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					Chapter One

The initial step in the preparation of the
North Texas Regional Airport (NTRA)
Master Plan Update is the collection of
information that will provide a basis for
the analysis to be completed in subsequent
chapters. For the Master Plan, information
is gathered regarding not only the airport
but also the region it serves. The inventory
of existing conditions at NTRA will serve
as an overview of the airport, its facilities,
its role in the regional and national
aviation systems, and the relationship to
development which has occurred around
the airport in the past.                               airport management, airport tenants, and
                                                       representatives of various government
The update of this Master Plan requires a              agencies. Additional information and
comprehensive collection and evaluation                documents were provided by the Federal
of information relating to the airport                 Aviation Administration (FAA), Texas
including airport history, physical                    Department of Transportation - Aviation
inventories of facilities and services                 Division (TxDOT), Grayson County, and the
currently provided at the airport, as well as          cities of Denison, Sherman, and Pottsboro.
a review of regional airspace, air traffic
control, and aircraft operating procedures.            This chapter will begin with background
                                                       information regarding NTRA and the
The information outlined in this chapter               surrounding area including airport
was obtained through on-site inspections               location, history, regional climate,
of the airport, including interviews with              and adjacent land use.        This will

                                                 1-1                                                DRAFT
be followed by an overview of existing              proximately three miles north of
conditions at the airport consisting of             NTRA. These cities in addition to
descriptions of existing airport facili-            Grayson County are included in the
ties, regional airspace, air traffic activ-         Greater Texoma region. This region is
ity, and the airport’s role in regional,            made up of several communities and
state, and national aviation systems.               counties on either side of the border
Finally, information regarding the                  between Texas and Oklahoma along
area’s socioeconomic profile and an in-             the Red River Valley, in particular the
ventory of environmental conditions                 area around Lake Texoma.
will be presented.
                                                    The airport is bounded on the north by
                                                    Refuge Road, to the east by portions of
BACKGROUND                                          the City of Denison and unincorpo-
                                                    rated Grayson County, to the south by
Any comprehensive master planning                   unincorporated Grayson County, and
effort must factor all influences on an             to the west by State Highway 289.
airport. Many of these factors are not              Grayson Drive, extending west from
directly related to aviation, but do                FM Road 1417, provides direct access
play a key role in the overall growth               to aviation and non-aviation facilities
potential of the airport. Before the                on the east side of the airport. Several
airport and its facilities are discussed,           roads are linked with Grayson Drive
these outside influences should be                  including Airport Drive, which ex-
identified. The following sections will             tends north/south serving facilities on
discuss the factors which will influ-               the terminal flightline. On the west
ence the development potential at                   side of the airport, the newly com-
NTRA.                                               pleted State Highway 289 allows for
                                                    access to undeveloped airport parcels.

AIRPORT LOCATION                                    NTRA has excellent access to regional
                                                    highway infrastructure linking it to
As depicted on Exhibit 1A, NTRA en-                 the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex and
compasses approximately 1,410 acres                 points beyond. FM Road 1417, located
of property in north central Grayson                less than one mile east of the airport,
County. The airport is located in un-               provides direct access to U.S. Highway
incorporated Grayson County and ad-                 82 to the south. FM Road 691, an ex-
jacent to the cities of Denison and                 tension of Grayson Drive further east,
Sherman and to the south of Pottsbo-                provides direct access to U.S. Highway
ro. The airport is approximately seven              75. U.S. Highway 82 runs in an
miles southwest of the City of Deni-                east/west direction and provides
son’s central business district and six             access to U.S. Interstate 35 to the
miles northwest of the City of Sher-                west. U.S. Highway 75 links the area
man’s central business district. The                to the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex to
City of Sherman is the county seat                  the south. As previously stated, State
and largest city in Grayson County.                 Highway 289 provides direct access to
The City of Pottsboro is located ap-                the west side of the airport and also

                                              1-2                                   DRAFT





                                                                                                                                  Kingston                                      Durant

                                                                                                                                                                                                            KLA  MA

                                                              Gainesville                                                                                                 Be
                                                                                              Collinsville                                                                                                                          Honey Grove

                                                         35                                                                                   Howe
                                                                                                                                               o                            W
                                                                                                                                   Van Alstyne

                                                                        Pilot Point                                                                                                      69
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Leonard              Wolfe City
                                                                                              380               Prosper                                                                                                              Commerce

                                       West                                 35
                          Justin       35

                                              377                  Lewisville                              Hebron
                                               Roanoke                                            Carrollton                                                                       Royse City                 W Morton St.
                                                      Coppell                                                                                                                      Farm to
                                                                                                            Addison                                                              Market 120
                                                  Grapevine      635                                                                                                                              Quinlan Denison
                         Watauga      North Richland Hills                                        Branch            75
                         Blue Mound                 Euless                                                                                                                                                                             69
                                                           Irving                                                                                    North Texas                                             Tx 503 Spur
                     Fort Worth
                                     Richland Hills
                                             Grand Prairie     30                                 Dallas                                             Regional Airport
                                                                                                                                                            Airport Dr.

                                                                                                                                                                Forney                          Dr.
                                         820                            Arlington                                                                                                            on                   91

                       Forest Hill                                                  20                                                                                                           75                               Edgewood
                                                                         Duncanville                                                                              Crandall
                      Crowley            Kennedale                                                                                                                        175
                                                                      Cedar Hill                                                                                                         Kaufman
                              Burleson                                                   Ovilla                                                      82
                                                                                                   Red Oak
                        Joshua                                                     Midlothian
                                                                    Venus                                                                                                                Kemp
                               Keene           Alvarado                                  Waxahachie                                 289                                                      Sherman
                                                                                                                                   Ennis                                                                              56
                      Cleburne                  West
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Sherman Municipal
                                                                                                    35                                               56                                                      Airport

                                                                                                  Italy                                                                                                    Trinidad
                                               Itasca                                                                                                                                                                  North Texas
                                                                                                                                                                                     Ke ens
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Regional Airport
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Exhibit 1A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             LOCATION MAP
  extends farther south into the Dal-                         cal climate with hot summers and
  las/Fort Worth Metroplex.                                   mild winters. The average daily high
                                                              temperature ranges from 51 degrees
                                                              Fahrenheit (F) in January to 94 de-
  REGIONAL CLIMATE                                            grees F in both July and August. Av-
                                                              erage low temperatures range between
  Weather conditions must be consi-                           30 degrees F in January to 72 degrees
  dered in the planning and develop-                          F in July.
  ment of an airport, as daily operations
  are affected by local weather. Tem-                         Average annual precipitation in the
  perature is a significant factor in de-                     area is 41 inches. A large portion of
  termining runway length needs, while                        the annual precipitation results from
  local wind patterns (both direction and                     thunderstorm activity, with occasional
  speed) can affect the operation and ca-                     heavy rainfall over brief periods of
  pabilities of the runway. The need for                      time. Thunderstorms occur through-
  navigational aids and lighting is de-                       out the year, but are most prevalent
  termined by the percentage of time the                      during the spring months. The area
  visibility is impaired due to cloud cov-                    occasionally experiences snowfall,
  erage and other conditions.                                 freezing rain, and icy conditions dur-
                                                              ing winter months. Winds in the area
  Located approximately 300 miles                             are generally from the south, averag-
  north of the Gulf of Mexico, the region                     ing between 9 and 13 miles per hour
  including NTRA experiences what can                         (mph). A summary of climatic data is
  be characterized as a humid, subtropi-                      presented in Table 1A.

Climate Summary
Denison, TX
                         Jan.   Feb.   March    April    May     June    July   Aug.   Sept.   Oct.   Nov.   Dec.

High Temp. Avg. (F)        51     57       65      73       80      88     94     94      86     76     63     54
Low Temp. Avg. (F)         30     34       42      50       59      67     72     70      64     53     43     33
Average Precip. (in.)     1.9    2.5      3.3     3.6      5.3     4.5    2.7    2.4     4.2    4.5    3.5    2.6
Wind Speed (mph)         11.1   11.7     12.8    12.6     11.3    11.0   10.0    9.2     9.5   10.0   10.7   11.0
Cloud Free Days (%)        32     31       31      30       26      34     42     45      40     40     38     34
Partly Cloudy Days (%)     20     24       27      31       32      36     33     29      27     24     19     18
Cloudy Days (%)            48     45       42      39       42      30     25     26      33     36     43     48


  AREA LAND USE AND ZONING                                    future land uses in the vicinity of
                                                              NTRA. By understanding the land
  The area land use surrounding NTRA                          use issues surrounding the airport,
  can have a significant impact on air-                       more appropriate recommendations
  port operations and growth. The fol-                        can be made for the future of the air-
  lowing sections identify baseline in-                       port.
  formation related to both existing and

                                                        1-3                                           DRAFT
Existing Land Uses                                The proposed land use plans for the
                                                  cities of Denison, Sherman, and
As previously mentioned, NTRA is lo-              Pottsboro are presented on Exhibit
cated within unincorporated Grayson               1B. It is important to note that these
County. Portions of the cities of Deni-           cities can designate future land uses
son and Sherman are located adjacent              beyond their corporate boundaries to
to the north, east, and south sides of            include areas within their ETJs.
the airport. It should be noted that              Compatible land uses adjacent to the
the City of Denison’s extraterritorial            airport in the form of industrial and
jurisdiction (ETJ) extends over a large           agricultural/rural are proposed for the
portion of airport property. A small              cities of Denison and Sherman, with
portion of property on the south side of          some residential development planned
the airport falls within the City of              for areas further removed from the
Sherman’s ETJ. These ETJs allow the               airport. To the north and west of the
cities of Denison and Sherman to re-              airport, the City of Pottsboro is pro-
view potential development adjacent               posing residential housing on property
to their respective city limits.                  currently being utilized for agricultur-
                                                  al purposes. As depicted on Exhibit
A large majority of existing land use             1B, a large majority of land adjacent
on, and adjacent to, the east side of             to the west side of the airport in unin-
the airport is used for industrial and            corporated Grayson County is not des-
commercial purposes. In addition, re-             ignated for any particular land uses.
creational facilities are located farther         Counties in Texas, including Grayson
east of the airport to include an 18-             County, have limited planning or zon-
hole golf course owned by Grayson                 ing authority and, therefore, do not
County College. Additional land uses              provide land use designations.
surrounding the airport are mainly
used for agricultural purposes in the             There are a number of methods by
form of cultivated farmland and graz-             which governmental entities can en-
ing pastures. There are residential               sure land uses in and around airports
home sites located west of the airport            are developed in a compatible manner.
adjacent to the recently completed                The objective of enforcing land use re-
State Highway 289.                                strictions is to protect designated
                                                  areas for the maintenance of opera-
                                                  tionally safe and obstruction-free air-
Future Land Use and Zoning                        port activity.

Under ideal conditions, the develop-              Land use zoning is the most common
ment immediately surrounding the                  land use control. Zoning is the exer-
airport would be controlled and li-               cise of jurisdictional powers granted to
mited to compatible uses. Compatible              state and local governments to desig-
uses would include light and heavy                nate permitted land uses on parcels of
industrial development, some com-                 land. Typically, zoning is developed
mercial development, and agricultural             through local ordinances and is often
activities.                                       included in comprehensive plans. The

                                            1-4                                   DRAFT
                                                                                              Fm 1417                                                                               SHERMAN

         Fm 120

                                        Fm 996

                                                                                                                                                                                           Plain view
    POTTSBORO                                                                 Airport


                                                                                                                                North Texas
                                                                                                                              Regional Airport
            Hardenb erg                                                                                    State Highway 289

                                                                                                            UNINCORPORATED GRAYSON
                                   Hage rman


                                                                                 Enterprise                                                                                                                                                     SHERMAN
                                                                                                               Quail Run


LEGEND                                                                                                                     Pottsboro Future Land Use                             Sherman Future Land Use
                          Extra Territorial Jurisdiction   Denison Future Land Use                                                                                                    Estate                  Natural
                                                                                                                                 Single Family                      Industrial
    Apportionment Line            DENISON                        Single Family           Public/Semi-Public                                                                           Countryside             AG/Rural             0                2,500
                                                                                                                                 Medium Density Residential         Park
                                                                                                                                                                                      Auto-Urban Commercial   Park
    City Limits                   POTTSBORO                      Business Park           Regional Retail                                                                                                                               1" = 2500'
                                                                                                                                 High Density Residential           Public            Industrial              Vacant
    Airport Property              SHERMAN                        Industrial
                                                                                                                                 Commercial                         Floodplain        Public

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Exhibit 1B
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       FUTURE LAND USE
primary advantage of zoning is that it            and hazard zoned based on 14 CFR
can promote compatibility with the                Part 77. It should be noted that a
airport while leaving the land in pri-            study is currently being conducted
vate ownership. Zoning is subject to              separate from this Master Plan that is
change; therefore, any potential alte-            addressing issues related to land use,
rations to a zoning code near the air-            zoning, and height hazard restrictions
port should be monitored closely for              associated with NTRA. The findings
compatibility.                                    of the study will ultimately provide
                                                  the airport and County officials with a
Exhibit 1C presents the zoning for                detailed plan to protect the interests of
the cities of Denison, Sherman, and               the airport and surrounding proper-
Pottsboro in relation to NTRA. Unlike             ties.
proposed land use designations, zon-
ing applies to a city’s corporate boun-
daries only. As such, the City of Deni-           AIRPORT HISTORY
son has zoned property adjacent to the
north and east sides of the airport for           Originally constructed as an Army Air
agricultural-related purposes.      The           Field, the present day NTRA was
majority of proposed zoning associated            opened in 1941 and became the first
with these cities lies well beyond exist-         operational basic flight training school
ing airport property.                             after the Japanese attack on Pearl
                                                  Harbor. In 1942, the facility was offi-
Height restrictions are necessary to              cially named Perrin Field in honor of
ensure that objects will not impair               Lieutenant Colonel Elmer D. Perrin, a
flight safety or decrease the opera-              native Texan, who had been killed in a
tional capability of the airport. Title           plane crash in 1941. Between 1941
14 of the Code of Federal Regulations             and 1946, Perrin Field graduated over
(CFR) Part 77, Objects Affecting Na-              10,000 flight students. After World
vigable Airspace, defines a series of             War II, the facility served as an essen-
imaginary surfaces surrounding air-               tial element to national defense during
ports. The imaginary surfaces consist             the Korean War.
of approach zones, conical zones, tran-
sitional zones, and horizontal zones.             Perrin Field was designated as a per-
Objects such as trees, towers, build-             manent United States Air Force in-
ings, or roads, which penetrate any of            stallation in 1952, and officially
these surfaces, are considered by the             changed its name to Perrin Air Force
FAA to be an obstruction to air navi-             Base. The base was assigned several
gation.                                           missions to include Air Training
                                                  Command, Aerospace Defense Com-
Current Grayson County ordinances                 mand, and Life Support School. Be-
provide for limited height restriction            sides serving as a flight school for pi-
guidelines surrounding the airport as             lots, Perrin Air Force Base also fur-
set forth in 14 CFR Part 77. Only                 nished volunteers for the Space Pro-
areas to the north have been height               gram.

