      7.9%                  2-5 Years
     34.2%                                  6-10 Years
                                 26.3%
                                            11-15 Years
                                            16-20 Years
       14.5%              17.1%             20+ Years




                 by
    Terminations 0% Years of Alcohol Use

                          0%
                     0%
                                               2-5 Years
                               25.0%
                                               6-10 Years
                                               11-15 Years
                                               16-20 Years
               75%
                                               20+ Years




    Graduates by Years of Alcohol Use


               0.0%                        2-5 Years
                               30.0%
                                           6-10 Years
    50.0%                                  11-15 Years
                               10.0%       16-20 Years
                                           20+ Years
                          10.0%



                                                             85
                     CHAPTER 4 – Juvenile Drug Court


The Juvenile Drug Court, located at the Lamoreaux Justice Center in Orange, ad-
dresses the serious drug abuse issues of minor children. The goal of the program is to
support the juvenile offender’s commitment to sobriety by providing the treatment and
supervision needed to promote abstinence from substance abuse and to deter criminal
behavior. Minors participating in the program are required to attend frequent progress
reviews with the judge, attend weekly self-help groups, participate in group, individual,
and family counseling, and follow the terms and conditions of probation.

The Juvenile Drug Court team is made up of representatives from the Court, Health
Care Agency, the Probation Department, the Offices of the District Attorney and the
Public Defender, and any retained counsel.

The Juvenile Drug Court program began in 1998, when the Orange County Juvenile
Court received a federal Planning Grant from the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of
Justice Programs, Drug Court Program Office. In 1999, implementation funding was
received from a Juvenile Accountability and Incentive Block Grant (JAIBG) award. On
September 8, 1999, the Honorable Ronald E. Owen, Presiding Judge of the Juvenile
Court, accepted the first participant into the Juvenile Drug Court.

Judge Owen presided over the Juvenile Drug Court until his reassignment in January
2000. On January 1, 2000, the Honorable Robert B. Hutson was appointed as Presid-
ing Judge of the Juvenile Court, and he has presided over the Juvenile Drug Court
since that time. Although the Juvenile Accountability Block (JAB) grant was discontin-
ued, grant funding has continued through the Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act.

At the beginning of 2007, the Juvenile Drug Court program had 20 participants. Dur-
ing the course of the year, 42 additional participants were admitted into the program.
Graduations, terminations, and deaths which occurred during the year resulted in 32
participants being active in the program at the end of 2007. During the year, 16 par-
ticipants graduated, after spending an average of fifteen months in the program.
These participants typically started using drugs before their 15th birthday and 94% of
them were using drugs several times per week. At their graduations, they had been
sober for an average of seven months, some more than a year.

Only four participants were arrested on a new law violation while taking part in the
program. The 16 program graduates had 1,558 days of custody stayed. In total, the
93 program graduates have had 14,125 custody days stayed since the program’s in-
ception.




                                                                                       86
Re-Arrest

For the purposes of this section, recidivism is defined as any new arrest resulting in a
referral to the Orange County Probation Department. Those arrests that do not result
in a referral to probation are not included in this analysis. While the majority of partici-
pants are terminated from probation upon graduation from Juvenile Drug Court, some
remain on administrative probation due to remaining financial obligations. In these
cases, violations of probation are included in the recidivism statistics.

New Referrals Within One Year of Graduation

Seventy-seven graduates have had a full year of follow-up since graduating from the
Juvenile Drug Court program. Of these 77 minors, only twelve (15.6%) have a new
referral within one year of graduation. Six of the nine graduates had new drug-related
offenses, four had property offenses and two had a trespassing charge. On average,
these new arrests occurred about six and a half months (200 days) after graduation —
from 74 days to nearly ten months (293 days).

Table 1. One-Year Recidivism
             Most Serious New Referral              Percent of Minors with Offense *
                       None                                   84% (N=65)
                    Drug-Felony                               6% (N=5)
                Drug-Misdemeanor                              1% (N=1)
                  Property-Felony                             1% (N=1)
              Property- Misdemeanor                           4% (N=3)
                Other- Misdemeanor                            3% (N=2)


New Referrals Within Two Years of Graduation

Sixty-six graduates have been out of the program for at least two years. While most
graduates were not referred back to probation, thirteen, or 20%, had a new referral to
probation within that time. Nine graduates had a subsequent drug-related arrest
(13.6%) with 8 felonies and one misdemeanor. There were also two arrests for prop-
erty crimes and one for a serious violent offense. Table 2 shows the highest new ar-
rest during the follow-up period.

Table 2. Two-Years Recidivism
             Most Serious New Referral              Percent of Minors with Offense *
                       None                                   80% (N=53)
                   Violent-Felony                             2% (N=1)
                    Drug-Felony                               13% (N=7)
                Drug-Misdemeanor                              2% (N=1)
                  Property-Felony                             4% (N=2)
                Other- Misdemeanor                            4% (N=2)
                                                                                         87
*Percentages don't sum to 100% due to rounding
              JUVENILE DRUG COURT


               Summary of Admissions 2007

# of participants (12/31/06)                26

# admitted (01/01/07 - 12/31/07)            42

# of participants terminated                13

# of participants graduated                 16

# of participants (12/31/07)                32

# active warrants (12/31/07)                 2

Drug-Free Babies                             2




                   Summary of Admissions
                         Program Totals

# of participants (12/31/07)                32

# of participants admitted                  359

# of participants terminated                227

# of participants graduated                 93

Retention Rate                              37%

Drug-Free Babies                            15
                                                  88
JUVENILE DRUG COURT — 2007 DEMOGRAPHICS
             ACTIVE PARTICIPANTS


                                  Juvenile
             # of Participants      32
                   males            24
                  females            8
              Age (At Entry)
                  Age 13             1
                  Age 14             3
                  Age 15             4
                  Age 16            14
                  Age 17            10
                 Ethnicity
       Caucasian                    15
       Hispanic                     16
       African-American             0
       Asian                        1
       American Indian              0
       Other                         0
                Education
       Alternative Schools          26
       High School                  6
       Diploma/ GED                 0
       Some College                  0
              Employment
       Employed at Entry             2
       Unemployed at Entry          30
             Drug of Choice
       Methamphetamine              12
       Heroin/Opiates               0
       Marijuana                    19
       Alcohol                      1
       Cocaine                      0
       Ecstacy                      0
       Prescription Medications     0
             Years of Drug Use
       <2                           7
       2 to 5 years                 24
       6 to10 years                 0
       11 to 15 years               0
                                             89
JUVENILE DRUG COURT — 2007




     Active Participants by Gender


       25.0%
                                          Males
                                          Females
                       75.0%




            Active Participants by Age

                     3.1%

                        9.4%                 Age 13
      31.3%
                             12.5%           Age 14
                                             Age 15
                                             Age 16
                                             Age 17
                     43.8%




       Active Participants by Race


              3.1%

                                         Caucasion
                         46.9%           Hispanic
    50.0%
                                         Asian




                                                      90
JUVENILE DRUG COURT — 2007




        Active Participants by Education


         18.8%
                                               Alternative
                                               Schools
                                               High School

                       81.3%




    Active Participants by Drug of Choice


                3.1%

                        37.5%                 Meth/Speed
                                              Marijuana
      59.4%                                   Alcohol




   Active Participants by Years of Drug Use


                       22.6%

                                               <2
                                               2-5 Years

        77.4%




                                                             91
                                 CHAPTER 5 – Truancy Court
                            Part of the Truancy Response Program

The Truancy Court, located at the Lamoreaux Justice Center, targets chronically truant
youth*, with the goal of stabilizing their school attendance and increasing their
chances of future academic success. Because truancy places a youth at risk for delin-
quency, the program also aims to reduce the number of these youth that go on to
commit a crime resulting in a formal Welfare and Institutions Code Section 602 peti-
tion. The program is founded on strict monitoring and accountability, and it brings the
youth and their parents into a collaboration with the Juvenile Court, the Probation De-
partment, the Department of Education, the District Attorney, the Public Defender, the
Social Services Agency, the Health Care Agency, and the community-based Parent Em-
powerment Program.

