Geology in 2000 and Beyond

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Geology in 2000 and Beyond Powered By Docstoc
					No. 32
                                              EPOCH                                      Spring 1998 - January 2000

                                      A Newsletter for Alumni and Students
Department of Geology                                                               Website:
The State University of New York at Buffalo                                               E-mail:
876 Natural Sciences Complex                                                          Telephone: (716) 645-6800, Ext. 6100
Buffalo, New York 14260-3050                                                                            Fax: (716) 645-3999

   HIGHLIGHTS                           Geology in 2000 and Beyond
                                        By John C. Fountain, Professor & Chairman
Departmental News                           The Fall of 1999 marked a major turning point for the Geology
A Review of the                         Department, not because that is when I began my term as department chair
                                        but because, for the first time in five years, the department is fully staffed
Last Decade . . . . . . . . . . . 2     again – and thus for the first time ever, our programmatic model begun under
Field Camp Truck                        Mike Sheridan can fully be implemented.
Replacement Fund . . . . . 3                When the department expanded after the formation of the SUNY system,
                                        there was one faculty member in each major area (mineralogy, petrology,
Meet the NEW Faculty .. 4               structure etc.). The advantages of this model include excellent undergraduate
                                        education and a broad range of research interests. The disadvantage of this
Duttweiler Geological                   approach is that each faculty member worked essentially alone, which is a
Field Station . . . . . . . . . . 7     significant disadvantage in competing for sponsored research funds.
                                            When Mike Sheridan was selected to replace Chet Langway as Chair in
                                        1990, he began a reorganization of the department into concentrated
Research News                           research programs. This resulted in the formation of two major programs:
Paoha Island                            environmental geology and volcanology. While not all of our research falls
How did it emerge? . . . . . 8          neatly into these two programs, every one of the five new faculty we have
                                        recently hired strengthens these research areas. As a result we have
SW Pacific Ocean,                       collaborative research in several areas, and our research groups including the
East of New Zealand . . 11              rock fracture group (Becker, Fountain, Jacobi, Peacock and Baker) and the
                                        volcanology group (Bursik, Gregg, Sheridan and Parfitt) are large and diverse.
Our New EGR Lab . . . 12                In addition we have built strong collaborations with other departments
                                        (examples include fluid dynamics: Bursik and Civil Engineering; surface
Student News                            chemistry: Giese, Fountain and Chemistry; Evolutionary Biology: Mitchell
Degrees Conferred &                     and Biology and Anthropology; Risk analysis: Sheridan and Math and
Student Honors . . . . . . . 13         Geography).
                                            The faculty endorsed the concept of organizing into research groups
After the Deluge . . . . . . 15         almost 10 years ago, but implementation required hiring new faculty to add
                                        strength to the programs. To the credit of SUNY, the department and search
                                        committees, we have added five fantastic new faculty members in the last two
Alumni News                             years.
Geology & Law                               Thus, by happy coincidence, I take over the department at a time where
A Good Match . . . . . . . 16           we finally have the faculty we have been planning for. In contrast to the last
                                        four years, in which we were scrambling to cover courses with too few faculty,
Alum Notes . . . . . . . . . . 17       and trying to compete for grants without faculty in critical areas, we are now
                                        well positioned for the future.
                                            In the year 2000 and in years to come, the department will continue its

                                                                                                                The Epoch 1
excellent teaching program, and       facilitated. The location on the       geology and volcanology. We also
will expand its already impressive    North Campus has allowed us            moved to develop cooperative
research efforts. Never, in the       to develop computation and             research programs with other
more than 20 years since I joined     information technologies that          university units.    Reflecting the
the faculty, has the department       were impossible before.                development      of   these    new
been in such a strong position.            In this period the geology        programs and the strength of our
Our challenge will now be to deal     personnel have greatly changed.        current faculty, the department
with the new era of reduced State     Long term members of our staff         may change its name to Earth
support. We have chosen not to        who left during the 1990's are         and Environmental Science next
scale back our efforts, but will      missed. Following the retirement       year.
continue our drive for excellence.    of Doris Millholland, Alison                There has been a major
    An accompanying article des-      Lagowski became the depart-            change in our undergraduate
cribes our efforts in this area, as   mental administrative assistant.       curriculum. We have implement-
we launch a drive to obtain funds     Shortly thereafter, Rachel Costa       ed 4 yearlong sequences that
to replace our venerable, and         took a position in the College of      integrate geophysics and geo-
now defunct, field camp truck. It     Arts & Sciences and was replaced       chemistry into the sequence of
is important to note that in spite    by Marty Roth. Ted Marciniak           required courses for undergrad-
of the highly computerized nature     and Dave Borden retired but            uates. We hope this will provide
of modern geology, field geology      their positions have not yet been      a stronger quantitative back-
remains an essential component.       filled. The university freeze on       ground for all students as well as
Our students under Drs. Jacobi,       new hires will probably postpone       a more logical sequence of
Sheridan, Bursik and other            our finding a new technician           subject matter.     Also we have
faculty continue to map and to        until 2002. Several distinguished      developed a Hydroscience cert-
spend their time in the field.        faculty retired in the 1990's and      ificate program with the Geog-
    As computer models have           their teaching and research prog-      raphy Department in which
become more sophisticated, it         rams generally went with them.         students can take a selection of
has become more apparent that         These     losses    include    Chet    courses in both departments and
the major limitations to many         Langway, Charlie Clemency, Jack        receive acknowledgement of this
models, from global environ-          King, Dennis Hodge, Parker             important training in environ-
mental changes to finding oil and     Calkin,     and     Paul     Reitan.   mental geology. Besides this we
gas, arise from limits in our         Together they represent nearly         have established a 5-year BA/MA
knowledge of field geology. In the    200 years of service to the            program which will accelerate the
next Century, as in the past, we      department and UB.                     training time for good UB stu-
will continue to emphasize field           Replacing these positions is a    dents who recognize early in their
geology and its implications,         cadre of young energetic faculty       academic program that they want
although now combined with            who bring a variety of new             to follow a professional track in
high-tech methods.                    specialties and directions to the      geosciences.
                                      department. Those who joined                The 1990's were a period of
A Review of the                       the faculty in this period are
                                      Marcus Bursik (volcanology and
                                                                             nearly continuous reductions in
                                                                             budgets with every important
Last Decade                           surficial processes), Tracy Gregg
                                      (volcanology), Matt Becker (hyd-
                                                                             decision being controlled by
                                                                             major constraints that required
By Michael F. Sheridan, Professor     rogeology), Greg Baker (env-           compromises. Geology fared well
                                      ironmental geophysics), David          during this period due to the
    The era of the 1990's saw a
                                      Peacock (structural geology), and      strength and unity of the depart-
wide range of changes in the
                                      Liz Parfitt (volcanology). The         ment. Major gifts from alumni
Geology Department that was
                                      fields of specialization of the new    helped to lighten the load and
welded onto the framework dev-
                                      faculty reflect a development plan     may prove essential in the
eloped by past generations.
                                      followed by the department. To         coming years. Extreme pressure
Notably, the department moved
                                      remain a viable research unit in       is being placed to increase the
from Ridge Lea through Fronczak
                                      this modern period, larger work-       numbers of students enrolled in
Hall to our present site in the
                                      ing groups are necessary. Our          our classes and for our funded
Natural Sciences Complex. Here
                                      plan was to build on the strength      research coffers to increase. With
we have a good teaching environ-
                                      of the core faculty (Dr.’s Giese,      all this said, I am contemplative
ment and outstanding research
                                      Fountain, Jacobi, Mitchell, and        as the stewardship of the
laboratories where interaction
                                      Sheridan) and develop two main         department passes to John
with other units on campus is
                                      areas of strength, environmental       Fountain.
                                                                                                      The Epoch 2
                                      as important today as it has been    my      interest   in     fieldwork,
Field Camp Truck                      in the past.
                                          To this end, we announce the
                                                                           eventually leading me to pursue a
                                                                           field oriented Ph.D. in geology.
Replacement Drive                     kick-off of a major fund drive
                                      aimed at replacing the vehicle
                                                                           Some of my most cherished
                                                                           memories are those of friends
By John C. Fountain, Chairman         and it’s customized equipment. I     and events I encountered that
                                      ask that each of you who felt that   summer.
    The UB Geology field camp, a      our camp is something special             The summer field program
vital part of our program since it    and worth continuing, help with      takes students by vans through
was started in 1968, is now in        this drive. This fund will be        four states to remote field sites
real danger of discontinuation        dedicated solely for replacement     that are often on back-roads.
due to the need to replace our        of field camp equipment. Your        Reliable and efficient vehicles are
equipment truck.       Our Field      support will be acknowledged in      needed to accomplish these trips
Camp has provided students and        future editions of the Epoch, and    safely. One such vehicle is a
faculty with a unique and             will be appreciated by each and      large truck used to transport
wonderful       combination     of    every student in the future.         cooking and field equipment,
geologic mapping, education and                                            food, and the large quantities of
wilderness experience in the          Thank you in advance for your        water      necessary     in     arid
beauty of the western United               generous support.               conditions.     The current truck
States. Although the camp is                                               has had multiple problems over
expensive in comparison to con-                                            the past few years and could put
ventional classes, the University     A Field Camp                         the entire camp in danger if it’s
                                                                           usage continues. A new truck
has continued to recognize its
value by providing support at the     Experience                           would ensure both the safety of
                                                                           its passengers and the cont-
level needed to continue to offer
the course.                           By Elowyn Yager                      inuation of a mobile summer field
    Unfortunately, last year the                                           program.
inevitable finally happened. Our          Field camp was unquestion-
old red truck “Big Red” finally       ably one of the most influential         Elowyn Yager graduated with
died.                                 and meaningful experiences of        a degree in geology summa cum
                                      my academic career. In this four     laude in May 1998 and was the
                                      week mapping course I learned        recipient     of   the    Dean’s
                                      more than I have in many             Outstanding Senior Award and
                                      semester long courses.       The     the Geology Pegrum Award. She
                                      summer field program gave me         is    currently  attending   the
                                      an opportunity to integrate          University of Berkley, CA in
                                      knowledge from all of my geology     pursuit of her Ph.D. in Fluvial
                                      classes, and use this information    Geomorphology. She attended the
                                      in making challenging decisions.     1998 field camp, the last year
                                      It was this course that fostered     “Big Red” was used.

