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					WELCOME        TO THE FAMILY OF         MVP RV
OWNERS!
  This Owner’s Guide describes many features and
components of your RV. It is intended to help you operate,
care for and maintain your RV.
    Procedures outlined in this guide are typical for normal
operating conditions. You are responsible for the safe
operation and use of your RV, and we have tried to include
as much information as possible to help you. There are
occasional tips to help you enjoy the recreational lifestyle, but
this guide is not intended to teach you how to camp, or
where. There are many publications available that can tell
you everything you want to know about RVing.
   You don’t have to read this guide like a storybook. You can




                                                                           MVP RV
read the chapters in any order as you need to, but be sure to
read it all. The information is intended as a guide, and is not
meant in any way to supplement, alter or supplant the MVP
RV One-Year Limited Warranty or other warranties supplied by
manufacturers of the RV’s components.
     The MVP RV Limited Warranty and limited warranties
issued by the component manufacturers require you to
perform periodic service and maintenance, and failure to
provide these services and/or maintenance may result in loss
of warranty coverage for that item. Please review the MVP RV
Limited Warranty and the warranties of all the component
manufacturers.
    This guide, including photographs and illustrations, is based
on the latest product information available at the time of
publication. Recent product changes may not be reflected in
this guide. Photographs or illustrations are representative of a
wide variety of models. Equipment, interior or exterior decor or
design options shown in illustrations may not be installed on or
in your RV.
    Some of the information, illustrations and procedures in this
guide were supplied by the component manufacturers. They
are included here for your convenience. Other information
from these manufacturers may be found in your Owner’s
Package. Occasionally, there may be differences between
this guide and other manuals. In that case, use the
information contained in the other manuals.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                Chapter 1 / Page 1 of 10
1 / INTRODUCTION
                                             The Owner’s Package contains other valuable
                                         documents about your RV and its components. Fill out and
TIP! After you fill out your personal
                                         mail any warranty registration cards as soon as possible.
record and read your owner’s guides
                                         Consider the materials in the Owner’s Package as well as
and instructions, put all of them in a
                                         this Owner’s Guide a permanent part of the RV. If you ever
plastic bag (or vinyl storage bag
available from most dealers) and
                                         decide to sell or trade the RV, be sure the new owner gets
store them in a convenient place in
                                         all the material in this package.
your trailer. That way you’ll know         If you ever have questions or need help with operation,
where the information is when you        maintenance or service, contact your MVP RV dealer as
need it.                                 soon as possible.
                                            The following words and symbols are used throughout
                                         this guide. These statements are especially important.
                                         Please pay attention to these statements as you read this
                                         guide.
                                                 This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to
      MVP RV

                                           !     potential personal injury hazards. Obey all safety messages
                                                 that follow this symbol to avoid possible injury or death.

                                          ! DANGER             indicates a hazardous situation that, if not
                                                               avoided, will result in death or serious injury.

                                         ! WARNING             indicates a hazardous situation that, if not
                                                               avoided, could result in death or serious injury.

                                          ! CAUTION            indicates a hazardous situation that, if not
                                                               avoided, may result in minor or moderate
                                                               injury.

                                               NOTICE          NOTICE used without the safety alert symbol
                                                               indicates a potentially hazardous situation that,
                                                               if not avoided, may result in property damage.
                                               (If Equipped) indicate items that may be installed on some
                                                               models but not on others, or are optional.
                                            Warning, caution and information labels and tags are
                                         attached to many interior and exterior surfaces and
                                         components of your trailer. They are meant to be
                                         permanent. Do not remove these important labels and
                                         tags.

                                         IMPORTANT SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
                                            You’ll find many safety recommendations throughout
                                         this Owner’s Guide. We believe the following
                                         recommendations are especially important.
                                               Do not allow passengers to ride in the trailer during
                                               travel. The transport of people puts their lives at risk
                                               and may be illegal. The trailer does not have seat
                                               belts and therefore, it is not designed to carry
                                               passengers. Please see Chapter 3 for more
                                               information.

Chapter 1 / Page 2 of 10                                                                  MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                        1 / INTRODUCTION
     Reducing swaying or fishtailiing. Sway or fishtailing is
     the sideways action of a trailer caused by external
     forces. Excessive sway of your trailer can lead to
     the rollover of the trailer and tow vehicle resulting in
     serious injury or death. Be sure to follow the
     instructions and warnings as outlined in Chapter 8.
     Towing and weight distribution. weight distribution is
     an important factor when loading your fifth wheel
     or travel trailer. Properly loading your trailer will help
     increase towing efficiency and reduce the liklihood
     that you will experience load-related towing
     trouble. Please see Chapter 7 for more information
     on proper loading.
     Correct tire pressure and maintenance. Properly
     maintained tires improve your trailer’s steering,




                                                                         MVP RV
     stopping, traction and load-carrying capability.
     Underinflated tires and overloading are major
     causes of tire failure. For more information on tire
     safety, please see Chapter 6.
     Wheel nut tightening (torquing). Inadequate and/or
     inappropriate wheel nut torque (tightness) is a
     major reason that wheel nuts loosen while traveling.
     Loose wheel nuts can cause a wheel to fall off the
     trailer with serious safety consequences. You must
     be familiar with the proper procedure and how to
     properly tighten the wheel nuts. Please see Chapter
     6.
     Appliances and equipment. The appliances (stove,
     refrigerator, outdoor grill, etc.) and equipment
     (water heater, furnace, generator, etc.) typically
     operate on propane gas. Propane is flammable
     and is contained under high pressure. Improper use
     of propane may result in a fire and/or explosion. Be
     sure to follow all instructions and warnings in this
     guide as well as the specific owner’s manuals of the
     appliances and equipment.
     Generator safety. Do not operate the generator in
     an enclosed building or in a partly enclosed area
     such as a garage. Do not operate the generator
     while you or any trailer occupants are sleeping in
     the trailer. Be sure to follow instructions and
     warnings in this guide (see Chapter 12) and in the
     generator operating manual.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                              Chapter 1 / Page 3 of 10
1 / INTRODUCTION
                                Mold. Mold and mold spores are found throughout
                                the environment, both indoors and outdoors. There
                                is no practical way to eliminate all mold and mold
                                spores indoors. To help control the growth of mold,
                                you must control indoor moisture and humidity.
                                Please see Chapter 4 for more information on
                                controlling moisture.
                                Formaldehyde. Formaldehyde is an important
                                chemical used to manufacture building materials
                                and numerous common household products. It is
                                also a by-product of combustion and certain
                                natural processes. It may be present inside your
                                trailer. Some individuals may be sensitive to
                                formaldehyde. Thorough ventilation of the trailer
                                reduces the concentration of formaldehyde to a
                                comfortable level. Please see Chapter 4 for more
   MVP RV

                                information.

                           REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS
                             If you believe that your trailer has a defect which could
                           cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should
                           immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety
                           Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying MVP RV.
                              If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an
                           investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a
                           group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
                           campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in
                           individual problems between you, your dealer, or MVP RV,
                           Inc.
                               To contact NHTSA, call either the Auto Safety Hotline
                           toll-free at 1-888-327-4236 (TTY: 1-800-424-9153); go to
                           http://www.safercar.gov on the Internet; or write to:
                                      Administrator, NHTSA
                                      400 7th St. SW
                                      Washington, D.C. 20590

                             You may also obtain other information about motor
                           vehicle safety from http://www.safercar.gov




Chapter 1 / Page 4 of 10                                                MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                                 1 / INTRODUCTION
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION
                                                                        VIN Location on Frame
   The VIN or Vehicle Identification Number plate contains
the model, model year, number of axles, etc. The VIN is the
17-digit serial number. Write this number in the space under
Owner’s Information on the “Owner Reference
Information” page.
   The 17-digit VIN is located on the identification data tag
attached on the left front corner of your trailer. It is also
stamped on the trailer chassis A-frame rail or the pin box
on 5th-wheels.
                                                                            Metal plate attached to frame
   The identification data tag contains the Gross Vehicle
Weight Rating (GVWR) and the Gross Axle Weight Rating
(GAWR), tire size, rim size and tire air pressure. See the
“Loading & Weighing” chapter of this Owner’s Guide for
more detailed information about GVWR, GAWR, and tires
and tire air pressure.

    The following chart shows an explanation of the VIN.

                                           4XT X X XX X X X A X XXXXX
Manufacturer I.D. (MVP RV)                                              Stamped in frame channel
Body type (T for travel trailer)
Type of trailer (N-nonslide, S-slideout)
Overall length (hitch to bumper)
Number of axles
Check digit
Model year
Manufacturing plant code
Product line
                                                                           Metal plate attached to pinbox
Unit serial number
                               If you ever need warranty
                               service, please have this part of
                               the serial number handy.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                    Chapter 1 / Page 5 of 10
1 / INTRODUCTION
                                      Two tags are attached to left (road side) front corner of
  Tire and weight tags            the trailer body. One is the Federal Certification tag and
  shown on this page are          shows the trailer and axle weight ratings, tire size and
  illustrations only. The tags    inflation pressures, and the VIN.
  attached to your trailer will
  have actual values
  applicable to your trailer.
    MVP RV



                                     The other is the tire and loading information tag. It
                                  shows the size of the tires originally installed on the trailer or
                                  the tires that are standard for these trailers, the
                                  recommended cold tire inflation pressure, cargo weight
                                  capacity of the trailer and the trailer VIN.
                                     The trailer weight information tag is placed inside the
                                  trailer on the inside of a galley cabinet door. It shows the
                                  Gross Vehicle Weight Rating for the trailer and the Cargo
                                  Carrying Capacity calculation. These terms are explained
                                  in more detail in Chapter 7.




Chapter 1 / Page 6 of 10                                                        MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                          1 / INTRODUCTION
OWNER REFERENCE INFORMATION
    Complete the information below for ready reference when maintenance or service is
    needed. If you ever need to contact your selling dealer or MVP RV, you will need the
    Vehicle Idenfication Number (VIN) and the delivery date information.

        Owner
        Address
        City                                            State               Zip
        VIN
        License Plate No.                                        Delivery Date


        Dealer Name
        Address
        City                                            State              Zip
        Dealer’s Phone                               Fax
        Sales Person

        Insurance Policy
            Agent Name
            Policy No.
            Agent’s Phone No.

        Key Numbers
            Entry door deadbolt                 Other
            Entry door lock                     Other


        Major Appliances/Component Identification Numbers
            Range Model                                    S/N
      Refrigerator Model                                   S/N
          Furnace Model                                    S/N
    Water Heater Model                                     S/N
        Converter Model                                    S/N
                                                           S/N

                                                           S/N

                                                           S/N

MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                Chapter 1 / Page 7 of 10
1 / INTRODUCTION

                           Owner Notes

   MVP RV




Chapter 1 / Page 8 of 10                 MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                        CHANGE OF ADDRESS OR OWNERSHIP
   Use this card if you change your address or if you are the new owner. Check one:
          Change of address                             Change of Owner
   Name of Owner
   Address
   City                                                 State                Zip
   Phone No.                                                    Date
   Trailer VIN
   Mail this card to:                      MVP RV, Inc.
                                           14255 Elsworth Street
                                           Moreno Valley, CA 92553-9013


                        CHANGE OF ADDRESS OR OWNERSHIP
   Use this card if you change your address or if you are the new owner. Check one:
          Change of address                             Change of Owner
   Name of Owner
   Address
   City                                                 State                Zip
   Phone No.                                                    Date
   Trailer VIN
   Mail this card to:                      MVP RV, Inc.
                                           14255 Elsworth Street
                                           Moreno Valley, CA 92553-9013



                        CHANGE OF ADDRESS OR OWNERSHIP
   Use this card if you change your address or if you are the new owner. Check one:
          Change of address                             Change of Owner
   Name of Owner
   Address
   City                                                 State                Zip
   Phone No.                                                    Date
   Trailer VIN
   Mail this card to:                      MVP RV, Inc.
                                           14255 Elsworth Street
                                           Moreno Valley, CA 92553-9013

MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                   Chapter 1 / Page 9 of 10
                                                         Please
                                                           affix
                                                          proper
                                                         postage




                      MVP RV INC
                      14255 ELSWORTH STREET
                      MORENO VALLEY CA 92553-9013

                      ATTN: CUSTOMER RELATIONS




                                                         Please
                                                           affix
                                                          proper
                                                         postage




                      MVP RV INC
                      14255 ELSWORTH STREET
                      MORENO VALLEY CA 92553-9013

                      ATTN: CUSTOMER RELATIONS




                                                         Please
                                                           affix
                                                          proper
                                                         postage




                      MVP RV INC
                      14255 ELSWORTH STREET
                      MORENO VALLEY CA 92553-9013

                      ATTN: CUSTOMER RELATIONS

Chapter 1 / Page 10 of 10                           MVP RV Owner’s Guide
2
    / WARRANTY AND SERVICE
   Your MVP trailer was manufactured in accordance with
industry standards with high quality materials and
workmanship. In order to ensure that your RV provides you
with years of enjoyment, it must be maintained properly.
We suggest that you have the inspections, maintenance,
and warranty services performed or coordinated by your
selling dealer.
   Even though every effort has been made at the factory
to assure that systems and compontents operate correctly
and within their design specifications when the trailer
leaves the factory, problems may arise. For your
protection, your MVP trailer is covered under MVP RV’s




                                                                     MVP RV
One-Year Limited Warranty. A printed copy of the
warranty is included in your Owner’s Information Package.
    Also, please complete the “Owner Reference
Information” page in the Introduction chapter of this guide.
The information will help you provide important information
if you ever need warranty service. If you ever change your
address or sell the trailer, please complete and mail the
Change of Address form to MVP RV, Inc.
  MVP RV is committed to continuous improvement in the
design and manufacture of our products. This commitment
helps us build a product that will be up-to-date, well-built
and safe.
  MVP RV wants you to be a satisfied customer. We may
choose to assist you in resolving product problems with
your dealer or any component or appliance
manufacturer.
   Please note that MVP RV reserves the right to authorize
repairs in advance at our discretion, and to select the
repair center and method of repair. In some cases, and
only with factory warranty center authorization, MVP RV
may choose to pay transportation charges and expenses
to relocate the unit to a service or repair center of our
choice, including transportation back to the factory.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                           Chapter 2 / Page 1 of 14
2 / WARRANTY AND SERVICE


                                            If you require MVP’s assistance, contact the MVP RV
                                          Warranty Department at:
                                                MVP RV, Inc.
                                                14255 Elsworth St.
                                                Moreno Valley, CA 92553
                                                Attn: Warranty Department
                                                Phone: (951) 697-4190
                                                Fax: (951) 656-3239


                                          MVP RV Dealer Responsibilities
                                            When you purchased your trailer, the dealer was to:
                                              deliver the trailer to you in the best condition possible;
                                              be sure the trailer was not damaged;
        MVP RV

                                              be sure the trailer was clean;
                                              do a predelivery inspection and perform various
                                              systems tests;
                                              give you information about the operation, care and
                                              maintenance of the trailer;
                                              explain the warranty to prevent any misunderstanding;
Important Note About Tow Vehicles
In connection with the use and                provide and coordinate quality service, maintenance
operation of MVP RV recreational              and repair for the trailer.
vehicles, MVP RV customers and
owners of MVP RV recreational
vehicles are solely responsible for
the selection and proper use of tow
                                          Owner’s Responsibilities
vehicles. All customers should               There is a difference between “defects” that are
consult with a motor vehicle              covered under the MVP RV warranty, and “damage”.
manufacturer or dealer concerning
                                          “Defects” are covered because MVP RV is responsible for
the purchase and use of suitable
tow vehicles for the customer’s           defects in materials, manufacturing and workmanship. On
choice of RV. MVP RV further              the other hand, MVP RV has no control over “damage”
disclaims any liability with respect to   caused by such things as collisions, misuse, and lack of
damages which may be incurred by          maintenance which occurs after the trailer is delivered to
a customer or owner of MVP RV
recreational vehicles as a result of      you. Therefore, “damage” for any reason which occurs
the operation, use or misuse of a         after the trailer is delivered to you is not covered under the
tow vehicle.                              warranty. Maintenance services are also excluded from
                                          the warranty because, as a MVP RV trailer owner, you are
SPECIAL NOTE: MVP RV’S LIMITED            responsible for insuring that the trailer is inspected and
WARRANTY DOES NOT COVER
DAMAGE TO THE RECREATIONAL                maintained in good and safe operating condition. You are
VEHICLE OR THE TOW VEHICLE AS             responsible for taking whatever measures necessary to
A RESULT OF THE OPERATION, USE            maintain the trailer, including the exterior sealants of the
OR MISUSE OF THE TOW VEHICLE.             unit as described in the Care and Maintenance section of




Chapter 2 / Page 2 of 14                                                              MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                2 / WARRANTY AND SERVICE


this Owner’s Guide. You are also responsible for operating
the trailer in a manner that insures its safe use and the
safety of other vehicles, and having necessary repairs
made as soon as possible to prevent further damage to the
trailer.
  You are also responsible for insuring that the warranty
procedures for obtaining repairs as stated in the MVP RV
One-Year Limited Warranty are followed properly.
   By following the care and maintenance
recommendations in this Owner’s Guide and other
operating and maintenance manuals included in your
Owner’s Information Packet, you will not only insure that
the trailer is in good operating condition, but also maintain
the value of the trailer. It is vitally important that you




                                                                         MVP RV
inspect your trailer regularly for irregularities, especially
sealants around windows, doors and exterior accessories.
Prevention of a problem is far less expensive and
unpleasant than fixing it later. You spent your money to
have an enjoyable and properly operating recreational
vehicle. Protect your investment by frequent and thorough
inspections, regular maintenance and timely repairs when
needed.
   Most states have consumer protection laws that outline
specific steps that both you and the manufacturer of the
vehicle must follow to remedy situations where you believe
the vehicle has a problem that substantially reduces the
value, use, or safety of the vehicle. If you have any kind of
problem with your trailer or selling dealer during the
warranty period, MVP RV wants to know about it. If you
have a problem with your trailer, you have given your
dealer a reasonable opportunity to fix the problem and
the problem persists, please contact MVP RV. Describe the
problem, including details of attempts to fix it. Send
correspondence to:
       MVP RV, Inc.
       14255 Elsworth St.
       Moreno Valley, CA 92553
       Attn: MVP RV Warranty Department




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                               Chapter 2 / Page 3 of 14
2 / WARRANTY AND SERVICE


Please note: Your MVP RV Limited
                                           OBTAINING SERVICE
Warranty covers warrantable repairs            Whenever you require service on your trailer, make
that are performed by an authorized        arrangements to have the service performed as soon as
MVP RV dealer at their service             possible. Don’t wait until you’re ready to use the trailer.
center or facility only. It is important
for the dealer to know that if you are     Your dealer or service center may not be able to service
unable to bring your unit in for           it immediately. Any parts required may have to be
repairs, MVP RV is not responsible         ordered. Normally, the dealer’s service department is
for any costs incurred for the service     busiest on Mondays and Fridays and before holidays.
call charge, or time accrued to come
out to your unit. Your unit is a              Write up a list of the services and/or repairs you require
recreational vehicle and not               and provide this list to the Service Manager. If you have a
intended, nor manufactured, as a           long list of items to be serviced and need to have the
permanent residence.
                                           trailer by the end of the day, list the items in order of
                                           priority. If all the items cannot be completed in one day,
Please have the following avail-           make arrangements to have them completed at a
able when you call:                        second appointment.
     V I N (last five digits)
     Model                                    If you believe that the service is covered under the
     Date of Purchase                      warranty, discuss the service with the dealer’s Service
     Description of the problem            Manager before the service is done. All the work to be
                                           performed may not be covered and you should have an
Call ahead - Think about an
appointment time and call ahead.           estimate of the costs.
Mondays and Fridays and just
                                              After the service has been completed, inspect the
before holidays are the busiest
times at dealer service centers.           work immediately and notify the Service Manager of any
                                           dissatisfaction. Keep all service or repair related
Be prepared - If warranty work is to       documents with the trailer and record the information in
be done, please have a copy of your        the Maintenance Log in this Owner’s Guide.
warranty paperwork available and
provide the service center with any
helpful information on past repairs
that may pertain and help
technicians in diagnosing the
problems.

Make a list - Have a list ready and
be reasonable with repair
expectations. Some repairs may
require special order parts or parts
shipped from a manufacturer.
Explain what you would like to have
done in your “call ahead” call or stop
by the dealership ahead of time so
that you and the service manager
can discuss your needs and the time
required for the serivce.




Chapter 2 / Page 4 of 14                                                               MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                                    2 / WARRANTY AND SERVICE


                        MVP RV, INC.
                 ONE YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY
     FOR TRAVEL TRAILERS AND FIFTH WHEEL TRAILERS
     MANUFACTURED BY MVP RV, INC. SOLD IN THE UNITED STATES
     AND CANADA.

Except as specifically excluded below, MVP RV, INC. (hereinafter “MVP RV”)
WARRANTS for a period of one (1) year from the date of retail delivery that MVP
RV will remedy by repair or replacement components of the recreational vehicle
manufactured and supplied by MVP RV which, when used for their intended purpose
of recreation travel and camping, are found to be defective in materials and
workmanship. This Limited Warranty applies to the first consumer retail purchaser
and is not transferable.

IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTY OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, IF ANY,




                                                                                                  MVP RV
GIVEN BY LAW, SHALL BE LIMITED TO AND NOT EXTEND BEYOND THE
DURATION OF THE WRITTEN LIMITED WARRANTY PERIODS SET FORTH
HEREIN.

SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON HOW LONG AN IMPLIED
WARRANTY LASTS, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY APPLY TO YOU.
The warranty period begins on the date that the recreational vehicle is delivered to
the first consumer retail purchaser by an authorized MVP RV dealer. If a defect in
material or workmanship attributable to MVP RV is found to exist during the warranty
period it will be repaired or replaced at MVP RV’s option without charge to the
recreational vehicle owner in accordance with the terms, conditions and limitations
of this Limited Warranty. MVP RV, at its sole discretion, reserves the right to
substitute parts or components of substantially equal quality, touch up cosmetic
flaws, or make design and/or manufacturing improvements as the exclusive remedy
under this limited warranty. MVP RV’s receipt of a registration within ten (10) days
from delivery of the recreational vehicle is a condition to coverage under this limited
warranty. MVP RV reserves the right to make changes, additions or deletions in
the design, material, or components of its products without incurring any obligation
to incorporate such changes in any product previously manufactured. MVP RV
makes no warranty as to the future performance of the recreational vehicle, and
this Limited Warranty is not intended to extend to the future performance of the
recreational vehicle, or any of its materials, components or parts.

WARRANTY EXCLUSIONS

THIS LIMITED RECREATIONAL VEHICLE WARRANTY AND THE OBLIGATIONS
STATED HEREIN SHALL NOT APPLY TO:

      - Equipment, products, components, appliances, accessories or any
         items not installed or manufactured by MVP RV whether or not
         separately warranted, including but not limited to tires, batteries,
         and other installed equipment, components or accessories; or any
         dealer-installed accessory;

      - Recreational vehicles not originally sold through an authorized MVP
         RV dealer, including but not limited to recreational vehicles sold




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                                      Chapter 2 / Page 5 of 14
2 / WARRANTY AND SERVICE

                             through auction, repossession, salvage or in an otherwise
                             “distressed” or “as is” condition;

                           - Any trailer sold, licensed, registered, stored, or used outside the
                             United States of America or Canada;

                           - Recreational vehicles used in rental fleets or private rentals, as
                             mobile or job-site offices, or for any purpose other than recreational
                             travel and family camping;

                           - Product modification, customer or dealer installation, set up or
                             placement;

                           - Equipment, products, components, appliances, accessories or any
                              items that work properly as designed and that meet the
                              manufacturer’s specifications but may not meet the owner’s specific
                              expectations;

                           - Unauthorized diagnosis, troubleshooting, repair or failure to follow
     MVP RV

                             instructions supplied with the recreational vehicle including, but
                             not limited to the instructions set forth in the Owner’s Manual;

                           - Routine maintenance beyond 90 (ninety) days after retail delivery
                             including, without limitation, sealant inspection and resealing;
                             propane system pressure adjustment; appliance systems;
                             tightening screws, adjusting brakes, latches, locks; changing fuses
                             or light bulbs; tightening P-traps and plumbing fittings; batteries
                             and battery cables;

                           - Routine maintenance and inspection of air conditioning and heating
                             systems; generator; water heater, refrigerator, range and oven;
                             carbon monoxide alarm, smoke alarm, gas leak detector, generator
                             exhaust pipe, fire extinguisher; slide-out system; coupler/pin box,
                             gasoline fuel system (such as addition of fuel stabilizers, etc.); fuel
                             contamination; fresh water and waste systems; suspension system;

                           - Minor adjustments to doors and drawers beyond ninety 90 days
                             after retail delivery;

                           - Wheel alignment or adjustments to axles when caused by improper
                             maintenance, loading or damage from road hazards, including off-
                             road travel, wheel damage or balancing or damage from tire failure;

                           - Fading, discoloration or dulling of any and all fabrics, interior or
                             exterior plastics or fiberglass, sheetmetal, front and rear caps,
                             graphics, striping, decals or labels;

                           - Cosmetic imperfections that do not affect the suitability or function
                             of the recreational vehicle for its intended purpose of recreational
                             use, such as “seam printing” or visible variations in any interior or
                             exterior surface material;

                           - Any upholstery damage including, but not limited to tears, punctures,
                              misuse or storage or improper preparation for travel;

                           - Any injury, loss or damage due to water intrusion, condensation,
                             mold or fungi resulting from owner neglect or improper



Chapter 2 / Page 6 of 14                                                            MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                               2 / WARRANTY AND SERVICE

       maintenance. It is the responsibility of the owner to take such
       preventive measures as are necessary to maintain the exterior
       caulking and sealants of the recreational vehicle. It is the
       responsibility of the owner to use reasonable, prudent care to
       prevent foreseeable secondary damage from rain, plumbing leaks,
       and the natural accumulation of moisture in your unit, such as a
       delaminated floor; stained upholstery, carpeting, or drapes; mold
       formation and growth, furniture damage, etc. Mold is a natural
       growth given certain environmental conditions and is not covered
       by the terms of the Limited Warranty;

     - Damage or loss to any tow vehicle towing the recreational vehicle;

     - Damage or loss to any electrical or electronic component due to
       the use of portable generating equipment; incorrect battery cable
       connection or battery charging; or the improper, incorrect or
       inadequate voltage, current or phase of “shore power”;




                                                                                        MVP RV
     - Damage or loss caused in whole or in part by or from:

         misuse, abuse, neglect, theft or vandalism;

         the tow vehicle and associated towing options selected by the
         owner to pull the recreational vehicle including, but not limited
         to the improper selection or installation of a towing hitch on the
         tow vehicle;

         unauthorized attachments, modifications or alterations to the
         frame, structure, body, pin box, or tongue/A-frame of the
         recreational vehicle including, but not limited to hitches for
         towing, or platforms/racks for supporting cargo. “Structure” shall
         include the main frame and all steel members welded or
         fastened to it, and the sidewall, front wall, rear wall, roof, and
         slideouts;

         tire wear or tire failure;

         incorrect or improper wheel lug nut torque or incorrect tire
         inflation pressure as specified on the tire sidewall;

         overloading or the improper balancing of the cargo load;

         the willful or negligent acts of the driver of the tow vehicle, any
         accident involving the recreational vehicle, the condition of any
         road surface over which the recreational vehicle is pulled, or
         the striking or driving over a curb, road hazard, uneven or broken
         road surface whether on- or off-road, or any other object known
         or unknown;

         roof or exterior wall contact with trees, structures, or other
         overhead or roadside obstacles or obstructions;

         excessive ice or snow loads, extreme heat or cold;

         towing at excessive speed or in inclement weather, such as
         excessive winds, poor visibility conditions or other hazardous
         driving conditions;




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                              Chapter 2 / Page 7 of 14
2 / WARRANTY AND SERVICE

                           the use of certain hitch adapter devices (“gooseneck”-style
                           adapters, etc.) or towing/hitching aid;

                           the owner’s operation, use, or misuse of the tow vehicle including
                           physical or mental impairment, or use of the vehicle by
                           unauthorized or unlicensed drivers;

                           towing another vehicle behind the trailer (“triple-towing”) whether
                           or not such towing is otherwise legal;

                           incorrect or improper brake controller installation or adjustment;

                           incorrect or improper trailer/tow vehicle electrical interface (“7-
                           way” cord) wiring or tow vehicle circuit protection;

                           improper installation or adjustment of weight-distribution bars
                           or sway control devices;

                           improper or inadequate storage, incomplete winterization, or
     MVP RV

                           abandonment;

                           exposure to natural atmospheric elements, airborne pollutants,
                           corrosive chemicals, cleaning agents; the use of high-pressure
                           washing equipment; the use of any chemical protectant coating;
                           ash or fumes generated or released by the tow vehicle or any
                           other vehicles; collision, road hazards, or rock chips;

                           insects, spiders, birds, rodents, reptiles, wild or domesticated
                           animals;

                           failure to secure loose-loaded items (examples: TVs, computers,
                           electronic components, food items, dishes, chairs, tables, lamps,
                           portable appliances, barbecues, clothing, luggage, toiletries,
                           bric-a-brac, tools and tool boxes, vehicles and vehicle
                           accessories);

                           failure to properly prepare the recreational vehicle for travel,
                           i.e., retraction or disconnection of antennas, vents, stabilizer
                           and/or landing jacks, awning(s), utility connections (water, sewer,
                           electric, telephone, TV cable), slide-outs, fueling stations, entry
                           steps, improperly secured exterior and interior doors and
                           drawers;

                           improper use of equipment or components or by the use of
                           components for other than their intended purpose;

                           the disablement of the carbon monoxide alarm, smoke alarm,
                           gas leak detector, generator exhaust pipe, and fire extinguisher;

                           installation or use of any aftermarket accessory, including, but
                           not limited to extra capacity water, holding or fuel tanks;

                           modification to the factory-installed plumbing system or any
                           plumbing component; damage caused by the use of aftermarket
                           plumbing accessories, or connection to high pressure water
                           sources without the use of an approved pressure reducing/
                           regulating device, or the high-pressure/high volume filling of the
                           fresh water tank(s);



Chapter 2 / Page 8 of 14                                                      MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                                 2 / WARRANTY AND SERVICE

         modification of the factory-installed “shore power” cord or plug;
         the modification of the factory-installed electrical wiring, the use
         of aftermarket shore-power cord adapters or accessories, or
         connection to non-code compliant power sources;

         acts of political violence, riots, terrorism, or acts of nature;

         the acts or omissions of any kind by any party other than MVP
         RV;

     - Representations made by any person (including any MVP RV
       dealer) beyond those stated in this Limited Warranty.

OWNER RESPONSIBILITY

       It is the responsibility of the owner to maintain the recreational vehicle as
       described in the Care and Maintenance section of the Owner’s Guide
       including taking whatever preventive measures necessary to maintain the
       exterior sealants of the unit and to prevent foreseeable secondary moisture




                                                                                             MVP RV
       or water damage to the unit from rain, plumbing leaks, condensation and
       other natural accumulation of water in the unit. Secondary damage may
       include, but is not limited to, stained upholstery, carpeting, linoleum or
       drapes; mold formation and growth; furniture, cabinetry or floor
       deterioration; wall and floor delamination or discoloration; deterioration of
       exterior components, etc.

HOW TO OBTAIN WARRANTY SERVICE

       To obtain warranty service the owner must do all of the following:

       1. Notify an independent, authorized MVP RV dealer, or MVP RV, Inc.
          within ten (10) days of the discovery of the defect in material or
          workmanship attributable to MVP RV, Inc. within the warranty coverage
          period designated above;

       2. Promptly schedule an appointment with and take the recreational vehicle
          to an independent, authorized MVP RV dealer for repairs; and

       3. Pay any freight or transportation costs, import duties, fees and all
          incidental expenses associated with obtaining warranty service.

       Regardless of any other arrangements for warranty service, MVP RV at
       its sole discretion, reserves the right to require warranty repairs be
       performed at MVP RV’s national service center in Moreno Valley, California.

       If you need assistance you may contact MVP RV, at:

                                  MVP RV, INC.
                               14255 Elsworth St.
                           Moreno Valley, CA 92553
                                 (951) 697-4190
                            (888) 697-8467 toll-free
                              (951) 656-3239 (fax)
                            http://www.mvprv.com




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                                   Chapter 2 / Page 9 of 14
2 / WARRANTY AND SERVICE


                                  NOTE: MVP RV does not control the scheduling of service work
                                  at the independent, authorized dealerships. You may encounter
                                  some delay in scheduling or completion of work.

                            Appliance and Component Warranty Service/Administration

                                  Appliance and component manufacturers may or may not provide their
                                  own warranties. These warranties are separate from the MVP RV Limited
                                  Warranty and constitute the only warranty for those specific appliances
                                  and components, including any dealer-installed items. The terms, conditions
                                  and warranty periods of these items may vary from the MVP RV Limited
                                  Warranty. Although MVP RV makes no warranties with respect to these
                                  appliances and components, service under some of the separate
                                  manufacturer warranties may be obtained through MVP RV dealerships
                                  during the terms of the MVP RV Limited Warranty. After expiration of the
                                  MVP RV Limited Warranty, all appliance and component warranty claims
                                  must be submitted to the respective appliance and component
     MVP RV

                                  manufacturers.

                            DISCLAIMER OF CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES

                                MVP RV DISCLAIMS ANY INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
                                DAMAGES INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO: ON-SITE SERVICE
                                CALLS OR SERVICE CHARGES, RENTAL COST OF SUBSTITUTE
                                EQUIPMENT OR OTHER LOSS OF USE DAMAGES, TOWING
                                CHARGES, TRANSPORTATION COSTS, WEAR AND TEAR ON THE
                                RECREATIONAL VEHICLE OR TOW VEHICLE DURING TRANSPORT
                                FOR SERVICE; EXPENSES FOR FUEL, FOOD, LODGING,
                                TELECOMMUNICATIONS CHARGES, TRAVEL; AIR, BUS AND TAXI
                                FARES OR CAR RENTALS, VEHICLE OR PERSONAL PROPERTY
                                STORAGE FEES, REIMBURSEMENTS FOR FINANCE OR
                                INSURANCE PAYMENTS, LOANER VEHICLES, DAMAGE OR LOSS
                                TO PERSONAL PROPERTY, LOSS OF REVENUES OR OTHER
                                COMMERCIAL LOSS, OR ANY OTHER SPECIAL OR
                                CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OF ANY KIND OR NATURE
                                RESULTING FROM ANY DEFECT IN THE RECREATIONAL VEHICLE.

                                SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION
                                OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES SO THE ABOVE
                                LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION MAY NOT APPLY.

                            Additional Terms
                                NO PERSON SHALL HAVE THE AUTHORITY TO ENLARGE, AMEND,
                                OR MODIFY THIS LIMITED WARRANTY.

                                ANY LEGAL OR EQUITABLE ACTION TO ENFORCE THIS LIMITED
                                WARRANTY OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY SHALL NOT BE
                                BROUGHT MORE THAN ONE (1) YEAR AFTER THE EXPIRATION
                                OF THE ONE (1) YEAR TERM OF THIS LIMITED WARRANTY.




Chapter 2 / Page 10 of 14                                                             MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                         2 / WARRANTY AND SERVICE

    SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW A REDUCTION IN THE
    STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS SO THE ABOVE REDUCTION MAY
    NOT APPLY.

    THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, AND
    YOU MAY ALSO HAVE OTHER RIGHTS WHICH VARY FROM
    STATE TO STATE.

                            MVP RV, INC.
                         14255 Elsworth St.
                       Moreno Valley, CA 92553
                           (951) 697-4190




                                                                  MVP RV



MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                       Chapter 2 / Page 11 of 14
2 / WARRANTY AND SERVICE


                            INSPECTION
                               To assist you in avoiding problems, MVP RV requests that
                            each dealer review the limited warranty and inspect the
                            unit along with you. The dealer has been provided with a
                            pre-delivery checklist. We are confident that you followed
                            the Product Delivery Inspection (PDI) procedures with your
                            selling dealer, received an extensive walk-through of your
                            purchase, and had the warranty explained to you to your
                            satisfaction. We hope that you are confident that you
                            have been informed of the warranty, the operation and
                            maintenance of your trailer and its components, and the
                            details of the responsibilities of the manufacturer, dealer
                            and owner relationship.
                               Your trailer has been inspected by the factory, and
     MVP RV

                            received a final inspection at the dealership, and then by
                            you during the walk-through and demonstration. But we
                            know that sometimes things can go wrong on the road.
                            Please allow your dealership the opportunity to assist you in
                            taking care of any warrantable problems.


                            OWNER’S INFORMATION PACKET
                                In addition to this Owner’s Guide, an information packet
                            is located inside your new RV. This packet contains product
                            manuals and information on systems and equipment in
                            your RV. There are also individual product warranty
                            registrations. You should complete and mail these as soon
                            as you can. Some components shown in this guide or the
                            information packet may be optional equipment. Inclusion
                            of these items does not suggest that they are or may be
                            available for a specific recreational vehicle. If you ever
                            need more information about a specific appliance or
                            component, you can contact the manufacturer directly.
                            We have listed contact information for some of the major
                            component manufacturers at the end of this chapter.


                            OWNER WARRANTY REGISTRATION
                              As a convenience to you, the owner registration form is
                            completed at the dealership at the time of delivery. After
                            an owner signs this form, the dealer will send the
                            completed form to MVP RV within 10 days. You should
                            have completed and sign this form before you left the
                            dealership. If you ever move, change your address, or sell/



Chapter 2 / Page 12 of 14                                              MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                               2 / WARRANTY AND SERVICE


gift the trailer, please complete and mail the Change of
Address card located at the end of the Introduction
chapter. Just fill in the new information and mail it to MVP
RV.


GET TO KNOW YOUR TRAILER . . .
   Your trailer has been inspected by qualified inspectors
at the factory and then again at the dealership. As the
owner, however, you will be the first to camp and use
every system. MVP RV wants your first camping experience
to be a happy one. We suggest a “trial camping
experience” before heading out. Plan a weekend in your
yard or driveway and really camp in your trailer.
    You will have a chance to use the systems and




                                                                         MVP RV
components in your trailer and see how they work. You will
learn what items are needed when you go on your first real
trip. Write down any questions that arise, difficulties or
problems that occur. After your trial, call your dealer and
ask any questions that you might have. Getting to know
your trailer before the first adventure can save a lot of
frustration and leave more time for fun!




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                             Chapter 2 / Page 13 of 14
2 / WARRANTY AND SERVICE


                               Select Component Equipment and Appliance
                                    Manufacturer’s Warranty Contacts
                            A&E / DOMETIC / DUO-THERM    ANTENNA TEK, INC
                            509 S. Poplar Street         425 S. Bowen, #4
                            Lagrange, IN 46761           Longmont, CO 80501
                            800-544-4881                 303-772-9591
                            Canada Service Office
                            866 Langs Drive              WINEGARD – USA
                            Cambridge, Ontario N3H 2N7   3000 Kirkwood St.
                            519-653-7390                 Burlington, IA 52601-2000
                                                         303-754-0600
                            SUBURBAN MFG.
                            676 Broadway Street          WINEGARD – CANADA
                            Dayton, TN 37321             Coast Distribution – Canada
                            423-775-2131                 Alberta 403-720-0046
   MVP RV

                                                         Quebec 514-866-3613
                            ONAN CORPORATION
                            1400 73RD Ave., NE           ATWOOD MOBILE PRODUCTS
                            Minneapolis, MN 55432        4750 Hiawatha Drive
                            800-888-ONAN                 Rockford, IL 61103
                                                         800-825-4328
                            SHURFLO
                            12650 Westminster Ave.       THETFORD – USA
                            Santa Ana, CA 92706-2100     P.O. Box 1285
                            BAL RV PRODUCTS GROUP        Ann Arbor, MI 48106
                            365 W. Victoria St.          800-521-3032
                            Compton, CA 90220
                            310-639-4000                 THETFORD – CANADA
                                                         2710 Slough St.
                                                         Mississauga, ONT L4T1G3
                                                         905-671-0255
                            Owner Notes




Chapter 2 / Page 14 of 14                                           MVP RV Owner’s Guide
3
    / SAFETY FIRST
                                                                  !    WARNING
    Your trailer was designed to be comfortable under
nearly all traveling and living conditions. It complies with     Exhaust gases are deadly.
applicable codes and safety standards in effect at the           Do not block the tailpipes,
time it was built. A number of required safety items are         or appliance exhaust ports,
installed in your trailer for your safety and the safety of      or situate the vehicle in a
other occupants of the vehicle. This section describes           place where the exhaust
several of these important pieces of equipment. Other            gases have any possibility
chapters in this Owner’s Guide describe important safety         of accumulating either
topics specific to the systems or components discussed in        outside, underneath, or
those chapters.                                                  inside your vehicle or any
    All occupants of the trailer should become familiar with     nearby vehicles. Outside
the the audible sounds of the carbon monoxide, propane           air movements can carry
and smoke detector/alarms. If an alarm sounds, find out          exhaust gases inside the
why. Do not remove the detector/alarm in an attempt to           vehicle through windows
silence the alarm. If any occupants of the trailer suffer from   or other openings remote
diminished hearing, add additional detector/alarms.              from the exhaust outlet.
                                                                 Operate the engine(s),
                                                                 carbon monoxide-
CARBON MONOXIDE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS                               producing systems or
    Carbon monoxide is a colorless, tasteless, odorless gas.     components only when
The generator (if equipped), furnace, water heater,              safe dispersion of exhaust
propane refrigerator and cooking range/oven produce it           gases can be assured.
constantly while they are operating. CARBON MONOXIDE             Monitor outside conditions
IS DEADLY. To protect yourself from the effects of carbon        to be sure that exhaust
monoxide poisoning, please read and understand the               continues to be dispersed
following precautions.                                           safely.
  There are a number of symptoms of carbon monoxide
poisoning:
       Dizziness                 Intense headache
       Throbbing in temples      Nausea
       Vomiting                  Muscular twitching
       Weakness/sleepiness       Inability to think clearly
   If you or others (including pets) experience any of these
symptoms, get out into fresh air immediately. Get medical
attention if any of the symptoms persist. If any fossil-fuel
burning device or appliance is running, shut it off and do
not operate it until it has been inspected and repaired.




                                                                 Carbon Monoxide Alarm


MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                  Chapter 3 / Page 1 of 6
3 / SAFETY FIRST
                                CARBON MONOXIDE DETECTOR/ALARM
 !   WARNING                       A battery-powered carbon monoxide (CO) detector/
                                alarm is installed in or near the main sleeping area.
Do not under any                Detailed operating and maintenance instructions are in
circumstances operate any       the Owner’s Information Packet.
engine while sleeping. You
would not be able to                If the alarm sounds, it means that carbon monoxide gas
monitor outside conditions      is present in the air. This situation could occur in
to assure that engine           campgrounds where other vehicles as well as your trailer
exhaust does not enter the      are contributing to the level of carbon monoxide in the
interior, and you would not     surrounding air. If the alarm sounds, it does not indicate a
be alert to exhaust odors or    faulty alarm. It is warning you of potentially dangerous
symptoms of carbon              levels of carbon monoxide.
monoxide poisoning.               When the alarm sounds:
                                  1. If anyone has symptoms of CO poisoning, immediately move
                                     all occupants to fresh air. Be sure to account for all trailer
                                     occupants including pets. Do not go back into the trailer until
 !    CAUTION                        the source of the carbon monoxide has been located and
                                     repaired.
Do not spray paint or spray
either the CO or propane          2. Turn off all sources of combustion at once: generator, furnace,
detector with chemicals              water heater, range/oven.
such as cleaners, air             3. Ventilate the interior of the trailer with fresh air. Open all
fresheners, hair sprays,             doors, windows (except emergency exit window), and vents.
insecticides, etc. These
                                  4. Have a qualified technician locate and correct the source of
substances will damage the
                                     the carbon monoxide.
detectors requiring
replacement of the detectors.      Test the carbon monoxide detector weekly, after the
Keep flames or other intense    trailer has been in storage, and before each trip. Replace
heat sources away from the      the battery at least twice a year or immediately when the
detectors.                      low battery signal sounds. If the CO detector fails to
                                operate with a new battery, replace it with a new
                                detector.


                                PROPANE LEAK DETECTOR
                                   A propane leak detector is mounted near the floor. It is
                                powered by the trailer 12-volt DC system. The detector
                                senses the presence of propane and some other
                                hydrocarbons. If propane is detected, the alarm will sound.
                                The detector will not automatically shut off the propane
                                system.
                                  See the propane leak detector operating instructions in
                                your Owner’s Information Packet for detailed operating
                                and maintenance instructions.
      Propane Leak Detector



Chapter 3 / Page 2 of 6                                                          MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                                  3 / SAFETY FIRST
   If the alarm sounds, open all doors and windows to air
out the trailer. Turn the gas off at the tank. Do not re-enter
the trailer until the alarm stops. If the alarm sounds again,
after you have turned the gas back on:

   Extinguish any open flames, pilot lights, and all smoking
   materials.

   Do not touch electrical switches.

   Shut off the gas supply at the cylinder valves.

   Open doors and other ventilation openings.

   Get everyone out of the trailer - including pets.

   Have the propane system checked and the leak source
   corrected by a qualified propane dealer or RV service




                                                                                MVP RV
   center before using the system again.
   Clean the propane detector frequently by carefully
vacuuming the front cover. Do not spray any kind of
cleaning solution into the detector.

SMOKE DETECTOR
  A battery-powered smoke detector is mounted on the
ceiling in the living/cooking area of the trailer. Detailed
operating and maintenance instructions for the smoke
detector are in your Owner’s Information Packet.
                                                                     Smoke Detector
   Never disable the smoke detector because of a
nuisance or false alarm from cooking smoke, dusty
furnace, etc. Ventilate the trailer interior with fresh air and
the alarm will normally shut off. Do not disconnect or
remove the battery.
   Replace the battery at least twice a year or
immediately when the low battery signal sounds. If the
smoke detector fails to operate with a new battery,
replace it with a new detector.

FIRE SAFETY
   The hazard and possibility of fire exists in all areas of life,
and the recreational life-style is no exception. Your trailer is
a complex product made of many materials. Some of
these materials are flammable. Like most hazards, the
possibility of fire can be minimized, if not totally eliminated,
by recognizing the danger and practicing common sense,
safety and good maintenance.
                                                                     Fire Extinguisher



MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                     Chapter 3 / Page 3 of 6
3 / SAFETY FIRST
                                       A fire extinguisher is located in the entry way. It is rated
                                   for Class B (gasoline, diesel fuel, grease, flammable liquids)
 !    WARNING                      and Class C (electrical) fires. Read the instructions on the
Some upholstered                   fire extinguisher, and know when and how to use it. The fire
components and mattresses,         extinguisher is most valuable when used immediately on
carpet, and insulation             small fires. It has a limited amount of fire-extinguishing
products are made of               material, and must be used properly so this material is not
urethane foam. Urethane            wasted.
foam is flammable!                     The fire extinguisher is a pressurized, mechanical device.
Urethane foams burn rapidly,       It must be handled with care and treated with respect. It
releasing great heat and           should be checked at least once a year. To check the
consuming oxygen very              charge in the fire extinguisher, press down the button on
quickly. Lack of oxygen is a       the top. The button should return when released. If it does
danger of suffocation hazard.      not, replace the fire extinguisher. Replace the fire
Hazardous gases released           extinguisher whenever it has been discharged. Always
by the burning foam can be         follow any instructions printed on the fire extinguisher.
incapacitating or fatal to
human beings if inhaled in         FIRE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
sufficient quantities.               Maintain the fire extinguisher properly.
Do not expose urethane               Instruct all occupants in the trailer on what to do in case
foams to open flames or              of fire. Hold fire drills periodically.
indirect high temperature
sources of ignition such as          Be especially aware that potentially explosive fuel vapor
burning operations, welding,         may be present at fuel filling stations. Never enter a fuel
burning cigarettes, space            filling station if the generator is running, or if your water
heaters, or unprotected              heater, furnace, or refrigerator is operating on propane.
electric light bulbs.                The flame in the burners of these appliances is a source
                                     of ignition, and could cause an explosion. These
                                     appliances must be turned OFF before entering a fuel
 !    WARNING                        filling station. Turn off the main propane valve.
Before refueling your tow            If you experience a fire while traveling, maintain control
vehicle, be sure to turn off all     of the trailer until you can safely stop. Evacuate the
pilot flames and appliances          vehicle as quickly and safely as possible. Account for all
in the trailer. Turning off the      occupants, including pets.
propane at the tank is
                                     Consider the cause and severity of the fire and the risk
insufficient. Pilotless
                                     involved before attempting to put it out. Move a safe
appliances may still spark or
                                     distance away from the vehicle and wait for emergency
pilot flames may not
                                     fire assistance.
extinguish immediately.
                                     If the trailer is damaged by fire, do not occupy it until you
 !    WARNING                        have had it thoroughly inspected and repaired.

Do not store or carry
propane containers, or other
flammable liquids inside the
trailer.

Chapter 3 / Page 4 of 6                                                         MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                               3 / SAFETY FIRST
EMERGENCY ESCAPE WINDOW(S)
                                                                    !    WARNING
                                                                   Do not cover or obstruct
                                                                   emergeny exit windows.
                                                                   These windows must be
                                                                   accessible at all times for
                                                                   emergencies.




      Emergency Escape Window Latch (typical)
   An emergency escape window, mounted on a hinge, is
located near the rear of the trailer. On some models, another
emergency exit window may be located in the living/dining
area. When you park the trailer, check that trees, fences,
walls, other RVs or other obstacles do not block the
emergency window operation. Also, while scenic views are
one reason for traveling, DO NOT park where a body of water,
steep cliff, or any other environmental hazard is just outside
your escape window.
   Teach everyone in the trailer how to use the emergency
exit window(s). Occasionally open the window(s) to prevent
the seal(s) from sticking. Plan fire escape routes. Decide who
will exit the through the emergency escape window(s) first,
and in what position. Place a blanket or heavy coat over the
window frame to cushion the exit. If there is a fire, the last
person to exit the trailer should be prepared to assist those in
front. Arrange for a meeting place safely away from the
trailer.
   To open this window:
       1. Lift up both latches.

       2. Push out on the glass until it swings clear.

   To open the emergency exit window located in the living/
   galley area (some models):
       1. Pull both RED latches.

       2. Push out on the glass until it swings clear.



MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                    Chapter 3 / Page 5 of 6
3 / SAFETY FIRST


 ! WARNING                       OCCUPANT AND PASSENGER SAFETY
                                    Carrying or allowing passengers (or pets) to ride in the
DO NOT allow passengers
                                 trailer while you are travelling is dangerous. The trailer
to ride in the trailer during
                                 interior is not designed for passenger occupancy while
travel. Although in some
                                 under way. State and Federal vehicle safety laws require
places it may be legal for
                                 seats belts and passenger restraint systems in vehicle
passengers to ride in the
                                 passenger areas. The trailer interior is not designed for or
trailer while under way, MVP
                                 equipped with these systems. It cannot be modified or
RV, Inc. specifically
                                 retrofitted to meet vehicle safety standards and regulations
discourages this practice.
                                 for passenger occupancy. Additionally, some systems such
There are no seat belts or
                                 as slide-out rooms can be operated, but should not be
other passenger safety
                                 operated, while the trailer is being towed. Under some
equipment installed in the
                                 circumstances, carbon monoxide and other toxic gases
trailer, and trailer
                                 and fumes from the tow vehicle exhaust can enter the
movements could cause
                                 trailer while being towed. It is also possible in some models
objects in the interior of the
                                 to carry hazardous and/or toxic substances in the interior.
trailer to become dangerous
                                 Persons occupying the trailer while going down the road
projectiles, possibly
                                 could be exposed to these fumes and gases, resulting in
causing serious personal
                                 respiratory or other injury, or fatal carbon monoxide
injury.
                                 poisoning.
The activities of passengers
                                    Since the driver of the tow vehicle cannot properly
– especially children – in
                                 monitor the activities of any trailer occupants while towing,
the trailer is difficult to
                                 a dangerous situation could arise without the driver’s
monitor. Appliances and
                                 knowledge. Even the best intercom and radio
other equipment could be
                                 communications devices are not adequate to inform the
operated without the
                                 driver of all potential hazards in the trailer. And, although
driver’s knowledge. Some
                                 an unlikely and remote possibility, the trailer could become
of these activities could
                                 detached from the tow vehicle, or a vehicle crash or
involve the starting of fires
                                 overturn could happen, seriously injuring or even killing any
or the improper operation of
                                 trailer occupants.
stored vehicles, electrical
equipment or appliances
that could cause a               Owner Notes
hazardous and unsafe
driving situation.