Truancy Court is the third and most serious intervention response level to truancy un-
der the County’s Truancy Response Program, which targets chronically truant youth
and their families in Orange County schools. The Truancy Response Program was first
implemented in 2001 with funding support that continues today from the county's Ju-
venile Justice Crime Prevention Act (AB 1913) funds.

Under the Truancy Response Program, when a student has been identified as truant
by a participating school district, the student and his or her parents are given notice to
attend a mandatory group meeting with school officials, conducted by a representative
of the office of the District Attorney. If the student and the parents do not correct the
truancy problem in response to this school-level intervention, the school district for-
wards a truancy referral to the Probation Department. If the student does not cooper-
ate with the Probation Department in addressing the truancy problem, or if the student
is younger than 12 years old, the student and the parents are referred to Truancy
Court – a program established and directed by the Presiding Judge of the Juvenile
Court, Hon. Robert B. Hutson.

In the Truancy Court program, the students – under supervision by the Court and
monitoring by the District Attorney – are directed to attend school daily and to provide
proof of attendance to the Court each week. Parents are required to attend the Court-
endorsed Parent Empowerment Program. The Court may also refer the student and
the parents to counseling services provided by the Orange County Health Care Agency,
and to the CalWorks program through the County’s Social Services Agency. An attor-
ney from the office of the Public Defender is assigned to the Court to assist the youth
and the family to access community resources and to help the family comply with the
Court’s orders.
_____________________

* As defined under California Education Code 48260, a student is truant if absent from school without valid excuse
for three days in one school year or is tardy or absent for more than any 30-minute period, or any combination
thereof. However, local school districts have some discretion in their responses to truancy and as a result vary in
the sanctions implemented to address truancy problems.
                                                                                                                92
Unless the family moves out of the County, or there is a subsequent criminal charge,
Truancy Court participants may remain active until the chronic truancy problem, and
such other issues as have contributed to problem, are remedied to the satisfaction of
the Court. Thus, participants have been under Court supervision for as short a time as
two months or for as long as twelve months or more. Using information for the 2006-
2007 school year, of 1,014 total program participants, 478 truants and their parents
were referred to Truancy Court; and of these, 169 of the Court program participants
(35%) were still active as of June 30, 2007.


Successful Terminations

By June 30th, 2007, two-thirds (704) of the 1,014 program participants had completed
the program. The chart below shows how the circumstances of the terminations.




                          Terminations as of June 30, 2007



                        10%
                       (n=71)

             26%                                                  Successful
           (n=186)
                                                                  Unsuccessful

                                                    64%           No Fault
                                                  (n=447)




Of the 704 formal program terminations, 64% were successful, 10% were for "no
fault" reasons (i.e. moved out of county or transferred to 300 court jurisdiction), and
26% terminated unsuccessfully. Of the 186 who terminated unsuccessfully, 97 were
removed from the program because of a new law violation.




                                                                                     93
The chart below shows at what point the final program termination occurred, either at
Probation or following Court proceedings. It shows that just over half of the termina-
tions occurred at the Probation level and the rest from Truancy Court. The majority of
all terminations at both levels (63%) have been successful.


                                 Terminations by Agency
                                   (as of June 30, 2007)
      300
                   258
      250
                                                                  189
      200

      150                      119

      100                                                                     67
                                                                                     53
       50                                 18

        0
                  Probation Terminations                           Court Terminations
                         (N=395)                                        (N=309)

                                     Successful    Unsuccessful     No Fault



   Truancy Outcomes

   A key measure of program effectiveness is whether the students' school attendance
   improves by virtue of a reduction in their truancy rate. This measure is evaluated
   using a pre-post analysis comparing the participants' average truancy rate in the
   six months prior to assignment to the program with their truancy rate in the six
   months following entry. The results for all participants, both probation and court,
   through June 30, 2007 are shown below:


                     Average Truancy Rate of Participants
       50%
       45%
       40%               44%
       35%                                                              39%
       30%
       25%                             28%
       20%
       15%                                                                         20%
       10%
        5%
        0%
                         All Participants                     Com pleted Successfully

                                       Pre-Entry         Post-Entry
                                                                                          94
These findings show that the Truancy Response Program has been effective in reduc-
ing truancy problems of these youth, thereby improving their school attendance. The
average truancy rate for all participants fell significantly in the six months following
their program assignment compared to the rate in the six months prior to their assign-
ment (44% pre-entry versus 28% post-entry). For participants satisfactorily complet-
ing the program, that improvement was even greater— with an average reduction of
49% in truancy rates (39% pre-entry versus 20% post-entry).


Re-Arrests Reduced

Because truancy is often considered to be a factor that places a youth at risk of future
criminal activity, this evaluation also looks at new arrests. This measure compares any
criminal violation activity for two groups of participants, ages 12 to 17 — those that
successfully completed the program and participants who terminated unsuccessfully.
The figure below shows the arrest rate six months after termination for 562 partici-
pants who had exited from the Probation or Court component as of June 30, 2007.

                      Percent of Terminations with New Law Violations
                                      by TRP Outcome
                               at Six Months Post-Termination

            25%
                                                              21%
            20%

            15%

            10%
                              6%
             5%

             0%
                           Successful                     Unsuccessful
                            (N = 343)                       (N = 219)

                                           % with NLV




Only 6% of participants who successfully completed the program had an arrest for a
new law violation in the six months following their exit, compared with 21% of the
participants exiting unsuccessfully. This finding suggests that when the formal justice
system intervenes with chronic truants, and the truancy problem is resolved, the likeli-
hood of subsequent criminal behavior is significantly reduced.



                                                                                      95
                      CHAPTER 6 – Dependency Drug Court

Located at the Lamoreaux Justice Center, and under the supervision of six Juvenile
Court judicial officers, Dependency Drug Court is a family reunification program de-
signed to address the issues of parents whose children have been removed from the
home by the County because of the parents’ abuse of drugs or alcohol. Participants
who qualify for acceptance into this program must comply with the specific requirements
of each program phase, which include regular drug testing, individual and group coun-
seling, frequent court appearances, and attendance in perinatal or parenting classes.

