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					                                                  CLIPS REPORT
  Clips Report is a selection of local, statewide and national news clips about the University of Missouri and higher education,
  compiled by UM System Strategic Communications as a service for UM System officials. The report may include articles
  dealing with controversial subjects, policy matters, higher education trends and other significant topics affecting the
  University.

  The articles are not screened for accuracy, balance of favorable and unfavorable reports, or representation of campuses,
  University Extension or media outlets. Some articles, especially those from Columbia newspapers, are written by students.
  The report is not an effort to measure the University’s public information efforts.

                                                            April 3, 2009

Senate approves Downing as UM curator, 1                                 The Grade: Hacker infiltrated Jefferson College’s online
UM curators to vote on tuition rate Friday, 4                            banking system, 94
UM president completes challenging first year, 6                         Letter: Goal: Increased spending on education, 95
Federal 2006 audit cites accounting errors at UM, 12                     MOST scholarships, 98
Missouri House approves transferring mental health                       Committee passes campus bond bill, 99
center’s ownership to MU, 14                                             The complicated task of simplifying student aid, 106
State Historical Society to relocate, 16                                 Colleges’ billion-dollar campaigns feel the economy’s
Missouri Scholars Academy, 20                                            sting, 111
MU doctors hope to produce key medial isotope, 23                        Blog: Project to support minority students in science is
MedZou considers expanding hours, 26                                     working, report says, 114
Money shortfall closes MU Center for the Literary Arts, 28               Educators decry SC governor’s anti-bailout stance, 115
Letter: Seniors need Health Connection to remain open,                   Editorial: Colleges duck tough cuts, keep hiking pay and
30                                                                       tuition, 118
Missouri leaders hashing out plans for stimulus money, 32                The global campus meets a world of competition, 120
Editorial: Stem cell research resolution cause for concern,              More colleges consider adding ‘gift tax’ to new donation,
35                                                                       122
MU DoIT on Conficker worm, 36                                            The Platform: The case for community colleges only gets
Missouri energy will get financial boost, 39                             better, 124
USS Missouri officers visit MU to establish ship, school                 New rules for program in GI bill seek to ease colleges’
relationship, 40                                                         concerns, 126
Greeks Going Green plans blackout at MU, 42                              Despite expense, foreigners pursue U.S. degrees, 128
Anderson contract, 44                                                    Report describes threats to American dominance in
MU student receives Truman Scholarship for public                        attracting foreign students, 130
service, 62                                                              House moves to postpone PLUS loan auction, help
East Campus explosion still vivid in memories, 64                        borrowers escape default, 132
TV/radio host speaks to MU students, 66                                  What colleges should learn from newspapers’ decline, 134
Life sciences institute names new president, 69                          Paying in full as the ticket into colleges, 137
UMKC dental school gets $8.2M gift, 71                                   Community-college leader is chosen for No. 2 post at
Letter: Kansas City University, 72                                       education department, 140
Missouri S&T math students star in inquiry-based film, 73                Commentary: Obama’s plans for higher education, 143
Missouri S&T to host annual research conference for                      Colleges are the ones fearing rejection letters, 148
undergrads, 75                                                           Recession has changed views among prospective adult
Students from Missouri S&T’s Residential College to show                 students, study finds, 150
off projects, 76                                                         Stanford accepts only 7.6 percent of would-be freshmen,
Missouri S&T students have confidence in concrete canoe,                 152
77                                                                       San Jose State University rejects 4,400 prospective
Missouri S&T students design steel bridge, 78                            freshmen, 154
Chair named for Missouri S&T’s English and technical                     Bill that could bring sweeping change in patent law
communication department, 79                                             advances in Senate, 156
Missouri S&T researchers on the color red, 80                            Surge of college students pursuing ‘clean energy’ careers,
MSU spends $4,500 on meal for legislators, 81                            158
MSU president predicts flat Missouri State revenue, 82                   State considering a ‘green fee’ at universities, 160
MSU students show support for fund hike, 84                              At NCAA’s Big Show, buzz over a coach’s big pay, 161
Remodeling for lab waste storage still on, 85                            Study helps identify college drinkers who might continue
Gates Foundation gives $5M to Washington University, 86                  excessive drinking as adults, 162
SLU courts potential students, 87                                        College applications now an open (Face)book, 165
SEMO board of regents could OK parking plan today, 89                    Forgive student debt, suggests one borrower, 168
SEMO recruits students, 90                                               New leader aims to keep public colleges high on nation’s
SIU board wants lower tuition increases, scrutiny of                     priorities, 17
student fees, 92
The Maneater
Senate approves Downing to board of curators
Don Downing says his seven years at MU changed his life.
By KRISSY TRIPP
Thursday, April 2, 2009

Don Downing officially took the oath of office Thursday to replace Marion Cairns on the UM
system Board of Curators. Downing's term will expire Jan. 1, 2015.

"I look forward to serving the state and the university system," Downing said. "I'm coming in with
an open mind and no set agenda."

Downing plans to focus on the UM budget and the funding issues that come with a bad economy.

"I think the university needs to maintain stability in its system," he said.

Student representative to the Board of Curators Tony Luetkemeyer said Downing was appointed
to both the audit and the finance committees, which deal with the majority of the budget-related
issues.

"I thought the new curator did an excellent job," Luetkemeyer said. "Despite his short time on the
board he seems very knowledgeable on the issues we discussed today."

Sen. Eric Schmitt, R-Glendale, who sponsored Downing, said the timing of his approval in the
senate worked out for him to be a voting member at the curator's meeting after his oath of office.

"The senate confirmed his appointment this morning and we made it our first matter of business
so that he could participate in today's meeting," Senate Majority Caucus spokeswoman Farrah
Fite said.

Schmitt said the confirmation hearing in the senate went well.

"I was happy to do it," Schmitt said. "He's a very bright guy. He's had a very distinguished legal
career, and he's been very dedicated to the university."

Schmitt said the Senate took it seriously because the curator is such an important position. During
the Senate committee's questioning of Downing, he was asked questions about MU basketball
coach Mike Anderson's contract and how Downing views UM and its goals.

"The committee just had a couple of questions because he's very qualified," Schmitt said.

After Gov. Jay Nixon's nomination of Downing, Chancellor Brady Deaton also spoke positively
about him. Deaton said MU expects Downing to be the sort of curator to understand and support
the university.

"We're excited about this appointment and looking forward to working with him," Deaton said.




                                                                                                     1
Downing graduated from MU with a degree in economics in 1979 and graduated from the School
of Law in 1982. During his studies at MU, Downing served in the Missouri Students Association
and various other organizations. During law school, Downing served as the editor for the Missouri
Law Review.

After graduation, Downing continued to serve MU on the Law School Foundation Board of
Trustees, the Jefferson Club and the Law Library Campaign Committee.

In addition, Downing serves on the national board of directors for Disciples Benevolent Services,
an organization providing social and health services to meet the physical, emotional, mental and
spiritual needs of those it serves.

Downing is a partner in the law firm Gray, Ritter and Graham, P.C., in St. Louis. He served as the
chief deputy attorney general for Missouri and argued before the U.S. Supreme Court.

Downing was also MU's first homecoming king.

Columbia Daily Tribune
Senate panel approves Downing as UM curator
Interview touched on coach’s salary.
By TERRY GANEY
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

JEFFERSON CITY — Don Downing’s appointment to the University of Missouri Board of Curators
was approved today by a state Senate committee whose members questioned him about a
basketball coach’s contract, training for medical workers and the need to compete in a global
education marketplace.

Downing can participate in tomorrow’s curators’ meeting once the full Senate confirms him,
which was expected. Gov. Jay Nixon appointed Downing on March 9 to a six-year term,
succeeding Marion Cairns of Webster Groves.

In sponsoring Downing’s nomination, Sen. Eric Schmitt, R-St. Louis County, said the St. Louis
lawyer was a major supporter of the university and its law school.

Sen. Dan Clemens, R-Marshfield and a member of the Gubernatorial Appointments Committee,
asked Downing about MU basketball Coach Mike Anderson’s contract and how much the
university might have to pay to keep him.

“What is the balance between a coach and the classroom?” Clemens wondered.

Downing said he was “tickled to death” as a basketball fan that MU had apparently reached terms
with Anderson.

“There is a market out there for very talented basketball coaches,” Downing said. “I understand
your point; this is an academic institution, and I look forward to hearing all the details about the
package that’s been offered.”



                                                                                                       2
The curators would have to approve Anderson’s contract, and Downing said he had “an open
mind” about it.

Sen. Jason Crowell, R-Cape Girardeau, said there was a move afoot in the General Assembly to
provide more money to higher education institutions to train medical workers. And Crowell said
he was afraid that once trained at Missouri schools, the medical workers would go to work in
another state.

Senate President Pro Tem Charles Shields, R-St. Joseph, encouraged Downing to work to maximize
the use of resources and “think about how to compete in a new world model of higher
education.”

Downing had been Nixon’s chief deputy when Nixon was state attorney general. After Nixon
nominated Downing for the Board of Curators, Republicans complained that the appointment was
based on money. Downing and his St. Louis law firm contributed more than $103,000 to Nixon’s
campaign for governor.

But questions about the contributions did not come up today. During last year’s campaign, when
Nixon prepared for debates against Republican opponent Kenny Hulshof, Downing played the role
of Hulshof. No one asked about that, either.




                                                                                                 3
Columbia Missourian
UM system board of curators votes on tuition rate Friday
By BRYAN RICHARDSON
Friday, April 3, 2009

ROLLA – The UM System Board of Curators is one step away from giving students and their
parents relief from increasing student tuition, if a deal to fund higher education at current levels
survives the General Assembly.

During Thursday's meeting at Missouri University of Science and Technology, the Finance
Committee of the board of curators voted to continue current tuition costs for undergraduate and
graduate students for the next fiscal year. Base tuition for all full-time UM System undergraduate
students would remain at $7,368.

The full board is expected to vote on the issue Friday.

After increases of 3.8 percent, 5 percent and 4.1 percent during the last three fiscal years, the
approval of the full board would keep the tuition rate stabilized next school year.

In January, Gov. Jay Nixon proposed a budget that would retain full funding for higher education
in return for a promise not to raise tuition. The House has already passed a state budget with full
appropriations for higher education intact.

Nikki Krawitz, vice president for finance and administration for the UM System, said the deal is
beneficial for all sides involved.

“It’s a good deal for the students,” Krawitz said. “Considering the economic situation, it’s good for
the university and a bold move by the governor.”

“We had an agreement with the governor that we would not raise tuition if the state doesn’t
decrease appropriation. The action item is contingent on the state keeping its end of the bargain
by not decreasing its appropriation funds.”

On March 26, the Missouri House approved the 13 bills making up the FY 2010 budget. The
budget is now being debated in the state Senate.

Krawitz said she is not worried about the state not following through on its part of the deal.

“The state appears to be committed to keep its end of the bargain,” she said. “It was Nixon’s
proposal, and the House has passed the budget. I just hope that the Senate does the same.”

Chancellor Brady Deaton said the MU student body will be happy with the agreement once it is
passed into both the state’s and the curators' FY 2010 budget.

“Students should be pleased with the tentative agreement being made,” Deaton said. “Overall,
it’s serving the needs of the students very well.”




                                                                                                       4
On Friday, the curators are expected to also take action on the UM System's retirement, disability
and death benefit plan.

St. Louis Post-Dispatch
The Grade Blog: UM board to consider tuition freeze later this week
By KAVITA KUMAR
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

A tuition freeze for this fall at the University of Missouri is on the agenda of Board of Curators
meeting later this week. But the 0 percent tuition increase would be contingent on flat state
appropriations for higher education, the proposed resolution before the board states.

This is one step towards finalizing the agreement brokered between Gov. Jay Nixon and the
state’s public universities that schools would not increase tuition as long as the state did not cut
higher education funding.

If the Board of Curators approves the motion at its meeting in Rolla on Thursday and Friday, base
tuition for full-time Missouri undergraduates attending one of the UM’s four campuses will
remain at $7,368 a year.

According to the university’s board documents, a study in 2007 showed that full-time in-state
students received an average of $4,387 in grant aid. Assuming there is a similar level of increase
to grant aid this year as there has been in previous years, the university said the average student
next fall would pay $2,854.




                                                                                                       5
Columbia Missourian
UM System President Gary Forsee completes challenging first year
By NATHAN WINTERS
Friday, April 3, 2009

COLUMBIA — Early one April 2008 morning, the students and faculty at Missouri University of Science
and Technology were following their usual schedules: Completing assignments. Preparing for exams.
Rushing to class.

Yet in one room on campus, the mood was anything but routine. The UM System Board of Curators
had convened to hear Missouri S&T graduate Gary Forsee speak to the board for the first time as
president of the University of Missouri System.

Forsee was named president in December 2007 and assumed the position in mid-February 2008. He
had spent less than three months in the president's office in University Hall at MU before the time
came for this address.

His words then focused on many of the same goals he has today: supporting the mission of the
system, increasing state support for higher education and promoting the UM System as the economic
engine of the state. He also mentioned MU’s three-point drop in the U.S. News & World Report
rankings of higher education institutions, from 88 to 91.

Getting started
Forsee, a man with extensive experience in the business world, embarked on a year of unexpected
challenges. During his first 365 days as president, his leadership has been tested as the UM System
faces a financial crisis that also grips the world.

People who work with Forsee, 58, say he has made the transition from managing a big corporation to
leading the UM System with relative ease. They describe him as intelligent and engaging but also
intense.

They say he works well with leaders in state government, pointing to Forsee’s extensive preparation
and his desire to listen to others. He can make tough calls and defend them, even though he has come
under fire from faculty who say he announces policy changes without sufficient consultation.

Forsee, whose previous position was chairman and chief executive officer of Sprint Nextel Corp., said
he wants to be consistent and transparent in his leadership of the UM System. He said he values
collaboration and hearing the views of others.

“I think the premium on that is particularly so in tough economic times, or tough times the institution
could be facing,” he said during an interview in March. “I think that is certainly part of the MO that I
wanted to establish when I came on.”

At the end of the day, those around him say he has had a successful first year because he is not afraid
to make necessary decisions to maintain the system and prepare for the future.

“Leadership should be about anticipating changes,” Forsee said. “It should be about looking around
the corner. It should be about assuring that you don’t get caught short by lack of preparation, by lack
of planning or not having thought about the implications.”




                                                                                                           6
Initial challenges
In a 12-month period, Forsee saw the curators increase tuition by 4.1 percent, followed by a 4.2
percent increase in the operating budget for fiscal year 2009. Yet, that still left Missouri 47th in per-
capita state spending on higher education.

In August 2008, Forsee and MU Chancellor Brady Deaton announced a plan to reorganize MU's
medical operations under a new health science center. Two months later, Forsee and his wife, Sherry,
donated $1 million to help fund a high-tech video conference system from Cisco, the communications
company based in San Jose, Calif.

Since November, however, most of the announcements coming from the president's office have
concentrated on the slumping economy.

Anticipating a shortfall in state revenue, Forsee ordered a hiring freeze across the system on Nov. 17.
He also asked for reduced spending in nonsalary areas, imposed a wage freeze and secured the
curators' approval to institute emergency furloughs if necessary through the end of June.

His leadership style will be in the public spotlight Friday at the curators meeting in Rolla.

The path to the presidency
Forsee was born in Kansas City in 1950. As he was growing up, his family moved around the state,
following Forsee’s father as he took different jobs with the Social Security Administration.

After graduatiing from Cape Girardeau Central High School, he went to Missouri S&T, formerly
University of Missouri-Rolla, where he majored in civil engineering, was the president and rush
chairman of Kappa Sigma fraternity, and worked on the school newspaper.

During his senior year, Forsee interviewed with several companies. An internship with Procter &
Gamble during the summer before his senior year convinced him to go into the management side of
engineering.

He decided to join Southwestern Bell’s management program in 1972 in Kansas City, where his first
position was as a chief assigner overseeing 15 people. He moved to installation foreman after eight
months.

Forsee kept advancing steadily, working jobs at AT&T, Global One in Belgium and BellSouth on his way
up the corporate ladder before becoming chairman and CEO of Sprint in 2003. During his time in
business, he served on the Missouri S&T Board of Trustees. Later, he served as co-chair of The
Missouri 100 — an advisory group to the UM System president.

Despite his success, Forsee’s exit from the business world was not graceful.

After his advancement at Sprint and being touted as a talented manager and deal maker by the
business press — BusinessWeek named him one of the best managers of 2004 — he resigned under
pressure from the company’s board on Oct. 8, 2007. Sprint had suffered weak earnings and lost
subscribers to competing carriers. He also faced pressure over the merger of Sprint and Nextel, which
did not go as smoothly as planned.




                                                                                                            7
As he was leaving Sprint, the UM System’s search for a new president was heading into its 10th month.
It began in December 2006 when Elson Floyd announced he would take the job as president of
Washington State University.

The presidency was offered to New Jersey businessman Terry Sutter in June 2007, but he declined.
Former 9th District U.S. Rep. Kenny Hulshof was also in the running.

Joining the UM System
On Dec. 20, 2007, the curators announced Forsee as their pick for president. He officially began the
position two months later, on Feb. 18, 2008.

Bo Fraser, chairman of the curators, said Forsee's strong business experiences have made him a
stronger person, but he is the kind of man who already possessed strong leadership qualities.

“He has that vision,” Fraser said. “He has the ability to envision how to make things better, and he
knows how to get from point A to point B. He knows how to work through the maze, and he's very
articulate about that.”

Forsee has visited each of the four campuses in the system, conducting town hall meetings to explain
the cost-saving measures taken to weather the turbulent economy. Much of what he has put in place
is a strategic effort to cushion the system.

“I think all along it became very important to plan ahead,” Forsee said. “Not that great planning can
ever trump some of the bad things that can happen in the worst recession in 100 years, but if good
planning could help mitigate that, then that is certainly what we wanted to do.”

Working toward the future
Forsee said he understands the value of people’s time and takes preparation seriously. One way he
does this is by compiling notes for meetings to show his engagement in the topic at hand.

At University Hall, the small three-story building near the A.L. Gustin Golf Course that houses the UM
System offices, Forsee sat behind his desk in March , fully ready to answer questions.

On his desk was a page full of scribbled notes and details to use during the interview. He had prepared
for questions on the UM System retirement plan by saving an article from The Wall Street Journal as
an example of the continuing peril such plans are encountering across the country.

Tony Luetkemeyer, student representative to the curators, describes the president as a “ferocious
note-taker.” He said Forsee's engagement and other aspects of his personality make him easily
approachable.

“Taking notes is just a matter of assuring that I’m paying attention to the topic,” Forsee said.

Every Sunday, he makes a list of the tasks to be accomplished for the week. This beginning-of-the-
week task has continued like clockwork for many years, he said, and helps him keep on top of all his
responsibilities.

“He’s well-informed generally, and he asks critical questions — critical meaning trying to get at what is
really driving the situation, what fully describes the way issues are evolving on the campuses," Deaton
said. "He tries to fully understand those, and therefore he’s always asking questions about the issues.”



                                                                                                         8
“He is very thorough at everything that he does, and he has an intense thirst for knowledge, and you
gain knowledge by listening to people,” Fraser added.

Missouri S&T Chancellor John Carney said one reason Forsee is considered a good listener is because
he understood there was a critical learning curve when he came into this position.

“I think he made it clear from day one that he had a lot to learn and that he was very, very open to
working with various groups,” Carney said.

Forsee said one task he worked hard to accomplish during the year was to spend time with constituent
groups, listening and learning from them. His connection to various groups is part of a deliberate
collaboration process across the system, which Forsee takes quite seriously.

“You hope that a good process can result in consensus being formed,” Forsee said.

"I think President Forsee has tried to understand issues from all sides before making a decision on an
issue," Carney said. "You might not agree with everything he decides to do, but he's not making these
decisions in a vacuum."

Colleagues say one of the most important aspects of Forsee's leadership, especially given the current
state of the economy, is a firm belief in his decisions.

“He's not afraid to take action, and I think that goes back to his experience in business,” Carney said.
“In academia, we sometimes have meetings and discussions about issues and never come to a
decision.”

Business perspective
Yet, when Forsee assumed his position as president, some voiced concerns that making a businessman
the leader of an academic institution was not smart.

MU Faculty Council Chairman Tom Phillips said much of the concern derived from fears that a
president with a business background would infringe on aspects of governance dear to the faculty.

Phillips said the anxiety tapered as Forsee’s first year progressed.

“He’s kept away from the things that we consider sacred,” Phillips said. Those things include academic
issues such as building a curriculum and grading criteria — items the faculty strongly feel they should
control.

Forsee said he has not attempted to turn the university into a corporation.

“Some people may think that the agenda now is how do we turn this into business,” he said. "Well,
that is not the case at all. It's all about supporting our faculty, staff and students. That's our strength as
an institution. It's all about enhancing our mission of teaching, research service and economic
development. Our people are what make the university strong.”

Many of the practices he has learned from experience can be applied to almost any operation, he said.




                                                                                                            9
“My job is how can I support the institution and certainly use principles, practices and processes that
aren’t just used in corporations," Forsee said. "They’re used in any situation as tools to make things
better.”

Deepening communications
Despite the suggestion that he puts a premium on listening, some would like to see Forsee do more.

He fielded resistance from the faculty and staff within the system after he announced his intention to
ask the board to approve a measure requiring employees to pay into their retirement plans.

Some faculty across the system expressed dissatisfaction because they were not consulted before the
measure was introduced.

“We just wish we could have been engaged in the process early on,” Phillips said.

The Faculty Senate at the University of Missouri-St. Louis unanimously passed a resolution on Feb. 24
seeking more input from the president. The executive committee of the MU chapter of the American
Association of University Professors also sent a letter to Forsee calling for more dialogue.

Phillips added that Forsee does pay attention to concerns from faculty and staff. He pointed out a
provision the president added after consulting members of the Intercampus Faculty Council for an
annual review of the pension plan by staff and faculty advisory groups.

“The real test will be — does that happen next year?” Phillips said.

Given its central importance to both faculty and staff advisory councils, he said both groups would
work to get the pension plan review on the agenda early enough next year to gather input.

“We expect that we would have consultation, and I would hope that we would all agree on it,” said
UMSL Faculty Senate Chairman Matthew Keefer.

Fiscal uncertainty
There seems to be optimism among faculty that Forsee has the proper set of skills to manage the
economic crisis.

“I’ve heard many people say we’re happy to have him in charge with this fiscal uncertainty,” Phillips
said.

He also said much of the reason for concern has been a need for the president and the faculty to learn
how to work together.

“This is all part of getting to know each other,” Phillips said. “Anybody takes a while to build a working
relationship.”

Forsee also must persuade the legislature and the citizens of the state that funding higher education is
important. Many people, including curators and faculty, agree that besides handling the economic
crisis, this task is crucial.

Higher education administrators appreciated Gov. Jay Nixon's pledge to maintain state appropriations
at current levels in return for a tuition cap. Forsee called it a “bold move.”



                                                                                                        10
He said he appreciates the opportunity to present his case to state legislators.

“I’ve had the ability to get a full hearing, a full airing of our positions," he said. "That is all that I can ask
for."

Fraser said Forsee was well-suited for the position because of his connections to Missouri and his
ability to work with a wide array of people across the state, including members of the Missouri
General Assembly.

Carney also said he is impressed with the president’s ability to work with legislators.

Forsee said he understands the demands legislators have moving forward in finalizing the state budget
but remains optimistic that the message he brings is being heard.

“Higher education needs to be invested in, needs to be part of the solution,” Forsee said.

Commitment continues
He acknowledges that he is in a position that requires a considerable amount of his time and
commitment. Pointing to framed photographs of his family, he said they are the major reason he is
able to maintain calm and order in his life.

Forsee, his wife, Sherry, and their two daughters, Melanie and Kara, moved 16 times in order for him
to pursue job opportunities.

“It’s about family and being sure that these 24/7 jobs have the appropriate balance of time to be with
family and friends,” he said. "And it's important to have some humor and laughs along the way, too."

Missourian reporter Jacob Stokes contributed to this article.




                                                                                                               11
Columbia Missourian
Federal 2006 audit cites accounting errors at UM
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
Friday, March 27, 2009

COLUMBIA — The University of Missouri system expects to return $282,000 to the federal
government after an adverse compliance audit of research money received from the Department
of Health and Human Services.

Outside auditors found the glitches in a review of fiscal year 2006 grant and contracts.

University officials say they didn't properly verify the eligibility of third parties who received
research money to make sure that those receiving contracts did not have compliance issues.

The audit also faulted the university for not verifying in a timely way that certain grant recipients
devoted the amount of time to research projects as outlined in grant proposals.

The university has reorganized its oversight of federal spending. Subsequent external audits of
research money spent in fiscal years 2007 and 2008 show full compliance.

Columbia Daily Tribune
‘Computing glitch’ leads MU to $282,000 liability
By JODIE JACKSON JR.
Saturday, March 28, 2009

University of Missouri officials are waiting to find out whether they must return $282,000 to the
federal government for noncompliance with administrative requirements for research money
received from the Department of Health and Human Services.

Outside auditors reviewing grants and contracts in fiscal 2006 discovered researchers had failed
to sign verification reports to affirm that the amount of money allotted for salaries matched the
amount of time spent on research work.

Nikki Krawitz, the university’s vice president for finance and administration, said a “computing
glitch” kept the university from getting the reports signed as required by the grant.

“It was an administrative error,” Krawitz said. “What it means is the reports didn’t get signed in
that time frame.”

When the error was discovered, the reports were signed and sent to the proper federal agency,
she said.

Krawitz discounted a recent published report that said she had negotiated a settlement with HHS.

“There is no agreed-upon settlement,” Krawitz said. “It’s basically a nonstory at this point.”

Krawitz said the issue resulted from “a lack of administrative controls” but that the university has
since reorganized its oversight of federal spending.


                                                                                                     12
 “It wasn’t a misappropriation of funds,” she said. “The work was done on the grants, the projects
were completed, the scientific results were reported to the proper agencies. But somebody didn’t
turn the paperwork in on time.”

The university will not know what — if any — amount must be returned until it receives written
notice from the federal agency. Krawitz said the audit found about $2.3 million in “questioned
costs.” She said the university might be asked to return about 10 percent of that amount, plus
another 1 percent for not verifying compliance of third parties who received research money.

The 2006 grant audit was a topic of conversation earlier this month at a meeting of the MU
Faculty Council. Rob Duncan, vice chancellor for research, briefed council members on
compliance issues, said Eddie Adelstein, a member of the council’s executive committee. “He
basically was telling us how important it was to pay attention to the rules,” he said.
“Since 2006, we’ve had clean audits,” Krawitz said.




                                                                                                 13
Columbia Daily Tribune
Mid-Mo transfer bill gets House approval
By JODIE JACKSON JR.
Thursday, April 2, 2009

The General Assembly is working to help clear the way for the University of Missouri to take over
operation of the Mid-Missouri Mental Health Center in Columbia.

A bill that would transfer ownership of the Mid-Mo facility from the Office of Administration to the
university’s Board of Curators passed the Missouri House last night. The bill now heads for the Senate,
which is working on its own bill to accomplish the transfer.

“Whichever one moves is fine,” Rep. Chris Kelly, D-Columbia, said. Kelly is the sponsor of the House
bill, and Sen. Kurt Schaefer, R-Columbia, is the sponsor of the Senate bill. Final passage of either would
be contingent on the university and the Department of Mental Health reaching an agreement on MU’s
takeover of Mid-Mo’s operation.

“Both of us are committed to not passing the final bill until the university and Department of Mental
Health announce they’ve reached a final deal,” Kelly said, adding, “I think they’re just about there.”

Bob Bax, spokesman for the mental health department, said the House bill “is part of the process that
is needed to make all this happen.” Negotiations between the department and the university are
ongoing, he said. “We’re continuing to work to make the transition a smooth one,” Bax said.

The state mental health department and University of Missouri Health Care have been negotiating a
transfer of the state-run hospital for months. Gov. Jay Nixon has called for the transfer as well and has
dropped Mid-Mo from state funding in his proposed budget for fiscal 2010, which begins July 1.

Nixon’s budget cuts more than $20 million from the mental health department. If a transfer of Mid-Mo
cannot be worked out, state officials will have to scramble to get Mid-Mo back into the budget.

The changes have created a high level of anxiety among Mid-Mo’s staff of 190 employees, who have
expressed concern about whether they will still have jobs if a transfer occurs. Employees met two
weeks ago with the university’s human resources officials to hear what they would have to do to
continue working at the facility.

MU Health spokeswoman Mary Jenkins this morning confirmed that negotiations are still under way.
“We recognize there’s a critical need for inpatient mental health care in Mid-Missouri,” she said.

A transfer also would require approval of federal health care agencies.

“There’s a lot of steps,” Kelly said, noting that questions about staffing and treatment are solely in the
university and mental health department’s arena.

“Those are things the legislature ought not to be involved in,” Kelly said. “I have always believed that
it’s not my job to insert myself into educational or therapeutic decisions.” Kelly said his colleagues
“obviously overwhelmingly share” that principle.

Federal reimbursements are “the big driver” in the transfer talks, Kelly said. According to his
legislation, state-run Mid-Mo receives about $300 per day for patients. Because a university-run



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facility would qualify for more reimbursements, that amount would increase to $2,700 per day for the
teaching hospital if a transfer occurs.

Another hurdle to clear in the negotiations is deciding how to pay for an estimated $20 million in
capital improvements to the Mid-Mo facility. Kelly said those funds could come from the state’s
operating budget or from federal stimulus money.

“That’s going to happen whether the transfer happens or not,” he said, “regardless of who owns the
building.”

Columbia Missourian
Missouri House approves transferring mental health center’s ownership to MU
By CHRIS DUNN
Thursday, April 2, 2009

JEFFERSON CITY — The Missouri House of Representatives passed a bill Wednesday evening that
would transfer ownership of the Mid-Missouri Mental Health Center to MU.

Rep. Chris Kelly, D-Columbia, sponsored the bill as one of his legislative priorities this session. The bill,
which next goes to the state Senate for approval, would transfer ownership of the hospital from the
state Department of Mental Health to MU. This transfer is estimated to have no financial impact on
the state in the next three fiscal years.

In addition to providing services to children and adults, the hospital — which has 69 beds and is
located next to University Hospital — provides MU students with opportunities in nursing, social work
and psychiatric training.

"The reason they passed the bill was that the state system of treating mentally ill people can receive
more reimbursements from the federal government if the university operates the hospital," Kelly said.

If the hospital operates under MU's ownership, it can receive $2,700 daily per bed in federal
reimbursements because the hospital is a teaching hospital on university property, according to the
bill's committee summary. Currently, under the Health Department's ownership, the hospital receives
$300 a day per bed, according to the summary.

Calls to the mental health center were not returned. The bill passed after its business hours.

The bill received no opposition in the House or in committee hearings, as Kelly said he expected.

"It's a big benefit to both the state and the university," Kelly said.




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Columbia Daily Tribune
Editorial: Location, location
State Historical Society building
By HENRY J. WATERS III
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

Many years ago, soon after I joined the Board of Trustees of the State Historical Society of Missouri, an
effort was launched to relocate the society from the lower level of the University of Missouri’s Ellis
Library, where it had resided for generations.

The Ellis premises were seriously inadequate, and the university wanted to reclaim the valuable space.
With strong help from then-MU Chancellor Richard Wallace and key members of the Missouri General
Assembly, trustees eyed an underused building across Hitt Street on the so-called white campus, but
the inadequacy of that site quickly became apparent and the quest continued.

A breakthrough came when Gov. Matt Blunt, himself a graduate with a history major from the U.S.
Naval Academy, gained approval from the General Assembly for a $600,000 planning grant to get
started on a new state-of-the-art building. This prospect became a centerpiece of the Sasaki Plan for
downtown Columbia, a joint visioning project of the city, the university and Stephens College.

The block between Fifth and Sixth streets on Elm Street was ideal, but the society and the city were
unable to negotiate a purchase from private owners. The city and the university continued talks for
using the so-called Heinkel site one block to the east, leading to the announcement this week of an
agreement. The society will be able to initially use three-quarters of the block and can look forward to
eventual use of the remainder when the university abandons the Heinkel building.

Locating the society on the block between Fifth and Sixth would have been ideal from a downtown
development standpoint. It would have anchored the Sasaki-envisioned development of a “green”
avenue along Elm Street linking downtown with the campus, ensuring the two blocks between Fifth
and Seventh would eventually be included.

However, the alternative location will work for the society’s new facility. The next step is to secure
funding. State government officials have indicated a strong interest in providing federal stimulus
money, but no final decision has been made. Lobbying is in order.

Very few people, even in Columbia, realize the scope and importance of the historical society. It is one
of the best of its kind in the United States. In several categories it has the nation’s best supplies of
research materials. Its holdings include multimillion-dollar collections of paintings by Missouri artists
George Caleb Bingham and Thomas Hart Benton. These world-class works of art are impossible to
display or care for properly in existing society quarters. Properly displayed, they can become
important tourist attractions, along with hundreds of other extremely interesting artifacts now hidden
in cramped basement rooms. We will not be able to envision how important this facility will be to the
city and the historical community until it takes form.

The new facility will offer great opportunities for joint study and research activities with MU. Arts and
Science Dean Michael O’Brien, MU Chancellor Brady Deaton and UM President Gary Forsee endorse
this project. MU history professors long have been actively involved with the society, as has the
Missouri Press Association, the society’s founder in 1898. The new facility will be a huge addition to
the state’s cultural and intellectual inventory.




                                                                                                         16
I beg lawmakers and the governor’s office to keep this momentum going. A good site has been
procured. The project can be gotten under way promptly, meeting a key stimulus fund goal. It is being
very well planned, as everyone who has observed the process will attest.

We have a great opportunity here. We must use it.

Columbia Daily Tribune
Society seeks state’s help
Museum wants stimulus funds.
By TERRY GANEY
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

JEFFERSON CITY — House Budget Committee Chairman Allen Icet, R-St. Louis County, says federal
stimulus money could help finance construction of a new building in Columbia to house the State
Historical Society of Missouri.

The question is how much.

Icet and House Speaker Ron Richard, R-Joplin, met yesterday with historical society Director Gary
Kremer to discuss the project, estimated to cost $45 million.

“The historical society is looking for support from the state,” Icet said. “Their artwork and artifacts are
stored in less than ideal conditions. The issue they have is real, legitimate and I respect that. The
question is: At what level of support does the state move forward?”

Icet is being deluged with requests for parts of the federal budget stabilization and stimulus funds that
Missouri is to receive. State government is to get about $1.2 billion in budget stabilization funds and
about $800 million in an additional allocation of federal support for Medicaid expenditures over the
next 27 months.

In the near future, Icet is expected to roll out a package of bills recommending how some of the
money should be spent. Republicans who control the legislature prefer to use it on one-time projects
that create jobs.

Icet indicated that funds for the historical society building could be included. “I understand the issue,”
Icet said. “But what that translates into from a dollars and cents standpoint, I don’t know.”

Kremer said he hoped for state funding while empathizing with the pressure Icet faced. The budget
chairman has toured the historical society’s current location in the lowest floor of Ellis Library, where
its collection of newspaper archives, manuscripts and artwork is housed.

The society, the University of Missouri and the city of Columbia announced this week that a downtown
parcel just north of the campus bordered by Sixth, Seventh, Elm and Locust streets was available for
the project.

State planners first suggested that $60 million would be needed to construct a new building. Kremer
said a consultant hired by the society budgeted $45 million for a 147,000-square-foot structure.

Rep. Steve Hobbs, R-Mexico and a member of the Budget Committee, said it was possible for the
historical society’s building to get some federal stimulus dollars. He suggested the new historical
society location also could be used to house and restore state artifacts currently kept in the State
Museum in the basement of the Capitol.




                                                                                                         17
Kremer said although he was aware of such discussions, the existing design plan was developed to
contain the society’s current collection. More storage and display space would be needed for
additional artifacts, Kremer said.

Columbia Daily Tribune
MU property will be site of museum
Eminent domain talk is off table.
By SARA SEMELKA
Monday, March 30, 2009

In a statement that put to rest the notion of using eminent domain to secure a new location for the
State Historical Society of Missouri, the city of Columbia and the University of Missouri this morning
announced that MU will make available a block it owns downtown for the historical society’s new
building.

The block is bordered by Sixth, Seventh, Elm and Locust streets on the north side of the university
campus. The society’s gaze had been focused for months on an adjacent block, home to U.S. Cleaners
and Bengals Bar and Grill — both owned by Jack and Julie Rader — as well as a residence and an MU
parking lot. The society had asked the city to step in and help acquire the property if private
negotiations didn’t work out.

Historical society Director Gary Kremer has said the organization hired a planner to look at sites, and
although the original block chosen had established businesses on it, it was ideal because of its
proximity to campus and because the project was expected to require an entire city block.

“I do believe the Rader property and” the rest of “that block is a better site,” City Manager Bill Watkins
this morning said.

Securing a site became more urgent as reports spread that tens of millions of dollars from the federal
stimulus plan could be made available for the construction of the building only if the society could
prove it had a definite location.

“The city was not party to the negotiations” between the private property owners and the historical
society, Watkins said. “But my sense was that there was a willingness to sell, but at a very high price.
The society in particular was having some heartburn over the price it would take to purchase that.”

Watkins said he did not know the asking price, and Kremer was unavailable for comment this morning.

MU would retain ownership of the proposed site, which includes the Heinkel Building and an MU
parking lot. The site, which also is identified on the Sasaki & Associates downtown conceptual plan for
the historical society, previously was ruled out because of the existing Heinkel Building. The block
came back into the picture, Watkins said, after he and Mayor Darwin Hindman had a conversation
with MU Chancellor Brady Deaton about alternatives that would allow the society to meet the time
frame required to capture the stimulus money.

MU spokeswoman Mary Jo Banken said this morning that the Heinkel Building will remain. The city is
donating to MU a parking lot on Sixth Street across from Flat Branch Brewery to accommodate the
employees who now park on the lot next to the Heinkel Building.

Watkins said he will recommend tonight that the Columbia City Council not, as previously was
discussed, sell that parking lot and use the proceeds to help the society buy land. Also, he said he
would suggest that a Columbia Convention and Visitors Bureau offer of $250,000 to help the society
pay for land would no longer be needed.


                                                                                                          18
“It’s expediency, and it meets the vast majority of everybody’s requirements,” Watkins said of the
new location. “It met the time frame we needed.”

In a news release, Deaton said the society is an asset for Columbia and the university. “We have been
working for some time with the city to leverage our mutual resources into a new model for
town/gown relationships,” Deaton said. The city and university were “working together to make a site
available to the society for a facility that will adequately serve its needs.”

Columbia Missourian
Historical Society finds home for museum
By JEWELS PHRANER
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

COLUMBIA — More than 99 percent of the State Historical Society of Missouri's artwork, manuscripts
and newspapers — dating back as far as 1808 — are tucked away in rows and rows of storage out of
sight.

Although the historical holdings have been in the basement of Ellis Library for nearly a century, State
Historical Society Executive Director Gary Kremer said they've never been able to control the
environment inside the storage room or where artwork is displayed.

That is why the State Historical Society's proposed building — which would have quadrupled its space
and allow for protective security and environmental controls — seemed like the perfect solution. But
finding the perfect space for the proposed $40 to $60 million museum proved difficult to obtain.

The society tried to negotiate agreements to build the museum on the 68,742-square-foot block of
land at the corner of Sixth and Elm streets. The Columbia City Council even considered whether to step
in and use eminent domain on the properties if the talks didn't produce a deal between the society
and Jack and Julie Rader, who own both lots where Bengals Bar and Grill and U.S. Cleaners sit.

But Monday morning, MU, the city and the State Historical Society switched gears and settled on a
smaller parcel of land across Sixth Street.

MU acquiesced and accepted the 133-spot parking lot next to the Heinkel Building for the State
Historical Society in exchange for the council to consider the University use a city-owned, 63-spot
parking lot for Heinkel Building employees and visitors.

The council had already advertised a public hearing regarding the proposal to use eminent domain to
gain control of the larger parcel of land, but City Manager Bill Watkins said Monday that the Historical
Society couldn't wait much longer to see what would happen with that property.

"It became clear there was a serious time concern and the negotiations were going to take much
longer and be much more expensive than the society anticipated," Watkins said. "It's my
understanding that a site needed to be found today (Monday) in order for the building to be
considered by the Missouri Legislature for money from the federal stimulus package."

The museum will have to concede to about 20,000 fewer square feet of land, but Kremer said the
building will make up the square-footage difference in its height.

The new museum would follow the Sasaki plan, which directs Columbia's downtown development to
create major focal points to draw people to The District.




                                                                                                      19
Columbia Missourian
Guest column: Criticism of Missouri Scholars Academy unfair
By MARGARET BAUER
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

I’m writing with regard to Katy Steinmetz’s March 23 opinion piece, “Missouri Scholars Academy
is expendable.” I was saddened to see such a glib mix of quasi-analysis and anecdote make it into
the Missourian.

