Internationalization of Education _in Bulgaria_ Realities

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					    Internationalization of Education
       and the Fulbright Program

Dr. Julia Stefanova,
Executive Director,
Bulgarian-American Fulbright Commission
  The Importance of Being Earnest
         about Education

 Education in the 21st century is the strategic
  driver of progress based on the knowledge
 Education in the 21st century is a sine qua non
  of prosperity;
 Education is an element of happiness: health,
  peace and competence (Pope); love, peace and
  software (Forbes);
 A little learning is a dangerous thing (Pope).
The New Profile of the Educated Person
         in the 21st Century

  Diverse knowledge;
   Creativity and innovative thinking;
  Communication and intercultural skills; global
  Ability to tackle unpredictability, uncertainty,
   ambiguity, non-linearity, complexity, risk;
  Ability to manage delayered organizations and
  Globalization and Internationalization

   Globalization involves changes in the economic,
    social, political, and cultural environment brought
    about by global competition, the integration of
    markets, increasingly dense communication networks,
    information flows and mobility.
   Internationalization is a conscious process, a set of
    policies by which institutions foster global learning; a
    way to control globalization and mitigate its negative
   Global learning: the knowledge, skills and attitudes
    that students acquire through a variety of experiences
    that enable them to understand world cultures and
    events; to analyze global systems; to appreciate
    cultural differences; to apply this knowledge to their
    lives as citizens and workers.

Reichert, S. and Wachter, B. 2000. The Globalization of Education and Training: Recommendations For a
              Coherent Response of the European Union. Brussels: European Commission.
What Does Internationalization of
      Education Involve?

  A process of integrating an international
  intercultural or global dimension into the
      purpose, functions, or delivery of
  postsecondary education; the process by
   which institutions foster global learning.

                       Olson, Christa L.; Green, Madeleine, and Hill,
                       Barbara, 2006. A Handbook for Advancing
                       Comprehensive Internationalization: What
                       Institutions Can Do and What Students Should
                       Learn. Global Learning for All: The Third in a Series
                       of Working Papers on Internationalizing Higher
                       Education in The United States. American Council on
                       Education. Washington, D.C. (
What Can International Education

          The essence of intercultural education is
          the acquisition of empathy – the ability
          to see the world as others see it, and to
          allow for the possibility that others may
          see something we have failed to see or
          may see it more accurately. The simple
          purpose of the exchange programs … is
          to erode the culturally rooted mistrust
          that sets nations against one another.
          The exchange program is not a panacea
          but an avenue of hope.

                J.W. Fulbright, The Price of Empire
Elements of Internationalization
    in University Education

 Awareness of the importance of
  internationalization by the central
  administration and faculty; mission and
  vision statements, strategic plans and goals
  specifically including internationalization;
 Education/study abroad programs;
 Curricular integration with study abroad;
 Academic and research programs offered
  through partnerships and linkages with
  international universities: double and joint
    Elements of Internationalization
        in University Education

 Recruitment and active academic and co-curricular
  involvement of international students and scholars in
  all disciplines;
 Courses with components supporting global learning;
 Increased foreign language requirements in degree
  programs and fluency of faculty and students;
 Service learning programs for credit toward degrees;
 Institutional investment in faculty involved in
 Organizational and administrative infrastructure of
  support for internationalizing elements.
Elements of Internationalization
    in University Education
 Incorporation of international activities in the
  promotion of faculty;
 External financial support for faculty and students
  in international activities;
 Connecting the above discrete internationalizing
  elements to achieve synergistic effects, e.g.
  international agreements leading to study abroad ,
  double/joint degrees; student and faculty
  exchanges; joint research projects etc.
   Yopp, John, University of Kentucky,Lexington,2008. Internationalization Strategies of
   Institutions of Higher Education in the United States and Their Impact on Trans-Atlantic Student
   Exchange and Institutional Cooperation, 2008

 Time-distance;
 Ease of access;
 Ability to send/receive
  communication any time
 Mobility-related exclusion
            Academic Mobility

 Faculty mobility: teaching, research, scientific
  and professional fora, institutional exchanges,
  associations (ACA, Professors across Borders);
 Student mobility:
      forms: degree/non-degree;
       inbound/outbound; vertical/horizontal;
      purpose: study (degree/non-degree
       programs; internships; summer schools;
       service learning; language training); search
       for better quality.
             Global Mobility

