77 Ekurhuleni Spatial Development Framework

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           NSDR SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK

           1.      DEFINITIONS AND CONCEPTS
           Table 1:
            Agricultural Holdings   Rural residential uses and agricultural uses. Supportive
                                    uses such as community facilities, local business and farm
                                    stalls.
            Airports, airfields and Airport and rail infrastructure, including hangars,
            railway lines           warehouses, freight storage and distribution, passenger
                                    services and hospitality uses (such as restaurants,
                                    accommodation and conference facilities), transport
                                    services.
            Amenities               Community facilities and social amenities, including sport
                                    Stadia, tertiary education and training, casinos and
                                    entertainment centres, hospitals, community centres
            CBD’s                   Central Business Districts – offices, retail, general
                                    business, recreation, entertainment, light service
                                    industries, residential uses, parks and open spaces.
            Extensive Agriculture Rural residential uses and agricultural uses. Supportive
                                    uses such as community facilities, local business and farm
                                    stalls.
            Industrial/             Light and heavy industries, service industries, warehouses
            Commercial              and commercial uses. Noxious industries as per local town
                                    planning scheme.
            Infill Priority Areas   Undeveloped or underdeveloped strategically located land,
                                    which should enjoy priority in terms of development. As
                                    this includes mining land cognisance should be taken of
                                    reclamation requirements.
            Mining                  Mines (underground and open cast), quarries and related
                                    activities, including shafts, slimes dams, stone crushing,
                                    residential uses and offices subsidiary to mining activities.
            Mixed land uses         Diverse land use combination, including residential uses
                                    and other uses compatible with residential uses, such as
                                    retail, offices, parks and open spaces, general business
                                    and entertainment.
            Peripheral Use          Agricultural holdings and agricultural areas where a
                                    diversity of land uses may occur, including rural residential,
                                    agriculture, light/service industries, commercial uses,
                                    hospitality uses and tourism related activities.
            Service Upgrading       Previously marginalized areas where capital expenditure
            Areas                   and operational programmes should be focused on
                                    upgrading services and facilities to levels comparable with
                                    that of the rest of the metro.
            Strategic               Areas for future residential expansion. This residential
            Development Areas       expansion should be compatible with land uses and

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                                               development patterns and should provide for supportive
                                               land uses, including community facilities and local
                                               business.
            Urban                              Development within the urban development boundary
                                               consisting of existing residential uses, such as community
                                               facilities, opens spaces and business uses.
            Access                             Access is the right of way to enter and exit developments
                                               and properties by all modes of transport and pedestrians.
                                               An access should take the form of either a roadway for
                                               vehicular traffic or a footway for pedestrians. Access roads
                                               on urban arterials are spaced at regular intervals
            Activity Corridor                  Activity corridor means a linear zone of development
                                               flanking a public transport route. The land use is of a
                                               mixed nature and the objective is to get workplace, home
                                               and recreation as close together as possible and densify
                                               the area and thus optimise public transport.
            Activity Spine                     Mixed-use development along streets with heavy traffic
                                               and pedestrian flows that are proclaimed and regulated as
                                               such in order to reverse the traffic of low thresholds in
                                               outlying low income township that limit economic
                                               development.
            Mobility Spines                    Arterials along which through traffic flows with minimum
                                               interruption (optional mobility).
            Activity Streets                   Is a local street where pedestrian movement access to the
                                               activity along the street which is of paramount importance.
                                               Mobility is compromised in favour of the activity.
            Activity                           Core areas of economic activity in the urban areas.
            nodes/clusters:

            Mixed-use                          Which is used to promote a more diverse combination of
            development:                       land uses, and to improve the economic and social viability
                                               areas of development
            Densification/intensif             Elements which are fundamental towards the restructuring
            ication/infill                     of the South African Apartheid City as well as to the
            development:                       concept of a compact city which optimally utilize all existing
                                               resources within the area.
            Urban Edge:                        A tool by means of which to manage the process of urban
                                               sprawl and urban restructuring.
            Urban Sprawl:                      The spread of low-density development (e.g. single
                                               dwelling units) away from the urban core areas. This
                                               occurs mostly in the form of incremental development on
                                               the periphery of existing urban areas.
            Spatial Development                The organising concept concerned with the appropriate
            Framework                          location and form of physical development and investment.

