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					Conformity assessment of
       the TOYS

 Ludmila Antošová,
 Institut pro testování a certifikaci, a.s.,
 e-mail:lantosova@itczlin.cz
   Conformity assement of the
             TOYS
• TOYS….
          Introduction
    This lecture describes :
conformity assesment of the toys ( scope of toys,
internal production MODULE A,
EC type examination MODULE B, CE marking)

toys with the remote control (Directive 1999/5/ES)

toys content organic chemical coumpounds
(EN 71-9)

ITC Project „SAFE TOYS“
1. Conformity assesment of toys -
Directive 88/378/EEC Safety Toys
• The scope of toys for which CE mark is
  necessary
 In this lecture, the problem of toys conformity
 assessment, CE marking and related questions
 are presented. The lecture contains definition of
 toys and short the description of Directive
 88/378/EEC Safety Toys. The process leading to
 CE marking is here described.
       Definition of TOYS


• Directive 88/378/EEC defines toys as
  any product or material designed or
  clearly intended for use in play by
  children of less than 14 years of age.
          Main objective

• The main objective of the Safety of
  Toys Directives is the protection of
  the health and safety of children, and
  thus to prevent, as far as possible,
  the placing on the market and putting
  into service of unsafe or otherwise
  non-compliant toys.
Type product scope of toys
directive 88/378/EEC


• Safety of Toys Directives does not
  contain the list of concrete toys
  types which come under this one.
    Type product scope of toys
directive 88/378/EEC – to be continued
The following list is introduced for better
  orientation.

• games, combination boxes, didactic toys, puzzle
• dolls, figures, cars
• doll carriages, aquatic toys
• chemical toys, sets for boys and girls
• toys with wheels, swings, slides, balloons, functional toys
• toys for babies (rattles, teethers, shape-sorting toys,
  carousels for placing over the crib, toys to be used in
  sandpit)
• fancy dresses, masks and others
• battery powered toys, remote control toys
    Type product scope of toys
directive 88/378/EEC – to be continued
Similar and exchangeable products not included in
  the scope of the Toys Directive:

Anex I to the Safety of Toys Directives contains the
  following list of items which are specifically
  excluded from the Directive. Though when a
  product is outside its scope, other CE Mark
  Directives may apply.
•   Christmas decorations.
•   Detailed scale models for adult collectors.
•   Equipment intended to be used collectively in playgrounds.
•   Sports equipment.
•   Aquatic equipment intended to be used in deep water.
    Type product scope of toys
directive 88/378/EEC – to be continued
• Folk dolls and decorative dolls and other similar
  articles for adult collectors.

• "Professional" toys installed in public places
  (shopping centres, stations, etc.).

• Puzzles with more than 500 pieces or without
  picture, intended for specialists.
    Type product scope of toys
directive 88/378/EEC – to be continued
• Air guns and air pistols.
• Fireworks, including percussion caps (with the
  exception of percussion caps specifically
  designed for use in toys.)
• Slings and catapults.
• Sets of darts with metallic points.
• Electric ovens, irons or other functional products
  operated at a nominal voltage exceeding 24 volts.
• Products containing heating elements intended
  for use under the supervision of an adult in a
  teaching context.
    Type product scope of toys
directive 88/378/EEC – to be continued
• Vehicles with combustion engines.
• Toy steam engines.
• Bicycles designed for sport or for travel on the
  public highway.
• Video toys that can be connected to a video
  screen, operated at a nominal voltage exceeding
  24 volts.
• Babies' dummies.
• Faithful reproductions of real fire arms.
    Type product scope of toys
directive 88/378/EEC – to be continued
• Fashion jewellery for children.
• Flotation aids such as arm bands and swim seats
  Swimming goggles, sunglasses and other eye
  protectors as well as bicycles and skateboard
  helmets
• Items that are propelled into free flight by a child
  releasing an elastic band (e.g. aeroplanes and
  rockets)
• Bows for archery with an overall relaxed length
  exceeding 120cm
   1.1 Safety of Toys Directive
           Essential requirements
• The essential safety requirements for toys are contained in
  Annex II of the Directive.
• General principles
• Users of toys must be protected against health hazards and
  risk of physical injury when toys are used as intended or in
  a foreseeable way, bearing in mind the normal behaviour of
  children
• The degree of risk present in the use of a toy must be
  commensurate with the ability of the users
• Labels on toys and/or their packaging and the instructions
  for use which accompany them must draw the attention of
  users or their supervisors fully and effectively to the risks
  involved in using them and to the ways of avoiding such
  risks.
      Essential requirements
•   Particular risks
•   Physical and mechanical properties;
•   Flammability;
•   Chemical properties;
•   Electrical properties;
•   Hygiene;
•   Radioactivity.
      Essential requirements

