CRA 2002-Inside-12 by gyvwpsjkko

VIEWS: 210 PAGES: 80

									Table of Contents




Message from the Grand Chief / Chairman, Dr. Ted Moses...............................2

Message from the Deputy Grand Chief / Vice-Chairman, Paul Gull....................7

Message from the Executive Director............................................................11
  Working Group on Eeyou Governance .......................................................13
  Cree-Quebec New Relationship.................................................................14
  Hydro-Quebec Outstanding Obligations Negotiations .................................17
  Forestry ..................................................................................................18
  Cree-Federal Negotiations........................................................................20
  Housing, Capital and Operations & Maintenance ......................................22
  Offshore Islands Negotiations ..................................................................22
  Taxation ..................................................................................................23
  GCCEI International Affairs ......................................................................24

Cree First Nations Community Profiles ..........................................................27
Cree Youth Role Model Recognition ..............................................................27

Message from the Director General ...............................................................47
Message from the Treasurer .........................................................................48
Administration..............................................................................................49
Message from the Director of Cree Human Resources Development ...............50
Message from the Director of Community Services........................................53
   • Technical Services ..........................................................................54
   • Economic Development ...................................................................56
   • Cree Childcare and Family Services Programs..................................57
   • Cree Native Arts and Crafts.............................................................60
   • Tourism...........................................................................................60
   • Cree Police Services .......................................................................62
Message from the Director of the Traditional Pursuits Agency........................63
   • Environmental Regime.....................................................................64
   • Hunting, fishing & Trapping Regime .................................................68
   • Geomatics & Forestry Department ..................................................68
   • Income Security Program for Cree Hunters and Trappers...................69
   • Wildlife Conservation Officers..........................................................70
   • Cree Culture/Aanischaaukamikw ....................................................70

Message from the Director of Youth Development/CNYC ...............................73
Cree Nation Youth Council ............................................................................76
Cree First Nations ........................................................................................77
GCCEI/CRA Council/Board Members 2002-2003 ..........................................77
Executive/Executive Committee Members 2002-2003 ..................................77
Organigram 2002-2003 ................................................................................78
Credits ......................................................................................................80




N.B. Certain activities described in this report have extended into the current fiscal year.




                                                                                                                   1
ᐧᑖᑭᑎᕐ ᒋᔖᐅᒋᒫᐦᑳᓐ ᑌᑦ ᒧᓯᔅ ᐅᑎᔨᒧᐧᐃᓐ
ᐋᔑᑯᒥᐱᐳᓐᐦ ᑳ ᒌ ᐧᐄᐦᑖᑯᐦᒡ ᒑᐧᑳᓐ ᐋ
ᐃᔅᐱᔨᒡ 2002-2003



                ᐧᐋᒋᔮᒄ᙮     ᓂᒋᔅᑎᒫᐧᐋᔮᔨᐦᑖᓐ ᒑ ᒌ
                                                   ᒑ ᒌ ᐱᐦᑯᑎᒫᓱᒡ ᐋᐱᓰᐧᐃᓂᔨᐤ ᑭᔮᐦ ᒑ
                                                   ᐧᐄᑳᐳᐧᐃᐦᐧᑖᓱᒡ ᐧᐋᔅᑳᐦᐄᑭᓐᐦ ᑭᔮᐦ ᑯᑎᒋᔨᐤ
                ᐧᐄᐦᑎᒫᑎᑯᒡ  ᑖᓐ ᑳ ᐊᑏ ᐃᔅᐱᔨᒡ ᒑᐧᑳᓐ       ᒑᐧᑳᔨᐤ ᓈᑎᐧᐋᔨᐦᑖᑯᓂᔨᒡ᙮ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋᑯᑎᐦ ᒑ
                ᐅᐦᒋ ᐊᓐ ᒫᒨ ᐋ ᒌ ᐱᒦᐦᑭᒥᐦᒄ ᐊᑎᑑ ᒑ        ᒌ ᐅᐦᒋ ᒥᒦᐦᐧᑳᑎᓯᔨᐦᒄ ᐊᓂᑖᐦ ᐄᔑ ᓃᐧᑖᒥᐦᒡ
                ᒌ ᒥᔥᑯᐧᐃᑳᐳᐧᐃᔨᐦᒄ ᐋ ᐱᒥᐱᔨᐦᐧᑖᓱᔨᐦᒄ       ᐅᑎᓂᒫᓱᔨᐦᐧᑳ ᐊᓐ ᔖᔥ ᐋᑏ ᐃᐦᑎᑯᐦᒡ
                ᒑᐧᑳᓐ ᒋᔮᓅ ᐋ ᐄᔨᔨᐅᐧᐃᔨᐦᒄ᙮ ᐅᑖᐦ ᒫᒃ       ᒑᐧᑳᓐ᙮ ᒑᒄ ᑳᒻᐱᓃ ᒋᐱᐦ ᐧᐄᒋᐦᐄᑯᓈᓅ ᒑ
                ᐄᔑ ᐅᑖᐦᒡ ᐹᔨᑯᐱᐳᓐᐦ ᓂᓈᐦᑰ ᒑᐧᑳᓐ          ᒌ ᒋᐦᒋᐱᔨᐦᑖᔨᐦᒄ ᐊᑎᑑ ᒑ ᒌ ᐃᐦᑎᑯᐦᒡ
                ᒋᒌ ᐅᑎᐦᑎᐅᑯᓈᓅ᙮ ᓃᔥᑖᒥᐦᒡ ᒫᒃ ᐄᔑ          ᐋᐱᑎᓰᐧᐃᓐ ᐊᓂᑖᐦ ᐄᔑ ᓃᔥᑖᒥᐦᒡ ᑭᔮᐦ ᒑ
                ᒋᐦᒋᐱᔨᐤ ᐋ ᐧᐄ ᐱᐦᑯᐦᑎᒫᓱᔨᐦᒄ ᒑᐧᑳᓐ        ᒌ ᐅᔑᐦᐧᑖᓱᔨᐦᒄ ᔔᔮᓐ ᒋᑎᐦᑖᐧᐃᓂᓈᐦᒡ ᒑ ᒌ
                ᐅᐦᒋ ᓂᑐᐦᑯᔨᓈᐱᑎᓰᐧᐃᓐ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋ ᐧᐄ          ᐋᐱᒋᐦᐄᒄ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐅᑖᐦ ᐄᔨᔨᐅᔅᒌᐦᒡ᙮
                ᐧᐄᒋᐦᐋᑭᓂᐧᐃᒡ ᐊᐧᐋᓂᒌ ᐋ ᐧᐃᔥᑖᐱᔨᔨᒡ
                ᐋ ᐧᐄᑎᐱᒫᑭᓄᐧᐃᑦ ᑯᐯᒃ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ           ᔖᔥ ᐅᑎᐦᒋᐱᔨᔨᐤ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐄᔨᔨᐅᒡ ᐧᐄᔨᐧᐋᐤ
                ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋᔥᒄ ᐱᒥᐱᔨᐤ ᑳᓈᑖ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ ᐋ        ᒑ ᒌ ᐱᒥᐱᔨᐦᐧᑖᓱᒡ ᒑᐧᑳᔨᐤ᙮ ᐄᔨᔨᐅᒡ
                ᐋᔨᒥᐦᐋᑭᓄᐧᐃᑦ ᐅᐦᒋ ᐊᓂᔮᐦ ᒥᓂᔥᑎᒄᐦ         ᒋᔮᓅ,   ᐋᑯᑎᐦ   ᒫᒃ   ᓈᑎᐧᐋᔨᐦᑖᑯᓯᔨᐦᒄ
                ᐅᑖᐦ ᐧᐄᓂᐹᑯᐦᒡ ᐋᑯᐦᑎᓂᔨᒡᐦ᙮ ᒥᐦᒑᑐᔨᒡ ᒫᒃ    ᒋᔮᓅ ᒑ ᒌ ᐱᒥᐱᔨᐦᐧᑖᓱᔨᐦᒄ ᓂᓈᐦᑰ
                ᑭᔮᐦ ᓈᓈᓂᒌᒻ ᒥᔪᐱᔨᐤ ᒑ ᒌ ᐋᐱᑎᐦᒡ ᐊᓐ       ᒑᐧᑳᓐ᙮ ᐃᔑᓈᑯᓂᔨᐧᐋ ᐄᔨᔨᐤ ᐧᐄᔨ ᑭᔮᐦ
                ᑳ ᐅᔥᑳᒡ ᓂᔅᑯᒧᐧᐃᓐ ᐄᔨᔨᐅᒡ ᑭᔮᐦ ᑯᐯᒃ ᑳ     ᓈᐦᐋᐤ ᒑ ᒌ ᐃᔑ ᐧᐄᒋᐦᐋᑭᓄᐧᐃᑦ ᑯᑎᒃᐦ
                ᓂᔅᑯᒥᑐᒡ ᐊᑎᑑ ᒑ ᒌ ᒥᔪᐧᐄᒑᐱᑎᓰᒥᑐᒡ᙮        ᐊᐧᐋᔨᐤᐦ ᐋ ᐃᔑ ᐧᐄᒋᐦᐋᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡᐦ᙮ ᐆ
                                                   ᒫᒃ ᐋ ᐃᔑᓈᑯᓂᐧᑳ, ᑖᓐ ᐋ ᐃᔑᓈᑯᓂᔨᒡ
                ᐄᔨᔨᐅᒡ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐄᔨᔨᐤ ᑳᒻᐱᓃᒡ ᐱᐦᑯᐦᑖᐧᐃᒡ      ᓈᑎᐧᐋᔨᑎᐦᒃ ᐄᔨᔨᐤ᙮ ᒋᓂᑎᐧᐋᔨᐦᑖᑯᓯᓈᓅ
                ᐋᐱᑎᓰᐧᐃᓂᔨᐤ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋᐱᑎᓰᐅᓯᓂᐦᐄᑭᓐᐦ         ᒫᒃ ᑯᐃᔅᒄ ᑭᔮᐦ ᒥᒋᓐ ᒑ ᐅᐧᐋᔨᔥᑖᔨᐦᒄ
                ᐊᓂᑖᐦ ᐧᐋᔥᑳᔨᒡᐦ ᒑᐧᑳᔨᐤ ᒑ ᐃᐦᑐᑖᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡ᙮   ᒥᓯᐧᐋ ᐹᐦᐹᔨᒄ ᐊᐧᐋᓐ ᒑ ᒋᔅᒑᔨᐦᑎᐦᒃ ᒑᐧᑳᔨᐤ
                ᐋᑦ ᒫᒃ ᓃᔑᐱᔨᒡ ᐋ ᓅᑖᐦᑎᐧᑳᓄᐧᐃᒡ,          ᐊᓂᔮ ᒑ ᐃᔑ ᐱᑯᓵᔨᐦᑎᒧᐧᐋᑦ ᐄᔨᔨᐤ
                ᐊᔮᐱᒡ ᑭᓂᐧᐋᐱᐦᑖᑭᓅ ᐊᓂᑖᐦ ᐅᐦᒋ ᑳ          ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲᐦ᙮ ᒋᑭ ᐧᐃᔨᐱᔨᐦᑖᓈᓅ ᑭᔮᐦ
                ᐅᔥᑳᒡ ᒑ ᐃᔅᐱᔨᐦᑖᑭᓄᐧᐃᑯᐱᓈ ᒑᐧᑳᓐ ᐅᐦᒋ      ᒋᔮᓅ ᒋᐧᐄᔓᐧᐋᐧᐃᓂᓅᐦ ᒑ ᐋᐱᑎᐦᒡ ᐅᑖᐦ
                ᐋ ᓅᑖᐦᑎᐧᑳᓄᐧᐃᒡ᙮ ᐋᑯᑎᐦ ᒫᒃ ᒥᓯᐧᐋ ᐋ       ᐄᔨᔨᐅᔅᒌᐦᒡ ᑭᔮᐦ ᑯᑎᑭᒡ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲᒡ ᒑ
                ᐃᔑᓈᑯᐦᒡ ᒑ ᐧᐄ ᐧᐄᒋᐦᑖᔨᐦᒄ ᐊᑎᑑ ᒑ ᒌ       ᒌ ᒌᐦᑳᔮᐱᐦᑎᐦᒡ ᐋ ᐃᔥᐱᔑ ᒋᔅᑎᒫᐧᐃᓂᔨᒡ
                ᒥᔪᐱᔨᒡ ᐆ ᑳ ᐃᔑ ᐅᐧᐋᔨᔥᑖᑭᓄᐧᐃᒡ᙮ ᑭᔨᐧᐹ     ᒥᓯᐧᐋ ᒋᔮᓅ ᒑ ᒌ ᐧᐄᔓᑎᒥᐦᒄ ᐋᑏ ᐃᔅᐱᔨᒡ
                ᑖᐧᐹ ᒑᔅᑎᒫᐅᐦᒡ ᒑ ᒌ ᒦᓅᐱᔨᐦᑖᑭᓄᐧᐃᒡ        ᒑᐧᑳᓐ ᐅᑖᐦ ᐲᐦᒡ ᐄᔨᔨᐅᔅᒌᐦᒡ᙮
                ᒑᐧᑳᓐ ᐅᐦᒋ ᐋ ᓅᑖᐦᑎᐧᑳᓄᐧᐃᒡ, ᒥᒄ ᒫᒃ ᒫᒨ
                ᐋᐱᑎᔒᔥᑎᒥᐦᐧᑳ ᐋᑯᑎᐦ ᒑ ᒌ ᐃᔑᓈᑯᐦᒡ         ᐆ ᒫᒃ ᒥᓯᐧᐋ ᐋᑯᑎᐦ ᒑ ᒌ ᐅᐦᒋ
                ᓃᔥᑖᒥᐦᒡ ᒑ ᒌ ᐃᔑ ᒋᐦᒋᐱᔨᐦᒄ ᑭᔮᐦ ᒑ        ᓅᑯᐦᒡ ᑖᐧᐹ ᐧᐄᔨ ᐄᔨᔨᐤ ᒑ ᐃᔮᑯᐱᓈ
                ᒌ ᒥᔪᐱᔨᐦᐄᑯᔨᐦᒄ ᐊᓐ ᒑᐧᑳᓐ ᑳ ᐃᔑ          ᑭᔮᐦ ᒑ ᐧᐄᒋᐦᐄᑯᑯᐱᓈ ᐊᓂᔮ ᒑᐧᑳᔨᐤ
                ᒋᐦᒋᐱᔨᐦᐧᑖᓱᔨᐦᒄ᙮ ᐊᓐ ᒫᒃ ᐹᔨᑯᐱᐳᓐᐦ        ᐧᐋᐦᑎᓂᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡ ᐅᑎᔅᒌᐦᒡ, ᐄᔨᔨᐅᔅᒌᐦᒡ᙮
                ᐋ ᐃᔅᐱᐦᑯᑖᐦᑭᓄᐧᐃᒡ ᒑᐧᑳᓐ ᐅᐦᒋ ᐋ          ᐋᑯᑖᐦ ᐃᔨᐦᐱᓂᒡ ᑳ ᐹᒋ ᐃᔑᓈᑯᓂᑯᐱᓈ,
                ᓅᒋᔔᔮᓈᓄᐧᐃᒡ ᐋᑯᑎᐦ ᐧᐋᐦᒋᐱᔨᒡ ᐊᑎᑑ         ᒋᔮᓅ ᒑ ᒌ ᐧᐄᒋᐦᐄᑯᔨᐦᒄ, ᒋᔮᓅ ᐅᑎᐦ ᐧᐋᐦᒋ
                ᒑ ᒌ ᐧᐄᒋᐦᐄᐧᐋᔨᐦᒄ ᑭᔮᐦ ᒋᔮᓅ᙮ ᐊᑎᑑ ᒫᒃ     ᐱᒫᒋᐦᐧᐃᔨᐦᒄ ᒋᑎᔅᒌᓈᐦᒡ᙮ ᓂᒥᔮᐤ ᑳᓈᑖ ᑭᔮᐦ
                ᓂᑎᐧᐋᔨᐦᑖᑯᓐ ᓲᐦᒃ ᒑ ᐋᐱᑎᔒᔥᑖᑭᓄᐧᐃᒡ        ᒫᒃ ᑯᐯᒃ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ ᑳ ᒥᔨᑎᐦᒄ, ᒋᔮᓅ
                ᐋ ᒑᔥᑎᓈᑖᔮᔨᐦᑖᑯᒡ ᐊᑎᑑ ᒑ ᐃᐦᑎᑯᐦᒡ         ᒨᔥ ᒋᒌ ᐃᔮᓈᓅ, ᒋᔮᓅ ᐅᑎᐦ ᑳ ᐃᐦᑖᔨᐦᒄ
                ᐊᓂᑎᐦ ᒑ ᒌ ᐅᐦᒋ ᐱᐦᑯᐦᑖᑭᓄᐧᐃᒡ ᓂᓈᐦᑰ       ᐄᔨᔨᐅᔅᒌᐦᒡ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋᑯᑎᐦ ᐅᑎᐦ ᐋᔥᒄ ᐋ
                ᒑᐧᑳᓐ ᐅᐦᒋ ᐋ ᓅᒋᔔᔮᓈᓄᐧᐃᒡ᙮              ᐃᐦᑖᔨᐦᒄ᙮ ᐆ ᒫᒃ ᐋ ᐃᔑᔮᔨᐦᒄ ᓂᒧᐃ ᑳᒋᒡ
                                                   ᒌ ᐱᒥᐱᔨᐤ ᒥᔔ ᐋᑳ ᐋᐱᒋᐦᑖᒡ ᐊᓂᒌ
                ᐊᓂᒌ ᒫᒃ ᐊᐧᐋᓂᒌ ᑳ ᐃᔨᒡ ᐋᑳ ᒑ ᐧᐋᐱᒫᒡ      ᐊᓂᑎᐦ ᒨᔥ ᑳ ᐹᒋ ᐃᐦᑖᒡ, ᒌᐦᑳᔮᔨᐦᑎᐦᒡ
                ᐊᓂᔮᐦ   ᔔᔮᓐᐦ    ᑳ  ᐃᔮᔨᒧᒫᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡᐦ     ᑭᔮᐦ ᓈᑭᑎᐧᐋᔨᐦᑎᐦᒡ᙮ ᓂᒧᐃ ᒥᒄ ᐹᔨᒄ
                ᐊᓂᑎᐦ ᑳ ᐅᔥᑳᔨᒡ ᓂᔅᑯᒧᐧᐃᓂᐦᒡ ᓂᒧᐃ         ᐊᐧᐋᓐ ᒑ ᒌ ᐧᐄᒋᐦᐄᑯᑦ, ᒥᓯᐧᐋ ᐊᐧᐋᓐ ᒑ ᒌ
                ᐅᐦᒋ ᑖᐧᐹᐧᐃᒡ, ᐋᑯᑎᐦ ᓅᑯᐦᒡ ᐅᑎᐦ᙮         ᐧᐄᒋᐦᐄᑯᑦ ᒫᒨ ᐋ ᐋᐱᑎᔒᔥᑎᒥᐦᒄ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋ
                ᔖᔥ ᐅᑎᐦᒋᐱᔨᐤ ᒑ ᐴᓃᓈᓄᐧᐃᒡ ᒥᒄ            ᐹᔨᑯᑖᐅᓯᔨᐦᒄ, ᒋᔮᓅ ᐋ ᐄᔨᔨᐅᐧᐃᔨᐦᒄ᙮
                ᓂᑎᐧᐄ ᐋ ᐃᔑ ᑭᒋᔅᑐᒡ ᐊᐧᐋᓂᒌ ᑭᔮᐦ
                ᒫᒃ ᒑ ᑯᔥᑖᒋᒥᐧᐋᒡ᙮ ᒋᔮᓅ ᑯᒋᐦᑖᑖᐤ ᒑ ᐧᐄ     ᓂᒧᐃ ᓈᔥᒡ ᐧᐋᔥᑭᒡ ᑳ ᓂᒋᔥᑯᐧᐃᒃ ᑳ
                ᐱᐦᑯᐦᑎᒫᓱᔨᐦᒄ ᒑᐧᑳᓐ᙮ ᔖᔥ ᐅᑎᐦᒋᐱᔨᐤ ᒑ      ᐅᔅᒋᓰᑦ ᓈᑳᓂᔥᑭᐧᐋᑦ ᑯᐯᒃ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲᐦ,
                ᐧᐄ ᐧᐄᒋᐦᐄᑯᒡ ᒋᑎᐧᐋᔑᔒᒥᓅᒡ ᐧᐄᔨᐧᐋᐤ        ᐧᔖᓐ ᔖᕃᐃ, ᒌ ᐧᐄᐦᑎᒻ ᐋ ᔒᑐᔥᑭᐦᒃ

2
ᐊᓂᔮ ᑳ ᐅᔥᑳᔨᒡ ᓂᔅᑯᒧᐧᐃᓂᔨᐤ ᐋ ᐃᔑ         ᓅᑯᐦᒡ ᐊᓐ ᒑᐧᑳᓐ ᑖᐧᐹ ᐋ ᐃᔑᓈᑯᐦᒡ ᒑ ᒌ     ᐧᐃᓂᒧᔨᐧᐋᔨᒡ ᑎᐹᔅᑯᓂᒑᐧᐃᓂᐧᐄᔓᐧᐋᐧᐃᓂᐦᒡ
ᒥᓯᓈᑖᔨᒡ ᒑ ᒌ ᐧᐄᒑᐱᑎᓰᒥᑐᒡ ᐄᔨᔨᐅᒡ         ᐃᔮᐅᐦᑯᐱᓈ ᐊᓂᑎᐦ ᐋ ᒥᓯᓈᑖᒡ ᑳ ᐅᔥᑳᒡ       ᐋ ᐃᔑᓈᑯᐦᑖᒡ ᒑ ᒌᐅᐦᒑᑳ ᒌ ᒥᔮᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡᐦ
ᑭᔮᐦ ᑯᐯᒃ ᑖᐱᔥᑯᓐ ᐋ ᓅᑯᐦᑖᒡ ᐋ            ᓂᔅᑯᒧᐧᐃᓂᐦᒡ᙮                        ᐄᔨᔨᐤᐦ ᐅᑎᐦ ᑳᓈᑖ ᑖᓂᔮ ᐊᓂᔮ ᑖᐧᐹ
ᒋᔅᑖᔨᒥᑐᒡ ᑭᔮᐦ ᑯᐃᔅᒄ ᐋ ᐧᐄᒑᐱᑎᓰᒥᑐᒡ᙮ ᒌ                                      ᐋ ᐃᔑᓈᑯᓂᔨᒡ ᒑ ᒌ ᐃᔮᔨᑯᐱᓈᓂᐦᐄ᙮
ᐧᐄᐦᑎᒻ ᑭᔮᐦ ᒑ ᐱᒥᐱᔨᐦᑖᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡ ᐊᓂᔮ       ᐆ ᒫᒃ ᐊᓅᐦᒡ ᑳᔑᑳᒡ ᐋᐅᒄ ᒫᐅᒡ ᒑᔅᑎᒫᐅᐦᒡ    ᒑᐧᑳᓐ ᐧᐋᐦᒑᑳ ᒌ ᐃᔑᓈᑯᐦᒡ ᐄᔨᔨᐅᒡ ᑭᔮᐦ
ᑳ ᐅᔥᑳᔨᒡ ᓂᔅᑯᒧᐧᐃᓂᔨᐤ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋᔪᐧᐃᒄ        ᓂᔅᑯᒧᐧᐃᓐ ᐄᔨᔨᐅᒡ ᑭᔮᐦ ᑳᓈᑖ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ     ᑯᑎᑭᒡ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲᒡ ᐧᐋᑎᐱᒥᑐᐧᑖᐤᐦ ᒥᒄ
ᑳ ᐃᔑ ᐧᐄᔓᒫᑦ ᐊᓂᔮᐦ ᐅᑖᐱᒋᐦᐋᑭᓐᐦ          ᐋ ᒌ ᒥᓯᓂᐦᐅᓱᒡ, ᐆ ᒫᒃ ᑳ ᐅᔥᑳᒡ          ᒑ ᒌ ᐃᔑ ᒋᔅᒑᔨᐦᑎᐦᒡ ᐄᔨᔨᐤᐦ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋ
ᓄᐧᐃᒡ ᒑ ᐧᐄ ᒋᔨᐲᐦᑭᒥᔨᒡᐦ ᐊᓂᔮ ᒑ ᐃᔑ       ᓂᔅᑯᒧᐧᐃᓐ ᑯᐯᒃ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋ ᒌ       ᐃᔮᔨᒡᐦ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᐧᐃᓂᔨᐤ ᐃᔥᐱᔑᐧᐄ ᒥᒄ ᐋ
ᐃᐦᑐᑎᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᑯᐱᓈ᙮ ᐊᓂᔮ ᒫᒃ ᑳ ᐃᔑ          ᒥᓯᓂᐦᐅᓱᑦ ᐋᑯᑎᐦ ᒑ ᒌ ᐅᐦᒋ ᒋᔅᒋᓂᐧᐋᐱᒡ     ᐃᑖᔨᒫᒡ ᒥᒄ ᒑ ᒌ ᐃᔑ ᐅᑎᓂᒥᔨᒡᐦ ᐊᓂᔮ
ᒦᔥᑯᒋᐱᔨᑦ ᑯᑎᒃ ᐊᐧᐋᓐ ᒑ ᓃᑳᓂᔥᑭᐦᒃ         ᑯᑎᑭᒡ   ᐄᔨᔨᐅᒡ    ᑭᔮᐦ   ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲᒡ    ᐧᐄᔨᐧᐋᐤ ᐋ ᐃᔑ ᓂᑎᐧᐋᔨᐦᑎᐦᒡ᙮
ᑯᐯᒃ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᐧᐃᓂᔨᐤ, ᒥᐦᒑᑐ ᐊᓂᒌ          ᐅᑎᐦ ᑳᓈᑖ᙮ ᐋᑯᑎᐦ ᐧᐋ ᒋᐦᒋᐱᔨᒡ ᐋ
ᑯᐯᒃ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲᐦ ᐋᑐᔅᑭᐧᐋᒡ ᔖᔥ ᐊᓂᑖᐦ       ᐱᒥᐱᔨᐦᑖᑭᓄᐧᐃᒡ ᐊᓂᔮ ᒑᐧᑳᔨᐤ ᑳ ᐃᔑ        ᐊᓂᔮ ᑳᓈᑖ ᑳ ᐅᔥᑳᔨᒡ ᑳ ᐅᔑᐦᑖᑦ
ᑳ ᐃᑖᑭᓂᐧᐃᒡ ᒑ ᐱᒥᐱᔨᐦᑖᒡ ᐊᓂᔮ ᑳ          ᐧᐄᔓᑎᐦᒡᐦ ᐊᓂᒌ ᑳ ᐃᑖᑭᓂᐧᐃᒡ ᒑ           ᐧᐄᔓᐧᐋᐧᐃᓂᔨᐤ ᐋᑳ ᒑ ᒌ ᐋᐱᑎᓂᔨᒡ
ᐅᔥᑳᔨᒡ ᓂᔅᑯᒧᐧᐃᓂᔨᐤ ᒌ ᔑᓂᐧᐋᐦᑖᐧᐃᒡ ᒑ      ᓈᓂᑑᒋᔅᒑᔨᐦᑎᐦᒡ ᐋ ᐃᔅᐱᔨᔨᒡ ᒑᐧᑳᔨᐤ ᐅᐦᒋ    ᐧᐄᔓᐧᐋᐧᐃᓂᔨᐤ ᐄᔨᔨᐅᒡ ᐋᔪᐧᐃᒄ ᐋ
ᐃᑎᔓᒫᑭᓂᐧᐃᒡ᙮ ᔖᔥ ᒫᒃ ᒌ ᐧᐄᔓᒥᑯᐧᐃᒡ᙮       ᐄᔨᔨᐤᐦ ᐋ ᐃᔑ ᒫᑎᓂᐧᐋᐱᔨᐦᑐᐧᐋᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡᐦ     ᐃᔑᓈᑯᐦᐄᑯᒡ ᐋᑳ ᒑ ᒌ ᓂᔥᑯᔥᑎᐦᒡ ᐊᓂᔮ
                                   ᐊᔅᒋᔨᐤ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐊᓂᔮ ᒑᐧᑳᔨᐤ ᐧᐋᐦᒋᐱᔨᔨᒡ      ᐋ ᐃᔑ ᒥᓯᓈᑖᔨᒡ ᑳᓈᑖ ᐧᐄᔓᐧᐋᐧᐃᓂᐦᒡ
ᐃᔅᑯᑎᒃ ᑳ ᓂᒋᔥᑯᐧᐃᒃ ᑯᐯᒃ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲᐦ       ᐊᔅᒌᐦᒡ ᐅᑎᐦ ᑳᓈᑖ᙮      ᒦᓐ ᒫᒃ, ᐅᐦᒋ    ᒥᔔ ᐋᑳ ᒥᓯᓈᑖᔨᒑ ᐊᓂᑎᐦ ᐧᐄᔨᐧᐋᐤ ᑳ
ᓈᑳᓂᔥᑭᐧᐋᑦ ᐧᔖᓐ ᔖᕃᐃ ᐋᔪᐧᐃᒄ                                                   ᐅᔥᑳᔨᒡᐦ ᓂᔅᑯᒧᐧᐃᓐᐦ ᒫᓯᓂᐦᐅᓱᒡ᙮
ᑳ ᐃᔑ ᐧᐋᐱᒥᒃ ᓈᔥᒡ ᒥᔥᑏᐦ                                                      ᐋᑯᑎᐦ ᒫᒃ ᒋᐦᒋᐧᐋ ᓈᑳᐦᑎᓂᔨᒡ
ᐋ ᒌ ᒫᒥᑐᓈᔨᐦᑎᒥᐦᐄᑯᑯᐱᓈ ᒑ                                                     ᐄᔨᔨᐅᒡ ᐊᓂᔮ ᑖᐧᐹ ᒑ ᐃᔮᐧᐋᑯᐱᓈ
ᐃᔑᓈᑯᓂᔨᒡ ᐅᑖᐦ ᐄᔑ ᓃᔥᑖᒥᐦᒡ                                                    ᐋ ᐧᐄ ᐱᑯᐦᑎᒫᓱᒡ᙮ ᑳᓈᑖ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ
ᐅᔮ ᑯᐯᒃ ᑭᔮᐦ ᑖᓂᑖᐦ ᒑ ᐃᔑ                                                     ᓂᒧᐃ     ᓂᑳᐦᐋᐧᒫᐤ     ᐊᓂᔮ     ᒑ
ᐧᐄᒑᐱᑎᓰᒫᑯᐱᓈ ᑯᐯᒃ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ                                                   ᐃᔑᔮᔨᑯᐱᓈᓂᐦᐄ       ᐃᔅᐧᑳᐤᐦ   ᑭᔮᐦ
ᐄᔨᔨᐤᐦ ᐅᑎᐦ ᑯᐯᒃ᙮ ᐋᔪᐧᐃᒄ ᑭᔮᐦ                                                 ᐊᐧᐋᔑᔥᐦ, ᒑᐧᑳᔨᐤ ᒫᒃ ᐧᐋᐦᒋ ᓂᑳᐦᐋᐧᒫᑦ
ᐧᐄᔨ ᑳ ᐃᔑ ᐧᐋᐱᐦᑎᐦᒃ ᐅᔮ ᑳ                                                    ᐊᓂᔮ ᒑ ᐃᔑ ᐃᔮᔨᑯᐱᓈᓂᐦᐄ
ᐅᔥᑳᔨᒡ     ᓂᔅᑯᒧᐧᐃᓂᔨᐤ     ᑯᑎᒃᐦ                                             ᐄᔨᔨᐤᐦ᙮
ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲᐦ ᐧᐋ ᐧᐄᑎᐱᒫᔨᒡᐦ ᑭᔮᐦ
ᐧᐋ ᐧᐄᒑᐱᑎᓰᒫᔨᒡᐦ ᐄᔨᔨᐤᐦ ᐱᑎᒫ ᒑ                                                 ᐋᔪᐧᐃᒄ ᒦᓐ ᐋ ᐃᔑ ᔒᐦᒋᒫᑭᓂᐧᐃᒡ
ᑭᓂᐧᐋᐱᐦᑎᒥᔨᒡᐦ ᐅᔮ ᓂᔅᑯᒧᐧᐃᓂᔨᐤ,                                                 ᐄᔨᔨᐅᒡ ᔮᔨᑖ, ᐋᑖᑳ ᒋᔅᒑᔨᐦᑎᐦᒡ ᒑᐧᑳᔨᐤ
ᒑ ᐧᐄᒋᐦᐄᑯᔨᑯᐱᓈᓂᐦᐄ ᒥᒄ ᑖᓂᑎᐦ                                                   ᐊᓂᔮ ᐃᔮᔨᒧᑖᔨᒡ ᐅᐦᒋ ᐊᓂᔮ ᑖᐧᐹ
ᐋᑏ     ᐃᐦᑖᔨᒡᐦ   ᐅᔮ    ᐊᔅᒋᔨᐤ᙮                                              ᒑ ᐃᔑᔮᐧᐋᑯᐱᓈ, ᒥᔅᑭᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒑ ᒫᒃ ᒑ
ᐋᔪᐧᐃᒄ ᑭᔮᐦ ᑳ ᐃᔑ ᐧᐄᐦᑎᐦᒃ ᐋ                                                   ᒌ ᒥᔮᑭᓄᐧᐃᐧᐋᑯᐱᓈ ᐧᐃᔨᐧᐄᑎᒫ ᐊᓂᔮ
ᐱᑯᓵᔨᒫᑦ ᑯᑎᒃᐦ ᐄᔨᔨᐤᐦ ᐊᑎᑑ ᒑ                                                   ᑳ ᐃᔑ ᓂᔅᑯᒧᒡ, ᓂᑎᐧᐋᔨᐦᑖᑯᓱᐧᐃᒡ
ᒌ ᐧᐄᒋᐦᐄᐧᐋᔨᒡᐦ ᑳᓈᑖ ᑭᔮᐦ ᑯᐯᒃ                                                  ᑏᐧᐋᐦᒡ ᒑ ᐱᒋᔅᑎᓂᐦᒡ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋᑳ ᒑ
ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓰᓈᐦᒡ ᐧᒫᐦᒡ ᐅᑎᐦ ᒋᔮᓅ                                                   ᒌ ᓂᔥᑯᔥᑎᐦᒡ᙮ ᐋᑯᑎᐦ ᒫᒃ ᓂᒧᐃ
ᐄᔨᔨᐅᒡ ᔖᔥ ᐊᓂᑖᐦ ᐅᑖᐦᒡ ᑳ ᐹᒋ                                                   ᒋᑭᒌ ᓈᓂᑖᔑᒧᔥᑎᐧᐋᓄᐧᐃᒡ ᐊᓂᒌ
ᐃᐦᑎᒡ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐅᔮᔨᐤ ᒫᐦᒋᒡ ᐅᑎᐦ ᑳ                                                  ᑖᐹᔅᑯᓂᒑᒡ ᐋ ᐧᐄ ᐱᑯᐦᑎᑖᔨᐦᒄ ᐊᓐ
ᐋᔥᑐᓈᔥᑖᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡ ᑳ ᐃᔑ ᐧᐄᒋᐦᐄᐧᐋᒡ᙮        ᑭᔨᐧᐹ ᑯᐯᒃ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ, ᐋᑯᑎᐦ ᒥᔥᑏᐦ       ᑯᐃᔅᒄ ᐋ ᐃᔑᓈᑯᐦᒡ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋᑯᑎᐦ ᓂᒥ
ᐋᔪᐧᐃᒄ ᐋ ᐃᔑ ᐧᐋᐱᐦᑎᐦᒃ ᐅᔮ ᑳ ᐅᔥᑳᔨᒡ      ᒑ ᒌ ᐅᐦᒋ ᒌᐧᐋᓂᑭᓄᐧᐃᒡ ᐊᓂᔮ ᑳ ᐃᔑ        ᒌ ᐱᑯᐦᑎᒫᓱᐧᐃᒡ ᐄᔨᔨᐅᒡ ᒑᐧᑳᔨᐤ ᐊᓂᔮ
ᓂᔅᑯᒧᐧᐃᓂᔨᐤ ᐊᓂᑎᐦ ᒑ ᐅᐦᒋ ᒋᐦᒋᐱᔨᔨᒡ       ᐃᐦᑐᑎᐧᐋᑭᓂᐧᐃᒡ ᐄᔨᔨᐅᒡ ᒥᒄ ᐋ ᐃᔑ         ᐧᑳᔨᔅᑯᓂᔨᒡ ᐊᓂᑖᐦ ᐄᔑ ᓃᔥᑖᒥᐦᒡ᙮
ᓂᓈᐦᑰ ᒑᐧᑳᔨᐤ ᑖᐱᔥᑯᓐ ᒑ ᒌ ᐧᐄᒋᐦᐄᑯᔨᒡᐦ     ᐅᑎᓂᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡ ᐊᓂᔮ ᒑᐧᑳᔨᐤ ᑖᐧᐹ ᐧᐄᔨᐧᐋᐤ
ᐄᔨᔨᐤᐦ ᑭᔮᐦ ᑯᑎᒃᐦ ᐊᐧᐋᔨᐤᐦ ᐅᑎᐦ          ᒑ ᒌ ᐃᔮᐧᐋᑯᐱᓈ ᐊᔅᒋᔨᐤ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐊᓂᔮ ᒑᐧᑳᔨᐤ   ᒦᓐ ᒫᒃ, ᐄᔨᔨᐅᒡ ᐋ ᑖᑭᐦᐅᑯᐧᐋᒡ ᑳᓈᑖ
ᑯᐯᒃ᙮ ᐋᐅᒄ ᑭᔮᐦ ᓃᔨ ᐋ ᐃᑖᔨᐦᑎᒫᓐ ᐋ        ᐊᓂᑎᐦ ᐧᐋᐦᒋ ᐅᑎᓂᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡ᙮ ᐅᔮ ᒫᒃ ᑳ      ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ ᐅᐧᐄᔓᐧᐋᐧᐃᓂᔨᐤ ᔮᔨᑖ ᒋᑭ
ᑖᐧᐹᒥᑭᐦᒡ, ᑭᔮᐦ ᓂᐧᐄ ᐧᐄᐦᑖᓐ ᐋᔪᐧᐃᒄ ᑭᔮᐦ   ᐃᔑ ᐃᐦᑐᑎᐧᐋᑭᓂᐧᐃᒡ ᒌ ᐃᒑᓂᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᐤ        ᓂᔅᑭᐧᐋᔮᔨᐦᑎᒧᒡ   ᐊᓂᑎᐦ     ᓂᔅᑯᒧᐧᐃᓂᐦᒡ
ᑳ ᐃᔑ ᐱᑯᓵᔨᒧᒡ ᐄᔨᔨᐅᒡ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐊᓂᒌ          ᐊᓂᑖᐦ ᐅᐦᒋ ᒥᓯᐧᐋ ᐊᐧᐋᓐ ᑯᐃᔅᒄ ᒑ ᒌ       ᒑ ᒌ ᑎᐱᐦᐄᒑᒡ ᑖᓂᔮ ᐊᓂᔮ ᑳ ᐃᔑ
ᑯᑎᑭᒡ ᑳ ᒥᓯᓂᐦᐅᓱᒡ ᒉᐃᒥᔅ ᐯᐃᐦ ᑭᔮᐦ        ᐃᐦᑐᑎᐧᐋᑭᓄᐧᐃᑦ ᐋ ᐅᐦᒋ ᓈᓈᑭᒋᐦᑖᑭᓄᐧᐃᒡ     ᐧᐃᓂᑐᑎᐧᐋᔨᒡᐦ ᐊᐧᐋᔨᐤᐦ ᑎᐹᔅᑯᓂᒑᐅᑭᒥᑯᐦᒡ
ᐊᑎᒫᐲᓯᒻ ᑯᐯᒃ ᓂᔅᑯᒧᐧᐃᓂᔨᐤ 1975 ᑳ        ᔫᓈᔨᑎᑦ ᓀᐃᔑᓐᔅ ᑳ ᐃᔑᓂᐦᑳᑖᒡ 1999,       ᐋ ᐅᐦᒋ ᐧᐃᔮᔨᐦᑖᑯᓂᔨᒡ ᑳᓈᑖ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲᐦ
ᐃᒋᔥᑖᔨᒡ ᐋ ᐱᐳᓂᔨᒡ᙮ ᐊᓅᐦᒡ ᒫᒃ ᐆ,         ᒥᒄ ᒫᒃ ᑳᓈᑖ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ ᐋᔪᐧᐃᒄ ᐋᔥᒄ       ᑭᔨᐧᐹ ᐋ ᒌ ᐧᐃᓂᑐᑖᒑᔨᒡᐦ᙮ ᒥᓯᐧᐋ ᒋᒋᔅᒑᔨᒫᓅ
30 ᑎᐦᑐᐱᐳᓐᐦ ᑳ ᐃᔥᐱᔑ ᓲᐦᒃ ᑯᒋᐦᑖᔨᐦᒄ      ᐧᐋ ᐃᔑ ᐱᒥᐱᔨᐦᑖᑦ᙮ ᐋᑯᑖᐦ ᐋ ᐃᐦᑐᑎᐦᒃ      ᑳᓈᑖ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ ᑖᓐ ᑳ ᐃᔥᐱᔑ ᒥᐦᒑᐧᑖᐤ
ᐋ ᐧᐄ ᒫᔑᐦᑎᒫᓱᔨᐦᒄ, ᒋᒌ ᐱᐦᑯᐦᑎᒫᓱᓈᓅ       ᐅᔮ ᐋ ᐃᑎᔓᒫᑦ ᐊᓂᔮᐦ ᐅᑖᐱᒋᐦᐋᑭᓐᐦ         ᐧᐃᓂᑐᑎᐧᐋᑦ ᐄᔨᔨᐤᐦ ᐅᑖᐦ ᐄᔑ ᐅᑖᐦᒡ᙮
ᐊᑎᑑ ᒑ ᒌ ᒥᔥᑯᐧᐃᔥᑖᔨᐦᒄ ᑭᔮᐦ ᑖᐧᐹ ᒑ ᒌ     ᒑ ᐃᐦᑎᑯᓂᔨᒡᐦ ᐊᓂᑎᐦ ᒑ ᒌ ᐅᐦᒋ           ᓂᒧᐃ ᑯᐃᔅᒄ ᐃᔑᓈᑯᓐ ᐧᐄᔨᐧᐋᐤ ᒑ ᒌ

