DAY OF FASTING AND PRAYER GUIDELINES

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					    DAY OF FASTING AND PRAYER
            GUIDELINES
                           for Individuals or Small Groups




                                   TABLE OF CONTENTS

Day of Fasting and Prayer by Pastor Rick Warren........................................................................1-3
Your Personal Guide to Fasting and Prayer by By Dr. Bill Bright ............................................5-7
The Spiritual Discipline of Fasting by Pastor Lance Witt ........................................................9-13
      DAY OF FASTING AND PRAYER
                             By Pastor Rick Warren



WHAT IS FASTING?

Fasting is a spiritual discipline that is taught in the Bible. Jesus expected His
followers to fast, and He said that God rewards fasting. Fasting, according to the
Bible, means to voluntarily reduce or eliminate your intake of food for a specific time
and purpose.

  "When you give up eating, don't put on a sad face like the hypocrites. They make
  their faces look sad to show people they are giving up eating. I tell you the truth,
  those hypocrites already have their full reward. So when you give up eating, comb
  your hair and wash your face. Then people will not know that you are giving up
  eating, but your Father, whom you cannot see, will see you. Your Father sees what is
  done in secret, and he will reward you."              Matthew 6:16-18 (NCV)




WHY FAST?

There are many good reasons, and even health benefits, for fasting. However, our
UNITED DAY OF FASTING AND PRAYER on 9/22/04 for the 40 Days of Community
Campaign is for three primary reasons:



1. Fasting gives you more time for prayer. You can use the time you'd normally spend
   eating as time in prayer for what God wants to do among us during this Campaign.
   In the Bible, fasting is always connected with prayer.

  "While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, 'Set apart for
  me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.' So after they had
  fasted and prayed, they placed their hands on them and sent them off."
  Acts 13:2-3 (NIV)


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2. Fasting demonstrates the depth of your desire when praying for something. It
   shows you that you are serious enough about your prayer request to pay a personal
   price. God honors deep desire and praying in faith.

  "Declare a holy fast; call a sacred assembly. Summon the elders and all who live in
  the land to the house of the Lord your God, and cry out to the Lord.” Joel 1:14 (NIV)

  "Even now," declares the Lord, "return to Me with all your heart, with fasting and
  weeping and mourning." Joel 2:12 (NASB)



3. Fasting releases God's supernatural power. It is a tool we can use when there is
   opposition to God's will. Satan would like nothing better than to cause division,
   discouragement, defeat, depression, and doubt among us. United prayer and fasting
   has always been used by God to deal a decisive blow to the enemy!

  "So we fasted and prayed about these concerns. And he listened." Ezra 8:23 (Msg)

  "God says, "Is not this the kind of fasting I have chosen: to loose the chains of
  injustice and untie the cords of the yoke, to set the oppressed free and break every
  yoke?" Isaiah 58:6 (NIV)




THE IMPORTANCE OF FASTING

Often in the Bible, God's people fasted immediately before a major victory,
miracle, or answer to prayer. It prepared them for a blessing!

• Moses fasted before he received the Ten Commandments.

  "Moses was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights without eating bread or
  drinking water. And he wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant--the Ten
  Commandments."          Exodus 34:28 (NIV)

• The Israelites fasted before a miraculous victory.

  "Some men came and told Jehoshaphat, "A vast army is coming against you from
  Edom, from the other side of the Sea. It is already in Hazazon Tamar" (that is, En
  Gedi). Alarmed, Jehoshaphat resolved to inquire of the Lord, and he proclaimed a fast
  for all Judah." 2 Chronicles 20:2-3 (NIV)
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• Daniel fasted in order to receive guidance from God.

  "So I turned to the Lord God and pleaded with him in prayer and petition, in fasting,
  and in sackcloth and ashes." Daniel 9:3 (NIV)

  "While I was still in prayer, Gabriel, the man I had seen in the earlier vision, came to
  me in swift flight about the time of the evening sacrifice. He instructed me and said
  to me, 'Daniel, I have now come to give you insight and understanding.'"
  Daniel 9:21-22 (NIV)

• Nehemiah fasted before beginning a major building project.