Clearly Missouri Scholars Academy is not all things to all people, or even to the 330 high school
sophomores who attend each year. Many who attended with me in 2000, apparently including
Ms. Steinmetz, were quick to dismiss it as a glorified summer camp for smart kids, something they
enjoyed for three weeks, then tucked away into memory. Though the Academy called us to give
back to our communities, maintain open minds, cultivate respectful dialogue, and be mindful of
others, those lessons were inevitably lost on some of the participants. The fact that Ms. Steinmetz
repeatedly refers to the experience as “nerd camp,” a term that’s apologetic at best and
trivializing at worst, cements that point.

I can’t deny that there’s some small truth to what she says. It didn’t take me long to realize that
most participants likely remember the program more for the fun they had than because it
required us to lock ourselves into any sort of in-depth study. The opportunity to do significant
mental lifting was there, but we were also free to treat the experience like summer camp and
then move on. Unlike students in the five-week STARS science program, we weren’t forced to
spend our time at MSA buckling down to do a major research project — and having participated
in both, I can tell you the latter was by far the more enjoyable experience.

But vilifying the program because it was enjoyable misses the point. Heavy research isn’t the
program’s raison d’etre. Though it may seem counterintuitive, fun — or to put it a better way,
joy—is a key part of MSA’s mission. The program seeks to inculcate in students a joy of learning
and experimentation, an exultation in subject matter, and a sense of intellectual community, so
that these students might know what it means to pursue a subject for its own sake, outside of a
preordained course of study. To that end, MSA’s organizers push breadth, not depth, of subject
matter, to expose participants to as many disciplines as possible in three weeks, rather than
intensively drilling them for hours and hours on a single topic. While from a purely “curriculum-
oriented” point of view, that may strike Ms. Steinmetz as less than ideal, the approach does in
fact serve a very specific purpose.

The exposure MSA gives participants to culture, science, mathematics, music and ideas allows
them to become conversant in a variety of academic disciplines — and does so in a way that
avoids, for the most part, triggering self-conscious teenage defenses against that which is
“uncool.” If that requires playing a little Nelly, so be it. The program exists to give budding 16-
year-old kids from all over the state, 99 percent of whom aren’t going to get a John Burroughs or
even a Hickman education, an introduction to what’s out there, so that they can then choose for
themselves how (and where) they’ll ultimately make use of their intelligence.

Whoever said the program “molds talented young people into the leaders of tomorrow” was
wholly incorrect. What the program does is show students what’s possible, rather than telling
them which path to follow, and gently remind them of the responsibility that comes with ability. It


                                                                                                    20
certainly doesn’t mold anyone into anything. Nor, as Ms. Steinmetz incorrectly (and far from
“empirically”) surmises, is it meant as a “bribe” to convince students to stay in Missouri. If it were,
the program wouldn’t include a college fair with representatives from top schools across the
country. The program does give students ample opportunity to see what’s available to them at
the University of Missouri, but it doesn’t force anything on them. It’s telling that Ms. Steinmetz’s
slapdash reasoning manages to equate athletic scholarships with bribes, yet fails to address the
validity of the speaker’s original premise, namely that MSA attendance encourages intelligent
students to stay in-state. That the program does so is incontrovertible; in my case, the experience
led me to apply only to Missouri schools, and after attending Washington University, apply only to
Missouri jobs before attaining my current position as associate editor of St. Louis Magazine.

As Ms. Steinmetz more correctly notes elsewhere, MSA can’t be about some notion of “giving
smart kids their due” — and it isn’t. Whoever made that claim misspoke. It’s simply about giving
some of the best and brightest from all manner of socioeconomic backgrounds the opportunity
and motivation to consider their future course of study, rather than just the present. While it's
true that only 330 students get this opportunity each year, the program emphasizes the
importance of bringing the lessons learned there back home, through both the Personal and
Social Dynamics course all participants take and daily discussions in dorm meetings. That’s where
the leadership part comes in—and why an investment in the program is a direct investment in
Missouri’s communities.

Sadly, whoever made the arguments Ms. Steinmetz swatted down was either mistaken about the
Academy’s purpose or failed to articulate it very well — or perhaps was paraphrased in a way
meant to suit the writer’s argument. Whatever the case may be, it’s clear that Ms. Steinmetz has
failed to grasp the program’s true worth. This is a program that led me, more naturally a writer
and musician, to extend what I learned in my physics minor by joining the Mu Alpha Theta math
club and tackling physics courses in high school and college. It’s a program that led me to devour
books about cryptography and philosophy, and ultimately nurture that broad set of interests
through a major in psychology and double minor in religious studies and writing, all while serving
as editor of my college newspaper. And it’s an experience whose lessons I’ve repeatedly drawn
upon as I’ve worked to build my career since then. Perhaps Ms. Steinmetz’s MSA experience
didn’t change her life or her course of study in any meaningful way. But that doesn’t negate the
experience of thousands of other participants who’ve written supportive letters to their
legislators this year, as well as in 2002, 2004 and 2005, when the Academy’s future was similarly
threatened by budget cuts.

It’s regrettable that Ms. Steinmetz has chosen to flippantly dub fellow MSA attendees “nerdy
outcasts” and dismiss efforts to support the program as “hassling the legislature.” As she correctly
suggests, there are certainly other opportunities out there for high school sophomores, and other
sources of funding the program’s organizers might explore. And she’s obviously right when she
notes that the Academy is not “the only place in the world where really smart kids can fit in.” But
pigeonholing intelligent students as just another special interest group and suggesting that they
pony up cash to attend a program that addresses their educational needs, the way “young
Christians and overweight children and aspiring astronauts do,” ignores a fundamentally
important aspect of MSA’s structure: Unlike so many college preparatory experiences, this isn’t
something families can just buy their way into. This is not a program populated by ringers from
rich school districts. The current selection process opens the Academy up to every Missouri



                                                                                                    21
student who qualifies, regardless of socioeconomic status or ability to pay. That’s truly something
to be celebrated.

Finally, if Ms. Steinmetz was as disappointed with the academic content of her MSA experience as
she claims to be, more productive avenues of communication were available to her. She could
have, for instance, expressed her dissatisfaction directly to the program’s organizers, so they
could consider her suggestions and work to improve the program for future participants. She
could even have made sure to submit her arguments for publication well before House budget
deliberations began, so those who disagreed with her might have an opportunity to respond.
Instead, she chose to submit these half-baked arguments on the eve of major budget
deliberations in the Missouri House, allowing little time for scrutiny and giving the program's
opponents ammunition to gun down an educational institution that has stood strong for the past
25 years. That’s shameful and irresponsible, and especially disappointing to see from an Academy
alum.

Margaret Bauer is a St. Louis resident and an alumnae of the Missouri Scholars Academy.

Springfield News-Leader
17 Springfield students to attend scholars academy
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

All 17 Springfield high school students nominated for the 2009 Missouri Scholars Academy have
been selected to participate June 7-27 at University of Missouri – Columbia, according to a news
release.

The sophomores are among 330 gifted students selected statewide for the academy.

The Springfield school district has the largest number of students participating in the academy,
which offers unique opportunities for students to enhance their academic skills, gain a deeper
understanding of themselves and their abilities and engage in critical-thinking and problem
solving activities.

Central High School students attending are Karl Bennicoff-Yundt, Martha Burton, Raleigh Cavero,
Amelia Chiles, Claire Donze, Nathaniel Fairbank, Parker Hall, Stephen Hoffmeister, Lauren Kerivan,
Elizabeth Marler, James McShane, Anthony Ndikum, Marc Simon, Sara Swango and Dounan Zhu.

Glendale High School students participating are Roman Aldaiz and Tanner Caruthers.




                                                                                                   22
St. Louis Post-Dispatch
U. of Missouri hopes to produce key medical isotope
By KIM MCGUIRE
Thursday, April 2, 2009

Columbia, Mo. — Each year, thousands of patients are injected with a radioactive substance that
travels through their bodies and alerts doctors to the potential presence of heart problems or
cancer.

Most patients are focused on the results of those vital tests. Few worry about where the
substance comes from.

But doctors across the country who prescribe tests using the substance, a medical isotope called
technetium 99m, are very concerned about its long-term supply because of persistent problems
with the foreign nuclear reactors that are currently the world's only source.

Hospitals are already delaying medical procedures because of the shortage of the isotope,
prompting fears of inferior treatment and diagnosis of illnesses.

But a nuclear research reactor on the University of Missouri campus may hold part of the solution
to the problem.

Already producing a medical isotope used in the fight against cancer, the University of Missouri
Research Reactor is proposing to become the first domestic producer of molybdenum 99, from
which technetium 99m is derived. It also could be the first U.S reactor to do so using low-enriched
uranium. Most of the foreign reactors currently use weapons-grade uranium.

Reactor staff plan to file their license application with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission next
year and hope to supply about half of the United States' demand for molybdenum 99, often
referred to as "moly 99," within four years.

"We believe we've come up with the best way to help meet this national need," said Ralph Butler,
director of the reactor center. "And because the need is so great, it must be met quickly. We can
do that here."

Built on a former polo field near the university's main campus, the University of Missouri
Research Reactor (commonly known as MURR) began operating in 1966 to further the
advancement of nuclear science.

The reactor generates nuclear particles called neutrons, which scientists use for a wide range of
research — everything from archaeology investigations to veterinary medicine.

Those particles are also key to producing several kinds of drugs known as radiopharmaceuticals,
which hospitals around the country use to treat cancers and other diseases.

Moly 99 — which is produced when the reactor bombards a uranium target with neutrons — is
used by doctors as a diagnostic tool. Results of such tests lead to about 30 million medical
procedures each year, comprising about 80 percent of all nuclear medicine procedures.


                                                                                                    23
The Society of Nuclear Medicine recently surveyed more than 400 hospitals and found that 48
percent of them have delayed procedures, sometimes indefinitely, because of shortages of the
isotope.

Dr. Robert Atcher, the society's president, said the shortage also often prompted doctors to
substitute imaging procedures that come with their own set of problems.

"First, many of them increase the radiation exposure to patients," he said. "Secondly, many of
them aren't as sensitive and don't give as precise results. And sometimes it can drive up the cost
to patient by a factor of 10."

Historically, the isotope has been produced by nuclear reactors in Canada, Africa, the Netherlands
and Belgium. Those reactors, however, have been besieged by shutdowns because of safety
concerns and maintenance problems.

The supply problem escalated in 2007 when the Canadian reactor shut down for almost a month
because of safety concerns, forcing hospitals across the world to ration technetium 99m.
Operational problems also continue to plague the European reactors.

One of the reasons why the Missouri research reactor is in a unique position to help with the
isotope shortage is because at 10 megawatts, it's the most powerful reactor in the country used
exclusively for research. That's minuscule compared with Ameren's 3,400-megawatt Callaway
nuclear plant, but significantly stronger than the 26 other research reactors housed at universities
across the country.

Missouri reactor staff estimate it will cost at least $40 million to expand the current facility in
order to produce moly 99. Although the commercial operation will funnel in some revenue, the
reactor won't scale back its research mission.

The center has already obtained a $1 million grant to help with the design and hopes to make an
announcement this summer regarding future funding sources.

"We already have a lot of support," said Ken Brooks, a reactor associate director. "The national
need is well-understood."

There currently is another moly 99 production proposal before the Nuclear Regulatory
Commission that also has a Missouri connection.

In January, Babcock & Wilcox Technical Services Group announced it had signed an agreement
with Maryland Heights-based Mallinckrodt Inc., a unit of Covidien, to develop a new reactor-
based technology to produce moly 99, also using low-enriched uranium.

Covidien is currently one of two companies in the United States that manufacture the lead-lined
generators where technetium 99m is separated from moly 99.

Covidien officials believe it could begin producing moly 99 within five to six years.

"Diversifying our supply is really important. It's the basis of our supply chain today," said Dale


                                                                                                      24
Simpson, manager for research and development for Covidien. "We do see a potential related
with MURR complementing our goal."

One factor driving the race to establish a domestic supply of moly 99 is the federal government's
desire to end the use of high-enriched uranium at research reactors around the country.

As part of its "Atoms for Peace" campaign, the federal government once supplied weapons-grade
uranium to research reactors. But escalating Cold War tension in the late 1970s led to worldwide
efforts to secure that nuclear material and begin converting civilian reactors to use low-enriched
uranium as fuel.

Atcher said that although nuclear medicine doctors support the push to convert the remaining
reactors, they hope the federal government doesn't underestimate that economic impact that
future medical isotope shortages could have on patients until a domestic supply can be
established.

"The only viable short-term solution we have in the U.S. is the Missouri reactor," he said. "I think
we all agree on that."




                                                                                                   25
Columbia Missourian
MedZou considers expanding hours
By AYLA KREMEN
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

After just six months of operation, a free medical clinic run by MU medical students finds its
services in such great demand, it's considering expanding its hours.

The clinic opened in October at 400 Wilkes Blvd., behind Hickman High School, in response to the
need so many Boone County residents have for primary health care, said Erik Lindbloom, an
associate professor of family and community medicine at MU and one of MedZou's faculty
advisers. According to the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, there were more
than 20,000 uninsured in Boone County in 2007. While no firm numbers were available for Boone
County in 2008, the number of uninsured is rising statewide and nationally.

“We’re trying very hard — because we’re still very new — to make sure we don’t get
overwhelmed in the beginning,” said Mark Sims, one of MedZou's student directors. “If we
weren’t trying our hardest to control the numbers, we could have 50 people there a night and
have to turn away 40 of them.”

Natalie Abert, another student director at MedZou, agreed that it was important the clinic not
take on more than it could handle.

 “We’re trying to start small because we don’t want to get overwhelmed, but our goal is really to
serve this group of people,” Abert said.

The clinic is open on Thursdays from 5 to 9 p.m., and generally schedules 12 to 14 patients for
those hours. The clinic can occasionally see walk-ins, but the clinic is booked most of the time,
Sims said.

Expanding hours would give the clinic more flexibility and capacity for scheduling appointments,
which would be another way to reach uninsured patients, Lindbloom said.

“We’ve had 100 visits since opening in October, so I think the demand is there," Lindbloom said.

 In the past, uninsured patients were sent to the Family Health Center, 1001 W. Worley St., for
primary care. Until recently, the center had a waiting list, which made it difficult for some patients
to get in.

Gloria Crull, executive director of the center, said she has noticed an increased need for free
primary care in Columbia. She said the center has been scheduling more new patients, and she
attributes that to the economy.

Some patients can't even afford the $20 co-pay the center charges, and those patients are now
being referred to MedZou, Sims said.

“We get patients who are, in a sense, the worst off,” Sims said.



                                                                                                    26
Aside from the referrals, there are others who just appear. “Sometimes we have people just sort
of show up on a Thursday," Sims said "We’re usually lucky and have room for them, or we can
schedule them in the future, so we haven’t had to turn anyone away yet.”

MedZou is still in the discussion stage about expanding its hours. Medical students are expected
to benefit in addition to patients.

"There's such a good energy when you're there and you are seeing that these people's needs are
being met ... " Abert said. "It is a really great eye-opening experience for students to see this need
and see that you can make a difference."




                                                                                                   27
Columbia Missourian
Money shortfall closes MU Center for the Literary Arts
By KIM TRAN
Thursday, April 2, 2009

COLUMBIA — MU's Center for the Literary Arts, which for nine years has supported the
university's creative writing program, is being closed because of budget cutbacks.

This year, the center's budget was between $70,000 and $75,000, director Scott Cairns said. A
little more than half will instead go to the creative writing program.

"I'm shifting that money into the English department's Creative Writing Program to help make it
one of the best in the nation," said Michael O'Brien, dean of the College of Arts and Science.

But the rest of the center's budget won't exist after the end of the fiscal year, June 31. The effect
of the closing will be felt most starting in 2011.

"If we didn’t have a budget crisis, the dean probably would’ve left it alone,” said Cairns, who also
leads the creative writing program. The Center for the Literary Arts — a center in concept, not as
a building — has been based in the creative writing program office in Tate Hall.

The center was started to assist the creative writing program by bringing in writers for readings,
O'Brien said.

Cairns said the center's community programs have included the VSA Arts (Vision, Strength, Artistic
Expression), which promotes the arts for people with disabilities, and the Young Writers
Workshop for students in the Columbia community.

The center's closing will also mean no more funding for visiting writers on behalf of
interdepartmental programming, which affects several departments: German and Russian
studies; romance languages and literatures; classical studies; and theatre. The same is true for
readings downtown at places such as Cherry Street Artisan and the Ragtag Cinema.

David Crespy, artistic director of the Missouri Playwrights Workshop, which is part of the theatre
department, said he is sad to see the center close because it has helped bring Pulitzer Prize-
winning playwrights.

“We are very grateful to have that support from Scott and the center,” Crespy said. “This
reallocation of funds will help out during these tough recession times.”

Crespy, however, says he is not worried that the closing signals worse times.

“The dean will help to bring in more playwrights and artists,” Crespy said. “Dean O’Brien is behind
the arts one hundred percent and is a strong force behind renovations in the Fine Art Building and
plans for the new music building.”

Adding and fixing buildings is important to O'Brien, which is why it makes the center easier to
close.


                                                                                                     28
"The center, of course, is a paper organization, meaning that there is no suite of offices or a
building that will 'close,'" O'Brien said.

Although the largest loss from the center's closing will be interdepartmental funding and visiting
writers, Crespy is keeping a bright outlook.

“In the end, we always excel regardless of what we get monetarily, and we’ll continue to do so,”
he said. “We’re ready to go, and next year is going to be busier than ever.” Crespy was referring
to an artist coming next year, Caridad Svich; the playwright's visit in fall 2009 will be the last of the
center's funding for the theatre department.

Readings booked for MU next year will be kept.

“The dean will allow us to honor contracts which we’ve made with visiting writers for next year,”
Cairns said. “2011 will be the first year we see fewer on-campus events sponsored by the creative
writing program.”

Closing the center will mean cutting the assistant director position, which has often gone to
graduate students working on their dissertations.

“I’m disappointed,” Cairns said. “We had a lot of plans for internationalizing our creative writing
program assisted by the center.”

These plans included sending students to international literary programs and workshops, such as
the summer seminars in Greece. Now, such opportunities will be available only if the students can
shoulder much more of the costs. Other plans the center had were bringing more international
writers to campus, establishing a literary translation center in Tate Hall and a modern Greek class
in the classical studies department.

“While we still plan to internationalize our program," Cairns said, "it’ll be more difficult without
the CLA helping to fund these elements.”




                                                                                                       29
Columbia Missourian
Letter: Seniors need Health Connection to remain open
By JO GALLO
Monday, March 30, 2009

At the same time UM System President Gary Forsee is appointing a nine-member advisory board
to examine the university health care system, the School of Health Professions is closing down the
Health Connection, which for many years has provided an award-winning fitness program
designed especially for seniors but not exclusive to seniors.

Repeatedly in recent years, we have been urged by medical professionals to adopt healthy
practices like eating nutritious foods, getting adequate sleep and exercising- which is particularly
important for seniors needing social interaction necessary for good mental health.

I have seen my own health and well-being improve since I began to frequent the Health
Connection several years ago. It offers a wide variety of activities to improve strength, flexibility
and balance. All are vitally important for seniors. One especially important class is offered for
clients who must exercise while seated because of various infirmities. Cardio workouts are
available and they are offered with the guidance of trained professionals and interns from the
School of Health Professions who take blood pressure readings, greet individuals in a friendly and
welcoming manner and watch participants’ progress.

Fitness centers abound but none offer programs especially for seniors and people who might be
partially impaired. Nor do they provide a laboratory for physical therapy trainees like the Health
Connection does.

It is hard for me to understand how the closing of the Health Connection can be justified when it
falls so obviously in the preventative category touted in recent years by the medical community
and even the U.S. government.

Columbia Daily Tribune
LETTER: Health Connection important to people
By CAROL LANE
 Saturday, March 28, 2009

Editor, the Tribune: The Health Connection should stay open if at all possible.
The facility at Stephens College serves many people in need of individually designed exercise
programs. The staff is very professional, being both ready to explain the correct use of equipment
or movement and encouraging those who are struggling with some form of disability.

I use the gym at Stephens to help prevent fractures and other problems with osteoporosis.
However, there are many others who are enrolled in a variety of classes designed to help prevent
or improve problems with the heart, arthritis and general problems associated with aging.

Physicians are always stressing the importance of exercise to stay healthy. Why, then, would
University of Missouri Health Care close down a program that addresses just that kind of advice?
Columbians need more exercise facilities, not fewer.



                                                                                                   30
KBIA.com
Health Connection closing brings concerns about senior fitness
By BORIS KORBY
Friday, March 27, 2009

COLUMBIA, MO – The Health Connection, a full service wellness and fitness center operated by
the MU School of Health Professions is closing its doors on June 30 because of budget cutbacks.
The 19-year-old institution, which has been losing money in recent years, is located at Broadway
and Ripley Street on the Stephens College campus and serves mostly local seniors. KBIA's Boris
Korby reports that the center's staff and patrons are concerned that the gym's clients won't have
anywhere to stay fit come summer.

David Cowan has been coming to exercise at The Health Connection since 2001. Beginning in
June, he'll have to look elsewhere to stay in shape.
"I used to jog. But there comes a time when your knees just can't take the jogging anymore. And
It's not easy to replace that, but this place is perfect. It's kind of a shock and kind of surprising that
the School of Health Professions thinks they can't support it anymore.

Gym Supervisor Irene Sackreiter says the staff at The Health Connection is very concerned about
their elderly clients. She says they've been asked to make recommendations for other places their
clients can go.

"We're all a little hesitant to do that because they will not get the same service anywhere else in
town."

The center's services include a nurse on the gym floor providing evaluations and custom programs
for people with chronic illnesses or rehabilitating from surgery, blood pressure, heart rate and
oxygen saturation monitoring for those who need it, and personal monitoring for all clients with
health risks. Here's Sackreiter:

"That is our greatest fear that a lot of them will just stop exercising altogether because they won't
feel safe anywhere else, and that is not the right message to send."

Cheri Ghan, spokesperson for MU's School of Health Professions says the decision to close the
Health Connection was not an easy one.

"The core mission of the School of Health Professions has always been and continues to be the
education of our students and research. And so therefore we looked to an area that would have
the least impact on that core mission."

Ghan says the fact that there are no students being educated and no research being done
currently at The Health Connection weighed heavily on the decision to close the center.




                                                                                                       31
St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Missouri leaders hashing out plans for stimulus money
By VIRGINIA YOUNG
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

Jefferson City — Republican leaders in the Missouri House have been secretly hashing out ideas for
spending $1 billion in federal stimulus money but are now preparing to roll out their plans.

They have revealed that the package will include hiring more public defenders, beefing up university
training of health professionals and running a St. Louis-based program to help released inmates adjust
to society.

But most of the major decisions are still being debated behind closed doors. The questions include
whether to give rebates to taxpayers, repair scores of state buildings or revive college construction
projects halted by Gov. Jay Nixon.

While legislators say creating jobs should be the common thread, there's plenty of disagreement on
what works best to rev up the economy. Also, some legislators want to sock away part of the federal
largesse as a budget cushion.

House Budget Committee Chairman Allen Icet, R-Wildwood, is drafting the plan, and his decisions
carry a lot of weight because his party controls the Legislature. He said his proposal could be ready
next week. After the House refines it, the plan would go to the Senate. Both chambers must pass the
same version by May 15, when the legislative session ends.

"A lot of people have stopped by my office and said, 'Here's a great idea,'" he said.

The tug of war revolves around a pool of stimulus money known as budget stabilization funds. It
comes from two sources:

— Increased matching funds for Medicaid — an extra 8 cents for every dollar Missouri spends on
health care for the poor. There are few restrictions on use of the funds, other than that the state
cannot reduce eligibility for Medicaid.

— Education funding that Icet effectively switched out so that it would have no strings attached. He
put the federal money into the operating budget for public schools and universities, then pulled out
the state general revenue the schools would have received.

House Democrats have criticized Icet's approach. They want to spend stimulus money to avoid cuts in
social services, such as health care. But Republicans have refused, saying the federal bonanza should
go largely for "one-time" projects.

That prompted Democrats to quip that Icet had, figuratively speaking, put the federal money in a
"magic box" in his office. One lobbyist said last week that given all the demands, the treasure chest
could turn into a Pandora's box.

TAX REBATE
Republican leaders have mentioned the idea of a tax rebate but only in vague terms, providing no
clues on how much money they would refund or how it would be divvied up.
Icet said the state could send all taxpayers a check for a flat amount, reduce the state's 6 percent



                                                                                                        32
income tax rate or declare an additional sales tax holiday.

While saying all the options are under consideration, Icet was cautious when asked about the chance
that his package would include a rebate.

"We don't want to do something where everyone just gets a $10 check," he said.

Some Democrats said they would fight a rebate because it wouldn't create jobs.

"It would be a totally ineffective use of the money," said Rep. Jeanette Mott Oxford, D-St. Louis. "You
go out and buy one round of groceries or a tank of gas and you've exhausted the whole thing."

ETHANOL
Ethanol spending is one area where a proposal for the stimulus money has drawn bipartisan cheers.

Icet intends to use federal money to pay incentives that the state promised ethanol producers. By law,
Missouri expected to owe $12.5 million this year to plants in Malta Bend, Laddonia, Carrollton and St.
Joseph.

However, Missouri could go further with stimulus money. Under a plan being discussed, the state
would pay the plants enough to cover the five years of subsidies that they can draw, based on
estimated production levels. That would use up about $34 million of the federal stimulus funds.

Democrats like the plan because it would free up state general revenue for services for the
developmentally disabled, tourism promotion and school transportation.

'ONE-TIME' PROJECTS
Icet also has said publicly that he wants to fund several additional "one-time" projects. But his
definition of "one-time" has raised some eyebrows.

Icet intends to set aside $10 million as seed money for an initiative aimed at reducing the shortage of
health care professionals.

The plan would add faculty members at universities and colleges throughout the state so they could
train more doctors, nurses, pharmacists, dentists, physical therapists and others in medical fields.

The institutions want about $40 million for the initiative.

Kristofer Hagglund, associate dean of the School of Health Professions at the University of Missouri,
said the one-time $10 million appropriation would be welcomed, but the costs would have to be
covered in future years.

Icet also is interested in allotting $2 million in "one-time" money to the overburdened public defender
system.

The budget chairman reasoned that if the system hired more lawyers to move cases, the state would
owe less to county jails that incarcerate defendants awaiting trials. He said the savings could help
maintain the attorneys' salaries after the one-time money dried up.

Icet said stimulus money also could provide $900,000 for a program that would help former inmates



                                                                                                        33
find housing, jobs and other support once they are released.

Rep. Chris Kelly, D-Columbia, said the definition of "one-time" is simple: It means the budget chairman
likes the project.

BRICKS AND MORTAR
While some ideas are still being debated, state buildings are likely to get their share of the stimulus
funding. Icet said the state has a billion-dollar backlog of repair and maintenance projects. Nixon has
requested $225 million for such projects, including renovations at the Bellefontaine Habilitation
Center in St. Louis County.

Other legislators want to include the university construction projects that Nixon suspended when the
money to finance them was delayed from the Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority.

Numerous other ideas are landing on the desk of Rep. Steve Hobbs, R-Mexico, who chairs a committee
that oversees infrastructure funding.

Hobbs said he has been wooed by those seeking money for a Chinese airline freight hub at Lambert-St.
Louis International Airport, a new levee at Hannibal, a woody biomass project in Sedalia and
development of the old state prison site in Jefferson City, among others.

"Everybody wants a project in their district, but we've got to keep in mind: What's going to create
jobs?" Hobbs said. "It's a one-time deal."




                                                                                                      34
The Maneater
Editorial: Stem cell research resolution cause for concern
The resolution would hinder progress of research in universities.
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

Members of the Missouri House proposed a resolution last week that should be cause for concern
for the entire state and especially the university. The proposed resolution asks Missourians to
vote on whether to prevent public funds from being used in connection with abortion services
and embryonic stem cell research.

The resolution's 60 co-sponsors, seek to essentially undo Amendment 2, which Missouri voters
narrowly passed in 2006.

Although we have problems with the proposed resolution as a whole, the language used is
deceptive and insulting. Lumping abortion in with stem cell research and using incendiary
language such as "cloning" are scare tactics and insulting to the intelligence of voters.

Even though we understand that some taxpayers are uncomfortable with their money being
directed toward stem cell research, it's important to take time to completely understand the
issues and the implications it has for the state as a whole, not to mention its universities.
Research is an important element of education, especially at such a large research facility like MU.
The more we tie the hands of researchers with overly regulated policy, the more likely we are to
lose them and the valuable information and knowledge that comes from their time and energy.

Creating a hostile environment for progressive research is just going to deter potential
researchers -- both faculty and students -- and it's not as if MU is attracting too many qualified
and dedicated faculty members. Having a statewide ban on this funding creates a poor
environment for research and reflects badly on the university.

It's important for legislators to understand how much this bill could tie the hands of the university
and its credibility. Preventing any and all taxpayer money from being used to fund research of this
nature would effectively and essentially eliminate it from the entire campus.

Legislators need to have the best interests in regards to the progression of the state and its
universities in mind when they are examining this resolution; lowering our appeal to talented
faculty and staff, as well as removing MU from competing in this expanding and progressive
research, would be hugely detrimental for the state as a whole.




                                                                                                     35
Columbia Missourian
Internet work Conficker could change tactics
By JORDAN ROBERTSON
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

SAN FRANCISCO — The fast-moving Conficker computer worm, a scourge of the Internet that has
infected at least 3 million PCs, is set to spring to life in a new way on Wednesday — April Fools'
Day.

That's when many of the poisoned machines will get more aggressive about "phoning home" to
the worm's creators over the Internet. When that happens, the bad guys behind the worm will be
able to trigger the program to send spam, spread more infections, clog networks with traffic or try
to bring down Web sites.

Technically, this could cause havoc, from massive network outages to the creation of a
cyberweapon of mass destruction that attacks government computers. But researchers who have
been tracking Conficker say the date will probably come and go quietly.

More likely, these researchers say, the programming change that goes into effect April 1 is partly
symbolic — an April Fools' Day tweaking of Conficker's pursuers, who for now have been able to
prevent the worm from doing significant damage.

Local information technology departments are taking steps to protect their systems from the
worm.

Jeff Winters, Boone County system supervisor, said computer technicians have run scripts to
detect the worm and the scripts have come up clean. Winters said the most recent script was
tested Monday.

"I think we've done due diligence to keep our network safe from the risk," Winters said.

The city of Columbia is also taking steps to make sure its system is secure.

"In the past couple of days, we have scanned our machines over the network and determined that
we do not have" the virus, said Robert Simms, the city's director of information technology.

Simms said a signature has also been put into place that would detect any activity from the worm.

"We're pretty confident in our security procedures," he said.

The MU Department of Information Technology is also encouraging its users to download a
security patch issued by Microsoft in October 2008.

Previous Internet threats were designed to cause haphazard destruction. In 2003, a worm known
as Slammer saturated the Internet's data pipelines with so much traffic it crippled corporate and
government systems, including ATM networks and 911 centers.




                                                                                                 36
Far more often now, Internet threats are designed to ring up profits. Control of infected PCs is
valuable on the black market, since the machines can be rented out, from one group of bad guys
to another, and act as a kind of illicit supercomputer, sending spam, scanning Web sites for
security holes or participating in network attacks.

"I don't think there will be a cataclysmic network event," said Richard Wang, manager of the U.S.
research division of security firm Sophos PLC.

The army of Conficker-infected machines, known as a "botnet," could be one of the greatest
cybercrime tools ever assembled. Conficker's authors just need to figure out a way to reliably
communicate with it.

Infected PCs need commands to come alive. They get those commands by connecting to Web
sites controlled by the bad guys. Even legitimate sites can be co-opted for this purpose, if hackers
break in and use the sites' servers to send out malicious commands.

So far, Conficker-infected machines have been trying to connect each day to 250 Internet
domains — the spots on the Internet where Web sites are parked. The bad guys need to get just
one of those sites under their control to send their commands to the botnet. (The name Conficker
comes from rearranging letters in the name of one of the original sites to which the worm was
connecting.)

Conficker has been a victim of its success, however, because its rapid spread across the Internet
drew the notice of computer security companies. They have been able to work with domain name
registrars, which administer Web site addresses, to block the botnet from dialing in.

Now those efforts will get much harder. On April 1, many Conficker-infected machines will
generate a list of 50,000 new domains a day that they could try. Of that group, the botnet will
randomly select 500 for the machines to actually query.

The bad guys still need to get only one of those up and running to connect to their botnet. And
the bigger list of possibilities increases the odds they'll slip something by the security community.

Researchers already know which domains the infected machines will check, but pre-emptively
registering them all, or persuading the registrars to neutralize all of them, is a bigger hurdle.

"We expect something will happen, but we don't quite know what it will look like," said Jose
Nazario, manager of security research for Arbor Networks, a member of the "Conficker Cabal," an
alliance trying to hunt down the worm's authors.

"With every move that they make, there's the potential to identify who they are, where they're
located and what we can do about them," he added. "The real challenge right now is doing all that
work around the world. That's not a technical challenge, but it is a logistical challenge."

Conficker's authors also have updated the worm so infected machines have new ways to talk to
each other. They can share malicious commands rather than having to contact a hacked Web site
for instructions.



                                                                                                    37
That variation is important because it shows that even as security researchers have neutralized
much of what the botnet might do, the worm's authors "didn't lose control of their botnet," said
Michael La Pilla, manager of the malicious code operations team at VeriSign Inc.'s iDefense
division.

The Conficker outbreak illustrates the importance of keeping current with Internet security
updates. Conficker moves from PC to PC by exploiting a vulnerability in Windows that Microsoft
Corp. fixed in October. But many people haven't applied the patch or are running pirated copies
of Windows that don't get the updates.

Unlike other Internet threats that trick people into downloading a malicious program, Conficker is
so good at spreading because it finds vulnerable PCs on its own and doesn't need human
involvement to infect a machine.

Once inside, it does nasty things. The worm tries to crack administrators' passwords, disables
security software, blocks access to anti-virus vendors' Web sites to prevent updating, and opens
the machines to further infections by Conficker's authors.

Someone whose machine is infected might have to reinstall the operating system.

Missourian staff writer Nathan Winters contributed to this report.




                                                                                                38
KOMU.com
Missouri energy will get financial boost
By SHANNON KILGORE
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

COLUMBIA - The MU Center for Sustainable Energy awaits stimulus money

President Obama's $787 billion federal stimulus package sets aside $39 billion to the US
Department of Energy and $20 billion for tax incentives. The money is now being divided up to
states.

Some of the funds will trickle down to the University of Missouri Center for Sustainable Energy.
Currently, it has to wait until the Missouri Department of Natural Resources Energy Center
receive the money first. Gary Stacey, director for the MU Center for Sustainable Energy, says he
already knows some of the money will go to weatherization.

"There's a lot of stimulus money that's coming to energy. It goes all the way from competitive
money for basic research to money that has a very practical application, such as for home
weatherization for low-income families," Stacey said.

Stacey says nationally, Obama is calling to weatherize two million homes this year, up from last
years 100,000. The process includes improving insulation and windows on older homes to keep
down energy consumption.

Stacey says the Center doesn't know when the funds will be announced, but that he is looking
forward to the possibilities.

"Everyone's very excited about this, and we see tremendous potential, potential to do a lot of
good," said Stacey.




                                                                                                   39
Columbia Missourian
USS Missouri officers visit MU to establish ship, school relationship
By ANDREW OROZCO
Thursday, April 2, 2009

COLUMBIA — Commander Dale Green, Lieutenant Justin Hardy and Master Chief Reginald
"Chevy" Brown visited MU on Wednesday to build the relationship between their new submarine,
the USS Missouri, and its namesake.

The USS Missouri is currently under construction in Groton, Conn., and will become part of the
U.S. Navy when it is commissioned in late summer 2010.

"There are a lot of political things" that go into naming a sub, said Green, who will be sub's
captain. Green said Missouri representatives Ike Skelton and Todd Akin's involvement in the
House Armed Services Committee helped put Missouri's name on the Navy's newest submarine.

Hardy, the assistant weapons officer for the sub, said "there's quite a bit of tradition with the
name."

The sub will be the fifth Navy ship and first submarine to be named Missouri.

Japanese forces surrendered at the end of World War II on the last USS Missouri, a battleship,
which is now part of the memorial museum at Pearl Harbor.

The USS Missouri is the seventh Virginia-class submarine to be built, Green said. Virginia class
subs are 337 feet long and can travel at speeds faster than 25 knots, Green said.

Hardy said Virginia-class subs are "built for the Nintendo generation." All displays on the ship have
advanced from classic cathode ray tube screens with dials and buttons underneath to flat-panel
displays with touch screen control. The photonics mast, which has replaced traditional periscopes,
uses digital cameras to provide clearer images than a periscope could deliver.

"Periscopes used to be what you imagined in World War II or an old movie where somebody
would spin around in a circle on a periscope. Now, it's a guy with a joystick and a TV screen,"
Hardy said.

Virginia-class submarines can also be modified more easily than earlier subs.

The ability to upgrade software means that updating the sub will be "much easier, much cheaper
to do than it is to upgrade clunking hardware on previous submarines," Hardy said.

The Missouri is also specifically designed to carry special operations teams such as Navy SEALs.
The submarine will have the capability to link with a SEAL minisub and carry the crew closer to
their destination before launching.

Currently, the majority of the Navy's submarine fleet consists of Los Angeles-class subs, the first of
which was commissioned in 1976.



                                                                                                    40
Sam Bushman, the chair of the sub's commissioning committee, previously served on
commissioning committees for the USS Harry S Truman and the USS Jefferson City.

Bushman said the committee plans to incorporate as many Missouri products as possible into the
ceremony, including Gates Barbecue Stone Hill Winery sparkling wine.

Bushman said "everyone's invited for the commissioning," which will be held in Groton.

"It's a big party," Green said.

Green said he has strong conviction that the relationship between the submarine and the state
will continue in the future.

He said he believes "the more that we can do to get people to understand what the military is
doing, the better they can understand how we are supporting the nation as a whole."




                                                                                                41
Columbia Missourian
Greeks Going Green plans blackout at MU
By KELLY PACK
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

COLUMBIA— The MU chapter of Greeks Going Green planned a blackout Wednesday with one goal in
mind — conservation.

Greeks Going Green is a nonprofit organization that influences members and alumni of sororities and
fraternities nationwide to lead sustainable lives.

Lights in the dome of Jesse Hall, at Memorial Union and at the columns, and exterior lights at the MU
Student Recreation Complex, Stankowski Field and the residence halls, will be extinguished from 8 to 9
p.m.

With backing from the MU administration already in place, Greeks Going Green is working to gather
support from the student body in its request for one hour of darkness.

The group has posted fliers in residence halls, Greek houses and classrooms urging that lights be
turned out. Outdoor movies will be projected on the exterior of the Alpha Delta Pi sorority, and a
bonfire will be built for students in residence halls.

The MU observatory on the fifth floor of the Physics Building on College Avenue will open its center to
those who want a good view of the night sky, weather permitting.

Lauren Hasler, who initiated the concept this year, said she was on a train heading back to school last
spring when the worldwide blackout known as Earth Hour was taking place.

"I couldn't turn the train lights out so I called my mom to remind her to participate at home," said
Hasler, the vice president of Greeks Going Green.

"I remember thinking, 'Why couldn't we do this at school?'" she said. "The goal is to make students
more aware of the difference they can make on an individual basis."

A tracker for three residence halls will indicate how much energy is being saved. The tracker is a Web-
based application that monitors utility usage.

Columbia Daily Tribune
Dimming the lights
Few attend local Earth Hour events.
By JOE MEYER
Sunday, March 29, 2009

Rain and cool temperatures put a damper on two public gatherings last night in observance of the
second annual Earth Hour in Columbia.

Matt and Lynette Morasch dine in candlelight at the Bleu Restaurant & Wine Bar at 28 S. Eighth St.,
where electric lighting was dimmed for an hour. The Morasches said they had been unaware of the
lights-out event.




                                                                                                       42
About a half-dozen people and about as many reporters gathered at the south end of Eighth Street on
the University of Missouri campus for a “lights out” watch party to see the dome of Jesse Hall go dark.

Then they walked to Missouri United Methodist Church at 204 S. Ninth St., where they joined another
small group to attend a multi-faith service intended to spread the word about climate change.

Columbia Earth Hour organizer Monta Welch said the wintry weather probably caused the light
turnout.

“I think last year we had more fun plans because everyone had plans to stay at home,” Welch said.
“But this year, plans” for people to attend scheduled events “got derailed at the last minute.”

Welch guessed that families were finding their own ways to participate in Earth Hour, maybe by
playing cards by candlelight.