                                                                                                     3
ᑎᐱᐦᐋᒨᐦᑎᔮᑭᓂᐧᐃᒡ ᐋᑳ ᒋᔅᒑᔨᐦᑎᐦᒡ ᑳ         ᒑ ᒌ ᐅᐦᒋ ᐱᒥᐱᔨᔨᒡ ᐋᐱᑎᓰᐧᐃᓂᔨᐤ᙮ ᐋᑦ     ᓂᐧᐄ ᐧᐄᐦᑎᐧᒫᓐ ᐋ ᒌ ᒌᐦᑳᔮᐱᐦᑎᐦᒃ ᑳᓈᑖ
ᐃᔑ ᐧᐃᓂᑐᑎᐧᐋᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡᐦ ᐊᐧᐋᔨᐤᐦ ᐃᔨᐦᒡ       ᑭᔮᐦ ᐊᓂᑖᐦ ᒋᐳᐦᐅᐧᐋᓰᐅᐋᐱᑎᓰᐧᐃᓂᐦᒡ       ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ ᒑ ᒌ ᐃᐦᑎᑯᓂᔨᒡᐦ ᐧᐄᔓᐧᐋᐧᐃᓐᐦ
ᐋ ᐃᑎᔅᑳᓈᓯᔨᒡᐦ ᐋ ᒌ ᐧᐃᓂᑐᑖᑯᔨᒡᐦ, ᐋ        ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋ ᐅᑎᓈᑭᓂᐧᐃᒡ ᐊᐧᐋᓂᒌ ᐋ ᐲᑯᓂᐦᒡ     ᐅᐦᒋ ᐋ ᐧᐄ ᒥᓈᒋᐦᑖᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡ ᐊᔅᒋᔨᐤ ᐅᑖᐦ
ᒌ ᐧᐃᓂᑐᑎᐧᐋᔨᒡᐦ ᑭᔨᐧᐹ ᐧᐄᔨ ᐊᓂᔮ ᐋ         ᐧᐄᔓᐧᐋᐧᐃᓐᐦ ᐊᔮᐱᒡ ᓂᒧᐃ ᐃᔮᐱᑖᔨᐦᑎᒻ      ᓅᓈᕗᑦ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐊᑎᑑ ᒫᔮᓅ ᐅᑖᐦ ᔫᐦᐧᑳᓐ
ᐃᑎᔅᑳᓈᓯᑦ᙮                            ᐅᔮ ᑳ ᐃᔑ ᓂᔅᑯᒧᑦ ᑳᓈᑖ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ᙮       ᐊᔅᒌᐦᒡ᙮ ᒑᐧᑳᔨᐤ ᐧᐋᐦᒋ ᐋᑳ ᐋᔥᒄ ᐧᐄ
                                                                     ᐧᐋᐱᐦᑎᐦᒃ ᐊᓂᔮ ᐧᐄᔓᐧᐋᐧᐃᓂᔨᐤ ᐋ ᐃᔑ
ᐊᓅᐦᒌᐦᒑ ᐅᑖᐦ ᑭᔮᓈ, ᑳ ᒫᒨᐧᐄᓈᓄᐧᐃᒡ         ᐋᑳ ᒫᒃ ᐃᔑᑭᓂᐧᐋᐱᐦᑎᐦᒃ ᐊᓂᔮ ᒉᐃᒥᔅ       ᒥᓯᓈᑖᔨᒡ ᐊᓂᑎᐦ ᒋᔮᓅ ᒋᓂᔅᑯᒧᐧᐃᓂᓈᐦᒡ
ᒋᔥᒍᒋᒫᔅᐧᑳᐤᐦ ᐅᐧᐄᔓᐧᐋᐧᐃᓂᔨᐤ ᑎᔮᐦᑭᐦᐅᑯᐧᐋᒡ   ᐯᐃᐦ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐊᑎᒫᐲᓯᒻ ᑯᐯᒃ ᓂᔅᑯᒧᐧᐃᓂᔨᐤ     1975 ᑳ ᐅᔑᐦᑖᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡ᙮
ᐊᓂᑎᐦ ᒑ ᒌ ᐃᔮᔨᐧᒫᐅᐦᐄᐧᐋᒡ ᓂᓈᐦᑰ ᒑᐧᑳᓐ      ᒑ ᒌ ᐧᐄᒋᐦᐄᐧᐋᐱᔨᔨᒡ ᐋᐱᑎᓰᐧᐃᓂᔨᐤ ᒑ
ᐋᑯᑎᐦ ᑳ ᐧᐄᐦᑎᒥᐦᒄ ᑳᓈᑖ ᐋᔥᒄ ᐅᔮ ᐊᓅᐦᒡ      ᒌ ᐃᐦᑎᑯᓂᔨᒡ, ᑳᓈᑖ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ ᐧᐄᔨ       ᔖᔥ ᒫᒃ ᐅᑎᐦᒋᐱᔨᔨᐤ ᐊᑎᑑ ᒑ ᐧᐄ
ᐋᑳ ᑯᐃᔅᒄ ᐃᐦᑐᑖᑎᐦᒄ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐆ ᑎᐹᒋᒧᐧᐃᓐ       ᐧᐄ ᐧᐄᔓᐧᐋᐤ, ᐋᑳ ᒑ ᒌ ᓂᐦᐋᔨᐦᑖᑯᓂᔨᒡ     ᒥᔪᐱᔨᐦᑖᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡ ᐋ ᐃᔑ ᐧᐄᑎᐱᒥᐦᒄ
ᐋᐅᒄ ᑳ ᐋᐱᑎᐦᒡ ᐊᑎᑑ ᒑ ᒌ ᓂᓯᑐᐦᑖᑯᓂᔨᒡ       ᑭᔮᐦ ᒑ ᒌ ᒌᐦᑳᔮᔨᐦᑖᑯᓂᔨᒡ᙮ ᐊᓐ ᐋ ᐃᔑ     ᑭᔮᐦ ᐊᔨᒥᐦᐄᒄ ᑳᓈᑖ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ᙮ ᔖᔥ
ᐊᓂᔮ ᑳ ᐃᔑ ᐃᐦᑐᑎᐦᒃ:                    ᒥᓯᓈᑖᒡ ᐱᔅᑭᑎᓯᓂᐦᐄᑭᓂᔥ 22 ᐅᐦᒋ ᐋ       ᒋᒌ ᐋᔨᒧᑎᒧᐧᐋᓄᐧᐃᒡ ᑳ ᓃᑳᓂᐱᒡ ᐃᕐᕕᓐ,
                                    ᐧᐄ ᐃᔑ ᒥᓈᒋᐦᑖᑭᓄᐧᐃᒡ ᐊᔅᒌ ᐋᑯᑎᐦ ᒑ      ᔅᑎᐧᐃᕐᑦ ᑭᔮᐦ ᓅᓪᑦ᙮ ᓂᒌ ᐧᐄᐦᑎᒫᒄ ᑖᓂᑖᐦ
“ᐋᑯᑎᐦ ᒑ ᒌ ᐅᐦᒋ ᐧᐄᐦᑎᒫᓱᓈᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡ ᑳ        ᒌ ᐅᐦᒋ ᒌᐦᑳᓈᑯᐦᒡ ᐆ᙮ ᑳᓈᑖ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ     ᒑ ᐃᔑ ᐃᐦᑐᑎᐦᒃ ᐊᓐ ᒦᓐ ᐧᑳᐧᔖᓐ ᒑ
ᐃᑖᔨᐦᑎᒥᑯᐱᓈ ᑳᓈᑖ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ:                                                    ᓃᑳᓂᔥᑭᐦᒃ ᑳᓈᑖᔨᐤ ᐧᐹᓪ ᒫᕐᑎᓐ,
ᑳ   ᐃᑖᔨᐦᑎᒥᑯᐱᓈ     ᓂᓈᐦᑰ   ᐋ                                                ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋᐅᒄ ᐋ ᐃᑖᔨᐦᑎᒫᓐ ᓃᑳᓂᐦᒡ
ᐃᑎᔅᑳᓈᓯᔨᒡᐦ ᐊᐧᐋᔨᐤᐦ ᒫᒨ ᒑ ᒌ                                                   ᔖᔥ ᒑ ᐧᐄ ᐃᔑ ᒋᐦᒋᐱᔨᔨᐦᒄ᙮ ᐧᕌᐱᕐᑦ
ᐋᐱᒋᐦᑖᔨᒡᐦ ᐊᔅᒋᔨᐤ, ᐊᓂᔮ ᐊᔅᒌᐦᒡ                                                 ᓅᓪᑦ ᐋᔪᐧᐃᒄ ᑳ ᐃᔨᑦ ᐊᓂᑖᐦ
ᐧᐋᐦᒋᐱᔨᔨᒡ,      ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᐧᐃᓂᔨᐤ                                                ᑳᓈᑖ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓰᓈᐦᒡ ᒑ ᐃᑐᐦᑖᑦ
ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋ ᐃᑖᔨᐦᑎᒥᐦᐄᑯᔨᒡᐦ ᒑ ᒌ                                                    ᑎᐧᑳᒋᓂᔨᒑ ᐃᔨᒦᒥᑯᐦᐋ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲᐦ
ᐃᔑᓈᑯᓂᔨᒡ ᐊᓂᑖᐦ ᐄᔑ ᓃᔥᑖᒥᐦᒡ                                                    ᐋ ᐧᐄ ᓂᐦᐄᐱᔨᐦᑖᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡ ᒑᐧᑳᔨᐤ,
ᒋᔅᑖᔨᐦᑎᒧᐧᐃᓂᔨᐤ ᐋ ᓅᑯᐦᐧᑖᑐᔨᒡᐦ                                                  ᒥᒄ ᒫᒃ ᐊᓅᐦᒡ ᐋᔪᐧᐃᒄ ᐧᐋ ᐃᐦᑐᑎᐦᒃ
ᑭᔮᐦ ᒑ ᒌ ᒥᒋᒥᓂᒥᔨᒡᐦ ᐊᓂᔮ                                                      ᐋᑳ ᐊᑎᑑ ᒑ ᒥᔮᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡᐦ ᐄᔨᔨᐤ
ᓂᓈᐦᑰ ᐋ ᐃᑖᑎᓯᔨᒡᐦ᙮ ᐆ ᒫᒃ                                                      ᒋᔅᑯᑎᒫᒑᐧᐃᓐᐦ ᔔᔮᓐᐦ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋ
ᑳᓈᑖ ᑎᐹᒋᒧᐧᐃᓐ ᒥᐦᒑᑐ ᐊᐧᐋᓂᒌ                                                    ᓂᑎᐧᐋᔨᐦᑎᐦᒃ ᒑ ᑖᐦᑭᓱᐧᐃᐦᐊᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡᐦ
ᐅᔮ ᐅᑎᐹᒋᒧᐧᐃᓂᐧᐋᐤ, ᐋ ᑯᒋᐦᑖᒡ                                                   ᐄᔨᔨᐤᐦ, ᐋᑯᑦ ᒫᒃ ᒑ ᐲᑯᓂᑭᓄᐧᐃᒡ
ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋ ᐴᓈᐱᐦᑎᐦᒡ ᒥᒄ ᒫᒃ ᒦᓐ                                                    ᐋ ᐃᔑ ᒥᓯᓈᑖᒡ ᐊᓂᑎᐦ 1975
ᐋ ᑯᒋᐦᑖᒡ, ᒫᒨ ᒑ ᒌ ᐧᐄᒋᒥᑐᒡ                                                    ᒉᐃᒥᔅ ᐯᐃᐦ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐊᑎᒫᐲᓯᒻ ᑯᐯᒃ
ᒋᔮᒫᐧᐋᔨᐦᑎᒧᐧᐃᓂᐦᒡ ᑭᔮᐦ ᒫᒨ ᒨᔥ                                                  ᓂᔅᑯᒧᐧᐃᓐ᙮ ᓂᒧᐃ ᒋᑭ ᓂᐦᐋᔨᐦᑖᓈᓅ
ᑯᐃᔅᒄ ᒑ ᒌ ᐃᐦᑐᑖᑐᒡ᙮ ᒥᒄ ᒫᒃ ᓂᒧᐃ                                                ᒑ ᒌ ᐊᒋᐧᐃᓂᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡ ᐊᓂᔮ ᑖᐧᐹ
ᒋᑭᒌ ᐃᐦᑎᑯᓐ ᒋᔮᒫᐧᐋᔨᐦᑎᒧᐧᐃᓐ ᑭᔮᐦ ᑯᐃᔅᒄ     ᓂᒧᐃ ᓂᑎᐧᐋᔨᐦᑎᒻ ᒑ ᒌ ᒥᓯᓈᑖᔨᒡ ᐊᓂᑎᐦ     ᒑ ᐃᔑ ᐃᔮᑯᐱᓈ ᐄᔨᔨᐤ᙮ ᔖᔥ ᐅᑎᐦᒋᐱᔨᐤ
ᐃᐦᑐᑖᒑᐧᐃᓐ ᐹᑎᔥ ᒥᒄ ᒥᓯᐧᐋ ᐊᐧᐋᓐ ᑖᐱᑑ       ᒋᓂᔅᑯᒧᐧᐃᓂᓈᐦᒡ ᒑ ᒌ ᐱᒥᐱᔨᔨᒡ ᐊᓂᔮ       ᒑ ᒌ ᐃᐦᑎᑯᐦᒡ ᓂᔅᑯᒧᐧᐃᓐ ᑳᓈᑖ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ
ᐃᐦᑐᑎᐧᐋᑭᓄᐧᐃᒑ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐃᑎᒋᒫᑭᓄᐧᐃᒑ᙮ ”        ᑳᓈᑖ ᐋ ᐅᐦᒋ ᓈᓈᑭᒋᐦᑖᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡ ᐋ         ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋ ᒥᓯᓂᐦᐅᓱᑦ ᒑ ᒌ ᓅᑯᐦᒡ ᑖᐧᐹ ᐋ
                                    ᐃᔑ ᓈᓂᑑᒋᔅᒑᔨᐦᑖᑯᓂᔨᒡ ᐊᔅᒋᔨᐤ ᐋ ᐧᐄ      ᒋᔅᑖᔨᐦᑖᑭᓄᐧᐃᒡ ᐊᓐ ᒑᐧᑳᓐ ᐋ ᐃᔑᓈᑯᐦᒡ
ᐊᓅᐦᒡ ᒫᐧᑳᒡ ᐄᔨᔨᐅᔅᒌᐦᒡ ᐋᑯᑎᐦ ᐧᐋᐦᒋᐱᔨᒡᐦ    ᒥᓈᒋᐦᑖᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡ᙮ ᐧᑳᐧᔖᓐ ᒋᒌ ᐹᐦᑖᓈᒋᒑ ᑳ   ᒑ ᐃᔮᐅᐦᑯᐱᓈ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐊᓂᑎᐦ ᒑ ᒌ ᐅᐦᒋ
ᒥᐦᒑᐧᑖᐤ ᒋᔖᒥᑖᐦᑐᒥᑎᓅ ᐋᐱᑎᓰᐧᐃᓐᐦ ᐅᐦᒋ       ᐹᒋ ᑎᑯᔑᐦᒃ ᐊᓐ ᑳᓈᑖ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓰᓈᐦᒡ       ᓅᑯᐦᒡ ᑖᐱᔥᑯᓐ ᐋ ᒋᔅᑖᔨᒥᑐᓈᓄᐧᐃᒡ ᑭᔮᐦ
ᐋ ᓅᒋᔔᔮᓈᓄᐧᐃᒡ, ᐋ ᓅᑖᐦᑎᐧᑳᓄᐧᐃᒡ ᑭᔮᐦ       ᑳ ᐅᐦᒋ ᐹᒋ ᐃᑎᔑᐦᐧᐋᑭᓄᐧᐃᑦ ᐅᑖᐦ         ᑯᐃᔅᒄ ᐧᐄᒑᐱᑎᓰᒥᑐᓈᓄᐧᐃᒡ, ᐧᒫᐦᒡ ᑳ ᐃᔑ
ᐋ ᐅᔅᑯᑎᒥᐦᒑᓄᐧᐃᒡ ᐅᑎᐦ ᑯᐯᒃ ᑭᔮᐦ ᑳᓈᑖ       ᒋᑎᐦᑖᐧᐃᓂᓈᐦᒡ ᑳ ᐹᒋ ᐧᐄᒑᐧᐋᑦ ᐊᓂᔮᐦ      ᐱᐦᑯᑎᒫᓱᔨᐦᒄ ᑯᐯᒃ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ ᐋ ᐃᐦᑖᑦ,
ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋᔓᑯᒥᐱᐳᓐᐦ ᐱᓕᔨᓐᔅ ᐋ ᐃᓈᓄᐧᐃᒡ         ᒥᔮᒨᐱᔨᒡᐦ ᐋ ᓈᓂᑑᒋᔅᒑᔨᐦᑖᑯᓂᔨᒡ ᒑᐧᑳᔨᐤ᙮   ᒥᒄ ᒫᒃ ᐋᑯᑖᐦ ᑭᐧᐄᔑᓈᑯᓂᔨᐧᐋ ᐋᔥᒄ
ᐋᑯᑎᐦ ᐧᐋᐦᒋᐱᔨᑦ ᔔᔮᓐ ᐋ ᐅᐦᒋ ᐱᑳᔅᒋᐦᐅᒡ      ᐋᑯᑎᐦ ᓈᔥᒡ ᑳ ᒥᒥᐦᑖᑯᓯᑦ ᑳ ᐧᐄᐦᑎᐦᒃ      ᐋᑳ ᐧᐄ ᒋᔅᑖᔨᐦᑎᐦᒃ ᑳᓈᑖ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ
ᐊᐧᐋᓂᒌ ᐅᑎᐦ ᑯᐯᒃ ᑭᔮᐦ ᑳᓈᑖ᙮ ᐱᑯᓂᒑ         ᐊᓂᑖᐦ ᐅᐦᒋ ᑳᓈᑖ ᐋ ᓈᓂᑑᒋᔅᒑᔨᐦᑖᑯᓂᔨᒡ     ᐊᓂᔮ ᑖᐧᐹ ᒋᔮᓅ ᐋ ᐃᔑᓈᑯᓂᔨᒡ ᒑ
ᑳᓈᑖ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ ᐹᔨᒄ ᐱᓕᔨᓐ ᐅᐦᑎᓈᐤ          ᐊᔅᒋᔨᐤ ᐋ ᐧᐄ ᒥᓈᒋᐦᑖᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡ ᐋ ᒌ       ᐃᔑᔮᐅᐦᑯᐱᓈ᙮
ᔔᔮᓐᐦ ᒥᒄ ᐊᓂᔮ ᐋ ᑖᑭᓱᐧᐃᑦ ᐅᑎᐦ ᐅᐦᒋ        ᐅᐦᒋ ᐹᒋ ᐃᑎᔑᐦᐧᐋᑭᓄᐧᐃᑦ᙮ ᒥᒄ ᐋᔪᐧᐃᒄ
ᐄᔨᔨᐅᔅᒌᐦᒡ᙮ ᐋᑦ ᒫᒃ ᐆ ᐃᔑ ᒋᔅᒑᔨᐦᑖᑯᐦᒡ,     ᓂᒥ ᐅᐦᒋ ᐧᐄᐦᑎᒻ ᑳᓈᑖ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲᐦ ᐋᑳ     ᒥᓯᐧᐋ ᒫᒃ ᓂᐱᑯᓵᔨᒫᐅᒡ ᐄᔨᔨᐅᒡ ᑭᔮᐦ
ᑳᓈᑖ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ ᐊᔮᐱᒡ ᐊᐧᑳᐦᑎᒃ ᐋᑳ          ᐅᐦᒋ ᐧᐄ ᐱᒥᐱᔨᐦᑖᔨᒡᐦ ᐊᓂᔮ ᒦᓐ ᒑ ᒌ      ᐄᔨᔨᐤ ᐋᐱᑎᓰᓲᒡ ᒑ ᒥᔪᐱᔨᒡ ᐅᔮ ᒑ
ᐧᐄ ᑭᓂᐧᐋᐱᐦᑎᐦᒃ ᐊᓂᔮ ᑳ ᐃᔑ ᓂᔅᑯᒫᑦ         ᑭᓂᐧᐋᐱᐦᑖᑭᓂᐧᐃᔨᒡ ᐅᑖᐦ ᐅᐦᒋ ᑳᓈᑖ        ᐋᑎ ᐅᔅᒋᐱᐳᓂᔨᒡ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐊᓂᑖᐦ ᐄᔑ
ᐄᔨᔨᐤᐦ᙮ ᐅᑖᐦ ᐄᔨᔨᐅᔅᒌᐦᒡ ᐋᑯᑎᐦ ᓈᔥᒡ        ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓰᓈᐦᒡ ᐋ ᐃᔑ ᒥᓯᓈᑖᔨᒡ ᐊᓂᑎᐦ      ᓃᑳᓂᐦᒡ ᐋᑯᑖᐦ ᐋ ᐃᔑ ᑭᓂᐧᐋᐱᐦᑎᒫᓐ
ᓅᐦᑖᐱᔨᒡ ᐊᓂᑎᐦ ᒑ ᒌ ᐅᐦᒋ ᐱᑳᔅᒋᐦᐅᒡ         ᐱᔅᑭᑎᓯᓂᐦᐄᑭᓂᔑᐦᒡ 22 ᑳ ᐃᑎᔥᑖᔨᒡ ᒉᐃᒥ    ᑖᐧᐹ ᒑ ᒌ ᒥᔪᐱᔨᐦᒄ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐋᑯᑖᐦ ᐋ ᐃᔑ
ᐊᐧᐋᓂᒌ ᐋᔪᐧᐃᒄ ᐋᑯᐦ ᐊᓂᔮ ᐋᑳ ᐃᔥᐱᔑ         ᐯᐃᐦ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐊᑎᒫᐲᓯᒻ ᑯᐯᒃ ᓂᔅᑯᒧᐧᐃᓂᐦᒡ     ᐊᔅᐹᔨᒧᔮᓐ ᒑ ᒌ ᒥᔪᐱᔨᒡ ᑭᔮᐦ ᒥᔥᑏᐦ ᒑ
ᐱᒋᔅᑎᓈᑦ ᔔᔮᓐᐦ ᐊᓂᔮ ᑳ ᐃᔑ ᓂᔅᑯᒧᑦ᙮         ᒦᔥᑯᒡ ᐋ ᒌ ᓂᑎᐧᐋᔨᐦᑎᐦᒃ ᒑ ᐱᒋᔅᑎᓂᒥᐦᒄ    ᒌ ᐋᐱᑎᔒᔥᑖᑭᓄᐧᐃᒡ ᒑᐧᑳᓐ ᐆ ᒑ ᐋᑎ
ᒦᓐ ᒫᒃ, ᓂᒧᐃ ᐃᐦᑎᔓᐧᐃᒡ ᐄᔨᔨᐅᒡ ᐋ          ᐊᓂᔮ ᒑ ᐃᔮᐅᐦᑯᐱᓈ ᐧᐄᔨ ᐅᐧᐄᔓᐧᐋᐧᐃᓐ      ᐱᐳᐦᒡ᙮
ᐋᐱᑎᓰᒡ ᒑ ᐃᔥᐱᔑ ᐃᐦᑎᔑᐧᐋᑯᐱᓈ              ᒑ ᐋᐱᑎᓂᔨᒡ᙮ ᐋᐅᒄ ᐧᐋᐦᒌ ᓂᑎᐧᐋᔨᐦᑖᑯᐦᒡ
ᐋᔪᐧᐃᒄ ᐋᑯᐦ ᐊᓂᔮ ᓈᔥᒡ ᐋᑳ ᐹᒋ             ᐱᐦᑳᓐ ᒑ ᒌ ᐃᐦᑎᑯᐦᒡ ᓂᔅᑯᒧᐧᐃᓐ ᐅᐦᒋ      ᒋᓂᔅᑯᒥᑎᓈᐧᐋᐤ᙮   ᐧᑖᑭᑎᕐ   ᒋᔖᐅᒋᒫᐦᑳᓐ
ᐱᒋᔅᑎᓈᑦ ᑳᓈᑖ ᑎᐹᔨᐦᒋᒑᓲ ᔔᔮᓐᐦ ᐊᓂᑎᐦ        ᐄᓯᒫᓃᐅᓰᐲ ᑭᔮᐦ ᐧᐋᔥᑳᐦᐄᑭᓂᔒᐅᓰᐲ᙮        ᑌᑦ ᒧᓯᔅ

4
Message from the Grand Chief / Chairman,
Dr. Ted Moses



                                              The nay-sayers who warned that the fund-         working with the Cree Nation on a Nation-
                                              ing under the New Agreement would not            to-Nation basis and in a spirit of mutual
                                              come were wrong, as you can see. It is           respect and cooperation. He committed
                                              time for the false allegations and fear mon-     to implement the New Agreement and has
                                              gering to stop. We must start to build for       given instructions to his civil ser vice to
                                              ourselves. It is time to prepare our chil-       make sure that implementation proceeds
                                              dren to be able to take future employment        at an accelerated pace. Since the change
                                              opportunities and to build the houses and        in government in Quebec, many Quebec
                                              facilities that we need. We also now have        civil ser vants who were mandated by
                                              an oppor tunity to plan for our economic         the previous government to implement
                                              future. What companies are we going to           the Agreement have been waiting for his
                                              invest in to provide future employment           orders. They have now been given.
                                              opportunities and to bring investment to
                                              our communities and to Eeyou Istchee?            When I met Premier Charest I met a
                                                                                               man with a large vision for Quebec and
                                              It is also the time to build the Cree Nation.    for Quebec’s relations with Aboriginal
                                              We are a People, a Nation so we need to          Peoples. He agreed with me that the
                                              build the institutions that a Nation needs.      New Relationship Agreement, the “Paix
                                              Do we as Cree citizens have rights to equal      des Braves”, is a model for other State-

W                                             services? If this is the case, what are our      Aboriginal Nation relations around the
      atchia! It is an honour for me to       Cree Nation standards for these ser vic-         world. He stated that he encouraged oth-
report to you on the progress that togeth-    es? We must set this out clearly so that         er Aboriginal Nations to take a larger role
er we are making on building the Cree         each person knows what to expect from            in Quebec and Canadian politics as the
Nation. During the last year many changes     his Eeyou Government. We must establish          Crees have done in the past and as we
have come about. We are making progress       our jurisdiction in Eeyou Istchee and oth-       did once again in the last election. He
towards a settlement on health and social     er governments must recognize our place          views the New Agreement as a develop-
services with Quebec and discussions are      and pivotal role in governing the whole of       ment agreement for Eeyou Istchee that
continuing with Canada on the offshore        Eeyou Istchee.                                   is to benefit both the Cree and Quebec
islands. In a number of areas there is                                                         Nations. I believe this is true, and add
much progress being made in implement-        All of this is part of realizing the rights of   that this was the intention of the Crees
ing the New Relationship Agreement with       the Cree Nation to benefit from the resourc-     and other parties when the James Bay and
Quebec.                                       es over the whole extent of our traditional      Northern Quebec Agreement was signed
                                              lands, Eeyou Istchee! This is an inherent        in 1975. Today, by fighting for the last 30
Crees and Cree companies are finding jobs     right, something that we have by virtue of       years we have achieved a strengthening
and contracts on the new developments.        being the Cree People living on our lands.       and re-assertion of Cree rights in the New
Forestr y, which is facing a downturn in      It is not something that Canada or Quebec        Agreement.
the economy, is in any case star ting to      gives to us, it is something that we have
be dealt with by the new forestry regime.     by virtue of having historically existed here    By far the most valuable agreement
We must all make efforts over the coming      on Eeyou Istchee and by continuing to live       signed by Aboriginal Peoples and Canada
years to make that regime effective. Yes,     here as the Cree Nation. Such rights do          to date, the New Agreement with Quebec
there are outstanding issues to resolve in    not continue unless Aboriginal Nations           has become a new standard that aboriginal
forestry, but we will make progress only if   make the efforts to use, promote and pro-        and other governments in Canada can look
we work together and make the structures      tect them. They are not individual rights        to. It begins to implement important rec-
that we have put into place work for us.      but collective rights that exist because we      ommendations of the Royal Commission
In mining we are using the annual funding     work and live together as the Cree Nation,       on Aboriginal Peoples concerning the
contributions to increase our involve-        the Eeyouch.                                     redistribution of lands and resources to
ment in exploration. We must increase                                                          Aboriginal Nations in Canada. Moreover,
our effor ts in this as there are new dia-    I recently met with the new Premier of           at least with regards to Quebec, it goes
mond, gold, zinc and vanadium mines on        Quebec, Mr. Jean Charest and he affirmed         a long way in reversing the effects of the
the horizon.                                  his commitment to the principles set out         destructive colonialist policy of extin-
                                              in the New Relationship Agreement of             guishing the inherent rights of Aboriginal

                                                                                                                                        5
Nations to lands and resources. This pol-       “Canada is a test case for a grand notion:     to implement the Federal environmental
icy was denounced by the Human Rights           the notion that dissimilar peoples can         assessment process in our treaty. You per-
Committee of the United Nations in 1999,        share lands, resources, power and dreams       haps heard the federal representative when
but Canada nevertheless continues today         while respecting and sustaining their dif-     he recently came to the communities with
to pursue such a policy. It does so by          ferences. The story of Canada is the story     the Evaluation Committee. He proudly
instructing its army of civil ser vants to      of many such peoples, tr ying and failing      stated that he represented the Canadian
devise new legal tricks to undermine the        and trying again, to live together in peace    Environmental Assessment Agency. What
rights of Aboriginal Nations in Canada.         and harmony. But there cannot be peace         he failed to state was that Canada refused
Why cannot Aboriginal – State relations         or harmony unless there is justice.”           to implement the review by the Federal
be built on a foundation of recognition                                                          Review Panel set out under section 22
rather that on one requiring Aboriginal                                                          of the JBNQA and instead wanted to
Nations to capitulate?                                                                           replace our treaty rights with their own
                                                                                                 legislated process. This was why there
In Canada’s new extinguishment pol-                                                              was a need for a special agreement on
icy, Aboriginal Nations are forced to                                                            the EM1A-Ruper t Diversion Project. I
agree not to assert any constitutionally                                                         note that Canada has recognized spe-
affirmed right that is not set out in their                                                      cial environmental regimes in Nunavut
new treaties with Canada. This freezes                                                           and most recently in the Yukon Territory.
aboriginal rights. Canada does not                                                               Why does it still refuse to recognize the
freeze the rights of women or children,                                                          regime set up in our Treaty in 1975?
why does it want to freeze the rights of
aboriginal nations?                                                                               It is time for a new relationship with
                                                                                                  Canada. We have talked about it with
Canada now requires aboriginal                                                                    Ministers Irwin, Stewart and now Nault.
nations to agree, without even knowing          Eeyou Istchee presently creates through        I have commitments from the most likely
what rights are involved, that if in the        mining, forestr y and hydroelectric devel-     future Prime Minister of Canada, Mr. Paul
future cour ts find that there were such        opment, tens of thousands of jobs in           Martin, and I think that it is now time to
enforceable rights outside of the treaty,       Quebec and Canada and every year brings        move ahead. Minister Nault said that he
the Aboriginal Nation would automatically       billions of dollars in economic benefit to     would go to the Federal Cabinet this fall
surrender them. This denies our access to       the Quebec and Canadian economies.             on our negotiations, but now he seems to
the courts as a final arbiter of what is just   The Government of Canada itself derives        want to do more to cap the funding for
and so denies future justice to Aboriginal      a billion dollars per year just in tax reve-   the Cree School Board and to force the
Nations.                                        nues from Eeyou Istchee. In spite of these     Crees to pay income tax, both are viola-
                                                facts, Canada continues to deny many of        tions of the 1975 James Bay and Northern
Moreover, the Aboriginal Nation under           its treaty obligations to the Cree Nation.     Quebec Agreement. We will not allow Cree
Canada’s policy must agree in the treaty        Community development lags because             rights to be diminished. It is time to have
to pay out any damages awarded by the           Canada under-funds this obligation.            an agreement with Canada that respects
cour ts to any person because of past           Moreover, the Crees are under-represented      our treaty rights and is based on a relation-
violations by Canada of that Nation’s           in the workforce largely because Canada’s      ship of mutual respect and cooperation,
aboriginal rights. We all know that there       suppor t for local and regional economic       as we have established with Quebec, but
are many skeletons of past violations in        development has been pitifully small. Even     it seems that we have a long way to go
Canada’s closet. There is no justice when       in areas such as regional policing and         as Canada still refuses to respect our
a Nation is forced to pay for unknown           incarceration facilities Canada denies its     rights.
damages caused by another Nation against        treaty obligations.
its own people.                                                                                I wish all of the Crees and Cree employees
                                                Rather than seeing the James Bay               the best in the New Year and I look for-
Recently in Guyana, at a Commonwealth           Agreement as a path to the development of      ward with confidence and optimism that
forum we charged Canada with                    our region, Canada sees it as a constraint,    we will have an interesting and produc-
continuing to violate our human rights          something to be denied and diminished.         tive year ahead.
and we emphasized the importance of the         The environment regime under section
Canadian story when we stated:                  22 is a prime example. Canada refuses          MEEGWETCH, THANK YOU, MERCI!

6
Message from the Deputy Grand Chief,Vice-Chairman
Paul Gull




                     KWEI/WACHIYA                                          As a result of the signing of the “Paix

                     I                                                des Braves” Agreement there are a num-
                        t has been almost one year since I was        ber of files that have required special
                     given the mandate to ser ve the Cree             attention to ensure that they are imple-
                     Nation as Deputy Grand Chief. Making             mented properly. Regarding access to the
                     the transition from local administration         territor y, I have held a number of meet-
                     to regional administration has not been          ings with Quebec Government officials to
                     easy however with the support of my fam-         have a combined Cree-Quebec inventor y
                     ily, co-workers and the Grand Chief, I can       of individuals who have leases or other
                     honestly say that I am in a position to face     rights of access in Eeyou Istchee. Once
                     the challenge of fulfilling the mandate.         this is achieved we hope to be in position
                                                                      to implement administrative measures
                          Following the of signing of the “Paix       to ensure that there is no longer uncon-
                     des Braves” Agreement there has been             trolled access to Eeyou Istchee, which
                     much work to do at the community and             causes harmful disruptions to our tradition-
                     regional levels to ensure the implemen-          al way of life. I have also been involved in
                     tation of the Agreement and the related          effor ts to implement the wildlife preser-
                     Agreements that were signed at the time.         vation measures of the “Paix des Braves”
                     The challenge has also been to implement         Agreement. We have put in place the nec-
                     the Agreement and continue the momen-            essar y mechanisms to recruit and train
                     tum that was created in trying to resolve        the necessar y Cree individuals to act
                     outstanding issues.                              as conservation officers. With these two
                                                                      files we are beginning to regain Cree con-
                          First, since the beginning of my man-       trol over the access to the resources on
                     date we have revived regular meetings of         our lands.
                     the GCC(EI)/CRA Management Committee
                     with support of the Executive Director, the           To assist in the management of our
                     Director General, the Treasurer and the other    territor y I have also been involved in the
                     Directors. By this method we are attempt-        community level discussions surrounding
                     ing to rationalize the service delivery of the   trapline boundaries. By intervening at the
                     CRA. We are in the process of developing         community level and implicating ever y-
                     proposals for restructuring the departments      one who has an interest, we have been
                     such as Community Services, Traditional          able to settle a number of trapline bound-
                     Pursuits and the other groupings to ensure       ar y disputes. This activity will greatly
                     efficient and effective delivery services to     assist us in implementing the special for-
                     the communities. We will be revamping the        estry regime under the “Paix des Braves”
                     administration to reflect our needs rather       Agreement. To coordinate land use, discus-
                     than a reflection of circumstances that we       sions have also been held with neighboring
                     found ourselves reacting to.                     First Nations, to seek resolutions to over-

                                                                                                                7
                                                                                             Moses on a tour of the Cree communities
                                                                                             to inform the Cree Nation of the status of
                                                                                             the projects and in particular the details
                                                                                             surrounding the environmental and social
                                                                                             impact review process.