                                            1-5                                    DRAFT
                                                                                      Fm 1417                                                                        SHERMAN

         Fm 120

                                        Fm 996

                                                                                                                                                                        Plain view
    POTTSBORO                                                      Airport


                                                                                                                  North Texas
                                                                                                                Regional Airport
            Hardenb erg                                                                         State Highway 289

                                                                                                 UNINCORPORATED GRAYSON
                                   Hage rman


                                                                         Enterprise                                                                                                                                               SHERMAN
                                                                                                    Quail Run


LEGEND                 Extra Territorial Jurisdiction   Denison Zoning
                                                                                                                  Pottsboro Zoning                                   Sherman Zoning
                                                                                                                        Single Family             Local Business              Single Family Residential
    City Limits                      DENISON                  Two-Family Dwelling           Local Retail                                                                                                             0                2,500
                                                                                                                        Two- Family               General Business            Multi Family Residential
    Airport Property                 POTTSBORO                Multi-Family Dwelling         Agricultural
                                                                                                                        Multi-Family              Industrial                  Retail Business                            1" = 2500'
    Apportionment Line               SHERMAN                  Light Industrial
                                                                                                                        Manufactured Home         Agricultural                General Commercial District

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Exhibit 1C
Perrin Air Force Base was officially             research and development. The Avia-
closed on June 30, 1971 due to a                 tion Trust Fund also finances a por-
change in the Air Force’s pilot training         tion of the operation of the FAA. It is
mission, phase-out of the F-102 air-             funded by user fees, taxes on airline
craft, and the congested airspace asso-          tickets, aviation fuel, and various air-
ciated with the opening of Dallas/Fort           craft parts. Texas participates in the
Worth International Airport. At this             FAA Block Grant program which em-
time, the base consisted of over 1,875           powers TxDOT with oversight respon-
acres and was transferred to Grayson             sibilities, including the distribution of
County and the Grayson County                    FAA funding, to Texas general avia-
Community College. The name of the               tion airports. TxDOT also provides a
field was changed to Grayson County              separate aviation capital improvement
Airport. Since that time, numerous               program with funds provided through
improvements have been made to the               the DOT.
airport. In 2007, the airport was re-
named North Texas Regional Airport.              In addition, TxDOT provides grant
                                                 funding assistance through the State’s
Today, NTRA is home to 180 based                 Routine Airport Maintenance Program
aircraft and experiences approximate-            (RAMP).      Through this program,
ly 40,000 aircraft operations annually.          TxDOT will match up to $50,000 per
Several businesses are located on the            airport for each fiscal year on “lower
field that provide an array of general           cost” airside and landside airport im-
aviation services. In addition, the air-         provements. NTRA has been actively
port hosts the U.S. National Aerobatic           involved in the RAMP since the pro-
Championships each year that brings              gram has been in existence.
pilots to the airport from all over the
country.                                         Table 1B presents historical informa-
                                                 tion for capital improvements at
                                                 NTRA since 2001 with federal and
RECENT CAPITAL                                   state funding. Since that time, several
IMPROVEMENTS                                     notable improvements have been
                                                 made, including the installation of an
To assist in funding capital improve-            automated weather observation sys-
ments, the FAA and TxDOT have pro-               tem (AWOS), pavement and drainage
vided funding assistance to NTRA                 improvements, hangar repairs and re-
through the Airport Improvement                  novations, and the reopening of the
Program (AIP). The AIP is funded                 airport traffic control tower (ATCT).
through the Aviation Trust Fund,                 It should be noted that the American
which was established in 1970 to pro-            Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009
vide funding for aviation capital in-            (ARRA) helped fund the most recent
vestments to include aviation devel-             airfield improvements associated with
opment, facilities and equipment, and            the runway and taxiways.

                                           1-6                                    DRAFT
Projects and Improvements Since 2001
North Texas Regional Airport
Year     TxDOT Project Number                          Description of Project
                            Site preparation and installation of Automated Weather
2001       AP DENISON 2     Observation System (AWOS)
                            Resurfacing and striping on Runway 13-31 and Taxiway
2002       AP DENISON 3     C
                            Installation of security lighting on ramp apron light
                            poles; Installation of two security gates; Upgrading five
2003       AP DENISON 4     gates with safety sensors
2003          AP DENISON 5             Engineering services to perform a drainage study
                                       Rehabilitation and marking on Taxiway B, ramp apron,
2004          AP DENISON 6             and alert hangar access taxiway
2005          AP DENISON 1             Runway life analysis and geotech testing
                                       Construction of hangar access taxilane on the east side
2006          AP DENISON 7             of ramp apron south of terminal building
2006          AP DENISON 7             Design and engineering services for taxiway extension
2006          AP DENISON 8             Airport Business Plan
                                       Reimbursement for installation of air traffic control
2007         AP DENISON 10             tower equipment
                                       Engineering services related to improvements to Run-
2007          AP DENISON 9             way 17-35 and taxiways
                                       Design services for Phase I, II, and III runway, taxiway,
                                       and drainage improvements; Construction services for
2007          AP DENISON 9             the precision obstacle free zone remarking and striping
2008         AP SHERMAN 5              Construction services for drainage improvements
                                       Engineering services for construction, closeout, resident
                                       project representative services, and materials testing
2008         AP SHERMAN 5              laboratory services
                                       Rehabilitation of partial Taxiway A; Overlay and mark-
                                       ing on Taxiways A, B, C, D, E, and F; Installation of new
                                       taxiway signs; Installation of temporary runway lighting
                                       and markings; Installation of precision approach path
2009         AP SHERMAN 6              indicator on Runway 17L-35R
                                       Reconstruction, rehabilitation, overlay, and marking on
2009         AP DENISON 11             Runway 17L-35R
                                       Reconstruction of portions of Runway 17L-35R using
                                       concrete and HMAC overlay on remaining portions of
                                       runway pavement; Engineering services for construction,
                                       closeout, resident project representative services, and
                                       materials testing laboratory services in connection with
2009         AP SHERMAN 6              American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
2010       SHERMAN/DENISON             Airport Master Plan Update

                                           1-7                                          DRAFT
TABLE 1B (Continued)
Projects and Improvements Since 2001
North Texas Regional Airport
Year      TxDOT Project Number                        Description of Project
                             Hangar repairs to include painting, weather seals, and
2001       AM 2001 DENSN     sprinkler system upgrades
                             Paint air traffic control tower; Hangar repair and reno-
2002       AM 2002 DENSN     vation
                             Hangar repairs to include painting, roof and door, door
                             seal replacement, and window replacement; Surface
2003       AM 2003 DENSN     treatment of terminal building parking lot
2004           AM 2004 DENSN           Hangar repairs to include painting and roof
                                       AWOS repairs/part replacement; NADIN Interface;
2005           AM 2005 DENSN           Hangar repairs
                                       AWOS repairs/part replacement; NADIN Interface;
2006           AM 2006 DENSN           Hangar and maintenance shop repairs
                                       AWOS repairs/part replacement; NADIN Interface; Re-
2007           AM 2007 DENSN           habilitation of air traffic control tower interior
                                       AWOS maintenance; AWOS Aviment Data Link; Air
                                       traffic control tower improvements; Upgrade Airport De-
                                       velopment Plan; Striping on new taxilane and ramp
2008           AM 2008 DENSN           apron
                                       Rehabilitation and striping of pavement; AWOS main-
                                       tenance; AWOS Aviment Data Link; Air traffic control
2009           AM 2009 DENSN           tower improvements; Hangar repairs
                                       AWOS maintenance; AWOS Aviment Data Link; Other
2010           AM 2010 DENSN           projects
Source: Airport Records

AIRCRAFT ACTIVITY                                 For the 12-month period during calen-
                                                  dar year 2009, NTRA experienced
The ATCT, located on the airport,                 36,115 aircraft operations. Total op-
records data regarding aircraft opera-            erations from January through Sep-
tions (takeoffs and landings). Table              tember 2010 were 23,371. It should be
1C summarizes historical annual op-               noted that the ATCT is currently open
erations at the airport since the ATCT            from 7:00 a.m. – 7:00 p.m., seven days
opened in June 2008. Operations are               per week. As a result, actual aircraft
categorized as either itinerant or local          operations are higher than what is re-
as presented. Chapter Two will pro-               ported by the ATCT to account for
vide more details as to specific types of         those operations that occur when the
aircraft operations conducted at the              ATCT is closed.

                                            1-8                                       DRAFT
Historical Aircraft Operations
North Texas Regional Airport
                                      ITINERANT                                        LOCAL
                Air        Air         General                              General                            Total
              Carrier      Taxi        Aviation   Military      Total       Aviation   Military   Total      Operations
Calendar Year 2008

  June                0           0         802           0           802        356         0        356           1,158
   July               0           0         730           0           730        426         0        426           1,156
 August               0           3         768           6           777      1,294         0      1,294           2,071
September             0           2       1,692           0         1,694      6,334         0      6,334           8,028
 October              0           0         771           0           771      1,234         2      1,236           2,007
November              0           0         824           0           824        752         0        752           1,576
December              0           0         720           0           720        656        22        678           1,398
 Total*               0           5       6,307           6         6,318     11,052        24     11,076        17,394
Calendar Year 2009

 January              0           0         954           4           958      1,061         0      1,061           2,019
 February             0           0         984           0           984      1,175         0      1,175           2,159
  March               0           0         931           0           931      1,035        24      1,059           1,990
   April              0           0         795           0           795        918         0        918           1,713
   May                0           0       1,512           0         1,512      1,435         0      1,435           2,947
   June               0           0       1,462           2         1,464      1,445         0      1,445           2,909
    July              0           1       1,353           0         1,354      1,079         0      1,079           2,433
  August              2           0       1,334           2         1,338      1,230         4      1,234           2,572
September             0           1       2,070           0         2,071      5,653         0      5,653           7,724
  October             0           0       1,593           2         1,595      1,561         8      1,569           3,164
November              0           4       1,397           1         1,402      2,032         0      2,032           3,434
December              0           6       1,271           3         1,280      1,744        27      1,771           3,051
   2009                                                             15,68
   Total              2         12       15,656          14             4     20,368        63     20,431        36,115
Calendar Year 2010
 January           0            12        1,058           5         1,075      1,620        24      1,644           2,719
 February          0            25          941           6           972      1,069        34      1,103           2,075
  March            1            13        1,218           7         1,239      1,309        18      1,327           2,566
   April           2             9        1,043           9         1,063        971        25        996           2,059
   May           23             12          836           3           874        999         2      1,001           1,875
   June            5             8          976          12         1,001      1,832        15      1,847           2,848
   July            0             3          719           3           725        500         8        508           1,233
  August           0            15          977           5           997        673        46        719           1,716
September          1             0        1,812           3         1,816      4,464         0      4,464           6,280
 Total**         32             97        9,580          53         9,762     13,437       172     13,609        23,371
*ATCT official counts began in June 2008
**September 2010 latest available data for publication of this report

Source: Airport Records

     FUEL SALES                                                      provides fueling services. As shown in
                                                                     Table 1D, overall total fuel sales grew
     NTRA currently has one fixed base                               steadily from 2000 through 2006. In
     operator (FBO) on the airfield that                             particular, Jet A fuel sales increased
                                                              1-9                                           DRAFT
significantly during this time.      It          the loss of one fuel provider at the air-
should be noted that two fuel provid-            port, the rise in fuel prices that oc-
ers operated at the airport during this          curred in 2008, and the recent eco-
time. From 2000 through the present,             nomic downturn. In addition, exten-
Jet A fuel sales have constituted ap-            sive airfield construction during this
proximately 75 percent of annual total           time period has temporarily decreased
fuel sales at NTRA. Beginning in                 the length of the primary runway at
2007, fuel totals began to decline and           the airport, which could also limit use-
decreased even more significantly in             ful loads to include fuel storage on cer-
2008 and 2009. Several factors likely            tain aircraft.
contributed to this decrease including

Historical Fuel Sales
North Texas Regional Airport
  Calendar Year       100LL (gallons)            Jet A (gallons)       Totals (gallons)
       2000                86,623                    101,269               187,892
       2001                92,897                    159,214               252,111
       2002               133,982                    207,920               341,902
       2003               113,595                    296,642               410,236
       2004               102,704                    325,542               428,245
       2005               110,967                    317,135               428,102
       2006                74,000                    392,025               466,025
       2007                51,742                    350,040               401,782
       2008                43,908                    207,029               250,937
       2009                48,237                    158,082               206,319
      2010*                31,570                    125,788               157,358
*January - September
Source: Airport Records

AIRPORT ADMINISTRATION                           The Chairman is appointed by the
                                                 Governor of the State of Texas and
NTRA is owned by Grayson County.                 serves a two-year term and must be
Through an inter-local agreement                 reappointed by the Governor at the
with the Grayson County Commis-                  end of each term. The other four
sioners’ Court, the Grayson County               members are appointed by the Gray-
Regional Mobility Authority (GCRMA)              son County Commissioners’ Court.
assumes responsibility for the opera-            Each member serves a two-year term.
tion of NTRA.      The GCRMA was                 The terms are staggered so that two
created for the purposes of construct-           members are appointed each year.
ing, maintaining, and operating                  Each County Commissioner appoints
transportation projects in Grayson               one member to the GCRMA. In turn,
County and consists of five members.             the board members appoint a Vice-
                                          1-10                                    DRAFT
Chairman and Secretary/Treasurer.                   one full-time director of maintenance
The GCRMA is tasked with:                           and three additional part-time per-
   Administering, planning, main-
    taining, operating, regulating, and
    protecting the airport and its facili-          AIRPORT ECONOMIC IMPACT
   Entering into contracts, leases, and            The last formal economic impact study
    other agreements with individuals,              for the airport was completed in 2005
    partnerships, corporations, or other            by TxDOT. This study analyzed the
    businesses;                                     direct and indirect economic impacts
   Setting reasonable qualifications               of all public use airports in Texas, in-
    for and recommending to the Gray-               cluding NTRA.
    son County Commissioners’ Court
    a director who meets the qualifica-             The total economic impact of the air-
    tions for performance of duties                 port includes the direct effects of em-
    needed;                                         ployment, payroll, and sales. Indirect
   Establishing fees, charges, rentals,            benefits would include visitor spend-
    and other terms and conditions for              ing, which leads directly to off-airport
    privileges or services provided by              employment, payroll, and sales. The
    the airport;                                    cumulative economic benefit of an air-
   Recommending to the Grayson                     port includes a multiplier effect which
    County Commissioners’ Court ac-                 is essentially the recycling of money
    tions to expand and develop the                 within the local economy to create
    airport; and                                    more jobs in nearly every economic
   Adopting policies, standards, regu-             sector.
    lations, and other orders for the en-
    forcement and operation of the air-             The 2005 Economic Impact of Grayson
    port and its facilities.                        County     Airport    estimated    that
                                                    present-day NTRA had a total eco-
Daily management, maintenance, and                  nomic impact of $81.3 million annual-
operation of NTRA are the responsibil-              ly on the local economy. In addition,
ity of the Airport Director who reports             approximately 717 jobs with a total
to the GCRMA board. A full-time ad-                 payroll of $19.6 million were sup-
ministrative assistant provides addi-               ported by on-airport spending and vis-
tional administrative support for the               itors using general aviation facilities
airport. Additional airport staff in-               at NTRA. The direct output attribut-
cludes fire department and mainten-                 able to the airport was estimated to be
ance personnel. The fire department                 approximately $57.8 million. Approx-
consists of six full-time employees, one            imately $23.5 million was generated
being the fire chief and another being              via indirect and induced impacts asso-
the assistant fire chief. The airport’s             ciated with airport activities.
maintenance department consists of