Each of the six judicial officers who hear dependency matters also preside over a De-
pendency Drug Court. The Presiding Judge of the Juvenile Court, Robert B. Hutson, im-
plemented this model because a direct calendaring system is utilized for dependency
matters and the dependency cases must continue to move forward even while the par-
ents are participating in the drug court program. This model also provides greater con-
sistency for the parties – one judge, one family. During 2007, Dependency Drug Court
tracks were overseen by Judge Carolyn Kirkwood, Judge Caryl Lee, Commissioner Gary
Bischoff, Commissioner Gary Vincent, Commissioner John Gastelum, and Commissioner
Dennis Keough.

The Dependency Drug Court program is a collaborative effort of many County agencies.
In addition to the judicial officer, the team includes representatives from the office of
the Orange County Counsel, Health Care Agency, the Office of the Public Defender or
the parents’ retained legal counsel, Social Services Agency, and the Law Offices of Har-
old LaFlamme, which has been retained by the County to provide legal representation
for the children.

Funding for Dependency Drug Court is provided by the County of Orange through its
support of the partnering County agencies, In addition, grant funding for the program is
obtained through the Comprehensive Drug Court Implementation Act, applied for and
administered by the Orange County Health Care Agency.

In 2007, 161 assessments resulted in 61 new admissions to the program. During the
year, 34 parents graduated from the program, 124 children received services, and 71
children were reunified with their parents, who were clean, sober, and committed to so-
briety.

A study recently conducted for the Social Services Agency * found that families in the
Dependency Drug Court program reunified an average of 183 days earlier than those
not in the program. Early family reunification translates directly into a cost savings to
the County because of the avoided costs of out-of-home placement. In 2007, this
savings amounted to $2,221,283, of which the County’s share was $999,577.
______________________

* Orange County Dependency Drug Court Summary Report; Robin O’Neil, Ph.D., April 2005 – December, 2006;
prepared for the Orange County Social Services Agency (at .p.17)
                                                                                                   96
               Dependency Drug Court

             Summary of Admissions 2007


# of assessments
(01/01/07 - 12/31/07)            161

# of applications with-
drawn (within 14 days)            9

# of applications de-
clined                           104

# of participants admit-
ted                              61

# of participants termi-
nated                            16

# of children receiving
services                         124


# of children reunified          71

# of participants gradu-
ated                             34

# of participants
(12/31/2007)                     36




                                          97
              Dependency Drug Court Demographics
                       Admissions 2007

                                                    %
                          # Admissions      61   100.0%
                             # males        16    26.2%
                            # females       45    73.8%
                               Age
                            Age 18-21        9   14.8%
                            Age 22-30       32   52.5%
                            Age 31-40       14   23.0%
                            Age 41-50        6    9.8%
                            Age 51-60        0    0.0%
                             Age 61+         0    0.0%
                              Race
                            Caucasian       29   47.5%
                             Hispanic       28   45.9%
                        African-American     1    1.6%
                              Asian          2    3.3%
                         Native American     0    0.0%
                              Other          1    1.6%
                          Employment
                        Employed @ entry    18   29.5%
                       Unemployed @ entry   43   70.5%
                         Drug of Choice
* multiple drug use
       totals             Meth / Speed      48   78.7%
   result in a total
greater than 100%             Heroin         1    1.6%
                        Cocaine / Crack      5    8.2%
                            Marijuana       17   27.9%
                             Alcohol         6    9.8%
                       Prescription meds     2    3.3%
                               Other         0    0.0%
                       Years of Drug Use
                                 <2          6    9.8%
                                (2-5)       23   37.7%
                               (6-10)       18   29.5%
                              (11-15)       6     9.8%
                              (16-20)       3     4.9%
                               (20+)         5    8.2%
                         Marital Status
                               Single       36   59.0%
                             Married        15   24.6%
                            Separated        3    4.9%
                             Divorced        7   11.5%
                            Widowed          0    0.0%
                           Education
                        no diploma/GED      25   41.0%
                          diploma/GED       20   32.8%
                          some college      16   26.2%    98
                         college degree     0     0.0%
DEPENDENCY DRUG COURT — 2007




              Admissions by Gender


                            26.2%

                                                   Meles
                                                   Females
        73.8%




                Admissions by Age


             9.8%        14.8%
                                                  Age 18-21
      23.0%                                       Age 22-30
                                                  Age 31-40
                                                  Age 41-50
                         52.4%




                    Adm issions by Race
             1.6%

         3.3%

        1.6%                              Caucasion
                                          Hispanic
                          47.5%           African-American
     45.9%
                                          Asian
                                          Other




                                                              99
DEPENDENCY DRUG COURT — 2007




        Admissions by M arital Status


         11.5%
       4.9%                                      Single
                                                 Married
      24.6%                 59.0%                Separated
                                                 Divorced




          Admissions by Drug of Choice
            2.5% reflect mult iple drug use
               *numbers


              7.6%                            Met h/Speed
                                              Heroin
         21.5%                                Cocaine / Crack

                      60.8%                   Marijuana
              6.3%
              1.2%                            Alcohol
                                              Prescription meds




         Admissions by Years of Drug Use
              8.2%
                                              <2 Years
         4.9%        9.8%
                                              2-5 Years
        9.8%                                  6-10 Years
                        37.7%                 11-15 Years

         29.5%                                16-20 Years
                                              20+ Years



                                                                  100
DEPENDENCY DRUG COURT — 2007




                            Admissions by Education

50%
40%
30%
20%                                                           Level of Education
10%
 0%
                       ED
          ED




                                       ge




                                                       ee
                                   ll e
                        G
           G




                                                    gr
                     a/
        a/




                                 co




                                                  de
                    m
      om




                                 e
                  lo




                                                  ge
                                m
    pl




               ip




                                              ll e
                              so
 di




               D




                                            co
no




                       Admissions by Employment



                                     29.5%
                                                            Employed at entry
                                                            Unemployed at entry
               70.5%




                                                                                   101
                CHAPTER 7 – Co-Occurring Disorders Court
The Co-Occurring Disorders Court, located at the Central Justice Center, is a voluntary
program for non–violent drug offenders who have been sentenced to the Proposition
36 (P.C. 1210) program but who, because of chronic and persistent mental illness, are
unable to comply with the requirements of that program. The participants – who have
been diagnosed with schizophrenia, bi-polar disorder, or major depressive disorder –
are supported by psychiatric services and are also assisted in accessing medical ser-
vices, employment counseling, job training and placement, government benefits, and
housing.

The Co-Occurring Disorders Court program involves frequent court appearances,
weekly meetings with the Probation Officer and Health Care Coordinator, regular drug
and alcohol testing, residential substance abuse treatment, and attendance at individ-
ual and group counseling sessions – all of which are based on the Drug Court model.
Funding for the program comes from the County, through its support of the partnering
County agencies.

The program has been under the direction of Judge Wendy Lindley since she devel-
oped it in October 2002. During 2007, 23 people were admitted into the program, and
at the end of the year, 42 participants were active in the program. Since inception,
292 defendants have been evaluated for the program, of whom 112 have been admit-
ted to the program and forty have graduated.

Of the 40 graduates, only five (12.5%) have been re-arrested. There have been 5
drug-free babies born to female participants in the program.