                                                                                                  In conclusion, even though we have
                                                                                             an excess of amount of work and challeng-
                                                                                             es ahead to ensure the implementation of
                                                                                             the Agreements I am impressed with the
                                                                                             commitment a number of individuals have
                                                                                             demonstrated in ensuring the benefits for
                                                                                             the Cree but more importantly protection
                                                                                             for the Cree way of life and Cree rights.
                                                                                             I would like to express my thanks and
                                                                                             appreciation to my immediate staff, par-
                                                                                             ticularly to those who collaborated ver y
                                                                                             closely with me. I would like to thank in
lap issues between our two Nations.            different levels of government when I was     par ticular Brian Craik, René Dion, Nora
Mr. Michel Crete was the representative        Chief of Waswanipi. On a related issue        Otter Tetreault,Suzanne Hilton and Edna
of the Quebec Government who was work-         I have met with the Chiefs of Police of       Neeposh, for their help in meeting the chal-
ing with me on this issue. Mr. Crete is now    each community to hear their concerns,        lenges of being the Deputy Grand Chief.
serving as the Chief of Cabinet for Premier    as we are in the process of negotiating       Perhaps the most impor tant individuals
Jean Charest and unfortunately is no lon-      funding and administrative measures with      who have stood by me through these chal-
ger able to work on this file.                 the Federal and Provincial governments.       lenging times and deser ves my special
                                               I have taken note of their concerns and       thanks are, my wife Stella and children.
      On forestr y related issues I have       will ensure that they are implicated in the
also assisted in a number of meetings          negotiations of the policing file.                Most people who face challenges
with Forestr y companies conducting for-                                                     face it with an objective to overcome, we
estr y operations within Eeyou Istchee.             Finally, I am involved in discussions    however have purpose, and there is no
These discussions have been difficult as       with Hydro-Quebec at a multitude of levels.   stronger motivator.
it is a radical change to require Forestry     It is a difficult time for the Cree Nation,
Companies to take into account the needs       the EM 1 project is being executed and
of the trappers they affect and to take into   the EM 1A project is being studied while
account the employment needs of the Cree       authorities begin the environmental and
Nation as a whole. When the companies          social impact assessment. I am pleased
recognize and accept that the Crees have       to see however that despite personal feel-
always and will always be here to contend      ings about hydro-electric development
with, discussions will then be able to take    other community members are commit-
a more meaningful and positive direction.      ted to ensuring strong Cree participation
                                               through the execution of the EM 1 proj-
     Also, arising from the “Paix des          ect and the investigation of the EM 1A
Braves” Agreement is the implementation        project. As a representative of the Cree
of Section 18 of the James Bay Northern        to the Joint Study Working Group under
Quebec Agreement in Eeyou Istchee. The         the Boumhounan Agreement I am witness
GCC(EI)/CRA has engaged the services of        to the importance of Cree expertise. If it
Mr. Losty Mamianskum to act as Regional        were not for the Cree expertise in point-
Coordinator on the file. Mr. Mamianskum        ing out important fish spawning sites and
brings a community approach to the file        other natural and wildlife resources the
as he has spear headed a Local Justice         impact of the project would be severely
Committee in his own community. This file      underestimated. As impor tant as it is in
is important to me as I have not forgotten     par ticipating in discussions with Hydro-
the frustration of trying to implement com-    Quebec/SEBJ, it is most impor tant to
munity initiatives with respect to Justice     keep our people informed. For this reason
and received little to no support from the     I par ticipated with Grand Chief Dr. Ted

8
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10
Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee)
Annual Report 2002-2003




Message from the Executive Director,
Bill Namagoose
                                              view, it is a clear violation of the Federal   Operations must be patient on this, as we
                                              extinguishment policy. They continue           cannot take any action that will jeopardize
                                              to struggle with Quebec’s recognition          this long-term agreement.
                                              and acknowledgement of the Crees as a               Not only has the Depar tment of
                                              Nation. Canada, through its negotiating        Indian Affairs refused to renew our O&M
                                              positions and representatives, continues       Agreement for the capital additions that
                                              to display the signs of a young and imma-      we have made over the last 5 years, but it
                                              ture country.                                  also refuses to give us the figures to justify
                                                   Since we signed the New Relationship      the amounts that it has paid us as our por-
                                              Agreement with Quebec, Canada’s funding        tion of the housing program. We believe,
                                              of Cree infrastructure has declined signif-    from our own analysis that we have been
                                              icantly.                                       under funded by a few million every year,
                                                   The Federal Treasur y Board approv-       but they continue to hide the facts.
                                              al and instructions to the Depar tment              In the past year, we also have a new
                                              of Indian Affairs to reimburse Eastmain        tripar tite agreement on policing with
                                              for their arena from internal funds contin-    Canada and Quebec that increase the Cree
                                              ues to be defied by the Minister, Rober t      police force by 8. They have undertaken to
                                              Nault.                                         negotiate a new policing agreement that
                                                   The Depar tment also has so far           respects the model agreed to in the “Paix
                                              refused to send the annual adjustments         des Braves”.

A                                             to our Operation and Maintenance funding            Recently the Federal Government
     nother year has come and gone in the     agreement in the amount of $3.1 mil-           revealed it true intentions to cap the
life of our nation. There have been signif-   lion to Treasur y Board for approval. The      JBNQA funding. It proposed to roll up all
icant changes made in our relationship        Operation and Maintenance Agreement            existing federal funding under an umbrel-
with Quebec and Canada. The new polit-        at least continues to be renewed for the       la agreement with the Crees. Education,
ical leadership of Quebec continues to        basic funding because of the clause that       which is now transferred to Quebec from
collaborate with the Cree leadership in       Judge Rejean Paul had the foresight to         Canada in accordance with the JBNQA,
implementing the many provisions of the       insist be included in the agreement when       would be included. These funds would be
“Paix des Braves”. The Crees appointed        he mediated the last renewal discussions.      transferred to a Cree Government and it
to the various working groups and com-        This clause prevents the Department from       would decide the allocation to different
mittees must be commended for their           cutting the funding to the Crees should        ser vices. This DIAND says would give us
excellent work                                the Depar tment fail to renew the base         increased “flexibility”. This means that if
      Canada is still struggling on how to    amounts and makes the agreement per-           we need more money for housing or infra-
come to terms with the new relationship       petual. However, the Depar tment now           structure we will be told we should take
between the Crees and Quebec. The new         proposes to take another two years to          it from education, which would be with-
relationship agreement respects the Crees     renew the base amounts. This is ridiculous,    in the envelope. We would then be forced
right to benefit from the extraction of our   this means that it will have taken 5 years     to reduce education spending to provide
natural resources on our traditional terri-   to renew a 5- year agreement on the base       housing and infrastructure.
tory. Canada doesn’t like this, as in their   amounts. My colleagues the Directors of

                                                                                                                                       11
     They also have tabled the income tax
exemption as an issue they wish to dis-
cuss as par t of the discussion on Cree
government at the last possible moment
prior to seeking a Cabinet mandate.
     It is clear that the spin-doctors with-
in the Communications Depar tment of
INAC have been ver y successful in driv-
ing a wedge between the Canadian public
and Aboriginal peoples in Canada. Only a
few years ago many of the most pressing
concerns of the Canadian public involved
Aboriginal Peoples. Now we are considered
a financial burden on the Canadian taxpay-
er. The emergence of the Reform/Alliance
Par ty, Canadian Tax Payers Association
and the National Post are, in the eyes of
the Depar tment of Indian and Nor thern
Af fairs, the greatest things to happen.
They now have a political party that touts
their views to the public and a publication
wiling to publish their draconian views.
     How can the Crees and our land be
portrayed as a burden when Canada ben-
efits from our natural resources to a tune
of 2.8 billion dollars a year. That is almost
half of the Federal Government annu-
al spending on all aboriginal people in
Canada. This fact was revealed in an eco-
nomic study commissioned by the GCCEI
,an economist team headed by a promi-
nent Quebec Economist, Pierre Fortin.
     In the New Relationship Agreement
(Paix des Braves), Quebec recognized our
right to benefit from development on the
whole of Eeyou Istchee. Canada however,
continues to benefit from this development
while at the same time holding back on the
promises that it made to the Cree People
in 1975. It is time for us to get tough with
Canada. Its actions display disrespect and
a profound disregard for its long-term rela-
tionship with the Cree Nation. Blinded by
its preoccupation for cutting the budget,
it fails to do its par t in the development
of a region that over the years has paid
its way. We cannot stand by and let this
continue.




12
Working Group on Eeyou Governance


                                                                                                Workshops in conjunction with the
                                                                                                theme of the 2002 Annual General
                                                                                                Assembly of the GCCEI/CRA to ‘Rise
                                                                                                and Build’ the Eeyou Nation and People
                                                                                                and the exercise and asser tion of its
                                                                                                inherent right of Eeyou Governance.
                                                                                                     Consequently, the Workshops
                                                                                                conducted at the 2002 AGA of the
                                                                                                GCCEI/CRA held in Eastmain, on
                                                                                                August 6-9, 2002, addressed the fol-
                                                                                                lowing principles, questions and issues
                                                                                                of Eeyou Governance:

                                                                                                1)    Nation Building
                                                                                                2)    Eeyou Identity
                                                                                                3)    Role of Eeyou Istchee
                                                                                                      Government
                                                                                                4)    Governmental Relations
                                                                                                5)    Sources of Funding for Eeyou
                                                                                                      Government
                                                                                                6)    Priorities for Funding
                                                                                                7)    Accountability

I                                               Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee)/
  n 1998, the Grand Council of the Crees        Cree Regional Authority, are: Abel Bosum          In addition, the Working Group has
( Eeyou Istchee ), by Resolution, estab-        (Chair man), Bill Namagoose (Vice-           planned the agenda and theme for the
lished the Working Group on the Cree            Chairman), Elders’ Council Representative    Special General Assembly on Eeyou
Nation Government which was mandated            (Robbie Matthew), Roderick Pachano, Philip   Governance which was scheduled to be
to establish and execute a process for the      Awashish, CNYCA Representative (John A.      held in Mistissini on June 10-12, 2003.
development and implementation of a Cree        Matoush), CTA Representative (Simeon         This Special General Assembly, however,
Nation Government. The Working Group is,        Pash), Norman Gull, Losty Mamianskum,        was postponed to the fall of 2003.
particularly, a consultative, advisory, coor-   John Paul Murdoch, Irene Neeposh, Violet          Since the signing of the Agreement
dinating and recommending body to Eeyou         Pachanos, and Romeo Saganash                 Concerning a New Relationship Between
and Eeyou leadership on all matters aris-            The Working Gr oup on Eeyou             the Government of Quebec and the Crees
ing from and relating to the Cree Nation        Governance planned the agenda and activi-    of Quebec, the Working Group on Eeyou
Government. The GCCEI, in 2001, changed         ties for the 2002 Annual General Assembly    Governance has determined and made
the name of the group to the ‘Working           of the Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou     recommendations to the Eenou/Eeyou
Group on Eeyou Governance.’                     Istchee)/Cree Regional Authority. In par-    Foundation Limited Par tnership on the
     By Resolution No. 2001 -20, the mem-       ticular, the Working Group recommended       disbursement of the annual payments to
bers at the Annual General Assembly of                                                       the Crees from Quebec pursuant to the
the GCCEI/CRA resolved that the Working                                                      said Agreement.
Group on the Cree Nation Government be                                                            The Working Gr oup on Eeyou
referred to as the “Working Group on                                                         Governance has determined that there are
Eeyou Governance”.                                                                           three (3) basic requirements for effective
     By Resolution No. 2002-2, the Board/                                                    Eeyou Governance:
Council of the GCCEI/CRA revised the
mandate of the Working Group on Eeyou                                                            1)   Legitimacy;
Governance “to develop and propose                                                               2)   Powers; and
to the Cree Leadership concrete mea-                                                             3)   Resources
sures for realizing Cree self-governance
in light of the Agreement concerning a                                                            The Working Gr oup on Eeyou
New Relationship” between Quebec and                                                         Governance remains the advisory and rec-
the Crees.                                                                                   ommending body on matters relating to
     The present members of the Working                                                      Eeyou Governance and it will deal with
Group on Eeyou Governance, as appoint-                                                       these basic and fundamental requirements
ed by Resolution No. 2002-2 of the Grand                                                     for effective Eeyou Governance.

                                                                                                                                     13
Cree-Quebec New Relationship


                                               and at the time it was signed in February    and to ensure the harmonious implemen-
                                               2002.                                        tation and efficient follow-up of the New
                                                    A meeting between the Grand Chief       Relationship Agreement and to resolve
                                               and the new Premier Mr. Charest was held     other questions per taining to the imple-
                                               in Quebec City on July 2nd, at which time    mentation of the JBNQA.
                                               the new Premier confirmed the full and            Pursuant to its mandate, the Standing
                                               unrestricted commitment of the new gov-      Liaison Committee has ensured the setting
                                               ernment to the implementation of the New     up of numerous discussions and negotia-
                                               Relationship Agreement. This commitment      tions frameworks that are briefly reviewed
                                               from the new Premier will allow the Cree     below.
                                               leadership to continue building on the new
                                               relationship with Quebec.                    a.   Table concerning health and social
                                                                                                 services
                                               Standing Liaison Committee                        Under the provisions of sections 9.12
                                                    The Standing Liaison Committee is       to 9.14 and 9.23 of the New Relationship
                                               set up to ensure high level discussions      Agreement, the issues raised by the
                                               between the Cree Nation and Quebec.          application of section 14 of the JBNQA
                                                    There have been numerous meet-          concerning health and social service are
                                               ings of the Standing Liaison Committee       to be resolved within the framework of a
INTRODUCTION                                   over the past year as well as numerous       table involving the Ministry of Health and
     The on-going relations and negotia-       meetings with various depar tments and       Social Services, the Cree Board of Health
tions with Quebec continue to achieve          representatives of the Quebec government     and Social Services and the Grand Council
important results for the Cree Nation.         in order to proceed with the implementa-     of the Crees.
     Numerous discussions and negotia-         tion of the New Relationship Agreement            In addition, under the provisions of
tions tables are currently pursuing their      signed between the Crees and Quebec.         section 6.11 of the New Relationship
work.                                               There is no doubt that the officials    Agreement, Component 2 of the MOU
     Substantial funding allocations result-   of the Quebec government are taking          relating to programs and ser vices for
ing from the New Relationship Agreement        very seriously most issues related to the    elderly and disabled persons, were also
continue to flow to the Cree Nation. In        implementation of the New Agreement.         to be resolved at that table. Finally, under
par ticular, over one hundred million dol-     The level of representation on the Quebec    section 9.24 of the New Relationship
lars ($100 million) in additional new          government side is clearly at the highest    Agreement, the individual Cree par ties
funding has been or will be made avail-        levels, and their have been and continue     with claims resulting from the gastro-
able by Quebec in 2003 in relation to the      to be ver y substantial effor ts to accom-   enteritis epidemic of the 1980’s could
following:                                     modate the Crees and find solutions to       elect to either continue litigation on such
                                               implementation problems.                     claims or have their claims dealt with in
 New Relationship Chapter    $ 46 million           When the New Relationship               these negotiations.
 7 funding:
                                               Agreement was being negotiated, the               This table has been in operation and
 Multi-Services Centres:     $ 20 million      negotiators had identified that one of the   is presently proceeding to develop a glob-
                                               most serious problems resulting from the     al proposal for implementing section 14 of
 MOU Projects Phase III:     $ 20 million
                                               JBNQA had been the lack of follow-up in      the JBNQA that will involve a request for a
 Training Centre in          $ 18 million      regard to its implementation in the first    very substantial increase in service deliv-
 Waswanipi:
                                               few years that followed the signature        ery mechanisms and budgets for the Cree
                             $104 million      of the JBNQA. The Cree leadership was        Board of Health and Social Ser vices. A
                                               determined to take a radically different     new comprehensive development plan for
     These are obviously tangible results      approach to the implementation of the        Cree health and social services has been
from the negotiations and discussions pro-     New Relationship Agreement in order to       prepared. This new development plan has
cesses being carried out with Quebec.          ensure that clear and effective implemen-    been approved by the Cree Board of Health
     As everybody knows, elections were        tation mechanisms be put in place.           and Social Services and has been submit-
recently held in Quebec, and a new Liberal          One of the principal implementation     ted to Quebec. It will constitute the basis
government headed by Mr. Jean Charest          mechanisms under the New Agreement           for our negotiations on health and social
has been brought into power.                   is the Standing Liaison Committee. The       services.
     The Quebec Liberal Par ty had sup-        mandate of this committee as set out              The Quebec cabinet has also autho-
por ted the New Relationship Agreement         in the Agreement includes to act as a        rized the release of twenty million dollars
between Quebec and the Crees at the            permanent forum of exchange and of coor-     ($20 million) for Multi-Services Centres in
time it was announced in November 2001         dination between the Crees and Quebec        each Cree community. Under decree 118-

14
2003 of Februar y 6, 2003, the CRA was              The Standing Liaison Committee            formal signature of this renewal agreement
formally authorized to proceed with the        has agreed to the creation of a sub-table      is however still to be completed.
construction of the Multi-Services Centres     reporting to it in regard to these issues.          Unfortunately, Canada has yet to indi-
and an amount of twenty million dollars        Quebec and the Grand Council have recent-      cate its interest in the joint Cree-Quebec
($20 million) was made available to the        ly appointed their members to this table.      proposal for a Cree regional police force.
Cree Board of Health and Social Services       The principal items of discussion concern
for this purpose.                              incarceration facilities and rehabilitation    e.   Forum on Taxation
     Construction of the Multi-Ser vices       programs for the Crees. Discussions are             Though not formally provided for
Centres by Cree Construction and other         on-going at this table.                        under the terms of the New Relationship
Cree Enterprises should thus begin soon                                                       Agreement, a forum on taxation issues
for completion within twenty-two (22)          d.  Table concerning section 19 of the         with Quebec was set up in order to resolve
months.                                            JBNQA relating to Policing                 outstanding tax questions involving the
     Discussions are also continuing in            Under the terms of sections 9.12           provincial authorities, such as the applica-
regard to a global proposal for implement-     to 9.14 and 10.11 to 10.16 of the New          tion of the fuel, tobacco and alcohol taxes,
ing section 14 of the JBNQA.                   Relationship Agreement, discussions            the sales taxes, the income taxes exemp-
     Discussions will thus be pursued this                                                    tions for Cree employees working on the
coming year in order to secure an adequate                                                    hydro construction sites, etc.
and substantially revised level of funding                                                         This table has already resulted in a
for Cree health and social services.                                                          positive development for Cree workers
                                                                                              at construction sites located outside the
b.   Table with the Commission de la                                                          Cree communities. Indeed, a request from
     construction du Québec                                                                   Cree Construction for an advance ruling
     Under section 4.5 of the New                                                             on the income tax exemption for Cree
Relationship Agreement, Quebec is to                                                          workers at the EM-1 site has been favour-
adopt administrative measures, notably                                                        ably received by Quebec at this taxation
in collaboration with the Commission de                                                       table.
la construction du Québec (the CCQ), in                                                            Thus, Cree workers who maintain a
order to facilitate access by Cree work-                                                      residence on Categor y IA lands and who
ers to employment opportunities resulting                                                     work for companies located on Category
from hydroelectric development in the ter-                                                    IA lands will benefit from the income tax
ritory.                                                                                       exemptions under the Cree-Naskapi (of
     A table has been set up with CCQ in                                                      Quebec) Act when they are working at
relation to this matter. Measures have                                                        temporar y work sites such as construc-
been taken with the CCQ to facilitate hiring                                                  tion sites.
of Crees on the current EM-1 construction                                                          This is an impor tant development
site. Discussions are on-going with the        are to be pursued with both Quebec and         for Cree workers, and we are awaiting a
CCQ to develop certification systems for       Canada in order to proceed with amend-         similar confirmation from the federal tax
Crees, and to facilitate the recognition of    ments to the JBNQA for the creation of a       authorities.
vocational training by Crees.                  new Cree regional police force. Pending
     It is interesting to note that approxi-   the resolution of these discussions, addi-     f.   Table with SDBJ
mately 175 Crees are working on the EM-1       tional interim funding is to be provided as         Under the provisions of section 10.9
construction sites. To date approximately      of 2002-03 in order to fund eight (8) addi-    of the New Relationship Agreement, the
$140 million in contracts related to EM-1      tional constables for the Cree. This interim   SDBJ is to enter into negotiations with
have been issued to Cree Enterprises.          funding is agreed to by Quebec but subject     the CRA to address relations between the
                                               to federal funding at 52%.                     Crees and SDBJ and concrete measures
c.  Table concerning section 18 of the              There have been meetings between          to encourage joint ventures and partner-
    JBNQA concerning Justice                   the federal representatives and the Cree       ships with Cree Enterprises in tourism,
    Under the provisions of sections           to discuss the supply of interim funding for   road maintenance, fuel distribution, min-
9.12 to 9.14 of the New Relationship           these eight additional constables for 2002-    ing, forestry, construction, transportation
Agreement, the James Bay Crees and             03. Canada has recently agreed to provide      and other ventures. Fur thermore, under
Quebec must negotiate to resolve issues        this interim funding.                          the terms of section 10.10 of the New
relating to section 18 (Justice) of the             In addition both Quebec and Canada        Relationship Agreement, Quebec must
JBNQA under the super vision of the            have agreed to renew the current local         appoint one member of the Board of direc-
Standing Liaison Committee.                    Cree police funding agreement for two          tors of the SDBJ from among the James
                                               more years until March 31th, 2005. The         Bay Crees in consultation with the CRA.

                                                                                                                                      15
                                                   Negotiations to complete the settle-            Quebec is ready to discuss the selec-
                                                ment framework are on-going with both         tion of the Chairperson to this Board and
                                                Canada and Quebec.                            also the selection of its appointees.

                                                HARMONIZATION OF ASSESSEMENT                  FORESTRY ISSUES
                                                PROCESSES APPLICABLE TO THE                         The Standing Liaison Committee
                                                EASTMAIN 1-A/RUPERT PROJECT                   has attempted to take an arms length
                                                     Considerable discussions have taken      approach to the forestr y components of
                                                place in relation to the harmonization of     the New Relationship Agreement. It was
                                                the assessment and review processes in        agreed from the outset that the mecha-
                                                relation to the Eastmain 1-A/Rupert proj-     nisms set out under the agreement to deal
                                                ect.                                          with forestr y issues would be given full
     These discussions were to be com-               Under the terms of sections 4.12 and     oppor tunity to carr y out their mandates
pleted by March 31st, 2003. Unfortunately,      4.13 of the New Relationship Agreement,       without the interference or involvement of
because of delays on both the Cree side         both Quebec and the Crees are committed       the Standing Liaison Committee.
and on Quebec’s side, these negotiations        to harmonize the assessment and review              However, there have been some
only started last month. It will therefore be   processes in order to avoid duplication and   difficulties between the Cree forestry rep-
necessary to extend this negotiation pro-       ensure efficient and proper evaluations of    resentatives and MNR in regard to the
cess for another year.                          this project.                                 forestr y components of the agreement,
     As concerns the appointment of a                An agreement on the harmonization        and the Standing Liaison Committee has
Cree representative on the SDBJ board,          of the assessment processes was final-        been called upon from time to time to dis-
the Quebec cabinet is proceeding with           ly agreed to last December between the        cuss these matters.
the appointment of Chief Robert Kitchen         CRA, Canada and Quebec, but only signed
as recommended by the CRA.                      in April 2003.                                a.    Appointment of the Chair to the
                                                     Unfortunately, the representatives of          Cree-Quebec Forestry Board
g.   Oujé-Mistissini Land Transfer table        the Federal Environmental Assessment                There have been numerous dif fi-
     Under the provisions of Schedule G         Agency have repeatedly attempted to           culties and delays in proceeding with
to the New Relationship Agreement, a            breach this harmonization agreement.          the appointment of a Chair to the Cree-
process has been set-up to ensure the           The Cree Regional Authority and the Chair     Quebec Forestry Board. This has resulted
implementation of the settlement frame-         of the Evaluating Committee, Mr. Philip       in substantial delays in the creation of this
work related to the transfer of lands           Awashish, recently had to go to court in      Board which is still not operational.
between Mistissini and Oujé-Bougoumou.          order to force the federal authorities to           The fact that the Cree-Quebec
Three sub-tables are presently operating        respect the agreement.                        Forestr y Board has not been operation-
under this framework, one involving Oujé-            A full and complete environmental        al has created some dif ficulties in the
Bougoumou and the governments, one              and social impact assessment and review       full implementation of the forestr y provi-
involving Mistissini and the governments        of the project is essential, and all Cree     sions of the New Relationship Agreement.
and one joint table.                            concerns about this project need to be        As soon as this Board is made operation-
     A referendum was recently held             addressed in the review process in con-       al, this would provide a proper and official
in Mistissini approving the transfer of         formity with the terms of the JBNQA.          forum in which to address forestry related
Category IB and II lands between Mistissini                                                   issues and implementation issues.
and Oujé-Bougoumou. The referendum              CREE DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION                        There was an agreement on the
also massively suppor ted the transfer of            The Standing Liaison Committee has       appointment of a Chair prior to the provin-
IA lands but did not achieve the required       been discussing the formal creation of the    cial elections, however the formal cabinet
participation level for a land cession under    Cree Development Corporation (the CDC).       nomination had to be delayed in light of
the Cree-Naskapi (of Quebec) Act.               The legislative framework is now in place     these elections.
     The Mistissini Band Council as well        for the CDC and the legislation will come           The arrival of a new government has
as Quebec and Canada have all agreed to         into force once the Board of directors has    again delayed the appointment of the
treat this as a land transfer arrangement       been identified.                              Chair, since the new Minister of Natural
not subject to the formal land cession pro-          The Board of directors of the CDC is     Resources must again agree to the nom-
visions of the Cree-Naskapi (of Quebec)         to be composed of 11 members. Five are        inee.
Act. These land issues will rather be           appointed by the CRA, five are appoint-
treated as a land transfer between the          ed by Quebec and the Chairperson is           b.  Protection of Muskuchii
two aboriginal groups under terms not           appointed by the CRA in consultation with         Under the provisions of sections
contemplated by the Cree-Naskapi (of            Quebec.                                       3.61 and 3.62 of the New Relationship
Quebec) Act.                                                                                  Agreement, studies were to be carried

16
out in regard to ensuring a special status     discuss this issue. After some resistance,
for the Muskuchii territory.                   the industr y representatives have finally
     The concerned Quebec departments          made an offer to the Grand Council in order
have formally recommended the protection       to facilitate Cree employment in forestry.
of the Muskuchii territor y. This outcome           The industr y proposal is currently
results from the important efforts of the      being assessed and will be the subject of
Grand Council and of the Waskaganish           negotiations in the upcoming months.
Band to achieve this protection.
                                               f.   Other forestry related issues
c.   Allocation of 70,000 cubic meters              There have been cer tain difficulties
     Under section 3.59 of the New             in implementing the New Relationship
Relationship Agreement, Quebec was to          Agreement in regard to forestry areas that     Hydro-Quebec
make available by the end of 2002 an           have been burnt. The parties are still work-
annual additional volume of 70,000 cubic       ing towards practical solutions in order to    Outstanding
meters.
     This additional allocation has
                                               avoid similar problems in the future.
                                                    Discussions are also on-going to
                                                                                              Obligations
been made by Quebec to the benefit of          access additional funding from Quebec          Negotiations
Nabakatuk Forest Products.                     for remedial works of interest to trappers
     This additional allocation will greatly   affected by forestry operations.
assist Nabakatuk to continue and expand                                                       GCC(EI)-CRA/HQ-SEBJ DISPUTE
its operations.                                CONCLUSIONS                                    RESOLUTION COMMITTEE

                                                                                              P
     In 2004, Quebec will make available            There is no doubt that the rela-
to Cree Enterprises an additional 55,000       tionship with Quebec has improved                   ursuant to the Agreement
cubic meters, and in 2006 an addition-         dramatically since the signature of the        Concer ning a New Relationship
al 225,000 cubic meters will be made           New Relationship Agreement.                    Between the Government of Quebec
available. Thus, by the end of the year             The new improved relationship has         and the Crees of Quebec, the parties
2006, total new allocations of 350,000         resulted in ver y substantial new funding      have agreed to the establishment of
cubic meters should be made to Cree            allocations to the benefit of the Cree com-    the GCC(EI)-CRA/HQ-SEBJ Dispute
Enterprises.                                   munities, amounting to over $100 million       Resolution Committee. The mandate
                                               for this year. Substantial additional fund-    of the Committee is to attempt to
d.   New management units and                  ing allocations are expected to continue       resolve the legal proceedings oppos-
     regrouping of traplines                   in the future.                                 ing the Crees, HQ and SEBJ and to
     One of the main features of the for-           The election of a new Liberal govern-     resolve the fulfillment of cer tain
estr y provisions of the New Relationship      ment in Quebec represents an important         undertakings of HQ and SEBJ.
Agreement concerns the development of          political change for the Cree Nation. This          The GCC(EI)/CRA have appointed
new forestry managements units based on        new government is committed to the             Roderick Pachano, John Paul Murdoch
a regrouping of Cree traplines.                implementation of the New Relationship.        and Philip Awashish to the Committee.
     Considerable work has been carried             The most dif ficult aspects of the        The HQ/SEBJ have appointed Thierry
out defining the Cree trapline borders for     implementation of the New Relationship         Vandal, Armand Couture and Gilles
the concerned communities. New con-            Agreement are however those areas requir-      Marchand.
firmed trapline boundaries have been           ing some form of federal government                 The GCC(EI)/CRA and HQ/SEBJ
agreed by all concerned trappers and           involvement, such as the policing provi-       have jointly appointed Mr. Lucien
communities.                                   sions, the Oujé-Mistissini land transfer       Bouchard as mediator in the process
     Discussions are currently being car-      issues and the environmental assessment        to resolve all outstanding disputes
ried out with the Ministr y of Natural         harmonization measures. There is little        between the Crees and HQ/SEBJ.
Resources in order to agree to the regroup-    doubt that the federal authorities are not          The GCC(EI)-CRA/HQ-SEBJ
ing of traplines.                              working with either the Cree or Quebec in      Dispute Resolution Committee met
                                               the same spirit as the one set out in the      on occasion over the past year, with
e.  Employment and contracts                   New Relationship Agreement. This is an         the goal of identifying the outstand-
    Under the terms of section 3.60 of the     issue that may require intervention by the     ing disputes with the best prospects
New Relationship Agreement, Quebec is to       Cree leadership.                               of resolution. The Committee, howev-
encourage forestry enterprises to provide                                                     er, has not yet resolved any dispute
contracts and employment to Crees.                                                            between the Crees and HQ/SEBJ.
    The representatives of the forestr y
industry have been contacted in order to

                                                                                                                               17
Forestry


                                                                        were interpretative   new trapine map will be incorporated into
                                                                        dif ferences that     the regional Forest Management Units
                                                                        had to be worked      that are used to determine the annual
                                                                        out with the MNR      allowable cut for Eeyou Istchee. The last
                                                                        and Cree members,     remaining task is to map those trapline
                                                                        but once a regu-      boundaries that cross over to traditional
                                                                        lar dialogue was      areas of other First Nations.
                                                                        established, these         As discussed, a further requirement in
                                                                        misunderstandings     the provisions of the new Adapted Forestry
                                                                        were quickly set-     Regime was for the parties to, jointly, rear-
                                                                        tled and the work     range the existing Forest Management
                                                                        with Tallymen pro-    Units (FMUs) in Eeyou Istchee. In the
                                                                        ceeded efficiently.   past FMU system, many of the units were
                                                                             Another chal-    very large and this often enabled forestry
                                                                        lenge that the Cree   companies to concentrate logging activi-
                                                                        Working Gr oup        ties on one or two traplines in the space
                                                                        members faced         of 2-3 years. The provisions in Chapter 3 of

A                                               with respect to the Adapted Forestr y         the Paix des braves Agreement now stip-
    s indicated in last year’s annual report,   Regime was in establishing mapped tra-        ulate that FMUs can be no smaller than 3
2001-2002 marked a turning point for            pline boundaries for the purposes of forest   traplines and no larger than 7, with excep-
forestr y in Eeyou Istchee. With the sign-      management. The New Agreement stipu-          tions if necessary.
ing of the Paix des braves Agreement            lates that the trapline is to become the           Shor tly after the Agreement was
and the establishment of its “Adapted           base unit for forestry management. These      signed, a technical committee was set
Forestr y Regime”, the Grand Council            provisions necessitated the establish-        up and the MNR and Cree representa-
and the Forestr y Working Group redi-           ment of accurate trapline boundaries and      tives began planning a new map of FMUs
rected their ef for ts from confrontation       required Tallymen to work together in map-    to reflect the new provisions. Early on in
to implementation. Par t of this redirec-       ping exercises. The first stage was for       their work, it became clear that the limita-
tion included reforming the Grand Council       each of the communities to settle their       tions on the size of FMUs would translate
Forestr y Working Group into 5 sepa-            internal trapline boundaries. Once this       into a potential loss in timber that the for-
rate Cree/Quebec Joint Local Working            was completed, a summit meeting was           estr y companies could har vest annually.
Groups.                                         held in Waswanipi to settle the inter-com-    Obviously, this was a serious concern for
     In the past year each of the 5 Cree        munity boundaries. This summit brought        companies and the MNR and several dif-
communities affected by forestr y opera-        together neighbouring Tallymen from each      ferent FMU scenarios were analyzed and
tions have appointed members to sit on          of the communities and after some lively      tested by the joint committee. In the end
the Joint Local Working Groups. Since           discussion we are pleased to report that      a compromise was found, where the Crees
their appointments, these members have          the traplines boundaries have now been        agreed to modulate 3 of the 15 FMUs to
been ver y busy in establishing working         mapped and transmitted to the MNR. This       exceed the 7-trapline maximum. In an
relationships with their MNR counter-
parts, setting up new offices, developing
databases for each of the traplines and
becoming acquainted with state of the
art mapping technologies. Along the way
the Joint Local Working Groups have also
had to set up a consultative process with
the Tallymen and trappers in order to begin
the transition toward the Adapted Forestry
Regime that will be phased in over the
next 3 years.
     The first task that the new Joint Local
Working Groups took on was working with
the Tallymen to identify which areas of
their traplines would be designated as
the1% no harvest zones and which would
be identified as the 25% special manage-
ment wildlife areas. At the beginning there

18
attempt to ensure goodwill and fairness,       has approved 3 of these. The first candi-                several meetings that were held between
the staff at the Grand Council/CRA and         date opted for another posting soon after                the GCCEI(EI)/CRA, MNR, locally affect-
the Cree members of the Joint Working          he was approved, and Quebec was unable                   ed family, Mistissini representatives and
Groups supported this compromise and the       to negotiate working terms with the sec-                 the forestry companies involved, the MNR
Government of Quebec recently accepted         ond candidate. We are currently awaiting                 failed to submit detailed copies of its sal-
the proposed FMU map. These FMUs are           news from the MNR on the status of the                   vage plans before the work was conducted.
scheduled to be adopted in the next 5-year     third candidate. Certainly the progress of               As a consequence, the community and local
planning phase.                                approving this third candidate was slowed                family involved have been very dissatisfied
     Another highlight of the past year was    by the election of a new Government this                 with how the salvage operation was carried
the establishment of several new protected     past spring; however we are hopeful that                 out. They feel that the scale of the opera-
areas within Eeyou Istchee. One of the pro-    this Board can have its first meeting by the             tion was beyond what they understood, and
visions of Chapter 3 of the Paix des braves    end of this summer.                                      that many of the clear-cuts are larger than
Agreement stipulated that the Crees and              This year cannot be complete with-                 then what they expected.
the MNR had to review the suitability of       out mention of last summer’s forest fires.                    Currently the Chief of Mistissini, the
Muskuuchii--a traditional site within the      Early in July, two large fires                                             local Joint Working Group
Waskaganish territory--as an area worthy       raged out of control in Eeyou                                              members and the staff at
of placing in Quebec’s system of protected     Istchee. One threatened the                                                the GCC(EI)/CRA have
areas. At the request of the Waskaganish       community of Nemaska and                                                   commissioned an inter-
Council, representatives of the Grand          the other nearly consumed                                                  nal study of the salvage
Council were asked to collaborate with         an entire trapline east of                                                 operations to determine
their local working group on this issue.       Lake Mistissini. Fires of                                                  why the results do not
Shor tly after the Agreement was signed        this magnitude are rare for                                                match the expectations.
this group began working with the MNR          the territor y, the Mistissini                                             This group is planning to
and the Ministry of the Environment. This      fire alone, was estimated at                                               bring their findings to the
included several meeting in Waskaganish        68,000 ha, and their after-                                                Cree leadership in order
and Quebec City, a field trip, and commis-     math has posed a difficult                                                 to determine how best to
sioning of cultural and ecological studies     challenge to all involved.                                                 bring an acceptable reso-
for the area. All these efforts came togeth-         From the perspective                                                 lution to this situation.
er this past March when Quebec not only        of those at the MNR, they                                                       Unexpected events,
announced that Muskuuchii was going to         viewed the burned wood as a loss to the                  such as the Mistissini and Nemaska fires
be protected, but also 4 other areas with-     timber supply. Soon after the fires were                 will no doubt, become routine for the mem-
in Waskaganish’s territor y. These areas       put out the MNR received permission from                 bers of the Local Joint Working Groups and
will be subject to review and public con-      Cabinet to subsidize a $24-26 million sal-               their GCCEI/CRA suppor t team as they
sultations under Section 22 of the JBNQA       vage operation. Because the Nemaska                      continue to implement the provisions of
and will eventually become Biodiversity        fires were beyond the nor thern commer-                  the “Adapted Forestry Regime”. The next
Reserves under Quebec Protected Areas          cial forest limit, the Tallymen involved                 important task in the implementation pro-
Network.                                       expressed their disapproval for large-                   cess for the Working Groups will be to
     Despite progress in several areas,        scale operations in forest stands that are               assist the MNR in the development of a
some impor tant provisions of the Paix         not considered commercially viable under                 new set of “objectives for forest protec-
des braves Agreement have yet to be            normal circumstances. In the end, the                    tion and development”.
implemented. The most notable is the           MNR withdrew its plans for salvage of the                     Designed to bring a fur ther layer of
establishment of the Cr ee/Quebec              Nemaska fires.                                           sustainability to forest management, these
Forestry Board. Negotiators for both sides           H o w e v e r, t h e f i r e e a s t o f L a k e   objectives will become a basic requirement
had envisioned that this Board would be at     Mistissini was within the CAAFs of                       of all timber licenses issued in Quebec.
the heart of the Adapted Forestry Regime.      Chantier Chibougamau Inc. and Abititbi                   We see this as a positive step because
Because of this pivotal role, we are ver y     Consolidated and so the MNR was anxious                  up until now, the only firm requirement of
disappointed that this Board is not yet        to have salvage operations for this large                a timber license holder was to meet its
operative.                                     fire. After some preliminary meetings with               AAC harvesting targets. In adopting these
     Given the impor tance of this Board,      the Chief of Mistissini and the local fami-              new objectives, forest protection will be
Cr ee appointments wer e made and              ly involved, the community agreed to work                equally important as forest harvesting; as
approved by Council/Board immediately          with the MNR to develop an acceptable                    such, the Local Joint Working Groups and
following the signing of Paix des braves       salvage plan for trapline M-37. Although                 the Cree/Quebec Board, will be directly
Agreement. Since that time Quebec has          the representatives from the MNR com-                    involved in this process over the next six
put for ward several candidates for the        mitted to working with the community                     months.
Chair of this board and the Grand Council      to ensure their satisfaction, and despite

