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					   NOAA
    LEADING INTEGRATED EARTH
    OBSERVATIONS
    Briefing for NOAA Leadership Seminar

Gregory W. Withee
                                                        January
Assistant Administrator for Satellite and Information Services 2005
March 24, 2005
OVERVIEW


Leading integrated Earth observations for:

    NOAA to meet its mission directives

    the nation, through the White House-chartered Interagency Working
     Group on Earth Observations (IWGEO)

    the world, through the intergovernmental Group on Earth
     Observations (GEO)




                                   INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS         2
OSTP/OMB FY 2005 BUDGET
DIRECTIVES

“A key goal of the Administration’s R&D investments is to
enhance capabilities to assess and predict key environmental
systems.”

“To this end, integrated, comprehensive, global observation
systems are required for understanding, monitoring, and
predicting changes to the Earth system (atmosphere, land,
freshwater, ocean and ecosystems.)”




                               INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS   3
Linking Earth Observations to
Societal Benefits




                   INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS   4
NOAA—SERVICE THROUGH
OBSERVATIONS




 Applied Research                          Data Assimilation
                                             & Modeling




                    Observing Systems




   Partnerships                              Environmental
                                               Services
                            INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS      5
RELEVANCE – ONE EXAMPLE

 Drought results in average annual losses
 of $6-8 billion to all economic sectors,
 including agriculture
      Affect planning & harvesting
      Puts restraints on water use
      Could likely cause active forest fire season

 Understanding El Niño/La Niña patterns
    Help predict & understand droughts,
       harvests, potential crop damage
      Make decisions based on sustainable
       agriculture practices
      Worldwide benefits to agriculture
       $450-$550M annually

                                      INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS   6
NOAA OBSERVING SYSTEMS




     Space-Based                         Ocean-Based




             Land-Based                      Air-Based

                          INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS   7
OBSERVATIONS SUPPORT
NOAA GOALS



  Ecosystem                                  Weather and Water
  Phytoplankton Blooms                       Temperature and Moisture Profiles
  Surface Vegetation Fraction & Index        Lightning Detection
  Location of hazardous materials            Wind Analysis
  Upward Longwave Radiation                  Solar and Space Weather




  Climate                                    Commerce and Transportation
  Ozone Layers SO2 Concentration             Volcanic Ash
  Fires                                      Ice, Fog, Snow, and Wind
  Land & Sea Surface Temperatures            Thunderstorm Detection
  Cloud Profiles                             MTS, Nautical Charts/Ports


                                        INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS            8
IMPLEMENTING NOAA OBSERVING
SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE


    Ensure continuity of observations

    Develop new systems

    Obtain data from non-NOAA sources

    Add capacity to existing systems

    Retire unnecessary duplicative systems

    Ensure best use of all available data




                              INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS   9
FY 2005 OBJECTIVES

 Prioritize observing system investments for FY 2008 budget cycle

 Carry out major systems acquisition (ships, GOES-R, NPOESS,
 CLASS)

 Increase observation integration efforts (tsunami warning network)

 Develop NASA/NOAA Research to Operations Plan

 Implement Strategic Plan for U.S. Integrated Earth Observation
 System

 Continue active leadership in GEOSS implementation




                                   INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS      10
Drivers for Research to Operations


  NASA and NOAA Research to Operations experience
      TIROS, SeaSat, –> Nimbus,POES, GOES
      EOS -> NPP/NPOESS
      EOSDIS data system
      JCSDA
  Inventory of NASA Earth-Sun System research results to be addressed

  National Goal and Agency Objectives
      “…demonstrate new technologies for improving operational systems of
        the future.”

  IWGEO and GEO
      Configuring/enabling sustainable solutions for societal benefits


                                         INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS       11
Approach



    NASA                   NOAA                 NOAA
   Research           Research /Routine       Operational
   Capability            Production            Capability



        NASA-NOAA
        Research to
         Operations
                                 NOAA Research to Applications




                              INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS      12
Coordination within NOAA


 Comply with NOAA Research to Applications Policy

 Meetings
   NESDIS Executive Board (NEB) (March 1)
   NOAA Observing Systems Council (March 4)
   Office of Research and Applications (March 18)
   Office of Satellite Data Processing and Distribution
   NOAA Research Council
   Also:
        Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation
        NWS/OS&T
        Integrated Program Office


                                           INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS   13
Working Schedule



   12/04           1/05        3/05         4/05         5/05         6/05          9/05




 NASA/NOAA     NASA & NOAA   Framework   Preliminary   Pathfinder    FY2008         N/N
 Research to   Management    Document    NASA/NOAA     Unit          Budget     Research to
 Operations      Briefings   complete    Research to   Transition    Plan(s)    Operations
 White Paper                             Operations    Plans        submitted    Transition
                                            Plan       drafted                      Plan
                                                                                 Submitted




                                            INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS                  14
BEYOND NOAA:
NATIONAL PARTNERING


Active participant in White House-chartered Interagency
Working Group on Earth Observations (IWGEO) involving 18
Federal agencies and the White House offices