            Conferences and Site Visits Promote the Mental Health Courts

During 2007, several conferences and site visits helped to promote the Mental Health Courts.
On April 27, staff from the Court and its partnering agencies received training regarding cur-
rent topics of interest in the fields of substance abuse and mental illness at the “Understanding
Mental Health” conference, organized by Judge Wendy Lindley who presides over several spe-
cialized court tracks for mentally ill offenders. On September 27, the California Judges’ Asso-
ciation conference featured a presentation on mental health courts by Judge Lindley, which
showed the attending jurists how these therapeutic court tracks can effectively address the
problems of mentally ill offenders and break the cycle of re-arrest and incarceration.

During the year, Judge Lindley also hosted site visits for delegations from two counties that
are in the process of developing mental health courts – on November 19, collaborative justice
partners from Santa Barbara County visited the WIT (“Whatever It Takes”) Court, and on No-
vember 26 and 27, a group from Fresno County visited both the WIT Court and the Co-
Occurring Disorders Court. After attending court sessions, both groups of visitors received fur-
ther information and participated in question and answer sessions with the programs’ team
members.
                                                                                             102
ORANGE COUNTY CO-OCCURRING DISORDERS COURT PROGRAM
                             2007 Recidivism Data



                                            Number of Graduates         40


                Paradigm 1
                                            Number of Graduates
                                            Re-Offending                 5

 Excluding DA rejects, dismissals & minor
            traffic violations              Number of Arrests            7
                                            Number of Charges           10

                                            Number of Graduates Con-
                                            victed                       4
                                            Number of Convictions        4


                                            % Re-Offending             12.5%


                                            %Convicted                 10.0%




                Paradigm 2
                                            Number of Graduates
                                            Re-Offending                 4

     Substance abuse violations only
     (including DUI related violations)     Number of Arrests            3
                                            Number of Charges            6

                                            Number of Graduates Con-
                                            victed                       4
                                            Number of Convictions        4


                                            % Re-Offending             10.0%
                                                                             103

                                            % Convicted                10.0%
                       Demographics — 2007 and Program Total
                            Co-Occuring Disorders Court
                              2007                  Total                 Total
                            Admissions     %     Terminations     %     Graduates     %
      Total Number             23         100         49         100       40        100
          Gender
           Males                 9       39.1%       27         55.1%      18       45.0%
         Females                14       60.9%       22         44.9%      22       55.0%
      Age Bracket
        Age 18 - 21             1         4.3%        0          0.0%       0        0.0%
        Age 22 - 30             7        30.4%       10         20.4%       7       17.5%
        Age 31 - 40             9        39.1%       22         44.9%      15       37.5%
        Age 41 - 50             5        21.7%       14         28.6%      17       42.5%
        Age 51 - 60             1         4.3%        3          6.1%       1        2.5%
           Race
        Caucasian               17       73.9%       31         63.3%      30       75.0%
         Hispanic                5       21.7%        9         18.4%       6       15.0%
    African-American             0        0.0%        5         10.2%       0        0.0%
           Asian                 0        0.0%        2          4.1%       3        7.5%
           Other                 1        4.3%        2          4.1%       1        2.5%
        Education                                 Missing 5
  Less Than HSD/GED             4        17.4%       14         31.8%      14       35.0%
        HSD/GED                 10       43.5%       17         38.6%      11       27.5%
      Some College              9        39.1%       12         27.3%      12       30.0%
    College Graduate            0        0.0%         1          2.3%       3        7.5%
  Employment Status
         Employed                3       13.0%       13         26.5%      16       40.0%
       Unemployed               20       87.0%       36         73.5%      22       55.0%
          Student                0        0.0%        0          0.0%       2        5.0%
      Living Status
       Independent               4       17.4%       11         22.4%      17       42.5%
        Dependent               10       43.5%       18         36.7%      17       42.5%
   Sober Living Home            3        13.0%        1         2.0%        4       10.0%
       Incarcerated              0        0.0%       15         30.6%       1        2.5%
         Homeless                6       26.1%        4          8.2%       1        2.5%
      Marital Status                              Missing 5
          Married                2        8.7%        7         15.9%       7       17.5%
        Separated                2        8.7%        0          0.0%       0        0.0%
           Single               11       47.8%       27         61.4%      20       50.0%
         Divorced                8       34.8%        9         20.5%      12       30.0%
         Widowed                 0        0.0%        1          2.3%       1        2.5%
     Drug of Choice
   Methamphetamine              15       65.2%       23         46.9%      25       62.5%
          Cocaine                2        8.7%       10         20.4%       5       12.5%
           Heroin                3       13.0%        5         10.2%       2        5.0%
         Marijuana               3       13.0%        8         16.3%       6       15.0%
     RX Medications              0        0.0%        1          2.0%       0        0.0%
          Alcohol                0        0.0%        1          2.0%       2        5.0%
          Ecstacy                0        0.0%        1          2.0%       0        0.0%
        Diagnosis
    Bi-Polar Disorder           14       60.9%       18         36.7%      17       42.5%
      Schizophrenia             0         0.0%       13         26.5%       8       20.0%
     Schizoaffective             0        0.0%        4          8.2%       0        0.0%
Major Depressive Disorder       4        17.4%       7          14.3%      12       30.0%
   Psychotic Disorder            5       21.7%        3          6.1%       2        5.0%
                                                                                       104
         Unknown                 0        0.0%        4          8.2%       0        0.0%
    Anxiety Disorder             0        0.0%        0          0.0%       1        2.5%
CO-OCCURRING DISORDERS COURT — 2007




                 Admissions by Gender




                            39.1%
                                          Males
                                          Females
         60.9%




                 Terminations by Gender




           44.9%                          Males
                           55.1%          Females




                 Graduates by Gender




                           45.0%          Males
           55.0%                          Females




                                                    105
CO-OCCURRING DISORDERS COURT — 2007




                   Admissions by Age

             4.3% 4.3%
                                        Age 18-21
         21.7%
                              30.4%     Age 22-30
                                        Age 31-40
                                        Age 41-50
                                        Age 51-60
             39.1%




                  Terminations by Age



                   6.1%   20.4%         Age 22-30
           28.6%                        Age 31-40
                                        Age 41-50
                                        Age 51-60
                          44.9%




                    Graduates by Age



                    2.5% 17.5%
                                        Age 22-30
                                        Age 31-40
          42.5%
                                        Age 41-50
                           37.5%        Age 51-60




                                                    106
CO-OCCURRING DISORDERS COURT — 2007




                  Admissions by Race


                 4.3%
        21.7%
                                              Caucasion
                                              Hispanic
                                              Native American
                              73.9%




                     Terminations by Race

                4%

            4%                              Caucasion
         10%                                Hispanic
                                            African-American
         18%
                            64%             Asian
                                            Other




                      Graduates by Race

           7.5%
                     2.5%
          0.0%                              Caucasion
                                            Hispanic
        15.0%
                                            African-American
                                            Asian
                            75.0%
                                            Other



                                                                107
CO-OCCURRING DISORDERS COURT — 2007




                 Admissions by Education
                        0.0%

                  0.0%
                            17.4%            no diploma/GED
        39.1%                                Diploma/GED
                                             some college
                                             college degree