                                                                                                                                                 19
Cree-Federal Negotiations


S                                              negotiations are largely completed. The          of Indian and Northern Affairs has so far
    ince the signing of the New Relationship   proposed framework agreement is to be            refused to resolve, these include:
Agreement with Québec last Februar y,          presented, as par t of a larger memoran-
Grand Chief Ted Moses approached the           dum on the issue of JBNQA implementation         1.   The settlement of the funding for the
federal government, and Minister Nault, in     and related issues, to the Cabinet in                 Eastmain community centre.
particular, in order to set out a process to   September, 2003.                                      Discussions with DIAND had previous-
achieve a similar agreement with Canada.             The DIAND negotiation of the frame-        ly concluded with a draft agreement that
The Grand Chief’s proposal followed many       work agreement has been yet another              was subject to a DIAND – Treasury Board
years of discussion with Canada on imple-      “scoping exercise”. We do not know if            approval process. The result of this was
mentation issues that have led to interim      this exercise will result in any formal dis-     that the payment was in fact approved
solutions to some issues but never led to      cussions being initiated with Canada to          by Treasur y Board, but to be paid by the
a resolution of the differences between        arrive at a settlement of the past, pres-        DIAND and not by new funding. DIAND has
the par ties concerning the implementa-        ent and future obligations of Canada under       now reopened the issue with TB to seek
tion of Canada’s obligations to the Crees      major parts of the treaty. However, under        the new funding, as it is a JBNQA obliga-
under the James Bay and Northern Quebec        the Grand Chief’s direction, the Federal         tion, but so far refuses to pay the amounts
                                               Negotiator has been informed that any            owing under the negotiated settlement.
                                               comprehensive discussions must address
                                               the following:                                   2.   Capital Additions under the
                                               a) formal acknowledgement of the Cree                 Operations and Maintenance
                                                     Nation by Canada;                               Funding Agreement including
                                               b) formal recognition by Canada of an                 adjustments for the last 5 years.
                                                     eventual Cree constitution providing            The funding agreement with DIAND
                                                     for a Cree Nation government with          for the operations and maintenance of
                                                     new comprehensive powers;                  Cree local governments calls for time-
                                               c) continued recognition of the Cree             ly adjustments to the base funding to
                                                     bands as local governments with            reflect the capital additions that are made
                                                     the powers, authorities and jurisdic-      from time to time as a result of communi-
                                                     tions set out in the Cree-Naskapi (of      ty expansion. For more than three years
                                                     Québec) Act;                               this adjustment has not been made. In
                                               d) implementation of cer tain obliga-            September of 2002 the Director General of
                                                     tions of the Federal Government to         Claims Implementation of DIAND, Mr. Keith
                                                     the Crees respecting, the administra-      Chang, promised to see to the adjustment
Agreement and other agreements and leg-              tion of justice, policing, environmental   as called for in the O&M Agreement. This
islative instruments.                                protection, the hunting, fishing and       has yet to be done. The new director of
     Canada has often given as an excuse             trapping regime and in regard to com-      the James Bay Implementation Office, Mr.
for not implementing the treaty that it is           munity and economic development;           Michel Blondin is presently responsible for
the Cree litigation that blocks the way as     e) additional funding;                           this matter.
the Depar tment of Justice would rather        f) a dispute resolution mechanism;
settle the issues through the courts. This     g) confirmation and maintenance of all           3.   Review of the formula for
is an excuse for delay, as the implementa-           existing funding agreements between             Operation and Maintenance annual
tion of the treaty was at issue for 14 years         Canada and the Crees (including                 adjustments.
prior to any court actions.                          Operation and Maintenance).                     DIAND has recently agreed to open
     At the beginning of last October, the           If this is acceptable to Canada, then a    discussions for adjustments to the Cree
Minister of Indian Af fairs and Nor thern      comprehensive long-term implementation           Operation and Maintenance Funding.
Development informed the Grand Chief           agreement could be contemplated by the                These discussions will involve negoti-
that he had asked the Chief Federal            Crees which would resolve the outstanding        ating adjustments to Cree Operation and
Negotiator, Me Jean M. Gagné, to explore       litigation. Additionally, specific claim files   Maintenance funding levels to reflect new
possibilities of reaching an “implementa-      would be resolved separately, such as the        programs funded by Canada, addition-
tion agreement” in regard to the JBNQA.        Oujé-Mistissini land transfer, the offshore      al funding to reflect capital additions in
His idea was to go to the Federal Cabinet      claims, the Block D issue, etc.                  the Cree communities, and other minor
for a mandate to negotiate a comprehen-                                                         amendment to the formula if required. No
sive implementation agreement of major         OTHER OUTSTANDING MATTERS:                       timetable has yet been set for these dis-
sections of the 1975 Treaty.                         While pursuing the larger negotiation      cussions.
     Discussions regarding a framework         initiative, there are a number of other out-
agreement on the scope of the eventual         standing matters that the Depar tment

20
4.   Calculation of Fair-Share of the          constables rather than the current comple-
     DIAND Housing Program funding             ment of 47 constables.
     including shortfall                            Should this recommendation be
     The James Bay Agreement guarantees        accepted by Treasury Board, then Canada’s
the Crees, in addition to the special rights   position on interim Cree policing funding
to community and economic development          would be the same as that taken by Québec
under the Agreement, their fair share of       in the New Relationship Agreement.
the regular DIAND programs. Respecting              Negotiations are being pursued with
housing, the Grand Council has calculat-       both Québec and Canada to negotiate the
ed that DIAND has under-funded the Crees       text for the renewal of the current Cree
over the years. This may be one of the fac-    local police funding agreement which
tors that has led to a very high occupancy     expired March 31st, 2003.
rate (number of people per house) in the
Cree communities in comparison with oth-       FEDERAL REPRESENTATIONS
er First Nation Communities in Quebec.               In the last year the Grand Chief held
DIAND has so far refused to respond. We        several meetings with impor tant minis-
await the response from the Minister.          ters and political representatives. These
                                               were aimed at seeking support for Grand         Act calls for panels made up of members
5.   Interim Police Funding and                Council initiatives with respect to Cree        named by the Minister of the Environment.
     negotiation of an agreement for a         rights.                                         This could result in a panel that does not
     regional Cree police force.                     In addition to this, r epr esenta-        have any or adequate Cree representa-
     Canada has finally agreed to pay its      tions were made to the Cree/Naskapi             tion. In fact the Act is implemented by
share of the additional Cree police interim    Commission and to the Commission on             the Canadian Environmental Assessment
funding for 2002-03 as set out in the New      Electoral Reform.                               Agency in a manner that does not give
Relationship Agreement with Québec.                  The Cr ee/Naskapi Commission              importance to the fact that First Nations
     Thus, the Department of the Solicitor     made an inquir y into allegations of the        often require representation on the pan-
General of Canada has finally agreed to        Depar tment of Indian and Nor ther n            els. Moreover the CEE Act does not give
provide an additional $629,744 to the CRA      Af fairs concerning the financial repor t-      much emphasis to the social impacts of
for Cree policing for 2002-03. In light of     ing of the Cree communities and of the          proposed projects on Aboriginal Peoples.
this decision, Québec’s share of this          Grand Council. Many of these allega-            The fiduciar y obligation of Canada under
additional funding in the amount of approx-    tions were shown to have been false and         the Canadian Constitution is not recog-
imately $570,000 will also be released for     resulting from poor coordination between        nized in the Act as one of the triggers of
an additional funding package of slightly      the Quebec and the Ottawa Depar tment           environmental assessment. A project that
over $1,200,000 for 2002-03.                   offices. The reports under question were        heavily impacts Aboriginal Peoples would
     The Depar tment of the Solicitor          re-filed with the Commission to prove that      not cause an impact assessment under the
General of Canada and DIAND have               they had been submitted as required.            Act unless it impacted fisheries, navigable
informed us that they are ready to recom-            To the Electoral Commission the Grand     waters or some other matter under accept-
mend to Treasury Board the renewal of the      Chief called for a re-drawing of the elector-   ed Federal jurisdiction.
current police funding agreement for 2003-     al boundaries so that all Crees could be in          To ensure adequate Cree represen-
04 and 2004-05 with a complement of 55         the same riding and also that the Cree and      tation on the Federal Review Process
                                               Inuit Cultures be properly reflected in the     under CEAA the Grand Council negotiat-
                                               proportion of Cree and Inuit electors.          ed the right for the GCC(EI) to name 2
                                                                                               members to the Federal Panel and also
                                               OTHER MATTERS                                   sought and won acceptance by Canada
                                                                                               for the review to be done in the case of
                                               EM1A/Rupert River Diversion Review              EM1A/Rupert Diversion with full consid-
                                               Process                                         eration of the social impacts as set out in
                                                    As par t of the New Relationship           chapter 22 of the James Bay and Northern
                                               Agreement with Quebec the EM1A/Rupert           Quebec Agreement. Among other things in
                                               Diversion Project was agreed-to, subject        the review agreement were coordination
                                               to it passing a complete social and envi-       to the extent possible of the Federal and
                                               ronmental impact review process under           Quebec processes, funding for interveners
                                               the James Bay Agreement and existing            in the process, and special provisions for
                                               law. The Federal review process under           public hearings.
                                               the Canadian Environmental Assessment

                                                                                                                                      21
Housing, Capital and                                                                         Offshore Islands
Operations & Maintenance                                                                     Negotiations

                                                        ation. Since the Crees have a
                                                        relatively small off-reserve pop-
                                                        ulation as compared to other
                                                        First Nations we end up with
                                                        less than we should receive.
                                                        We have protested this treat-
                                                        ment but have yet to receive
                                                        any action.

                                                          Community Infrastructure
                                                              Several years ago we com-
HOUSING                                       pleted a technical capital needs analysis
     Housing continues to be a major unre-    with Canada. This was to be the precursor

                                                                                             T
solved and growing problem. Our studies       to a comprehensive capital negotiations
demonstrate that the Cree have the big-       exercise. The analysis demonstrated needs          here has been an unprecedented
gest backlog and the worst overcrowding       in excess of $300 Million. Some addition-      level of activity with regards to the
situation of any Native group in Quebec,      al funding was provided as a result but        negotiations and discussions surround-
including the Inuit. Canada has steadfastly   the comprehensive negotiations have yet        ing the Offshore Islands in 2002-2003.
refused to negotiate the housing problem      to take place. Moreover since the Quebec       This has however been largely due to
and denied any JBNQA obligation in that       Agreement became public Canada has             the initiative of Cree and Inuit repre-
regard. Canada’s response was at best         not provided any significant sums of new       sentatives in bi-lateral discussions
our only obligation is to provide the Crees   money for community infrastructure. We         with Federal representatives, as we
with their “fair share” of normal hous-       believe it is not a coincidence.               are still struggling against arguments
                                                                                             of the Federal Government which have
                                              OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE                     existed since time immemorial. Despite
                                                                                             the argument over historic positions of
                                              Subsidy for Cree Government                    the Federal Government, we have made
                                                   This funding was guaranteed by            concrete progress.
                                              Canada as a condition for the Crees’ con-            The offshore islands have been a dif-
                                              sent to the passing of the Cree-Naskapi        ficult issue to resolve since the James
                                              (of Quebec) Act in 1984 pursuant to            Bay Nor thern Quebec Agreement was
                                              the Section 9 JBNQA obligation. Canada         first negotiated. The problem lay in the
                                              attempted to renege on a number of             fact that the Federal Government did
                                              major aspects of the guarantee forcing         not treat the lands of Eeyou Istchee as
ing programs. We have countered with a        the Crees to file suit in 1987 to pro-         a whole. The Islands were therefore not
request that they table a “fair share” cal-   tect their rights. The matter was settled      included in the JBNQA, however a prom-
culation. Thus far, all we have heard are     Out-of-Court in 1988. Although that agree-     ise was made that the issue would be
their excuses as to why such a calculation    ment called for the parties “to negotiate      settled with certain principles. It is on
is not ready. We have suspected for quite     with all due dispatch, a five-year financial   the basis of these promises that we
sometime that the Crees are not receiving     agreement” that agree-                                          have been negotiating
anything close to a “fair share”. Nor have    ment was only finalized in                                      title over the islands
we abandoned our position that there is       1995. This agreement was                                        for many years. Since
a JBNQA obligation to provide affordable      to have been renewed in                                         the negotiations were
housing.                                      2000 however in spite of                                        formally established in
     We also believe that we are not get-     numerous effor ts to date                                       1974, we have seen
ting a proper allocation of the CMHC          Canada has yet to respond                                       the change in adminis-
lifetime cost envelope. We recently           in a meaningful way. In the                                     tration of the Northwest
learned that our share is determined by       meantime we have revised                                        Territories which compli-
a formula which allocates the Quebec          and updated the submis-                                         cated matters, litigation
Region’s envelope between the First           sion we made in March                                           to prohibit the trans-
Nations in Quebec on the basis of rela-       2001. We have not been                                          fer of authority over the
tive need. However, their formula gives       able to table it however                                        lands without Cree con-
equal weight to of f-reser ve people who      as we keep hearing new                                          sent, numerous Federal
might need a house, as to those who are       excuses as to why they are                                      negotiators without man-
living on-reser ve in an overcrowded situ-    not ready to meet.                                              dates to conclude the

22
                                             Taxation


matter and proposals for establishing a
constrictive negotiating framework.
     Currently, Mr. Tom Molloy, is the
negotiator for the Federal Government
with respect to the of fshore islands
and was also the Government nego-
tiator in the Nisg’a Treaty. The Cree
representative continues to be Roderick
Pachano.
     There has been a major break-
through with the Inuit as there is now
a signed Agreement between the Cree
and the Inuit settling overlap issues. The
Agreement was arrived at after a num-
ber of joint meetings between Inuit and
Cree community representatives. The
result is an Agreement which reflects
the cooperative relationship which has       TAXATION TABLE WITH THE CREES AND             Personal income tax issues
existed at times between the Cree and        REVENUE QUÉBEC                                a) Confirmation of a list of Cree entities
the Inuit. There is agreement that both           Pursuant to the execution of the New         which are presumed to be deemed
parties will not be prohibited from prac-    Relationship Agreement, a table of discus-        “Indian Organizations” for the pur-
ticing the traditional way of life within    sion with the Crees and Revenue Québec            pose of the personal “Indian Tax
an identified overlap area which begins      has been created to review certain taxa-          Exemption”;
just south of Chisasibi and extends          tion issues.                                  b) Income tax exemption for Cree work-
North past the Nastapoka Islands. In the          A preliminar y meeting of the new            ers on HQ construction sites related
South lands will be owned by the Cree,       table with Québec was held on November            to Eastmain 1 and Eastmain 1A/
and conversely in the North, by the Inuit    21, 2002 with representatives of SAA,             Rupert;
and the land in the middle of the overlap    of Revenue Québec and of the Québec           c) Taxation exemption on investment
area shall be jointly held by the Cree and   department of finance. The Cree request-          income received by individual Crees
the Inuit. Both par ties arrived at this     ed this new table within the framework of         – Special rules for Cree investment
important Agreement without interven-        the Standing Liaison Committee set up             vehicles.
tion from the Federal Government or any      under the New Relationship Agreement.
other third party.                           The table was presented as a for um           Corporate income issues
     With regard to the Federal Govern-      required in order to resolve all outstand-    a) Confirmation of a list of Cree entities
ment, the most significant advance           ing differences between Québec and the            which are presumed to be deemed
has been the formal recognition of           Crees concerning taxation and to achieve          “Indian Organizations” for the purpose
the Cree asser tion or “claim” over          a common understanding as to the appli-           of the application of the Cree-Naskapi
the islands and surrounding marine           cation of tax legislation and exemptions          (of Québec) Act.
areas. The Federal government has            in Eeyou Istchee.                             b) Recognition of CRA and Cree Bands
also agreed that the Cree will be for-            A preliminar y meeting was held to           as being tax exempt entities under
malizing their title to 80% of the land      scope out the issues to be addressed in           “bodies exercising a function of gov-
on the islands they considered. To this      this new forum. The purpose of the table          ernment in Canada”
end, the coastal Cree communities            is to act first as a policy body which will   c) Recognition of the “municipal” stat-
and the GCC(EI)/CRA are naming rep-          develop the rules for applying Québec tax-        utes of band corporations if revenues
resentatives to begin a land selection       ation properly. The objective is to review        are limited to reserves.
process. With regard to these discus-        all taxation issues of concern to the Cree
sions, both par ties have established        in order to come to some administrative       Consumer sales tax under title 1 of the
an aggressive schedule to arrive at an       arrangement and to settle any pending         Act respecting the Québec sales tax
agreement-in-principle in the winter of      tax issues between the Cree and Québec        (R.S.Q., c. T-01) and GST exemptions
2003-04. This will be a difficult chal-      in accordance with the arrangements           a) Application of sales tax and GST for
lenge because issues remain concern          agreed to.                                        purchases off-reserve;
the extinguishment and the guaran-                A preliminary and non-exhaustive list    b) Extension of sales tax and GST exemp-
tee of cer tain rights. Considering the      of issues developed by the Cree party was         tions to particular services for bands
recent advancements, however, there          reviewed with Revenue Québec. The list            and band-controlled entities.
is reason to be hopeful.                     may be summarized as follows:

                                                                                                                                 23
                                                                                                GCCEI International
                                                                                                Affairs

                                                                                                T
                                               10 of the Interpretative Bulletin applies, the
                                               interpretation remains the same and the             his year the Grand Council continued
                                               tax exemption apply to the employment            defending Cree rights in the internation-
                                               income of these employees.                       al community. There were three main
                                                    Following the release of Revenue            aspects to this work: speaking engage-
                                               Québec’ position, a reimbursement pro-           ments, including a tour organized in
                                               cedure has been agreed with the Cree             cooperation with Quebec, to explain
                                               party. This procedure may be summarized          the New Relationship Agreement to
Special taxes on tobacco, petroleum and        as follows:                                      European and other audiences and rep-
alcoholic beverages                                                                             resentations to the international forums
a) Development of new and simpler              1.   All the concerned employers which           in respect of the rights of aboriginal
    mechanisms for the application of               have withheld taxes on salaries of          peoples.
    the exemptions;                                 the Cree employees resident on
b) Extension of timeframe for claiming              reser ve and working at temporar y               The New Relationship Agreement
    petroleum tax reimbursements for                construction sites should send to Mr.       or “Paix des Braves” Agreement, was
    prior years.                                    Côté, the representative appointed by       signed in 2002 “Nation to Nation” by
                                                    Revenue Québec on the matter, and to        the Grand Council of the Crees and
Special “social program” taxes or                   a GCC(EI)’S representative (if employ-      Quebec. It implements cer tain obli-
contributions and their application to the          ers other than Cree Construction are        gations of Quebec in the James Bay
Cree                                                involved) a list containing the social      Agreement to the Cree People. The
a) Employers contributions to the                   insurance number of the employees           Cree Nation agrees to implement
    RAMQ;                                           for which income taxes have been            these obligations for 50 years for
b) Application of the Québec pension                withheld.                                   which Quebec annually pays $70 mil-
    plan to certain Cree employees.            2.   The tax withheld in year 2002 will be       lion, indexed to the value of electricity,
                                                    reimbursed to the concerned employ-         wood products and minerals derived
Resolution of pending taxation litigations          ees upon reception of their income          from Cree lands. The Agreement was
with Québec                                         tax return of the fiscal year 2002.         approved by a referendum, with a 69%
a) Cree School Board Tax Trust                 3.   Revenue Québec has also agreed to           majority. It provides for Cree consent to
    Account cases;                                  reimburse the tax withheld in year          the EM1A-Rupert Diversion Project, sub-
b) Claims for the reimbursement of                  2003 in the same time.                      ject to its approval by an environmental
    petroleum tax for past ten years.                                                           and social impact review process. It
                                                    The position of Revenue Québec does         also addresses certain socio-economic
Other issues                                   not bind Revenue Canada. Despite the fact        issues, including matters in regard to
a) Treatment of Tax Offences by individ-       that Revenue Canada confirms to Revenue          hydroelectric, forestry and mining devel-
    ual Crees.                                 Québec that they agree on the interpreta-        opments and operations.
                                               tion described in Revenue Québec’s letter,
     To date, meetings have been held          Revenue Canada refused to officially take
with Revenue Québec to review the urgent       a position on the Cree’s request. In any         EUROPE AS A PLACE FOR
issue concerning the income tax exemp-         event, Revenue Canada will probably take         DISCUSSION OF THE NEW
tions for Cree workers on HQ construction      a position on the matter upon receipt of         RELATIONSHIP AGREEMENT
sites related to the EM-1 project.             the reimbursement’s requests for the fis-             The meetings held in Europe served
     By letter dated Februar y 18, 2003,       cal year 2002 from Cree employees who            to inform officials, elected representa-
Revenue Québec informed the Cree par-          are eligible for tax exemption according         tives and the press about the Paix des
ty that, as long as the Cree employees         to the Revenue Québec’s letter and from          Braves. In Europe, the issues raised by
live permanently on Category IA lands (or      Cree Construction.                               the Cree-Quebec Agreement are seen in
on Oujé-Bougoumou lands) and work on a              With respect to the other tax issues        terms of human rights. While Europeans
temporar y basis on the EM 1 site for an       mentioned above, the Cree party is work-         have considerable sympathy for the
employer who is domiciled on a reser ve,       ing on a document outlining with more            plight of indigenous peoples, in Europe
the income of these Cree employees             details cer tain issues to be addressed          itself the place of nations within states
obtained in respect of this employment is      at the Cree-Québec Taxation Table. The           is a very contentious issue.
deemed located on a reserve and conse-         document should be issued to Revenue                  This is because Europe is made up
quently is exempt from taxation. Revenue       Québec in the following weeks. The dis-          of a patchwork of different, sometimes
Québec also confirmed that, as long as this    cussions with Revenue Québec on these            ver y old small nations or regional eth-
involved an employer who is domiciled on a     matters are expected to begin next               nicities, speaking different languages or
reserve and that all conditions of paragraph   September.                                       dialects and occupying areas that over-

24
lap state boundaries and often without          the rights of the indigenous peoples at the    •   European Parliament Delegation for
significant influence over state politics.      United Nations. This will have an impact on        Relations with Canada
The issue of decentralizing the responsi-       issues such as the extinguishment policy,      •   European Parliament Committee on
bility for the deliver y of ser vices is also   inherent rights and the right of self-deter-       Development and Cooperation
a hot issue for them. It holds the hope         mination of Indigenous Nations.                •   Greens/Alliance for a Free Europe
of more control over matters that affect                                                       •   Intergroup of the European
their lives. For example, Europeans are                                                            Parliament of Nations without States
amazed to hear that the Crees operate a                                                        •   The European Commission against
school board that develops its own cur-                                                            Racism and Intolerance
riculum. This is why the Paix des Braves
is interesting to Europeans, because it                                                        London, England
shows them that a small nation can sign                                                        • Commonwealth Policy Studies Unit:
a nation-to-nation agreement with a large                                                          Mr. Richard Bourne, Ms. Helena
State government.                                                                                  Whall, Mr. Tim Shaw, Mr. Phil
     It also shows them that the pow-                                                              Buckner and the Menzies Center for
ers of a small nation can be extensive.                                                            Australian Studies: Mr. John Williams
For many European nationalities it pos-                                                            and Mr. Carl Bridges
es the question: “If the Crees can run                                                         • Commonwealth Parliamentarian
their own national government without                                                              Association (CPA), Westminster
posing a threat or confronting state gov-                                                      • Public presentation of the Paix
ernments, why can’t we reorganize the                                                              des Brave at the Quebec General
new European Union along similar lines?”        THE GRAND COUNCIL IN EUROPE                        Delegation Office in London
The driving force behind the human rights            The following meetings were orga-
case for decentralization is driven by the      nized as par t of the tour that the Grand      Barcelona, Spain
Basques, Cypriots, Catalonians, Scottish        Chief took with Mr. Michel Letourneau,         • Ms. Bussières, Quebec representa-
Nationalists and many others who are            then Quebec Minister responsible for               tive in Spain
members of smaller nations within exist-        Nor thern Quebec and Nor thern Quebec          • President Joan Rigol i Roig/
ing states in Europe.                           Aboriginal Issues:                                 Parliament of Catalonia
     Those who suppor t the recognition                                                        • Public Presentation of the Paix des
of these nations without states empha-          Paris, France                                      Braves Parliament of Catalonia
size that the unification of Europe will        • UNESCO, Mrs. Françoise Rivière
bring about an oppor tunity in the long             Assistant Director General and Chief       Other European Venues
term to resolve internal disputes and per-          of Cabinet, Mrs. Katérina Stenou           • Nordic Association of Canadian
haps eventually even help to resolve the            – Cultural Policy Division, Douglas            Studies, Stockholm, Sweden,
problems caused by the historical frag-             Nakashima – Indigenous Knowledge               August 2002. “Rights and Wrongs:
mentation of such nations into different            Project – Water Sciences, Lynda                Improving the Relationship between
states. The costs of internal unrest must           King Education Program.                        Indigenous Peoples and Non-
also be factored into the equation. There       • Television program ‘Espace                       Indigenous States”.
is of course a deeper discourse on these            francophone’ and Appel d’Air-Radio         • The Cree Community and
issues in Europe concerning the impor-              news program.                                  Globalization – Veneto, Italy, October
tance of national-cultural life to modern       • Meeting with Technical Advisors to               3, 2002.
state formations.                                   President Jacques Chirac                   • Symposium for Indigenous
     Those who oppose this nation-build-        • Professor Louis Dupont – Laboratory              Peoples “International Law”
ing through decentralization tend to base           on Space and Culture – Institute of            “Conflict Resolution” Sustainable
their fears on perceived increased costs            Geography – Sorbonne.                          Development, Diplomatic Academy
and inefficiencies of decentralization or       • Presentation at the Sorbonne                     in Vienna, October 28, 2002.
on the fear that fur ther national claims                                                      • Presentation on the New
will increase conflicts over borders. They      Strasbourg, France                                 Relationship Agreement – Oxford
seem to believe that nations within states      • Meeting with the General Delegation              University, October 2002
should be assimilated and not valued as             of Quebec French Parliamentarians
important aspects of the European cultur-           from the Parti populaire européen          UNITED NATIONS (UN) AND THE
al mosaic.                                          (PPE)                                      ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES
     The results of the European debate         • Chairman of the European Court of            (OAS)
have an influence on how Europe posi-               Human Rights                                   In the case of both organizations there
tions itself with regard to the debate on                                                      are significant developments concerning

                                                                                                                                      25
indigenous rights that are likely to be decid-
ed over the next year. The work in relation
to rights, and in particular the right of self-
determination, is coming to a crucial point.
In the OAS the states involved want to lim-
it the next phase of debate to a member
states-only format, without the involve-
ment of indigenous nations. This decision
is contained in a resolution passed on
June 10th. The proposal that was adopt-
ed for discussion sets up a special right
of self-determination for aboriginal peoples
that can only be exercised within nation
states. Indigenous organizations includ-
ing the Grand Council are opposing this
diminishment of the right to self-determi-        Statement on the Georgetown Summit              exclusion from the economic and political
nation. There are other aspects of the draft           Georgetown, Guyana – June 25 2003:         wealth now derived from our traditional
OAS Declaration on Indigenous Rights on           In a keynote address to an international        lands.”
the content of indigenous rights that will        Commonwealth indigenous peoples’                     The Commonwealth meeting called for
require careful intervention by indigenous        summit in Geor getown, Guyana, the              an end to the “invisibility” of Indigenous
nations in order to preserve and promote          Grand Council of the Crees’ Special             Peoples in Commonwealth Americas,
their rights to govern.                           Envoy Mr. Romeo Saganash detailed               thus requiring the member States to give
     At the United Nations the mandate of         the “gross disparities” facing aboriginal       due attention to their fundamental human
the Working Group on Indigenous rights            peoples across Canada, and called for the       rights and their land and resource rights.
will end next year. The work to finalize the      abandonment of ongoing federal policies of      As a first step member States must identify
Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous           extinguishment of aboriginal rights.            and acknowledge the status and rights of
Peoples is therefore accelerating. The                 The Grand Council’s submission             Indigenous Peoples.
Crees and other Indigenous Nations will           established that Canada is still aggressively        The delegates at the summit expressed
have to increase their efforts to ensure that     extinguishing constitutionally-protected        strong concern over the ease with which
their rights are recognized by the final dec-     Aboriginal rights in all modern land claims     countries have to this day disregarded the
laration. In particular Canada is applying        agreements it signs. Mr Saganash pointed        treaties or commitments made to them by
pressure to limit the right to self-determina-    out that this is occurring in spite of          the Crown over the centuries, including
tion in regard to Indigenous Peoples.             international human rights judgements at        the recent past, to recognise and protect
                                                  the highest level declaring extinguishment      Indigenous Peoples rights to their land,
Presentations made on Indigenous                  a violation of fundamental human rights,        resources, economies and way of life. Even
International Rights                              and despite recent misleading of ficial         today the countries of the Commonwealth,
• Joint Statement of the American                 representations by Canada to U.N. human         be they “recently-independent” States or
     Indian Law Alliance, Grand Council           rights entities that it has stopped requiring   major “developed” States such as Canada
     of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) and             that aboriginal rights be extinguished in       and Australia, are slow to adopt appropriate
     Inuit Circumpolar Conference to              modern land claims agreements.                  measures to recognise land titles or return
     the United Nations Commission on                  “Policies of extinguishment that           lands which are central to Indigenous
     Human Rights, 59th session, January          are used to sanitize past injustices and        Peoples governance and social cohesion.
     20 and March 17 to April 25, 2003.           dispossession will not bring about social            The delegates also noted with
     (Item 5: The right of peoples to self-       or legal certainty,” said Mr Saganash, who      concern the multiple discrimination
     determination; Item 6: Racism, racial        contrasted these federal policies with the      against Indigenous women in Belize,
     discrimination, xenophobia and all           affirmative and respectful nation-to-nation     Canada, Dominica, and Guyana, and their
     forms of discrimination; Item 15:            approaches contained in the recent Paix         poor access to health care, employment
     Indigenous issues.                           des Braves agreement between the James          opportunities, and welfare facilities. These
• A keynote address to an international           Bay Cree Nation and the government of           disadvantages prevented Indigenous
     Commonwealth Indigenous Peoples’             Quebec. “Aboriginal peoples in Canada           women’s essential role and contribution
     Summit in Georgetown, Guyana, given          have learned through bitter experience          to the development processes of their
     by Romeo Saganash, June 25, 2003.            that the only cer tainty gained through         communities.
                                                  the federal government’s comprehensive
                                                  claims process is the lasting certainty of
                                                  our continued poverty, marginalization and

26
CREE FIRST NATIONS
     Community Profiles
      Youth Role Models




                    In tribute to the late
                        James Shecapio
                              1969-1997
               An exemplary youth who
                 was a true role model.
                           Sadly missed.



                                             27
     Chisasibi (Big River)
                                                  terminal. Also NAV Canada’s Radar will      Inc., Air Creebec, CIBC, Court Room,
                                                  be functional as of July 2003, which will   CHRD and the Headstart Program.
                                                  connect us to the rest of Canada.
                                                                                              As well as the Cree School Board,
                                                  Chisasibi was one of the communities        the Cree Board of Health and Social
                                                  most directly affected by the massive       Services of James Bay, the Administrative
                                                  hydroelectric projects of the 1970s.        Centre also houses the offices of James
                                                  The people have experienced colossal        Bay Eeyou Corporation, The Income
                                                  changes due to flooding of their tra-       Security Program, Niskafe restaurant
                                                  ditional territories. The relocation has    and the First Nations Bank.
                                                  had an impact on the social, educational
                                                  and economic structure of the commu-        The Chisasibi Police and the Chisasibi
                                                  nity. The newly proposed Rupert River       Fire Department share a new building,
                                                  diversion will also affect the community.   built in 2001. Both Departments have




     W
                                                  We are therefore continuously working       a young dynamic team and effectively
                                                  and focusing our energy and resources       look after all safety aspects for the peo-
            achia! Chisasbi is a vibrant, young   on social issues.                           ple of the community.
     community. Since its relocation from
     the island of Fort George in 1980-81,        James Bay Eeyou School administered         The familiar Mitchuap Building contains
     it has continued to grow rapidly. The        by the Cree School Board has 1000 stu-      the Chisasibi Telecommunications Radio
     population comprises approximately           dents from grades pre-kindergarten to       Station, Ginwat Cable, Googoom’s
     3800 Cree people and about 500 Inuit         secondary 5. Cree is the language of        Kitchen Restaurant, a banquet hall, and
     and non-native people who have decid-        instruction up to grade three and then      auditorium,Wiichihiituun Development
     ed to experience living and working in       either English or French is introduced      Corp., Mandow Tourism Agency and an
     the north. An elected Chief and Council      as the second language. Cree Culture        Arts & Crafts Shop.
     help administer the Cree Nation of           is being taught at all levels. We have a
     Chisasibi Office.                            28-bed regional hospital, directed by       Chee-Bee Construction directs proj-
                                                  the Cree Board of Health and Social         ects such as housing and commercial
     The long awaited new administrative          Services of James Bay. The CBHSSJB          construction, road maintenance and
     office for the Cree Nation of Chisasibi      manage many programs related to             other seasonal contracts from their
     has now been completed and is located        public health, one important aspect         office. They work in partnership with
     on the La Grande River.The two-storey        is providing information about a dis-       CCDC for the large projects.
     structure has 40 offices, 2 conference       ease that is affecting so many people,
     rooms, an archives room, and a staff-        diabetes.                                   The Chisasibi Airport is owned and
     kitchenette room. Re-location to the                                                     operated by the Cree Nation of Chisasibi.
     new building should be completed by          We have two churches, St. Philip’s          The CNC also has joint ventures with
     July 2003.                                   Anglican Church and Ste. Therese            Kepa Transport, Legault Transport,
                                                  Roman Catholic Church. The arena,           Beesum Petroleum, Air Wemindji and
     Planned community projects for the           Job’s Memorial Gardens is the venue for     Whapchiwem Helicopters (in partner-
     future consist of, a new youth center        many community events such as hockey        ship with Canadian Helicopters.)
     (scheduled for November 2003), an            tournaments, dance competitions and
     additional daycare center, a Cultural cen-   wedding dances. Anjabowa Daycare is         There are other facilities which con-
     ter (museum), Elder’s center, and plans      the name of the childcare center. The       tribute to the town maintenance, such
     for a new elementary school. In addition,    Chisasibi Centre houses the Chisasibi       as the two garages and there are sev-
     funding has been secured for an airport      COOP, Canada Post, Northern Stores          eral private businesses which include




28
Utaapaan Construction, V.J.’s Video,
Chisasibi Enterprises General Store,          Sheldon Chewanish
Snowboy’s Canteen, Sub-Zero Restaurant
and Chistapitin True Value Hardware.          Over this past year, Chisasibi has seen
                                              many of its youth excel in a variety of
The Chisasibi Sports and Recreation           areas, such as sports, academics, and
Association takes care of the local           citizenship. We are proud of all the
minor hockey teams and organizes many         youth, however for this article we
sporting events, one being the hockey-        have chosen to feature the achieve-
broomball tournaments. There is an            ments of Sheldon Chewanish, as the
organized Summer Camp for Children            youth role model.
and a Water Safety Program, which
teaches swimming and water safety.            At his birth, a community elder
                                              named him“Matiwaayapinwasshkim”
The island of Fort George still holds         meaning boy who plays, this Elder’s
a special place in our hearts and every       wisdom and insight may have foreseen his dream to concentrate on his desire
summer there is a gathering called            to excel as a Cree hockey player. Sheldon and his family have made many sac-
Mamoweedow Minshtukch which gives             rifices to achieve his goal, and many steps have been taken to achieve this.
our people a chance to mingle together
and reminisce about old times. During         At the age of thirteen, Sheldon wanted to try out for the Cree Nation Bears
this gathering, there are organized           hockey team, located in Mistissini. Although his mother was uncertain that
games, feasts, dances and competitions,       letting him go at such a young age was the right thing to do, Sheldon left for
for all to enjoy.                             Mistissini, and was selected to play for the team. He has since played for var-
                                              ious hockey teams that have caused him to relocate to Montreal, Cornwall,
The Chief and Council of the Cree             and Val d’Or.
Nation of Chisasibi always support fur-
ther training of the workforce, to enable     After tremendous hard work and determination, Sheldon was drafted to the
our community to progress and move            Quebec major junior’s by the Shawinigan Cataracts.This is his proudest accom-
forward while acknowledging that our          plishment in his hockey career to date. We want to wish Sheldon the best of
Cree Culture and Language remains             luck in his future endevours, and congratulate him for all the hard work and
strong and active. Our people will nev-       time his has put into his career as a hockey player.
er forget that we are people of the land
and will always continue to be people of
the land.We will remember that all nine
communities are like a family, here to
help and support each other. Following
the signing of the Agreement in February
of 2002, we will always continue to inter-
act with regional entities, to be able to
rise and meet all the challenges that we
will be facing in the years to come.You are
always welcome to visit our community.

Chief Abraham Rupert




                                                                                                                                29
        Eastmain

                                                  the future. Some of the undertakings        In conclusion, the next few years will
                                                  last year included:                         be a period of growth, training and
                                                                                              implementation for the community,
                                                  • the community expansion of infra          so we may eventually become self-
                                                    structures including storm sewers         sufficient and flourish from all our
                                                    (32 Lots)                                 efforts. Entrepreneurship is encour-
                                                                                              aged and supported in anticipation that
                                                  • the first set of private housing          members may eventually become self-
                                                                                              employed. Participation in the EM-1
                                                  • acceptance of our new water system        Hydro project will also be promoted
                                                                                              so that members may bring their newly
                                                  • community lighting                        learned knowledge back to better serve
                                                                                              our community.
                                                  • airport runway.




     T
                                                                                              I would also like to commend the
                                                  This year’s endeavour will be to            efforts and success of the Eastmain
                                                  complete the second phase of our            community members, working towards
           he community of Eastmain has           community expansion, increase pri-          the betterment of not only themselves,
     had the opportunity to evolve and grow       vate housing, Cree Health Board multi       but towards the community as a whole.
     tremendously over the past few years.        service center, start of the community      It is with this determination and unity
     With the implementation of the New           drainage works, golf driving range, ball    that our community is able to thrive
     Agreement, many community members            field lighting, community by-pass road, a   and grow.
     have or are working towards acquiring        new daycare, and the finalization of our
     new diplomas in trades and post-sec-         Engineering Master Plan. We are in the      Wachiya
     ondary education. We are proud of the        process of planning the river bank sta-
     many graduates that we have had in           bilization works, as well as landscaping,   Chief Edward Gilpin Jr.
     the past year, in the fields of Filtration   borders and asphalt which will be done
     Plant Operators, Heavy Equipment             in phases over the next couple of years.
     Operators and Carpentry Workers. I
     would like to give special mention to
     Rita Gilpin, and Florence Cheezo who
     have completed their Bachelor Degree
     for Social Worker from the Université
     de Quebec. We continue to encour-
     age and support students enrolled in
     training and wish them a successful
     completion of their programs; our new
     slogan has become “Train them and
     they will prosper within”.