This vehicle is the lifeline of our
camp since it transports all of the
field and cooking equipment,
food, and drinking water. Due to
it’s   customized      nature,    a
replacement vehicle will cost
about $40,000 which is well
beyond the resources available to
our department. Although there
is the option of holding a conven-
tional camp that remains at one
location, we believe that our
mobile camp that travels to four
different sites within the course
of a month, sets it apart from the
rest making it truly special and
worth preserving. As noted in
the cover article, field geology is

                                                                                                     The Epoch 3
DR. MATTHEW W. BECKER                 DR. GREGORY S. BAKER joined             focused his research on the
joined our faculty in August of       the faculty in the Department of        geometry and development of
1998 as an assistant professor of     Geology in August 1999 as an            normal, strike-slip and thrust
Hydrogeology. Dr. Becker rec-         assistant professor. He comp-           fault zones, with displacements
eived his B.S. in Geology from        leted his dissertation, "Seismic        from millimeters to kilometers.
Michigan State University (1985),     imaging shallower than three            Field areas include the coast of
M.S. (1990) and Ph.D. in Water        meters," earlier the same year          the British Isles, Greenland,
Resources Engineering from the        working with Don Steeples, who          Hawaii, Italy, Malta, South Africa
University of Texas at Austin         is one of the world's experts in        and Spain. This work has been
(1996).    He was a National          near-surface      reflection    seis-   sponsored      by    the    Natural
Research Council Post-Doctoral        mology     (1999     University    of   Environment Research Council,
Fellow with the U.S. Geological       Kansas). Dr. Baker received his         Shell and Elf-Aquitaine. Dr.
Survey in Reston, Virginia (96-       MS and BS degrees in Geological         Peacock’s research fits neatly
98), and has worked for as an         Sciences     (both    focusing    on    with our rock fracture group, our
Engineering      Assistant      for   geophysics) from Lehigh Univ-           basin analysis group as well as
Chevron USA (86-88), as a             ersity in Pennsylvania. He has          our volcanology group since he
Research    Engineer     for   the    published seven papers in the           has worked on the 3-D geometry
National Council for Air and          last two years focusing on              of faults, use of 3-D seismic data
Stream Improvement (91-93),           important issues in near-surface        for   evaluation     of   fractured
and as a Research Assistant at        reflection seismology, including a      reservoirs and the relationship
Los Alamos National Laboratory.       monograph, "Processing near-            between faults and dykes. He is
Dr. Becker's primary research         surface seismic-reflection data: A      married to Dr. Elisabeth Parfitt, a
emphasis is field, laboratory, and    Primer," (edited by R.A. Young,         physical volcanologist that joined
numerical    studies    of   cont-    published by the Society of             our faculty as a visiting assistant
aminant transport in ground           exploration Geophysicists).             professor in January 2000.
water, particularly through frac-         His research encompasses
tured rock. For more information      work on combined GPR-Seismic
about his research visit his          characterization of contaminated
website at http://www.geology.        sites, including methods of NAPL        DR. ELISABETH A. PARFITT is           recognition and the application of      the newest member of our faculty
                                      geophysics to hydrology. Dr.            that started her position as
                                      Baker is the Director of the newly      visiting assistant professor as of
                                      formed Environmental Geophy-            January 2000. She is a physical
DR. TRACY K. P. GREGG joined          sics Research (EGR) laboratory          volcanologist who received her
our faculty in August of 1998 as      and will be will be teaching            Ph.D. from Lancaster University
an     assistant    professor    of   courses in introductory and             (U.K.) in 1992. She worked for 5
volcanology.     She received her     advanced environmental geophy-          years at Brown University as a
B.S. in 1990 from Brown               sics. For more information on the       Research     Associate    studying
University (Geological Sciences       EGR laboratory visit http://            aspects of how volcanoes work on
with honors), and her Ph.D. in ~gbaker/           the Earth and on Venus. For the
1995     from      Arizona    State                                           last 4 years she was a Lecturer
University. Positions held before                                             (the British equivalent of an
arriving at UB include a RIDGE                                                Assistant    Professor)   at   the
Post-doctoral Fellow at Woods         DR. DAVID C. P. PEACOCK is a            University of Leeds where she
Hole Oceanographic Institution        new assistant professor in the          taught classes in volcanology,
(95-97), Lecturer at Bridgewater      Department of Geology. He               environmental      geology    and
State College (97), and an            arrived here in August of 1999          planetary geology. Her main
Assistant Scientist at Woods Hole     after leaving his position as post-     research interests include the
Oceanographic Institution (97-        doctoral research fellow at the         dynamics of basaltic volcanic
98). Her research areas include       University of Leeds, England. Dr.       eruptions, the environmental
Submarine,        Venusian     and    Peacock received his Ph.D. from         impact of volcanic eruptions, and
Martian volcanology; subaerial        the University of Southampton,          magma storage and movement.
effusive    volcanism,    mapping;    an MSc from Imperial College,
geomorphology; and mid-ocean          and BSc from Kingston Poly-
ridge processes.                      technic. He specializes in field-
                                      based structural geology and has
                                                                                                       The Epoch 4
  Punctuated Equilibrium                           post-doctoral research in collaboration with the USGS at
                                                   the Mirror Lake Fractured Rock Hydrology Site in
Long periods of stasis interspersed with brief     Central New Hampshire. By injecting both dissolved and
     episodes of rapid transformation.             particulate tracers, we are trying understand how
                                                   pollution moves in fractured rock aquifers.         This
                                                   summer, we'll study how different types of microbes
        Fall 00                                    move through fractured rock by injecting various shapes
        Fall 99           2                        and sizes of bacteria. This research is pertinent to
                      1                            drinking water contamination by pathogenic organisms
        Fall 98                     9              and the bioremediation of organic pollutants.         In
                                                   collaboration with Richard Mazurchuk in the Biophysics
        Fall 97       1
                                                   Department, we are studying flow and particle transport
        Fall 96       1                            through small fractured rock samples using a new 4.7
                                                   tesla magnetic resonance imaging device. Dr. Bursik
        Fall 95                                    and I are building an NSF-funded Interactive Teaching
                                                   Database that will make the abundance of hydrologic
        Fall 94
                      1                            data from the Mirror Lake Watershed available on the
        Fall 93                                    web, in a form that can be used for upper-level
                      1                            Hydrology courses.         In collaboration with the
        Fall 92       1                            Departments of Civil Engineering and Planning, we are
                                                   estimating     ground-water     vulnerability   in   the
                  0           5     10             Olean/Ischua Creek drainage basin. I guess you could
                  # of Personnel Changes           say I'm taking a bit of a shotgun approach to research
                                                   these days, but there are a lot of resources at UB to
                                                   explore, a large number of interesting local problems on
This chart depicts the number of personnel         which to work, and a lot of curious graduate students to
changes in each semester for the past 9 years.     work with. If you are interested in the research of the
The Department of Geology underwent its very       "hydro" group, please see our web site at:
own evolution with 9 Faculty and Staff
Changes during the Fall of 1998.