Chapter 3 / Page 6 of 6                                                     MVP RV Owner’s Guide
        4 / EFFECTS OF PROLONGED OCCUPANCY - CONTROLLING INDOOR AIR QUALITY


4
 / INDOOR AIR QUALITY - Condensation, Mold &
Formaldehyde
   Your trailer was designed primarily for recreational use
and short-term occupancy. If you expect to occupy it for
an extended period, be prepared to deal with indoor air
quality issues that you may encounter. These issues include
condensation and high humidity, concentrations of
formaldehyde and other airborne irritants, and biological
pollutants. This chapter outlines some basic information
about these air quality concerns and how you can
minimize their effects on your RV lifestyle.

CONDENSATION AND EXCESSIVE HUMIDITY




                                                                              MVP RV
  The relatively small volume and tight compact
construction of modern RVs means that the normal living
activities of even a few occupants will lead to rapid
moisture saturation of the air in the trailer and the
appearance of visible moisture, especially in cold weather.
                                                                    Remember, your trailer is
    Just as moisture collects on the outside of a glass of cold     not designed, nor intended,
water during humid weather, moisture can condense on                for permanent housing. Use
the inside surfaces of the trailer during cold weather when         of the trailer for long-term
the relative humidity of the interior air is high. This condition   or permanent occupancy
                                                                    may lead to premature
is increased because the insulated walls of your trailer are        deterioration of structure,
much thinner than house walls. Estimates indicate that              interior finishes, fabrics,
every day a family of four can vaporize up to three gallons         carpeting and drapes.
of water through breathing, cooking, bathing and washing.           Damage or deterioration
                                                                    due to long-term occupancy
  During cold weather and even in short term occupancy,             may not be considered
condensation often forms on ceiling vents and may even              normal and may, under the
                                                                    terms of the warranty,
accumulate to the point of dripping onto the surface
                                                                    constitute misuse, abuse or
below. This is sometimes thought to be a “leaking” roof             neglect and may therefore
vent, but is most often condensation.                               reduce the warranty
                                                                    protection.
   Unless the water vapor is carried outside by ventilation or
condensed by a dehumidifier, it will condense on the inside
of the windows and walls as moisture or in very cold
weather as frost or ice. It may also condense out of sight
within the walls or the ceiling where it will manifest itself as
warped or stained panels. Appearance of these conditions
may indicate a serious condensation problem. When you
see signs of excessive moisture and condensation in the
trailer, you should take action to minimize their effects.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                  Chapter 4 / Page 1 of 10
4 / EFFECTS OF PROLONGED OCCUPANCY - CONTROLLING INDOOR AIR QUALITY


                             HOW TO REDUCE CONDENSATION PROBLEMS:
                              • Allow excess moisture to escape to the outside when bathing,
                                 washing dishes, hair-drying, laundering and using appliances and
                                 non-vented gas burners. Open windows and use the vent fans.

                              • Maintain interior relative humidity at 60% or below. In cold
                                 climates, relative humidity may need to be 35% or less to avoid
If you use a dehumidifier,       window condensation. You can monitor relative humidity with a
please read and follow all       hygrometer. Hygrometers are available at building supply or
manufacturer instructions        some electronics stores.
and recommendations for
use and cleaning. Be sure     • Always use the vent hood when cooking.
to empty and thoroughly
clean the water collection    • Keep the bathroom door closed and the vent or window open
container often.                 when bathing and for a period of time after you have finished.
    MVP RV

                              • Do not dry wet clothes or wet shoes in the trailer.

                              • In hot weather, start the air conditioner early as it removes excess
                                 humidity from the air while lowering the temperature.

                              • Keep the temperature as reasonably cool during cold weather as
                                 possible. The warmer the interior of the trailer, the more cold
                                 exterior temperatures and warm interior temperatures will
                                 contribute to creating condensation on interior surfaces. Avoid
                                 nighttime thermostat settings 10 or more degrees below your
                                 daytime settings. Drastic temperature reductions that reduce the
                                 indoor temperature quickly can increase the chance for moisture
                                 to condense on windows and other interior surfaces.

                              • Use a fan to keep air circulating inside the trailer so condensation
                                 and mildew cannot form in dead air spaces. Allow air to circulate
                                 inside closets and cabinets (leave doors partially open). Please
                                 keep in mind that a closed cabinet full of stored goods prevents
                                 circulation and allows the buildup of condensation.

                              • During cold weather, the natural tendency is to close up the trailer
                                 tightly. This will actually make the problem worse. You need to
                                 remove some of the warm air and allow some cool outside air to
                                 get inside the vehicle so the furnace will not recycle the humid
                                 interior air. Even when it’s raining or snowing outside, the outside
                                 air will usually be dryer than the inside air.

                              • When cleaning floors and carpet, use the least amount of water
                                 necessary. Be sure to extract or dry any residual moisture
                                 thoroughly. If floors and carpet are cleaned before storing the
                                 trailer, be sure carpet is completely dry before closing up the
                                 trailer for an extended period.




Chapter 4 / Page 2 of 10                                                       MVP RV Owner’s Guide
        4 / EFFECTS OF PROLONGED OCCUPANCY - CONTROLLING INDOOR AIR QUALITY


  • Keep the exterior shell of the trailer properly maintained. The shell
     includes the roof, side and end walls, windows, doors,
     compartments and exterior accessories, slideouts and under
     floor. Proper maintenance of sealants will help maintain a tight
     barrier against water intrusion. If you ever make modifications to
     your trailer, be sure any changes are done by a qualified service
     firm to minimize the possibility of moisture intrusion or
     accumulation problems later.

  • Using your trailer in severe climates or weather conditions, such
     as extreme hot and humid or cold weather, will require extra care
     and maintenance to avoid moisture-related issues. In both
     extremely cold and hot/humid climates, you will need to pay more
     attention to controlling relative humidity inside the trailer. You may
     need to use a portable dehumidifier to manage the relative




                                                                                     MVP RV
     humidity within an acceptable range.


ABOUT MOLDS AND BIOLOGICAL CONTAMINANTS
   WHAT ARE BIOLOGICAL CONTAMINANTS?
   Biological contaminants include bacteria, molds,
mildew, viruses, animal dander and saliva, house dust,
mites, cockroaches, and pollen. There are many sources of
these pollutants. Pollens originate from plants; viruses are
transmitted by people and animals; bacteria are carried
by people, animals, and soil and plant debris; and
household pets are sources of saliva and animal dander.
The protein in urine from rats and mice is a potent allergen.
When it dries, it can become airborne.
   Biological contaminants are, or are produced by, living
things. Biological contaminants are often found in areas
that provide food and moisture or water. For example,
damp or wet areas such as cooling coils, humidifiers,
condensate pans, or unvented bathrooms can be moldy.
Draperies, bedding, carpet, and other areas where dust
collects may accumulate biological contaminants.
Contaminated air conditioning/heating systems can
become breeding grounds for mold, mildew, and other
sources of biological contaminants and can then distribute
these contaminants throughout your RV. Many of these
biological contaminants are small enough to be inhaled.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                          Chapter 4 / Page 3 of 10
4 / EFFECTS OF PROLONGED OCCUPANCY - CONTROLLING INDOOR AIR QUALITY


                              By controlling the relative humidity level in a
                           recreational vehicle, the growth of some sources of
                           biologicals can be minimized. A relative humidity of 30-50
                           percent is generally recommended. Standing water,
                           water-damaged materials, or wet surfaces also serve as a
                           breeding ground for molds, mildews, bacteria, and insects.
                           House dust mites, the source of one of the most powerful
                           biological allergens, grow in damp, warm environments.
                           HEALTH EFFECTS FROM BIOLOGICAL CONTAMINANTS
                               Some biological contaminants trigger allergic reactions,
                           including hypersensitivity pneumonitis, allergic rhinitis, and
                           some types of asthma. Infectious illnesses, such as
                           influenza, measles, and chicken pox are transmitted
                           through the air. Molds and mildews release disease-
   MVP RV

                           causing toxins. Symptoms of health problems caused by
                           biological pollutants include sneezing, watery eyes,
                           coughing, shortness of breath, dizziness, lethargy, fever,
                           and digestive problems. Children, elderly people, and
                           people with breathing problems, allergies, and lung
                           diseases are particularly susceptible to disease-causing
                           biological agents in the indoor air.
                              Allergic reactions occur only after repeated exposure to
                           a specific biological allergen. However, that reaction may
                           occur immediately upon re-exposure or after multiple
                           exposures over time. As a result, people who have noticed
                           only mild allergic reactions, or no reactions at all, may
                           suddenly find themselves very sensitive to particular
                           allergens.
                           REDUCING EXPOSURE TO BIOLOGICAL CONTAMINANTS

                             • General good housekeeping, and maintenance of heating and air
                                conditioning equipment, are very important. Adequate ventilation
                                and good air distribution also help.

                             • Maintain the relative humidity between 30% - 60% to help control
                                mold, dust mites, and cockroaches.

                             • Use the recommendations in the section on Condensation and
                                Excessive Humidity to keep the humidity level down.

                             • Humidifiers can become breeding grounds for biological
                                contaminants. They have the potential for causing diseases such
                                as hypersensitivity pneumonitis and “humidifier fever.” Clean
                                evaporation trays in air conditioners, dehumidifiers, and
                                refrigerators frequently.



Chapter 4 / Page 4 of 10                                                    MVP RV Owner’s Guide
        4 / EFFECTS OF PROLONGED OCCUPANCY - CONTROLLING INDOOR AIR QUALITY

  • Thoroughly clean and dry water-damaged carpets and building
     materials (within 24 hours if possible). Water-damaged carpets
     and building materials can harbor mold and bacteria. It is very
     difficult to completely rid such materials of biological
     contaminants.

  • Avoid drying wet clothes inside.

  • Keep the RV clean. Dust mites, pollens, animal dander, and other
     allergy-causing agents can be reduced, although not eliminated,
     through regular cleaning.

  • Take steps to minimize biological pollutants in storage
     compartment and indoor closets and cabinets.

   SPECIFICALLY ABOUT MOLDS ...
    Molds are microscopic organisms that naturally occur in
virtually every environment, indoors and out. Outdoors, mold




                                                                              MVP RV
growth is important in the decomposition of plants. Indoors,
mold growth is unfavorable. Left unchecked, molds break
down natural materials such as wood products and fabrics.
Knowing the potential risks is important for any type of
consumer to protect their investment.
   WHAT FACTORS CONTRIBUTE TO MOLD GROWTH?
   For mold growth to occur, the temperature must be
between 40 degrees and 100 degrees Fahrenheit and
there must be a source of moisture such as humidity,
standing water, damp materials, etc. Indoors, the most
rapid growth occurs with warm and humid conditions.
   HOW CAN MOLD GROWTH BE INHIBITED?
   By controlling relative humidity, the growth of mold and
mildew can be inhibited. In warm climates, use of the air
conditioner will reduce the relative humidity. Vents are
located in the bathing and cooking areas and you should
use them continuously during food preparation and
bathing even during colder weather. Opening a window
during these activities will assist in ventilation. In extremely
humid conditions, using a dehumidifier can be helpful.
   FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT MOLDS
   Frequent use of your trailer and keeping it clean are
important preventive measures. Wipe up and dry any spills
as soon as possible. Avoid leaving damp items lying about.
Use mold or mildew-killing cleaning products where they
can be safely used. Read the labels before using the
product(s). Check sealants regularly and reseal when
necessary to avoid water leaks. Proper preventive

MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                   Chapter 4 / Page 5 of 10
4 / EFFECTS OF PROLONGED OCCUPANCY - CONTROLLING INDOOR AIR QUALITY


                                  maintenance to the trailer and its accessories, as
                                  described both in this manual and in accompanying
                                  literature, will help reduce the possibility of mold and
                                  mildew problems.
                                     Dry any areas exposed to water leaks or spills as soon as
                                  possible and definitely within 24-48 hours. Quickly drying
                                  minimizes the chance for moisture damage and possible
                                  mold growth which can begin to form colonies in 48 hours.
                                  Since moisture is key to mold issues, treat all signs of
                                  condensation and spills seriously and deal with them
                                  promptly. Failure to deal with a moisture issue promptly
                                  may cause more severe problems where there weren’t
                                  any before, or may make a small problem much worse.
                                     Learn to recognize the signs of mold. Don’t paint over
                                  suspicious discolorations until you are sure it is not mold.
 MVP RV


                                  The affected surface must first be cleaned and dried. Any
                                  residual stains can be painted over.
                                     Be sure to understand and eliminate the source of
                                  moisture accumulation as a part of the clean up. Clean up
                                  small amounts of mold as soon as it appears. Use a
                                  detergent/soap solution or an appropriate household
                                  cleaner. The cleaned area should be thoroughly dried.
                                  Dispose of any sponges or rags used to clean mold.
                                    Several drying methods can be used:
                                    • Remove excess water with an extraction vacuum

                                    • Use a dehumidifier to aid drying

                                    • Use portable fans to move air across the wet surfaces


                                  CHEMICAL SENSITIVITY
                                     After you first purchase your new RV and sometimes
                                  after it has been closed up for an extended period of time,
IMPORTANT NOTE
                                  you may notice some strong odors and feel some
Chemical off-gassing is not
                                  chemical sensitivity. This is not a defect in your RV. Many
a “defect” in your
                                  different products are used in the construction of your RV.
recreational vehicle. It is not
                                  Some of these materials such as carpet, linoleum,
covered under the one-year
                                  plywood, insulation, upholstery, may “off-gas” different
limited warranty. Please
                                  chemicals. This off-gassing is especially noticable when the
follow the
                                  materials are new or are exposed to high temperatures
recommendations in this
                                  and/or humidity. Since your RV is much smaller than your
section to address this
                                  home, and because the air inside the RV is exchanged less
concern.
                                  often, the concentration of these chemicals in your RV is
                                  more noticeable.


Chapter 4 / Page 6 of 10                                                          MVP RV Owner’s Guide
        4 / EFFECTS OF PROLONGED OCCUPANCY - CONTROLLING INDOOR AIR QUALITY


   Under some conditions, you may experience eye, nose,
and throat irritation, and possibly headache, nausea, and
a variety of asthma-like symptoms. Elderly persons and
young children, as well as anyone with a history of asthma,
allergies, or lung problems, may be more susceptible to the
effects of these chemical emissions.

FORMALDEHYDE
    Formaldehyde is an important chemical used widely by
industry to manufacture building materials and numerous
household products including some paints, coatings and
cosmetics. It is also a by-product of combustion and             !   WARNING
certain other natural processes. It is used to add
                                                                Some parts of this
permanent-press qualities to clothing and draperies, as a
                                                                recreational vehicle were
component of glues and adhesives, and as a preservative
                                                                made with products that
in some products. Formaldehyde is also found in tobacco
                                                                contain urea-formaldehyde




                                                                          MVP RV
smoke, household products, and the use of un-vented,
                                                                resin. As these products
fuel-burning appliances. Thus, it may be present in
                                                                age they will release small
substantial concentrations both indoors and outdoors.
                                                                quantities of formaldehyde.
     As is standard in the industry, your MVP RV recreational   Formaldehyde can be
vehicle incorporates wood products that were                    irritating to the eyes and
manufactured using formaldehyde. Formaldehyde has an            upper respiratory system of
important role in the adhesives use to bind together the        especially susceptible
components of certain wood products such as                     persons such as those with
particleboard used as sub-flooring and shelving and in          allergies or respiratory
cabinetry and furniture; hardwood plywood paneling used         ailments. Proper ventilation
for decorative wall covering and used in cabinets and           will reduce indoor
furniture; and medium density fiberboard (MDF) used for         formaldehyde levels. If
drawer fronts, cabinets, and furniture tops. The wood           symptoms develop, consult
products in your RV are designed to emit formaldehyde at        a physician.
or lower than the maximum levels allowable under
standards issued by the Recreational Vehicle Industry
Association, and should not produce symptoms such as
irritiation of the eyes and throat in most people.
   Studies have shown that while almost all of the
formaldehyde used in the materials in your RV is consumed
during the manufacturing process, a small amount
remains. This left-over formaldehyde dissipates over time,
typically ranging over several months. The rate at which
products like pressed wood or textiles release
formaldehyde can change. Formaldehyde emissions will
generally decrease as products age. When the products
are new, high indoor temperatures or humidity can cause
increased release of formaldehyde from these products.



MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                              Chapter 4 / Page 7 of 10
4 / EFFECTS OF PROLONGED OCCUPANCY - CONTROLLING INDOOR AIR QUALITY


                           HEALTH EFFECTS OF FORMALDEHYDE
                              Formaldehyde is a colorless, pungent-smelling gas that
                           can cause watery eyes, burning sensations in the eyes and
                           throat, nausea, wheezing and coughing, fatigue, skin rash
                           and difficulty in breathing in some people, and severe
                           allergic reactions. High concentrations may trigger attacks
                           in people with asthma. It has also been shown to cause
                           cancer in animals and may cause cancer in humans.
                              In almost all cases, the human body is naturally
                           equipped to handle formaldehyde without harm. If
                           formaldehyde is absorbed into the body, naturally
                           occurring enzymes in the blood stream convert it into a
                           non-toxic substance that is eventually expelled as a bodily
                           waste.
                              A very small percentage of the population, however, is
MVP RV


                           more sensitive to formaldehyde. For these people, coming
                           in contact with formaldehyde can cause watery or itchy
                           eyes, runny or bleeding nose or sore throat. In most cases,
                           these symptoms disappear with fresh air ventilation.
                              If you think you might have a sensitivity to
                           formaldehyde, or if you have any questions or concerns
                           about the health effects of formaldehyde, please consult
                           your doctor or local health professionals.
                           HOW TO REDUCE EXPOSURE
                              To reduce or lessen your exposure to chemicals from off-
                           gassing, you must ventilate your RV. Open windows, doors,
                           exhaust vents frequently after purchase and whenever the
                           temperature and/or humidity is high. Operate ceiling and/
                           or other fans, roof air conditioner(s) and the furnace. Use a
                           fan to force the stale air out and bring fresh air in.
                             • Use air conditioning and dehumidifiers to maintain moderate
                                temperature and reduce humidity levels. Use the
                                recommendations in this chapter on controlling moisture and
                                humidity.

                             • Increase ventilation, particularly during the first few months after
                                purchasing your RV.

                             • Do not smoke inside your RV. In addition to causing damage to
                                your RV, tobacco smoke releases formaldehyde and other toxic
                                chemicals.




Chapter 4 / Page 8 of 10                                                       MVP RV Owner’s Guide
        4 / EFFECTS OF PROLONGED OCCUPANCY - CONTROLLING INDOOR AIR QUALITY

   If you use dehumidifiers to control humidity, be sure to
drain and clean dehumidifier collection trays frequently so
that they do not become a breeding ground for
microorganisms. See the section on biological pollutants
for more information.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT FORMALDEHYDE
  • An Update on Formaldehyde: 1997 Revision (CPSC document
     #725). U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission

   • American Lung Association
    1740 Broadway
    New York, NY 10019-4374
       (local ALA offices also have information)
  • For further information on formaldehyde and consumer products,




                                                                            MVP RV
     call the EPA Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA) Assistance
     Line (202) 554-1404.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                 Chapter 4 / Page 9 of 10
4 / EFFECTS OF PROLONGED OCCUPANCY - CONTROLLING INDOOR AIR QUALITY


                            Owner Notes
MVP RV




Chapter 4 / Page 10 of 10                                 MVP RV Owner’s Guide
5
    / YOUR TOW VEHICLE AND EQUIPMENT
  There are some other important things you should know
about towing your trailer.
   Towing a trailer will subject you to new and different
challenges on the highway than you may have ever
experienced before. An accident with a tow vehicle and
trailer can have much greater consequences than
carelessness with a small car. Take your responsibilities as a
tow vehicle driver very seriously. Learn all you can about
doing the job safely and well. Balancing the load and
preparing the trailer and tow vehicle are critical to safe
handling.
   The combined weight of your trailer and tow vehicle




                                                                      MVP RV
must never exceed the Gross Combined Weight Rating
(GCWR) as specified by the tow vehicle manufacturer. A
load heavier than this limit could exceed the tow vehicle’s
ability to pull and stop the load, could damage the tow
vehicle chassis structure or drive train, and possibly lead to
a vehicle crash. Remember, you cannot increase the tow
vehicle’s towing capacity by changing the capacity of the
hitch. Weights heavier than the limit can change your
handling, could restrict your warranty coverage, and
could possibly lead to a crash.
    Remember that you must stop the trailer with the tow
vehicle’s brakes in combination with the brake controller
and trailer brake system. This is extremely critical when
driving in hills, mountains, sharply curving roads and
irregular road surfaces.
   Another critical aspect of safely operating a trailer is
knowing the weights involved and where they are placed.
You must determine that the load you intend to tow is
within the capacities of the equipment you are using. The
location of the load in the trailer is also critical to the way
your rig will handle on the road.
  There are some basic loading and towing rules that you
must follow for safe towing. If a trailer doesn’t tow properly
when all the basic rules have been followed, the answer
can be very complex, because the result can be an
oscillating or swaying trailer. Swaying is usually caused by a




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                              Chapter 5 / Page 1 of 6
5 / YOUR TOW VEHICLE AND EQUIPMENT


                                 trailer that is “tail heavy”, and moving cargo to increase
                                 tongue weight will usually cure the problem. The moment
                                 your trailer shows any tendency to sway, you should slow
                                 down and determine the cause. Swaying can be a very
                                 complex problem because several components working
                                 together can cause it. Speed and wind are two of these
                                 components, so you should never drive faster to try and
                                 eliminate swaying or any other problem.


  NOTICE                         YOUR TOW VEHICLE
In connection with the use           You likely already have the vehicle you will be using to
and operation of MVP RV          tow and you may have based your trailer purchase on its
recreational vehicles, MVP       capabilities. It is up to you to determine if your tow vehicle
RV customers and owners of       is really big enough to have the brakes and suspension it
MVP RV recreational vehicles     takes to safely tow your trailer. There isn’t any good way to
are solely responsible for the   overcome a problem such as this short of trading up to a
selection and proper use of      vehicle with more capacity. Adding bigger tires, more
tow vehicles. All customers      springs or better shocks will not help. If the suspension isn’t
should consult with a motor      heavy enough, the brakes are probably inadequate for
vehicle manufacturer or          the load you intend to tow. Just because a half-ton pickup
dealer concerning the            may be able to carry 1000 pounds of weight in the bed, it
purchase and use of suitable     probably cannot support 1000 pounds at the hitch without
tow vehicles for MVP RV          special modifications to the suspension. There is a
products. MVP RV further         difference between “load” (actual weight applied) and
disclaims any liability with     “load rating” (maximum engineered design load limit).
respect to damages which         Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) is determined by the
may be incurred by a             manufacturer in the design of the vehicle. GVWR cannot
customer or owner of MVP         be changed. The addition of heavier components does
RV recreational vehicles as a    not change the legal GVWR of your vehicle. Any load
result of the operation, use     exceeding these manufacturer’s rating values is both
or misuse of a tow vehicle.      unsafe and illegal.
                                     You can’t always correct a swaying problem by moving
NOTE: MVP RV’s LIMITED           the trailer load forward if the tow vehicle isn’t capable of
WARRANTY DOES NOT                handling the required hitch weight. Moving the load back
COVER DAMAGE TO THE              in the trailer could make for a very unstable and
RECREATIONAL VEHICLE             dangerous condition. Too much weight on the hitch can
OR THE TOW VEHICLE AS A          also cause a dangerous situation where the tow vehicle
RESULT OF THE                    doesn’t have enough weight on the front wheels to keep
OPERATION, USE OR                the vehicles under control. When you hit the brakes, the
MISUSE OF THE TOW                trailer dives lifting the front of the tow vehicle even more,
VEHICLE.                         and you lose most of your braking and steering at the
                                 same time. Weight distribution hitches are available that
                                 can dramatically help your handling by spreading the
                                 forces to both axles, but they can not compensate for
                                 inadequate towing capacity or overloading.

Chapter 5 / Page 2 of 6                                                      MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                       5 / YOUR TOW VEHICLE AND EQUIPMENT


   A basic rule of trailer towing is:
       The tow vehicle and hitch must be capable of
       safely handling at least 15% of the gross
       weight of the trailer (total weight of trailer plus
       contents). Fifth wheel trailers usually have up
       to 25% of the gross weight on the hitch.


TOW VEHICLE AND TRAILER BRAKES
  You can’t have too much braking power. You should be
able to stop your rig on a hill without the trailer brakes.
                                                                     NOTICE
   When learning, get on a lonely road without any traffic
                                                                  Be sure the tow vehicle is large
and try practicing panic stops. Of course, you shouldn’t
                                                                  enough for your trailer or fifth
just slam on your brakes. You should try to slowly shorten
                                                                  wheel, and has the needed
your stopping distance by applying more pressure. Don’t
                                                                  power and heavy duty running
take it to the point that you lose control, just enough to get
                                                                  gear. It must be rated by the
a feeling what it takes to make a quick stop and the
                                                                  vehicle manufacturer to tow the
distances involved. Don’t ride the brakes going down hills
                                                                  gross weight, and to carry the
as this overheats brakes, causing them to lose
                                                                  hitch weight of the fully loaded
effectiveness. Use the engine and lower gears to control
                                                                  trailer or fifth wheel.
the downhill speed on long hills. Learn how electric brakes
work and how to adjust the controllers that actuate them.
                                                                  NOTE: Heavy duty commercial
Remember that the slightest pressure to the brake pedal
                                                                  vehicles larger than one ton
will apply the electric brakes. Keep your foot off the brake
                                                                  may be used only if an energy
pedal unless you intend to use them.
                                                                  absorbing hitch, such as the Air
                                                                  Ride Hitch™, is used to couple
THE HITCH                                                         the trailer to the tow vehicle.
                                                                  The rough ride of the larger
    Before towing anything, have your hitch inspected by          trucks can cause structural
a qualified hitch installation company, and have them             problems to develop in
determine what the maximum tongue weight can be if it             recreational trailers if an energy
is not plainly marked on the hitch. This is usually 15% of        absorbing hitch is not utilized.
the rated hitch capacity (25% for fifth wheels). Note that
this is the hitch capacity, not the ball capacity. A ball is
rated by its towing capacity. A hitch is rated by not only
its towing capacity but also by the trailer tongue weight.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                  Chapter 5 / Page 3 of 6
5 / YOUR TOW VEHICLE AND EQUIPMENT


                          THE HITCH, BALL, AND SAFETY CHAINS
                             The hitch pin plate or ball should be located so the
                          trailer sits level when connected to the tow vehicle. The
                          vehicle should be able to accept the loaded trailer
                          tongue weight without a major change of attitude. The
                          hitch pin plate or ball should be lightly greased so the
                          pin box or coupler rotates smoothly on it. Safety chains
                          are required on all trailers except fifth wheels; they
                          should be long enough for tight turns and be crossed
                          under the ball (right to left and left to right). This will help
                          keep the tongue off the road if the ball and coupler
                          become disconnected and will help maintain control
                          while stopping. Never allow the chains to drag on the
                          pavement, because they can be ground to an unsafe
                          condition very quickly. Always inspect the hitch and
                          tongue for cracks when hooking up. Rust is your enemy
   MVP RV


                          and can cause premature failures. Check lights and
                          brakes each time the trailer is hooked up. Try to do
                          things in the same order each time and use a checklist.
                          Don’t forget to retract the tongue jack and stabilizer
                          jacks. Don’t ever hook a trailer up half way or you may
                          forget to finish the job. Don’t start if you can’t finish, and
                          never leave the receiver pin out for a minute, or forget to
                          latch the pin and coupler.


                          EQUIPMENT SELECTION AND PREPARATION
                            For conventional travel trailers:
                             Use a weight distributing hitch rated for not less than
                          the trailer Gross Vehicle Weight Rating and with spring
                          bars rated not more than the ratings shown in the table
                          below. The hitch must be equipped with a 2-5/16”
                          diameter ball. Keep the hitch ball as close as practical
                          to the rear bumper to minimize rear overhang. Do not
                          add hitch extenders to the rear of your tow vehicle.
                             Use a sway control system installed and adjusted
                          according to the sway control manufacturer’s
                          instructions.
                            Refer to the hitch installation instructions for detailed
                          preliminary ball mount adjustments.




Chapter 5 / Page 4 of 6                                                MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                   5 / YOUR TOW VEHICLE AND EQUIPMENT


   For fifth-wheel trailers:                                       NOTICE
    Use a hitch and receiver assembly sized for the 2” SAE
king pin and rated to pull not less than the Gross Vehicle      Fifth-wheel hitch extenders
Weight Rating of the fifth-wheel trailer. The receiver          (also called “gooseneck
should be attached to the truck chassis. No weight              tongue adapters”) are not to
distributing or sway control devices are needed with a          be used with MVP RV fifth-
fifth-wheel hitch.                                              wheel trailers. Use of a hitch
                                                                extending device may cause
   For all trailers:                                            structural damage to the
  Use a brake controller that automatically applies the         trailer pin box assembly or
brakes in proportion to the tow vehicle brakes and also         chassis. Damage caused by
has a hand control for applying the trailer brakes only.        the use of a hitch extending
   Use outside mirrors installed and adjusted to allow a        device may affect your
clear view of the area at both sides of and behind the          warranty coverage under the
trailer. Locate them as close as possible to the driver to      MVP RV Limited Warranty.
provide the maximum field of view.
  If your trailer is wider than your tow vehicle, you will
need extended side view mirrors to see rear and side
approaching traffic.



STATE AND LOCAL REQUIREMENTS FOR TOWING
  States and municipalities may require special permits
and licenses based on the size and weight of your trailer,
especially if it is over eight feet wide. Some states require
additional equipment for the tow vehicle, such as side
and rear view mirrors. Inquire at your local motor vehicle
administration to find out what requirements affect you.
   If you plan to travel in another state, don’t forget to
check its requirements also. There may be weight,
height, and width limits for using certain roads, bridges,
and tunnels. Be aware of restrictions regarding the
transport of propane gas and other volatile gases or
fuels in tunnels. Contact your insurance company to
make sure you have the proper coverage.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                               Chapter 5 / Page 5 of 6
5 / YOUR TOW VEHICLE AND EQUIPMENT


                          Owner Notes
   MVP RV




Chapter 5 / Page 6 of 6                 MVP RV Owner’s Guide
6
    / TIRES AND WHEELS
THE IMPORTANCE OF PROPER TIRE INFLATION
   Your trailer tires and wheels, and tongue or fifth-wheel
hitch support the entire weight of the trailer and its contents.
The tires are also the only contact the trailer has with the road
surface. Determining and maintaining proper inflation is the
most important factor in maximizing the life of your tires.
Driving on a tire that does not have the correct inflation
pressure for the trailer load is dangerous and may cause
premature wear, tire damage, tread delamination and/or                !   WARNING
loss of control of the trailer and/or tow vehicle.                   Check tire pressures before
                                                                     traveling. Always check tire
   An under-inflated tire will build up excessive heat that may




                                                                               MVP RV
                                                                     pressure when tires are
go beyond the limits of the tire materials. This could result in
                                                                     cold. Do not exceed the
sudden tire failure. An under-inflated tire will also cause poor
                                                                     maximum recommended
vehicle handling, rapid and/or irregular tire wear, and an
                                                                     pressure.
increase in rolling resistance which results in decreased tow
vehicle fuel economy.
    The maximum cold inflation pressure for your tires is stated
on the tire sidewalls (see page 8 of this chapter) and Federal        !   WARNING
certification label (see Chapter 1, page 6). Keep your tires
                                                                     Keep tires properly inflated.
inflated to this maximum cold pressure. This reduces the
                                                                     A tire that is run long
chance of a failure and improves towing stability.
                                                                     distances or at high speeds
Maintaining correct tire inflation pressure for your trailer is of
                                                                     while seriously under-
the utmost importance and must be a part of regular vehicle
                                                                     inflated will overheat to the
maintenance.
                                                                     point where the tire may
   You must weigh your trailer when it is fully loaded as you        lose air suddenly and/or
expect to use it. You need to weigh all axles together and           catch fire, possibly
calculate the hitch weight. You may find that even though            resulting in damage to the
the total weight is within the GVWR, one side may be                 vehicle and its contents
overloaded. For this reason, you must know the weight of             and/or personal injury.
each side of the trailer. When you know the weight on each
side of the trailer, the combined axle assembly, and the hitch
weight, you will be able to manage your loading to be able
to maintain good balance and assure good and safe
handling on the road. Here are some tips to help you plan
your loading:
     Do not overload. Experiment with various loads starting
     with light loads and working up to heavier loads. Take
     into consideration the load of the fresh water system.
     The tow vehicle and the terrain will affect the true
     weight you should carry.

MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                   Chapter 6 / Page 1 of 18
6 / TIRES AND WHEELS


                           Distribute the load evenly over the axles as much as
                           possible. Keep heavy items low and forward, preferably
                           in the lower storage areas. This will produce a lower
                           center of gravity, and improve road stability.
                           Distribute the load evenly on each side of the trailer.
                           Place heavier objects opposite the heavier appliances,
                           cabinets, furniture, etc. when possible. Experiment with
                           various load positions until you find the best
                           distribution.
                           Avoid loading heavy items in or on the rear of the
                           trailer. This can cause both total weight problems and
                           hitch weight distribution problems.
   MVP RV

                           Secure items so they won’t move around while
                           traveling. Make sure all items and materials are
                           properly stored. Close and latch all drawers, cabinet
                           doors, and closet doors. Pull all loose furniture away
                           from cabinets and walls, and lay on their side or secure
                           to prevent rubbing during travel.
                           Carry only as much water as you think you will need
                           while traveling. Water weighs over eight pounds per
                           gallon. Whenever possible, empty the holding tanks
                           before getting on the road.
                           If you are heading for rough terrain, use heavy packing
                           material in the cupboards to hold plates, glasses, etc.
                           Put a nonskid material beneath heavier items to
                           prevent shifting. Expensive and breakable belongings
                           should be well packed and placed on the floor in the
                           center of the trailer, as the center rides best.
                           Store emergency items such as fire extinguisher, first-
                           aid kit, highway warning devices, gloves, etc. in a
                           readily accessible place. Don’t bury these items
                           beneath other cargo.
                           When you have properly loaded your trailer with the
                           things you need for your trip, make a diagram that
                           outlines where things are stored. With this diagram,
                           your list of items and the weight of the items, you will
                           be able to find specific items easily and have a handy
                           reference for determining proper weights.



Chapter 6 / Page 2 of 18                                             MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                          6 / TIRES AND WHEELS


    Weigh your trailer after you have loaded it. You may
    have to do this several times to get it right.

    Check the trailer tires frequently. Tires can lose air over a
period of time. In fact, tires can lose 1 to 3 PSI per month.
This is because molecules of air, under pressure, migrate
through the rubber from the inside to the outside. A drop in
tire pressure could cause the tire to become overloaded,
leading to excessive heat build up. If a trailer tire is under-
inflated, even for a short period of time, the tire could
suffer internal damage. A flat can go unnoticed on a
multiple axle trailer while it is being towed. Running with a
flat can cause it to catch fire and burn up your rig. With
multiple axles or tandem wheels it is hard sometimes to see
a flat tire as the other tires are supporting the weight of the




                                                                               MVP RV
rig and the flat tire is less noticeable. A quick check can be
made by “thumping” each tire with a tire iron or rod to
make sure they all sound the same. Each time you gas up,
walk around the trailer and give a quick check by feeling
each tire with your hand. A tire that is getting low will be         !    CAUTION
hotter than the rest. There is no substitute, however, for          Tire load ratings are
actually measuring tire pressures to make sure they are all         dependent on tire inflation
within safe limits. Always check the cold tire inflation            pressures. Under-inflated
pressures before each trip and at least once a week                 tires can be damaged and
during the trip for proper inflation levels.                        result in a loss of inflation
                                                                    pressure.
    The most common causes of tire failure are overloading
and underinflation. Both result in excess flexing of the
sidewall which causes heat buildup and eventual tire
failure. Continuing to run with a flat can cause it to catch
fire.

    The most important things you can do to avoid tire
failures are:
       maintain proper tire pressure
       stay within tire and vehicle load limits
       avoid road hazards if possible
       inspect tires for cuts, slashes, and other irregularities.
    Properly maintained tires improve the steering,
stopping, traction, and load-carrying capability of your
vehicle. Make tire safety a regular part of your vehicle
maintenance routine. Recognize that the time you spend
is minimal compared with the inconvenience and safety
consequences of a flat tire or other tire failure.


MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                  Chapter 6 / Page 3 of 18
6 / TIRES AND WHEELS


                               UNDERSTANDING TIRE PRESSURE AND LOAD LIMITS
                                   Tire inflation pressure is the level of air in the tire that
                               provides it with load-carrying capacity and affects the
                               overall performance of the vehicle. The tire inflation
                               pressure is a number that indicates the amount of air
                               pressure that a tire requires to be properly inflated. It is
                               difficult to obtain the recommended tire pressure if your
                               tires are not cold. Because tires are designed to be used
                               on more than one type of vehicle, tire manufacturers list
                               the “maximum permissible inflation pressure” on the tire
                               sidewall. This number is the greatest amount of air pressure
                               that should ever be put in the tire under normal driving
                               conditions.

                               CHECKING & ADJUSTING TIRE PRESSURE
   MVP RV

                                  It is important to check your vehicle’s tire pressure at
                               least once a month, always before every trip, and at least
                               once a week while on the road. Not only do tires naturally
                               lose air over time, but they can lose air suddenly if you
                               drive over a pothole or other object, or if you strike the
                               curb. It is difficult to determine tire inflation pressure by
                               looking at the tire. Purchase a tire pressure gauge to keep
                               in your vehicle. Gauges can be purchased at tire
                               dealerships, auto supply stores, and other retail outlets.
                                   The recommended tire inflation pressure is the proper
                               pressure when a tire is cold. A “cold” tire is one that has
                               not been driven on for at least three hours. When you
                               drive, your tires get warmer, causing the air pressure within
                               them to increase. Therefore, to get an accurate tire
                               pressure reading, you must measure tire pressure when the
                               tires are cold.
NOTE: The air pressure
                                   Refer to the tire sidewalls for the recommended tire
recommended on the tire
                                   pressure. Your trailer may be equipped with optional
information placard is for
                                   tires. Always refer to the tire sidewalls for
the original standard
                                   recommended tire pressure.
equipment tires only. Your
trailer may be equipped            Check and write down the pressure in all tires.
with optional-sized tires.
                                   If the tire pressure is too high in any of the tires, slowly
Always follow the pressure
                                   release air by gently pressing on the tire valve stem
recommendations stamped
                                   with the edge of your tire gauge until you get to the
in the tire sidewall for any
                                   correct pressure.
replacement tire.
                                   If the tire pressure is too low, note the difference
                                   between the measured tire pressure and the correct
                                   tire pressure. You will need to add air to get to the
                                   correct pressure.
Chapter 6 / Page 4 of 18                                                        MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                         6 / TIRES AND WHEELS


    Add air to each tire that is under-inflated.
    Check all the tires again to make sure they have the
    same air pressure.
    If you have been towing your trailer and think that a tire
is under-inflated, fill it to the recommended cold inflation
pressure. Remember to recheck and adjust the pressure in
all tires when you can obtain a cold reading.

TIRE TREAD
    The tire tread provides the gripping action and traction         !   WARNING
that helps to prevent your trailer from slipping or sliding,        All tires on your trailer
especially when the road is wet or icy. In general, tires are not   should be the same type,
safe and should be replaced when the tread is worn down to          size, construction and load
1/16 of an inch. Tires have built-in treadwear indicators that      rating — do not mix bias-
let you know when it is time to replace your tires. These           belted and radial tires.
indicators are raised sections spaced intermittently in the
bottom of the tread grooves. When they appear “even” with
the outside of the tread, it is time to replace your tires.          !   WARNING
TIRE LIFE                                                           There is a danger of serious
                                                                    injury or death if a tire of
    Trailer tires may be worn out even though they still have
                                                                    one bead diameter is
plenty of tread left. This is because trailer tires have to carry
                                                                    installed on a rim or wheel
a lot of weight all the time, even when not in use. It is
                                                                    of a different rim diameter.
actually better for the tire to be rolling down the road than
                                                                    ALWAYS replace a tire with
to be idle. During use, the tire releases lubricants that are
                                                                    another tire of exactly the
beneficial to tire life. Using the trailer tires often also helps
                                                                    same bead diameter
prevent flat spots from developing. The average life of a
                                                                    designation and suffix
trailer tire is about five years under normal use and
                                                                    letters.
maintenance conditions. After five years, trailer tires may
be degraded to the point that they should be replaced,
even if they have had minimal or no use. Exposure to to
sunlight (ultra-violet damage) and high speed towing in
hot conditions also reduces tire life. As heat builds up
during driving, the tire’s internal structure starts to break
down, compromising the strength of the tire. Have your
tires inspected by a tire supplier to determine if your tires
need to be replaced.

REPLACEMENT TIRES
   To maintain tire safety, purchase new tires that are the
same type, size, construction and load rating as the
original tires. Look at the tire information placard or the
sidewall of the tire you are replacing to find this
information. If you have any doubt about the correct size
to choose, consult with the tire dealer.

MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                  Chapter 6 / Page 5 of 18
6 / TIRES AND WHEELS


                           TIRE SAFETY INFORMATION
                              This portion of the Owner’s Manual contains tire safety
                           information as required by 49 CFR 575.6.
                              The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
                           (NHTSA) has published a brochure (DOT HS 809 36 ) that
                           discusses all aspects of Tire Safety, as required by CFR
                           575.6. It can be obtained and downloaded from NHTSA,
                           free of charge, from the following web site:
                               http://www.NHTSA.dot.gov/cars/rules/TireSafety/ridesonit/
                               tires_index.html

                               Studies of tire safety show that maintaining proper tire
                           pressure, observing tire and vehicle load limits (not carrying
                           more weight in your vehicle than your tires or vehicle can
   MVP RV

                           safely handle), avoiding road hazards, and inspecting tires
                           for cuts, slashes, and other irregularities are the most
                           important things you can do to avoid tire failure, such as
                           tread separation or blowout and flat tires.
                              These actions, along with other care and maintenance
                           activities, can also:
                                 Improve vehicle handling
                                 Help protect you and others from avoidable breakdowns
                                    and accidents
                                 Improve fuel economy
                                 Increase the life of your tires.

                             Use this information to make tire safety a regular part of
                           your vehicle maintenance routine. Recognize that the time
                           you spend is minimal compared with the inconvenience
                           and safety consequences of a flat tire or other tire failure.

                           SAFETY FIRST – BASIC TIRE MAINTENANCE
                              Properly maintained tires improve the steering, stopping,
                           traction, and load-carrying capability of your vehicle.
                           Under-inflated tires and overloaded vehicles are a major
                           cause of tire failure. Therefore, as mentioned above, to
                           avoid flat tires and other types of tire failure, you should
                           maintain proper tire pressure, observe tire and vehicle load
                           limits, avoid road hazards, and regularly inspect your tires.




Chapter 6 / Page 6 of 18                                                  MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                  6 / TIRES AND WHEELS


FINDING YOUR VEHICLE’S RECOMMENDED TIRE PRESSURE
AND LOAD LIMITS
   Tire information placards and vehicle certification labels
contain information on tires and load limits. These labels
indicate the vehicle manufacturer’s information including:
       Recommended tire size
       Recommended tire inflation pressure
       Vehicle capacity weight (VCW–the maximum occupant
         and cargo weight a vehicle is designed to carry)
       Front and rear gross axle weight ratings (GAWR– the
         maximum weight the axle systems are designed to
         carry).




                                                                       MVP RV
   Both placards and certification labels are permanently
attached to the trailer on the forward half of the left side,
and are easily readable from outside the vehicle without
moving any part of the vehicle.

TIRE REPAIR
   The proper repair of a punctured tire requires a plug for
the hole and a patch for the area inside the tire that
surrounds the puncture hole. Punctures through the tread
can be repaired if they are not too large, but punctures to
the sidewall should not be repaired. Tires must be removed
from the rim to be properly inspected before being
plugged and patched.

TIRE FUNDAMENTALS
   Federal law requires tire manufacturers to place
standardized information on the sidewall of all tires. This
information identifies and describes the fundamental
characteristics of the tire and also provides a tire
identification number for safety standard certification and
in case of a recall.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                            Chapter 6 / Page 7 of 18
6 / TIRES AND WHEELS


                           TIRE LABEL INFORMATION
                                P - The “P” indicates the tire is for passenger vehicles.
                                   NOTE: Passenger car tires are not recommended
                                   for use on trailers.
                                LT - “LT” indicates the tire is for light trucks. NOTE: Light
                                truck tires are not recommended for use on trailers.
                                ST - “ST” is an indication the tire is for trailer use only.
   MVP RV




                                Next number - This three-digit number gives the width in
                                millimeters of the tire from sidewall edge to sidewall edge.
                                In general, the larger the number, the wider the tire.
                                Next number - This two-digit number, known as the
                                aspect ratio, gives the tire’s ratio of height to width.
                                R - The “R” stands for radial. Other tire designs may be
                                “bias ply” or “bias belted” and are designated by other
                                letters.
                                Next number - This two-digit number is the wheel or rim
                                diameter in inches. If you change your wheel size, you
                                will have to purchase new tires to match the new wheel
                                diameter.
                                Next number - This two- or three-digit number is the
                                tire’s load index. It is a measurement of how much weight
                                each tire can support. You may find this information in
                                your owner’s manual. If not, contact a local tire dealer.
                                Note: You may not find this information on all tires
                                because it is not required by law.

Chapter 6 / Page 8 of 18                                                      MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                            6 / TIRES AND WHEELS

       Speed Rating - The speed rating denotes the top speed                  IMPORTANT
       at which a passenger car tire is rated. A speed rating will
       not be found on “ST” tires used on trailers. All “ST” tires              SPECIAL
       are speed restricted to 65 mph. Never operate a vehicle                  NOTICE
       in an unsafe or unlawful manner. Tire speed ratings (if
                                                                      Your trailer is equipped with
       indicated) should never be associated with the ability of
       the vehicle to handle the speed for which the tire is rated.
                                                                      tires designated as “ST”. This
                                                                      designation means that the
       U.S. DOT Tire Identification Number - This begins with         tires are built specifically for
       the letters “DOT” and indicates that the tire meets all        trailer applications. They are
       federal standards. The next two numbers or letters are         correct for your trailer and the
       the plant code where it was manufactured, and the last         maximum loads the trailer was
       four numbers represent the week and year the tire was          designed and rated to carry.
       built. For example, the numbers 3 97 means the 3rd week
                                                                      Tire industry standards require
       of 1997. The other numbers are marketing codes used at
       the manufacturer’s discretion. This information is used to
                                                                      that tires with the ST
       contact consumers if a tire defect requires a recall.          designation are speed
                                                                      restricted to 65 MPH under
       Tire Ply Composition and Materials Used - The number           normal inflation and load
       of plies indicates the number of layers of rubber-coated       conditions. Unless a different
       fabric in the tire. In general, the greater the number of      speed restriction is indicated
       plies, the more weight a tire can support. Tire
                                                                      on the sidewall of the tire, it is
       manufacturers also must indicate the materials in the tire,
                                                                      best that you not operate your
       which include steel, nylon, polyester, and others.
                                                                      trailer at speeds above 65
       Maximum Load Rating - This number indicates the                mph.
       maximum load in kilograms and pounds that can be
       carried by the tire.
                                                                         NOTICE
       Maximum Permissible Inflation Pressure - This
       number is the greatest amount of air pressure that should      Although tires designated “LT”
       ever be put in the tire under normal driving conditions.       are sometimes used on
                                                                      trailers, they are not
                                                                      recommended for use on your
                                                                      trailer and should not be
                                                                      considered as replacements
                                                                      for the original equipment
                                                                      “ST” designated tires.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                    Chapter 6 / Page 9 of 18
6 / TIRES AND WHEELS


                            VEHICLE LOAD LIMITS
                               Determining the load limits of a vehicle includes more
                            than understanding the load limits of the tires alone. A
                            Federal Certification Label is located on the forward half of
                            the left (road) side of the unit. The certification label
                            indicates the vehicle’s gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR).
                            This is the most the fully loaded vehicle can weigh. It also
                            provides the gross axle weight rating (GAWR). This is the
                            maximum weight a particular axle can carry. If there are
                            multiple axles, the GAWR of each axle is provided. In the
                            same location as the certification label described above,
                            there is a vehicle placard. This placard provides tire and
                            loading information. In addition, this placard will show a
                            statement regarding maximum cargo capacity.
   MVP RV

                            CARGO CAPACITIES
                               Cargo can be added to the vehicle, up to the
                            maximum weight specified on the placard. The combined
                            weight of the trailer and the cargo is provided as a single
                            number. In any case, remember: the total weight of a fully
                            loaded vehicle can not exceed the stated GVWR.
                                 Water and propane also need to be considered. The
                            weight of fully filled propane containers is considered part
                            of the weight of the RV before it is loaded with cargo and
                            is not considered part of the disposable cargo load. Water
                            however, is a cargo weight and is treated as such. If there
                            is a fresh water storage tank of 100 gallons, this tank when
                            filled would weigh over 800 pounds. If more cargo is being
                            transported, water can be off-loaded to keep the total
                            amount of cargo added to the vehicle within the limits of
                            the GVWR so as not to overload the vehicle.
                            Understanding this flexibility will allow you, the owner, to
                            make choices that fit your travel and camping needs.
                                When loading your cargo, be sure it is distributed evenly
                            to prevent overloading front to back and side to side.
                            Heavy items should be placed low and as close to the axle
                            positions as reasonable. Too many items on one side may
                            overload a tire. The best way to know the actual weight of
                            the vehicle is to weigh it at a public scale. Talk to your RV
                            dealer to discuss the weighing methods needed to
                            capture the various weights related to the RV. This would
                            include weights for the following: axles, wheels, hitch or pin
                            and total weight.



Chapter 6 / Page 10 of 18                                              MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                         6 / TIRES AND WHEELS


HOW OVERLOADING AFFECTS YOUR RV AND TIRES
    The results of overloading can have serious
consequences for vehicle safety. Too much weight on your
vehicle’s suspension system can cause spring, shock
absorber, or brake failure, handling or steering problems,
irregular tire wear, tire failure or other damage. An
overloaded vehicle is hard to drive and hard to stop. In
cases of serious overloading, brakes can fail completely,
particularly on steep hills. The load a tire will carry safely is a
combination of the size of tire, its load range, and
corresponding inflation pressure. Excessive loads and/or
under-inflation cause tire overloading and, as a result,
abnormal tire flexing occurs. This situation can generate an
excessive amount of heat within the tire. Excessive heat




                                                                              MVP RV
may lead to tire failure. It is the air pressure that enables a
tire to support the load, so proper inflation is critical. Since
RVs can be configured and loaded in many ways, air
pressures must be determined from actual loads
(determined by weighing) and taken from the load and
inflation tables provided by the tire manufacturer. These air
pressures may differ from those found on the certification
label. However, they should never exceed the tire
limitation for load or air pressure. If you discover that your
tires cannot support the actual weights, the load will need
to be lightened.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                  Chapter 6 / Page 11 of 18
6 / TIRES AND WHEELS


                            TIRE SAFETY TIPS
                              PREVENTING TIRE DAMAGE

                                    Slow down if you have to go over a pothole or other
                                    object in the road.

                                    Do not run over curbs or other foreign objects in the
                                    roadway, and try not to strike the curb when parking.

                              TIRE SAFETY CHECKLIST
                                    Check tire pressure (including the spare) at least
                                    once a month and before going on any trip
                                    Inspect tires for uneven wear patterns on the tread,
                                    cracks, foreign objects, or other signs of wear or
                                    trauma.
   MVP RV

                                    Remove bits of glass and foreign objects wedged in
                                    the tread.
                                    Make sure your tire valves have valve caps.
                                    Do not overload your vehicle. Check the Tire
                                    Information and Loading Placard or User’s Manual
                                    for the maximum recommended load for the vehicle.

                            STEPS FOR DETERMINING CORRECT LOAD LIMIT
                                    Locate the statement “The weight of cargo should
                                    never exceed XXX lbs” on your vehicle’s placard.

                                    The figure stated on the placard is the available
                                    amount of cargo load capacity. The weight of all
                                    cargo loaded in the vehicle may not safely exceed
                                    this figure.


                                    Determine the weight of cargo being loaded in the
                                    vehicle. That weight may not safely exceed the
                                    available cargo capacity.

                               For further information about wheel and tire safety:
                                    1-888-327-4236 (TTY: 1-800-424-9 53)
                                    http://www.safercar.gov
                                    and

                                    NHTSA
                                    400 Seventh St. S.W.
                                    Washington, DC 20590




Chapter 6 / Page 12 of 18                                                   MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                   6 / TIRES AND WHEELS


GLOSSARY OF TIRE AND WEIGHT TERMINOLOGY
Cold inflation pressure - The pressure in the tire before you
drive.

Load rating - The maximum load that a tire is rated to carry
for a given inflation pressure.

Maximum load rating - The load rating for a tire at the
maximum permissible inflation pressure for that tire.

Maximum permissible inflation pressure - The maximum
cold inflation pressure to which a tire may be inflated.