     With the New Agreement, many
     projects have been set forth with con-
     fidence, knowing that the funds are now
     available and will continue to be so in




30
Daniel Mark Stewart

Son of Sheila Mark Stewart and the                                                    Corporation and sits on the Board
late Daniel, he was born August 16,                                                   of Directors.
1978, in Moose Factory, Ontario. His
childhood was spent in Eastmain in                                                    Daniel spends some of his spare time
the care of his grandmother Florrie                                                   working out in the gymnasium and
Mark Stewart, and this is where he                                                    participating in traditional activities.
learned his cultural values under his                                                 He is a youth with many dreams and
grandmother’s firm but loving guid-                                                   he has the potential to grasp these
ance. As a young boy he participated                                                  dreams and turn them into reality. He
in all cultural activities, which includ-                                             shows respect and love to all who
ed his love of hunting, fishing and                                                   touch his life. Always willing to help
trapping.                                                                             others in their time of need, no mat-
                                                                                      ter what the situation.
He graduated from Wabannutao
School and following his graduation he                                                He maintains a healthy lifestyle and is
has been involved in numerous activi-                                                 an example for the youth of the Cree
ties within the community. He served        nizing that his people not only needed    Nation.
as Youth Chief and during this time         this center but that the center would
traveled to New Zealand to inter-           be an interactive/communication tool
act and share knowledge with other          promoting improved health care and
Aboriginal groups at the International      prevention of health problems.
Youth Conference. He was actively
involved in negotiations for the Cree       Daniel was recently appointed president
Health Board Service Center, recog-         of Wabannutao Eeyou Development




                                                                                                                                 31
         Mistissini

                                                   On November 11, 1975, following the        opened the door for economic ven-
                                                   signing of the James Bay and Northern      tures. To date, we have 2 gas stations,
                                                   Quebec Agreement (JBNQA), the Cree         a newly expanded modern grocery
                                                   Nation of Mistissini and other commu-      store, restaurants, hardware and cloth-
                                                   nities finally had the opportunity to      ing store (co-op), sports goods store,
                                                   develop their respective communities.      and construction, carpentry, and trans-
                                                                                              portation and tourism operators.
                                                   Presently, our community comprises         Existing individual businesses present-
                                                   a population of approximately 3048         ly number over 48 including 18 entities
                                                   registered members. Over time, many        that provide public/private services to
                                                   public facilities have been constructed    the community.
                                                   to meet our diverse needs.We are also
                                                   proceeding with construction of an         The realization of the pavement for the
                                                   appropriate and much needed Elders         167 North Highway is now taking effect




     I
                                                   Transitional Home. The new Mistissini      with the first half of the highway to be
                                                   Motel is now constructed and its open-     completed this summer. This will make
                                                   ing will meet a tremendous need for        it easier for our community members,
        welcome the opportunity to once            our people and the economy of the          guests and tourists traveling to visit
     again present the profile of the Mistissini   community. Local personnel are pres-       our community. As well, we will see the
     community in Eeyou Istchee. I will share      ently undertaking training for various     first phase of the community pavement
     with you some historical points as well       positions within the hotel industry.The    completed. This will result in more
     as our community’s accomplishments            community of Mistissini is also host to    opportunities opening for our local
     to the present date.                          numerous entities such as the Cree         economy to expand even further.
                                                   School Board Head Office, James Bay
     The Cree people have occupied Eeyou           Cree Communications Society, Cree          During the past 40 years our communi-
     Istchee since time immemorial. The            Health Board Inland Office, and Re-        ty has grown and developed consistently
     Mistissini people and neighboring Cree        adaptation Center for the Cree Health      from its initial limited resources to
     hunting groups, the Nitcheqoun and            Board.                                     become a large community offer-
     Neosweskauu people came together                                                         ing a range of services and products.
     to make up the Mistissini population          Our economy continues to grow and          I am proud of our community mem-
     in the 1930’s. Later some Nemaska             many new businesses have been initi-       bers and the many accomplishments to
     and Ouje-Bougoumou people joined              ated to meet the needs of our people.      date. We will all continue our journey
     our population for a time. Mistissini         This has provided employment and           to overcome the obstacles, to create
     had been a summer encampment given            income for our people, not to mention      a beneficial and positive environment
     the establishment of the Hudson Bay           for some, the pride of having under-       in all aspects for the Mistissini Nation.
     Company and their initiation of a fur         taken a business for the first time, and   After all our work can only attribute to
     trade. Government assistance as a pro-        watch it gain momentum and ultimate-       the future growth and prosperity which
     vision of food rations began in the early     ly achieve success. This has proven to     ultimately will benefit our children for
     1940’s; however, it was not until the         be a challenge for our administration      generations to come.
     early 1960’s that government assistance       in providing funding, infrastructure and
     was available to the Cree population.         a commercial lot for their location.       Chief John Longchap
     This was very limited and our people          Our people have worked diligently to
     depended upon their traditional activi-       overcome these various obstacles. The
     ties to take care of their families.          New Relationship Agreement has also




32
Kimberly Quinn

Aboriginal teachers are the back-        She has researched the “Accelerated
bone of our education system.            Reading Program” with such dedica-
Traditionally our women have been        tion, that it is ready for implementation
the keepers of history, culture and,     in the Mistissini schools for Grade 1 to
our children.Their work is invaluable    Secondary V in August 2004. During her
to our communities and nation as a       evaluations by the University of Quebec
whole. Kimberly Quinn is no excep-       Aboriginal Department, the expert said
tion. She graduated from McGill          that she taught her class a grade and a
University in the Field of Education     half worth of work within one school
on the Dean’s List with high honors      year. Two students from her class won
in 2002 and returned to her com-         1st place in the Aboriginal Science Fair
munity, Mistissini, to teach. She has    this year. Her supervisors say that her
been an outstanding teacher and          strength is her ability to work with
has made an impact in our commu-         students at all different levels. She       Principal awarded Kimberly with the
nity in whatever she is involved with.   has been fundamentally important in         “Outstanding Teacher” award in her
Kimberly is committed to working         fundraising for her student’s trip this     first year of teaching.
on a quest for excellence, but also      year and the graduation celebrations,
with an unparalleled level of caring     honoring students graduating from           Beyond a significant contribution
and understanding for her students.      Grade 6 into Secondary I. The School        in her capacity as an educator in
                                                                                     the community, Kimberly Quinn
                                                                                     has always been involved in many
                                                                                     facets of community life. She has
                                                                                     served on Mistissini Youth Council,
                                                                                     traveled to New Zealand as a dele-
                                                                                     gate in the World Indigenous Youth
                                                                                     Conference, attended the World
                                                                                     Indigenous People Conference on
                                                                                     Education in Calgary last year, and is
                                                                                     a member of a Young Entrepreneur’s
                                                                                     group in community development.

                                                                                     The Mistissini Cree First Nation
                                                                                     would like to congratulate Kimberly
                                                                                     Quinn for her outstanding devotion
                                                                                     to the education of her community’s
                                                                                     children, and all the hard work she
                                                                                     has endured to achieve her success,
                                                                                     as a leader in teaching our future
                                                                                     generations.




                                                                                                                              33
         Nemaska
                                                 Pretaining to the social impacts; the          protect the community they had build
                                                 measure and means to address them,             and developed during the last 25 years,
                                                 an important element with regard to            and eventually prevailed. However loss-
                                                 development projects of this nature,           es were still suffered, approximately
                                                 and the associated impact bene-                $224,000 was expended in community
                                                 fit agreements, appear to have been            O&M funds to finance the costs asso-
                                                 overlooked and not incorporated in             ciated with the emergency operations
                                                 the CQNRA. One wonders if the only             and evacuation, of which INAC reim-
                                                 impacts contemplated at the outset             bursed less than 25% of these costs.The
                                                 were considered to be beneficial and           trappers’ losses of camps and equip-
                                                 positive. This has not been the reality        ment amounted to $100,000. Attempts
                                                 for the community of Nemaska and the           have been made to access other sourc-
                                                 construction and development activity          es to recover these costs unfortunately




     I
                                                 has only just begun.                           this had yet to be confirmed at the fis-
                                                                                                cal years end.
                                                 Previous cumulative social and trau-
         am pleased to present some brief        matic impacts from natural resource            The community today would suffer
     highlights and reflections regarding sig-   exploitation, extraction, and hydro devel-     extreme dire financial and social con-
     nificant events and milestones for the      opment activity have yet to be formally        sequences had the community burnt.
     community of Nemaska during the             addressed.What we the Nemaska Eeyou,           The people of Nemaska are sincere-
     past year.                                  and the Cree Nation have had to endure         ly grateful for all the assistance and
                                                 since 1970, is once again compounded.          accommodations provided by the oth-
     Cree-Quebec New                                                                            er communities of Eeyou Istchee.
     Relationship Agreement                      It is surrealistically ironic that this time
                                                 it is happening, but supposedly, with our      Local Government Elections
     Beginning with the first year of the        informed consent.
     implementation of Cree-Quebec New                                                          Following the Election in February
     Relationship Agreement; the community       25th Anniversary Firefight                     2003 the new Chief and Council for-
     received its first monetary disburse-                                                      mally took office in March.
     ment and it was allocated toward            In July 2002, the community of Nemaska
     expansion of conventional munici-           celebrated its 25th anniversary with hot       The first formal act of the newly elect-
     pal infrastructure services. Aside from     and blazing fanfare precipitated by a          ed Chief and Council was to convene
     the direct financial benefits the com-      second consecutive forest fire forcing         a meeting with the representatives of
     munity received, came the prospects of      the evacuation of the community.               the project developers, namely SEBJ
     employment opportunities arising from
     the commencement of the EM-1 proj-          The Council of the Cree Nation of
     ect and the field studies for the EM-1A     Nemaska formally declared a “state
     Rupert River Diversion. Although            of emergency” and mobilized the
     the temporary jobs and employment           local emergency operations centre
     opportunities were certainly wel-           and crew.
     comed by the community members,
     they were not without drawbacks; as         For more than a week, as the commu-
     it appeared that dismissals and turn-       nity was covered in smoke, the Council,
     overs were evolving rapidly and with        the EOC, the fire brigade crew and
     great impacts.                              volunteers fought night and day to




34
and Hydro-Quebec. The outcome
of the meeting was a consensus on         Silas Blackned
an approach to implement and work
together to address some of the imme-     The Nemaska First Nation has
diate social impacts on the community.    selected Silas Blackned as their Cree
                                          Youth role model for this Annual
A “Liaision Committee” composed of        Report. As an avid hockey player and
community representatives and the         excellent sportsman, Silas is rep-
developers’ representatives, similar to   resenting his community on many
the approach implemented in the La        athletic levels.
Grande (1986) Agreement for Chisasibi
region was agreed to be put in place by   He enjoys spending his time doing
spring 2003.                              what all teenagers like to do, watch-
                                          ing TV, playing video games, chatting
Most people are aware of the old          on the internet, but most of all, training by walking and biking to ensure that
familiar saying “if you are part of the   he keeps in top physical shape for playing hockey.
problem, you are part of the solution,”
then again some problems just can’t be    Silas’s most memorable experience in playing hockey is attending the Chrysler
solved within the mindset that created    Cup as a member of the Cree Nation Bears. He has been involved and playing
them. The Liaison Committee certainly     hockey since the age of 5. Playing Pee Wee CC with the Chibougamau Podium,
has their work cut out for them in the    and with the Cree Nation Bears, Silas furthered his hockey career by being
years to come; they can however rely      selected for the new Midget AA Cree Nation Eenouch, located in Waswanipi.
on the full support of the community      This hockey program requires that all players attend school and reside with-
and Council.                              in the community, Silas decided to make these sacrifices to pursue this career
                                          which he enjoys so much.This year he has decided to try-out and hopefully will
The Council of the Cree Nation of         be offered an invitation to play with the Val d’Or Foreurs or Rouyn Huskies, as
Nemaska looks forward to enhanc-          part of the QMJHL, or with the Featherman Hawks of Thunder Bay.
ing, maintaining and strengthening the
working relationships established by      His future goals include playing within the QMHJL, working towards completing
the former Chief and Council for the      collegial and university degrees. Silas hopes to also receive a scholarship from
benefit of the community and the Cree     the NCAA and diligently works toward his dream of becoming a professional
Nation.                                   hockey player for the NHL. Silas admires fellow hockey players such as Jonathan
                                          Cheechoo, Jordan Tootoo, Ryan Weistchee and Charlie Wash, they are a source
As was noted previously in last years’    of motivation and inspiration as he focuses on his hockey career.
GCCEI/CRA annual report; good rela-
tions are based on mutual respect         Silas would also like to thank Charlie Wash and Bessie Blackned, they were
and “the keeping of promises to keep      there from the first day that he put on hockey skates, they provided emotion-
promises.”                                al encouragement and financial support.To Charlie: “thank you for traveling with
                                          me for my try-outs and my games. Special thanks to all my sponsors in Nemaska…
Wachiya                                   they know who they are”.

Chief Josie Jimiken                       The Nemaska First Nation would like to congratulate Silas Blackned on his
                                          outstanding determination and his work toward his achievements. We hope
                                          that he will continue on his journey and attain his aspirations and goals, and we
                                          want to wish him the best of luck in all of his endeavours.




                                                                                                                              35
        Ouje-Bougamou
                                                This past year, Ouje-Bougamou saw the        loved all children in the community. We
                                                addition of new services that are now        hope that by naming this building in his
                                                available to our community members.          memory, we have been able to pay trib-
                                                We are very proud to have complet-           ute to one of this community’s most
                                                ed the construction of the “Albert           beloved and respected elders.
                                                Mianscum Memorial Sports Complex”,
                                                which comprises; a hockey arena, swim-       This new facility is primarily for our
                                                ming pool and fitness center. This new       youth but it will also benefit the future
                                                center will provide the entire communi-      generations of youth. It is about hav-
                                                ty with recreational facilities which will   ing fun, finding new ways to learn to do
                                                contribute to a healthy community with       things together, and celebrating accom-
                                                a particular emphasis on our youth. It       plishments. We hope that this will be
                                                is the responsibility of the leaders to      a place where youth can learn about
                                                ensure that we provide our youth with        themselves and about each other as
                                                the opportunities to use their energy        they continue to grow.
                                                in positive ways. Our new sports com-
                                                plex represents an important service,        We would like to extend our thanks




     K
                                                and is a place that will offer our youth     and appreciation to the Grand Council
                                                with opportunities and challenges for        who negotiated on behalf of the com-
                                                many years to come.                          munities to make financial resources
           waay!                                                                             available, so that this new recreation
                                                We are very pleased and honored to           facility could be established. We also
     On behalf of the Council and the           have named our new recreational facil-       would like to extend an invitation to vis-
     members of the Ouje-Bougamou Cree          ity the Albert Mianscum Memorial Sports      it the Albert Mianscum Memorial Sport
     Nation                                     Complex. He was a man who possessed          Complex, and the Cree Community of
                                                a deep love for his community and he         Ouje-Bougamou.
     I would like to extend greetings to the    expressed that love in almost everything
     Cree nation. We are very pleased that      he did. He especially enjoyed watching       Miigwetch,
     this year’s annual report highlights the   children play, not only did he care for
     accomplishments of our youth.              his children and grand children, he also     Chief Sam R. Bosum

     When we first planned the construc-
     tion of the Ouje-Bougamou Village
     over 20 years ago, we believed that
     it was imperative for us to consider
     the difficult history that our people
     had experienced. We strived to ensure
     that our development was implement-
     ed in a manner that would contribute
     positively to the healing of our people.
     From the beginning, our community has
     worked to achieve the vision of a com-
     munity that would provide services to
     ensure that all future generations would
     be taken care of.




36
Randy Bosum

After much work and determina-              College, Randy decided to transfer
tion, Randy Bosum is proud to say           back to Dawson College in Montreal.
that he has successfully completed          Although he was accepted under the
and obtained a collegial diploma. It        Post-Secondary program, Randy was
took many years of hard work, for-          unable to continue in Commerce, due
titude, and patience for this long          to lack of available space, he was then
journey in attaining a post-second-         forced to take a program which he had
ary education.                              no interest in. He tried to complete his
                                            program, but again, personal problems
Following graduation from                   interferred with his studies, into his sec-
MacLean Memorial High school in             ond semester, and he again returned to
Chibougamau, with honors, Randy             his community. During this period, find-
enrolled and was accepted into the          ing employment proved to be difficult,
Business Administration Program at          and a decision was made to return to
Dawson College in Montreal, in 1995.        school, but with greater determination
It was challenging and difficult for        and a new found spirit.
Randy to adjust to studying and living                                                    his journey, and go on to universi-
in the South, away from his commu-          In the fall of 2000, he returned to           ty in the future. In light of his trials
nity and family. After a successful first   Heritage College, with the financial          and final achievement, he now has a
semester, Randy was unable to com-          support of his parents, and funding           better understanding of the impor-
plete the required credits for the          from another aboriginal entity, and was       tance of education. His message for
second semester and attributes this         able to complete a semester of studies.       the youth is, “you can do anything you
to distractions and a lost of inter-        His funding only covered one semes-           want to do in life or be anyone you
est in his studies. He was placed on        ter, and he was forced to once again          want to be, we have our own goals and
probation by the Cree School Board          return to his community. In the win-          dreams, and we should never give up on
Post Secondary program, regretful-          ter of 2002, Randy was now accepted           our goals and dreams.”
ly; Randy was denied funding and            into the post-secondary program and
returned home to his community.             was able to return to Heritage College.
                                            Over the next two semesters he was
Taking some time off to re-ener-            able to complete all the required cred-
gize his willpower, Randy sought            its to complete his collegial studies.
funding from the Socio Economic
Development Program of the Ouje-            Randy is an example of how one must
Bougamou Eenou Companee, he                 have determination and perseverance,
was able to return to school in the         to achieve ones goals and dreams.
fall of 1997. This time, he decided         Randy said that he always remem-
to go to Heritage College in Hull,          bered his high school teacher, David
in the Commerce Program. Once               Fraser, had told him to “Never give
again, distractions and the city life       up”. This in part was something that
became a problem into his second            kept Randy motivated to complete his
semester. After a year at Heritage          college education. He plans to continue




                                                                                                                                     37
        Waskaganish
                                                  We have lived on this land for centu-       riverbank stability project, planning and
                                                  ries, but the past 30 years have seen       construction of outdoor sport facilities,
                                                  more changes in our relationship with       as well as a commitment to build a new
                                                  our environment than all the centu-         administrative center. We recently held
                                                  ries before. When the James Bay and         the grand opening of the new school,
                                                  Northern Quebec Agreement (JBNQA)           named after, and honouring one of our
                                                  was signed on November 11th, 1975,          many pioneers of language and cultur-
                                                  we were given the greatest opportuni-       al programs, the Annie Whiskeychan
                                                  ties to develop our community, but we       Memorial School.
                                                  were also presented with the greatest
                                                  challenges.We have learned to develop       Community improvements will include
                                                  our land providing economic opportu-        the paving of our roads, upgrading the
                                                  nities to our people while protecting       drainage systems, and the fresh water




 W
                                                  the environment that is so important        supply, to ensure the community’s
                                                  to ensure our survival.                     health and safety.We are working in col-
                                                                                              laboration with the Cree Health Board
           achiya! I am pleased to be able to     Over the past twenty-five years, mod-       in construction of a new Multi-purpose
     bring this message to the Cree Nation.       ern public facilities have been developed   day center. We have been successful in
     First, I would like to take this oppor-      to meet community needs. We have            securing areas around Waskaganish,
     tunity to express my gratitude to the        housing, schools, roads, health ser-        (Muschuuchii Hills, Cabbage Willows,
     people of Waskaganish for having been        vices, sports facilities, and a gathering   Boatswin Bay and Harricana River) as
     granted the opportunity to serve our         place for the youth, and have also pro-     protected sites of special interest. The
     community as Chief for the past four         vided economic opportunities through        eventual link to the Quebec electricity
     years. I would also like to express my       the construction of a local commercial      grid is in the planning stage and will end
     appreciation to my family for all their      mall. Nothing has been as profound as       our dependency on locally generated
     love, support and inspiration. I also        the completion of the permanent road        and less environmentally friendly pow-
     would like to thank the administra-          linking Waskaganish with the rest of        er. The possibility of producing wind
     tion, managers and employees of the          Quebec, this has brought many chang-        power is being addressed and initial
     Waskaganish First Nation for their           es to our community. We have risen to       contact has been made with ongoing
     dedication. Those people who volun-          the challenge and can be proud of our       discussions taking place.
     teer to make events happen and their         accomplishments and our community.
     tireless efforts in continuing to make                                                   In spite of everything that we are
     Waskaganish a dynamic and beautiful          The past year has seen our com-             facing today, one of the greatest con-
     place to live.                               munity grow and develop with many           cerns is the proposed diversion of the
                                                  new and exciting projects. Locally we       Rupert River. We have just completed
     Waskaganish is located on the his-           have invested out abilities to govern       the review of the draft directives. The
     toric Rupert River, which has been           and administer the Waskaganish First        work is on-going and we continue to
     our lifeblood for centuries, providing       Nation, resulting in a healthier finan-     closely monitor the process.
     food, transportation, and well-being         cial stability, and successful planning
     for our people. The surrounding rivers,      and implementation of many commu-           If we are to govern ourselves and
     grasslands, and forests provide many         nity projects.                              reach our full potential, then we must
     opportunities today for our people to                                                    use our skills and abilities to better our
     experience our traditional way of life, as   The last twelve months have seen con-       community, our families and ourselves.
     well as providing exciting adventures for    struction of a new police station, new      Self-government means to be self-reli-
     tourists and others who visit our land.      housing facilities, completion of the       ant, developing our economy while




38
mindful of our past and our future. Self-
government means being responsible to                                                   Brenda Sue Weistche
ourselves and our children.
                                                                                        Brenda Sue Weistche is the daugh-
I would like to take this opportunity                                                   ter of Sanders and Florrie Weistche
to also remember my dear Mother, the                                                    of Waskaganish. She spent her child-
late Helen Whiskeychan, who went to                                                     hood with her parents, on their trap
be with our Creator, March 29th, 2003.                                                  line, until she started school.
During her life she was not only a
beloved wife, mother, and grandmother,                                                  Brenda attended and graduated
but will be remembered for her gentle                                                   from Ecole Winiibekuu School in
loving and kind ways, as well as for her                                                1994. After encountering some of
wisdom and compassion. At the same                                                      the “growing pains” of being a young
time, I want to acknowledge the loss                                                    person, she decided it was important
of the late Chief Isiah Salt and of other                                               for her to pursue a higher level of
Elders and young people, whose pass-                                                    education. Her dream was to have a
ing has left a void in many lives, they                                                 career in Engineering.
also are sorely missed. Our prayers and
thoughts are with you.                                                                 With determination and commitment
                                                                                       she overcame the many challenges of
In closing, we will continue to look to      being a single parent and attending school at the same time. It was difficult, but
our Elders for guidance and under-           she remained motivated and inspired by her family. This year, Brenda success-
standing, passing on their knowledge         fully achieved her dream of having a career in engineering. She graduated from
and teachings to our young people so         Cambrian College with a diploma in the Civil Engineering Technician program.
that we may keep our traditions alive        Through her hard work and diligence, she was able to achieve her goal and has
and continue our traditional way of life.    gained the independence that she was seeking. She is currently employed by
To the graduates of 2003, I congratu-        the Waskaganish First Nations in the Capital Projects Department.
late them on a job well done and wish
them every success in their endeavours.      Brenda is an example for the youth of the Cree Nation; she has proven that
To our local artists and craftsmen, con-     you can fulfill your dreams through dedication and hard work. She has met
tinue to practice your art and show the      the challenge that she set for herself and she has succeeded. She would like to
world what you are capable of achiev-        encourage all youth to work towards their career goals and believes that you
ing. We encourage our youth to grow          can achieve these goals with perseverance and determination.
and learn, and play to bring happiness
and a brighter future for us all. Finally,
we encourage everyone to enjoy and
preserve our beautiful land in Eeyou
Istchee. Ekodeh!

Chief Robert Weistche




                                                                                                                                  39
         Waswanipi
                                                  The Cree First Nation of Waswanipi is        awards, congratulations, and I look for-
                                                  going through a beautification project,      ward to more winners in the future.
                                                  which will provide our people with a
                                                  healthy and conducive environment.The        On a final note I would like to pay hom-
                                                  paving is now complete and we are also       age to one of our community leaders
                                                  working on landscaping for our com-          who passed on to the spirit world. Peter
                                                  munity. I would like to acknowledge          J. Gull was the Chief of Waswanipi dur-
                                                  our former Chief and Council mem-            ing the negotiations of the James Bay
                                                  bers on initiating this important project.   and Northern Quebec Agreement, as
                                                  I also would like to thank the Council       well as being a signatory to this first
                                                  of Commissioners of the Cree School          major land claims agreement. He served
                                                  Board for selecting Waswanipi as the         in various capacities within our commu-
                                                  host community of the new Training           nity, playing a key role in our economic
                                                  Center. This will benefit our commu-         development. He assumed the leader-




 O
                                                  nity as we look forward to hosting all       ship role on Mistuk Corporation and
                                                  trainees from the Cree Nation of Eeyou       Nabakatuk Inc., bringing this forestry
                                                  Istchee.                                     venture to an economic success. He
                 n behalf of the Council and                                                   will be sadly missed and I send my con-
     the Community of Waswanipi, I would          We have begun the process of fine-
     like to greet the Cree Nation. This has      tuning our overall operations in
     been a very busy year for Waswanipi,         business, governance and manage-
     and as the newly elected Chief, and          ment. Many individuals play key roles
     with the collaboration of the new            in this restructuring process and in the
     council members, we are working dil-         implementation of plans, which were
     igently on our respective mandates.          identified last fall. We will continue
     Portfolios have been assigned to each        planning for our Nation’s future devel-
     councilor, within their area of exper-       opment and growth.
     tise, to achieve the goals set for the
     community.                                   The Community Relations Committee
                                                  was created to oversee the rights of
     Given the ongoing implementation of          individuals and organized groups in
     the Paix des Braves Agreement, financial     social activities and to ensure unifi-
     resources are being provided to meet the     cation and pride for our people. The
     needs of our members and our tradition-      provision of resources include; activ-
     al lands. Implementation of the forestry     ities, programs and incentives for the
     section is a priority, given the impor-      community of Waswanipi. I commend
     tance of maintaining our land base for all   the committee for their tireless efforts
     Waswanipi Eeyou. Local community proj-       and successful events.
     ects have been undertaken to prepare
     in assisting with the implementation of      I also want to thank those individu-
     the Forestry Agreement, including train-     als whose dedicated work ensures that
     ing initiatives and restructuring. We are    we have ongoing Child Care programs
     focusing on assisting the Cree trappers      and that the local Elders home is final-
     and have secured the funding to continue     ly to become a reality. To our Youth
     their operations, programs and projects.     who received this year’s Achievement




40
dolences to his wife Emily Gull and to
his family members.                      Titus Channer

I would like to thank all our members    Titus Channer, born April 2nd 1973, in
who have worked hard to ensure that      Sault Ste Marie, Michigan, is the son
our community projects were suc-         of Mrs. Alice Channer, and grand-
cessful. Let us continue striving to     son to Agnes Kitchen and the late
harmonize our modern society and         Willie Kitchen. Presently, Titus calls
the sacred teachings that have been      Hamilton, Ontario his home, but
entrusted by our ancestors; this is      returns to his home community
essential to our evolution as a Cree     every summer for the annual Rising
Nation. Meegwetch and may God bless      Stars Basketball Camp, which he co-
you all.                                 founded with his close friend Andrew
                                         Peters. The camp runs in late July for
Chief Robert Kitchen                     a week and attracts from 75-80
                                         participants.

                                         Titus is an accomplished basketball
                                         player, and has participated profes-
                                         sionally in many different regions of
                                         the world. He has shown great determination and endured a lot of hard work
                                         to reach his present status. Titus played professionally from 1998 to 1999 for
                                         teams in England and Finland. In 2000, he played professional basketball for
                                         Switzerland for two seasons, as well as with the Austrian team for one season.
                                         A role model for children, Titus’s journey through his career is an example for
                                         the children and youth of his community. His inspiration to create the annu-
                                         al basketball camp, now going on its third successful year, is his way of giving a
                                         part of his achievements back to his community.

                                         As a university student, Titus was named the “All Canadian” all star, for four
                                         years in a row, and graduated as the All-time Leading Scorer and Canadian Athlete
                                         of the Year.. He has also received numerous awards through out his universi-
                                         ty studies, such as achieving placement on the, All Canadian 2nd Team (1996),
                                         OUAA West First Team (1996), Canadian National Team (1997), Australian
                                         NBL All Star Game (2000), All Swiss LNA 2nd team (2001), as well as repre-
                                         senting Canada at the World Championships in Indianapolis in 2002.

                                         The Cree First Nation of Waswanipi would like to congratulate Titus Channer,
                                         on his determination and achievements, and for the important role he plays
                                         inspiring our youth to reach for their dreams.




                                                                                                                              41
        Wemindji
                                                  develop a new division on the hillside.    and most importantly, the participants
                                                  The town drainage and paving, is also      of the training programs that were
                                                  in its second and third stages of com-     offered.
                                                  pletion. The incinerator project is near
                                                  completion and the operation of this       Our three-year Community Action plan
                                                  project should start this coming year.     will be tabled at this upcoming General
                                                  The Mult-purpose center for the dis-       Assembly.We will also require approval
                                                  abled and elderly was unfortunately        from the members with respect to our
                                                  delayed, but will commence this sum-       Governance project.
                                                  mer. As for the new clinic, discussions
                                                  are still ongoing and we hope to make      In closing, I express my gratitude in
                                                  this a reality in the near future.         serving you, it is an honor and a privi-
                                                                                             lege. I would like to express my thanks
                                                  We would also like to acknowledge          to all the band employees for their dil-




     O
                                                  the success of the Canadian Rangers        igent work and continued service to
                                                  and Junior Rangers Program, and thank      our community. We have determined
                                                  Danny Tomatuk and Henry Stewart, as        to ensure that we complete the goals
                    n behalf of the Council, we   well as all those whose participation      we set with great success. Thank you
     wish to extend our deepest gratitude         in this program has made it a success-     for making it possible and we will con-
     for giving us the opportunity to serve       ful reality.                               tinue to provide a government that is
     the Cree First Nation of Wemindji and                                                   of the people, for the people, and by
     its community members. Following our         Our continued working relationship         the people.
     election in September 2003, about 78%        with the Cree School Board Sabutuan
     of the population participated in casting    Continuing Education and Cree Human        With the deepest gratitude,
     their votes; this demonstrates that peo-     Resources has proved to be a success.
     ple are interested and concerned with        We would like to extend our thanks to      Chief Reggie Mark
     who will be leading the development          these entities for their collaboration
     and growth of their community and we
     thank you for your participation in the
     election. Our diversity within the com-
     munity, regarding the issues that we face
     is a reflection of an open and mutual
     dialogue amongst ourselves. Let us con-
     tinue a respectful and mutual dialogue,
     as this will always benefit all community
     members, especially our youth.

     Some of the highlights this past fiscal
     year were the building of seven housing
     units, and implementing two homeown-
     ership projects. We are now moving
     towards completing the renovations
     of duplexes. In regards to infrastruc-
     ture, the Peter Atsynia Sub-division is
     now complete and we have started to




42
Kathy Moses Blackned

Kathy Moses-Blackned, daughter of
Virginia and Malcolm Moses is from
the community of Waskaganish.

She graduated from high school
in 1992, and continued her educa-
tion to receive her CEGEP Diploma
from John Abbott College in 1995.
She furthered her studies at Trent
University, and it was during the
period from 1995-1999 that she suc-
cessfully completed her Bachelor of
Arts in Native Studies, and following
this she received her Bachelor of Business Administration with Honours.

Kathy participated in many activities and was elected Secretary for the Cree
Students Association in Montreal. She returned home most summers and
worked as a student at the Waskaganish Band Office. She also worked one
summer at the Montreal GCCEI/CRA Office, where she is remembered for
her energetic assistance and warm personality.

After moving to Wemindji in 1999, she was a substitute teacher for Secondary
I & II, before being engaged by the Cree Nation of Wemindji as Corporate
Secretary. Kathy continues using her knowledge and skills to help her peo-
ple in Eeyou Istchee. She now holds the position of Treasurer and also Interim
Director of Operations for the Cree Nation of Wemindji.

She is an exemplary example of a youth, who with strong determination and
perseverance achieved an education.With this education, she returned to Eeyou
Istchee to give back the knowledge and expertise she had sought so diligently
and successfully. In her office a quote is displayed that says: “Success is never a
matter of chance, it is always a matter of choice”.

Kathy is married to Sammy Blackned, and they have two lovely daughters; five-
year-old Chelsea and Gillian who is one.




                                                                                      43
        Whapmagoostui
                                                  The Cree community’s facilities include      A majority of the Whapmagoostui pop-
                                                  an arena, police station, fire hall, radio   ulation still practices their traditional
                                                  station, a convenience store, a coffee       way of life. In fact, some families are still
                                                  shop, and a clinic, which is, shared with    considered full-time hunters and trap-
                                                  the Inuit.We also have educational facil-    pers, thus ensuring the protection and
                                                  ities (Badabin Eeyou School) which has       preservation of our cultural practices
                                                  been instrumental in developing the          and values as espoused by the Elders.
                                                  Whapmagoostui Art Factory. We are
                                                  extremely proud of our student artists       Our people are our strength and our
                                                  and their success in this initiative.        culture and traditions are our heritage,
                                                                                               we must never lose sight of this. I would
                                                  The Whapmagoostui band strives to pro-       also like to thank our community mem-
                                                  vide and promote a healthy community         bers for their positive contributions
                                                  environment through the establishment        and diligence in maintaining a strongly
                                                  of programs and services.The newly con-      united and progressive society.
                                                  structed daycare center not only services
                                                  the families but also provides employment    Chief David Masty Sr.




     W
                                                  for 20 community members.


             hapmagoostui is located on
     the east coast of Hudson Bay, at the
     mouth of the Great Whale River and
     is the most northern Cree communi-
     ty in Eeyou Istchee. Whapmagoostui is
     exceptional in that it is the only town
     with four names all-referring to the
     same place; Kujjuarapik in Inukittut,
     Whapmagoostui in Cree, Great Whale
     River in English, and Poste-de-la-Baleine
     in French. The local women’s hockey
     team includes all four peoples and this
     reflects the collaborative relationship of
     our unique community.

     The Crees and Inuit have separate
     local governments, which administer
     the essential services and programs for
     their respective communities. The com-
     munities population is estimated at 1,600
     with 785 Crees, 580 Inuit and the latter
     make up the rest of the population. The
     community is only accessible by air and
     barge and the main air service providers
     are Air Creebec and Air Inuit.




44
Robbie Kawapit                                                                      Whapmagoostui Cree Nation, he
                                                                                    oversees and coordinates all com-
Robbie Kawapit, born August 31,                                                     munity projects, such as housing
1972 to Eliza (Dick) and the late                                                   construction, crusher projects,
Elijah Kawapit is a respected and                                                   and landscaping, as well as hold-
valued youth of the Whapmagoostui                                                   ing other positions in many local
Cree Nation.We are proud to share                                                   committees, he is also the Local
with you his many accomplishments                                                   Returning Officer.
and successes.
                                                                                     Robbie is a role model for the
During high school and through-                                                     our youth, maintaining a healthy
out his youth, Robbie participated                                                  lifestyle. He is an active hoop and
avidly in sports tournaments, local-                                                fancy dancer, and has participat-
ly and regionally. He received                                                      ed in numerous pow-wows having
numerous awards for his partic-                                                     received great reviews. He also
ipation and sportsmanship during                                                    inspires other youth, by allowing
these tournaments. Today, he par-                                                   them to express and experience
takes in community activities and                                                   the various ways of performing in
is an ardent pool player, spending     respected and serves in many capacities      front of an audience, a kind per-
evenings playing with friends.         for the betterment of our communi-           son who takes his responsibilities
                                       ty. Robbie continuously works toward         seriously and does not give up,
He graduated from Badabin Eeyou        finding new ways to assist and sup-          regardless of the difficulties that
school, receiving the “Governer        port others who are in need of help          he may encounter.
General” and “Athlete of the           and gives without expecting anything
Year” awards. He now pursues           in return.                                   The Whapmagoostui First Nation
his post-secondary education at                                                     would like to congratulate Robbie
Heritage College, studying Business    In his previous position, Brighter           Kawapit for his achievements. We
Administration. During this time, he   Futures and Mental Health Coordinator,       would also like to thank him for
also received the Heritage College     Robbie was responsible for community         his contribution to the success and
Aboriginal Award for “Outstanding      programs, such as the Dad’s program, as      betterment of our community.
Academics” for an aboriginal           well as coordinating the Headstart pro-
student.                               gram among others, that are associated
                                       with assisting children and parents to
Robbie returned home to bring          better understand their respective roles
back the knowledge, which he           with the family. Presently, as Capital and
attained during school. He is          Special Projects Coordinator with the




                                                                                                                          45
46
Cree Regional Authority
Annual Report 2002-2003




Message from the Director General,
Eddie Diamond
                     Wahcheh!                                       mandated by the Eeyou/Eenou, will con-
                          It is an honour for me to address the     tinue to contribute to the community and
                     Cree Nation of Eeyou Istchee again and         economic development of Eeyou/Eenou
                     repor t on the activities and work of the      of Eeyou Istchee. In this manner, I know
                     various departments of the Cree Regional       that the Cree Regional Authority will con-
                     Authority.                                     tinue to evolve as the Eeyou/Eenou people
                          The current year marks the 25th anni-     continue their journey on the path of self-
                     versar y of the Cree Regional Authority.       government.
                     As you may be aware, the Cree Regional              The various depar tments/agencies
                     Authority comprises two authorities –          of the Cree Regional Authority such as
                     the ser vices and depar tments under the       Human Resources, Traditional Pursuits,
                     Council of the Cree Regional Authority and     Youth and Community Development will
                     the management of compensation funds           continue to evolve to meet the needs of
                     under the Board of Compensation. I am          self-governing communities. I believe we
                     proud that the Cree Regional Authority, as     have common aspirations and visions for
                     a whole, has evolved over the past quarter     the journey to Eeyou/Eenou self –govern-
                     of a centur y with the spirit and intent of    ment. However, as in any journey, we will
                     Eeyou self-government. It is important to      meet obstacles and reach rivers to cross.
                     stress that we are not merely administer-      The Cree Regional Authority will continue
                     ing governmental programs and services         to assist in meeting these challenges in
                     but we are also designing and creating         our journey.
                     programs and services to meet the needs             With the support of the Eeyou/ Eenou
                     of self-governing Eeyou/Eenou people and       leadership, I am positive and cer tain we
                     communities.                                   can meet these challenges for the benefit
                          The New Relationship Agreement            of the present and future generations of
                     signed by the Crees of Eeyou Istchee and       Eeyou/ Eenou of Eeyou Istchee.
                     the Government of Quebec will change                Meequetch to the Eeyou/ Eenou lead-
                     the political, social and economic land-       ership, Senior Management, Directors and
                     scape of Eeyou Istchee. In particular, this    staff for their dedication and hard work in
                     Agreement transfers the obligations and        meeting the past challenges.
                     responsibilities of Quebec under cer tain
                     sections of the James Bay and Nor thern
                     Quebec Agreement respecting community
                     and economic development to the Crees of
                     Eeyou Istchee. This transfer of responsibil-
                     ities facilitates and advances the exercise
                     and practice of Eeyou self-government
                     over community and economic develop-
                     ment. The Cree Regional Authority, as

                                                                                                           47
Message from the Treasurer,
Matthew Swallow

                                                T                                              Government of Quebec recognized the
                                                    he past year was a challenging one with    contributions of the Cree Nation to the
                                                respect to the financial administration of     development of the territor y, recognized
                                                the Cree Regional Authority and Grand          the potential for new development and
                                                Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee).          entered into a New Relationship for the
                                                The implementation of the Cree-Quebec          future. Appropriate arrangements with
                                                New Relationship Agreement required            Canada should also recognize the sacrific-
                                                the devotion of significant efforts during     es of the Crees and the benefits derived by
                                                the past year. The many new entities cre-      Canadians as a result of these sacrifices.
                                                ated required initial star tup assistance           In addition to the funding described
                                                from the Cree Regional Authority. We have      below, both Canada and Quebec provide
                                                been pleased to play a role in assisting the   funding in relation to the Cree School
                                                development of these new and very impor-       Board and Quebec provides funding for the
                                                tant organizations.                            Cree Board of Health and Social Services.
                                                     The Cree Regional Authority also          Many other program-funding arrangements
                                                under took the specific responsibility,        exist between Canada and Quebec and the
                                                acting through the Cree Heritage Fund          Crees. In addition, funding is provided to
                                                Foundation Inc, General Par tner, for the      other entities such as the Cree Trappers
                                                administration and management of the           Association, Cree Outfitting and Tourism
                                                Eenou – Eeyou Limited Par tnership. The        Association and the Cree Arts and Crafts
                                                Limited Par tnership is the Recipient of       Association.
                                                Funding pursuant to the Cree-Quebec New             Fur ther more, under agreements
                                                Relationship Agreement.                        reached last year, Hydro Quebec has
                                                     The Agreement with Quebec will            star ted to provide funding to suppor t
                                                permit the Cree Nation to plan and imple-      the Apatissiiwin Agreement, Nadoshtin
                                                ment certain long-term initiatives and will    Agreement, Boumhounan Agreement and
                                                enable the Crees to focus more energies        the Mercury Agreement.
                                                on the issues in our communities.
                                                     The Cree Nation continues to move         The Importance of Accountability
                                                for ward and with it, the Governments               As outlined above, the various Cree
                                                of Canada and Quebec have benefited            entities and local communities are recip-
                                                enormously. The economic benefit of the        ients of significant funding. The number
                                                development of the James Bay Territor y        of agreements and the various financial
                                                has brought significant benefit to the         accountability and repor ting obligations
                                                Canadian and Quebec economies. The             are very significant.


