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					Ewan Colquhoun
 Ridge Partners
   Fisheries &
Aquaculture R,D & E
    challenge
    Can yesterday’s industry view inform us
        about today’s R,D&E investment,
in order to boost tomorrow’s fishery outcomes?
•   Demographic and social change in the community – all fishery
    sectors. What Australians expect for granting access to resources.
•   Climate change and related impacts (e.g. spiny urchin invasion)
•   Seafood consumer’s – demography, income, health, lifestyles
•   Increased disposable income - leisure time, recreational connect
•   Indigenous Customs generational transfer / cultural maintenance
•   Technology creation and change – uptake driven by profit motive
•   A$ - import and export competitiveness
•   Competitor’s actions in supplying low cost seafood to markets
•   Regulatory cycles - Commonwealth, states, global
•   etc
       These dynamics mean there are a range of
        plausible futures for Australian fisheries.
Understanding context and trends are critical to
risk management and converting assumptions
               into outcomes.

 In turn, R,D&E choices are better informed to
   ensure best fishery outcomes more likely.
Wild Capture




               Aquaculture
In order to create the future, we need to assess fisheries
use and performance over time :


     • Past
                              What is the gap – social and economic

     • Current

                              What is the gap – social and economic
     • Future
     (what is possible best
     use and performance)
(FRDC Project in 2008-09 – Noted already by Prof. George Kailis,
    Chair of the Working Group)

•    Delphi process- 70 Experts comprehensively consulted 4 times
     over 6 months in 2008-9

•    Expert Panel included all fishing sectors (commercial,
     recreational, customary), seafood, and experts from technology,
     resource, environment and social

•    Fishery Managers, fishers and organisations, and stakeholders,

•    Australian and global

•    Informed by literature review of global issues and trends
Estimates by Expert panel       2006-07       NET        Expert       Est.
          2009                  tonnes     Economic      Rating    Economic
                                  ‘000    Contribution    ?/10        GAP
                                            $ Million               $ Million

              Commercial        212,809       639         6.0         256
FISHERY USE




              Recreational       31,500       315         5.0         158


              Customary           315         1.1         7.0         0.3


              Unreported, IUU    2,128        6.4         6.0         2.6


              Total             246,752      962          6.0

              Economic GAP (estimate)                             $416 mill.
                                   (13 Criteria)




       (6 Criteria)                                          (10 Criteria)




              (8 Criteria)                         (7 Criteria)




(Neutral Weighting for Criteria)
               Streamline/ restructure management organisations for good governance
Management




               Establish set of core national framework and data sets to monitor performance
               Clear and explicit shares and rights for all fisheries participants.
               Create incentives to balance social outcomes with economic outcomes
               Environmental management will become more complex. Build better datasets.
Environment




               Environmental sustainability is the basis for best use and performance.
               Compliance trends evident will continue
               Implement joint user planning built around collaboration
               Better economic data and tools that can reduce foregone performance,
Economy




               Establish /track more accurate economic data for gaps across all sectors /chains
               Improving human skills in the use and management of fisheries
               Recreational fishing (all subgroups) to be a full partner in the journey to best use.
Recreational




               Better management/ governance of recreational sector helps everybody
               Proactive strategies to inform/educate/engage recreational fishers

               Closer engagement of fishers with the community (and their politicians).
               Educate the broad community re the value/ nature of wild capture fisheries.
Community




               Track community views re awareness of fishing industry, expectations, etc
               Provide clear information re industry’s performance and progress to best use
               More accurately and fully assess/ understand customary fishing
               Better engagement with and information to politicians
FRDC Community Perceptions of Fishing Survey 2009
                                            functions delegated
                                       Most Most functions delegated

   Lack of legislation constrains
   customary fishing - change
            now evident                                                               Delegated model
   Lack of legislative uniformity
                                                             The best aquaculture (e.g.
      constrains aquaculture                                  prawn farmers) and wild
           development.                                       fisheries (e.g. Southern
                                                             Rocklobster) have evolved
                                                            across multiple jurisdictions


Preconditions                                                                          Preconditions
non-existent                                                       Collaborative model      existent
                                    The best recreational
                                    fisheries (e.g. NT
                                    Barramundi) are here
                                                                             The bulk of commercial wild catch
                                                                             and aquaculture fisheries are trying
 International fisheries are                                                 to evolve beyond a consultative
 diverse, but many have made                                                 model
 limited progress.
                               Consultative model
                                                            Many recreational and customary fisheries are
                                                            developing the strong organisational structures to
                                                            lead their transition.
  Centralised model
                                         No functions delegated
                       Dollars??
But is it time to refocus investment to productivity?
Bigpicture Tradeoffs are at the heart of fishery progression towards best
use. Marine resource are exhaustible - Users do not get all that they want.
R,D&E must show the way to these choices.
Structural barriers undercut our move to best performance.
Fishery bodies (users and managers) and practices are not evolving fast enough
to enable progress to best use and greater competitiveness – uneven legislation,
lack of transparency to users and communities; lack of data; systems not
harmonised. Collaboration and data are critical keys.
Incentives are required to motivate current use, to better use, and then
towards best performance in a timely manner. Both Carrot and Stick! The $1
million per day is an opportunity cost that does not have to be paid if we re more
efficient. R,D&E should create incentives before enterprises fail.
Is best use always best? 10 out of 10 is not always best or equally relevant
key is for fishery managers and users to fearlessly evaluate and impartially
recognise where they are on their specific fishery journey to best use, set their
performance goals that address their community expectations, and to actively
manage progress towards these outcomes
Keep Going. National assessment of best use and performance offers a ready
tool to enable cost effective monitoring and reporting of wild fisheries use and
performance to stakeholders. An amended template may suit aquaculture.
"Yesterday" first recorded in 1965 by the Beatles
          is the most popular song ever written.
                            (Most cover versions)

				
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posted:5/13/2011
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