In August 1998: Dr. Hodge, Dr. Reitan, Doris
                                                   A Geologist is Born
Millholland & David Borden retired and Dr.         By Tracy K.P. Gregg
Gregg and Dr. Becker were hired. In October
1998, Rachel Costa left for The College of Arts        The first geology course I took was a "comparative
& Sciences, Alison Lagowski was hired to           planetology" class (a.k.a. "Moons for Goons") my
replace Doris, and by the end of November          freshman year.     I immediately decided to major in
Marty Roth was hired to replace Rachel.            geology and to spend my life studying the fascinating
                                                   worlds the solar system has to offer: Mars, Venus, Io,
                                                   and others--as well as Earth.
                                                       I began my career investigating volcanoes on Mars
Jump Starting a Career                             and Venus. Eventually I grew frustrated because I
                                                   couldn't get my hands on any actual Martian or
By Matthew W. Becker                               Venusian rocks to study. I turned to the study of
                                                   submarine volcanism, because cruising around on the
The first year of being an Assistant Professor
                                                   deep ocean floor in a tiny submarine is very much like
wasn't as rough as I thought it would be.
                                                   being in a spacecraft, hovering over an alien world--with
Sure, I showed up the first day of class with a
                                                   the glorious exception that I can pick up rocks and bring
large circular hematoma on my forehead from
                                                   them back to my lab for analysis.
one of my son's suction-cupped toys. A few of
                                                       Yes, I do indeed seal myself in a small submarine
my lectures put the students to sleep, and
                                                   (the ALVIN submersible) and dive 2 miles beneath the
when my second son was born during the
                                                   surface to study volcanoes at the Earth's mid-ocean
spring semester it was I who was falling asleep
                                                   ridges. Last year I visited the East Pacific Rise, not far
in class. But I think things are beginning to
                                                   from Easter Island. I also study volcanoes on land: I
smooth out. I'm teaching Surface Processes
                                                   spent some time in Iceland this summer, trying to
and Hydrology II, and Introductory and
                                                   understand how mid-ocean ridges work.              I still
Advanced Hydrogeology. There is even some
                                                   investigate volcanoes on Mars and Venus to determine
time left over to focus on my research, with the
                                                   more about the evolution and history of those planets,
help of an ever-growing number of talented
                                                   and am thoroughly enjoying my new life here as an
graduate students. We are continuing my
                                                   Assistant Professor.
                                                                                                   The Epoch 5
Faculty Honors                        What’s Happening                       what with all the government and
                                                                             University scientists in town, but

Dr. John C. Fountain received         in Colorado?                           hiking, skiing, music listening,
                                                                             lots of fun volunteer work and
the 1998 Water Environment            By Parker E. Calkin                    travel with Harriet (busy with her
Federation Jack Edward McKee                                                 own music and volunteer efforts)
Medal for his paper “The Role of           By this May, Harriet and I will   get in the way. I keep an eye and
Field Trials in Development and       have been living in Boulder two        ear on the Department and see
Feasibility    Assessment     of      years. Our home is modest by           very exciting things going on.
Surfactant Enhanced Aquifer           our Buffalo standards, but we are
Remediation.” He was presented        at the very foot (within a few
this award at their national          hundred feet) of the steep front of
meeting in the Fall of 1998.          the Colorado Front Range and
                                      the Upper Cretaceous Niabrara          The Epoch is published for the
Dr. Rossman F. Giese has been         through Penn-Perm Fountain
appointed as an Adjunct Senior                                               students, alumni and friends of the
                                      hogbacks. Though I am really
Research Scientist in the Mol-        retired and feel so, I am an           Department of Geology
ecular Biophysics Department of       Affiliate with the Institute of
the Hauptman-Woodward Med-
                                                                             University at Buffalo
                                      Arctic and Alpine Research at          The State University of New York
ical Research Institute, Inc.         CU, which means they expect me
located in Buffalo, NY as of                                                 876 Natural Sciences Complex
                                      to give a lecture every few years      Buffalo, NY 14260
Spring 1998.                          and attend the other lectures. I
                                      have continued my Alaska glacial       John C. Fountain, Chairman
Michael F. Sheridan was called        (now tree-ring oriented) research
to Colima Volcano in February of
                                                                             Alison Lagowski, Editor, The Epoch
                                      through an NSF cooperative
1999 to participate in the            grant through CU with former           Special Thanks to Travis Nelson
evaluation of the continuing          students Greg Wiles (Wooster           (Geology MA student) for his help in
hazard at that volcano.               College faculty) and Dave Barclay      preparing the EPOCH photographs
                                      (SUNY Cortland faculty). Greg          for printing.
Charles Mitchell is Promoted          and Dave (just returned from
    Charles C. Mitchell was           conference in Argentina) do 90
promoted to Full Professor with       percent of the research. I could
Tenure effective in the Fall 1998     also go to ten lectures on
semester. Dr. Mitchell earned his     paleoclimate alone each week,
BSc degree with distinction from
Ohio State University in 1975
and    his    MA    degree    from
University of Western Ontario in
1978. He continued to complete
AM and PhD degrees from
Harvard University in 1983
where he studied under Dr.
Stephen J. Gould and completed
a dissertation entitled “Astogeny
and      Phylogeny      of      the
Diplograptina (Graptoloidea).”
    In addition to a very rigorous
research program (described in
an accompanying article), Dr.
Mitchell has been the recipient of
many teaching awards.        These
include the Milton Plesur Award
for Excellence in Teaching (1991),
The SUNY Chancellor’s Award for
Excellence in Teaching (1994),
and the Faculty of Natural
Science and Mathematics Dean’s
                                              Cazenovia Creek runs through the Duttweiler Property
Award for Excellence in Teaching
(1998). Congratulations!                      Photo by Robert Jacobi

                                                                                                         The Epoch 6
Geological Field
By Michael F. Sheridan
     Dorothea C. Duttweiler, the
first woman graduate in UB
Geology, has deeded approx-
imately 10 acres of her property
in the Town of Holland to the
Geology Department as a field
station for student and faculty
use. Dottie is best know to us for
the      establishment      of     a
scholarship to help women
geologists attend our summer
field camp. The site that she has
given us could become a focus for
outdoor activities of the geology
club and class field trips.
Because this property is located       Dorothea Duttweiler, Dr. Michael Sheridan and Pamela Cardoza at
along Cazenovia Creek we will
have full riparian rights to the
                                       the Property. Photo by Robert Jacobi
use of the stream as a geological
laboratory.      The land here is
heavily wooded and has been left
wild for much of the past
century. Many rare species of
birds and other wildlife have been
observed here over the years.
Dottie established this property
as a nature preserve in 1941 and
it has been protected ever since.
The rocks exposed on the
property contain fossils and
exhibit geologic structures that
will be instructive for all geology
students. The outcrops along the
creek are particularly interesting
with clear primary sedimentary
textures and secondary joints,
some with potential gas or oil
     Also located on the property
is a cabin, which Dottie named
"The Pileated Perch". This cabin
has      indoor       and   outdoor
fireplaces,     sleeping   quarters,
kitchen and modern plumbing.
Dotty      will     retain  lifetime    Dottie’s cabin, “The Pileated Perch”. Photo by Robert Jacobi
ownership of the cabin, built by
her and her father.              But
eventually we will obtain the
cabin as well for our use as a
geological facility.