                 An Overview of the Funding flowing through the CRA/GCCEI
                           and Eenou- Eeyou Limited Partnership.
The CRA/GCCEI and the Eenou- Eeyou Limited Partnership act as Recipients of Funding for
many different purposes. The CRA/GCCEI have negotiated many funding agreements for the
Cree Nation where the funding flows to the CRA/GCCEI, which then reallocates the funds in
favor of the local communities and/or in conformity with agreement guidelines.
The following details certain of these arrangements for 2002/2003:
Government of Canada
Cree Act Operation and Maintenance Funding                                     $ 45,019,080
Federal Capital A Base Funding                                                  $ 9,948,000
Agreement Respecting Cree Human Resources Development                           $ 9,600,749
Canada / Quebec Joint Funding
Policing Services Agreement                                                     $ 7,397,653
Government Of Quebec
Agreement Concerning a New Relationship- Annual Payment                        $ 23,000,000
MOU Project Financing Arrangements                                             $ 20,000,000
Cree Quebec Forestry Board and Local Joint Working Groups                       $ 2,000,000

48
                                               Administration


                                               T
     The issue of Accountability and                                                       held by Cree people, 2 by other Natives
Governance has attracted a great deal              he Cree Nation Office in Nemaska,       and 15 positions are held by non-Natives.
of attention across Canada over the past       the Ottawa Embassy and the Montreal         Presently there are 5 vacant positions.
year. The Cree Nation has consistently         Support Office continue in their efforts    At this time, 25 years after the establish-
suppor ted issues of Accountability and        to meet the essential support services      ment of the Cree Regional Authority, one
Governance and we were the first Native        needed for efficient administration as      can see the advancement of the Cree peo-
Group in Canada to establish an account-       required in the fulfillment of mandates     ple in assuming administrative roles in the
ability regime supported by legislation, the   and tasks.                                  administration of their affairs.
Cree Naskapi (of Quebec) Act.                        Management remains a central               The objective of engaging youth
     Grand Chief Dr Ted Moses filed a          component in the process of achieving       or students remained a focus within
submission this past year with the Cree        the goals efficiently and                                  the GCCEI/CRA Of fices.
Naskapi Commission detailing the spe-          effectively. The adminis-                                  Summer students were an
cial accountability under takings of the       tration ensures that our                                   essential addition to cover
Cree Nation and support which the Cree         staff has the appropriate                                  annual leaves during the
leadership attaches to Accountability and      technology and equip-                                      summer period, but more
Governance.                                    ment to work efficiently                                   impor tantly, the training
     The Federal Government seems to           and that this technology                                   and transfer of administra-
have adopted an approach of develop-           requires upgrading from                                    tive knowledge and skills
ing special accounting rules for Native        time to time. In addi-                                     were key goals.
Organizations, which border on the ridic-      tion, the improvement                                            A new mentoring pro-
ulous. In the 2002 Report of the Auditor       of skills and attainment                                   gram was initiated at the
General of Canada to the House of              of knowledge remains a                                     Montreal Of fice, that of
Commons the issue of Streamlining First        priority for the adminis-                                  Records Management. Two
Nations Repor ting was highlighted. The        tration. The Cree Human                                    youth were engaged to par-
report outlined the complexity of report-      Resources Development                                      ticipate in this initiative,
ing obligations imposed upon First Nations     Agency is a major play-                                    which received funding from
and the need to streamline reporting.          er in this regard.                                         the Cree Human Resource
     For tunately for the Cree Nation, the     Several employees have benefited from       Development Depar tment. It has proven
Cree Naskapi (of Quebec) Act provides          the oppor tunity of training under the      successful, however there still remains
a framework for such reporting. Many of        Concordia University programs.              much work in this process. Youth and stu-
the funding arrangements have recognized             Many challenges were met over the     dents may attain invaluable knowledge
these undertakings while others attempt        past year, par ticularly relevant to the    and experience when par tnered or men-
to impose program repor ting guidelines        follow-up and implementation of man-        tored by an employee and emphasis must
without taking into account the special        dates flowing from the New Relationship     be placed on this strategy, as education
repor ting regime developed under the          Agreement. Support staff play an essen-     and work experience are key to one’s suc-
Cree Act.                                      tial role in this administrative process.   cess in a specific field.
     We must continue to move forward in             The present                                                The environmen-
ensuring that our local people have mean-      or ganigram por trays                                      tal and social protection
ingful financial information presented in an   the human resourc-                                         regime maintains the part-
easily understood format. Our responsibil-     es development of all                                      time assistance of Ms.
ity is to ensure that we meet repor ting       GCCEI/CRA suppor t                                         Stephanie Otter Tetreault,
obligations to not only the Governments        ser vice depar tments/                                     whom we congratulate
but most importantly, our local readership.    agencies and more                                          on having received her
This is an impor tant challenge, which I       par ticularly the now                                      Bachelor of Ar ts; she is
think we try to improve upon every year.       established Cree Human                                     now pursuing her Masters,
     As we move for ward into 2003/            Resource Development                                       and is an asset to this orga-
2004 we must be diligent in the timeli-        Depar tment. Overall                                       nization.
ness of repor ting to all decision makers      the GCCEI/CRA organigram displays                Knowledge and teamwork are funda-
and respect the undertakings for report-       91 positions of which you have the          mental in the administrative process, to
ing to Governments as contained in the         elected leaders, Grand Chief Dr. Ted        ensure that administrative support servic-
many funding arrangements. This is our         Moses and Deputy Grand Chief Paul           es are ongoing and culminate in benefits
challenge as Financial Officers.               Gull. There are 89 positions under their    for the Cree people and Cree Nation of
                                               direction, 67 of these positions are        Eeyou Istchee.
Meegwetch


                                                                                                                                   49
Message from the Director of Cree Human Resources Development,
Henry Mianscum

                                               Prominent work under taken by the Cree          of CHRD which included definition of the
                                               Human Resources Development depar t-            roles and responsibilities of all CHRD per-
                                               ment includes the following:                    sonnel. The organizational plan included
                                                                                               many of the existing positions as well
                                               National Forums and Workshops                   as newly developed ones that will assist
                                                    Most of the CHRD employees                 CHRD in achieving their depar tmental
                                               have attended national and provincial           mandates.
                                               conferences/workshops to obtain valu-
                                               able information on deliver y of programs       Relocation of the Cree Human Resources
                                               and ser vices as introduced by other            Development Department
                                               Aboriginal Human Resources Development               On July 17, 2002 the Council/Board
                                               Agreement holders as well as Human              took the decision to relocate the Cree
                                               Resources Development Canada (HRDC).            Human Resources Development depar t-
                                               Some employees par ticipated as panel           ment of the Cree Regional Authority to
                                               members of these conferences or work-           Mistissini, Quebec from Montreal, Quebec.
                                               shops. These events hosted by the AFN           The decision was in conformity to the Cree
                                               or HRDC are an oppor tunity to work on          leadership decision on June 22, 2000 to
                                               reducing important employment barriers,         relocate the CHRD Montreal, Quebec
                                               improvement of employment and training          office to a Cree community.
                                               program delivery and design. CHRD advo-              A Relocation Committee was created
INTRODUCTION                                   cates such issues ranging from language         to coordinate the necessary work for the
      The 2002-2003 fiscal year was            barriers, job readiness, skills development     realization of this undertaking. To ensure
the beginning of operations of the Cree        and proper program funding.                     that the deliberations and work plans of
Human Resources Development (CHRD)                  CHRD also met with government              the Committee were recorded and enact-
as a depar tment of the Cree Regional          authorities on aboriginal recruitment with-     ed, a Relocation Coordinator was engaged
Authority. Henry Mianscum was engaged          in the provincial government. The role of the   by CHRD, as well, an Urban Planner and
by the Executive/Executive Committee           CHRD consists of distributing information       an architect were contracted to assist in
of the Cree Regional Authority. Also over      on such recruitment activities targeting the    the project. These costs were assumed
the course of the fiscal year the positions    Cree population. As an information agent,       by CHRD.
of Coordinator of Programs and Services,       CHRD hopes to help provide an opportunity            The initial work necessitated a need
Territorial Programs, Professional Services    for those Crees interested in public service    analyses associated to the relocation.
and Finance and Administration were            jobs within the provincial government.          The personnel of CHRD greatly assisted in
filled. In addition to these positions the          CHRD also worked with Indian and           determining the scale and features of the
local Cree Employment Officers, Career         Nor thern Af fairs Canada (INAC) where          office building which contributed to the
Counselors, Program Officers and the local     CHRD is a member of the federal govern-         estimated floor area of the building.
office support staff were engaged. For the     ment’s Aboriginal Employment Development             It is important to note that there was
first time, the organizational structure of    Communication Network. This committee           no financial commitment associated to the
the Cree Human Resources Development           shares practices and experiences in the         decision to relocate the CHRD operation
department was complete as anticipated         area of aboriginal employment initiatives       from Montreal, Quebec to a Cree commu-
by the Canada-Cree Agreement respecting        and strategies.                                 nity. Particularly, the onus was placed on
Cree Human Resources Development.                                                              the Cree Nation of Mistissini to negotiate
      During the fiscal year, the department   Organizational and Personnel Plan               and secure the financing for this project.
introduced new concepts of team working             In July, 2002 the Council of the                The Cree Nation of Mistissini supports
such as planning sessions for its personnel    Cree Regional Authority and the Board           the CHRD office building project and has
to synergize the skills and expertise of the   of Directors of the Grand Council of            secured the specific lot to accommodate
team, one was held in the month of June        the Crees of Eeyou Istchee (Council/            such an office structure. The Cree Nation
and the other in December. It also intro-      Board) reviewed and adopted the depart-         of Mistissini is now the proponent of this
duced a by-weekly conference call with         ment reorganization proposal entitled           project and continues to work on the plans
all employees to share information and         “Department Reorganization Information          for realization.
to plan specific matters that required the     and Recommendation Report”. This doc-
intervention of the department.                ument introduced the definition of the          Administrative Policies and Procedures
      The CHRD has been actively restruc-      purpose and mandate of the CHRD spec-                A consultant was engaged to coordi-
turing its operations during the course        ifying the values to achieve the goals          nate the development of specific policies
of the year without disrupting the pro-        and mission of CHRD. The organizational         including procedures to formulate an admin-
gram delivery mechanism for its clientele.     structure complimented the new concept          istrative manual for the CHRD personnel to

50
assist in the program and ser vice deliv-            This board comprises local and enti-      resume writing, registrations, filing EMP
ery. These policies result from provisions      ty representatives and is financed by the      5159 forms, employment referrals, employ-
of the Canada/Cree Agreement respecting         CHRD. At least four (4) meetings are           ment counseling and other duties serving
Cree Human Resources Development. The           scheduled annually.                            the clientele.
policy titled Policy for the Conser vation
and Disposal of Assets of the Cree Human        Joint Implementation Committee                 Territory Programs
Resources Development is the product of               The Joint Implementation Committee             The Coordinator of Territorial pro-
ar ticle 46 of the Agreement. The policy        held previous meetings to determine the        grams and the two sectoral officers are
titled Policy to Prevent Conflict of Interest   committee functions and guidelines and         responsible to administer and implement
for Members and Employees of the Cree           of ficially commenced its role and func-       the territorial programs initiative and to
Human Resources Development is the              tions in June 2002, when it adopted its        ensure that the appropriate support for ter-
product of ar ticle 90 of the Agreement.        guidelines to assist in the assessment,        ritorial training and employment initiatives
These two policies are necessar y as per        deliberations and the rendering of rec-        are being addressed to Cree beneficiaries.
the Agreement and were approved by the          ommendations on project submissions            Ensuring Cree employment opportunities
Council/Board in December, 2002.                relevant to the territory programs.            in the territor y, with special emphasis
      As a r esult of ar ticle 14 of the              This committee met in September,         to the hydroelectricity, mining, forestr y,
Agreement, the CHRD deemed it neces-            December, 2002, and March, 2003 to             tourism, construction, transportation and
sary to produce a directive titled Directive    review, discuss and render recommenda-         telecommunication industries.
on Monitoring the Projects to help the          tions on project submissions related to              This office prepares and analyses proj-
employees and employers take cogni-             mining, forestry, construction, tourism and    ect submissions for submission to the Joint
zance of this requirement.                      hydroelectricity industries. The commit-       Implementation Committee for decisions
      An administrative policy was envi-        tee agreed to include project submissions      on the financial assistance for these proj-
sioned to be of great assistance to the         related to telecommunication and trans-        ects. They monitor the projects receiving
employees as well as employers becom-           portation industries in their mandate.         funds from the program and ensure reports
ing more aware of their functions in                                                           are prepared and presented.
the assessment and deliver y of their           Community Based Programs
project submissions to the Cree Local                The community based human resourc-        Cree Labour Market Survey
Management Boar d r especting the               es development program and the community            The 2002 Cree labour market study
Community Based Programs. The policy            based employment insurance programs ini-       (CLMS) had been conducted in seven (7)
produced, and in near completion, is titled     tiative are the more accessible programs       of the nine Cree communities. Due to
Administrative Policy on Applications for       for the Cree beneficiaries for their project   unforeseen delays encountered initially
Funding/Employability Improvement and           submissions. Most of these projects meet       and during the course of conducting the
Integration, Community Development.             the criteria of the regular labour programs    2002 CLMS, only four (4) of these seven
      The administrative policy titled          such as the Employability Improvement          (7) Cree communities had almost complet-
Administrative Policy on Application for        and Integration program, Community             ed the 2002 CLMS. Subsequently, the data
Funding/Territorial Programs is completed       Development and Youth Programs.                compilation, analysis and reporting of those
and is applicable to the Territorial Program         The Coordinator of Programs and           statistics could be done for these communi-
sector of the Cree Human Resources              Ser vices provides super vision and sup-       ties. However, part of the project will need
Development Depar tment of the Cree             por t of local and regional staf f on a        to be repeated and hopefully be completed
Regional Authority.                             regular basis. Maintaining suppor t to         by September, 2003. This time estimate is
      The employees of CHRD have received       the increased demand
training on these policies, directive and       of the clientele for
procedures during the planning sessions         training and employ-
and meetings.                                   ment. This of fice
                                                ensures that the local
Cree Local Management Board                     and regional CHRD
    The Cree Local Management Board             employees administer
met in June, September, December, 2002          community based pro-
and March, 2003 to review, discuss              grams such as filing
and render recommendations on project           of EI claims, training
submissions from Cree communities, indi-        allowance, social
viduals and entities that enhance training      insurance numbers
and employment oppor tunities for Cree          applications, social
beneficiaries.                                  security applications,
                                                social assistance and

                                                                                                                                        51
based on analysis of the total population      Email accessibility analyzed for compati-       Par tnership between Cree School Board
only, and if an analysis is required on any    bility to the overall network being planned     Sabtuan Continuing Education and Cree
other specific target group then the overall   for CHRD.                                       Human Resources Development continues.
undertaking will require more time.                                                            As a result there have been joint financing
     Given the fact that not all of the com-   Wildlife Protection Officers                    of training projects and programs.
munity individuals, between the ages of 15          In respect to the Agreement con-
and 64, had been contacted and the fact        cerning a New Relationship between Le           CCQ
that in recent times only five of the nine     Gouvernement du Quebec and the Crees of              Chapter four (4) titled, Hydroelectricity
Cree communities had just commenced            Quebec, CHRD contributes in the areas of        of the Agreement concerning a new
conducting the 2002 CLMS it is foreseen        training and development of Cree Wildlife       par tnership relationship between le
that this work will have to be extended.       Protection Officers.                            Gouvernement du Quebec and the Crees
Therefore, the Cree Regional Authority                                                         of Quebec, more specifically subsection
Information System (CRAIS) will need to        Partnership                                     4.5 of subtitle, Remedial works, employ-
be updated in January, 2004.                        The intent to form a par tnership          ment and contracts, assures that Quebec
                                               between the Cree School Boards Continuing       will adopt administrative measures, nota-
Data Programming                               Education and CHRD rested on the prem-          bly in collaboration with the Commission
     CHRD has developed a database             ise that such a partnership would benefit       de la Construction du Quebec, in order to
(CRAIS) which is now functional and opera-     all Cree communities and Cree beneficia-        facilitate the access by Cree workers to
tional in the areas of program management      ries seeking full time employment through       employment opportunities resulting from
and administration. This will facilitate the   training whenever possible. The main            hydroelectricity development in the devel-
reporting process for community projects.      goal of this partnership approach was to        opment.
Most files currently in                                           enhance the expedien-             The Director and other representative
the offices of CHRD have                                          cy, quality and efficiency   of CHRD have been active and have attend-
been entered into the                                             of training programs and     ed sessions with CCQ to establish the
system. The local CHRD                                            employment services in       necessar y process to begin the facilita-
offices will complete the                                         all Cree communities. It     tion of Cree workers in the hydroelectricity
client interventions once                                         would also facilitate the    works undertaken in the territor y. CHRD
they have access to the                                           cost sharing of programs     retained the services of consultants who
database.                                                         and ser vices as well as     are experts in related CCQ rules and reg-
     The development of                                           planning of infrastructure   ulations.
this data base will allow                                         to enable the parties to          A listing of Cree workers with qual-
CHRD not only to pro-                                             share resources such         ifications in specific trades deemed for
vide communities with                                             as equipment, facilities     the type of work necessary for the hydro-
reliable and much need-                                           and human resources if       electricity contracts was developed. The
ed labour market reports                                          it became a reality.         necessity of adapting the CCQ exams to
but it will also allow                                                 The rational of         the nor thern context was raised by the
CHRD to determine prop-                                           such a par tnership is       Cree party. Preparatory courses are avail-
er allocation of program                                          the Cree School Boards       able but the Cree are not eligible to the
dollars towards other measures and inter-      Continuing Education mandate relating           CCQ funds for these courses, this is being
ventions for clients, where needed. The        to pedagogy that has a direct link to the       addressed in collaboration with the Cree
information system will greatly facilitate     Minister of Education accreditation of its      School Board.
the management and administration of           programs and the CHRD mandate of train-              The Cree have been approached to
Cree labour market programs and servic-        ing to enhance employability of the Cree        join forces for the creation of a distinct
es. This will enhance CHRD s opportunities     beneficiaries. Together these resources         jurisdiction and area covering nor thern
of increasing Cree employment levels by        would be expanded to more programs and          Quebec for training, employment place-
allowing CHRD to set targets on training       a larger clientele base.                        ment and hiring purposes. However, the
efforts as indicated by the output of the           A presentation to the Council of           Cree leadership has issued its decision to
CHRD programs.                                 Commissioners and the Council/Board             pursuing certification of Cree workers in
     A professional ser vice was retained      joint meeting in December 2002, received        specific trades.
to upgrade the terminal ser ver at the         a favorable response.                                The discussions are ongoing and the
Montreal CHRD office, which will ser ve             Unfortunately, since then it has been      objective of the agreement is still being
all CHRD offices once these offices are        dormant due to political interpretations of     pursued.
equipped with the appropriate hardware.        such agreements, but the working rela-
Several communities that have been visit-      tionship established in the formation of
ed, in order to have its internet speed and    the document titled Action Plan Proposal,

52
Message from the Director of Community Services,
Norman Gull



                                               Inspection; Economic Development;                  This Agency has also continued to
                                               Childcare and Arts & Crafts.                  work over the past year with both the
                                                    Community Ser vices has also been        Federal and the Quebec Governments to
                                               very active in organizing and coordinating    obtain access to various programs and ser-
                                               training sessions for Cree Firefighters.      vices which can then be delivered to the
                                                    The past year also witnessed the sign-   community individuals, entities or organi-
                                               ing of an Agreement between the Cree          zations. As many are aware, this process
                                               Regional Authority and the Government         is tedious and time consuming but the
                                               of Quebec (Ministere de la famille et de      department is looking at how to improve
                                               l’enfance), where cer tain government         this service to the Cree communities.
                                               powers and responsibilities would be trans-        The technical ser vices side to CSA
                                               ferred from Quebec to the Cree Regional       has been able to enhance certain servic-
                                               Authority. The tremendous suppor t and        es to the local communities, particularly
                                               active participation of the Cree Regional     in building inspection and computerized

T                                              Child and Family Services Committee has       information on housing and preventive
    he work of Community Ser vices is          been instrumental in this devolution of a     maintenance.
focused on several key areas as a means        government program to the CRA and the              The various sectors and sub depar t-
of support to individuals who work for their   Cree Nation. The implementation and the       ments under Community Ser vices have
respective communities. Some areas of          management of this Agreement will cer-        submitted more detailed repor ts of their
CSA involvement with the communities are       tainly provide this department with many      respective activities of the past year.
Policing; Fire Protection; Housing, Building   new and multifaceted challenges.




                                                                                                                                   53
Technical Services



Introduction                                            management system (CMMS) for                        •     Volunteer fire-fighting training using
     The technical services section of the              housing maintenance.                                      the training modules of the provincial
Community Ser vices Depar tment con-                                                                              program in each of the Cree commu-
tinued to provide technical assistance             Drinking Water and Wastewater                                  nities; and
and training to the communities and the            Treatment                                                •     Water rescue regional training for
GCCEI/CRA in the field of infrastructure,          • Circuit Rider Training (CRT) for water                       fire fighters including boat accredit-
municipal services, housing, public build-             and wastewater treatment plant oper-                       ed operator training (BOAT), first aid
ings and fire fighting.                                ators;                                                     and CPR training.
     The technical ser vices team has              • Maintenance Supervisors’ Workshop
been involved in many endeavors with the               (three days);                                        Others
Communities but more specifically the fol-         • Infor mation on the new Quebec                         • Or ganized a regional meeting on
lowing activities:                                     Drinking Water By-Law; and                               Municipal Infrastructures O&M and
                                                   • Recommended that proper water tests                        Capital Project Planning;
Housing                                                be per formed locally and outside by                 • Inspection of fire damaged housing
• Administrative and technical sup-                    accredited laboratories as per regula-                   units for the self-insured program
    por t to regional quar terly meetings              tions and that testing and chlorination                  with the Board of Compensation;
    of Eeyou Miichuwaap;                               equipment be available onsite.                       • Inspection of new housing units, new
• Coordinated and per formed CMHC                                                                               public buildings and new municipal
    Inspection Services in the Cree com-           Public Safety and Fire Protection                            infrastructures as requested by the
    munities;                                      • Administrative and technical support                       local administrations;
• Provided a Maintenance Supervisors’                  to regional quarterly meetings of the                • Technical assistance to local adminis-
    Workshop (three days);                             Public Safety Officers;                                  trations’ management in various files;
• Provided Circuit Rider Training (CRT)            • Technical and management suppor t                      • Estimation of capital projects for
    for housing maintenance; and                       through Pompiers Sans Frontières                         negotiation purposes and planning
• Pr ovided Cir cuit Rider Training                    and their instructors;                                   purposes; and
    (CRT) for computerized maintenance             • Regional two week forestry fire fight-                 • Technical suppor t to CRA/GCCEI
                                                       ing training;                                            negotiation team for various files;


                                Objectives to conduct inspections and repairs with a One-year Maintenance Plan
                                                         Number of Houses Cumulative
 Year               Whapmagoostui    Chisasibi      Wemindji     Eastmain    Waskaganish         Nemaska        Waswanipi   Ouje-Bougoumou      Mistissini
 2000-2001                45                20          20          10            10               35              25              0                10
 2001-2002                64                30          60          20            25               50              40              0                15
 2002-2003                152               60         100          50            60               70              90             15                40
 2003-2004 Goal           190            100           150          80            130              100             150            40                80

                                                 Objectives for the Five Year Capital Renovation Plan
                                                            Number of Houses Cumulative
 Year               Whapmagoostui    Chisasibi      Wemindji     Eastmain    Waskaganish         Nemaska        Waswanipi   Ouje-Bougoumou      Mistissini
 2001-2002                106               20          20          30            10               30              25              0                 0
 2002-2003                129               50          85          50            80               60              90              5                 8
 2003-2004 Goal           150               80         125          80            120              100             130            25                60


                                                               Inventory of Housing Stock
 Year           Whapmagoostui   Chisasibi    Wemindji    Eastmain      Waskaganish      Nemaska     Waswanipi       Ouje-Bougoumou     Mistissini   Total
 Number             202           212            220         103            357           121            226                65            447       1953
 of CMHC
 Rental Units
 Number             152             60           100           52           60              80             90               15            40         649
 of Units
 inspected
 % Average           75             28           45            50           17              66             40               23             9         39%


54
                                                                                                   Training Centre of Quebec in Vaudreuil
                                                                                                   for the water and waste water plant
                                                                                                   operators;
                                                                                               •   Provide upgrade training to the Cree
                                                                                                   workers involved in the drinking water
                                                                                                   treatment and distribution and main-
                                                                                                   tenance of water facilities in order to
                                                                                                   respect the new training and qualifica-
                                                                                                   tions standards stipulated in the new
                                                                                                   Quebec Drinking Water regulations;
                                                                                                   and
                                                                                               •   Develop and implement a local and
                                                                                                   regional database accessible through
                                                                                                   the WEB for drinking water and waste-
                                                                                                   water test results and daily reading.

                                                                                               Other
•   Design and implementation of a             Plan for Fiscal Year 2002 / 2003                • Initiate the inventory of the Cree pub-
    Regional Capital Planning Web                  Next year, the technical ser vices               lic building with local personnel and
    Database; and                              section will continue to provide the same            develop 1-year and 5-year renovation
•   Design of a Regional Housing Web           basic ser vices, and is planning to under-           plans.
    Database.                                  take the following new activities:                   Finally, the technical ser vices team
                                                                                               wishes to take this opportunity to thank
Status report on the Preventive                Housing                                         all the community’s authorities for their
Maintenance Plan for Housing                   • Provide a housing management circuit          collaboration and support. Also, our imme-
     The Preventive Maintenance Program            rider training program;                     diate staff, who have been instrumental
is still in the implementation phase in one    • Provide a housing inspector course            in the ongoing development and growth
community. We are in the application               with CMHC;                                  of these services, and to the consultants
phase for the other communities, which         • Provide housing inspection ser vic-           who have played an integral role in this
means that we are working in the field             es during construction for non-CMHC         progress.
with the maintenance technicians, fore-            units on a cost recovery basis;
man and housing administrator.                 • Design and implement a warehousing
     To date we have prepared five (5)             software for the housing department;
inspection reports for a total of 649 units        and
which includes all repairs needed for the      • Design estimating software for the
short and long term periods. This assess-          housing department.
ment is an impor tant tool and must be
updated every year.                            Drinking Water and Wastewater
     We have also prepared an annual           Treatment
report in the organization and supervision     • Provide a preventive maintenance cir-
field, for six (6) communities. This com-          cuit rider training for water facilities,
puterized management system generates              design maintenance software and
reports, statistics and guidelines about all       implement a preventive maintenance
the work executed throughout a particu-            program for water facilities;
lar month or a fiscal year.                    • Provide a four-week specialized
     Communicating this new orientation            training (including evaluation in the
to all working personnel and tenants is            communities) in drinking water at
ver y impor tant. It is also impor tant to         the National Water Treatment Training
explain why we have decided to proceed             Centre of Quebec in Vaudreuil for the
in this manner and how much more effec-            water and wastewater plant opera-
tive it will be if we apply this Preventive        tors;
Maintenance Plan on a permanent basis.         • Provide a four-week specialized
     The table below defines the status of         training (including evaluation in the
our main objectives and the work accom-            communities) in wastewater treat-
plished in each community.                         ment at the National Water Treatment

                                                                                                                                      55
Economic Development




T                                                               to different regions and     and Ar tisans of Eeyou Istchee as poten-
    here were numerous                                          we are addressing a solu-    tial members to the Association. Cultural
activities carried out to                                       tion to administer and       Coordinators and Economic Development
benefit the Cree commu-                                         manage the program for       Officers also par ticipated in the confer-
nities in various areas of                                      our region.                  ence.
Economic Development.                                                As for the Nor thern         This newly created Association will
     The training ses-                                          Quebec economic devel-       soon provide competent and ef fective
sions at Concordia                                              opment strategy, which       ser vice to the Ar tists and Ar tisans of
University continued.                                           Quebec implemented in        Eeyou Istchee. Wachiya still operates as
The Administrative                                              2001, there were few         our retail outlet in Val d’Or and a plan is
Assistants, both basic                                          projects, submitted by       in development to enhance and heighten
and advanced, each took                                         the Cree, which were         activities.
five courses in different                                       appr oved by Quebec.              One of the major projects which we
aspects of management                                           Again, we will work with     worked on was the creation of a regional
and administration. The Directors of          the Quebec program officers and advise         broadband network for the Eeyou Istchee.
Operations, Dir ectors- General and           the Cree Economic Development Officers         A regional committee has been set up con-
Treasurers also par ticipated in the train-   to submit projects.                            sisting of members from the James Bay
ing seminars in Community Development.             The economic development sector of        Cree Communications Society. The pro-
Altogether, for ty-four (44) par ticipants    the CRA has been involved in the imple-        posed independent telecommunications
received their cer tificates and the grad-    mentation of certain sections of the James     service is based on the creation of a full-
uation ceremony took place in June of         Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement. We          service entity capable of providing every
2003. To date, we have estimated that         were ver y instrumental in organizing the      Cree Community with a range of tele-
approximately over 200 people have par-       Cree Outfitting & Tourism Association          communications ser vices such as voice,
ticipated in the training sessions for the    and the Association is involved in various     Internet, data, teleconferencing, telemed-
past five years. We are hopeful that the      Tourism activities in Eeyou Istchee. Also      icine, distance learning, etc.. Also the
Cree, through the Cree Regional Authority,    we will enter into a specific agreement on     committee has made successful interven-
will continue to strengthen the partnership   tourism, which the CRA will sign with the      tions at various CRTC hearings in various
which has been established with Concordia     Quebec government.                                                    sectors such as
University and also that Concordia reiter-    The tourism program                                                   Local-Access dial-
ate the idea of of fering a recognized        will enable any Cree                                                  ing, opening up
cer tificate in Business Studies, in which    who have or are con-                                                  competition, pub-
the participants of previous training ses-    templating setting up                                                 lishing emergency
sions will be eligible to enroll.             a tourism enterprise,                                                 numbers in Cree on
     The Regional Development Fund            to access financial                                                   the Telebec tele-
Agreement was signed between the Cree         assistance. We are                                                    phone book and
Regional Authority and Quebec in March        therefore working to                                                  freezing of telephone
1999 and expired on March 31 st, 2001.        develop a third asso-                                                 rates for two years.
We were required to sign another similar      ciation as stipulated                                                 We have submitted
Agreement with Quebec. To date, there has     under Section 28 of                                                   a Business Plan for
not been any successful development in        JBNQA.                                                                the Telecom proj-
achieving this type of Agreement, howev-           This past year, much has taken place      ect to Industry Canada under the National
er the interest is still present.             with regards to the establishment of a         Broadband program, which was accepted
     The Economic Diversification Fund        Cree Native Ar ts & Crafts Association.        in October 2002. Presently, we are con-
is another source of funding available to     An implementation team was estab-              ducting a detailed engineering and needs
the Cree communities and the CRA has          lished, including the hiring of a full-time    study that will determine the real costs of
established a distribution formula for the    Cree Ar ts & Crafts Advisor. The imple-        the project and these costs are estimated
allocation of these funds to each commu-      mentation team has been responsible for        in the order of over $15 million.
nity. Although the program was intended       a series of events leading to the incorpora-        The Economic Development depar t-
to finance feasibility studies there were     tion of the Association, which is foreseen     ment will continue to address the vital
four projects, which have been accepted       in the ver y near future. Among these          needs relevant to community ventures
from the Cree communities. It was difficult   actions, Government negotiations have          and enterprises, and will provide the nec-
to implement the Agreement as we were         been under taken to secure funding for         essary assistance to ensure the success
searching for projects relevant to the pro-   the Association.                               of economic development projects in the
grams’ criteria. Furthermore, the Quebec           A regional Arts & Crafts Conference       Cree communities.
government transferred the whole program      was organized in order to gather Ar tists

56
Cree Childcare and Family Services Programs




T                                              •    Developing new facilities accord-
   he Childcare and Family Services in the          ing to a three-year plan
Cree communities has grown extensively         • Developing Cree standards and cri-
over the past eight years, thanks to the            teria for ser vices that will better
commitment of all partners involved in the          suit local needs.
planning and delivery of local and region-          Other impor tant changes are the           3.   Health Canada through the First
al Child and Family Ser vices, and to the      opening of a new Child and Family                    Nations Head Star t Program On-
leadership of the Cree Regional Child and      Ser vices Centre in Whapmagoostui that               Reserve and the FAS/FAE Program
Family Services Committee.                     integrates the Childcare and Head Star t        4.   For the various training programs, we
     The year 2002-2003 will be remem-         program, and the groundwork for the con-             receive the generous suppor t of the
bered as the year when the                                        struction, expansion or           Cree Human Resources Development
Government of Québec’s                                            relocation of Centres in          Department (CHRD).
Ministère de la Famille                                           Chisasibi, Waskaganish,
et de l’Enfance (MFE)                                             Eastmain, Nemaska and        Training for Childcare and Head Start
and the Cr ee Regional                                            Mistissini.                  Teams
Authority’s Community                                                  Childcare Centres       Educators: The Cegep de St-Félicien train-
Services Agency signed an                                         continue to expand in        ing program Educators in Native Childcare
agreement for the transfer                                        numbers and improve          Services, from which more than 150 Crees
of powers relating to child-                                      in quality. The number       have graduated in the last four years, is
care centres.                                                     of children, aged from 3     again being provided with much success
     This new agreement                                           months to 5 years, who       in Waskaganish.
will empower the Crees                                            benefit from Childcare       Managers: The Managers’ Training
to create a Cree Regional                                         Centres reached 656 at       Program, also offered in cooperation with
Child and Family Ser vices                                        the end of March 2003.       the CEGEP de St-Félicien, is on-going, at
team that will be respon-                                         These ser vices are          a rate of three intensive sessions per year.
sible for:                                                        offered under the Quebec     This year, the major focus of the program
• Applying the laws and regulations            government’s $ 5.00 a day program.              was on working with Children with spe-
     respecting childcare centres                   The Head Star t Programs in                cial needs.
• Giving and renewing permits for child-       Whapmagoostui, Chisasibi, Wemindji,             Special Needs Educators and Home Visit
     care centres                              Waskaganish, Ouje Bougoumou and                 Educators: Educators who have these
• Managing the provincial governments’         Mistissini are based within the Child           important responsibilities participated in
     funds directed to childcare services in   and Family Ser vices Centre, and provide        training programs that were designed to
     the nine communities                      home-visit programs, services for children      suit their professional requirements.
                                               with special needs and numerous activ-          Educational Program: This training pro-
                                               ity programs for parents and families,          gram is offered to all educators, on-site in
                                               free of charge. The Head Star t Program         all of the Cree Childcare centres and Head
                                               in Waswanipi operates along with the            Start Programs.
                                               Brighter Futures Program in a building that     Board of Directors: This training is offered
                                               houses a regular nursery program. Home          on demand to new members of local Child
                                               visits and various other family activities      and Family services’ Boards of Directors.
                                               are also available at no cost to par tici-      Finance and administration: A trainer visits
                                               pants.                                          all the Centres to support Managers and
                                                                                               Bookkeepers in the financial and admin-
                                               Funding Sources                                 istration aspects of their work. Special
                                                    Sources of funding for the costs of set-   emphasis is put on the reporting require-
                                               ting-up and operating the Child and Family      ments of the MFE and Health Canada, as
                                               Services Centres are the following:             well as getting the books ready for audit-
                                               1. Government of Québec’s Ministère de          ing.
                                                    la famille et de l’enfance (MFE)           Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: The CRA obtained
                                               2. Cree Regional Authority through the          funding from Health Canada to develop and
                                                    Cree Childcare Program (Cree Human         deliver a training program on Fetal Alcohol
                                                    Resources Development/Human                Syndrome to Aboriginal and Inuit resource
                                                    Resource Development Canada 5-             persons from all communities of Québec.
                                                    year Agreement)                            Training was provided both in French and
                                                                                               English in the fall of 2002 and the winter of

