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Flower Planting Guide for the Low Desert

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					                                                                                                                                                        Flower Planting Guide
                                                                                                                                                           for the Low Desert
 ISSUED JUNE 2001 BY:                                                                                                                                                                                 PUBLICATION AZ1100
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   4/99
 Lucy Bradley, Agent
   Urban Horticulture                                                                                                There are many types of beautiful flowers
    Cathy Cromell,
                                                                                                                                                                                       Biennials
                                                                                                                   that can be grown in the low desert. Use this
Instructional Specialist                                                                                           chart to plan for year round color and             Biennials grow vegetatively in their first year,
                                                                                                                   interest in your yard. Select plants that will     flower in the second year and typically die
                                                                                                                   do well in our climate and meet your               after flowering. Because we have two growing
 ag.arizona.edu/pubs/                                                                                                                                                 seasons here, some biennials complete their
                                                                                                                   individual needs. Plants are listed in
  garden/az1100.pdf
                                                                                                                   alphabetical order by their common name.           entire life cycle in one year.
                                                                                                                   Some plants with more than one common
  This information
                                                                                                                   name are listed under each common name.                            Perennials
has been reviewed by                                                                                               The common name is followed by a letter
                                                                                                                   designating whether the plant is annual (A),       Perennial plants live more than two years and,
 university faculty.
                                                                                                                   biennial (B), or perennial (P) here in the low     once established, bloom each year. Some die
                                                                                                                   desert, and then the botanical name for the        back to the ground in their off-season; others
                                                                                                                   plant.                                             retain foliage year around. In the low desert,
                                                                                                                                                                      perennial off-seasons are usually during the
                                                                                                                                     Annuals                          intense heat of summer and the colder winter
                                                                                                                                                                      months. You may notice that many plants that
                                                                                                                   Annual flowers complete their life cycle —         are considered perennials in other parts of the
                                                                                                                   vegetative plant, bloom, setting seed, to          world are listed as annuals in the attached
                                                                                                                   death of the plant — in one growing season.        chart. That’s because they don’t receive
 COOPERATIVE EXTENSION




                                                                                                                   Most annuals need to be replanted each year,       enough winter coldness for dormancy or can’t
                                           4341 E. Broadway Road • Phoenix, AZ 85040-8807 • 602.470.8086 ext.301




                                                                                                                   but others easily re-sow themselves. Their         survive our summer heat (without inordinate
                                                                                                                   seed is scattered by wind, weather and             amounts of care) and are more successfully
                                                                                                                   wildlife, to pop up the next season when           grown in the low desert as annuals. Perennials
                                                                                                                   conditions are favorable. These unexpected         require more maintenance than do annuals.
                                                                                                                   visitors are called “volunteers” and can be a      They may need to be cut back during their off-
                                                                                                                   delight or a source of frustration, depending      season, and divided and replanted as they
                                                                                                                   on your outlook and how rigidly you follow         increase in size. Some of their blooms are tall
                                                             http://ag.arizona.edu/maricopa/garden/
                         MARICOPA COUNTY




                                                                                                                   the garden’s original design! Larkspur,            or heavy enough to require staking. Typically,
                                                                                                                   cornflower, poppies, desert marigold,              perennial flower beds are designed to have
                                                                                                                   calendula, scarlet flax, gaillardia and Johnny-    different combinations of flowers blooming as
                                                                                                                   jump-ups are a few flowers that are easy to        the year progresses. Unlike annuals, which
                                                                                                                   grow and readily reseed. Gardeners love            have a lengthy flowering period, most
                                                                                                                   annuals for their riotous colors. They             perennials display peak blossoms for a two- or
                                                                                                                   perform quickly, especially if transplants are     three-week period. Thus, the design of a
                                                                                                                   used, and provide relatively long periods of
                                                                                                                   bloom. Annuals are particularly useful to
                                                                                                                   conceal bare spots while landscape plants                        At A Glance
                                                                                                                   become established; create masses of color as       •   Annual flowers complete their life
                                                                                                                   a focal point; or fill containers to establish a        cycle — vegetative plant, bloom, set-
                                                                                                                   cheerful presence at entryways and enter-
                                                                                                                   tainment areas, including patios and pool
                                                                                                                                                                           ting seed, to death of the plant — in
                                                                                                                   decks. At the end of the annual’s growing               one growing season.
                                                                                                                   season, the entire plant is put in the compost      •   Biennials grow vegetatively in their
                                                                                                                   pile and something else can take its place.             first year, flower in the second year
                                                                                                                   Many gardeners find it fun to experiment                and typically die after flowering.
                                                                                                                   with annuals. If you don’t like the color
                                                                                                                   combinations you chose, plant something else        •   Perennial plants live more than two
                                                                                                                   next season.                                            years and, once established, bloom
                                                                                                                                                                           each year.
perennial garden should take into account when the        people can not tolerate the “messy” look of seed
flowers bloom, as well as their color, height and         stalks.
leaf texture.
                                                          • Butterflies: One of the best ways to ensure having
                 Time to Bloom                            butterflies in your garden is to nurture the
                                                          caterpillars. Think of them as baby butterflies.
Next, the chart provides information on                   Learn to identify and enjoy them. Butterflies are
approximate time from planting seed untill the plant      attracted to wide, flat flowers on which they can
will bloom. You can use this to plan for blooms at a      easily land. Position plants in a sunny place,
certain time of year. On a calendar identify the date     sheltered from wind. Grow large clumps of flowers.
you want blooms, back up the number of days               Maintain diversity in height, color and blooming
listed in the “Time to First Bloom” column and            period.
plant seed slightly before to slightly after that date.
Plant over a window of time to allow for variation        Edible
due to weather conditions.                                Many flowers are edible. Though few are flavorful,
                                                          they are beautiful and can be a fun or elegant
                       Height                             edition to the meal.
The information on plant height will be useful in         NOTE: To effectively lure birds or butterflies or to
designing your garden. When planting a one-sided          consume edible flowers it is important to avoid or limit
bed (next to a wall, for example), put taller plants in   your use of pesticides.
back. If the flower bed can be seen from two sides,
tall growers look best in the center so they don’t        Cut Flowers
conceal smaller plants.                                   Some flowers perform much better as cut flowers
                        Light                             than others. They have longer stems, they hold
                                                          their bloom longer, and work much better in
Most plants need a minimum of eight to ten hours          arrangements.
of sunlight to produce flowers, however, there are a
few that thrive in the shade. Identify how much
                                                          Dried Flowers
light you can provide in your planting bed and            Some flowers can be preserved as dried flowers
select plants that will thrive in that environment.       much more easily than others.
                                                          Wildflowers
                      Difficulty                          The term “Wildflowers” in this chart refers to
This is an indicator of how hard it is to grow that       native annuals and other plants which are easily
plant in the low desert.                                  grown from seed and can naturalize by reseeding.

                  Water Needs                             Reseeds
                                                          Some annuals reseed themselves quite readily. You
Group plants with the same water needs to avoid           may either enjoy future generations or remove the
under- or over-watering individual plants.                spent blossoms before seeds mature and drop.

