Research Paper by liuhongmei


									                                        Research Paper
                                      World History Honors
                                          Mrs. Thayer
                                          Spring 2009

                          Post WWII Independence for Developing Nations

                                        Part I Directions
Overview: You have three weeks from today to write an eight to ten page research paper
covering a topic derived from either Chapter 13, “Latin America: Neocolonial Authoritarianism
or Democracy and Development, Chapter 14, “Sub-Saharan Africa: Decay or Development?” or
Chapter 15, “The Middle East and North Africa Since World War II.” Your work must be
completely your own and fully cited with primary and secondary sources.

Format: MLA see for an online version of
the MLA Handbook. Your paper must be double spaced and 12 New Times Roman with a work
cited page as page number 11.

Sources: This paper requires primary and secondary sources. You must have seven sources total,
and only four of those can come from the internet. You may use your IB textbook as one
secondary source, and your IB source book can be used as a primary source, if you can find
documents that apply to your topic. Your work cited page must include all seven sources used,
and those sources must be cited within your text.

Point Value: 250 points

Due Date: Friday, May 29th

                                  Part II The Research Process

Step I Choosing your topic

Your topic should be first, one that interests you, and second one that is not too general that it
would require more than ten pages and not too specific that it would require less than ten. You
need to pick a topic, ask yourself questions related to that topic of interest to you, do the
preliminary research to answer that question (that is neither too broad or too specific), and then
create a thesis statement that is clear and focused.

                                          Example Topics

    1.    Drug Cartels in Central or Latin America
    2.    Political instability in Argentina
    3.    Lack of economic prosperity in Columbia
    4.    Use of IMF and WB funds leading to Latin or Central American debt to developed
    5.    Economic prosperity differences between Brazil and Nicaragua (reasons behind)
    6.    Disease, low birth rate, and poverty levels in communist Cuba v. Guatemala
    7.    Increase in violence, drugs, and incarceration in Brazil
    8.    Effects of NAFTA on Mexico / Zapatistas
    9.    Influence of Che Guevara on Central and Latin American nations
    10.   Causes of Africa’s population explosion
   11. Disease epidemics in Central Africa
   12. Treatment of women in East Africa nations and female genital mutilation
   13. Effects of British imperial retreat in South Africa – rise of Apartheid
   14. African resistance to white domination post WWII
   15. Ethnic cleansing
   16. U.S. support of African dictatorships
   17. The rise of Idi Amin
   18. Black Market Diamond industry
   19. Growth of South African economy v. Ethiopia
   20. Middle East – Islam v. Modernity
   21. The growth of religious fundamentalism in Iran
   22. Effects of the Iran Hostage crisis on U.S./Middle Eastern relations
   23. The effects of U.S Israeli support on U.S/Middle Eastern relations
   24. Economic prosperity in Israel v. Jordan
   25. The Intifada movemement
   26. The rise of terrorist organizations
   27. Treatment of women in Muslim nations
   28. Comparison of economic development in Venezuela to economic development in Saudi
       Arabia based on oil economies.
   29. Development of OPEC
   30. Theocracy in Iran – a hindrance to economic growth?

Step 2 narrowing your scope

   1.    What factors post WWII gave rise to the drug cartels in Columbia?
   2.    What caused the rise of Peron’s dictatorship in Argentina?
   3.    What political factors led to the lack of economic growth in Columbia post WWII?
   4.    What influence did Che Guevara have on Fidel Castro’s Socialist Revolution and creation
         of communist Cuba?
   5.    What economic, social or political causes in Rwanda gave rise to ethnic cleansing?
   6.    What prompted the United Nations to not intervene in Uganda under the leadership of Idi
   7.    How did U.S. involvement in the Middle East give rise to Islamic fundamentalism?
   8.    What justifications exist in East African culture to allow the inhumane treatment of
         women to persist, including female genital mutilation?
   9.    Is the oppression of women in Middle Eastern and East African nations a result of
         Islamic teachings?


   1. Library resources at Arroyo Valley High School
          a. Books
          b. Online Library including scholarly journals
   2. Feldheym Library, Cal State San Bernardino, or the University of Redlands
          a. Magazines
          b. Newspaper
          c. Online sources
          d. Books
          e. Government documents
    3. Online databases
          a. Government websites for data
          b. Books, magazines, newspapers, interviews, diary entries, essays,
          c. Education websites – professional or university archives

    4. Types of Sources
          a. Primary sources: interviews, eye witness accounts, court transcripts,
              government data, journal or diary entries, pictures, letters, propaganda posters,
              pamphlets or films.
                   i. Examples:
                         1. If you are researching ethnic cleansing in Rwanda, you can use
                              Fergal Keane’s “Season of Blood” on page 445 of your IB
                              source book as a primary source
                         2. If you are researching Idi Amin’s government, you can use
                              “Statements from General Idi Amin and the Ugandan Army” as
                              primary source documents on page 357

            b. Secondary Sources: textbooks, movies, second hand accounts of the event in
               newspapers and magazines (first hand accounts by reporters are primary
               sources), news broadcasts, and reviews.
                   i. Examples:
                           1. Your college prep textbook
                           2. Your IB (purple) textbook
                           3. My lectures

    5. Note cards – keeping track of your sources and ideas
          a. Organize your paper into points of supporting evidence.
          b. When you take a piece of information from a primary or secondary source write
               the quote, paraphrase information or summary on a note card with the author’s
               first and last name.
          c. Then organize your note cards into your main point categories (each note card
               should contain supporting evidence for each point).
                     i. When you begin to piece your paper together, do NOT forget to include
                        the in-text citation for each note card.

Example Note card:

1. James H. Overfield Sources of Twentieth-Century Global History
Manifesto of the Ugandan Army page 360

“The creation of a wealthy class of leaders who are always talking of socialism while they grow
richer and the common man poorer…”

Commentary – the Ugandan Army under the leadership of Idi Amin explains the reasons why
previous leaders have not had the support of the people, this gives proof of political instability
after WWII, when the British left. Socialist ideas on the left and democratic ideas on the right
seem to have created political instability in Uganda giving rise to a strong dictator who promised
order and stability.
Step 4 The thesis Statement: After you have completed your research, you need to answer your
original question.

   Question: Is the oppression of women in Middle Eastern and East African nations a result of
   Islamic teachings?

    Thesis: The human rights violations of Middle Eastern and East African nations on women
    are not a result of Islamic teachings, but rather a cultural practice predating Islam that rests on
    patriarchal foundations.

Step 5 Proofreading your paper
         The Microsoft spell check is not going to catch all of your mistakes. When you have
written the rough draft, go over the paper line by line circling all mistakes, fix them, and give the
new version to someone else to proofread. A fresh pair of eyes might catch mistakes that you

Step 6 The final draft
        The final draft should have no errors, be 10 pages in length, in MLA format with a work
cited page as page number 11. You must have in-text citations for every source that you use in
your paper in addition to the work cited page. Please refer to the website at the beginning of this
packet for additional MLA information. Feel free to use my guest page at to
pose research or style questions.

Final Note: Pace yourself! You should have all of your research completed by May 18th. The
week of the 18th should be focused on writing the rough draft of your paper. The week of the 25th
should be devoted to proofreading and writing the final draft of your paper. Feel free to bring in
your rough draft for ideas and suggestions.

Happy Writing

(P.S. – Wikipedia is not a credible source – so don’t even try.)

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