                                                                                                                                        57
2003. This training should be made avail-         •    Childcare and Head Star t programs                   FAS/FAE in each Cree community in
able again to all Quebec Nations, including            are integrated in the childcare centre               the fall 2003. This training is offered
the Cree communities, in the new fiscal                in 6 communities                                     to all persons interested working
year.                                             •    Head Star t components: Health,                      with children and parents; clinic,
                                                       Education, Culture and Language,                     CHR, school, Childcare/Head Star t,
Information and Activities related to                  Nutrition, Parental Involvement and                  police, etc.
Childcare and Head Start Programs                      Social Support
• Programs and services for children 0            •    The CRA obtained a grant from Heath
     to 5 years old and their parents                  Canada to offer a 3-day training on


Communities         Name of the Centre        Childcare services
& Head Start                                  Full-time care and Educational           Head Start Programs and Services
Programs                                      program
Whapmagoostui       Awash Estchee             Permit for 80 children                   •   Home-visit program for children not attending the centre
                    Childcare Centre                                                   •   Children and parent activities
                                                                                       •   Work with special needs children
                                                                                       •   First Aid for parents and educators
Chisasibi           Anjabowa Childcare        Permit for 49 children                   •   Home-visit program for children not attending the Centre
                    Centre                    2003: Build a second facility 80         •   Children and parent activities
                                              children                                 •   Work with special needs children
                                              2003: Enlarge the first facility up to   •   First Aid for parents and educators
                                              80 children
Wemindji            Kanawhymigoo              Permit for 65 children                   •   Home-visit program for children not attending the
                    Childcare Centre          15 new children in fall 2003                 childcare centre
                                                                                       •   Working with children with special needs
                                                                                       •   Parenting skills program
                                                                                       •   First Aid for educators and parents
Eastmain            Wasèyapin Childcare       Permit for 46 children                   Operated through the Band Council
                    Centre                    • Children and parent activities
                                              • Working with special needs
                                                 children
                                              • First Aid for parents and
                                                 educators
Waskaganish         Waaseskun Childcare       Permit for 80 children                   •   Home-visit program for children not attending the centre
                    Centre                    2003: Building of a second facility:     •   Parenting programs
                                              80 children                              •   Children and parent activities
                                                                                       •   Work with children special needs

Nemaska             She She Guin Childcare    Permit for 30 children                   Operated through the Band Council
                    Centre                    2003: Enlargement to 80 children
                                              • Work with special needs children
                                              • First Aid for parents and
                                                 educators
Waswanipi           Awassh Shiishiikun        Permit for 80 children                   Waswanipi Child and Family Resource Centre
                        Kamik                 • Work with special needs children       Activities in cooperation with Brighter Futures Program
                    Childcare Centre          • First Aid for parents and              • Nursery program
                                                 educators                             • Home-visit program for children not attending the
                                              • Children and parent activities             childcare centre
                                                                                       • Parenting program
                                                                                       • Children and parent activities

Ouje Bougoumou      Wasphooyan Childcare      Permit for 80 children                   •   Home-visit program for children not attending the
                    Centre                                                                 childcare centre
                                                                                       •   Work with children with special needs
                                                                                       •   Parenting skills program
                                                                                       •   First Aid for educators and Parents
Mistissini          Awash Childcare Centre Amanda facility:                            •   Home-visit program for children not attending the
                                           Permit for 58 children                          childcare centre
                                           2003: Enlarging to 80 children              •   Work with children with special needs
                                           Jonathan facility:                          •   Parenting skills program
                                           permit for 80 children                      •   First Aid for educators and parents


58
CHALLENGES FOR 2003/2004                      4.   Impr ovement of the Head Star t                 •    Continue to deliver the Cegep
                                                   Program and deliver y of ser vices for               training program for the Managers
1.  Implementation and training of the             parents and families with young chil-                of the programs.
    Cree Regional Child and Family                 dren in all Child and Family Services      7.   Development of educational equipment
    Services Team at the CRA.                      Centres, to include Parenting                   and materials that reflect the Cree
    This Team, comprising a regional               Workshops, First Aid Training, Cooking          culture and environment, to increase
coordinator, executive secretar y, senior          Classes, Parent Support Groups, etc.            the native component inside ser vic-
and junior accounting clerk and region-                                                            es, and efforts to ensure that Elders
al special needs education, will play an      5.   Provision of Home Visit ser vices to            and other resources in the communi-
                       impor tant role in          parents and children not attending              ty take part in
                       the implementation          Childcare Centres, as well as for all           activities.
                       of the MFE-CRA              families requesting services or being      8.   Deliver y of
                       Agreement and of            referred.                                       quality servic-
                       the Health Canada-     6.   Delivery of certified training for Child        es with 100
                       CRA agreement               and Family Services staff in each com-          % Cree staf f,
                       (for the Head Star t        munity:                                         including key
                       Program). The new           • Continue to deliver on-going train-           administra-
                       Team will also be                ing to all child and family program        tive positions.
                       instrumental in                  personnel (Childcare Educators,       9.   Linkages and
                       the development                  Special Needs Educators, Home-             par tnerships
                       of ser vices, in the             Visit Educators, Cooks, Parenting          with all Cree
                       administration of                programs, First Aid, Babysitting,          Nations, the
funding as well as in the provision of                  etc).                                      Cree Health Board, the Cree School
quality childcare ser vices in the Cree            • Continue to deliver the Cegep                 Board as well as provincial and fed-
communities                                             training Educators in Native               eral programs, to improve child
2. Capital Projects to ensure that                      Childcare Ser vices to meet the            development ser vices for all Cree
    Childcare Centre facilities meet the                needs of the Childcare Centres             children.
    needs of the communities:                           and Head Start Programs in vari-
    • Chisasibi: Building of a second                   ous communities.
         facility in Chisasibi (80 spaces),
         and expansion of the first Centre
         (from 49 to 80 spaces)
    • Eastmain: Relocation of the
         Eastmain Childcare Centre into
         a larger facility (from 46 to 70
         spaces)
    • Waskaganish: Building of a sec-
         ond facility in Waskaganish (80
         spaces)
    • Nemaska: Expansion of the
         Childcare Center in Nemaska
         (from 58 to 68 spaces)
    • Mistissini: Expansion of the
         Amanda facility (from to 80
         spaces)
3. Professional suppor t to preschool-
    aged children with special needs and
    their parents


                                                                                                                                     59
Cree Native Arts & Crafts                                                                    Tourism




                                                                                             T   his past year, 2002-2003, was an
                                                                                             exciting year for the Cree Outfitting and
                                                                                             Tourism Association (COTA). COTA’s
                                                                                             mission is to develop and implement
                                                                                             a collective vision for a world-class
                                                                                             sustainable tourism industr y in Eeyou
                                                                                             Istchee, which is in harmony with Cree
                                                                                             culture and values, and which involves
                                                                                             a partnership among Cree communities,
                                                                                             institutions and businesses. From the
                                                                                             beginning, COTA has been designed as a
                                                                                             membership organization for the benefit
                                                                                             of and service to tourism and outfitting
                                                                                             operators in Eeyou Istchee.
                                                                                                  The year began with the Inaugural
                                                                                             Member’s Meeting held in Oujé-
                                                                                             Bougoumou in April 2002. The agenda
                                                                                             included presentations on funding

I                                                  A regional Arts & Crafts Conference       opportunities by various government rep-
  n the past year, a lot has taken place      was organised in order to gather poten-        resentatives, updates on COTA projects
with regards to the establishment of a        tial members to the Association, being         in the Activity Report and general cor-
Cree Native Arts & Crafts Association as      the Artists and Artisans of Eeyou Istchee.     porate matters including the election of
called for in Section 28.4 of the JBNQA       Cultural Coordinators and Economic             the Board of Directors by the members
which stipulates the Association “…shall      Development Of ficers were also invit-         of the association. The COTA Board of
be responsible for and supervise the pro-     ed to attend. The conference goal was          Directors includes:
grams for the development of Native Arts      to inform the Ar tists and Ar tisans of
and Crafts…” An implementation team           the activities that have taken place           •   George Awashish – Mistissini
was established which included the hiring     to date concerning the creation of the         •   John Brown – Eastmain
of a full-time Cree Arts & Crafts Advisor.    Cree Native Ar ts & Crafts Association         •   Gaston Cooper – Oujé-Bougoumou
The implementation team has been respon-      which included the presentation of the         •   Earl Danyluk – Wemindji
sible for a series of events leading to the   Feasibility Study. It also aimed to provide    •   Albert Diamond – Waskaganish
incorporation of the Association which is     the Artists and Artisans of Eeyou Istchee      •   Nor man Gull – Cree Regional
foreseen in the ver y near future. Among      with the opportunity to voice their views          Authority
these actions, Government negotiations to     and ideas on how the Association should        •   Sherman Herodier – Chisasibi
secure funding for the Association have       be structured, and under what mission and      •   Marlene Kitchen – Waswanipi
been under taken. During these negotia-       objectives it should operate to best fulfill   •   Lindy Moar – Nemaska
tions, the Federal Government has proven      their needs. The conference provided the       •   Marvin Wynne – Whapmagoostui
suppor tive in allowing for a more ef fi-     Implementation Team with the information
cient structure than that called for in the   required to create an association that will         COTA has had two subsequent
JBNQA, as well as for a more appropriate      answer to the needs and expectations of        Board of Directors meetings in August
name for the Association.                     potential members.                             2002 and March 2003 and several meet-
                                                               With the fruit reaped from    ings of the Executive Committee. The
                                                          the ef for t put into this past    Board members play a key role in the
                                                          year, we now will have what is     direction of the association and pro-
                                                          needed to create an efficient      vide guidance for the development of
                                                          and resourceful Association        the various projects developed through-
                                                          that will soon be servicing the    out the year.
                                                          Ar tists and Ar tisans with the         Early in the year, COTA began imple-
                                                          suppor t and resources which       menting its Strategic Marketing Action
                                                          they need and deserve.             Plan developed in 2002. The three main
                                                                                             objectives of COTA’s marketing efforts
                                                                                             for the next three years are:
                                                                                             • To build membership and community
                                                                                                  support, including building a devel-

60
                                                  be of ficially launched at the Annual     they need to succeed. The objectives
                                                  General Meeting in September after the    are to coordinate regional tourism train-
                                                  final review is complete. COTA would      ing resources, improve access to training
                                                  like to thank all of the tourism of fi-   and increase the availability of “trained”
                                                  cers, economic development officers
                                                  and COTA members who contributed
                                                  their time and provided valuable infor-
                                                  mation to help COTA build the tourism
                                                  inventory on the website.
                                                       The member’s website is in devel-
                                                  opment stages and will consist of a
                                                  “Tourism Toolkit” for new entrepre-
                                                  neurs, businesses wanting to expand,
                                                  and community tourism of ficers.
                                                  Templates, checklists, on-line resourc-
                                                  es and “how to” pages will provide
                                                  members with the information they
                                                  need to expand their tourism business.
                                                  This part of the project is expected in
     opment philosophy that emphasizes        spring 2004.                                  human resources. The draft version of
     tourism as a key economic, social              External marketing initiatives have     the plan is scheduled to be presented in
     and cultural activity;                   been developed to position Eeyou Istchee      September 2003.
• To create provincial, national and          as a world-class tourism destination. The          In summary, this has been an exciting
     international awareness of the region    marketing tools such as a tradeshow           transition year for COTA as it moved from
     and drive sales for its members          booth, brochures and adver tisements          the tourism file under Community Services
     through external marketing priori-       are designed to drive traffic to the COTA     at the CRA to the Cree Outfitting and
     ties; and                                website, where a potential tourist is able    Tourism Association under the direction
• To raise the profile of the region and      to locate the ser vices provided by COTA      of the Board of Directors and its mem-
     publicize the Cree way of life to pro-   members by searching by activity, commu-      bers. As COTA continues to operate more
     vincial, national and international      nity or type of service.                      and more independently of the CRA; it con-
     audiences.                                     In a recent repor t, the Canadian       tinues to benefit from the experience and
     Each year specific projects are devel-   Tourism Commission sited training as a        knowledge of CRA staff. As COTA begins
oped to address the different objectives      key success factor. This also applies to      to develop the many aspects of the Cree
and the following will briefly outline the    the Cree tourism industr y and the issue      tourism industry, it would like to thank the
major projects under taken during the         of training has been raised by members        many people who have helped move the file
2002-2003 fiscal year.                        and communities. Therefore, COTA is in        forward over the years and who continue
     The Eeyou Istchee-Tourism Information    the process of developing a 5-year Human      to support the association by participat-
Management System (EI-TIMS) is a web-         Resource Development Plan to provide          ing in its activities. “COTA – Your partner
based database designed to provide            Cree tourism stakeholders with the skills     for tourism in Eeyou Istchee”
up-to-date information for both tourists
and COTA members via the public website
and the member’s website. The EI-TIMS
was developed to address issues raised by
participants during the Regional Tourism
Conference “Foundations for the Future”
and the Inaugural Member’s Meeting.
It is designed to facilitate access to
information, improve communication,
promote the region, and organize Cree
tourism information. The public website
www.creetourism.ca consists of com-
munity profiles, member profiles and an
over view of the regional context with an
emphasis on the Cree way of life. The site
was completed in March 2003, and it will

                                                                                                                                    61
Cree Police Services



                                               eight additional officers as stipulated in    alization of the Cree police can then be
                                               the “paix de brave”.                          undertaken.
                                                    The five year tripar tite agreement
                                               (1998) expired on March 31, 2003. As          Training
                                               we enter a new fiscal year, the Cree police        The high cost of training at the Nicolet
                                               look forward to the finalization of a fund-   Police Academy is the subject of discus-
                                               ing agreement. This has caused the Cree       sions between the Cree and the Academy.
                                               police some set backs with their anticipat-   We will attempt to find a solution to this
                                               ed operations/projects.                       situation in the coming year.
                                                    Although the implementation of polic-         There were 2 students who attended
                                               ing agreements and police negotiations is     the AEC police technology program at John
                                               ongoing, the Cree police have shown great     Abbott College this past year. Training was
                                               patience in carrying out their mandate to     also provided to the Cree police officers in
                                               the Cree Nation.                              the area of writing enhancement, where
                                                                                             the students earned a college cer tifica-
                                               Future Direction                              tion.
                                                    In an attempt to have a new fund-             The past year also saw the depar-

T                                              ing agreement, the Cree have proposed         ture of Michael Petawabano as the Police
    he Cree Policing agreement signed in       an extension to the recent expired agree-     Director of Mistissini. The Cree police
1998 provided for the construction of new      ment until March 31, 2005. With the “paix     acknowledge his active role and his dili-
police stations, and this year the last of     de brave” in place, Quebec has been sup-      gent par ticipation for the betterment of
these stations was completed. Also toward      portive and attentive to the policing needs   Cree policing.We wish him all the best for
the end of the year, the Cree police saw       of the Cree. It is hoped that once this two   the future.
the commitment of the federal government       year extension to the funding agreement
to provide their share of the funding on the   is attained, the much anticipated region-




62
Message from the Director of the
Traditional Pursuits Agency,
Willie Iserhoff




                      T                                                   I would also like to take this oppor-
                          he year 2002-2003 was the first year      tunity to stress the impor tance in the
                      of implementation for the new Agreement       coming years of a close working rela-
                      {Paix des Braves} that was signed on          tionship between the Traditional Pursuits
                      Februar y 7 th, 2002 by the Government        Depar tment the Community Ser vices
                      of Quebec and the Cree people of Eeyou        Depar tment, and Cree First Nations in
                      Istchee. This agreement brings new            the provision of basic environmental ser-
                      responsibilities and challenges to the        vices to the communities – especially
                      Traditional Pursuits Depar tment. The         water supply, the treatment and disposal
                      following repor ts from individual staf f     of wastewater and solid waste. The Cree
                      members highlight the principal activities    population has taken on major responsi-
                      of the Department during the first stages     bilities following the signing of the new
                      of implementation, as well as our ongoing     Agreement with Quebec, in areas that will
                      responsibilities of wildlife management,      require close collaboration for all of those
                      environmental protection, cultural and        involved.
                      Income Security Programs.                           We should mention the ongoing off-
                           One of the major tasks of the            shore negotiations and the progress that
                      Traditional Pursuits Depar tment is to        is now being made. The Cree and Inuit
                      suppor t the Grand Council and individu-      entered into a historic (AIP) agreement
                      al communities with the technical work        this year, in order to collaborate in the
                      required in connection with the construc-     overlapping interests between Chisasibi
                      tion of the Eastmain –1 project and the       and the Nastapoka. This is a key step
                      planning of the proposed Ruper t River        in building a stronger working relation-
                      diversion and the Eastmain –1A pow-           ship between the Cree and Inuit on many
                      er plant. Other areas of work will be the     issues of common concern, and will bring
                      planning of the forestr y operations in       us closer to final settlement of both the
                      Eeyou Istchee. Much more needs to be          Cree and Inuit offshore claims.
                      done to build the necessar y ties, within           Finally, I would like to thank my staff
                      the environmental files, between the Cree     for their incredible efforts and continuous
                      Regional Authority, Grand Council, and        collaboration in striving to meet the needs
                      individual Cree First Nations. The follow-    of our Cree Nation.
                      ing activity reports of our technical staff
                      explain in general terms what is involved.    Meegwetch

                                                                                                             63
Environment Regime




T                                              tal assessments of this project signed                   MENV (Provincial Ministr y of
    he Traditional Pursuits Department staff   between the CRA, Canada and Québec,                      the Environment) and one by
comprises, Ginette Lajoie, Environment         the project will also be reviewed under the              CEAA (Canadian Environmental
Coordinator/Analyst; Alan Penn, Lands          Canadian Environmental Assessment Act                    Assessment Agency). The pro-
& Environment Science Advisor; Rene            (CEAA). Special adapted rules of coordina-               grams were of ficially launched
Dion, Biologist; Robert Beaulieu, Forestry     tion are to apply. The objective is to avoid             on March 7, 2003 and the
& Geomatics Technical Coordinator, and         duplication and facilitate cooperation to                deadline for submission of appli-
Chantal Otter Tetreault, GIS Technician.       ensure efficient and proper evaluations                  cations was April 11, 2003 (the
Cameron McLean has been engaged as             of this project. Above all, the processes                CEAA normal 4 week period was
Environment Management specialist on a         must provide a special involvement for the               extended to 5 weeks). A total of
contractual basis. The environmental team      Cree people. This agreement was signed                   $400 000 ($200,000 from each
provides environmental support services to     without prejudice to the rights, claims,                 government level) is allocated for
the Cree Nation as a whole. These servic-      recourses and positions of the Crees. The                public par ticipation. An amount
es include among others: (1) Advisors on       Agreement was submitted to public com-                   of $100 000 is slated for the first
or to the environmental and social protec-     ment by CEAA from February 27 to March                   phase of the review; the public
tion committees operating under section        28, 2003.                                                consultation on the draft direc-
22 of the JBNQA which entails also having                                                               tives.
to work in collaboration with the GCC on       AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE                            This financial support is intended to
environmental policy issues of interest to     ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS OF                   help individuals, groups, associations or
the Cree Nation, (2) Supporting the devel-     THE EM1A AND RUPERT DIVERSION                  local governments bring their input to
opment by the Cree local governments for       PROJECT                                        these directives and to travel to the pub-
better environmental management practic-                                                      lic consultations. This input can be by
es (mainly through close collaboration with    (a) Structures and funding                     way of writing a brief or just by address-
the LEAs) and (3) Administer and coordi-            This agreement involves the creation      ing questions to the panel. The directives
nate special projects. A summar y of the       of a Coordination committee, a Participant     outline the questions and instructions that
activities carried out in 2002-2003 is here-   funding program and a Public Information       will be posed to the proponent so that he
by described.                                  office (PIO). The funding for the conduct      can write the statement on the design of
                                               of the evaluation and review is provided by    the projects, its impacts (social and envi-
1.   ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW AND                  Québec and Canada, including the funding       ronmental) and the proposed remedial and
     ASSESSMENT PROCEDURE (S.22                for the PIO and public participation.          monitoring measures.
     JBNQA)                                         • The Coordination committee is
     The staff members contribute accord-                composed of three (3) members:       (b) Process and Schedule
ing to their area of exper tise on the                   one from each of the signatories          The Committees
evaluation and review of projects submit-                and Ginette Lajoie is the CRA             The environmental assessment proce-
ted under Section 22. A few of the main                  representative. This committee       dure is conducted in two steps whereby
projects under review are highlighted in                 will follow the assessment and       the Evaluating Committee (COMEV) is
this section. However fur ther details on                review processes, to facilitate      called upon to draft directives and a sec-
the environmental bodies may be obtained                 the coordination of these pro-       ond step whereby the Review Committee
from the individual secretariats or from                 cesses, to assist and suppor t       (COMEX and/or COFEX) must analyze
the CRA. One copy of documentation for                   the Chairpersons of the Review       and comment on the EIS (Environmental
all projects undergoing evaluation and                   and Assessment Bodies.               Impact Statement) submitted by the pro-
review is also on file at the CRA office in         • The Public information of fice          ponent (including if necessary the drafting
Montreal.                                                (PIO) will address all informa-      of additional or complementary questions)
                                                         tion requests from the public,       and recommend to the Administrator
1.1 Eastmain 1A-Rupert River Diversion                   organize and operate a docu-         whether or not the project should proceed
     The preliminar y information regard-                mentation center, maintain and       and if so, under what conditions.
ing the Eastmain 1A-Ruper t Diversion                    operate a website. The PIO to             According to the terms of the
project was submitted by the proponents                  open in June 2003 will operate       Agreement concerning EM1A-Ruper t,
(HQ and SEBJ) in December 2002 to the                    as an independent office through-    COMEV will prepare and recommend the
Provincial Administrator, as provided under              out the evaluation and review        directives and will also work with the
section 22 of the JBNQA. The Evaluating                  process and will communicate in      Agency (CEAA) to ensure that these
Committee initiated the drafting of direc-               Cree, French and English.            directives will meet the requirements of
tives in early January 2003.                        • Par ticipant Funding Programs:          the Canadian Environmental Assessment
     Accor ding to an administrative                     There were in two (2) pro-           Act. The assessment and review of the
agreement concerning the environmen-                     grams set up: one funded by          Project (second step) will be conduct-

64
ed by two panels: the Review Committee         bring the closure of the process between               Mrs. Nora Otter Tetreault was hired as an
(COMEX) and a Review Panel established         May and September 2005.                                aide to both Deputy Grand Chief Mr. Paul
pursuant to s.33 of CEAA. Each of these                                                               Gull and the community representatives.
two panels is composed of five (5) mem-        Boumhounan Feasibility Study Group:                          The Eastmain-1-A and Rupert Diversion
bers (3 Québec + 2 CRA appointees and 3             The Boumhounan Feasibilty Study                   is in its feasibility and design-study stage.
Canada + 2 CRA appointees). The Review         Group was also created and operated                    Therefore numerous environmental and
and Assessment Bodies shall each act as        in parallel to the environmental assess-               technical studies are being carried out
an independent body but for practical rea-     ment procedure but independently from                  with the cooperation and par ticipation
sons, they will coordinate to avoid overlap    it. The Boumhounan Agreement signed                    of the communities and the Cree hunt-
and duplication.                               on Februar y 7, 2002 and created from                  ers concerning; water quality, mercur y,
     The procedure will include the hold-      the agreement is the Cree/Hydro-Québec                 fish population, lake sturgeon, large and
ing of Public hearings at the two stages       Feasibility Study Group. This group shares             small game, Cree land use, social aspects,
of the process. These will be held at          information and ensures that the commu-                forestry, geodesics and more.
five (5) locations for the draft directives    nities are well informed of the Eastmain-1                   Ten study group meetings have taken
and at least at 8 locations at the review      A and Rupert Diversion Project.                        place in Nemaska, Waskaganish, Eastmain
stage (including Mistissini, Nemaska,               The group consists of representatives             and Montréal.
Waskaganish, Wemindji, Eastmain,               of directly af fected communities, Cree
Chisasibi, Chibougamau and Montreal).          regional organizations, Hydro-Québec and               1.2 The Albanel-Témiscamie-Otish Park
                                               the Société d’Énergie de la Baie James.                     project:
The schedule                                   Community and regional members of the                       The Société de la faune et des Parcs
      The timeframe for the process should     joint study group comprise;                            (FAPAQ) submitted in Januar y 2003 a
not exceed 20 months. This period does         • Stanley Gilpin (Eastmain),                           preliminary project description regarding
not include the time required for the          • Lawrence Jimiken (Nemaska),                          the creation of a new conser vation park
Proponents to prepare their impact state-      • Wilbert Shecapio (Mistissini),                       within the territory of the Mistissini First
ment. Five (5) months will be devoted to       • Simeon Trapper (Waskaganish)                         Nation. Parks are automatically subject to
the first step (COMEV), including 2 months     • D o n a l d G i l p i n ( C r e e Tr a p p e r ’ s   impact assessment. Directives will be pre-
for public input on the directives. Fifteen         Association)                                      pared by the Evaluating Committee. The
(15) months will then be allocated for the     • Deputy Grand Chief Paul Gull (Cree                   project description remains uncer tain,
review of the impact statement, included            Regional Authority)                               par ticularly with respect to the sur face
in this period the three (3) months for pub-        The key roles of the representatives              area and the boundaries of the proposed
lic input. Based on the above, a tentative     is to coordinate community informa-                    park. COMEV will meet with members of
scenario would be that the final directives    tion and consultation sessions, record                 the Mistissini First Nation and FAPAQ to
would be issued by the Administrator           their concerns and repor t them back to                gain a better understanding of the proj-
in July 2003 and that the EIS would be         the feasibility study group. An addition-              ect and the respective roles of FAPAQ,
submitted by the proponents sometime           al responsibility is repor ting the latest             SEPAQ and Mistissini in the promotion of
between March and June 2004. This would        developments regarding the draft-design                this project.
                                               and study work to the communities.

                                                                                                                                               65
                                                                                               2.2 Contamination study at the former
                                                                                                    Nitchequon meteorological station:
                                                                                                    The CRA received the mandate from
                                                                                               Transpor t Canada in June 2002 to car-
                                                                                               ry out a complementary characterization
                                                                                               and hydro geological and a toxicological
                                                                                               risk assessment at the former Nitchequon
                                                                                               meteorological station. Golder and Ass.
                                                                                               Was selected for this study. The site is
1.3 The incineration and disposal of            es. Field sur veys were conducted from         375 km nor th of Mistissini and 100 km
     domestic solid waste in Wemindji           1998 to 2002, jointly by HQ staff and ÉEM      southeast of LG-4 on a Mistissini trapline.
     project:                                   staff, a consulting firm hired by the CRA.     The soil and water contamination comes
     The project was initially submitted        Following these inventories, clean-up activ-   mostly from petroleum products used and
to the environmental review process in          ities were conducted under the authority       stored there. (estimated 7 000m3).
March 2002 and directives were issued           of HQ from 1999 onwards and hiring local            Hydro geological modeling and risk
to the proponent, the Cree First Nation         Cree employees from each of the affected       assessment calculations determined that
of Wemindji, following recommendations          communities was priority. A total of 879       the movement of contamination in the
from the Evaluating Committee. An impact        sites were decommissioned and close to         ground and to Lake Nitchequon were neg-
statement was submitted to the Local            9 000 drums were removed and disposed          ligible. Risks to human health were found
Environment Administrator in June 2002          of outside the Territor y and about 300        to be acceptable. The only risks identi-
who directed the Federal Review Panel           buildings were dismantled.                     fied were to small organisms (bacteria,
(COFEX) to review and comment, as pro-               The CRA also commissioned a third-        worms, etc.) and to some small mammals
vided under s.22 of the JBNQA.                  party review of all reports prepared by HQ     and birds and this because of hydrocarbon
     The Panel sent its recommendations         regarding the soil characterization studies    within the first meter of soil.
to the LEA, who in turn delivered a cer-        and the clean-up reports. Interviews were           Five (5) remedial scenarios were
tificate of authorization in October 2002       also carried out with the trappers during      developed costing roughly between $4
with a set of conditions that the propo-        winter 2003 to complement any missing          to $8 million. Results were presented in
nent will have to comply with. One of           information on potential sites and to col-     Mistissini at the end of March 2003, with
these conditions was the development            lect their views on the sites that were        chemical oxidation the best-proposed
and implementation of a monitoring pro-         cleaned-up.                                    option. However overall cost and efficacy
gram for air quality and groundwater.                The agreement signed between the          needs to be calculated. Chemical oxi-
The Environment staff of the CRA is col-        GCC/CRA and HQ in Februar y 2002 “on           dation breaks down the petrochemicals
laborating with the Cree proponent, the         the decommissioning of HQ/SEBJ work            using hydrogen peroxide and another oxi-
consulting firm, the federal and provin-        sites or installations that are no longer      dizing agent.
cial governmental experts and the LEA in        in ser vice”, ensures that the inventor y           Background testing to estimate the
the design of the monitoring program. The       and clean-up work continues as long as         efficiency and cost on this process was
incinerator is planned to start operations      sites are identified. As well, researchers     conducted by Golder and Ass. in January
in June 2003.                                   from École Polytechnique (an engineer-         2003. Based on 37 tests, it appears that
                                                ing school associated with Université          this technique is not feasible which will
2.   SPECIAL PROJECTS:                          de Montréal) were invited to review and        delay restoration beyond the summer of
                                                validate the environmental protocol and        2003. More testing and field sampling
2.1 Inventory of former Hydro-Quebec            decommissioning plans that were jointly        will have to be conducted. The studies
     and SEBJ exploration sites:                developed by the CRA and HQ in 1999 for        so far represent funding in the order of
     complementary inventory and                the HQ/SEBJ sites. The review conclud-         $400 000.
     associated activities:                     ed that procedures were adequate and
     The CRA has been involved in field         well implemented. However it was rec-          2.3 Soil restoration at the former
studies regarding the inventory and decom-      ommended to regroup all guidelines in              nursing station in Wemindji:
missioning of former HQ/SEBJ facilities         one instruction manual and provide more            In 2000m close to 1 000 m3 of hydro-
(mostly exploration camps) used during          details on field sampling methodologies.       carbon contaminated soil was excavated
earlier feasibility studies for hydroelectric   This recommendation is being implement-        and treated in a biopile. The project was
projects. Surveys were carried out in close     ed in time for the summer 2003 inventory       funded by INAC and tendered to Dessau-
collaboration with each of the Cree com-        season.                                        Soprin. Final results from a leachate test
munities mainly through the assistance of                                                      show the soil as stable with 65% now in
the Local Environment Administrators and                                                       the A-B quality and the rest in the B-C
the local Cree Trappers Association offic-                                                     range. This soils can be reused but only

66
A-B can be used as backfill at a residen-       or Environment Management Specialist.          ing water regulations/by-laws and issuing
tial area, conditional to a meter of new        The database will be fur ther developed        notices to boil in case of water contami-
clean soil applied on top. The B-C soil can     and made accessible to local authorities       nation and ensuring that proper follow-up
be used eventually as cover material at the     through a computer network. The tech-          is carried out to restore adequate water
solid waste disposal site. The treatment        nological feasibility study remains to be      quality).
platforms are recommended to be kept            carried out and we will then seek the nec-          The Agency also provides technical
in good condition in case of future spills      essary funding for implementation.             suppor t to Eastmain in connection with
or remediation projects. However train-                                                        the operation of the recently complet-
ing and an operations manual on how to          2.5 Local Environment Website                  ed groundwater supply system, and has
operate and maintain the platform would              (www.envcree.ca):                         also been involved in assessments of local
be needed.                                           A pilot environmental learning            water supply and wastewater infrastruc-
                                                and resource website was initiated in          ture for the Cree communities. This work
2.4 Environmental and social databases          2001, to facilitate the work of the Local      has included the development of a frame-
      and their updates:                        Environment Administrators (LEAs). It is       work Cree and Naskapi Act by-law for the
      (a) Wildlife harvest database and ISP     conceived as an environmental manage-          control of drinking water quality, and the
      database:                                 ment per formance suppor t system and          development of a number of recommenda-
      The TPA/Environment section in col-       includes information, job aids and commu-      tions for both the communities and the
laboration with INRS Culture et Société (a      nication tools. The website now in its final   Cree Regional Authority in relation to the
subsidiar y of Université du Québec) has        stage of evaluation is in full operations.     planning and operation of water supply
developed two (2) databases over the            The project to be completed in June 2003,      and waste water collection and treatment
last few years. The first database is a col-    will continue to evolve over time with the     infrastructure. The Agency provides tech-
lection of two sets of data: one regarding      addition of new sections. The website          nical and scientific support in connection
the wildlife harvest data collected by the      focuses on two areas of responsibilities of    with the Namess Agreement (to the Cree
Cree Trappers Association since 1988,           the LEAs: drinking water monitoring and        Health Board and its Cree board mem-
and the other one the data collected for        environmental and social impact assess-        bers), as well as advice in connection
the Income Security Program since 1976.         ment and review (ESIA). New sections           with the work of the James Bay Advisory
During 2002-2003, we proceeded with the         are expected to address issues such as         Committee on the Environment.
third update as the database was first pro-     integrated waste management, hazard-                The Agency’s Science Advisor, Alan
duced in 1998.                                  ous waste and environmental emergency          Penn, par ticipates in the work of the
      Two user manuals have been devel-         response. The section on ESIA remains to       National Advisory Committee on the imple-
oped: one for the operator/manager of           be further developed                           mentation of the Canadian Environmental
the database (e.g. data input) and one                                                         Protection Act (1999) and reports back to
for those simply accessing the database         OTHER                                          the communities on regulatory and policy
for consultation. We are in the process of           The drinking water monitoring pro-        developments relevant to the activities of
developing a new access and security pol-       gram is also undergoing changes. The           the Cree and Naskapi Act governments.
icy and once this is completed, access to       administrative agreement that each             Finally, the Agency is also involved in the
the database could become more acces-           Cree Local Government used to sign             implementation of the Nor th American
sible.                                          with MENV each year for that purpose           Regional Action Plan on environmental
      (b) GEDICC:                               will not be renewed following the sign-        monitoring and assessment and related
      The second database is the GEDICC         ing of the New Relationship Agreement          activities under the authority of the North
(Geo-referenced Environmental Database          with the Government of Québec. This and        American Commission for Environmental
In the Cree Communities) and holds a            the coming into force of new water quality     Cooperation.
comprehensive collection of data on soil        standards brought about a strengthening
and groundwater contamination extract-          of the collaboration between the CRA
ed from over a hundred studies conducted        (Environment and Technical/Community
since 1993, in the nine (9) Cree com-           ser vices) and the CBHSSJB, a better
munities. All drilling logs and sample          understanding was reached of the respec-
analysis are geo-referenced using com-          tive roles (both regionally and locally).
puterized maps of each community. The           Most communities now have water treat-
first update is in progress since the cre-      ment plant operators responsible for the
ation of the database in 1999. Regional         conduct of sampling and analysis of water
and local authorities and entities are invit-   (complete transition is expected with-
ed to send copies of studies on soils and       in the coming year). The LEAs however,
water quality, which they have commis-          are still exercising their overseeing role
sioned, to the Environment Coordinator          (namely checking compliance to drink-

                                                                                                                                      67
Hunting, Fishing and Trapping Regime




T                                                       ing in their Category I and II Territory. This
    he Cr ee r epr esentatives on the                   will be essential for the newly hired Cree
Hunting, Fishing and Trapping Co-ordinat-               Wildlife Protection Officers to be able to
ing Committee (HFTCC – Section 24 of                    perform their duties.
the JBNQA) for the past year were Simeon                     Biologist René Dion was involved again
Pash, Willie Iserhoff and Ashley Iserhoff               during the past year with the Mistissini
who was replaced by Marcel Happyjack.                   Lake Fish study. Field work was complet-
This Committee is the main consulta-                    ed on speckled trout and a student from
tive body on regulatory and management                  Laval University under the super vision of
issues related to wildlife.                             Dr. Louis Bernatchez initiated field work on
     T h i s p a s t y e a r, t h e C o m m i t t e e   walleye. A report on the relation between
reviewed and approved fishing regulations               habitat characteristics and moose winter                 respect to Chapter 3. These communities
to be implemented in the newly created                  yards was produced under the provincial                  were, Mistissini, Waswanipi, Waskaganish,
Weh-Sees Indohoun hunting and fishing                   funding program Faune – Foret. Finally, a                Ouje-Bougoumou and Nemaska.
zone, around the EM-1 construction site.                report on the research and the population                     Many maps were created to compare
     An aerial survey for moose in zone 17              status of the migrating caribou was final-               the difference in geographical extent of
was performed in February and preliminary               ized under the NEI programme (Northern                   FMU scenarios and the old forestry regime
results were tabled to the Cree members                 Ecosystem Initiative).                                   of common areas.
of the Committee. Interpretation of the                                                                               Another round of trapline consulta-
results and consultation will be taking                 GEOMATICS AND FORESTRY                                   tions also took place in Waswanipi, in
place this summer through the CTA board                 DEPARTMENT                                               November, 2002. These consultations
and recommendations will be made for the                     Rober t Beaulieu, Forestr y Engineer                were focused on their internal trapline
maintenance of a male only sport hunt for               a n d C h a n t a l O t t e r Te t r e a u l t , G I S   boundaries, and this led to another
zone 17. The Committee also wrote to all                (Geographic Infor mation Systems)                        external trapline boundar y consultation
Cree communities to urge them to adopt                  Technician, worked to meet the many                      concerning traplines within Chapter 3
bylaws regulating sport fishing and hunt-               demands in forestry and mapping.                         (Mistissini, Waswanipi, Waskaganish,
                                                                            Professional advice and              Ouje-Bougoumou, Nemaska) in March
                                                                      assistance was provided to                 2003. Both consultations were hosted by
                                                                      the Steering Committee and                 the community of Waswanipi and held at
                                                                      to the legal advisors. As a                the new Youth Center.
                                                                      member of the Technical                         Another very interesting and informa-
                                                                      Committee, exper tise and                  tive mandate, was that of the production
                                                                      suppor t on the EMI project                of “Cree Place Name” maps within the
                                                                      was provided. As well, con-                Southern traplines, as compiled by David
                                                                      tinued training and suppor t               Denton and the Tallymen.
                                                                      was provided to the com-                        Maps were also provided maps of
                                                                      munity GIS depar tments in                 community traplines with non-native
                                                                      Ouje-Bougoumou, Mistissini,                camps to each community. The Geomatics
                                                                      Waswanipi, Nemaska and                     & Forestry department will proceed in cre-
                                                                      Wemindji.                                  ating maps with the new traplines, with
                                                                            The CRA and MNR depart-              further indexing to be done.
                                                                      ment (Minister of Natural                       Support to the communities of Ouje-
                                                                      Resources) were able to col-               Bougoumou and Waswanipi was also
                                                                      laborate on the QCNRA 3.8.3                provided in implementing QCNRA chap-
                                                                      concerning the Forestr y                   ter 3 provisions, and more particularly, a
                                                                      Management Unit (FMU).                     computerized GIS program was developed
                                                                      This resulted in designing                 under the super vision of the Forestr y
                                                                      new and more ef ficient for-               Engineer. This support tool greatly facili-
                                                                      estr y long-term plans that                tates the Local Forestry Working Group’s
                                                                      will increase awareness and                task in delimiting the Cree specific sites
                                                                      r espect for the Cr ee way                 of interest and the Wildlife area of specif-
                                                                      of life. Both groups worked                ic interest to the Crees (QCNRA 3.9 and
                                                                      together, along with the Joint             3.10)
                                                                      Working Group whom repre-
                                                                      sented the communities with

68
Income Security Program for Cree Hunters and Trappers




O                                                                                          benefits and the new benefits of the ISP
     n May 23, 2002, Complementar y                                                        commenced on July 1, 2002. This means
Agreement No.15 was signed by repre-                                                       that the new adjusted daily allowance and
sentatives of the Government of Quebec                                                     other benefits such as the new daily dis-
and the Cree Regional Authority after                                                      tance allowance have been implemented
five (5) years of review of and revision to                                                commencing July1, 2002.
Section 30 ( Income Security Program for                                                         The Cr ee Hunters and Trappers
Cree Hunters and Trappers) of the James                                                    Income Security Board has adopted the
Bay and Nor thern Quebec Agreement by                                                      necessary measures to ensure the proper
the parties.                                                                               implementation of section 30 (as amend-
     Complementar y Agreement No.15                                                        ed) of the James Bay and Northern Quebec
amends the present Income Security                                                         Agreement.
Program (ISP) for Cree Hunters and                                                               The mandatory Local Income Security
Trappers and provides for the following:                                                   Program Committees have been estab-
                                                                                           lished by all the Cree communities. This
1.    Sick Leave Provisions and Benefits                                                   will ensure that Cree hunters and trap-
      (new provision)                                                                      pers may participate in the determination
2.    Semi-Active Status (new provision)                                                   of eligible Crees for the Income Security
3.    Newcomers (new provision)                                                            Program.
4.    Temporary Leave (new provision)                                                            Fur thermore, the Income Security
5.    Days Payable In Case of Death (new                                                   Board has established a review process
      provision)                                   The National Assembly of Quebec         so that ISP beneficiaries may apply for
6.    Disaster (new provision)                 enacted Bill 145 – An Act respecting        a review on the classification of their
7.    Catastrophe (new provision)              the Cree Hunters and Trappers Income        har vesting territories. This will ser ve to
8.    Insurance Fund (new provision)           Security Board – which gives ef fect to     ensure their rights to receive applicable
9.    Proof of Capability (new provision)      Complementar y Agreement No. 15. The        benefits for harvesting in ‘near’ or ‘far’ ter-
10.   Daily Allowance (amended provision)      amendments to Section 30 of the James       ritories.
11.   Daily Distance Allowance (new provi-     Bay and Nor thern Quebec Agreement
      sion)                                    became operational and have been imple-
12.   Rate of Indexation (amended provi-       mented for the program year 2002-2003.
      sion)                                    Consequently, the increase to the present
13.   Fur Sales Exemptions (amended pro-
      vision)
14.   Compensation Funds (new and amend-
      ed provision)
15.    Local Income Security Program
      Committee (amended provision)
16.   Mechanism for Review of the Income
      Security Program (new provision)
17.   Definition of Consort (new provision)
18.   Decision-Making and Powers of the
      Income Security Board (amended
      and new provisions)
19.   Maternity Benefits (amended provi-
      sions)

     The amendments to the ISP definite-
ly constitute a substantial improvement
to the Income Security Program for Cree
Hunters and Trappers and more importantly
reflect the spirit and intent of the Program
as established by and in accordance with
Section 30 (as amended) of the James Bay
and Northern Quebec Agreement.