Recommended inflation pressure - This is the inflation




                                                                        MVP RV
pressure provided by the vehicle manufacturer on the Tire
Information label and on the Federal Certification/VIN tag.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                            Chapter 6 / Page 13 of 18
6 / TIRES AND WHEELS
                                  WHEELS AND WHEEL NUT TORQUE
                                      The axle and wheel assemblies of your RV are designed
 !    WARNING                     differently than those on your car. The overall size, weight and
                                  center of gravity of a recreational vehicle subject the wheels to
WHEEL SEPARATION
                                  pressures unique to trailering. During normal cornering, the tires
CAN OCCUR
                                  and wheels experience a considerable amount of stress called
On first trip, torque wheel
                                  “side-load”. Trailer wheels must carry higher loads per wheel than
nuts at 10, 25 and 50 miles
                                  passenger car or light truck wheels. The axles on multiple-axle
and every 50 miles during
                                  trailers do not steer, and are subjected to very high side load
the first 200 miles thereafter,
                                  stress whenever the trailer makes a tight turn. When you go
and before each trip. After
                                  around corners — especially tight ones — the wheels on your
winter storage, check wheel
                                  trailer are subjected to these strong side loads. This action tends
nut torque before beginning
                                  to flex the wheel and gradually loosen the wheel nuts. Even
a trip. After excessive
                                  though the materials and manufacturing processes are
braking, check wheel nut
                                  maximized for this type of service, the extra load stresses and
torque.
                                  flexing can cause loosening.
                                      Proper wheel nut torque is very important to safe and
                                  dependable trailering. Although the wheel and axle systems
                                  used in your trailer are similar to those on your car or truck, they
 !    WARNING                     differ in several important ways. These differences require special
Installation of wheels which      attention to wheel nut torque both when the trailer is new and
are not compatible with the       throughout the trailer’s life.
manufacturer-installed axle           It is critical that the wheels be properly torqued during the
assembly could result in          first 10 to 50 miles of operation. The wheels have been
wheel separation, which can       correctly torqued before leaving the factory. But settling and
lead to property damage,          wearing in of components during the first few miles of
serious injuries or loss of       operation may cause some loosening of the wheel nuts.
life.
                                      The wheel nut torque specification is shown on the Wheel
                                  Nut Torque Table at the end of this chapter. The values are
 !    WARNING                     different depending on the type of wheel installed. Always
Do not tow the trailer with       use an accurate torque wrench to tighten the wheel nuts.
missing wheel nuts or faulty      Before each trip and any time a wheel is replaced, be sure to
lug bolts.
                                  tighten the wheel nuts as outlined in the following section. If a
                                  wheel is replaced, check the torque again after 10, 25 and
 !    WARNING                     50 miles. If you ever notice wheel wobbling or hear a rattling
                                  sound coming from a wheel, especially at low speeds, a
Torque wheel nuts to the
                                  wheel nut may have come loose. If you have reason to
wheel manufacturer’s
                                  believe a wheel nut has come loose, safely stop at the side of
specifications. Incorrectly
                                  the road as soon as possible. Check all wheel nuts, and
torqued wheel nuts can
                                  tighten to the specified torque. If wheel stud bolt threads are
cause the wheel to separate
                                  damaged or faulty, get professional service help. Do not tow
from the wheel mounting
                                  the trailer with missing wheel nuts or faulty wheel stud bolts.
surface during operation,
causing property damage,             If you ever have to replace lost or damaged wheel nuts,
personal injury or death.         be sure the replacements match the cone angle of the
                                  originals.

Chapter 6 / Page 14 of 18                                                         MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                             6 / TIRES AND WHEELS
WHEEL NUT TORQUE REQUIREMENTS & MAINTENANCE
       Tools Required                                                    !   WARNING
              Dial indicator or adjustable dial torque wrench
              7/8” or 13/16” socket                                    Loose wheel nuts can
                                                                       damage the stud and/or
       DO NOT USE a 4-way socket or any other type of                  wheel. If driven in this
       wrench, which does not measure the actual pressure              condition for any extended
       applied to the wheel nut.                                       period, severe wheel
       Please refer to the torque wrench manufacturer’s                damage could occur
       instructions for information on correct use, storage and        affecting the handling of
       maintenance of your torque wrench.                              your trailer.
       Remember:
       Check wheel nut torque before every trip.
       MVP RV recommends this maintenance procedure to
       ensure proper torque has been applied to wheel nuts
       before heading out on the road.
       Always follow the appropriate tightening sequence
       (“star pattern”) as indicated in these instructions or in
       your axle manufacturers owner’s manual to assure proper
       torque.
       Torque wheel nuts in the correct stages and follow-up
       intervals after any wheel reinstallation. For further         This wheel was operated with four
       information on these steps, you may want to refer to the      loose wheel nuts. Note the
       axle manufacturer’s owner’s manual in your Owner’s            damaged holes, and that only two
       Information Packet. Proper torque of wheel nuts can only      nuts were holding the wheel on the
       be achieved by using a torque wrench and a socket.            axle hub.

       Setting Torque Value on a Dial Indicator Wrench

       1. Make sure your indicator needle is set to “0”.                 !   WARNING
       2. As you apply clockwise pressure to the wheel nut, both       Do not attempt to repair or
          needles will show the current amount of torque being         modify a damaged wheel.
          applied.
                                                                       Even minor modifications
       3. When you reach your desired torque value, stop               can cause a dangerous
          applying pressure and your indicator needle will stay at     failure of the wheel and
          the highest torque value reached.
                                                                       result in personal injury or
       Setting Torque Value on Adjustable Dial Wrench:                 death.

       1. Unlock the handle and set the dial to your desired
          torque value.
       2. Lock the handle back in place.
       3. As you apply clockwise pressure to the wheel nut, you
          will hear an audible “click” when the desired torque
          wrench value is reached. Do not apply further pressure
          once you hear the “click”.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                    Chapter 6 / Page 15 of 18
6 / TIRES AND WHEELS

                                         Pre-Trip Torquing Procedure:
 !     WARNING
                                         1. Set your torque wrench to the final value listed in thed
Under- or over-tightening of                Wheel Nut Torque Table at the end of this chapter.
wheel nuts can cause the                 2. Begin with the appropriate bolt for your wheel (12
wheel to separate from the                  o’clock position for 8 and 6 hole wheels and 2 o’clock
axle and could lead to                      position for 5 hole wheels, as illustrated) and apply
property damage, serious                    torque to all wheel nuts following the star pattern
injury or death.                            indicated.
                                         3. Complete the procedure on each wheel. Before moving
                                            to each new wheel, be sure to verify your preset torque
                                            wrench value.
                    4            1
                                         Torquing After Wheel Reinstallation
                                         After removing a wheel from your RV for any reason, you
 5-Lug              2            3       must carefully follow a 2-step process:
 Bolt Patter n               5             1) Wheel Reinstallation
                                           2) Follow-up

                             1           Wheel Reinstallation
                                         When you reinstall a wheel, the wheel nut torque must be
                 6                   3   applied in 3 stages. This will ensure the wheel studs are
                                         centered in the wheel holes, and will help the wheel nuts
                                         maintain proper torque.
                     4           5       1. Start all wheel nuts by hand.
 6-Lug
                             2
 Bolt Patter n                           2. Stage 1
                                           Set your torque wrench to the 1st Stage value3 on the
                             1             Wheel Nut Torque Table.
                    6            3
                                           Begin with the appropriate bolt for your wheel (12
                                           o’clock position for 8 and 6 hole wheels and 2 o’clock
                8                    7     position for 5 hole wheels) and apply torque to all
                                 5         wheel nuts following the star pattern as shown in the
 8-Lug                                     Wheel Nut Torquing Sequence illustration.
                         4   2
 Bolt Patter n                           3. Stage 2

     NOTE: Use a torque wrench to          Increase your torque wrench setting to the 2nd Stage
     tighten wheel nuts. Do not            value on the Wheel Nut Torque Table.
     tighten with an impact wrench         Begin with the appropriate bolt for your wheel and
     unless using a torque stick.          apply torque to all wheel nuts following the star pattern.
     .
     NOTE: The maximum torque              Following stage 2, the wheel can support the weight of
     value for the wheel mounting          the trailer and can be lowered off of the jack stands.
     studs is 120 ft.-lbs. Studs are     4. Stage 3
     Grade 8, 1/2”-20 UNF, Class            Increase your torque wrench setting to Final Torque
     2A.                                    value on the Wheel Nut Torque Table.
           Wheel Nut                       Begin with the appropriate bolt for your wheel and
                                           apply torque to all wheel nuts following the star pattern.
       Torquing Sequence


Chapter 6 / Page 16 of 18                                                            MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                             6 / TIRES AND WHEELS

       Step 2) Follow-Up: Retorque after 10, 25, and 50 miles
       1. After the first 10 miles of your trip, pull your recreation
          vehicle off the road into a safe work area.
       2. Set your torque wrench to the Final Torque value on           NOTE: The studs conform to
          the Wheel Nut Torque Table for your wheels.                   SAE standards for Grade 8.




                                                                                   THORCALIFORNIA
       3. Begin with the appropriate bolt for your wheels and
          apply torque to all lug nuts following the star pattern.      Keep the date and mileage
                                                                        when you check the wheel nut
       4. Reapply torque (at the Final Torque value for your            torque. Note any wheel nut
          wheels) and repeat steps 1, 2, & 3 again at 25 miles          that has lost torque.
          and at 50 miles of your first trip.                           Investigate the reason(s) if the
       5. The follow up process is complete and you should refer        wheel nut torque is not
          to the general lug nut torque maintenance process             maintained after more than
          described in “Pre-Trip Torquing Procedure”.                   one re-torquing. This indicates
                                                                        there is something wrong with
REPLACEMENT WHEEL REQUIREMENTS                                          the wheel nuts, nut studs,
                                                                        wheels and/or hubs and
   MVP RV installs axle systems with hubs and drums that                should be corrected.
are compatible with many wheels used in the recreational                If you ever experience a
travel trailer industry that have similar or matching bolt              wheel separation incident,
patterns. If the original manufacturer-installed equipment              notify MVP RV and your
must be replaced, contact the replacement wheel                         dealer. Seek prompt
manufacturer to ensure compatibility prior to replacement               professional assistance in
                                                                        assessing the trailer and its
and use.
                                                                        gear. Keep, but don’t re-use
   Customers replacing original equipment must ensure the               the wheels, wheel nuts and
replacements are compatible with the hub and drum                       studs involved. Don’t repair or
                                                                        service the trailer yourself.
assembly installed. This compatibility includes, but is not
limited to:
                                                                         !    WARNING
       Diameter of the hub-mounting surface                             Do not mismatch wheels
       Stud length and diameter                                         and tires.
       Location and number of studs – Many bolt circle
                                                                         !    WARNING
       dimensions are available. Some vary by so little that it
       might be possible to attach an improper wheel that does          Do not paint or apply anti-
       not match the axle hub. Be sure to match your wheel to           seize or anti-rust materials
       the axle hub.                                                    to the hub mating surface of
       Center hole diameter for the wheel                               wheels. These materials
                                                                        prevent a secure metal-to-
       Wheel mounting offset from the rim center
                                                                        metal contact with the hub
       Rated capacity of the wheel – Make sure that the wheels          surface. Use of these
       have enough load carrying capacity and pressure rating           materials may cause
       to match the rated load of the tire(s).                          loosening of the wheel or
                                                                        wheel nuts, causing the
       Offset – This is the relationship of the center line of the
                                                                        wheel to separate from the
       tire to the hub face of the axle. Take care to match any
                                                                        axle, and may lead to
       replacement wheel with the same offset wheel as
                                                                        property damage, serious
       originally equipped. Failure to match offset can result in
                                                                        injury or death.
       reducing the load carrying capacity of your axle.

MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                     Chapter 6 / Page 17 of 18
6 / TIRES AND WHEELS


                                      Wheel fastener torque
                                      Wheel nut size and shape (including cone angle)
                                      The effects of any added wheel accessories that could
                                      affect proper seating of the wheel to hub surface.

                                   Certain tests are recommended by the manufacturers
                                of factory-installed equipment for all wheels and rims to be
                                installed in place of original factory equipment. Contact
                                the wheel manufacturer to verify compatibility with the
                                factory installed equipment prior to replacement.
NOTE: The maximum air              Any replacement wheel must be plain metal on the
pressure rating stated on       surface mating to the trailer hub. There should be no paint,
the tire information placard    clear coat material, anti-seize or anti-rust coating. These
is for the original             materials prevent a secure metal-to-metal contact with
    MVP RV

equipment, factory-installed    the hub. A secure metal-to-metal contact is required for
tires only. Always follow the   safe and complete attachment of the wheel to the hub.
pressure recommendations
stamped in the tire sidewall       The same torquing considerations apply to replacement
for any replacement tire.       wheels as to original equipment. If you replace wheels, try
                                to find out the torquing specifications for the replacement
                                wheel. In all cases, do not torque wheel nuts greater than
                                the value listed in the Wheel Nut Torque Table. This is the
                                maximum specified torque for the wheel mounting studs.
                                The studs conform to SAE standards for Grade 8.




                                               Wheel Nut Torque Table
                                                Steel         Chrome-plated       Aluminum
                                                Wheel          Steel Wheel          Wheel
                                     1st
                                             20-30 ft./lb.      20-30 ft./lb.     35-40 ft./lb.
                                    Stage

                                     2nd
                                    Stage
                                             55-60 ft./lb.      55-60 ft./lb.     75-80 ft./lb.

                                     Final   90-95 ft./lb.      90-95 ft./lb.      120 ft./lb.
                                    Torque




Chapter 6 / Page 18 of 18                                                       MVP RV Owner’s Guide
7
    / LOADING AND WEIGHING

    You, as the trailer operator, are responsible for the safe
operation of the trailer. A very important part of safe trailer
operation is proper loading. This guide will provide you with
information about the proper way to load and weigh your
trailer. We’ll also discuss the relationship between loading,
weighing and proper tire inflation, related chassis
components, your tow vehicle and towing equipment. We
have also provided some safe driving and towing
guidelines. There are some very important terms and
concepts about weights and loading that you must
understand. Please study this section carefully and refer to




                                                                         MVP RV
it often as you prepare your trailer for travel.
   Towing a trailer will present different challenges on the
highway than you may have experienced before. You
should always be careful and think safety first. An accident
with a tow vehicle and trailer can have much greater
consequences than carelessness with a small car. Take
your job as a tow vehicle driver very seriously. Learn all you
can about doing the job safely and well. Balancing the
load and preparing the trailer and tow vehicle are critical
to safe handling.
     A critical aspect of safely operating a trailer is knowing
the weights involved and where they are placed. You must
determine how much is being towed. You must assure that
it is within the capacities of the equipment you are using.
The location of the load in the trailer is critical to the way
your rig will handle on the road.
   There are some basic loading and towing rules that you
must follow for safe towing. If a trailer doesn’t tow properly
when all the basic rules have been followed, the answer
can be very complex. We will discuss some of the rules of
safe trailering and how you can reduce the possibility of
having serious towing problems like swaying or instability.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                              Chapter 7 / Page 1 of 12
7 / LOADING AND WEIGHING


                           CHASSIS WEIGHT SPECIFICATIONS AND LIMITS
                              The trailer chassis was designed to carry a specific
                           maximum weight. That weight includes everything: the
                           chassis components, the empty trailer body as completed
                           at the factory, all of your cargo and belongings, fuel, fresh
                           water, waste water, propane, and anything else that might
                           be attached to or carried in the trailer. You must never
                           exceed this maximum weight. If you exceed this weight,
                           you will change the way your trailer and/or tow vehicle
                           handles. Tires and suspension components may be
                           overloaded. This may lead to unsafe conditions, loss of
                           control, and the loss of your trailer and/or tow vehicle.
                             Chassis weight specifications include terms that require
                           some explanation. As we discuss loading and weighing,
   MVP RV

                           we’ll refer to these terms. The following include definitions
                           used by the recreational vehicle industry:
                                 GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) is the maximum
                                 permissible weight of the fully loaded trailer. It is the
                                 absolute total allowable weight on the wheels and
                                 tongue. This is the limit of the specified axles and tongue
                                 components as engineered by the trailer manufacturer. It
                                 represents the manufacturer’s maximum loaded weight
                                 that the trailer is designed to carry. The GVWR has been
                                 determined by weighing a sample of units with the hitch
                                 weight added to the sum of the GAWRs.

                                 UVW (Unloaded Vehicle Weight) is the weight of the
                                 trailer as manufactured at the factory. The UVW does not
                                 include cargo, fresh water, propane, factory installed
                                 options, or dealer installed accessories. UVW also
                                 includes all weight at the axles and coupler. If applicable,
                                 it also includes full generator fluids, including generator
                                 engine fuel, engine oil, and coolants. The UVW of the
                                 trailer is noted on the trailer weight placard.

                                 GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating) is the total
                                 combined maximum weight specified by the tow vehicle
                                 manufacturer. It is the total weight that the tow vehicle is
                                 designed to tow and stop.

                                 CCC (Cargo Carrying Capacity) is the maximum weight
                                 of all personal belongings: food, tools, dealer installed
                                 accessories, etc. that can be carried by your trailer. CCC
                                 is equal to GVWR minus each of the following: UVW, full
                                 fresh (potable) water weight (including water heater), and
                                 full propane gas weight.


Chapter 7 / Page 2 of 12                                                     MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                       7 / LOADING AND WEIGHING


       GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating) means the
       maximum permissible loaded weight a specific axle is
       designed to carry when being towed. Each axle has its
       own GAWR. The GAWR is prescribed by the axle
       manufacturer for each axle. It is the lowest rated
       component of the axle system, including wheels and tires.
       The total GAWR for the trailer is GAWR per axle times
       the number of axles.

       GTW (Gross Towed Weight) means the maximum
       permissible loaded weight of any towed load (trailer, car,
       etc.) that your tow vehicle has been designed to tow, as
       specified by the tow vehicle manufacturer. You cannot
       increase this weight by changing the trailer hitch on the
       tow vehicle.




                                                                                  MVP RV
       Maximum Tire Load is the maximum amount of weight a
       tire is designed to carry when the tire is inflated according
       to the tire manufacturer’s specifications.

   You may see other weight terms and definitions in
publications such as sales literature, magazines, books or
on-line. Many of these terms are interchangeable, and
may require some interpretation and conversion to avoid
confusion. The following are several of those other terms,
what they mean and how you can translate between
them:

       DRY WEIGHT is the weight of the trailer as it comes out
       of the factory with no fluids - completely empty and dry.
       This is the weight of the trailer as built with all standard
       features, and includes options normally added to the
       trailer by MVP RV. DRY WEIGHT does not
       include accessories or components added by the dealer
       or the owner. It does not include any gasoline for the
       generator (if equipped), gasoline for the fuel station (if
       equipped), water, propane or other CARGO.

       CARGO is anything loaded in or on the trailer that is not
       generator or fuel station gasoline, water or propane.

       Subtract DRY WEIGHT from GVWR to get PAYLOAD
       CAPACITY. This figure represents the maximum amount
       of gasoline fuel, water, propane and other cargo which
       can be added to, loaded in or loaded on the trailer.
       PAYLOAD is anything added to the factory-bare trailer.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                       Chapter 7 / Page 3 of 12
7 / LOADING AND WEIGHING

                                    This includes:

                                      water
 Fresh water weighs 8.3 lbs./gal.     generator and fuel station gasoline
 Propane weighs 4.2 lbs. /gal.        propane
 Gasoline weighs 6.0 lbs./gal.        food
                                      tools
                                      personal belongings, clothes, bedding, furnishings not
                                      installed at the factory, camping items, etc. that you
                                      load for your recreational activities; and anything not
                                      on or in the trailer when it left the factory. Any
                                      accessory or component added to the trailer by the
                                      dealer or the owner is considered “payload” and
                                      reduces the PAYLOAD CAPACITY by the amount of
                                      the weight of the item(s) added.
                                      Example: If the specified payload capacity of the unit
   MVP RV

                                      is 2200 lbs., and a dealer or owner adds accessories
                                      that weigh 600 lbs., the actual payload capacity or the
                                      amount that can safely be loaded in the trailer without
                                      overloading is now 1600 lbs.

                                    UNLOADED VEHICLE WEIGHT (UVW) is the DRY
                                    WEIGHT of the trailer plus only the weight of generator
                                    and fuel station gasoline if the trailer is equipped with a
                                    fuel station, is equipped with a generator or can be
                                    equipped with a generator (manufactured as “generator-
                                    ready”).

                                    Subtract UVW, the weight of water and the weight of
                                    propane, from GVWR to get CCC (Cargo Carrying
                                    Capacity). You will see references to CCC on weight
                                    certification tags or in other publications.

                                    PAYLOAD CAPACITY and CARGO CARRYING
                                    CAPACITY are not the same thing. Remember that the
                                    weight of generator and fuel station gasoline, water and
                                    propane are included in what is considered “cargo”.




Chapter 7 / Page 4 of 12                                                        MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                 7 / LOADING AND WEIGHING


CARRYING CAPACITY
    Although all the weight and load ratings and weight
definitions are important, the one you will be concerned
with on a daily basis is Cargo Carrying Capacity. If you fill
all the tanks, compartments, cabinets and other storage
spaces, the trailer will probably be overloaded. Always
remember that the storage compartments and facilities
have been designed and positioned for convenience.
  Carefully plan your loading and the items you load. Be
aware of the weight of everything you load. Take all you
need, but no more than you need.
    Carefully plan how to distribute the items you carry so
you can load correct amounts of weight from front-to-rear




                                                                            MVP RV
and side-to-side. Properly distributing the weight will help
you keep within the axle and individual tire and wheel
weight limits. When you load properly, the trailer and your
tow vehicle will handle and respond safely, and you and
your passengers will be more comfortable and confident
while on the road. If you load improperly, your trailer/tow
vehicle may be unsafe and/or uncomfortable to drive,
and your tires may be overloaded. If the vehicle is top
heavy or too heavy on one side, it can be overturned in a
curve or during an emergency steering maneuver. Proper
weight distribution is very important to overall stability and
towing characteristics. Poor weight distribution, especially
in the rear of the trailer, can cause trailer swaying or
handling instability. Always include the essential things you
need, but DON’T OVERLOAD.


HOW OVERLOADING AFFECTS YOUR TRAILER
   The results of overloading can have serious
consequences for safety. Too much weight on your trailer’s
suspension system can cause spring, shock absorber, or
brake failure, handling or steering problems, irregular tire
wear, tire failure or other damage. An overloaded trailer is
hard to tow and hard to stop. In cases of serious
overloading, brakes can fail completely, particularly on
steep hills.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                 Chapter 7 / Page 5 of 12
7 / LOADING AND WEIGHING


                               Overloading a trailer beyond its rated capacity, even
                           though it may be well balanced and seem to handle fine,
                           is a very dangerous practice. Eventually something is
                           bound to fail with dramatic and unpleasant results.
                           Overloading places excess strain not only on your tow
                           vehicle causing possible failures at the hitch or in your
                           capacity to safely bring it to a stop in an emergency, it
                           also overloads the trailer's frame, axles, bearings and tires.
                              Load your trailer well below the maximum for the first
                           tow with a new rig or while you are learning. Keep track of
                           the weights of the individual items as you load them. When
                           in doubt guess high. Using a scale, adjust the load so that
                           you have around 12% to 15% (15 to 25% for fifth-wheels) of
                           your best estimated total weight on the hitch. Attach the
                           trailer to the tow vehicle and note how much the rear end
   MVP RV

                           drops. If it looks excessive, check the tow vehicle’s load
                           capabilities.

                           CARGO CAPACITIES
                              The certification label attached to left front corner of
                           the trailer body shows trailer and axle weight ratings, tire
                           size and cold inflation pressures. The label indicates the
                           vehicle’s gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR). This is the
                           most the fully loaded vehicle can safely weigh. It also
                           states the gross axle weight rating (GAWR). This is the most
                           a particular axle can safely weigh. If there are multiple
                           axles, the GAWR of each axle is stated.
                              Cargo can be added to the trailer, up to the maximum
                           weight specified on the label. The combined weight of the
                           trailer and the cargo is provided as a single number. In any
                           case, remember that the total weight of a fully loaded
                           vehicle can not exceed the stated GVWR.
                                Water and propane also need to be considered. The
                           weight of the fully filled propane containers is considered
                           part of the weight of the RV before it is loaded with cargo
                           and is not considered part of the usable cargo load. Water
                           however, is a cargo weight and is treated as such. If there
                           is a fresh water storage tank of 100 gallons, this tank when
                           filled would weigh over 800 pounds. Consider this if your
                           travel plans require you to carry water. Remember to keep
                           the total amount of cargo added to the vehicle within the
                           limits of the GVWR so as not to overload the trailer.
                           Understanding this flexibility will allow you, the owner, to
                           make choices that fit your travel needs.


Chapter 7 / Page 6 of 12                                               MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                 7 / LOADING AND WEIGHING


   When loading your cargo, be sure it is distributed evenly
to prevent overloading front to back and side to side.
Heavy items should be placed near or on the floor and as
close to the axle positions as reasonable. Too many items
on one side may overload a tire. The best way to know the
actual weight of the vehicle is to weigh it at a public scale.

PLACING THE LOAD
   There are many different trailer designs but the loading
rules are generally the same no matter what type of trailer
you have. Typically, RV trailers fall into two categories:
ramp trailers which are the ones commonly known as
“toyboxes” or “toyhaulers”, and non-ramp or conventional
style trailers. Ramp trailers combine RV living quarters with




                                                                            MVP RV
a large cargo area. All of the loading rules apply to both
styles of trailer, but there are a couple of special loading
rules for ramp trailers. When you load a ramp trailer, you
should place approximately 60% of the total cargo weight
either over or slightly forward of the center line of the axle
assembly. On two-axle trailers this would be a point
midway between the axles, and on three-axle trailers this
point would be over the center axle. Load vehicles and
heavy cargo items in the cargo area as far forward as
possible.
   Big, heavy items should be loaded where they can be
securely tied down. Everything should be securely tied
down but that is not always possible. Start with top heavy
items if you have them. That’s usually a good place to start
because you must have plenty of room available to
properly tie them down. Tying them straight down is not
secure enough. They need to be tied off at several angles
or they could fall over in an abrupt change in speed or
direction. You need room to accomplish this. Smaller items
can be used to fill the spaces around them later.
   Once you have the heavy items located, check the
tongue weight. If the load is radically off, make the
changes necessary to get close. The smaller items can be
loaded in such a way that they balance out the load. They
should be located so that they will stay put. Placing them
next to items that have already been tied down helps, but
your main concern should be to not lose the balance of




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                 Chapter 7 / Page 7 of 12
7 / LOADING AND WEIGHING


                           the trailer. Don’t forget you can also get one side of a
                           trailer a lot heavier than the other without a little planning.
                           This can cause tire failures from overloading. This can also
                           cause a very serious problem when cornering, even
                           causing the trailer to turn over in a sudden turn.
                              Top heavy loads can cause problems not only in
                           cornering but also in hard braking. They have a tendency
                           to make the trailer “dive” in hard braking conditions. This
                           suddenly increases tongue weight and can decrease tow
                           vehicle front axle loading just when you need steering and
                           brakes the most. Center top heavy items or arrange the
                           remainder of the load to act as a counter weight to
                           minimize this effect.
                              Never place heavy objects on add-on devices hung on
   MVP RV

                           the rear bumper or placed across the tongue frame. This
                           places heavy objects where they will dramatically effect
                           handling in corners or bumps. Heavy weights placed well
                           behind the axle can also reduce stability. A bicycle may
                           be fine to hang out in back, but not a motorcycle.
                             Use good common sense and to always allow plenty of
                           margin for safety.

                           HOW TO WEIGH YOUR LOADED TRAILER
                              Though it is not necessary to weigh your trailer every
                           time you load it, it is important to verify that you have
                           proper balance and have not exceeded any ratings.
                           Once you have a feel for it, a good estimate is usually
                           close enough unless you are loading to near your trailer’s
                           maximum limits.
                              Find a public weigh station. Locations of weigh stations
                           or scales can be found in your local telephone directory.
                           Many truck stops, grain elevators, moving and storage
                           companies, gravel pits, and recycling centers have weigh
                           stations that may be able to help you. Be sure your trailer is
                           loaded as you intend for travel. Generally, the procedure
                           will be similar to the following. There are several types of
                           scales in use, and you should follow the attendant’s
                           instructions for positioning your trailer for the type of scale.
                           The following procedure assumes a single platform scale is
                           being used.




Chapter 7 / Page 8 of 12                                                MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                     7 / LOADING AND WEIGHING


    1. Pull the trailer onto the scales so that the trailer is
       centered on the platform and the rear wheels of the tow
       vehicle are off the scale platform and the trailer is
       centered on the platform. Leave the trailer hitched to the
       tow vehicle. Take a reading. This weight is the axle
       weight. This weight must not be more than the total of
       the Gross Axle Weight Ratings for all of the trailer axles.

    2. If necessary, back the trailer until it can be unhitched
       from the tow vehicle and the landing gear or tongue jack
       can be lowered onto the scale platform. Unhitch the
       trailer from the tow vehicle, lower the landing gear or
       tongue so the trailer is level, and drive the tow vehicle
       off the scale platform. The trailer alone should be sitting
       on the scale platform. Take a reading. This weight is the




                                                                                MVP RV
       total trailer weight. This weight must not be more than
       the Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) or the GTW
       (Gross Towed Weight) as specified by the tow vehicle
       manufacturer.

    3. Refer to the trailer weight information placard typically
       located on the left front side of the trailer. The Gross
       Weight limits of the axles and the Gross Vehicle Weight
       limit are printed on these forms. Compare the readings
       on the scale to the values printed on the placard. If any
       reading is higher that the printed rating, you must
       adjust or remove the excess weight.

    4. To determine the left and/or right side weights, center
       only the left side trailer wheels on the scale platform.
       The trailer wheels on the other side will be off the scale
       platform. Take a reading. Write down this reading as
       “Left side weight”. Subtract this reading from the total
       axle weight. The result is the weight on the opposite
       side. Write down this value as “Right side weight”. This
       weight will help you determine whether one side or the
       other is overloaded.

    5. To determine the Gross Combined Weight, center both
       the trailer and tow vehicle on the scale platform. Take a
       reading. Compare the weight to the tow vehicle GCWR
       specification as listed on the two vehicle weight ratings
       placard.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                     Chapter 7 / Page 9 of 12
7 / LOADING AND WEIGHING


                            NOW THAT YOU HAVE WEIGHED YOUR TRAILER . . .
                               The information you collect when you weigh your trailer
                            will help you load your trailer properly so that you don’t
                            overload the trailer chassis components, tires, or your tow
                            vehicle.
                               If you find a difference in the weights on one side of the
                            trailer as compared to weights on the other side, tires,
                            wheels, brakes, springs and other components on the
                            heavier side could be overloaded, even though the total
                            axle load is within the GAWR. It is important that you
                            redistribute the load to avoid component failure, as well as
                            to improve the handling characteristics of the trailer. With
                            the actual weights in hand, you can now compare them
                            against the GAWR, GVWR and tire capacities. The actual
   MVP RV

                            weights should also be used to help determine the proper
                            air pressure for the tires. Redistribute the load to avoid
                            component failure, as well as to improve the handling
                            characteristics of the trailer.


                            DETERMINING THE CORRECT PIN/TONGUE WEIGHT
                            PERCENTAGE
                                You must determine the amount of weight on the trailer
                            coupler or fifth-wheel pin. Your trailer is the most stable
                            when towing if the weight on the coupler is between 9%
                            and 15% of the total loaded trailer weight, or between 15%
                            and 25% for fifth-wheels. With these weights correct, the
                            possibility of trailer sway is reduced. Sway is usually caused
                            by a trailer that is “tail heavy.” The worksheet on the
                            following page will help you determine the correct
                            tongue/pin weights. Rearrange your load until the
                            percentages fall into the correct range.




Chapter 7 / Page 10 of 12                                              MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                       7 / LOADING AND WEIGHING
Owner Notes




                                  MVP RV



MVP RV Owner’s Guide      Chapter 7 / Page 11 of 12
                      Loading & Weighing Worksheet
                   Determining the Pin or Tongue Weight Percentage



               Trailer GVWR                         lbs. (kg)        (See the weight tag
                                                                     attached to the front
  Trailer tongue load rating                        lbs. (kg)        roadside of the trailer.)

        Tow Vehicle GVWR                            lbs. (kg)        (For these values, see the tow
                                                                     vehicle build tag or the weight
 Tow Vehicle Front GAWR                             lbs. (kg)        tag attached to the front door
                                                                     pillar. Write the values in the
  Tow Vehicle Rear GAWR                             lbs. (kg)        spaces for your reference.)




  1. Take Scale Reading 1 with the trailer fully loaded with cargo, water and propane. The
  entire trailer should be on the scale with the tow vehicle disconnected and off the scale. The
  tongue jack or 5th-wheel landing gear should be extended to support the front of the trailer.


             Scale reading 1                        lbs. (kg) Loaded Trailer Weight


  2. Take Scale Reading 2 after moving the the trailer so that only its axles are on the scale. Be
  sure to keep the trailer level. Keep the landing gear up on 5th-wheels.

             Scale reading 2                         lbs. (kg) Loaded Trailer Axle(s) Weight


  3. Calculate the pin/tongue weight percentage.
                             Scale reading 1                        lbs. (kg)


                     Minus Scale reading 2                          lbs. (kg)


      equals (=) Loaded pin/tongue weight                           lbs. (kg) This should not exceed the
                                                                              pin/tongue weight rating
   Loaded pin/tongue weight divided by
           Scale Reading 1 times 100 =                              % tongue weight
                                              Tongue weight should be between 15% and 25% for 5th-
                                              wheels and between 9% and 15% for travel trailers




Chapter 7 / Page 12 of 12
8
    / SAFE DRIVING AND TOWING

YOUR RESPONSIBILITIES AS A DRIVER
    Towing a trailer has a responsibility similar to properly
driving your car. It is a skill that has to be developed and a
responsibility that shouldn’t be taken lightly. If you’re
towing a travel trailer for the first time, drive only when
traffic is light. Avoid uncomfortable traffic conditions. Get a
friend with this type of experience to help you learn. Don’t
be embarrassed to ask questions or just stop, park and
relax if you need to. Learn what it takes to keep from
ruining your transmission when pulling heavy loads up a hill
or burning up your brakes going down the other side. The




                                                                         MVP RV
hardest skill to learn is to know when not to tow a trailer.
Your confidence will grow as your skills increase.
    State laws in the United States and Mexico, and
provincial laws in Canada are different concerning towing
requirements and limits. Always be sure to check the laws
in the areas where you anticipate traveling.



DRIVING AND VEHICLE CONTROL
   Towing your trailer will be different from driving your
family car or truck. Your trailer/tow vehicle combination is
heavier, longer, wider and higher than a typical car or
truck you may be accustomed to driving. You will have to
adjust or learn new driving techniques to safely operate
your rig. Keep this in mind as you become familiar with
your trailer. New trailer owners should take special care to
learn the driving and handling characteristics of your
vehicle in safe and familiar surroundings. Drive defensively
at all times. DO NOT drive if you are tired, have been
drinking alcoholic beverages, are under the influence of
any controlled substance, or are taking any medication or
drugs that may impair your sight, hearing, judgment or
coordination. Pull off the road and park in a safe area until
you can drive safely.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                              Chapter 8 / Page 1 of 16
8 / SAFE DRIVING AND TOWING


                           SAFE DRIVING TECHNIQUES
                             We want every MVP RV RV owner to be a safe and
                           courteous driver. The following rules will help you develop
                           needed skills for safe trailer towing:

                               Travel very slowly if you are new to trailer towing, or if
                               you have a new trailer or tow vehicle, until you have
                               learned the handling and stopping characteristics of the
                               tow vehicle/trailer combination. Practice turning,
                               stopping, and backing in a secluded place away from
                               traffic. Large, empty parking lots are good, but get
                               permission first.
                               Do not permit a driver who is inexperienced at towing
                               to operate your tow vehicle/trailer combination without
   MVP RV

                               your direct supervision. Remember — it’s slow speed
                               for beginners.
                               Tow at moderate speeds allowing for adverse highway
                               and wind conditions. Even under the best of
                               conditions, do not exceed the posted speed limit for
                               trucks and trailers. As speed increases, trailer sway
                               stability, stopping ability, and the ability to make
                               emergency maneuvers are greatly reduced.
                               Reduce speed before starting down hills — even short
                               ones — and avoid heavy tow vehicle braking on
                               downgrades. Trailer tow stability is reduced when
                               traveling downhill, and is further reduced by tow
                               vehicle braking.
                               Slow down before entering turns and avoid heavy
                               braking in turns. Trailer stability is reduced in turns, and
                               the weight of the trailer tends to push the back of the
                               tow vehicle outward in turns, which can cause loss of
                               control and “jackknifing.”
                               Check and monitor wind conditions in the areas where
                               you expect to travel. If it is windy or passing vehicles
                               are affecting the trailer, slow down until full,
                               comfortable control can be maintained. Trailer sway
                               can be started by crosswinds and the wind from
                               passing vehicles, especially trucks and buses passing
                               from the rear. Reduced speed improves trailer stability
                               and handling.
                               Avoid quick steering movements that can start the
                               trailer swaying.



Chapter 8 / Page 2 of 16                                                   MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                              8 / SAFE DRIVING AND TOWING


MANEUVERING IN TRAFFIC
    A few hours of practice in a large empty parking lot will
make pulling your trailer much easier. Mark out two corners
for both left and right turns. Use these corners to practice
turns, backing up and parking. As you practice, note how
the tracks made by the trailer wheels are distinctly different
from those made by your tow vehicle. Study these tracks
as you perfect your skills. Be sure your tow vehicle is
equipped with side-mounted rear view mirrors. They are
required in most states, and are a must for maximum
visibility.
  Be cautious when maneuvering to allow for the length
and width of your rig. Always allow room to corner and to
change lanes. The rear view mirrors mounted on your tow




                                                                           MVP RV
vehicle will help you keep aware of your position and the
position of other vehicles and/or obstructions near you.
Watch the mirrors. Learn to use them to view objects
around you and your position on the road.
    Remember that your trailer/tow vehicle is heavier than a
car or your truck by itself, making your towing combination
less maneuverable and harder to stop. Also, because of
the greater side surface area of the trailer, it is more easily
affected by cross winds. Allow extra distances for passing
and stopping, and drive at a moderate speed, particularly
in traffic and in gusty wind conditions.
   Be aware of the extra height of your trailer. Check for
low hanging tree branches or other obstructions whenever
you drive or park. Avoid low overhangs when pulling in for
service or fuel. Always check overhead clearances of
overpasses and bridges. This is especially important if you
drive with overhead vents open and because of roof racks
or TV/radio/satellite antennas mounted on the trailer roof.
   Always plan ahead. When approaching traffic lights let
off the gas, and let the tow vehicle and trailer slow down.
Avoid slamming on the brakes at the last second. When
approaching dips and depressions in the road, slow down.
Resume your normal speed only after you are sure the
trailer wheels have cleared the dip. When you travel on
rough roads, slow down and try to avoid potholes. Quick
steering maneuvers at high speeds could cause
unpredictable trailer reactions, and may cause furniture
and items in the trailer to move around causing interior
damage.


MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                Chapter 8 / Page 3 of 16
8 / SAFE DRIVING AND TOWING


                               On freeways or expressways, choose your lane and stay
                           in it! Always maintain sufficient space between you and
                           the vehicle in front of you. For every 10 miles per hour of
                           speed, allow at least double the length of the tow vehicle
                           and trailer. For example, if you are traveling 60 miles per
                           hour, allow six times the length of your rig. This may seem
                           like a lot of distance, but at 60 miles per hour, you are
                           covering 88 feet per second. You will need all of that
                           distance to stop your rig under control. If your tow vehicle
                           and trailer rig is 50 feet long, as an example, you have
                           about four seconds to react and stop. You cannot stop
                           that fast. You need to test your brakes and learn your rig’s
                           stopping capability. There are many variables involved,
                           such as your brake control settings, loading, and your tow
                           vehicle. You must learn how they all work together. And
   MVP RV

                           remember that you will need much more time and
                           distance to overtake and pass another vehicle.
                              Despite the best hitch, whenever a large bus or truck
                           overtakes and passes your rig, you will feel some instability.
                           The air being push ahead of the large vehicle pushes the
                           rear of your trailer to one side, and then pushes the front.
                           You may even feel the air pressure rock your tow vehicle.
                           You will naturally want to apply the brakes or correct the
                           steering. Do not apply the brakes, and just maintain the
                           steering in a straight line. The slight swaying of your trailer
                           will last for a very short time, and abrupt braking or steering
                           corrections may cause real swaying problems that will be
                           more difficult to handle. There is no need to panic — just
                           watch your mirrors and adjust your position in the lane to
                           give yourself more space between your rig and the
                           passing vehicle. The effects of the air pressure wave are
                           lessened if there is a greater distance between the two
                           vehicles. If you feel a little “tail wagging”, lightly apply the
                           trailer brakes with the controller only. We’ll cover more
                           serious swaying later in this section.
                              On two-lane roads, other vehicles will collect behind
                           you. It is both courteous and sensible to signal, pull onto
                           the shoulder or turnout and let them pass. In some places,
                           the law requires you to pull over and let other vehicles
                           pass. Check your mirrors often, and when you see traffic
                           behind you, pull over.




Chapter 8 / Page 4 of 16                                                MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                               8 / SAFE DRIVING AND TOWING


   On slippery pavement, avoid using the engine to help
slow down as this may cause the tow vehicle wheels to
skid. On icy pavement, drive slowly. If you feel the tow
vehicle skidding, gently apply the trailer brakes only with
the controller. This will bring the tow vehicle and trailer
back into a straight line. And remember that chains on the
tow vehicle do not help the trailer wheels.
    If you get into mud or sand, let the momentum carry the
rig through. Apply power very gently, and use as little as
possible. Stay in any tracks of any vehicle(s) ahead of you.
Keep the tow vehicle in the highest possible gear. If you do
get stuck, tow the rig out without unhitching. Disconnect
the weight-distribution spring bars before towing in this
situation.




                                                                            MVP RV
    After traveling some distance, pull over and check the
heat at the trailer wheel hubs. Use one of the inexpensive
infrared thermometer guns available from tool suppliers.
The hub temperature should be nearly the same at each
hub. If you notice a temperature at any wheel that is
significantly higher than the others, the brakes may not be
adjusted correctly, or there may be another problem with
the brake system or wheel bearings. Check the tire
pressures and temperatures all around. A hot tire usually
indicates low air pressure in that tire.
   The brake controller is activated when you apply the
tow vehicle brakes. This sends an electrical current to the
trailer brakes. You can also apply the trailer brakes
independently from the tow vehicle by operating the
brake controller by hand. Under normal conditions, you
should not operate the trailer brakes by hand, but you
have the option when it is needed. See the operating
instructions for your brake controller for more information.
   Remember that a temporary increase in loading occurs
during dips or bumps in the road. A severe dip causes
increased weight to suddenly be placed on hitch, axles
and tires. Though hitch manufacturers take this into
consideration in their designs, an overloaded or old,
cracked and rusted hitch or tongue can be suddenly
stressed beyond capacity, causing it to fail. Watch for
bumps and large dips in the road and try to slow down for
them.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                 Chapter 8 / Page 5 of 16
8 / SAFE DRIVING AND TOWING


                           BACKING UP AND PARKING
                              Backing a trailer can be a challenge even for
                           experienced drivers. It takes practice to perfect the
                           necessary skills. Improper or careless backing can result in
                           possible injury or, more likely, expensive damage. Of
                           course, if you can avoid backing up altogether – arrive in
                           daylight or request a pull-through site – you’ll be much
                           better off. Just remember to take your time. Be patient,
                           and try not to get upset if you don’t successfully back in on
                           the first attempt. Remember, it’s not as easy as it looks –
                           even for old pros.
                              We mentioned previously that your trailering rig is much
                           larger than the car or truck you normally drive. Terrain and
                           road surfaces, visibility, and even driver fatigue can affect
   MVP RV

                           your ability to back and park your trailer.
                              Backing your trailer can be more than just getting it into
                           a site at a campground or RV park. There can be many
                           other backing situations that require close driver attention
                           and backing skills. Consider some of these other situations:
                               Backing into an RV storage space

                               Driving into a dead-end street by mistake

                               A fuel pump is not located where you expect it or need it

                               Entering a parking lot that does not have a pull-through lane

                               Entering a fast-food restaurant pull-through lane with height
                               or width limitations

                               Unexpected low overhead or bridge weight limitations while
                               driving on local roads.

                             Some backing situations require you to be more careful
                           and attentive:
                               Backing into an RV site to avoid campers, other RVs,
                               shrubs, trees, picnic tables and utility hookups

                               Anytime children are present is a big one. Children always
                               assume if they can see you, then you can see them.

                               Backing up at night means reduced visibility. It’s difficult to
                               estimate distance in low light or darkness.

                               Backing up in gas stations or supermarket parking lots.
                               When an RV pulls up and stops, other vehicles may not be
                               visible in your mirrors when they pull up right in back of you.




Chapter 8 / Page 6 of 16                                                       MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                       8 / SAFE DRIVING AND TOWING


    The most important factors to backing up safely include
paying close attention, being patient, and watching and
listening for anything unexpected. Avoid pulling into
commercial, shopping or industrial areas while towing if
you’re unfamiliar with the layout. You may not know how
to get out without your having to back up. Sometimes
calling ahead to your destination before you arrive can
save time and effort. Ask about specific directions and
parking limitations. If you are unable to call ahead, when
you arrive, park out on the street and then walk in to
investigate.
   You will often be backing and parking your rig in a
limited-size space. Before you know if it will fit, you have to
know how big it is. Minimize surprises by spending some
time to collect the following information:




                                                                                    MVP RV
    The total length of the tow vehicle and trailer from the front
    bumper of the tow vehicle to the rear bumper of the trailer.

    Total width of the rig, including all mirrors on the tow vehicle

    Total height, including all roof-mounted accessories such as
    A/C units, roof vents, satellite dish and TV antennas,
    storage boxes and CB and radio antennas.

    Whenever possible, pull into parking situations that allow
you to “pull through” thus avoiding backing. If your
situation allows it, before backing up, get out and walk
around the location where the RV is to go. Check to see if
awnings or slideouts will fit safely when extended, and look
overhead for tree limbs or low wires. Then look down and
around for sloping sites, tree trunks and tree limbs, utility
hookups, picnic tables, large rocks, railroad ties, wooden
posts, cables and fences often used to separate camping
sites, or any other objects that could damage the trailer.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                         Chapter 8 / Page 7 of 16
8 / SAFE DRIVING AND TOWING


                              Eliminate distractions by requesting passengers to refrain
                           from talking while you are backing. Turn off radios and TVs,
                           etc., and other distraction sources of noise. When backing,
                           just remember to slow down and take your time. If the
                           trailer doesn’t go where you want it to, just stop.
                           Concentrate on the back of the trailer. Remember that
                           you have poor visibility to the rear. Someone standing
                           safely outside at the rear of the trailer to guide you will help
                           you back the trailer safely. Use the rear view mirrors to
                           watch what is happening behind you, and keep an eye
                           on both sides of the tow vehicle. Continually monitor the
                           location of the front mirrors and front corners, as well as the
                           rear of the RV to avoid obstacles.
                              Follow these tips for backing:
   MVP RV

                               1. Align the trailer and tow vehicle in a straight line, if
                                  possible. Also, backing to the left is easier because your
                                  rear visibility is better.

                               2. Start backing slowly. With your hand at the bottom of the
                                  steering wheel, turn the wheel in the direction you want
                                  the rear of the trailer to go. Watch in the mirrors or out the
                                  window until the rear of the trailer is pointing in the
                                  desired direction. Note that the rear of the tow vehicle will
                                  go in the opposite direction of the trailer. Be careful as the
                                  trailer/tow vehicle angle changes. You can quickly get into
                                  a jackknifed position that could cause damage to the tow
                                  vehicle or trailer.

                               3. When the trailer is pointing in the desired direction, start
                                  turning the steering wheel in the opposite direction. This
                                  will cause the tow vehicle to follow the trailer in an arc.

                               4. Straighten the tow vehicle and trailer by turning the
                                  steering wheel more sharply. When you get more into a
                                  straight line, straighten the wheel. Adjust your position as
                                  necessary.

                               5. If you don’t make it on the first try, just pull forward to
                                  straighten things out, and start over.




Chapter 8 / Page 8 of 16                                                        MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                        8 / SAFE DRIVING AND TOWING


   When you park, look around and observe any poles or
other obstructions beyond the curb or past the wheel
track. Remember that the front and rear portions of the
trailer swing wider than the tow vehicle’s body. On level
ground, always shift the tow vehicle transmission to P
(automatic transmissions) or low or reverse (manual
transmissions), and set the parking brake.
  Try to avoid parking on a grade or hill. If parking on a
grade is unavoidable, follow these steps:
    1. Apply and hold the tow vehicle brakes.

    2. Have an assistant place wheel chocks under the trailer
       wheels.

    3. When the wheel chocks are in place and the assistant is




                                                                                     MVP RV
       clear of the vehicles, release the tow vehicle brakes until
       the chocks absorb the load.

    4. Apply the tow vehicle parking brake.

    5. Shift the tow vehicle transmission to PARK (automatic) or
       low or reverse (manual). Don’t shift into PARK until the
       trailer wheels are chocked and the tow vehicle parking
       brake is set. If you do, the weight of the vehicle and trailer
       may put so much strain on the transmission that you will
       not be able to shift it out of PARK.

   When starting after being parked on a grade:
    1. Apply and hold the tow vehicle brakes.

    2. Start the engine in PARK (automatic) or neutral (manual)
       with the parking brake set.

    3. Shift into gear and release the tow vehicle parking brake.

    4. Release the tow vehicle brakes and move the trailer until
       the chocks are free.

    5. Apply and hold the tow vehicle brakes and have an
       assistant remove the chocks.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                          Chapter 8 / Page 9 of 16
8 / SAFE DRIVING AND TOWING


                                  CONTROLLING TRAILER SWAY OR FISHTAILING
 !    WARNING                        Sway or fishtailing is the sideways action of a trailer
                                  caused by external forces. Trailer sway can occur at any
Excessive sway or
                                  time. It cannot be prevented completely, but you can
fishtailing of your trailer can
                                  learn how to control your rig if and when it happens. It
lead to the rollover of the
                                  often occurs in response to strong winds or crosswinds or
trailer and tow vehicle.
                                  when passed by or passing a large truck and trailer on a
Serious injury or death can
                                  downhill.
occur. It is important that
you read and understand             Trailer sway or fishtailing is primarily influenced by these
the information in this           factors:
section.
                                         Equipment: When hitched together, the trailer and
                                         tow vehicle must be level. The tires of both the
                                         trailer and tow vehicle should be in good condition
     MVP RV

                                         and inflated to the recommended pressure as
                                         noted on the tires.
                                         Your trailer brakes should work in synchronization
                                         with your tow vehicle brakes. Never use your tow
                                         vehicle brakes alone to stop the combined load.
                                         Your brake controller must be set up according to
                                         the manufacturer’s specifications to ensure proper
                                         synchronization between the tow vehicle and the
                                         trailer. Additionally, you may have to make small
                                         adjustments occasionally to accommodate
                                         changing loads and driving conditions.
                                         We recommend that you install a friction sway
                                         damper or hitch with built-in sway control. Please
                                         consult with your RV dealer regarding this
                                         equipment, as MVP RV does not provide sway
                                         control devices.
                                         Tongue Weight: The tongue weight should be
                                         between 9% and 15% of the total travel trailer
                                         weight. See Chapter 7 of this Owner’s Guide
                                         regarding the proper loading and weighing of your
                                         trailer.
                                         Driving: This is the most important factor. The
                                         tendency for the trailer to sway increases as your
                                         speed increases. Obey all speed limits and reduce
                                         speed during bad weather or windy conditions.