           Special Characteristics                        Fragrance
                                                          What some people find an “attractive fragrance ,”
Lures                                                     others find an “overpowering smell.” You may
• Hummingbirds: Hummingbirds, which feed                  want to go to a nursery and personally take a whiff
mostly on insects, are a wonderful addition to your       of the type of plants you are considering growing
garden. They are primarily attracted to red and           for fragrance before you cover your yard with
orange tubular shaped flowers with lots of nectar         them.
but may be attracted to other vibrant colors. Plan
for year round bloom.                                     Color
                                                          Color is a powerful tool. Complementary colors,
• Seed-eating Birds: Enjoy the antics of a variety of     those on opposite sides of the color wheel (for
birds as they harvest seeds from your flowers.            example yellow & purple, orange & blue) can make
Many of the native wildflowers are great food             pleasing contrasts. Colors next to each other on the
sources for birds. To feed the birds, you must allow      color wheel are said to be harmonious (for example,
the flowers to go to seed and let the birds provide       yellow & orange or purple & blue). Green, blue,
the color and beauty of the garden for a bit. Some        and purple are considered cool colors and can make

2 • The University of Arizona Cooperative Extension
the yard seem cooler and more inviting in the                                         applying fertilizer. Follow the directions on the
summer. Warm colors — red, orange and yellow —                                        label of the fertilizer you choose. Depending on
can add excitement to the landscape. Hot colors                                       your conditions, you may need to add fertilizer as
appear to be closer than cool colors so put cool                                      often as every six weeks or so during the flowers’
colored flowers at the back of the garden to make it                                  peak growing season. If you have nutrient-rich soil
appear larger. Experiment with other color                                            that is well prepared before planting, additional
combinations.                                                                         fertilizer may not be required. Consider keeping a
                                                                                      garden journal, noting what kind of fertilizer you
         Planting and Flowering Guide                                                 used, how much and when it was applied. Keep an
                                                                                      eye on your plants. Do they look green and
Remember that the low desert provides gardeners
                                                                                      healthy? Do buds and flowers form? Let your plants
with two distinct growing seasons. Warm season
                                                                                      and your “eye” determine what is needed.
flowers can be planted from approximately
                                                                                        Flowers grown in containers need a regular
February through May, for bloom through the
                                                                                      schedule of fertilizer or a timed-release fertilizer
summer. Cool season flowers are planted in the fall
                                                                                      mixed in at planting time. Some Master Gardeners
and bloom through May, or until temperatures heat
                                                                                      recommend applying a diluted fertilizer with each
up. This Guide provides a range of dates that offer
                                                                                      watering in cooler weather. In hot weather, you
a high probability of success. However, yearly
                                                                                      may need to water daily, so cut back on fertilizer to
weather conditions can vary considerably and the
                                                                                      once a week. This is only a guide. The size of the
low desert contains a myriad of microclimates. Use
                                                                                      container and the plants will determine fertilizer
these dates as general guides and adjust them as
                                                                                      needs.
necessary for your local conditions.

                                    Soil                                                                                  Tips
                                                                                      Perennial flowers show to their best advantage
Most flowers prefer a nutrient-rich, well-drained
                                                                                      when planted in groups of odd numbers (three,
soil (nobody likes wet feet). If this is your first
                                                                                      five, seven) in a drifting effect. Annuals look great
attempt or if your patch of hard rock fills you with
                                                                                      when massed together for maximum color effect,
despair, you might want to concentrate on the
                                                                                      although they can also work well when grouped in
flowers marked as “Wildflowers” or “Reseeds” in
                                                                                      odd numbers. Single plants of many varieties tend
this Guide. Many of these don’t require as rich a
                                                                                      to look disorganized. Avoid straight rows for a
soil, preferring a more “native” environment.
                                                                                      more natural appearance. Take a look at how plants
                             Fertilizing                                              grow in nature — when’s the last time you saw a
                                                                                      straight line? However, smaller, low growing plants
Flowers, like vegetables, are heavy “eaters” and                                      can work well as a continuous border along the
will require nitrogen for vegetative growth and                                       front of a bed with taller flowers behind in two or
phosphorous for healthy roots and reproduction,                                       three “layers.”
which includes flowers. However, too much                                               “Deadheading” is the term used for removing
nitrogen may create a healthy, vigorous plant, with                                   spent blossoms. Cutting or pinching off the dead
few flowers. Phosphorous is not water soluble and                                     flowers on a weekly basis prolongs the blooming
thus can not move easily through the soil. It needs                                   period because the plant doesn’t expend its energy
to be placed deep enough in the soil where the                                        on seed production. Toss the dead flowers into
plant’s roots can easily take it up. Thus, it should be                               your compost pile.
mixed into the soil in the root zone before planting,                                   White flowers show well at dusk. Use them near
or dug into side trenches if required after the plant                                 patios, entryways and entertainment areas where
is established. If plants are in the ground, fertilizer                               they can be shown to best advantage.
is best applied to moist soil to help prevent burning.
Because there are so many variables involved — the                                    Many thanks to the following individuals who helped
condition of the soil, plant species, fertilizer type                                 develop and review this publication: Rita Jo Anthony,
                                                                                      Roberta Gibson, Marlene Hooper, Terry Mikel, Kent
(dry, slow release, liquid), weather, your garden’s                                   Newland, Erin O’Dell, Cathy Rymer, Cindy Smith, and
microclimate — there is no magic formula for                                          Annette Weaver.

   Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, James A.
Christenson, Director, Cooperative Extension, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, The University of Arizona.
   The University of Arizona College of Agriculture and Life Sciences is an equal opportunity employer authorized to provide research, educational information and
other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to sex, race, religion, color, national origin, age, Vietnam Era Veteran’s status, or
disability.
   Any products, services, or organizations that are mentioned, shown, or indirectly implied in this publication do not imply endorsement by The University of Arizona.
                                                                                              The University of Arizona Cooperative Extension • 3
4 • The University of Arizona Cooperative Extension




                                                                                                                                                                                          Characteristics
                                                                                                                       Seed to Bloom




                                                                                                                                                     Water Needs
                                                                                                                                       Light Needs
                                                                                                                         Days from




                                                                                                                                                                     Difficulty
                                                                                                                                                                     Growing




                                                                                                                                                                                             Special
                                                                   Flower




                                                                                               Colors


                                                                                                              Height




                                                                                                                                                                                  Lures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Planting and Flowering Guide
                                                           common & botanical names

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Jan    Feb   Mar   Apr     May      Jun     Jul    Aug    Sep     Oct        Nov Dec
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1       1    1      1       1       1        1      1      1          1       1         1

                                                         African Daisy (A)                  Orange,
                                                         Dimorphotheca sinuata
                                                                                            yellow, white 4”-12”        120                                            E                  Reseeds
                                                                                                                                                                                                            15      15   15     15     15       15      15      15     15     15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                            Blue, purple,
                                                         Ageratum (A)                                         4”-12”
                                                         Ageratum houstonianum
                                                                                            pink, white                 180                                            E                                    15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Arctotis, dwarf (A)
                                                         Arctotis acaulis
                                                                                              Yellow         10”-12”
                                                                                                                         135                                            E                                   15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                            Purple, red,
                                                         Arctotis, tall (A)                 pink, orange, 24”-30”                                                                         Reseeds
                                                         Arctosis hybrid                    yellow, white               135                                             E                                   15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15