                                             1-11                                   DRAFT
FOREIGN TRADE ZONE                                 cipates in the Federal Block Grant
                                                   Program, which transfers the over-
A foreign trade zone (FTZ) is located              sight authority of general aviation
on airport property. An FTZ is desig-              airports from the FAA to TxDOT. In
nated to promote international trade               this capacity, TxDOT administers fed-
and offer companies and importers a                eral grants as well as state airport
way to gain a financial edge in the                grants. Eligible airport improvement
global marketplace through reduction,              projects for general aviation airports
deferral, or elimination of U.S. Cus-              in Texas can receive 90 percent grant
toms duties. The airport FTZ is part               funding assistance with the remaining
of FTZ No. 39, which is associated                 ten percent being the responsibility of
with Dallas/Fort Worth International               the local sponsor (i.e., Grayson Coun-
Airport. Although currently in a deac-             ty). The federal and state funding
tivated status, the airport is looking to          sources and roles are detailed later in
potentially reactivate the FTZ in the              the study.
                                                   The 2011-2015 NPIAS identifies $52.2
                                                   billion for airport development across
AIRPORT SYSTEM                                     the country. Of that total, approx-
PLANNING ROLE                                      imately 21 percent is designated for
                                                   the 2,560 general aviation airports
Airport planning exists on many levels             identified. General aviation airports
to include local, state, and national.             are included in the NPIAS if they ac-
Each level has a different emphasis                count for enough activity (having at
and purpose. An Airport Master Plan                least ten locally based aircraft) and
is the primary local airport planning              are at least 20 miles from the nearest
document. This Master Plan will pro-               NPIAS airport. General aviation air-
vide a vision of both airside and land-            ports included in the NPIAS have an
side facilities over the course of the             average of 31 based aircraft and ac-
next 20 years.                                     count for 34 percent of the nation’s
                                                   general aviation fleet. The bottom
At the national level, the airport is in-          half of Exhibit 1D shows the NPIAS
cluded in the National Plan of Inte-               funding need by airport category.
grated Airport Systems (NPIAS). The
NPIAS includes 3,332 existing air-                 At the state level, the airport is in-
ports which are significant to national            cluded in the Texas Airport System
air transportation. NTRA is classified             Plan Update 2010 (TASP). The TASP
as a general aviation airport within               includes 292 existing airports, 211 of
the NPIAS. The top half of Exhibit                 which are NPIAS classified. NTRA is
                                                   classified as a Business/Corporate air-
1D shows the system breakdown of
                                                   port within this system.         Busi-
NPIAS airports.
                                                   ness/Corporate airports are designed
                                                   to accommodate general aviation ac-
As a part of the federal system, NTRA
                                                   tivity up to and including turbine air-
is eligible for federal grants as a part
                                                   craft. These airports are typically in
of the AIP. The State of Texas parti-
                                            1-12                                  DRAFT

                                                     U.S. AIRPORT COMPOSITION
                                                                         (January 2008)

                                                                   Total U.S. Airports

                                          5,179                                                      14,555
                                       Open to Public                                            Closed to Public

                             4,247                            932
                          Public Owned                   Private Owned

                                                                     NPIAS Airports
                                                             (Of the 5,179 existing public use
                                                                 airports, 64% are NPIAS)

                                   3,332 Exisiting
                                3,250 Public Owned                                                    48 Proposed
                                 82 Private Owned

                       382        121           269            2,560                     3            6            0           39
                     Primary   Commercial     Reliever        General                 Primary    Commercial     Reliever    General
                                 Service                      Aviation                             Service                  Aviation

                                              FEDERAL FUNDING BY AIRPORT TYPE


                               Large                                          22%



                               Commercial Service

                               Reliever                                  2%

                               General Aviation
                               New Airports
                                                                                                                      North Texas
                                                                                                                      Regional Airport
                                                                                                                     Exhibit 1D
                                                                                            NPIAS COMPOSITION & FUNDNG LEVELS
areas where sufficient population or               Crosswind Runway 13-31 measures
economic activity can support a mod-               2,277 feet long by 60 feet wide and is
erate to high level of busi-                       orientated in a northwest/southeast
ness/corporate activity or provide re-             manner. It should be noted that an
lief to commercial service airports.               inactive runway (Runway 17R-35L) is
The TASP provides for specific mini-               located on the airfield consisting of
mum design standards for runway                    8,000 feet of pavement. This closed
length, taxiways, apron size, ap-                  runway is located 1,000 feet west of
proaches, airfield lighting, terminal              Runway 17L-35R and intersects Run-
services, aircraft fuel, and hours of op-          way 13-31.
                                                   Exhibit 1F presents data specific to
                                                   each runway. Other than the lengths
AIRPORT FACILITIES                                 and widths of each surface, the follow-
                                                   ing items are included as detailed:
Airport facilities can be functionally
classified into two broad categories:                 Pavement type – Indicates the sur-
airside and landside. The airside cat-                 face material type.
egory includes those facilities which                 Pavement condition – FAA’s cur-
are needed for the safe and efficient                  rent rating of runway pavement
movement of aircraft. The landside                     material.
category includes those facilities ne-                Pavement strength – Based on the
cessary to provide a safe transition                   construction of the pavement, a
from surface to air transportation and                 runway can provide differing load
support aircraft servicing, storage,                   bearding capacities. Single wheel
maintenance, and operational safety                    gear loading (SWL) refers to hav-
on the ground.                                         ing one wheel per landing gear
                                                       strut. Dual wheel loading (DWL)
                                                       and dual tandem wheel loading
AIRSIDE FACILITIES                                     (DTWL) include the design of air-
                                                       craft landing gear with additional
Existing airside facilities are identi-                wheels on each landing gear strut,
fied on Exhibit 1E. These facilities                   which distributes the aircraft
include runways, taxiways, airfield                    weight across more of the pave-
lighting and marking, and navigation-                  ment surface; thus, the surface it-
al aids.                                               self can support a greater total air-
                                                       craft weight.
                                                      Pavement markings – Pavement
Runways                                                markings aid in the movement of
                                                       aircraft along airport surfaces and
NTRA is served by two active run-                      identify closed or hazardous areas
ways: Runway 17L-35R and Runway                        on the airport. Runway markings
13-31. Primary Runway 17L-35R is                       provide pilots with designation and
9,000 feet long by 150 feet wide and                   centerline stripes in basic form,
orientated in a north/south manner.                    while precision markings add thre-

                                            1-13                                    DRAFT

                     1 MALSR                                                     2 ILS Glideslope Antenna            3 AWOS                                         4 VASI-4 / Distance Remaining Signs                                   5 ATCT / Rotating Beacon                     6 Segmented Circle / Lighted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Wind Cone

                     7 Airfield Signage and Lighting                             8 Localizer / MALS

                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Grayson Drive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ATCT    - Airport Traffic Control Tower
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  AWOS     - Automated Weather Observation System
                                                                                                                                                                                                              e.                                                     ILS   - Instrument Landing System
                                                                                                                                                                                                       ng                                                          MALS    - Medium Intensity Approach Lighting System
                                                                                                                                                                                                N.                                                                MALSR    - Medium Intensity Approach Lighting System with
                                                                                                                             Airport Drive                                                                                                                                   Runway Alignment Indicator Lights
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    VASI   - Visual Approach Slope Indicator

                                                                                                                                                              ATCT /
                                                                                                                                                   Roatating Beacon

                                                                                          ILS Glideslope Antenna    3                                                       A
                                                                                   G         A                2    AWOS-II                                                          Segmented Circle /
                                                                                 Hold                                           B            C                                      Lighted Wind Cone                                                      F                     A
                                                                                Apron                   VASI-4                                                                       6                                                                                                Hold
                                                                                                                                                                                                    D                              E                                         7
                                                                                                          4                                                                                                                                                        Hold               Apron
                                                                             MALSR 1
                                                                                                                                                 Runway 17L-35R (9,000’x150’)                                                                                      Apron                               Localizer
                                                        Refuge Road


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          MALS 8

                                                                                                                                                         C                          0’)

                                                                                                                                                                1   (2
                                                                                                                                                             -3             Inactive Runway 17R-35L
                                 LEGEND                                                                                         B                   Ru
                                    Airport Property Line

                     0              1000                              2000

                                SCALE IN FEET
                               Date of Aerial:                                                                                                                                  State Highway 289
                                April 2008                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  North Texas
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Regional Airport
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Exhibit 1E
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              EXISTING AIRSIDE FACILITIES

                       RUNWAY 17L - 35R
                                                               Length                                        9,000’
                                                               Width                                           150’
                                                               Pavement Type                    Asphalt / Concrete
                                                               Pavement Condition                            Good
                                                               Pavement Strength                    75,000 lbs SWL
                                                                                                  100,000 lbs DWL
                                                                                                160,000 lbs DTWL
                                                               Markings                                   Precision
                                                               Lighting                                       MIRL
                                                               Elevation            741’ MSL (17L) - 749’ MSL (35R)
                                                               Gradient                                       0.1%
                                                               Traffic Pattern                        Standard Left

                       RUNWAY 13 - 31
                                                               Length                                       2,277’
                                                               Width                                           60’
                                                               Pavement Type                               Asphalt
                                                               Pavement Condition                            Good
                                                               Pavement Strength                   35,000 lbs SWL
                                                                                                  45,000 lbs DWL
                                                                                                 75,000 lbs DTWL
                                                               Markings                                      Basic
                                                               Lighting                                      None
                                                               Elevation              730’ MSL (13) - 742’ MSL (31)
                                                               Gradient                                       0.5%
                                                               Traffic Pattern                       Standard Left

                                                               Taxiway              Length                 Width
                                                               A                    10,930’                      75’
                                                               B                     3,200’               35’ - 100’
                                                               C                     2,600’               35’ - 100’
                                                               D                     1,500’               50’ - 100’
                                                               E                       965’                      75’
                                                               F                       965’                      75‘
                                                               G                     1,000’                      35’

                     SWL - Single Wheel Loading
                     DWL - Dual Wheel Loading
                     DTWL - Dual Tandem Wheel Loading
                     MIRL - Medium Intensity Runway Lighting
                     MSL - Mean Sea Level                                                             North Texas
                                                                                                      Regional Airport
                                                                                                        Exhibit 1F
                                                                                 ACTIVE RUNWAY AND TAXIWAY DATA
    shold bars, edges, touchdown zone,             D, E, F as one moves from north to
    and aiming points.                             south. Taxiways C and D provide an-
   Lighting – Runway lighting is                  gled exits from the runway. Taxiway
    placed near the pavement edge to               C is located approximately 5,600 feet
    define the lateral limits of the               from the Runway 35R threshold and
    pavement surface. Medium inten-                Taxiway D is located approximately
    sity runway lighting (MIRL) is typ-            5,400 feet from the Runway 17L thre-
    ical of general aviation airports.             shold. Angled taxiways allow aircraft
    Runway end lights also demark                  to exit the runway at a slightly greater
    end of pavements. Only Runway                  speed than if the taxiway were at a
    17L-35R is served with runway end              right angle. This configuration can
    lights.                                        add to the overall capacity of the air-
   Elevation – Each runway end is si-             field and increases aircraft movement
    tuated at a specific point above               efficiency.
    mean sea level (MSL). Those listed
    on the exhibit identify the MSL lo-            Runway 13-31 is served by two tax-
    cation of each runway end.                     iways. Taxiway D extends west of
   Gradient – Runway gradient de-                 Runway 17L-35R and provides direct
    scribes the effective slope of a run-          access to the Runway 31 threshold.
    way surface. Runway pavement                   Taxiway C also extends west of the
    should be moderately sloped to al-             primary runway and provides access
    low for effective drainage, but not            to the midfield area of Runway 13-31.
    so as to reduce visibility from end            Taxiway B also extends west of Run-
    to end.                                        way 17L-35R and provides access to
   Traffic Pattern – Runway traffic               aviation-related facilities on the west
    patterns are established to control            side of the airport. It should be noted
    movements in the immediate vicin-              that the width of Taxiways B and C on
    ity of the airport area. Left-hand             the west side of the primary runway
    patterns are standard and allow                are significantly narrower.
    the pilot to make left-hand turns
    throughout the traffic pattern.                All active taxiways with their asso-
                                                   ciated dimensions are listed on Exhi-
                                                   bit 1F. There are several other tax-
Taxiways                                           iways and taxilanes that serve more
                                                   remote areas of the airfield such as
The taxiway system at NTRA includes                hangar complexes and aircraft park-
a full-length parallel taxiway serving             ing aprons. In addition, hold aprons
primary Runway 17L-35R. Taxiway A                  are available at each end of Runway
serves as the parallel taxiway and is              17L-35R and adjacent to Taxiway F.
located 965 feet east of the runway                The hold aprons allow pilots to per-
centerline, and also serves as an en-              form flight checks, including engine
trance/exit taxiway at both ends of the            run-up, and where ATCT personnel
runway. There are five other en-                   can instruct pilots to wait for clear-
trance/exit taxiways on the east side of           ance to enter the runway.
Runway 17L-35R designated as B, C,

                                            1-14                                   DRAFT
Taxiway and taxilane centerline                  lighting is essential for safe operations
markings are provided to assist pilots           during night and/or times of low visi-
in maintaining proper clearance from             bility in order to maintain safe and ef-
pavement edges and objects near the              ficient access to and from the runways
taxiway/taxilane edges.       Taxiway            and aircraft parking areas.
markings also include aircraft hold
lines located on the entrance/exit tax-          Runway 17L-35R is equipped with
iways. For Runway 17L-35R, the hold              medium intensity runway lighting
lines are marked 300 feet from the               (MIRL). These lights are set atop a
runway centerline. The hold line on              pole that is approximately one foot
Taxiway C leading to Runway 13-31 is             above the ground. The light poles are
located 200 feet from the runway cen-            frangible, meaning if one is struck by
terline.                                         an object, such as an aircraft wheel,
                                                 they can easily break away, thus limit-
                                                 ing the potential damage to an air-
Airfield Lighting and Marking                    craft. Each end of Runway 17L-35R is
                                                 equipped with threshold lighting.
Airfield lighting systems extend an              Threshold lighting consists of specially
airport’s usefulness into periods of             designed light fixtures that are red on
darkness and/or poor visibility. A va-           the departure side and green on the
riety of lighting systems are installed          arrival side. There is currently no
at the airport for this purpose. These           lighting provided on Runway 13-31.
lighting systems, categorized by func-
tion, are summarized as follows.                 Medium intensity taxiway lighting
                                                 (MITL) is associated with parallel
                                                 Taxiway A and all entrance/exit tax-
Identification Lighting                          iways on the east side of Runway 17L-
                                                 35R. These lights are mounted on the
The location of the airport at night is          same type of structure as the runway
universally identified by a rotating             lights. Taxiways B, C, and D on the
beacon. The rotating beacon projects             west side of the primary runway are
two beams of light, one white and one            provided with centerline reflectors.
green, 180 degrees apart. The rotat-
ing beacon at NTRA is located on the             The airport also has a runway/taxiway
top of the ATCT.                                 signage system. The presence of run-
                                                 way/taxiway signage is an essential
                                                 component of a surface movement
Runway and Taxiway                               guidance control system necessary for
Lighting/Signage                                 the safe and efficient operation of the
                                                 airport. The signage system installed
Runway and taxiway edge lighting                 at NTRA, which is lighted, includes
utilizes light fixtures placed near the          runway and taxiway designations,
edge of the pavement to define the lat-          holding positions, routing/directional,
eral limits of the pavement. This                and runway exits.