                                43.5%        missing data




                 Terminations by Education


                10.2%
                                              no diploma/GED
            2.0%                28.6%         Diploma/GED
           24.5%                              some college
                                              college degree
                          34.7%               missing data




                   Graduates by Education



                          0.0%               no diploma/GED
                 7.5%
                                35.0%        Diploma/GED
          30.0%                              some college
                                             college degree
                        27.5%                missing data



                                                               108
CO-OCCURRING DISORDERS COURT — 2007




           Admissions by Employment


                0.0% 13.0%

                                          Employed at entry
                                          Unemployed at entry
                                          Student

        87.0%




           Terminations by Employment



                 0.0%
                        26.5%
                                           Employed at entry
                                           Unemployed at entry
                                           Student
        73.5%




                Graduates by Employment



                5.0%
                                           Employed at entry
                         40.0%
                                           Unemployed at entry
        55.0%                              Student




                                                                 109
CO-OCCURRING DISORDERS COURT — 2007




            Admissions by Living Status


                          17.4%
         26.1%
                                            Independent
                                            Dependent
                                            Sober Living
         13.0%                              Homeless
                           43.5%




            Terminations by Living Status



                   8.2%                     Independent
                          22.4%
                                            Dependent
           30.6%                            Sober Living
                                            Incarcerated
             2.0%         36.7%             Homeless




             Graduates by Living Status
                 2.5%

                 2.5%
                                            Independent
            10.0%                           Dependent
                           42.5%
                                            Sober Living
                                            Incarcerated
            42.5%
                                            Homeless



                                                           110
CO-OCCURRING DISORDERS COURT — 2007




           Admissions by Marital Status




         34.8%                                Single

                               47.8%          Married
                                              Separated
                                              Divorced
           8.7%
                  8.7%




           Terminations by Marital Status


            10.2%
                                            Single
           2.0%           14.3%
                            0.0%            Married
          18.4%                             Separated
                                            Divorced
                                            Widow ed
                          55.1%
                                            Missing Data




           Graduates by Marital Status


                   2.5%
                                              Single
         30.0%                                Married
                               50.0%          Separated
          0.0%                                Divorced

           17.5%                              Widowed




                                                           111
CO-OCCURRING DISORDERS COURT — 2007



                Admissions by Drug of Choice
                         0.0%
                         0.0%
                                                 Meth/Speed
           13.0%         0.0%                    Heroin
         8.7%                                    Cocaine / Crack
                                                 Marijuana
        13.0%
                                 65.2%           Alcohol
                                                 Prescription meds
                                                 Other




                Terminations by Drug of Choice
                  2.0%
                          2.0%                    Meth/Speed
                 2.0%
                                                  Heroin
           16.3%
                                                  Cocaine / Crack
                                   46.9%          Marijuana
           20.4%                                  Alcohol
                                                  Prescription meds
                   10.2%
                                                  Other




                 Graduates by Drug of Choice


                   0.0%                           Meth/Speed
               5.0%
                      0.0%                        Heroin
           15.0%                                  Cocaine / Crack

          12.5%                                   Marijuana
                                62.5%             Alcohol
            5.0%
                                                  Prescription meds
                                                  Other


                                                                      112
CO-OCCURRING DISORDERS COURT — 2007


                                        Bi-Polar Disorder
        Admissions by Diagnosis
                        0.0%            Schizophrenia

           21.7%        0.0%            Schizoaffective

                                        Major Depressive
                                        Disorder
         17.4%                  60.9%   Psychotic Disorder
           0.0%
                                        Unknown
           0.0%
                                        Anxiety Disorder



                                        Bi-Polar Disorder
        Termination by Diagnosis
                                        Schizophrenia
             8.2%
                                        Schizoaffective
                        0.0%
           6.1%
                               36.7%    Major Depressive
          14.3%
                                        Disorder
                                        Psychotic Disorder
           8.2%
                   26.5%                Unknown

                                        Anxiety Disorder




       Graduates by Diagnosis           Bi-Polar Disorder
                 2.5%                   Schizophrenia
              0.0%
                                        Schizoaffective
             5.0%
                                        Major Depressive
         30.0%                 42.5%
                                        Disorder
                                        Psychotic Disorder
           0.0%
                                        Unknown
             20.0%
                                        Anxiety Disorder

                                                             113
            CHAPTER 8 – WIT (“Whatever It Takes”) Court

The WIT (“Whatever It Takes”) Court is a voluntary program for non-violent offenders
who have been diagnosed with chronic, persistent mental illness – including schizo-
phrenia, bi-polar disorder, or major depressive disorder – and who are homeless or at
risk of homelessness. The program involves frequent court appearances, regular drug
and alcohol testing, meetings with the WIT Court support team, and direct access to
specialized services. During 2007, 40 people were admitted into the program.

The WIT Court was started by Judge Wendy Lindley in 2006, and remains under her
direction. The team consists of representatives from the Court, Health Care Agency,
the Probation Department, the Offices of the District Attorney and the Public Defender,
and the Mental Health Association of Orange County.

The Health Care Agency has contracted with the Mental Health Association of Orange
County to provide a variety of services to clients identified for WIT Court, including
mental health counseling, psychiatric services, drug and alcohol abuse counseling, resi-
dential treatment, family counseling and peer mentoring. Participants are also helped
to access medical services, employment counseling, job training and placement, and
assistance with government benefits and housing. Through frequent court appear-
ances, meetings with the WIT Court support team, direct access to specialized ser-
vices, dual mental health and substance abuse treatment, and other programs, partici-
pants are helped to overcome the difficulties they have experienced in their lives, and
to become useful and productive citizens.

The WIT Court is funded through Proposition 63, the Mental Health Services Act,
which allows revenue collected through a tax on annual income in excess of $1 million
to be distributed to counties that have developed detailed plans to address the needs
of those with severe mental illness. Funds awarded to Orange County have enabled
the Health Care Agency to proceed with its plans to assist the members of this under-
served community.




“ I know that I am not alone. Now, in dealing with my problems, I use resources, not dope.”