                                                                                                   The Epoch 7
Patent Received                          Paoha Island                             aerial photos as guides. Items
                                                                                  mapped included a crater field on
                                         By Jane Pietraszek                       the northeastern section of the
     Geologists are known to be                                                   island,      landslide      deposits
                                              During the summer of 1999,
creative and versatile, but it is                                                 throughout the entire island, a
                                         Dr. Marcus Bursik, UB Masters
unusual for academic geologists                                                   rhyolite field on the northern
                                         student Jane Pietraszek, UB
to apply for and be awarded a US                                                  section, two distinct dacite flows
                                         undergraduate Justin Deming,
patent. This has now happened                                                     on the northern section, and a
                                         and University of Minneapolis
at the Geology Department at                                                      horst and graben dacite field with
                                         PhD      student     Peter     Valley
UB. The work was done by Drs.                                                     fumaroles in the southeastern
                                         journeyed      to    Long     Valley,
Patricia M. Costanzo, Research                                                    section. Several crucial features
                                         California to study the emergence
Assistant Professor, and Ross                                                     were discovered and described for
                                         of Paoha Island (located in Mono
Giese, Professor. They collabor-                                                  the first time in our abstract
ated with Dr. Paul Kostyniak,                                                     submitted to        the   American
                                              Paoha Island, approximately
Director     of    the   Toxicology                                               Geophysical Union fall 1999
                                         3.5 km by 4.5 km, rose out of the
Research Center, and Joseph                                                       meeting. Though reconnaissance
                                         lake about 200 years ago and is
Syracuse, Toxicology Research                                                     maps have been done in the past,
                                         the youngest in a string of
Center at UB.                                                                     the efforts of this study will result
                                         volcanic features that make up
     The invention is a method for                                                in the first detailed geologic and
                                         the     Mono-Inyo       chain     (the
attaching       an     antimicrobial                                              geomorphologic map of the
                                         volcanic     chain     itself   being
molecule to a large surface area                                                  island.
                                         comprised of about 40 craters
mineral, typically a clay mineral.                                                    Discovered upon the island
                                         and domes). The purpose of our
The advantage of this composite                                                   were thick turbidites formed as
                                         fieldwork was to do preliminary
material is that the antimicrobial                                                sediments suspended in the
                                         research      on      the     island,
agent is firmly fixed to an inert,                                                water column. These settled over
                                         accomplishing this by creating a
solid particle and thus there is                                                  the emerging island, above a dark
                                         detailed    geologic     map,     and
little possibility of loss of the                                                 tephra layer that was deposited
                                         analyzing and logging in the
antimicrobial      molecule.    The                                               as       the      island       arose.
                                         stratigraphy.     Also, the mech-
antimicrobial clay can be added                                                   Interpretation of these layers
                                         anisms of the emergence of the
to plastics, paints, ceramics,                                                    leads to the conclusion that an
                                         island needed to be explored
wood and cloth, as a few                                                          eruption took place as the island
                                         more thoroughly than had been
examples. Further, the invention                                                  was being uplifted, while lake
                                         in the past.
describes how to coat surfaces so                                                 sediments were being churned
                                              Jane and Peter undertook the
that they become antimicrobial.                                                   about. Before this, there was no
                                         mapping of the island, while Dr.
     The invention is presently                                                   earlier documentation of sub-
                                         Bursik and Justin concentrated
being marketed by the Tech-                                                       lacustrine eruptions.      There is
                                         on mapping the stratigraphy.
nology Transfer Services at UB.                                                   speculation as to the center of
                                         The mapping was done on foot,
                                         using topographic maps and               uplift on Paoha.        There is a
                                                                                  phreatic crater in the southern
                                                                                  end of the island that Dr. Bursik
                                                                                  and his students believe to be the
                                                                                  center of uplift.      Evidence to
                                                                                  support this comes in the meas-
                                                                                  urements of strikes and dips on
                                                                                  the island. The S & D meas-
                                                                                  urements on the in-place bedding
                                                                                  shows a trend dipping away from
                                                                                  this crater on all sides, however
                                                                                  further investigation is needed.
                                                                                      Dr. Bursik, Justin, and Jane
                                                                                  intend to return to Paoha Island
                                                                                  this coming summer for further
                                                                                  investigation     concerning      the
                                                                                  stratigraphy and source potential
                                                                                  of the island, and Justin hopes to
                                                                                  do a regional tephrostratographic
      Jane Pietraszek, Justin Deming and Peter Valley (photo by M. Bursik)        compilation.
                                                                                                             The Epoch 8
                                      the geological evolution of the       region of China.         This end-
Geology Gets New                      Taconic foreland basin in the
                                      Appalachian orogenic belt, or
                                                                            Ordovician mass extinction is the
                                                                            third largest mass extinction in
Wells On-Campus                       graptolite biostratigraphy and
                                                                            the entire Phanerozoic history of
                                                                            life. By virtue of their abundance
By Matthew W. Becker                       Together with students Mike      and rapid pace of evolution,
                                      Joy and Todd Marsh, Dr. Bob           graptolites provide many unique
    Recent construction of the
                                      Jacobi, and a number of other         insights into the timing and pace
South Lake Village Apartment
                                      colleagues, I am still trying to      of the mass extinction that are
Complex near Lake LaSalle,
                                      sort out the stratigraphic and        key to understanding both its
resulted in the destruction of the
                                      depositional history of Middle        causes and ultimate significance.
four wells that were used to teach
                                      Ordovician rocks deposited along           With       colleagues      from
aquifer      testing      methods.
                                      the actively subsiding western        Argentina, I am working on the
Fortunately, UB Facilities agreed
                                      margin of the Taconic foreland        biogeography        and    geological
to provide four new wells as a
                                      basin. We are looking at the          history of the Precordilleran Terr-
replacement. Drilling has just
                                      interaction of sedimentological,      ane (PT) of western Argentina.
been completed. The design of
                                      structural, and eustatic controls     The PT is a former micro-
the new wells will allow for
                                      on basin fill by employing            continent, most likely derived by
advanced        hydraulic      and
                                      detailed studies of the sediment      rifting from the Ouachita margin
contaminant transport testing to
                                      deposition, and slump-related         of Laurentia (North America)
be taught, and will provide an
                                      deformation within a precise          during the late Precambrian.
opportunity for undergraduates
                                      temporal framework constructed        However, the precise timing and
to   participate in      research.
                                      by graphic correlation (time          mechanism of its transfer to the
                                      information provided by grapt-        western Argentinean margin of
“Students will be able to do          olites, conodonts, and geochem-       Gondwana during the Middle
cross-hole packer injection           ically fingerprinted volcanic ash     Ordovician is still controversial.
    and tracer tests…”                horizons).                            Our studies of the age and
                                           I have taken on the job of       biological affinities of the Middle
Because the wells are all within      coordinating author (i.e., chief      Ordovician fossils and their
20 feet of one another and are        scientific editor and writer of       enclosing sediments, are aimed
completed "open-hole" in the          content) for a revised version of     at testing the alternative models
fractured Camilus Shale,       Dr.    “The Treatise on Invertebrate         of PT history.
Becker's students will be able to     Paleontology,       Volume       V:        Stig Bergström, Greg Schu-
do cross-hole packer injection        Graptolithina.”    These     books    macher, Lawrence Wickstrom
and tracer tests that were not        summarize the state of the art        and I are finishing up a
possible in the old wells.       In   regarding      the    paleobiology,   manuscript on the stratigraphic
addition, Dr. Baker plans to use      distribution in time and space,       and tectonic evolution of the
these wells to teach down-hole        and systematics of each group,        Sebree Trough. This feature is a
geophysical methods. The cores        and are widely used inter-            more or less linear, relatively
and logs retrieved from the well      nationally    as   the    standard    deep water trough that under-
will also serve as control data for   reference works for research and      went      differential   subsidence
surface geophysical surveys. On-      training of research students.        within the North American mid-
campus facilities for teaching                                              continent during the Taconic
                                                                            Orogeny. Using a temporal and
hydrogeologic testing methods              “By virtue of their              stratigraphic framework cons-
are uncommon, and on-campus           abundance & rapid pace of
bedrock wells are even more rare.                                           tructed from our biostratigraphic
What started out as a bit of bad
                                       evolution, graptolites pro-          work in the area, we are
news has turned into an exciting      vide many unique insights             attempting to understand the
and unique resource for the           into the timing and pace of           temporal and spatial pattern of
Department.                              the mass extinction”               subsidence and how it interacted
                                                                            with other events in the interval
                                                                            to produce the set of strati-
Pieces of Earth                           I am working with several
                                      colleagues from the Nanjing           graphic sequences we see today.
                                                                                  I am also supervising two
History                               Institute    of    Geology   and
                                      Paleontology on the graptolite        students (Kim Keon-ho and
By Charles E. Mitchell                biostratigraphy      and    mass      Robert Haney) who are working
                                      extinction    during    the  late     on morphometric studies of
    I am involved in many                                                   Triarthrus becki and Sowerbyella
                                      Ordovician based on sections in
projects (too many, really) these                                           curdsvillensis (respectively). Both
                                      the central Yangtze Platform
days. Most have to do with either                                           are interested in patterns of
                                                                                                       The Epoch 9
stratophenetic change as well as     because of proposal writing I did      were able to see the breakup of a
geographic patterns of shape and     not get out as much as I would         huge olistolith as it bent and
size variation in late Middle        have liked. I wrote 3 proposals--      spilled over the edge of a fault
Ordovician rocks from localities     two with Dr. Fountain. We were         scarp!
in Quebec, New York, Penn-           successful on 2--one NYSERDA               Last Fall Gerry Smith and I
sylvania, Virginia, and Ohio/        proposal for $75,000 that looks        led a NYSGA field trip to the
Kentucky. A third student (Brian     at faults in the eastern Finger        Clarendon-Linden Fault System,
Gates) is working on temporal        Lakes, and a DOE proposal,             and from there I took off to
and geographic patterns of           $827,000, that combines seismic,       Lamont-Doherty Earth Observ-
graptolite faunal composition and    lineaments, gravity, magnetics,        atory, where they were having a
diversity in the Utica Shale in      soil gas and field work to             2-day bash celebrating its 50th
New York State.                      demonstrate a fault-controlled         birthday. What a great event--old
                                     Appalachian Plateau model. This        famous geologists remembering
What I Did Last                      proposal is a consortium of
                                     researchers from Los Alamos, a
                                                                            “back when”, so many friends I
                                                                            hadn’t seen, and such great food
Summer                               consulting firm in Denver, Quest
                                     Energy in Buffalo, and John
                                                                            -- of course we drank the caterer
                                                                            out of beer. Hope you survived
By Robert Jacobi                     Fountain. Beth Tober and I found       this report, and had a great year.
                                     evidence for N-striking faults
    I can only remember back to
the    Spring   Northeast     GSA
                                     near West Valley that are
                                     coincident        with     Earthsat
                                                                            Volcanic Studies in
meeting in Providence, RI, so that
is where I’ll start. Two of my
                                     lineaments which are continuous
                                     from Lake Ontario. Andy Baudo
                                                                            South America
students, Andy Baudo and                                                    By Michael F. Sheridan
                                     continued       his    painstakingly
Michelle Reay, gave talks at
                                     detailed fracture study, and                My current fieldwork focuses
NEGSA—both       were   excellent
                                     Alison Harper documented a             on Mexico and Nicaragua, and is
presentations. Michelle won the
                                     fracture     domain     along    the   directed toward assessment of
“Best Student Paper of the Day”
                                     southern coast of Lake Ontario         volcanic hazards and reduction of
for her talk (described in the
                                     that trends ENE, perhaps related       risk through interaction with civil
student awards section). Andy’s
                                     to a failed rifting event.             protection authorities. In 1999 I
report was on fractures in Zoar
                                         Gerry Smith and I worked in        was invited to give keynote
Valley (he ran a continuous
                                     eastern NYS (near Cooperstown)         addresses at two important
scanline more a l km long).
                                     last Summer and Fall for an            meetings in Mexico. It could be
                                     exploration company, Millenium,        argued that Popocatepetl is the
“We were successful on 2 --          where we found evidence for fault      most dangerous volcano in the
NYSERDA for $75,000 and              reactivation of Taconic and older-     world.      When it resumed it
   DOE for $825,000”                 aged faults, -- up to 200’             activity in December of 1994 it
                                     stratigraphic offset on Devonian       directly     menaced     at    least
                                     units! Again in a region that had      1,000,000      people    with     its
I gave two talks, one on Zoar        been assumed to be an old              potential products. I was one of
faults and the other on faults in    “boring” pancake plateau. Chuck        three international experts called
the Appalachian Plateau of NYS,      Mitchell and I also worked, for        to Mexico City to prepare a
based on Earthsat lineaments,        way too short a time, last             hazard map of the volcano. In
magnetics and gravity. It turns      summer and fall in the Trenton-        February of 1999 I gave a talk at
out that NYS is chopped into         Falls region of the        Mohawk      Simposio       Internacional     del
confetti by these faults, which                                             Volcan Popocatepetl entitled "Use
have      controlled     sediment      “What a great event ---              of    computer      simulation     to
deposition was well as later           old famous geologists                construct the hazard map of
fracturing.    These faults are                                             Popocatepetl in the 1995 crisis".
therefore of great interest to oil
                                     remembering “back when”                This week-long meeting was
and gas exploration, seismic         …… of course we drank the              sponsored        by     CENAPRED
hazard analysis, and fracture           caterer out of beer.”               (Mexican National Center for
migration of contaminants. At                                               Prevention of Disasters) in Mexico
that meeting I also took over a                                             City.     Scientists, public safety
Chair of the North Eastern           Valley. There we mapped huge           officials, the press, and the
section of GSA.                      and      spectacularly  exposed        general public attended this talk.
    All my students worked           Taconic-aged slumps. At one            In March of 1999 I gave the
extremely well in the field, but     locality near Prospect (NY) we         keynote        address      entitled