                                          1-15                                    DRAFT
Distance remaining signs are installed            This system is similar to an MALSR
on Runway 17L-35R. Distance re-                   except that it does not provide the
maining signs are located at 1,000-foot           runway alignment indicator lights.
intervals from the end of the runway              An MALS typically extends approx-
and give pilots an indication of the              imately 1,400 feet beyond the runway
remaining runway length available                 threshold.
when landing or departing.

                                                  Pilot-Controlled Lighting
Visual Approach Lighting
                                                  The airport’s lighting system is con-
A four-box visual approach slope indi-            nected to a pilot-controlled lighting
cator (VASI-4) is located on the left             (PCL) system. The PCL system allows
side serving each end of Runway 17L-              pilots to increase the intensity of the
35R. The VASI-4 consists of two sets              runway lighting, taxiway lighting,
of two boxed units that are located ap-           MALSR, and MALS from the aircraft
proximately 600 and 1,300 feet from               with the use of the aircraft’s radio
each runway threshold. When inter-                transmitter. The PCL at NTRA can be
preted by pilots, these lights give an            accessed on the common traffic advi-
indication of being above, below, or on           sory frequency (CTAF) 120.575 MHz.
the designated descent path to the
runway. A VASI system has a range
of five miles during the day and up to            Weather and Communication Aids
20 miles at night.
                                                  NTRA is equipped with a segmented
                                                  circle and lighted wind cone which
Approach Lighting System                          provides pilots with information about
                                                  wind conditions and traffic pattern
Runway 17L is equipped with a me-                 usage. These facilities are located ap-
dium intensity approach lighting sys-             proximately 600 feet east of Runway
tem with runway alignment indicator               17L-35R in a desirable midfield loca-
lights (MALSR). This system provides              tion. Additional wind cones are spread
visual guidance to landing aircraft by            out along the primary runway on the
radiating beams in a direction pattern            airfield. Having these additional wind
so the pilot can align the aircraft with          cones is advantageous because wind
the extended centerline of the runway.            conditions can be determined from an-
This system enhances the safety of op-            ywhere along the runway system.
erations at the airport, especially dur-
ing inclement weather or nighttime                NTRA is equipped with an automated
activity. The MALSR extends approx-               terminal information service (ATIS),
imately 2,400 feet beyond the runway              which is a recorded message updated
threshold.                                        hourly, and broadcast on 118.775
                                                  MHz. ATIS broadcasts are used by
A medium intensity approach lighting              airports to notify arriving and depart-
system (MALS) serves Runway 35R.                  ing pilots of the current surface

                                           1-16                                  DRAFT
weather conditions, runway and tax-               from NTRA include the non-
iway conditions, communication fre-               directional beacon (NDB), very high
quencies, and other information of im-            frequency    omnidirectional    range
portance.                                         (VOR), and the global positioning sys-
                                                  tem (GPS).
NTRA also utilizes a CTAF as men-
tioned earlier. This radio frequency              The NDB transmits non-directional
(120.575 MHz) is used by pilots in the            radio signals whereby the pilot of an
vicinity of the airport to communicate            aircraft equipped with direction-
with each other about approaches or               finding equipment can determine their
take-offs from the airport when the               bearing to or from the NDB facility in
ATCT is closed. The same frequency                order to track to the beacon station.
will reach the ATCT when the tower is             The Denison NDB is located approx-
open. Ground control can be reached               imately six nautical miles to the north
via 124.125 MHz during tower operat-              of NTRA.
ing hours. In addition, a UNICOM
frequency is also available (122.7                The VOR, in general, provides azi-
MHz) where a pilot can obtain FBO                 muth readings to pilots of properly
information.                                      equipped aircraft transmitting a radio
                                                  signal at every degree to provide 360
The airport is equipped with an auto-             individual navigational courses. Fre-
mated weather observation system                  quently, distance measuring equip-
(AWOS-III). An AWOS will automati-                ment (DME) is combined with a VOR
cally record weather conditions such              facility (VOR/DME) to provide dis-
as wind speed, wind gusts, wind direc-            tance as well as directional informa-
tion, temperature, dew point, altime-             tion to the pilot. Military tactical air
ter setting, and density altitude. In             navigation aids (TACANs) and civil
addition, visibility, precipitation, and          VORs are commonly combined to form
cloud height can be measured. This                a VORTAC. The VORTAC provides
information is then transmitted at                distance and direction information to
regular intervals on the ATIS frequen-            both civil and military pilots. There
cy. The AWOS is located approx-                   are two VOR facilities within 25 naut-
imately 1,300 feet southeast of the ap-           ical miles of NTRA. The Texoma
proach end of Runway 17L.                         VOR/DME is located approximately 20
                                                  nautical miles northeast of the airport
                                                  and the Bonham VORTAC is located
Navigational Aids                                 approximately 25 nautical miles
                                                  southeast of the airport.
Navigational aids are electronic devic-
es that transmit radio frequencies,               GPS is an additional navigational aid
which pilots of properly equipped air-            for pilots. GPS was initially developed
craft can translate into point-to-point           by the United States Department of
guidance and position information.                Defense for military navigation
The types of electronic navigational              around the world. GPS differs from
aids available for aircraft flying to or          an NDB or VOR in that pilots are not

                                           1-17                                   DRAFT
required to navigate using a specific            above the ground and visibilities as
ground-based facility. GPS uses satel-           low as 3/4-mile. Airfield lighting and
lites placed in orbit around the earth           marking, weather, and navigational
to transmit electronic radio signals,            aids are summarized in Table 1E.
which pilots of properly equipped air-
craft use to determine altitude, speed,
and other navigational information.              LANDSIDE FACILITIES
With GPS, pilots can directly navigate
to any airport in the country and are            Landside facilities are the ground-
not required to navigate using a spe-            based facilities that support the air-
cific ground-based navigational facili-          craft and pilot/passenger handling
ty. The FAA is proceeding with a pro-            functions. These facilities typically
gram to gradually replace all tradi-             include a terminal building, FBOs,
tional enroute navigational aids with            aircraft storage hangars, aircraft
GPS over the next 20 years.                      maintenance hangars, aircraft parking
                                                 aprons, and support facilities such as
The civilian GPS has been improved               fuel storage, automobile parking, utili-
with the wide area augmentation sys-             ties, and aircraft rescue and firefight-
tem (WAAS), which was launched on                ing.
July 10, 2003. The WAAS uses a sys-
tem of reference stations to correct             Landside facilities at NTRA are iden-
signals from the GPS satellites for im-          tified on Exhibit 1G. Table 1F lists
proved navigation and approach capa-             the landside facilities on the airport to
bilities. The present GPS provides for           include the building number/ designa-
enroute navigation and instrument                tion, size, tenant, and use. It should
approaches with both course and ver-             be mentioned that the numbering sys-
tical navigation. The WAAS upgrades              tem used in this inventory effort
are expected to allow for the develop-           comes directly from the internal sys-
ment of approaches to most airports              tem assigned by NTRA administra-
with cloud ceilings as low as 200 feet           tion.

                                          1-18                                    DRAFT
                     110 - L-3 Communications                               802 - Tatchio & Associates                    4009 - Vacant                                       10003 - Grayson Aviation I                     Four Winds Enterprises - Private Entity
                     111 - U.S. Aviation Group                              804 - Denison Industries                      5006 - Private Entity                               Hangar #1 - L-3 Unmanned System                Tradewinds - American Bank of Texas                                                                            LEGEND
                     201 - Lake Texoma Jet Center                           1201 - Juvenile Detention Center              5010 - Private Entity                               1E - Private Entity                            Lake Texoma Hangar - Lake Texoma Jet Center                                                                        Airport Property Line
                     202 - Private Entity                                   2101 - Vacant                                 5015 - Private Entity                               2E - Private Entity                            T-Hangar - 100 Series - NT Aviation
                     205 - Electrical Vault                                 2801 - Private Entity                         5309 - City Industries                              3E - Private Entity                            T-Hangar - 200 Series - NT Aviation
                     301 - L-3 Communications (ATCT)                        2901 - Precision Machine Works                5409 - City Industries                              4E - Private Entity                            T-Hangar - 300 Series - Whitmire Enterprises

                     303 - Terminal Building                                3701 - Boy Scout Troop 55                     5506 - Lake Texoma Jet Center                       5E - Private Entity                            T-Hangar - 400 Series - NT Aviation
                     305 - Fire Station                                     3801 - North Texas Regional Airport           5507 - Knives of Alaska; Texoma Concrete;           6E - Ashford & Associates                      Engine Test Cell - Grayson Aviation I
                     401 - Avatar Investments                               3803 - North Texas Regional Airport                  Custom Conversions                           7E - Private Entity                            Museum - Perrin Field Historical Society
                     501 - Freedom Aviation                                 3904 - Denison Industries                     5509 - MM Aircraft; Perrin Warbirds                 8E - Private Entity                            Restaurant - Area 51                                                                              0                 500                1000
                     502 - Civil Air Patrol                                 3908 - Denison Industries                     5510 - Denison Industries                           Lot #1 - Air Texoma International              Boot Camp - Juvenile Detention Center
                     504 - Wire Products (To Be Demolished)                 4001 - Vacant                                 5511 - Denison Industries                           Lot #2 - Air Texoma International              Detention Center - Juvenile Detention Center                                                                   SCALE IN FEET
                     507 - Wire Products (To Be Demolished)                 4004 - Vacant                                 5513 - Vacant                                       Lot #3 - Air Texoma International              Sheriff's Office - Grayson County
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Date of Aerial:
                     604 - RB Airframes                                     4005 - Private Entity                         5527 - Knives of Alaska                             Doyle Hangar - Private Entity                                                                                                                                 April 2008
                     702 - HAZCO Fire Academy                               4006 - Tri-County SNAP                        5528 - Denison Industries                           Wolter Hangar - Private Entity
                     703 - Greater Texoma Utility Authority                 4007 - Private Entity                         5530 - Lake Texoma Jet Center (fuel farm)           GYI Hangar - First American Aviation

                       1 T-Hangars                                        2 Fuel Farm                                 3 Lake Texoma Jet Center                  4 Executive Hangars                          5 Conventional Hangar                                6 Airport Terminal Building                                        7 Hangars
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       (located at South end)

                      1” = 1,000’                                    1” = 1,000’
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      New Perrin
                                                                                           10003                                                      5309                                                                                         Field Museum                                                     Juvenile
                                                                                                                                 5409                                                                                                                                                                                Center
                           5513                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Water Tower
                                                                     Engine                                                                                   5006                                       3701

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         S.Grayson Dr.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   N.Grayson Dr.
                                                                    Test Cell
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         e.                                                        CAMP

                                                                                                                                        5015                                                                       2801                                Av




                                                                                                                                                                             3908                                                            K                                                           Air                                            Sheriffs

                                                                                                                                        4009      4005

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Chapel                                         Office

                      Inset #1                                      Inset #2                                                                                    4001
                                                                                                                                                                                                              2901                                                702
                                                                                                                                               4006    4004                                                                                                                                                604
                                                                                                                                                                               3904                                                                     802
                                                                                                                 Airport Drive                   4007                                                                                804                                           703                             Restaurant
                                                                                                                                                                            502                       Museum         202
                             5528               5527                                               5506                                         507                                                                                                           Wolter                      Hangar
                                                                       5507                                                                                                                                                                                   Hangar                                             GYI Hangar
                                                                                                                                                                                                             301                                                                          #1
                                                                                   5530                                                                 504          501                        401
                                                                                                    3                                                                                                                         201
                                                                                       2                                                                                                                             305
                                                                                                                             6E 5E 4E 3E 2E 1E
                                                                                                                                       E                                                                303                     205
                                          5511                                                     Lake Texoma                                                                                                                                                                       Tradewinds                          111
                                                                                5509                                                                                                                     6                       Doyle                                                                             7
                                                             5510                                                                           4                                                                                   Hangar       Four Winds
                                                                                                                        Aircraft                                                                                                             Enterprises
                                                                                                                     Parking Apron       8E 7E                                                                               Aircraft                                   Aircraft                                           Lot #1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Parking Apron                           Parking Apron

                                                                                                                                                                              Aircraft                                                                                                                                     Lot #2
                                                                                                                                                                           Parking Apron
                                                 1                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Lot #3
                         To 5513           T-Hangars
                         (see inset #1)
                                                                                To 10003 &
                                                                            Engine Test Cell
                                                                              (see inset #2)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           North Texas
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Regional Airport
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Exhibit 1G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   EXISTING LANDSIDE FACILITIES
Airside Facility Data
North Texas Regional Airport
                                            Runway 17L-35R                 Runway 13-31
Runway Lighting                                   MIRL                          None
Taxiway Lighting                                  MITL                  Centerline Reflectors
                                           Centerline Reflectors
Visual Approach Aids:
  Approach Slope Indicators                    VASI-4                           None
  Approach Lighting                          MALSR (17L)                        None
                                             MALS (35R)
Instrument Approach Aids                    ILS/LOC (17L)                   VOR/DME-A
                                            NDB/GPS (17L
                                         VOR/DME RNAV (35R)
Weather Navigational Aids                       AWOS-III, ATCT, GPS, VOR, ILS, NDB
Visual Aids                                Segmented Circle, Lighted Wind Cones, Rotating Beacon
MIRL - Medium Intensity Runway Lighting
MITL - Medium Intensity Taxiway Lighting
VASI - Visual Approach Slope Indicator
MALSR - Medium Intensity Approach Lighting System with Runway Alignment Indicator Lights
MALS - Medium Intensity Approach Lighting System
ILS - Instrument Landing System
LOC - Localizer
NDB - Non-Directional Beacon
GPS - Global Positioning System
VOR - Very High Frequency Omnidirectional Range
DME - Distance Measuring Equipment
RNAV - Area Navigation
AWOS - Automated Weather Observation System
ATCT - Airport Traffic Control Tower
Source: Airport Facility Directory - South Central U.S. (July 2010); FAA Form 5010-1, Airport
Master Record

                                             1-19                                        DRAFT
Landside Facilities
North Texas Regional Airport