— a 2007 mental health court participant




                                                                                          114
                     SUMMARY OF ADMISSIONS — 2007
                       WIT (Whatever It Takes) Court
Active participants 12/31/06       2007 Admissions          Total     %
              12                     Total Number            40      100
Admissions 1/1/07-12/31/07              Gender
              40                         Males               21     52.5%
# of participants terminated           Females               19     47.5%
               4                      Age Bracket
 # of participants deceased           Age 22 - 30            11     27.5%
               1                      Age 31 - 40            17     42.5%
       # of graduates                 Age 41 - 50            10     25.0%
               0                      Age 51 - 60             2      5.0%
Active participants 12/31/07             Race
              47                       Caucasian             28     70.0%
  Active warrants 12/31/07              Hispanic              6     15.0%
               2                   African-American           2      5.0%
                                         Asian                2      5.0%
                                         Other                2      5.0%
                                       Education
                                 Less Than High School
                                     Graduate/GED            13     32.5%

                               High School Graduate/GED      14     35.0%
                                       Some College           9     22.5%
                                     College Graduate        4      10.0%
                                   Employment Status
                                         Employed             2      5.0%
                                       Unemployed            38     95.0%
                                      Marital Status
                                          Married             3      7.5%
                                         Separated            1      2.5%
                                           Single            23     57.5%
                                          Divorced           13     32.5%
                               # of Participants who have
                                          childern           23     57.5%
                                     Drug of Choice
                                    Methamphetamine          20     50.0%
                                           Cocine             4     10.0%
                                           Herion             3      7.5%
                                         Marijuana            6     15.0%
                                      RX Medications          2      5.0%
                                           Alcohol            4     10.0%
                                    No Drug Addiction         1      2.5%
                                    Years of Drug Use
                                             N/A              1      2.5%
                                           02 - 05            3      7.5%
                                           06 - 10           10     25.0%
                                           11 - 15           10     25.0%
                                           16 - 20            5     12.5%
                                            20 +             11     27.5%
                                        Diagnosis
                                     Bi-Polar Disorder       24     60.0%
                                      Schizophrenia          5      12.5%   115
                                      Schizoaffective         4     10.0%
                                Major Depressive Disorder    5      12.5%
                                           PTSD               2      5.0%
WIT (WHATEVER IT TAKES) COURT — 2007



                  Admissions by Gender




           47.5%                                      Males
                                   52.5%
                                                      Females




                    Admissions by Age
                           0.0%
                           0.0%
                  5.0%                               Age 18-21
                                  27.5%
          25.0%                                      Age 22-30
                                                     Age 31-40
                                                     Age 41-50
                                                     Age 51-60
                         42.5%                       Age 61 +




                        Admissions by Race
                 5.0%

            5.0%
                                             Caucasion
          5.0%
                                             Hispanic
         15.0%
                                             African-American
                                             Asian
                             70.0%
                                             Other




                                                                 116
WIT (WHATEVER IT TAKES) COURT — 2007




                Admissions by Education


            10.0%
                           32.5%           no diploma/GED
        22.5%                              Diploma/GED
                                           some college
                                           college degree
                  35.0%




          Admissions by M arital Status


                    0.0%
                                              Single
        32.5%
                                              Married
                                              Separated
                             57.5%
         2.5%                                 Divorced
                                              Widowed
          7.5%




           Admissions by Parental Status




        42.5%                               Parents
                             57.5%          Non-Parents




                                                            117
WIT (WHATEVER IT TAKES) COURT — 2007




                    Admissions by Drug of Choice
                   2.5%

                  5.0%                                      Meth/Speed
                                                            Heroin
           10.0%
                                                            Cocaine / Crack
          15.0%                       50.0%                 Marijuana
                                                            Alcohol
           10.0%
                                                            Prescription meds
                  7.5%                                      No Drug Addiction




                  Admissions by Years of Drug Use

                               2.5%

                                 7.5%                            N/A
               27.5%
                                                                 2-5 Years
                                       25.0%                     6-10 Years
                                                                 11-15 Years
               12.5%                                             16-20 Years

                             25.0%                               20+ Years




                         Admissions by Diagnosis


                 5.0%
         12.5%                                     Bi-Polar Disorder
                                                   Schizophrenia
       10.0%
                                                   Schizoaffective
                               60.0%               Major Depressive Disorder
       12.5%
                                                   PTSD




                                                                                118
                        CHAPTER 9 – Recovery Court


Recovery Court is a new program, funded by a grant obtained in 2006 by the Orange
County Sheriff’s Department through the Mentally Ill Offenders Crime Reduction Act
(MIOCR). It is a voluntary program for misdemeanor offenders suffering from chronic
and persistent mental illness, including schizophrenia, bi-polar disorder, or major de-
pressive disorder. In its initial months of operation during 2007, 10 people were ad-
mitted into the program.

The Recovery Court was started by Judge Wendy Lindley in 2007, and remains under
her direction. The team consists of representatives from the Court, Health Care
Agency, the Probation Department, the Offices of the District Attorney and the Public
Defender, and the Mental Health Association of Orange County.

The Recovery Court program involves frequent court appearances, regular drug and
alcohol testing, meetings with the Recovery Court support team, and direct access to
specialized services. It provides participants with psychiatric services, which may be
initiated in the jail. Once released from custody, the offender is provided with on-
going psychiatric services and mental health counseling, drug and alcohol abuse coun-
seling, residential treatment, and help with accessing medical services, employment
counseling, job training and placement, government benefits, and housing.




      Judge Wendy Lindley, recipient of the 2006 Joan Dempsey Klein award, and recog-
      nized as the 2005 Judge of the Year, by the Orange County Women Lawyers, pre-
      sides over three mental health court tracks in addition to Drug Court and Homeless
      Outreach Court.
                                                                                           119
                   SUMMARY OF ADMISSIONS — 2007
                        RECOVERY COURT
Admissions1/1/07 - 12/31/07       2007 Admissions          Totals    %
              10                    Total Number            10       100
# of participants terminated           Gender
               2                        Males                8      80.0%
       # of graduates                  Females               2      20.0%
               0                     Age Bracket
Active participants 12/31/07          Age 22 - 30            2      20.0%
               8                      Age 31 - 40            3      30.0%
 Active warrants 12/31/07             Age 41 - 50            3      30.0%
               0                      Age 51 - 60            2      20.0%
                                          Race
                                       Caucasian             8      80.0%
                                        Hispanic             1      10.0%
                                          Other              1      10.0%
                                       Education
                                 Less Than HSD/GED           0       0.0%
                                       HSD/GED               5      50.0%
                                     Some College            4      40.0%
                                   College Graduate          1      10.0%
                                 Employment Status
                                       Employed              5      50.0%
                                      Unemployed             5      50.0%
                                     Marital Status
                                        Married              1      10.0%
                                       Separated             1      10.0%
                                         Single              4      40.0%
                                        Divorced             4      40.0%
                                # of Participants who
                                     have childern           4      40.0%
                                    Drug of Choice
                                  Methamphetamine            3      30.0%
                                    RX Medications           1      10.0%
                                        Alcohol              4      40.0%
                                  No Drug Addiction          2      20.0%
                                  Years of Drug Use
                                           N/A               2      20.0%
                                         02 - 05             0       0.0%
                                         06 - 10             0       0.0%
                                         11 - 15             2      20.0%
                                         16 - 20             1      10.0%
                                          20 +               5      50.0%
                                       Diagnosis
                                   Bi-Polar Disorder         4      40.0%
                                     Schizophrenia           3      30.0%
                               Major Depressive Disorder     1      10.0%
                                          Other              2      20.0%
                                                                            120
RECOVERY COURT — 2007



             Admissions by Age


                 0.0%
                         25.0%
                                        Age 18-21
    37.5%
                                        Age 22-30
                                        Age 31-40
                                        Age 41-50
                        37.5%




             Admissions by Race


         10.0%

    10.0%                               Caucasion
                                        Hispanic
                                        Other

                         80.0%




         Admissions by Education


     10.0%

                                   Diploma/GED
                         50.0%     some college
 40.0%                             college degree




                                                    121
RECOVERY COURT — 2007



         Admissions by Employment




                                        Employed at entry
50.0%              50.0%
                                        Unemployed at entry