                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                            Blue, purple,
                                                         Asters (A)                         red, pink,                                                                                    Good cut
                                                         Callistephus chinensis             white         12”-24”        180                                            D                 flower            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                           Good cut         1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Baby’s Breath (A)                  Pink, white                                                                                    flower,
                                                                                                             18”-30”     160                                            M                  good for         15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                         Gypsophila elegans
                                                                                                                                                                                           drying
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                            Purple, red,
                                                         Balsam (summer) (A)                                 12”-18”
                                                         Impatiens balsamina
                                                                                            pink, white                 120                                           M/D                                   15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                            Purple, red,
                                                         Bee Balm (P)                       pink, white      24”-36”     75                                             D                 Fragrance         15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                         Monarda didyma

                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1

                                                         Begonia (A)                        Red, pink,       10”-12” 180
                                                         Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum   white                                                                      E                                    15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15

                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                                                                                                                          Good cut
                                                         Bells of Ireland (A)                                18”-24”                                                                      flower, good
                                                                                                                         180                                           E                  for drying,       15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15
                                                         Moluccella laevis
                                                                                                                                                                                          reseeds


                                                         Plant Type                                            Difficulty                                            Lures                          Light Needs          Water Needs                   Planting & Flowering Key             Notes
                                                      A = Annual - blooms & dies in one season              E = Easy to grow                                       = Hummingbirds                    = Bright Full Sun   = Low Water Use              = Planting Months                   = Foliage Plant
                                                      B = Biennial - blooms & dies in second season         M = Moderatly easy to grow                             = Seed-eating Birds               = Partial Sun       = Moderate Water Use         = Flowering Months                  = Poisonous
                                                      P = Perennial - blooms more than two seasons          D = Difficult to grow                                  = Butterflies                     = Shade             = High Water Use             = Colorful Foliage/Fruit        !!! = Very Difficult
                                                                                                            V = Very difficult to grow
                                                                                                                                                                                        Characteristics
                                                                                                                    Seed to Bloom




                                                                                                                                                  Water Needs
                                                                                                                                    Light Needs
                                                                                                                      Days from




                                                                                                                                                                  Difficulty
                                                                                                                                                                  Growing




                                                                                                                                                                                           Special
                                                                  Flower




                                                                                              Colors


                                                                                                          Height




                                                                                                                                                                               Lures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Planting and Flowering Guide
                                                          common & botanical names

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Jan    Feb   Mar   Apr     May      Jun     Jul    Aug    Sep    Oct         Nov Dec
                                                                                                                                                                                                          1       1    1      1       1       1        1      1      1          1        1        1

                                                        Bigelow’s Purple Aster (A)           Blue        24”-36”      150                                           E                  Wildflower
                                                                                                                                                                                                          15      15   15     15     15       15      15      15     15     15          15      15
                                                        Aster bigelovii

                                                                                                                                                                                       Good cut           1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                                                                                                                       flower, good
                                                        Bishop’s Weed (A)                    White       26”-60”     180                                             E                 for drying,        15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                        Ammi majus                                                                                                                     reseeds
                                                                                                                                                                                       Good cut           1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                                                                                                                       flower, good
                                                        Black-eyed Susan (A)                 Orange,
                                                                                             yellow
                                                                                                         24”-36”     120                                            E                  for drying,
                                                                                                                                                                                                          15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                        Rudbeckia hirta                                                                                                                wildflower,
                                                                                                                                                                                       reseeds
                                                                                                                                                                                                          1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Butterfly Weed (P)                  Orange       24”-36”      150                                           E                  Wildflower
                                                                                                                                                                                                          15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                        Asclepias tuberosa

                                                                                                                                                                                       Edible,            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                                                                                                                       good cut
                                                        Calendula (A)
                                                                                            Orange,
                                                                                            yellow       15”-18”      100                                           E                  flower,            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                        Calendula officinalis                                                                                                          reseeds

                                                                                                                                                                                       Good cut           1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Candytuft (A) (Hyacinth-             White       12”-18”      135                                            E                 flower,
                                                                                                                                                                                                          15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                        flowered) Iberis amara                                                                                                         fragrance

                                                                                                                                                                                                          1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
The University of Arizona Cooperative Extension • 5




                                                        Candytuft (A) (Iberis)                                                                                                         Good cut
                                                        Iberis sempervirens                  White         12”       135                                            E                  flower,
                                                                                                                                                                                                          15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                                                                                                                       fragrance

                                                                                                                                                                                       Edible,            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Carnation (P)                                                                                                                  good cut
                                                        Dianthus caryophyllus
                                                                                            Red, pink,
                                                                                            yellow, white 12”-14”     150                                           E                  flower,            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                                                                                                                       fragrance

                                                                                                                                                                                       Good cut           1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Celosia (A) (Cockscomb)
                                                                                                                                                                                       flower,
                                                        Celosia cristata
                                                                                           Red, pink,
                                                                                           orange, yellow 12”-30”    120                                            M                  good for           15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15
                                                                                                                                                                                       drying
                                                                                                                                                                                                          1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Clarkia (A)                                                                                                                    Good cut
                                                        Clarkia amoena                      Red, pink    15”-24”      150                                           E                  flower,
                                                                                                                                                                                                          15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15
                                                                                                                                                                                       wildflower



                                                         Plant Type                                        Difficulty                                             Lures                           Light Needs          Water Needs                   Planting & Flowering Key             Notes
                                                      A = Annual - blooms & dies in one season          E = Easy to grow                                        = Hummingbirds                     = Bright Full Sun   = Low Water Use              = Planting Months                   = Foliage Plant
                                                      B = Biennial - blooms & dies in second season     M = Moderatly easy to grow                              = Seed-eating Birds                = Partial Sun       = Moderate Water Use         = Flowering Months                  = Poisonous
                                                      P = Perennial - blooms more than two seasons      D = Difficult to grow                                   = Butterflies                      = Shade             = High Water Use             = Colorful Foliage/Fruit        !!! = Very Difficult
                                                                                                        V = Very difficult to grow
6 • The University of Arizona Cooperative Extension




                                                                                                                                                                                          Characteristics
                                                                                                                       Seed to Bloom




                                                                                                                                                     Water Needs
                                                                                                                                       Light Needs
                                                                                                                         Days from




                                                                                                                                                                     Difficulty
                                                                                                                                                                     Growing




                                                                                                                                                                                             Special
                                                                  Flower




                                                                                               Colors


                                                                                                              Height




                                                                                                                                                                                  Lures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Planting and Flowering Guide
                                                          common & botanical names