                                                                                                                                      69
Wildlife Conservation Officers                                                              Cree Culture




A   s the Director of Traditional                                                           T   he Cree Regional Authority’s cultural
Pursuits department under the                                                               program is administered and carried out
Cree Regional Authority, I                                                                  by the Traditional Pursuits Depar tment.
have been mandated to ensure                                                                The general objective of the program is to
that the general implementa-                                                                work closely with other regional organiza-
tion of Chapter 10, of the new                                                              tions and with the nine Cree First Nations
Agreement is followed through                                                               to help preser ve, promote and develop
in a manner satisfactory to all                                                             Iyiyuu / Iinuu culture. 2002-2003 was the
concerned, par ticularly the                                                                first year in the current three-year funding
concerns of the Cree Nation.                                                                agreement between the C.R.A. and the
     The agreement “Paix des                                                                Ministr y of Culture and Communications
Braves” signed on Februar y                                                                 of Quebec (M.C.C.Q.) in suppor t of our
07, 2002 between the Cree                                                                   program. While this agreement provides
Nation and Quebec Government provided          Quebec conducted a tour to all Cree          the same level of funding as the last, an
for the engagement of Wildlife Protection      communities. This tour provided a gen-       addendum was signed to increase the lev-
Officers in each of the nine (9) Cree com-     eral update, review and follow-up on the     el of support by a total $90,000 over the
munities.                                      necessary requirements that would allow      three years.
     Chapter 10 addresses the initiative of    us to progress and achieve the neces-              As expressed in the three-year plan,
resolving a long and outstanding concern       sary mandates in an expedient manner,        the specific goals of the CRA program
of the Cree Nation, that of the establish-     while taking into account the agreed         are:
ment of Cree Wildlife Protection Officers      upon schedule, and general under tak-        • Develop (in collaboration with other
for the Cree Territor y. Chapter 10 clear-     ings. I highly commend CTA and FAPAQ               organizations) the Aanischaaukamikw
ly outlines the agreed upon measures for       for their efforts and collaboration, which         Cultural Institute as an instrument for
the implementation of training, hiring,        allowed this to accelerate the recruit-            Cree cultural protection, promotion
and developing the required administra-        ment process of the 9 Cree candidates.             and development.
tive infrastructure.                           These candidates were given intensive        • Provide suppor t for local cultural
     “Quebec will maintain its existing        training at the WPO School in Duchesney            coordinators and for local cultural
complement of wildlife conser vation offi-     from September 2002 to June 2003. The              projects, including the development
cers in the territor y and it will train and   on-the-job training is taking place this           of community cultural facilities;
hire the following addition wildlife conser-   summer, and graduation is expected           • Continue programs aimed at recording
vation officers by April 01, 2003.”            to be in September of 2003. Additional             and preserving the knowledge of the
     The Traditional Pursuits depar tment      candidates will undergo training in 2003-          elders, including knowledge relating
with the assistance of the Cree Trapper’s      2004, to reach the objective of engaging           to Cree histor y and to the historical
Association and in collaboration with          Cree Wildlife Protection Officers for each         and cultural significance of places in
the Societe de la faune et des parcs du        of the nine Cree communities.                      the Cree territories;
                                                                                            • Promote protection and management
                                                                                                  of Iyiyuu / Iinuu cultural heritage
                                                                                                  resources at the local and regional
                                                                                                  levels and encourage the recognition,
                                                                                                  commemoration, or enhancement of
                                                                                                  Cree heritage sites for cultural and
                                                                                                  educational purposes;
                                                                                            • Carry out an archaeological program
                                                                                                  including research, management and
                                                                                                  enhancement of the archaeological
                                                                                                  heritage of the Iyiyuuschii;
                                                                                            • Provide support for the development
                                                                                                  of the arts in Iyiyuuschii;
                                                                                            • Promote a broader understanding and
                                                                                                  appreciation of Cree cultural heritage
                                                                                                  by disseminating information amongst
                                                                                                  Crees and the general public, and,
                                                                                                  where possible:


70
•   Supply information on Cree histor y        Crees and Innu working to protect and          archaeology projects in collaboration with
    and traditions in suppor t of local or     promote their respective cultures.             the Cree communities. For several years,
    regional tourism projects;                      Two meetings of the Cree Cultural         the CRA has under taken archaeological
•   Encourage the use of new media             Coor dinators’ Working Gr oup wer e            work with the Cree Nation of Mistissini
    (Internet, CD-Rom, etc.) as a means        held, one focusing on local and region-        in areas that may eventually be included
    of sharing information on Cree cul-        al cultural projects and programs and          in a new provincial park. In 2002-2003,
    ture.                                      the other on developments relating to          we completed a summar y of the overall
                                               Aanischaaukamikw (see below). Edward           archaeological findings. Funded by Fapaq,
LOCAL CULTURAL GRANTS PROGRAM                  Tapiatic was named as Chair of the group       this summar y will permit Mistissini and
     The Traditional Pursuit Depar tment       for another year and Diane Cooper-Kitchen      Quebec representatives to reflect on the
reviews community proposals for the            was appointed vice-chair.                      significance of archaeological sites in the
Board of Compensation’s community cul-                                                        context of the park development. As part
tural grant program. This year, the Board      THE ARTS IN IYIYUUSCHII                        of this project, we studied ar tifacts col-
provided $101,000, which was used                   Several years ago, with M.C.C.Q.          lected by E.S. Rogers in the course of
in a variety of projects promoting Cree        funding, the C.R.A. established the            canoe surveys in the late 1940s and ear-
culture at the community level. An addi-       Mimaahtaawaayihtihtaaw Grant Program           ly 1950s, primarily in the Mistissini and
tional amount of $14,000 from Board of         for the promotion of Cree arts. Due to the     Waswanipi territories. These collections
Compensation funding was used for region-      late approval of our MCCQ funding and the      are housed in the R.S. Peabody Museum
al support for the cultural coordinators.      departure of Kenny Mianscum, who coor-         in Andover, Massachusetts.
                                               dinated the grant program, no grants were           A short archaeological survey was car-
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT INITIATIVES              awarded this year. Instead, these funds        ried out with the Cree Nation of Mistissini
     For the last six years, the C.R.A. has    will be added to those for 2003-2004.          in the Uupiichuun area, between lakes
been working closely with the cultural coor-                                                  Albanel and Mistassini. Archaeologist
dinators, to provide support for community     CREE ARCHAEOLOGY                               Christian Roy was mandated to locate
cultural programs; to promote the sharing           As par t of its suppor t for communi-     late 17 th and early 18th centur y French
of information, ideas and resources; and       ty cultural projects, the C.R.A. carries out   establishments (two trading posts and a
to involve the communities in the develop-
ment and planning of Aanischaaukamikw
and its programs. Last year, our work with
the Cultural Coordinators led to the for-
mation of the Cree Cultural Coordinators’
Working Group (CCCWG), which is “to pro-
mote cooperation between communities
in order to better share ideas, information
and resources; to better provide access to
on-going training and professional devel-
opment for the cultural coordinators and
to organize and promote regional projects
that will help to preser ve and promote
Cree culture...”
     The focus of this year’s work was a
cultural excursion to the Quebec Nor th
Shore area, with visits to Innu and non-
native cultural centres and museums. The
trip was attended by cultural coordina-
tors and elders and resulted in a sharing
of information and approaches between

                                                                                                                                     71
                                               can be repatriated and made more acces-         and other departments which will hopefully
                                               sible to all Crees and the general public.      result in substantial federal support.
                                               Aanischaaukamikw will also promote Cree              Under the guidance of Kenny
                                               performing and visual arts and will offer a     Blacksmith, the Cultural Coordinators,
                                               place which will help the outside world to      through resolution of the CCCWG, affirmed
                                               better understand and appreciate our cul-       their commitment to Aanischaaukamikw,
                                               ture, values and traditions.                    and their position that the development
                                                    The CRA continued to play an               of Aanischaaukamikw is an essential
                                               impor tant role in the development of           and urgently required component of Cree
                                               Aanischaaukamikw. 2002 – 2003 wit-              cultural protection and promotion. The
                                               nessed the departure of Aanischaaukamikw        CCCWG recommended an overall composi-
                                               project coordinator, Kenny Mianscum.            tion for the board of directors which would
                                               Kenny deserves our warm gratitude for his       see the cultural coordinators as communi-
                                               years of dedicated work on this project.        ty representatives on the board, and this
                                               Following his departure, it was determined      proposal was, in turn, suppor ted by the
                                               that the project had advanced to the point      GCCEI / CRA Council / Board. As a result,
                                               where an Executive Director could be hired      the interim Aanischaaukamikw board was
Jesuit mission station) suggested by doc-      and that job was posted. As no suitable         expanded to include two community rep-
umentar y sources as being in this area.       candidate was found, Kenny Blacksmith           resentatives and others are expected in
As sometimes happens in archaeology, the       was retained by the CRA to fill this position   coming months.
targeted sites remained elusive.               on an interim basis.                                 Aanischaaukamikw ar chitectur-
                                                    With the new context provided by the       al plans were reviewed to ensure the
NADOSHTIN ARCHAEOLOGY AND                      Februar y 2002 agreement with Quebec,           best fit with Aanischaaukamikw pro-
CULTURAL HERITAGE PROGRAM                      and $6.25 million in M.O.U. funding             grams, which have become more clearly
     In August 2002, Nadoshtin Companee        due in 2003 – 2004 and 2004 – 2005,             defined. The involvement of the CCCWG
mandated the CRA to establish the              the climate for fund-raising was greatly        in this process reaf firmed the Cultural
Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Program      improved over 2001 – 2002. As a result,         Coordinators’ suppor t for the overall
defined in the Nadoshtin Agreement, relat-     the Aanischaaukamikw fund-raising cam-          plans. Douglas Cardinal Architects are
ing to areas that will be affected by the      paign, guided by Ketchum Canada, was            currently making recommended adjust-
Eastmain-1 hydroelectric development.          relaunched.                                     ments and refinements.
This program has three main components              Sharing the Ways: the Campaign
relating to the Cree heritage of the affect-   for Aanischaaukamikw is making good
ed area: archaeology; Cree traditional         pr ogr ess. The campaign has raised
knowledge and values; and burial sites.        $12,110,000 so far. The campaign co-
The CRA invested considerable time and         chairs Grand Chief Ted Moses and Mr.
effort in developing this program, and we      André Caillé, together with other Cree
anticipate positive spin offs in terms of      and non-native volunteers are working
training and the sharing of cultural and       to raise the remaining funds in Montreal,
historical knowledge, both for the com-        nor thern Quebec and elsewhere. We
munities directly involved (Eastmain,          expect to be able to break ground for the
Nemaska, Chisasibi, and Waskaganish)           Aanischaaukamikw building in the spring
and, for the Cree Nation as a whole.           of 2004, with the Institute becoming oper-
                                               ational sometime in 2005.
AANISCHAAUKAMIKW CULTURAL                           A request for funding was prepared
INSTITUTE                                      and submitted to the depar tment of
     Aanischaaukamikw Cultural Institute       Canadian Heritage under the Cultural
is working hard to establish a facility        Spaces program. This involved a review of
that will improve and coordinate culture       Aanischaaukamikw programs and the prep-
and language programs for the communi-         aration of a Aanischaaukamikw Business
ties and bring together regional activities    Plan, carried out by consultant Nancy
relating to Cree culture, histor y and lan-    Hushion. Due to limited funds remaining in
guage. Aanischaaukamikw will be a              the Cultural Spaces program, the propos-
centre for cultural resources in all media     al was not accepted for funding in the fall
relating to the histor y and culture of our    of 2002. Further discussions are continu-
people and a place where Cree ar tifacts       ing with officials from Canadian Heritage

72
Message from the Director of Youth Development/CNYC,
Andrew Neeposh

                                               a little complacement and take things for      ing from places such as the Cree Regional
                                               granted. The positive aspects is that we       Authority, Cree School Board, Cree Human
                                               now have to regroup and concentrate on         Resources Development Program, Board
                                               identifying and accessing other sources        of Compensation, Secretariataux Affaires
                                               of funding.                                    Autochtones, Hydro-Quebec, Ministr y of
                                                     In March 2003, the Government of         Regions, Cree Entities, and Cree First
                                               Quebec, the Cree Regional Authority and the    Nations.
                                               Cree Nation Youth Council signed a Financial
                                               Agreement in which the Government of           SPECIAL PROJECTS
                                               Quebec commits to providing Operations and
                                               Program funding to the CNYC beginning April    Special Projects Coordinator
                                               2003. The funding arrangements are two-             Over the years a number of young peo-
                                               fold; 1) Funding for the Annual Operations,    ple were engaged on a contractual basis,
                                               and 2) Fonds Regional D’investissement         as Coordinator of Special Projects. This
                                               Jeunesse (FRIJ).                               mandate is shor t-term but the ser vices
                                                                                              of the coordinator are the most valuable,
                                                                                              and alleviates the workload of the sup-

I                                                                                             port staff.
  t is a privilege to present this report on
the activities and progress of the Cree                                                       Cree Youth Heritage Journey
Nation Youth Council (CNYC) and Youth                                                              The 10th Annual Cree Youth Heritage
Department. This past year involved chal-                                                     Journey – Canoe Expedition took place
lenges and opportunities. The CNYC was                                                        from July 19th to August 5th, 2002. The
created to provide a regional support ser-                                                    canoe trek began in Nemaska, where 16
vice on local youth development and is                                                        par ticipants including 3 guides traveled
focusing on as developing comprehensive                                                       down the Pontax River, which took the
programs to assist the youth in reaching                                                      group to the community of Waskaganish.
their full potential and in areas such as                                                     The purpose of the Canoe Expedition is to
politics, social, cultural, recreation and                                                    foster and maintain close ties to the tra-
educational well-being.                                                                       ditional travel routes, and creates a rise
                                                                                              in self-esteem and pride. The participants
FUNDING
      The Grand Council of the Crees/Cree
Regional Authority has provided the finan-           The grant for operations funding is
cial means for the Youth Department, from      committed as a subsidy to help the CNYC
the beginning. This funding from the Cree      to carry out certain mandates entrusted
Act Operations and Maintenance Funding         to it by the Minister Responsible for the
Arrangements is managed and adminis-           Youth, Tourism, Recreation, and Spor t.
tered through the CRA under the authority      One of the mandates which stemmed
of the Council/Board. The CNYC Chairman,       from the agreement is that the CNYC is
the Director and the Secretary positions are   given the authority to administer and man-
all funded under the GCCEI/CRA.                age the “FRIJ”. The CNYC is responsible to
      The Cree Board of Compensation is a      screen, recommend and manage the FRIJ
major financial sponsor for Special Project    Fund. A program dedicated to fund local
initiatives since April 1990. They also pro-   and regional youth projects that meet local
vided seed funding for the Special projects    regional priorities and objectives. This is
adding leverage to access Federal and          serves as a supplemental funding to gov-
Provincial program funding.                    ernment programs. We can be reached
      However, at the March 2003 meeting,      at the Nemaska office for information or
the Board of Compensation took the deci-       requests for assistance.
sions to freeze its disbursement policy for          The Youth Department exerted all its
the fiscal year 2003-2004. This decision       efforts to secure external sources of fund-
forces the CNYC and Youth Depar tment          ing first and supplemental funding requests
to secure its program funding elsewhere.       to Cree Organizations last. The CNYC
It also taught us is that sometimes we are     through the Youth Department secures fund-

                                                                                                                                    73
are taught traditional activities and surviv-   Board of Compensation, and Cree Regional
al skills indigenous to the Cree trappers       Authority made this training possible.
and hunters. This project was made pos-
sible with the financial par ticipation of      Meetings and Gatherings
the Board of Compensation and the Cree              The Youth Depar tment Director and
Regional Authority.                             the CYNC Chairman are ex-officio mem-
                                                bers to the GCCEI/CRA Boards and
CNYC General Election                           Committees. Their attendance to the said
     The second CNYC general elections          meetings, are on an as needed basis, to
took place in July of 2002, with five can-      present and furnish repor ts and recom-
didates for the position of Youth Deputy        mendations on the status of the Youth
Grand Chief Marcel Happyjack from the           Development files and progress. The CNYC
community of Waswanipi was declared             Board of Directors have a further mandate
the winner with a narrow margin, to the         to appoint CNYC representatives to vari-
second place runner, Daniel Mark-Stewart        ous working groups, task forces, boards
from Eastmain. The Youth Deputy Grand
Chief’s term will be for a period of 3 years,
until the summer of 2005.                                                                      a Foundation to promote youth develop-
                                                                                               ment and training. The purpose of the
Cree-Concordia Management Training                                                             Foundation will be to facilitate the process
      The CRA Youth Department with the                                                        of accessing funding from Foundations,
collaboration of the John Molson School of                                                     world wide. A fur ther purpose will be to
Business developed the design of the Cree-                                                     request a charitable organization number
Concordia Management Training aimed at                                                         in order to receive tax receipts from pri-
developing administrative and manage-                                                          vate sector businesses and corporations
ment skills. This course was conducted                                                         on funding grants. This Foundation will be
in five modules at the school’s Montreal                                                       know in English as the James A. Shecapio
campus. Its par ticipants included Youth                                                       Foundation, a leader and spokesperson for
Coordinators and members of the local                                                          the Youth.
youth council. Eleven successful candi-
dates received a management certificate.                                                       Feasability Study- Wilderness Training
The Cree Human Resources Department,                                                           Program
                                                                                                     The CRA Youth Depar tment is work-
                                                                                               ing in close collaboration with the ‘Centre
                                                                                               d’etudes collegiale a Chobougamau” on
                                                and committees.                                the possibility of setting a “Wilderness
                                                                                               Training Centre”. The CNYC has, for
                                                Funding Agent Trainee                          many years conducted canoe brigades
                                                     The Community Ser vices and Youth         with Cree Youth and Elders to promote
                                                Depar tment of the CRA came to an              and preserve the traditional travel routes
                                                agreement to engage a consultant as a          and the know-how of our forefathers. Each
                                                Funding Agent. The Consultant will work        year, the CNYC continues to scramble to
                                                to secure funding from Governments, and        secure funding in order to implement this
                                                private sectors, and will also work in col-    project. The CNYC is exploring a project
                                                laboration with a Funding Agent Trainee,       which may prove self-sufficient and with a
                                                specifically on Youth programs. The trainee    life of its own.
                                                will work at arm’s length with the consul-           The Feasability study on the
                                                tant and ultimately will take-over the files   Wilderness Training Centre will assess
                                                on the Youth component of the program.         and analyse the potential of the govern-
                                                This will enable Youth Councils to access      ments to commit funding for the Centre
                                                services.                                      to be operated as a service similar to the
                                                                                               “Outward Bound” experience and struc-
                                                Feasibility Study – Foundation                 ture. This will include a training from
                                                    The CRA Youth Depar tment has for          various training institutions, including
                                                many years discussed the idea of creating      Chibougamau College, in order provide

74
Cree Personal Cer tification to operate         A YEAR IN REVIEW 2002-2003             Closing Remarks
and run the training center. CNYC will                                                      In closing on behalf of the Cree
work closely with the Chibougamau col-          Highlights:                            Regional Authority Youth Depar tment, I
lege to integrate a traditional component       • 13th Annual Cree Youth General       wish to extend our appreciation toward
into the curriculum. This traditional compo-        Assembly, Whapmagoostui August     the Cree Leadership and Cree Regional
nent includes traditional know-how in bush          6th-8th, 2002                      Authority administration for their contin-
survival skills with emphasis of terrain and    • 10th Cree Youth Heritage Journey     ued suppor t and help, I wish to fur ther
water safety. It will further include tradi-        2002 July 19 to August 5th, 2002   extend our appreciation to all our par t-
tional know how in portage and paddling         • 2nd CNYC General Elections 2002      ners including the sponsors namely the
techniques not yet known to the average             July 18th, 2002                    Cree Regional Authority, the Board of
adventurer.                                     • Elders/Youth Confer ence 2002        Compensation, and the Cree communi-
     It was once said, that the Summer              Eastmain August 01-03, 2002        ties. Without the support of the Leadership
and Winter Olympics were only for ama-          • Cree Concordia Management Training   and our financial partners we would not be
teur athletes. Natives of Nor th America            September 2002 to March 2003       where we are today.
were once not allowed to compete in the
Olympic canoeing because they were con-         Upcoming Events                        God bless you all.
sidered professional, as canoeing was a         • 14th Annual Cree Youth
way of life for them. We are looking at one        General Assembly
day operating and running a world-class            2003, Eastmain August
Wilderness Training Centre, with both              05-07, 2003
conventional and traditional training and       • Elders/Youth
to ultimately reclaim our once distinct title      Conference 2003
of professionals in the sport of canoeing.         Waskaganish August
                                                   15-17, 2003
                                                • 11Th Annual Cree Youth
                                                   Heritage Journey 2002
                                                   – Canoe Trek



                                                                                                                              75
Cree Nation                 Youth Chiefs
Youth Council
                            Youth Chief Benjamin Masty                Youth Chief Michel Neeposh
                            Whapmagoostui First Nation                The Cree Nation of Waswanipi
                            Whapmagoostui, Quebec                     Waswanipi, Quebec
                            JOM 1GO                                   JOY 3CO
                            Tel: (819) 929-3643/3109/3843             Tel: (819) 753-2810/2980
                            Fax: (819) 929-3309                       Fax: (819) 753-2727



                            Youth Chief John S. Matoush               Youth Chief Angie Mark
                            Cree Nation of Mistissini                 Native Friendship Centre of Senneterre
                            Issac Shecappio Administrative Building   810, 10e Avenue C.P 1769
                            Mistissini, Quebec                        10e Avenue Est
                            GOW 1CO                                   Senneterre, Quebec
CREE NATION YOUTH COUNCIL   Tel: (418) 923-2274                       JOY-2MO
                            Fax: (418) 923-3115                       Tel: (819) 737-2324
Marcel Happyjack                                                      Fax: (819) 737-8311
Chairman
John S. Matoush             Youth Chief Ida R. Coonishish
Vice-Chairman               Cree Nation of Chisasibi                  Youth Chief Bianca M. Fireman
                            Chisasibi, Quebec                         Washaw Sibi Eeyou Assocation
Johnny Minister
                            JOM 1LO                                   4, 10e Avenue Est
Youth Ambassador
                            Tel: (819) 855-2878/2435                  Amos, Quebec
                            Fax: (819) 855-3334                       J9T 1H7
CNYC EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE                                              Tel: (819) 732-9409
                                                                      Fax: (819) 732-9635
Marcel Happyjack            Youth Chief Naomi Bosum
Chairperson                 Ouje-Bougoumou First Nation
John S. Matoush             Ouje-Bougoumou, Quebec
Vice-Chairperson            GOW 3CO
Michael Neeposh             Tel: (418) 745-3366
Member                      Fax: (418) 745-3354

Benjamin Masty
Member
                            Youth Chief Lee-Ann Gilpin
Ida R. Coonishish           Cree Nation of Wemindji
Member                      Wemindji, Quebec
Johnny Minister             JOM 1LO
Youth Ambassador            Tel: (819) 978-3605/3013
                            Fax: (819) 978-0281




76
Cree First Nations                   Grand Council Of The Crees (Eeyou Istchee)
                                     Cree Regional Authority
Chief Abraham Rupert
                                     BOARD OF DIRECTORS / COUNCIL MEMBERS
Cree Nation of Chisasibi
                                     Dr. Ted Moses……………………….. . Grand Chief/Chairman
Chisasibi, Quebec J0M 1E0
                                     Paul Gull ......................................... Deputy Grand Chief/Vice Chairman
Tel: (819) 855-2878
                                     Abraham Rupert…………………....... Chief, Chisasibi
Fax: (819) 855-2875
                                     Steven Bearskin…………………....... Member, Chisasibi
                                     David Masty Sr..……………………… Chief, Whapmagoostui
Chief Robert Weistche
                                     Losty Mamianskum……………… ..... Member, Whapmagoostui
The Crees of the Waskaganish First
                                     Reggie Mark……………………......... Chief, Wemindji
Nation
                                     Danny Tomatuk ………… ................. Member, Weminidji
Waskaganish, Quebec J0M 1R0
                                     Edward Gilpin Jr.…………………… ... Chief, Eastmain
Tel: (819) 895-8650
                                     Kenneth Gilpin……………………. ..... Member, Eastmain
Fax: (819) 895-8901
                                     Robert Weistche……………….. ....... Chief, Waskaganish
                                     Billy Diamond……………….. ............ Member, Waskaganish
Chief Edward Gilpin Jr.
                                     Josie Jimiken………………............... Chief, Nemaska
Cree Nation of Eastmain
                                     Thomas Jolly Sr.…………………….... Member, Nemaska
Eastmain, Quebec J0M 1W0
                                     John Longchap……………………...... Chief, Mistissini
Tel: (819) 977-0211
                                     Thomas Neeposh……………….. ....... Member, Mistissini
Fax: (819) 977-0281
                                     Sam R. Bosum………………………... Chief, Ouje-Bougoumou
                                     Kenny Mianscum…………………...... Member, Ouje-Bougoumou
Chief Robert Kitchen
                                     Robert Kitchen…………………………Chief, Waswanipi
Cree First Nation of Waswanipi
                                     Rhonda Oblin…………………. .......... Member, Waswanipi
Waswanipi, Quebec J0Y 3C0
                                     Bill Namagoose………………….. ...... Executive Director – GCCEI
Tel: (819) 753-2587
                                     Eddie Diamond……………………...... Director General – CRA
Fax: (819) 753-2555
                                     Matthew Swallow…………………..... Treasurer – CRA
                                     Willie Iserhoff…………………… ....... Director of Traditional Pursuits Agency
Chief Sam R. Bosum
                                     Norman Gull…………………….......... Director of Community Services Agency
Ouje-Bougoumou Cree Nation
                                     Henry Mianscum……………………... Director – Cree Human Resources Department
207 Opemiska Street,
                                     Andrew Neeposh………………… ...... Director of Youth Development/CNYC
Ouje-Bougoumou, Quebec G0W 3C0
                                     John Paul Murdoch…………………... Corporate Secretary
Tel: (418) 745-3911
                                     Roderick Pachano…………………. ... Chairman of the CRA Board of Compensation
Fax: (418) 745-3426
                                     EXECUTIVE/EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
Chief Reggie Mark
                                     Dr. Ted Moses………………………… Grand Chief/Chairman
Cree Nation of Wemindji
                                     Paul Gull…………………. ................. Deputy Grand Chief/Vice Chairman
Wemindji, Quebec J0M 1L0
                                     Edward Gilpin Jr.……………………….Chief, Eastmain
Tel: (819) 978-0264
                                     Steven Bearskin .............................. Member, Chisasibi
Fax: (819) 978-0258
                                     Losty Mamianskum……………… ..... Member, Whapmagoostui

Chief John Longchap
                                     EX-OFFICIO MEMBERS
Cree Nation of Mistissini
                                     Bill Namagoose………………….. ...... Executive Director – GCCEI
Mistissini, Quebec G0W 1C0
                                     Eddie Diamond…………………... ...... Director General – CRA
Tel: (418) 923-3253
                                     Matthew Swallow……………….. ...... Treasurer – CRA
Fax: (418) 923-3115
                                     Willie Iserhoff…………………… ....... Director of Traditional Pursuits Agency
                                     Norman Gull…………………….......... Director of Community Services Agency
Chief Josie Jimiken
                                     Henry Mianscum……………………... Director – Cree Human Resources Department
Cree Nation of Nemaska
                                     Andrew Neeposh………………… ...... Director of Youth Development/CNYC
Nemaska, Quebec J0Y 3B0
                                     John Paul Murdoch…………………... Corporate Secretary
Tel: (819) 673-2512
                                     Roderick Pachano…………………. ... Chairman of the CRA Board of Compensation
Fax: (819) 673-2542

Chief David Masty Sr.
Whapmagoostui First Nation
Whapmagoostui, Quebec J0M 1G0
Tel: (819) 929-3384
Fax: (819) 929-3203

                                                                                                                            77
        GRAND COUNCIL OF THE CREES (EEYOU ISTCHEE)
        CREE REGIONAL AUTHORITY
        ORGANIGRAM: 2003.07.01




 GRAND COUNCIL OF THE CREES


     Executive Director        Executive Secretary
     Bill Namagoose               Lillian Loon




      Federal Liaison
       Brian Craik




  Administrative Assistant
  Sheila Weapinicappo                                   TRADITIONAL PURSUITS AGENCY                                                          COMMUNITY SERVICES AGENCY




                                                                  Director                Secretary                                        Administrative Assistant              Director
                                                              Willie Iserhoff       Anna H. Wapachee                                          Jenny Saganash                  Norman Gull




                                                              Environmental                                    Regional Child & Family                                    Economic Development
Director of Quebec Relations                                                              Cultural                                              Civil Engineer                                             Manager
                                                            Coordinator/Analyst                                 Services Coordinator                                             Officer
 Diom Romeo Saganash                                          Ginette Lajoie               vacant                  Clifford Loon              Martin Desgagne                   Alfred Loon            Colette Boisvert



                                                           Lands & Environment         Archaeology—                                                                     Cree Statistics & Membership
  Coordinator of Forestry                                                                                        Executive Secretary       Technical Services Clerk                                      Bookkeeper
                                                             Science Advisor          Cultural Heritage                                                                             Officer
        Sam Etapp                                               Allan Penn            David Denton*               Rosie L. Gunner          Lawrence P. Katapatuk             James Diamond             Marcelle Kelly



   Coordinator of Special                                  Forestry & Geomatics                                   Regional Special
                                                                                       GIS Technician                                             Secretary             Coordinator of Cree Policing
          Projects                                         Technical Coordinator                                  Needs Educator
     Jack Blacksmith                                         Robert Beaulieu       Chantal Otter Tetreault       Margaret Loutitt             Rachelle Lafond                     vacant




  Receptionist/Secretary                                     Wildlife Biologist                                Senior Accounting Clerk    Housing Maintenance CRT           Court Liaison Officer
   Marina Kataquapit                                            Rene Dion                                             vacant                  Conrad Benoit*                 Reggie Bobbish



                                                        Environmental Management                                                         Water & Wastewater Treatment
           Clerk                                                                                               Junior Accounting Clerk
                                                                Specialist                                                                           CRT
     Susan McAlister                                        Cameron McLean                                      Agnes C. Shecapio              Louis Mathieu*



                                                     Environment Secretary                                                                   Housing CMMS CRT
                                                         Edith Martin                                                                            Eric Gilpin




                                                      Cree Nation Office                                     Montreal Office                                            Embassy of the Cree Nation
   * Under Short Term Contract
  ** Part-time Position                                2 Lakeshore Road                                      277 Duke Street, Suite 100                                 81 Metcalfe Street, Suite 900
                                                       Nemaska, Quebec                                       Montreal, Quebec                                           Ottawa, Ontario
                                                       J0Y 3B0                                               H3C 2M2                                                    K1P 6K7
                                                       Tel: (819) 673-2600                                   Tel: (514) 861-5837                                        Tel: (613) 761-1655
                                                       Fax: (819) 673-2606                                   Fax: (514) 861-0760                                        Fax: (613) 761-1388
                                                       E-mail: cra@lino.com                                  E-mail: cra@gcc.ca                                         E-mail: cree@gcc.ca




        78
                                                                Chairman / Grand Chief      Executive Assistant
                                                                     Ted Moses                Linda Corston



                                                               Vice-Chairman / Deputy     Administrative Assistant
                                                                     Grand Chief
                                                                                             Edna Neeposh
                                                                      Paul Gull



                                     Corporate Secretary
                                    John Paul Murdoch




                                   Administrative Assistant        Director General                                                                                 Executive Secretary            Treasurer
                                       Joanne Prince               Eddie Diamond                                                                                      Noreen Moar             Matthew Swallow




           CREE HUMAN RESOURCES DEPARTMENT                                                         YOUTH DEPARTMENT




   Administrative Assistant                Director                                               Director               Secretary
        Bella P. Loon                Henry Mianscum                                         Andrew Neeposh           Edna L. Neeposh




                                                                                           Funding Agent Trainee     CNYC Chairperson
                                                                                                  vacant             Marcel Happyjack



   Coordinator Program &                                                                                                                       Director of
                                  Research & Development                                                                                                          Montreal Office Manager      Chief Accountant
          Services                                             Cree Employment Officers                                                  Office and Personnel
     Louisa Saganash                  Kathy Shecapio                                                                                       Johnny Trapper        Alayne Harrison Awashish       Gisele Parker




Coordinator Territorial Program      Finance Coordinator              Waswanipi                                                         Secretary/Receptionist       General Secretary      Senior Accounting Clerk
   Michael Petawabano                   Jamie Pash                  Dorothy Gull                                                           June Diamond             Elizabeth Napash           Louise Tanoush




      Career Counsellor           General Accounting Clerk            Nemaska                                                           Maintenance Workman            Receptionist              Payroll Clerk
   Ann Marie Awashish                Dominic Swallow             Wayne Rabbitskin                                                        Reggie Wapachee                  vacant              Suzie Wapachee




   Program Officer—Inland          Employment Counsellor              Eastmain                                                                                                              Junior Accounting Clerk
      Richard Shecpio             Matthew Petawabano*               Denise Brown                                                                                                             Seanna Rabbitskin




  Program Officer—Coastal            Assistant Counsellor             Wemindji                                                                                                                  General Clerk
        Alice Nuktie               Norman Blacksmith*              Christina Gilpin                                                                                                            Stephanie Jolly



      Community Youth              Employment Counsellor             Waskaganish
     Development Officer
   Melissa Brousseau*                Mabel Pepabano*                Susan Moses



    Sectoral Employment
    Development Officer—             Assistant Counsellor          Ouje-Bougoumou
    Mining & Construction          Margaret Audlarock*            Lana Wapachee
        Abel Trapper


    Sectoral Employment
    Development Officer—          Enquiry Clerk/Receptionist
     Forestry & Tourism              Martha Matthew*
       Irene Neeposh



 Education & Training Advisor         General Secretary
    Darlene Wapachee                    Faith Gunner




    Labour Market Analyst          Secretary/Receptionist
       Fredrick Moar               Maya Reil Lachapelle




                                                                                                                                                                                                      79
Credits


GCCEI:                Bill Namagoose
                      Abel Bosum
                      Brian Craik
                      Sam Etapp
                      Geoff Quaile
                      Robert Mainville
                      Johanne Mainville
                      Norman Hawkins
                      Roderick Pachano

CRA:                  Eddie Diamond
                      Matthew Swallow
                      Alayne Harrison Awashish
                      Willie Iserhoff
                      Robert Beaulieu
                      Rene Dion
                      Ginette Lajoie
                      Alan Penn
                      Philip Awashish
                      David Denton
                      Henry Mianscum
                      Norman Gull
                      Lucy Bergeron
                      Alfred Loon
                      Martin Desgagne
                      Robyn McGinley
                      Melissa Pash
                      Johnny Trapper
                      Andrew Neeposh

Photo Credit:         GCCEI/CRA
                      Gaston Cooper
                      Mandy Gull
                      Philip Awashish
                      Cameron McLean

Editor/Coordinator:   Alayne Harrison Awashish

Special thanks to:    Mandy Gull
                      Elizabeth Napash
                      Cree Communities for their
                      contributions

Design:               Etsetera Design
                      514.937.6333

Printing:             Les Entreprises Serge Lemieux




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