“All kinds of different things are happening all over,” she said. “And the interesting thing is this is
happening all over the world.”

Last night marked the second international Earth Hour, when people are encouraged to turn off house
lights and reduce electrical usage to reduce demand for power. The idea started in Sydney, Australia,
three years ago and has spread to more than 2,800 municipalities in 84 countries.

The Columbia Water and Light Department estimated last year’s Earth Hour decreased electrical usage
across the city by about 1.2 percent. The figures for this year will not be available until at least
tomorrow afternoon, Water and Light spokeswoman Connie Kacprowicz said.

But even at the public events, things were not completely dark. MU kept lights around the base of the
Jesse Hall dome illuminated, showing flags on the building. The service at the Methodist church was
held in a renovated section of the building where the lights operate on motion sensors.

At Bleu Restaurant & Wine Bar, manager Desmond Peters said the restaurant dimmed its lights “to
raise awareness that our lifestyles can be harmful to the environment.”

But Earth Hour was a surprise to at least one couple enjoying dinner and wine, Matt and Lynett
Morasch of the Columbia area said it was their first visit to the restaurant. “We didn’t know about it,”
Matt Morasch said of Earth Hour. “We figured it was just real dark.”




                                                                                                          43
Columbia Daily Tribune
Cartoon: Anderson contract
By JOHN DARKOW
Wednesday, April 1, 2009




St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Mike Anderson will stay
By VAHE GREGORIAN
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

Ending days of speculation and distress for Mizzou fans, Mike Anderson apparently will be staying at
the University of Missouri. The school announced Tuesday night an agreement in principle on a new
seven-year deal.

Terms of the deal, which runs through the 2015-2016 season, will be released upon finalization of the
contract.

"We are excited Coach Anderson is going to be at the University of Missouri for a long time," Missouri
athletics director Mike Alden said in a statement. "He's done a tremendous job rebuilding our
basketball tradition and is poised to lead our program to new heights in the coming years."

In the statement, Anderson said: "We are looking forward to the future of this program and can't wait
to continue building on the success of this past season."




                                                                                                       44
Per university policy, the deal must be approved by the university's board of curators. If that hasn't
already been done by a telephonic poll, it will be on the agenda at its meetings in Rolla on Thursday
and Friday. Earlier Tuesday, curator David Wasinger told the Post-Dispatch he expected Anderson's
future to be a major point of discussion at the meetings.

Anderson became a coveted commodity as he lifted Mizzou from a 16-16, 10th-place finish in the Big
12 last season to the most wins in school history (31), its first Big 12 tournament title and the Elite
Eight this season, his third at Mizzou.

ESPN.com reported that Georgia offered Anderson $2 million a year, though Anderson's agent told the
Atlanta Journal-Constitution there was no concrete offer. Media reports out of Memphis also
indicated Anderson was a potential target there as John Calipari was set to accept an offer to leave for
Kentucky.

Alden and Anderson have been discussing an extension of Anderson's original five-year contract over
the last few months.

Anderson's current base salary is $850,000. Predecessor Quin Snyder was making $1.2 million when he
left, and a Missouri source has said it could exceed that figure. By how much was uncertain.

Wasinger said he had no knowledge of the university's specific capacity to sweeten Anderson's deal
but said he was certain it was in the best interests of the school to try to keep him.

Along with football coach Gary Pinkel, he said, Anderson has helped create a wave of positive publicity
for the university.

Moreover, like Pinkel, he said, Anderson is well thought of around the state and nation because the
program apparently has put behind several years of frequent, embarrassing off-court incidents.

"We seem to be on somewhat of a renaissance," he said.

Springfield News-Leader
Missouri determined to keep Anderson
The Associated Press
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

Columbia -- The Missouri Tigers exceeded expectations, restored pride in a program that had been
tarnished by losses and scandal and nearly earned a trip to the NCAA Final Four with its blue-collar
style.

Now, university leaders are turning their attention to keeping their coach.

Mike Anderson won the Big 12 tournament title and a school-record 31 victories before the Tigers
were eliminated by top-seeded Connecticut in the NCAA tournament. School officials want to increase
Anderson's $850,000 annual salary to at least $1 million and extend his contract for five more years.

"We want Mike Anderson to be at the University of Missouri for a very long time," athletic director
Mike Alden, who hired Anderson from Alabama-Birmingham in 2006 to replace Quin Snyder, said
Monday night.




                                                                                                         45
Anderson's future could hinge on other coaching moves. If John Calipari leave Memphis for Kentucky,
Memphis might target Anderson. Alden denied reports that Memphis had sought his permission to
talk to Anderson.

"Frankly, that flat-out never happened," Alden said during the weekly Tiger Talk radio broadcast.

Alden did not directly respond to a question by Tiger Radio Network play-by-play announcer Mike
Kelly about whether Georgia, another prospective Anderson suitor, had contacted him.

The Kansas City Star
Anderson to stay at Missouri
By ALAN SCHER ZAGIER
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

Missouri men's basketball coach Mike Anderson passed up a sizable raise offered by Georgia to
instead sign a new seven-year contract with the school he helped lead to the brink of the Final Four.

The announcement Tuesday night caps a whirlwind couple of days for the university and for Anderson,
who had also been linked to the coaching vacancy at Memphis created by John Calipari's move to
Kentucky.

The university said financial details of the new deal will be announced later. Anderson, who was hired
in 2006, previously earned a base annual salary of $850,000.

"We are excited Coach Anderson is going to be at the University of Missouri for a long time," athletics
director Mike Alden said. "He's done a tremendous job rebuilding our basketball tradition and is
poised to lead our program to new heights in the coming years."

A person familiar with the contract negotiations who requested anonymity to avoid contradicting the
university's public statement said that Anderson will earn a base salary of $1.3 million. Anderson's
Missouri predecessor, former Duke assistant Quin Snyder, earned a base salary of $1.015 million
before he was fired three years ago.

The deal comes after Georgia reportedly discussed paying Anderson a base salary more than $2 million
a year, according to a person with knowledge of the offer.

"We hired a coach who probably left $700,000 on the table," Missouri curator Don Walsworth said.
"We have a proven coach who has appeal to the citizens of Missouri. He's all about honesty and
integrity."

In his third year with the Tigers, Anderson led a team picked by his coaching colleagues to finish
seventh in the Big 12 Conference to a school-record 31 wins, the Big 12 tournament title and its first
NCAA tournament appearance since 2003. The Tigers advanced to the West Regional final before
losing to top-seeded Connecticut.

In the tournament's third round, Missouri defeated favored Memphis 102-91. The triple-digit scoring
total marked a record for points allowed by a college team coached by Calipari, whom Anderson
previously competed against in Conference USA while at Alabama-Birmingham.




                                                                                                         46
Missouri curators must still approve the contract under a provision added to university rules after
several of the political appointees objected to buyout language in Anderson's initial contract.

That provision calls for a $500,000 annual buyout for Anderson were he to be fired without cause
before his current five-year deal expires.

Snyder, who left Missouri with six regular-season games remaining after saying he was forced out by
Alden, received $574,000 to leave.

Brady Deaton, chancellor of the university's flagship campus in Columbia, credited Anderson with
restoring fan and alumni pride in a once-storied program that had lost its way in Snyder's final years.

"He's an exemplary coach and has reflected the values of our university in an exemplary way," Deaton
said. "Many other universities in the nation see the same qualities that we did. That did not surprise
us."

Missouri has also seen a recent resurgence in football, collecting double-digit victories in consecutive
years for the first time in Tiger history while also advancing to the Big 12 championship game the past
two seasons. The school responded by rewarding coach Gary Pinkel after the 2007 season with a new
five-year deal that boosted his annual salary to $1.85 million.

"Now we have stability in our football and basketball programs for many, many years," Walsworth
said.

On the basketball court, Missouri loses seniors DeMarre Carroll, Leo Lyons and Matt Lawrence, three
starters who combined for nearly half of the team's scoring average of 81.5 points this season.

But Missouri will have starting guards J.T. Tiller and Zaire Taylor returning as seniors next season. They
will be joined by three backcourt players who earned valuable experience as freshmen: Miguel Paul,
Marcus Denmon and Kim English.

The Tigers add at least two newcomers in the 2009-10 season: 6-foot-10 forward Keith Dewitt from
Charis Prep in Wilson, N.C., and 6-foot guard Michael Dixon from Lee's Summit West near Kansas City.

And with two more scholarships available, Missouri remains in the hunt for 6-foot-10 center Jarrid
Famous, a star recruit from Westchester (N.Y.) Community College who would give the team one of its
most significant low-post players in years.

The Kansas City Star
Missouri retains Anderson with new seven-year deal
By SPORTS NETWORK
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

The University of Missouri and head men's basketball coach Mike Anderson agreed in principle to a
new seven-year contract on Tuesday.

"We are excited coach Anderson is going to be at the University of Missouri for a long time," Missouri
athletic director Mike Alden said. "He's done a tremendous job rebuilding our basketball tradition and
is poised to lead our program to new heights in the coming years."




                                                                                                        47
Anderson, who in 2006 became the first African-American full-time head coach in the history of
Missouri athletics, led the Tigers to a 31-7 record this past season, which included a Big 12
Tournament title and a trip to the Elite Eight, where it was ousted by top-ranked Connecticut.

"We have always appreciated the commitment Mike Alden and his staff have had towards Missouri
basketball and I am excited to remain here at Missouri," Anderson said. "We are looking forward to
the future of this program and can't wait to continue building on the success of this past season."

Anderson, known for his "40 minutes of hell" style of play made famous by former Arkansas head
coach Nolan Richardson, came to Missouri after four successful seasons at the helm of the Alabama-
Birmingham program, leading the Blazers to at least 20 wins in each campaign and three NCAA
Tournament appearances.

In three seasons at Missouri, Anderson is 65-35.

The Kansas City Star
Mizzou keeps Anderson with seven-year deal worth $1.55 million guaranteed per year
By MIKE DEARMOND
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

Missouri basketball coach Mike Anderson has agreed to a new, seven-year contract that will pay him
$1.55 million guaranteed per year and with incentives that could boost his salary in any year to more
than $2.2 million.

“We do have a new, seven-year deal with Coach Anderson,” Missouri athletic director Mike Alden told
The Star on Tuesday evening.

A news release issued shortly thereafter from Missouri confirmed Anderson is contracted to coach at
Missouri through the 2015-16 season.

“I am excited to remain here at Missouri,” Anderson said in a statement. “We are looking forward to
the future of this program and can’t wait to continue building on the success of this past season.”

Anderson coached the Tigers to a breakthrough 31-7 season in his third year with the team. Mizzou
won its first Big 12 Conference tournament and rolled to the Elite Eight of the NCAA Tournament
before falling to No. 1 seed Connecticut 82-75 on Saturday in the West Regional final in Glendale, Ariz.

Missouri said it would release details of the contract once the agreement is finalized. But Don
Walsworth, a member of the University of Missouri Board of Curators, confirmed the basics of what
sources had previously told The Star.

There was a slight adjustment in Anderson’s new guaranteed yearly pay over what was previously
reported in The Star, from $1.3 million to $1.35 million.

A deferred pay package of $200,000 each season brings the yearly guarantee to $1.55 million.
Incentives — if all were achieved — would bring the top pay for Anderson in any season through 2016
up to $2.278 million.

The new agreement replaces a five-year contract Anderson signed in 2006 for a guaranteed $850,000
a year through 2011.



                                                                                                      48
Earlier Tuesday, Alden told The Star: “If it was completely up to me, you’d want to get that completed
today.”

Ultimately, it was up to Anderson, who accepted the offer early in the evening even in light of interest
from the University of Georgia for what ESPN reported was a multi-year contract offer worth $2
million a year.

Walsworth said that barely a half hour after Missouri and Anderson agreed to the new contract, a
query came from Memphis about talking to Anderson.

Memphis — early on Tuesday evening — confirmed that its coach, John Calipari, was leaving to coach
at the University of Kentucky.

Anderson’s new contract, because it is longer than five years, still needs to be approved by the
University of Missouri system Board of Curators. That body has a meeting scheduled for Thursday and
Friday in Rolla, Mo.

Walsworth was ecstatic over Missouri’s ability to keep Anderson.

“Now we’ve got our football coach (Gary Pinkel) locked up for a career, and we’ve got our basketball
coach locked up for a career,” Walsworth said.

“That’s a good deal that shows the stability of our athletic department under Mike Alden. We’ve got
two good people, and they’re going to do it the right way. This is great for the University of Missouri.”

Columbia Daily Tribune
Anderson agrees to extension to stay at Missouri
Terms of the seven-year deal to be announced later.
By STEVE WALENTIK
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

Mike Anderson on Tuesday agreed in principle to a contract extension that could keep him at Missouri
through 2016.

“We are excited Coach Anderson is going to be at the University of Missouri for a long time,” MU
Athletic Director Mike Alden said in a statement. “He’s done a tremendous job rebuilding our
basketball tradition and is poised to lead our program to new heights in the coming years.”

The school said it would not announce the details of Anderson’s seven-year contract until it was
finalized.

“We have always appreciated the commitment Mike Alden and his staff have had towards Missouri
basketball and I am excited to remain here at Missouri,” Anderson said in a statement. “We are
looking forward to the future of this program and can’t wait to continue building on the success of this
past season.”

Anderson had become a hot coaching commodity in recent months with the success of his Tigers, who
finished his third season on the bench with a school-record 31 victories, won the Big 12 Tournament
for the first time in Missouri history and made a surprising run to the Elite Eight.




                                                                                                       49
His name had been reported in connection with coaching vacancies around the country, most
prominently at Alabama and Georgia.

Alabama never made a serious bid for Anderson, instead agreeing to a contract with Virginia
Commonwealth Coach Anthony Grant last week that reportedly will pay him around $1.8 million per
season, but Georgia emerged as a major bidder in the past two days.

ESPN.com, citing unnamed sources, earlier on Tuesday reported that Georgia Athletic Director Damon
Evans spoke to Anderson on Monday and offered him a multiyear contract that would pay him more
than $2 million per season to succeed Dennis Felton, who was fired on Jan. 29.

Though Anderson’s agent, Jimmy Sexton, called the report “absolutely inaccurate” in an interview
Tuesday with The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Georgia’s apparent interest in Anderson did seem to
drive up the price to retain the coach in Columbia.

Alden met with Anderson yesterday morning to discuss an extension. It was the latest in a series of
ongoing discussions about a new deal with the Tigers.

“We know Mike Anderson is a hot commodity in the college basketball coaching world, and we have
been actively working toward a contract extension with him for quite some time,” Alden said in a
statement. “It’s our full intention to do everything within our power in seeing that Mike Anderson is at
the University of Missouri.”

Columbia Daily Tribune
Anderson mulling options
MU coach meeting with Alden today.
By STEVE WALENTIK
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

Georgia officials have targeted Mike Anderson to be their next head basketball coach.

ESPN.com, citing unnamed sources, reported on Tuesday morning that the Athletic Director Damon
Evans spoke to Anderson on Monday and offered him a multiyear contract that would pay him more
than $2 million per season.

Jimmy Sexton, Anderson’s agent, called the report “absolutely inaccurate” in an interview Tuesday
with The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.

“Georgia hasn’t offered him the job,” he told the newspaper. “I wish they had. They haven’t said the
job is his.”

Sexton did not return multiple messages from the Tribune seeking comment.

Missouri is in the process of trying to work out a contract extension with Anderson, who just
completed his third season on the Tigers bench led the team to one of the best seasons in school
history, piling up a record 31 victories, winning the Big 12 Tournament for the first time and advancing
to the Elite Eight.

Anderson met with MU Athletic Director Mike Alden on Tuesday morning, though sources have
indicated the two sides have not reached an agreement on a new deal.



                                                                                                       50
 “We know Mike Anderson is a hot commodity in the college basketball coaching world, and we have
been actively working toward a contract extension with him for quite some time,” Alden said in a
statement. “It’s our full intention to do everything within our power in seeing that Mike Anderson is at
the University of Missouri.”

Missouri had been hoping to sign Anderson to a contract of at least $1 million with incentives that
could significantly increase the value of the deal. His current contract pays him a base salary of
$850,000 per season.

Georgia’s offer might have increased the price it will take to retain Anderson, who signed a five-year
contract to succeed Quin Snyder in 2006 and has piled up a record of 65-35 in his first three seasons.

Anderson’s name has also been mentioned as a possible candidate at Memphis, where John Calipari
appears on the verge of leaving to accept the head coaching job at Kentucky. The Wildcats are
reportedly prepared to make Calipari the highest paid coach in the country with a deal that would give
him $35 million over eight years.

The Memphis job could be attractive to Anderson, who has long-standing recruiting ties in the city
dating to his days as an assistant at Arkansas under Nolan Richardson.

“All of these opportunities have their pluses and minuses,” Sexton told the Journal-Constitution. “He’s
got it turned around at Missouri. He’s got great players there now. Memphis is a great situation and
Mike has connections there. Georgia appears to want to make a commitment to basketball and
Damon probably has the most to offer. But Georgia hasn’t won consistently over the years and you
wonder what the reason is for that.

“He’s in a sorting out process right now.”

The Bulldogs have not had much success lately on the basketball court. They made an improbable run
to the Southeastern Conference Tournament title in 2008, winning four games in four days to lock up
an automatic bid to the NCAA Tournament, but that is the only time the program has been in the
NCAA field since former Coach Jim Harrick was fired in the wake of an academic scandal in 2003.

Georgia is coming off a 12-20 season that included an 83-76 home loss to Anderson’s Tigers on Jan. 3.
Coach Dennis Felton was fired on Jan. 29 after going 84-91 in six seasons at the school.

The New York Times
Riding the carousel: Missouri’s Anderson is a coach in demand
By THAYER EVANS
Saturday, March 28, 2009

GLENDALE, Ariz. — The question about the future of Missouri Coach Mike Anderson has become more
unavoidable with each of his team’s victories in the N.C.A.A. men’s basketball tournament.

Never mind that third-seeded Missouri (31-6) was a win away from its first Final Four appearance
entering Saturday’s West Regional final against top-seeded Connecticut (30-4) at University of Phoenix
Stadium. Or that the Tigers were coming off perhaps the team’s biggest victory, against second-seeded
Memphis on Thursday night.




                                                                                                      51
For coaches like Anderson, 49, speculation about other jobs has become the true dance of March. It is
a month that signifies the start of college basketball’s coaching carousel and the annual heartburn for
administrators whose coaches have become rising stars.

“We don’t approach these things lightly,” Brady Deaton, the Missouri chancellor, said of Anderson’s
situation in a telephone interview.

By rejuvenating a dormant program and setting a team record for victories in a season with a frenetic
full-court style billed as the fastest 40 minutes in basketball, Anderson has been mentioned as a
candidate for the open position at Georgia. There are also vacancies at Arizona, Virginia and Kentucky.
One opening was filled Friday when Alabama hired Anthony Grant from Virginia Commonwealth.

Anderson, hired from the University of Alabama-Birmingham in March 2006, has two years left on a
five-year contract that guarantees him an annual salary of $850,000.

“It’s a competitive environment we’re in,” Deaton said. “We recognize that and will be approaching it
in the most effective way possible for us as a university.”

But even with Missouri planning to offer a contract extension to Anderson after the season, he
apparently has reservations about his future.

When asked Friday if he could guarantee that he would be back at Missouri next season, Anderson
was silent and turned away, as if to dismiss the question. His wife, Marcheita, laughed, then Anderson
said: “Hey, I’m excited. I’m excited about Mizzou basketball. We’re doing some great, great things. A
lot of great things are happening.”

Asked at a news conference earlier Friday about how he felt about his name being mentioned for
other coaching jobs during the N.C.A.A. tournament, Anderson emphasized that his team had an
opportunity to make the Final Four.

“I’m excited about what we’re doing at Missouri,” Anderson said. “If you look at these kids I have up
here, I’m excited about the future.”

As is Missouri, which is why Gary Forsee, the university president, said a contract extension with
Anderson is paramount.

“He knows that Missouri is a place we want him to be for the long term, and we’ve made that very
clear to him,” Forsee said in a telephone interview. “It’s great for him and his family that this kind of
success puts him in a position to have that kind of security at a place that we want him to call home.
That’s something we’ll all be very focused on at the right time.”

Efforts to reach Athletic Director Mike Alden through a media relations official were unsuccessful. But
Marion H. Cairns, an outgoing member of the university’s Board of Curators, said she expected
Anderson to be offered a multiyear contract extension after the season that would pay him a
guaranteed base salary of more than $1 million annually.

“I don’t think they’ll let him get away,” Cairns said in a telephone interview.




                                                                                                            52
Anderson’s elusiveness about his future is interesting because the Tigers have what most coaches
covet: a dazzling 15,061-seat arena, a loyal fan base and a demonstrated financial commitment.
Anderson’s predecessor, Quin Snyder, had a $1.2 million annual package.

“It really has to be considered one of the great situations,” said Joe Castiglione, who was Missouri’s
athletic director from 1993 to 1998 before taking the same position at Oklahoma. “In regards to
evaluating what’s been done and what can be accomplished in the future, it’s truly very, very positive.
You would think it would be a real attractive opportunity for a coach to stay and build a program.”

Next season, Missouri will return nine scholarship players, including two starters. The Tigers will
consist solely of Anderson’s players for the first time.

Yet even the senior guard Mike Anderson Jr., the coach’s son, said he did not know whether his father
would return. For now, he said, they were focused on this season.

“He’s just in the moment,” Anderson Jr. said. “He’s just trying to take care of business. He’s never
really expressed like he wants to go to a Kentucky or whatever else is open.”

He actually has more than a casual interest in his father’s coaching future. Next season, he hopes to
begin his career with his father as a graduate assistant.

“He’s just going to do whatever he feels is the most comfortable for him,” Anderson Jr. said. “Maybe
he wants to try a new challenge or maybe he feels like his challenge is still here at Missouri. That’s
something that only he knows alone.”

Columbia Daily Tribune
Senior class restores pride
Carroll, Lawrence, Lyons leave mark on MU program.
By STEVE WALENTIK
Monday, March 30, 2009

GLENDALE, Ariz. — Years from now they will be remembered as the nucleus of a team that restored
pride in the Missouri basketball program.

DeMarre Carroll, Leo Lyons and Matt Lawrence each has an individual legacy, as well, on the list of
players to score 1,000 or more points in an MU uniform. Lyons and Carroll joined that group earlier
this season, while Lawrence added his name on Saturday in the final game of his college career.

The three seniors’ contributions were significant enough that even before the Tigers left the floor at
University of Phoenix Stadium after an 82-75 loss to top-seeded Connecticut in the West Regional
final, people had started to wonder where the program would be without them next season.

“This program is going to be the same or even better,” Lyons said. “I think they will be better because
these guys … came in their first year, second year and now they’re in the Elite Eight. Now they know
success, and hopefully they will keep it up.”

It won’t be easy. The three seniors represent the Tigers’ top three scorers, and they combined to
average 40.4 points — nearly half of Missouri’s offense during a 31-7 season.




                                                                                                         53
Carroll averaged 16.6 points and was MU’s top rebounder, pulling down 7.2 per game. Lyons was
second on the team in scoring and rebounding, averaging 14.6 points and 6.1 rebounds. Lawrence, the
team’s top perimeter shooter the past three years, averaged 9.2 points and sank 41.2 percent of his 3-
point attempts.

But Missouri’s starting backcourt will be back intact with soon-to-be seniors J.T. Tiller and Zaire Taylor
forming arguably the top defensive guard tandem in the Big 12.

Both players excelled at creating opportunities for teammates throughout the season — they
combined to average seven assists and fewer than three turnovers per game — and also showed an
ability to score when needed. Taylor memorably made game-winning shots against Texas and Kansas
in the closing seconds and scored 19 points in a victory over Oklahoma State in the Big 12 Tournament.
Tiller averaged 8.4 points and had a career-high 23 in Thursday night’s upset of Memphis.

Kim English, a 6-foot-6 freshman who averaged 15 points in the Tigers’ first two NCAA victories and 6.5
on the season, figures to step into Lawrence’s spot in the starting lineup. He shot 37.3 percent from
beyond the arc. Fellow freshman Marcus Denmon should again be a top reserve capable of pitching in
on both ends of the floor, and Missouri also will have Miguel Paul and incoming freshman Michael
Dixon to add depth to the backcourt.

The frontcourt is where the bigger questions remain as the Tigers look toward next season.

Justin Safford came on strong near the end of his sophomore season and could step into the starting
lineup at one of the forward spots. Coach Mike Anderson had enough confidence in he and Keith
Ramsey to have them on the floor for much of the final eight minutes in Saturday’s loss to the Huskies,
and Safford finished with nine points and three rebounds in the game.

“He comes off the bench and gives us high energy and knocks down big shots, but Justin’s one of them
guys, I think many people don’t notice him right now, but next year, he’s going to step right into that
role and he’s going to be like a Leo Lyons or DeMarre Carroll,” Carroll said. “We see it every day in
practice.”

Ramsey, a 6-9 forward, could wind up starting at the other forward spot. He doesn’t possess the
polished offensive skills of Carroll or Lyons but affects the game with his defense. He could make the
Tigers better at protecting the rim if he sees extended minutes.

Freshman Laurence Bowers was about as productive as any Missouri player in limited minutes and is
due to become a more regular contributor in the fall. His classmate Steve Moore was caught at the
end of the bench this season but should get a chance to crack the rotation as a sophomore.

Missouri is slated to add Keith Dewitt, a 6-10 forward from Charis Prep in North Carolina who signed in
the fall, though he isn’t a lock to qualify academically. The Tigers are also still recruiting Jarrid Famous,
a 6-foot-10 forward from Westchester Community College in New York. Both could be key
components of Missouri’s continued success.

“I think we’re solid,” said Anderson, even before his team stunned Memphis on Thursday. “I think our
foundation is laid. … Of course you’ve got guys like Keith Ramsey … Justin Safford, J.T. Tiller, Zaire
Taylor. I think you’ve got the core guys here to go along with those newcomers, and this thing is
something that will continue for years and years.”




                                                                                                          54
Columbia Daily Tribune
Fans take solace in season to remember
MU loss viewed in big picture.
By JOE MEYER
Sunday, March 29, 2009

An Elite Eight matchup played more than 1,300 miles away in the Arizona desert agonized many
Missouri Tigers fans as a steady rain fell on Columbia.Hundreds packed into downtown bars such as
Harpo’s and Shiloh Bar & Grill to watch the televised game, cheering every basket, turnover and foul
call that went the Tigers’ way.

In the end, the team came up seven points short of Connecticut’s winning score. It put an end to MU’s
quest for the first Final Four appearance in school history.

Fans were left to remember a season highlighted by the most victories in school history and the Tigers’
first Big 12 Conference tournament championship.

“It was a hell of a season,” said Matt Lange, 36, of Kansas City after watching the game at Harpo’s.
Lange said he had planned to travel to the Detroit area to watch the Tigers in the Final Four.

Fans did not lose faith after a sloppy start put the Tigers behind 13-2 in the opening minutes. They
emphatically cheered after every MU basket. A standing-room-only crowd at Shiloh erupted when
Missouri briefly took a one-point lead in the second half.

“We got going too late,” MU student Zak Kerr, 20, said at Harpo’s after the game. “It could have gone
either way.”

“I thought we had ’em,” another MU student, 22-year-old Bobby Horton, added.

Kerr and Horton said the disappointment of the NCAA West regional final was tempered by the overall
success of the season that exceeded everyone’s expectations.

“I was happy they got this far,” Horton said.

During the game, fans discussed the change in the basketball program and growing support for the
team.

Most fans said the season would have been a success if the team had simply made the NCAA
Tournament in Coach Mike Anderson’s third season after a 16-16 finish last year.

“I think with a different regime, there’s an element of integrity with the team now,” said Brady Didion,
24, a first-year medical student at MU. “I think people really buy into fundamental basketball played
really hard.”

“It’s an actual team,” Lange said. “The only superstar is” Coach “Mike Anderson. They play his game,
and his style wins, I guess.”

Another issue in the wind is Anderson’s future with the Tigers. His name has been rumored for other
head coach vacancies, especially at the University of Alabama because he is a Birmingham native,
though Alabama hired a new coach Friday.

All of the fans interviewed said they think Anderson will stay in Columbia.




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“I vote for a big fat raise for Mike Anderson,” Jean Viox, 49, of Columbia said during the second half at
Shiloh.

“I hope he stays,” Jason Toalson, 27, of Columbia added. “Now that the Alabama job is filled, I think he
will.”

If Anderson renews his contract, fans agreed, the future looks good for Missouri basketball.

“He doesn’t have to improve the conference he is in to have a chance to win a national
championship,” Joe Weston, 63, of Columbia said at Harpo’s. “He’s invested a lot here. It’s getting
good, and it’s going to get better.”

Columbia Daily Tribune
Thanks to UConn, MU can’t
Missouri falls to Connecticut in Elite Eight.
By STEVE WALENTIK
Saturday, March 28, 2009

GLENDALE, Ariz. — The tears came as Matt Lawrence sat on a stage in the interview room at University
of Phoenix Stadium, and they only had a little to do with disappointment over the Missouri basketball
team’s 82-75 loss to Connecticut.

He and the third-seeded Tigers had represented themselves well in yesterday afternoon’s West
Regional final against the top-seeded Huskies, fighting back from an early 13-2 hole to make a game of
it. Missouri even snagged the lead for 26 seconds in the second half, and the two teams were tied
heading into the final 8½ minutes at University of Phoenix Stadium.

“They went out the same way they came into this season,” Coach Mike Anderson said. “They came in
fighting, scratching and clawing, and if you are going to go out, that’s the way you want to go out,
fighting, scratching and clawing, giving yourself a chance.”

Missouri's Justin Safford scores while under pressure from Gavin Edwards of UConn during the Elite
Eight round of the NCAA Tournament at the University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Ariz.

The Tigers (31-7) just couldn’t figure out a way to pull out a victory in the closing minutes against the
favored Huskies (31-4), who are moving onto the Final Four for the third time in the program’s history.

Missouri let Connecticut guards Kemba Walker and A.J. Price into the lane a few too many times, and
the pair combined for 41 points and eight assists to lead the Huskies to victory.

The Tigers allowed Stanley Robinson, Jeff Adrien and Hasheem Thabeet to come down with a few too
many rebounds, and the Huskies punished them on the glass, winding up with a 47-32 edge.

Mostly, Missouri missed a few too many shots against Connecticut’s defense, which accounted for
eight blocked shots, three steals and held the Tigers to 42.1 percent shooting. MU misfired on 13 of 18
3-point attempts and also missed 6 of 12 free throws, the same number the Huskies did in 32 chances.

Robinson’s dunk snapped a 54-all tie with 8:18 to play and also ended a stretch of nearly four minutes
in which Connecticut failed to score a single point.

In retrospect, that might have been the opening Missouri had needed to take control of the game,
only the Tigers were stuck in their own offensive rut as Kim English committed a costly turnover when
the ball flew through Keith Ramsey’s hands; Justin Safford, Zaire Taylor and DeMarre Carroll all missed



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jump shots; and Leo Lyons stepped on the baseline attempting to drive the ball at the 7-foot-3
Thabeet.

“We went nine out of 10 trips, couldn’t score,” Connecticut Coach Jim Calhoun said. “The good news
is, they went nine out of 10 trips and couldn’t score, and that’s why we are sitting here with smiles on
and feeling elated, in all honesty. Because our defense was the thing that did it.”

Calhoun’s team also made plays offensively down the stretch, whether it was Price’s 3-pointer that put
them ahead by five points with 7:25 left or Thabeet sticking back an offensive rebound that made the
lead 65-59 with 5:14 remaining.

But the biggest play of all might have been made by Walker with 2:11 remaining. With the shot clock
winding down, he drove toward the free-throw line, used his body to open up space against Zaire
Taylor and tossed an unorthodox shot over his shoulder. The ball banked off the glass and fell through
the net to put Connecticut ahead 70-65.

“I just threw it up, God help me, and it went in,” said Walker, who matched his career high with 23
points.

“Sometimes you’ve got to make plays, and that was just one of those plays that put us back on our
heels a little bit after we played great defense for 35 seconds,” junior guard J.T. Tiller said. “It just
described what kind of day it was, you know?”

Missouri, which leaned on its bench for most of the final five minutes while seniors Carroll, Lyons and
Lawrence sat, managed to cut it to three on a hook shot in the paint by Justin Safford with 1:55 left.

But Price, voted the regional’s most outstanding player, answered it with a jumper 20 seconds later.
Tiller came up short on a contested shot from the baseline with 1:05 left, and the Huskies finished the
Tigers off by sinking 10 straight free throws in the final 1:02 to end a breakthrough season just shy of
Missouri’s first Final Four.

When the final horn sounded, MU players mostly dropped their heads and walked slowly off the floor,
more stunned than anything that the ride was over.

It took being asked which hurt more, the loss or the realization that this team played its last game
together, to coax the crying out of Lawrence.

“I was trying to hold it in, but thinking about it, I’m more sad about never being able to play with these
guys again than the game,” he said back in the locker room.

Lawrence, Carroll, Lyons and senior walk-on Michael Anderson Jr. do walk away with plenty of
memories to be cherished as the team that returned Missouri to the NCAA Tournament for the first
time since 2003, piled up a school-record 31 victories, won the Tigers’ first Big 12 Tournament title and
crashed the Elite Eight.

 “It might take time, especially for us seniors, because we didn’t want to leave out on a losing note,”
Carroll said. “We had our eye on one thing. That was the national championship, and we came up
short. But when we go back and think about it, we’ll probably think about all the positives of this
season.”

The Kansas City Star
Mizzou needs to pay Anderson elite-level salary
By JASON WHITLOCK



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Sunday, March 29, 2009

No team in college basketball traveled further than Mike Anderson’s Missouri Tigers.
Programs, boosters, AAU coaches, street agents and assistant coaches recruit and build rosters. You
pay a head coach to develop talent, build chemistry, peak a team at the right time and win games.

By almost any measure, no one did a better job than Mike Anderson.

Every team in the Elite Eight — except the Missouri Tigers — began the season ranked in the AP
preseason top 25. Every team in the Sweet 16 — except the Missouri Tigers — began the season
receiving votes in the AP preseason top 25.

The preseason rankings, in general, are a reflection of the tradition of the program and the recruiting
machine in place. The regular season and NCAA Tournament results, in general, are a reflection of how
well the head coach cultivated the assembled talent.

When the race to the Big Dance started, Missouri joined the dash hundreds of yards behind
Connecticut (preseason No. 2), Villanova (No. 23), Michigan State (No. 6), North Carolina (No. 1),
Oklahoma (No. 12), Louisville (No. 3), Pittsburgh (No. 5), Memphis (No. 13), Xavier (No. 26), Syracuse
(No. 30), Gonzaga (No. 10), Kansas (No. 24), Purdue (No. 11), Duke (No. 8) and Arizona (No. 44) — the
teams that made it to the Sweet 16.

On Dec. 23, when the Tigers took on rival Illinois in St. Louis, you could see why preseason
prognosticators thought very little of Mizzou. The Fighting Illini drilled Mizzou by 16 points in a game
that was never really competitive.

Getting that December Missouri team to play at the level we just witnessed in March is one of the best
coaching performances I’ve ever seen, and it’s why Missouri’s administration and boosters shouldn’t
hesitate to pay Mike Anderson an elite-level salary.

Some of you Missouri fans have been e-mailing me, demanding I tell you what I like of the Tigers’ late-
season excellence. My grandmother’s death caused me to miss the Big 12 tournament and Mizzou’s
championship. And I spent the first two weekends of the NCAA Tournament with the Kansas Jayhawks.
Sorry I’m late to your dance.

You can accept my apology by paying Mike Anderson all that he’s worth. Even though Alabama doesn’t
want him, Anderson deserves to be paid as if he’s the hottest commodity in college coaching. He did
the best job in 2008-09. And I’m sure a school such as Georgia wouldn’t mind raining money on
Mizzou’s hoops coach.

His NCAA Tournament run is completely different from Quin Snyder’s Elite Eight appearance. Snyder’s
club backed into the tournament with a 19-11 record, a one-victory showing in the Big 12 tourney and
a last-team-in No. 12 seed. Snyder’s team beat Miami, Ohio State and caught a huge break when an
unranked UCLA team upset Cincinnati. Snyder’s Elite Eight was a fluke.

Anderson’s wasn’t. The Tigers legitimized their No. 3 seed with victories over Marquette and Memphis
and a terrific effort against UConn, arguably the best team in the tournament. Some of us mistakenly
thought this was a down year in the Big 12. The tournament performances of Oklahoma, Kansas,
Oklahoma State and Missouri debunked that myth. In fact, the Big 12 looked so good that I reached
the conclusion it was indeed an injustice for the Kansas State Wildcats to be left out of the
tournament.




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Mizzou’s 31-7 record and postseason Big 12 crown are extremely impressive, and the only appropriate
comparison is the 1993-94 season, when the Tigers went 14-0 in the Big Eight and advanced to the
Elite Eight. Norm Stewart’s most successful team didn’t have a major pro prospect, either. He led a
bunch of kids who completely bought into his system/program.

Mike Anderson has a system/program. His version of 40 Minutes of Hell might be as effective as his
mentor’s. It put the Tigers on equal footing with the top-seeded Huskies for 40 minutes. It annihilated
the second-seeded Memphis Tigers.

You don’t need a roster of McDonald’s All-Americans if your full-court press can create a 17-6 turnover
advantage against a team as talented as UConn. All those extra possessions and fast-break
opportunities compensate for Mizzou’s lack of offensive skill.

What was really promising on Saturday is that the Tigers seemed to play their best when DeMarre
Carroll and Leo Lyons were on the bench. Carroll and Lyons, Mizzou’s top players and seniors, played
poorly Saturday. That did not prevent the Tigers from testing the Huskies for 40 minutes.

The conventional wisdom before March was that Mizzou would take a big step back next season.
Maybe not.

Sure, the Tigers won’t win 30 games next year. But Justin Safford and Keith Ramsey flashed enough
potential to make me believe the Tigers can make the tournament again next season. Safford, Ramsey
and recruit Keith DeWitt might be able to match the production of Carroll and Lyons. Plus, guards J.T.
Tiller, Zaire Taylor, Kim English and Marcus Denmon will be better.

If Tiger Nation steps up, this could be the beginning of a successful era.

Columbia Missourian
Tigers return home to proud crowd
Sunday, March 29, 2009

COLUMBIA — A crowd of 100 to 200 people — and even a dog — welcomed the Tigers home Sunday
at the Mizzou Arena from their Elite Eight appearance in Glendale, Ariz.

“I support the Tigers, win or lose,” said Betsy Berry, a fan at the ceremony. “I had them going all the
way; I had that much faith in them.”

Although the Tigers fell to the University of Connecticut on Saturday, Sunday's welcome-home crowd
was just as proud of the Tigers for what they did accomplish. Most were decked out in black and gold
apparel; some even boasted pom-poms, flags, homemade signs and Tiger ears for the kids.
Along with the chatter of the past and current games, music blared from speakers. The crowd joined in
with a few “Mizzou-rahs!” of their own as the fight song played.

“This is a great team, and they did a great job,” said Tiger fan Dan Schapira as he waited outside in the
sun at the south entrance of Mizzou Arena.

Children were perched on their parents' shoulders. Everyone kept glancing toward the road to see if
the bus was arriving. Excitement was in the air with each car that drove up but turned to a
disappointed sigh from the crowd when it wasn’t the Tigers' bus.

At about 2 p.m., after much anticipation, the big black bus rolled around the corner, its shiny sides
reflecting the crowd, which burst into cheers.




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“I lost my throat because I was yelling at the TV so much,” said Phil Grix, an MU junior, adding that he
is excited that the “school is a basketball school again.”

With each team member who got off of the bus, the crowd cheered even louder, eventually quieting
as the Tigers and coach Mike Anderson approached a small stage, where they spoke about their
experience and their gratitude toward fans.

“This is a great sight,” Anderson said, which he followed with a “How 'bout them Tigers?” The reply
was a roar of screams from surrounding fans.

Anderson told the crowd he has never been more proud of his team and that he thinks they were only
a “couple shots away from going to the Final Four.”

After praising the team, the fans and his coaching staff, Anderson ended with an "M-I-Z!" for the
crowd, who responded with a "Z-O-U!"

The Chronicle of Higher Education
March Money Madness: The Coaches vs. the Professors
By THOMAS COTTLE
Monday, March 30, 2009

College basketball's March Madness has come at a time when one prominent coach's salary has been
held up for inspection. Apparently, the fact that the $1.6-million annual income of the University of
Connecticut's Jim Calhoun makes him the highest-paid public employee in his state has rankled some
people. Or are they more upset that he was caught off guard at a postgame news conference and
appeared somewhat haughty?