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Jan    Feb   Mar   Apr     May      Jun     Jul    Aug    Sep     Oct        Nov Dec
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1       1    1      1       1       1        1      1      1          1       1         1
                                                                                            Purple, red,
                                                        Coleus (A)                          pink, orange,
                                                        Coleus x hybridus                   yellow
                                                                                                             8”-14”      135                                            E                                   15      15   15     15     15       15      15      15     15     15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                            Red, pink,                                                                                     Good cut
                                                        Coral Bells (A)
                                                        Heuchera sanguinea
                                                                                            white            12”-24”    160                                             E                  flower,
                                                                                                                                                                                           wildflower
                                                                                                                                                                                                            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                            Red, orange,                                                                                  Good cut
                                                        Coreopsis (A)
                                                        Coreopsis spp.
                                                                                            yellow       12”-30”       30-60                                            E                 flower,
                                                                                                                                                                                          wildflower
                                                                                                                                                                                                            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                            Blue, purple,                                                                                 Good cut
                                                        Cornflower (A) (Bachelor’s
                                                        Button) Centaurea cyanus
                                                                                            red, pink,
                                                                                            white         18”-30”       120                                             E                 flower,           15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                                                                                                                          reseeds
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                            Purple, red,
                                                        Cosmos (A)                                                                                                                        Good cut
                                                        Cosmos bipinnatus
                                                                                            pink, white      36”-72”    120                                            E                  flower            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Cosmos (yellow) (A)                 Red, orange,                                                                                  Good cut
                                                        Cosmos sulphureus
                                                                                            yellow       36”-48”        120                                             E                 flower,           15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                                                                                                                          reseeds
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                            Purple, red,
                                                        Dahlias (A)                                                                                                                       Good cut
                                                        Dahlia x hybrida
                                                                                            pink, orange, 12”-36”
                                                                                            yellow, white
                                                                                                                         45                                             D                 flower
                                                                                                                                                                                                            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                            Blue, purple,
                                                        Delphinium (A)                                                                                                 M                  Good cut
                                                                                            red, pink,    30”-60”       150                                                               flower            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                        Delphinium x cultorum               yellow, white

                                                                                                                                                                                          Good cut          1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Desert Marigold (A)                                                                                                               flower,
                                                        Baileya multiradiata
                                                                                             Yellow          12”-18”     180                                            E                 wildflower,       15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15
                                                                                                                                                                                          reseeds
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Desert Milkweed (P)                   Yellow,
                                                         Asclepias subulata
                                                                                              white          24”-48” 150                                               E                  Wildflower        15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15




                                                         Plant Type                                            Difficulty                                            Lures                          Light Needs          Water Needs                   Planting & Flowering Key             Notes
                                                      A = Annual - blooms & dies in one season              E = Easy to grow                                       = Hummingbirds                    = Bright Full Sun   = Low Water Use              = Planting Months                   = Foliage Plant
                                                      B = Biennial - blooms & dies in second season         M = Moderatly easy to grow                             = Seed-eating Birds               = Partial Sun       = Moderate Water Use         = Flowering Months                  = Poisonous
                                                      P = Perennial - blooms more than two seasons          D = Difficult to grow                                  = Butterflies                     = Shade             = High Water Use             = Colorful Foliage/Fruit        !!! = Very Difficult
                                                                                                            V = Very difficult to grow
                                                                                                                                                                                         Characteristics
                                                                                                                     Seed to Bloom




                                                                                                                                                   Water Needs
                                                                                                                                     Light Needs
                                                                                                                       Days from




                                                                                                                                                                   Difficulty
                                                                                                                                                                   Growing




                                                                                                                                                                                            Special
                                                                  Flower




                                                                                                Colors


                                                                                                            Height




                                                                                                                                                                                Lures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Planting and Flowering Guide
                                                          common & botanical names

                                                                                                                                                                                                           Jan    Feb   Mar   Apr     May      Jun     Jul    Aug    Sep    Oct         Nov Dec
                                                                                                                                                                                                           1       1    1      1       1       1        1      1      1          1        1        1

                                                        Desert Zinnia (A)                     White         12”        180                                                              Wildflower
                                                        Zinnia acerosa                                                                                               D                                     15      15   15     15     15       15      15      15     15     15          15      15


                                                                                                                                                                                        Edible,            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Dianthus (A) (Sweet William)       Red, pink,                                                                                   good cut
                                                         Dianthus barbatus                 yellow,         10”-20” 150                                               E                  flower,            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                           White                                                                                        fragrance
                                                                                                                                                                                                           1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Dusty Miller (P)
                                                        Senecio cineraria
                                                                                            Yellow         8”-16”     N/A                                            E                                     15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                           1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        English Daisy (A)                  Red, pink,
                                                         Bellis perennis                   white
                                                                                                            6”         120                                           E                                     15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15

                                                                                                                                                                                                           1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Evening Primrose (P)
                                                        Oenothera berlandieri
                                                                                              Pink         10”-12”     180                                           E                                     15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                        Good for           1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Flax (scarlet) (A)                                                                                                              drying,
                                                         Linum grandiflorum
                                                                                              Red          18”-36”     120                                           E                  wildflower,        15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                                                                                                                        reseeds
                                                                                                                                                                                                           1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
The University of Arizona Cooperative Extension • 7




                                                                                                                                                                                        Good for
                                                        Flax (blue) (P)
                                                        Linum perenne lewisii
                                                                                              Blue         18”-24”     120                                           E                  drying,            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                                                                                                                        wildflower
                                                                                                                                                                                                           1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Flowering Tobacco (A)              Purple, red,
                                                        Nicotiana alata                    pink, white     12”-30”     180                                           M                  Fragrance          15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                           1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Forget-Me-Not (A)
                                                         Myosotis sylvatica
                                                                                             Blue          10”-12”     180                                           M                  Reseeds            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                           1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                           Purple,
                                                        Four O’Clock (A)                                                                                                                Reseeds,
                                                        Mirabilis jalapa
                                                                                           red, pink,
                                                                                           yellow,
                                                                                                           18”-30”     90                                          E/M                  fragrance          15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15
                                                                                           White


                                                         Plant Type                                          Difficulty                                            Lures                           Light Needs          Water Needs                   Planting & Flowering Key             Notes
                                                      A = Annual - blooms & dies in one season            E = Easy to grow                                       = Hummingbirds                     = Bright Full Sun   = Low Water Use              = Planting Months                   = Foliage Plant
                                                      B = Biennial - blooms & dies in second season       M = Moderatly easy to grow                             = Seed-eating Birds                = Partial Sun       = Moderate Water Use         = Flowering Months                  = Poisonous
                                                      P = Perennial - blooms more than two seasons        D = Difficult to grow                                  = Butterflies                      = Shade             = High Water Use             = Colorful Foliage/Fruit        !!! = Very Difficult
                                                                                                          V = Very difficult to grow
8 • The University of Arizona Cooperative Extension




                                                                                                                                                                                           Characteristics
                                                                                                                        Seed to Bloom




                                                                                                                                                      Water Needs
                                                                                                                                        Light Needs
                                                                                                                          Days from




                                                                                                                                                                      Difficulty
                                                                                                                                                                      Growing




                                                                                                                                                                                              Special
                                                                   Flower




                                                                                              Colors


                                                                                                              Height




                                                                                                                                                                                   Lures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Planting and Flowering Guide
                                                           common & botanical names