        Admissions by M arital Status



                                                 Single
    40.0%             40.0%
                                                 Married
                                                 Separated
                                                 Divorced
          10.0%   10.0%




        Admissions by Parental Status




                     40.0%                     Parents

   60.0%                                       Non-Parents




                                                              122
RECOVERY COURT — 2007



        Admissions by Drug of Choice


  20.0%
                    30.0%              Meth/Speed
                                       Alcohol
10.0%
                                       Prescription meds
                                       No Drug Addiction
           40.0%




   Admissions by Years of Drug Use


                    20.0%
                                            N/A
                                            11-15 Years
  50.0%
                       20.0%                16-20 Years
                                            20+ Years
                   10.0%




           Admissions by Diagnosis

                                        Bi-Polar Disorder
   20.0%
                                        Schizophrenia
                      40.0%
10.0%
                                        Major Depressive
                                        Disorder

        30.0%                           Other



                                                            123
                CHAPTER 10 – Homeless Outreach Court


The Homeless Outreach Court is a program in which Judge Wendy Lindley holds Court
sessions onsite at two local homeless shelters – the Orange County Rescue Mission
and the Orange County Mental Health Association. Judge Lindley began the program
in 2003, with the goal of resolving the infractions, low-level misdemeanor offenses,
and outstanding warrants of people who are homeless, while providing them with links
to necessary supportive services. The program is a collaborative effort of the Superior
Court, the Public Defender, the Public Law Center, the Veterans Administration, the
Health Care Agency, the County Department of Housing and Community Services, local
law enforcement agencies, and several homeless services providers from the commu-
nity. Participation in agency programs and community service are substituted for the
traditional court sanctions of fines and custody.

Initial referrals to Homeless Court originate in shelters and service agencies. Partici-
pants in the program must sign up for the voluntary program on their own. Homeless
persons who want to appear before this court must sign up through one of a number
of local shelters and community service agencies. Shelter representatives often write
advocacy letters for clients participating in the program. The advocacy letter provides
proof of the progress the participant has made in his or her life, with a description of
the program, the client’s start date, accomplishments, programs completed and insight
into the client’s efforts.

Each case is reviewed for eligibility by the office of the Public Defender and the office
of either the District Attorney or the City Attorney. The program offers a different plea
structure from the traditional court proceeding, and it acknowledges the fact that
homeless participants often receive infractions because of their condition and their
status of living on the streets. The sentencing structure is not coercive or punitive in
nature, but is designed to assist homeless participants with reintegration into society.

The sentence strengthens and re-enforces efforts of the participant, and respects the
relationship and trust the homeless service agencies hold with the participants. When
participants work with agency representatives to identify and overcome the causes of
their homelessness, they are in a stronger position to successfully comply with court
orders. The program gives participants credit for their accomplishments in shelter ac-
tivities, such as attendance at life-skills, alcohol or chemical dependency self-help
meetings, computer skills and literacy classes, and employment training. It also ac-
knowledges their accomplishments in achieving employment, accessing appropriate
physical and mental health care, receiving counseling, and engaging in volunteer work.

Homeless Outreach Court is an innovative program that, by bringing the Court to the
shelters, helps homeless individuals to get a fresh start back into society. During 2007,
157 participants were given the tools they need to regain their self-sufficiency. Of the
316 people who have graduated from the program, only 17.4% have been re-arrested
for other than traffic infractions.                                                   124
                           2007 PROGRAM SUMMARY
                                  Homeless Outreach Court




                                   2007 Data                Program Totals
                                    (1/1/07 -
                                   12/31/07)



  # of participants assisted
      (1/1/07 12/31/07)               110                        558



  # of participants who had
       cases resolved                 91                         316


     # of cases resolved              250                        648




    # of charges resolved             331                        869



  Community Service Hours
       completed                     1533                       5838

      Drug Free Babies                 0                          2



Participants in housing upon
         completion                   40                         163




Number of Participants partici-
pating in Program (12/31/07)          157
                                                                             125
        Homeless Outreach Court — Demographics
    Participants who have had cases resolved — 2007
                                                    %
              # Participants      91              100.0%
                 # males          64              70.3%
                # females         27              29.7%
                   Age
                Age 18-21          0               0.0%
                Age 22-30         14              15.4%
                Age 31-40         14              15.4%
                Age 41-50         28              30.8%
                Age 51-60         29              31.9%
                 Age 61+           6               6.6%
                   Race
                 Caucasian        65              71.4%
                  Hispanic        16              17.6%
             African-American      4               4.4%
                   Asian           5               5.5%
                Unknown           1                1.1%
           Number of Veterans     10              11.0%




Participants who have had cases resolved — since inception
                                                    %
              # Participants     316              100.0%
                 # males         229              72.5%
                # females         87              27.5%
                  Age
                Age 18-21          7               2.2%
                Age 22-30         38              12.0%
                Age 31-40         55              17.4%
                Age 41-50        113              35.8%
                Age 51-60         79              25.0%
                 Age 61+          24               7.6%
                   Race
                 Caucasian       194              61.4%
                  Hispanic        71              22.5%
             African-American     37              11.7%
                   Asian           7               2.2%
                Unknown           7                2.2%
           Number of Veterans     48              15.2%
                                                             126
HOMELESS OUTREACH COURT — 2007

             Completions by Gender



         29.7%
                                                   Males
                                                   Females
                             70.3%




               Completions by Age


                  7%    15%                  Age 22-30
                                             Age 31-40
        32%                  15%             Age 41-50
                                             Age 51-60

                       31%                   Age 61 +




                  Completions by Race
               1%

             5%

         4%                             Caucasion

       18%                              Hispanic
                                        African-American
                                        Asian
                        72%
                                        Unknow n




        Completions by Veteran Status


                       11.0%


                                           Veterans
                                           Non-Veterans

             89.0%



                                                             127
                   HOMELESS OUTREACH COURT
            Recidivism Data—Program Totals as of 12/31/07


                                     Number of Graduates              316




           Paradigm 1
                                     Number of Graduates
                                     Re-Offending                      86
Excluding DA rejects, & dismissals   Number of Arrests                238

                                     Number of Charges                329

                                     Number of Graduates Convicted    66

                                     Number of Convictions            160

                                     % Re-Offending                  27.2%

                                     % Convicted                     20.8%




           Paradigm 2                Number of Graduates Re-
                                     Offending                        55
   Excluding Traffic Infractions     Number of Arrests                143
                                     Number of Charges                200

                                     Number of Graduates Convicted    46

                                     Number of Convictions            106


                                     % Re-Offending                  17.4%

                                     % Convicted                     14.5%
                                                                         128
       Homeless Outreach Court
Graduates Re-Arrested - Program Totals



                                %
      # Re-offending
        Graduates        86   100.0%
          # Males        67   77.9%
         # Females       19   22.1%
            Age
         Age 18-21       4    4.7%
         Age 22-30       17   19.8%
         Age 31-40       10   11.6%
         Age 41-50       36   41.9%
         Age 51-60       15   17.4%
          Age 61+        4    4.7%
         Ethnicity
         Caucasian       56   65.1%
          Hispanic       14   16.3%