                                                                                                      The Epoch 10
"Computer simulation in volcanic       be a keynote speaker again at the   particular     the    Pacific    Deep
hazard     assessment"      at     a   Reunion Internacional of Colima     Western       Boundary        Current
symposium organized by the             in March of 2000.                   (DWBC)      and      the    Antarctic
Institute of Geography at UNAM.             A major disaster associated    Circumpolar Current (ACC). As
Scientists, public safety officials,   with Hurricane Mitch, that hit      parts of the global thermohaline
press, and general public also         Central America in October 1998,    ocean       circulation       system,
attended this meeting.                 was the great landslide that        changes in DWBC and ACC have
     I am currently the principal      killed about 2,000 people living    influenced       global       climate.
investigator for a large research      below Casita Volcano, Nicaragua.    Primary objectives of the cruise
program on reduction of risk at        With NSF funding, I led an inter-   were to core the Cenozoic
Pico de Orizaba, Mexico (4674          national team to study the cause    sediments in sediment drifts,
meters high). Pico is the largest      of this catastrophe and was the     deep sea fans and hemipelagic
volcano in North America that          first investigation at the scene.   plateaus     to     document       the
potentially threatens hundreds of                                          establishment of the ACC and the
thousands of people in the State
of Veracruz. I am now in the
                                       ODP Leg 181:                        DWBC. The sedimentary record
                                                                           from eastern New Zealand would
middle of this three-year (1999-       Southwest Pacific Ocean,            also document the fluctuations in
2001) project funded by NASA. I        east of New Zealand                 Cenozoic climate, particularly
am integrating with the civil          By Gerald Smith                     recording the development of
protection authorities in the                                              glaciation     on    the    Antarctic
State of Veracruz and provide              During the late-summer/fall     continent.
news     releases    and     public    of 1998, I served as shipboard          Leg 181 retrieved 3,625 m of
interviews each time I visit the       sedimentologist on Ocean Drilling   core from water depths of 400 m
area. In return, civil protection      Program’s (ODP) Leg 181 aboard      to 4,500 m, and established a
provided my team with an               the    deep-sea    drilling  ship   stratigraphy that ranged from
airplane    and    helicopter    for   JOIDES Resolution. The co-chief     Cretaceous to Holocene in age.
observation of the volcano and         scientists for the cruise were      Principal results include the
two 4 x 4 trucks with drivers for      R.M. Carter (James Cook Univ.)      retrieval an almost complete
fieldwork.    I also organized a       and I.N. McCave (Univ. of           stratigraphic      succession       of
successful symposium on this           Cambridge) with C. Richter          largely deep-marine sediment
topic at the 1999 fall meeting of      (Texas A&M Univ.) as staff          back to the late Eocene (37 Ma).
the American Geophysical Union.        scientist. Leg 181 sailed from      Site 1124 may have recovered a
                                       Sydney, Australia and drilled       complete Miocene to Holocene
                                       seven sites along a roughly         sedimentary record, which is
     “Pico is the largest              southwest to northeast transect     richly    microfossiliferous      and
 volcano in North America              on the eastern margin of New        contains every magnetic reversal
 that potentially threatens            Zealand    before    docking   in   since Chron C6r of early Miocene
  hundreds of thousands                Wellington, New Zealand. During     (~20.5 Ma) age.           Additional
  of people in the city of             this period the ship was struck     correlation     controls    for    the
                                       by five separate gales, with wind   sedimentary record is provided
        Veracruz.”                     speeds exceeding 65 knots, and      by the large number of tephras
                                       swells of ~18 m, making the         present in cores 1123 to 1125,
    Volcan Colima is the most
                                       cruise rather bumpy.                which     record     the    explosive
active volcano in Mexico and is
approaching its climactic stage. I                                         volcanic activity of New Zealand’s
have studied this volcano since          “the ship was struck by           North Island.
                                                                               Post-cruise research spons-
1988 and am currently a member           five separate gales, with         ored by ODP that I am currently
of the Scientific Committee of          wind speeds exceeding 65
Colima Volcano and a co-author                                             conducting with the collaboration
of the current hazards map for
                                            knots, and swells of           of Suzanne O’Connell (Wesleyan
the volcano. In 1998 I received a             ~ 18 meters…”                Univ.) is to investigate the
citation from the authorities in                                           environmental            parameters
Colima noting my scientific                The drilling site locations     controlling the development of
studies of that volcano and            were     chosen   because   the     deep-water trace fossil assem-
praising my training of young          stratigraphic record of eastern     blages in the early Miocene.
Mexican     geoscientists.      In     New Zealand microcontinent and      Sampling of the cores at the ODP
February of 1999 I was called to       abyssal margin is the best          Gulf    Coast      Repository     was
Colima to participate in the           available for deciphering the       finished this past January, and
evaluation of the continuing           history and development of          results from the analyses will
hazard at that volcano and I will      Southern Ocean water masses, in     hopefully be finished by the end
                                                                           of summer.
                                                                                                     The Epoch 11
                                            seeing      more     use   in    non-    now     possible.       Coincident
Geology’s New                               destructive testing of in situ
                                            infrastructure         such         as
                                                                                     seismic/GPR      imaging     should
                                                                                     prove to be a productive new area
EGR Laboratory                              pavements and bridges.
                                                  All   geophysical     methods
                                                                                     of research because seismic data
                                                                                     can provide elastic parameter
By Dr. Gregory S. Baker                     involve measurement of some              information while GPR can
                                            physical parameter of the earth          provide electromagnetic inform-
    The University at Buffalo now           beneath the survey area. Typical         ation. Additionally, supporting
has the opportunity to step into            shallow-survey        measurements       use of magnetic and induced EM
the growing field of environ-               include       gravity,      electrical   methods can provide quick and
mental geophysics through the               conductivity, magnetics, elastic         cost-effective constraints to many
newly       formed      Environmental       properties, polarizability, and          geological     and     hydrological
Geophysics          Research     (EGR)      transparency to electromagnetic          problems.
laboratory.        Dr. Baker formed         (i.e.     radar)     waves.    These
this facility upon his arrival at           measurements are then used to
                                            indirectly     infer    permeability,
UB. Environmental geophysics, a
subset           of        near-surface     porosity, chemical constituents,
                                            stratigraphy, geologic structure,
geophysics, is a new and growing
                                            and other properties.                        Dr. Marcus Bursik, Associate
area of academic study. The field
                                                                                     Professor of Geology, was on
involves using state-of-the-art
                                            Research                                 sabbatical during the 98/99
technology         to    "image"     the
                                                The initial goals of the EGR         academic year. He kept busy as
subsurface remotely.           Because
                                            group are to be able to acquire          Benjamin        Meaker       Visiting
the use of drilling or trenching to
                                            seismic, radar, gravity, magnetic,       Professor in the Institute for
assist in subsurface character-
                                            electric, and EM geophysical data        Advanced Studies and Centre for
ization is at times imprudent or
                                            and take advantage of UB's               Environmental Fluid Dynamics,
prohibitively expensive, chara-
                                            existing high-powered computing          University of Bristol. His work in
cterizing the upper few meters of
                                            facilities for modeling, process-        Bristol     involved     theoretical
the earth cost-effectively and
                                            ing, and interpretation of these         studies of erosion by pyroclastic
noninvasively becomes import-
                                            data.                                    flows.       This is a poorly
ant. Detailed characterization of
                                                One role of the EGR group is         understood,       but     important
the     shallow        subsurface      is
                                            to utilize near-surface         geo-     problem, as erosion in the vent
therefore important in environ-
                                            physical techniques to help              region of a volcano affects the
mental, groundwater, and geo-
                                            constrain various geological and         total run-out characteristics of
technical       engineering       appli-
                                            hydrological problems. The tools         these deadly flows. He also was
cations, as well as neotectonics,
                                            currently used by the EGR group          Visiting Professor in the Instituto
mining geology, and the analysis
                                            include a state-of-the-art 60-           de      Geofisica,      Universidad
of petroleum reservoir analogs.
                                            channel      engineering    seismo-      Nacional Autonoma de Mexico.
    There are two basic reasons
                                            graph, a portable magnetometer,          His     work      there     involved
to use geophysical methods to
                                            and a portable gravimeter.         A     observation of active block and
address          engineering        and
                                            bistatic ground-penetrating radar        ash flows at Colima volcano,
environmental problems.            One
                                            (GPR) unit with several antennas         which he is coupling with
reason is to help mitigate existing
                                            and      EM-31      electromagnetic      laboratory     experiments,      and
problems. Geophysical methods
                                            survey unit will be acquired             theoretical         work           on
can be used to evaluate the
                                            shortly. A full suite of survey          understanding flow rheology and
extent of existing problems, to
                                            and computer equipment are               behavior.
predict where pollutants will go
                                            available for field use.                     In March 2000 he is planning
in the subsurface, and to guide
                                                Another role of the EGR              another trip to Colima volcano
exploratory drilling programs.
                                            laboratory is to continually             with his Geology 478/578 class
The other reason is to help
                                            improve the development of near-         (Advanced Field Methods) to
design       facilities    to   prevent
                                            surface geophysical methods.             study its explosive eruptions.
engineering         foundation      and
                                            Dr. Baker's research in the last         This is a joint course with
environmental problems. Increas-
                                            five years focused on both near-         Universidad Nacional Autonoma
ingly, geophysical methods are
                                            surface seismology and ground-           de Mexico; they will be guests of
being used prior to construction
                                            penetrating      radar.      Recent      University of Colima.       Approx-
to     help     assure       subsurface
                                            advances have led to improve-            imately     10     graduate      and
integrity at critical locations such
                                            ments in ultrashallow seismic            undergraduate       students      will
as power plants, chemical plants
                                            imaging such that coincident use         attend this trip.
and      waste        storage/disposal
facilities.     These methods are           of seismic and GPR techniques is