                                                                                                                                                                                                             Jan    Feb   Mar   Apr     May      Jun     Jul    Aug    Sep     Oct        Nov Dec
                                                                                            Purple,                                                                                                          1       1    1      1       1       1        1      1      1          1       1         1
                                                                                                                                                                                           Good cut
                                                        Foxglove (A)                        pink,             24”-36”
                                                         Digitalis purpurea                 yellow,
                                                                                                                           150                                            D                flower
                                                                                                                                                                                                             15      15   15     15     15       15      15      15     15     15         15       15
                                                                                            White

                                                                                            Red,                                                                                           Good cut          1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Gaillardia (P) (Blanket Flower)     orange,                                                                                        flower,
                                                        Gaillardia grandiflora              yellow
                                                                                                              15”-24” 150                                                 E                wildflower,       15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                                                                                                                           reseeds

                                                                                            Red,                                                                                           Good cut          1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Gaillardia (A) (Blanket Flower)     orange,                                                                                        flower,
                                                        Gaillardia pulchella                yellow
                                                                                                              15”-24” 150                                                 E                wildflower,       15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                                                                                                                           reseeds
                                                                                                                                                                                                             1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                            Red,
                                                        Gazania (P)                         orange,                                                                                        Reseeds
                                                        Gazania x hybrida                   yellow
                                                                                                              6”-12”     30-60                                          E/M                                  15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15

                                                                                                                                                                                                             1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                            Purple, red,
                                                        Geranium (P)                        pink, orange, 12”-18”           150                                           E
                                                        Pelargonium x hortorum                                                                                                                               15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                            yellow, white

                                                                                                                                                                                                             1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Gilia (A)
                                                        Gilia capitata
                                                                                            Blue              8”-30”        60                                           M                 Wildflower
                                                                                                                                                                                                             15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                            Good cut         1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Globe Amaranth (A)                  Purple, red,                                                                                    flower,
                                                         Gomphrena globosa
                                                                                            pink, white       15”-24” 100                                                 E                 good for         15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                                                                                                                            drying
                                                                                                                                                                                           Good for          1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                            Purple, red,
                                                        Globe Mallow (P)                                                                                                                   drying,
                                                        Sphaeralcea ambigua
                                                                                            pink, orange,
                                                                                            white
                                                                                                              24”-36” 120                                                E                 wildflower,       15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                                                                                                                           reseeds

                                                                                                                                                                                           Good for          1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Gloriosa Daisy (A)                  Orange,                                                                                        drying,
                                                        Rudbeckia hirta cv. Gloriosa        yellow           18”-30”       60                                            E                 wildflower,       15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15
                                                                                                                                                                                           reseeds
                                                                                                                                                                                                             1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                             Purple, red,
                                                        Hollyhock (A/B)                      pink, yellow,                 120                                           E
                                                        Alcea rosea                          white         36”-72”                                                                                           15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15




                                                         Plant Type                                            Difficulty                                             Lures                          Light Needs          Water Needs                   Planting & Flowering Key             Notes
                                                      A = Annual - blooms & dies in one season              E = Easy to grow                                        = Hummingbirds                    = Bright Full Sun   = Low Water Use              = Planting Months                   = Foliage Plant
                                                      B = Biennial - blooms & dies in second season         M = Moderatly easy to grow                              = Seed-eating Birds               = Partial Sun       = Moderate Water Use         = Flowering Months                  = Poisonous
                                                      P = Perennial - blooms more than two seasons          D = Difficult to grow                                   = Butterflies                     = Shade             = High Water Use             = Colorful Foliage/Fruit        !!! = Very Difficult
                                                                                                            V = Very difficult to grow
                                                                                                                                                                                          Characteristics
                                                                                                                      Seed to Bloom




                                                                                                                                                    Water Needs
                                                                                                                                      Light Needs
                                                                                                                        Days from




                                                                                                                                                                    Difficulty
                                                                                                                                                                    Growing




                                                                                                                                                                                             Special
                                                                   Flower




                                                                                               Colors


                                                                                                             Height




                                                                                                                                                                                 Lures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Planting and Flowering Guide
                                                           common & botanical names

                                                                                                                                                                                                            Jan    Feb   Mar   Apr     May      Jun     Jul    Aug    Sep    Oct         Nov Dec
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1       1    1      1       1       1        1      1      1          1        1        1
                                                                                            Purple,
                                                       Impatiens (A)
                                                       Impatiens wallerana
                                                                                            red, pink,
                                                                                            orange,
                                                                                                            6”-12”      90                                            M                                     15      15   15     15     15       15      15      15     15     15          15      15
                                                                                            white
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                       Indian Paintbrush (A) !!!
                                                       Castilleja chromosa ***              Red             24”-30”     165                                           V                  Wildflower
                                                                                                                                                                                                            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                       Johnny-Jump-Up (A)                  Blue,                                                                                         Edible,
                                                       Viola tricolor
                                                                                           purple,           4”-6”     120                                            E                  reseeds            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                           yellow

                                                                                                                                                                                         Good cut           1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                       Jupiter’s Beard (P)                 Red, pink,                                                                                    flower,
                                                       Centranthus ruber
                                                                                           white             36”       180                                            E                  wildflower,
                                                                                                                                                                                                            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                                                                                                                         reseeds,
                                                                                                                                                                                         fragrance
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                       Kochia (A) (Summer Cypress)          Red             24”-30” N/A                                               E                  Reseeds            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                       Kochia scoparia

                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                           Blue, purple,
                                                       Larkspur (A)                        red, white                                                                  E                 Good cut
                                                                                                            24”-48” 180                                                                  flower             15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                       Consolida ambigua

                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
The University of Arizona Cooperative Extension • 9




                                                                                           Blue, purple,
                                                       Linaria (A) (Toadflax)              red, pink,       12”-15” 180                                               E                  Reseeds
                                                                                                                                                                                                            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                       Linaria maroccana                   yellow, white

                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                           Blue, purple,
                                                       Lisianthus (A)                      red, pink,       12”-24” 60-90
                                                                                                                                                                      M                  Good cut
                                                       Eustoma grandiflorum                                                                                                              flower             15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                           yellow, white

                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                           Blue, purple,
                                                       Lobelia (A)                         red, pink,       6”-10”     150                                             E
                                                       Lobelia erinus                                                                                                                                       15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15
                                                                                           white

                                                                                                                                                                                                            1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                       Lupine (A)                                                      120                                            M
                                                                                            Blue             6”-10”                                                                      Wildflower         15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15
                                                       Lupinus spp.