  "When I heard these things, I sat down and wept. For some days I mourned and
  fasted and prayed before the God of heaven." Nehemiah 1:4 (NIV)

• Jesus fasted during His victory over temptation.

  "For forty wilderness days and nights he was tested by the Devil. He ate nothing
  during those days, and when the time was up he was hungry." Luke 4:2 (Msg)

• The first Christians fasted during-decision making times.

  "While they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, 'Set apart for
  me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them.' So after they had
  fasted and prayed, they placed their hands on them and sent them off."
  Acts 13:2-3 (NIV)



                                    TWO CAUTIONS

  1. Remember that fasting is not "earning" an answer to prayer. God cannot be
     blackmailed by human effort. God wants to answer our prayers and He answers
     out of grace. Fasting simply prepares us for God's answer.



  2. Fast only if your health allows it at this time. If you are able to do only a partial
     fast - do it in faith and God will honor your intentions.




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                     INSIGHTS
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                             ADAPTED FROM:

    YOUR PERSONAL GUIDE TO
       FASTING & PRAYER
                                By Dr. Bill Bright
                     Campus Crusade for Christ, International

                       URL: http://www.ccci.org/howtofast/

Description of Website: This study will explain why you should fast, how to fast
safely, what type of fast is right for you, and much more.



MAKING YOUR SPIRITUAL EXPERIENCE THE BEST IT CAN BE:

Receiving God's best blessing from a fast requires solid commitment. Arranging
special time each day with God is absolutely crucial in attaining intimate communion
with the Father. You must devote yourself to seeking God's face, even (and especially)
during those times in which you feel weak, vulnerable, or irritable. Read His Word and
pray during what were mealtimes. Meditate on Him when you awake in the night.
Sing praises to Him whenever you please. Focus on your Heavenly Father and make
every act one of praise and worship. God will enable you to experience His command
to "pray without ceasing" as you seek His presence.

As you enter this time of heightened spiritual devotion, be aware that Satan will do
everything he can to pull you away from your prayer and Bible reading time. When
you feel the enemy trying to discourage you, immediately go to God in prayer and ask
Him to strengthen your resolve in the face of difficulties and temptations.

The enemy makes you a target because he knows that fasting is the most powerful of
all Christian disciplines and that God may have something very special to show you
as you wait upon Him and seek His face. Satan does not want you to grow in your
faith, and will do anything from making you hungry and grumpy to bringing up
trouble in your family or at work to stop you. Make prayer your shield against such
attacks.

Do not become so caught up in praying for yourself and others that you forget about
simply reverencing and praising God. True spiritual fasting focuses on God. Center
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your total being on Him, your attitudes, actions, motives, desires, and words. This can
only take place if God and His Holy Spirit are at the center of your attention. Confess
your sins as the Holy Spirit brings them to your attention and continue to focus on
God and God alone so that your prayers may be powerful and effective.

A renewed closeness with God and a greater sensitivity to spiritual things are usually
the results of a fast. Do not be disappointed if you do not have a "mountaintop
experience," as some do. Many people who have successfully completed extended
fasts tell of feeling a nearness to God that they have never before known, but others
who have honestly sought His face report no particular outward results at all. For
others, their fast was physically, emotionally, and spiritually grueling, but they knew
they had been called by God to fast, and they completed the fast unto Him as an act
of worship. God honored that commitment.

Your motive in fasting must be to glorify God, not to have an emotional experience,
and not to attain personal happiness. When your motives are right, God will honor
your seeking heart and bless your time with Him in a very special way.