Chapter 8 / Page 10 of 16                                                     MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                 8 / SAFE DRIVING AND TOWING


  Several different forces working together can cause
swaying. Speed and wind are two of these forces, so you
should never drive faster to try and eliminate swaying or
any other problem.
    Instability can also be caused by road conditions, other
vehicles and — most importantly — incorrect or
inadequate driver control inputs. If you make abrupt
braking or steering changes, travel too fast for road and
traffic conditions, ignore the mechanical components of
your rig, including tire pressures, your towing situation will
be more susceptible to instability and swaying.
     Corrective measures: If you find yourself in a situation
      where the trailer is beginning to sway or otherwise
      feels unstable, here are some techniques that will




                                                                              MVP RV
      help:
       The moment your trailer shows any tendency to
       sway, you should slow down immediately
       removing your foot from the accelerator. Avoid
       strong or hard tow vehicle braking unless there is
       a danger of collision. Reduce speed gradually
       whenever possible. Apply the brakes gently and
       progressively. A properly adjusted brake
       controller will apply the trailer brakes first. If you
       can do so safely, use the brake hand controller
       to gradually apply the trailer brakes. This will
       help to keep the vehicles aligned. If you apply
       the tow vehicle brakes only, trailer stability will
       be reduced, and skidding the tow vehicle tires
       can cause loss of control and jackknifing.
       Practice using the brake hand controller on a
       deserted parking lot. Don’t wait until an
       emergency occurs to learn how to use it. The
       brake hand controller should be located where
       it is easily accessible.
       Do not jam on the brakes or attempt to
       accelerate your way out of the swaying. Both
       actions make the situation worse and could
       cause severe injury or death.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                  Chapter 8 / Page 11 of 16
8 / SAFE DRIVING AND TOWING


                                   Steer as little as possible while maintaining
                                   control of the rig. Because of natural reaction
                                   lag time, quick steering movements to counter
                                   trailer sway will actually cause increased sway
                                   and loss of control. Keep both hands on the
                                   wheel. Hold the wheel as straight as possible
                                   until stability is regained.
                                   Once the swaying is under control, stop as soon
                                   as possible. Check tire pressures and cargo
                                   weight distribution. Look for any signs of
                                   mechanical failure. Travel at reduced speeds
                                   that permit full control until the problem can be
                                   identified and corrected.
   MVP RV

                            DRIVING IN WINDY CONDITIONS
                                Wind can create hazardous conditions when towing a
                            trailer. Wind can cause your rig to oscillate or suddenly pull
                            to one side. Thirty mile an hour crosswinds can blow you off
                            the road if there is a sudden gust. For example, say a hard
                            gust of wind hits your rig from the left. Your rig pitches to
                            the right and moves towards right. In order to stay on the
                            road you steer to the left. With the rig leaning to the right,
                            the centrifugal force generated by steering left can be the
                            added ingredient that puts you on your side, or worse yet,
                            down the side of a ravine. The only way to lower the risk of
                            traveling in these conditions is to slow down. The safest way
                            is not to drive in extremely windy conditions. Park it until it’s
                            safe to continue.




Chapter 8 / Page 12 of 16                                                MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                               8 / SAFE DRIVING AND TOWING


EXTREME DRIVING CONDITIONS
   Driving on winding or mountain roads is not difficult if
done with care. When driving in mountainous areas, look
for and obey highway signs concerning grades and
curves. Your driving experience when pulling and stopping
a trailer on mountain roads will be very different from what
you experience on level ground.
   Mountain driving or desert temperatures can put
extreme demands on the drive train components of your
tow vehicle. Observe proper vehicle speeds when
ascending or descending hills and always operate in the
proper transmission range.
   Downshift on hills to avoid overheating or excessive
engine loads. Downshift when descending grades. Engine
compression and friction will help control vehicle speed,




                                                                            MVP RV
and relieve some of the strain on the brakes. Shift the
transmission to a lower gear before starting down the
grade. The engine braking effect can help control downhill
speed, and will help ease the load on the service brakes.
   Downhill driving puts extra strain on many drivetrain
components of your tow vehicle. The brakes can become
overloaded and overheated when used for downhill
slowing. Brake fade will occur if the brakes overheat.
    Rule of thumb: Use the same lowest gear going down as
it took to go up the hill. Crest the hill in the lower gear.
Watch your speed and pay attention to any caution signs
along the road. You can also use the trailer brake
controller to help control downhill speed, and ease the
load on the tow vehicle brakes.
   When descending grades, never use a higher gear than
was used to climb the same or similar grade. Select a gear
that will keep you at a safe speed with minimal brake
application. NEVER ride the brakes when descending a
grade. Riding the brakes will cause excessive brake heat
resulting in brake fade and leaving you with little or no
stopping power.
  Some tow vehicle engine manufacturers specify both
maximum and minimum engine RPM in any transmission
gear. With some engines, either over-revving or lugging the
engine can cause serious engine damage. Become
familiar with the operating limits of your tow vehicle
engine. When ascending grades, shift to a lower gear


MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                Chapter 8 / Page 13 of 16
8 / SAFE DRIVING AND TOWING


                            when engine speed drops to the engine manufacturer’s
                            specified minimum RPM and keep the engine speed in
                            the RPM mid-range of the selected transmission gear.
                                Driving in hot weather, and especially in hilly or
                            mountainous areas, requires different driving techniques
                            than driving on flat ground or in cooler weather. Be sure
                            tire pressures are correct. Tire overheating can cause
                            tread delamination and tire failure. It is especially
                            important to watch engine coolant temperature under
                            these conditions. If the tow vehicle engine temperature
                            indicator indicates overheating:
                                  Reduce road speed and shift to the next lower gear to
                                  keep the engine running at higher RPM, but not over-
                                  revving. In most cases, this will stabilize the engine
                                  temperature.
   MVP RV


                                  If the temperature indicator continues to indicate
                                  overheating, safely pull over to the side of the road (use
                                  turnouts on mountain roads) and stop. Shift the
                                  transmission into P (PARK). Increase engine speed until
                                  the temperature drops down into the normal range.

                                  If the temperature indicator does not begin to show
                                  normal engine temperature, shut down the engine and
                                  allow it to cool. After the engine is cooled down, check
                                  the coolant level in the reservoir and if necessary, add
                                  the proper mixture of coolant and water.


                            IF YOU GET A FLAT TIRE . . .
                              Tire changing instructions are in the Care and
                            Maintenance chapter of this Owner’s Guide.
                               Your trailer is equipped with quality tires made by a
                            major tire manufacturer. Under normal circumstances and
                            with proper maintenance, you should receive thousands of
                            miles of trouble-free service. But you may get a flat tire.
                               A sudden tire failure (“blowout”) will usually be
                            accompanied by a sudden reduction in stability of your
                            rig. Depending on which tire is involved, the steering could
                            feel a little “mushy” or you may feel a little swaying. A tire
                            that goes flat slowly will not cause a sudden unstable
                            feeling. It will be more gradual, and you could wind up
                            driving a long distance before you notice the tire is flat.
                            Running a flat tire is very dangerous. The increased friction



Chapter 8 / Page 14 of 16                                                    MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                 8 / SAFE DRIVING AND TOWING


will cause the tire to overheat and possibly ignite, causing
a fire that may be very difficult to extinguish. Knowing this,
keep an eye on your tires by checking the rear view mirrors
while driving. When you stop, check the tires by whacking
them on the tread surface with a short piece of pipe or
broom handle. Check the tire temperature. Pay attention
to other drivers that may give you hand signals or
otherwise try to communicate with you that something is
wrong. If you see smoke coming from your wheels, or if
someone is signalling to you, stop immediately in as safe a
way possible, and check the situation.
   If you experience a sudden tire failure:
       Avoid heavy braking application

       Gradually decrease speed




                                                                              MVP RV
       Hold the steering wheel firmly and move carefully to a
       safe place off the road

       Park on a firm, level spot if possible

       Turn off the vehicle ignition

       Turn on the vehicle hazard warning flasher system

   If possible, summon professional help through your auto
club road service, or local tire service facility. Do not
attempt to change the tire yourself. A lifting jack is not
supplied with the trailer.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                  Chapter 8 / Page 15 of 16
8 / SAFE DRIVING AND TOWING


                                 ALTERING YOUR TRAILER
                                    Many RV owners like to add personal touches to their
                                 units. But there is a difference between changing how your
                                 trailer looks and how it handles and performs. If you
                                 consider any type of alteration to your trailer, be sure you
                                 understand how the alteration will change or affect the
                                 stability, handling, vehicle response, and overall
                                 performance and safety of your trailer or your tow vehicle/
                                 trailer combination. An improper alteration that affects
                                 vehicle handling or response can cause a vehicle crash,
                                 and any improper alteration to the electrical or propane
                                 systems can cause a fire and can endanger your trailer
                                 and its occupants. Never alter the trailer chassis. Any of
                                 the following alterations to the chassis may limit the chassis
    MVP RV

                                 warranty, and may limit your warranty coverage of other
                                 trailer components or systems:

   NOTICE                              alterations affecting the axles, brakes, and/or
                                       suspension components
Fifth-wheel hitch extenders            any alteration to the main frame components
(also called “gooseneck
tongue adapters”) are not to           any alteration to the coupler or pin box components
be used with MVP RV fifth-             the addition of cargo racks or platforms to any part of
wheel trailers. Use of a hitch         the trailer
extending device may cause
structural damage to the               the addition of any lifting or height increasing device
trailer pin box assembly or            use of a “gooseneck” style hitch device
chassis. Damage caused by
the use of a hitch extending
device may affect your           MAINTENANCE
warranty coverage under the
MVP RV Limited Warranty.            It is your responsibility as the trailer owner/operator to
                                 properly maintain your trailer and its systems. Consult this
                                 Owner’s Guide and any operating and maintenance
                                 guides included in your Owner’s Information Packet for
                                 service and maintenance information. Keep your trailer
                                 properly maintained.


                                 WARNING DEVICES
                                    Your trailer is equipped with warning devices. These
                                 devices were discussed in a previous chapter. Check them
                                 before a trip for proper operation. A disabled warning
                                 device cannot warn you or your occupants of a life-
                                 threatening danger. Keep them working and respond to
                                 them quickly.


Chapter 8 / Page 16 of 16                                                      MVP RV Owner’s Guide
9
    / AXLES, SUSPENSION AND BRAKES
AXLES
   The axle weight ratings are listed on the DOT placards
and tags located on the front left side of the trailer. The
axles are designed to last the life of the trailer without
service, except for lubrication of the wheel bearing,
adjustment and inspection of the shackles, shackle links
and springs. “Easy lube” fittings are installed under the hub
caps to make maintenance easier. A complete guide to
axle maintenance requirements and procedures is in the
“Care and Maintenance” chapter, and in your Owner’s
Package. Never weld on or near the axles.
    The axles are a hollow-tube design and may be
cambered by the axle manufacturer. Cambering means
that the axle has a slight precision bend that compensates           NOTICE
for the trailer load. You may notice a slight outward tilt at
the top of the wheels when the trailer is unloaded. This is       Do not lift or support the
caused by the cambering. As the trailer is loaded, the axle       trailer on any part of the
will straighten and the wheels will be straight up and down.      axle or suspension system.
If you continue to load the trailer beyond the axle load          Lifting the trailer at the axle
ratings, the axle may bend the other way, and the wheels          tube can cause permanent
may appear to have an inward tilt. If you see the tops of         damage to the axle, which
your wheels tilting inward, this is a sign of axle overload.      will not be covered under
                                                                  the warranty.
SUSPENSION SYSTEM
   Most MVP RV trailers use double-eye leaf spring
suspension. An equalizer assembly between the springs
transfers the load from one axle to the other while the
trailer is moving, and helps to smooth out variations in the
road surface.
    Bump stops may be attached to some trailer frames to
limit the upward travel of the axle(s). Please note that the
total axle vertical travel is only about 1-1/4”. Keep this in
mind when traveling. Although you may not feel                          Underslung Axle
irregularities in the road because of your tow vehicle’s
longer springs, the trailer’s stiffer suspension doesn’t absorb
bumps and potholes the same way. The springs on your
tow vehicle are considerably longer and have a much
greater total vertical travel. This is what helps give your tow
vehicle a smooth ride. Under certain conditions, you may
see your trailer “bounce” more than you expect.
                                                                        Overslung Axle



MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                 Chapter 9 / Page 1 of 4
9 / AXLES, SUSPENSION AND BRAKES


                                         Generally, this is normal. If you travel in areas where road
                                         conditions are severe, slow down to reduce the possibility
                                         of damage to your suspension system, the trailer structure
                                         or items inside the trailer.

                                         ELECTRIC BRAKES
                                            Your trailer is equipped with electric brakes. They are
                                         similar to the drum brakes in many trucks and cars. The
                                         basic difference is that rather than using hydraulic pressure
                                         for activation, your trailer brakes are actuated by an
                                         electromagnet.
                                            A controller (not supplied with the trailer) is installed in
                                         your tow vehicle that controls the amount of electrical
                                         current sent to the trailer brake assemblies. Some older
NOTE: The brake controller is not
     MVP RV

                                         controllers are connected to the tow vehicle brake system
supplied with the trailer. If you have
not chosen and installed a brake         and react to the hydraulic pressure when you press the
controller in your tow vehicle, see      brake pedal. Most controllers currently available operate
your trailer dealer.                     by sensing how much you are slowing down and apply the
                                         trailer brakes accordingly. These are referred to as “inertia”
                                         type controllers. Other controllers operate by applying the
                                         trailer brakes proportionately to how long the brake pedal
                                         has been pressed, and are called “time-based”
                                         controllers. Although you can choose whichever type
                                         controller best suits your needs and budget, the inertia-
                                         type is recommended. This type controller will give you the
                                         most natural feeling brake application, and provides trailer
NOTE: Check brake shoe                   braking that more closely follows your tow vehicle braking.
adjustment regularly. They should           No matter which type of controller you use, under most
be in the same adjustment as the
tow vehicle brakes. Loose, worn, or      towing conditions, the trailer brakes are operated by 12-
damaged wheel bearings are a             volts DC from the tow vehicle electrical system. The 7-way
common cause of “grabby” brakes.         power cord carries the electrical power to the trailer
                                         brakes, and the cord must be connected at all times while
                                         towing. The diagram shows a typical brake system
                                         electrical schematic.
                                             The controller in the truck cab can be adjusted to affect
                                         the rate of application of the trailer brakes. This adjustment
                                         does not affect the maximum braking capacity of the
                                         brakes. It should be adjusted so that the tow vehicle and
                                         trailer brakes are balanced, and provide a safe,
                                         comfortable stop. The trailer brakes should usually just
                                         slightly lead the tow vehicle brakes. Always adjust the
                                         controller according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
                                         When it is properly adjusted, you should feel no sensation



Chapter 9 / Page 2 of 4                                                              MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                            9 / AXLES, SUSPENSION AND BRAKES


of the trailer pushing the tow vehicle nor of the trailer
                                                                     !    CAUTION
pulling the tow vehicle during a stop. See the axle
operation and maintenance guide in your Owner’s                     Be sure the trailer batteries
Information Packet for details on brake and controller              are charged before
synchronization.                                                    traveling, and that the
                                                                    charge line from the tow
   The breakaway switch is a special trailer brake control
                                                                    vehicle is connected.
that operates the trailer brakes in case the trailer ever
                                                                    Proper operation of the
becomes uncoupled while towing. Power for the
                                                                    brakes by the breakaway
breakaway system comes from the trailer batteries and is
                                                                    switch requires fully
supplied to the brakes through the switch. The switch is
                                                                    charged batteries, or
located on the A-frame coupler (pin box on fifth-wheels). It
                                                                    connection a power source
has a steel lanyard which must be fastened to a rigid part
                                                                    equivalent to or greater
of the tow vehicle frame or hitch assembly. Should the
                                                                    than an automotive type 12-
trailer become unhitched, the switch is activated when the
                                                                    volt, 12-amp-hour wet-cell
cable pulls the pin out of the switch, applying the trailer
                                                                    battery.
brakes. Towing the trailer with a defective breakaway
switch is both dangerous and illegal in most places.
   Test the operation of the breakaway switch periodically.          !    WARNING
To insure safe operation, the cable must be secured
properly to a rigid part of the tow vehicle frame or to an          Do not loop the breakaway
unremovable part of the hitch on the tow vehicle. Do not            switch lanyard over the
loop the breakaway switch lanyard over the hitch ball or            hitch ball or to any
to any removable part of the hitch assembly. Never use              removable part of the hitch
the breakaway switch for parking, or remove the pin from            assembly.
the switch. This will apply the trailer brakes and run down
the trailer batteries, and possibly damage the switch
contacts and brake shoe magnets. When disconnecting                  !     CAUTION
the trailer from the tow vehicle, remove the lanyard from
                                                                    Do not use the breakaway
the tow vehicle.
                                                                    switch as a parking brake.
    The magnets, brake shoes and related components on              The trailer batteries will be
the trailer axles are what actually stop your trailer. The          discharged rapidly and the
magnets and brake shoes are “wear” items meaning that               brake magnets may be
over time they wear out and you have to replace them as             damaged.
a part of normal maintenance. Please note that trailer
brakes do not have the same life expectancy as the
brakes on your car or truck. They will typically last 10,000 -           NOTICE
20,000 miles depending on your towing conditions. Certain
                                                                    Failure to disconnect the
conditions will shorten the life of the brake components. If
                                                                    unit from the 7-way tow
you travel mostly on paved roads and operate the brakes
                                                                    vehicle cord prior to testing
properly with a properly adjusted controller, you can
                                                                    the breakaway switch may
expect the maximum life. If you travel mostly on dirt roads,        cause damage to the brake
in sand or in other harsh road conditions, or if your               controller.
controller is not set up properly you can expect shorter




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                     Chapter 9 / Page 3 of 4
9 / AXLES, SUSPENSION AND BRAKES


                           brake component life. Your driving technique will also
                           significantly impact the life of your brakes. Hard stops from
                           high speeds will shorten brake life. Also note that the trailer
                           brakes are not self-adjusting as are most car and truck
                           brakes. The trailer brakes will need periodic adjustment.
                           Please follow the recommended inspection, adjustment
                           and service intervals as outlined in the axle operation and
                           maintenance guide.
MVP RV




                           Typical trailer brake system schematic




                           7-Pin Wiring
                           (View is looking into the tow vehicle-
                           mounted connector)



Chapter 9 / Page 4 of 4                                                MVP RV Owner’s Guide
10
     / TRAVEL
     Since your dealer probably had your new trailer hitched up
to your tow vehicle when you took delivery of the trailer, your
first task as a new owner will be to unhitch and stabilize it at
your home or first camp site. So that’s where we’ll start, along
with some information about setup and stabilizing equipment
and techniques. We’ll go on to preparing for travel and
hitching up later in the chapter.

LANDING LEGS, TONGUE JACKS AND STABILIZER JACKS                     !    WARNING
     LANDING LEGS (5TH-WHEELS ONLY)
                                                                   Do not exceed the
    The landing legs of a 5th-wheel trailer are used for           individual leg or system
positioning the trailer during hitching and unhitching from        load ratings.
the to tow vehicle and to support the trailer during
                                                                   Do not use the legs to jack
camping and storage. They level the trailer front-to-rear to
                                                                   up the trailer during tire
provide comfort for the occupants, and to allow the
                                                                   changes. The legs are not
refrigerator to operate properly. They are not designed to
                                                                   designed to support the
support the full weight of the trailer to change tires or for
                                                                   trailer’s weight during tire
servicing tre trailer. Do not use the landing legs to raise the
                                                                   changes or servicing.
tires off the ground.
    The landing legs are made up of three steel tubes that         Never drop the trailer off
slide inside of each other, either a hand crank or electric        the hitch.
motor drive that turns gears and a screw-drive shaft in
each leg to extend or retract the legs, foot pads, pull pins
and related hardware.


     TONGUE JACK (CONVENTIONAL TRAILERS ONLY)                            WARNING
                                                                    !
    The tongue jack of a conventional trailer is used for
                                                                   Do not exceed the tongue
positioning the trailer during hitching and unhitching from
                                                                   jack load rating.
the to tow vehicle and to support the trailer during
camping and storage. They level the trailer front-to-rear to       Do not use the tongue jack
provide comfort for the occupants, and to allow the                to jack up the trailer during
refrigerator to operate properly. It is not designed to            tire changes. The tongue
support the full weight of the trailer to change tires or for      jack is not designed to
servicing the trailer. Do not use the tongue jack to raise the     support the trailer’s weight
tires off the ground.                                              during tire changes or
    The tongue jack is made up of steel tubes that slide           servicing.
inside of each other, either a hand crank or electric motor        Never drop the trailer off
drive that turns gears and a screw-drive shaft to extend or        the hitch.
retract the jack, a foot pad and related hardware.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                Chapter 10 / Page 1 of 18
10 / TRAVEL


                                     STABILZER JACKS
 !    CAUTION
Do not attempt to raise or            Stabilizer jacks are located at the corners of the trailer
place all of the trailer’s         frame. They are designed to stabilize the trailer after it has
weight on the stabilizer           been leveled at the camp site. They are not designed to
jacks.                             level the trailer or to support the full weight of the trailer to
                                   change tires or for servicing tre trailer. Do not use the
                                   stabilizer jacks to raise the tires off the ground. Use them to
Tip! When you select your          give the trailer a firm setting and to keep it from “jouncing”
site, pay attention to             when you move around inside. If you use after-market
where the utility                  stabilizer jacks, they must be placed under the chassis
connections are located.           frame rails only.
Try to position the trailer
so that these hookups are
within reach of your cords         UNHITCHING FIFTH WHEEL (FULL UNHITCH)
and hoses.                            Always try to park your trailer as level as possible. When
                                   you are unable to find a reasonably level place, you
                                   should use leveling blocks under the trailer wheels before
 !    CAUTION
                                   unhitching. An accessory visual level available at RV
Make sure you have adequate        supply stores can be installed on the front/side of the trailer
lighting to safely operate all     to assist leveling.
equipment and vehicles.
                                     1. When you have located your intended parking space, look over

 !    WARNING                           the site carefully. Check above the site and the approach to the
                                        site to be sure there are no overhead obstacles that might
Never stand between the tow             damage the trailer or that might be damaged by it. Check the
vehicle and the trailer.                side clearance to be sure the slide-outs (if equipped) can be
Unexpected vehicle movement             extended without interference. Ensure the ground is not soft or
could pin a person between              uneven and will support the weight of the trailer on the
the tow vehicle and the trailer.        stabilizing jacks or other support devices.

 !    CAUTION                        2. Drive the trailer onto the site. Use commercial plastic or solid
                                        wood levelling blocks if necessary to level the trailer. Do not
Do not attempt to raise the             use rocks, concrete blocks or pavers, bricks, or particle
trailer on one landing gear             board as leveling blocks. Place the blocks on the ground
only. Uneven distribution of            forward of the wheels, and tow the trailer onto the blocks.
weight on the landing gear              Chock the trailer wheels so there is no wheel movement.
jacks will make the trailer
                                     3. Extend the landing gear legs: Insert the hand crank into the
unstable and may damage
                                        alignment tube until the end engages the cross shaft. For
the overloaded jack.
                                        electric drive, do not insert the crank handle. Turn the
                                        crank clockwise, or press the switch (electric drive) in the
  !    CAUTION                          DOWN position until the middle tube is halfway to the
                                        ground. This will optimize the overlap of all tubes,
The crank handle will rotate            maximizing trailer stability.
when the electric drive motor
is operated. Remove the crank             Pull the lock pin on the landing gear leg and allow the
handle before using the                   drop tube to drop to the ground. Adjust the tube up or
electric motor to prevent                 down so you can re-engage or re-pin in the nearest
injury.                                   adjustment hole.


Chapter 10 / Page 2 of 18                                                               MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                                             10 / TRAVEL


       Repeat for the other side. Begin to extend the landing
                                                                             NOTICE
       gear to raise the trailer until the lock pins engage. If the
       lock pins do not engage simultaneously, the ground is not       At either full extension or full
                                                                       retraction, you may hear a clicking
       level in the landing gear area. Under these                     noise from the motor. This is the
       circumstances, use solid wood or plastic wedges to even         action of the slip clutch built into the
       the load of the landing gear legs.                              drive motor to protect it against
                                                                       overload or to prevent over-
       Raise the unlocked drop tube until the pin locks. Slide the     extension or over-retraction.
       wedge under the foot. If it does not fit, raise the drop tube
                                                                       Release the switch as soon as you
       to the next lock position. Kick the wedge into place firmly.    hear this noise to prevent damage
                                                                       to the motor or bevel gears at the
  NOTE: If the parking spot is on asphalt on a very hot day or on
                                                                       top of the legs. If you hear this noise
    dirt and/or gravel, a block of wood under each landing gear        when the legs are neither fully
    leg can be used to spread the load and reduce the                  extended nor fully retracted, one or
    possibility of the leg sinking into the surface.                   both of the legs may be overloaded
                                                                       and you will have to shift items
  4. Extend the landing gear legs until there is a small gap           around in the trailer or remove items
     between the hitch and trailer pin box.                            from the trailer.

  5. Lower the truck tailgate. Remove all obstacles in the truck       Continuing to operate the legs
                                                                       overloaded will lead to premature
     bed. Disconnect the 7-way cord and the breakaway switch
                                                                       wear and poor performance of the
     from the truck. Lay the cables over the tailgate.                 legs.
  6. Unlock the 5th-wheel hitch keeper. Slowly drive the truck
     forward until the king pin disengages from the hitch. Stop          !     CAUTION
     the truck. If the trailer does not disengage, the king pin and    Do not attempt to raise the
     hitch may be binding. Move the truck about one-quarter inch       trailer on one landing gear
     front or back to free the king pin.                               only. Uneven distribution of
  7. When the king pin is free, move the truck away.
                                                                       weight on the landing gear
                                                                       jacks will make the trailer
  8. Raise or lower the landing gears checking the front to back       unstable and may damage
     level with a bubble level. Remove and stow the crank              the overloaded jack.
     handle (manual operation).

  9. Lower the rear stabilizer jacks. On soft ground, place a load
     spreader board under the jacks. Lower the jacks to the              !     CAUTION
     ground and firm them up.                                          Do not use the stabilizer
                                                                       jack for any other purpose.
  NOTE: Setting up the trailer without a complete unhitch              Use only the stock handle
    allows you to locate the trailer at a site when you want           supplied. Do not use a
    to leave the trailer attached to the truck. Use steps 1            cheater bar on the handle.
    through 3 and steps 8 and 9 above. When extending the
    landing gear legs, avoid using the landing gear to lift or
    raise the truck. Since you will not be disconnecting the             !     WARNING
    king pin from the truck hitch, the truck will be an
    additional load on the landing gear. If you cannot level           When lowering the landing
    the trailer reasonably well without lifting the truck, you         gear and stabilizing jacks,
    will need to reposition the trailer on a more level                keep all body parts away
    surface.                                                           from the bottom of the gear
                                                                       and/or jack.


MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                    Chapter 10 / Page 3 of 18
10 / TRAVEL


     NOTICE                         Once the trailer is stabilized, you can continue with
                                 setting up the trailer by connecting to site facilities,
Never move the trailer with      extending slide-outs, etc. according to your personal
the landing gear legs down.      preferences and needs. There is no particular order to set
                                 up procedures, and with practice you will find the order
                                 that is the most efficient for your situation.
 !    WARNING
After-market stabilizer
stands must be placed only
under chassis frame rails.
Stabilizer jacks should not
be placed at extreme
corners of the frame.
Locating stabilizers in these
locations can cause slide-
     MVP RV

room damage if leveling
blocks were to shift or
settle. Do not attempt to
level, raise or otherwise
place all of the weight of the
unit on the stabilizer jacks.
Do not use stabilizer jacks
for tire-changing.




Chapter 10 / Page 4 of 18                                                  MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                                             10 / TRAVEL


CONVENTIONAL TRAILER UNHITCHING & LEVELING                                   Tip! When you select your
                                                                             site, pay attention to
   Always try to park your trailer as level as possible. When                where the utility
you are unable to find a reasonably level place, you                         connections are located.
should use leveling blocks under the trailer wheels before                   Try to position the trailer
unhitching. An accessory visual level available at RV                        so that these hookups are
supply stores can be installed on the front/side of the trailer              within reach of your
to assist leveling.                                                          cords and hoses.
  1. When you have located your intended parking space, look
     over the site carefully. Check above the site and the
     approach to the site to be sure there are no overhead
                                                                              !    WARNING
     obstacles that might damage the trailer or that might be
     damaged by it. Check the side clearance to be sure the                  Never stand between the
     slide-outs (if equipped)can be extended without                         tow vehicle and the trailer.
     interference. Ensure the ground is not soft or uneven and               Unexpected vehicle
     will support the weight of the trailer on the stabilizing jacks         movement could pin a
     or other support devices.                                               person between the tow
                                                                             vehicle and the trailer.
  2. Drive the trailer onto the site. Use commercial plastic or
     solid wood levelling blocks if necessary to level the trailer.
     Do not use rocks, concrete blocks or pavers, bricks, or                      NOTICE
     particle board as leveling blocks. Place the blocks on the              Never move the trailer with
     ground forward of the wheels, and tow the trailer onto the              the tongue jack down and
     blocks. Chock the trailer wheels so there is no wheel                   supporting the trailer
     movement.                                                               tongue.
  3. Put the foot pad on the tongue jack post, and turn the tongue jack
     crank clockwise (or press the switch to EXTEND) to lower the            Put a small round bubble
     tongue jack nearly to the ground. If the ground surface is soft or      level inside the
     may not be able to fully support the weight of the trailer tongue,      refrigerator to help
     place a sturdy 2” x 6” wood block under the jack post foot pad to       determine proper level for
     support the jack post. The block should rest level and remain           refrigerator operation.
     stable.

  4. Disconnect the breakway switch lanyard and safety chains.
     Unplug the 7-way cord from the tow vehicle.                              !    CAUTION
                                                                             Do not attempt to raise or
  5. Unlatch the hitch ball lock.                                            place all of the trailer’s
  6. Turn the tongue jack clockwise (or press switch to EXTEND) to           weight on the stabilizer
     lower the jack post until the trailer tongue rises up and off the tow   jacks.
     vehicle hitch ball. When the tongue is completely off the ball,
     drive the tow vehicle forward out of the way.
                                                                              !    WARNING
  7. Check the level of the trailer with a carpenter’s level both
     crosswise and lengthwise on the trailer floor. Raise or lower the       Do not attempt to use the
     tongue with the jack until the trailer is reasonably level front to     stabilizer jacks or the
     rear.                                                                   landing gear jacks to
                                                                             change a trailer tire.


MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                          Chapter 10 / Page 5 of 18
10 / TRAVEL

                                   8. Lower stabilizers, if desired. After stabilizing the trailer, be sure
 !   WARNING                          the trailer frame is not twisted, buckled, or stressed. Check that
After-market stabilizer               all doors and windows operate freely and do not bind.
stands must be placed only
                                     Once the trailer is stabilized, you can continue with
under chassis frame rails.
                                 setting up the trailer by connecting to site facilities,
Stabilizer jacks should not
                                 extending slide-outs, etc. according to your personal
be placed at extreme
corners of the frame.            preferences and needs. Although there are no rules about
Locating stabilizers in these    setting up, usually you’ll connect to the electrical service
locations can cause slide-       first so you can have light when needed, or operate other
room damage if leveling          electrical power needs. With practice you will find the
blocks were to shift or          order that is the most efficient for your situation.
settle. Do not attempt to
level, raise or otherwise
place all of the weight of the
     MVP RV

unit on the stabilizer jacks.



 !    WARNING
Do not attempt to use the
stabilizer jacks or the
tongue jack to change a
trailer tire.




Chapter 10 / Page 6 of 18                                                             MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                                     10 / TRAVEL


THE ENTRY STEP
   The entry steps make it easy to enter and exit your trailer.
There are a few things that you should know to be safe and to
keep the steps operating the way they should.
   The steps consist of several elements that fold over each
other to store compactly under the trailer body. There may be
up to four step elements depending on trailer model. They all
operate the same, as shown below (4-element step shown).

EXTENDING THE ENTRY STEP




                                                                               MVP RV
                 Release handle


    1. Grasp and pull up and out       2. Rotate the step elements
       on the release handle under        out and downward.
       the top of the step assembly.
       Pull step assembly out from
       trailer body. Grasp and
       wiggle the step to be sure it
       is completely extended and
       locked in position. (Step is
       shown partially extended.)      PINCH / AMPUTATION
                                       HAZARDS                         !   WARNING
      Bottom step
                                                                      PINCH / AMPUTATION
                                                                      HAZARD
                                                                      Keep fingers, feet and other
                                                                      body parts away from the step
                                                                      hinges when lowering or
                                                                      raising the entry step. The
                                                                      hinges form a “scissor”-like
                                                                      device and can cause serious
                                                                      injury to or amputation of
    3. Fold the bottom step            4. Reverse the procedure to    fingers or toes.
       down. Be sure bottom               retract. Be sure the step
       step is unfolded                   assembly is sescure.
       completely.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                   Chapter 10 / Page 7 of 18
10 / TRAVEL


                               The steps will become a routine item in your daily life with
                            your trailer. But there are some safety precautions that you
                            should be aware of that will help you use the steps safely and
                            keep them working for the life of the trailer.

                                   Remember that the entry steps are like any
                                   other stairs. Use the same caution when going
                                   in and out of your trailer that you would on any
                                   other stairway. Use the entry assist bar/grab
                                   handle.
                                   The steps may be hot, wet, slippery, dirty or in
                                   some other condition that may be potentially
                                   hazardous. Check the condition of the steps
                                   before entering or exiting your trailer.
   MVP RV

                                   There may be sharp machined edges on some
                                   parts of the step mechanism. Be careful when
                                   extending or retracting the steps. Keep your
                                   fingers and toes away from the hinge elements
                                   at the sides of the steps.
                                   Be sure the step areas are well lit. Avoid
                                   entering or exiting the trailer at night or in
                                   conditions of poor visibility without good
                                   lighting. Turn on the porch/scare lights.
                                   Do not move the trailer with the steps
                                   extended. The step could be damaged from
                                   hitting rocks, trees, posts, etc. and may not be
                                   able to be retracted. It may also be broken in a
                                   way that is not visible and fail the next time
                                   you need to use it.
                                   Although the steps are strong and capable of
                                   supporting normal foot traffic, they are not
                                   infinitely strong and may fail under extreme
                                   loads.
                                   Inspect the steps before every trip. Look for
                                   cracked or bent parts or obvious damage. If
                                   any damage is found, have the step repaired
                                   before using it.
                                   Keep the step clean. Wash off oil, grease, wax,
                                   or other slippery substances. Clean off ice and
                                   snow accumulations, and accumulations of
                                   dirt and sand.




Chapter 10 / Page 8 of 18                                                 MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                                    10 / TRAVEL


PREPARING THE TRAILER FOR TRAVEL
  1. Pack up the trailer. As you become familiar with your traveling
     need, you can develop checklists to use to remind you as you
     pack. Be sure to follow the loading guidelines in Chapter 7.

  2. Do a walk-around inside the trailer. Check these items:

      All cabinets closed tightly.

      All interior sliding door travel locks are in place.

      Raise and lock blinds to keep them from swinging and
        causing damage.

      Be sure emergency escape windows are secure.

      Close and latch all windows, and close roof vents.

      Secure fold-down beds/lounges and collapsible tables.




                                                                               MVP RV
      Secure ALL loose items: bunk ladders, freestanding
        furniture, small appliances, food and housekeeping
        items, TVs and entertainment equipment, etc. Retract
        and lock TV attachment arms (if equipped).

      Close all drawers. Tug on them to make sure.

      Be sure all doors near slide-outs are closed.

      Move chairs or other furniture/equipment away from the
        walls.

        NOTE: If you expect to travel on bad roads, turn the
        dinette table over and move the chairs to the front.

      Retract all slide-outs (if equipped).

      Retract TV antenna and/or satellite dish (if equipped).

      Turn off range and oven controls and be sure all pilots
        are off. Close all faucets, and turn all appliance
        switches OFF.

      Turn off water pump.


  3. Do a walk-around outside the trailer:

      Retract and lock all awnings (if equipped).

      Disconnect all electric, water and waste connections (if
        connected). Stow all cables and hoses.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                   Chapter 10 / Page 9 of 18
10 / TRAVEL


                                    Close and lock all outside compartment doors (except
                                    propane compartment).

                                    Clear all obstacles under the trailer.

                                    Retract stabilizer jacks, and remove and stow all
                                    portable jacks/blocks.

                                    Check tire pressures (see Chapter 6)

                                    Check wheel nut torque (see Chapter 6)

                                    Retract entry steps.

                                    Close, latch and lock rear and side cargo doors (if
                                    equipped)

                                    Close and lock entry door.
   MVP RV

                             NOTE: Keep the trailer wheels chocked until hitching is
                             completed.


                             HITCHING UP
                                Hitching your trailer to your tow vehicle will become
                             routine with experience. Make it a habit to examine all
                             hitch components before hitching the trailer. If you have a
                             conventional ball hitch, check for cracked or bent parts,
                             cracked welds, deformed or stripped bolts. Inspect the
                             spring bars and chains. Be sure the ball is tight and well
                             lubricated.
                                Check the trailer tongue for cracks. Be sure the ball
                             locking device works freely. Inspect the safety chains. If
                             you find a defect in any hitch component, correct it
                             before towing the trailer.
                                If you have a fifth-wheel trailer, check all truck-mounted
                             hitch components. Check for worn, cracked, or bent parts.
                             Be sure the locking device works properly. Inspect the pin
                             box assembly on the trailer. Check the king pin. If you find
                             any defective components, repair or replace them before
                             towing. Be sure all moving parts of the hitch are well
                             lubricated.




Chapter 10 / Page 10 of 18                                                   MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                                            10 / TRAVEL


HITCHING UP FIFTH WHEEL                                                      !    CAUTION
  1. Chock the trailer wheels so there is no wheel movement.                Do not attempt to raise the
  2. Extend the 5th-wheel landing gear legs and raise the king pin
                                                                            trailer on one landing gear
     to the appropriate hitch height.
                                                                            only. Uneven distribution of
                                                                            weight on the landing gear
  3. Lower the tow vehicle (truck) tailgate and remove any                  jacks will make the trailer
     obstacles in the truck bed. Be sure the trailer king pin will clear    unstable and may damage
     the truck bed.                                                         the overloaded jack.
  4. Open and lock the jaws of the hitch (not required on some
     hitches). Position the hitch level to give a clear view of the hitch
     and king pin.
  5. Back the truck so that the king pin is directly in front of the        An assistant outside can
     mouth of the 5th wheel hitch. Stop and check that the tailgate         help you align the tow
     will not hit the trailer and that the king pin is even with or         vehicle and trailer.
     slightly below the top of the hitch plate.
  6. Lay the 7-way power cord and the breakaway switch cable
     over the truck to keep them clear of the truck and to make              !    WARNING
     connection easier.                                                     Never stand between the
  7. Insert the hand crank into the alignment tube until the end            tow vehicle and the trailer.
     engages the cross shaft (manual operation). For electric               Unexpected vehicle
     drive, do not insert the crank handle.                                 movement could pin a
                                                                            person between the tow
  8. Turn the crank counterclockwise (or press the switch UP)               vehicle and the trailer.
     until the trailer king pin is lined up with the tow vehicle hitch.

  9. Back the truck into position until the king pin locks into the hitch
     jaws. Some hitches require manually locking the jaws. Install           !    CAUTION
     all locking pins on the hitch plate lever.                             Do not attempt to raise the
 10. Secure the breakaway switch cable to a secure attachment               trailer on one landing gear
     point on the tow vehicle. Make sure the cable is free and will         only. Uneven distribution of
     not bind against the truck or any equipment in the truck bed,          weight on the landing gear
     especially during turns. Make sure the pin in the breakaway            jacks will make the trailer
     switch is securely in place.                                           unstable and may damage
 11. Connect the 7-way power cord to the tow vehicle receptacle.
                                                                            the overloaded jack.

 12. Check the running lights on the trailer and tow vehicle for
     proper operation: brake lights, taillights, clearance lights, turn
     signals.
 13. Raise the trailer landing gear legs an inch or two and do a short
     “pull test” to make sure the hitch is secure. If everything is
     okay, completely raise the landing gears legs.
 14. Remove (or disengage) the pull pin and raise the drop tube,
     re-pinning it in the highest position.middle tube is halfway to
     the ground.



MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                        Chapter 10 / Page 11 of 18
10 / TRAVEL


                                  15. Fully retract the legs so that the foot pad is higher than the
                                      lowest point of the trailer, to prevent dragging.

                                  16.Remove and stow the crank handle (manual operation).

                                  17. Remove and stow the wheel chocks. If possible, move the rig
                                      ahead about 50 feet and test the trailer brakes and lights.
                                      Check the ground for forgotten objects.
                                  18. Check inside the trailer to be sure that everything is stored
                                      away, vents and windows are closed, and doors and drawers
                                      are closed.
                                  19. Be sure entry door is locked and steps are retracted.
                                  20. Regularly check tire pressures, hub temperatures, and wheel
                                      nut torque while under way.
   NOTICE
If you tow using a weight
distributing hitch, the spring   HITCHING PROCEDURE FOR CONVENTIONAL TRAILERS
bars MUST be disconnected            Before attempting to hitch up your trailer, read the
when towing off-road. Weight
                                 instructions provided by the manufacturer of the hitch.
distributing hitches are not
designed for operation on        Your hitch must be able to accept a 2-5/16” ball. The
unlevel surfaces. Failure to     following instructions apply in most cases. If the instructions
disconnect the spring bars       provided with your hitch are different from these
when towing off-road may         instructions, follow those of the hitch manufacturer:
result in damage to the tongue
of the trailer.                    1. Chock the trailer wheels so there is no wheel movement.

                                   2. Turn the tongue jack crank clockwise. This will extend the
       Hitch ball size:               jack and raise the tongue and coupler. Raise the tongue
          2-5/16”                     sufficiently to clear the hitch ball on the tow vehicle.

                                   3. Back the tow vehicle until the hitch ball is under the hitch
                                      ball socket. If you are working alone, a backing aid mirror
 !    WARNING                         may be helpful.

Follow the instructions of         4. The coupler latch locking lever on the tongue should be fully
the hitch manufacturer for            open. Lower the tongue jack until the ball is firmly seated in
adjusting the weight                  the socket. Close the coupler latch and secure it with a
distributing hitch.                   locking pin or bolt.
Overtightening of hitch
spring bars will reduce            5. Raise the tow vehicle and trailer with the tongue jack high
cornering and stopping                enough to allow room to install the hitch spring bars (if using
ability as well as stability.         a weight distributing hitch).

                                   6. Attach the spring bars according to the hitch manufacturer’s
                                      instructions.
 !    WARNING
Never attach safety chains
to the hitch bar or any
removable part of the hitch.

Chapter 10 / Page 12 of 18                                                           MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                                    10 / TRAVEL

  7. After adjusting the spring bars, retract the tongue jack
     completely. Note that the trailer must be relatively level
     front to back. Tilt in either direction must be kept to an
     absolute minimum. Having the front lower than the rear
     reduces towing stability on tandem axle trailers.

  8. Install the sway control system according to the
     manufacturer’s instructions (if using sway control).

  9. Connect all safety chains. Safety chains are extremely
     important, and as a trailer owner, it is your responsibility
     to be familiar with these devices and their correct use.
     The hitch on your tow vehicle must be equipped with two         Simple hitching aids are
     chain attachment eyes, on each side of the vehicle’s            avaiable from RV
     centerline. Install the chains by threading each one            accessory suppliers that
     through its attachment eye and hooking it back on itself.       make it easier to align




                                                                              MVP RV
     Adjust each chain length so that it is as short as possible,    the coupler and hitch ball
     but still permits full “jackknife” turns without becoming       withouit leaving the
     tight. Both chains should be the same length and crossed        driver’s seat.
     under the trailer’s tongue to hold the tongue off the
     ground if the trailer accidentally becomes uncoupled.

 11. Connect the 7-way power cord to the tow vehicle                  !   WARNING
     receptacle, and the breakaway switch lanyard to a non-          Never attach the breakaway
     removable part of the hitch or the tow vehicle chassis.         switch lanyard to the hitch
 13. Check the running lights on the trailer and tow vehicle for     bar or any removable part
     proper operation: brake lights, taillights, clearance lights,   of the hitch.
     turn signals.

 11. Completely raise the coupler jack and jack wheel (if
     equipped).

 12. Remove and stow the wheel chocks. If possible, move the
     rig ahead about 50 feet and test the trailer brakes and
     lights. Check the ground for forgotten objects.

 13. Check inside the trailer to be sure that everything is
     stored away, vents and windows are closed, and doors
     and drawers are closed.

 14. Be sure entry door is locked and steps are retracted.

 15. Regularly check tire pressures, hub temperatures, and
     wheel nut torque while under way.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                 Chapter 10 / Page 13 of 18
10 / TRAVEL


                             ELECTRICAL HOOKUP (SEE CHAPTER 12)
                                Before connecting to the electrical supply, check the
                             supply rating. Be sure it is 110- to 125-volt single phase AC
                             for 30-amp service or 2-phase 220 to 240-volt AC (two 110
                             to 120-volt legs) for 50-amp service.

                               1. Be sure the site power source breakers are OFF (both legs
                                  on 50-amp service).

                               2. If the site power source breakers are not accessible, turn
                                  OFF the main breakers inside the trailer.

                               3. Insert the plug of the cord into the site source receptacle,
                                  seating the connector squarely and completely.

                               4. Turn site source breakers ON.
   MVP RV

                               5. Turn trailer main breakers ON.


                               To disconnect:
                               1. Turn trailer main breakers OFF.

                                    OR

                                 Turn site source breakers OFF.

                               2. Pull the plug end of the cord straight out of the source
                                  receptable.

                               3. Coil and stow the shore power cord.


                             FRESH WATER HOOKUP (SEE CHAPTER 13)
                                The city water system is connected through a potable
                             water hose to a hookup on the exterior wall of the trailer.
                             Since campground water systems have varying pressures,
                             a pressure regulator should be used to reduce the city
                             water pressure to the trailer (see below).
                               To connect to the city water system:

                               1. Set the water pump switch to OFF.

                               2. Pull out the fresh water hose.

                               3. Turn on the site water supply and allow clean water to flow
                                  for a few seconds or until the water is clean and clear. Turn
                                  off the site supply valve and connect the fresh water hose to
                                  the supply.

                               4. Turn on the site supply valve.



Chapter 10 / Page 14 of 18                                                      MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                                    10 / TRAVEL


WASTE WATER/SEWER HOOKUP (SEE CHAPTER 14)
   During self-containment, the sewer line is securely
capped to prevent leakage of waste material onto the
ground or pavement. Do not pull the holding tank knife
valves open when the protective cap is installed on the
pipe. Always drain the tank into an acceptable sewer inlet
or dump station.
   Drain the holding tanks only when they are at least
3/4-full. If necessary, fill the tanks with water to 3/4-full. This
provides sufficient to allow complete flushing of waste
material into the sewer line.
   Whenever possible, drain the tanks before traveling.
Waste water and sewage in the holding tanks reduce the




                                                                               MVP RV
carrying capacity of the trailer, and there’s no sense
driving around with it.
    During extended hookups, waste materials will build up
in the tank and cause serious plugging if the tank valves
are left open. Keep the valves closed until the tanks are
3/4-full, then dump into the sewage system. When not
connected to a sewage system, keep the protective cap
in place on the drain line fitting.
   To dump the holding tanks:
    1. Turn the outlet cap counterclockwise to remove it.

    2. Attach the sewer hose to the holding tank outlet by
       turning clockwise, locking the tabs on the outlet.

    3. Place the other end of the sewer hose into an
       approved dump station inlet. Push it far enough into
       the opening to be secure. Adapters may be required
       between the line and the inlet. Arrange the hose to it
       slopes evenly to the sewer inlet. Avoid sharp bends.

    4. Open the black tank termination valve (the larger one)
       and drain. Grasp the valve handle firmly and slide the
       valve open with a quick, steady pull. Allow enough time
       for the tank to drain completely. Rinse and flush the
       tank through the toilet. When the tank is empty, push
       the valve handle back in to close the valve. Run
       enough water (up to five gallons) into the tank to cover
       the bottom. This will help to break up solids and reduce
       “pyramiding” of solid wastes.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                  Chapter 10 / Page 15 of 18
10 / TRAVEL

                                 5. To drain the gray water tank, open the gray tank
                                    termination valve (the smaller one) and drain. Drain the
                                    gray tank last to aid in flushing the outlets and hose.
                                    When the tank is empty, push the valve handle back in
                                    to close the valve.

                                 6. Disconnect sewer hose, reinstall termination cap on
                                    the outlet.

                                 7. Rinse out the sewer hose with fresh water and remove
                                    the sewer hose from the dump station.

                                 8. Replace the sewer or dump station covers, and store
                                    the sewer hose and fittings.


                             INTERIOR SET UP
   MVP RV

                              1. Check the inside of the trailer for any open doors, drawers or
                                 furniture that might block the operation of the slide-outs.

                              2. Make sure there are no obstacles on the outside and extend the
                                 slide-outs (if equipped).

                              3. If not connected to city water, turn the water pump switch on the
                                 monitor panel to ON. Open both hot and cold faucets to bleed air
                                 from the lines. Make sure water heater is full and turn on the
                                 water heater.

                              4. Make sure oven and range controls are off. Open the propane
                                 gas main valve.

                              5. Operate the appliances as desired.

                              6. When TVs are positioned as desired, it’s a good idea to replace
                                 the restraining cable/strap/pin (as equipped). In case of any
                                 accidental trailer movement, this will help keep TVs from falling,
                                 swinging or otherwise moving and causing damage or injury.




                               TV Restraint Cable
                               (shown with wall-
                               mounted LCD TV -
                               other types may
                               have straps or shelf
                               lockbolts or pins)




Chapter 10 / Page 16 of 18                                                     MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                                       10 / TRAVEL
BEFORE YOU LEAVE YOUR SITE
    Make sure all cabinets are closed, travel locks are in place, and
    interior doors and drawers are closed.

    Shut off range and oven controls and shut off oven pilot.

    Shut off all vents and fans and close vents.

    Shut off fresh water pump.

    Turn off climate control system.

    Shut off water heater.

    Shut off all appliances and interior lights.

    Retract TV antenna.

    Retract awnings and set travel locks.

    Position furniture to prevent damage from retraction of the slide-




                                                                                  MVP RV
    outs. Retract slide-outs.

    Position and stow all loose-loaded items such as furniture, TVs,
    electronic devices and components, food, tools, supplies, etc.

    Raise and lock all blinds.

    Close all propane gas cylinder main valve(s).

    Drain waste tanks.

    If connected, turn off the site circuit breakers. Disconnect the
    shore power cord and stow it in the compartment.

    Drain the waste holding tanks. Wear gloves to protect your hands
    while handling the waste system. If you are not situated at a site
    with sewer connections, drive the trailer to a dump facility and
    dump the tanks.

    If connected, turn off the site water valve. Loosen the water
    connector at the supply valve to reduce pressure, then
    disconnect the hose pressure regulator from the valve.
    Disconnect the hose from the city water inlet on the trailer. Coil
    and store the water hose.

    Retract the entry steps.

    Check the roof and under the trailer for any obstructions. Check
    the campsite for any forgotten items and for obstacles before
    moving the trailer.

    Close and lock exterior compartment doors, and entry door. Give
    them a tug to be sure.

    Hitch up the trailer as outlined in “Hitching Up” section.

    Check trailer wheel nut torque, and adjust if necessary.

MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                     Chapter 10 / Page 17 of 18
10 / TRAVEL
                             Owner Notes

   MVP RV




Chapter 10 / Page 18 of 18                 MVP RV Owner’s Guide
11
     / 12-VOLT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
   The trailer 12-volt system includes components that
operate on electrical power from the tow vehicle engine
alternator, a converter/charger, or the trailer battery(s).
“House” electrical components such as the lights and
water pump are supplied by the house battery bank. The
                                                                 NOTE: The 12-volt battery is
house battery bank may consist of only one battery or            not supplied with the trailer by
several batteries connected together. The converter/             MVP RV. You must purchase
charger charges the batteries when the trailer is                the battery separately.
connected to 120-volt (“shore”) power or when the
generator (if equipped) is running. The tow vehicle engine
alternator also charges the trailer battery while the tow
vehicle engine is running and the 7-way cord is
connected.
   Power for the trailer exterior 12-volt DC system is
provided by the tow vehicle through the 7-way power
cord. This system powers the trailer running lights, brake
lights, turn signals, backup lights (if equipped), and brakes.
The 7-way power cord also provides a common ground
and a 12-volt charge line from the tow vehicle alternator
to charge the trailer batteries.
                                                                  120-Volt AC          12-Volt DC
    The trailer interior 12-volt DC system operates 12-volt       circuit breakers     fuses
motors, pumps, 12-volt appliances, interior lighting, landing
gear, furnace, slide-outs, etc. The batteries also provide
power to the breakaway switch to apply the trailer brakes
if the trailer ever becomes uncoupled from the tow
vehicle.
   Power from the batteries, tow vehicle alternator and/or
converter is routed to the main fuse panel. From the main
fuse panel, power is supplied to the various circuits in the
trailer. The circuits are listed on a label attached to the
distribution panel door usually located below the                Converter/charger/distribution panel
refrigerator.                                                    Location and configuration may differ
                                                                 according to model/floorplan.
BATTERIES
   The batteries and charging system are the heart of the         !    WARNING
12-volt DC system. When the trailer is not connected to          Do not install fuses with
shore power, or if the generator (if equipped) is not            amperage ratings greater
running, most power needs are supplied by the batteries. If      than that specified on the
the batteries are low, all sorts of problems can occur. It is    fuse panel or fuse holder
very important to maintain the batteries in a full state of      label.
charge or monitor their charge state. The converter/
charger system will help you manage your electrical


MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                               Chapter 11 / Page 1 of 8
11 / 12-VOLT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


                               requirements and charging needs. When the trailer is not
                               connected to shore power or you are not running the
                               generator (if equipped), be energy efficient. Turn off lights
                               and appliances when they are not being used. Later in this
                               chapter we’ll discuss power management and give you
                               some worksheets and charts to help you manage your 12-
                               volt power needs.
                                  Under low voltage, fuses and circuit breakers can blow
                               without a short circuit condition. The refrigerator control
                               system requires at least 10.5 volts and will shut down even
                               with propane supplied, potentially ruining food in the
                               refrigerator.
                                  Never completely discharge the batteries, and maintain
                               the electrolyte level in each battery cell at the proper
NOTE: Keep the batteries
    MVP RV

                               level. Permanent damage may occur from using or
fully charged at all times.
                               charging a battery with a low electrolyte level. Add only
Storing a discharged battery
will shorten the life of the   distilled water to the proper level.
battery.                          Low battery charge or bad batteries are the most
                               common cause of poor performance of slide-out rooms,
                               appliances and other components connected to the 12-
                               volt DC electrical system. Low voltage can also cause the
                               furnace fan to run too slowly to operate an internal switch
                               controlling the furnace gas valve. This will shut the furnace
                               down. Learn to conserve your battery power. The power
                               use chart at the end of this chapter can help you
                               determine your power needs. To help insure that you don’t
                               have a battery failure, have your batteries checked and
                               serviced regularly.
                                  Avoid running down the batteries completely. The
                               breakaway braking system depends on the 12-volt power
                               from the trailer battery bank.
                                  If the batteries become discharged quickly (high current
                               use over a short period of time), a high amperage charge
                               rate can be used to quickly recharge them. Disconnect
                               batteries before high-amperage charging.