                                                         Plant Type                                           Difficulty                                            Lures                           Light Needs          Water Needs                   Planting & Flowering Key             Notes
                                                      A = Annual - blooms & dies in one season             E = Easy to grow                                       = Hummingbirds                     = Bright Full Sun   = Low Water Use              = Planting Months                   = Foliage Plant
                                                      B = Biennial - blooms & dies in second season        M = Moderatly easy to grow                             = Seed-eating Birds                = Partial Sun       = Moderate Water Use         = Flowering Months                  = Poisonous
                                                      P = Perennial - blooms more than two seasons         D = Difficult to grow                                  = Butterflies                      = Shade             = High Water Use             = Colorful Foliage/Fruit        !!! = Very Difficult
                                                                                                           V = Very difficult to grow
10 • The University of Arizona Cooperative Extension




                                                                                                                                                                                            Characteristics
                                                                                                                        Seed to Bloom




                                                                                                                                                      Water Needs
                                                                                                                                        Light Needs
                                                                                                                          Days from




                                                                                                                                                                      Difficulty
                                                                                                                                                                      Growing




                                                                                                                                                                                               Special
                                                                    Flower




                                                                                                 Colors


                                                                                                               Height




                                                                                                                                                                                   Lures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Planting and Flowering Guide
                                                            common & botanical names

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Jan    Feb   Mar   Apr     May      Jun     Jul    Aug    Sep     Oct        Nov Dec
                                                                                                                                                                                           Good cut           1       1    1      1       1       1        1      1      1          1       1         1
                                                         Marigold, American/African (A)      Orange,                                                                                       flower,
                                                         Tagetes erecta                      yellow, white    18”-36” 30-60                                              E                 reseeds,           15      15   15     15     15       15      15      15     15     15         15       15
                                                                                                                                                                                           fragrance

                                                                                                                                                                                           Good cut           1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Marigold, French (A)                Red, orange,
                                                                                                               8”-10”    30-60
                                                                                                                                                                          E                flower,
                                                         Tagetes patula                      yellow                                                                                        reseeds            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Mexican Hat (A)                     Orange,          10”-18”      180
                                                                                                                                                                          E                Wildflower,
                                                         Ratibida columnifera                yellow                                                                                        reseeds            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Mexican Sunflower (A)                                                                                            E
                                                                                             Orange           48”-96”      120                                                              Wildflower
                                                         Tithonia rotundifolia                                                                                                                                15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Mignonette (A)                       Yellow           8”-12”      120
                                                                                                                                                                          M
                                                         Reseda odorata                                                                                                                    Fragrance          15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                           Edible, good       1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Nasturtiums (A)                     Red, pink,
                                                                                             orange,          10”-18”      120                                           E                 cut flower,
                                                                                                                                                                                                              15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                         Tropaeolum majus                                                                                                                  reseeds,
                                                                                             yellow, white
                                                                                                                                                                                           fragrance
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                             Blue, purple,
                                                         Nemesia (A)
                                                         Nemesia strumosa
                                                                                             red, pink,
                                                                                             orange,
                                                                                                               8”-10”       90                                            E                                   15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                             yellow, white
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Nierembergia (A)                    Blue, purple,
                                                                                             white             4”-15”      150                                            E                  Reseeds
                                                                                                                                                                                                              15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                         Nierembergia hippomanica violacea

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Ornamental Cabbage/Kal e (A)
                                                         Brassica oleracea
                                                                                             Purple, red,
                                                                                             pink, white
                                                                                                               8”-12”     N/A                                            E                                    15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Ornamental Pepper (A)                 Red                                                                       E
                                                                                                               8”-12” 90-120                                                                                  15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15
                                                         Capsicum annum




                                                          Plant Type                                            Difficulty                                            Lures                           Light Needs          Water Needs                   Planting & Flowering Key             Notes
                                                       A = Annual - blooms & dies in one season              E = Easy to grow                                       = Hummingbirds                     = Bright Full Sun   = Low Water Use              = Planting Months                   = Foliage Plant
                                                       B = Biennial - blooms & dies in second season         M = Moderatly easy to grow                             = Seed-eating Birds                = Partial Sun       = Moderate Water Use         = Flowering Months                  = Poisonous
                                                       P = Perennial - blooms more than two seasons          D = Difficult to grow                                  = Butterflies                      = Shade             = High Water Use             = Colorful Foliage/Fruit        !!! = Very Difficult
                                                                                                             V = Very difficult to grow
                                                                                                                                                                                            Characteristics
                                                                                                                        Seed to Bloom




                                                                                                                                                      Water Needs
                                                                                                                                        Light Needs
                                                                                                                          Days from




                                                                                                                                                                      Difficulty
                                                                                                                                                                      Growing




                                                                                                                                                                                               Special
                                                                    Flower




                                                                                                 Colors


                                                                                                               Height




                                                                                                                                                                                   Lures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Planting and Flowering Guide
                                                            common & botanical names

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Jan    Feb   Mar   Apr     May      Jun     Jul    Aug    Sep    Oct         Nov Dec
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1       1    1      1       1       1        1      1      1          1        1        1
                                                        Painted Daisy (A)                    Pink, orange,                                                                                 Good cut
                                                        Chyrsanthemum coccineum              white            18”-24” 150                                               M                  flower
                                                                                                                                                                                                              15      15   15     15     15       15      15      15     15     15          15      15


                                                                                             Blue, purple,                                                                                                    1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Pansies (A)
                                                        Viola x wittrockiana
                                                                                             red, pink,
                                                                                             orange,
                                                                                                              6”-12”     30                                              E                 Edible             15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                             yellow, white

                                                                                                                                                                                           Good cut           1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Penstemon (P) (Firecracker)
                                                        Penstemon eatonni
                                                                                             Red              12”-24” 150                                             E/M                  flower,
                                                                                                                                                                                           wildflower,        15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                                                                                                                           reseeds
                                                                                                                                                                                           Good cut           1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Penstemon (P) (Parry’s)              Pink                                                                                          flower,
                                                        Penstemon parryi
                                                                                                              12”-36” 150                                             E/M                  wildflower,        15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                                                                                                                           reseeds

                                                                                                                                                                                           Good cut           1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Penstemon (P) (Desert Beardtongue)
                                                         P. pseudospectabilis
                                                                                             Pink             12”-24” 150                                             E/M                  flower,
                                                                                                                                                                                           wildflower,        15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                                                                                                                           reseeds
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Periwinkle (Vinca) (A)               Purple, pink,    8”-18”     30                                              E                 Reseeds
                                                        Catharanthus roseus                  white                                                                                                            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
The University of Arizona Cooperative Extension • 11




                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Petunia (A)                          Blue, purple,
                                                        Petunia x hybrida
                                                                                             red, pink,       12”-24”    30                                             E                  Fragrance          15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                             yellow, white

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                             Purple, red,                                                                                  Good cut
                                                        Phlox (A)
                                                        Phlox drummondii
                                                                                             pink, yellow,
                                                                                                              6”-18”     150                                            E                  flower,
                                                                                                                                                                                                              15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                             white                                                                                         fragrance

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Pincushion Flower (A)                Blue, purple,
                                                                                                             18”-30”     180                                          E/M                  Good cut
                                                        Scabiosa spp.                        pink, white                                                                                   flower             15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                        Poppy (A) California                 Red, pink,                                                                                    Wildflower,
                                                        Eschscholzia californica
                                                                                             orange,          6”-12”     150                                            E                  reseeds            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15
                                                                                             yellow, white



