The Cabinet by liuhongmei


									The Cabinet
• Washington’s cabinet included the
  Departments of State, War, Treasury and
  Justice (known as the Inner Cabinet)
• The department heads are called Secretaries
  except for the Attorney General who heads the
  Dept. of Justice
• Currently there are 15 Cabinet posts
• The President nominates the dept. heads and
  the Senate must confirm their appointments
  with a majority vote.
     Selection of the Cabinet
• The nominee should have a background that
  is compatible with the department’s subject
  area of responsibility
• Should have high-level administrative skills
  and experience since they may manage
  thousands of employees
• The nominees tend to come from the
  President’s political party, with similar
  political perspectives and sense of loyalty.
 The Cabinet
• Is composed of the heads of the major departments in the
  executive branch and a small number of other key officials
  such as the director of the Office of Management and
• The cabinet is not used as a collective decision-making body.
  Cabinet meetings may not even be particularly important to
  the president, though he may value the advice of individual
  members of the cabinet.
• Presidents do not always know cabinet secretaries very well.
  Cabinet secretaries may also be too concerned with the
  wishes of their clientele groups.
• With the growth of the White House staff and the Executive
  Office of the President, there is little need to rely on the
  cabinet as an advisory body.
   The Executive Office of the
        President (EOP)
• The EOP consists of individuals and
  agencies that directly assist the President
  with advice and information to help
  implement policy for the nation.
• Created by FDR in1939 and employs over
  2,000 today.
• Some members of the Executive Office of
  the President are the Chief of Staff, Press
  Secretary, the National Security Council,
  the Council of Economic Advisers and the
  Office of Management and Budget.
The Offices of the Executive Branch are
found in the White House and other
federal buildings in Washington D.C.
     The Organization of the
       Executive Branch
There is no “right way” for a president to
organize his staff. Each president creates the
structure that he thinks will work best for
him, though sometimes finding the right
balance takes a bit of trial and error.
Scholars have so far singled out three major
advisory styles: competitive management
style (FDR), a hierarchical staff model
(Eisenhower), and collegial staffing
arrangement (Clinton).
  Vice President
Constitution gives VP 2 duties:
  (1) Presides over the Senate and votes in case
      of a tie,
  (2) Under the 25th amendment, helps to decide
      if a Prez is disabled and cannot carry out
      the job.

  President’s decide how involved they want
     their VP’s to be in the administration.
     Recent Veeps have been involved in
     diplomatic activities overseas and have
     been a part of the National Security Council.
    Vice presidents have traditionally been
 “standby equipment.” They are not usually
   used in a major advisory capacity. Most
  recently, Al Gore was given a more public
role than usual in the Clinton administration,
   and Dick Cheney was also a major force
 within the George W. Bush administration.
President Obama, Vice President Biden and the Cabinet 2009
President Barack Obama |
    The White House

 Vice President Joe Biden |
      The White House
Executive Office of the President
       | The White House

To top