• NOTE:
 Fulfilment of harmonized standard is usually
 presumption of compliance with essential
 requirements. But et present harmonized standard
 EN – 71 Safety of Toys is complemented and
 manufacturer of selected toys (plastics, textile...)
 could respect also proposed new parts for right
 choice of conformity assessment.
Conformity assessment procedures
and affixing of CE marking
• Toys directive contains 3 possibilities of conformity
  assessment.
•   Internal production control (Module A)
    The manufacturer can take responsibility for ensuring
    that the product complies with harmonised European
    standards and and can affix the CE Marking. Module
    A is sometimes referred to as 'self-certification'. With
    respect to last note could be realised procedure EC
    type examination .
  Conformity assessment procedures
      and affixing of CE marking
• EC type-examination (Module B)

• This procedure is used provided that the applied
  harmonised standard does not cover all the essential safety
  requirements set out in Toys Directive. The present
  situation is typical for this provision.

• EC type examination is the procedure whereby the Notified
  body ascertains that the toy fulfils essential safety
  requirements set out Toys Directive. If the findings conform
  to the provisions of Directive, EC type-examination
  certificate is issued.
  Conformity assessment procedures and
  affixing of CE marking - MODULE B to be
                  contibued
• Conformity assessment procedure is complete provided
  when the manufacturer realises following steps according
  to Directive:
• to ensure that the product complies with harmonised
  European Standards EN – 71 and with the new proposal
  parts this standard or others technical documents
  containing the comparable requirements.
• (b) to assemble technical documentation for submission to
  the Notified Body
• (c) to make application for EC type-examination to the
  Notified Body and to receive EC type examination
  certificate for toy
• (e) to affix CE marking
Conformity assessment procedures
    and affixing of CE marking
 Conformity assessment procedures
     and affixing of CE marking

• NOTE:
 Toys Directive does not require to draw up a
 Declaration of Production Conformity, only
 affixing CE marking by prescribed way.
   2. Toys with remote control
Toys with remote control
 Toys with remote control – to be
               countinue

• Toys containing electrically driven
  components may only bear the CE
  marking when they satisfy the
  requirements of the European Directive
  for the Safety of Toys as well as the
  essential requirements of other
  applicable European directives.
  Toys with remote control - to be
                  countinue
• For electric toys this means that also the
  essential requirements from the EMC
  directive. Furthermore also compulsory to
  affix the CE marking to toys on basis of the
  Low Voltage directive.

• Toys with the remote control comes also
  under Directive 1999/5/ES for radio
  equipment and telecommunications terminal
  equipment.
    Toys with remote control - to be
                     countinue
Legislation for toys with remote control is
  following:
•    Directive 89/378/EEC Safety of toys

•     EMC – Directive 89/336/EEC Electromagnetic
     compatibility

•    R&TTE – Directive 1999/5/EC Radio and
     Telecommunications
     Terminal Equipment
  Toys with remote control - to be
                    countinue
Legislation for toys with remote control is following:

  EN 71-1 Safety of toys – Mechanical and
  physical properties
  EN 71-2 Safety of toys - Flammability
  EN 71-3 Safety of toys – Migration of certain
  elements
  EN 50088 Safety of electric toys
  EN 62115 Safety of electric toys (force from
  1.1.2008)
  3. Organic coumpounds in toys
         ( EN 71 – Part 9)
• The European Standards EN 71- 9 specifies
  requirements for the migration or content of
  certain hazards organic chemical compounds
  from toys or toy materials by following
  exposure routes when used as intended or in
  a foreseeable way, bearing in mind the
  normal behaviour of children and the function
  and design of the toy:
 Organic coumpounds in toys
( EN 71 – Part 9) to be continue

- mouthing
- ingestion
- skin contact
- eye contact
- inhalation
   Organic coumpounds in toys
         ( EN 71 – Part 9)