                               BATTERY INSTALLATION
                                   Your trailer is designed for dual batteries for extra power.
                               If you connect more than one 12-volt battery, they must
                               always be connected in parallel. Do not connect the
                               batteries in series. This will result in 24-volt output and cause
                               damage to equipment designed for 12-volt use.




Chapter 11 / Page 2 of 8                                                    MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                         11 / 12-VOLT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


    The way that batteries are installed in your coach is critical.
                                                                             BATTERY SPECIFICATION:
Improperly installed batteries create the potential for serious
                                                                              GROUP 24 OR BETTER
injury. Although THORCalfornia does not provide batteries,
here are guidelines for their proper installation:
    Batteries should be installed in a protective “battery box” or
    tray. This reduces the possibility of accidental contact with
    the battery terminals and contains any leakage of battery
    acid.
    You can operate your trailer with either single or dual
    batteries. In either case, we recommend deep cycle
    batteries, typically Group 24 or better.
    Always install multiple 12-volt batteries in parallel or 6-volt in
    series/parallel. Route cables carefully to avoid pinching the
    cables after installation. Pinching the cables may damage                 Battery charge indicator on
    the cable insulation and lead to a short.                                 monitor panel (style and location
    Remove the batteries from the trailer before recharging                   varies depending on model)
    them with an accessory battery charger.

BATTERY MONITOR
   The monitor panel provides a effective way to keep an
eye on your battery bank. To check the battery charge, press
the CHARGE button. Indicators show the charge level in the
batteries. Disconnect the shore power source when checking
the battery condition. If the batteries become drained over
an extended period of time, a low charge rate over a long
period of time works best to recharge them. The converter/
charger will automatically charge the batteries at the proper
rate when you are connected to shore power or running the
generator (if equipped).

BATTERY DISCONNECT
    Some accessories or equipment in the trailer may draw
small amounts of current even when turned OFF. A battery
disconnect (or “load disconnect”) system allows you to                        Rotary battery disconnect switch
disconnect the house batteries. Disconnecting the batteries                   (Location varies depending on model)
will help reduce the possibility of battery discharge over long
storage periods.
   The battery disconnect switch (optional on some models)
may be either a rotary or push-pull type. Push-pull types will
be located near the 12-volt fuse panel/converter, or near the
battery in an exterior compartment. The rotary type will be
mounted near the battery. If you expect to store the trailer for
more than 10 days, turn the knob to OPEN or push the switch                   Push-pull battery disconnect switch
knob in. Remember to turn the knob to CLOSE or pull the
switch out when you take the trailer out of storage.


MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                            Chapter 11 / Page 3 of 8
11 / 12-VOLT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

When servicing batteries,        BATTERY INSPECTION AND CARE
always observe the
following:                          Check the condition of the batteries at least monthly.
                                 Check for cracks in the cover and case. Check vent plugs
 !    WARNING                    and replace them if they are cracked or broken. Make
                                 sure the hold-down hardware is tight to prevent the
Disconnect all electrical
                                 batteries from shaking. Make sure the battery tray or
power, both 120-volt AC and
                                 compartment is clean and free of corrosion. Do not store
12-volt DC systems, before
                                 anything in the compartment or tray which could cause a
working on the electrical
                                 short circuit across the terminals of the batteries.
systems. Make sure all
accessories are off so you
don’t cause a spark.                 To clean the batteries:

                                      1. Be sure the vent caps are installed and tight.
When checking or filling the
electrolyte level in the
                                      2. Wash the batteries with a diluted solution of baking soda
batteries, do not allow
                                         and water to neutralize any acid present. Gently rinse the
battery electrolyte to contact
                                         batteries with clean water.
skin, eyes, fabrics or painted
surfaces. The electrolyte is a           NOTE: Foaming around the terminals or on top of
sulfuric acid solution, which            the batteries is normal acid neutralization. Avoid
could cause serious                      getting the solution in the battery.
personal injury or damage to
the trailer. Wear complete            3. Dry the cables and terminals before reinstalling them
eye protection and clothing
protection when working               4. Clean the terminals and the the cable ends with a brush.
with batteries. Avoid
touching your eyes while              5. Reinstall the cables and use a plastic ignition protective
working near batteries.                  spray to protect the terminals. Do not use grease on the
                                         terminal or cable bare metal. Grease is an insulator.
Do not smoke, have an open
flame, or generate sparks
near batteries that are being    BATTERIES AND BATTERY CHARGING
charged or that have recently
                                    Most of the time you will use your trailer under three
been charged. Gases from
                                 different conditions: dry camping, driving, or connected to
the battery could explode.
                                 shore power.
When working around a              Dry Camping
battery, remove rings, metal        You will be using power from the batteries to operate
watchbands, and other metal      lights, fans and other DC components as listed on the
jewelry. Be careful when         power use charts. You will be discharging the batteries.
using tools. A short circuit
across the battery terminals       While Driving
could cause injury, explosion       Under driving conditions, or with the tow vehicle engine
or fire. Lead-acid batteries     running, your batteries will be charged by the tow vehicle
produce a short circuit          engine alternator.
current high enough to weld
metal to skin, causing a
severe burn.

Chapter 11 / Page 4 of 8                                                         MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                      11 / 12-VOLT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


   Connected to Shore Power                                                 When servicing batteries,
                                                                            always observe the
  When you are connected to shore power or when the
                                                                            following:
generator (if equipped) is running, all batteries will be
charged automatically by the converter/charger.
                                                                             !    WARNING
  The 120-volt AC is the power input source to the
converter/charger. The converter/charger changes the                       Make sure the area around
120-volt AC power to 12volts DC to operate the DC                          the battery is well
appliances and accessories in the trailer.                                 ventilated.

    It is very important to understand that the difference                 Have someone within range
between a fully charged battery and a fully discharged                     of your voice or close
one is only about 1 volt. A fully charged battery at rest, in              enough to come to your aid
which no discharging or recharging has occured for 24                      when you work near a lead-
hours has a voltage of 12.63 volts (at 77 degrees F.). A                   acid battery.
completely discharged battery has a voltage of 11.82
volts. Don’t be fooled by voltage readings — a battery that                Have plenty of fresh water
measures 12 volts is already 75% discharged.                               and soap nearby in case
                                                                           battery acid contacts skin,
    If you experience dead batteries:                                      clothing, or eyes.

       1. Plug in to shore power if available, or start and run the        If battery acid contacts skin
          generator (if equipped).                                         or clothing, wash
       2. Reduce the loads on the batteries by turning off any             immediately with soap and
          lights, fans, or other 12-volt DC powered equipment              water. If acid enters your
          that is not absolutely necessary. Avoid turning off the          eye, immediately flood it
          refrigerator. You must reduce loads as much as                   with running cold water for
                                                                           at least twenty minutes and
          possible for charging to take place. Run the generator
                                                                           get immediate medical
          while monitoring the battery charge status indicator on
                                                                           attention.
          the monitor panel. Running the generator will supply
          AC current to the converter/charger system, thus
          charging the batteries.

       3. Connect the 7-way cord to your tow vehicle and run the
          engine at high idle to increase charging current and
          reduce charging time. Keep loads reduced until
          batteries are fully charged.

   If your tow vehicle battery is dead or discharged, and
the generator will not start, an external jumper battery or
battery charger must be used to either start your tow
vehicle engine or the generator. You may also connect to
available shore power to operate the converter/charger
system to charge the batteries.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                          Chapter 11 / Page 5 of 8
11 / 12-VOLT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


                                       TIPS FOR DEAD BATTERIES:
                                         Dead batteries raise a lot of questions, and in most
                                       cases are the result of owners misunderstanding their use,
                                       maintenance and capabilities.

                                           Compartment, patio and bathroom lights left on are common
                                           causes of battery drain. If you are going to park the trailer
                                           for a period of time, plug in to shore power to insure the
                                           batteries are topped up prior to your next use. Check the
                                           batteries while the trailer is plugged in to make sure they are
                                           not overcharged or the electrolyte has not evaporated out.
                                           Battery failures caused by lack of water are not covered
                                           under the battery warranty.
     MVP RV

                                           In most refrigerators there is a “humidity control” switch,
                                           usually just inside the door. Be sure it is off when you leave
                                           your trailer as this one function can draw down your battery
                                           quickly.

                                           Furnace and vent fans are one of the most common and
                                           significant power draws in your trailer. If you leave a furnace
                                           or vent fan on all night, your battery will be nearly
                                           completely drained by morning.




                                       7-WAY POWER CORD
                                          The power cord circuits are protected by automotive
                                       type auto-reset circuit breakers mounted on a panel either
                                       in a forward compartment or under the front of the trailer
                                       on the chassis frame rail.
                                          Be careful to prevent damage to the 7-way cord. When
                                       hitching and unhitching, make sure the cord is out of the
                                       way and cannot be damaged by the hitch and/or pin
                                       box. Do not allow the cord to drag on the ground. When
                                       not in use, cover the cord connector to prevent moisture
 1   White    Ground
 2   Blue     Brakes                   from entering the connector. Clean the contacts in the
 3   Green    Clearance/Tailights      cord with a contact cleaner every six months.
 4   Black    Charge line
 5   Red      Stop/Left turn signal
 6   Brown    Stop/Right turn signal
 7   Yellow   Aux. circuit (if used)


7-Pin Wiring

Chapter 11 / Page 6 of 8                                                                 MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                             11 / 12-VOLT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


POWER WORKSHEETS
   The following chart illustrates various combinations of
power service and converters. The maximum available
power to your RV depends on both the electrical service
you connect to and the output capability of the converter
installed in your trailer. NOTE: You do not have the total
output current (amps) available when operating on 120-
volt AC service. The service input current is also
“converting” to DC and therefore not all current is
available for the trailer AC circuits.
   To find out how much power capacity your trailer has,
select the type of service (30-amp or 50-amp) then locate
the type of power converter (32-amp or 45-amp) and then
match the system voltage. The amperage shown is the




                                                                              MVP RV
total amount of amps that you can use at a single time.
    The worksheet on the next page lists the typical power
usage for many recreational vehicle appliances. Write in
any appliances or components you have that are not
listed. Then add up the amperage for the appliances you
would like to run, and then check the table below. If the
total amount exceeds the available amount listed on the
chart,you cannot use all of those appliances at the same
time.




 If you are operating on                  30-amp Service                    50-amp Service


          and you have a       32-amp converter     45-amp converter        45-amp converter

         for these circuits   120-VAC    12-VDC    120-VAC    12-VDC       120-VAC     12-VDC


  you will have available      25 A        32 A     22.2 A     45 A         42.2 A      45 A




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                   Chapter 11 / Page 7 of 8
11 / 12-VOLT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


                                          Power Use Worksheet

12-VOLT APPLIANCE Current Draw in AMPS             120-VOLT APPLIANCE     Current Draw In AMPS

  Radio                      .5 – 6.0                Air Conditioner              12.0
  Range Hood Fan             1.75                    Microwave Oven               7.0 – 10.0
  Power Roof Vent            1.5                     Toaster                      10.0
  Water Pump                 4.0 – 8.0               Blow Dryer                   6.0 – 8.0
  A/C Circuitry              1.5                     Ceiling Fans                 2.0
  Furnace                    4.0 – 6. 0              Water Heater                 12.0
  CD Player                   .5 – 1.0               Refrigerator                 3.0 – 4.0
  Refrigerator               3.0                     Coffee Pot                   8.0
  TV Booster                 3.0 – 11.0              Other:
  Trailer Lights             .69                     Other:
  Water Heater               1.0                     Other:
  Inverter (if installed):                           Other:
  Other:                                             Other:
  Other:                                             Other:

DC Current Draw:                                   AC Current Draw:

                                   Total Current Requirement in Amps:

               Note: Water heaters and refrigerators may require both 12-volt
               DC and 120-volt AC power depending upon the ignition.




Chapter 11 / Page 8 of 8                                                        MVP RV Owner’s Guide
12
     / 120-VOLT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
   The 120-volt AC system in your trailer is similar to that in            NOTICE
your home. The system also charges the batteries through
                                                                         Always turn off the main
the converter/charger. 120-volt AC power is supplied to
                                                                         circuit breakers before
the load center from either the generator (if equipped)
                                                                         plugging into the site
when “dry camping” or through the shore power cord
                                                                         receptacle. If the power
when plugged into campground power.
                                                                         conductors (“hot” legs)
                                                                         make contact before the
LOAD CENTER CIRCUIT BREAKERS                                             neutral, unbalanced voltage
                                                                         can damage electronic
   Circuit breakers for the 120-volt system are usually                  devices connected to the
located under the refrigerator either combined in the                    electrical system.
converter/charger or on a separate panel. The location
may vary depending on model and floorplan.
   AC current from the power source or the generator is
routed to the main circuit breakers in the distribution panel.
The current is then distributed to the other circuits through
individual circuit breakers. The circuit breakers open the
circuits if the rated current is exceeded. Never substitute a
circuit breaker with a higher value than the original
breaker installed.

MAIN CONVERTER/CHARGER                                                  Main AC Circuit Breaker Panel


  Your trailer is supplied with a converter. The converter
converts 120-volt AC current to 12-volt DC. It provides DC
power to operate the DC electrical system and charge the
batteries.
    Power is supplied whenever the trailer
is connected to shore power or the
generator is running. Some converters
include a cooling fan that will come on
when certain temperatures are reached.
You may occasionally hear this fan
running if outdoor temperatures are high
or the DC load is high.
                                                       120-Volt AC
                                                     Circuit Breakers              12-Volt DC Fuses

 !    CAUTION
When packing the trailer, be sure to
leave clearance around the converter for
adequate ventilation.                          Converter/Charger (Layout varies depending on model)



MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                     Chapter 12 / Page 1 of 10
12/ 120-VOLT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


                                     GROUND FAULT CIRCUIT INTERRUPTER (GFCI)
                                        The receptacles in the bathroom, galley and exterior
                                     are protected by the GFCI. This device provides ground
                                     fault protection from potential electrical shock hazards of
                                     line to ground electric faults and electrical leakage shocks
                                     possible when using appliances in damp areas. The GFCI
                                     disconnects the circuit (and other outlets on the same
                                     circuit) whenever a ground fault is detected, limiting your
                      RESET and      exposure time to the shock hazard caused by current
                      TEST buttons   leakage to ground. The GFCI device does not prevent
                                     electric shock, nor does it protect a person who comes
                                     into contact with both “hot” and neutral sides of the
                                     circuit. It does not protect against electrical circuit
                                     overloads.
                                       Test the GFCI breaker each month while operating on
                                     120-volt AC power. To test the GFCI:
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter
Outlet (GFCI)                            1. Press the TEST button on the GFCI outlet. The RESET
                                            button should pop out indicating that the protected circuit
                                            has been disconnected.

                                         2. If the RESET button does not pop out when the TEST
                                            button is pressed, ground fault protection on the
                                            protected circuit has been lost. Do not use the outlet or
                                            other outlets on the same circuit. Have the trailer
NOTE:                                       electrical system checked by your dealer or a qualified
If bath, galley, or exterior                electrician. Do not use the system until the problem has
outlets don’t work, check                   been corrected.
the bath GFCI. Reset it if
                                         3. Press the RESET button to reset the GFCI and restore
necessary. If it continues to
                                            power to the protected circuit.
trip, have the electrical
system checked by a
qualified electrician.
                                     POWER “SHORE” CORD
                                        Your trailer is equipped with a heavy duty power cord to
                                     connect to an external 120-volt 30- or 50-amp (depending
                                     on model) rated AC service. The cord and plug are a
                                     molded, weatherproof assembly. The cord provides a
                                     correct ground connection to the site service. Do not alter
                                     or cut the cord in any way. Do not remove the ground pin
                                     from the plug, or defeat the ground circuit in the trailer. If
                                     you have to use an adapter to plug into an electrical
                                     service, make sure the ground is maintained through the
                                     adapter. Never use a two-conductor extension cord, or
                                     any cord that does not assure correct and adequate
                                     ground continuity. Never plug the 120-volt cord into an
                                     ungrounded receptacle.


Chapter 12 / Page 2 of 10                                                              MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                   12/ 120-VOLT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


   Depending on model, the power cord is either wired
permanently to the trailer electrical system, or is
removable. Removable cords attach to the trailer inlet
with a twistlock connector and locking ring. When
attaching the cord to the trailer, be sure to align the pins
correctly before locking the cord in place. The locking ring
provides extra strain relief and a weather-resistant seal.
   When connecting the cord to the service, push the plug
straight into the receptacle until it seats completely. On
models equipped with a generator but without auto-
transfer switching in the converter, the power cord must be
plugged into the generator outlet when using the                           Twistlock Shore Cord Inlet (30-
                                                                           amp shown; 50-amp is similar.)
generator for AC power. Plug the cord into the generator
outlet before starting the generator on these models.




Shore Cord (Typical)

ELECTRICAL HOOKUP
                                     Generator Outlet (Location varies
                                     depending on model)



  Before connecting to the electrical supply, check the
                                                                                       MVP RV
supply rating. Be sure it is 110-volt to 125-volt single phase
AC for 30-amp service or 2-phase 220 to 240-volt AC (two
110 to 120-volt legs) for 50-amp service.

     CONNECTING TO SHORE POWER

     1. Be sure the site power source breakers are OFF (both legs on
        50-amp service).

     2. If the site power source breakers are not accessible, turn OFF
        the main breakers inside the trailer.

     3. Insert the plug of the cord into the site source receptacle,
        seating the connector squarely and completely.

     4. Turn site source breakers ON.

     5. Turn trailer main breakers ON.

MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                        Chapter 12 / Page 3 of 10
12/ 120-VOLT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

                                  To disconnect:

                                  1. Turn trailer main breakers OFF.

                                    OR

                                    Turn site source breakers OFF.

                                  2. Pull the plug end of the cord straight out of the source
                                     receptable.

                                    3. Coil and stow the shore power cord.



                              GENERATOR (If Equipped)
                                  The generator will provide 120-volt AC power when
 !   WARNING
     MVP RV

                              shore power is not available. It can be controlled both
Do not place flammable        at the generator and from the remote START/STOP
material or store any other   controls located inside the trailer. IMPORTANT: BE SURE
materials in the generator    TO READ AND UNDERSTAND THE GENERATOR OPERATOR’S
compartment.                  MANUAL BEFORE OPERATING THE GENERATOR. Observe
                              all operating instructions and warnings as well as all
                              recommended maintanance schedules and
 !   WARNING                  procedures.
Do not modify the generator     Depending on model, the output of the generator is
installation or exhaust in    connected to the trailer AC electrical system either
any way.                      automatically through a transfer switch in the converter
                              when the generator is started, or by plugging the shore
                              cord into the generator outlet. In either case, power is
                              routed through the load center main breakers.


                              GENERATOR CONTROL PANEL OPERATION
                                 See the generator Operating Guide in your Owner’s
                              Package for complete operating and maintenance
                              instructions. The generator control panel features:
                                   Hourmeter - Indicates total generator operating time in
                                     hours and tenths of hours. Use the hourmeter with the
                                     generator maintenance schedule for periodic
                                     maintenance.
                                   Start/Stop switch - To start the generator, press and hold
                                     at the RUN position. Release the switch when the
                                     engine starts (the GEN RUN lamp will come on). To stop
                                     the generator, hold the switch at the STOP position until
                                     the engine stops.




Chapter 12 / Page 4 of 10                                                       MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                               12/ 120-VOLT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


Every time before starting the generator:                              NOTE: The output from the
                                                                       generator may be interrupted
    Check the fuel level in the fuel tank.
                                                                       if the main generator circuit
    Check the oil level.                                               breakers trip. These
    Check all fuel lines for fuel leaks.                               breakers are located on the
                                                                       main generator control panel.
    Inspect generator for loose or damaged components                  If there is no power when the
    and fasteners.                                                     generator is running, check
    Correct any problems before operating the generator.               and reset these breakers.
    Inspect the generator exhaust system for damage or
    leaks. Be sure the exhaust pipe is clear of walls, snow
    banks or any obstruction that would prevent exhaust
    gases from dissipating.                                            IMPORTANT SPECIAL
                                                                       NOTE:
    Be sure the trailer is not parked in high grass or brush.
                                                                       If you store your RV over the
    Set the main circuit breakers to OFF.
                                                                       winter, or don’t operate it often
    Connect the shore power cord to the generator and/or               enough to refuel the gas tank
    the shore power receptacle.                                        every month, a fuel varnishing
                                                                       problem could develop in your
    1. Press and hold the START/STOP switch in the
                                                                       generator engine and fuel
       START position at either control panel until the
                                                                       system.
       generator starts. Release the switch when the
       generator starts. Do not hold the switch in the                 Fuel varnish is a gummy
       START position for more than 10 seconds. The                    residue that clogs the
       indicator light will remain on after the switch is              generator carburetor and fuel
       released.                                                       pump and is caused by the
    2. If the generator does not start, release the switch.            deterioration of fuel. Depending
       Wait two minutes and try again. If the second try               on fuel quality and storage
       does not start the generator, try starting using the            conditions, gasoline can
       START/STOP on the generator control panel. If the               deteriorate in as little as 30
       indicator light still does not light, there may be an           days. As long as you refuel
       open in the remote wiring. Contact a service center             frequently with fresh gasoline,
       for assistance.                                                 and exercise the unit regularly,
                                                                       fuel varnishing is less likely to
    3. Do not turn on the main breakers until the generator            occur. But if you leave the
       is running smoothly and is warmed up. Check that                same gasoline in the tank for
       there are no fuel or exhaust leaks.                             several months, you’re very
    4. Turn off the individual breakers, and set the main              likely to have problems.
       breakers ON. Turn on the individual circuit breakers            The only way to prevent fuel
       one at a time to prevent generator overloading.                 varnishing is to add a fuel
    5. To stop the generator, turn off the main breakers. Let          preservative to the fuel
       the generator run three to five minutes to cool down.           (gasoline) tank and to run the
       Press and hold the START/STOP switch to the                     generator.
       STOP position until the generator stops completely              For more information, see the
       and the indicator light goes out. If the switch is              Onan generator operating and
       released before the generator stops ant the light               maintenance manual.
       goes out, the generator will continue to run.

MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                    Chapter 12 / Page 5 of 10
12/ 120-VOLT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


                               GENERATOR OPERATING SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
                                  The generator produces carbon monoxide while it is
                               running. Carbon monoxide is a colorless, tasteless, odorless
                               gas. CARBON MONOXIDE IS DEADLY. Before you start and
      DANGER                   use the generator, inspect the exhaust system. Do not use
 !                             the generator if the exhaust system is damaged. Test the
CARBON MONOXIDE IS             carbon monoxide detector every time you use the RV. To
POISONOUS AND                  protect yourself from the effects of carbon monoxide
CAN CAUSE                      poisoning, please read and understand the following
UNCONSCIOUSNESS AND            precautions.
DEATH.
                                 There are a number of symptoms of carbon monoxide
Follow all instructions in     poisoning:
this section as well as the
ones outlined in the                 Dizziness                  Intense headache
generator operator’s                 Throbbing in temples       Nausea
manual.                              Vomiting                   Muscular twitching
                                     Weakness/sleepiness        Inability to think clearly
                                  If you or others (including pets) experience any of these
                               symptoms, get out into fresh air immediately. Get medical
                               attention if any of the symptoms persist. Turn the generator
                               off and do not operate it until it has been inspected and
                               repaired by a generator repair facility.

                                   Review the safety precautions for fuel and exhaust
                                   fumes elseshwere in this manual.
 !   WARNING                       DO NOT operate the generator if exhaust gases
                                   cannot be discharged away from the trailer or other
Do not under any                   vehicles. Do not block the exhaust pipe. Do not
circumstances operate the          park the trailer where the exhaust gases can
generator while you are            accumulate either outside, underneath, or inside
sleeping. You would not be         the trailer or other vehicles. Make sure exhaust
able to monitor outside            gases are clear of walls, snow banks or any
conditions to assure that          obstructions that can prevent exhaust gases from
engine exhaust gases are           dissipating.
being safely dissipated, and
                                   DO NOT operate the generator while sleeping. You
is not entering the trailer
                                   would not be aware of exhaust entering the trailer,
interior. You would not be
                                   or alert to symptoms of carbon monoxide
alert to exhaust odors or          poisioning.
the symptoms of carbon
monoxide poisoning.                DO NOT operate the generator in an enclosed
                                   building or in a partly enclosed area such as a
                                   garage.
                                   DO NOT operate the generator when the trailer is
                                   parked in high grass or brush. Heat from the
                                   exhaust could cause a fire in dry conditions.


Chapter 12 / Page 6 of 10                                                  MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                       12/ 120-VOLT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM

    DO NOT operate the generator when parked in
    close proximity to vegetation, snow, buildings,
    vehicles, or any other object could deflect the
    exhaust under or into the vehicle.
    DO NOT simultaneously operate the generator and
    a powered ventilator which could result in the entry
    of exhaust gas. When exhaust ventilators are used,
    open a window on the opposite side of the trailer
    upwind of exhaust gases to provide cross
    ventilation.
                                                                 !   WARNING
    When parked, position the vehicle so that the wind
    will carry the exhaust away from the vehicle. DO           Do not block the generator
    NOT open nearby windows, ventilators, or doors             ventilating air inlets or
    into the passenger compartment, especially those           outlets. Restricting




                                                                         MVP RV
    downwind, even part of the time.                           ventilating air inlets or
                                                               outlets can cause engine
    Never operate your tow vehicle or generator engine
                                                               failure or fire from engine
    longer than necessary when parked.
                                                               overheating.
    Do not fill the fuel tank while the generator is
    running. Fuel contact with the hot generator or
    exhaust is a fire hazard.
    Do not smoke or have an open flame near the
    generator or fuel tank.
    Never store anything in the generator
    compartment. Aways keep the compartment clean
    and dry.
    Do not start the generator while a load is
    connected. Make sure the MAIN circuit breakers
    are OFF before starting.
    Disconnect the generator from the battery before
    performing any generator maintenance.
    DO NOT touch the generator while it is running, or
    immediately after turning it off. Heat from the
    generator can cause burns. Allow the generator to
    cool before attempting maintenance or service.
    NOTE: During long periods of inoperation, or if the
    engine does not reach operating temperature,
    moisture can condense in the engine making
    starting difficult and causing damage to the engine.
    Operate the generator with a 50% capacity load for
    two hours once a month. A long exercise period
    that allows normal operating temperatures is
    preferable to short periods.



MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                            Chapter 12 / Page 7 of 10
12/ 120-VOLT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


                            GENERATOR MAINTENANCE
                              Details of service and maintenance are in the generator
                            Operator’s Guide in your Owner’s Package.

                            INVERTER (If Equipped)
                              The inverter uses 12-volt DC power to create 120-volt AC
                            power for the main and bedroom TV outlets and one galley
                            outlet. These outlets can be used when shore power is not
                            available or when the generator (if equipped) cannot be
                            operated. A built-in transfer switch automatically detects
                            when generator or shore power status changes to ensure
                            power is always available at these outlets. A detailed
                            operating guide for the inverter is in your Owner’s Package.
    MVP RV

                               If operating on battery power only, the inverter will
                            consume your available battery power. Your battery
                            charging source will probably be your tow vehicle
                            alternator if you are operating the inverter in a dry
                            camping situation. To charge the trailer battery(s) from
                            the tow vehicle alternator, you must connect the 7-way
                            connector to the tow vehicle and run the tow vehicle
                            engine at high idle long enough to charge the battery(s).




                                                                               DC power
                                                                               input cables
                                 Inverter
                                 control panel




                               Inverter (location varies depending on model)




Chapter 12 / Page 8 of 10                                             MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                   12/ 120-VOLT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


  The inverter is equipped with the following protection
and alarm features:
       Low battery alarm Alerts you if the battery has become
       discharged to 11.0 volts or lower.
       Low battery voltage shutdown Shuts the inverter down
       automatically if the battery voltage drops below 10.5 volts.
       to keep the battery from being completely discharged.
       High battery voltage shutdown Shuts the inverter down
       automatically if the input voltage rises above 15.4 volts.
       Overload alarm Alerts you if the loads connected to the
       inverter are close to the inverter’s operating limits.
       Overload shutdown Shuts the inverter down
       automatically if the loads connected to the inverter
       exceed the inverter’s operating limits or if a short circuit is




                                                                                    MVP RV
       detected in the circuitry connected to the inverter’s
       output.
       Over-temperature alarm Alerts you if the inverter is
       running hot and is approaching the over-temperature
       shutdown level.
       Over temperature shutdown Shuts the inverter down
       automatically if its internal temperature rises above an
       acceptable level. These values and thresholds are set at
       the factory and cannot be adjusted.


OPERATING PANEL CONTOLS

       On/Off button. Press once to turn the inverter on or off.

       Three-digit LED display shows status information and
       fault codes.

       Status LED Indicates the mode of operation with a three-
       color LED.

       Utility (green) indicates the inverter is in shore power
       mode, using utility power to operate loads connected to
       the inverter.

       Battery (yellow) indicates the inverter is in inverter mode,
       using the battery to provide AC power.

       Fault (red) indicates the inverter has shut down because
       of a fault.

       Select button. When the inverter is in inverter mode,
       press the Select button to choose what appears in the
       three-digit LED display: Input Voltage, Input Current, or
       Output Power.



MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                        Chapter 12 / Page 9 of 10
12/ 120-VOLT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM


                             OPERATING MODES
                               SHORE POWER MODE
                                The inverter is in shore power mode when an AC source
                             (a generator or shore power) is present to power the
                             circuits connected to the inverter. The status LED glows
                             green to indicate that the inverter is using shore (or
                             generator) power. The inverter draws minimal power from
                             the battery. Whether or not the on/off button is on, shore
                             power will pass through the inverter. When the inverter is
                             on, if the AC source drops to less than 90 VAC or is
                             disconnected, the transfer switch automatically transfers
                             the appliances to inverter power. The status LED glows
                             yellow to indicate the inverter is using the battery to power
                             the circuits.
    MVP RV

                               INVERTER MODE
                               The inverter is in inverter mode when it is using the
                             battery (inverting DC to AC) to power the circuits
                             connected to the ionverter.

                               TURNING THE INVERTER ON AND OFF
                                The ON/OFF button on the remote panel turns the
                             inverter on and off.
                                 When the inverter is ON and shore power is present, the
                             incoming shore power is passed to the output to power
                             appliances connected to the inverter, and the inverter
                             draws minimal power from the battery. The status LED
                             glows green. If the shore power goes away, the transfer
                             switch automatically transfers the appliances to inverter
                             power. The status LED glows yellow to indicate the inverter
                             is using the battery to power the appliances.
                                When the inverter is turned OFF, the inverter is disabled.
                             Incoming shore power is passed to the output to power
                             the inverter circuits. If the shore power becomes
                             disconnected (or the generator is stopped), the inverter
                             circuits do not transfer to inverter power. Transfer to
                             inverter power only occurs if the inverter is ON.




Chapter 12 / Page 10 of 10                                              MVP RV Owner’s Guide
13
     / FRESH WATER SYSTEM
   Your trailer’s fresh water system is a vital part of your
traveling life while on the road. Your ability to depend
on clean, fresh water can have a lot to do with how
much you enjoy the RV lifestyle.
   Your trailer is equipped with a dual fresh water system.
The demand fresh water system operates from the
trailer’s own self-contained supply tank and water
pump. A monitor panel indicates the water level in the
fresh water tank. The “city water” hookup allows you to
connect to a pressurized external system at a
campground.
    Fresh water for self-contained use is stored in a plastic




                                                                             MVP RV
tank located below the floor of the trailer. The tank is
vented to allow proper and complete filling. This vent
must remain open. The monitor panel level sensors are
mounted in the tank, and a drain valve and/or
removable plug allows you to drain the tank. Always
drain the tank before storing the trailer for long periods.
When the trailer is in use, drain and clean the tank every
month or so. The entire fresh water system should be
sanitized before the first use, after a period of nonuse, or
if the system becomes contaminated. Sanitation and
routine tank maintenance are covered later in this
manual.
   The easiest way to keep the tank full of clean water is
to start with a dedicated, clean drinking water hose and
an inline filter system. These two items are not included
with your trailer.
   Non-toxic, FDA-approved drinking water hoses are
                                                                 TIP! If you screw the two ends of
inexpensive and yield no taste or no odor to the water.
                                                                 the fresh water hose together
They are usually white in color with a light blue stripe. This
                                                                 following each use, you will
helps identify the hose and reminds you to keep it
                                                                 minimize the possibility that
separate from other hoses, especially any hose, fittings
                                                                 impurities will get into the hose
or other hardware you use for waste drainage. You
                                                                 while it is in a storage
should consider using a special FDA-approved hose                compartment.
because many common garden hoses are made of re-
ground rubber or other materials. As they age and the
compounds break down, they can impart taste, odor
and impurities to your fresh water supply.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                               Chapter 13 / Page 1 of 8
13 / FRESH WATER SYSTEM


   NOTICE                                 There are two things to remember about your fresh water
                                      hose: Never use it for anything except filling the freshwater
Do NOT leave hose                     tank or connecting to city water, and always store it away
unattended during filling of          from all other assorted hoses and plumbing supplies. Second,
potable water. Turn water             if possible, nothing should go through that hose unless it goes
OFF immediately when tank             through an inline filter first.
is full. Damage may result
from either overfilling or
                                      FILLING THE FRESH WATER TANK
leaving hose unattended.                 NOTE: Before filling the water tank, be sure the water
Rapid filling of the fresh            supply is “potable”, that is, drinking quality. Not all water
water tank may cause                  supplies may be drinking quality. Water quality and
inadequate venting or water           contamination issues are discussed later in this chapter.
to escape the tank when full.
                                          The gravity water tank fill inlet is not designed or intended
Excessive pressure in the
                                      for fast tank filling under pressure. The volume of air in the
tank may cause damage to
                                      tank must be allowed to escape at the same rate the water
the tank.
                                      is entering the tank. Sometimes filling too fast causes a back
IMPORTANT NOTE: The fresh             flow of water through the fill tube because the air in the
water tank is mounted under           system can’t escape as fast as the water is coming in.
the trailer to allow it to “belly        If you fill the tank too quickly, air can be trapped in the
down” as it is filled. It may         tank. This can cause the tank to bulge beyond its limits and
appear to be unsupported. It is       possibly rupture. The excessive bulging can damage the
designed to be this way. If the       trailer floor, surrounding cabinets, and chassis structure.
tank is not allowed to expand
downward, it will expand                  Fill the tank slowly, allowing the air inside to escape
upward. The tank is mounted           through the inlet vent. It takes a little more time, but slow filling
securely against the trailer floor,   will reduce the possibility of damaged tanks, damaged floors,
and if it expands upward, it may      and gushing water. Structural damage from overfilling tanks is
cause damage to the trailer           not covered under warranty. It is considered operator error.
floor, cabinetry and other               SPECIAL NOTE: A flexible tank overflow tube is built into the
components. DO NOT ADD                top of the tank. This tube directs overflow water to the ground
ADDITIONAL SUPPORT                    under the trailer. If you see water running out onto the ground
MEMBERS BELOW THE                     under the trailer, you are overfilling the tank and the overflow
FRESH WATER TANK.                     tube is doing its job. STOP FILLING THE TANK.
                                           To fill the fresh water tank:

                                           1. Remove the cap from the tank fill on the side of the trailer.
                                              (The tank fill may be behind a lockable door on some
                                              models.)

                                           2. Connect one end of a potable water transfer hose to a water
                                              supply, turn on the supply and let the water run until it is
                                              clean and clear. Turn off the supply. Place the other end into
                                              the water inlet on the side of the trailer. Turn on the water
Fresh water tank fill                         supply and fill the tank until water flows out the tank vent on
                                              the side of the trailer.

                                           3. Remove and store the hose.

Chapter 13 / Page 2 of 8                                                                    MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                      13 / FRESH WATER SYSTEM


CONNECTING TO CITY WATER
   The city water system is connected through a potable
water hose to a hookup on the exterior wall of the trailer.
Since campground water systems have varying pressures,
a pressure regulator should be used to reduce the city
water pressure to the trailer (see below).
   To connect to the city water system:

    1. Set the water pump switch to OFF.
                                                                     Water pump switch on monitor
    2. Pull out the fresh water hose.                                panel (Location varies depending
                                                                     on model)
    3. Turn on the site water supply and allow clean water to
       flow for a few seconds or until the water is clean and
       clear. Turn off the site supply valve and connect the fresh
       water hose to the supply.

    4. Turn on the site supply valve.

PRESSURE REGULATORS, CHECK VALVES AND FILTERS
   Water pressure will frequently vary from location to
location and too much pressure can damage your
plumbing system and components. Always keep a water                  City water connection - note filter
pressure regulator in the freshwater storage box and use it          screen.
whenever you hook up to city/campground water. A
number of reasonably priced, inline regulators are                      NOTICE
available.
                                                                     Whenever you leave the
  The majority of these regulators are set to limit the              trailer for a period of time,
pressure to the RV to 45 psi. Adjustable regulators are also         turn off the water pump and/
available that allow you adjust the pressure and flow for            or shut off the city water
your specific needs.                                                 supply. A sudden leak in the
                                                                     water system will allow the
    A check valve built into the water pump prevents city
                                                                     water system to run and
water from flowing into the fresh water tank. A check valve
                                                                     flood the trailer.
is also located at the city water inlet to prevent water
pressurized by the water pump from flowing from the city             Turn off the water pump
water inlet.                                                         while traveling. A faucet
    A water filter or filtration system can be added to the          may come open while
city water inlet. Please see Fresh Water Filter Systems later        traveling and all your fresh
in this chapter for more information.                                water could be pumped out.
                                                                     If you leave a sink drain
                                                                     plugged, the sink will
                                                                     overflow causing the
                                                                     interior of the trailer to be
                                                                     flooded.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                    Chapter 13 / Page 3 of 8
13 / FRESH WATER SYSTEM


                           WATER PUMP
                               The water pump is a demand type pump that runs
                           when a pressure drop in the water lines is detected, such
                           as when a faucet is opened. The pump will continue to run
                           until the faucet is closed and the pressure is restored. It is
                           self-priming and can pump a constant rate of
                           approximately 2.8 gallons per minute at approximately 40-
                           45 psi. A switch for the water pump is located on the
                           monitor panel, and an indicator light on the panel shows
                           that the pump is operational.
   MVP RV



                                 Fresh water pump              Fresh water strainer

                                  Location and installation may differ depending
                                  on model and floorplan.

                              A transparent water strainer is installed on the supply
                           side of the water pump. This strainer helps to filter out large
                           particles, such as leaves, sand, etc., that might be in the
                           fresh water supply. It does not filter out bacteria or
                           chemical pollutants in the water. The strainer requires
                           periodic cleaning. See Plumbing System Maintenance
                           section in the “Care and Maintenance” chapter.
                             To help speed priming after the fresh water tank has
                           been emptied:
                               1. Fill the fresh water tank.

                               2. Turn on the water pump switch. Open all faucets, both hot
                                  and cold. Allow time for the water heater to fill. Turn off
                                  each faucet as the water flow becomes steady and free of
                                  air.

                               3. When the water heater tank is full and all air is expelled
                                  from the system, close all faucets. The water pump should
                                  stop running. The system is now ready for use.

Chapter 13 / Page 4 of 8                                                         MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                      13 / FRESH WATER SYSTEM


SANITIZING THE FRESH WATER TANK AND SYSTEM
    For RVers who consume water from their RV tanks, the
most important fact to remember is that potable water
doesn’t stay potable for long. Even though you may be
completely confident in your water supply, by the time city
water reaches the tap, the chlorine level is already
reduced. Air, heat and the sloshing of the water will quickly
dissipate the remaining chlorine. Any micro-organisms that
the chlorine had inhibited but not killed will now become
active. This new growth of micro-organisms will render the
water unpalatable and perhaps unpotable, producing
slime and algae in the tank and lines.
  To prevent this problem, you as an RV owner must
maintain a safe system, treat the water that is stored in




                                                                              MVP RV
your holding tank and consider installing a water
purification system.

HOW TO MAINTAIN YOUR SYSTEM
   There are two sanitation procedures that you need to
learn and use. One can be considered a “shock”
treatment for serious contamination and before you use
the system for the first time, and the other is for routine
maintenance to keep the system fresh during your normal
travels. We’ll cover the “shock” treatment in the Care and
Maintenance chapter.
   The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) advocates
a method called “super-chlorination/de-chlorination” to
prevent bacterial growth while traveling. This method adds
chlorine to the water in increased amounts to provide a
minimum chlorine residual of 3.0 ppm (parts per million) for
a contact period of five minutes. Your tank will be full of
water with a high concentration of chlorine. A granular
activated carbon (GAC) filter can be used to remove the
chlorine taste.
   To super-chlorinate:

    1. Connect your hose to your RV.

    2. Pour 1 teaspoon of chlorine bleach for every ten gallons
       of tank capacity into the opposite end of the hose, prior to
       connecting it to the filling source.

    3. Connect the hose to your water supply and fill normally.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                   Chapter 13 / Page 5 of 8
13 / FRESH WATER SYSTEM


                              Use chlorine every time you fill up with fresh water. This
                           will also keep the filler hose sanitary and protect it from
                           becoming contaminated. Use a chlorine test kit regularly
                           to determine the residual chlorine level (3.0 ppm
                           recommended). Testing should not be done immediately
                           after filling, wait until the water has been “standing” for at
                           least six hours.
                              Between trips or every few months you should do a
                           routine tank sanitation to keep the tank and system fresh
                           and odor-free.
                              Routine tank sanitation:

                               1. Drain the water tank completely, then refill halfway with
                                  clean, fresh water.
   MVP RV

                               2. Mix 1/6-cup of regular chlorine bleach (not fragranted) for
                                  every 15 gallons of tank capacity into a container filled
                                  with a gallon or two of clean water.

                               3. Pour this mixture into the water tank.

                               4. Top off the water tank with fresh water. Drive the trailer
                                  around the block a couple of times to mix the solution.

                               5. Pump about a quart of water through each faucet so that
                                  all the lines are filled with the water/bleach mixture from
                                  the tank.

                               6. Because the hot water tank holds around 6 gallons of
                                  water, run the hot water faucets until this much of the
                                  water/bleach solution has passed to ensure that the old
                                  water has been purged from the tank and replaced by the
                                  new solution.

                               7. Let the water stand in the system for three to six hours.

                               8. Drain the entire water system, hot water tank included.

                               9. To remove the bleach odor, mix a cup of baking soda with
                                  a gallon of water and pour into the fresh water tank.

                              10. Fill the tank completely and pump this solution through
                                  the water heater and the rest of the water lines as in step
                                  5. Let this solution sit in the system for a few days to
                                  neutralize the odor.

                              11. Drain the entire system and refill with fresh, clean water.




Chapter 13 / Page 6 of 8                                                      MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                  13 / FRESH WATER SYSTEM


FRESH WATER FILTER SYSTEMS
  Many water filters are designed to remove sediment
and particles from the water. Removing sediment and
particles can help reduce the cloudiness of the water. You
can also purchase filters that will help remove odors and
improve the taste of the water. Over time these filters will
eventually become clogged with filtered sediment and
must be replaced. When you notice reduced flow and
decreased water pressure, it is time to replace the filter.
   There are also filters that will reduce chemicals,
bacteria, viruses, and various other organic impurities that
can cause sickness. These filters are usually installed at the
galley faucets or at a special filtered water faucet for
drinking/cooking water only. If you will be traveling in




                                                                          MVP RV
places where the water supply is questionable, you might
consider a filter system with these capabilities. Your dealer
can advise you on specific filter systems for your needs.


DEALING WITH WATER CONTAMINATION
    Water contamination creates a challenge for RVers. Not
only must RVers draw water from unfamiliar sources, they
must deal with what can happen to the water once it’s
inside the holding tank and plumbing.
  You can reduce health risks by following a few
common-sense precautions. You might also consider using
water purification equipment.
   At The Campground
    Always connect to a water supply of known quality. If water
    is being delivered as potable, it has probably been tested.
    Many campgrounds operate from their own wells which
    should be tested and labeled as approved. Since you may
    not be able to determine when the water was last tested and
    since contamination can show up at any time, always be on
    guard.

   In The Great Outdoors
    Drinking from any non-treated source such as a lake, pond
    or cool mountain stream is risky. Although mountain water
    rushes over rocks, gravel and sand, most harmful
    contaminants are still in the water. There is also the
    possibility that you are downstream from a dead animal,
    animal or even human waste.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                               Chapter 13 / Page 7 of 8
13 / FRESH WATER SYSTEM


                             Micro-organisms
                               The most formidable villains while on the road are microbes
                               and cysts which includes bacteria, viruses, protozoa and
                               fungi. Not all microbes are harmful to man, but those that
                               are can be serious. Among these are the viruses that cause
                               infectious hepatitis and the protozoans or amoebic cysts
                               that lead to giardiasis and amoebic dysentery.

                               All of these contaminants can be present in any water
                               supply that has been polluted by sewage. This is the major
                               reason why you should keep your fresh water hose and
                               fittings away from any hardware or supplies you use for
                               waste system chores.

                               Giardiasis is caused by giardia lambia. It infects the small
                               intestines and causes symptoms that may include severe
   MVP RV

                               diarrhea, cramps, nausea, vomiting and fatigue. It has been
                               considered the most common disease-causing intestinal
                               parasite in the United States. It resists typical chlorination
                               and filtration procedures, and thrives in a wide range of
                               temperatures. Giardiasis hits hardest those water systems
                               that draw their water from mountain streams.

                             Chemical Contaminants
                               The vast majority of chemical contaminants have no taste or
                               smell and leave the water appearing clear and clean. Even
                               well water can’t always be trusted. A common belief once
                               was that if water came from the ground, it had to be safe.



                              Water contamination is a serious and complex problem.
                           By taking a few precautionary measures, you can travel
                           and enjoy the outdoors without risking illness. As said in the
                           beginning, the simplest first line of defense is to use only
                           water you are reasonably certain is potable.




Chapter 13 / Page 8 of 8                                                     MVP RV Owner’s Guide
14
     / WASTE SYSTEM
    The waste water system in your trailer is made up of
sinks, tub, shower, toilet, plumbing drain and vent lines.
Waste water from the sinks and shower is contained in a
“gray water” holding tank. Toilet waste is contained in a           The water in the “P” traps also
separate “black water” holding tank. The holding tanks              prevents odors from passing
make the system completely self-contained allowing you              through the traps and venting
to dispose of waste at your convenience. In addition, there         into the trailer interior.
is a dump valve for each holding tank, the toilet, “P” traps        Evaporation, particularly in a
at each sink and shower drain, and an indicator on the              little used shower can make the
monitor panel for each tank. Each holding tank is vented            “P” trap ineffective and allow
through the roof to reduce the buildup of interior odors. A         odors to back up into the trailer
flexible sewer hose and several fittings are required to            interior. Make sure there is water
connect the holding tank outlet to the inlet of an                  in the traps.




                                                                                MVP RV
approved waste water dump station or sewer system.
   The drain and waste plumbing is very similar to that used
in your home. The plumbing is made of plastic, is durable           NOTE: Do not open the
and resistant to most chemicals.                                    holding tank dump valves
                                                                    unless properly connected to
TOILET                                                              a sewer receptacle.
    Your trailer is equipped with a marine/RV-type toilet. It
operates from water supplied either by the fresh water
tank or from an exterior water supply connected at the
city water hook-up. (The water pump must be turned on
when utilizing the water from the fresh water tank.) The
toilet flushes directly into the black water tank. Most
models have pedals or hand-operated levers that operate
independently. One opens a water valve to fill the bowl,
the other operates the valve in the bottom of the bowl,
permitting the contents to be flushed into the black
holding tank. Complete instructions and care for the
model installed are located in your Owner’s Information
Packet.
     OPERATION
         Depress the pedal about half-way to fill the toilet bowl
         prior to use.
         Depress the pedal completely to flush the contents into
         the holding tank. Refill the bowl about half-way after
         flushing, if desired.

   When flushing the toilet, make sure all contents are
flushed out. If toilet tissue gets caught between the seal
and the valve, the toilet may allow odors from the holding
tank into the interior of the trailer.


MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                  Chapter 14 / Page 1 of 6
14 / WASTE SYSTEM
                              SOLID BUILD-UP
                                 The most common problem associated with the waste
                              system is solid build up. Use plenty of water when flushing
                              the toilet, and keep the tank valves closed until ready to
                              flush the system to reduce the risk of build up. Should you
                              ever have a build up of solids, close the valves, fill the tanks
                              about ¾-full with fresh water, drive a distance to agitate
                              the solids and drain the tanks.
NOTE: Prime the waste            Use of a holding tank deodorizing product is also highly
holding tank with an odor     recommended. Many deodorizing products are available
control chemical and one or   from RV dealers or wherever camping supplies are sold.
two gallons of water at the
start of each trip. Vehicle   HOLDING TANKS
movement helps to liquefy        The holding tanks provide maximum flexibility and
solids for easier dumping.    convenience for complete self-contained operation. The
    MVP RV

                              tanks terminate at a three-inch drain fitting under the the
                              trailer. Each holding tank has a separate dump valve. The
                              dump valve is a quick opening, knife-type, slide valve.
                                  Each waste tank is made of seamless molded plastic,
                              and will not corrode. To insure proper operation of the
                              toilet, dump valves, monitor, and holding tanks, never flush
                              the following items down the toilet. See the “Care &
                              Maintenance” chapter for more information on toilet and
                              holding tank cleaning.
                                    Facial and/or wet strength tissues, paper towels
                                    sanitary products (including those labeled
                                    “flushable”).

                                    Colored toilet paper. Use the inexpensive white
                                    toilet tissue as it dissolves easily. Biodegradable
                                    tissue is recommended and available at RV supply
                                    stores.

                                    Detergents, bleach, lye, petroleum products or
                                    ammonia

                                    Automotive antifreeze, alcohols, or acetones.

                                    Grease or oil from cooking, table scraps or other
                                    solids that may cause clogging.

                                Use only potable antifreeze products, which are
                              approved by the toilet and tank manufacturers, when
                              winterizing the trailer.




Chapter 14 / Page 2 of 6                                                   MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                               14 / WASTE SYSTEM
   Whenever the waste system is not connected to a
sewer receptacle, the dust cap should be kept on the
drain connection to prevent dust and/or dirt from entering
the connection and damaging the dump valves.

HOLDING TANK MONITOR
  The level in each holding tank is indicated on the
monitor panel. To check the level, press the switch for the
tank and check the indicator light.

DUMPING THE HOLDING TANKS
   During self-containment, the sewer line is securely
capped to prevent leakage of waste material onto the                  Monitor Panel (Varies depending
ground or pavement. Do not pull the holding tank knife                on model)
valves open when the protective cap is installed on the
pipe. Always drain the tank into an acceptable sewer inlet
or dump station.
   Drain the holding tanks only when they are at least
3/4-full. If necessary, fill the tanks with water to 3/4-full. This
provides sufficient liquid to allow complete flushing of
waste material into the sewer line.
   Whenever possible, drain the tanks before traveling.
Waste water and sewage in the holding tanks reduce the
carrying capacity of the trailer, and there’s no sense
driving around with it.                                               NOTE: Local or State
                                                                      regulations may prohibit
    During extended hookups, waste materials will build up            highway travel unless the
in the tank and cause serious plugging if the tank valves             holding tank outlet is securely
are left open. Keep the valves closed until the tanks are             capped.
3/4-full, then dump into the sewage system. When not
connected to a sewage system, keep the protective cap
in place on the drain line fitting.
                                                                       !    WARNING
                                                                      Holding tanks are enclosed
                                                                      sewer systems and as such
                                                                      must be drained into an
                                                                      approved dump station.
                                                                      Both black and gray water
                                                                      holding tanks must be
                                                                      drained and thoroughly
     Black tank                                     Gray tank
     dump valve                                     dump valve        rinsed regularly to prevent
                                                                      accumulation of harmful or
                  Outlet cap
                                                                      toxic materials.