Whatever the case, Calhoun did offer a rather strong defense of his salary. His elevated income, he
argued, was more than offset by the fact that he raises almost $12-million each year for his university.
Point well taken. Not too many university professors could make that claim. In fact, that has always
been the argument for justifying what some people would deem exorbitant salaries for football and
basketball coaches at Division I institutions. As a university professor myself, I surely wouldn't dare
argue with the coach's logic.

Or would I? On the surface, it seems presumptuous to allege that a mere professor of education could
match his value in financial terms with a basketball coach. And if that same professor would further
contend that his financial contribution may actually be far greater than the coach's, one might wonder
about the state of his mental health. After all, my salary of some $73,000 represents slightly more than
4 percent of the coach's salary. Already it appears we're comparing an ant with a skyscraper.
Moreover, it's hard to compete with that $12-million in revenue deposited directly in the university's
coffers.

But consider this: Every year I teach about 150 students, all of whom, presumably, will be going into
the teaching and counseling professions. Each of those students will, in due time, be working directly
with say, 85 students annually, a number representing slightly more than 21 students in each of four
classes. (Some people would suggest that that number is actually closer to 100.) That means that I
have a direct effect, hopefully a salubrious one, on close to 12,750 students. And remember that effect
continues year after year. But let's just stay with one year.

Grant me the estimation that, over time, each of those 12,750 students will earn an average annual
income of $45,000. That means that the students whom I influence will produce a total annual income
of almost $575-million. Considering that they will pay roughly a 20-percent income-tax rate on their



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$45,000 salaries (in truth it is slightly less), I calculate that the government can count on almost $115-
million in annual payments.

So while the coach's talents and accomplishments yield $12-million a year to the university, my talents
and accomplishments may be yielding something better: Every year I send out more and more
teachers who are teaching more and more students. I state the obvious when I say that many of the
students whom I taught in 1995 are still teaching, which means they continue to directly and indirectly
produce income for the country through their students' and their own employment in the form of
taxes, not to mention what they spend in discretionary money that they may have.

Therefore, according to my calculations, in 15 years of university teaching, I have affected, however
modestly, the lives of 191,250 human beings in what I hope is a positive way. Again using that modest
estimate of an annual average salary of $45,000, those people now together earn $8.61-billion each
year.

So now let's compare what the coach has brought in with what my students are bringing in.

For the past 15 years, the coach has attracted more than $180-million to his university. Not bad. But
my students have deposited more than $1.72-billion in the government till in taxes, an amount
representing more than nine times that which the coach delivers. Not only that, he has several
presumably well-paid assistants working with the 15 or so young men on his team. I get one teaching
assistant whose salary is embarrassingly low. Granted, some of the coach's graduates are earning a lot
of money in the National Basketball Association and other professions and thereby making significant
tax contributions. But, given the numbers of people whom I teach and the multiplier effect that I've
described, I seriously doubt that figure can match the number produced by my students.

I rest my case with the recognition of two obvious problems inherent in this argument. First, my
colleagues also teach the same students that I do. So given that our students study with say, 10
professors, the annual salary cost is closer to $700,000, or 41 percent of the coach's salary.

Second, no one can deny that I am, of course, comparing apples with oranges, or more precisely, the
financial value of apples and oranges. To that charge I plead guilty. I simply have no defense for any
comparison of the financial value, or the human value for that matter, of education and
entertainment.

Thomas Cottle is a professor of education at Boston University. His books include At Peril: Stories of
Injustice (University of Massachusetts Press, 2001) and Hardest Times: The Trauma of Long-Term
Unemployment (Praeger Publishers, 2001).




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The Maneater
Puig receives Truman Scholarship for public service
The award is given to 65 students across the country.
By KATIE MORITZ
Thursday, April 2, 2009

Junior Rick Puig's future changed when his cell phone rang in his family's Las Vegas hotel room.
The MU student was enjoying a relaxing spring break vacation with his mother and sister when he
answered his phone and the voice on the other end announced the news he had been waiting
anxiously to hear: he had won the prestigious Truman Scholarship.

"I basically freaked out," Puig said. "(My mother and sister) knew when they saw the look on my
face. I don't think I could have designed a better circumstance to have found out."

The award is given to 65 students in the U.S. and includes a $30,000 scholarship for further
education and internship opportunities. Puig said the scholarship requires recipients to commit
three of the seven years following a graduate education to community service.

"You get to be part of a network of the most phenomenal, dedicated and qualified young people,"
Puig said.

Puig said he has big plans for the scholarship money he was granted.

"I'll definitely be going to grad school, either get a law degree or a master's of public policy," Puig
said.

After applying, a process Puig called arduous, he was named one of the three MU nominees for
the scholarship. After being chosen as a finalist a month later, Puig was invited to an interview.

"The interview is designed to challenge you," Puig said. "They ask you off-the-wall questions like,
'When was the last time you had a beer?' It's designed to find out who will be best to be an agent
of change."

MU philosophy professor Don Sievert has worked closely with Puig during his years at MU.

"He was very bright and has real leadership potential," Sievert said. "Politics flows through his
veins."

Puig has an extensive resume of political activism and community service, which includes
campaigning for several politicians, interning for Gov and Sen. Claire McCaskill, D-Mo.,
volunteering at Immigration and Refugee Services and starting a small business putting together
educational resources for high school debate teams.

His political involvement didn't stop at internships. Puig was the youngest member of Nixon's
Citizen Transition Advisory Board and the youngest delegate to the 2008 DNC Rules Committee,
as well as the Young Democrats of Missouri president and a regional director of the Young
Democrats of America. Puig is part of the executive committee of the Missouri Democratic Party.



                                                                                                     62
MU College Democrats President Brian Roach, who said has worked with Puig in Missouri politics
since their freshman year, said he sees passion and persistence in all of Puig's endeavors.

"He is one of the most hard working and dedicated people I know," Roach said. "This well
deserved scholarship will allow him to continue to pursue public service after graduation."

Sievert said Puig's success lies in his ability to balance the facets of his life.

"He integrates his student life with his political life," Sievert said. "It's quite a balancing act, but he
manages to juggle them very successfully."

Puig is running for vice president of the Young Democrats of America. Although politics seem to
be imminent in Puig's future, he said he's not quite sure.

"Before you run for politics, make sure you have means outside of politics," Puig said. "My biggest
focus is getting through school and finding a good job and starting a family."

Puig said the flight of his father and grandparents from Cuba during its revolution to the U.S. is his
inspiration to give back to his country.

"My grandparents took a risk when they sent my father to this country and that was a risk based
solely on the belief that this country has potential to be great," Puig said. "Public service is my
attempt to validate the risk they took on this country. I take it very seriously and it's a very
personal and important part of my identity."




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Columbia Missourian
East Campus explosion still vivid in memories
BY ROBERTO BARROS
Friday, April 3, 2009

COLUMBIA — The skeleton of a house sits at 308 McNab Drive.

The walls are stained with black burn marks, the window frames are rusty and twisted, and shards of
glass are spread across the property.

On March 14, 2008, the house in the East Campus neighborhood exploded, killing retired MU
professor Carl Sneed, 87, and severely injuring Merna Sneed, 84. Merna Sneed died a few weeks later,
on April 3, from severe burns caused by the explosion.

The explosion reverberated across East Campus and could be heard blocks away.

Neighbors still recall the event vividly.

It was "devastating,” said Daryl Keller, 31, who lives at 309 McNab Drive and was in her backyard when
the explosion happened. “First, there was confusion about what it was. Next, there was an adrenaline
rush because we knew they were home, and next a feeling of devastation. It was heart-wrenching
because you knew people’s lives were being lost.”

An investigation by the Columbia Police and Fire departments determined the explosion was caused
by natural gas.

Portia Ann Brown, 66, lives at 314 McNab Drive, next to what remains of the Sneeds’ house. The
explosion shattered the windows of her house.

“It really was terrible, we were neighbors for about 30 years or more,” she said. “It took a while for me
to get used to the Sneeds not being around.”

The East Campus neighborhood is a very close community where everybody knows one another, Rune
Sharp said. Sharp, who was traveling when the explosion happened, said people in the neighborhood
were very upset.

“The Sneeds had been here forever,” she said.

After the explosion, a huge crowd of people watched the fire and the workers in silence, Brown
recalled. Neighbors exchanged phone numbers to come up with a plan for getting the glass picked up
that circled the Sneeds’ lot.

“As all tragedies tend to do, you get to know your neighbors better,” Keller said. “It has made our
community tighter.”

But there were other emotions.

“There was fear that things weren’t safe,” said Keller, who installed a fireplace insert and bought a
wood stove after the explosion. Her house still uses natural gas, but she is looking for other options.

“There could be a gas leak in my house, and in my neighbor’s house,” she said. “There was definitely
fear that something like that could happen at any moment.”

The Sneeds' daughters are still recovering from the loss of their parents.



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 “We had trouble when the anniversary (of my father’s death) came up,” said Terry Linda Sneed, who
lives in Columbia. “And we are having trouble now, with the anniversary of my mother."

She misses the guidance her father gave her and her two sisters on financial matters, and often thinks
about her mother and her dedication to her work with the Friends of the Columbia Public Library.

“The ghosts of their memories are with me,” she said.

Terry Linda Sneed and her sisters, Pamela Rae Heath and Patricia Kay Sneed, have filed a wrongful
death lawsuit against AmerenUE, the company that provided natural gas to the house. The lawsuit
alleges the deaths of the Sneeds were due to negligent acts or omissions by the company.

The suit states that natural gas leaked from an Ameren supply line, migrated below ground and
through the foundation of the house into the basement of the Sneed residence, where the explosion
occurred, according to court documents.

Ameren denies the allegations, arguing that it acted in compliance with its tariff approved by the
Missouri Public Service Commission, and that the explosion was caused by acts or omissions by the
Sneeds, according to court documents.

The investigation into how the explosion occurred continues.

“This is a serious matter requiring thoughtful investigation, and that’s what we are doing through the
court process ...,” said Nicholas L. DiVita, one of the attorneys representing the plaintiffs.

“The litigation is ongoing — (the case) is in the discovery process right now,” so no trial date has been
set or requested, DiVita said.

The Missouri Public Service Commission did not file a report on the explosion, according to Bob
Leonberger, a supervisor with the commission.

“There were no leaks on Ameren facilities that we believe would have caused the explosion. There was
no evidence of any failure of AmerenUE equipment,” he wrote in an e-mail. “That points to something
inside the house, but we don’t know what.”

After the explosion, Ameren did not assist with the cleaning of McNab Drive, which was littered with
glass. At least one neighbor had hard feelings about that.

“I definitely felt that Ameren was not very amicable in this situation with us,” Keller said.

The anniversaries of her parents' deaths are painful times for Pamela Rae Heath.

“Everything comes up again,” she said.




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Columbia Daily Tribune
The doctor is in
TV/radio host talks drinking, sex on campus.
By LAURA LATZKO
Thursday, April 2, 2009

Dr. Drew Pinsky, star of VH1’s “Celebrity Rehab” and MTV’s “Sex ... With Mom and Dad” and the host
of the radio program “Loveline,” spoke last night at the University of Missouri about the hookup
culture on college campuses that encourages drinking and one-night stands.

Pinsky took questions about how people, especially young women, often go against their natural
instincts and engage in unsafe or unhealthy behavior. Social situations such as parties where people
meet in crowded rooms and drink alcohol contribute to the problem, he said, and people are more
likely to put themselves in situations that would make them uncomfortable if they weren’t drinking.

“If the hookup is the organizing experience of college life, why do you have to be screwed up to do it?”
Pinsky asked. “What does alcohol accomplish?”

Pinsky’s appearance was sponsored by the Department of Student Life and other campus
organizations and cost the university $24,000, said Kathy Murray, assistant director for campus
activities.

When Pinsky first started working on “Loveline,” a call-in talk show on which viewers can ask questions
about sex, substance abuse, relationships and other issues, in 1982, he was a medical student at the
University of Southern California.

During his residencies there and in Pasadena, he saw a number of people come in with sexually
transmitted diseases, including what would become known as AIDS, but few young people or doctors
were talking about these issues.

“There were a naïve exuberance in the 1980s and no understanding about the biological
consequences,” Pinsky said.

In the past 20 years, Pinsky said he has seen people become more open about sex and diseases. They
now ask him about even more complicated problems, including relationships, drug and alcohol abuse,
and dysfunctional family issues.

“I see problems. I see a lot of problems,” Pinsky said. “But I also see it moving forward.”

Pinsky’s informal talk resonated with many students gathered in Jesse Auditorium, including Emily
Albers.

The junior math major, who started listening to Pinsky on “Loveline” in fifth grade, said she has
watched her friends participate in MU’s hookup culture. She said she has felt the same pressure to be
involved in it herself, especially from her ex-boyfriend.

“The fact that everyone has to be drunk to hook up is true,” Albers said. “Dating doesn’t happen.”

Andrew Hasson, a senior at Stephens College studying theater, said he sees the same tendencies at his
school, even though it has fewer students and is a women’s college. Hasson, a “Loveline” listener, said



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that although people are still afraid to discuss sexual behaviors, it is important to bring them out in the
open like Pinsky does.

“What I really like about him is he is able to give a frank discussion about topics we try to keep hush-
hush,” Hasson said.

“We are young. We are in college. We will do things we were told not to do.”

Another admirer of Pinsky’s, NASCAR driver and Columbia native Carl Edwards, has gotten the chance
to see the counselor give advice up close in three appearances on “Loveline.”

Edwards said he has watched the psychologist answer questions that he himself has thought about,
and Pinsky’s discussions about what is and isn’t healthy in relationships last night especially stuck with
him.

A former MU student who recently got married, Edwards said he saw a similar hookup culture when
he attended the school almost 10 years ago, and he believes it is important that Pinsky, a longtime
friend, continues to talk about this issue.

“He’s a guy I look up to for what he does,” Edwards said at last night’s event.

Columbia Missourian
Dr. Drew talks love, sex with an ‘honest audience’
By LESLIE HORN
Thursday, April 2, 2009

COLUMBIA — When Dr. Drew Pinsky started answering questions about sex more than 20 years ago,
the term “sexually transmitted disease” hadn’t been coined yet and condoms were still sold behind
the pharmacy counter.

“I walked into something in a period of history when people were not talking about sex,” Pinsky said.

Listeners have been calling into “Love Line,” Pinsky’s nationally syndicated radio show, since 1983 to
ask questions about sex, love, dating and relationships.

“Dr. Drew,” as the internist and addiction specialist is more widely known, is also the host of the VH1
shows “Celebrity Rehab” and "Sober House” and the MTV show “Sex … with Mom and Dad.” He spoke
at Jesse Hall at MU on Wednesday evening.

“What he deals with is very wide,” audience member Michael Kayson said. “Relationship, addiction
and sexual questions. He is kind of like the Dr. Phil for the younger generation.”

True to the style of his radio show, Pinsky opened up the talk as a conversation, rather than a lecture.

“I want to make this as interactive as possible,” Pinsky said as he introduced the program. He quickly
and easily established a rapport with the audience, asking questions and receiving immediate
feedback.

The environment seemed comfortable to audience members, who had no trouble sharing intimate
details of their lives with Pinsky. They easily shared stories of hurt as well as their insight on today's



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sexual culture.

“This is a very honest group,” Pinsky said in the midst of a conversation about what Pinsky refers to as
the “hook-up culture.”

Pinsky listened to the opinions of audience members as much as he talked, reflecting on the feedback
from an audience made up of mostly students. Several times, Pinsky emphasized the fact that he does
not judge.

“He doesn’t beat around the bush; he just says it,” MU student Amber Pinnell said. “He’s real.”

No question or topic was taboo to Pinsky and his audience. Why do women date jerks? Why is there
cultural resistance to the Gardasil vaccine? Are there hormones that bond women to their partner in a
sexual encounter? These were just a few of the inquiries that Pinsky addressed.

“He doesn’t talk down,” MU student Kelsey Jones said. “He’s not high and mighty, and he’s not
awkward in (answering questions) about sex.”

Pinsky approached the discussion with comedy, intermittently cracking jokes, keeping the audience at
ease while tackling sensitive topics. He spoke in relatable terms that seemed to make the audience
want to talk. In discussing a wide variety of topics related to sex and relationships, Pinsky’s message
remained clear.

“Trust your instincts,” Pinsky said. “Life is better when you live with integrity.”




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The Kansas City Star
Life sciences institute names a new president
By JASON GERTZEN
Thursday, April 2, 2009

Kansas City has a new leader to guide the region’s pursuit of medical advances and a healthier
economy through the life sciences.

The Kansas City Area Life Sciences Institute on Thursday named Dan Getman, a longtime Pfizer
executive, as its new president.

Getman, who recently retired as vice president of Pfizer Global Research and Development in St. Louis,
will take charge of the institute on April 15.

Bill Duncan, who currently holds the position, will retire later this month. He will continue to assist for
a time, however, with the transition.

“The growth potential in the life sciences is significant,” Getman said. “The impact that research has
on peoples’ lives is unbelievable.”

The institute began its work about nine years ago as area civic leaders recognized a sizable cluster of
biosciences expertise in the region and the strong potential for substantial expansion.

Jim Stowers, the American Century Investments mutual fund magnate, and his wife, Virginia, had
created the Stowers Institute for Medical Research.

Beyond the sophisticated laboratory complex east of the Country Club Plaza, however, the area also is
home to top scientists and an increasing amount of promising research at local hospitals such as
Children’s Mercy Hospitals and Clinics, the University of Kansas Medical Center and the University of
Missouri-Kansas City.

In 2006, the institute identified nearly 200 life sciences companies employing about 20,000 workers in
the Kansas City area.

The region claims the largest single concentration of companies in the animal health industry, and it is
seeing the emergence of a rising number of startups developing new drugs, making medical devices
and pursuing other health advances.

Without a single dominant research institution such as a Harvard, a Johns Hopkins or even a
Washington University in St. Louis, the Kansas City area’s best hope for capitalizing on the life sciences
required extensive collaboration among the schools, research agencies and businesses that are based
here.

These life sciences organizations, however, did not always have a strong history of joining forces. Top
civic leaders formed the institute with the hope of encouraging greater coordination.

Research activity among the key 10 area universities, hospitals and institutes now tops $550 million a
year.




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The public demonstrated its commitment to these initiatives with last fall’s passage of a Johnson
County sales tax increase to support a series of bioscience projects.

Duncan, a chemist who previously held senior leadership positions at Midwest Research Institute and
Oread Laboratories, said he marvels how recognition of the potential impact of these efforts has
grown from a few years ago, when “relatively few believers” existed in the community.

“We have a real shot at becoming a nationally known center for life sciences activity,” Duncan said.

Finding someone who shared Duncan’s scientific knowledge and skills as an ambassador became a
priority in the search for a successor, said Irvine O. Hockaday Jr., the former Hallmark Cards president
and CEO who leads the life sciences institute board.

“Bill established a level of trust that brought people, our stakeholders, around a table,” Hockaday said.

Earlier this year, civic leaders established the Kansas City Life Sciences Fund at the Greater Kansas City
Community Foundation.

Individuals, corporations and other foundations will be able to make contributions in support of
research or programs that assist the area in strengthening its work in the biosciences.

It was the latest example of how the foundation has stimulated and guided the community’s attention
on the biosciences.

A few years ago, it commissioned a high-level list of recommendations in a report called “Time to Get
It Right.”

Getman said the report is an important document that will influence his approach.

Laura McKnight, president and chief executive officer of the community foundation, said it will be
important for Getman and the institute to continue coordinating scientists, business executives and
university officials.

She said she also hopes that the institute will continue pointing out new medicine and innovations
that help patients so that members of the community who don’t work in scientific labs will understand
why they should care about the field of life sciences.

“There is a growing interest in people who want to put their charitable dollars where they are going to
make the most difference,” McKnight said.




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Springfield News-Leader
UMKC dental school gets $8.2 million gift
Sunday, March 29, 2009

A Branson couple has given the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Dentistry an $8.2
million gift, doubling the size of the dentistry school's endowment.

The Kansas City Star reported that UMKC Chancellor Leo Morton on Saturday announced the
creation of the $8.2 million legacy estate gift for the dental school.

The gift, among the largest ever received by the university, is being made in the form of a bequest
provision in the estate plan of Robert and Lucille Cowan of Branson.

The couple has directed that their gift go to establish an endowed scholarship fund to benefit
students in the dental school.

Cowan is a 1949 graduate of the school.

Kansas City Business Journal
Branson dentist Cowan gives UMKC dental school $8.2M gift
Saturday, March 28, 2009

University of Missouri-Kansas City Chancellor Leo Morton said Saturday that the School of
Dentistry has received a bequest, currently valued at $8.2 million, through the estate planning of
Branson dentist Robert Cowan and his wife, Lucille.

According to the university, the gift will be used for student scholarships. At its present value, the
gift would double the size of the dental school’s endowment.

Cowan is a 1949 graduate of what was then the University of Kansas City School of Dentistry.

In recognition of the gift, the clinic on the first floor of the dental school will be named the Dr.
Robert and Mrs. Lucille Cowan Center for Clinical Care.

Morton announced the gift at the alumni recognition breakfast as part of the Midwest Dental
Conference in Kansas City.




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The Kansas City Star
LETTER: Kansas City University?
By NICHOLAS GRUNAUER
Sunday, March 29, 2009

Great cities have great universities. Denver has Denver University, Chicago has the University of
Chicago, and Memphis has, well, Memphis. Kansas City, on the other hand, has UMKC, four letters
that mean something to you and me but essentially nothing to anyone living outside the Kansas
City region.

UMKC is making tremendous strides, investing millions in new construction, adding more student
housing and continuing to have several programs at or near the top of their respective fields
nationally. It is a superb institution, churning out some of the brightest and most talented
students in the Midwest. Yet, my presumption is that many of these accolades get discounted
primarily because of the school’s lack of an identity.

I am most certainly not proposing that UMKC should leave the University of Missouri system.
Rather just a simple name change, similar to what Missouri-Rolla recently did. Kansas City
University ... has a nice ring huh? The name pays homage to the university’s roots and would
serve as a face and identity for a great school.

Nicholas Grunauer, UMKC alum




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The Rolla Daily News
S&T math students star in inquiry-based learning film
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

Rolla, Mo. – Movies like “A Beautiful Mind” notwithstanding, mathematics rarely gets top billing,
or even a cameo appearance, in Hollywood movies. But for students in one math class at Missouri
University of Science and Technology, the way they learn their subject will play a starring role for
educators hoping to better understand a learning method with roots almost as old as
mathematics itself.

This semester, every classroom session of Math 209, Foundations of Mathematics, is being caught
on film as part of a project designed to help advance understanding of an instructional method
called inquiry-based learning. The project is funded through an $8,700 grant from the Educational
Advancement Foundation, which promotes the use of inquiry-based learning, primarily in
mathematics. Missouri S&T is one of only a few universities across the nation chosen for the
program.

Inquiry-based learning, or IBL, is essentially a question-and-answer approach to education, says
Dr. Robert Roe, professor of mathematics at Missouri S&T and the instructor for this course. The
technique is based on one developed by Socrates, the ancient Greek philosopher whose question-
and-answer approach – the Socratic method – dates back to around 400 BCE. Roe and other IBL
advocates use a more modern style based on the work of University of Texas mathematician R.L.
Moore, who used IBL to teach calculus and other subjects from the 1930s through the 1970s.

“My main job is to be a facilitator” for the 17 students enrolled in his Foundations of Mathematics
class, Roe says. The students learn from each other by presenting their solutions to complex
mathematical word-problems.

“I create a set of questions that the students have to work through” to develop their theorems,
Roe says. From there, “It’s a student’s job to get up before the class and present the results, and
it’s the other students’ job to critique the results and to ask questions.

“What we’re really trying to do,” Roe says, “is to get down to the basics of understanding the
material, rather than just knowing the algorithm.”

The class is held in one of Missouri S&T’s distance-education classrooms, which is outfitted with
three mounted cameras that record all classroom activity in a “very non-intrusive” manner. The
campus’s Video Communications Center controls the cameras from a control room adjacent to
the classroom.

The cameras capture every moment of classroom activity as students present their theorems to
their classmates, who in turn attempt to poke holes in each presenter’s approach. Roe observes
and occasionally intervenes with questions of his own. No esoteric mathematical formulas are
involved, Roe says. “We do all of this in complete English sentences.”

A graduate student in mathematics, Reg Brigham, then reviews the video and logs the classroom
activity, minute by minute. The video and logs will eventually be turned over to the Educational
Advancement Foundation, a non-profit organization that supports the development of IBL


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approaches at all levels of education. In addition to Roe and Missouri S&T, the foundation is
pursuing similar projects with mathematicians at Emory University in Atlanta and the University of
Chicago, Roe says.

Roe has used IBL to teach Math 209 since 2001. He was trained in the method by Dr. Tom Ingram,
the campus’s former chair of mathematics.

While the presence of cameras in the classroom took some adjustment at first for Roe and his
students, it hasn’t detracted from the learning experience. “The students seem to react pretty
well to the environment,” Roe says. More disconcerting for students, perhaps, is the idea of
learning from each other rather than from the instructor.

“You have to let them know they can be successful in the strange new course,” Roe says.

More disconcerting for Roe, now in his 20th year of teaching mathematics at Missouri S&T, was
being in a classroom absent any chalk and slate. “I was pretty apprehensive about losing my
chalkboard,” he says. “We mathematicians love our chalkboards.”




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The Rolla Daily News
Missouri S&T to host annual research conference for undergrads
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

Rolla, Mo. – Missouri University of Science and Technology is hosting an Undergraduate Research
Conference Wednesday, April 8, at the Havener Center on campus. A total of 81 Missouri S&T
students, working individually or in groups, will participate.

The students will present research findings during oral presentations or poster sessions. Research
categories include engineering, sciences, social sciences, and arts and humanities. There is a
special category for research proposals.

Cash prizes will be awarded for oral presentations and posters in each category. The prizes are as
follows: $750 (first place), $500 (second place) and $250 (third place). The awards presentation is
scheduled for 4 p.m.

Other prizes will be awarded for “Best Bibliography” and for the project with the most
commercial potential.

The students have all been working with faculty research advisors on their projects.

Opening addresses will be given by Missouri S&T Chancellor John F. Carney III and Dr. Harvest
Collier, vice provost of undergraduate studies, at 8:30 a.m. Dr. Wayne Huebner, chair of materials
science and engineering, will deliver a keynote address at noon.




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The Rolla Daily News
Students from S&T’s Residential College to show off projects
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

Rolla, Mo. – Missouri University of Science and Technology is hosting a Residential College
Showcase from 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. Monday, April 27, at the Havener Center on campus.

Missouri S&T’s Residential College is a living/learning community. More than 500 students are
housed in two new residential buildings on campus. Students living in the Residential College are
required to successfully complete one learning community class per semester. The courses
typically feature collaborative student projects.

Ten of the learning community classes will present projects during the Residential College
Showcase. Artwork, live entertainment and student presentations will be featured.

This semester’s classes include: Achieving a Life of Art, Entrepreneurial Scholars, Experiential
Design, Honor’s Hall, Global Research, Global Village, Seeds of Success and Women as Global
Leaders.

During the showcase event, the Women as Global Leaders class will present information about a
recent trip to Guatemala.

The Experiential Design class will display remote-controlled helicopters that were designed to pick
up packages and fly them to a given destination -- without being shot down by students armed
with ping pong balls. The same class will also have a remote-controlled helicopter competition at
6 p.m. on April 23 and April 30 in the Carver-Turner Room of the Havener Center.

For more information about the Residential College Showcase, call 341-7600 or email
gillman@mst.edu.




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The Rolla Daily News
S&T students have confidence in concrete canoe
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

Rolla, Mo. – This year, the concrete canoe team at Missouri University of Science and Technology
is confident they will pass “the swamp test.”

Last year, the team put its canoe in a big tank of water prior to a competition at Lake Fayetteville,
Ark., and found out that it didn’t float very well. Later, during the competition, several S&T
paddlers got wet.

But the 2009 canoe appears to be more seaworthy. “We have already confirmed that we will pass
the swamp test,” says Mark Ezzel, the team’s president.

Southern Illinois University-Carbondale is hosting the 2009 regional concrete canoe competition
April 15-18. The competition features two- and four-person races, including co-ed races.

“Our paddlers are more experienced this year,” says Ezzell, a senior in civil engineering from East
Peoria, Ill.

Teams are also judged in design and presentation categories.

Ezzell says S&T’s 2009 canoe is being painted to look like an old wooden boat. “The texture is like
wood paneling with fake nails in the boards,” he says.

Normal concrete used in a construction project weights about 150 pounds per cubic foot. For
these canoes, lighter aggregate mixtures of concrete are used. In order to float, the concrete must
weigh less than the unit weight of water, which is 62.4 pounds per cubic foot.




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The Rolla Daily News
Student engineers design steel bridge
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

Rolla, Mo. – Student engineers at Missouri University of Science and Technology are practicing the
principles of bridge building by working on a scale model that has been entered in an annual
competition sponsored by the American Society of Civil Engineers and the American Institute of
Steel Construction.

The Missouri S&T Steel Bridge Team will compete against approximately 12 teams from other
universities during a regional competition to be hosted April 16-17 by Southern Illinois University-
Carbondale.

Team members design and fabricate bridges that are reassembled on site. Judges look at
construction speed, design aesthetics, lightness, stiffness and structural efficiency. The bridges
are “loaded” to test structural strength.

Last year, Missouri S&T placed fourth in regional competition. “We hope to improve in every
category,” says Levi Smith, a senior in architectural engineering from St. Joseph, Mo. “This year,
we are shooting for a bridge weight of less than 175 pounds and a construction time of less than
five minutes. We’d like to get first in regionals and have a strong showing at nationals.”

Missouri S&T’s 2009 bridge is 18.5 feet long, 2.5 feet tall and 3.5 feet wide.




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The Rolla Daily News
Swenson named chair of S&T’s English and technical communication department
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

Rolla, Mo. – Dr. Kris Swenson has been named chair of the English and technical communication
department at Missouri University of Science and Technology, effective July 1, 2009.

Swenson joined Missouri S&T in 1997 as an assistant professor of English and was named
associate professor in 2003.

Swenson takes over as chair of the English and technical communication department from Gene
Doty, who has served as chair since his selection in 2006. Doty intends to retire following the
current semester.

In her role as coordinator of Missouri S&T’s freshman English program, Swenson led the Books-In-
Common initiative. This initiative gives incoming freshmen a sense of community, as faculty
teaching all sections of introductory English teach the same book.

During her career, Swenson has received several teaching awards. She was named S&T’s 2006
Woman of the Year for her leadership in improving the campus climate for women.

Swenson received a bachelor’s degree in English from Luther College in 1987 and a master’s
degree in English from the University of Virginia in 1989. She earned a Ph.D. in English language
and literature from the University of Iowa in 1995.




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The Denver Post
Hue most know: Nothing colors your world like red
From play to work, tint a big influence
By RACHEL MAHAN
Monday, March 30, 2009

Everyone has a favorite color, but no color affects us as strongly as red. Here's how to make the hue
work for you:

To play better: Putting on a red jersey could give you a competitive edge at the gym or in a pickup
basketball game. According to a study from Durham University in England, Olympians wearing red
uniforms perform better in combat sports than those wearing blue uniforms.

Be careful, though. You may be adversely affected by the guy next to you on the treadmill if he has a
red shirt. Wearing red may not make you play better as much as seeing red may make your opponent
play worse, says lead study author and anthropologist Russell Hill.

To work better: The X's your grade school teacher scrawled in red pen might have left indelible ink on
your brain. German and American study participants who viewed a flash of red had more difficulty
solving anagrams and completing analogies compared with those who saw green or neutral colors
such as black.

We probably associate red with mistakes or danger (consider blood and fire engines), says lead study
author Andrew Elliot, a psychologist at the University of Rochester in New York. Similarly, subjects
working on difficult tasks in a red room performed worse than those in a blue room, according to a
study by Nancy Stone, a psychologist at Missouri University of Science and Technology in Rolla. Think
twice about that scarlet lamp shade on your desk.

To stand out: Wearing red can get you noticed, and not just because it's a vivid color. When you see
bright red, it may actually speed up your heart rate, says Barbara Drescher, a researcher at the
University of California at Santa Barbara.

Bright green can do the same, even though green is seen as the most pleasant hue, while red is rated
least pleasant.

People may pay attention to you with these colors, but Drescher isn't sure how long the arousal lasts.

"We adapt very, very quickly," she says.




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Springfield News-Leader
MSU spends $4,500 on meal for legislators
By CHAD LIVENGOOD
Friday, April 3, 2009

Jefferson City -- Missouri State University thanked legislators Thursday for their support with a
luncheon in the Capitol rotunda, but some couldn't stomach the lobbying.

MSU spent $4,500 to cater a hot lunch for 500 people, enough to feed all 163 House members, 34
senators and hundreds of staffers and lobbyists, officials said.

But some representatives thought the luncheon of lasagna, chicken, carrots, potatoes and broccoli was
a little over the top coming from a cash-strapped public university.

"I thought it was inappropriate," said state Rep. Charlie Denison, R-Springfield, who has been an
advocate of MSU. "The way the economy is today, I think we need to conserve every dollar we can."

Funding for the luncheon came from MSU's $25,000-a-year governmental relations budget, which also
pays for tickets to send some lawmakers to MSU basketball games, said Paul Kincaid, chief of staff to
MSU President Michael Nietzel.

Thursday was MSU's annual legislator appreciation day. MSU also had alumni and prospective student
receptions scheduled in Jefferson City to coincide with the lobbying effort, Kincaid said.

Also coinciding with the events is today's MSU Board of Governors meeting in the Capitol building.
Board members will be voting to hold tuition at the current rate as part of an agreement with Gov. Jay
Nixon to freeze costs in exchange for his promise to not cut higher education next year.

MSU decided to structure the luncheon around its board meeting since it was set before the school
decided to limit board meetings outside Springfield to one a year at either the Mountain Grove or
West Plains campuses, Kincaid said.

"This has been in our planning for more than a year because we knew the board was coming here,"
Kincaid said.

Rep. Sara Lampe, D-Springfield, had no problem with MSU's effort to reach out to lawmakers.

"It's important relationships are built in order for people to under the needs for colleges and
universities," Lampe said. "I didn't think this was inappropriate at all."

MSU has a full-time paid lobbyist, plus Kincaid, Nietzel and other top administrators visit the Capitol on
a weekly basis during the five-month legislative session to testify before committees and lobby
lawmakers for funding.

GOP Reps. Don Wells of Cabool and Darrell Pollock of Lebanon also expressed frustration with MSU
spending taxpayer money to lobby legislators.

Private organizations, advocacy groups and unions routinely provide catered meals to lawmakers in
the rotunda or in committee hearings so they can work through lunch.

"If it's a private group, it's a different story," Wells said.




                                                                                                       81
Springfield News-Leader
Nietzel predicts flat Missouri State revenue
By DIDI TANG
Monday, March 30, 2009

He has made such remarks as he is hosting a series of meetings with each of the six colleges on
campus before April 16, when he plans to submit his 2009-2010 budget proposal.

The upcoming 2009-2010 budget is of particular interest as MSU is grappling with limited revenue
sources in a prolonged economic downturn filled with uncertainties.

Nietzel said those college-level meetings are "an attempt by me to discuss some issues pertaining to
future enrollment management and budget with the departments directly and obtain input from them
before I complete my budget presentation."

The media are not invited to those meetings, two of which occurred last week, with the remaining four
scheduled between Tuesday and April 7.

Reed Olsen, professor of economics, attended the meeting for his college, the College of Humanities
and Public Affairs, on Thursday.

"I appreciate him coming over to talk," Olsen said. "He was fairly candid with us."

"It was (done) very matter-of-factly," said Tom Dicke, head of the history department.

Terrell Gallaway, an associate professor of economics, said Nietzel was "cautiously optimistic" about
the university's finances, a welcome change from the administration's panicking tone last fall.

According to those professors, Nietzel reiterated the message that the university's revenue would
remain flat in the next two years as the university has agreed to freeze tuitions in exchange for no cut
in state funding.

Gallaway said Nietzel told the faculty the university could see a budgetary crisis in two years, should
Jefferson City rely too heavily on federal stimulus dollars to fund higher education.

For now, Olsen said the administration believes the only source for more revenue would be from
higher enrollment.

MSU has about 20,000 students. The administration hopes the number of students will rise by 200
students this fall, Olsen said.

The plan, he said, is to accommodate additional students by having larger classes. Though it would add
more work for instructors, the administration sees no additional costs on the books, Olsen said.

The measure can work as a short-term fix but should not be used as a long-term strategy, he said,
adding he is concerned the university would simply make classes bigger to keep down its costs.

"I don't like the mind-set that you keep increasing the class size," Olsen said, noting in his 19 years at
MSU, some classes have grown from 35 students to more than 50. "Once you reach that physical
limitation, there's no slack and you will have to hire more people to teach."



                                                                                                          82
Olsen said he asked about the possibility of capping enrollment but didn't think Nietzel was
enthusiastic about it.

Dicke said Nietzel was not firm on enrollment projections but said it could go either up or down.

The president mentioned a proposed bill in state legislature that could nudge more students toward
community colleges.

Olsen said Nietzel also is concerned about high school senior classes getting smaller from now on.

That means colleges will have to recruit from a dwindling pool of potential students.

"Well, I think a good leader would be proactive," Olsen said. "He's worried, and he will take steps to
position the university to be successful."

Nietzel said the university is slashing expenses in some areas -- such as travel and administration -- to
cover higher costs in postal services, health care, utilities and the like, according to Gallaway.

The president said he doesn't expect layoffs and program cuts, Gallaway said.

Nietzel also said university employees may not see pay raises for the next two years unless they are
promoted and take on more responsibilities.

Olsen said the faculty was not "terribly pleased" but is understanding.

"It's kind of tempered that we've found institutions who are doing worse with furloughs and pay cuts,"
Olsen said. "We're not happy about not having a raise, but we're better off than many other people."

Gallaway said some faculty members are hoping the university will be more transparent about its
budgeting process, propose more scenarios for public discussion and maybe come up with a way to
boost pay for its employees.

"We're understanding, but on the other hand, we don't want to completely give the administration a
free run," Gallaway said.




                                                                                                         83
Springfield News-Leader
MSU students show support for fund hike
By GREGORY TROTTER
Thursday, April 2, 2009

Missouri State University students showed up in Jefferson City on Wednesday to support a bill
they say would provide more financial assistance for Missouri's low-income college students.

SB 390 -- sponsored by Sen. Kurt Schaefer, R-Columbia -- would set the maximum Access Missouri
award, a need-based scholarship, at $2,850 for all eligible students, public and private.

"The current status quo provides more money for private school students," said Ashley Hoyer, a
MSU junior and chief of staff for the Student Government Association. "But the quality of
education, it can be argued, is no better."

Currently, students at private schools can receive up to $4,600, while public college students can
receive only $2,150.

The funding has driven a wedge between public and private students, who say it was already
equalized because of state subsidies of public schools.

About 12 students from various public universities testified in support, as only proponents were
allowed to speak on Wednesday.

Next week, opponents of SB 390 will get their turn.

If passed, the change in Access Missouri funding would start in the 2013-2014 school year.




                                                                                                 84
Springfield News-Leader
Remodeling for lab waste storage still on
By DIDI TANG
Monday, March 30, 2009

Missouri State University will spend $19,500 to add climate-controlled storage space for lab waste and
two offices for its environmental management department, university officials said.

The project is expected to move forward in a few weeks --an exception to a campus-wide freeze on
remodeling and renovation projects because it involves safety and because the department badly
needs space, said Ken McClure, vice president of administrative and information services.

"Funding is from the environmental management department, and it's been on the books for over a
year," McClure said. "It's a very small amount."

David Vaughan, director of environmental management, said the project will ensure lab waste is
stored properly.

The waste is collected and stored at the Central Stores and Maintenance Building, just west of Plaster
Sports Complex, until it is picked up by haulers for disposal, Vaughan said.

The current storage space is heated in the winter but has no cooling mechanism in the summer,
making it necessary for his workers to check the pressure in the containers in order to avoid leakage
on hot days, Vaughan said.

Two offices -- one for Vaughan and one for his employees -- will be added, McClure said.

Vaughan and his two assistants now work out of a small office borrowed from the receiving
department, McClure said.

"He's in a very tight quarters," McClure said of Vaughan. "He's the director of the environmental
management department, and he needs privacy, which can't occur in his office now."

In Glass Hall, the university plans to move the maintenance foreman from the first floor to the
basement, closer to his work, McClure said.

He added that the cost is minimal, just a few hundred dollars, and the job will not start until next fiscal
year.

The university also hopes to relocate its custodial supervisors and staff from a small, dilapidated house
into the Central Stores and Maintenance Building, McClure said.

The house is in bad shape and needs to be razed eventually, McClure said.

"This move makes good management sense but, because of funding availability, will not be
implemented in the short term," he said.




                                                                                                        85
St. Louis Business Journal
Gates Foundation gives $5M to Washington U.
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has given $5.5 million for a three-year study into the link
between friendly microbes in the intestine and severe malnutrition.

Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, led by microbiologist Dr.
Jeffrey Gordon, will study whether severely malnourished infants living in Malawi and Bangladesh
have a different mix of intestinal microbes than healthy infants in the same areas, and whether
those microbes might account for their illness.

Washington University School of Medicine's 2,100 employed and volunteer faculty physicians also
are the medical staff of Barnes-Jewish and St. Louis Children's hospitals.




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St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Full-court press
By KAVITA KUMAR
Wednesday, April 1, 2009
A St. Louis University admissions counselor has called Max Hoffee about three times since first letting
the high school senior from the Boston area know that he had been accepted. The counselor followed
up to see if Hoffee had any more questions and to personally invite him to attend an event last
weekend for admitted students.
"No one else called me," Hoffee said of the other colleges he applied to as he sat in Chaifetz Arena on
Saturday, surrounding by a couple hundred other prospective students and their families. "So that was
really nice. Calling is a really good touch."
Then, as if on cue, Hoffee and his mother smiled in surprise and pointed to a wraparound screen in the
arena that had Hoffee's name on it, along with those of the 200-plus other students visiting campus
that day that SLU hopes will decide to become part of their freshman class this fall.
"Welcome Class of 2013," giant screens around the arena said. The school's new recruiting motto also
flashed across the screens: "Be outstanding. Be unique. Be a Billiken."
In what most college admissions officials agree is shaping up to be the most uncertain, nail-biting
enrollment year that they can remember, many universities like SLU are pulling out all the stops to
make sure the economic recession doesn't deter high school seniors from attending their school.
The looming questions that are turning college administrators' hair gray these days are: Will more
students bypass the more expensive, private universities and opt for cheaper, public universities
instead? Will more students start out at community colleges? And will some students even decide to
hold off on college altogether for a couple of years?
To try to stave off a much-feared drop in freshman enrollment this fall, many schools are sending out
more information about financial aid — and reshuffling internal resources to find more money for
scholarships.
"We are calling students more often," said Jeff Miller, vice president of enrollment at Maryville
University. "We're texting them more often. We're e-mailing more often. Counselors carry cell phones
and are available 24 hours a day."
Some schools are even using Facebook and Twitter to maintain frequent contact with prospective
students.
Most private universities in the St. Louis area have instituted smaller-than-normal tuition increases so
students aren't scared off by the sticker price. Webster University, for example, is bumping up tuition
by just 3 percent for the fall, the school's lowest percentage tuition increase in 20 years.
For now, most area universities are reporting higher or level application numbers compared to this
time last year. But schools aren't hedging their bets because there is no guarantee those students will
enroll at the same rate as in past years.
Colleges know that students are shopping around, waiting for the best financial aid package. And
universities worry that there could be a large "summer melt" — meaning many students who say they
are coming now may change their minds, perhaps because a parent has lost a job.
Applications are up 10 percent for first-time freshmen at Fontbonne University. But Peggy Musen, the
school's vice president of enrollment management, is not resting easy on those numbers.
"Everything may look good, but it's all with the caveat that what if the parent can't pay for it?" she


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said.
For small private schools like Fontbonne — colleges with small endowments that depend on tuition
dollars to keep the lights on — a small drop in enrollment could be painful. While Musen is optimistic,
the school has still come up with contingency plans for how it would cope with a 5 to 10 percent drop
in enrollment. Possible ramifications range from cutting back on staff and faculty travel to a hiring
freeze.
Maryville has already decided to freeze employee salaries for next year in case enrollment drops in the
fall. But Miller also noted that the school has a 4 percent increase in freshman applications.
"I feel good today, but we'll see how I feel on Monday," he said. "We may talk in a week from now and
I'll be in a panic."
Many public universities in Missouri and Illinois are reporting big increases in applications — possibly
because more cash-strapped families are drawn by their lower tuition prices. The University of
Missouri-Columbia has received about 1,900 more applications for its freshman class.
SIUE has had a 16 percent increase in freshman applications. But Scott Belobrajdic, assistant vice
chancellor of enrollment management, is still anxious.
"We don't know if we'll have an extra-high yield because of our modest cost or if we will be negatively
impacted simply because college is expensive," he said. "So yes, we're nervous. We check the
numbers."
SLU is up about 5 percent in freshman applications from students in the U.S. and up 32 percent for
international students. The school has recently begun giving students and families the opportunity to
schedule what vice provost Boyd Bradshaw refers to as "Starbucks meetings" — one-on-one
appointments with admissions counselors where families can discuss concerns they may have about
paying for SLU.
Most often, Bradshaw said, parents come away from those meetings feeling more confident and
relieved.
"But if they can't afford St. Louis U., we'll tell them that, too," he said.
On Saturday, students and parents who are considering SLU were told over and over again that taking
out loans and paying for college does not have to be overwhelming and scary.
The day-long series of workshops and tours ended at the Chaifetz Arena, where more than 40
members of the school's band greeted the families with the school's fight song. Student tour guides
stood on the gym floor and danced to pump up the audience.
Then Samantha Howard, SLU's student body president, told the families to imagine sitting in those
same seats during a basketball game as SLU takes on other schools with run-of-the-mill mascots such
as tigers and bears.
"But there is only one Billiken," she said.
She finished her remarks with one last plug: "Congratulations on your acceptance to SLU. Good luck
making your decision. I hope to see you in the fall."




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Southeast Missourian
SEMO board of regents could OK parking plan today
By ALAINA BUSCH
Friday, April 3, 2009

Southeast Missouri State University is considering a plan to increase the number of parking spaces on
campus to ease demands on the south end of the university.

The $1.4 million project goes in front of the board of regents for approval during their meeting today.

The two-phase plan would add 265 spaces along Broadway and Pacific Street and includes the
demolition of eight buildings owned by the University Foundation. Southeast president Ken Dobbins
said the first phase will begin within the next two months and be completed by the end of summer.

With the construction of a 300-person residence hall at Broadway and Henderson Avenue, he said,
there is more need for parking on the south end of campus.

The project will be funded primarily through the 2008 bond issue to finance $10 million in capital
improvements. It includes additional parking near two main campus entrances.

Across from the university's primary entrance on Henderson Avenue, three buildings will be
demolished to create room for a parking lot, adding 134 new spaces.

"Right now we have zero," he said.

Dobbins said the Henderson Avenue parking lot will be used primarily for residents of the new
dormitory.

He said the university is also working with the city to create a crossing area across four lanes of traffic
on Broadway.

At the university's secondary entrance on Pacific Street, five buildings will be demolished including the
former Howard's Athletic Goods, a gas station and a beauty school. The parking area will be gravel.

Dobbins said the second phase will begin in two to three years, when funding is available. It will
include paving and landscaping near the secondary entrance, he said.

The board of regents will meet at 2 p.m. today in the University Center Ballroom.




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Southeast Missourian
Recruiting day: Hundreds of prospective students and their parents tour SEMO
By ALAINA BUSCH
Sunday, March 29, 2009

Mary O'Connell is still uncertain about her area of study.

"I'm not sure, maybe education, maybe business," said O'Connell, a high school junior from St.
Peters, Mo.

She's also unsure about which college to attend.

About 450 prospective students and their parents, including the O'Connells, came to Southeast
Missouri State University on Saturday for tours and information sessions. More than 200 faculty,
staff and students put on the event four times a year to introduce the university to potential
students.

In the Student Recreation Center, Mary and her parents wandered around displays showcasing
Southeast's academic programs.

Mary O'Connell said she preferred the small-town atmosphere of places like Cape Girardeau but
has two more college visits planned.

As university-bound high school seniors make their decisions in the next few months, another
round of students is preparing for the transition to college. For university staff, the recruiting
cycle continues.

After seeing a 20 percent increase in freshmen enrollment in 2007, university officials said they
expect class sizes to stabilize at about 1,800 each year. Dr. Deborah Below, director of admissions
and enrollment management, said with total enrollment at about 10,800, the university is content
with its size and so are parents.

"They like our size," she said. "They feel like it's a major university with smaller classes."

She said the university is changing little about its recruiting strategy.

Below said she wants to increase the number of visiting students by 1 to 2 percent every year.
Because students are applying to more schools, it is necessary to bring in more visitors to
maintain enrollment numbers, she said.

The university is also increasing recruiting efforts in Illinois, where the student pool is growing,
contrary to trends throughout the rest of the Midwest, said Danielle Alspaugh, associate director
of admissions. She said the desire to move farther away from home helps balance the higher cost
for those students.

"People still have that need to go out of state," she said.




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Alspaugh said the university offers about 250 scholarships each year to offset the cost of out-of-
state tuition.

Below said financial aid has been a bigger concern for all students this year. She said they are
waiting longer to enroll so they can base their decision on their financial aid package.

Admissions counselor Alisa McFerron said many students are exploring the option of attending a
community college to ease the cost of education.

McFerron is one of eight admissions counselors who make contact with high school guidance
counselors and potential students. Each counselor focuses on specific regions, including Missouri
and parts of Kentucky, Illinois, Arkansas and Tennessee. McFerron recruits students in the eastern
part of Missouri between Cape Girardeau and St. Louis.

She said phone calls with parents and students focus on funding and scholarships.

"They want to know, 'Am I going to be offered financial aid?'" she said.




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The Southern
SIU board wants lower tuition increases, scrutiny of student fees
By ADAM TESTA
Thursday, April 2, 2009

EDWARDSVILLE -- A 9.9 percent increase in tuition for first-time students at Southern Illinois University
Carbondale won’t be the final proposal on the table, as members of the university's board of trustees
vowed Thursday to pursue a lower increase.

Keith Sanders, chairman of the board’s finance committee, said trustees will continue to scrutinize a
series of proposed fee increases and tuition hikes before it approves a final plan for the next fiscal
year.

“We want to be very careful about retaining the enviable affordability of SIU Carbondale and SIU
Edwardsville,” he said.

SIU President Glenn Poshard, who will meet with Gov. Pat Quinn and his staff next week, said declining
appropriations to higher education from the state has forced continuous increases in tuition and fees.
This year, regardless of state funding, the university needs to do whatever possible to minimize the
increases, he said.

Under these conditions, efficiency will become exponentially more important and every department in
the university will be scrutinized, he said, adding this is the mandate of the board of trustees, the
administration and the state government.

“Expect it; it’s coming,” Poshard said.

A series of fee increases for everything from student athletics to campus maintenance to medical
services were also presented to trustees. For SIUC students, the proposals would raise student fees by
more than $140 per semester.

Aviation students would also face higher class-based fees reaching upward of $6,700 in total.

On-campus housing costs would also increase could also increase by between 3 and 7.5 percent
depending on type of housing, location and size.

Among the fee proposals is a $10 per semester “green fee,” which would be used for energy
conservation and sustainability projects on the Carbondale campus. Students representing the Student
Environmental Center attended Thursday’s board meeting to present the fee proposal.

Jon Dyer, one of the students who originally proposed the fee, said it has received overwhelming
support from the student body. In the spring semester of 2008, students voted 996 to 372 in support
of the proposal.

Megan Pulliam, one of the fee’s other advocates, said the fee proposal is more than just another fee
on a list before the board for approval.

“This means so much to us and to the university,” she said, noting the national collegiate average
green fee is $10.15.




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Trustees will vote on tuition and fees at their May meeting in Carbondale.

St. Louis Post-Dispatch
SIU board opposes proposal to hike tuition
By KAVITA KUMAR and CORINNE LESTCH
Thursday, April 2, 2009

Edwardsville — The Southern Illinois University Board of Trustees balked on Wednesday at the
administration's tuition proposals of an 11.9 percent increase for the Edwardsville campus and a 9.9
percent increase for the Carbondale campus.

In these difficult economic times when many families have to get by on less, several trustees sternly
told President Glenn Poshard that the university must do the same. Board members said that it is time
for the university to look at cutting programs and possibly laying off faculty and staff as alternatives to
increasing the financial burden on students.

Board member Ed Hightower said that everyone else has been cutting costs and laying off workers in
this economy. "I'm not telling you how to do your job," Hightower said. "But a 10 percent increase is
unacceptable at this time."

After hearing the board members' concerns, Poshard said he would present them with revised tuition
proposals and a plan for university efficiencies at the next board meeting on May 7. "It's going to be
tough," Poshard said. "But we'll get it done."

For SIUE, the proposed 11.9 tuition increase would be $696 more a year for an annual tuition of
$6,546. For SIUC, a 9.9 percent tuition increase would mean $690 more for an annual tuition of
$7,665. Under Illinois' guaranteed tuition law, students pay the same tuition rate for four years, so the
increase would only affect incoming freshman.

Poshard said that this is one of the biggest fiscal crises to ever hit the university. He also noted that the
university has received basically flat or lower state funding for the past several years.

The biggest driver of university expenses next year is a 3.5 percent salary increase at both campuses
that is spelled out in various union contracts. The proposed tuition increases would just barely cover
those salary hikes. On top of that, the university has to pay for other increased costs such as utilities.

Poshard said that he is "damn proud" that the university has not yet had to lay off or furlough workers,
especially since the school is in a low-income region with a high unemployment rate. "But maybe it's
time we have to do that," he said.




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St. Louis Post-Dispatch
The Grade Blog: Hacker infiltrated Jefferson College’s online banking sys tem
By KAVITA KUMAR
Monday, March 30, 2009

Using a virus, a hacker was able to get into Jefferson College’s online banking system and transfer
out a “substantial” amount of money, a college official said.

Roger Barrentine, a college spokesman, said the school was not releasing the dollar amount on
advice from the FBI, which is investigating the incident along with the Jefferson County sheriff
department’s cyber fraud unit. But Barrentine said the school expects to regain at least a portion
of it back from the bank.

No student or employee information was compromised, he said.

The virus, which infiltrated the college’s computer networks on March 12, has been identified as a
variation of a Trojan virus. After the fraudulent financial transaction, a bank immediately notified
the college of the suspicious activity, Barrentine said.

Within an hour, the college found the virus and quarantined it soon after, Barrentine said.

Barrentine said the college uses a sophisticated, three-tiered anti-virus system. In the last two
weeks of March, the college’s anti-virus software and hardware intercepted 66,985 virus attacks
from 110 countries and rejected over 2.2 million spam emails, the college said.




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St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Letter: Goal: Increased spending on education
By DICK BALDWIN
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

A recent letter said that Missouri's scholarship program for undergraduates, Access Missouri, should
give every recipient the same amount, regardless of the tuition he has to pay. Drury University, the
University of Missouri-St. Louis and Washington University are all the same, apparently.

But the letter-writer confuses cost with price. The tuition prices are different between public and
independent colleges because the state provides $935 million (2008) to run public colleges. This
amounts to an approximately $7,500 subsidy — think of it as a no-need scholarship — for each
student at state-funded college. Add in this subsidy, and the costs at public and independent colleges
are similar. The prices are different, obviously, because the independent schools don't have a state
subsidy, so they have to charge higher tuition.

Missouri's independent colleges educate 36 percent of all the state's undergraduate college students.
Imagine what the state's bill would be if it had to support these students at the state's public colleges.
The Access Missouri Scholarship Program, in its current configuration, is a terrific bargain for the state
and its students.

But the letter-writer and I agree on one crucial point: Missouri should spend much more on higher
education than it spends now, including more support for need-based student aid at all of Missouri's
colleges. Let's focus on this goal, instead of trying to balance public school budgets at the expense of
Missouri's undergraduates who attend independent colleges.

Dick Baldwin — Creve Coeur

The Kansas City Star
Editorial: Equalize scholarship funds in Missouri
Monday, March 30, 2009

Missouri has long been generous to private colleges and universities in the state.

Recently, though, the scales have tipped too far. Students currently can actually qualify for more state
scholarship aid to attend a private institution than if they enroll in one of Missouri’s public colleges
and universities.

The imbalance must be corrected. Missouri should be doing all it can to boost its public institutions.
The state sends the wrong message when it tells students they can qualify for a better scholarship if
they attend a private school.

Under Access Missouri, a scholarship program for low- and middle-income families, a student can
qualify for up to $4,600 a year to attend a four-year private college or university. The maximum
scholarship a student can receive to attend a public institution is $2,150 a year.

Gov. Jay Nixon and legislators from both political parties support changing the formula so students
could qualify for up to $2,850 a year to attend either a private or public university.




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Lawmakers should support the bill, which is expected to be heard by the Senate Education Committee
this week.

The proposed formula is still generous for the private schools. A number of states limit their
scholarship programs to public institutions only. Missouri’s per-capita support for private colleges and
universities ranks near the top of the 50 states.

However, Missouri ranks near the bottom of the 50 states in per-capita overall financial support for its
public colleges and universities.

The imbalance in the scholarship program is part of a series of bad educational policies by state
leaders in recent years.

The formula for Access Missouri was set at the same time former Gov. Matt Blunt and the legislature
emasculated MoHELA, a student loan fund, to raise money for a widespread campus building program
that has yet to materialize.

Fortunately, Nixon and legislative leaders from both parties now seem to recognize that the state’s
public colleges and universities are among its most valuable assets. Evening out the scholarship awards
would reinforce that message.

Students who are currently using the scholarships to attend private schools are understandably
distressed at the thought of having their aid reduced. Lawmakers should enable them to complete
their educations without losing the funds they had expected to receive.

MissouriNet
Scholarship program favors private over public colleges
By BRENT MARTIN
Monday, March 30, 2009

A plan to change Missouri's primary scholarship program so that public college students can get the
same amount of money as private college students has stalled in the legislature.

At present, Access Missouri provides a maximum scholarship of $2,150 a year if the student attends a
public college. That maximum jumps to $4,600 if the student attends a private college.

Rep. Gayle Kingery (R-Poplar Bluff) sponsors HB 792 which would make the maximum scholarship from
Access Missouri $2,850, no matter where the student attends.

"We do think they should be equitable," Kingery says, "and that's what this bill tries to achieve."

Kingery's bill, though, has yet to be assigned to committee, a necessary step before the legislature can
even consider it. The best Kingery has been able to get is an informational hearing before a House
committee to discuss the concept, but not to take any action.

It appears House leadership feels bound by a deal struck during the Blunt Administration that paved
the way for the MoHELA college capital improvement program. In exchange for House support of the
MoHELA plan, then-Governor Blunt promised to support creation of Access Missouri. The disparity
between scholarships awarded to public and private students apparently was part of the deal.




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Kingery says the current Access Missouri policy encourages students to go to private colleges. He says
the state is pushing students toward private colleges when it offers more than twice the scholarship
for private school as for public.

"We're actually influencing part of their decision when we do that," Kingery says.

Westminster College sophomore Raghela Scavuzzo of Harrisonville receives the full $4,600 scholarship
to attend the private college in Fulton.

"I still have two years left on my education," Scavuzzo says, "If they're going to cut me by a lot, I can't
afford to take out more loans and my Mom can't afford to pay that either. I'm gonna have to probably
transfer."

Kingery's proposal will be discussed in a House committee meeting today. A similar senate bill, SB 390,
has a hearing scheduled for tomorrow. It is sponsored by Sen. Kurt Schaeffer (R-Columbia).




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St. Joseph News-Press
College savings MOSTly fine
Good news is assets dropped only 12.9 percent
By JIMMY MYERS
Monday, March 30, 2009

Missouri’s tax-advantaged college savings plan is suffering less than the national average, according to
state officials.

Called the MOST 529, it is an investment plan for future students that saw its assets drop 12.9 percent
in 2008. However, the national average for a 529 plan (named after a section of the IRS tax code) is
19.3 percent, said Mark Mathers, deputy state treasurer.

Despite the current economy, Dan Danford, chief executive officer of the Family Investment Center in
St. Joseph, said the 529 plan is still the wisest investment for parents intending to send their children
or grandchildren to college.

Mr. Danford, who is also a member of the board of governors at Missouri Western State University,
said investors who have seen a dip in their 529 accounts are probably wary of committing more to the
investment. But he adds that for every down year in the market, there are five that are up.

“People look around today and they say, ‘Oh, my God, everything has gone to hell,’” he said. “The
truth is, if it’s more than five years before your kid finishes school, staying with the 529 is probably the
right thing to do.”

The plan has age-based options that graduate to lower-risk investments as the future student reaches
college age. Mr. Mathers said the pre-paid tuition plans, such as one in Alabama, are in trouble and in
risk of becoming insolvent.

“There has been a lot of press about some plans being too aggressive in their asset allocation,” Mr.
Mathers said, adding that they did an analysis of theirs in late 2007. “We feel like our asset allocations
make sense.”

By the time students hit their senior year in high school and are considering college, high schools are
putting them through career education courses to make them aware of their options. Debbie Fite,
counselor at Lafayette High School, said filling out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA)
is probably the most important step before graduating.

“We encourage every student to do that, because you never know what’s going to happen and what
(aid) will kick in,” she said.

Mr. Danford offers that parents should not enter the child’s name into the plan because it could have
negative effects on eligibility for federal aid.




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The Maneater
Letter to the Editor: Committee passes campus bond bill
An amendment to the bill seeks to avoid overlooking community colleges.
By EVEAN SPAULDING
Friday, April 3, 2009

Missouri's four-year universities and community colleges might be receiving some much needed
financial help from a $700 million bond issue that passed unanimously in committee on Tuesday.

The bill, sponsored by Rep. Chris Kelly, D-Columbia, will provide higher education institutions
statewide with funding for capital projects, such as building funds.

Rep. Steven Tilley, R-Perryville, co-sponsor of the bill and House Majority Floor Leader, said "the stars
have aligned" for this legislation.

"These are projects that are much needed at our higher education institutions across the state," Tilley
said.

Tilley said the state is nearing completion of payments of outstanding bonds, and would be able to
borrow at a 2 percent interest rate.

Tilley said this would likely be the only time the state will be able to borrow at this rate.

The Special Committee on Infrastructure and Transportation unanimously approved the bill Tuesday. It
now goes to the House Rules Committee and eventually the floor of the House where it will be open
for debate. If the bill passes in the legislature, it will be placed on the 2010 for a vote from Missouri
residents.

"I'm glad to see they voted it out," Tilley said about the measure. "I think it's a step in the right
direction."

An amendment added to the bill will provide community colleges with no less than 10 percent of the
funds.

Rep. Trent Skaggs, D-North Kansas City, the author of this amendment, said the bill originally allotted
$58 million for community colleges, but this figure was less than adequate.

Skaggs said community college students account for 30 percent of the higher education student
population in Missouri and an appropriation of less than seven percent of the total was unacceptable.

"They're really the gatekeepers as far as I'm concerned for those people who have fallen in the cracks
or people who can't afford to go to a four year university," Skaggs said. "We ought to be supporting
them, if not more, then at least on equal footing with how we support the four year universities."

Although the bill is expected to pass, Rep. Steve Hobbs, R-Mexico, the chairman of the committee,
expects some opposition.

"We heard from one gentleman in committee today who said that there's not a higher education
institution in his district, so what's in it for him?" Hobbs said.




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Hobbs said the issue comes down to what is best for the state, and the decision is ultimately up to
Missourians.

"It's a big step for us to go to the people for money," Hobbs said. "But I think it's a conversation that
we need to have, and the people will decide."

Hobbs said the arguments he expects to hear will be similar to those heard in 2007, when the
legislature passed a bill that would transfer the sale of assets from the Missouri Higher Education Loan
Authority for capital projects on colleges and universities across the state. That bill allocated $335
million for use on the projects.

Hobbs said the new bond issue could go to the House floor as soon as the end of next week.

Columbia Daily Tribune
Construction bonds get House panel’s OK
By TERRY GANEY
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

JEFFERSON CITY — A plan to authorize $700 million in construction bonds appears on the fast track in
the Missouri General Assembly after a House committee gave a quick hearing and immediate,
unanimous passage to the legislation yesterday.

The only factor that might slow down the bond issue is that other state institutions will want to share
in the proceeds. The current plan calls for the bonds to finance construction projects at public two-
and four-year higher education institutions. But others want a piece, too. Yesterday as the House
Special Committee on Infrastructure and Transportation was winding up its hearing, representatives of
the Missouri Parks Association asked the committee to include funding for maintenance and repair of
state park facilities. They noted that in the last major state bond issue, parks got 10 percent of the
bond proceeds.

“We’ve been waiting for this bond issue so parks could be included,” said Susan Flader, a retired
University of Missouri history professor and member of the association.

Rep. Steve Hobbs, R-Mexico and chairman of the committee, said that once the legislation reaches the
House floor, he will determine whether parks could be included. Hobbs can expect more requests.

UM System President Gary Forsee told the committee the four-campus system had a backlog of $2
billion in needs for new construction, building maintenance and equipment purchases. “There is no
better time to undertake this initiative,” Forsee said.

More than $81 million in projects on the MU campus could be financed with bond proceeds. The
projects include renovation of an engineering building, partial financing of a plant science center and a
new Ellis Fischel Cancer Center.

The top building and maintenance priorities of all public colleges and universities are included in the
$698 million wish list that could be funded with the bond sale. But it would be up to the legislature to
decide specific projects.

Voters would have to approve the general obligation bond issue. Hobbs said that could come as early
as August if the legislature adopts the plan.



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Rep. Chris Kelly, D-Columbia, and House Majority Leader Steven Tilley, R-Perryville, are co-sponsors of
the constitutional amendment. Kelly said there was no better time to pass the bond issue because
interest rates are low and there is a high demand for bonds like Missouri’s, which are AAA rated.

In 2011, the state is scheduled to pay off bonds that currently cost about $39 million per year. The
revenue stream that funds the retirement of those bonds would be applied to the new bond issue.

Columbia Missourian
Missouri House committee approves $700 million bond
By VALERIE INSINNA
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

JEFFERSON CITY – A House committee on Tuesday unanimously approved a $700 million bond issue
for higher education construction projects.

The proposal is backed by both a Democrat and a Republican, but voters would ultimately have
the final say.

If passed, the resolution would bring more than $81.4 million for MU construction projects,
including $47.8 million for the renovation of Laferre Hall and $31.1 million for the Ellis Fischel Cancer
Center. These projects were originally funded by the sale of Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority
assets under an initiative backed by former Gov. Matt Blunt.

Co-sponsor Rep. Steven Tilley, R-Perryville, said Missouri's economic situation has created "a perfect
storm" in which the state could use bonds to fund construction projects and stimulate job growth.

Bill sponsor Rep. Chris Kelly, D-Columbia, said the time is right to issue bonds because people are
looking for safe investments.

"Our interest rate will be low," he said. "The contractors are never going to be hungrier and the unions
are never going to be hungrier. So we're going to get good rates to borrow the money, we're going to
get good prices to get the work done, and the work that we're going to get done is vital."

The proposal would amend the state constitution to create a fund to pay for the bonds
and interest. According to the resolution's current language, the State Board of Fund Commissioners
would issue the bonds over time, with bonds maturing 25 years after they are issued.

UM System President Gary Forsee said the system has fallen behind on funding academic and research
facilities, which do not have a natural source of funds.

"We rely on the state for that support, and as you know, that state support has been sporadic over
time, has been uneven," he said.

MU Chancellor Brady Deaton said the university is in desperate need of capital investments in the
medical and engineering fields.

"We have some critical needs that, frankly, are so bad in some cases they're embarrassing to the
community," he said.




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Although no one opposed the bill, some witnesses questioned whether bonds could also be used to
fund state parks.

Columbia resident Susan Flader, a retired MU professor and former president of the State Parks
Association, said there has been no major capital money for parks in 25 years.

"There could be an addition (to the bill)," she said. "Instead of $700 million, it could be $800 million."

Connect MidMissouri.com
Missouri House committee wants to borrow millions for campus projects
By KERMIT MILLER
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

A Missouri House committee has fast-tracked a proposed constitutional amendment to borrow
hundreds of millions of dollars for campus construction projects.

The campus building program launched by former Gov. Matt Blunt, the one financed by the sale of
Mohela student loans, survived a major political fight only to see the economy grind most projects to a
halt. Now, a bi-partisan effort lead by Rep. Chris Kelly (D-Columbia) wants to return to a tried and true
approach: general obligation bonds.

“The contractors are never gonna be hungrier,” said Kelly. “And the unions are never gonna be
hungrier. So we're gonna get good rates to borrow the money. We're gonna get good prices to get the
work done."

The plan has the support of Republican House Floor Leader Steven Tilley.

"Many people have asked how I ended up on Chris Kelly's bill,” said Tilley. “And it was pretty simple.
He asked."

Kelly has proposed a bond issue of $700 million … enough money to build priority projects on all of
Missouri's four-year and two-year college campuses, including some Mohela projects left unfunded.

"Which would included the Benton-Stadler Building, Ellis Fischel, and the Agricluture Research Centers
that were not brought to conclusion," said University of Missouri System President Gary Forsee.

Mizzou would also get a new engineering building and equipment it desperately needs. Lincoln
University would get a $33 million science building and Linn State Tech would get a $6 million
makeover of its auto collision repair training facility.

Some lawmakers want a bigger piece of the pie to go to the state's community colleges. Others have
questioned whether the plan puts the state's triple-a bond rating in jeopardy.

"That triple-a bond rating is there for a reason, and that's because of good management,” said Rep,
Steven Hobbs (R-Mexico). “But it's also not something you varnish and put up on the mantle. It's there
to use."

With Tilley's support, the borrowing plan could be on the House floor as early as next week. Should the
legislature give it thumbs up, voters would still have to approve it.




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ABC 17 News
Ellis Fischel project making comeback?
$700 million bond issue passes out of committee
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

Missouri lawmakers are fast-tracking a bill that could make a new cancer hospital a reality in Columbia.

Columbia Representative Chris Kelly's bill would send a 700-million dollar bond issue to a vote of the
people. The bonds would pay for campus construction projects that were to be paid for with money
from the state's higher education loan authority, and pay for each College and University's top priority
project.

The bill passed unanimously Tuesday during a house hearing and is now on its way to the floor in the
House. Lawmakers say there are a lot of benefits, but the big ones might be putting Missouri back to
work at no additional cost to you.

Kelly says the economy has set up the perfect storm here in Missouri, and in this case it's a good
thing. Kelly says, "Right now because of the economy the rate for bonds is very low and contractors
are very hungry so it's a good time to sell bonds and good time to get work done."

On top of that Missouri's Colleges and Universities, who were nearly all represented in the hearing,
would get some much needed funding, particularly right here in Columbia.

Kelly says, "This would help the engineering school and Ellis Fischel so its two huge projects and also 7
million in engineering equipment so it's very big.

Other lawmakers say the fact that it would create jobs is the most appealing part of the bill and the
reason it passed quickly with a unanimous vote.

Chairman of the Committee Steve Hobbs says I think all of us realize if there's a way to stimulate
economy we need to do it now, not a year from now so that's the reason you're seeing the haste."

No one spoke out in opposition of the bill, but Hobbs told me when it gets to the floor there could be
some lawmakers worried the bonds will build up too much debt.

The bill will now move on to the house floor to be discussed and voted on.

Columbia Daily Tribune
House panel approves campus construction bonds
By TERRY GANEY
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

JEFFERSON CITY A House committee Tuesday gave quick, unanimous passage to legislation that could
generate $700 million in construction funds for public two- and four-year higher education
institutions.

More than $81 million in projects on the University of Missouri campus in Columbia could be financed
with the proceeds of a bond sale authorized by the legislation. Voters would have to approve the
general obligation bond issuance first in a statewide election.




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Rep. Steve Hobbs, R-Mexico and chairman of the committee that approved the resolution, said the
statewide vote could come as soon as August if the General Assembly adopts the plan. The presidents
and chancellors of several state universities endorsed the capital project plan before the committee’s
vote.

UM System President Gary Forsee told the committee the four-campus system had a backlog of $2
billion of needs in terms of new construction, building maintenance and equipment purchases. “There
is no better time to undertake this initiative,” he said.

Representatives of the Missouri Parks Association asked the committee to include funding for
maintenance and repair of state park facilities. They noted that in the last major state bond issue,
parks got 10 percent of the bond proceeds.

“We’ve been waiting for this bond issue so parks could be included,” said Susan Flader, a retired MU
history professor and member of the state Parks Association. Hobbs said that when the legislation
reaches the House floor, he would look to determine whether parks could share in the bond issue sale
proceeds.

Rep. Chris Kelly, D-Columbia, and House Majority Leader Steven Tilley, R-Perryville, are co-sponsors of
the constitutional amendment. Kelly said there is no better time to pass the bond issue because
interest rates are low and there is a high demand for AAA-rated bonds such as those issued by
Missouri.

In 2011, the state is scheduled to pay off bonds that cost about $39 million per year. The revenue
stream that funds the retirement of those bonds would be applied to the new bond issue.

Columbia Daily Tribune
Editorial: State bonds
A good proposal gaining ground
By HENRY J. WATERS III
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

Reps. Chris Kelly, D-Columbia, and House Majority Leader Steven Tilley, R-Perryville, are co-sponsoring
a bond issue resolution that should be approved by the General Assembly.

The $700 million initiative would fund higher education capital projects around the state, including a
high-priority renovation of the engineering building, the new Ellis Fischel Cancer Center and partial
funding for a plant sciences center, all on the University of Missouri campus.

The bond issue would succeed a similar funding mechanism originally passed during the administration
of Gov. Kit Bond. Annual payments for those bonds expire in 2011, releasing state budget money for
the new bond issue without upping the annual ante. The authorization for such bonds requires a vote
of the people authorizing the legislature to increase taxes for the purpose, but Kelly notes that during
the current bond repayments no such increases have been imposed, and he expects that would be the
pattern in the future.

This is a good proposal for several reasons. The projects are needed, and the spending represents
Missouri’s own version of a stimulus package.




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The state legislature is considering the bond package right now in a committee headed by Rep. Steve
Hobbs, who also favors the idea. Let us hope the ball keeps rolling on this one.

St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Political Fix Blog: Missouri House to consider higher ed bond issue
By VIRGINIA YOUNG
Monday, March 30, 2009

JEFFERSON CITY — Democratic Rep. Chris Kelly of Columbia is teaming up with House Republican
leaders to push for a $700 million bond issue to finance construction projects at state colleges and
universities.

Kelly’s proposal, HJR32, will be heard at noon tomorrow by the Special Committee on Infrastructure
and Transportation. The committee is expected to forward the measure to the full House shortly.

“It’s going to move,” said committee Chairman Steve Hobbs, R-Mexico. “The speaker said move the
bill. He didn’t need to tell me twice.”

Hobbs said low interest rates and Missouri’s triple-A bond rating make this an attractive time to issue
bonds. Also, the state is nearing the end of payments on construction bonds issued in the 1980s when
U.S. Sen. Christopher “Kit” Bond was governor.

House Majority Leader Steve Tilley, R-Perryville, is a co-sponsor of Kelly’s measure, which would
require state voters’ approval.

Hobbs said the bonds could be used to fund projects that Gov. Jay Nixon halted when funding was
delayed from the Missouri Higher Education Loan Authority.




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
The complicated task of simplifying student aid
The U.S. Education Department examines 2 ways to make it easier for families to apply
By KELLY FIELD
Friday, April 3, 2009

The first time Kathy Peterson saw the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, the six-page form that
the government uses to assess student need, she felt overwhelmed.

"I just kept going from one screen to the next, wondering, 'When is this going to end?'" said Ms.
Peterson, an office manager for a telecommunications trade association, whose son will attend Old
Dominion University in the fall.

She says she spent at least 20 hours completing the electronic form, 20 times as long as the
government estimates it should take.

Ms. Peterson was one of the persistent ones. Each year more than 40 percent of college students,
nearly eight million, fail to file a Fafsa, even though most of them would be eligible for aid, according
to the U.S. Education Department. The agency doesn't know how many students start the process and
give up, or how many never even begin because they're intimidated by the form's length and
bureaucratic language.

With those students in mind, the Education Department is studying ways to streamline the form, such
as pre-populating income fields with information from families' tax returns and simplifying the formula
used to measure need. The latter change would be subject to Congressional approval.

Though neither approach would fulfill President Obama's campaign promise to do away with the form
altogether, both changes would ease the burden on students, and on parents like Ms. Peterson,
researchers say.

But simplification isn't simple, and both approaches have their drawbacks.

Tightening the formula used to calculate the "expected family contribution" would shorten the form,
but it would also redistribute student aid, giving more money to less financially needy students and
driving up the costs of the federal programs. Pre-populating the Fafsa with income information would
save families time, but it would also cause some students to receive more or less aid than they would
otherwise be entitled to, since it would rely on two-year-old income, rather than on an estimate of the
prior year's earnings.

Still, a growing consensus among policy makers and researchers is that the tradeoffs would be worth
it, and some changes are expected this year. Education Department statistics show that only 7 percent
of students from the lowest socioeconomic quartile obtain bachelor's degrees, compared with 60
percent of students from the highest quartile. While inadequate preparation among low-income
groups is a major factor in this disparity, lack of resources is another. Low-income students who expect
to receive financial aid are more likely to attend college than those who don't, research shows.

"You have to be willing to accept some slop to get simplification," said Mark Kantrowitz, publisher of
FinAid, a Web site about student aid. "If you have more low-income students graduating because of a
simpler form, isn't it worth spending a little extra on people who don't really deserve" that much aid?




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Longer Than the 1040
The complexity of the Fafsa has been well documented and exhaustively discussed: At six pages and
120 questions, it is longer than even the 1040 tax form, with its two pages and 76 questions (not
including schedules). The Fafsa's length and unfamiliar language — terms like "emancipated minor"
and "unaccompanied youth" — intimidate and confound families and may discourage some people
from applying for aid altogether. And the "expected family contribution," which the form yields, tells
families how much they must contribute to college but nothing about how much aid they are eligible
to receive.

Ask almost anyone, and they'll say something has to be done to simplify the form. Commissions have
studied how to do it; Congress has tried to legislate it; presidential candidates have promised it. At his
confirmation hearing, Secretary of Education Arne Duncan quipped that "you basically have to have a
Ph.D. to figure that thing out."

Some desperate families have even begun paying professionals for help with the form, much as they
do with their taxes. At Student Financial Aid Services Inc., which charges first-time clients $99 and
repeat clients $49 dollars for help with the Fafsa, call volume is up more than 20 percent this year,
says Craig V. Carroll, its chief executive. He attributes the growth to the rising cost of college and
families' falling incomes. Nationwide, Fafsa applications are up 21 percent this year, according to the
Education Department.

That's not to say that there have not been substantial improvements, particularly for low-income
students, since 1992, when Congress created the Fafsa. In 1998, Congress established two simplified
formulas for assessing need, permitting low-income students to skip many of the financial questions.
In 2007 it raised the income cutoff for using those formulas, making 44 percent of students eligible to
use them.

Last year Congress directed the Education Department to create a two-page "EZ Fafsa," for some
families earning less than $50,000 a year.

Meanwhile, the Education Department has incorporated "skip logic" into the online Fafsa, allowing
filers to bypass questions that don't pertain to their situation. That can reduce the total number of
questions answered to between 25 and 90. The department has also created a "Fafsa4caster" that lets
high-school students predict how much aid they will be eligible to receive by filling out a portion of the
questions on the Fafsa.

Sally Skene, a student-aid counselor with College Access Fairfax, a nonprofit organization in Virginia
that helps students fill out the form, says the current version of the Fafsa is quite easy to complete
once filers overcome their initial anxieties.

"A lot of people are just intimidated by the idea of it," says Ms. Skene. "They're always amazed when
we sit down and they see how easy it is."

But researchers and lawmakers say negative perceptions of the Fafsa continue to discourage many
families from applying for aid, and they advocate additional improvements.

Talking With Treasury
In Washington, Education Department officials have been meeting with their counterparts in the
Treasury Department to discuss how the agencies might share information from families' tax returns.




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At its broadest, the plan would abolish the Fafsa and distribute aid strictly on the basis of adjusted
gross income and family size, or another simple set of factors. A more modest approach would use IRS
tax data to pre-populate some of the form's financial questions.

Supporters say pre-populating the forms would save Fafsa filers time and frustration while reducing
the transcription errors that can occur when parents and students copy information from their tax
forms onto the Fafsa. It would also reduce the need for "verification" — the process by which student-
aid offices cross-check Fafsa applications against students' tax returns — saving colleges $90 per
application, or $432-million a year, according to an analysis by the Advisory Committee on Student
Financial Assistance, which advises Congress on student-aid policy. The Education Department
estimates that the change would free up 1.75 million hours of aid officers' time.

But that approach has some drawbacks. For one thing, it would rely on tax data that would be two
years out of date by the time the applicants enroll in college. That means that students whose
incomes, or whose families' incomes, rose or fell significantly during that time period could receive too
much or too little money. In an economic downturn like the current one, millions of laid-off workers
could lose out on aid.

Even some supporters of simplification say this is not the time to experiment with pre-population,
given the nation's financial condition.

But advocates of the idea counter that two-year-old tax data are no worse at predicting current
income than are the estimates of the prior year's earnings that the government now uses to gauge
need. They say the government could use threeor five-year averages of income to smooth out bumps
and dips in income and point out that student-aid offices could use "professional judgment" to adjust
award levels once updated tax information became available.