      African-American   16   18.6%
           Asian         0    0.0%
      Native American    0    0.0%
           Other         0    0.0%
         Veterans        15   17.4%




                                         129
HOMELESS OUTREACH COURT — 2007

         Graduates Re-arrested by Gender



              22.1%

                                                                             Males
                                                                             Females
                                 77.9%




         Graduates Re-arrested by Age


                4.7% 4.7%                                                 Age 18-21

        17.4%                     19.8%                                   Age 22-30
                                                                          Age 31-40

                                   11.6%                                  Age 41-50
                                                                          Age 51-60
              41.9%
                                                                          Age 61+



          Graduates Re-arrested by Race

                      0.0%
        18.6%                                                     Caucasion
                      0.0%
                                                                  Hispanic

      16.3%                                                       African-American
                              65.1%                               Asian
                                                                  Unknow n



          Gr aduat es Re- a rr e st e d by Vet er a n S t at us



                               17.4%

                                                                             Veter ans
                                                                             Non-Veterans

                      82.6%




                                                                                            130
                   CHAPTER 11 – Domestic Violence Court
                             The Safe Families Program

Domestic Violence Court is a collaborative program that has been established with re-
gard to parties who are in the criminal justice system, through alleged violations of
criminal law and the issuance of criminal protective orders, as distinct from parties
who are seeking relief through restraining orders filed in connection with a divorce
proceeding or other civil actions.

The goal of the program is to improve the accountability of the restrained party and to
enhance the safety of the protected parties. Located at four Orange County Justice
Centers, Domestic Violence Courts work with community partners to provide intensive
services for families with children — including alcohol and drug abuse programs, bat-
terers’ intervention programs, counseling for victims, child protection services, mental
health counseling, and financial assistance.

Defendants are accepted into the program either through a negotiated plea or after a
probation violation. Victims and children are contacted and referred to supportive ser-
vices and resources at the time of the incident, at the time of the defendant’s arraign-
ment, or at any other early opportunity.




       Court Response to Domestic Violence Provides a Model Program

During 2007, the Court’s Safe Families program was the subject of training for Superior Court
bench officers and staff, and for judicial officers from throughout the State.

On June 27, 2007, the Superior Court joined with the Administrative Office of the Courts to
present a day of training on issues in domestic violence to judicial officers and staff. Moder-
ated by Judge Erick Larsh, the event featured speakers who addressed a range of topics, in-
cluding two representatives from the California Department of Justice who spoke about the
latest advances in the Domestic Violence Restraining Order System and the Automated Fire-
arms System – two Statewide databases that are integral to the Safe Families Program, and
which make current information regarding restrained parties available to law enforcement and
the courts.

On September 27, as part of the California Judges’ Association conference, Judge Larsh
opened his courtroom at the Central Justice Center to visiting jurists, who were able to ob-
serve the way that the Court’s Safe Families program increases the accountability of batterers
in domestic violence cases and provides supportive services to the victims and their families.
At the conclusion of the Court calendar, Judge Larsh discussed the legal and practical issues in
the domestic violence area.
                                                                                            131
The teams include representatives from the Court, the Probation Department, the
Health Care Agency’s Alcohol and Drug Abuse Services, the Health Care Agency’s Chil-
dren and Youth Services, emergency response and family maintenance staff from the
Social Services Agency, and representatives from battered women’s shelters, law en-
forcement agencies, and the Victim Witness Assistance Program.

The Court’s domestic violence initiative began in 1999 at the Harbor Justice Center,
Laguna Niguel under the leadership of Judge Pamela Iles. In 2003, the program was
expanded to the Central Justice Center under the guidance of Commissioner Barry
Michaelson. In 2006, the Harbor Justice Center program was moved from the Laguna
Niguel courthouse to the Harbor Justice Center at Newport Beach, with Judge Derick
Johnson presiding over the calendar. In 2006, the Orange County Board of Supervi-
sors provided funding to expand the program to four justice centers.

During 2007, Judge Derrick Johnson presided over the Domestic Violence Court at Har-
bor Justice Center Newport Beach; Commissioner Chris Evans and Commissioner Jane
Shade presided over the Domestic Violence Courts at the North Justice Center and
West Justice Center, respectively; and Judge Erick Larsh, who was appointed as the
lead judge for all of the Domestic Violence Courts, handled the caseload at Central
Justice Center. Under his leadership, the program has been re-named the “Safe Fami-
lies Program”.

In January 2007, 196 adults were participating in the Safe Families Program. During
the year, 228 additional adult participants were admitted into the program, and 75
children received services. By the end of the year, accounting for program comple-
tions and terminations, 156 adult participants were active in the program.




                      Heroes and Healthy Families Conference

On June 21, 2007, the Orange County Superior Court teamed with the Family Violence Project
and the United States Marine Corps to present this year’s Heroes & Healthy Families Confer-
ence at US Marine Base Camp Pendleton. Judge Pamela Iles, assisted by Collaborative Court
Coordinator Leslie Howard, has developed the conference to provide Marines with the tools
they need to recognize and address some of the circumstances that can lead to domestic vio-
lence. This year, more than 1,000 Marines received education and training in the signs of
post-traumatic stress, the dynamics of family violence, behaviors that increase risk, and the
resources that are available to assist military personnel returning from combat.



                                                                                         132
                   CHAPTER 12 – The Community Court
                A World of Difference, One Person at a Time

The new Community Court facility, which is scheduled to open in the Fall of 2008 at
909 North Main in Santa Ana, will provide a one-stop location at which comprehensive
services will be available to help those in Orange County who are mentally ill, addicted,
and / or homeless. It is the latest in a number of pro-active and effective steps that
are being taken by the Superior Court and its partnering agencies to address the prob-
lems of these vulnerable populations in Orange County.

This new Court will co-locate services onsite — offering assessments for drug, alcohol,
mental health and homeless issues, a psychiatrist, a mobile van for prescriptions, a
Veterans Administration representative to help with veterans’ benefits, and a represen-
tative of the Department of Social Services to assist with SSI applications. In addition,
volunteers from the Public Law Center and Legal Aid will be available to help with non-
criminal legal problems. Additional onsite assessments will be available for employ-
ment capabilities, and referrals will be made for training and job placement, food and
housing, and for medical, dental and other services.

The Community Court will be the site of the collaborative court tracks presently offered
at the Central Justice Center over which Hon. Wendy Lindley presides, including Drug
Court, DUI Court, Co-Occurring Disorders Court, the WIT (“Whatever it Takes”) Court
for felony offenders who have been diagnosed with severe and persistent mental ill-
ness and who are homeless or at risk of homelessness, and the Recovery Court for
misdemeanor offenders identified at the jail as suffering from mental illness.

The new facility will also be home to a new effort, in collaboration with the Orange
County Sheriff, local law enforcement, and the Office of the District Attorney, to bring
"high utilizers" – most of whom are homeless or at-risk of homelessness – directly to
the Community Court instead of processing them through the regular criminal justice
system.

Funding for the planning and construction of the Community Court has been provided
by the County of Orange, the Administrative Office of the Courts, and the Superior
Court.




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