   Building           Hangar/
   Number/         Building Size
  Designation      (square feet)*          Occupant                  Services Provided
      110                  15,400    L-3 Communications      Air traffic control training academy
      111                  25,100    U.S. Aviation Group     Flight training
                                     Lake Texoma Jet Cen-
      201                  22,800    ter                     Aircraft paint shop
      202                   2,700    Private Entity          Aviation artistry
      205                   2,100    Electrical Vault        N/A
      301                   2,600    L-3 Communications      Airport Traffic Control Tower
                                                             General aviation services; Airport
      303                   3,300    Terminal Building       administration
      305                   4,800    Fire Station            Fire rescue and emergency
      401                  22,800    Avatar Investments      Private aircraft storage
      501                  22,500    Freedom Aviation        Hangar rental services
                                                             Air Force auxiliary search and res-
      502                   1,800    Civil Air Patrol        cue
                                     Wire Products (To Be
      504                  19,200    Demolished)             Wire-related products
                                     Wire Products (To Be
      507                   1,300    Demolished)             Wire-related products
      604                   7,800    RB Airframes            Unknown
      702                   2,900    HAZCO Fire Academy      Fire training academy
                                     Greater Texoma Utili-
      703                   6,600    ty Authority            Public utility services
      802                  10,900    Tatchio & Associates    Architecture and design services
      804                  20,600    Denison Industries      Aluminum casting and machining
                                     Juvenile Detention
      1201                  4,000    Center                  Youth corrections
      2101                  1,300    Vacant                  N/A
      2801                  1,300    Private Entity          Unknown
                                     Precision Machine
      2901                  1,300    Works                   Production and machine shop
      3701                  1,300    Boy Scout Troop 55      Pottsboro Boy Scout Troop
                                     North Texas Regional
      3801                  8,000    Airport                 Airport maintenance
                                     North Texas Regional
      3803                     420   Airport                 Airport storage
      3904                 20,000    Denison Industries      Aluminum casting and machining
      3908                 70,100    Denison Industries      Aluminum casting and machining
      4001                  9,300    Vacant                  N/A
      4004                  9,300    Vacant                  N/A

                                              1-20                                       DRAFT
TABLE 1F (Continued)
Landside Facilities
North Texas Regional Airport

   Building           Hangar/
   Number/         Building Size
  Designation      (square feet)*         Occupant                 Services Provided
      4005                  1,200    Private Entity         Unknown
      4006                  9,400    Tri-County SNAP        Elderly nutrition
      4007                  2,700    Private Entity         Unknown
      4009                  6,400    Vacant                 N/A
      5006                  1,300    Private Entity         Unknown
      5010                     960   Private Entity         Unknown
      5015                  2,600    Private Entity         Unknown
      5309                 32,000    City Industries        Unknown
      5409                  1,800    City Industries        Unknown
                                     Lake Texoma Jet Cen-   FBO fueling, maintenance, aircraft
      5506                 37,700    ter                    storage, etc.
                                     Knives of Alaska;
                                     Texoma Concrete;       Knife manufacturing; Concrete
      5507                 36,000    Custom Conversions     services; Interior upholstery
                                     MM Aircraft; Perrin    Hangar rental services; Warbird
      5509                 28,600    Warbirds               restoration
      5510                 20,000    Denison Industries     Aluminum casting and machining
      5511                 11,100    Denison Industries     Aluminum casting and machining
      5513                 51,000    Vacant                 N/A
      5527                  7,000    Knives of Alaska       Knife manufacturing
      5528                 28,500    Denison Industries     Aluminum casting and machining
                                     Lake Texoma Jet Cen-
      5530                     N/A   ter                    Fuel farm
     10003                 26,600    Grayson Aviation I     Engine maintenance/testing
                                     L-3 Unmanned Sys-
    Hangar #1               5,000    tem                    Unmanned aircraft systems
       1E                   4,200    Private Entity         Aircraft storage
       2E                   3,600    Private Entity         Aircraft storage
       3E                   2,200    Private Entity         Aircraft storage
       4E                   6,000    Private Entity         Aircraft storage
       5E                   3,600    Private Entity         Aircraft storage
       6E                   4,800    Ashford & Associates   Aviation insurance adjuster
       7E                   5,600    Private Entity         Aircraft storage
       8E                   5,000    Private Entity         Aircraft storage
                                     Air Texoma Interna-    Aircraft hangar development and
     Lot #1                 6,200    tional                 leasing
                                     Air Texoma Interna-    Aircraft hangar development and
     Lot #2                 9,400    tional                 leasing

                                              1-21                                    DRAFT
TABLE 1F (Continued)
Landside Facilities
North Texas Regional Airport

    Building             Hangar/
    Number/           Building Size
   Designation        (square feet)*           Occupant                   Services Provided
                                        Air Texoma Interna-       Aircraft hangar development and
      Lot #3                    6,200   tional                    leasing
   Doyle Hangar                 5,400   Private Entity            Aircraft storage
  Wolter Hangar                 3,600   Private Entity            Aircraft storage
                                        First American Avia-
   GYI Hangar                 11,200    tion                      Flight department
Four Winds Enter-
      prises                  10,000    Private Entity            Aircraft storage
                                        American Bank of
   Tradewinds                   9,200   Texas                     Flight department
Lake Texoma Han-                        Lake Texoma Jet Cen-
       gar                    15,400    ter                       Aircraft storage
T-Hangar - 100 Se-
       ries                   11,600    NT Aviation               Hangar rental
T-Hangar - 200 Se-
       ries                   11,300    NT Aviation               Hangar rental
T-Hangar - 300 Se-
       ries                   11,300    Whitmire Enterprises      Hangar rental
T-Hangar - 400 Se-
       ries                   11,600    NT Aviation               Hangar rental
 Engine Test Cell               2,500   Grayson Aviation I        Engine maintenance/testing
                                        Perrin Field Historical
     Museum                Unknown      Society                   Perrin Air Force Base memorabilia
    Restaurant                  1,400   Area 51                   Restaurant
                                        Juvenile Detention
    Boot Camp                 15,000    Center                    Youth corrections
                                        Juvenile Detention
 Detention Center             10,000    Center                    Youth corrections
  Sheriff's Office              7,600   Grayson County            Law enforcement

Total Existing Hangar Space (square feet)**                                    375,400
Total Conventional Hangars (square feet)                                       247,100
Total Executive Hangars (square feet)                                           82,500
Total T-Hangars/Port-a-Port Hangars (square feet)                               45,800
*Rounded to the nearest 100
**Does not include hangars or lots currently being constructed or planned for development
Source: Airport Records

                                               1-22                                         DRAFT
Terminal Building                                   hangars for individual aircraft sto-
                                                    rage. However, each Port-a-Port han-
The airport terminal building was                   gar can be disconnected and trans-
built in 1982 and totals approximately              ported to a different location.
3,300 square feet.        The structure
houses airport administration, a wait-              As previously discussed, Exhibit 1G
ing lobby, a pilots’ lounge area, a flight          depicts the hangar facilities at NTRA.
planning area, and restroom facilities.             These facilities are further detailed in
The terminal building is in a central               Table 1F. The bottom of Table 1F
location on the east side of the airport            also provides total hangar space at
adjacent to the main aircraft parking               NTRA broken down by hangar type.
apron.                                              It should be noted that there is ap-
                                                    proximately 448,000 square feet of ad-
                                                    ditional infrastructure development at
Aircraft Hangar Facilities                          the airport that is not considered as
                                                    hangar space. While these facilities
Hangar facilities at NTRA are com-                  are identified on the exhibit and listed
prised of conventional hangars, execu-              in the table, they are not included in
tive hangars, T-hangars, and Port-a-                the overall hangar space calculations.
Port hangars. Conventional hangars
provide a large open space, free from
roof support structures, and have the               General Aviation Services
capability to store several aircraft si-
multaneously.      Often, conventional              An array of general aviation services
hangars are owned or leased by an                   is available at NTRA. This includes
airport business such as an FBO.                    aircraft rental, flight training, aircraft
Conventional hangars are typically                  maintenance, aircraft avionics, air-
10,000 square feet or larger. Execu-                craft charter, aircraft fueling, aircraft
tive hangars provide the same type of               detailing, aircraft painting, hangar
aircraft storage as conventional han-               rental, pilot supplies, aviation mu-
gars in that the structure is free from             seum, a restaurant, and many other
roof supports, but are typically smaller            services.
than 10,000 square feet. These han-
gars are normally utilized by individ-              Lake Texoma Jet Center is currently
ual owners to store several aircraft or             the only FBO on the airfield that pro-
by smaller airport businesses. This                 vides aviation fueling services. There
type of hangar is becoming much more                are a full range of specialty aviation
popular at general aviation airports                businesses located throughout the air-
and often is included in a larger conti-            port that provide aviation services in-
guous facility that contains several                cluding those mentioned in the pre-
separate hangar areas.       T-hangars              vious paragraph. As previously dis-
provide for separate storage facilities             cussed, the GCRMA provides airport
within a larger hangar complex. Port-               management and operations oversight
a-Port hangars are similar to T-                    and land lease rental at the airport.
hangars, in that they are enclosed

                                             1-23                                     DRAFT
Table 1F further details the services            Automobile Parking
provided on the airport.
                                                 There are several automobile parking
                                                 lots available for vehicle use at NTRA.
Non-Aviation Services                            A designated parking area for auto-
                                                 mobiles adjacent to the east side of the
There are several non-aviation related           terminal building is accessible via
activities contained on airport proper-          Airport Drive. The paved parking lot
ty, mainly in areas that are not pro-            is dedicated for 24-hour parking and
vided aircraft access. On the east side          includes a total of 24 marked automo-
of the airport, several buildings are            bile parking spaces, with one being
utilized for private businesses that             designated for handicap parking.
specialize in industrial, commercial,            Other public parking areas on the air-
and manufacturing services. Law en-              port are located adjacent to aircraft
forcement and juvenile detention facil-          hangars, aviation-related businesses,
ities are located on the southeast side          and non-aviation related facilities. All
of the airport. Approximately 250                totaled, there are approximately 300
acres of property on the west side of            marked automobile parking spaces
the airport are leased to a private              and additional unmarked vehicle
farming entity.                                  parking areas.

Aircraft Parking Aprons                          Fuel Facilities

There are several designated aircraft            There is one fuel farm located on the
parking apron areas at NTRA totaling             airport that currently stores aviation
approximately 266,700 square yards.              fuel. Lake Texoma Jet Center owns
The primary apron area extends ap-               and operates the fuel farm which con-
proximately 4,500 feet along the east            sists of two aboveground fuel storage
side of the airport and contains                 tanks.    One 12,000-gallon capacity
marked tiedowns for smaller general              tank is dedicated for the storage of Jet
aviation aircraft as well as large air-          A fuel, and one 12,000-gallon capacity
craft parking. Farther north, there              tank is dedicated for 100LL. The fuel
are several marked aircraft parking              farm was installed in 2001 and is to-
spaces adjacent to Lake Texoma Jet               tally enclosed with six-foot chain link
Center. On the south side of the air-            fence    topped    with    three-strand
port, there are individual parking               barbed-wire to prevent inadvertent
spaces associated with the specialty             access and improved security.
operators that conduct aviation activi-
ties in this area. There are additional          Lake Texoma Jet Center provides full-
parking apron areas located through-             service fuel services to aircraft via fuel
out the airport in close proximity to            trucks. It has a fleet of two fuel deli-
conventional, executive, T-hangar, and           very trucks that consist of one Jet A
Port-a-Port hangars.                             fuel truck that stores 3,000 gallons of

                                          1-24                                     DRAFT
Jet A fuel and one 100LL fuel truck                adequate response times for fire and
that has a storage capacity of 750 gal-            rescue personnel to all areas on the
lons. It should be noted that a self-              airport.
service fuel system is in the process of
being installed at the airport. The
system will consist of a fuel dispenser            Security Fencing/Gates
that is connected to a fuel storage tank
and a credit card reader.                          The airport is enclosed with two types
                                                   of perimeter fencing. Chain link fenc-
                                                   ing runs along facilities on the east
Airport Rescue and Firefighting                    side of the airport. The chain link
                                                   fence varies in height and some por-
The NTRA Fire Department is located                tions contain three-stand barbed-wire.
on the east side of the airport directly           Barbed-wire fence is located in more
south of the terminal building. It is              remote areas around the airport; in
designed to provide emergency and                  particular, on the north, south, and
rescue services to the airport and sur-            west sides. The fencing does not al-
rounding area. The department con-                 ways follow the legal airport boundary
sists of six full-time personnel, with at          due to the layout of physical features
least two personnel present at the fa-             and infrastructure development.
cility 24 hours per day, seven days per
week. The department is also airport               There are currently eight functioning
rescue and firefighting (ARFF) certi-              controlled-access gates at the airport.
fied and operates a variety of equip-              Seven of these gates provide access to
ment that is capable of handling fire              the aircraft parking apron areas on
and rescue operations specific to air-             the east side of the airport. One addi-
craft emergencies.                                 tional controlled-access gate is located
                                                   adjacent to State Highway 289. This
The primary response ARFF vehicles                 gate provides access to the aviation-
include one fire engine and one crash              related facilities on the west side of
truck. The fire engine is a 1984 Ford              the airport. In addition to these, there
model capable of storing 40 gallons of             are several manual gates on airport
aqueous film forming foam (AFFF).                  property that are controlled by NTRA
The crash truck is a 1988 E1 model                 administration as well as private air-
capable of storing 3,000 gallons of wa-            port tenants.
ter and 400 gallons of AFFF. In addi-
tion, a 1999 Dodge brush truck be-
longs to the fire department.                      Utilities

The NTRA Fire Department has a di-                 The availability and capacity of the
rect communication line with airport               utilities serving the airport are factors
operations and ATCT personnel, al-                 in determining the development po-
lowing it to provide immediate emer-               tential of the airport, as well as the
gency services when needed. The cen-               land immediately adjacent to the facil-
tral location is desirable as it allows            ity. Utility availability is a critical

                                            1-25                                    DRAFT
element when considering future ex-                space structure that regulates and es-
pansion capabilities at the airport for            tablishes procedures for aircraft using
both airside and landside components.              the National Airspace System. The
Recently completed upgrades to air-                U.S. airspace structure provides for
port utilities include installing a water          categories of airspace, controlled and
and sewer line on the west side of the             uncontrolled, and identifies them as
airport. In turn, approximately 200                Classes A, B, C, D, E, and G as de-
acres of airport property have been                scribed below. Exhibit 1H generally
available for future development adja-             illustrates each airspace type in three-
cent to State Highway 289.                         dimensional form.

The airport is supplied electricity,                  Class A airspace is controlled air-
natural gas, water, and sanitary sew-                  space and includes all airspace
er. Electric service is provided by                    from 18,000 feet MSL to Flight
TXU Energy and Reliant Energy. At-                     Level 600 (approximately 60,000
mos Energy provides natural gas.                       feet MSL). This airspace is de-
Water and sanitary sewer services are                  signed in Federal Aviation Regula-
provided by the City of Denison.                       tion (F.A.R) Part 71.193, for posi-
                                                       tive control of aircraft. The Posi-
                                                       tive Control Area (PCA) allows
AREA AIRSPACE                                          flights governed only under in-
                                                       strument flight rules (IFR) opera-
The Federal Aviation Administration                    tions. The aircraft must have spe-
Act of 1958 established the FAA as the                 cial radio and navigational equip-
responsible agency for the control and                 ment, and the pilot must obtain
use of navigable airspace within the                   clearance from an air traffic control
United States. The FAA has estab-                      facility to enter Class A airspace.
lished the National Aerospace System                   In addition, the pilot must possess
(NAS) to protect persons and property                  an instrument rating.
on the ground and to establish a safe
environment for civil, commercial, and                Class B airspace is controlled air-
military aviation. The NAS is defined                  space surrounding high-activity
as the common network of U.S. air-                     commercial service airports (i.e.,
space, including air navigational facil-               Dallas/Fort Worth International
ities; airports and landing areas;                     Airport). Class B airspace is de-
aeronautical charts; associated rules,                 signed to regulate the flow of un-
regulations, and procedures; technical                 controlled traffic, above, around,
information; and personnel and ma-                     and below the arrival and depar-
terial.   System components shared                     ture airspace required for high per-
jointly with the military are also in-                 formance, passenger-carrying air-
cluded as part of this system.                         craft at major airports. In order to
                                                       fly within Class B airspace, an air-
To ensure a safe and efficient airspace                craft must be equipped with special
environment for all aspects of avia-                   radio and navigation equipment
tion, the FAA has established an air-                  and must obtain clearance from air

                                            1-26                                    DRAFT

                       FL 600

                       18,000 MSL

                       14,500 MSL                                                                  AGL - Above Ground Level
                                                                                                    FL - Flight Level in Hundreds of Feet
                                                                                                   MSL - Mean Sea Level
                                                                                                               NOT TO SCALE

                                                           40 n.m.