Leading development of U.S. Strategic Plan for the U.S.
Integrated Earth Observation System, which focuses on 9
societal benefit areas




                              INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS   15
NSTC STRUCTURE
                                                  National Science
                                               and Technology Council

                Science         Committee on Environment and                       Homeland & National            Technology
               Committee         Natural Resources (CENR)                          Security Committee             Committee


                      Subcommittee on Global       Air Quality Research
                        Change Research                Subcommittee
                                                                                             Interagency Working Group on
                                                                                             Endocrine Disruptors
Biodiversity and Ecosystem Ecological Systems      Toxics & Risk Assessment
Informatics Working Group    Subcommittee                Subcommittee                        Interagency Working Group on
                                                                                             Mercury
                             Subcommittee on
                                 Disaster          Subcommittee on Oceans
                                                    (also reports to Committee on Science)
                                Reduction


                            Subcommittee on
                                                   Interagency Working Group on              Earth Observations Subcommittee
                            Water Availability &                                             To be formed
                                                    Earth Observations (IWGEO)
                                 Quality

                                                       Subcommittee on Health and the Environment
                                                    (also reports to Committee on Science and Commission
                                                              on Homeland and National Security



                                                                     INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS                             16
IWGEO CHARTER


 Develop a U.S. Integrated Earth Observation System

 Provide U.S. input to international Global Earth Observation
 System of Systems (GEOSS)




                                INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS   17
U.S. INTEGRATED EARTH
OBSERVATION SYSTEM
 VISION
     Enable a healthy public, economy,
       and planet through an integrated,
       comprehensive, and sustained
       Earth observation system.

 BENEFIT AREAS
     Weather forecasting
     Disaster reduction
     Oceans
     Climate change
     Agriculture
     Health
     Ecosystems
                                               Presented at the Earth Observation
     Water                                     Summit-III in Brussels, Belgium
                                                       February 16, 2005
     Energy
                                           INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS            18
ARCHITECTURE—NATIONAL


Builds on existing systems

Addresses planned, research and
operational systems

Capabilities interfaced through
interoperability specifications

Preserves continuity of observations




                                  INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS   19
DATA MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR
EARTH OBSERVATIONS—
NATIONAL

Data management needs
   Current systems already challenged
   New systems mean
     100-fold increase in data

   Development of access systems
   Integration through interoperability




                                     INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS   20
NEAR-TERM OPPORTUNITIES—
NATIONAL
 Improved Observations for Disaster Warnings (includes
 tsunami network announced by the Administration on
 January 14, 2005)

 Global Land Observing System

 Sea Level Observing System

 National Integrated Drought Information System

 Air Quality Assessment and Forecast System




                              INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS   21
NEXT STEPS: U.S. PLAN

Present final U.S. Strategic Plan at Third Earth Observation
Summit in Brussels (February 15, 2005)

Continue to engage academic, industry, and non-profit
partners to implement strategy
    Late Spring 2005 workshop
    Continued interaction with Industry Alliance for Earth Observations




                                     INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS         22
BEYOND NOAA:
INTERNATIONAL PARTNERING
 Leading development of Global Earth Observation System of
 Systems (GEOSS) Implementation Plan

 Active participants in GEO subgroup activities that provided
 technical basis for plan




          Representatives of 34 nations attended the first Earth Observation Summit.


                                               INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS           23
EARTH OBSERVATION
SUMMIT DECLARATION
Ministers from 34 countries recognized need for:
   1. Comprehensive, coordinated, and sustained Earth observation
      system or systems;
   2. Coordinated effort to address capacity-building needs related to
      Earth observations;
   3. Exchange of observations in a full and open manner with minimum
      time delay and minimum cost; and
   4. Preparation of a 10-year Implementation Plan, building on existing
      systems and initiatives




                                     INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS         24
GEOSS BENEFITS FOCUS




                    Natural & Human                          Water Resources                          Terrestrial, Coastal
                   Induced Disasters                                                                       & Marine
                                                                                                         Ecosystems




Human Health &                           Energy Resources                            Sustainable
  Well-Being                                                                        Agriculture &
                                                                                    Desertification




                  Weather Information,                      Climate Variability &                        Biodiversity
                 Forecasting & Warning                           Change


                                                            INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS                               25
GEOSS NEXT STEPS


Adopt GEOSS Implementation Plan at Third Earth Observation
Summit, February 2005

Establish governance organization to replace ad hoc
intergovernmental Group on Earth Observations, to facilitate
implementation




                               INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS   26
SUMMARY

To achieve the stated social benefits, DOC/NOAA leadership
is
    Required for a sustained international Earth observation program
    Critical to implementing the U.S. Integrated Earth Observation
      System

NOAA observing programs account for over one third of the
budget and comprise essential building blocks of a sustained
global Earth observation system




                                   INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS        27
EARTH OBSERVATION INFO...

 Intergovernmental ad hoc Group on Earth Observations

 http://earthobservations.org

 Interagency Working Group on
 Earth Observations

 http://iwgeo.ssc.nasa.gov




                                INTEGRATED EARTH OBSERVATIONS   28

				
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