                                                                                                               The Epoch 12
Degrees Conferred                  Site, Lake Charles, Louisiana
                                   (Advisor: J. Fountain)               Student Honors
September 1998 - September 1999
                                   Lisa Paquette: The Use of Soil       Best Student Presentation
BACHELOR OF ARTS                   Gas Analyses for the Evaluation
                                                                            Michelle Reay, won a $50
September 1998                     of Potential Gas Leakage from a
                                                                        award for the best student
Kevin A. Gray                      Petroleum Storage Facility. Case
                                                                        presentation at the March 1999
Joshua Landau                      Study – Bath Petroleum Storage
                                                                        meeting of the Northeastern
Brian M. Pahucki                   Inc., Bath, New York
                                                                        Section of GSA in Rhode Island.
                                   (Advisor: J. Fountain)
                                                                        Her talk entitled “Geologic map-
June 1999                                                               ping of the Pike Quadrangle in
Jorge A. Arufe                     Dino Zack: Geologic mapping of
                                                                        Western New York: evidence for
Carl E. Berger                     the freedom 7½’ topographical
                                                                        faults at the surface in the app-
Heather L. Hornung                 quadrangle in southwestern New
                                                                        alachian plateau” was judged on
Steven J. Interdonato              York State: evidence for multiple
                                                                        both presentation and scientific
Patricia M. A. Kliese              fault systems in the Appalachian
                                                                        merit and was co-authored by Dr.
Joanna L. Lamprecht                Plateau (Advisor: R. Jacobi)
                                                                        Robert Jacobi, her advisor.
John T. Merletti
Robert J. Murphy, cum laude        September 1999
Jane E. Pietraszek                 Kevin J. Poplawski: Alternative      Dean’s Outstanding Senior
Jennifer A. Richards               Energy: Potential Low Temp-          Award
Todd C. Witmer                     erature Geothermal Resources in          Each year, The College of Arts
                                   Western and Central New York         & Sciences requests departmen-
September 1999                     State. (Advisor: M. Bursik)          tal nominations for outstanding
David W. Jackson                                                        seniors. Robert Murphy was the
Paula M. Jacobi                    DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY                 Department of Geology’s nom-
Yvonne E. Paul                                                          ination for 1999. Nominees were
                                   September 1998                       required to be graduating this
MASTER OF ARTS                     Jiandong Xu:                         year with a minimum QPA of
September 1998                     Geometrical characterization of      3.25 and to have exhibited
Eric Schultz: Glacial history of   fracture networks: core and bore-    academic excellence and promise
the Chaffee Outwash Plain and      hole fracture surveys, density       for the future. Robert received a
Surrounding Area, Erie County,     calculation, and spatial structure   certificate   and     medal     in
N.Y. (Advisor: P. Calkin)          analyses (Advisor: R. Jacobi)        recognition of his nomination.

David Blauvelt: Examples of
Scoria Cone Degradation in the
San Francisco Volcanic Field,
Arizona (Advisor: M. Bursik)

Oscar Castaneda: Landslide Risk
Mapping in the Zunil Area,
Guatemala (Advisor: M. Sheridan)

Randy Evans: Non-thesis
teaching program

David Frank: Dendroclimatic
Investigation    of  the  Tsuga
Mertensiana Using Reflected-
Light Analysis, Yakutat, Alaska
(Advisor: P. Calkin)

Tamara Hauptfleisch:
Surfactant Selection and Field               Robert Murphy, 1999 Geology Outstanding Senior
Test Interpretation for the PPG              with Dr. Michael F. Sheridan.

                                                                                                The Epoch 13
Who’s Who Among Students               Nuclear Waste Facility under the        Chemistry. He was responsible
                                       advisement of Dr. Robert Jacobi.        for developing a procedure for
    Eleven of our undergraduate                                                modifying plastic surfaces with a
students      were    selected   for                                           radio frequency plasma, then
inclusion in the 1998-1999
                                       Undergraduate Pegrum Award
                                                                               characterizing    the    modified
edition of Who’s Who Among                 The Pegrum Award has been           surfaces. The research is at the
Students in American Universities      given annually since 1970 to an         cutting edge of science and thus
and     Colleges:    Jorge    Arufe,   outstanding graduating senior in        has run into innumerable un-
Lindsay Brown, Jeremy Bork,            the Department of Geology. The          expected obstacles. John was
Justin        Deming,       Heather    1999 award of $600 was                  able to persevere, getting large
Hornung, Paula Jacobi, Patricia        presented to John Merletti.             amounts of high quality data and
Kliese, Courtney Lugert, Robert            During his senior year, John        thus significantly helping the
Murphy, Jane Pietraszek, and           was working on a research               project. The quality of his
Jennifer Richards.                     project investigating the surface       research was at a level typical of
    Students were selected on the      chemistry of fractures with Drs.        many master's projects.
basis of academic merit (mini-         Fountain, Becker and Giese from
mum QPA of 3.0), extracurricular       geology and Dr. Gardella from
activities, citizenship and service
to the school, and potential for
future achievement.