   Holding tank drain outlet and valves (typical)



MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                    Chapter 14 / Page 3 of 6
14 / WASTE SYSTEM
                                     To dump the holding tanks:
                                       1. Turn the outlet cap counterclockwise to remove it.

                                       2. Attach the sewer hose to the holding tank outlet by
                                          turning counterclockwise, locking the end levers over
                                          the termination end.

                                       3. Place the other end of the sewer hose into an
                                          approved dump station inlet. Push it far enough into
                                          the opening to be secure. Adapters may be required
                                          between the line and the inlet. Arrange the hose to it
                                          slopes evenly to the sewer inlet. Avoid sharp bends.
                                       4. Open the black tank termination valve (the larger one)
                                          and drain. Grasp the valve handle firmly and slide the
 !    WARNING                             valve open with a quick, steady pull. Allow enough time
Do not use the fresh water                for the tank to drain completely. Rinse and flush the
                                          tank through the toilet. When the tank is empty, push
hose you use for filling the
                                          the valve handle back in to close the valve. Run
fresh water tank or
                                          enough water (up to five gallons) into the tank to cover
connecting to city water to
                                          the bottom. This will help to break up solids and reduce
rinse the sewer hose.
                                          “pyramiding” of solid wastes.
Harmful or toxic materials
could come into contact                5. To drain the gray water tank, open the gray tank
with the fresh water hose                 termination valve (the smaller one) and drain. Drain the
and could contaminate the                 gray tank last to aid in flushing the outlets and hose.
fresh water supply, tank and              When the tank is empty, push the valve handle back in
plumbing system. Always                   to close the valve.
use a separate hose for                6. Disconnect sewer hose, reinstall termination cap on
rinsing the sewer system                  the outlet.
components.
                                       7. Rinse out the sewer hose with fresh water and remove
                                          the sewer hose from the dump station.
Please ... Practice good               8. Replace the sewer or dump station covers, and store
housekeeping when draining                the sewer hose and fittings.
wastes at a campsite or
disposal station. Be a good RV     SANI-FLUSH (OPTIONAL)
citizen and leave the site in         If equipped, the Sani-Flush kit has been installed to rinse
good order. Leave it the way       the interior of the black tank. Similar to the water fills
you would like to find it. Above   located on the exterior of the unit, a separate hookup is
all, do not pollute.               placed on the exterior.
                                      Flush the tank after dumping by connecting the sewer
                                   hose and attaching a garden hose - not your fresh water
                                   hose - to the inlet labeled “Sewer Valve Must be Open
                                   When Using This Inlet” OR “Black Tank Flush.” Open the
                                   water supply to full pressure to flush tank. When water runs
                                   clear from sewer hose, shut off water supply and
                                   disconnect garden hose from source. Do not disconnect
                                   hose from flush inlet until water has drained from system.

Chapter 14 / Page 4 of 6                                                             MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                       14 / WASTE SYSTEM
    DO NOT leave any hose connected when not in use.

    DO NOT add any check valves to this system.


HOLDING TANK CARE
   The holding tanks are virtually trouble-free. The most
common problem is also an unpleasant one — clogging.
You can reduce the chance of clogging by remembering
the following:
    Keep the black water tank knife valve closed. Fill the tank
    to at least 3/4-full before draining. Be sure to cover the
    tank bottom with water after draining.

    Use only toilet tissue formulated for use in septic tank or
    RV sewer systems.




                                                                         MVP RV
    Use only cleaners that are approved for use in septic tank
    or RV sewer systems.

    Use a special holding tank deodorizer chemical approved
    for use in RV sewer systems. These chemicals aid the
    breakdown of solid wastes and make the system much
    more pleasant to use.

    Do not put facial tissue, paper, automotive anti-freeze,
    household toilet cleaner or sanitary napkins in the holding
    tanks.

    Do not put anything solid in either tank that could scratch
    or puncture the tank.

    Keep both knife valves closed and locked, and the drain
    cap tightly in place when on the road.


   If the drain system does get clogged:
    Use a hand-operated probe to loosen stubborn
    accumulations.
    Seriously clogged P-traps may require disassembly. Be
    careful not to overtighten when reassembling.

    Do not use harsh household drain cleaners.

    Do not use motorized drain augers.

    Sometimes the holding tank valve will get clogged. In this
    case, a hand-operated auger may be necessary. Be
    ready to close the valve quickly once the clog is cleared.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                              Chapter 14 / Page 5 of 6
14 / WASTE SYSTEM
                           Owner Notes

   MVP RV




Chapter 14 / Page 6 of 6                 MVP RV Owner’s Guide
15
     / PROPANE GAS SYSTEM
   Propane gas is used to operate the range, oven,               Read all appliance literature,
furnace, water heater, and the refrigerator (when 120-volt       including the information on
AC power is unavailable). The gas is stored in portable          the propane cylinders and
DOT cylinders.                                                   regulator, provided in the
   In its natural state, propane is colorless and odorless. An   Owner’s Information Package.
odorant is added to the gas at the refinery to give it a         Follow any instructions
very distinct odor – similar to onions or garlic. You may
                                                                 provided in the appliance
                                                                 manuals.
smell this odor occasionally, especially after filling the
tank. The filling process requires venting a small amount of
gas, and sometimes high outdoor temperatures can
cause expansion of the gas in the cylinder, and venting of
the excess pressure through the safety valve. Another
reason, and probably the most common, is that the
odorant tends to settle near the bottom of the cylinder
and as the cylinder get closer to empty, the
concentrated odorant becomes more obvious. Any time
you smell gas, you should investigate the cause. It is
possible that you may not be sensitive to the odorant
used, and therefore would not notice the smell of gas.
That is why it is very important that you pay attention to
the propane leak detector installed in your trailer. If the
leak detector sounds, or if you smell gas:
       1. Extinguish any open flames, pilot lights,
          and all smoking materials.

       2. Do not touch electrical switches.

       3. Shut off the gas supply at the cylinder
          valves.

       4. Open doors and other ventilation openings.              !   WARNING
       5. Evacuate the trailer of all occupants.                 If a leak is detected, do not
                                                                 continue to use the propane
       6. Have the gas system checked and the leak               system until the leak is
                                                                 repaired.
          source corrected before using the system
          again.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                               Chapter 15 / Page 1 of 8
15/ PROPANE GAS SYSTEM
                                  PROPANE SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
                              !       Propane is highly flammable and is potentially explosive
                                  if not handled properly. It is not poisonous, but can cause
Follow the instructions and       drowsiness and may result in suffocation. If you maintain
warnings noted in the
                                  the system properly, you can expect nearly trouble-free
appliance and equipment
                                  operation. Always observe the following when handling
owner’s manuals as well as
                                  and using propane:
the ones listed here.
                                         Do not obstruct access to the cylinders. Access to
                                         the cylinders is critical in an emergency.
                                         Inspect the entire propane system for leaks or
                                         damaged parts before each trip and before filling
                                         the cylinders.
                                         Never check for leaks with an open flame. Use an
  MVP RV

                                         approved leak detection solution or a non-
                                         ammoniated, non-chlorinated soap solution only.
                                         If the leak cannot be located, take the trailer to a
                                         propane service facility.
                                         Do not attempt to fill the propane cylinders
                                         yourself. Filling should be done only by qualified
                                         personnel using the required special tools and
                                         fittings.
                                         When filling the propane cylinders, use extreme
                                         caution and make sure others do also. Keep any
                                         flame, spark or anything that might produce a
                                         spark at least 25 feet from the filling operation. DO
                                         NOT SMOKE.

                                         Observe the warning label located near the
                                         propane cylinders. The label reads “DO NOT FILL
                                         CONTAINER(S) TO MORE THAN 80 PERCENT OF
                                         CAPACITY.”
                                         Alterations, even as simple as mounting a plaque,
                                         can cause an unseen propane, water or electrical
                                         line to be damaged. Any nailing, screwing, drilling,
                                         or similar operation on or in the trailer could be
                                         hazardous. Always be careful when drilling holes
                                         or fastening objects to the trailer.
                                         Turn off the main propane valve, pilot lights,
                                         appliances, and their ignitors when filling the
                                         propane cylinders and/or tow vehicle fuel tank.
                                         Burning propane consumes oxygen in your trailer.
                                         Keep your trailer properly ventilated at all times,
                                         especially when the oven or stove is in use.

Chapter 15 / Page 2 of 8                                                       MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                              15/ PROPANE GAS SYSTEM
        Do not place or store propane tanks or cylinders,
        gasoline or other flammable liquids inside the
        trailer (Standard models only. Carrying these
        items in cargo hauler models is permitted.)
        Do not use any other propane container other
        than the ones furnished with your trailer without
        being sure that all connecting components are
        compatible, and that it meets all applicable
        regulations and codes.

        Do not use cooking appliances for comfort
        heating.
        Before opening the main propane valve, be sure
        that all inside valves and burners are closed.
        Make sure all appliances, plumbing and outside




                                                                        MVP RV
        vents are open and free from obstructions such
        as ice and snow. Make sure the breather vent on
        the propane regulator is clean and clear of
        obstructions.

        Make sure the regulator vent is facing downward.
        Portable fuel-burning equipment, including wood
        and charcoal grills and stoves, should not be
        used inside the trailer. The use of this equipment
        inside the trailer may cause fires or asphyxiation.
        Do not use a wrench or pliers to close the main
        shut-off valve. This valve is designed to be closed
        leak tight by hand. If a tool is required to stop a
        leak, the valve probably needs repair or
        replacement.

        If you do not have the special tools and training
        necessary, do not attempt to repair or modify
        propane system components.

        Annual maintenance on the propane system,
        appliances, and equipment should be done only
        by an authorized dealer or repair facility.

        Insects can build nests in the burners of the
        various appliances and equipment. The burners
        and orifices fo the propane gas appliances and
        equipment should be cleaned out by an
        authorized dealer or repair facility whenever
        necessary, but no less frequently than each year.

        Always think safety.



MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                             Chapter 15 / Page 3 of 8
15/ PROPANE GAS SYSTEM
                                 PROPANE SYSTEM COMPONENTS
                                      The propane system consists of the propane cylinders
                                 with overfill protection devices (OPD), the automatic
                                 change over regulator, hoses, and associated pipe and
                                 tubing. All components meet UL or CSA requirements. The
                                 system has been tested and approved for use in your
                                 trailer, and has been performance tested at both the
                                 factory and the dealership. You should check the system
                                 for leaks periodically. Twice a year, or after a long storage
                                 period, the system should be checked by a qualified
                                 propane service facility. Check hoses for signs of
                                 deterioration every time you have the propane cylinders
                                 filled or serviced. Be sure any replacements meet original
                                 performance specifications. See the “Care and
                                 Maintenance” chapter for details on leak testing and
                                 system service. A gas leak detector is installed in your trailer
                                 that will detect the presence of propane and sound an
                                 alarm. A description of this device is in the “Safety First”
                                 chapter, and detailed operating instructions are included
                                 in your Owner’s Information Packet.
 !    CAUTION                       The regulator reduces the pressure of the gas from the
The supply cylinder is not       cylinders to a safe, even level for use by the appliances.
completely empty until the       The regulator is adjusted for the proper pressure and is
red indicator is fully visible   rechecked by your dealer. Do not adjust the regulator. If
in the indicator window.         necessary, have the regulator checked and adjusted by
There will still be pressure     an authorized propane service facility.
in the empty cylinder.
                                    The automatic chageover feature allows an
                                 uninterrupted flow of gas to the system as long as both
                                 cylinders’ main valves are open. The arrow on the
      WARNING                    changeover lever points to the supply cylinder. When the
 !                               supply cylinder becomes empty, the control will
With a cylinder removed,         automatically begin to draw gas from the reserve cylinder.
the hose from the regulator      An indicator on the changeover will show red. By turning
must be capped. Gas will         the arrow on the changeover lever to the reserve cylinder,
escape to the atmosphere         the red indicator will disappear as long as there is gas in
through the open                 the reserve cylinder.
connection if pressure in
the supply cylinder drops to
5 psig (red indicator flag
visible). If the changeover
lever is turned to the
disconnected side gas will
escape.




Chapter 15 / Page 4 of 8                                                      MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                15/ PROPANE GAS SYSTEM
FILLING THE PROPANE TANKS
   Your trailer is equipped with two propane cylinders.
                                                                  !   WARNING
When one cylinder becomes empty, you can switch over
to the other without interrupting the gas flow. This makes it    The propane gas system in
convenient when you are located at a location that may           your trailer is designed for
be a long way from a gas supplier.                               propane gas only. Do not
                                                                 connect natural gas to this
  Your propane system is equipped with a Type I cylinder         system.
connector. This connector makes it as easy to connect
and disconnect as a garden hose.
   The Type I connection system uses the excess flow
pigtail hose, distinguished by the large green nylon swivel
nut. The green swivel nut attaches to the outside of the
cylinder valve with right hand threads. Tighten the swivel
nut by hand. DO NOT use tools.
   The safety features of this system prevent gas from
flowing unless the connection is tight and will limit
excessive gas flow. In cases of extreme heat, 240° to
300°F, at the connection, the connection to the cylinder
will be shut down.
   The empty cylinder can be removed without disturbing               WARNING
the gas flow to the system.
                                                                  !
                                                                 The propane regulator must
                                                                 always be installed with the
      1. Before removing an empty cylinder for refilling,        diaphragm vent facing
         close the main valve on the empty cylinder – hand       downward. Regulators that
         tighten only. Rotate the chageover lever on the         are not in compartments
         regulator so that it points to the full cylinder.       have been equipped with a
                                                                 protective cover. Make sure
      2. Loosen the hand nut attaching the flexible hose to      that the regulator vent faces
         the cylinder.                                           downward and that the
                                                                 cover is kept in place to
      3. Loosen the wing nut holding the retaining bracket       minimize vent blockage,
         for each cylinder. Remove the empty cylinder.           which could result in
         Install the plastic plug in the cylinder port.          excessive gas pressure
                                                                 causing fire or explosion.
      4. Have the empty cylinder filled at a safe distance
         from the trailer. Caution the fill station attendant    Open the tank main valve
         not to overill the cylinder. All DOT propane            slowly. Opening the tank
         cylinders have overfill protection devices (OPD)        main valve quickly can be
         which will prevent overfilling.                         hard on the regulator
                                                                 diaphragm and result in
      5. Place the refilled cylinder back on the trailer.        leaks.
         Secure the cylinder with the retaining bracket and
         wing nut.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                               Chapter 15 / Page 5 of 8
15/ PROPANE GAS SYSTEM
                                6. Remopve the plastic plug and connect the flexible
                                   hose to the cylinder. Tighten the hand nut securely
                                   but not overtight.

                                7. Slowly open the main valve on the cylinder. Do not
                                   “snap” open the valve. The sudden pressure surge
                                   can damage the regulator diaphragm components.
                                   Test the connection for leaks with propane leak
                                   detector solution or a soapy solution that does not
                                   contain ammonia or chlorine.

                                Take empty propane cylinders to a propane gas
                           supplier or service station which sells propane. Do not
                           attempt to fill the cylinders yourself. The cylinders can
                           legally be filled to 80% of each cylinder’s total capacity.
                           Filling a cylinder to 80% allows for 20% vapor and
  MVP RV

                           expansion space. A built-in safety feature indicates when
                           the cylinder has been filled to the 80% level. Overfilling
                           propane cylinders can result in uncontrolled gas flow
                           which can cause fire or explosion. A properly filled cylinder
                           will contain 80% of its volume as liquid propane.
                              A simple way to determine the level of liquid in a
                           propane cylinder is to slowly pour a pot of hot water down
                           the side of the cylinder, warming a path from top to
                           bottom. Wait 10 seconds. Now run your hand down the
                           path warmed by the water until you feel a cold line – this
                           indicates the liquid level. Be sure to wipe the cylinder dry
                           to prevent rust spots.
                              If the cylinder is to be put in storage for a length of time
                           or is empty, close the main valve on the cylinder and install
                           the plug in the cylinder port. This will minimize entry of
                           moisture in the regulator or cylinder. Moisture can cause
                           freezing damage in the regulator.

                           USING PROPANE IN LOW TEMPERATURES
                              If you expect to use the system in cold temperatures, be
                           sure to use a gas mixture that will not freeze up. Your local
                           propane gas service facility can advise you on the best
                           mixture of gas for your anticipated traveling needs. As long
                           as the system components are kept above the vapor point
                           of the gas, the system will function in low temperatures.
                           Different gas blends are available, and you should contact
                           your gas supplier for information on blends appropriate for
                           your needs and the areas where you will be traveling.




Chapter 15 / Page 6 of 8                                                  MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                    15/ PROPANE GAS SYSTEM
   Propane systems can freeze up during extremely cold
weather. Although properly blended gas does not
freeze, moisture or water vapor in the system or
absorbed by the gas can freeze and partially or totally
block the flow of gas. You can help prevent propane
system freeze up:
    1. If you are unsure whether a cylinder is completely
       moisture-free, have your propane supplier inject a
       special, approved antifreeze or deicer into the cylinder.
    2. Use the proper blend of gas for your traveling area.
       With the proper blend, freeze up is unlikely. If you do
       experience freeze up, have your propane service
       facility service the cylinders and regulator as required.
       NEVER TRY TO RESTORE GAS FLOW WITH ANY
       OPEN FLAME DEVICE.




                                                                               MVP RV
                                                CHANGEOVER
                    INLET
                                                   LEVER
                    FROM
                CYLINDER           INDICATOR                 WING NUT

MAIN VALVE



HAND NUT



DIAPHRAGM
      VENT                                                                    REGULATOR
                                                                              & COVER




                        OUTLET TO
                        TRAILER SYSTEM


Typical Propane System Components
(Component arrangement may differ depending on model)

MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                    Chapter 15 / Page 7 of 8
15/ PROPANE GAS SYSTEM
                           Owner Notes

   MVP RV




Chapter 15 / Page 8 of 8                 MVP RV Owner’s Guide
16
     / INTERIOR & FURNISHINGS
IMPORTANT NOTICES                                                   !     CAUTION
   Some wood products such as OSB (oriented-strand                 Some parts of this product
board), hardwood plywood, or paneling used in your                 are manufactured with a
trailer may have been made with urea-formaldehyde.                 urea-formaldehyde resin
Ventilation is important for making the interior of your trailer   and will release small
comfortable, and is a part of good maintenance. Please             quantities of formaldehyde.
read the section about ventilation in Chapter 4 of this            Formaldehyde can be
Owner’s Guide.                                                     irritating to the eyes and
                                                                   upper respiratory system of
INTERIOR CONTROL PANEL                                             especially susceptible
   Many of the control, warning and indicator devices              persons such as those with




                                                                             MVP RV
have been centralized in a panel similar to the ones shown         allergies or respiratory
below. Specific components and layout depends on the               ailments. Proper ventilation
model of your trailer and equipment installed. Details of          will reduce indoor
each of the components are discussed in other chapters             formaldehyde levels. If
of this guide.                                                     symptoms develop, consult
                                                                   a physician.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                 Chapter 16 / Page 1 of 6
16 / INTERIOR & FURNISHINGS


                               CABINETS AND DRAWERS
                                  The drawers run in metal guides. To remove a drawer,
                               pull it out until it stops. On each side of the drawer is a
                               latching mechanism. Press the latch as shown while pulling
                               the drawer out slightly to clear the latch tab. Pull the
                               drawer out and lift slightly to clear the guide wheels.
                                 To re-install the drawer, lift it slightly while sliding the
                               guide wheels into the track. The latch mechanism will reset
                               automatically.

                               INTERIOR STORAGE
                                  Interior storage areas may be found in a number of
                               places in your trailer – overhead compartments, wall
     MVP RV

                               closets, under the dinette, sofa, under the bed and in lavy/
                               galley cabinets.
                                 Some interior storage areas may be equipped with 12-
                               volt lights. Be sure these lights are OFF when you close the
                               door or your battery could be rapidly discharged if you are
                               not connected to shore power.
                                  Be sure to close cabinet and closet doors and drawers
                               before towing the trailer. Catches and detents will keep
                               the doors and drawers closed under most travel
                               conditions, but may not hold on very rough roads.

                               TRAVEL LOCKS
                                  Sliding doors in the trailer may be equipped with travel
                               locks to keep them from being damaged or causing
                               damage during travel.

                               FOLDING DOORS/DIVIDERS
 !    CAUTION
                                  The divider doors allow you to separate areas of the
Some lighting fixtures may     interior. When the dividers are open during travel, be sure
use halogen or other high      to attach the holdback to keep the door from sliding back
energy lamps. Both the         and forth.
lamp(s) and fixture(s) may
get very hot when they are     INTERIOR LIGHTING
on. Do not touch these             Both decorative and utility lighting fixtures may be
lighting fixtures when they    installed in your trailer. Controls may be either on the fixture
are on. Always allow them      itself or on a wall switch. Always replace bulbs with the
to cool before attempting to   same type and wattage as originally installed or as
change the lamp or clean       indicated on the fixture.
the fixture.

Chapter 16 / Page 2 of 6                                                    MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                    16 / INTERIOR & FURNISHINGS


DINETTE CONVERSION
   To convert the dinette into a bed:
  1. Extend the slideout (if equipped) as necessary.

  2. Remove and set aside seat and back cushions.

  3. Pull table top up and off the support posts. NOTE: The
     support posts may come out of the floor sockets with the
     table top. They may fall out of the table top sockets.

  4. Remove the support posts and put them aside.

  5. Lay the table top down on the seat frame supports, flat side
     up. Be sure the table top is squarely supported on the seat
     frame supports.




                                                                                MVP RV
  6. Arrange the seat and back cushions on the table top for the
     desired sleeping surface.

  7. Reverse procedure to restore dinette.


SOFA CONVERSION                                                             CAUTION
                                                                        !
   To convert the sofa/lounge into a bed:
                                                                      Pinch Hazards. Keep hands,
  1. Extend slideout (if equipped) if necessary.                      fingers, feet, and toes away
                                                                      from the sofa/bed/lounge
  2. Remove and set aside bottom cushions.
                                                                      frame pivot points when
  3. Grasp and pull center handle to open bed.                        converting to beds or sofas.
  4. Unfold leg/frame to the floor, pull center handle to unfold
     bed.

  5. Reverse to restore sofa.


SIDE SLEEPER/LOUNGE CONVERSION
   To convert the side sleeper into a bed:
  1. Remove and set aside table top and support posts.

  2. Pull back cushion forward and over with a rolling motion.

  3. Extend and lock bed frame legs into position. Be sure the
     spring-loaded balls snap into place.

  4. Roll back cushion over so legs set on floor.

  5. Reverse procedure to restore lounge.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                    Chapter 16 / Page 3 of 6
16 / INTERIOR & FURNISHINGS


                              BUNKS
                                There isn’t much to know about bunks except that they
     NOTICE                   have a weight limit. They can handle a maximum resting
BUNK LOAD LIMITS:             weight of 450 pounds, and a moving weight of 350
450 LBS. MOVING               pounds.
600 LBS. STATIONARY             Some bunks are very high. Small children may fall. Use
                              good judgment when using the bunks. High bunks may not
                              be appropriate for very young children.
                                 When preparing the trailer for travel, be sure to remove
                              and stow the bunk ladder (if equipped) to prevent it from
                              moving inside the trailer, possibly causing damage to the
                              interior. Use caution whenm positioning the ladder. Do not
                              use the ladder for any other purpose.
                              LADDER SAFETY
                                   Position the bunk ladder so that the bottom of the
      CAUTION                      ladder is about 1/4 of its length from the bunk.
 !
Do not allow anyone to ride        Keep the ladder dry and free of oil, grease, paint or
on the power bunks while           other slipping hazards.
raising, lowering or               Keep the area around the top and bottom of the ladder
adjusting the bunks.               clear of obstacles.
                                   Do not tie sections of ladders together to form a longer
 !    WARNING                      ladder.
Do not operate the power           Do not use the bunk ladder for any other purpose.
bunk lift with people or
objects on bed(s). Serious
injury may result.            POWER BUNKS (SEE BED LIFT USER’S MANUAL)
                                To operate the power bunks:
                                1. Remove any objects in the path of either upper or lower
                                   bunk. Do not allow anyone to occupy the area either above
                                   or below the bunks while raising, lowering or adjusting the
                                   bunks.

                                2. Press the bed lift switch to RAISE to raise the bunks. Press
                                   to LOWER to lower.



                               !    CAUTION                          !    CAUTION
                              Make sure area for bed lift          Do not use the power bunks
                              is free of obstacles above           to store or lift any items
                              and below.                           including ATVs.

Chapter 16 / Page 4 of 6                                                        MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                16 / INTERIOR & FURNISHINGS


OVERHEAD VENTS                                                       NOTICE
  Overhead vents are located in the galley and bath               Before opening the vent
areas for fresh air circulation and for exhausting heat,          dome, be sure there is
smoke, odors and water vapor from cooking, bathing, etc.          clearance for the dome. Do
   Turn the crank in the center of the vent to open or            not travel with the dome
close. Some vents may also have a 12-volt electric fan and        open.
switch.
   Be sure to close or lower the overhead vents before
traveling. Wind and low overhead clearances could
damage the vent(s). Close the vent lid completely while
going down the road or in windy conditions. It c\ould
ratchet open and be damaged.
   Use soapy water to clean the vent covers. Vacuum the




                                                                           MVP RV
screens. Lubricate the mechanism once a year with light,
water resistant grease.


MINIBLINDS AND WINDOW SHADES

  !    WARNING
Small children can strangle in the loop of pull cords, chain
and bead cords, and cords that run through window
coverings. They can also wrap cords around their necks.
To avoid strangulation and entanglement, keep cords out of
the reach of young children. Also,
1. Install safety devices that remove the cord loop or reduce
access to cords, and
2. Move cribs and furniture away from window covering
cords.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                Chapter 16 / Page 5 of 6
16 / INTERIOR & FURNISHINGS


                              Owner Notes
   MVP RV




Chapter 16 / Page 6 of 6                    MVP RV Owner’s Guide
17
     / EQUIPMENT & APPLIANCES
APPLIANCE OPERATING GUIDES
   Operating guides and manuals for the appliances and
components installed in your trailer are in your Owner’s
Packet. These manuals outline operating and
maintenance details. Most difficulties with the use of
appliances, entertainment systems, and other components                    NOTICE
are related to a lack of understanding with the operation
                                                                    !
of the system. Take time to read the operating manuals             Some appliances are
and guides for each component.                                     installed with compartment
                                                                   space built around them to
REFRIGERATOR                                                       allow for proper air flow. Do
                                                                   not restrict this air flow
  The refrigerator operates on either propane or 120-volt          space by storing anything in
AC electric power. If both power sources are available,            the space. Please pay
120-volt AC operation will be selected unless the controls         attention to the following
are set to GAS. The ice maker (if equipped) will operate           notice installed in certain
only if the refrigerator is operating on 120-volt AC power.        appliance compartments/air
Refer to the refrigerator operating manual for details on          spaces:
operation and maintenance.
   If your refrigerator is equipped with an ice maker, it must      !     DANGER
be drained and winterized if you plan to store or operate
                                                                      IMPORTANT NOTICE
the trailer in freezing temperatures. See the Storage and
                                                                     This compartment is for
Winterization chapter in this manual, or the refrigerator
                                                                      proper air flow to the
operating manual.
                                                                           refrigerator.
    Most RV refrigerators use absorption of heat rather than
                                                                    DO NOT USE THIS SPACE
a blower to cool the interior of the refrigerator. They will not
                                                                     FOR STORAGE OF ANY
keep the interior cool if you open and close the door more
                                                                            KIND.
than necessary, and particularly if you leave the door
open for a minute or more. Once the interior cold                      Do not store or use
dissipates, it can take an hour or more to restore the cold        gasoline, other combustible
temperatures inside. During defrost cycles, the interior may       materials or liquids, or any
rise to 50 degrees or more for a period of several hours. If         other materials in this
you open the door during this period it will take much             compartment or adjacent to
longer to restore the interior cold temperature. Your                    the refrigerator.
refrigerator will keep things colder when it is full as the cold
products inside help with cooling. Pre-cooling refrigerated         If you do not follow these
items will help reduce the time it takes to get everything in       instructions exactly, a fire
the refrigerator cold.                                               or explosion may result
                                                                    causing property damage,
                                                                     personal injury or death.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                Chapter 17 / Page 1 of 10
17 / EQUIPMENT & APPLIANCES


                                RANGE AND OVEN
                                   The range and oven operate on propane. A detailed
                                guide to operating the range and oven is in your Owner’s
                                Package. Make sure you review all the safety precautions
                                and warnings in the Propane System chapter in this
 !    WARNING                   manual. When traveling, make sure the range and oven
Do not use this appliance       pilot are OFF. The range and oven require an adequate
unless the privacy curtain is   supply of fresh air for combustion. Make sure there is
secured. Failure to comply      proper ventilation when using the cooking appliances.
could result in fire or
                                  Before operating the range or oven:
serious injury.
                                    1. Secure the privacy curtain (if equipped)
                                    2. Open the overhead vent or turn on the exhaust fan
 !    WARNING                          and,

Burning propane consumes            3. Open a window.
oxygen in your trailer. Keep       A warning label is located in the cooking area to remind
the trailer properly            you to provide an adequate supply of fresh air for
ventilated at all times,        combustion. Unlike homes, the amount of oxygen is limited
especially if the oven is in
                                due to the size of the trailer. Proper ventilation when using
use.
                                the cooking appliance(s) will reduce the danger of
                                asphyxiation. It is especially important that cooking
                                appliances not be used for comfort heating as the danger
                                of asphyxiation is greater when the appliance is used for
 !    WARNING                   long periods of time.
It is not safe to use cooking
appliances for comfort          AIR CONDITIONER(S) (IF EQUIPPED)
heating.
                                   To operate a single air conditioner, the trailer can be
                                connected to 30-amp shore power, or you can operate
                                the generator. To operate both air conditioners (if
                                equipped), the trailer must be either be connected to 50-
                                amp shore power, or the generator must be operated if
                                connected to 30-amp shore power. Neither air conditioner
                                can be operated from the inverter (if equipped).
                                   Please note that typical RV air conditioning systems will
                                result in interior temperatures approximately 20 degrees
                                cooler that the outside air temperature. They cannot
                                maintain an interior temperature of 70 degrees with an
                                outdoor temperature of 110 degrees. In extreme hot and
                                humid weather conditions, you will not be able to cool the
                                interior of the trailer beyond the capacity limits of the air
                                conditioner(s). This does not indicate a defective air
                                conditioner.


Chapter 17 / Page 2 of 10                                                     MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                   17 / EQUIPMENT & APPLIANCES


   You can help keep interior temperatures down by
parking – whenever possible – in the shade. Ceiling fans (if
equipped) and other interior air circulating fans can also
help keep indoor temperatures relatively comfortable.
Closing windows and shades/blinds early in the day can
also help keep indoor temperatures down.


WATER HEATER
  Depending on trailer model, the water heater may
operate on electric, propane or a combination of both.
                                                                         NOTICE
Before operating the water heater, make sure it is full of            If the trailer is not to be
water. Observe all the following warnings and any                     used for some time or if it
additional warning in the manufacturer’s instructions.                will be subjected to freezing
                                                                      temperatures without heat,




                                                                                MVP RV
   Before operating the water heater:                                 drain the water heater as
       Do not try to light the burner by hand. The water heater       outlined in the CARE and
       does not have a pilot light. It is equipped with an            MAINTENANCE chapter.
       ignition device which lights the burner automatically.

       Before lighting, smell all around the appliance area for
       gas.

       If you do smell gas, take action as directed in the
       following WARNING.


 !    WARNING
If you smell gas, do not try to light any appliance. Do not
touch any electrical switch or use any phone in your trailer.
Call a qualified service technician immediately.
Do not store or use gasoline or other combustible materials
or liquids near or adjacent to the water heater.
Make sure all ignition systems are OFF during any type of
refueling.
If you do not follow these instructions exactly, a fire or
explosion may result causing property damage, personal
injury or death.

       Do not attempt to repair the automatic gas valve. No
       adjustments are necessary. Tampering with the gas
       valve could result in a fire or explosion.

       Do not use this appliance if any part has been under
       water. Call a qualified service technician to inspect the
       appliance and to replace any part of the control system
       and any gas control which has been under water.

MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                   Chapter 17 / Page 3 of 10
17 / EQUIPMENT & APPLIANCES

                                PROPANE OPERATION
                                   1. Be sure the water heater is full. Open a hot water faucet
                                      and check that water flows.

                                   2. Press the switch ON. If the burner does not light,
                                      the system will automatically attempt two more tries
                                      for ignition before lockout. During ignition, the
                                      indicator light will illuminate. If the light does not go
                                      off, the ignition system is in lockout.

                                   3. To turn the water heater off, press the water
                                     heater switch to OFF.
   MVP RV




                                          Water heater switches
                                          (Style and location varies depending
                                          on model)
                                If the burner will not come on, check the following items
                              before calling a service technician:
                                     Propane supply is empty or not turned on
                                     Fuse blown
                                     See Troubleshooting chart in water heater
                                     operating manual.




Chapter 17 / Page 4 of 10                                                        MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                         17 / EQUIPMENT & APPLIANCES

PRESSURE/TEMPERATURE RELIEF VALVE
   Occasionally this valve may “weep”. This is not a defect.
The water heater tank is designed internally with an air gap
at the top to reduce the weeping. The normal expansion
of water while it is being heated may, over a period of
time, absorb the air and cause weeping. To reduce the
weeping:
      1. Turn off the water heater and let it cool.

      2. Turn off water pump or city water connection.

      3. Open a hot water faucet.

      4. Pull out on the handle of the relief valve and allow water to
         flow from the valve until it stops.




                                                                                     MVP RV
      5. Release the handle on the valve. It should snap closed.

      6. Close the faucet and turn on water supply. As the tank fills,
         the air pocket will be restored.

       Pressure/temperature
                  relief valve




            Water heater drain plug
                    and anode rod

  Water heater (shown on outside trailer sidewall)


MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                         Chapter 17 / Page 5 of 10
17 / EQUIPMENT & APPLIANCES


                              WATER HEATER BYPASS SYSTEM
                                The bypass valve allows the water heater tank to be
                              bypassed when winterizing the fresh water system.
                              Bypassing the water heater will save several gallons of
                              antifreeze solution.
                                 The bypass valve is located on the back of the water
                              heater or in the cold water line near the water heater. You
                              may have to look in a cabinet or behind a panel to see
                              the back of the water heater. Just look on the outside of
                              the trailer, locate the water heater and find the
                              corresponding location inside.
                                 For normal water heater operation, be sure the bypass
                              valve handle is set as shown in the illustration. To bypass
                              the water heater for winterization, turn the valve handle
   MVP RV

                              one-quarter turn clockwise. The valve is a quarter-turn
                              valve, and only has two positions – open and closed.
                                 If the bypass valve is set to the bypass position, the
                              water heater will not fill with water. If you don’t get hot
                              water after a reasonable time, check this valve and be
                              sure it is set to the normal position.
                                See the Care and Maintenance chapter for more details
                              on fresh water system care and maintenance.




                                                                        Bypass valve on back
                                                                        of water heater. View
                                                                        is from inside trailer.




                                            Bypass valve in          Bypass valve in
                                            NORMAL position.         BYPASS position.


Chapter 17 / Page 6 of 10                                                 MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                     17 / EQUIPMENT & APPLIANCES


SLIDEOUTS (IF EQUIPPED)
  The slide-outs are designed to provide additional living
space during site set-up.
   Before operating the slideout, level and stabilize the
trailer. If the trailer is not level, the slideout room and/or the
mechanism may be damaged. Stabilizer jacks help keep
the trailer square so the slideout extends/retracts and seals
correctly. Be sure stabilizer jacks are placed on a solid
ground surface. Piers or supports are not necessary under
the slideout when extended.
                                                                          !   WARNING
                                                                        Stand clear of the room’s
   The slideout system will make creaking or squeaking
                                                                        interior path and verify that
noises during operation. These noises are normal especially
                                                                        there are no exterior
during the break-in period while the components are
                                                                        obstructions before
seating properly. These noises will decrease after a few
                                                                        extending or retracting the
extend/retract cycles. Note that there will always be some
                                                                        slideout.
noticeable noises when operating the slideout.
    When the slideout is extended, it is outside the trailer.             !   WARNING
Rain, snow, ice, blowing dirt and dust, and other debris
may cling to the outside surfaces of the slideout and                   There are hard, sharp metal
mechanism. When the slideout is retracted, whatever is on               edges in the slideout
the outside will be brought inside the trailer. Before                  mechanism. Do not allow
retracting the slideout, check the outside surfaces. Wipe               children to play under the
them dry or clean as much as possible. If the slideout is               slideout(s) when extended.
extended for a long period, be sure to check for insect
nests, etc. before retracting. Check for standing water on
the slideout toppper awning (if equipped). And remember                   !   WARNING
that the slideout seals are not designed to remove all the              The slideout room and
water or debris that may accumulate on the outside                      mechanism are a potential
surfaces. You must wipe it off before retracting the                    crush hazard. Disconnect
slideout.                                                               the batteries to disable
                                                                        power to the slideout(s)
                                                                        before working on or under
                                                                        the slideout(s).




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                     Chapter 17 / Page 7 of 10
17 / EQUIPMENT & APPLIANCES


     NOTICE                      SLIDEOUT OPERATION
Do not move the trailer with       ELECTRIC OPERATION
the slideout extended.             1. Level and stabilize the trailer.
Damage can occur to the
slideout or the trailer.           2. Be sure the batteries are fully charged or the trailer
                                      is connected to the tow vehicle through the 7-way
                                      cord and the tow vehicle is running at high idle. turn
 !    WARNING                         off all unnecessary lights to maximize available
                                      power.
Keep people, pets and              3. Close all cabinet doors and drawers.
objects away from the
slideout room and                  4. Before extending, be sure the area outside the trailer
mechanism during                      is free of obstacles – trees, boulders, fences, etc.
operation. The mechanism           5. When retracting, be sure the interior is clear of
assembly may pinch or                 people, pets, furniture, clothing, etc. Move any
catch loose clothing                  furniture or other items which may be in the path of
causing personal injury.              the slide-out unit. If the outside of the slideout is wet,
                                      wipe it dry before retracting.
                                   6. Press and hold the slideout room switch to either IN
                                      or OUT until the slideout is completely extended or
                                      retracted. The slideout(s) must be completely
                                      extended or retracted for seals to be effective.
                                   NOTE: If you hold the switch past when the room is
                                    fully extended or retracted, the motor will
                                    automatically stop.
 Slideout control switches
                                 MANUAL OPERATION
                                   If the electrical operation of the slideout(s) fail, they can
                               be operated manually. A square drive on the end of the
                               each motor shaft allows you to use a socket and ratchet to
                               turn the motor shaft and retract or extend the slideout. The
                               slideout drive motors incorporate brake mechanisms that
                               must be disengaged before the motor shaft can be
  (Style and location varies   turned. Do not attempt to turn the slideout motor shaft
  depending on model)          without disengaging the motor brake.
                                   1. Locate the slideout drive motor. It is mounted in a
                                      compartment below the slideout (main slideout), or
 !    CAUTION                         attached to the rail assembly (bedroom slideout, if
Do not manually retract/              equipped).
extend the slideout room or        2. Rotate the brake lever on the back of the motor
mechanism unless the                  counterclockwise (looking from the rear of the motor)
battery is disconnected -             about 1/8-turn to the released position.This will release
cables removed or main                the motor brake that holds the slideout in place. The
disconnect switch is OFF.             slideout room is now free to move.

Chapter 17 / Page 8 of 10                                                         MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                   17 / EQUIPMENT & APPLIANCES

    3. With a 3/4”, 8-point or socket and long-handled, 1/2”-
       drive ratchet (or adjustable wrench), turn the square
       drive motor shaft as required to retract or extend the
       room. Note that the drive system uses a gear reduction
       arrangement, and many strokes of the ratchet will be
       required to fully extend or retract the slideout. (Unlock
       slideout awning, if necessary before moving slideout.)
    4. When the slideout is positioned as desired, apply some
       pressure with the wrench and return the motor brake
       lever to the engaged position. This will lock the room in
       place. Lock the slideout awning if necessary. Remove
       the wrench.
    5. Have the problem corrected as soon as possible.




                                                                                 MVP RV
    Slideout setup and adjustment are routine owner                       NOTICE
maintenance items and are not covered under the
warranty. If the slideout system needs adjustment or re-               Do not store the trailer with
leveling, your dealer or service center will charge you to             the slideout(s) extended.
perform these services. Regular maintenance and                        Damage can occur to the
replacement of seals as soon as required will extend the               slideout or the trailer.
life and usefulness of the slideout system. If deteriorated
seals are used past their useful life, rain, snow and ice can          Level your travel trailer
penetrate inside the trailer walls and/or roof and cause               when you put it in storage.
extensive damage that can be very expensive to repair.
These repairs are not covered under the warranty.
   Closely inspect the slideout seals at least twice a year,
before winter and again in the spring. Over time, the seals
will stiffen, become brittle and crack. The time it takes for
this to happen will vary depending on weather conditions
and exposure to the sun. Seals that are protected from
sunlight are hidden from view. They will last longer than the
outer perimeter seals, but will still need replacing. If you see
any evidence of water or wind leakage, have the slideout
seals checked. Replacement of these seals should be
done by your dealer or authorized RV service center. It
may be necessary to partially disassemble the slideout and
your dealer or service center has the special tools and
experience to do this work correctly.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                   Chapter 17 / Page 9 of 10
17 / EQUIPMENT & APPLIANCES
                              Owner Notes

   MVP RV




Chapter 17 / Page 10 of 10                  MVP RV Owner’s Guide
18
     / CARGO/RAMP TRAILERS
CARGO/RAMP TRAILER WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION
   All loaded trailers must remain within GVWR and GAWR
limits. Proper load distribution is especially important for
ramp/cargo trailers. These trailers are designed to carry a
variety of cargo and/or vehicles in the cargo storage area.
These cargo items are typically heavy and you must
consider how they are loaded. Incorrectly loaded trailers
can have too little weight resting on the hitch or pin and
can become unstable when towing. Therefore, you must
maintain a hitch weight percentage of 10 – 15% for travel
trailers and 15 – 25% for fifth wheels. Keep 60% of the cargo
weight forward of the axle(s) centerline.




                                                                        MVP RV
CARGO/RAMP TRAILER LOADING
  The rear cargo door/loading ramp gives you complete
access to the trailer cargo area. When lowered, the loading
ramp allows you to easily load rolling cargo, bicycles, small
motorcycles and ATVs, and small vehicles.
   This section outlines the safety precautions you should
take when loading and unloading cargo and vehicles, as
well as loading/unloading procedures, techniques and tips.

CARGO/RAMP TRAILER LOADING SAFETY
  The loading ramp/door area of your trailer can be a very
hazardous part of your recreational activities. Many
combinations of hazards and a large volume of activities
occur in this area. Some of these hazards are:
     ramps and inclines
     overhead obstructions
     dissimilar surfaces that are often wet and slippery
     poor lighting during night or early morning activities
     other vehicular traffic
     pedestrians
     restricted views
     awkward, heavy or unbalanced loads
     sheer drops
     trailer creep
     congested staging areas
     accumulations of empty containers and debris



MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                            Chapter 18 / Page 1 of 16
18 / CARGO/RAMP TRAILERS


                                 These are all hazards which can all be present at the
                              same time within a very confined area. You need to be
                              aware of these potential hazards when loading,
                              unloading and rigging your cargo. Your continuous
                              attention to safety measures will help prevent accidents
                              and possibly serious injuries and property damage.
                                 The biggest reason to put a priority on loading safety is
                              not so much related to the frequency of accidents as it is
                              to the potential severity of injuries that can occur in these
                              types of accidents. The kinds of injuries sustained when a
                              load tips over or falls from the ramp(s) or falls out of the
                              trailer, or those that occur if the load shifts unexpectedly
                              during travel tend to be very serious and sometimes fatal.
                              You can prevent these types of accidents by paying
                              attention to what you are doing and thinking through the
                              consequences of poor loading.
     MVP RV


                                 Poor hazard assessment decisions are directly
                              responsible for many accidents. You can help minimize
                              these risks, avoid hazards, and enjoy your recreational
                              activities safely by using an effective decision-making
                              strategy:
                                  Look around you and your situation. Get a good
                                    idea of what’s going on around you before you
                                    act.
                                  Identify hazards or specific problems in your path.
                                    Equipment, materials, debris, other vehicles,
                                    children, pets, or any number of other things may
                                    be in your way when you load or unload cargo or
                                    vehicles.
                                  Predict what may happen and think of the
                                    consequences of your actions. If you are loading/
                                    unloading alone, are you physically capable of
                                    handling the load safely and keeping it under
                                    control? Ask yourself what would happen if your
                                    load falls over, slips off the ramp or falls out of the
                                    trailer. If you are unable to control your cargo,
                                    what will happen to it, you, and any other people,
                                    equipment, or materials if/when it becomes
                                    uncontrollable? If you tie down your load, what will
                                    happen if a tie down comes loose? What will
                                    happen if all tie downs come loose? What will you
                                    do if someone else does something dangerous
                                    during your loading/unloading?

  Chapter 18 / Page 2 of 16                                              MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                              18 / CARGO/RAMP TRAILERS


       Decide what to do based on your abilities and the
         capabilities of your equipment. Always use proper
         lifting techniques, and personal protection
         equipment as necessary such as gloves, helmets,
         kneepads and other protective clothing. Be sure
         your cargo does not exceed the capacity of your
         loading ramp and the trailer.
  Here are some general safety rules about loading and
unloading your cargo trailer. Other safety items will be
covered throughout this section.
       Always consider the equipment you are loading.
       After use, it may be hot, wet, slippery, dirty or in
       some other condition that may be potentially
       hazardous.
       In all situations, follow the loading and weight




                                                                        MVP RV
       guidelines in the “Loading and Weighing”
       chapter of this Owner’s Guide. Never exceed
       the GAWR and GVWR ratings of either your
       trailer or your tow vehicle.
       Connect to the tow vehicle and use wheel
       chocks in addition to the forward landing gear/
       jack of spotted trailers when loading and
       unloading to prevent potential forward or
       backward movement when loading or
       unloading.
       Be sure the work/loading area is well lit. Avoid
       loading/unloading at night or in conditions of
       poor visibility.
       Do not allow anyone who is not engaged in
       loading or unloading to be inside the trailer
       cargo area while loading/unloading.
       Visually inspect the trailer before loading. A
       damaged spot in the floor can cause cargo to be
       unstable, and damaged or missing tie down
       rings will prevent you from securing your load
       properly.
       Use caution tape, traffic cones or portable
       barricades to designate staging and loading
       areas in high activity situations where other
       vehicles and/or pedestrians are present.
       Keep the loading area clean and free of clutter
       and debris. Clean up water and oil on the floor.
MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                            Chapter 18 / Page 3 of 16
18 / CARGO/RAMP TRAILERS


                                   Designate areas at your campsite or activity
                                   area for storage of trash, tools, equipment,
                                   supplies and expendable containers such as
                                   food, beverage, oil and fuel containers.
                                   Give special attention to large loads that may
                                   obstruct the view of the loading crew.
                                   Wear boots that provide adequate ankle
                                   support and a slip resistant tread design, and
                                   hand protection when loading/unloading.
                                   Always communicate with the person doing
                                   the loading. Know what the plan is and make
                                   sure you agree.
                                   Maintain eye contact with other persons
                                   involved at all times during loading/unloading;
                                   making sure they know where you are.
                                   Slow down and pay attention; never hurry
                                   around loading/unloading operations.
Cargo floor tiedown ring           Train everyone in your travel group on the
                                   hazards of loading and unloading.
                                   Establish and enforce compliance to all safety
  Ramp Door Load Limit
                                   procedures.
     2500 lbs. total

      Tiedown D-ring         YOUR LOADING EQUIPMENT
        Load Rating
       1500 lbs. each           The loading equipment furnished with your trailer is the
                             ramp door and the tiedown attachment points in the
      Tiedown Track          cargo area floor. The rated capacity of the ramp door is
       Load Rating           2500 pounds. Each tie down D-ring attachment is rated at
     4000 lbs. per track     1,500 pounds. The tiedown track (if equipped) is rated at
                             4000 pounds. No tiedown straps, cables, hooks, chains,
                             wheel chocks, blocks, etc. are supplied with your trailer.

                             CHOCKS AND BLOCKS
                                Chocks and blocks prevent accidental or unintended
                             movement of mobile equipment and cargo while you are
                             loading, unloading, hitching, unhitching, or performing
                             service or maintenance. Wheel chocks are wedge-shaped
                             blocks placed in front of or behind the rear wheels of a
  Cargo floor tiedown rail




Chapter 18 / Page 4 of 16                                              MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                  18 / CARGO/RAMP TRAILERS


trailer or tow vehicle to prevent the trailer from moving
while the trailer is being loaded. “Trailer creep” occurs
when the sideways and vertical forces exerted each time
a load enters and exits the trailer cause the trailer to slowly
move away from the loading area. The weight and speed
of loading can affect trailer creep. The grade the trailer is
parked on, the softness of the suspension, and whether the
trailer has been dropped off or if it is still connected to the
tow vehicle are also factors. Loading accidents can also
occur when a driver prematurely pulls away while the
trailer is still being loaded/unloaded.
   Always hitch the trailer to the tow vehicle, and use
wheel chocks or other vehicle-restraining devices when
loading and unloading the trailer. Keep spare chocks on
hand. They often get left behind or lost during outdoor
activities. Chocking the wheels of a truck, trailer, or other




                                                                            MVP RV
piece of mobile equipment provides a physical stopper to
the wheels to prevent runaways that can crush and injure
people and damage equipment.
   When chocking, use wheel chocks of the appropriate
size and material to securely hold the vehicle. Don’t use
lumber, cinder blocks, rocks, or other make-shift items to
chock. Make it easy to find and use the correct chocking
equipment; store chocks inside the trailer or tow vehicle.
Keep chocks available at places where you typically load
and unload.
   Use extra caution when loading from the ramp. If the
trailer rolls away, you and the equipment you are loading
can fall with severe injuries or death. Never load
equipment from the ramp into the trailer until you ensure
that the wheels are properly chocked. Ensure that the
trailer floor is in good condition and that it can support the
weight of the equipment you are loading.
   Blocking stabilizes loaded cargo to prevent shifting and
trailer overturns. If the load shifts while in motion, the
sudden shift in position and center of gravity may cause
towing instability possibly causing the trailer to overturn.
Securely block all cargo, not just wheeled equipment and
round or oddly shaped items. Block items separately and
on all four sides using wood blocks thick enough to prevent
cargo movement. Use tie downs and D-rings/caribiners
strong enough to secure the load. Avoid using other cargo
as a block.


MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                Chapter 18 / Page 5 of 16
18 / CARGO/RAMP TRAILERS


                            CARGO PLACEMENT AND RESTRAINT
                               Cargo that is likely to roll (vehicles, tool chests, barrels,
                            etc.) should be restrained by chocks, blocks, wedges, a
                            cradle or other equivalent means to prevent rolling.
                            Whatever you use to prevent rolling should not be able to
                            be accidentally unfastened or loosened while the trailer is
                            in motion.

                            PROPER USE OF TIEDOWNS
                               Avoid using tiedowns and securing devices with knots.
                            Be sure to attach and secure each tiedown so that it can’t
                            come loose, unfastened, opened or released while the
                            trailer is in motion. Also, use edge protection whenever a
                            tiedown could be damaged or cut at the point where it
                            touches an article of cargo. Avoid using “bungee” cords
   MVP RV


                            on D-rings.

                            TIEDOWN MINIMUM WORKING LOAD LIMIT
                                The working load limit of a tiedown, associated
                            connector, or attachment mechanism is the lowest
                            working load limit of any of its components (including any
                            tensioner device), or the working load limit of the anchor
                            points to which it is attached, whichever is less. When you
                            choose tiedown hardware, choose items that are strong
                            enough to hold the load you are securing. The load limit of
                            each tiedown used should be at least one-half the working
                            load limit of each tiedown that goes from an anchor point
                            on the trailer to an attachment point on an article of
                            cargo. Check the tiedown manufacturer’s specifications
                            to determine working load limits. NOTE: Tiedown hardware
                            is not supplied with your trailer.

                            MINIMUM NUMBER OF TIEDOWNS
                                When an article of cargo is not blocked or positioned to
                            prevent movement in the forward direction, the number of
                            tiedowns needed depends on the length and weight of
                            the articles. In all cases, use enough tiedowns to secure the
                            cargo from moving in any direction. Heavy tool chests or
                            cabinets may require tiedowns around the bottom, middle
                            and top to secure them. Be sure to lock or secure drawers
                            in these chests or cabinets so they can’t open while
                            traveling. Keep handle bars, mirrors, etc. away from the
                            trailer interior walls. The walls can be damaged by contact
                            with hard, sharp objects.

