Name: Listening Guide Computers: From the Past to the Present Directions: Use the History of Computers PowerPoint along with the Notes within the various slides in the PowerPoint. Please use a different Font Color to show your answers. 1. The first primitive counting mechanisms were: 2. What is Stonehenge believed to be? 3. How does an abacaus work? 4. Name three individuals who pioneered the concepts which made modern day computing possible: a. b. c. 5. The Pascaline, named after its inventor Blaise Pascal, was used to: 6. What machine, built by Charles Babbage, was supposed to run by a steam-engine and be fully automatic, but never was built? 7. ___ was a real parallel decimal computer which would operate on words of 50 decimals and was able to store 1000 such numbers. 8. The Hollerith & Tabulating Machine was so successful that Hollerith started a firm to market it which later became known as: 9. List three things the Harvard Mark I could do. a. b. c. 10. British mathematician Alan Turin wrote a paper in 1936 entitled ____ in which he described a hypothetical device, a ___ that presaged programmable computers. 11. What was the purpose of Turing’s machine? 12. What does ENIAC stand for? 13. What is RAM and what does it stand for? 14. EDVAC stands for: 15. Name two technological advances in the 1950s and what they did. a. b. 16. What two men approached Ed Roberts of MITS, the company who developed the Altair, promising to deliver a BASIC compiler? a. b. 17. BASIC, which stands for Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code, had originally been developed in 1963 by ___ and ___, members of the Dartmouth mathematics department. 18. Name four other computer languages besides BASIC. a. b. c. d. 19. After the introduction of the Altair, PC productions exploded. Some of the first Personal Computers were (name at least 5 of the 10) a. b. c. d. e. 20. Windows is one of the numerous graphical user interfaces around that allows the user to manipulate their environment using a mouse and icons. What are some other examples of graphical user interfaces (GUIs)? 21. The World Wide Web was developed at CERN in Switzerland as: 22. What are two things that are needed in order to run the World Wide Web? a. b.