                                                          Plant Type                                            Difficulty                                            Lures                           Light Needs          Water Needs                   Planting & Flowering Key             Notes
                                                       A = Annual - blooms & dies in one season              E = Easy to grow                                       = Hummingbirds                     = Bright Full Sun   = Low Water Use              = Planting Months                   = Foliage Plant
                                                       B = Biennial - blooms & dies in second season         M = Moderatly easy to grow                             = Seed-eating Birds                = Partial Sun       = Moderate Water Use         = Flowering Months                  = Poisonous
                                                       P = Perennial - blooms more than two seasons          D = Difficult to grow                                  = Butterflies                      = Shade             = High Water Use             = Colorful Foliage/Fruit        !!! = Very Difficult
                                                                                                             V = Very difficult to grow
12 • The University of Arizona Cooperative Extension




                                                                                                                                                                                            Characteristics
                                                                                                                         Seed to Bloom




                                                                                                                                                       Water Needs
                                                                                                                                         Light Needs
                                                                                                                           Days from




                                                                                                                                                                       Difficulty
                                                                                                                                                                       Growing




                                                                                                                                                                                               Special
                                                                    Flower




                                                                                                Colors


                                                                                                               Height




                                                                                                                                                                                    Lures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Planting and Flowering Guide
                                                            common & botanical names

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Jan    Feb   Mar   Apr     May      Jun     Jul    Aug    Sep     Oct        Nov Dec
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1       1    1      1       1       1        1      1      1          1       1         1
                                                          Poppy (A) Iceland                  Pink, orange,
                                                          Papaver nudicaule                  yellow, white     12”-24”         120                                          E               Fragrance         15      15   15     15     15       15      15      15     15     15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                          Poppy (A) Shirley                  Red, pink,
                                                          Papaver Rhoeus                     orange,
                                                                                                               24”-48”        120                                           E               Reseeds           15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                             yellow, white
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                          Portulaca (A)                      Red, pink,
                                                          Portulaca grandiflora              orange,            4”-6”           30                                         E                Reseeds
                                                                                                                                                                                                              15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                             yellow, white

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                          Purple Coneflower (A)              Purple, red,
                                                          Echinacea purpurea                 pink, white       24”-48”        180                                           E               Good cut
                                                                                                                                                                                            flower            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                          Primrose (A) Fairy                 Purple, red,
                                                          Primula malacoides                 pink, white       6”-14”         120                                           M                                 15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                          Primrose (A) Polyanthus            Blue, purple,
                                                          Primula polyantha
                                                                                             red, pink,        4”-12”         120                                           M                                 15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                             yellow, white

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                          Purslane (A)                       Red, pink,
                                                          Portulaca x hybrida                orange,            4”-8”           30                                          E               Edible
                                                                                                                                                                                                              15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                             yellow, white

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                          Ranunculus (P)                     Red, pink,                                                                                     Good cut
                                                          Ranunculus x hybridus
                                                                                             yellow, white      8”-18”        120                                           E               flower            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                            Good cut          1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                          Safflower (A)                      Orange,
                                                                                                                                                                                            flower,
                                                          Carthamus tinctorius
                                                                                             yellow            12”-36”        90                                           E                good for          15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15
                                                                                                                                                                                            drying
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                          Sage (P)                           Purple, red,
                                                          Salvia spp.
                                                                                             white             5”-48”         90                                           E                 Fragrance        15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15




                                                          Plant Type                                            Difficulty                                             Lures                          Light Needs          Water Needs                   Planting & Flowering Key             Notes
                                                       A = Annual - blooms & dies in one season              E = Easy to grow                                        = Hummingbirds                    = Bright Full Sun   = Low Water Use              = Planting Months                   = Foliage Plant
                                                       B = Biennial - blooms & dies in second season         M = Moderatly easy to grow                              = Seed-eating Birds               = Partial Sun       = Moderate Water Use         = Flowering Months                  = Poisonous
                                                       P = Perennial - blooms more than two seasons          D = Difficult to grow                                   = Butterflies                     = Shade             = High Water Use             = Colorful Foliage/Fruit        !!! = Very Difficult
                                                                                                             V = Very difficult to grow
                                                                                                                                                                                           Characteristics
                                                                                                                        Seed to Bloom




                                                                                                                                                      Water Needs
                                                                                                                                        Light Needs
                                                                                                                          Days from




                                                                                                                                                                      Difficulty
                                                                                                                                                                      Growing




                                                                                                                                                                                              Special
                                                                    Flower




                                                                                                Colors


                                                                                                               Height




                                                                                                                                                                                   Lures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Planting and Flowering Guide
                                                            common & botanical names

                                                                                                                                                                                                             Jan    Feb   Mar   Apr     May      Jun     Jul    Aug    Sep    Oct         Nov Dec
                                                                                                                                                                                                             1       1    1      1       1       1        1      1      1          1        1        1
                                                         Salpiglosis (A)                     Purple, red,                                                                                  Good cut
                                                         Salpiglosis sinuata
                                                                                             pink, orange, 15”-30”
                                                                                             yellow
                                                                                                                           150                                            D                flower            15      15   15     15     15       15      15      15     15     15          15      15


                                                                                                                                                                                                             1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Salvia (A)                          Purple, red,
                                                                                             pink, white      15”-30”      30                                                              Fragrance
                                                         Salvia splendens                                                                                                E                                   15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                             1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Sanvitalia (A)(Creeping zinnia)     Purple, orange,
                                                         Sanvitalia procumbens               yellow          6”-12”         30                                           M                                   15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                             1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Schizanthus (A)                     Purple, pink,
                                                                                                              18”-24”
                                                         Schizanthus x wisetonensis          white                        150                                             D                                  15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15

                                                                                                                                                                                                             1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Shasta Daisy (A)                                                                                                                  Good cut
                                                         Chrysanthemum maximum
                                                                                            Yellow, white     24”-36”     180                                            E                 flower            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                             1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Shungiku Chrysanthemum (A)          Yellow, white                                                                                 Edible,
                                                                                                               24”-36” 120
                                                         C. coronarium                                                                                                    E                reseeds           15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
The University of Arizona Cooperative Extension • 13




                                                                                                                                                                                                             1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Snapdragon (A)                      Purple, red,
                                                                                                                                                                                           Good cut
                                                         Antirrhinum majus
                                                                                             pink, yellow,
                                                                                             white
                                                                                                              6”-36”     30-60                                            E                flower            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                             1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Spider Flower (A)                                                                                                                 Good for
                                                                                            Pink, white                    180
                                                         Cleome spinosa
                                                                                                              48”-60”                                                    E                 drying,
                                                                                                                                                                                           wildflower
                                                                                                                                                                                                             15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                             1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Star Clusters (A)                   Purple, red,
                                                                                                                                                                                           Wildflower
                                                         Pentas lanceolata
                                                                                             pink, white      24”-30”      180                                           D                                   15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                           Good cut          1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Statice (A) (Sea Lavender)          Blue, purple,
                                                                                                                           150                                                             flower,
                                                                                             yellow, white 18”-24”                                                       E                                   15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15
                                                         Limonium sinuatum                                                                                                                 good for
                                                                                                                                                                                           drying