Chapter 18 / Page 6 of 16                                                MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                      18 / CARGO/RAMP TRAILERS


CARGO LOADING PROCEDURE                                                 !    CAUTION
REAR DOOR/LOADING RAMP OPERATION
                                                                       The rear cargo door weighs
                                                                       approximately 200 pounds.
  1. Hitch the trailer to a tow vehicle before loading and
                                                                       It is designed for two-
     unloading the rear cargo area. Select a parking site              person operation.
     where the edge of the rear door/loading ramp will rest
     entirely on a flat, level surface, and the corners of the door    The maximum cargo
     will be supported. Avoid soft sand or mud surfaces. When          capacity of the rear cargo
     the trailer is loaded, the added cargo weight may cause the       door/ramp is 2500 pounds.
     trailer and/or tow vehicle to become stuck.

  2. Level and stabilize the trailer.                                  The maximum capacity for
                                                                       each tiedown point in the
  3. Unlock the rear door/loading ramp and carefully lower it to       cargo area is 1500 pounds.
     the ground.

  4. If equipped with a power bunk, raise both bunks fully.             !    WARNING
  5. Move things out of the way of your cargo, whether you are         When the trailer is
     loading, or unloading. Have an idea where your cargo will be      unhooked from the tow
     positioned after your load/unload activities.                     vehicle, lower and check
                                                                       the stabilizing jacks before
  6. Use caution and proper lifting techniques when loading and
                                                                       using the loading ramp.
     unloading items from the cargo area.
                                                                       Failure to do so could
  7. Use extreme caution when loading/unloading ATVs,                  cause the trailer to tip back
     motorcycles, or other vehicles (“motorized cargo” or              as the load is shifted to the
     “vehicle(s)”). These machines are generally heavy, and may        rear of the cargo area
     be hot from operation and/or covered with dirt, oil, or other     causing property damage,
     substances that may make them slippery. See the “Special          personal injury, and/or
     Procedures for Loading and Unloading Motorized                    death. Hitch the trailer to a
     Cargo” for more details.                                          tow vehicle before loading
                                                                       and unloading the rear
  8. Make certain that the door seals and hinge area are free of       cargo area.
     any debris, such as sand or snow before closing the rear
     door/loading ramp.

  9. Inspect the hinges, assist springs, and latch mechanism
     before each trip for signs of wear or damage, and make any
                                                                        !    WARNING
     needed repairs for safe operation and towing.
                                                                       It is not safe for persons or
                                                                       pets to occupy the vehicle
                                                                       storage area while vehicles
                                                                       are present. Failure to
                                                                       follow these important
                                                                       precautions may result in
                                                                       serious injury or death.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                    Chapter 18 / Page 7 of 16
18 / CARGO/RAMP TRAILERS


     WARNING                    LOADING AND UNLOADING MOTORIZED CARGO
 !
There is a hazard of serious
personal injury when using
                                 ! WARNING
a loading ramp. Never ride           Any motorized vehicle or any motorized equipment
motorized cargo up a             !   powered with flammable liquid can cause fire,
loading ramp.                        explosion, or asphyxiation if stored or transported
                                     within the recreational vehicle. To reduce the risk
                                     of fire, explosion, or asphyxiation:
 !   WARNING
                                     Passengers shall not ride in the vehicle storage
If the motorized cargo loses     !   area at any time.
traction and spins
sideways, it may slip                Occupants shall not sleep in the vehicle storage
sideways off the ramp,           !   area while vehicles are present.
tipping sideways, and
                                     Doors and windows in walls of separation (if
possibly falling on the rider    !   installed) shall be closed while the vehicles are
causing injury.
                                     present.
                                     Fuel shall be run out of engines of stored vehicles
                                 !   after shutting off fuel at the tank.
                                     Motor fuel shall not be stored or transported inside
                                 !   this vehicle.
                                     The vehicle storage area shall be ventilated.
                                 !
                                     Gas appliances, pilot lights, or electrical equipment
                                 !   shall not be operated when motorized vehicles or
                                     motorized equipment are inside vehicle.
                                     FAILURE TO COMPLY COULD RESULT IN AN
                                 !   INCREASED RISK OF FIRE, EXPLOSION,
                                     ASPHYXIATION, DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY.
                                    Many recreation ATV or motorcycle accidents and
                                injuries happen while loading or unloading. Steep inclines,
                                unstable ramps, power and a short stopping area are what
                                make loading motorized cargo difficult and unsafe. There
                                is no absolute safe way to drive your motorized cargo into
                                the trailer. Take the following steps to aid in reducing the
                                risks associated with transporting, storing, or occupying the
                                trailer with motorized equipment and vehicles:
                                     Wear personal protective equipment while loading
                                     and unloading vehicles to/from the trailer. This
                                     includes but is not limited to, an approved motor
                                     vehicle helmet, leather boots, appropriate gloves,
                                     and eye protection.

Chapter 18 / Page 8 of 16                                                   MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                          18 / CARGO/RAMP TRAILERS

    Never stand in the path of equipment when
                                                           !   WARNING
    loading/unloading with the ramp, and keep
    bystanders away from the ramps.                       CARBON MONOXIDE GAS
    Keep body parts completely clear of the ramp door     CAN KILL YOU. Fuel-
    hinge pinch area at all times.                        burning devices such as
                                                          ATVs or motorcycles that
    Check parking brakes on the vehicle(s) you are        burn gasoline, diesel, or
    loading/unloading, and on the tow vehicle.            other fuels produce carbon
                                                          monoxide when they are
    Inspect ramp and trailer floor/loading area for
                                                          operating. Carbon
    cracks, damage, oil or other debris that may cause
                                                          monoxide gas is invisible,
    slippage.
                                                          odorless, and colorless.
    Do not allow persons or pets to ride inside the       Dangerous levels of carbon
    vehicle storage area at any time.                     monoxide gas can
                                                          accumulate in a trailer
    Close doors and windows in separation walls           which cannot be detected
    while the vehicles are present.                       by sight, smell, or taste.
    Close tank fuel valves and operate the engine(s) to   Even small quantities of
    run fuel out of engine(s) of stored vehicles.         carbon monoxide can cause
    Do not store or transport motor fuel anywhere         carbon monoxide poisoning
    inside the trailer.                                   and suffocation, which will
                                                          cause death, serious injury,
    Ventilate the interior of the trailer to reduce the   or permanent disability.
    risk of fire, explosion, or asphyxiation.             Exposure to high
                                                          concentrations of carbon
    Do not operate gas appliances, pilot lights, or
                                                          monoxide for even a few
    electrical equipment when motorized vehicles or
                                                          minutes will also cause
    motorized equipment are inside the trailer.
                                                          death, serious injury, or
    FAILURE TO COMPLY COULD RESULT IN AN
                                                          permanent disability.
    INCREASED RISK OF FIRE, EXPLOSION OR
    ASPHYXIATION.                                         DO NOT start ATVs,
                                                          motorcycles, or other fuel
    Load and store your equipment and motorized           burning devices while they
    vehicles according to the “Loading and Weighing”      are located in your trailer.
    chapter in this Owner’s Guide.
    During transit, secure motorized vehicles and
    motorized equipment so that items do not move
    while in transit.
    Remove carpet from section where fueled vehicles
    or motorized equipment will be stored.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                       Chapter 18 / Page 9 of 16
18 / CARGO/RAMP TRAILERS


                              LOADING TECHNIQUE -
                              RAMP POSITIONING
                                 The ramp angle from the trailer floor to the ground
                              affects the risk when loading/unloading cargo. If the ramp
                              angle is reduced, and all other conditions remain the
                              same, risk is reduced. Always try to reduce the loading
                              ramp angle – the shallower the ramp angle, the easier
                              cargo loading will be. Position the trailer to take
                              advantage of any terrain features that will help reduce the
                              ramp angle. In all cases, be sure the ends of the ramp door
                              can be fully supported.
                                 Always position the loading ramp so the ends in contact
                              with the ground are level or at the same height. An uneven
                              ramp may cause the cargo to tip over sideways during
                              loading/unloading.
                              LOADING UNDER POWER
 !   WARNING
                                 Motorized cargo should be walked up the ramp. When
Do not load motorized
                              preparing to load the vehicle into the trailer, the operator’s
cargo (motorcycles, ATVs,
                              hands should be positioned on the controls so as to keep
etc.) by riding them up the
                              the vehicle in control during loading.
ramp door. Loss of control
could cause serious             1. Shift into lowest gear before ascending ramps.
personal injury. MVP RV
                                2. Align wheels with ramps both loading and unloading.
does not recommend
loading motorized cargo         3. Approach straight on, not on an angle. If you are off to one
under power.                       side and the ground is uneven where the ramp touches the
                                   ground, an unbalanced situation can occur.
                                4. The operator should apply throttle smoothly and climb the
                                   ramp at low speed. Too much or sudden increases in
                                   throttle will cause the vehicle to be harder to control and
                                   may cause the vehicle to impact the front of the trailer cargo
                                   area or over-turn.
                                5. Stop when fully in the trailer. Keep handle bars, mirrors, etc.
                                   away from the trailer interior walls. The walls can be
                                   damaged by contact with hard, sharp objects.
                                6. After loading, close the fuel valve and run the engine until it
                                   stops (motorcycles and ATVs). Turn the ignition key off and
                                   remove it. Set the parking brake. For manual clutch
                                   machines, leave the machine in gear.
                                7. Secure the vehicle with tie downs. The attachment points
                                   you select on your equipment must be strong enough to
                                   support the weight of the equipment. Usually attachment

Chapter 18 / Page 10 of 16                                                    MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                     18 / CARGO/RAMP TRAILERS


    points that are low and centered on the equipment frame
    will be good. An attachment to a decorative piece of chrome
    or plastic will usually not be a good tie-down point. Consider
    any leverage action that may occur. An attachment point
    past the center of the equipment could cause the equipment
    to either swing around or flip over, causing damage to the
    equipment, or personal injury. If you have any doubt about
    the attachment point you have selected, stop and find a
    better attachment point.

SECURE THE LOAD
    Install blocking devices in the front, back, and on both
sides of the wheels to keep it from rolling. This block is
                                                                       !   WARNING
strictly an additional safety precaution and does not
reduce the need for strapping the vehicle in securely.                Failure to properly secure
                                                                      cargo could cause, property




                                                                               MVP RV
   Use a minimum of three tiedowns to secure the vehicle              damage, injury, and/or
to the trailer. Use one tie down to secure the front of the           death.
vehicle to the trailer. Use two tiedowns to secure the rear
of the vehicle to the trailer. Four tiedowns (one at each
corner) are preferred.
  Attach tiedown hooks to the vehicle’s frame, not to an
accessory such as a mirror, handle bar, pedal, etc. Hooks
on the other end must be attached to vehicle cargo
anchors installed in the trailer.
   For transport, motorized cargo with manual transmissions
should be left in first gear. Vehicle’s with automatic
transmissions should be in the Park position. The vehicle’s
ignition key should be turned off and removed, the parking
brake set, the run/stop switch in the stop (or off) position
and the fuel lever turned to the off position.


THE SAFEST WAY TO UNLOAD YOUR MOTORIZED CARGO
  The safest method of unloading is to push the vehicle
down the ramp, carefully braking to ensure control of the
vehicle.
    If you loaded your vehicle forward (front in) that means
you will unload it in reverse. Driving a motorized vehicle
backwards down a hill (the ramp) is not recommended. A
slight turn of the handle or slip of a wheel can cause your
vehicle to fall, tip or roll sideways. If you are on or in the
vehicle you can be injured or killed. Unload the vehicle
safely as follows:

MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                  Chapter 18 / Page 11 of 16
18 / CARGO/RAMP TRAILERS


                                    1. Be sure the back tires of the vehicle are aligned with the ramp,
                                       and there are no people, pets or obstructions in the unloading
                                       area at the end of the ramp. Assure that the ground surface
                                       will support the vehicle, and that the vehicle cannot roll away
                                       uncontrolled.

                                    2. Stand at the front of the vehicle.

                                    3. Push the vehicle backward in line with the ramp.

                                    4. As the rear tires start down the ramp let go of the vehicle and
                                       let it roll backwards (don’t try and slow or control the vehicle as
                                       this can cause injury).

                                  FUEL TRANSFER SYSTEM
                                      A fuel transfer system allows you to store gasoline for
                                  use in motorcycles, snowmobiles, ATVs or other vehicles
                                  and equipment while at a campsite. This system consists of
                                  a fuel tank, fuel tank filler, fuel gauge, fuel transfer pump,
 !     DANGER
                                  fuel transfer valve and hose with fill nozzle. A master pump
Do not smoke when filling         switch is located on the inside control panel and an
the tank. Before dispensing       emergency shutoff switch is located on the trailer frame
fuel, turn off all engines and    rail near the fuel transfer pump. A metal ground clip
fuel burning appliances and       reduces the possibility of static electricity discharge
ground the trailer. Do not        between the fuel station and the equipment being fueled.
dispense fuel within 20 feet
of an ignition source.               To fill the tank, remove the fuel filler cap and fill the tank
                                  with the grade of gasoline required by your equipment.
                                  When replacing the fuel fill cap, be sure it seats squarely
                                  and turn it firmly to lock it on the fill pipe neck.

 !     DANGER
Potentially explosive fuel vapor may be present at fuel
filling stations and during refueling of equipment with
the fuel transfer system. Never enter a fuel filling
station or refuel equipment if your furnace or water
heater is operating or if your refrigerator is operating
on propane. Both the flame and the ignitors in the
burners of these appliances are sources of ignition,
and could cause an explosion. These appliances must
be turned OFF before entering a fuel filling station or
refueling equipment. Turning off the propane main tank
valve only is not sufficient. The appliances must be
OFF at their electrical operating switches.



                                                                  Fuel fill

Chapter 18 / Page 12 of 16                                                            MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                               18 / CARGO/RAMP TRAILER SUPPLEMENT


FUEL TRANSFER SYSTEM SAFETY
    Static electricity-related incidents when refueling are                !     DANGER
extremely unusual. They appear to happen most often
during cool or cold and dry climate conditions. In rare                   Any motorized equipment
                                                                          powered with flammable
circumstances, these static related incidents have resulted
                                                                          liquid can cause fire and
in a brief flash fire occurring at the fill point. You can
                                                                          explosion or asphyxiation if
minimize these and other potential fueling hazards by
                                                                          stored or transported inside
following safe refueling procedures.
                                                                          the trailer. To reduce the
   A build-up of static electricity can be caused by re-                  risk of fire, explosion or
entering a vehicle during fueling, particularly in cool or                asphyxiation:
cold and dry weather. If you return to the fuel fill pipe                 1. Do not allow passengers
during refueling, the static may discharge at the fill point,                to ride inside the storage
causing a flash fire or small sustained fire with gasoline                   area at any time.
refueling vapors.                                                         2. Prior to storing vehicles
   If you cannot avoid getting back into the vehicle,                        in the trailer, run fuel out
always first touch a metal part of the vehicle with a bare                   of the engine after
hand, such as the door, or some other metal surface, away                    shutting off fuel at the
from the fill point upon exiting the vehicle.                                vehicle fuel tank.
                                                                          3. Do not store or transport
  Here are some additional refueling safety guidelines
                                                                             any motor fuel inside the
when refueling your vehicle or filling up gasoline storage                   trailer.
containers:
                                                                          4. Ventilate the interior of
    Turn off vehicle engines. Disable or turn off any auxiliary              the trailer to reduce the
    sources of ignition: the trailer furnace, water heater,                  risk of fire, explosion or
    cooking unit, and any pilot lights. Turn off main propane                asphyxiation. Open the
    valve.                                                                   ventilation panels on
                                                                             either side of the cargo
    Do not smoke, light matches or lighters while operating the
                                                                             area.
    refueling system, or when using gasoline anywhere else.
                                                                          5. Do not operate propane
    Use only the refueling latch provided on the gasoline                    appliances, pilot lights, or
    dispenser nozzle.                                                        electrical equipment
    Never jam or otherwise try to lock the refueling latch on the            when motorized vehicles
    nozzle open.                                                             or motorized equipment
                                                                             are inside the trailer. Set
    Do not re-enter your vehicle during refueling. If you cannot             the cargo electrical
    avoid reentering your vehicle, discharge any static build-up             disconnect switch to OFF.
    BEFORE reaching for the nozzle by touching something
    metal with a bare hand — such as the vehicle body or
    frame — away from the nozzle.

    In the unlikely event a static-caused fire occurs when
    refueling, leave the nozzle in the fill pipe and back away
    from the vehicle. Turn off the fuel pump master switch
    immediately.

    Do not over-fill or top-off your vehicle tank, which can
    cause gasoline spillage.
MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                      Chapter 18 / Page 13 of 16
18 / CARGO/RAMP TRAILERS

                                     Never allow children under licensed driving age to operate
                                     the pump.

                                     Avoid prolonged breathing of gasoline vapors. Use
                                     gasoline only in open areas that get plenty of fresh air.
                                     Keep your face away from the nozzle or container opening.

                                     Never siphon gasoline by mouth. Never put gasoline in
                                     your mouth for any reason. Gasoline can be harmful or
                                     fatal if swallowed. If someone swallows gasoline, do not
                                     induce vomiting. Contact a emergency medical service
                                     provider immediately.

                                     Keep gasoline away from your eyes and skin; it may cause
                                     irritation.

                                     Remove gasoline-soaked clothing immediately.
                                     Use gasoline as a motor fuel only. Never use gasoline to
                                     wash your hands or as a cleaning solvent.

                                 FUEL TRANSFER SYSTEM OPERATION
                                   To operate the fuel transfer system (also see the "Fuel
                                 Pump Owner's Manual" in your Owner's Information
                                 Package):
                                   1. Lower the tongue jack or 5th-wheel jacks to the ground. This
                                      will electrostatically ground the trailer to reduce the
                                      possibility of static discharge while refueling.
Sidewall vent - Squeeze handle
and rotate to open/close.          2. Set the cargo area disconnect switch to ON.

                                   3. Close the vents in the side of the trailer to prevent fuel vapor
 !    WARNING                         from entering the trailer.

Fuel-soaked rags or other          4. Press the fuel transfer pump master/timer switch ON. Each
materials contain flammable           press of the switch allows the pump to run 5 minutes. When
and/or explosive fuel                 the pump stops, press again if necessary for another 5
vapors and other hazardous            minute run.
substances. Clean up
                                   5. Attach the ground clip securely to a bare metal part of the
materials should be
                                      equipment to be fueled (frame, handle bar, axle bolt, etc.)
temporarily stored in a
nonflammable, vapor-tight          6. Remove the fuel hose and nozzle from its compartment. An
container until proper                automatic bypass valve prevents pressure buildup when the
disposal facilities are               pump is on with the nozzle closed.
available. Do not store
flammable clean up rags or         7. Place the nozzle into the equipment fuel filler and squeeze
materials inside the trailer,         the handle to allow fuel to flow. Be careful not to overfill the
inside any other vehicle or           equipment fuel tank. Wipe up any spilled fuel.
near any source of flame or        8. When finished, release the nozzle handle, return the nozzle
ignition.                             to its compartment.

Chapter 18 / Page 14 of 16                                                            MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                  18 / CARGO/RAMP TRAILERS


  9. Lock the fuel transfer nozzle compartment to prevent
     unauthorized use. The nozzle compartment must be
     locked at all times when not dispensing fuel.

  10. When you are finished with all fueling, turn off the pump
    master switch.

   All parts of the fuel transfer system including but not
limited to the hoses, pump, nozzle, fittings, and tank have
been selected for their quality, safety, and intended
application. Any alteration or replacement of any part by
other than MVP RV parts could jeopardize the integrity of
the system and may result in serious injury or even death.
                                                                    !    CAUTION
   If your fueling system is not working properly or you need
additional information on the use of the system contact            If a fuel spill occurs in the
your authorized MVP RV dealer immediately or call MVP RV           storage area of the trailer,
directly.                                                          open the windows and




                                                                             MVP RV
                                                                   sidewall vents, and wipe up
                                                                   the fuel with cloth or paper
                                                                   towels. Dispose of the
PORTABLE CONTAINERS                                                towels in a suitable
    When dispensing gasoline into a container, use only            hazardous waste container.
approved portable containers and place it on the                   Do not hose out the trailer
ground to avoid a possible static electricity ignition of          with water. Clean the fuel
fuel vapors. Never fill a container while the container is         spill areas with a grease/oil
inside a vehicle, a car trunk, the bed of a pickup truck or        dissolving cleaner such as
the floor of a trailer.                                            409®. Thoroughly dry the
                                                                   spill areas.
    When filling a portable container, manually control the
    nozzle valve throughout the filling process. Fill a
    portable container slowly to decrease the chance of
    static electricity buildup and minimize spilling.

    Keep the fuel nozzle in contact with the rim of the
    container opening while refueling.

    Fill container no more than 95 percent full to allow for
    expansion.

    Place cap tightly on the container after filling – do not
    use containers that do not seal properly.

    Store gasoline only in approved containers. Never store
    gasoline in glass or any other unapproved container.

    If gasoline spills on the container, clean up the spill
    immediately.

    When transporting gasoline in a portable container
    make sure it is secured against tipping and sliding, and
    never leave it in direct sunlight or in the trunk of a car.

MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                               Chapter 18 / Page 15 of 16
18 / CARGO/RAMP TRAILERS




     THORCALIFORNIA
                                                         Fuel gauge

                          Fuel pump master switch



                 Fuel gauge




                                                             Control Panel (configuration and control
                                                             location differs depending on model)




                Ground clip




                                                    Fuel pump emergency shutoff switch
                                                    (located on frame rail).

                                                    The emergency shutoff switch will
                                                    disconnect power to the fuel transfer
                                                    system.
Dispense fuel



Chapter 18 / Page 16 of 16                                                                  MVP RV Owner’s Guide
Chapter 18 / Page 17 of 16                                                                     MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                       (Illustration is not to scale, and is not dimensionally correct)
                    SPECIAL TRANSPORTATION PROVISIONS WEIGHT DISTRIBUITION
             Two-axle unit shown - use centerline of center axle on 3-axle units.
             Keep 60% of the cargo load forward of the center line of the axle(s).
                                            CARGO AREA
 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321
                                                    76543212109876543210987654321098765432
 21
 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21
 21
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 21
                                                    765432121098765432109876543210987654321
                                                    765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21
 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21
 21
                                                    765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21
 21
                                                    765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21
 21
                                                    765432121098765432109876543210987654321
                                                    765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21
 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321
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 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21
                                                                                                  FORWARD
 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21




 RAMP DOOR
 21
 21
                                                    765432121098765432109876543210987654321
                                                    765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21




                                     REAR AXLE
 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321




                                                            FORWARD AXLE
 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21
                 40% AREA
 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321
                                                                           60% AREA
 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21
 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21
 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21                                                 765432121098765432109876543210987654321
 21
 21                                                   65432121098765432109876543210987654321
                                                    765432121098765432109876543210987654321
                                                    7
                                                    7654321210987654321098765432109876543211
                                                 Axle(s)                                        LIVING AREA
                                                   of
                                                  Line
                                                 Center
18 / CARGO/RAMP TRAILERS
17 / EQUIPMENT & APPLIANCES
                              Owner Notes

   MVP RV




Chapter 18 / Page 18 of 16                  MVP RV Owner’s Guide
19
     / CARE & MAINTENANCE
    Your trailer will provide you with many years of use if you
follow a good plan of maintenance and care. Time spent
taking care of your trailer will pay for itself in extended
vehicle life, and will protect your investment. A copy of the
“It’s Smart To Care” poster is reproduced at the end of this
chapter.
    You can do most of the maintenance items on your trailer
if you are mechanically inclined. If you prefer, your dealer
can coordinate or perform these services for you.
    This section is intended to give you a general overview of
the service and maintenance required for the trailer. Detailed
service and maintenance information can be found in the




                                                                              MVP RV
owner’s/operator’s manuals for the various components
installed in the trailer. These manuals are in your Owner’s
Package. There may be times when comprehensive and
detailed diagnostic and repair procedures may be required.
In those situations, you should contact your dealer or MVP RV.

CHASSIS
     TIRES AND WHEELS
    The tire manufacturer’s recommended inflation pressure is
stamped on the sidewall of the tire. The maximum tire
pressure is also listed on the trailer VIN label. Check the tires
frequently to be sure they are properly inflated. Always check      You may notice some tire
tire pressure when the tires are cold. Check that the air           sidewall discoloration,
pressure is equal in all tires. When replacing tires, make sure     especially during warm
the replacement tire is the same size and load capacity as          weather. This discoloration
                                                                    is normal. It is the migration
the original. See the “Tires and Wheels” chapter for more           of the wax and anti-oxidant
information.                                                        compounds that are part of
                                                                    the tire materials. The wax
   Direct sunlight and “smog” can be very damaging to your          forms a protective coating
trailer tires. Periodically coat them with a tire preservative      on the tire to reduce
such as 303 Protectant®. Generally, good tire care requires         damage from ozone and
only washing with water and a good quality car wash soap.           ultraviolet rays from the
                                                                    sun. Please note that this
    During periods of non-use or storage, make sure the tires       coating affects only the
are fully inflated to the maximum rated pressure. Keep the          cosmetic look of the tire
tires shaded from the sun to prevent weather cracking. A            and does not affect the
barrier such as a heavy garbage bag, a piece of carpet or a         structure or strength of the
piece of plywood between the trailer tires and a concrete or        tire.
asphalt surface it is parked on will help prevent possible tire
damage from chemicals in the parking surface.


MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                 Chapter 19 / Page 1 of 28
19 / CARE & MAINTENANCE

                                       CHANGING A FLAT TIRE
 !    CAUTION
                                        If you have a flat tire, MVP RV recommends you call for
The spare tire and wheel are         road service. We do not suggest that you change a flat tire
heavy. Be careful when               yourself. Road service providers will have the necessary
lowering the spare to the            tools to change your tire quickly and safely. There is no jack
ground.                              supplied with the trailer. If you MUST change a flat tire
                                     yourself:

                                         1. Be sure the tow vehicle and trailer are completely out of
                                            any traffic lane, and on a solid ground or pavement
                 4           1              surface. Do not attempt to change a flat tire on a
                                            soft, wet or uneven surface. Turn on the tow vehicle
                                            emergency flashers and set up flares or warning
 5-Lug           2           3              lights/signs.
 Bolt Patter n           5               2. Lower the spare tire to the ground and roll it near the flat
                                            tire. With the spare close to the flat, you can more
                                            quickly get the tire changed.
                         1
                                         3. Place wheel chocks in front of and behind a tire
             6                              diagonally opposite the flat to keep the trailer from
                                 3
                                            rolling. If connected to the tow vehicle, place
                                            transmission in PARK, set the parking brake and loosen
                 4                          the hitch bars if applicable. Stop the tow vehicle engine.
 6-Lug                       5
                         2                  (For manual transmission, shift to reverse, stop engine,
 Bolt Patter n
                                            and set parking brake.)

                         1               4. Place a minimum 10-ton bottle jack only directly under
                                            the trailer frame near the flat tire. Do not jack at any
                 6             3
                                            other point. Serious chassis damage can occur if other
                                            jacking points are used. Do not use a bumper jack.
             8                   7
                             5           5. Raise the jack enough to take some of the load, but not
 8-Lug                                      enough to raise the tire you are changing.
                     4   2
 Bolt Patter n
                                         6. Loosen the wheel nuts on the flat tire.

  NOTE: Use a torque wrench to           7. Using the bottle jack, raise the trailer high enough to
  tighten wheel nuts. Do not                remove the flat tire. Remove the wheel nuts and remove
  tighten with an impact wrench             the wheel and tire.
  unless using a torque stick.
  See the Wheel Nut Torque               8. Place the spare tire on the axle and secure it with the
  Table at the end of chapter 6,            wheel nuts. Tighten the nuts until the wheel is secure on
  “Tires and Wheels” for                    the axle.
  correct wheel nut torque
  values.                                9. Lower the trailer to the ground. Tighten the wheel nuts in
                                            the sequence shown in the illustration.
         Wheel Nut
     Torquing Sequence                   10. Place the removed wheel on the spare tire carrier, lift
                                           up and lock the carrier.


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   When attaching wheels:
    1. Start all nuts by hand to prevent cross threading.

    2. Tighten all nuts in the sequence shown, in three stages
       to the torque values shown in the Wheel Nut Torque
       Table at the end of chapter 6, “Tires and Wheels”.

       3. Torque wheel nuts before the first road use and after
       each wheel removal. Check and recheck torque after
       the first 10 miles, 25 miles, and again at 50 miles.
       Check periodically thereafter. STOP AT THE NEAREST
       SERVICE FACILITY AND HAVE THE TORQUE
       CHECKED.

  See the “Tires and Wheels” chapter for detailed wheel
nut torquing information.

AXLES, BRAKES AND SUSPENSION




                                                                            MVP RV
    The axles are designed to last the life of your trailer with
periodic service, lubrication of the wheel bearings and
shackles, adjustment and inspection of shackles, shackle
links and springs. Refer to the axle manufacturer’s manual
in your Owner’s Package for detailed service and
maintenance information.

SUSPENSION LUBRICATION
    The suspension system has anti-friction bushings located
in the spring eyes and equalizer. These parts do not require
routine lubrication. They should be periodically inspected
for signs of excessive wear, cracking or hole elongation. If
excessive wear, cracking or hole elongation exists, all links
and worn parts should be replaced immediately.

5TH-WHEEL LANDING GEAR
    1. Before each use, inspect the drop tube and inner ram
       tube. Replace if either are bent or damaged.
    2. Lubricate the landing gear once each year:

       Extend the landing gear legs as far as possible. Clean
       the drop tube and inner ram tube. Coat the exposed
       surface of the tubes with silicone spray lubricant. Oil
       the shaft bushings in the gearbox and leg gear heads
       with SAE 30 oil. Lubricate the gears in the gearbox and
       landing leg gear heads with extreme pressure grease.

    3. Twice each year, check the wiring connections at the
       battery. Clean the battery terminals.


MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                Chapter 19 / Page 3 of 28
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                             FRAME
                                The frame has been painted with an environmentally
                             safe paint. This paint may wear off after a time. This is
                             normal. You should inspect the frame for damage and
                             paint wear. When necessary, have the frame touched up
                             or repainted to prevent rust. The frame should be spray
                             washed at least once a year and more often if traveling in
                             dirty or dusty areas.
                                If the trailer is used in an area where salt is used on the
 !    CAUTION                roads or near the sea shore, rustproofing or undercoating
Always wear eye protection   the frame can help prevent rust and corrosion.
when examining the
underside of the trailer.    EXTERIOR
Road debris, dirt, oil, or
other hazardous                FIBERGLASS SIDE WALLS
substances may be present
                                 Fiberglass exterior wall surfaces will provide years of
and fall into your eyes.
                             environmental protection. The finish on these parts is
                             durable, but not indestructible. Any material and finish will
                             deteriorate in time. Exposure to sunlight, moisture and
                             airborne pollutants can cause dulling and fading of the
                             finish. Generally, changes in the finish due to weathering
                             are cosmetic – they are on the surface of the part and do
                             not affect its strength or integrity. Weathering can take the
                             form of chalking, fading and yellowing and are excluded
                             from warranty coverage.
                                Wash the exterior with any mild, nonabrasive car or RV
                             wash soap or detergent to remove oil, grease, dust, and
                             dirt. Never use strong solvents or harsh abrasives. Do not
                             dry wipe the surface. Always clean the exterior in the
                             shade or on a cloudy day when the wall surfaces are cool.
                             After washing, follow with a thorough clean water rinse.
                             Dry with a chamois or soft cloth to reduce spots and
                             streaks.
                                Apply a good, nonabrasive automotive wax to the
                             fiberglass surfaces only after washing and drying. NOTE: Do
                             not apply wax to the graphics. Do not use rubbing
                             compound on the fiberglass finish.




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  FIBERGLASS FRONT AND REAR CAPS (IF EQUIPPED)
   Depending on model, the front and rear caps of your
trailer may be made of fiberglass with a gel coat surface.
This gel coat surface contains the color material and is
generally about 10 times thicker than paint. The gel coat is
strong and robust, but can be damaged by sun exposure,
road grime, dust, dirt, insects, saps and drippings from
trees, and environmental air pollution. Routine
maintenance will keep the gel coat looking like new.
   Generally, you can use automotive wash and wax
products to maintain the gel coat. NOTE: Do not apply wax
to the graphics. Cleaning with a mild detergent or car
wash solution will remove normal accumulations of soil.
Avoid products advertised as “all-in-one” or liquid spray or
rinse wash products that don’t require actual physical




                                                                            MVP RV
rubbing of the fiberglass surface. The rubbing or wiping of
the surface with the wash product and wash mitt or cloth
helps to remove any slight oxidation of the surface, and
any grime or grit that may have become imbedded in the
gelcoat. It also provides a slight polishing effect. About
every six months, you should follow a thorough washing
with an application of a high quality automotive finish
polish to the fiberglass surfaces only, and then a good
coat of automotive wax. NOTE: Do not apply wax to the
graphics. The wax helps seal the gelcoat surface, and
helps prevent grit, grime and air pollution particles from
embedding in the gelcoat. Never use caustic, highly
alkaline cleaners, or cleaners containing ammonia. These
products can cause a chemical reaction that will cause
staining or darkening of the color which will require the use
of rubbing compound or 400-grit sandpaper to remove.
This will shorten the life of the gel coat.
    As the gel coat begins to lose its gloss from constant
exposure to the natural environment and pollutants, it will
require some special attention to restore the original gloss
and color. After washing with a mild soap solution, waxing
in the spring and fall with a self-cleaning automotive wax
will restore most of the original gloss. If the gel coat surface
has been allowed to weather badly, and washing and
waxing do not restore the gloss, compounding will be
necessary.
  Polishing compound (fine abrasive) or rubbing
compound (coarser abrasive) is recommended to remove


MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                Chapter 19 / Page 5 of 28
19 / CARE & MAINTENANCE


   NOTICE                       scratches, stains, or a severely weathered surface. It can
                                be applied by hand or by machine. After the stain,
Do not allow rubbing            scratches, or weathering has been removed, wax the
compound to get on the          surface to restore the gloss and seal out new soil
decals. Do not use wax with     accumulations. Consult with your dealer before
petroleum distillates on the    attempting to restore badly weathered or stained gel coat
decals. It will cause them to   surfaces.
shrink and prematurely peel
and fade.
                                  EXTERIOR ALUMINUM WALLS (IF EQUIPPED)
   NOTICE                          Wash with any mild, nonabrasive car or RV wash soap or
Do not use cleaners or          detergent and water to remove oil, grease, dust, and dirt.
conditioners containing         Never use strong solvents or harsh abrasives. Do not “dry
petroleum solvents, harsh       wipe” the surface. Always clean the exterior in the shade
solvents, or citric based       or on a cloudy day when the wall surfaces are cool. After
cleaners. You may cause         washing, follow with a thorough clean water rinse. Dry with
irreparable damage to your      a chamois or soft cloth to reduce spots and streaks.
roof.
                                   Apply a good, nonabrasive automotive wax to the
                                metal surfaces only after washing and drying. NOTE: Do not
                                apply wax to the graphics. This will help increase the life of
                                the finish, especially in coastal areas or other areas where
                                the finish is exposed to salt or industrial pollution. Do not use
                                rubbing compound on the metal finish.
                                    Important Note: You may notice waviness or slight
                                distortion of the exterior metal surfaces, especially when
                                the trailer has been sitting in the sun in hot weather. This is
                                normal and does not indicate a defect in the sidewall(s).
                                Thermal expansion and contraction of the metal causes
                                this effect, and when the temperature returns to normal,
                                the metal surfaces will return to their normal appearance.
                                If you ever see this distortion of the metal surfaces, don’t try
                                to fix it. Just leave it alone – nothing bad is happening.


                                  DECALS/EXTERIOR GRAPHICS
                                   The decals are made of vinyl. They will fade from
                                exposure to the sun. If you expect to park the trailer for an
                                extended period outdoors, reposition it occasionally so the
                                decals will fade equally. Clean the decals with soap and
                                water. Never use strong solvents, rubbing compound,
                                petroleum distillates, citrus based soaps, etc. Do not apply
                                wax to the graphics.




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EPDM (ETHYLENE PROPYLENE DIENETERPOLYMER MEMBRANE)
RUBBER ROOF
   Proper care and maintenance is simple, easy, and
requires no special materials. Inspect the roof every three
months. Check the roof material for possible damage from
trees or overhanging obstacles. Check the sealant used on
the edge areas and around all accessories and
components mounted on the roof as well as their
mounting hardware and fasteners. If any defects, gaps or
voids in the sealant are evident, reseal as soon as possible
to prevent water leaks.
                                                                  !    CAUTION
                                                                The roof membrane may be
   Use caution when placing objects on the roof, and use        very slippery when wet. Use
care when working on the top of your trailer. The roof          caution when working on
membrane can be punctured, but is easily patched. The           top of the trailer.
roof surface may be slippery when wet.
   Rinse the roof completely with clean water to remove
loose dirt or debris.                                                 NOTICE
                                                                Beware of areas where fruit
   Scrub the entire roof with a medium bristle brush, and a     or tree sap or harsh
household cleaner such as Top Job®, Spic-N-Span®, or            environmental fallout may
Ajax® cleanser mixed with water. Granulated cleaners do         stay on the roof for an
a better job on EPDM than liquid cleaners. Since the            extended period of time.
surface is not smooth like fiberglass, a medium bristle brush   These conditions may result
works better than a sponge. The rubber membrane                 in unremovable stains. If
requires scrubbing much like a white-wall tire. For tougher     you are in these conditions,
stains, like those from oak leaves or pine sap, use kitchen     you may have to increase
cleanser with bleach. Use extra care to control runoff onto     the frequency of your
the sidewalls when using products containing bleach.            cleaning or premature
Rinse the roof and sidewalls thoroughly with clean water to     deterioration may occur.
remove all residue. Go inside the trailer and check for
leaks.
    DO NOT USE ACETONE, ANY OIL BASED PRODUCTS
    OR PRODUCTS CONTAINING PETROLEUM
    DISTILLATES ON THE ROOF MEMBRANE.
   The roof membrane does not require periodic
application of any product to protect it from UV rays or
ozone. If desired, 303® Protectant for EPDM rubber roofs or
other products compatible with EPDM roofing may be
safely used. The membrane could be damaged by
application of products not designed for use with EPDM.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                             Chapter 19 / Page 7 of 28
19 / CARE & MAINTENANCE

                              EXTERIOR DOORS
                               All exterior doors should be closed and securely latched
                            when traveling. Silicone spray lubricant can be used on
                            hinges and latch mechanisms. Lubricate locks with dry
                            graphite.
                              Covers on receptacles, vents, and other ABS plastic
                            parts will fade or yellow over time. These items can be
                            painted with Polar White enamel. Do not paint over labels.
                              DOOR ADJUSTMENTS
                               The cargo and compartment doors used in your trailer
                            have no built-in adjustment feature. Over time, slight
                            variations in installation and road dynamic conditions may
                            cause the doors to settle slightly in the frame, causing the
   MVP RV

                            door to touch the frame before being completely closed.
                            This very seldom reduces the actual performance of the
                            door or lock.
                               A firm tug on the door at the opposite corner from any
                            binding can almost always eliminate this problem. Another
                            technique is to use a mallet and block of wood to remove
                            any slight interference. During the course of ownership,
                            these doors might normally require this minor routine
                            maintenance adjustment, and is not a warranty defect.




                              Use a wood block and mallet to tap the frame near the point of
                              binding. Use light taps to adjust the frame and remove the
                              interference. Taps in several locations near the interference
                              may be required.



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                             To align/adjust the screen door, pull
                             up on the screen frame. Do it
                             carefully so as to not bend the
                             screen frame. You may have to
                             repeat it a few times to get it just
                             right. If you “overadjust”, just pull it
                             back in the opposite direction, or pull
                             down on the top corner of the frame.



                                     The hinges are not designed
                                     to handle significant
                                     downward force as may
                                     happen over time when
                                     opening and closing the
                                     screen door. Pulling up on the




                                                                                 MVP RV
                                     corner of the frame will realign
                                     the hinge slightly to
                                     compensate for any settling.
                                     There is no adjustment
                                     available at the hinge.



                                Adjust the screen door latch by
                                loosening the screws as shown.
                                Move the latch plate for a good fit
                                when the screen door is closed.
                                Tighten screws after adjustment.




   Normal operation and over the road dynamics will cause
the screen door hinges to settle slightly, causing the screen
frame to drag on the threshold.
   Adjust it by carefully pulling up on the screen frame as
shown. Be careful to not overdo it. Avoid severely bending the
screen frame. Pulling up on the corner of the frame will slightly
adjust the bottom hinge to compensate for the normal
settling over time. Several gentle adjustments may be more
effective than a single forceful one.
  This is a routine maintenance adjustment and may be done
several times over the life of the trailer.
   Adjust the screen door latch as shown.



MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                     Chapter 19 / Page 9 of 28
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                               SEALANTS & ADHESIVES
                                 YOUR TRAILER’S #1 ENEMY IS WATER. SEALANT
                                 INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE OF THE SEALS ON
                                 YOUR TRAILER IS A CRUCIAL OWNER RESPONSIBILITY
                                 AND IS NOT COVERED BY THE WARRANTY.

                                Close inspection and routine maintenance are crucial
                             to the longevity of the trailer. Exposure to the elements and
                             regional weather variations can accelerate sealant
                             deterioration. Even the finest materials will eventually dry
                             out and lose their effectiveness. Inspect the sealants
                             around windows, doors, moldings and exterior
                             components at least every three months. Also inspect
                             around roof vents, other roof components, moldings
                             around the front and rear caps, and perimeter moldings. A
   MVP RV

                             quick inspection prior to every trip will help reduce
                             potential problems down the road.
                                When inspecting, check for cracks, voids, shrinkage, or
                             any sign of deterioration. If any of these signs are noticed,
                             have your dealer inspect and reseal if necessary. Cracked,
                             void, deteriorated sealants in need of repair may allow
                             water into the structure which can lead to very costly
                             repairs.
                                If you ever notice interior leaks, contact your dealer or
                             an authorized RV service center as soon as possible. Leak
                             damage caused by failure to inspect and maintain the
                             exterior sealants may affect your warranty coverage.
                                Proper, complete and effective resealing usually
                             requires the removal and/or partial disassembly of some
                             components on the trailer. These components may
                             include:
                                 windows
                                 exterior compartment/luggage doors
                                 roof-mounted appliances and vents
                                 exterior appliance access doors
                                 exterior moldings/trim
                                Your dealer can perform the sealant inspection and
                             resealing work for you. Your dealer also has current
                             information on sealants used in your trailer, and can
                             recommend the appropriate sealant products for you if
                             you prefer to do this work yourself. Always use the
                             recommended sealants.

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   Be aware that the removal of these components, and
proper removal of old sealing materials, cleaning of
surfaces and re-installation of components is time
consuming and may require special tools. Your RV dealer
or service center is best equipped to do a complete re-
sealing of your trailer. MVP RV recommends that you have
this work done by a qualified RV dealer or service center.


  RUBBER SEALS
   Rubber seals will deteriorate over time depending on
the environment. This is normal, and these parts may need
replacing every two years. The seals on the entry door,
exterior access, ramp door (if equipped) and




                                                                             MVP RV
compartment doors need to be checked for proper
sealing from time to time. They can be cleaned with a mild
detergent and coated with 303 Protectant®.

  SLIDEOUTS
   Check the slideout seals every three months. Clean the
seals with a mild detergent and coat them with 303
Protectant®. Check the area behind the seals for debris.             !   CAUTION
Pull out the edge of the seal and clean as necessary.
                                                                   Do not work on the slideout
    When the slideout is extended, visually inspect the inner      room or mechanism unless
slide rails. Check for excess buildup of dirt or other material.   the battery is disconnected,
Clean off any debris that may have accumulated.                    the cables are removed or
Generally, lubrication is not required, but a dry lubricant        main disconnect switch is
such as graphite or silicone spray lubricant, or a light lithium   OFF.
grease can be applied to the roller and bearing sleeve
inner diameter. Remove any excess lubricant or grease so
that dirt or debris do not build up. Do not lubricate the
slideout drive gears, gear racks, or roller outer diameter as
this will attract dirt and debris.

  WINDOWS AND SCREENS
  While washing the trailer, check for leaks around the
windows. If a leak is detected inside the trailer, check for
voids in the seal and the clear sealant at the top of the
window. If necessary, have the sealant replaced.
  The window frames contain drain slots at the bottom.
These slots allow any water collected in the frame to drain.
Make sure these drain slots are open.



MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                               Chapter 19 / Page 11 of 28
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                               To remove window screens:
                                  1. Slide window glass open.
                                  2. Move the screen to the middle of the window frame.
                                  3. Lift the screen by its frame at both sides until it clears
                                     the bottom of the frame. Tilt the bottom out and
                                     remove the screen. Note the guide springs at the top
                                     of the screen frame.
                                  4, Reverse the above procedure to replace. Be sure the
                                     guide springs are aligned in the top of the frame track.

                             AWNINGS
                               A&E DOMETIC AWNING CARE
   MVP RV

                                 Awnings come with two types of fabric: acrylic, a cloth-
                             type fabric, or vinyl. Acrylic awnings have the color woven
                             right into the fabric. Acrylic also performs a little differently
                             than vinyl in wet weather. It is water repellent, not
                             waterproof. Because it’s a woven cloth, it breathes. Air
                             circulates through the fabric so dew and rain can dry
                             quickly. However, you should avoid touching the underside
                             of an acrylic awning when it is wet. This will break the
                             surface tension and allow seepage through the fabric. If
                             your awning gets rolled up while wet, unroll it as soon as
                             the weather allows. It should be completely dry before
                             rolling it up again to avoid mildew.
                               To keep your acrylic awning clean:
                                 1. Simply hose it off occasionally and let it dry. Do not
                                    scrub your acrylic awning as this could remove its
                                    water retardant finish. If you need to remove a grease
                                    spot, use K2R Spot Remover®; this is different than
                                    how you would remove a similar spot from a vinyl
                                    awning.
                                 2. While a vinyl awning is mildew resistant, mildew can
                                    still form on the dirt and dust that sticks to the awning.
                                    To avoid these problems you will need to keep your
                                    UV-protected vinyl awning clean. Use a mixture of 1/4-
                                    cup mild dish soap, 1/4-cup bleach and five gallons of
                                    fresh water. Soap the open awning with this mixture,
                                    then roll it up to soak for five minutes while you apply
                                    the mixture to the bottom of the awning. Next, open the
                                    awning and hose it off with fresh water top and bottom.




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    3. Repeat this process if necessary. After the awning is
       completely dry, roll it up. To remove a grease spot from
       a vinyl awning, use only soap and water.
    4. Do not use household cleaners, mildew removers
       or hard bristle brushes!


  CAREFREE AWNING CARE
  FABRIC MAINTENANCE
    DO NOT USE OIL BASED CLEANERS OR ANY
    CAUSTIC, GRANULATED, OR ABRASIVE TYPE
    CLEANERS ON YOUR CAREFREE AWNING
    PRODUCT.




                                                                           MVP RV
   One of the best ways to keep the fabric looking good
and to delay the need for deep or vigorous cleanings is to
hose fabrics off on a monthly basis with clear water. This
practice will help prevent dirt from becoming deeply
imbedded in the fabric and eliminate the need for more
frequent vigorous cleanings. In most environments, a
thorough cleaning will be needed every two to three
years.
  When it’s time for a thorough cleaning, the fabric can
be cleaned while still on an awning frame.
    Vinyl Fabric – Use a soft brush and warm water with soap.
    Acrylic Fabric – Use a stiff brush and warm water with
    soap.
    When cleaning the fabric:
    Always use a natural soap. Never detergent.
    Water should be cold to lukewarm. Never more than 100
    degrees.
    Air-dry only. Never apply heat to the fabric.
   MILDEW
    Mildew is a fungus growth that looks like dirt. Vinyl
coated polyester fabrics are mildew resistant because of a
chemical biocide in the vinyl coating. Under ordinary
conditions, mildew will not appear. However, in areas
where high temperature and humidity are common,
mildew can be a problem and require the material to be
washed more frequently. THOROUGHLY rinse the fabric
with clean water and allow to air dry completely before
rolling up the awning.
MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                              Chapter 19 / Page 13 of 28
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                               ADDITIONAL TIPS FOR ALL AWNINGS:
                                 1. At the start of each camping season, make sure the top
                                    and bottom bracket screws are tight.
                                 2. If the lift handle is hard to operate, spray it with silicone
                                    spray. You may have to repeat this process periodically.
                                    You may also need to spray the bottom bracket release
                                    tab and rafter and support arms.
                                 3. One of the secrets to a long life for your awning is to
                                    keep it clean. Follow the instructions for your type of
                                    awning.
                                 4.If you get water streaking or experience seeping behind
                                    your awning rail, inspect the rail for loose screws or
                                    peeled sealant.
   MVP RV

                                 5. To avoid water pooling, lower one end of the awning for
                                    proper water runoff.
                                 6. For ease of hardware operation, rub candle wax on all
                                    sliding surfaces.
                                 7. If you’re expecting heavy or prolonged wind or rain or if
                                    you will be leaving the awning unattended, it’s best to
                                    roll it up. Damage as a result of weather is not
                                    covered by warranty.
                                 8. Finally, make sure the awning is extended high enough
                                    before opening the entry door.


                             APPLIANCES AND COMPONENTS
                                Please refer to the individual appliance or component
                             manual included in your Owner’s Packet. If service is
                             required for one of the appliances in your trailer, follow the
                             instructions for service as outlined in the Owner’s Manual
                             for that appliance. Each appliance manufacturer has its
                             own network of service outlets, and these centers are best
                             qualified to service your appliances. If a problem persists,
                             contact your selling dealer.




Chapter 19 / Page 14 of 28                                                      MVP RV Owner’s Guide
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INTERIOR
  The interior of your trailer has been carefully crafted and
decorated to accommodate your comfort and travel
needs.
  INTERIOR CABINETS AND WALLS
   The interior cabinets and wall panels are made of a
vinyl surface on semi-hard plywood. They require little
maintenance during the life of your trailer. Use a warm
water and mild soap solution to clean them, and wipe
them dry with a smooth, dry cloth. Do not use citrus based
soaps, petroleum distillates or polish. These products will
attack the vinyl. Lightly wash with a soft cloth and quickly
dry the finish.
  FLOORS
    Carpets - Vacuum carpet regularly. Clean with a good
    quality carpet cleaner.
    Tile floors - Use a good quality cleaner.
    Squeaky floors - Squeaky floors are usually caused
    by loose screws holding the floor and the walls or
    cabinets. Open the cabinet doors and remove the
    drawers to inspect screws and other fasteners holding
    the floor and cabinet.
  DRAPERIES AND CLOTH UPHOLSTERY
   The draperies and upholstery are of similar quality as          !   WARNING
found in your home. Treat them as you would any fine
                                                                 Do not use flammable or
fabric. Some bedspreads and drapes require dry cleaning.
                                                                 poisonous materials, such
                                                                 as polish remover, gasoline,
  LEATHER FURNITURE (IF EQUIPPED)                                naptha, lacquer thinner, or
                                                                 carbon tetrachloride for any
   Leather furniture should not be placed near a source of
                                                                 cleaning purpose. These
heat, or exposed to sunlight. Dust and wipe clean
                                                                 items could cause damage
frequently to eliminate the clogging of pores.
                                                                 to the materials and could
   For spills and stains, blot with a clean, dry absorbent       cause injury or death.
cloth or sponge. For matte finish leathers, if necessary, wipe
with a clean cloth and damp lukewarm water. Do not dry
wet areas with hair dryers, etc. For natural or non-
protected leathers, blot liquid with a clean absorbent
cloth. If a stain appears it will dissipate in time. Do not
apply water to clean butter, oil or grease spots. Do not use
furniture polish, varnish, ammonia, saddle soaps, oils,
abrasive cleaner soaps, etc.

MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                             Chapter 19 / Page 15 of 28
19 / CARE & MAINTENANCE

                               DAY-NIGHT SHADES (IF EQUIPPED)
                                Clean day-night shades with an automotive upholstery
                             cleaner.

                               COUNTERS AND SINKS
                                Countertops and sinks are made of high pressure
                             laminate materials. These surfaces are stain resistant and
                             require very little care. Clean and remove stains as follows:
                                 Cleaning - For most dirt and stains, use soapy water or
                                 ammonia-based cleaner. For water marks, wipe with a
                                 damp cloth and towel dry. For difficult stains, use an
                                 abrasive cleaner and a green Scotch Brite® pad.
                                 To disinfect, occasionally wipe the surface with a solution
   MVP RV

                                 of 1 part household bleach and 1 part water.
                                 Porcelain fixtures
                                 Clean porcelain with a cleaner made for porcelain
                                 fixtures.