Some student-aid counselors wonder whether families will be comfortable letting the IRS share their
tax data with the Education Department. "A lot of people won't like handing over their tax returns,"
says Dale R. Schmidt, who works with Ms. Skene in public schools in Northern Virginia.

There are technical and bureaucratic barriers as well. The IRS and the Education Department define
terms like "dependent" differently, and the Treasury Department has historically been reluctant to
take on the added workload.

Right now the likeliest compromise is a pre-population pilot program. The Institute for College Access
and Success, a nonprofit advocacy group, suggests that the government also add a check box to the
tax form so that families can receive early estimates of aid eligibility. Both steps could come in the next
few months.

Equity vs. Efficiency
The other option being weighed in Washington is changing the formula used to award aid. The Fafsa
now asks 45 questions to determine expected family contribution. Reducing the formula to just two
questions — adjusted gross income and number of exemptions claimed on federal tax forms — as
former Secretary of Education Margaret Spellings proposed last year, would pare the form to two
pages.

That would make the Fafsa much less intimidating, but it would also direct more money to less
financially needy students and drive up the cost of federal-aid programs. "You're trading equity for




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efficiency" said Donald E. Heller, director of the Center for the Study of Higher Education at Penn
State.

Still, there is some evidence that the redistribution of aid would be relatively modest. In 2007, two
researchers, Susan M. Dynarski and Judith Scott-Clayton, calculated that if 90 percent of the questions
used to determine a family's expected contribution were thrown out, the average Pell Grant for
families receiving them would change by only $54 a year, in part because many assets are already
excluded from the formula.

Another concern is that states and institutions might reject the Fafsa if it becomes too simple.
Congress created the Fafsa to be a "catch-all form" and allowed states to add questions to it to
encourage them to use the Fafsa in awarding state aid.

But not all states do, and more than 550 colleges, universities, graduate and professional schools, and
scholarship programs use the College Board's 20-question "profile" instead of the Fafsa to award
institutional aid. Those numbers could increase if the Fafsa formula becomes less discriminating.

"It does little good to simplify the federal form if students still have to fill out a 100-question form for
their state," said Mr. Heller. He suggests that the government offer incentives for states to piggyback
on the federal form, such as larger grants through the Leveraging Educational Assistance Partnership
Program, in which the federal government matches each dollar that states commit to need-based aid.

But some aid administrators and Education Department officials are beginning to wonder whether it's
really critical to have a single form. They say it may be time to move beyond the "universal form"
mantra.

"You might want to ask, 'Do you really want to stay wedded to a single-form concept if one form has
only 20 questions?'" said Daniel T. Madzelan, director of forecasting and policy analysis at the
Education Department.

In the meantime, thousands of parents like Ms. Peterson will continue to pull their hair out over the
Fafsa.

"I never dreamed in a billion years it would be this complicated," she said. "I'm just glad I only have
one child."

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Blog: Lenders hold out hope as House and Senate head toward budget talks
By KELLY FIELD
Thursday, April 2, 2009

Washington — By a vote of 233 to 196, the U.S. House of Representatives passed its budget blueprint
tonight. The Senate was expected to pass its version of the bill sometime after midnight.

After both are approved, the competing measures will next head to a conference committee, where
members of the two chambers will craft a compromise. The outcome of those negotiations could
determine the future of the student-loan industry.




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The House’s bill instructs the Committee on Education and Labor to wring $1-billion from programs
under its jurisdiction through a process known as “budget reconciliation.” The committee is expected
to seek those changes through the elimination of the bank-based federal-student-loan program.

Senators did not include reconciliation instructions to their chamber’s education committee in their
bill. The Senate approved an amendment (as part of a “manager’s amendment”) that expresses
support for “a competitive student-loan program that provides students and institutions of higher
education with a comprehensive choice of loan products and services.”

While the amendment, which was sponsored by Sen. Lamar Alexander, a Republican of Tennessee, is
nonbinding and mostly symbolic, lenders see it as a good sign.

If Congress considers the president’s plan through the reconciliation process, it will have a much
better chance of becoming law. That’s because reconciliation bills are filibuster-proof, and need only
51 votes to pass. That means as many as seven Democrats could vote against the legislation, and it
could still become law.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Blog: Education Dept. encourages student-aid officers to reach out to struggling families
By BECKIE SUPIANO
Thursday, April 2, 2009

Washington — The U.S. Education Department released a “Dear Colleague” letter today encouraging
financial-aid administers to consider the special circumstances that students and families face during
the recession.

While families can always ask their financial-aid office to exercise professional judgment, which allows
it to adjust student aid to reflect a family’s financial circumstances not reflected on the student’s Free
Application for Federal Student Aid, or FAFSA, many families do not realize this. The letter encourages
financial-aid administrators to reach out to students and families who may be in trouble.

The letter also clarifies what kinds of circumstance could call for professional judgment: “A changed
circumstance certainly includes the loss of a job or a reduction in work hours or wages, but it also
includes, for example, the income loss associated with a prospective student’s decision to leave the
work force or to reduce work hours in order to return to school.”

Professional judgment must be exercised on a case-by-case basis, the department said, and requires
documentation of the changed circumstances.




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
Colleges' Billion-Dollar Campaigns Feel the Economy's Sting
By KATHRYN MASTERSON
Monday, March 30, 2009

The economy's collapse has caught up with the billion-dollar campaign. In the past 12 months, the
amount of money raised by a dozen of the colleges engaged in higher education's biggest fund-raising
campaigns fell 32 percent from the year before, according to a Chronicle analysis.

The decline, which started before the worst of the recession, has forced colleges to postpone
expansion plans, readjust their budgets, and ask better-off donors to expedite pledge payments. If the
slump continues, experts say, more serious cutbacks could come. It's a situation institutions can't
ignore as they look to private giving to make up for huge endowment losses and declining government
support.

The economic volatility is causing donors — even some of the wealthiest, who are normally insulated
from downturns — to postpone gifts or rethink the timing and size of future donations.

"Fewer people are willing to make multiple-year commitments at nearly the level they would have six
months ago," says Donald M. Fellows, chief executive of the fund-raising consultants Marts & Lundy.
He and other observers predict a difficult 2009.
In response to the tough climate, colleges are shifting priorities from capital projects to student aid,
hiring more fund raisers, and looking for any way to get in front of their most loyal supporters.

The Chronicle's findings, which come from fund-raising totals reported by the 12 colleges that have
been in billion-dollar campaigns since 2007, follow a February report from the Council for Aid to
Education, which said fund raisers started hitting a wall early this year. The Center on Philanthropy at
Indiana University also saw a big drop in the number of million-dollar donations to nonprofit
organizations over all in the second half of 2008.

"The floor just fell out," says Patrick M. Rooney, the center's interim executive director. He expects a
lag between when people start to feel confident in the economy and when their confidence is strong
enough to give away money. For fund raisers, he says, "the challenge is, how do you survive this
transition period?"

Slow Fade
The 12 colleges included in the analysis raised almost $4-billion between February 2007 and January
2008. From then until the end of this January, the last month data were available, gifts and pledges to
those colleges dropped to $2.713-billion.

Each six-month period since February 2007 has shown a deeper decline. From February through July
2007, institutions brought in $2.1-billion. During the latest six-month stretch, from August 2008
through January, they raised about a billion less (see chart at left).

Four colleges had declines of more than 40 percent: Cornell University (minus 55 percent), the
University of Virginia (minus 48 percent), Dartmouth College (minus 44 percent), and Columbia
University (minus 43 percent). The University of Pittsburgh, Brown University, the University of
Maryland at College Park, and Yale University also went down. Three institutions posted gains, and
one stayed flat.




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Cornell is conducting a $4-billion campaign, one of the biggest in higher education. According to The
Chronicle's data, the university raised $380-million in the last 12 months, far less than the $840-million
it brought in the year before. University officials say they are still on track to complete the campaign
by the end of 2011 — they have raised more than half the money — but the economic situation has
made that goal more challenging.

"We're struggling, just like everyone else," said Charles D. Phlegar, vice president for alumni affairs and
development. He expressed a mix of discouragement at the current situation and optimism that with
steady work, giving could come back to the higher levels of recent years.

In 2007, Cornell had a month any university would kill for, announcing $400-million in donations,
including $250-million for the medical school and $50-million for science research at the Ithaca
campus, both from Sanford I. Weill, the chairman emeritus of Citigroup. (Citi's stock, like that of many
other banks, has since cratered.)

But by the end of 2008, Cornell started seeing a noticeable drop in new pledges.

The pipeline of new gifts is drying up at many institutions, says John J. Glier, a fund-raising consultant
who works with Cornell and other institutions with billion-dollar campaigns. However, cash on hand
(pledges paid and annual gifts, which is what the Council for Aid to Education measures) has so far
held steady or declined only slightly from the year before. Because major gifts are often in the works
for at least a year, Mr. Glier expects more colleges will see a significant dip in giving for the coming
year, even if the economy starts to recover.

To help turn around its numbers, Cornell is hiring more fund raisers and planned-giving officers and
concentrating more on alumni who are 70 and older, whose investments may have been more
conservative. The university has also switched from raising money for capital projects to raising money
for undergraduate education and student aid, hoping to appeal to donors where the needs are the
greatest.

Among the biggest fund-raising drives, the University of Virginia has seen the second-largest drop in
giving. In 2007, Virginia reported raising $478-million, which included the payoff of a mega-pledge,
said Julian M. Bivins Jr., assistant vice president for development and public affairs. Last year the
university raised $250-million.

Virginia's fund raisers are seeing a decline in the amount of the average gift, while the number of
alumni donors has stayed steady. The university has a high concentration of alumni who work in
financial services, Mr. Bivins said, which has been hard hit in the downturn.

"I wouldn't be surprised if some of our individuals are rebalancing," he said.

The university is still on track to raise $3-billion by 2011 and has already raised $1.86-billion. Donors
are still willing to meet with senior administrators, and presidential events are still well attended, Mr.
Bivins said. "Those doors are still being opened," he said. "I would get nervous if those indicators
started changing."

Lowering goals is not an option. "The University of Virginia cannot become a lesser institution or stay
the same," he said. "The universe will not allow us to tread water."




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Precipitous Drop
Brown University, which was down 11.4 percent in the last 12 months, has seen a significant drop in
new gifts and pledges in the last few months, said Ronald D. Vanden Dorpel, senior vice president for
advancement and campaign director.

The university brought in $35-million in December. But it raised less than $3-million in both January
and February. "Everyone was shellshocked," Mr. Vanden Dorpel said. "No one was talking to us, or if
they did, they said, 'Talk to me in June.'"

The decline is being felt mainly in gifts between $1,000 and $25,000, Mr. Vanden Dorpel said.
Donations from alumni in the financial industry who would typically give $15,000 or $20,000 when
they received their year-end bonuses were down by about a third last year.

Even the wealthiest donors are being cautious. Brown is soliciting gifts of $35-million and $40-million,
but the prospective donors are hedging on the timing. Mr. Vanden Dorpel thinks it could be about
three years before gifts of $5-million and above come back to previous levels.

To adjust, Brown has asked several donors with big pledges to expedite their payments at a slight
discount. One foundation, which was scheduled to pay $25-million in 2012, will instead pay $23.9-
million in June. "We can't wait," Mr. Vanden Dorpel said. "I think many of our donors are willing to do
that, and we're certainly willing to accept that."
Leading the Recovery

Even in these uncertain times, colleges are still announcing big campaigns, with some using the
downturn and the country's financial restructuring to bolster the case for higher education. Last week
City University of New York announced that it had met its $1.2-billion campaign goal three years ahead
of schedule, and would expand the campaign to seek $3-billion by the end of 2015. The university
cited soaring demand from people who have lost jobs or are looking to make career changes.

In the last six months, the University of Texas at Austin, the University of Utah, Rice University, and
Boston College have all announced campaigns of $1-billion or more. Philanthropy experts say they still
expect a university to start a $5-billion campaign — just not anytime soon.

The University of Texas at Austin, which publicly announced a $3-billion drive in October, is working
with donors who are suffering financial losses to restructure their gifts so they feel less of an
immediate impact, said John H. McCall Jr., associate vice president for development.

Utah, which just started a $1.2-billion campaign, is finding donors receptive to its drive. Ed Catmull, a
Utah graduate and founder and president of Pixar Animation Studios, made a significant gift and held a
campaign event at the company's stylish studios in Emeryville, Calif. He believes giving to the
university is essential to the nation's economic recovery.

"Our way out of this mess is training smart people," he said. "It's our obligation to give back support."




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
Blog: Project to support minority students in science is working, report says
By STEVE KOLOWICH
Thursday, April 2, 2009

A program to increase the number of minority scientists has proved highly successful, according
to a new report from the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

The program, called the Alliances for Graduate Education and the Professoriate, facilitates the
recruitment, retention, and advancement of traditionally underrepresented racial groups in the
higher echelons of academic study. Active since 1998, the program is financed by the National
Science Foundation and has 66 participating institutions.

From 2001 to 2008, the number of doctoral degrees awarded to African Americans, Alaskan
Natives, Native Americans, Hispanic Americans, and Native Pacific Islanders at those institutions
grew by 34 percent in scientific and technical fields, the report says. Within the subset of natural
sciences and engineering, the increase was closer to 50 percent.

The report strikes a more optimistic tone on minority performance in doctoral programs than
some previous studies, including one from the Council of Graduate Schools that showed that,
from 1993 to 2004, black and Hispanic students often struggled to complete their doctoral
programs as quickly as their white and Asian-American peers. Inadequate academic preparation
had been cited as a possible cause for the discrepancy.

But the Alliances for Graduate Education and the Professoriate program may be a game changer.
According to a news release, James H. Wyche, director of the NSF’s Division of Human Resource
Development, said that in 2005-6 the 66 member institutions accounted for 56 percent of all
science, technology, engineering, and mathematics doctorates awarded to underrepresented
minority groups in the country.




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St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Educators decry SC governor’s anti-bailout stance
By SEANNA ADCOX
Thursday, April 2, 2009

COLUMBIA, S.C. (AP) -- Parents and teachers in a state with one of the nation's worst graduation rates
are predicting their governor's vow to reject federal cash for schools will cost hundreds of teaching
jobs, crowd classrooms and hurt poor children.

Republican Gov. Mark Sanford faces a Friday deadline to decide whether he will refuse $700 million in
federal stimulus cash, primarily for education over two years, which he says would be better spent
paying down debt. Late Thursday, his spokesman said the governor would request other portions of
the package, keeping the state eligible to claim that $700 million past the week's deadline. But his
position on the smaller portion was unchanged.

Educators say the money is desperately needed.

"I understand the issue of trying to pay down debt. But it's akin to trying to pay off your mortgage
while your kids are starving," said Frank Morgan, superintendent of schools in rural Kershaw County,
which educates roughly 13,000 children.

Sanford says legislators can write an adequate budget without the money and dismisses a growing
chorus of fellow Republicans, editorial writers, former supporters and protesting teachers as victims of
political scare tactics.

"In fairness to the teachers, I would be frightened, too," the governor said a day after hundreds of
educators rallied outside the Statehouse chanting "Pink slip Sanford."

Detractors counter that Sanford is trying to raise his national profile for a 2012 presidential bid and
push an impractical libertarian philosophy that includes using taxpayer money to pay for private
schools. He disputes that.

At issue is a portion of the $2.8 billion in stimulus cash intended for this recession-battered state,
which had the nation's second-highest unemployment rate in February.

"What kind of message do we send to the rest of nation, not to mention to our own kids, if South
Carolina becomes the only state to refuse funds aimed at helping public schools?" state schools chief
Jim Rex said Thursday.

The dispute over stimulus money has underscored a fracture between Sanford, who is barred by law
from seeking a third term, and the Republicans who control the Legislature and want to take the
money.

The governor on Thursday said he believes lawmakers have kept other stimulus money he's already
accepted out of their spending plans to make the consequences of his refusing the Washington cash
seem even more dire.

But state education officials said that the reality is 5,200 school employees, including 2,700 teachers,
will lose their jobs without the stimulus money. There are about 50,000 teachers statewide.




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Even with the money, Rex said, districts will still need to eliminate 1,600 jobs.

Ted Zee, a father from Lexington, brought his 10-year-old daughter to a rally at the Statehouse this
week to protest Sanford's decision.

"I don't want her school to have 35 kids in a class," Zee said. "You can't educate 35 kids at a time."

South Carolina's on-time graduation rate ranks among the nation's lowest. Officials say it's already
tough to improve in a state with an ever-growing poverty problem. Nearly a quarter of schools
statewide are in extreme poverty, with 90 percent or more of their students considered poor. In
another one-third of schools, poor students make up between 70 percent and 90 percent of the
population.

Meanwhile, the state is awaiting a state Supreme Court ruling on whether South Carolina must do
more to prepare its poor children for school.

District officials said high schools won't be able to offer as many classes, and those with low
enrollment, such as honor classes, could be among the first to go.

Chapin High sophomore Caroline Simmel, 15, said she's afraid she won't be able to take Advanced
Placement courses that would boost her resume.

"When I'm applying to college, it won't look good," she said.

The Chronicle of Higher Education
Education secretary slams South Carolina governor’s snub of stimulus funds
By ERIC KELDERMAN
Thursday, April 2, 2009

As the U.S. Department of Education prepares to distribute $44-billion to shore up states' education
budgets, at least one governor is threatening to reject his state's share of the money, forcing a
showdown with his own legislature and sparking a rebuke from Education Secretary Arne Duncan, who
said there is a moral obligation to help underperforming students in the Palmetto State.

The newly available federal funds that Mr. Duncan announced Wednesday include the first round of
grants available under the $54-billion State Fiscal Stabilization Fund, meant to prevent budget cuts at
public schools and colleges, as well as $11-billion to help elementary and secondary schools educate
low-income and disabled students. Both amounts are portions of the $787-billion federal stimulus
package enacted in February.

The University of South Carolina was hoping to get $35-million, about 5 percent, of the state's $700-
million allocation of the stabilization fund to offset a portion of the nearly 25-percent cut in state
support the institution has endured this year, said President Harris Pastides. "We are in a fight for our
lives," said Mr. Pastides, who said he had frozen hiring for all unfilled positions and cut hundreds of
part-time and adjunct faculty jobs to deal with the cuts.

But Gov. Mark Sanford, a Republican, has opposed the stimulus package from the beginning and said
he may not apply for the stabilization funds unless the legislature agrees to use an equal amount of
money to pay off state debt. The governor must certify by Friday that he intends to apply for the
money. The governor acknowledges another $2-billion will be coming to the state through the



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stimulus's increased spending in existing federal programs that pay for energy, transportation and
health-care.

In March the White House rejected Governor Sanford's request to use money from the fiscal-
stabilization fund to pay down the state's debts, which he says equal about 11 percent of its tax
revenue. "If we're going to spend money we don't have at the federal level, it becomes all the more
important that our state balance sheet is in good order—particularly if this is a protracted downturn,"
the governor wrote in a commentary for The Wall Street Journal last month.

In addition to Governor Sanford, Republican governors of Alabama, Alaska, Louisiana, Mississippi, and
Texas have threatened to reject portions of the stimulus money, in particular federal unemployment
insurance that they argue would strap business with expensive mandates in the future, said Pamela M.
Prah, of Stateline.org, an online news service that covers state policy.

But Mr. Sanford's move has riled some lawmakers in the South Carolina General Assembly, which has
clashed repeatedly with the governor during his tenure. (At the end of one legislative session, Mr.
Sanford brought two pigs to a news conference in the Statehouse, decrying what he called pork-barrel
spending. Some legislators were outraged, especially because the pigs defecated on the carpeted
floor.)

Some South Carolina lawmakers had considered using a provision in the American Recovery and
Reinvestment Act, as the stimulus law is formally known, that allows a state's legislature to accept
stimulus money without an application from the state's governor. But that measure applies only to
funds flowing through existing federal programs, not the fiscal-stabilization fund created under the
act, according to a March 31 letter from the White House budget director, Peter R. Orszag, to U.S. Sen.
Lindsey O. Graham, a Republican of South Carolina.

"There currently is no provision in the Recovery Act for the state legislature to make such an
application in lieu of the governor for a state's allocation of the State Fiscal Stabilization Fund," the
letter said.

On Wednesday, Secretary Duncan weighed in on Governor Sanford's stance and said there was no
excuse for not helping state's schoolchildren, especially those from minority groups that have
consistently scored below average on tests like the government's National Assessment of Educational
Progress. Scores on those tests indicate that just 15 percent of African-American students in South
Carolina are proficient in mathematics, Mr. Duncan said, and just 12 percent are proficient in reading.

Joel Sawyer, a spokesman for Governor Sanford, said it was "absolutely unconscionable" for Mr.
Duncan to say he supports spending stimulus money for children and not acknowledge the amount of
federal debt that would have to be paid back by those same children.

Mr. Sawyer added that the governor agrees that the state's educational system needs to be improved,
but wants to do so by giving parents more choice about where to send their children to school, instead
of throwing more money at the problem.




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USA Today
EDITORIAL: Our view on the cost of education: Colleges duck tough cuts, keep hiking pay and tuition
In hard times, administrators and professors need to share the pain.
Monday, March 30, 2009

Talk about stepping up to the plate at a time of crisis. Faced with a $10.6 million state funding cut, the
president of the University of Northern Iowa has, among other cuts, proposed axing its 103-year-old
Division I baseball team. The move has drawn criticism, but it would save $400,000 a year that could
otherwise have come out of parents' and students' pockets.

In another unpopular move, the Louisiana State University system might deal with a $101 million state
funding shortfall in part by raising professors' teaching hours and class sizes, and by furloughing staff.
And Clemson University, which has seen $40 million in South Carolina budget cuts this year, has halted
a variety of construction projects, saving $15 million.

Such reductions to athletics, academics and construction constitute acts of uncommon bravery in
higher education. Too many other schools are responding to the economic crisis with a business-as-
usual approach that combines half-hearted belt-tightening with over-reliance on tuition increases.

Until recently, heavy competition among applicants, and plentiful loans and home equity money, gave
colleges little incentive to control spending. Why make tough choices if you can pass costs along to
parents and students? That game is over, but some schools appear slow to realize it.

The University of Massachusetts, for example, plans to raise tuition and fees 15%, all the while upping
next fall's salaries for unionized professors and staff. The State University of New York is hiking tuition
14% and plans to raise union salaries.

Private-college tuitions are rising as well, and from a much higher base: Princeton's tuition is going up
3.1%, to $35,340; Northwestern's is rising 3.6% to $38,079. Both schools plan to continue raising
salaries.

The tuition hikes, even when leavened with promised increases in financial aid for needy students,
wouldn't be so galling if tuition hadn't already soared in the past decade — up 99% at private schools
and 72% at public ones, according to the College Board. The money feeds salaries: The average
admissions director earns $93,953 today, or 57% more than a decade ago, and faculty pay has risen
almost 35%, to $90,055. Average household incomes rose 31% during the same period.

So where to cut? Administrative payrolls are an obvious target. Sports programs and lavish fitness
centers are another. Nor should faculty workloads be sacrosanct, yet when the University of Florida
proposed requiring that some professors teach two classes per semester instead of one, the school got
taken to arbitration.

That's bellyaching. Full-time professors' classroom time has declined nationwide. Social scientists
spent only 8.9 hours per week in class, 42 fewer minutes than in 1998, according to a Department of
Education survey that ended in 2003. The extra time didn't necessarily go to thinking big thoughts,
either: On average, professors wrote a quarter of a book and 1.6 articles per year in 2003, making their
speed back in 1998 — half a book and 3.1 articles — look hypersonic.




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A layoff-stressed society isn't going to tolerate professors and administrators who resist pay freezes
and greater workloads. Times are tough all around. Fairness dictates that the ivory tower dwellers
sweat as much as those toiling on the ground to pay their freight.

USA Today
EDITORIAL: Opposing view: Cuts hurt education quality
Don’t blame faculty salaries for the rising cost of college.
By Gary Rhoades
Monday, March 30, 2009

Budget-cutting measures being pursued in higher education are often based on faulty premises and
insufficient information. These measures too quickly cut to institutions' educational core,
unnecessarily compromising quality and productivity.

To many people, it makes sense that faculty should be major targets for savings. They share the
widespread beliefs that higher education has high labor costs and faculty are the principal labor cost
driver. They reason that to achieve major savings, you address the major costs.

But the reasoning is faulty, based on an inaccurate view of higher education costs and faculty. Tenure-
track faculty often represent less than a quarter of institutional employees (and much less in
community colleges) and of total institutional costs. Moreover, faculty costs have not been rising
significantly. What has been rising is the use of less costly contingent faculty. Finally, faculty salary
increases have been well below tuition increases and salary increases for senior administrators. The
growing costs in the academy lie outside the academic core.

Current choices are frequently being made without careful analysis and deliberation. Faculty and other
campus community members often have insufficient access to information about finances, even when
administrators call for extraordinary measures given financial duress. Often, there is insufficient
consultation with faculty or other constituencies, and insufficient consideration of savings options
provided by the very professionals who understand best how the institution works and who can
identify strategies for achieving efficiencies without undercutting quality and productivity.

Finally, current measures too often cut to the core not of institutional costs, but of educational quality
and productivity. Faculty are not just labor costs; they are intellectual capital. They generate value for
the organization and society. They do not just cost money, they produce revenue.

The common aims of trimming waste or unneeded academic programs ignore the realities: We are
hitting vital organs while spending on matters peripheral to the core educational function. Our
objective should be to pursue measures that reduce costs and protect our core, not unduly
compromising the quality, production and revenue generation to which faculty are central.
Gary Rhoades is general secretary of the American Association of University Professors.




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
The Global Campus Meets a World of Competition
Online-education venture at the U. of Illinois tries to distinguish itself from other distance-learning
programs
By DAN TURNER
Monday, March 30, 2009

The University of Illinois Global Campus, a multimillion-dollar distance-learning project, is up and
running. For its March-April 2009 term, it has enrolled 366 students.

Getting to this point, though, has looked a little like the dot-com start-up bubble of the late 1990s.
Hundreds of Internet-related companies were launched with overly ambitious goals, only to later face
cutbacks and other struggles to stay alive. Most crashed anyway. Some observers now say the Global
Campus must try to avoid the same fate of churning through a large initial investment while attracting
too few customers.

The project, planned about four years ago, was designed to complement existing online programs
offered by individual Illinois-system campuses at Urbana-Champaign, Springfield, and Chicago. Those
programs primarily serve current students as an addition to their on-campus course work. The Global
Campus, in contrast, seeks to reach the adult learner off campus, who is often seeking a more focused,
career-related certification or degree, such as completing a B.S. in nursing.

Online education has proved popular with institutions, students, and employers across the United
States, with opportunities and enrollment growing. According to the Sloan Consortium, a nonprofit
organization focused on online learning, the fall 2007 term saw 3.9 million students enroll in at least
one online course, many at for-profit institutions like DeVry University and the University of Phoenix.

That growing popularity, says David J. Gray, chief executive of UMassOnline, the online-learning arm of
the University of Massachusetts system, is part of the Global Campus's problem. The Illinois program,
he says, is "fighting uphill in a market that's a lot more uphill."

The slope didn't seem as steep in the fall of 2005, when Chester S. Gardner, then the university's vice
president for academic affairs, led a committee to investigate ideas for the future of online education
at Illinois. That resulted in a proposal and business plan presented to the Board of Trustees the next
year. The system's "existing online programs were not structured for adult learners," says Mr.
Gardner, who is now leading the Global Campus.

The program was formally established in March 2007. The university initially financed it with $1.5-
million of general revenue. The program started teaching its first 12 students in 2008.

Now, Mr. Gardner says, the Global Campus has a budget of approximately $9.4-million for the 2008-9
fiscal year. Approximately $1-million of that comes from the state, he says, and the remaining money
comes from various grants, tuition, and loans from the Board of Trustees.

The trustees' investment has produced heavy involvement, Mr. Gardner says. "They're acting like
venture capitalists," he notes, adding that "they're certainly doing their job of holding my feet to the
fire."

This year the 366 Global Campus students are enrolled in five different degree and four different
certificate programs; Mr. Gardner expects the number of students to rise to around 500 by May.

Those numbers put the program on a much slower track than earlier, sunnier estimates of 9,000
students enrolled by 2012. Mr. Gardner says the 9,000 figure came from his 2007 budget request to


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the trustees and was not precise. "We had no direct experience upon which to base our projections,"
he says.

Now, Mr. Gardner says, he has more realistic figures. Once 1,650 students are enrolled, the monthly
income from tuition will equal monthly expenses, on average. His current projections show the Global
Campus reaching that point of stability by the 2011 fiscal year.

But the competition to enroll students has been tough. The Global Campus initially offered 16-week
courses, patterned on the Illinois system's residential-education schedules. But many adult students
turned to online for-profit programs instead, because their class schedules were more flexible, says
Mr. Gardner. "These institutions are offering programs that the students want, structured in ways
friendly to them," he notes. So the Global Campus is now moving away from the longer course blocks
and will offer eight-week-long courses.

The program also needs to raise its student numbers before it can expand its content and structure,
which puts the program into a sort of chicken-and-egg situation. "How many students we enroll
depends on how many degree programs we can offer," Mr. Gardner says. And offering more programs
depends on the Global Campus's getting accreditation from the regional Higher Learning Commission,
which has authority over institutions in 19 states, including Illinois. (Current degree offerings come
though University of Illinois campuses, which already are accredited.)

Karen J. Solomon, associate director of accreditation at the commission, confirmed that
representatives of the Global Campus had been in contact with her group. "We just had the initial
conversation," Ms. Solomon says. "They have no status with the commission yet. They're just starting
on the eligibility process." Ms. Solomon noted that this normally takes three to five years.

To move the process along, the university's Board of Trustees, at a March 11 meeting, approved two
items on the commission's accreditation checklist. One was a job description for the chief executive,
and the second was the establishment of an academic policy council.

At the same meeting, however, what Mr. Gardner describes as a "small group of faculty leaders"
expressed concerns that faculty members had not been sufficiently involved in the board's moves to
gain accreditation. The president of the university system, B. Joseph White, asked the faculty group to
prepare an alternative plan, which they are working on.

Even if the Global Campus achieves fully accredited status and offers more expanded degree
programs, it will still be a distinct entity, apart from both residential education and the existing Illinois
campus distance-learning programs.

This makes Mr. Gray, of UMassOnline, uneasy about the future of the Illinois venture.

"The Global Campus has chosen a model that puts it in seeming competition with campus online
efforts," he says. He stressed that "every state, every university is different, and the context needs to
be respected." But, he adds, "UMassOnline made the decision early on to have the campuses be the
engine for courses" rather than set up a separate system for distance learning.

Mr. Gray also notes that timing may be an issue. UMassOnline started in 2001 and now enrolls nearly
34,000 students, most of them older than 25. But, he says, "Global Campus launched at a time when
the market is a lot more mature. Earlier entrants might not have had such a problem growing."

Mr. Gardner says the university and the Global Campus program are well aware of these challenges,
and both of them "are in this for the long term."



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The Chronicle of Higher Education
More colleges consider adding ‘gift tax’ to new donation
By KATHRYN MASTERSON
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

A growing number of colleges are considering fees on new donations, in an effort to make up for a
decline in the revenue that helps pay for fund-raising operations.

Gift fees, or a "gift tax," as they are sometimes called, are not a new idea, but institutional discussions
about them are becoming more common because of the worsening economic situation,
administrators and fund-raising consultants say. They predict that more colleges will chose to deduct
gift fees from new donations in the near future.

The one-time fees, which typically range from 3 to 5 percent of the gift, are more common at public
institutions with associated foundations—which do the colleges' primary fund raising—than at private
colleges, many of which do their fund raising in-house.

The fees can be controversial with big donors who want 100 percent of their gifts to go to their
intended purpose, as well as with deans and faculty members who want the full amount they've raised
to go to their departments.

Last week the University of Connecticut Foundation said it would begin charging fees on new
donations—3 percent on endowed gifts, 5 percent on other gifts—to counter the recent loss of about
a quarter of the value of the university's endowment in the economic downturn. The foundation takes
a set percentage from the endowment each year for managing the assets and uses it to help pay
expenses.

In further efforts to make up revenue, the foundation also changed how its endowment-management
fee is assessed and said it eliminated 12 positions in December.

The University of California at Los Angeles, which has a longtime policy of charging 5 percent on new
gifts, said it would raise that fee to 6.5 percent in July and use the revenue for fund raising and alumni-
relations expenses.

Bruce Flessner, a fund-raising consultant, says at least seven of his clients are considering gift fees. At a
conference last month for development officers in the Big 12 Conference, gift fees were a major topic
of discussion, he said. Several Big 12 universities are considering such fees to help pay for their fund-
raising operations as state support and endowments decline.

Preferable to Job Cuts
According to a 2006 survey of higher-education foundations by the Council for Advancement and
Support of Education, 19 percent of them charged one-time fees on new non-endowed gifts, and 16
percent imposed fees on new endowed gifts. Taking management fees on endowed funds was a more
common way of generating revenue, with 68 percent of foundations doing so.

The gift fees may not amount to much if gifts are down. But for colleges trying to increase their fund
raising, the fees are preferable to cutting back on development staff members, who could make a
longer-term contribution to raising more money.




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On the other hand, gift fees are "not ideal from a donor standpoint," says Donald M. Fellows, a fund-
raising consultant. "You'd rather not have to have that conversation before they make the gift."

Colleges that have adopted or are considering adopting gift fees say they expect donors to understand
the situation, once they explain the reasons behind the change and the need for the fees. They say
major benefactors are sophisticated and understand the current economic environment and what it
means for college finances.

Connecticut's foundation had few options to make up for the revenue shortfall, says David R. Vance,
vice president for finance and controls. Without the fees, which will cover only about 5 percent of the
foundation's budget, he said, more staff cuts would have been considered. The university plans to
announce a fund-raising campaign this fall, a time when many colleges increase hiring of
development-staff members.

The foundation's board was initially concerned with what donors would think of the new fees. "We're
comfortable we're not going to have a big donor backlash," Mr. Vance says. "I think once we educate
them, they'll be understanding."

An Easier Discussion
At the University of Missouri, which just completed a $1-billion campaign, discussions with deans are
starting this week over possible gift fees and other ways to pay for fund-raising operations. During the
campaign, the money came from the university's general budget, with the expectation that additional
sources would be considered later. Now the development operation is looking for ways to cover more
of its expenses itself, says David P. Housh, vice chancellor for development and alumni relations.

Among the possibilities are fees on new cash gifts in the range of 5 percent, and a 1-percent
endowment-management fee. If those two fees were put into effect, and giving remained at the
current level—not a certainty in this economy—they would pay for about half of the fund-raising
office's $14-million budget and allow $7-million to go back into the general budget, Mr. Housh says.

Given the economic situation, he expects an easier discussion than might have been heard two or
three years ago, in flush times. The university's supporters understand the need to free up more
money in the general operating budget, he says.

Gift fees are not under discussion at the University of Kansas. But if revenue continues to decline
significantly, and more institutions adopt such fees, the university would not rule them out, says Dale
Seuferling, president of the KU Endowment.

The major concern with a gift fee is how it could affect donor relationships, Mr. Seuferling says. Kansas
fund raisers "assure donors that every dollar they give goes to the purpose they contributed for," he
says. "That is welcomed and perceived very positively by donors."




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St. Louis Post-Dispatch
The Platform: The case for community colleges only gets better
By The Editorial Board
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

Natalia Kolesnikova, an economist for Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, last week published a
study showing that for students interested in a “a route of upward economic mobility”
community colleges are an incredible bargain.

That’s not news to most graduates of the two-year programs at community colleges in St. Louis or
to employers who have hired them. Once regarded as the poor relatives of four-year colleges and
universities, community colleges have improved steadily over the years. As costs of higher
education have escalated, affordable education available at community colleges has become an
even bigger bargain. That should worry, and maybe even light a fire under, the four-year colleges.

The St. Louis Fed study confirmed that community college campuses are more racially diverse, on
average, than their four-year counterparts. They are home to more first-generation college
students and attract a greater concentration of older students — 35 percent of their students are
30 or older.

Community college attendance brings long-term economic benefits. Workers with an associate’s
degree earn more than their peers with a high school diploma; minority students experience the
greatest gains.

In St. Louis, black men with an associate’s degree earn on average 13 percent more, while the
return for black women is a stunning 43 percent increase — a fact the investigator attributes to a
high concentration in nursing and other health care training.

The national media focused on a “dog bites man” aspect of the study — an unexplained statistical
anomaly referred to as the “community college penalty.” Students who obtain a two-year
associate’s degree and continue on to earn a bachelor’s or advanced degree at a four-year school
earn less per year on average than peers who started at a four-year institution.

Ms. Kolesnikova said there there aren’t enough data to explain this discrepancy, but speculates it
could be because community college students often come from poorly performing elementary
and secondary schools. She said that’s a disadvantage that “affects their educational and labor
market outcomes throughout their career.”

Still, community colleges deserve credit for putting “disadvantaged” students on a positive track
— even though it may not yet have resulted in full wage-earning parity. And there’s reason to
think the “penalty” will diminish as community college campuses attract a growing share of the
nation’s best prepared and highest-achieving students.

Unlike many four-year schools, community colleges are not in a figurative arms race to build the
flashiest student center or recruit celebrity faculty members. They focus on the basics. And one
key basic is tuition cost.




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The average community college costs in Illinois are 28 percent of those at the state’s four-year
public institutions and 11 percent of private four-year colleges and universities. In Missouri,
community college tuition and fees are 36 percent of what public colleges and universities charge,
and 14 percent of the costs at private colleges and universities.

Community colleges already enroll 46 percent of the nation’s undergraduate students, according
to the Fed study. As long as community colleges stay focused on fundamentals and keep costs
affordable, those numbers will grow.




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
New rules for program in GI bill seek to ease colleges’ concerns
By MEGAN ECKSTEIN
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

Washington – The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs is loosening many of the proposed
requirements that some colleges feared might limit their ability to participate in a new federal
program that helps veterans attend private colleges, graduate schools, and out-of-state public
institutions.

Based on responses from 38 organizations and eight individuals during a comment period on draft
regulations, the department has "substantially changed the requirements for participation" in the
program, according to final regulations that will be published today.

The program, known as the "yellow-ribbon program," was created through the GI Bill that was
signed into law last summer. Benefits under the Post-9/11 GI Bill cover the cost of attending the
most-expensive public institution in each state.

In the yellow-ribbon program, private or out-of-state colleges, and graduate schools, enter into
agreements with Veterans Affairs to pay for some or all of their extra cost. Each participating
college chooses a maximum number of students it will offer aid to, as well as the percentage of
the extra cost it wants to pay—up to 50 percent, since Veterans Affairs matches the college's
contribution.

A major concern among private colleges was that they would be allowed to sign only one
agreement for the entire university, lumping undergraduate admissions with their graduate
programs, despite widely varying tuition costs and admissions schedules. At many universities,
law schools, medical schools, and other programs admit students on a rolling basis, so a
stipulation that yellow-ribbon aid be awarded on a first-come, first-served basis could have meant
that veterans applying to those programs could fill all the spots and bar undergraduate students
from receiving any aid.

Veterans Affairs dealt with that concern in the final regulations, saying that institutions could set
different agreements based on student status—undergraduate, graduate, doctoral—or for
different programs.

Veterans Affairs also received several comments about the manner in which colleges would need
to provide the tuition assistance. The draft regulations stated that the money had to come in the
form of a waiver, and that yellow-ribbon agreements would need to specify a percentage of the
excess cost the college would pay.

Colleges said they would be better able to judge how much aid they could provide in dollars, not
percentages. Some said the waiver requirement was problematic because they weren't allowed
to provide waivers, only tuition discounts or fee remissions. Others said they already had
extensive scholarship programs set up that they would like to use to finance the yellow-ribbon
agreements; under a waiver, those colleges would have to account for lower revenue and
reassess their budgets, whereas a scholarship would still reimburse the student but wouldn't
change the way colleges write their budgets.


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Keith M. Wilson, director of education service at the Department of Veterans Affairs, initially told
those colleges that scholarships couldn't be used because the idea was that any veteran should
have access to the money and the department didn't want strings attached to any scholarships.
But the final regulations say a college can "state the maximum dollar amount that may be
provided to each participant during the academic year, and provide contributions by direct grant,
scholarship, or otherwise."

The department retained its first-come, first-served policy on awarding the aid and a requirement
that agreements be set at the beginning of each academic year.

Veterans Affairs set the final cost estimate at $1.2-billion in the program's first year and $78.1-
billion after 10 years.




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NPR.com
Despite expense, foreigners pursue U.S. degrees
By LARRY ABRAMSON
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

Morning Edition, April 1, 2009 · Few businesses are immune to recession, but education comes
close — enrollment in American colleges is hitting record highs as people look to education to
improve their economic situation. Enrollment is growing even among those students who have to
travel halfway around the world to get here.