 Fourfold increase of degree mobility since the
  late 1970s and early 1980s: 3 mln increase in
  less than 35 years; Europe’s share – 50%;US
  share -20%;
 Credit mobility statistics is unknown;
 Foreign students in Europe: 704 000;
 Foreign students in the US: 671 000.
Foreign Students in some EU
 Countries in AY 2008-2009

       UK: 460 000;
       Germany: 259 000;
       France: 247 000;
       Italy: 57 000;
       Spain: 60 000;
       Poland: 13 000;
       Bulgaria: 10 034.
    BG Students in Europe

 Austria: about 4000 (AY 2009-2010)
 UK: 3636 (AY 2009-2010)
 Germany: about 10 000 (AY 2008-2009)
 France: over 3000 (AY 2009-2010)
 Spain: over 200 (AY 2009-2010)
    The Role of the Fulbright Program in
        Internationalizing Education
   Mission:
     Promote mutual understanding and cultural empathy through
      exchange of education, knowledge, skills and values;
   Prestige, potential, achievements:
     Flagship US and international program of academic exchange
      established in 1946;
     Programs: Core Fulbright US and foreign graduate student,
      scholar and teacher exchanges; Fulbright Specialist Program, New
      Century Scholars; Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminars; US Studies
      Institutes; ETA and FLTA programs; Fulbright Science and
      Technology Award;
     Over 300,000 alumni from 140 countries;
     18 heads of state; 20 Ministers of Foreign affairs; 1UN Secretary
      General; 1 NATO Secretary General; 1 walked on the Moon; 36
      Nobel prize winners; 60 Pulitzer prize winners;1 Olympic gold
      medalist, etc.
The Fulbright Program in Bulgaria
   Administered by the Bulgarian-American Commission of
    Educational Exchange established in 1993 by a bilateral agreement
    between the governments of the US and the Republic of Bulgaria;

   Programs in Bulgaria: core student and scholar program; senior
    specialist program; ETA program; Fulbright-Hays Summer
    seminars; Hubert Humphrey fellowship; New Century Scholars;
    Science and Technology Award; Fulbright-Oklahoma MBA
    scholarship; Fulbright-Thanks to Scandinavia scholarship;
    Fulbright-CEE Trust research award;

   Supplemental activities: advising and outreach; language training,
    paper-based and computer-based testing (SAT, GMAT, GRE,
    LSAT,CFA, EPSO etc); biennial conferences, seminars, workshops;
    binational and regional projects; FISI;

   Fulbright alumni by 2010: 907 ( 479 Bulgarians and 428
                US Grantees
                and Alumni
                 by Home

Over 30
Between 10-30

Less than 10
US Grantees and
Alumni by Host City

                         Svishtov -

Pravets -     Trojan –
Chelopech -
                                      Karnobat -

                                             Over 30
                                             Between 10-30

                                             Less than 10
                Grantees and
                Alumni by
                Host US State

Over 30
Between 10-30

Less than 10
Bulgarian Grantees and Alumni by Home City/Institution

       Asenovgrad             Ognyanovo
       Balchik                Pazardjik
       Bansko                 Pernik
       Blagoevgrad            Pleven
       Botevgrad              Plovdiv
       Bourgas                Pravets
       Cherven Bryag          Rousse
       Dobrich                Sandanski
       Dolna Oryahovitsa      Shoumen
       Gabrovo                Simitli
       Haskovo                Sofia
       Karnare                Stara Zagora
       Kardzhali              Varna
       Kazanlak               Veliko Turnovo
       Kyustendil             Vidin
       Lovech                 Vratsa
                                                  Over 30
       Montana                Yambol
       Nova Zagora                                Between 10-30

                                                  Less than 10
          Fulbright International
         Summer Institute (FISI)

 FISI is an academic and cultural program created
  by the Bulgarian-American Fulbright Commission
  in 2002.
 FISI offers one- or two-week intensive courses in
  a wide variety of subject areas: politics and
  international relations; business and economics;
  law, communication, education, science, social
  studies, art, culture and Bulgarian studies.
 All courses are taught in English by distinguished
  Bulgarian, European and American professors,
  most of whom are Fulbright grantees or alumni.
               FISI Goals and Results
   Promotes the Fulbright idea of mutual understanding through academic
    exchange and cultural empathy;
   Helps US Fulbrighters adjust to the Bulgarian educational and cultural
   Promotes international education;
   Provides unique opportunities for intercultural and interpersonal
   Exposes FISI students to diverse educational models and philosophies, and
    up-to-date teaching methods and techniques;
   Offers interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary courses that are not taught in
    most universities, especially in Bulgaria;
   Creates unique opportunities for communication among students and
   Offers opportunities for FISI students to practice and improve their English;
   Gives Bulgarian and foreign instructors the great opportunity to teach a
    highly motivated and diverse student audience;
   Brings together students from Bulgaria and the Balkan region and creates
    conditions for unbiased positive contacts and friendship;
   Promotes Bulgaria, its people, beautiful nature, rich history and culture.
                      FISI Facts and Figures
   Since 2002 FISI has hosted 393 participants from 31
    countries (plus 100 participants from 19 countries expected
    to attend FISI 2010)
    (Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Croatia, Czech
    Republic, Georgia, Italy, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Macedonia, Moldova, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal,
    Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, South Africa, Turkey, UK, Ukraine, USA,