                               TUBS AND SHOWERS
                                Tubs and showers are made of ABS plastic materials. Use
                             a mild soap and water solution to clean the surface. DO
                             NOT USE harsh chemicals, abrasives or abrasive cleansers,
                             gasoline, chlorine, acetone, kersoene, Fomula 409, or
                             citrus-based cleaners. Citrus-based cleaners contain D-
                             Limonene which attacks ABS plastic products. Check any
                             cleaners for ABS plastic compatibility. Recommended
                             cleaners:
                                           Ammonia diluted 1:3 with water
                                           Armoral Cleaner
                                           Armoral Protectant
                                           Fantastic Spray Cleaner (5% solution)
                                           Top Job Detergent (3%)
                                           Joy Liquid Detergent (5% solution)
                                           Mineral spirits
                                           Gel Gloss
                                           Krazy Clean All Purpose
                                           Murphy Household Oil Soap (diluted)
                                           Plexus Plastic Cleaner
                                           Windex Glass Cleaner
                                           ZEP 50, diluted 1:4 with water




Chapter 19 / Page 16 of 28                                                   MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                               19 / CARE & MAINTENANCE

  CABINET DOORS AND DRAWERS
   Make sure the catches on all cabinets and doors are
adjusted properly to prevent them from opening while
traveling.
   Adjusting the hinges, latches and catches is a routine
maintenance task and is not covered under the warranty.
You may have to make adjustments or tighten screws
several times over the life of the trailer. Normal use and
travel vibrations may cause minor flexing of the cabinets,
drawers, and doors. Loosened screws or hardware is a
normal part of the RV lifestyle.

PROPANE SYSTEM MAINTENANCE
  PROPANE LEAK TESTING
   Inspect all propane lines and fittings, including
connections to appliances, frequently for possible
                                                                 !   WARNING
damage and leaks. Brush or spray an approved gas leak          Do not use an open flame or
detection solution or a non-chlorinated, non-ammoniated        any spark producing device
soap suds solution over all fittings and any areas showing     to locate a leak.
apparent damage in the lines. The bubbles will grow in size
to indicate a leak.
   Always tighten flared fittings with two wrenches with         !   CAUTION
opposing torque and do not over tighten. Using only one        Do not use products
wrench or over tightening can cause leaks. Have someone        containing ammonia or
stand by to close the main propane tank valve(s) while         chlorine to check for leaks.
you are tightening fittings in case a leak occurs. After       Ammonia and chlorine can
tightening, check again with the leak detection solution to    cause cracks to form on
be sure the leak is stopped. If bubbles still appear, your     copper lines and brass
dealer or a gas service center may need to fix the             fittings, causing a leak.
problem.
   The primary manifold is a black pipe located under the
trailer. Copper tubing with flare fittings is used for
secondary lines running to the gas appliances. NEVER
attempt to splice ruptured lines. A new line should always
be installed. Your dealer or authorized service center
should perform any propane gas line service.
   Although your propane system was thoroughly
inspected for leaks before delivery, gas fittings can loosen
from vibration during travel. Inspect the system at least
once a year, and have any problems corrected
immediately.



MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                           Chapter 19 / Page 17 of 28
19 / CARE & MAINTENANCE


                             PLUMBING SYSTEM MAINTENANCE
                               FRESH WATER SYSTEM
                                 DRAINING THE FRESH WATER SYSTEM
                                The fresh water system should be drained whenever the
                             system becomes contaminated, prior to winter storage,
                             and after long storage when the system was not drained
                             prior to storage.
                               Drain the fresh water system as follows:
                                 1. Open the fresh water tank drain valve. Allow the tank to
                                    drain completely. If you are not draining the tank for
                                    storage, close the drain valve.
                                 2. Turn the water heater OFF. Allow the heater to cool.
   MVP RV

                                    Drain the water heater by removing the drain plug.
                                 3. Disconnect the ice maker (if equipped) behind the
                                    refrigerator. Drain the ice maker as directed in the
                                    Storage and Winterization chapter.
                                 4. Open all faucets, both hot and cold, in the galley,
                                    bathroom and shower. Open the shower head valve.
                                 5. Open the system drain valves. These are the lowest
                                    points in the water system. If you are not draining for
                                    storage, close the valve. See the diagram in Fresh
                                    Water System chapter.
                                 6. Completely drain the water from the toilet by
                                    depressing the foot pedals.
                                 7. Remove the water filter cartridge (if equipped). If you
                                    are draining for storage, do not reinstall the filter
                                    cartridge. Store the cartridge in a safe place.
                                 8. Disconnect the outside shower hose (if equipped) and
                                    drain the hose. Reconnect the hose.
                                 9. Refer to the Storage and Winterization chapter.




Chapter 19 / Page 18 of 28                                                    MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                   19 / CARE & MAINTENANCE

  FRESH WATER SYSTEM SANITATION (“SHOCK TREATMENT”)
   The entire fresh water system should be sanitized before
the first use, after a period of nonuse, or if the system
becomes contaminated. To fully sanitize the system:
    1. Open the water tank drain valve and completely drain
       the water tank. Close the valve after the tank is fully
       drained.
    2. Add about 10 gallons of fresh water to the water tank.
    3. Add 2/3-cup (six ounces) of liquid chlorine bleach for
       each 10 gallons of tank capacity (1/2-gallon bleach for
       100 gallon tank).
    4. Completely fill the water tank with fresh water.




                                                                            MVP RV
    5. Close the valve at the water purifier (if equipped)
       unless the water has been contaminated. If the water is
       contaminated, discard the filter cartridge and leave the
       valve open.
    6. Close the ice maker valve and drain the ice maker (if
       equipped).
    7. Turn the water pump ON and open all the sink, tub/
       shower drains and faucets to allow air to escape from
       the plumbing. After all air has escaped, and solution
       has flowed through the faucets, close the drains and
       faucets and turn the pump OFF. This fills the entire
       system with solution. When you can smell the chlorine
       from each faucet, that’s enough.
    8. Run the hot-water faucets until the old water has been
       purged from the hot-water tank, and it is now filled with
       the water/bleach solution from the water tank.
    9. Allow the filled system to stand for several hours.
   10. Open the tank drain valve, water heater drain valve
       and all faucets. Turn the water pump ON and flush the
       system until the water tank is empty. Turn the water
       pump OFF. Be careful to not overfill the waste tanks.
   11. After draining the system, close the drain system.
   12. To remove the bleach odor, mix ½ cup of baking soda
       with a gallon of water and pour into the fresh water
       tank.
   13. Fill the tank completely and pump this solution through
       the water heater and the rest of the water lines. This
       solution can sit in the system for a few days.


MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                               Chapter 19 / Page 19 of 28
19 / CARE & MAINTENANCE

                                           14. To remove residual chlorine from the system, run fresh
                                               water through the system using the water pump with
                                               the faucets open.
                                           15. Fill the water tank with fresh water for use.
                                           16. Open the icemaker valve and water purifier valve (if
                                               equipped). Replace the filter cartridge if it had become
                                               contaminated.
                                         WATER PUMP STRAINER CLEANING
                                          Cleaning the fresh water pump inlet filters is a normal
                                       customer maintenance item. It is normal for debris to
                                       collect in this filter, especially during the first use of the
                                       plumbing system. It is performing its function by trapping
                                       any minor debris which might be present in the water.
                                          Cleaning this filter is not considered a warranty item. It is
                                       routine, and may be done many times over the life of the
                                       trailer depending on the purity of the water coming from
                                       the tank.
                                         Check the water pump strainer at 90 days and at least
                                       once a year thereafter. Clean if necessary as follows:



                                     Removable filter          1. Turn water pump OFF.
                                     screen (inside)




                                       Removable
                                       housing




                                                                   3. Lift out screen, clean it, insert it back
                                                                      into the housing and screw the
                                                                      housing back onto the water pump
                                                                      inlet fitting.

                                                                   4. Operate the fresh water pump and
                                                                      check for leaks. Make sure the filter
                                                                      and housing are properly secured.
    2. Unscrew filter housing from water pump inlet fitting.


Chapter 19 / Page 20 of 28                                                                 MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                    19 / CARE & MAINTENANCE

  DRAINING THE WATER HEATER
   If the trailer is to be stored during winter months in
freezing temperatures, the water heater must be drained
to prevent damage from freezing. See the “Storage and
Winterization” chapter for more details on winterization.
    1. Set water heater switches to OFF.
    2. Set the heater bypass valve to BYPASS. Let water
       heater cool.
    3. Remove drain plug from water heater tank, and
       depress the lever on the pressure/temperature relief
       valve to aid tank draining.
    4. When water is drained, reinstall the drain plug. Replace
       the drain plug if it shows signs of deterioration.
    5. Set the bypass valve to NORMAL unless you are
       winterizing with antifreeze. In that case, leave the valve
       in the BYPASS position.
    6. Turn off the circuit breaker in the main panel that
       supplies power to the water heater element.

  FRESH WATER LINE MAINTENANCE
     The water lines need little, if any, maintenance.
Plumbing system fittings can loosen over time due to
vibration and flexing from road dynamics. This loosening
can also occur during storage periods because of
temperature changes. When the trailer is new, there may
be a brief “break-in” period for plastic parts as the sealing
surfaces seat and become permanently water tight. This is
normal, and does not indicate a defect. Tightening these
fittings is a routine maintenance item not covered under             Typical galley/bath faucet fittings
warranty.
    Check the water line fittings where they attach to
fixtures. Look for drips and other evidence of water. You
can easily tighten the threaded fittings by hand or with
basic hand tools. Occasionally, simple Teflon tape can be
used to assist this process. The photos show some of these
typical fittings. Exact installation details differ from those
shown depending on model and placement of fixtures.


                                                                    Typical shower/tub faucet fittings




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                Chapter 19 / Page 21 of 28
19 / CARE & MAINTENANCE

                               WASTE SYSTEM
                                 The waste system plumbing is black ABS plastic. The
                             fittings are designed to be tightened by hand. Do not
                             use tools to tighten the fittings.
                               The P-traps need to have water in them in order to
                             prevent holding tank odors from entering the trailer.
                             After draining the holding tanks, run some water into
                             the traps .
   MVP RV


                              Typical galley/bath
                              P-trap and drain
                              fittings

                              Tighten by hand only.




Chapter 19 / Page 22 of 28                                          MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                       19 / CARE & MAINTENANCE

  HOLDING TANKS
   After draining a black water waste tank (toilet waste),
the monitor panel indicator lights may appear to
malfunction. Foreign material (toilet paper, grease, hair,
etc.) may collect on and adhere to the monitor probes
and can cause a false reading. If this happens, flush the
black water tank as directed below. Usually, the motion of
the trailer on the road and the natural sloshing of the tank
contents will keep these materials from sticking to the
probes.
  1. Wear a pair of gloves to protect your hands while handling
     the waste system.

  2. Drain the waste tank as outlined in the Waste Water




                                                                                  MVP RV
     System chapter.

  3. The tank can be flushed through the toilet if a flushing
     system is not installed.

  4. Connect a water hose (NOT the fresh water supply hose) to
     a city water supply. Hold open the toilet flush valve and
     insert the other end of the hose into the black tank through
     the toilet bowl outlet.

  5. Open the black tank dump valve and the final dump valve.
     Open the city water valve and flush the black tank for
     approximately two minutes.

  6. Close the black water dump valve and final dump valve.
     Disconnect the waste hose, rinse it, and install the dust cap.

  7. Run fresh water into the black tank for approximately 30
     seconds to prime the tank. Never leave it unattended. It can
     back fill into the trailer through the toilet.

  8. Turn off the water supply, and remove the hose from the
     toilet outlet.

  9. Rinse, coil and store the flushing hose. Store the waste
     drain hose. Wash your hands.

  10. If the monitor does not read properly, fill the waste tank
    approximately 3/4-full with fresh water. Tow the trailer to
    allow the water to slosh and clean the monitor sending
    probes. Drain the waste tank and check the monitor.

  11. If there is still a malfunction, pour 1/2-cup of muriatic acid
    (pool acid) into 4 gallons of water in a 5-gallon pail. Pour the     !   WARNING
    mixture into the toilet to thoroughly mix the solution. Fill the   Do not pour water into acid.
    tank through the toilet and let it stand overnight. Drain and      Always pour acid into water.
    flush with clean water.

MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                   Chapter 19 / Page 23 of 28
                             NOTES
                             COST
    SERVICE/MAINTENANC LOG

                             BY
                             DATE
                             SERVICE




Chapter 19 / Page 24 of 28             MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                            NOTES
                            COST
   SERVICE/MAINTENANC LOG

                            BY
                            DATE
                            SERVICE




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                  Chapter 19 / Page 25 of 28
                             NOTES
                             COST
    SERVICE/MAINTENANC LOG

                             BY
                             DATE
                             SERVICE




Chapter 19 / Page 26 of 28             MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                            NOTES
                            COST
   SERVICE/MAINTENANC LOG

                            BY
                            DATE
                            SERVICE




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                  Chapter 19 / Page 27 of 28
  It’s SMART to Care...
MVP RV welcomes you as a new customer. We want you to be happy with your new trailer, and we are here to assist you and stand
behind the product. You have made a significant investment, and protecting it means it will deliver the years of enjoyment you expect.
Your trailer was built by trained assemblers using excellent materials, but like your home or your car, maintenance and service is
required to enhance value and performance. You can help by being informed and insuring certain inspections and preventive
maintenance are performed. A few easy steps can help prevent small issues from developing into significant problems. Please read
and observe these steps:

   Make certain your dealer has submitted your warranty registration. This insures your warranty protection has begun and
   avoids possible confusion later.
   Review your Owner’s Manual and the equipment literature and operating guides that are in your Owner’s Information Packet.
   Keep your Owner’s Manual and other documents in a convenient location for reference.
   Fill out and send in the warranty registrations for the equipment and appliances installed in your trailer.
   It is vitally important that you inspect your trailer frequently for irregularities. Be especially vigilant about the roof and roof
   sealants, sealants around windows, doors, exterior accessories, and all exterior moldings. Over time, water intrusion may
   begin in these areas. Proper, high quality sealants have been used to produce your trailer, but just like a house, sealed areas
   should be checked and maintained regularly.
   Do not store your trailer without first inspecting the sealants. Visit the trailer regularly to inspect for anything unusual, such as
   any leaks. Early detection and remedy is the best method of preventing a serious repair.
   If you discover a problem, remedy it as soon as possible. Neglect may cause it to grow bigger. Let your dealer or MVP RV know
   as soon as possible if you need help.

                             Follow these use and maintenance requirements:
   Exterior & Chassis                                                      Plumbing & Propane Systems
     Every 90 days, thoroughly inspect the roof sealants, sealants          Frequently open cabinets and plumbing access panels to look
     around windows, exterior doors, cargo doors, fittings and moldings.    for any signs of plumbing leaks or water intrusion.
     Reseal annually.
                                                                            Over time, road dynamics from towing may cause some plumbing
     Inspect the chassis frame rails and components. Check for              fittings to loosen. This is normal. You can easily tighten most
     loosened bolts. Look for bent or dented parts.                         fittings by hand or with basic tools to stop or prevent minor leaks.
     Check visible wiring. Look for damaged wiring. Look for loosened       Check and clean the fresh water filter at the water pump regularly.
     connections.                                                           When reinstalling the filter housing, be sure it is tight, run the
     Check the tires and wheels. Be sure tires are properly inflated        fresh water pump and check for any leaks.
     and wheel lug nuts remain torqued correctly to the specification.
                                                                            If you store your trailer in freezing weather, completely drain the
     Open exterior storage compartments regularly and ventilate. Look       fresh water plumbing system, water heater, toilet, ice maker, and
     for any signs of water intrusion. Reseal as required or ask your       holding and fresh water tanks. See your dealer for the proper
     dealer for assistance.                                                 winterization procedure. Visit your trailer while it is in storage.
                                                                            Inspect for anything unusual.
   Interior & Furnishings
     Thoroughly ventilate the interior when using the trailer. This will    Check the propane gas tank hold down bracket. Be sure it is tight
     reduce the effects of condensation that could damage walls and         before towing your trailer.
     fabrics.                                                               Each time your propane tanks are filled, check the propane hose
     Wipe up spills and excess moisture from floors and carpets.            fittings at the tanks. Tighten them securely, but by hand only.
     Vacuum frequently to enhance carpet performance.
                                                                                   CAUTION (Ramp/ “Toybox” trailers): When loading
     Close window shades when the trailer is stored in direct sunlight
     to minimize possible fabric and carpet fading.
                                                                              !    the trailer, load 60% of the cargo over or forward of
                                                                                   the centerline of the axle(s). Overloading and
     When storing your trailer for long periods, empty all foodstuffs              unbalanced loads may cause towing and handling
     from cabinets and the refrigerator, especially during freezing                problems or create an unstable towing condition. This
     weather.
                                                                                   can result in damage to the trailer, the towing vehicle
          CAUTION: Do not leave the trailer unattended for an                      and cargo.
     !    extended period with city water connected and under
          pressure. Turn it off when the trailer is unattended. A                  CAUTION (Non-ramp conventional trailers):
          water pressure regulator is recommended.                            !    Overloading and unbalanced loads may cause
          CAUTION: When storing the trailer, close the propane                     towing and handling problems or create an unstable
     !    tank valves to the off position.                                         towing condition. This can result in damage to the
                                                                                   trailer, the towing vehicle and cargo. Load evenly from
          CAUTION: Do not leave the gravity water fill                             side to side and front to back, keeping heavy items
     !    unattended when filling. Damage may result.Fill the                      near the floor and directly over or as close to the
          fresh water tank slowly. Let the air escape to prevent any               forward-most axles as practicable.
          possibility of over expansion of the fresh water tank.
                      There are many other maintenance items that are covered in your Owner’s Manual
                      and the equipment operating guides for many of the components in your trailer.                                   Rev. 06/08
20
     / STORAGE & WINTERIZATION
   The checklists and procedures in this section will help
you take a systematic approach to preparing your trailer
for storage in cold-weather conditions. These checklists do
not include every detail required, and you may want to
expand them to suit your needs, or perform the tasks in an
order that suits your situation and work style. The sections
are not necessarily presented in the order that you should
do them. Other manuals included with your trailer may
contain more detailed procedures for some of the items
on these checklists. Contact your dealer or MVP RV for
additional suggestions suitable to your climate and storage
conditions.




                                                                                 MVP RV
CHASSIS
       If possible, select a storage area that is dry, well-ventilated
       and protected from wind and sunlight. A garage would be
       ideal, but a protected outdoor area will be fine.

       Lubricate all grease fittings on the axle hubs.

       Check all tires for damage and set tire pressure to the
       maximum as indicated on the tire sidewall. Clean the tires
       and wheels with your regular soap/car wash solution. It is
       not necessary or desirable to treat the tires with any
       commercial tire dressing.

       Wash the trailer underside. Hose off any accumulations of
       mud and/or road salts on frame, axles, and other chassis
       components. This is also a good time to inspect the
       underside of the trailer. Look for obvious damage, and for
       small cracks, separations, or openings in storage
       compartments. Check for any damaged components or
       wear.

       Park the trailer as level as possible front to rear and side to
       side. Use blocks or ramps under the wheels, if necessary.

       Be sure the breakaway switch activating pin is secure in the
       switch. Coil and stow the 7-way power cord.

       Grease the hitch king pin (5th-wheels) to prevent rust and
       corrosion.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                     Chapter 20 / Page 1 of 20
20 / STORAGE & WINTERIZATION


                                 Block the tires front and rear. Cover tires with cloth,
                                 plywood, or aftermarket tire covers to protect them from
                                 ultraviolet exposure from the sun (if stored outdoors).

                                 Check tire pressures every 30 days during long-term
                                 storage. Maintain the maximum rated cold inflation
                                 pressure.


                            BODY/EXTERIOR
                                 Close all vents and windows, and thoroughly wash the
                                 exterior, including roof, sidewalls and front and rear caps.
                                 Be sure to remove all debris, road grime, bugs, tree sap,
                                 bird droppings, etc.

                                 While washing, make note of any maintenance that may be
   MVP RV

                                 needed. Closely inspect the sealants around roof
                                 accessories (vents, antennas, racks, etc.) and windows and
                                 doors. Reseal as necessary before winter rains or snows
                                 accumulate.

                                 Cover all exterior appliance vents (water heater, refrigerator,
                                 range hood) to prevent insects, small birds or other
                                 creatures from getting in.
                                 Extend the awnings (if equipped). Sweep or vacuum away
                                 branches, leaves, and any other debris. Wash both the tops
                                 and bottoms of the awnings with a mild, natural soap. This
                                 will help reduce the growth of mildew on the awnings. Allow
                                 them to dry completely before retracting them. After they are
                                 dry and still extended, spray a light coat of silicone-based
                                 lubricant on all metal moving parts.

                                 Extend the slide-outs (if equipped) and prepare them for
                                 storage:

                                 1.Wipe down all exposed mechanical slide components:
                                   gears, rails, shafts, etc. Look for any damage, or caked
                                   accumulation of grease and dirt. Remove any of this
                                   accumulation.

                                 2. Check the exterior rubber slideout seals. Look carefully
                                    for any tears or splits in the seals. This would be a good
                                    time to have repairs made. Clean the seals with soap
                                    and water. After cleaning, apply a coating of 303®
                                    Protectant to the seals. Use clean cloths to spread the
                                    protectant evenly over the surface of the seal. Allow to
                                    air dry.

                                 3. Leave the slideouts extended for now. Retract them after
                                    your interior preparation is completed.

Chapter 20 / Page 2 of 20                                                    MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                      20 / STORAGE & WINTERIZATION

       Check inside all exterior compartments. Remove anything
       that you don’t intend to store. Vacuum out the compartments
       and carefully wipe down components inside. Look over any
       exposed wiring. Check for loose connections or damaged
       wires. Make any repairs now. Wipe down the rubber seals
       around the doors and apply 303® Protectant. Lock all
       exterior compartments (except propane compartment).

       Lubricate locks, hinges and latch mechanisms with silicone-
       based lubricant.

       If the trailer is parked outdoors, remove any high grass and
       weed accumulation under and around the trailer, as
       necessary.


PROPANE SYSTEM




                                                                                   MVP RV
       Turn off all propane appliances: refrigerator, range/oven,
       water heater, furnace.

       Close the main outlet valves on the propane cylinders.
       Cover the regulator and cylinders to keep moisture out.

       Remove all food from the refrigerator and freezer. Wash
       down the interior walls with a mild soap solution. An open
       box of baking soda or other absorbent inside will help
       reduce odors. Block the doors open slightly to allow air to
       circulate.

       Turn off the range and oven burners. Clean the top and
       oven interior. Turn off any pilot valves.


PLUMBING SYSTEMS
    Proper preparation and winterization of the fresh water
and waste water systems is vital to the continued safe and
effective operation of these systems. Freezing water
expands and can rupture tubing, fittings, tanks, and
fixtures. Damage from freezing could be extensive and
very expensive to fix. Since you will be running water and
antifreeze solution through the drain piping into the gray
and black water holding tanks, we’ll winterize the fresh
water system first, and finish the job with the waste water
system. Be sure to dump the holding tanks before starting
winterization.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                                       Chapter 20 / Page 3 of 20
20 / STORAGE & WINTERIZATION


                                      Turn off the water heater and let it cool. Turn off the water
     NOTICE
                                      heater electrical circuit breaker to prevent accidental
Be sure the water in the              operation with a dry tank. To drain the water heater, remove
water heater is cool before           the plug at the bottom of the heater and open the pressure
beginning winterization.              relief valve near the top of the heater. When all water is
                                      drained from the heater, close the pressure relief valve and
                                      replace the drain plug. Set the bypass valve to prevent filling
                                      the water heater with antifreeze.

                                      Open the tank drain valve to drain the fresh water tank. If
                                      you have a full or nearly full tank, be prepared for the full
                                      capacity of the tank to drain. Close the valve when the tank
                                      is completely drained.

                                      Open all faucets, both hot and cold, in the galley, bathroom
                                      and shower. Open the shower head valve. This will allow the
     MVP RV

                                      water in the lines to flow to the low point drains.

                                      Open the system low point drain valves. These are the
                                      lowest points in the water system. The low point drains are
                                      located under the trailer. Drain out all water. Close the low
                                      point valves when ALL water is drained.

                                      Press the toilet flush pedal to completely drain the water
                                      from the toilet.

                                      Remove the water filter cartridge, if equipped. If you are
                                      draining for storage, do not reinstall the filter cartridge. Store
                                      the cartridge in a safe place. Turn off the supply valve to the
                                      filter.

                                      Disconnect the outside shower hose (if equipped) and drain
                                      the hose. After all water is drained from the hose, reconnect
                                      hose.

                                FOR STORAGE IN FREEZING CONDITIONS:
                                      Add potable RV antifreeze to the system. MVP RV
                                      recommends disconnecting the water pump inlet tube and
                                      pumping antifreeze from a container into the system.

                                      1. Close the fresh water tank drain valve and the low point
 !    WARNING                            drain valves. Close all faucets, and be sure the water
Use only RV water system                 purifier (if installed) supply valve under the galley is
antifreeze for winterization.            closed.
Do not use automotive                 2. Disconnect water pump inlet line. Attach a 3’ or 4’ length
coolant antifreeze (ethylene             of hose to the pump inlet port, and put the other end of
or propylene glycol).                    the hose into at least a one-gallon container of RV water
Automotive antifreeze is                 system antifreeze. Do not use automotive coolant
poisonous.                               system antifreeze.



Chapter 20 / Page 4 of 20                                                           MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                                        20 / STORAGE & WINTERIZATION


       3. Be sure the trailer 12-volt electrical system is activated.
          Turn the water pump ON to pressurize the cold side of
          the fresh water system. Pump about a gallon of
          antifreeze into the system. Put the free end of the hose
          into another container of antifreeze. Open each faucet –
          lavy, shower, galley, exterior shower and wash-up
          faucets – until the antifreeze solution flows freely. Close
          each faucet when you see the antifreeze. Open the toilet
          water inlet valve and activate the toilet flush valve so
          antifreeze gets into the toilet. With the system
          pressurized, press the check valve in the city water inlet
          until antifreeze flows out.

       4. Open the low point drain valves until you see antifreeze
          flowing out, then close the valve.




                                                                                     MVP RV
       5. Turn off the water pump, disconnect the temporary hose,
          reconnect the inlet tubing and open all faucets.

       Winterize the refrigerator ice maker (if equipped).

       1. Push the ice maker arm up to the OFF position.

       2. Remove the vent from the exterior side of the trailer.

       3. Close the water shutoff valve for the ice maker.

       4. Place a shallow pan under the water solenoid valve.

       5. Disconnect the water supply line from the water solenoid
          valve. Drain the water from the supply line.

       6. Unscrew the plastic nut and disconnect the water line
          from the outlet side of the water solenoid valve. Drain the
          water from the ice maker line.

       7. Reconnect both lines to the water solenoid valve in their
          original locations. Leave the water shutoff valve closed.

       8. Dry out the ice maker mold assembly with a soft cloth.

       9. Remove the white ice maker AC power cord from the
          outlet.

       Be sure water pump and water heater switches are OFF.

       Clean up around the dump valves and fittings. Be sure the
       dump hose is clean and dry. Pull off the termination caps,
       clean around the sealing rings and reattach them. Cycle the
       dump valves a couple of times. Spray a silicone-based
       lubricant on the actuating shafts and mechanisms.




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                                  Pour one or two cups of RV antifreeze down each lavy,
                                  galley, and shower drain. Pour a couple of cups into the
                                  toilet, and operate the flush valve.

                                  Cap the holding tank drain, city water inlet, and fresh water
                                  fill inlet. Coil and store the fresh water hose, waste hose and
                                  flushing hose.


                            PREPARING THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS FOR STORAGE
                               Preparing the electrical systems for storage mainly
                            involves the batteries and the generator (if equipped).
                            Properly storing the batteries will ensure that they will be
                            able to power up your systems when you take the trailer
                            out of storage, and that you get the maximum life from the
                            batteries.
   MVP RV

                                  If possible, remove all batteries and store them in a clean,
                                  dry location. Arrange them in a way that allows you to get to
                                  them for periodic recharging during the storage period.

                                  If you can’t remove the batteries, disconnect the cables and
                                  clean the terminals. Remove any dirt and/or acid buildup.
                                  Clean the tops of the batteries and dry thoroughly. Reattach
                                  the cable, and apply a battery terminal protectant.

                                  Check the charge in each battery with a hydrometer. Be
                                  sure the specific gravity in each cell is no less than 1.260.
                                  Recharge as necessary. A fully charged battery will not
                                  freeze until 50 or 60 degrees below zero, but a partially
                                  discharged one may freeze at only 20 degrees above zero.
                                  A frozen battery is a ruined battery. Checking the voltage is
                                  not a good way to determine battery charge. A battery that
                                  measures 12 volts is already 75% discharged. A fully
                                  charged battery will measure about 12.63 volts at 77
                                  degrees F. The hydrometer/specific gravity method is the
                                  best way to determine battery charge level.

                                  Check the charge in the batteries every 30 days. Recharge
                                  to specific gravity of at least 1.260.

                                  Change the oil and oil filter in the generator (if equipped).

                                  Turn off any unnecessary DC and AC loads. Turn devices
                                  off, open the main battery disconnect switch.

                                  Unplug all 120-volt AC appliances. Turn off all AC breakers,
                                  including the main breakers at the main panel. You may
                                  want to do this after all interior preparations have been
                                  completed, leaving it as the last things you do.


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       Clean and re-coil the shore power cord. Check the plug end
       of the shore power cord. Clean the prongs with electrical
       contact cleaner or a ScotchBrite® pad.



INTERIOR
       Thoroughly clean the interior. Remove all traces of food,
       including pet food. Vacuum in and under cabinets. Remove all
       canned goods and personal items if they contain liquids that
       will freeze. A burst can or jar of food can be a real mess to
       clean up in the spring.

       Open closet doors, drawers, and cabinets so air can circulate
       through. This will help reduce the buildup of condensation and
       musty odors.




                                                                                    MVP RV
       Close and cover all vents to prevent entry of snow, etc.

       Close and lock all windows. Turn vent fan and range hood fan
       switches OFF.

       Turn off all radios, TVs, interior and exterior lights.

       Close curtains and/or miniblinds, and pull shades. This will
       help reduce fabric fading from exposure to sunlight.

       Remove, clean or replace air conditioner filter.

       Remove batteries in clocks and other battery-operated
       devices such as smoke detectors. Leave the cover off the
       smoke detector to remind you to replace the battery when
       reactivating the trailer after storage.

       After all cleaning chores are complete, and you are ready to
       leave the trailer, do a walk-through to make sure you haven’t
       forgotten something.

       When exiting the trailer, close and lock the entry door, and
       retract the entry step.

       Check the condition of the trailer weekly.

       During long-term storage, operate the air conditioning
       system (if equipped) periodically to lubricate the compressor
       seals. Operate the slideout(s) several times to keep seals
       from sticking, and to lubricate the mechanism. Reconnect
       batteries or connect to shore power.

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                            REACTIVATING THE TRAILER AFTER EXTENDED STORAGE
                               If the trailer was properly and carefully prepared for
                            storage, getting it ready for another travel season should not
                            be difficult. The following checklist assumes that you stored
                            the trailer with care. If damage from freezing or other serious
                            deterioration has occurred, please consult with your dealer or
                            MVP RV for advice on how to get your trailer back to
                            operating order.
                               If you have added checklist items of your own, make sure
                            those items are covered as you prepare your trailer for travel.
                                  Thoroughly inspect the outside of the trailer. Look for animal
                                  nests in wheelwells, in compartments, or in other out of the
                                  way places.
   MVP RV

                                  Remove all appliance vent covers, roof vent covers, or other
                                  coverings. Be sure all furnace, water heater, and refrigerator
                                  openings are clean and free of debris.

                                  Open all doors and compartments. Check for animal or insect
                                  intrusion, water damage, or other deterioration.

                                  Check charge level in all batteries. Refill and recharge as
                                  necessary. Reinstall batteries, if necessary. Be sure cables
                                  ends and terminals are clean and free of corrosion. Always
                                  install the positive (+) cable first.

                                  Close the main battery disconnect switch.

                                  Check tire pressures. Reinflate to specified cold pressure.

                                  Check wheel nuts and torque to correct values. See the Wheel
                                  Nut Torque Table in Chapter 6.

                                  Lube chassis and axles. See the axle maintenance guide in
                                  your Owner’s Package.

                                  Check all exterior lights, and replace as necessary.

                                  Remove covering from inside windows, if necessary.

                                  Open vents and windows for interior ventilation.

                                  Drain, flush and sanitize the fresh water system as outlined in
                                  the Care and Maintenance chapter. Inspect the drain hose for
                                  leaks. Replace the hose if necessary.

                                  Install a new fresh water filter cartridge (if equipped).

                                  Operate all faucets and fixtures in the fresh water system.
                                  Check for leaks at all joints and fittings. Repair any leaks.

                                  Check all 12-volt DC circuit fuses.


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       Operate all 12-volt DC lights and equipment.

       Install new batteries in battery-operated devices. Check the
       operating guides for these devices for additional operating
       information.

       Test the carbon monoxide, propane and smoke detectors
       and alarms.

       Check the monitor panel operation.

       Open and operate vents and vent fans, including the range
       hood fan.

       Inspect the 120-volt AC electrical system. Check the shore
       power cord, converter, all outlets, and any exposed wiring. If
       defects are found, refer service to your dealer.




                                                                                     MVP RV
       Prepare the generator (if installed) for operation following
       instructions in the generator operating manual. Make sure
       the main circuit breakers are off.

       Start and run the generator (if equipped). Check the
       generator exhaust system for leaks or deterioration.

       Operate 120-volt appliances and trailer air conditioning
       system (if equipped).

       Inspect the propane system and check for leaks as
       described in the Care and Maintenance section. If the
       propane cylinder(s) appear rusted or corroded, have them
       inspected by a qualified propane service center.

       Operate each propane appliance. Observe all burner/pilot
       flames for proper color and size.

       Inspect and clean the interior.

       Check sealants around all roof and body seams and
       windows. Reseal if necessary as outlined in the Care and
       Maintenance section.

       Check and lubricate fittings and hinges on ramp door(s), if
       installed.

       Wash and wax the exterior. Inspect the body for scratches
       or other damage. Touch up or repair as necessary. Flush the
       underside of the trailer thoroughly.




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                             Owner Notes
   MVP RV




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SEVERE WEATHER USE
   Your RV was designed primarily for short-term use in
moderate temperature and climate conditions. Generally,
this means in temperatures between 0 degrees F. and 110
degrees F. There may be situations when you may choose
to use the RV outside of this range. But you must be aware
that the plumbing systems, heating and cooling
appliances, and structural components of the RV are not
appropriate for long term use in either the coldest or
warmest climate conditions.
   Before you consider using your RV in temperature
extremes, please take time to read this section. We’ve
provided some guidelines for operating various systems




                                                                           MVP RV
and appliances in either very cold or very hot weather.
We’ve also provided some life-style tips if you intend on
using your RV in temperature extremes. Please also be
aware that although the components and appliances in
your RV will perform very well within their design
specifications, damage to components, appliances or RV
structural materials while used in severe weather conditions
may not be covered under the warranty. If you intend to
store your RV during severe winter weather, please see the
“Storage and Winterization” section of this chapter.
Operating and living in your RV during the winter requires
some preparation and additional equipment and
materials. You will also need to learn to more closely
manage your electrical and propane resources.
    Successfully using your RV in extreme cold temperatures
generally means doing three basic things: 1) keeping heat
in, 2) keeping cold out, and 3) adding heat where it’s
needed. This guide will give you a few tips on dealing with
those three basics.


PLUMBING SYSTEMS
   Of all the systems in your RV, the fresh and waste water
plumbing will require the most attention during extreme
cold weather use. Freezing can cause extensive damage
to the plumbing that can be very costly to repair, and will
not be covered under warranty.




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                                The fresh water and waste tanks, and most of the
                             plumbing pipes and fixtures are not in heated
                             compartments. The plumbing pipes run through the walls
                             or under the floor. Some are exposed to the outdoors and
                             can freeze.
                                Know where all of the plumbing on your RV is located.
                             Take a close look around and find where your tanks,
                             outdoor fixtures, indoor plumbing, drain valves, and water
                             pump are located. Look under the RV, and in all the
                             compartments. The plumbing components that are
                             exposed to the outside are much more prone to freezing
                             since they are directly exposed to outdoor air
                             temperature.
                                 Keep the heat in
   MVP RV

                                 Look all around the outside underside of the trailer.
                                 Wherever you find plumbing fixtures, piping, etc. is a
                                 good place to stuff in insulation material such as
                                 fiberglass wool. Look especially for pipes where they
                                 enter through the floor or sidewalls. Those are good
                                 places to put extra insulation. And don’t forget to
                                 keep the interior of the RV heated. If you’re
                                 expecting extremely cold temperatures, open
                                 cabinet doors and drawers in the galley and
                                 bathroom. The plumbing fixtures are closer to the
                                 outside walls in these areas and will freeze faster. If
                                 you leave the doors and drawers open, the interior
                                 heat will have a chance to keep the plumbing
                                 above freezing.
                                 Keep the cold out
                                 Exterior utility compartments are directly exposed to
                                 outside temperatures. The exterior compartment (if
                                 equipped on some models) can be stuffed with
                                 insulation if you don’t have to get into it often. You
                                 can also cut out pieces of foam insulating material
                                 to fit inside the door to help keep out the cold.
                                 If you are going to be situated for several weeks or
                                 months during severe cold weather, consider
                                 installing insulated underskirting all around the trailer.
                                 Small ceramic heaters and heat tape can be used
                                 under the trailer and around plumbing components.
                                 Try to seal up as many gaps as possible to keep cold
                                 winds and snow from getting under the trailer.


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    Add heat where it is needed
    The most effective way to protect the water tanks,
    water pump, fresh and waste water plumbing is to
    add heat in the areas where it is needed.
    Keep the compartment doors closed. Foam
    insulating material can be cut to fit inside the
    compartment doors and help keep the heat inside.
    Check inside occasionally to make sure everything is
    okay.
    If you have AC power available, wrap the fresh
    water inlet plumbing and waste lines with heat tape.
    Plug the heat tape into an extension cord. Be sure to
    follow all installation and use instruction provided by
    the heat tape manufacturer.




                                                                           MVP RV
    A few more tips:
    Thoroughly drain water from hoses before you store
    them. If you don’t and you need to use a hose, it will
    probably be frozen. You can take hoses inside to
    thaw out if need be, or use a hair dryer.
    Drain holding tanks before they are completely full
    during cold weather camping. This will reduce the
    chance of freezing, resulting in damage to the
    holding tanks.
    Leave the water heater turned on whenever the
    water heater tank is full so there is no chance of it
    freezing.
    Depending on your travel situation, you might
    consider traveling with the water system winterized.
    Take bottled water along for drinking and other
    needs like cooking, washing up and brushing your
    teeth when the RV is winterized. Even with the fresh
    water system winterized, you can still use the
    bathroom facilities. Gallon jugs filled with water can
    be used in the toilet. If your holding tanks are not
    heated you can put some RV antifreeze in the
    holding tanks to prevent the contents from freezing.
    Add the RV antifreeze through the toilet for the
    black water holding tank and down the shower or
    tub drain for the gray water tank. The antifreeze will
    also protect the shower or tub P-trap which is usually
    located below floor level. The amount of antifreeze
    required for the holding tanks will be based on the

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                                   size of the tanks, and it will be necessary to add
                                   more RV antifreeze as waste water is added to the
                                   tanks to prevent the antifreeze from being diluted.


                               ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
                                   The batteries and generator (if equipiped) will be your
                               primary electrical system concerns. If you are connected
                               to shore power, you will likely have all the power you need
                               to operate appliances and the battery charger. You will
                               also have the necessary power if you have a generator IF
                               you properly prepare it for extreme temperature
                               operation. This will mean making sure the correct weight of
                               oil is installed, and the engine is in good tune. Preparing
                               the generator for cold weather is relatively inexpensive. But
     MVP RV

                               if you can’t get it started or if it fails during extremely cold
 !   WARNING                   weather, it is no better than not having a generator. Be
                               sure it is well-prepared for the traveling conditions you
Do not under any
                               expect.
circumstances operate any
engine while sleeping. You        If you expect to dry camp – that is without the benefit of
would not be able to           shore power or a generator – the batteries are the most
monitor outside conditions     critical part of the electrical system since they will be your
to assure that engine          only source of electrical power.
exhaust does not enter the
                                  If the batteries are not kept fully charged, they will
interior, and you would not
                               freeze. If they freeze, they will be destroyed. You must
be alert to exhaust odors or
                               measure specific gravity with a hydrometer to determine
symptoms of carbon
                               battery state of charge. A voltage reading will not give
monoxide poisoning.
                               you useful information. A battery that measures 12 volts is
                               already 75% discharged. If the battery measures below 12
                               volts, the battery will freeze at a much higher temperature.
                               Use the Battery State of Charge table on the next page to
                               see the relationships between voltage, specific gravity,
                               temperature and state of charge.
                                   The batteries, fully charged, will not last more than
                               about 10 hours in zero-degree weather depending on
                               battery condition and 12-volt loads. In extreme
                               temperatures, don’t plan on relying on batteries for longer
                               than this unless you have a means to charge them. If you
                               expect to stay longer than overnight, you should expect to
                               either have 120-volt AC power nearby or run the generator
                               (if equipped). Minimize your use of electric power if AC
                               power is not available or you cannot run the generator.
                               Without shore power or a generator to run the charger,
                               you can charge batteries with your tow vehicle alternator


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  Electrolyte
                   Specific Gravity @ % SoC                  Voltage Reading @ % SoC
 Temperature
    F.
    o    o
          C.     100% 75%        50%     25%      0%     100%     75%       50%       25%       0%
   120    48.9   1.249   1.209   1.174   1.139   1.104   12.663   12.463   12.253    12.073   11.903
   110   43.3    1.253   1.213   1.178   1.143   1.108   12.661   12.461   12.251    12.071   11.901
   100    37.8   1.257   1.217   1.182   1.147   1.112   12.658   12.458   12.248    12.068   11.898
    90    32.2   1.261   1.221   1.186   1.151   1.116   12.655   12.455   12.245    12.065   11.895
    80    26.7   1.265   1.225   1.190   1.155   1.120   12.650   12.450   12.240    12.060   11.890
    70    21.1   1.269   1.229   1.194   1.159   1.124   12.643   12.443   12.233    12.053   11.883
    60    15.6   1.273   1.233   1.198   1.163   1.128   12.634   12.434   12.224    12.044   11.874
    50    10.0   1.277   1.237   1.202   1.167   1.132   12.622   12.422   12.212    12.032   11.862
    40     4.4   1.281   1.241   1.206   1.171   1.136   12.606   12.406   12.196    12.016   11.846
    30    -1.1   1.285   1.245   1.210   1.175   1.140   12.588   12.388   12.178    11.998   11.828
    20    -6.7   1.289   1.249   1.214   1.179   1.144   12.566   12.366   12.156    11.976   11.806
    10   -12.2   1.293   1.253   1.218   1.183   1.148   12.542   12.342   12.132    11.952   11.782
    0    -17.8   1.297   1.257   1.222   1.187   1.152   12.516   12.316   12.106    11.926   11.756




                                                                                               MVP RV
Temperature-Compensated Battery State of Charge (SoC) Table

through the 7-way connector charge line. If you do this,
monitor battery charge with the monitor panel or measure
specific gravity with a hydrometer.
   Cold weather preparation for your RV batteries is the
same as for your car or truck: keep them clean, keep the
electrolyte level correct and keep the cables and
terminals clean and dry. A battery terminal protectant
spray or paste can help keep corrosion to a minimum.


RUNNING GEAR AND BODY
   Prepare your RV chassis, running gear and body as you
would your car or truck. A good coat of wax will help
protect the exterior panels. Be sure tires, bearings, brakes
and exterior lighting are all in good operational condition.
Many locations use corrosive substances to de-ice roads.
Whenever you can, use fresh water to flush the
undercarriage and rinse off accumulations of mud and
road salts.
   Before traveling in severe weather, do a thorough
inspection of exterior sealants. Water that gets into walls or
under the roof area can cause severe damage. Open
seams or moldings can become filled with water and
freeze causing even more damage from expanding ice.
  Be sure roof vents, furnace, refrigerator and water
heater exhaust vents and the generator exhaust system


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                             are not damaged and are functioning properly. Faulty
                             exhaust vents can allow the buildup of deadly carbon
                             monoxide.


                             INTERIOR
                                Outside of comfort heating, humidity and condensation
                             will be your main concerns during cold weather. Moisture
                             buildup on walls, the ceiling and even in closets can cause
                             damage and lead to mold and mildew formation. This
                             Owner’s Guide has a detailed section on humidity and
                             condensation control. Please see that chapter for more
                             information as you plan your cold weather RVing activities.
                                 Cold weather comfort involves the same three basics as
                             keeping your plumbing systems working: 1) keeping heat
   MVP RV

                             in; 2) keeping cold out; and 3) adding heat where it is
                             needed.
                                 The best heat source is the RV’s forced air furnace. It will
                             consume more propane than any of the other propane-
                             fired appliances. The propane tank or cylinders should be
                             full before leaving on your trip. Monitor the propane supply
                             carefully during your stay.
                                 Keep the heat in
                                 Much of the heat inside your RV will escape through
                                 the windows. Cover the windows with curtains,
                                 drapes or almost anything to help hold some of the
                                 heat in. Foam or other insulating material cut to fit
                                 the windows can help cut down on heat leakage
                                 during the night. Several plastic films are available
                                 that can be applied to window frames with
                                 adhesive and then shrunk with a hair dryer that will
                                 act like storm windows to help keep the heat in and
                                 help reduce the formation of condensation on the
                                 window glass.
                                 You can stuff insulation or heavy cloths into the
                                 slideout mechanisms and other openings that will
                                 help reduce drafts.
                                 Use overhead and range vents to reduce the
                                 humidity inside the RV. A cross-flow of outside fresh
                                 air using the overhead vents will be better at
                                 conserving heat than opening windows or exterior
                                 doors. In very severe weather, you can cover or


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    block the insides of roof vents with plastic or foam
    insulation.
    Weather-strip doors and windows. Cold little drafts in
    your main residence are annoying; they are much
    more serious in a recreational vehicle.
    A few throw rugs over uncarpeted flooring can add
    another thermal layer.
    When you arrive at your destination, try to select a
    site that will be exposed to the sun throughout the
    day, but also where there is some type of wind
    break available. Position the RV on the site so the
    front or rear rather than the side will be facing into
    the wind. And if possible, situate so that the side with        !    WARNING
    the utility connections (water, sewer, electrical) is on       It is not safe to use cooking
    the sunny side.                                                appliances for comfort
                                                                   heating.
    Keep the cold out
    The best way to keep the cold out is to avoid
    opening doors and windows. Avoid opening the                    !    WARNING
    entry door as much as possible.                                Some upholstered
    Block off sections of the RV you won't be using with           components and mattresses,
    blankets or sheets. The more heat where you are the            carpet, and insulation
    better. That doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t heat              products are made of
    parts of the RV, just keep most of the heat in the             urethane foam. Urethane
    areas where you will be spending most of your time.            foam is flammable!

    Check all around doors, windows and other                      Urethane foams burn rapidly,
    openings for drafts or cold air. Block these areas with        releasing great heat and
    blankets, carpet or other insulating materials to help         consuming oxygen very
    keep the cold out.                                             quickly. Lack of oxygen is a
                                                                   danger of suffocation hazard.
                                                                   Hazardous gases released
    Add heat where it is needed                                    by the burning foam can be
    There may be times in exceptionally cold weather               incapacitating or fatal to
    when you will have to add heat to the interior. If you         human beings if inhaled in
    are connected to shore power or can operate a                  sufficient quantities.
    generator, use low-wattage electric ceramic                    Do not expose urethane
    heaters for spot heating an area. Never use the                foams to open flames or
    range or oven for interior comfort heating. These              indirect high temperature
    appliances produce deadly carbon monoxide                      sources of ignition such as
    when they are operating. If you use electric heaters,          burning operations, welding,
    be sure to follow all instructions. Do not place the           burning cigarettes, space
    heaters near upholstery, clothing or other flammable           heaters, or unprotected
    materials.                                                     electric light bulbs.

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                                 If you have 120-volt power at your site, turn on the
                                 tow vehicle engine block heater (if equipped)
                                 overnight to ensure the engine will be warm for a
                                 quicker start in the morning. If you don’t have a
                                 block heater, a trouble light placed under the
                                 engine oil pan or near the battery can help with
                                 cold-weather starting.

                             PERSONAL COMFORT AND SAFETY
                                 Extreme temperature and weather conditions require
                             that you prepare yourself for the conditions you may
                             encounter. Extreme cold weather is often experienced in
                             places where the weather can change rapidly. Watch for
                             sudden weather changes. Always carry a survival kit in
   MVP RV

                             your vehicle. The kit should contain flashlights, batteries,
                             rain ponchos, a portable weather radio, first aid kit,
                             nonperishable packaged or canned food and a manual
                             can opener, blankets, prescription and nonprescription
                             drugs, pet supplies, bottled water and any special items for
                             infants, elderly or disabled family members. What you put
                             in this survival kit is up to you, but be sure to include
                             everything you might need.
                                You must be prepared with appropriate clothing, fuel
                             supplies and food. Adding these extra severe-use items
                             may affect the load you carry in your RV and how you
                             load it. Equip your tow vehicle with snow tires or have tire
                             chains available when conditions warrant their use. Watch
                             for ice on roads and trails. Always obey posted speed limits
                             and proceed with caution.
                                No matter what extreme weather conditions you may
                             encounter – whether extreme heat or extreme cold –
                             remember that you may be isolated. You may be far away
                             from food and fuel supplies, other RVers, and emergency
                             help. If you have cell phone service, be sure your service is
                             usable in the areas where you intend to travel. Always tell
                             someone where you are going, how long you plan to be
                             gone, and how to contact you in case of emergency. An
                             aftermarket GPS system can be a good emergency
                             preparedness investment.


                             WEATHER PLANNING
                               Many RVers do not take into consideration the weather
                             conditions at their travel destination. When you travel

Chapter 20 / Page 18 of 20                                             MVP RV Owner’s Guide
                                                            20 / STORAGE & WINTERIZATION


several hundred miles a day in your RV the weather
conditions can change several times. The weather is often
                                                                 !    WARNING
the last thing on your mind. Severe weather can occur           Travel trailers are high-
without much warning, and if you are caught in it, it can       profile vehicles and are
be disastrous. RVers need to have an emergency plan in          subject to the effects of
case of a severe storm.                                         wind.

   The National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration              Be aware of and pay
(NOAA) Weather Radio (NWR) is a nationwide network of           attention to wind advisories
radio stations that broadcast continuous weather                and warnings in the areas
information directly from a nearby National Weather             where you travel and/or
Service Office. They broadcast National Weather Service         camp.
warnings, watches, forecasts and other hazard information
24 hours a day. Alerts inform people if they need to take       Do not use your RV to take
some type of action in order to protect themselves.             shelter during severe
   Consider both a portable GPS unit and a weather radio        weather. Seek shelter when
receiver as part of your travel gear. Receivers are             severe weather or tornado
available in many price ranges depending on the quality         warnings are issued.
of the receiver and its features. It is well worth the
investment to be able to pinpoint your exact location and
to know what type of weather to expect when traveling or
camping in your RV. For more information on the NOAA
Weather Radio visit their website at www.nws.noaa.gov It is
a good idea to monitor the weather radio while traveling.
   Develop an emergency evacuation plan in case of
severe weather. When you arrive at a campground, ask
about emergency plans in case of a severe storm such as
a tornado, or a thunderstorm with high winds. If the
campground doesn’t have a plan, you need to make your
own. Locate a structure that is safer than your RV, like a
bathhouse or the campground office. Always stay on the
lowest level possible and away from doors and windows.
Tell everyone who is with you about the emergency plan.
Explain to children how to respond to different disasters
and the dangers of severe weather, fires, and other
emergencies. Instruct children on emergency exits. Instruct
them on how and when to call 911 or other emergency
phone numbers. Make sure everybody knows exactly what
his or her job is in case of severe weather. Monitor the
weather radio for emergency information. Emergency
weather watches and warnings are posted for counties
and towns, so always check a map for the county or town
where you are staying.




MVP RV Owner’s Guide                                            Chapter 20 / Page 19 of 20
20 / STORAGE & WINTERIZATION


                             Severe Weather Information Resources
                             American Red Cross
                               http://www.redcross.org/


                             Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
                               http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/winter/guide.asp

                             National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
                              Weather Radio
                               http://www.nws.noaa.gov


                             University of Illinois Extension/Disaster Resources
   MVP RV

                               http://web.extension.uiuc.edu/disaster/winter/


                             US Department of Transporation
                              Federal Highway Administration
                               http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/trafficinfo/



                             Owner Notes




Chapter 20 / Page 20 of 20                                      MVP RV Owner’s Guide

				
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