Duttweiler Field Camp Award
    For six consecutive years,
alumna Dorothea C. Duttweiler
has contributed money to our
department     in   support     of
women’s fieldwork and we have
chosen to use this money to help
women students attending our
summer field camp course.
    The 1999 recipient of the
$500 award is Courtney Lugert
who had to attend a field course
through another school (since
our 1999 field camp was can-
celled due to the loss of our                      Patricia Kliese, winner of the 1999 Gilbert Jaffe
supply truck). Courtney is a fine                  Memorial award with Dr. Michael F. Sheridan.
student as evidenced by her
interest and participation in
classes as well as her 3.26 QPA.
She is also an active athlete and
plays for the UB volleyball team
on an academic scholarship.

Gilbert Jaffe Memorial Award
    This award is intended for a
student that excels in the study
of marine or environmental
sciences. Patricia Kliese was the
recipient of the $500 award for
1999. After receiving her BA
degree, Trish decided to continue
her studies at UB in pursuit of a
Master of Arts Degree. She is
currently studying the sediment-
ology and stratigraphy of the
Upper Devonian Catskill Delta                  John Merletti, 1999 winner of the Pegrum Undergraduate
Complex near the West Valley                   Award with Dr. Michael F. Sheridan.

                                                                                                        The Epoch 14
Graduate Pegrum Awards
    Thanks to a large donation from
alumnus James W. Cadwell, the
Pegrum Fund has grown large
enough to be able to give additional
annual     award(s)    to   graduate
student(s) that excel in teaching, or

    The 1999 award of $600 for
excellence in teaching was given to
Elisa Bergslien. During the past
two years, when numerous changes
in departmental personnel often
required faculty to teach new
courses, Elisa repeatedly provided
immense assistance in developing
the laboratories for such courses,
nearly from scratch. She also
assisted several faculty in course      1999 Graduate Pegrum Award Winners Elisa Bergslien for Excellence in Teaching
development, in addition to her         and Bernard Hubbard for Outstanding Research.
normal teaching duties. During this
past semester, she took over
maintenance of the Geology website
and has improved it dramatically, all
the while continuing her doctoral
                                                           After the Deluge
                                        Surface Processes & Hydrology students respond with a sigh of relief
research    and    classwork    and
                                           after the Noachian inundation of the Whirlpool Jet Boat Tour.
maintaining a QPA of 4.0.

    The 1999 award of $600 for
outstanding research was given to
Bernard Hubbard. Bernard is an
excellent student with a QPA of 3.9.
During his first year of graduate
work at UB he was awarded a UB
minority scholarship, and was then
granted     a    prestigious   NASA
Fellowship for the next three years.
His funding continues with a
research assistantship on a NASA
grant that he wrote as a spinoff of
his Ph.D. defense proposals. He has
presented results of his research at
IAVCEI meetings at Taal Volcano in
the Philippines and Puerto Vallarta,
Mexico. He also gave papers at the
International Reunion of Colima,
Mexico and at the National GSA in
Toronto. Last summer Bernard won
the prestigious Jack Kleinman
Internship with the USGS that           On September 26, 1999 Dr. Marcus Bursik took his students on a
allowed him to do field research at     Jet Boat Tour of the Niagara Gorge to study the surface processes
Mount Adams in the Cascade              of the Niagara River.    Looks of concern could be seen on their
Range.      Besides completing his      faces after the tour guide mentioned that automatic bailers would
course work and conducting his          purge any accumulated water from the boat. Students were
research, he has been a sympathetic     deluged with wave after wave of 55o F water that accumulated in
and patient mentor for other            the boat up to their waists. The waves hit with such great force
students, exhibiting extraordinary      students were pinned back into their seats as water invaded every
time and talent in this endeavor.       orifice of their heads.

                                                                                                           The Epoch 15
                                                                            quoted     from    her     website
Geology and Law,                     Dr. Mary Anderson                      (
                                                                            ople/anderson.html)       “include
A good Match!                        is Selected for                        groundwater-lake studies and
                                                                            recharge      estimation.      Our
By Dr. Rossman Giese                 Several Honors                         groundwater-lake studies are
                                                                            conducted at NSF's Long Term
    Today, much of geology is
                                                                            Ecological Research (LTER) site
environmentally oriented. Env-           Dr. Parker Calkin brought to       in northern Wisconsin. We have
ironmental problems are often a      our attention that alumni Mary         developed a new package for the
complex mixture of chemistry,        P. Anderson received the 1998          USGS groundwater flow code
geology, hydrology and probably      O.E. Meinzer Award from the            MODFLOW that calculates lake
other     scientific  disciplines.   Hydrogeology Division of the           levels   during     a    transient
Solving environmental problems       Geological Society of America.         simulation, and are currently
is often made more difficult by      This was awarded in recognition        working with a regional flow
the regulations and laws that are    of a body of papers of distinction     model of the LTER site. Plans are
almost always written by non-        advancing      the     science    of   to link this model to an
scientists. There is a need for      hydrogeology. These papers can         evapotranspiration model and
people with a strong geoscience      be found at the website link           then use the linked model to
background and a law degree.          simulate the effects of potential
                                     /gsahydro/index.htm. A very            global climate change. Recently
  “Solving environmental             nice description of this award         completed research focused on
  problems is often made             and Dr. Anderson’s distinguished       representation of aquifer hetero-
                                     career can be found in the March       geneities in the subsurface in
   more difficult by the             1999 issue of GSA Today, pages         order to develop a better way to
 regulations and laws that           27-28.                                 quantify dispersion of cont-
 are almost always written               In addition, Dr. Anderson was      aminants in transport models.”
     by non-scientists”              selected by a committee of her
                                     peers to be an AGU Fellow for

Geologists have been slow to
                                     1999. This announcement can
                                     be found in the April 13, 1999
                                                                            Book Donation
recognize the strong demand for      AGU      publication     of    EOS-    Alumni John H. Barnes (MA ’72)
scientifically trained environ-      Transactions.       In the AGU         donated the book “Geology of
mental lawyers. Three years ago,     citation she was awarded this for      Pennsylvania”, published by the
Dr. Patricia M. Costanzo (PhD,       “exceptionally skillful inclusion of   Pennsylvania Geological Survey,
UB in geology) took the plunge       geological     information      into   to our departmental library. John
and entered the Law School at        mathematical models to advance         has been employed at the
UB. She graduated in May of          the state-of-the art of hydro-         Pennsylvania Geological Survey
1999 and passed the New York         geology    and     for    numerous     since 1970, and he contributed
State Bar Exam in July. She is       contributions as an educator,          to the making of this book as a
presently working in the Legal       pioneer, role model, mentor, and       co-author of a chapter, reviewer
and Regulatory Group at Ecology      leader of the profession.”             of several other chapters, and for
and Environment, Inc., a world-          Dr. Anderson received her BA       two years he assisted in editing
wide       environmental    and      degree from UB in 1970 and             the book.     The department of
consulting company headquart-        continued on to finish her MS          geology would like to extend our
ered in Lancaster, NY. Perhaps       and PhD degrees in          1971 &     gratitude and thanks for this
following Dr. Costanzo's lead,       1973 at Stanford University. After     donation that will be a valuable
Mike Joy (PhD candidate in           receiving her PhD, she became          resource when planning our
geology) has just begun his first    an     adjunct      professor     at   “Geologic Evolution of North
year in Law School, also at UB.      Southampton College of Long            America” field trip that travels
You don’t need a Ph.D. to be a       Island University. In 1975 she         through Pennsylvania.
good environmental lawyer. A BA      accepted a faculty position at the
or BS degree would be just fine.     University     of    Wisconsin     –
Could the geology department         Madison and has been there ever
become a pre-law program?            since.
                                         Dr.     Anderson’s       current
                                     research interests as directly

                                                                                                    The Epoch 16
                                         ALUM NOTES
     Thanks to those who returned the Tell US forms with news to be shared with former classmates.
             Please be sure to fill out the form so that we can include your news next time.