MAINTAINING NUTRITIONAL BALANCE:

There are many types of fasts, and the option you choose depends upon your health,
the desired length of your fast, and your preference:

• A Water Fast - means to abstain from all food and juices

• A Partial Fast - means to eliminate certain foods or specific meals

• A "Juice" Fast - means to drink only fruit or vegetable juices during meal times

I know the prospect of going without food for an extended period of time may be of
concern to some. But there are ways to ensure that your body is getting the nutrients
it needs, so you can remain safe and healthy during your fast.

If you are beginning a juice fast, there are certain juices you may wish to avoid and
certain ones that are especially beneficial. You may find the following daily schedule
helpful during your fast.

• 5:00 a.m. - 8:00 a.m.
  Fruit juices, preferably freshly squeezed or blended, diluted in 50 percent distilled
  water if the fruit is acid. Orange, apple, pear, grapefruit, papaya, grape, peach or
  other fruits are good.

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• 10:30 a.m. - noon
  Vegetable juice made from lettuce, celery, and carrots in three equal parts.

• 2:30 p.m. - 4:00 p.m.
  Herb tea with a drop of honey. Make sure that it is not black tea or tea with a
  stimulant.

• 6:00 p.m. - 8:30 p.m.
  Broth from boiled potatoes, celery, and carrots (no salt).

I suggest that you do not drink milk because it is a pure food and therefore a
violation of the fast. Any product containing protein or fat, such as milk or soy-based
drinks, should be avoided. These products will restart the digestion cycle and you will
again feel hunger pangs. Also, for health reasons, stay away from caffeinated
beverages such as coffee, tea, or cola. Because caffeine is a stimulant, it has a more
powerful effect on your nervous system when you abstain from food. This works both
against the physical and spiritual aspects of the fast.

Another key factor in maintaining optimum health during a fast is to limit your
physical activity. Exercise only moderately, and rest as much as your schedule will
permit (this especially applies to extended fasts). Short naps are helpful as well.
Walking a mile or two each day at a moderate pace is acceptable for a person in
good health, and on a juice fast. However, no one on a water fast should exercise
without the supervision of a fasting specialist.



HOW TO FINISH YOUR FAST IN A HEALTHY WAY:

Most experts agree that breaking a fast with vegetables, either steamed or raw, is
best. Your stomach is smaller at this point, so eat lightly. Stop before you feel full.
Stay away from starches like pastas, potatoes, rice, or bread (except for "Melba
toast"). Also avoid meats, dairy products, and any fats or oils. Introduce them slowly
and in small amounts.

Extended fasts are not the only fasts which need to be ended with caution. Even a 3-
day fast requires reasonable precautions. It is wise to start with a little soup -
something thin and nourishing such as vegetable broth made from onion, celery,
potatoes, and carrots - and fresh fruits such as watermelon and cantaloupe.

In terms of resuming any sort of exercise routine, the advice is the same. Start out
slowly, allowing time for your body to re-adjust to its usual regime.

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                     INSIGHTS
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                                8
      THE SPIRITUAL DISCIPLINE
             OF FASTING
                 PRE-CAMPAIGN MESSAGE
              FOR STAFF AND CAMPAIGN TEAM
                      By Pastor Lance Witt


AN OUTDATED ODDITY?

When I was a kid growing up in church, I heard hundreds of sermons, sat through
hundreds of small group lessons, and participated in dozens of programs at my
church. Throughout all of those years saturated in "church," I do not remember my
pastor one time ever doing a message on fasting. I do not ever remember a small
group lesson on fasting. I don't ever remember our church being called to a time of
prayer and fasting as we sought God on some important decision.

By default, I grew up thinking that fasting was something they did in the Old
Testament that was sort of like animal sacrifices. We just don't do it anymore. And I
was fine with that. The idea of going extended periods of time without eating didn't
sound like my idea of fun.



AN ASSUMED PRACTICE!

But, then we read a passage like Matthew 6:16-18 (NIV):

"When you fast, do not look somber as the hypocrites do, for they disfigure their faces
to show men they are fasting. I tell you the truth, they have received their reward in
full. But when you fast, put oil on your head and wash your face, so that it will not be
obvious to men that you are fasting, but only to your Father, who is unseen; and your
Father, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you."