                                                           30 n.m.                              20 n.m.

                                                           20 n.m.
                       Nontowered                                           1,200 AGL                                                  Nontowered
                         Airport         700 AGL                                                10 n.m.                      10 n.m.     Airport
                                                           12 n.m.

                     CLASSIFICATION                                             DEFINITION
                                CLASS A          Generally airspace above 18,000 feet MSL up to and including FL 600.

                                CLASS B          Generally multi-layered airspace from the surface up to 10,000 feet MSL surrounding the
                                                 nation's busiest airports.

                                CLASS C          Generally airspace from the surface to 4,000 feet AGL surrounding towered airports with
                                                 service by radar approach control.

                                CLASS D          Generally airspace from the surface to 2,500 feet AGL surrounding towered airports.

                                CLASS E          Generally controlled airspace that is not Class A, Class B, Class C, or Class D.

                                CLASS G          Generally uncontrolled airspace that is not Class A, Class B, Class C, Class D, or Class E.

                     Source: "Airspace Reclassification and Charting Changes for VFR Products," National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration,
                             National Ocean Service. Chart adapted by Coffman Associates from AOPA Pilot, January 1993.
                                                                                                                                         North Texas
                                                                                                                                         Regional Airport
                                                                                                                                    Exhibit 1H
                                                                                                                     AIRSPACE CLASSIFICATION
    traffic control. A pilot is required              from the surface up to a designated
    to have at least a private pilot’s                vertical limit, typically set at ap-
    certificate or be a student pilot who             proximately 2,500 feet above the
    has met the requirements of F.A.R.                airport elevation. If an airport has
    Part 61.95, which requires special                an instrument approach or depar-
    ground and flight training for the                ture, the Class D airspace some-
    Class B airspace. Aircraft are also               times extends along the approach
    required to utilize a Mode C trans-               or departure path.
    ponder within a 30-nautical mile
    (nm) range of the center of the                All aircraft operating within Classes
    Class B airspace. A Mode C trans-              A, B, C, and D airspace must be in
    ponder allows the ATCT to track                constant contact with the air traffic
    the location and altitude of the air-          control facility responsible for that
    craft.                                         particular airspace sector.

   Class C airspace is controlled air-             Class E airspace is controlled air-
    space surrounding lower-activity                 space surrounding an airport that
    commercial service (i.e., Austin-                encompasses all instrument ap-
    Bergstrom International Airport)                 proach procedures and low-altitude
    and some military airports. The                  federal airways. Only aircraft con-
    FAA has established Class C air-                 ducting instrument flights are re-
    space at 120 airports around the                 quired to be in contact with the ap-
    country, as a means of regulating                propriate air traffic control facility
    air traffic in these areas. Class C              when operating in Class E airspace.
    airspace is designed to regulate the             While aircraft conducting visual
    flow of uncontrolled traffic above,              flights in Class E airspace are not
    around, and below the arrival and                required to be in radio contact with
    departure airspace required for                  air traffic control facilities, visual
    high-performance,         passenger-             flight can only be conducted if min-
    carrying aircraft at major airports.             imum visibility and cloud ceilings
    To operate inside Class C airspace,              exist.
    the aircraft must be equipped with
    a two-way radio and an encoding                 Class G airspace is uncontrolled
    transponder, and the pilot must                  airspace typically in overtop rural
    have established communication                   areas that does not require commu-
    with ATC.                                        nication with an air traffic control
   Class D airspace is controlled air-
    space surrounding most airports                Airspace within the vicinity of NTRA
    with an operating ATCT and not                 is depicted on Exhibit 1J. When the
    classified under B or C airspace de-           ATCT is open, the airport is located
    signations. The Class D airspace               under Class D airspace. Class D air-
    typically constitutes a cylinder               space extends to a five nm radius
    with a horizontal radius of four or            around the airport with an elevation
    five nm from the airport, extending            beginning at the surface up to 3,300

                                            1-27                                   DRAFT

                              Ardmore                                                               Tishomingo


                                                                                                             Tishomingo National



                                                                                                             Wildlife Refuge

                                                                                                                                                                          V 15

                                                                                   Lake Texoma
                                                                             V                                       Texoma
                                                                                  57                       146                      Eaker
                          Falconhead                                                 3                              VOR-DME

                                          McGehee Catfish
                                                                    Cedar Mills          Dension
                                                                           3                NDB
                                                               46        V6
                          Gainesville                     VR
                                                      1   14
                                                                          North Texas
                                                      V 114           Regional Airport
                                                                      Flying H
                                                                         Sudden Stop                                                                                                  V 16

                                                                                              Bishops Landing                                                                        4
                      Flying C
                                                                                                                                                      V 15
                                                                                                                                                      V 15
                                                                          Aero Country
                                        Denton                               110
                      110                                                     40                   Collin Co.                             Source: Dallas Fort Worth Sectional Charts,
                      50                                                                                                                  US Department of Commerce, National
                                                 110                                 Kittyhawk                                            Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                              Propwash           30               Lakeview                                                                05/07/09

                                   Airports with hard-surfaced runways                                       Non-Directional Radio Beacon (NDB)
                                   1,500’ to 8,069’ in length
                                                                                                             Class D Airspace
                                   Airports with hard-surfaced runways
                                   greater than 8,069' or some multiple                                      Class E Airspace
                                   runways less than 8,069'
                                                                                                             Class E Airspace with floor
                                   Other than hard surfaced runways                                          700’ above surface

                                   VORTAC                                                                    Victor Airways

                                   VOR-DME                                                                   Military Training Routes
                                                                                                                                                                       NOT TO SCALE

                                   Class B Airspace                                                          Military Operations Area
                                   Mode C Veil                                                               Compas Rose
                                                                                                             Wilderness Area                                  North Texas
                                                                                                                                                              Regional Airport
                                                                                                                                                                       Exhibit 1J
                                                                                                                                                             VICINITY AIRSPACE
feet MSL. Directly to the southeast of            Military Operations Areas
the airport is Class E airspace asso-
ciated with Sherman Municipal Air-                A military operations area (MOA) is
port. When the tower at NTRA is                   an area of airspace designated for mil-
closed, the airport operates in Class G           itary training use. This is not re-
airspace.                                         stricted airspace; however, pilots who
                                                  use the airspace should be on alert for
                                                  the possibility of military traffic. A
SPECIAL USE AIRSPACE                              pilot may need to be aware that mili-
                                                  tary aircraft can be found in high con-
Special use airspace is defined as air-           centrations, conducting aerobatic ma-
space where activities must be con-               neuvers, and possibly operating at
fined because of their nature and                 high speeds at lower elevations. The
where limitations are imposed on air-             activity status of an MOA is adver-
craft not taking part in those activi-            tised by a Notice to Airmen (NOTAM)
ties. These areas are depicted on Ex-             and noted on sectional charts. The
hibit 1J.                                         nearest MOA is located approximately
                                                  35 nautical miles northeast of NTRA.

Victor Airways
                                                  Military Training Routes
Victor Airways are designated naviga-
tional routes extending between VOR               A military training route (MTR) is a
facilities. Victor Airways have a floor           long, low-altitude corridor that serves
of 1,200 feet above ground level (AGL)            as a flight path for military aircraft.
and extend upward to an altitude of               The corridor is often ten nautical
18,000 feet MSL. Victor Airways are               miles wide, 70 to 100 miles long, and
eight nautical miles wide.                        may range from 500 feet to 1,500 feet
                                                  AGL; occasionally, they are higher.
As previously discussed, there are a              There are two MTRs located north-
number of VOR facilities within the               west of the airport. General aviation
airport region. V114, the closest Vic-            pilots should be aware of the locations
tor Airway, is located approximately              of the MTRs and exercise special cau-
five nautical miles south of the air-             tion if they need to cross them.
port.     V573 runs in a north-
west/southeast manner approximately
six nautical miles northeast of the air-          Wilderness Areas
port. Finally, V63 is located approx-
imately seven nautical miles north-               Wilderness areas exist north of NTRA.
west of the airport.                              Aircraft are requested to maintain a

                                           1-28                                  DRAFT
minimum altitude of 2,000 feet above              The localizer antenna for Runway 17L
the surface of designated wilderness              is located approximately 1,100 feet
areas. FAA Advisory Circular (AC)                 south of the approach end of Runway
91-36C defines the “surface” as the               35R. The antenna emits very high
highest terrain within 2,000 feet lat-            frequency (VHF) signals that provide
erally of the route of flight or the up-          the pilot with course deviation left or
permost rim of a canyon or valley.                right of the runway centerline and the
                                                  degree of deviation. The ultra high
                                                  frequency (UHF) glideslope antenna is
INSTRUMENT APPROACH                               located approximately 1,300 feet
PROCEDURES                                        southeast of the approach end of Run-
                                                  way 17L and provides a signal indicat-
Instrument approach procedures are a              ing whether the aircraft is above or
series of predetermined maneuvers                 below the desired glide path. The ILS
established by the FAA which utilize              equipment is owned and maintained
electronic navigational aids (such as             by the FAA.
those discussed in the previous sec-
tion) to assist pilots in locating and            The ILS approach to Runway 17L pro-
landing at an airport during low visi-            vides the lowest minimums available
bility and cloud ceiling conditions.              at the airport. The ILS can allow for
The capability of an instrument ap-               landings when the cloud ceilings are
proach is defined by the visibility and           as low as 200 feet AGL and the visibil-
cloud ceiling minimums associated                 ity is restricted to 1/2-mile. This pre-
with the approach. Visibility mini-               cision approach provides enhanced
mums define the horizontal distance               safety for users of the airport during
that the pilot must be able to see to             poor weather.
complete the approach. Cloud ceilings
define the lowest level a cloud layer             Runway 17L is also served by an NDB
(defined in feet above the ground) can            or GPS approach. The lowest visibili-
be situated for a pilot to complete the           ty minimums provided by this ap-
approach. If the observed visibility or           proach is 3/4-mile with cloud ceiling
cloud ceilings are below the minimums             minimums of 559 feet AGL.               A
prescribed for the approach, the pilot            straight-in instrument approach pro-
cannot complete the instrument ap-                cedure is also published for aircraft
proach.                                           wanting to land to the north at the
                                                  airport. Runway 35R is served by an
There are four approved instrument                area navigation (RNAV) VOR/DME
approach procedures for NTRA. Run-                approach. This approach allows for
way 17L is served by an instrument                cloud ceilings down to 711 feet AGL
landing system (ILS) or localizer                 with visibility restricted to 3/4-mile.
(LOC) approach, which provides both
course guidance and vertical descent              A circling approach allows pilots to
information to pilots. The ILS system             land on any active runway at the air-
consists of a localizer and glideslope            port. While providing flexibility for
antenna.                                          the pilot to land on the runway most

                                           1-29                                    DRAFT
    closely aligned with the prevailing                                    ment approach procedures also pro-
    wind at that time, a circling approach                                 vide circling minimums. Table 1G
    will have higher visibility and cloud                                  summarizes the approach capabilities
    ceiling minimums than other straight-                                  at NTRA. The minimums presented
    in instrument approaches.            A                                 only apply when the local altimeter
    VOR/DME-A approach serves NTRA                                         setting at NTRA is received. Higher
    and is considered a circling approach                                  approach minimums apply when only
    only. It should be noted that the pre-                                 the Dallas-Love Field Airport altime-
    viously mentioned straight-in instru-                                  ter setting is available.

Instrument Approach Data
North Texas Regional Airport
                                                           Weather Minimums by Aircraft Type
                         Category A                      Category B                      Category C                     Category D
                      Cloud                           Cloud                           Cloud                          Cloud
                    Height (feet Visibility         Height (feet Visibility          Height     Visibility          Height     Visibility
                       AGL)       (miles)              AGL)       (miles)          (feet AGL)    (miles)          (feet AGL)    (miles)
ILS or LOC Runway 17L
Straight ILS       200                    0.5            200             0.5           200            0.5             200         0.5
Straight LOC       499                    0.5            499             0.5           499            0.75            499          1
Circling           531                     1             531              1            531            1.5             651          2
NDB or GPS Runway 17L
Straight                  559            0.75            559            0.75           559              1             559         1.5
Circling                  551              1             551             1             551             1.5            651          2
Straight                  711            0.75            711            0.75           711              2             711         2.25
Circling                  711              1             711             1             711              2             711         2.25
Circling                  631             1             631             1.25            631           1.75             651         2
Aircraft categories are established based on 1.3 times the aircraft's stall speed in landing configuration as follows:
Category A: 0-90 knots
Category B: 91-120 knots
Category C: 121-140 knots
Category D: 141-166 knots
AGL - Above Ground Level
ILS - Instrument Landing System
LOC - Localizer
RNAV – Area Navigation
GPS - Global Positioning System
VOR – Very High Frequency Omnidirectional Range
DME – Distance Measuring Equipment
NDB – Non-Directional Radio Beacon

Source: U.S. Terminal Procedures SC-2 (July 2010)

    AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL                                                    responsibility for the ATCT and its
                                                                           operations when it opened in 2008.
    The airport has an operational ATCT                                    The tower operates from 7:00 a.m. to
    as previously discussed. It is located                                 7:00 p.m. daily. Tower personnel pro-
    approximately 2,000 feet east of pri-                                  vide an array of control services, in-
    mary Runway 17L-35R and is in a                                        cluding ground control (124.125 MHz)
    central location overlooking the air-                                  and ATIS information (118.775 MHz).
    field. L-3 Communications assumed                                      When the tower is closed, pilots oper-
                                                                  1-30                                                       DRAFT
ating in the vicinity of the airport can            VICINITY PUBLIC
announce their intentions on the                    USE AIRPORTS
CTAF, which is the same frequency as
the tower (120.575 MHz).
                                                    A review of public use airport facilities
                                                    with at least one paved runway within
The ATCT located at the airport con-
                                                    a 30-nautical mile radius of NTRA
trols air traffic within the Class D air-
                                                    was conducted to identify and distin-
space that surrounds NTRA. Aircraft
                                                    guish the types of air service provided
arriving and departing the airport are
                                                    in the region. There are a number of
controlled by Fort Worth Center ap-
                                                    airports of various sizes, capacities,
proach and departure control.
                                                    and functions within the vicinity of
                                                    NTRA. It is important to consider the
                                                    capabilities and limitations of these
                                                    airports when planning for future
                                                    changes or improvements at NTRA.
                                                    Airports within 30 nautical miles of
NTRA is situated at 749 feet MSL.
                                                    each other can have some influence on
The traffic pattern at the airport is
                                                    the activity of the other airport. Ex-
maintained to provide the safest and
                                                    hibit 1K provides information on pub-
most efficient use of the airspace sur-
                                                    lic use airports within the vicinity of
rounding the airport. A standard left-
                                                    NTRA.      Information pertaining to
hand traffic pattern is published for
                                                    each airport was obtained from FAA
all runway ends at the airport. Dis-
                                                    Form 5010-1, Airport Master Record.
cussions with ATCT personnel reveal
that aircraft may utilize a left or right-
                                                    From this analysis of public use air-
hand traffic pattern depending on the
                                                    ports in the region, it is evident that
direction from which they are entering
                                                    there are several facilities serving the
the airport. Weather conditions war-
                                                    needs of general aviation; however,
rant the use of a southerly aircraft
                                                    NTRA is positioned well due to the ar-
flow approximately 70 percent of the
                                                    ray of services and facilities it has to
time. According to ATCT personnel,
                                                    offer. Collin County Regional Airport
approximately 95 percent of all air-
                                                    in McKinney, although located more
craft operations utilize primary Run-
                                                    than 30 nautical miles from NTRA,
way 17L-35R, with the remaining five
                                                    also provides a vast array of aviation
percent operating on crosswind Run-
                                                    services with substantial facility de-
way 13-31.
                                                    velopment. Each of these airports has
                                                    unique qualities that may serve a spe-
The traffic pattern for turbine aircraft
                                                    cific segment of general aviation.
is at 2,100 feet MSL. The traffic pat-
                                                    These factors must be considered care-
tern altitude for all other aircraft is
                                                    fully in determining the service area
1,600 feet MSL. There are no noise
                                                    for NTRA. The next chapter will go
abatement procedures regulating air-
                                                    into more detail in analyzing these
craft that operate in and out of NTRA.
                                                    airports and the impacts they have on
                                                    the overall operations at NTRA.