   Since 2002 FISI has hosted 66 lecturers from 35 institutions
    (plus 24 lecturers expected to teach at FISI 2010)
    (Academic Training Association, American Research Center in Sofia, American University in Bulgaria,
    Arizona State University, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgarian National Radio, Cleveland State
    University, Common Cause Foundation, Florida Atlantic University, George Washington University,
    Gettysburg College, Graceland University, Harvard University, Hewlett Packard Bulgaria, Indiana
    University, Media Development Center, National Academy of Arts, National Library "St.St. Cyril and
    Methodius", New Bulgarian University, Northwest Vista College, Phelps Dunbar LLP, Sofia University
    “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Technical University of Sofia, TV 7, UC Berkeley, University of British Columbia,
    University of Dayton, University of Delaware, University of Hull, University of Lincoln, University of
    Michigan, University of Minnesota, University of National and World Economy, University of North
    Dakota, University of Tennessee)
                 FISI 2010 Program

       Course 01: International Investing: Opportunities and Risks
Lecturer: Prof. Dr. Chenchu Bathala, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH, USA
       Course 02: Negotiation and Conflict Resolution
Lecturer: Prof. George Siedel, University of Michigan, Ross School of Business, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
       Course 03: Perspectives on Public Diplomacy and Foreign Policy
Lecturer: Prof. Dr. Charles Gliozzo, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA
       Course 04: Development Struggles in a Globalized World: The Political Economy of Asia, Africa, Latin America and
the Middle East
Lecturer: Dr. Ivani Vassoler-Froelich, State University of New York, Fredonia, NY, USA
       Course 05: American Foreign Policy and the International System in the Era of Globalization
Lecturer: Prof. Dr. Mark Kramer, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
       Course 06: Peace and Conflict Resolution in the 21st Century
Lecturer: Dr. Syed Hussain Shaheed Soherwordi, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK
       Course 07: Logic in the Continental Tradition
Lecturer: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Alexander Gungov, Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Sofia, Bulgaria
       Course 08: Seeing Films Philosophically
Lecturer: Dr. Costica Bradatan, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA
       Course 09: The Philosophical Issues of the XXI Century (in Bulgarian)
Lecturers: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Lidia Denkova and Prof. Dr. Hristo Todorov, New Bulgarian University, Sofia, Bulgaria
       Course 10: D.A.R.E. --- Debate. Argue. Reason. Examine.
Lecturer: David M. Korn, Phelps Dunbar LLP, New Orleans, LA
       Course 11: Projects Writing and Projects Management
Lecturer: Danail Danov, Communications and Human Resources Development Center, Sofia, Bulgaria
       Course 12: Introduction to Bulgarian Culture (history, politics, economy, folklore, art and culture)
Lecturers: Team
       MA – SU1 (Joint Program with Sofia University): North America and Europe in the Indochina Conflict
Lecturer: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Kostadin Grozev, Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Sofia, Bulgaria
       MA – SU2 (Joint Program with Sofia University): Canadian Studies: Culture, Literature and Identity
Lecturer: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Madeleine Danov, Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Sofia, Bulgaria
       SRC (Joint Program with Sofia Regional Court): Court-Annexed Mediation
Lecturer: James Kerwin, Harvard Law School, Cambridge, MA, USA
       NBU Workshop: Words and Worlds of Thinking and Art
Presenter: Asst. Prof. Milka Hadjikoteva, New Bulgarian University, Sofia, Bulgaria
Fulbright International Summer Institute

International educational exchange is the most
significant current project designed to continue the
process of humanizing mankind to the point, we
would hope, that man can learn to live in peace –
eventually even to cooperate in constructive
activities rather than compete in a mindless contest
of mutual destruction…
We must try to expand the boundaries of human
wisdom, empathy and perception, and there is no way
of doing that except through education.