• Norm EN 71-9 should be read in
  conjuction with EN 71-10, which describes
  sample preparation and extraction
  procedures, and EN 71-11, which specifies
  methods of analysis.
   Organic coumpounds in toys
  ( EN 71 – Part 9) to be continue
The European Standards:

• EN 71 – Part 9 : Safety of toys – Organic
  chemical compounds - Requirements
• EN 71 – Part 10 : Safety of toys – Organic
  chemical compounds – Sample preparation and
  extraction
• EN 71 – Part 11 : Safety of toys – Organic
  chemical compounds – Methods and analysis
   Organic coumpounds in toys
 ( EN 71 – Part 9) to be countinue
Norm EN 71-9 has considered organic chemicals
  that can be classified within following groups:

  - Solvents
  - Preservatives
  - Plasticisers (excluding phthalate plasticisers)
  - Flame retardants
  - Monomers
  - Biocides (wood preservatives)
  - Processing aids
  - Colouring agents
      Organic coumpounds in toys
    ( EN 71 – Part 9) to be countinue
• Toys on which was applied norm EN 71-9
4. Project “SAFETY TOYS”

A general principal applied when
assessing the compliance of toys is the
responsibility of the producer (importer)
for the safety of a product to be placed
on the EU market.

A great number of producers make use
of this option without any further
cooperation with an independent testing
laboratory that would be involved to
ensure a higher level of safety and, in
particular, its stability.
  Project “SAFETY TOYS”
            to be countinue
Many toys we commonly find on the
shelves in our shops have been tested in a
very shallow way only and without any in-
depth approach, and materials used for
their production are very frequently
subject to changes, resulting in the
situation that the previously performed
tests are no longer applicable and
appropriate.
     Project “SAFETY TOYS”
               to be countinue
“Safe Toys” project has been established by the
 Institute for Testing and Certification, a. s. Zlín in
 the Czech Republic and which originates from the
 Italian Institute for Toy Safety in Cabiate.

 This project has expanded to other European
 countries through ITC and, in addition to Italy,
 Greece, Spain, Czech Republic and Slovak
 Republic, it will be heading towards Germany,
 Poland and Hungary in the forthcoming months.
   Project “SAFETY TOYS”
            to be continue

Certification Mark is designed for all the
toys defined by the Council Directive No.
88/378/EEC

Objective of the mark – to win market
confidence in “SAFE TOYS” - marked
products, in particular with consumers
and end-users:
Objective of the mark – to win market confidence in
“SAFE TOYS” - marked products, in particular with
consumers and end-users:

• Simple way of providing information on safety
  level and quality of TOYS to
   all stakeholders

• Support for cooperation and communication
  between clients and suppliers
  in order to obtain competitive products with high
  safety and quality levels

• Image enhancement and support for market
  recognition of high-quality
  products at the expense of products meeting only
  the minimum legal requirements
Objective of the mark – to win market confidence in
“SAFE TOYS” - marked products, in particular with
            consumers and end- users:

• Information on successful product compliance
  assessment in relation
  to specified legislative and technical
  requirements

• Guarantee of permanent compliance with safety
  and quality standards
  of products bearing the “safe toys” mark
         Preconditions to attain
           certification mark
 The right to designate products with certification
 mark is conditonal on:

• Meeting the requirements of Council Directive No.
  88/378/EEC

• Accomplishing other requirements that assure
  higher level of safety as described in so called
  General Rules for license and use of “Safe Toy”
  along with attaining the certificate from an entity
  in charge of operations within “Safe Toy” Project
   Project “Preconditions to attain
  certification mark SAFETY TOYS”-
              to be continue

• Positive results of periodic inspections
  conducted by an entity in charge of
  operations
  within “Safe Toys” Project

• Signing license agreement to apply “Safe
  Toys” Mark
    Project “SAFETY TOYS”
• The Mark „SAFETY TOYS“

•
     Project “SAFETY TOYS”
• The toys has obtained the MARK „SAFETY
  TOYS“
     Project “SAFETY TOYS”
• The toys has obtained the MARK „SAFETY
  TOYS“
     Project “SAFETY TOYS”
• The toys has obtained the MARK „SAFETY
  TOYS“
     Project “SAFETY TOYS”
• The toys has obtained the MARK „SAFETY
  TOYS“
      Project “SAFETY TOYS”
• The toys has obtained the MARK „SAFETY TOYS“

				
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