                                             1-31                                    DRAFT

                                Sherman Municipal Airport (SWI)                                                  Lake Texoma State Park Airport (F31)                                               Eaker Field Airport (DUA)                                                       Jones Field Airport (F00)

                          Airport Sponsor:                                                                  Airport Sponsor:                                                           Airport Sponsor:                                                              Airport Sponsor:
                           City of Sherman                                                                  Corp of Engineers                                                            City of Durant                                                                City of Bonham
                        Distance from NTRA:                                                               Distance from NTRA:                                                        Distance from NTRA:                                                           Distance from NTRA:
                           7 nm Southeast                                                                     17 nm North                                                               20 nm Northeast                                                               25 nm Southeast
                        Airport Classification:                                                           Airport Classification:                                                    Airport Classification:                                                       Airport Classification:
                           General Aviation                                                                  General Aviation                                                           General Aviation                                                              General Aviation
                       Primary Runway: 16-34                                                             Primary Runway: 18-36                                                      Primary Runway: 17-35                                                         Primary Runway: 17-35
                            Length: 4,006’                                                                    Length: 3,000’                                                             Length: 5,001’                                                                 Length: 4,000’
                              Width: 75’                                                                        Width: 50’                                                                 Width: 100’                                                                    Width: 75’

                                  Surface Type / Condition: Asphalt / Good                                            Surface Type / Condition: Asphalt / Poor                                    Surface Type / Condition: Asphalt / Good                                    Surface Type / Condition: Asphalt / Good
                                      Strength Rating: 19,000 lbs. SWL                                                    Strength Rating: 4,000 lbs. SWL                                    Strength Rating: 35,000 lbs. SWL; 50,000 lbs. DWL                                     Strength Rating: 12,000 lbs. SWL
                                           Marking: Nonprecision                                                                  Marking: Basic                                                           Marking: Nonprecision                                                        Marking: Nonprecision
                                           Runway Lighting: MIRL                                                              Runway Lighting: MIRL                                                        Runway Lighting: MIRL                                                       Runway Lighting: MIRL
                                            Visual Navaids: None                                                               Visual Navaids: None                                            Visual Navaids: PAPI-4 (17 & 35); REILs (17 & 35)                                   Visual Navaids: PAPI-2 (17 & 35)
                                              Based Aircraft: 19                                                               Based Aircraft: None                                                          Based Aircraft: 56                                                           Based Aircraft: 25
                                   Estimated Annual Operations: 13,870                                                  Estimated Annual Operations: 500                                           Estimated Annual Operations: 50,000                                           Estimated Annual Operations: 5,700
                        Services Provided: Aircraft fuel (100LL); Aircraft maintenance;                                    Services Provided: Tiedowns                                        Services Provided: Aircraft fuel (100LL and Jet A);                     Services Provided: Aircraft fuel (100LL); Hangars; Tiedowns
                                      Hangars; Tiedowns; Pilot supplies                                                                                                                  Aircraft maintenance; Hangars; Tiedowns; Pilot supplies

                     Instrument Approaches                      Weather Minimums*                       Instrument Approaches                    Weather Minimums*                 Instrument Approaches                   Weather Minimums*                     Instrument Approaches                   Weather Minimums*
                     Type                            Cloud Height                          Visibility   Type                             Cloud Height                 Visibility   Type                             Cloud Height                 Visibility      Type                            Cloud Height                  Visibility
                     VOR/DME-A (Category)         835 (A/B); 855 (C/D) 1(A); 1.25(B); 2.5(C); 2.75(D)   None                                  --                              --   RNAV GPS Rwy 17 (Category)       250 (A/B/C)              0.75 (A/B/C)        RNAV GPS Rwy 17 (Category)        562 (A/B)                    1 (A/B)
                                                                                                                                                                                   RNAV GPS Rwy 35 (Category)       250 (A/B/C)                 1 (A/B/C)        RNAV GPS Rwy 35 (Category)        722 (A/B)                    1 (A/B)
                                                                                                                                                                                   VOR/DME Rwy 17 (Category)        682 (A/B/C)             1 (A/B); 2 (C)       VOR/DME Rwy 17 (Category)         582 (A/B)                    1 (A/B)
                                                                                                                                                                                   VOR/DME Rwy 35 (Category)        365 (A/B/C)                 1 (A/B/C)

                               Gainesville Municipal Airport (GLE)                                                   Madill Municipal Airport (1F4)                                                Tishomingo Airpark (0F9)
                          Airport Sponsor:                                                                  Airport Sponsor:                                                           Airport Sponsor:                                                                   MIRL - Medium Intensity Runway Lighting
                          City of Gainesville                                                                 City of Madill                                                          City of Tishomingo                                                                  RNAV - Area Navigation
                        Distance from NTRA:                                                               Distance from NTRA:                                                        Distance from NTRA:                                                                  GPS - Global Positioning System
                             26 nm West                                                                     27 nm Northwest                                                             29 nm Northeast                                                                   VOR - Very High Frequency Omnidirectional Range
                        Airport Classification:                                                           Airport Classification:                                                    Airport Classification:                                                              DME - Distance Measuring Equipment
                           General Aviation                                                                  General Aviation                                                           General Aviation                                                                  SWL - Single Wheel Loading
                       Primary Runway: 17-35                                                             Primary Runway: 18-36                                                      Primary Runway: 17-35                                                                 DWL - Dual Wheel Loading
                            Length: 6,001’                                                                    Length: 3,005’                                                             Length: 3,100’                                                                   PAPI - Precision Approach Path Indicator
                              Width: 100’                                                                       Width: 50’                                                                 Width: 50’                                                                     REILs - Runway End Identification Lights
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          AGL - Above Ground Level
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          * - Denotes lowest approved cloud heights in feet AGL
                                   Surface Type / Condition: Asphalt / Good                                          Surface Type / Condition: Asphalt / Good                                    Surface Type / Condition: Asphalt / Poor                                     and visibility minimums in miles
                                        Strength Rating: 15,000 lbs. SWL                                                  Strength Rating: 8,000 lbs. SWL                                           Strength Rating: 12,000 lbs. SWL
                                             Marking: Nonprecision                                                            Marking: Nonprecision                                                          Marking: Basic
                                            Runway Lighting: MIRL                                                             Runway Lighting: MIRL                                                      Runway Lighting: MIRL
                                Visual Navaids: PAPI-2 (17 & 35); REILs (17 & 35)                                 Visual Navaids: PAPI-2 (18 & 36); REILs (18 & 36)                                 Visual Navaids: MIRL (inoperative)
                                               Based Aircraft: 64                                                                Based Aircraft: 4                                                          Based Aircraft: 1
                                    Estimated Annual Operations: 18,000                                                Estimated Annual Operations: 4,000                                           Estimated Annual Operations: 50
                     Services Provided: Aircraft fuel (100LL & Jet A); Aircraft maintenance;                          Services Provided: Hangars; Tiedowns                                              Services Provided: None
                              Aircraft avionics; Hangars; Tiedowns; Pilot supplies

                     Instrument Approaches                     Weather Minimums*                        Instrument Approaches                    Weather Minimums*                 Instrument Approaches                    Weather Minimums*
                     Type                              Cloud Height                     Visibility      Type                             Cloud Height                 Visibility   Type                             Cloud Height                    Visibility
                     RNAV GPS Rwy 17 (Category)        349 (A/B/C/D)             1.25 (A/B/C/D)         RNAV GPS Rwy 18 (Category)         370 (A/B)                   1 (A/B)     None                                  --                                 --
                     NDB Rwy 17 (Category)             495 (A/B/C/D)    1(A/B); 1.25 (C); 1.5 (D)       VOR/DME-A (Category)               530 (A/B)                   1 (A/B)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   (All Pictures)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  North Texas
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Regional Airport
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Exhibit 1K
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               VICINITY AIRPORTS
SOCIOECONOMIC                                     section. Future socioeconomic projec-
CHARACTERISTICS                                   tions will be outlined in Chapter Two.

Socioeconomic characteristics are col-
lected and examined to derive an un-              POPULATION
derstanding of the dynamics of growth
within the study area. This informa-              Population is one of the most impor-
tion is essential in determining avia-            tant socioeconomic factors to consider
tion demand level requirements, as                when planning for future needs of an
most general aviation demand can be               airport. Trends in population provide
directly related to the socioeconomic             an indication of the potential of the
condition of the area. Statistical anal-          region to sustain growth in aviation
ysis of population, employment, and               activity. Historical population data
income trends can define the economic             for the cities of Denison, Sherman,
strength of the region and the ability            Pottsboro, and Grayson County is de-
of the region to sustain a strong eco-            picted in Table 1H. Additional histor-
nomic base over an extended period of             ical population data for Grayson
time. It should be noted that only his-           County is presented on Exhibit 1L.
torical figures are presented in this

Historical Population Statistics
                      1990       2000         2005         2010          Growth Rate
City of Denison         21,505     22,778       23,648      24,183*         0.62%
City of Sherman         31,601     35,190       36,790      38,410*         1.03%
City of Pottsboro        1,177      1,683        1,992       2,136*         3.19%
Grayson County          95,120    110,990      115,580     120,660          1.20%
*Actual 2009 population
Source: U.S. Census Bureau and Woods & Poole Economics, Complete Economic Demo-
graphic Data Source (CEDDS 2010)

As shown in the table, the cities of              ty population. All three entities are
Denison, Sherman, and Pottsboro                   located within ten miles of NTRA.
have all experienced positive growth
in population since 1990. When com-
pared to Grayson County, only the                 EMPLOYMENT
City of Pottsboro’s average annual
growth rate (AAGR) is higher. When                Analysis of a region’s employment
combined, the population of the cities            base can be valuable in determining
of Denison, Sherman, and Pottsboro                the overall well-being of that commu-
account for over half of the total coun-          nity. In most cases, the area’s makeup

                                           1-32                                  DRAFT

                                                        PERSONS EMPLOYED (in thousands)          EMPLOYMENT






                                                                                                   1970              1975           1980       1985                              1990          1995     2000            2005             2010
                                                                                     STATE and LOCAL GOVERNMENT EMPLOYMENT                     ADMINISTRATIVE and WASTE SERVICES EMPLOYMENT                     WHOLESALE TRADE EMPLOYMENT
                                                                                     FEDERAL MILITARY EMPLOYMENT                               MANAGEMENT of COMPANIES and ENTERPRISES                          MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT
                                                                                     FEDERAL CIVILIAN GOVERNMENT EMPLOYMENT                    PROFESSIONAL and TECHNICAL SERVICES EMPLOYMENT                   CONSTRUCTION EMPLOYMENT
                                                                                     OTHER SERVICES, EXCEPT PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION EMPLOYMENT   REAL ESTATE and RENTAL and LEASE EMPLOYMENT                      UTILITIES EMPLOYMENT
                                                                                     ACCOMMODATION and FOOD SERVICES EMPLOYMENT                FINANCE and INSURANCE EMPLOYMENT                                 MINING EMPLOYMENT
                                                                                     ARTS, ENTERTAINMENT, and RECREATION EMPLOYMENT            INFORMATION EMPLOYMENT                                           FORESTRY, FISHING, and OTHER EMPLOYMENT
                                                                                     HEALTH CARE and SOCIAL ASSISTANCE EMPLOYMENT              TRANSPORTATION and WAREHOUSING EMPLOYMENT                        FARM EMPLOYMENT
                                                                                     EDUCATIONAL SERVICES EMPLOYMENT                           RETAIL TRADE EMPLOYMENT

                       POPULATION                                                                                                                       INCOME
                                                                                    Persons per Household                                                                             Mean Household Income per Capita (in 2004 dollars)
                                                                                    Number of Households (in thousands)                                                               Total Personal Income per Capita (in 2004 dollars)
                                                                                    Total Population (in thousands)
                                                             1970                                     2.88

                                                             1975                                                                                                                65
                                                                                                                                                         INCOME (in thousands)


                                                             1980                                     2.56
                                                             1985                                     2.54                                                                       45

                                                             1990                                     2.50                                                                       35
                                                             1995                                     2.51
                                                             2000                                     2.51
                                                             2005                                     2.48

                                                             2010                                                                                                                5
                                                                                           0      0
                                                                                                 30           60
                                                                                                              6       90      120      150                                        1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
                                                                                                             Total Retail Sales per Household (in 2004 dollars)
                       RETAIL SALES (in 2004 dollars)


                                                                                          1970    1975             1980     1985       1990    1995                       2000          2005     2010                         North Texas
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Regional Airport
                     Source: Woods & Poole Economics, Complete Economic Demographic Data Source (CEDDS 2010)                                                                                                               Exhibit 1L
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   GRAYSON COUNTY
                                                                                                                                                                                                             SOCIOECONOMIC FACTORS
and health is significantly impacted by           represents an AAGR of 0.99 percent.
the availability of jobs, variety of em-          The cities of Denison and Sherman are
ployment opportunities, and types of              the center of commerce for the area.
wages provided by local employers.                The entities with the highest number
Exhibit 1L presents employment da-                of employees in the area are presented
ta for Grayson County.                            in Table 1J. Understanding the types
                                                  of employment opportunities will aid
Total employment for Grayson County               in identifying demand for aviation
grew by approximately 10,800 jobs be-             services.
tween 1990 and 2010. This increase