Dafina Mulaj came from Kosovo to study in the U.S. The 21-year-old says her whole family is
pitching in to help her pay tuition at Virginia's George Mason University.

"For them, it's a sacrifice. But it's a good sacrifice because they are investing in me; and I am their
child, and I will invest in my sisters, who are younger than me; and I will invest in my country, as
well," Mulaj says.

Mulaj is one of more than 2,000 foreign students at George Mason, a state school in the
Washington suburbs that has become a destination university for foreign students. Despite tough
times, George Mason is seeing a rise in applications from abroad for next year.

Judith Green, director of the office of international programs, says overseas families must prove
they are serious before they can be considered for admission.

"We require bank statements, we require a sponsor's signature, we do the first check before we
issue the visa documents, and then they are checked again at the U.S. Consulate post when they
apply for a student visa," Green says.

Having hopped that hurdle, Green says families generally don't give up on their dream even if the
economy back home goes sour.

It's impossible to know just how many students will actually come to the U.S. in the fall of 2009,
but educators expect interest will remain high. Alan Goodman, president of the Institute of
International Education, says that when he recently visited Vietnam, he heard stories like this:
"I've saved up, over the years, $200,000 — it's all in cash, because we don't trust the banks — and
when it's time for my child to go, we have actual dollars that will be paid for actual tuitions."

Vietnam has been rising rapidly on the list of countries sending students to the U.S.

America's image as a bastion of financial stability may be crumbling, but the value of a diploma
from a U.S. school is still solid gold. That's particularly true for degrees from U.S. business schools.

"Business degrees are far and away the most popular end objective of most foreign students,"
says John Fernandez, president of the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business. He
says that developing countries just don't have much to offer in this area. "There are few, but not
enough to deal with the masses that they must send through higher education, so that's good
news for United States-based business schools."



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So there's good reason to believe that the number of foreign students at colleges in the U.S. —
624,000 at last count — will continue to grow. But as home economies weaken, foreign students
here are struggling.

"I'm hearing stories like, 'Dad lost his job'; 'We're not able to sell things in our shop anymore',"
says Amy Moffett of George Mason University, who adds that foreign students are not eligible for
federal aid. But they can apply for special work permits if they're really broke, and she is seeing an
increase in those hardship applications. Most, she says, will work or borrow — whatever it takes
to finish — but their big fear is that they'll hit the job market right in the middle of the recession.

"Because a lot of them count on getting a job after they graduate for a year, if they have the
option to work for a year in F-1 status, and they are afraid that they won't find a job if they
graduate now. So they're trying, actually, to delay their graduation," Moffett says.

Now, of course, many schools are hurting — they are facing cuts in state funding, and their
endowments are tanking. But in a world of failing businesses, American higher education remains
a bright spot — a beacon that continues to attract students from all over the world, no matter
what the cost.




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
Report describes threats to American dominance in attracting foreign students
By AISHA LABI
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

American colleges continue to dominate the increasingly competitive global market in foreign
students, but the dominance is almost an accident, and, like British universities, those in America
face growing competition from continental Europe, a British report contends.

"The U.S.A. competes in this market on the basis of sheer size," says the report, released on
Tuesday by two subsidiaries of Universities UK, the lobbying group for British vice chancellors. "It
receives the most international students in the world, but on a per-capita basis, its performance is
modest—in spite of the fact that it has many of the best and certainly the richest universities in
the world."

The report, "UK Universities and Europe: Competition and Internationalization," published jointly
by the UK Higher Education International Unit and the UK Higher Education Europe Unit, which
coordinate and promote the international presence of British universities, was written by
researchers at the Observatory on Borderless Higher Education and at Kingston University
London.

Britain draws more foreign students than any country in the world other than the United States,
but several European countries are quickly gaining ground. Germany, for example, ranks third
globally in attracting international students and "is both a current and future competitive threat
to the UK," the report says.

The Lure of Languages
The growing availability of courses and degree programs in English has proved useful for countries
including Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden in attracting more foreign students, but it is just
one element of their success. In Germany, the report notes, "universities are not only developing
programs in English, but also in Spanish and French."

Meanwhile, countries such as Malaysia and China, which send many students abroad to study,
have improved the quality and quantity of their higher-education offerings, providing yet another
source of competition.

Competition is the theme of the report, with emphasis not only on the growing competitive
position of universities in Europe, but also on how competition among institutions within Britain
has produced "a highly entrepreneurial business model."

Universities in several continental-European countries, by contrast, have embraced what the
report calls a "portfolio" model of internationalization, involving "strategies that integrate a range
of collaborative activities and processes and seek leverage across these activities." Among them
are setting up offices abroad, opening branch campuses, creating joint and dual-degree programs,
internationalizing curricula, and adding language programs.

Institutions in Britain and a handful of other European countries charge higher tuition rates to
foreign students from outside the European Union, while Germany does not. And in German


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states where universities have recently begun to collect tuition, non-European students pay the
same low fees as their German classmates—just a few hundred euros a semester.

The report notes, however, that "among the countries studied, those countries charging the
lowest tuition fees are not the ones that are the most popular with students, so cost clearly is not
the deciding factor."

Focus on Academic Talent
At American institutions, the report says, foreign students have not been viewed as sources of
revenue to the extent that they have been by British and Australian universities. "Australia places
great emphasis on international students as revenue earners," the report says, adding that
"Australia appears to be growing its relative market share in markets of strategic interest to the
UK, China and India among them."

Even American students are becoming recruitment targets for some European universities. Spain,
for example, while "still strongly focused on recruitment from its former colonies," has identified
two "new key target markets" as India and the United States, the report says.

The report's recommendations, intended to help British universities retain their position in
international-student recruitment, include some measures that apply only in the European
context. They include encouraging British institutions to carry out changes related to the Bologna
Process, under which 46 European countries are synchronizing their university degree systems.

Other of the report's recommendations, however, such as fostering international collaborations,
could apply equally in the United States, and should resonate with American universities aware of
the growing threat to their dominance.




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
House moves to postpone PLUS loan auction, help borrowers escape default
By KELLY FIELD
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

Washington – Responding to pleas from student-aid officers and lenders, the U.S. House of
Representatives voted Monday to postpone a series of auctions for PLUS Loans for parents and to
allow guarantors to sell rehabilitated loans to the Education Department, helping thousands of
borrowers escape default.

The changes, which are included in a “technical corrections” measure that fixes minor errors in
last year’s bill to reauthorize the Higher Education Act, now head to the U.S. Senate.

Passage of the technical-corrections bill came only two days before lenders were to submit their
initial bids to participate in the auctions, which would award two-year contracts to lenders that
agree to accept the lowest subsidy rates to make PLUS Loans to parents. If the state-by-state
auctions were successful, the Education Department would announce two winners for each state
by April 24.

Under the PLUS Loan program, parents can borrow up to their child’s cost of attendance, minus
any student aid received. Interest rates, currently 5.01 percent, are typically lower than those for
private loans.

Student-aid administrators and lenders have repeatedly urged the department and Congress to
delay the auctions, warning that they could fail in states with relatively small loan volumes and
leave some borrowers without access to PLUS Loans. (Though the Education Department said in a
Q&A released Monday that parents in states where auctions failed could borrow from any
lender.) Colleges' fears have deepened in recent weeks as Sallie Mae, J.P. Morgan Chase, Nelnet,
and other large lenders announced that they would sit out the auctions altogether.

Congress created the auction pilot program in 2007 as part of an effort to remove politics and
guesswork from subsidy setting. Since then, the economics and politics of student lending have
changed significantly. The market for securities backed by student loans has collapsed, profit
margins have been squeezed, and the president is calling for the elimination of the guaranteed-
loan program. Under such circumstances, few lenders have been willing to commit to make PLUS
Loans for two years.

On another front, the bill would permit the Education Department to purchase rehabilitated loans
that guarantee agencies have been unable to sell to lenders. That change would allow thousands
of borrowers who had defaulted on their loans and made nine on-time repayments to wipe their
credit histories clean.

Guarantee agencies have struggled to find buyers for rehabilitated loans for several months
because of the general freeze in the market for student loans. While some guarantors have been
able to sell their rehabilitated loans to affiliated agencies, including state-based secondary-loan
markets, 19 of the nation’s 35 guarantors now have no buyer for their loans.




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The freeze has created problems for borrowers because rehabilitation is not complete until the
loan is sold. Without a buyer for their loans, some 15,000 students a month have been left in legal
and financial limbo, unable to put their defaults behind them.

Meanwhile, the bill would move up the date after which veteran’s education benefits will no
longer reduce veterans’ eligibility for campus-based aid and subsidized loans, to July 2009 from
July 2010. The change would mean that veterans wouldn’t be penalized for receiving benefits
under the new GI Bill, which goes into effect in July.




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
What colleges should learn from newspapers’ decline
By KEVIN CAREY
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

Newspapers are dying. Are universities next? The parallels between them are closer than they
appear. Both industries are in the business of creating and communicating information.
Paradoxically, both are threatened by the way technology has made that easier than ever before.

The signs of sickness appeared earlier in the newspaper business, which is now in rapid decline.
The Tribune Company, owner of the Los Angeles Times and Chicago Tribune, is bankrupt, as is the
owner of the The Philadelphia Inquirer. The Rocky Mountain News and the Seattle Post-
Intelligencer are gone, and there's a good chance that the San Francisco Chronicle won't last the
year. Even the mighty New York Times is in danger — its debt has been downgraded to junk status
and the owners have sold off their stake in the lavish Renzo Piano-designed headquarters that the
paper built for itself just a few years ago.

All of this is happening despite the fact that the Internet has radically expanded the audience for
news. Millions of people read The New York Times online, dwarfing its print circulation of slightly
over one million. The problem is that the Times is not, and never has been, in the business of
selling news. It's in the print advertising business. For decades, newspapers enjoyed a
geographically defined monopoly over the lucrative ad market, the profits from which were used
to support money-losing enterprises like investigative reporting and foreign bureaus. Now that
money is gone, lost to cheaper online competitors like Craigslist. Proud institutions that served
their communities for decades are vanishing, one by one.

Much of what's happening was predicted in the mid-1990s, when the World Wide Web burst onto
the public consciousness. But people were also saying a lot of retrospectively ludicrous Internet-
related things — e.g., that the business cycle had been abolished, and that vast profits could be
made selling pet food online. Newspapers emerged from the dot-com bubble relatively unscathed
and probably felt pretty good about their future. Now it turns out that the Internet bomb was
real — it just had a 15-year fuse.

Universities were also subject to a lot of fevered speculation back then. In 1997 the legendary
management consultant Peter Drucker said, "Thirty years from now, the big university campuses
will be relics. ... Such totally uncontrollable expenditures, without any visible improvement in
either the content or the quality of education, means that the system is rapidly becoming
untenable." Twelve years later, universities are bursting with customers, bigger, and (until
recently) richer than ever before.

But universities have their own weak point, their own vulnerable cash cow: lower-division
undergraduate education. The math is pretty simple: Multiply an institution's average net tuition
(plus any state subsidies) by the number of students (say, 200) in a freshman lecture course.
Subtract whatever the beleaguered adjunct lecturer teaching the course is being paid. I don't care
what kind of confiscatory indirect-cost multiplier you care to add to that equation, the institution
is making a lot of money — which is then used to pay for faculty scholarship, graduate education,
administrative salaries, the football coach, and other expensive things that cost more than they
bring in.


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As of today, there's no Craigslist busily destroying the financial foundations of the modern
university. Teaching is a lot more complicated than advertising, and universities have the
advantage of sitting behind government-backed barriers to competition, in the form of
accreditation. Anyone can use the Internet to sell classified ads or publish opinion columns or
analyze the local news. Not anyone can sell credit-bearing courses or widely recognized degrees.

But the number of organizations that can — and are doing it online — is getting bigger every year.
According to the Sloan Consortium, nearly 20 percent of college students — some 3.9 million
people — took an online course in 2007, and their numbers are growing by hundreds of
thousands each year. The University of Phoenix enrolls over 200,000 students per year. In one
case, the dying newspaper industry itself is grabbing for a share of the higher-education market.
The for-profit Kaplan University is owned by the Washington Post Company.

And it would be a grave mistake to assume that the regulatory walls of accreditation will protect
traditional universities forever. Elite institutions like Stanford University and Yale University
(which are, luckily for them, in the eternally lucrative sorting and prestige business) are giving
away extremely good lectures on the Internet, free. Web sites like Academic Earth are organizing
those and thousands more like them into "playlists," which is really just iPodspeak for "curricula."
Every year the high schools graduate another three million students who have never known a
world that worked any other way.

Some people will argue that the best traditional college courses are superior to any online
offering, and they're often right. There is no substitute for a live teacher and student, meeting
minds. But remember, that's far from the experience of the lower-division undergraduate sitting
in the back row of a lecture hall. All she's getting is a live version of what iTunes University offers
free, minus the ability to pause, rewind, and fast forward at a time and place of her choosing.

She's also increasingly paying through the nose for the privilege. Few things are more certain in
this uncertain world than tuition increasing faster than inflation, personal income, or any other
measure one could name. People will pay more for better service, but only so much more. And
with the economy in a free fall, more families have less money to pay. The number of low-cost
online institutions and no-cost alternatives on the other side of the accreditation wall is growing.
The longer the relentless drumbeat of higher tuition goes on, the greater their appeal.

Institutions that specialize in their mission and customer base are still well positioned in this new
environment, much as The Chronicle is doing a lot better than the Rocky Mountain News (RIP).
Tony liberal-arts colleges and other selective private institutions will do fine, as will public
universities that garner a lot of external research support and offer the classic residential
experience to the children of the upper middle class.

Less-selective private colleges and regional public universities, by contrast — the higher-
education equivalents of the city newspaper — are in real danger. Some are more forward-
looking than others. Lamar University, a public institution in Beaumont, Tex., recently began
offering graduate courses in education administration — another traditional cash cow — through
a for-profit online provider, with the two organizations splitting the profits. It's an innovative
move and probably a sign of things to come. But the public university still looks like something of
a middleman here — and in the long run, the Internet doesn't treat middlemen kindly. To survive
and prosper, universities need to integrate technology and teaching in a way that improves the


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learning experience while simultaneously passing the savings on to students in the form of lower
prices.

Newspapers had a decade to transform themselves before being overtaken by the digital future.
They had a lot of advantages: brand names, highly skilled staff members, money in the bank. They
were the best in the world at what they did — and yet, it wasn't enough. The difficulties of change
and the temptations to hang on and hope for the best were too strong.

That's a problem for more than just newspaper shareholders. A strong society needs investigative
journalism and foreign bureaus. It needs knowledgeable local reporters who can ferret out
corruption and hold public officials to account, just like it needs faculty scholarship and graduate
programs and even an administrator or two. Undergraduate education could be the string that, if
pulled, unravels the carefully woven financial system on which the modern university depends.

Perhaps the higher-education fuse is 25 years long, perhaps 40. But it ends someday, in our
lifetimes. There's still time for higher-education institutions to use technology to their advantage,
to move to a more-sustainable cost structure, and to win customers with a combination of
superior service and reasonable price.

If they don't, then someday, sooner than we think, we're going to be reading about the demise of
once-great universities — not in the newspaper, but in whatever comes next.

Kevin Carey is policy director of Education Sector, an independent think tank in Washington.




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The New York Times
Paying in full as the ticket into colleges
By KATE ZERNIKE
Monday, March 30, 2009

In the bid for a fat envelope this year, it may help, more than usual, to have a fat wallet.

Facing fallen endowments and needier students, many colleges are looking more favorably on
wealthier applicants as they make their admissions decisions this year.

Institutions that have pledged to admit students regardless of need are finding ways to increase the
number of those who pay the full cost in ways that allow the colleges to maintain the claim of being
need-blind — taking more students from the transfer or waiting lists, for instance, or admitting more
foreign students who pay full tuition.

Private colleges that acknowledge taking financial status into account say they are even more aware of
that factor this year.

“If you are a student of means or ability, or both, there has never been a better year,” said Robert A.
Sevier, an enrollment consultant to colleges.

The trend does not mean colleges are cutting their financial aid budgets. In fact, most have increased
those budgets this year, protecting that money even as they cut administrative salaries or require
faculty members to take furloughs. But with more students applying for aid, and with those who need
aid often needing more, institutions say they have to be mindful of how many scholarship students
they can afford.

Colleges say they are not backing away from their desire to serve less affluent students; if anything,
they say, taking more students who can afford to pay full price or close to it allows them to better
afford those who cannot. But they say the inevitable result is that needier students will be shifted
down to the less expensive and less prestigious institutions.

“There’s going to be a cascading of talented lower-income kids down the social hierarchy of American
higher education, and some cascading up of affluent kids,” said Morton Owen Schapiro, the president
of Williams College and an economist who studies higher education.

And colleges acknowledge that giving more seats to higher-paying students often means trading off
their goals to be more socioeconomically diverse.

Some admissions officers and college advisers say richer parents are taking note of the climate,
calculating that if they do not apply for aid, their children stand a better chance of getting in.

“They think their kids will have more options,” said Diane Geller, a college counselor in private practice
in Los Angeles and president of the Independent Educational Consultants Association, a nonprofit
group that represents private academic counselors. “And anecdotally, it would seem that that’s the
case.”

“I do think the colleges want to give aid where they can,” Ms. Geller added. “But we all know the
economic realities.”




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Only the wealthiest institutions traditionally have been need-blind, admitting students without regard
to what they can pay. But the definition has often been fuzzy, and this year, it may be more so.

Bowdoin College announced plans to expand by 50 students over the next five years, which Scott
Meiklejohn, the interim dean of admissions, said would allow it to accept more transfer and waiting-
list students, whose applications are not considered on a need-blind basis.

Brandeis University, which is need-blind except for international, wait-listed and transfer students,
accepted 10 percent more international students than usual this year, and Gil Villanueva, the dean of
admissions, said he expected that the university would take more wait-listed and transfer students, as
well.

Middlebury, which is need-blind and pledges to meet students’ full financial needs, will require
students on financial aid to contribute more of their work earnings. It has cut its financial aid budget
for international students. It is not need-blind for those on the waiting list or for transfers, but the
college has not yet determined how many of those students it will take.

“We consider being need-blind and meeting full demonstrated need one of our basic operating
principles,” said Patrick J. Norton, the college’s treasurer. “That is one of the last things that we would
consider going away from.”

Those colleges that are need-aware typically admit part of the class without regard to ability to pay,
but begin to consider it when the financial aid budget runs thin.

This year, many of these colleges say they are more inclined to accept students who do not apply for
aid, or whom they judge to be less needy based on other factors, like ZIP code or parents’ background.

We’re only human,” said Steven Syverson, the dean of admissions and financial aid at Lawrence
University in Wisconsin. “They shine a little brighter.”

The advantage is not across the board; it goes to the students at the margins, the ones who would
probably be “maybes” when the admissions committee considered applications. Those students are
less likely to get in if they are financially needy and more likely to get in if they can afford to pay.

“This is not the majority of the class, or even the preponderance,” said Rob Reddy, the director of
financial aid at Oberlin College. “But it’s a factor.”

Even though there is more financial aid this year, more students are vying for it, so resources do not
stretch as far.

“It’s not unusual to see families earning $200,000 applying for aid, especially if they have a couple of
kids going to college,” said Rodney M. Oto, director of student financial services at Carleton College.

And some campuses are shifting more financial aid to merit aid, money that goes to highly qualified
but not necessarily needy students; if tuition is $50,000 and the college offers an award of $7,000, it
still gets $43,000, where a needier student might net the college nothing.

Some say it is time to reconsider the cachet that accompanies a boast of being need-blind.




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“You can’t say someone should be need-blind unless they have the resources to fund it,” said Dr.
Schapiro, at Williams. “It sounds immoral to replace really talented low-income kids with less talented
richer kids, but unless you’re a Williams or an Amherst, the alternative is the quality of the education
declines for everyone.”

At Carleton, which is need-aware, Mr. Oto said, “I do think we’d all be better off if we were honest
with kids that you may not get in because you need assistance, or you need too much assistance.”

Mr. Oto’s fear — shared by many other admissions officers — is that being honest will scare off
students who might, in fact, qualify for financial aid.

On the other end, Mr. Oto said: “I suspect it may be a strategy for some folks. We do get the sense
that people are getting advice that if you can pay, then you should shoot for the highly selective
school.”

Many admissions counselors ascribe the increase in early decision applicants this year to wealthier
students’ seeking an advantage. Early decision requires students to attend if they are accepted, so
those students give up the ability to negotiate financial aid, and tend to be wealthier.

“Those families in a position to afford the cost of attendance capitalized on that,” said Mr. Villanueva,
at Brandeis.

Many colleges, in turn, accepted more students early decision, as a way of securing students in
December.

Some families have come back and tried to renegotiate aid after an offer of admission, but colleges
caution that there is no guarantee: they have accommodated some requests, but told other students
that their offers are firm, and in some cases, released students from early decision agreements rather
than give a larger scholarship.

If endowments do not rebound, some colleges say that it will be harder to maintain commitments to
the needier in coming years.

Tufts says it is reading applications on a need-blind basis this year, but may not be able to continue
doing so. William D. Adams, the president of Colby College, told students in a letter that the college
would continue its new policy of replacing loans with grants this year, but that he could not guarantee
that future budgets would be able to afford to do so. Grinnell College in Iowa also intends to meet a
promise this year that no student graduates with more than $2,000 in loans, but officials say it may be
hard to sustain that.

“These are things you’ll have to pry from our hands,” said Seth Allen, Grinnell’s dean of admission and
financial aid. “At the same time, you have to be realistic.”




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
Community-college leader is chosen for No. 2 post at education department
By KELLY FIELD
Thursday, April 2, 2009

Washington – In the latest sign of the growing national prominence of community colleges,
President Obama has named a the chancellor of a two-year-college district in California to the
government's top postsecondary-education position, the White House announced on Wednesday.

The nominee for under secretary of education, Martha J. Kanter, is head of the Foothill-De Anza
Community College District, in the Silicon Valley area. If confirmed by the Senate, Ms. Kanter
would become the first community-college leader to hold the Education Department's No. 2 job.

The under secretary of education oversees all policies, programs, and activities related to
postsecondary education, vocational and adult education, and federal student aid.

In an interview with The Chronicle, Ms. Kanter said she was honored to be nominated. "I just
jumped on it, I couldn't say no," she said. "I can't think of a more important way to serve the
country and students."

Asked about being the first nominee from a two-year institution, she said, "it's great that
community colleges are going to play a more visible role in America."

The community-college sector is "very much like the middle child in a family," Ms. Kanter said.
"Sometimes it doesn't get as much attention, visibility, and support" as other sectors do.

"I think its time for everyone to work together," she said. "Everyone has a significant role to play."

Higher-Ed Team Takes Shape
Word of the nomination came a day after education blogs reported that Secretary of Education
Arne Duncan had chosen Greg Darnieder, a former head of the Chicago Public Schools' college-
and career-preparation office, as his special assistant for college access. Mr. Darnieder and Ms.
Kanter will join the consultant Robert M. Shireman on the Education Department's growing
higher-education team.

President Obama still hasn't named an assistant secretary for postsecondary education, but that
job is likely to go to Mr. Shireman, if he'll take it. The founder and president of the California-
based Institute for College Access and Success, and a former senior education-policy adviser to
President Bill Clinton, Mr. Shireman was reluctant to return to Washington but now seems
inclined to stay on with the Obama administration. As a consultant on leave from the institute, he
has served as Secretary Duncan's chief higher-education adviser and spokesperson, helping shape
the president's positions on student loans and student-aid simplification.

The assistant secretary is in charge of administering most of the department's programs for
colleges and students and advises the secretary on policy matters.

Who would fill the posts of under secretary and assistant secretary of education has been the
subject of intense speculation since December, when President Obama named Mr. Duncan as


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education secretary. In January, Ms. Kanter's name was not among those being floated for the
undersecretary job.

But her appointment wasn't a complete surprise to community-college leaders, who had been
informed by Mr. Duncan in recent days that a two-year-college president would play a "significant
role" in the Education Department, said George R. Boggs, president of the American Association
of Community Colleges.

Still, "we didn't know which position they were talking about," he said.

Previously, the highest Education Department rank attained by a two-year-college leader was
assistant secretary of vocational and adult education, a job held by Augusta Souza Kappner, a
former president of the City University of New York's Borough of Manhattan Community College,
during Mr. Clinton's first term.

The Rise of Community Colleges
Community colleges enroll nearly half of all students in higher education but often feel
underappreciated and overlooked in national policy debates. Ms. Kanter's appointment is a
further sign that that view is changing.

In speeches, both President Obama and Mr. Duncan have praised community colleges for the role
they play in expanding access and keeping the country competitive.

The president has urged all Americans to pursue "a year or more" of higher education or career
training, and he has promised to provide grants for work-force training to community colleges
(although that proposal did not appear in his budget blueprint for 2010). Much of the money in
the recently enacted economic-stimulus bill is being directed to community colleges.

One reason community colleges are in the spotlight is that many workers who have lost jobs are
turning to two-year institutions. Enrollments in community colleges have surged since the start of
the economic downturn, straining budgets at some institutions.

"This administration realizes that community colleges are a real unrecognized workhorse for
education and work-force development," Mr. Boggs said.

Indeed, Mr. Duncan told a conference of Ohio college presidents here on Wednesday, that
community colleges are a "vital, vital part of our postsecondary-education system" and "an
extremely important part of restoring our economy and ensuring our students can compete."

Two-year colleges have also been promoted by Jill Biden, wife of the vice president and an
instructor of English at Delaware Technical and Community College. Last month she visited Miami
Dade College with Secretary Duncan to discuss the importance of community colleges in job
creation.

Eduardo J. Padron, president of Miami Dade, said Ms. Kanter's nomination "sends an important
message about the value of community colleges in the economic resurgence of the nation."




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Ms. Kanter, he said, "understands the critical role community colleges play in towns and cities
across the nation. Her knowledge base and foresight make her an excellent choice."

Nominee's Background
Ms. Kanter became chancellor of the Foothill-De Anza Community College District, one of the
largest in the country, in 2003, after 10 years as president of De Anza College. Before that she was
vice president for instruction and student services at San Jose City College and director, dean, and
vice chancellor for policy and research in the chancellor's office of the California Community
Colleges.

She moved to California in 1977 after working as a teacher at an alternative high school. At San
Jose City College, she set up the first program for students with learning disabilities.

While Ms. Kanter is relatively new to federal policy making, she has been active at the state level,
serving as president of the Association of California Community College Administrators and in
several other associations. Jack Scott, chancellor of the California Community Colleges and a
former state legislator, said he had worked often with Ms. Kanter on legislation involving transfer
of credit, work-force issues and financing California's community colleges.

"She was always active in promoting bills," he said. "She's kind of Miss Community College."

California colleges would be "thrilled to have somebody who has the ear of the secretary" in
Washington, he said. "It's nice to have somebody who you can pick up the phone and call and
they'll know who you are."

Ms. Kanter holds a bachelor's degree from Brandeis University, a master's degree in education
from Harvard University, and a doctorate in organization and leadership from the University of
San Francisco.

While her nomination still must be approved by the Senate, the confirmation process is likely to
be smoother than many other recent ones have been. Mr. Boggs said that when Ms. Kanter told
him she was being vetted for a job in the department, "I asked her if she'd paid her taxes."

"She said yes."




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
Commentary: Obama’s plans for higher education: A good beginning, but more is needed
By SANDY BAUM and MICHAEL S. MCPHERSON
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

President Obama's 2010 budget proposals include exciting news for those concerned with increasing
educational opportunities. The urgency of the economic crisis and the clear commitment of the
administration and Congress to make college more affordable provide the perfect opportunity for
those of us in higher education to update our approach to promoting student aid.

The new budget proposals go beyond just increasing financial support for college students. They also
take a major step toward rationalizing the student-aid system. Pell Grants would become more
predictable for low-income students, federal student loans supplementing Stafford Loans would be
available to students regardless of their institutions, and new efforts to support student success — not
just access — would get an important boost.

Last September's report from the Rethinking Student Aid study group, which the two of us chair, has
been widely praised for providing a coherent framework that links specific reform proposals to
underlying principles on which any good system of federal student aid should be based. The system,
we argue, should be simple, clear, and predictable. Money should be appropriately directed toward
increasing opportunities for students with limited resources. The focus should be on students — not
institutions, lenders, or governments. Student-aid programs should encourage students not only to
enroll in college but also to graduate. Taxpayer money should be used efficiently. The specific
components of student-aid innovations are much less important than whether they are consistent
with those principles.

We hope that the response from policy makers and people in higher education to the recent budget
proposals, as well as to any Congressional actions, will be in that spirit.

Most of the cheers emanating from advocates for students in response to the Obama proposals result
from plans for a long-overdue increase in financial support for Pell Grants. The importance of more
federal money for that vital program for our neediest students should not be underestimated. But
extra dollars are not enough. The idea of making Pell a true entitlement, with grant levels indexed for
inflation, is particularly crucial to guarantee that the money will be there for students when they need
it. That change would mark a sharp contrast from the system today, in which Congress decides every
year how large the Pell Grant is going to be, subjecting families and students to discouraging
uncertainty.

In addition to those valuable proposals from the administration, it is also time to assure students that
their efforts to earn money to supplement their student aid will not diminish their eligibility for aid.
Under current arrangements, a large fraction of every additional dollar a student earns disappears into
a reduced Pell — a big roadblock for those who need to generate income to pay their expenses. It is
also time to rethink the distribution of Pell Grants to dependent students, independent students with
dependents, and independent students without dependents — to put in place an uncomplicated,
straightforward, and predictable allocation formula that students and parents can understand and
count on. The existing complicated formula makes it impossible for students to predict the aid for
which they will be eligible.

Meanwhile, we are pleased to see that the voices of support for simplifying the application process for
federal student aid are gaining strength. The Rethinking Student Aid study group proposed eliminating



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the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, or Fafsa, and using Internal Revenue Service data to
determine eligibility for student aid. Only those who did not file taxes would have to provide new
information, and the process would be decidedly simpler than it now is. We continue to see that as the
best route for simplification, but we will enthusiastically support other moves in the right direction,
whether they involve pre-populating the form with IRS data, significantly shortening it, or other
innovative approaches. Simplification is not dealt with in the budget proposals, but the administration
has offered assurances that recommendations to achieve that goal are forthcoming.

President Obama's proposals for reforming and augmenting the Perkins Loan program, which offers
low-interest, need-based loans to students, is an excellent example of an idea that, while not identical
to our group's proposals, has much in common with them. Like the existing version, the new Perkins
Loan program would provide institutions with resources to be used at their discretion to provide
supplemental loans to students who need them. But rather than operate through a separate system,
the proposed program would use the same lending mechanism as that of the regular federal student-
loan system. Moreover, instead of relying on an outdated formula to distribute the Perkins funds
among colleges, the new system would provide money to all institutions on a straightforward and
more equitable basis.

A further improvement introduced in Obama's plan for a revised Perkins Loan program is the removal
of in-school interest subsidies. Those subsidies on existing Perkins Loans and on a subset of Stafford
Loans are based on a combination of financial circumstances before and during college, as well as the
cost of attendance at the institution attended. Such subsidies are a less-efficient use of federal funds
than are programs like the expanded Pell Grants. Our study group recommended transferring all of the
funds now dedicated to in-school interest subsidies to the Pell program and other more-effective
avenues of support for students.

The proposed steps in the budget plan that we've described are very much in line with crucial
elements in the Rethinking Student Aid proposals. We hope that Congress will preserve the elements
of the proposals necessary to move us toward more effective and efficient public policy.

The remaining issue that most urgently begs for attention in the short run is the fate of borrowers in
repayment. On average, college degrees pay off enough in the labor market to allow typical students
to repay their loans without serious financial hardship. For some students, however, college works out
less well; still others pursue public-service professions that pay relatively poorly. Limiting the
repayment obligation for such students to an affordable fraction of their income, as the recently
enacted Income-Based Repayment system does, is a significant and positive step. But it is inadequate
to assure that people will not fall through the cracks. For example, if both a husband and wife have
debt, they may be asked to pay twice as large a fraction of their combined income as would a married
couple with the same income but with only one spouse having that level of debt — or than they would
if they had remained single. Particularly in the current environment, when increasing numbers of
borrowers find themselves in financial distress, the new program must be strengthened.

It is important to deal with people who are struggling with private education loans as well. If we
expect students to remain open to borrowing the dollars necessary to assure their future, we must be
sure that they deal with a loan system that has responded flexibly and well to those who came before
them.

Participants in debates over student-aid policy have a heavy responsibility in this new and exciting
time. One option is to focus on details that defend narrow institutional interests, shifting money from
one type of college or university to another or away from other actors. We can carry on a turf battle. A



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far better option is to join forces behind the principles of a student-aid system that works well for
students and families. We don't just need more dollars. We need program designs that will assure
students early on that the money will be there to help them enroll and succeed in college, and that
they will be able to obtain that money easily.

Sandy Baum is a financial-aid consultant and professor of economics at Skidmore College, and a senior
policy analyst for the College Board. Michael S. Mcpherson is president of the Spencer Foundation.

The Huffington Post
Op-ed: Don’t foreclose on our future: Invest in public higher education
By SHIRLEY STRUM KENNY
Thursday, March 26, 2009

President Barack Obama declared in his first speech before a Joint Session of Congress that the
answers to America's economic crisis "exist in our laboratories and our universities..."

Yes, but.... Higher education is itself jeopardized by the recession, and its ability even to cope with the
next few years is threatened. Well more than half of the states face budget shortfalls, some of them
catastrophic, and among the first areas to be slashed are the public institutions of higher education.
These cutbacks are profoundly affecting public university systems from coast to coast.

Nevada Governor Jim Gibbons has proposed a 36% cut for higher education -- which is three-quarters
of the entire $633 million he wants to cut from the state budget. In Washington, Governor Christine
Gregoire is seeking to solve her state's economic woes with a 13% cut in the state university system.
And just prior to being tapped by President Obama for the Cabinet, Kansas Governor Kathleen Sebelius
proposed an $81 million cutback in higher education spending over the next two years.

In New York, Governor David Paterson has taken a Draconian stance in regard to the SUNY system,
proposing massive aid reductions and, adding insult to injury, also taking 90 per cent of the funding
from a compensatory tuition increase. Students will be paying more, but most of their money will be
funneled toward the State deficit. Even before the severe mid-year cuts in his 2008-09 budget, state
aid to SUNY's four-year colleges and graduate schools had fallen below the level of the early 1990's,
despite steadily rising costs and inflation.

With such utter disregard for higher education, America is losing ground on a number of fronts critical
to our future prosperity and progress. Once the U.S. led the world in the percentage of its population
with higher education degrees. Now, among individuals ages 25 to 34, we have fallen to 11th, behind
such countries as Russia, South Korea, and Japan. For the first time, the cohort of Americans of that
age group is less educated than the cohorts that preceded it. Playing catch up will not be easy; a
recent report shows that to keep up with international competitors, the U.S. will have to educate an
additional 15 million-plus with either associate's or bachelor's degrees by the year 2025. That's a
whopping 37% increase over current production.

At the same time, tuition and fees have risen nearly three times as fast as the median family income,
after adjusting for inflation, over the past two decades at public colleges and universities. And rather
than equipping labs and classrooms and hiring faculty, these institutions are being forced to use
increased revenues primarily to meet inflation and to offset the losses in state appropriations. The
shortfall -- and the burden -- is passed on to already cash-strapped families, who are faced with
increased debt load.




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As in other states, Gov. Paterson's budget measures come with several sad and ironic twists. Next
year's enrollment at SUNY and CUNY is expected to be larger than ever. Many more high school
seniors will be choosing public universities rather than face tuition costs at privates that sometimes
rise above $40,000. Moreover, with the rapidly rising unemployment rate, a significant number of men
and women will opt to return to college to pursue new careers. Enrollment pressures are expected to
be greater than ever.

So, there's an obvious and serious disconnect by the Governors of all states who have made
supportive pronouncements for higher education while wielding their budget axes. Funding cuts and
tuition increases at public institutions, which educate three-quarters of America's college students, are
exactly the wrong approach. Indeed, public investment in higher education, especially in recessionary
times, is sound economic policy. What else but education can turn out the brains that create new
science and technology, then use the discoveries to develop more and better jobs?

Consider Stony Brook University. It is far more than a "flagship campus" of the SUNY system; it is also a
driving force of the Long Island economy. In fact, its annual economic impact on Long Island is a
staggering $4.67 billion, and it generates nearly 60,000 jobs. Furthermore, Stony Brook accounts for
nearly four percent of all economic activity in Nassau and Suffolk counties and roughly 7.5% of total
jobs in Suffolk County.

The economies of a Silicon Valley or Austin Corridor are similarly fueled by their local state research
universities. Berkeley, for example, receives about a half billion dollars in research support from
external sources each year, about 70% of which is public money. These funds support research that
addresses children's health problems, global warming, poverty, and disease, as well as innovative
products for the benefit of society. At the University of Texas at Austin, research funding exceeds $400
million annually, while the return on this investment is approximately $1.4 billion in business activity
per year.

The states must stop viewing their universities as cash cows in hard times and invest in them instead.
But the states can't do it alone. It is time for a new National Education Act that protects our country's
prosperity and security by developing the raw talent and channeling the untamed energy of our whole
population. It is time to legitimize K-16, not K-12, as our national commitment.

A college education should be every American's birthright. Young people need it - and more
importantly, the country needs them to have it. Our economy depends on education beyond the high
school level; President Obama noted in his speech before Congress that three-quarters of the fastest-
growing occupations require it.

It is important to remember that the greatest advances in the American higher education system have
come through federal initiatives. The Morrill Land Grant Acts of 1862 and 1890 spawned the great
state universities by establishing funding for higher education in agriculture and industry. The creation
and growth of the public universities democratized higher education and fostered a climate of
intellectual achievement essential to America's international stature.

The GI Bills enacted to benefit veterans of World War II, Korea, and Vietnam benefited the country
incalculably, multiplying the population of college-educated professionals who turned their energies to
multiplying the nation's productiveness. The National Defense Education Act of 1958, passed in
response to the wake-up call the Russians sounded by launching Sputnik, re-focused the country's
attention on scientific achievement and the knowledge needed to accomplish it.




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But as nations in Asia, the Middle East, and elsewhere are now investing huge government funds in
their public university systems, our nation, which pioneered the concept, is losing ground. This is one
contest we can not afford to lose.

For each generation's future, for the nation's future, nothing comes close to the benefits of enhanced
brainpower. But how can we help shape those brains for the long haul if we shortchange our
universities today?

Dr. Shirley Strum Kenny has served as president of Stony Brook University for 15 years and was
chairperson of the landmark Boyer Commission on Educating Undergraduates in the Research
University.




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USA Today
Colleges are the ones fearing rejection letters
By G. JEFFREY MACDONALD
Thursday, April 2, 2009

For college-bound students, it's time to make decisions — and to navigate a transformed
landscape where acceptances and wait-list status might have different implications than they did
just a year ago.

Decision letters being sent out this week reflect the worries of administrators, who fear admitted
applicants may hesitate to commit in this climate of economic uncertainty. Private colleges
especially are preparing for lower than normal matriculation rates by accepting more applicants,
expanding wait lists and bolstering efforts to woo admitted students, says the National
Association of Independent Colleges and Universities.

Four-year colleges "are attempting to hedge their bets as best they can, (in case) students simply
downshift and opt for a less expensive option," says Barmak Nassirian of the American
Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers.

To secure their futures, schools are courting applicants with a previously unseen intensity:
 Santa Clara University has enlisted its president, provost and 400 alumni volunteers to phone
    all admitted students and encourage them to enroll.
 The College of Saint Benedict in St. Joseph, Minn. (for women) and Saint John's University in
    Collegeville, Minn. (for men) doubled their joint transportation budget this year to $50,000 to
    fly in more than 160 admitted students from across the country for campus visits.
 Lynchburg College in Lynchburg, Va., this year has doubled (from five last year to 10) the
    number of local receptions it's sponsoring around the state for admitted students.
 Every student admitted to California Lutheran University in Thousand Oaks, Calif., is expected
    to get a note from someone with a common interest or geographic background.

Not all schools are worried about enrollments next fall. California community colleges, for
instance, fear the opposite: A glut of new students may mean some get turned away. Ivy League
universities with generous financial aid programs expect strong turnouts. Flagship public
universities, such as the University of Washington in Seattle and University of Texas in Austin, are
more selective as they manage a surge of applications from value-seekers.

The right fit and right price
But in a year marked by layoffs and lost college savings, administrators say, enrollment
predictions at most schools aren't worth much. More than 90% of respondents to an online
survey of 593 teens in February said they were revising college plans to favor less expensive
schools. Even some public colleges are admitting more students in case large numbers opt not to
enroll, says Tom Taylor, vice president for enrollment at Ball State University, which has not
adjusted admission criteria.