This passage comes right in the middle of Jesus' teaching on prayer and giving. In
this sermon, Jesus uses phrases like: "When you give" (v. 2), "When you pray" (v. 5),
and "When you fast" (v. 16). Jesus assumes that his audience will give, will pray, and
will fast. Fasting is not an option. It is not an oddity. Fasting, according to Jesus, is a
given. In fact, fasting is mentioned more times in the Bible than baptism!
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In the Bible, we observe the people of God fasting for a variety of reasons:

• They were facing a crisis

• They were seeking God's protection and deliverance

• They had been called to repentance and renewal

• They were asking God for guidance

• They were humbling themselves in worship



THE DANGER IN THE DISCIPLINE

But there is an inherent danger in fasting. It is the same danger that is found in the
practice of any spiritual discipline. We can turn fasting into an end unto itself, rather
than a means to an end. It can become merely an external practice without an
internal passion. It can be reduced to a habit without heart. We see an example of
this in Luke 18:12, where Jesus tells the story of a Pharisee who bragged to God in
prayer that he fasted twice a week. Pharisees habitually fasted twice a week, usually
on the 2nd and 5th days of the week. These two days happened to be the major days
for the Jewish market. That meant the city was packed with farmers, merchants, and
shoppers. Therefore, these days of public fasting would have the largest audiences.
Jesus condemned the practice of fasting when it was done in such a way as to
receive public adulation.

We have an ability to take that which is sacred, holy, and meant to draw us closer to
the Father, and turn it into a merely mechanical, religious drill that we use to impress
others of our spirituality. What was intended to draw us to God now actually
distances us from God because we have perverted it. And God notices. He prompted
the prophet Zechariah to ask the people and the priests of Israel, "During those
seventy years of exile, when you fasted and mourned in the summer and at the
festival in early autumn, was it really for Me that you were fasting?" (Zechariah 7:5
NLT Italics is mine)


A TIME OF FEASTING

When John Wesley spoke of fasting, he said "First, let it be done unto the Lord with
our eye singly fixed on Him. Let our intention herein be this, and this alone, to
glorify our Father which is in Heaven."
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When we decide to set aside time to fast,
                                                    • Fasting is not so much about food
here is what I think would please the heart
                                                      as it is about focus.
of God. Let's talk about this time of spiritual
discipline not as a day of fasting, but a day
                                                    • Fasting is not so much about
of feasting - feasting on Jesus.                      saying no to the body as it is
                                                      about saying yes to the Spirit.
There is an orphanage in India where the
staff and the children all fast every Friday.       • Fasting is not about doing with-
And you know what they call it? They call it          out, it is about looking within.
their day of feasting on Jesus. And do you
know what they do during their day of               • Fasting is an outward response to
feasting? They pray for the American church.          an inward attitude and cry of the
Now, that is humbling.                                soul.




A CALL TO FAST

That is why the Lord says, "Turn to me now, while there is time! Give me your hearts.
Come with fasting, weeping, and mourning. [13] Don't tear your clothing in your grief;
instead, tear your hearts." Return to the Lord your God, for he is gracious and merciful.
He is not easily angered. He is filled with kindness and is eager not to punish you.
[14]
     Who knows? Perhaps even yet he will give you a reprieve, sending you a blessing
instead of this terrible curse. Perhaps he will give you so much that you will be able to
offer grain and wine to the Lord your God as before!