Gary Andres (BA ’82) started a        Sharon at York Central Schools.        Paula Jacobi (BA ‘99) “I got a
new job as of spring 1999 for             “We were married on July 18,       permanent full time position as
Land & Water Consulting, Inc.         1998 and are both high school          an environmental Geologist in the
located in Missoula, MT.              science teachers in the Rochester      Washington DC area; I am very
                                      area, NY.       We spent our           excited! The owner is only two
David & Julie (Gloss) Barclay         honeymoon re-living field camp         years older than me and most of
(David PhD ’98, Julie MA ’97)         memories     in    Colorado     &      the people that work there are
David and Julie were married on       Wyoming. Additionally, we back-        around my age or a little older. It
October 10th 1998. In the Fall of     packed in Glacier National Park,       is a very young company called
1999, David began a position as       Montana.”                              MicroPact.”
assistant   professor     in   the
Department of Geology at SUNY         Andrew Cohen (MA ’97) “After           Richard A. Jowett (BA ’85, MA
Cortland. Julie is currently          graduating from UB Geology in          ’88). “I would like to say hello to
working as a lecturer in the same     1997, I finished my teaching           all the Alumni I studied with
department.                           certification through the BRIET        from 1982 – 1988. My wife Lana
                                      program and moved to Charlotte         and I have two children, James is
Jeff Bates (BA ’91, MS ’94 at         North Carolina to teach earth          3 and Jessica is almost 2. We
Bowling Green State Univ).            science at David W. Butler High        have been having a wonderful
Current Employment: Instructor        School. In the summer of 1999 I        summer      here     in   Houston,
at Columbus State Community           married Laura Symons who I met         spending most of our spare time
College. “I’m keeping busy with       while in Buffalo. I am currently       in our pool and visiting the Texas
my job, starting my 4th year as an    working with Varcom Corporation        beaches. I recently purchased a
instructor     in     Environmental   a telecomunications engineering        restored 1952 Jowett Jupiter,
Technology. My wife Suzie and I       company that develops software         which is a 2 seat convertible
have a 6-month old daughter           to analyze computer networks.          sports car made by my ancestors
named Abigail.        I do a little   My email is          in England. We have had lots of
outside consulting and will start     or”.               fun running the car around town.
graduate school again (at Ohio                                                   I am currently working as a
State) in the fall of 1998”           Denise Erb (BA ’84, MA ’88). “I        deepwater exploration geophy-
                                      have been working with ERM as          sicist in the Gulf of Mexico for
Randy Bechtel & Gretchen              an    environmental   consultant       Amerada Hess, a New York based
Miller (Randy BA ’92, MA ’98 &        since 1989. Since 1997, I have         company.      The work is very
Gretchen BA ’95) “Gretchen            spent most of my time in               exciting     and        challenging.
Miller and I got married on 9-26-     Trinidad. ERM promoted me to           Amerada Hess has just installed
98. We live in Raleigh, N.C. and      the Regional Manager in May            the worlds tallest production
love it.   Gretchen works as a        1998.    I still enjoy cocktails,      platform (1600 ft) over our
Geologist for an environmental        working out, the beach and rude        Baldpate prospect in Garden
consulting firm and I work for the    jokes.”                                Banks 260, which is an oil
NC State Museum of Natural                                                   discovery in over 1,500 feet of
Sciences as an Exhibit Hall           Danielle Fino (BA ’96, MS ’97 in       water and contains over 100
Program     Specialist.       This    Journalism, Columbia University)       million barrels of oil.
museum will be opening a new          “If you didn’t know already, I             I would like to hear from
interactive hands-on museum in        have a new job – Web Comm-             some old friends like “Zorba the
the Spring of 2000 which will         unications Manager at Woods            Greek”, Denise Erb, and Butch.
include an Acrocanthosaurus           Hole Oceanographic Institute,          Where are you guyz? I encourage
(The Acro won’t be hands-on).         and am now living in Cape Cod.”        alumni to contact me via email at
James    &   Sharon    (Korff)        Donald     Hooper      (PhD     ’94)
Brennan (James BA ’93, MA ’95         accepted a position in the fall of     Michael (Moon) Khan (BA ’94,
and Sharon BA ’93, MEd. ’96).         1999    as    visiting    assistant    MA ’96) “In August 1998 I
James & Sharon are currently          professor at the Center for Earth      married Cynthia McDowell and
working as science teachers.          and Environmental Science at           moved to Long Island where I am
James at West Irondequoit and         SUNY Plattsburg.                       a teacher at Harborfields High

                                                                                                      The Epoch 17
School. I’ve been teaching Earth       in geology to pursue my calling to    association with Doctors Pegrum
Science, Physical Science and          the ministry. I am now a Full         and Buehler and continue to
Marine Science. Next year I’ll be      time student at Pensacola Bible       enjoy Department news in the
starting an AP Environmental           Institute.”                           Epoch.”
Science program at our school.”
                                       Gretchen Miller (BA ’95)              Brian Romans (BA ’97). “Working
Vasili (Wes) Kouznetsov (PhD           See Randy Bechtel                     as geotech/associate geologist at
’97) “I am currently employed as                                             Prima Oil and Gas in Denver, CO.
a geoscientist by Schlumberger         Warren Leve (BA ’50, MA ’52           Will attend Colorado School of
GeoQuest in Houston. GeoQuest          Univ. of Texas). Retired owner/       Mines or Colorado University at
is a relatively new division of        CEO of GWC Environmental Co.          Boulder in the fall of 1999 to
Schlumberger and is a software         “Since retirement I have been         earn a masters in geology.”
company that specializes in all        traveling the world, but still have
kinds of applications for geology,     Buffalo in my heart. Regards to       Bruce Stewart (BA ’91, MA ’97).
geophysics, reservoir modeling         all   my    “old”   friends     and   Current Employment:      North
and engineering, oil production        schoolmates in Buffalo and            Carolina State University –
etc.     It also provides some         elsewhere who read the Epoch.”        Environmental Health & Safety
consulting services.”                                                        Officer.
                                       Zhaohui Li (PhD ’94 in Geology,
Alison Lagowski (BA ’92, MA            MA ’95 in Chemistry). “I just         William W. Watson (MA ’70, BA
’96). “After FINALLY finishing my      joined the Faculty       of   the     ’65 at Baldwin-Wallace College). “
MA in environmental geochem-           University   of    Wisconsin    –     I have retired after teaching
istry, I continued to work full        Parkside as a tenure track            science in high school for 27
time for Dr. Fountain as a lab-        Assistant Professor in Geology. I     years. I have enjoyed teaching
oratory manager until January          teach courses such as hydro-          earth      science,     geology,
1998. I continued in his lab part      geology, advanced hydrogeology        astronomy, chemistry, biology,
time and also as a part time           and geochemistry.”                    and science labs.     Twenty of
administrative assistant for UB’s                                            these years I taught at City
Environment & Society Institute        Todd & Lisa (Paquette) Peters         Honors School in Buffalo with
until early fall.      Upon Doris      (Todd BA ’92, MA ’98 & Lisa BA        John Opera who received his
Millhollands’ retirement, I applied    ’95, MA ’98). Todd and Lisa were      degree in Geology from U.B. in
and was selected for the Geology       married in June 1999 and moved        1963 (BA) & 1965 (MA).”
Assistant to the Chair Position        to Houston, Texas where they are
and started in October 1998            employed as geologists.     Todd      Donald R. Wiesnet (BA ’50, MA
(what a hectic year!).                 works for Exxon Co. and Lisa          ’51). “Professionally, I have a
     I was married in 1993 to          works for ERM-Southwest.              chapter in the “Manual of
James Francisco (a trumpeter                                                 Photographic Interpretation” (Ch.
and MIS analyst for Citigroup)         Bertil (Bert) Rolander (BA ’54).      Title: Water, Snow, and Ice).
and I have continued playing my        Retired in 1989. “Although            Recreationally, Evelyn and I
French Horn all these years. I         educated in what was then the         enjoyed a three week Elderhostel
have had the opportunity to play       Department of Geology and             in Wales and London in April,
professionally at Shea’s perf-         Geography at UB, my prof-             1997. The ASPRS elected me to
orming arts center for several         essional career was in the field of   it’s “fellow” ranks in 1997.
operas and musicals, and most          law enforcement.      I served in
recently have played for the Erie      several    Western     New    York    Gregory C. Wiles (PhD '92)
Philharmonic in Erie, PA. I feel I     counties with the New York State      started as an assistant professor
have found the perfect niche in        Police. My FBI career took me to      of Geology in 1998 at The College
life since I love my job (because it   several field offices around the      of Wooster, Ohio.
connects me to Geology) and am         country to FBI Headquarters as a
able to continue my music              supervisor      (ultimately     as    Jiandong Xu (PhD ’98) is
hobby. I’ve also begun to study        Personnel Officer) and for two        currently working in Beijing as
Tae-Kwon-Do and am about half          years as Legal Attaché at the US      an Associate Professor at the
way to my black belt. I would          Embassy      in   Denmark     with    Institute of Geology, China
love to hear from my fellow            Liaison responsibility with law       Seismological Bureau.
students from long ago. Please         enforcement        agencies      in
fill out the “Tell Us” forms or e-     Denmark, Sweden, Norway and
mail me:!!”       Finland.    All of this notwith-
                                       standing, I have extremely fond
Matt Lazarus (BA ’91) “In              memories of my days in the
August, 1997 I gave up my career       Department,     particularly    my
                                                                                                     The Epoch 18
                                            TELL US
We are anxious to stay in touch with you. Please use this form to tell us about address changes, degrees
earned since graduating from UB or important events in your professional or personal life etc.

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                                                                                                     The Epoch 19
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                          The State University of New York at Buffalo
         Department of Geology ♦ 876 Natural Sciences Complex ♦ Buffalo, NY 14260-3050

                                                                                                       The Epoch 20

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