Before this year, choosing a college "was more about finding the right academic fit, social fit and
which community you liked best," says Katherine Cohen, CEO of ApplyWise.com, co-sponsor of
the online survey. "Now, how you're going to pay for that fit is just as important."



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Navigating this new environment requires updated strategies, experts say. When actively courted
by a college, students may need extra effort to stay focused on evaluating which school is the best
fit, says Jane Shropshire, a college admissions consultant in Lexington, Ky.

"It can really turn one's head to get a call from a department head or the president of an
institution and make one think: 'Wow. This is really a remarkable level of attention,' " Shropshire
says. But, she says, prospective students need to ask current students "whether this is the kind of
school where this lavish attention will continue."

Another issue: whether to negotiate for a bigger financial aid package. Families increasingly
believe they can bargain for a better deal, Nassirian says. But unless a student's situation has
recently changed, such as if a parent got laid off, he says there's no point. "It's no more realistic
than to go to CVS and negotiate the price of cough syrup," he says.

Others disagree. Both Cohen and Shropshire say their clients have often met with success when
they've compared financial aid offers and asked a school to beef up its award. Becker College
Dean of Admissions Karen Schedin says a family recently faxed its award offer from a similar
school in a bid to get more money from Becker. She says Becker likely will respond with a better
offer — maybe $1,000 or $2,000 higher.

"They are bargaining," Schedin says. "Hopefully, if we can adjust it a little, this family will say
'good enough' and come."

More persuasion, opportunity
In some cases, students appreciate schools' efforts. Kurt Roscoe of Ridgefield, Conn., went in
February to a new type of reception on Becker's campus, for admits interested in majoring in
computer-game design. The event helped persuade him to enroll.

"Students majoring in game design were there, and they explained that students in game design
are rather tight-knit and stick together," Roscoe says. "That made me feel a lot better, because
usually ... you have to worry about bullying or getting looked down on because of your (game-
design) major. I didn't really feel that I'd have that problem at Becker."

Students on wait lists, meanwhile, need to be aware they're part of a school's insurance policy,
Shropshire says. Wagner College in New York City, for instance, has increased its list to 140
names, up from about 85 last year. But while the school may put more students in limbo, wait
lists may also lead to more opportunities than in years past.

"My college counselors think this year I have a better chance of getting off the list because of
what's going on with the economy and kids not being able to afford the tuition and other costs,"
says Meredith Bates, a high school senior in Bethesda, Md.

USA TODAY's Mary Beth Marklein contributed to this report.




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
Recession has changed views among prospective adult students, study finds
By ERIC HOOVER
Thursday, April 2, 2009

Nearly half of adult students believe the value of education has increased over the last year due
to the economic crisis, according to a survey released this week by Eduventures Inc., an
education-consulting firm.

Twenty-five percent of respondents said the value had not changed significantly. And only 20
percent said the value of additional education had decreased, meaning that they believed it was
less likely to earn them a raise or better job.

At the same time, the survey found that the economy had affected the plans of prospective adult
students in different ways. Thirty-six percent of respondents said the economy had caused them
to “slow down or delay” plans to pursue education, while 31 percent said the economy had had
little or no effect. Meanwhile, 18 percent said the economy had prompted them to think about
furthering their education although it had not previously been a priority, and 12 percent said the
economy had led them to pursue educational goals sooner than they had planned.

“It’s a complex fabric of things,” said Sean Gallagher, a program director and senior analyst at
Eduventures. “The foundation for all the assumptions about enrollment indicators has really been
disrupted by the economy.”

Speed, Flexibility, and Career Focus

The survey reflected those disruptions. Many prospective adult students said they were more
likely than before to pursue a course or program with more flexible scheduling (59 percent); to
complete a course or degree quickly (52 percent); to enroll in a course with a career focus (47
percent); or to enroll in an online course or program (42 percent).

More prospective adult learners would also focus more than before on cost and financial
assistance, the survey found. Sixty-one percent said they were more likely to look for a
scholarship, and 59 percent said they were more likely to enroll in a less-expensive course or
program. Respondents were divided on the subject of taking on debt: Thirty-one percent said
they were more likely to take out a student loan, while 29 percent said they were less likely to do
so.

Finally, many students said they were worried about their ability to continue their education once
they started, a concern that could influence their enrollment decisions. Forty-three percent said
they were worried that they would have to drop out if they lost their jobs, and 37 percent were
concerned about the time away from their job that pursuing an education would require.

“Consumer confidence is really the key thing here,” Mr. Gallagher said. “There are some real
potential changes in students’ behavior that could impact enrollments and the viability of
programs at certain institutions.”




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The survey was of 1,500 adults who had indicated that they planned to enroll in a course or
program within the next two years. Eighty-three percent of the respondents were employed at
the time of the survey, which was conducted in February. The average age of the respondents
was 38.

Copies of the report are available only to Eduventures clients.




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Mercury News
Stanford accepts only 7.6 percent of would-be freshmen
By LISA M. KRIEGER
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

Only one out of every 13 Stanford University aspirants got a good news e-mail Tuesday afternoon.

Entry into the class of 2013 broke all records for competitiveness, with seats offered to 7.6
percent of applicants, down from 9.5 percent last year.

"This is a phenomenal class," said Richard Shaw, dean of admission and financial aid, who sent out
the 3 p.m. computer messages. "They are amazing kids who have met extraordinary challenges of
all kinds."

The stiffer competition is credited to an enhanced financial aid program that offers free tuition to
many low- and middle-income families. The university also conducted a more ambitious global
outreach campaign.

Last year, 25,298 students applied; this year, the university received 30,428 applications. And the
number of acceptances was reduced by 100, from 2,400 to 2,300. Because some accepted
students will opt to go elsewhere, the freshman class will ultimately hold about 1,700 students.

"We expected a modest increase in interest in Stanford this year, but a volatile economy certainly
made things unpredictable," Shaw said. "We never imagined a 20 percent surge in applications."

More than one-third of the accepted class is from California, though successful applicants come
from every state in the nation and 59 countries. About 8 percent of offers went to foreign
nationals.

The class includes Intel Science Talent Search winners, International Mathematics Olympiad
finalists and National Merit scholars. The median SAT score was 2190 out of a possible 2400. The
median ACT score was 32 out of 36. Almost everyone was in the top 10 percent of their
graduating class. Nine students were home-schooled.

About 16 percent of accepted students will be the first member of their family to attend college.

'No formula'
"There is no formula," Shaw said. "Some kids with perfect scores and transcripts don't get in. We
look at the whole person."

Admission rates hovered at record lows at other top schools as well, due to increased
applications. At Harvard, the percentage of applicants admitted was 7 percent, down from 7.9
percent a year ago. Dartmouth said its 12 percent admission rate was its lowest ever.

The University of California also reported gains in applications. It does not release its admissions
data for several more days.




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Other top public universities such as the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, University of North
Carolina in Chapel Hill and the University of Virginia in Charlottesville reported record increased
levels of applications.

The increases seem confined to public schools or research-level private universities with vast
financial aid packages, although Stanford's Shaw said that youth of all income levels applied in
large numbers.

Some of the most prestigious but smaller liberal arts colleges, such as Williams College,
Middlebury and Pomona, reported a slight decline in applications.

Stanford has a "need-blind" admission policy for U.S. citizens and permanent residents, which
guarantees that students will be accepted to the university regardless of their ability to pay — and
be offered the financial support they need to attend Stanford.

Under Stanford's program, parents with yearly incomes of less than $100,000 no longer pay
tuition. For families with income below $60,000, Stanford picks up almost the entire tab for
tuition, room and board — a $47,000 yearly value. Even more-affluent homeowning families get a
bit of a break: While the value of a family's home equity is still taken into consideration when
awarding financial aid to a student, it plays a smaller role than before.

Economic uncertainty
The current economic climate, however, does cast some degree of uncertainty on how many of
the new admits will accept Stanford's offer, Shaw said. Since applications were due in the winter,
many families' investment portfolios have languished.

"You need a really good crystal ball to do this," he said. "There are so many shifts in the
marketplace."




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Mercury News
San Jose State University rejects 4,400 prospective freshmen
By LISA M. KRIEGER
Wednesday, March 25, 2009

For the first time in its history, San Jose State University is turning away qualified students from its
incoming freshman class, citing the state budget crisis.

All eligible Santa Clara County students have been accepted. But 4,400 students from outside the
county were rejected, then directed to California State University campuses that have more room.
But it means some students who had hoped to enter San Jose State's unique meteorology
program or rigorous engineering program are out of luck. And those who only applied to San Jose
State — ignoring advice to apply to multiple colleges — may now find community college is their
only option.

"It is very painful," said Veril Phillips, San Jose State's vice president for student affairs.
"Unfortunately it was our only alternative."

University officials blame the budget for the enrollment cuts; overall the CSU system got 10
percent — $283 million — less than officials say they need. On Nov. 20, CSU Chancellor Charles B.
Reed asked every campus to cap enrollment because funding hasn't kept pace with a growing
student body. For San Jose State, that meant a 9 percent reduction — 29,750 students in the
2009-10 school year, down from 32,750 in 2008-09.

"The situation is unprecedented," said Phillips. "We've never had a situation where there were so
many applicants and we were not able to accommodate them."

San Jose State is not the only campus forced to shrink. Other campuses, such as Cal Poly-San Luis
Obispo, San Diego State University and Cal State-Long Beach, were forced to scale back the size of
their student bodies.

In the Bay Area, the CSU campuses formed a partnership directing qualified students to each
other's campuses — primarily CSU-East Bay in Hayward, which still had spaces, said CSU
spokeswoman Teresa Ruiz.

San Jose State announced its admissions strategy after the chancellor's Nov. 20 announcement.
All qualified students who applied to San Jose State before Nov. 20 were accepted, regardless of
where they lived. But subsequent applicants were divided into two groups: county and noncounty
residents. Qualified county residents were accepted; noncounty students were placed on a wait
list.

In late February, San Jose State officials decided not to accept anyone on the wait list. Acceptance
and rejection letters went out March 7. Of San Jose State's 10,680 acceptances, about 35 percent
went to Santa Clara County students and 65 percent to students from elsewhere.

Officials had warned that this was coming in a Dec. 24 letter that advised out-of-county residents
to apply elsewhere. By then, San Francisco State's Dec. 10 deadline had passed. CSU-East Bay and
CSU-Monterey Bay, with March deadlines, were still open.


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"Some students didn't get in that applied. But most of them made other plans, to Cal State
University-Monterey Bay or Cabrillo Community College," said Julie Edwards Levy, manager of
career services at Scotts Valley High School. "They're working with what they have to work with.
They're not happy but they're figuring it out."

San Mateo High School senior Justin Bautista applied to San Jose State the first day that
applications were accepted — and got in.

"I'm glad that applying early helped my application. The admission system, in my opinion, should
be based on a first-come, first-served type of basis," he said. "If a student is really interested in a
school, it should make sense that they would apply as soon as possible. They should have a better
chance of being admitted, just because they are more enthusiastic about going to that college."

In addition to trimming freshmen, San Jose State did not admit any transfer students who were
just in their first year of community college or applicants seeking a second bachelor's degree. It
has not yet decided the fate of out-of-county students who've completed at least two years of
community college but who applied after Nov. 20.

Braced for additional restrictions next year, San Jose State has started early discussions about
how to handle admissions for future students. This year's rejections were "a sledgehammer
approach, where a much more targeted approach needs to be taken," said computer science
professor Ken Louden.




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
Bill that could bring sweeping change in patent law advances in Senate
By GOLDIE BLUMENSTYK
Friday, April 3, 2009

Washington – A bill that could bring a major overhaul to U.S. patent law—and perhaps prompt
inventors to publish new findings earlier to preserve their intellectual-property rights—was
adopted by the Senate Judiciary Committee on Thursday. Thanks to several amendments also
adopted Thursday, the new measure, unlike bills proposed in 2007, would not undercut the rights
of academic institutions that hold patents, college officials said.

The amended Senate bill (S 515), which was approved by a vote of 15 to 4, resolved many of the
contentious issues that caused a deadlock over patent-reform efforts in Congress last year, and
which concerned colleges and universities that are active in patenting and licensing.

Before the amendments were incorporated into the bill, universities—along with many
companies in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical fields—were troubled by aspects of the
proposed bill that could have limited the damages patent holders could claim from infringers.

John C. Vaughn, executive vice president of the Association of American Universities, said that
without the changes in that damages section, university patents might have been more
vulnerable to infringers, and therefore harder to license, because "the cost of infringement"
would not have been so burdensome. Potential licensees would be less likely to pay for rights to a
patent that could be easily infringed.

Now, instead of attempting to define how damages would be apportioned in legislation, the bill
calls for continuing to allow courts to make that determination, with some additional guidance.

The Association of American Universities and five other higher-education organizations with an
interest in academic research all supported the revised approach to damages. The others groups
are the American Council on Education, the Association of Public and Land-Grant Universities, the
Association of American Medical Colleges, the Association of University Technology Managers,
and the Council on Government Relations.

The six groups also pushed for changes in a provision that would establish a new process for
challenging patents after they have been issued. The higher-education groups favor that right to
challenge after a patent is issued but said in a joint statement that they feared the language in the
original bill was too open-ended and would have "increased patent uncertainty."

The new language, which still provides for a process for challenging patents, though in a more
limited way based on objective evidence, "is very good for universities," said Mr. Vaughn, in an
interview Thursday.

The bill adopted by the committee on Thursday proposes the same major change in patent law
that was included in legislation that stalled in 2007: It would change the principles that determine
who is entitled to the patent on an invention.




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Under current law in the United States, the first to invent is entitled to the patent; elsewhere, the
patent, if justified, is awarded to the first to file for it. The new legislation would bring the United
States' approach more into harmony with the rest of the world's first-to-file system

Many American academics are accustomed to the first-to-invent approach, with its one-year
grace period, which has allowed them to first publish their findings and then take up to a year to
file for a patent.

That approach has helped American inventors avoid some of the "rush to patent" practices that
are decried in other countries for producing inadequately developed patents.

The new legislation contains a similar but narrower grace period. Under the new proposal, the
grace period would still apply to the inventors' own publications; the disclosure of an idea before
applying for a patent would not be considered "prior art" that could disqualify the inventor from
obtaining the patent. But if the inventors didn't publish and others happened to, the inventors
might lose their rights to winning a patent if that publication was found to be relevant "prior art,"
which would render the invention nonnovel.

Mr. Vaughn said the new grace period isn't perfect. But academic groups wanted some measure
to ensure that researchers would continue to feel free to publish their findings and not become
secretive about work they hoped to patent. He acknowledged that the new regime could create a
"rush to publish" environment,

The House of Representatives has its own version of a patent-reform bill but is more likely to act
on the Senate bill. The House is not expected to take up its legislation unless the Senate measure
gets bogged down.




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Los Angeles Times
Surge of college students pursuing ‘clean energy’ careers
Climate change is a concern among undergraduates, driving a surge of interest in science and
engineering on campuses nationwide.
By JIM TANKERSLEY
Sunday, March 29, 2009

Reporting from Washington -- In what could be an encouraging sign of change in the long-standing
shortage of Americans preparing for "clean energy" careers, the subject is suddenly hot on college
campuses across the nation -- a surge of interest largely stimulated by the specter of global warming.

Concern about climate change is galvanizing more undergraduate students to turn toward a subject
involving science and engineering, some educators suggest, in much the same way that Moscow's
launching of the Sputnik space satellite jolted baby boomers to turn their eyes to the stars.

What remains uncertain is whether their enthusiasm for renewable energy will carry over into
graduate school and lead them to swell the ranks of Americans with advanced science and engineering
degrees.

"We have a shortfall of people to do cutting-edge research and do the innovations we need," said Vijay
K. Dhir, dean of the engineering school at UCLA. But, he added, "the potential is there."

The rising interest in renewable energy is so new that it's not clearly reflected in the latest enrollment
figures, educators say. But leaders from a range of schools -- including Arizona State University,
Indiana University and the University of Colorado -- say energy and sustainability are the hottest topic
for their students.

President Obama is mounting a multibillion-dollar push to boost "clean energy," in an attempt to
create millions of jobs while focusing on the environment. The effort includes stepped-up support for
graduate students doing research in the area.

At the White House last week, Obama told a group of academics and energy entrepreneurs that
"innovators like you are creating the jobs that will foster our recovery."

The U.S. has struggled in the last two decades to produce enough home-grown scientists and
engineers to meet demand. Enrollment in graduate engineering programs dropped more than 5%
from 2003 to 2005, the last year for which statistics are available. At the same time, rapidly developing
countries such as China and South Korea have ramped up such programs, both in size and quality.

Graduate science enrollment in the U.S. nearly doubled in the last two decades. But the programs are
now more than half-filled with foreign students, who increasingly are leaving the country upon
graduation.

Aggravating the dearth of newly minted engineers, the rate at which American workers with science
and engineering skills retire is expected to triple over the next decade.

If that trend continues, "the rapid growth in [research and development] employment and spending
that the United States has experienced since World War II may not be sustainable," the National
Science Board said in a 2008 report.

Business leaders are equally blunt. "The most critical challenge over the long-term is people and
brainpower," said Karen Harbert, executive vice president and managing director of the U.S. Chamber
of Commerce's Institute for 21st Century Energy.


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Obama hopes massive federal spending will help. His economic stimulus package includes $20 billion
to support basic and applied science research -- much of it done by graduate students -- that could
yield cheaper solar cells, more efficient wind turbines and longer-lasting batteries. His proposed
federal budget seeks to triple the number of graduate research fellowships.

The increased interest among students reflects developments over the last few years that have raised
the profile of global warming. Climate change was a prominent issue in the presidential campaign,
with Obama and other Democrats focusing heavily on it and Republicans joining in calling for action.
Even the Bush administration, which had previously downplayed climate change, acknowledged the
issue as important.

The nation's economic problems may also be contributing to the trend.

"In the past, very talented kids would go into business school, to Wall Street, get big bonuses," said
Yannis C. Yortsos, the engineering dean at USC. "That may not be the case for a while. They may go
into engineering instead."

Yortsos has seen a rise in freshman and graduate-student interest in renewable energy research. It's
driven by a "social awareness" of sustainability issues and climate change, he said.

Students agree. "I became an engineer because of alternative energy and the potential it had" to solve
problems, said Loni Iverson, 21, a mechanical engineering senior at USC who is assisting a professor's
research into fuel cells that run on bacteria. "In high school, I kept hearing about America's
dependence on foreign oil and the war in Iraq and gas prices rising."

Graduate research often leads to patents, which often lead to start-up firms -- and sometimes major
industries. Economists have shown strong links between patent production and economic growth.

University presidents and deans say that half the nation's science and engineering challenge is
encouraging more domestic students to pursue graduate degrees. The other half is to retain more of
the foreign students after they earn their degrees. They are being lured back to their home countries
by quality jobs or pushed by complications in securing legal U.S. residence.

The immigrant scientists and engineers who study in the U.S. appear to be more inclined to take risks
and start new companies, said Alice P. Gast, president of Lehigh University. Gast previously was vice
president for research and associate provost at MIT, where she noted in a 2005 faculty newsletter that
the university had seen a rapid increase in patent disclosures with at least one international student
involved.

Gast and other university presidents say that to keep domestic students engaged and keep
international students in the U.S., the federal government must sustain its energy research spending.
Top students, Gast said, "will go where the excitement is."

Obama's energy secretary, Steven Chu, said in a recent interview that he sees "a new cadre of
idealistic people who want to work on [energy] in any way they can" -- and that harnessing them is the
key to the nation's economic future.

"You have to start the long-term now," Chu said. "The long-term is being aware that a lot of students
want to study science and engineering for this issue, to support them. That requires patience."




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CBS Television Stations Inc.
State considering a “green fee” at universities
Thursday, March 26, 2009

TALLAHASSEE ― Going 'green' may one day cost students enrolled in Florida's universities.

On Wednesday the Senate Higher Education Committee approved a measure that would allow
the state's 11 public universities to charge a so called 'green fee' if it is approved in a referendum
by the students. The fee could be up to $5 per credit hour or $150 a year for a full-time student.
The money generated by the fee would be used to reduce to greenhouse gases at the university
or help pay for solar energy and other types of renewable energy.

University of Central Florida Student Body Vice President Brandon Delanois said the fee would
allow students to show their support for renewable energy.

The bill has concerned some senators who say imposing a fee at the same time the state may
approve 15 percent tuition hikes may place an undue financial burden on the students.




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
At NCAA’s Big Show, buzz over a coach’s big pay
By LIBBY SANDER
Friday, April 3, 2009

Detroit – The Final Four of the NCAA men’s basketball tournament, which will play out here this
weekend, is the most lavish event in college sports and a huge payday for the association itself.
But that looming extravagance was not enough to deter top National Collegiate Athletic
Assocation officials on Thursday from pointing fingers at over-the-top spending in other places.

The University of Kentucky’s announcement this week of an eight-year, $32-million deal with its
new basketball coach, John Calipari, is “eye-popping and mind-boggling,” according to Walter
Harrison, president of the University of Hartford and a member of the NCAA’s executive
committee. “It sort of takes your breath away in this economic environment.”

Myles Brand, the NCAA’s president, said, “You have to ask some very hard questions about
whether this is really in tune with academic values.” Costly compensation packages for coaches
have “extended beyond what’s expected within the academic community,” Mr. Brand said,
speaking at a news conference this afternoon at Ford Field here, where on Saturday a record-
setting 70,000 fans are expected to pack the stands to watch four teams vie for the chance to
compete for the national championship next week.

But Mr. Brand and Mr. Harrison said the NCAA had no legal authority to cap salaries or place
limits on other spending. “There’s a limit to what we can do,” Mr. Harrison said. “We can’t get
legally close to setting salaries.” A federal antitrust lawsuit against the NCAA in the 1990s
challenging a rule capping earnings for assistant coaches has prevented the NCAA in any further
attempts to regulate coaches’ salaries, he pointed out.

“People are used to us enforcing our own rules and regulations,” he continued. “They expect us to
be able to do a lot of other things. And that’s not what the association does.”

Mr. Brand said college presidents and conference commissioners should question decisions to
spend beyond their means. Someone has to ask the questions, he said. But as for the NCAA: “We
can’t answer them.”




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ScienceMode.com
Study helps identify college drinkers who might continue excessive drinking as adults
Wednesday, March 25, 2009

COLUMBUS, Ohio – College students who are problem drinkers using alcohol to cope with
personal problems and boost self-confidence are more likely to continue excessive drinking into
adulthood, a recent study suggests.

The Ohio State University survey results suggest that adults who are still high-risk drinkers by age
34 may have inadvertently used alcohol to blunt the social and cognitive development that
typically occurs during college, including the ability to handle alcohol.

Binge drinking involves consuming five or more drinks for men and four or more drinks for
women in a single sitting, as previously described by Harvard researchers. The Ohio State study
categorized high-risk drinkers based on their scores on a National Institute for Alcohol Abuse and
Alcoholism questionnaire. In all cases, this drinking puts people at risk for serious consequences
ranging from fatal injuries and sexual abuse to academic or mental problems and alcohol
dependence.

High-risk drinkers in the survey who stopped problem drinking after college typically reduced
their alcohol use during school – a sign in itself that their social development was closer to what is
considered normal and on track.

If the subset of students most likely to continue problem drinking in adulthood can be identified
during college, they might benefit from counseling or programming that specifically aims to lower
long-term high-risk drinking, the researchers say. And the junior year might be the best time to
introduce the intervention.

“We saw clear differences that, if they could be identified during college, could potentially lead to
interventions that would make a difference in the long term,” said Ada Demb, associate professor
of educational policy and leadership at Ohio State and senior author of the study.

Demb completed this exploratory study with Corbin Campbell, a former master’s student in Ohio
State’s higher education and student affairs program now pursuing a Ph.D. at the University of
Maryland. The research is published in a recent issue of the Journal of College Student
Development.

Demb and Campbell surveyed graduates of a large Midwestern university about their current
drinking habits as well as their alcohol use during college. They received responses from 4,428
alumni who graduated between 1983 and 1993.

The researchers reported the basic survey results in an earlier paper published in the Journal of
Alcohol & Drug Education. For this later study, they looked at those results through what they call
a developmental lens.

Plenty of research has described the typical psychosocial and cognitive development that college
students experience. Generally, development for young adults involves establishing an identity



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separate from parents and peers, sharpening judgment, developing interpersonal relationships
and even mastering the use of alcohol.

Demb and Campbell compared the drinking survey results with typical college student
development trends and found that high-risk college drinkers, depending on whether they grew
out of the behavior or continued drinking into adulthood, appeared to have used alcohol for
different purposes and in different quantities, which may have affected the rate of their social
development during school.

The survey confirmed a long-standing statistic associated with college student drinking. For more
than two decades, about 40 percent of college student drinkers have been considered high-risk
users of alcohol, according to a number of studies. In this survey, 46 percent of the respondents
reported they engaged in high-risk drinking during college.

Among high-risk drinkers, about 80 percent will grow out of that behavior. But 20 percent
become what the researchers call “adult persistent” drinkers who maintain high-risk alcohol use
well into adulthood. In this study, the results were very close to the national trend, with 78.9
percent of respondents scoring as “time limited” drinkers and 21.1 percent scoring as adult
persisters whose current drinking behavior could cause them harm.

“We took that 21 percent and asked if there was anything about their behavior during college
that could help us identify those who may be able to benefit from a different kind of
intervention,” Demb said.

One likely visible sign by the junior year would be a consistent drinking pattern throughout the
college years, rather than the reduction seen among those who grow out of problem drinking, the
study suggests. Student affairs professionals, especially those working in residence halls, are
considered the most likely personnel to recognize problems, Campbell and Demb said.

The researchers used a well-known survey designed by the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse
and Alcoholism that categorizes different kinds of drinkers. They questioned the adults about
their current drinking behavior, and then added a second component, asking the alumni to
answer the same questions about how they drank during college.

The reasons for drinking in college were strong indicators for differences between adults who
grew out of problem drinking and those who persisted with high-risk alcohol use.

Adult persistent high-risk drinkers were more likely than others to use alcohol for developmental
needs beyond the desire for the effect of alcohol and for help with social coping, common reasons
for alcohol use among all high-risk college drinkers. The 21 percent of drinkers in the adult
persistent group reported they had been more likely to use alcohol for self-confidence and to
cope with personal problems during college.

“These students appeared to use alcohol to cope with or avoid developmental tasks,” Campbell
said. “So then we’re asking if, in essence, they’re drinking instead of developing along other
lines.”




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Adult persistent drinkers also drank more alcohol during college than did the high-risk drinkers
who eventually grew out of the behavior, indicating the time-limited group appeared to learn how
to handle alcohol as they developed socially and cognitively while the adult persisters did not.

And even though adult persistent drinkers were more likely than others to say they thought they
had had a drinking problem in college, they were ambivalent about whether they wanted to
change their current drinking behavior.

“They had an inkling that something was not quite right, but they weren’t quite ready to make a
change,” Campbell said.

“That’s not to say any of the drinking in the high-risk group was normal,” she said. “About 60
percent of college students are not high-risk drinkers and they are able to master these
development tasks. They’re able to develop autonomy, master the peer influence piece, manage
emotions, develop interdependence with other people – all typical development tasks during
college.”

Many college-based alcohol intervention programs emphasize prevention and safety and are
targeted toward first-year students. Demb and Campbell suggest that specialized programming
for potential adult persistent drinkers would ideally focus on future consequences associated with
continued excessive drinking, as well as assistance with developmental tasks such as introspective
skill-building or developing social competencies outside of alcohol use.

The researchers also noted that family history of alcohol-related disease could be a strong
influence on high-risk drinking behavior in college and beyond.

“I don’t think there’s a silver bullet here,” Demb said. “We’re not going to get all 20 percent of
long-term high-risk drinkers with one kind of program.

“It’s also not just a college and university job to take care of all of this, but it is an opportunity.
One step we can take is to equip the student affairs professionals who work with students day in
and day out with more of this information so they might be more aware of differentiation of
students.”




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Los Angeles Times
College applications now an open (Face)book
High school seniors learn a downside to social networking: lack of privacy over acceptance or
rejection by universities.
By GALE HOLLAND
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

For a generation of students who share every detail of their personal lives in text messages,
MySpace pages and other online postings, the college admissions chase is offering a lesson that
some things are best kept private.

Last December, when Brown University's early admission decisions were released online, students
in one classroom at North Hollywood High’s highly gifted magnet program could be heard
applauding. In another, there was silence, followed by the sound of someone crying.

So today when many Ivy League colleges are expected to render their decisions, magnet students
will be rushing home to absorb the news, seniors Kelsey Collins and Joseph Wang said.

"That's D-day for everybody," said Joseph, 17. "No one wants to check in public."

With 33 National Merit Scholarship finalists and a rigorous program of advanced courses, most of
the North Hollywood magnet student body is choosing between fabulous and more fabulous
college offers.

But, for every member of the Facebook nation, even a successful admissions season poses
challenges: Should you post your good fortune on your home page before learning whether your
best friend got in? Or check your iPhone for online decisions, with everyone watching? If you put
your college wish list online, will you be humiliated if the rejections come thick and fast?

The admissions process this year is particularly fraught. Competition is shaping up to be the
toughest in years at the University of California, which, facing budget cutbacks, capped freshman
enrollment while fielding a jump in applications, UC admissions director Susan Wilbur said.

On Monday, 28,000 students listed as rejected on the UC San Diego site received e-mails saying
the university was "thrilled" that they had been admitted and inviting them to an orientation this
weekend.

The university later sent e-mails apologizing for the error.

"We deeply regret this mistake, because we understand the level of distress it has caused for
many of you," Mae W. Brown, director of admissions at UC San Diego, said in the apology.

"It's really disappointing they would make that kind of mistake and hurt people," said Jessica
Abughattas, 17, of Corona, who received one of the suspect invitations.

How did she and many others find out that they had received the same note? They posted
messages on a college discussion website.



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Many highly qualified students apply to multiple schools, and admission decisions come in waves
between December and April; so the waiting can stretch on for months.

In December, Amaru Tejeda made a pact with his friend, Yureli Lopez, to post Pomona College's
response to their applications on Facebook.

That way, the seniors at Bravo Medical Magnet east of downtown Los Angeles wouldn't have to
deal with each other face to face if one lost out.

Amaru, 18, of Lincoln Heights got home and found a large envelope from Pomona but waited until
Yureli, 17, of Boyle Heights posted "Future Sagehen" (Pomona College's mascot) in her "status
update" window before he sent an instant message that he had gotten in too.

Because they had applied for an early decision, Yureli and Amaru were committed to attending
Pomona. But on Friday, Yureli learned she had also been accepted to Occidental College, the
dream school of another friend.

As of Sunday, she hadn't heard how her friend had fared and was nervous about being perceived
as getting her slot.

"That's the worst-case scenario: When one of your best friends got accepted to the school you
really wanted to get into and you didn't," said Yureli.

Being discreet doesn't necessarily prevent sticky situations. Milly Shah, a senior at Gretchen
Whitney High School in Cerritos, said she told only a few close friends about her acceptance to
her first-choice college, USC.

But friends texted friends, and by the next day, the whole class knew.

"I know of one person who didn't know if she got in and other people said she had; actually it
turned out she got wait-listed," Milly said. "It was kind of a con side to the whole thing."

Although some colleges still use regular mail to send acceptances and rejections -- the proverbial
fat and thin envelopes -- many now conduct the process online.

Some UC applicants get e-mails saying "Your status has changed," then visit online accounts and
learn they've been rejected. It's a cold way to have dreams destroyed.

"It was a huge surprise; I'm pretty smart," said Naira Goukisian, 18, a Bravo student who was
turned down by some UC campuses. "You make an account . . . they didn't even send letters or e-
mail. It was really bad this year, really hard."
Julian Lemus, 18, of Boyle Heights, who was admitted early to MIT, didn't even check his account
when UC Berkeley decisions were first posted last week.

Classmates can become bitter hearing about students like him needlessly taking up space on the
UC rolls, he said.

"Some of my classmates don't know where they're going yet; they've either gotten rejections or


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haven't heard," said Julian, also a Bravo student.

"Some send status messages [on Facebook or MySpace] with little sad faces; some didn't say
anything at all," he said.

While California colleges generally post results in the late afternoon, some East Coast institutions
release their decisions in prime time on the West Coast. Yale, Brown, Columbia, Cornell and
Princeton are among those expected to post decisions at 2 p.m. Pacific time today.

Some students will frantically check their e-mail or BlackBerries at school, a scenario that recently
inspired a plot line on "Gossip Girl," the television show about a New York City prep school.
(Checking their Yale applications, lead characters Serena and Dan learned they were admitted,
while Blair was wait-listed, launching her on a self-destructive cycle of vengeance.)

Students say online communities help them support each other through the admissions process.
But for even the most successful candidates, it's a long, grueling haul.

"I'm not really happy and cheerful until and unless I hear from all my schools," said Pilgrim School
Gretchen Whitney High School in Cerritos senior Saleha Bhatti of West Los Angeles, who was
accepted at Occidental College, but is still waiting to hear from Columbia.




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Baltimore Sun
Forgive student debt, suggests borrower
Many struggling with loans support idea, but its chances are slim
By STEPHEN KIEHL
Wednesday, April 1, 2009

The banks were bailed out, and automakers got help, too. Even some people who bought more house
than they could afford are getting relief.

But as the economy still sputters along, Robert Applebaum thinks he has a better idea: Cancel all the
outstanding student loan debt. The impact would be immediate, he says, as people paying hundreds of
dollars a month on their student loans could instead spend that money elsewhere.

The seemingly fanciful idea has hit a nerve. Since Applebaum, a New York lawyer, started a Facebook
group on Jan. 29, more than 156,000 people have joined and 40,000 have signed a petition intended
to be sent to Congress. Applebaum, who owes about $96,000 on law school loans, has become a full-
time spokesman for the cause.

"I see it as targeted relief to people who are obviously lower and middle class, and it rewards
responsibility," said Applebaum, 35. "These people didn't take out these loans to live high on the hog.
They did it to better themselves."

He estimates that all private and publicly held student debt in the country totals about $600 billion -
far less, he notes, than what has gone to banks that have used the money, in part, to pay out
unpopular bonuses.

But economists are not as enamored of the idea. If student loan debt is forgiven, they say, why not car
loans or credit card debt? And they say that the graduates who took out the loans are benefiting
considerably from them in the form of higher earning power and that most are able to pay off their
debts over time.

"Let's talk about forgiving everybody's loans. Anything along those lines would stimulate the economy,
but at some point we have to say enough is enough," said David Ribar, professor of economics at the
University of North Carolina at Greensboro. There's also a basic fairness issue, he said.

"Think of the poor kid who for one reason or another refused to take out loans, didn't go to college
and is now making decent money," Ribar said. "That person now has to pay taxes so somebody else's
loan can be forgiven? That doesn't seem very fair."

But for those who have student loans, the burden could keep them from buying a house or starting a
business. Josh Lampman of Hampden is getting his master's degree this spring from the Maryland
Institute College of Art, in photography and electronic media. Between his four years at Virginia
Wesleyan College and two years at MICA, he has racked up $180,000 in debt.

"I'm extremely worried," said Lampman, 26. Like many graduating this year, he doesn't have a job
lined up. "I'd like to start a video production and video installation group. But an investment like that is
so far beyond my reach."

Applebaum's plan to outright cancel all student loan debt does not have a realistic chance of becoming
law, experts said. A spokeswoman for the U.S. Department of Education had not heard of the idea and



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said the department has "bigger fish to fry."

The federal government is already responding to concerns that, as higher education has become more
expensive, student loan debt has gotten out of control. Starting in July, the government will offer an
income-based repayment plan for those with federal loans. The plan will cap payments based on
income, often at less than 10 percent. And after 25 years of making the payments, whatever is left to
be paid will be forgiven.

Some are taking extreme steps to deal with their debt. Kelley Holiday, 42 and a member of
Applebaum's Facebook group, met with a real estate agent last month to talk about selling her house
in Austin, Texas, to help pay down her $75,000 in student loan debt and start a college fund for her 11-
year-old daughter.

When Holiday, a social worker with the state of Texas, earned her master's degree in 1995, her loans
totaled $35,000. Because of interest, the amount she owes has more than doubled. She'd be happy,
she said, if the interest could be forgiven and she could just pay off the principal.

"I'm not trying to get a free ride. I made this choice," she said. But she wonders whether, financially,
her education was worth it. "If the whole step up [in income] you get with a college degree is taken
away with debt, then you're back at square one."

For his part, Applebaum said he left a public service job, working as a prosecutor in Brooklyn, to join a
private firm so he could start to pay down the debt. He points out that many borrowers work as
teachers, lawyers, doctors - jobs that benefit society.

To that end, said Joseph Cordes, a professor of economics and public policy at George Washington
University, the government could expand programs that forgive a portion of student loans for working
in public service jobs. Already, he said, student loans are treated differently because they are
government-subsidized and borrowers can deduct some or all of their interest payments.

He noted that other kinds of debt can also be seen as socially beneficial - such as taking out a home
equity loan to put an addition on a house for an elderly relative. "The notion that student loan debt is
good and has social value, and other debt isn't, is a very fuzzy line at best," Cordes said.

Others said Applebaum at least was raising awareness of the problems with how higher education is
financed.

"Loans are absolutely the biggest part of the federal aid system," said Edie Irons of the Project on
Student Debt, a nonprofit dedicated to making college more affordable. "Student loans are a heavy
burden for millions of people in this country. The more people who join this group, the more people
who are paying attention to this issue - borrowers and policymakers - the better."




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The Chronicle of Higher Education
New leader aims to keep public colleges high on nation’s priorities
By SARA HEBEL
Friday, April 3, 2009

Muriel A. Howard, president of the State University of New York College at Buffalo, is set to
become the first black leader of any of the “big six” higher-education associations in Washington.
She was named this week as the next president of the American Association of State Colleges and
Universities.

Ms. Howard, who is 60, is scheduled to take over the top post at the public-colleges group in
August. In an interview, she talked about the milestone her selection marks, her leadership style,
and the challenges she will face.

Here are some highlights of the conversation:

Q. What are your key goals for AASCU, and where do you see the biggest battles and challenges
lying ahead?

A. We’re all very concerned about the economic situation as it stands right now, so I think that’s
going to be a challenge. That’s going to influence policy. This is the first time in a very, very long
time in the history of the United States that higher education and education and health and other
important services have really had to compete with business in terms of how the country has to
expend its dollars.

With the advent of the stimulus packages, it’s going to be more challenging for us to figure out
where we stand in the overall economic horizon. I think that’s going to be a big challenge, to
make sure that public higher education remains a big priority.

We need to keep access on the agenda, and make sure affordability is something we’re still
addressing. I expect accountability will still be an issue, and competitiveness. Looking at the STEM
issues [science, technology, engineering, and mathematics] is going to be critical, and how to get
more young people engaged. … I’ll be looking to see how our colleges might benefit from the
stimulus funds for teacher education.

Q. Any time a new administration and new Congress come to Washington there are shifts in the
landscape that create winners and losers, groups that gain influence and lose influence. Where
do you see AASCU?

A. I certainly don’t see us losing influence. The institutions that are part of AASCU are more
nimble and can respond quickly to issues. That creates an opportunity for us to be more
influential. AASCU has done a wonderful job over the past decade in terms of working on the right
policies. … We tend to be more student-centered in our efforts.

Q. You are an expert in leadership. How would you describe your own leadership style, and
what makes an effective leader?




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A. I’m definitely a consensus builder, but I’m decisive. I enjoy working collegially with other
people. I enjoy watching other people excel. I believe no one today should have to work for an
institution that doesn’t encourage professional development.

Coaching and getting feedback on your work is critical, just like it is in the classroom. Someone
needs to encourage you to try something for the first time, and someone needs to give you
honest feedback. It’s important to work with people on defining what really are your core values.

Q. What are your core values?

A. In my family we not only had to memorize the golden rule, we had to live by the golden rule. It
was inculcated in us. Do unto others as you would have them do unto you. When you haven’t
treated someone well, why did that happen? And what do you do about that? It’s also letting
people know when their ideas are being used, recognizing people, and thanking them for their
work.

My family did that for me. They emphasized learning and education, and learning more so than
education. As long as you are on a learning curve, you’ll be a good leader. You’ll be able to rethink
things you’ve done.

Q. You will be the first black leader of one of the “big six” associations. What meaning does that
hold for you and how do you view its significance?

A. I hadn’t even thought about that until I read it in a news clip. It’s wonderful. It means that all of
those strong African-American men and women who came before me, the work they did, it’s a
recognition of that. I stand on their shoulders.

It means that the doors continue to open in America and is a dream come true. … I hope I’ll be a
role model for other people, no matter what their gender or race. As for the “big six,” it shows the
academy at all levels is changing. It’s a milestone. … I’m just humbled by all of this.




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