   Blow the trumpet in Jerusalem! Announce a time of fasting; call the people together
[15]


for a solemn meeting. [16] Bring everyone-the elders, the children, and even the babies.
Call the bridegroom from his quarters and the bride from her private room. [17] The
priests, who minister in the Lord's presence, will stand between the people and the
altar, weeping. Let them pray, "Spare your people, Lord! They belong to you, so don't let
them become an object of mockery. Don't let their name become a proverb of
unbelieving foreigners who say, 'Where is the God of Israel? He must be helpless!' "
Joel 2:12-17 (NLT)

1. Fasting starts with the spiritual leaders. Joel starts off his urgent call to a fast
   by saying, "Hear this, you elders." (Joel 1:2)

2. Fasting is often associated with a sense of spiritual desperation. Joel 2:12 says,
   "Turn to me now, while there is time!" Notice the sense of urgency and
   desperation.


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3. Fasting is a call to return to God. (Joel 2:13) Israel's first need, like that of the
   prodigal son, was just to come home to the Father. God doesn't talk about the
   people's need for better plans, programs, or strategies. He is simply saying to
   them: You have been unfaithful to me. Come home.

   Fasting helps to express, to deepen, to confirm the resolution that we are ready
   to sacrifice anything…to attain what we seek for the kingdom of God.
                                                              Andrew Murray

4. Fasting is not about the externals. In Joel 2:13, God says, "Don't tear your
   clothing in grief, instead tear your hearts." It is entirely possible to go without
   food and not have a true fast.

5. Fasting is the response of a broken heart. Why does Joel say, "Come with
   weeping, fasting, and mourning"? (2:12) Because repentance is the appropriate
   response when you have strayed. And, God is responsive. "He is gracious and
   merciful…not easily angered" (2:13). Somehow, God is drawn to the empty,
   broken, needy, and weak. As Jim Cymbala says, "God is attracted to weakness."

6. Fasting is the humble response to immense responsibility. Joel calls a solemn
   assembly. In verse 15 he says, "blow the trumpet…announce a time of fasting"
   and he urges everyone to get there - the elders, the children, the babies; he even
   says to get the bride and groom! Why? Because God's name and reputation were
   at stake (2:17). The people of Israel were being urged to enter a time of fasting,
   with the direct result that they would preserve God's reputation and glorify His
   name. That is an immense responsibility!



PLUG INTO GOD'S POWER

I'll tell you what a sobering thought to me is, as I think about 40 Days of Community.
It is the thought that God has given us a sacred stewardship. He has allowed us to
lead something much larger than ourselves or our church. With that comes great
responsibility, because His name and reputation are on the line.

Let's not forget that the 40 Days of Community Campaign is not an end in itself. It is
simply a way of putting people in touch with the life-changing power of God for their
lives. We have a plan called 40 Days of Community, but we need the power of God in
it. And, you don't program the power of God into something, you pray the power of
God into it.


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I am excited that we have made prayer a
vital part of this year's campaign, but I have     • Fasting is not a means of seeking
a fear. My fear is that we will talk so much         God's blessings, as much as it is a
about prayer that we are lulled into thinking        means of seeking God.
that we are actually praying, when we're
really not. Think of it this way: You walk into    • Fasting is not a test for super
someone's house, and you notice that the             saints, it is not a means of twist-
                                                     ing God's arm, and it is not a
door squeaks, the paint is peeling, the legs on
                                                     magical formula for getting
their chairs are broken, and the windows are
                                                     through to God.
cracked and hanging off their hinges. Then
you walk into their garage and see that is full    • Fasting is feasting on the Lord.
of state-of-the-art tools, all gleaming, fresh       Looking to him for comfort,
out of the boxes. But you can tell from the          power, strength, guidance,
state of the house that these wonderful tools        forgiveness, and hope.
have never been used. Tools are only good if
they are put to use.

Likewise, we have this incredibly powerful tool called prayer. But it will do us no good
if we know it's there, but we keep it in storage, never pulling it out and applying it to
our problems, concerns, relationships, and responsibilities. Prayer is the tool that God
has given us to use on all the disrepair in our lives, in our church body, in our
communities, in our country. I would urge you to use the experience of fasting to
restore your focus and revive the power of prayer in your life. Feast on God during
this important time.




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                     INSIGHTS
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