Major Employers
Grayson County
                                                                           Number of
              Employer                              Product                Employees
Tyson Fresh Meats                              Case Ready Meats              1,200
Texoma Health Care System                       Health Services              1,163
Wilson N. Jones Hospital                        Health Services              1,000
Sherman Independent School District         Education - Public Schools        940
Connect General, A CIGNA Co.               Insurance Claim Processing         850
Texas Instruments                               Semi-Conductors               750
Ruiz Foods                                       Frozen Foods                 700
Denison Independent School District         Education - Public Schools        605
City of Sherman                                   Government                  450
Grayson County                                    Government                  450
Cooper B-Line                                   Metal Enclosures              350
City of Denison                                   Government                  346
Source: Denison Development Alliance and Sherman Economic Development Corporation

PER CAPITA                                        ENVIRONMENTAL
PERSONAL INCOME                                   INVENTORY
Exhibit 1L presents the historical in-            A review of the potential environmen-
come data for Grayson County. Per                 tal impacts associated with proposed
capita personal income (PCPI) is de-              airport projects is an essential consid-
termined by dividing total income by              eration in the Airport Master Plan
population. As presented in the exhi-             process. The intent of this inventory
bit, PCPI for the county has increased            is to identify potential environmental
since 1970. The exhibit also presents             sensitivities or resources that might
mean household total personal income              affect future improvements at the air-
and total retail sales per household.             port. The information contained in
                                                  this section was obtained from inter-

                                           1-33                                   DRAFT
net resources, agency maps, and exist-                  Resources That Weren’t Invento-
ing literature.                                          ried
                                                         o Construction Impacts
Research was done for each of the 23                     o Energy Supply and Natural Re-
environmental impact categories de-                         sources
scribed within the FAA’s Environmen-                     o Light Emissions and Visual Im-
tal Desk Reference for Airport Actions.                     pacts
It was determined that the following                     o Noise
resources are not present within the                     o Social Impacts
airport environs or cannot be invento-                   o Solid Waste
ried:                                                    o Cumulative Impacts

   Resources Not Present                            The following sections provide a dis-
    o Coastal Resources (Coastal Bar-                cussion of the remaining resource cat-
       riers and Coastal Zones) – the                egories.
       airport is inland and not subject
       to any coastal restrictions.
    o Department of Transportation                   AIR QUALITY
       Act: Section 4(f) - no publicly
       owned land from a public park,                The U.S. Environmental Protection
       recreational area, or wildlife                Agency (EPA) has adopted air quality
       and waterfowl refuge of nation-               standards that specify the maximum
       al, state, or local significance; or          permissible short-term and long-term
       any land from a historic site of              concentrations of various air contami-
       national, state, or local signific-           nants.    The National Ambient Air
       ance is present within the air-               Quality Standards (NAAQS) consist of
       port environs. The closest po-                primary and secondary standards for
       tential Section 4(f) resources to             six criteria pollutants which include:
       the airport site are city parks               Ozone (O3), Carbon Monoxide (CO),
       located in the cities of Denison              Sulfur Dioxide (SO2), Nitrogen Oxide
       and Sherman east of the airport               (NO), Particulate matter (PM10 and
       and the Hagerman National                     PM2.5), and Lead (Pb). Various levels
       Wildlife Refuge located west of               of review apply within both National
       the airport.                                  Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and
    o Wild and Scenic Rivers – no                    permitting requirements. Potentially
       wild or scenic rivers are located             significant air quality impacts, asso-
       in proximity to the airport. The              ciated with an FAA project or action,
       closest Wild and Scenic River in              would be demonstrated by the project
       the state of Texas is a portion of            or action exceeding one or more of the
       the Rio Grande within Big Bend                NAAQS for any of the time periods
       National Park, located approx-                analyzed.
       imately 500 miles southwest of
       the airport.

                                              1-34                                  DRAFT
According to the Environmental Pro-                FARMLAND
tection Agency’s (EPA) Greenbook,
Grayson County is classified as an at-             Under the Farmland Protection Policy
tainment area for all criteria pollu-              Act (FPPA), federal agencies are di-
tants.                                             rected to identify and take into ac-
                                                   count the adverse effects of federal
                                                   programs on the preservation of farm-
COMPATIBLE LAND USE                                land, to consider appropriate alterna-
                                                   tive actions which could lessen ad-
As previously discussed, land uses                 verse effects, and to assure that such
surrounding NTRA consist primarily                 federal programs are, to the extent
of undeveloped cropland and pasture                practicable, compatible with state or
land to the north, west, and south-                local government programs and poli-
west. Development to the east of the               cies to protect farmland. The FPPA
airfield includes industrial and com-              guidelines developed by the U.S. De-
mercial facilities located within the              partment of Agriculture (USDA) apply
site previously occupied by Perrin Air             to farmland classified as prime or
Force Base. Additionally, within this              unique, or of state or local importance
area are Grayson County Sheriff offic-             as determined by the appropriate gov-
es and a juvenile detention center. Di-            ernment agency, with concurrence by
rectly to the east of the airport is the           the Secretary of Agriculture.
Grayson County College Golf Course.
Residential development within the                 Information obtained from the Natu-
airport vicinity primarily consists of             ral Resource Conservation Service’s
large lot or rural residential properties          (NRCS) Web Soil Survey indicates
scattered throughout the area. Addi-               that soils indicative of important
tional information regarding local land            farmlands are not present within the
use plans can be found starting on                 vicinity of the airport. Additionally,
Page 1-3 of this chapter.                          the survey indicates the airport is
                                                   classified as urban land, which is gen-
Compatible land use also addresses                 erally exempt from the FPPA.
nearby features that could pose a
threat to safe aircraft operations by
attracting wildlife (e.g., landfills and           FISH, WILDLIFE, AND PLANTS
ponds). The closest landfills to the
airport are located approximately 11               A number of regulations have been es-
miles southeast of the airport (Hillside           tablished to ensure that projects do
Sanitary Landfill) and approximately               not negatively impact protected
11 miles southwest of the airport                  plants, animals, or their designated
(Texoma Area Solid Waste). Addition-               habitat. Section 7 of the Endangered
ally, the Meyer Branch stream, two                 Species Act (ESA), as amended, ap-
unnamed streams (one north of the                  plies to federal agency actions and sets
airport and one south), and several                forth requirements for consultation to
farm ponds are located within the vi-              determine federal actions that may
cinity of NTRA.                                    affect federally endangered or threat-

                                            1-35                                   DRAFT
ened species. The Sikes Act and vari-            threatened, endangered, or candidate
ous amendments authorize states to               species in Grayson County according
prepare statewide wildlife conserva-             to the ESA. In addition, the Texas
tion plans for resources under their             Department of Wildlife and Parks lists
jurisdiction.                                    an additional 11 species that are con-
                                                 sidered by the State of Texas as
According to the U.S. Fish and Wild-             threatened or endangered and have
life Service (USFWS) website, there              the potential to occur in Grayson
are three species that are listed as             County. These are listed in Table 1K.

Threatened or Endangered Species in Grayson County, Texas
Common Name                     Species                   Federal Status    Status
Eskimo Curlew                   Numenius borealis                            Endangered
Least tern                      Sterna antillarum           Endangered       Endangered
American peregrine falcon       Falco peregrinus anatum      De-listed       Threatened
                                Haliaeetus leucocepha-       De-listed       Threatened
Bald eagle
Eskimo Curlew                   Numenius borealis                            Endangered
Piping Plover                   Charadrius melodus          Endangered       Threatened
Whooping Crane                  Grus americana              Endangered       Endangered
Wood stork                      Mycteria americana                           Threatened
Peregrine Falcon                Falco peregrinus                             Threatened
Blue sucker                     Cycleptus                                    Threatened
Creek chubsucker                Erimyzon                                     Threatened
Paddlefish                      Polyodon                                     Threatened
Shovelnose sturgeon             Scaphirhynchus     plato-                    Threatened
Red Wolf                        Canis rufus                                  Endangered
Source: USFWS online listed species database,,
accessed September 2010
Texas Department of Wildlife and Parks’ Rare, Endangered and Threatened     Species of Tex-
accessed September 2010.

Several of these species, including              FLOODPLAINS
blue sucker, creek chubsucker, shovel-
nose sturgeon, and paddlefish are ma-            Executive Order 11988 directs federal
rine species whose habitat is not                agencies to take action to reduce the
present at the airport. Additional               risk of flood loss, minimize the impact
field investigations may be required to          of floods on human safety, health, and
determine the presence of the remain-            welfare, and restore and preserve the
ing species at the airport.

                                          1-36                                     DRAFT
natural and beneficial values served              HISTORICAL, ARCHITECTURAL,
by the floodplains.                               AND CULTURAL RESOURCES

According to Federal Emergency Man-               The National Historic Preservation Act
agement Agency (FEMA) Flood Insur-                (NHPA) of 1966, as amended, the Arc-
ance Rate Map (FIRM) number                       haeological and Historic Preservation
48181C0275F (published September                  Act (AHPA) of 1974, the Archaeologi-
29, 2010), which includes the airport             cal Resources Protection Act (ARPA),
and surrounding area, one area of the             the Native American Graves Protection
airport is located within a 100-year              and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) of
floodplain. The floodplain is located in          1990, the Antiquities Act of 1906, the
the northeast area of the airport along           Historic Sites Act of 1935, and the
the shared property line with the                 American Indian Religious Freedom
Grayson County College Golf Course                Act of 1978 protect historical, architec-
and is associated with an unnamed                 tural, archaeological, and cultural re-
tributary to Lake Texoma. The flood-              sources. In Texas, the Texas Histori-
plain area located on airport property            cal Commission has oversight on Tex-
is small and does not include any ex-             as laws and regulations regarding his-
isting facilities.                                torical, architectural, archaeological,
                                                  and cultural resource laws and regula-
AND POLLUTION PREVENTION                          A review of the Texas Historical
                                                  Commission’s online historical sites
Federal, state, and local laws regulate           atlas indicates that no identified Na-
hazardous materials use, storage,                 tional Register of Historic Places
transport, and disposal. These laws               (NRHP) properties are located within
may extend to past and future land-               the airport vicinity.
owners of properties containing these
materials.    In addition, disrupting
sites containing hazardous materials              LOW INCOME AND
or contaminates may cause significant             MINORITY POPULATIONS
impacts to soil, surface water,
groundwater, air quality, and the or-             The evaluation of environmental jus-
ganisms using these resources.                    tice is a consideration of the potential
                                                  of federal actions, such as many air-
The EPA’s Enviromapper for Enviro-                port improvements, to cause dispro-
facts was consulted regarding the                 portionate and adverse effects on low-
presence of impaired waters or regu-              income or minority populations.
lated hazardous sites. According to               Based on a review of U.S. Census Bu-
the EPA Enviromapper, there are no                reau data, the areas surrounding the
known impaired waters under Section               airport do not contain high percentag-
303(d) of the Clean Water Act or ha-              es of low-income or minority popula-
zardous sites at the airport or within            tions.
the airport environs.

                                           1-37                                    DRAFT
WATER QUALITY                                     WETLANDS

The Clean Water Act provides the au-              The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers re-
thority to establish water quality                gulates the discharge of dredged
standards, control discharges, develop            and/or fill material into waters of the
waste treatment management plans                  United States, including adjacent wet-
and practices, prevent or minimize the            lands, under Section 404 of the Clean
loss of wetlands, and regulate other              Water Act. Wetlands are defined in
issues concerning water quality. Wa-              Executive Order 11990, Protection of
ter quality concerns related to airport           Wetlands, as “those areas that are in-
development most often relate to the              undated by surface or groundwater
potential for surface runoff and soil             with a frequency sufficient to support
erosion, as well as the storage and               and under normal circumstances does
handling of fuel, petroleum products,             or would support a prevalence of vege-
solvents, etc.                                    tation or aquatic life that requires sa-
                                                  turated or seasonably saturated soil
A portion of the Meyer Branch stream              conditions for growth and reproduc-
is located on airport property. This              tion.” Wetlands can include swamps,
water body flows to the northwest and             marshes, bogs, sloughs, potholes, wet
connects with Harris Creek. Accord-               meadows, river overflows, mud flats,
ing to the Environmental Protection               natural ponds, estuarine areas, tidal
Agency’s EJView website, neither wa-              overflows, and shallow lakes and
ter body is classified as impaired.               ponds with emergent vegetation. Wet-
                                                  lands exhibit three characteristics: the
Congress has mandated (under the                  soil is inundated or saturated to the
Clean Water Act) the National Pollu-              surface at some time during the grow-
tant Discharge Elimination System                 ing season (hydrology), has a popula-
(NPDES). This program addresses                   tion of plants able to tolerate various
non-agricultural     stormwater    dis-           degrees of flooding or frequent satura-
charges. Through the use of NPDES                 tion (hydrophytes), and soils that are
permits, certain procedures are re-               saturated enough to develop anaerobic
quired to prevent contamination of                conditions during the growing season
water bodies from stormwater runoff.              (hydric).
The Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) can delegate this permit author-            According to the U.S. Fish and Wild-
ity to individual states. In Texas, the           life Service Wetlands Mapper, there
Texas Commission on Environmental                 are no wetlands present at the airport.
Quality (TCEQ) administers the
TPDES program.                                    Based on the National Resource Con-
                                                  servation Service’s Web Soil Survey,
NTRA is covered under the TPDES                   the 19 soil types are present at the
stormwater discharge multi-sector                 airport, none of which are classified as
general permit for industrial activities          hydric.
(permit number TXR050000, effective
August 20, 2001).

                                           1-38                                   DRAFT
DOCUMENT SOURCES                                 U.S. Terminal Procedures, South Cen-
                                                 tral, U.S. Department of Transporta-
As mentioned earlier, a variety of dif-          tion, Federal Aviation Administration,
ferent sources were utilized in the in-          National Aeronautical Charting Of-
ventory process. The following listing           fice, July 2010.
reflects a partial compilation of these
sources. This does not include data              Grayson County Airport Master Plan
provided by airport management as                Update, 2003.
part of their records, nor does it in-
clude airport drawings and photo-                Texas Airport System Plan Update
graphs which were referenced for in-             2010. Texas Department of Transpor-
formation. On-site inventory and in-             tation, March 2010.
terviews with airport staff and tenants
contributed to the inventory effort.             Texas Department of Transportation –
                                                 Aviation Division.
Airport/Facility Directory, South Cen-
tral U.S., U.S. Department of Trans-             FAA Form 5010-1, Airport Master
portation, Federal Aviation Adminis-             Record.
tration, National Aeronautical Chart-
ing Office, July 2010.                           Grayson County Regional Mobility
Dallas/Fort     Worth   Aeronautical
Chart, U.S. Department of Transpor-              U.S. Census Bureau.
tation, Federal Aviation Administra-
tion, National Aeronautical Charting             City of Denison.
Office, July 2010.
                                                 City of Sherman.
National Plan of Integrated Airport
Systems (NPIAS), U.S. Department of              City of Pottsboro.
Transportation, Federal Aviation Ad-
ministration, 2011-2015.                         Woods & Poole Economics, The Com-
                                                 plete Economic and Demographic Data
                                                 Source; 2010.

                                          1-39                                  DRAFT