                                                          Plant Type                                            Difficulty                                            Lures                          Light Needs          Water Needs                   Planting & Flowering Key             Notes
                                                       A = Annual - blooms & dies in one season              E = Easy to grow                                       = Hummingbirds                    = Bright Full Sun   = Low Water Use              = Planting Months                   = Foliage Plant
                                                       B = Biennial - blooms & dies in second season         M = Moderatly easy to grow                             = Seed-eating Birds               = Partial Sun       = Moderate Water Use         = Flowering Months                  = Poisonous
                                                       P = Perennial - blooms more than two seasons          D = Difficult to grow                                  = Butterflies                     = Shade             = High Water Use             = Colorful Foliage/Fruit        !!! = Very Difficult
                                                                                                             V = Very difficult to grow
14 • The University of Arizona Cooperative Extension




                                                                                                                                                                                            Characteristics
                                                                                                                         Seed to Bloom




                                                                                                                                                       Water Needs
                                                                                                                                         Light Needs
                                                                                                                           Days from




                                                                                                                                                                       Difficulty
                                                                                                                                                                       Growing




                                                                                                                                                                                               Special
                                                                   Flower




                                                                                               Colors


                                                                                                               Height




                                                                                                                                                                                    Lures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Planting and Flowering Guide
                                                           common & botanical names

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Jan    Feb   Mar   Apr     May      Jun     Jul    Aug    Sep     Oct        Nov Dec
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1       1    1      1       1       1        1      1      1          1       1         1
                                                                                            Purple, red,                                                                                    Good cut
                                                         Stock (A)                                                                                                        E
                                                                                            pink, yellow,      12”-24” 150                                                                  flower,
                                                                                                                                                                                                              15      15   15     15     15       15      15      15     15     15         15       15
                                                         Matthiola incana                   white                                                                                           fragrance

                                                                                                                                                                                             Good cut         1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                            Red, pink,
                                                         Strawflower (A)                                                                                                  D                  flower,
                                                         Helichrysum bracteatum
                                                                                            orange,            12”-36”      150                                                              good for         15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                            yellow, white
                                                                                                                                                                                             drying
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Sunflower (A)                      Red, pink,                                                                                      Edible,
                                                         Helianthus annus
                                                                                            orange,            36”-60”       90                                          E                  good cut          15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                                                            yellow, white                                                                                   flower

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Sweet Alyssum (A)                                                                                                E
                                                                                            Purple, white      6”-12”        30                                                             Fragrance         15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                         Lobularia maritima

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                            Blue, purple,                                                                                   Good cut
                                                         Sweet Peas (A)                     red, pink,                                                                    E                 flower,
                                                                                                               12”-72”       120                                                                              15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                         Lathyrus odoratus                  yellow, white                                                                                   fragrance

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                            Purple, pink,                                                                                   Good cut
                                                         Sweet Sultan (A)                                      30”-36”       150                                         E                  flower,
                                                                                            yellow, white                                                                                                     15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                         Centaurea moschata                                                                                                                 fragrance

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Verbena (A)                        Purple, red,
                                                                                            pink, white         6”-8”        120                                         E                                    15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                         Verbena peruviana

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Verbena (A)                          Purple, pink     8”-18”        120                                         E                  Wildflower,
                                                                                                                                                                                                              15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
                                                         Verbena gooddingii                                                                                                                 reseeds

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                         Violet (A)                                                                                                       E
                                                                                                                4”-6”        135                                                             Edible           15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15
                                                         Viola spp.

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                                                                                                                            Wildflower,
                                                         Wild Hyssop (P)                    Blue, purple,
                                                                                            pink
                                                                                                               24”-36” 90-210                                             M                 fragrance         15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15
                                                         Agastache spp.



                                                          Plant Type                                            Difficulty                                             Lures                          Light Needs          Water Needs                   Planting & Flowering Key             Notes
                                                       A = Annual - blooms & dies in one season              E = Easy to grow                                        = Hummingbirds                    = Bright Full Sun   = Low Water Use              = Planting Months                   = Foliage Plant
                                                       B = Biennial - blooms & dies in second season         M = Moderatly easy to grow                              = Seed-eating Birds               = Partial Sun       = Moderate Water Use         = Flowering Months                  = Poisonous
                                                       P = Perennial - blooms more than two seasons          D = Difficult to grow                                   = Butterflies                     = Shade             = High Water Use             = Colorful Foliage/Fruit        !!! = Very Difficult
                                                                                                             V = Very difficult to grow
                                                                                                                                                                                            Characteristics
                                                                                                                         Seed to Bloom




                                                                                                                                                       Water Needs
                                                                                                                                         Light Needs
                                                                                                                           Days from




                                                                                                                                                                       Difficulty
                                                                                                                                                                       Growing




                                                                                                                                                                                               Special
                                                                   Flower




                                                                                                Colors


                                                                                                               Height




                                                                                                                                                                                    Lures
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Planting and Flowering Guide
                                                           common & botanical names

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Jan    Feb   Mar   Apr     May      Jun     Jul    Aug    Sep    Oct         Nov Dec
                                                                                                                                                                                             Good cut         1       1    1      1       1       1        1      1      1          1        1        1
                                                         Yarrow (P)                                                                                                                          flower,
                                                         Achillea spp.
                                                                                             Red, pink,
                                                                                             yellow, white
                                                                                                               12”-24”       30                                            E                 good for
                                                                                                                                                                                             drying,
                                                                                                                                                                                             wildflower       15      15   15     15     15       15      15      15     15     15          15      15


                                                         Zinnia (A)                          Purple, red,                                                                                                     1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1
                                                                                                                                                                                            Good cut
                                                         Zinnia elegans                      pink, yellow,     4”-30”        30                                            E                flower
                                                                                             white                                                                                                            15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1

                                                                                                                                                                                                              15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1

                                                                                                                                                                                                              15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15

                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1

                                                                                                                                                                                                              15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1

                                                                                                                                                                                                              15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15
The University of Arizona Cooperative Extension • 15




                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1

                                                                                                                                                                                                              15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1

                                                                                                                                                                                                              15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15      15         15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1

                                                                                                                                                                                                              15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15


                                                                                                                                                                                                              1      1     1      1      1        1        1      1      1      1           1        1

                                                                                                                                                                                                              15     15    15     15     15       15      15     15     15     15          15       15




                                                          Plant Type                                            Difficulty                                             Lures                          Light Needs          Water Needs                   Planting & Flowering Key             Notes
                                                       A = Annual - blooms & dies in one season              E = Easy to grow                                        = Hummingbirds                    = Bright Full Sun   = Low Water Use              = Planting Months                   = Foliage Plant
                                                       B = Biennial - blooms & dies in second season         M = Moderatly easy to grow                              = Seed-eating Birds               = Partial Sun       = Moderate Water Use         = Flowering Months                  = Poisonous
                                                       P = Perennial - blooms more than two seasons          D = Difficult to grow                                   = Butterflies                     = Shade             = High Water Use             = Colorful Foliage/Fruit        !!! = Very Difficult
                                                                                                             V = Very difficult to grow

				
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