            Socio-economic                     Activities that improve the social and economic well being

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            opportunities                      of the urban poor, e.g. improves health care, housing,
                                               education, recreation, job opportunities, earning power.
            Public Open Space:                 Means any land which is owned by an organ of State, or
                                               over which an organ of State has certain real rights arising
                                               from the filing in the Deeds Office or other registration
                                               office of a general plan of a township, agricultural holding
                                               or other division of land, or any alteration, addition to or
                                               amendment of such land approved by the Surveyor-
                                               General, on which is marked the land to which the public
                                               has a common right of use; and is controlled and managed
                                               by the Council.
            Public Spaces                      Means any open or enclosed space, square, garden or
                                               park, street, road or thouroughfare which is for the use by
                                               the general public and which is owned by or vests in the
                                               ownership of a municipal council or organ of state.
            Open Space Systems                 A Metropolitan Open Space System (MOSS) is an inter-
                                               connected and managed network of open space, which
                                               supports interactions between social, economic and
                                               ecological activities, sustaining and enhancing both
                                               ecological processes and human settlements. MOSS
                                               comprises public and private spaces, human-made or
                                               delineated spaces, undeveloped spaces, disturbed
                                               'natural' spaces, and undisturbed or pristine natural
                                               spaces.
            Multi-Purpose                      Promotes the principle of optimising the use of resources
            Service Centres:                   and promoting the establishment of viable communities –
                                               especially in the rural environment
            Historical Sites and               Any identifiable building or part thereof, marker, milestone,
            Landmarks                          gravestone, landmark or tell older than 50 years". Buildings
                                               are among the most enduring features of human
                                               occupation, and the definition encompasses all buildings
                                               older than fifty years. Examples of modern architecture are
                                               included, as well as parts of buildings such as ruins, old
                                               fortifications, and Stone and Iron Age settlements. Other
                                               markers in the environment, such as beacons, cairns,
                                               boundary markers, signposts, milestones and gravestones
                                               are also protected, as well as landmarks. "Tell" means the
                                               evidence of human occupation which is no longer above
                                               ground, such as building foundations and the buried
                                               remains of old settlements. These can be studied and
                                               interpreted by historical archaeologists.
            Urban Development                  A city approved/Demarcated line that serves to direct and
            Boundary                           control the outer limits of urban expansion.




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                                  REGIONAL SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK
                                    NORTHERN SERVICE DELIVERY REGION

           2.         INTRODUCTION

           The Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality completed and adopted a Spatial
           Development Framework for the Ekurhuleni area in March 2003, as part of its
           Integrated Development Plan (IDP). During the formulation of the Metropolitan
           Spatial Development Framework, the need for more detailed land use guidelines
           was identified and it was decided to formulate Spatial Development Frameworks
           for each of the three Service Delivery Regions in Ekurhuleni.

           2.1        Background

           The Metropolitan Spatial Development Framework (SDF) is a plan outlining the
           desired spatial form of the metropolitan area as contemplated in Section 26(e) of
           the Municipal Systems Act, Act 32 of 2000. It also highlights priority investment
           and development areas and will serve as a guide to decision-makers and
           investors. What should be emphasised regarding the SDF is that it is an integral
           component of the IDP and translates this plan into spatial implications and
           guidelines for development. It is therefore not a tool to be used on in isolation,
           but should support decision-making within the context of the IDP.

           The Metropolitan Spatial Development Framework represents the first of three
           levels of plans to be established in the Ekurhuleni Metro. The three levels of
           plans are as follows:

           •     Metropolitan Spatial Development Framework;
           •     Service Delivery Region Spatial Development Frameworks; and
           •     Local Spatial Development Frameworks.

           The difference between the Metropolitan SDF and the Service Delivery Region
           SDFs may be described as follows:

           •     The Metropolitan SDF is development orientated and more conceptual, to
                 allow for growth and changing circumstances. It indicates broad, desirable
                 land use patterns and is therefore not a mechanism intended to evaluate
                 individual land use applications.

           •     The Service Delivery Region SDFs are formulated with the Metropolitan SDF
                 as a basis, but are detailed and specific. The SDR Framework are thus a
                 refinement of the Metropolitan SDF indicating specific land use proposals for
                 pockets of land and providing adequate detail to assess development
                 proposals. These frameworks cover the entire Service Delivery Region.


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           •     Local Spatial Development Frameworks (LSDFs) are formulated for specific
                 local areas and do not cover the entire Service Delivery Region.

           •      LSDFs are used where the need for a fine level of detail with proposals up to
                 individual erf level exits, or where specific trends and tendencies require an
                 overall policy approach. The LSDFs use the Metropolitan SDF and Regional
                 SDFs as a basis, but give comprehensive proposals regarding development
                 type, size, phasing and management measures. While the LSDFs cannot
                 override the Metropolitan SDF, this level of detailed planning is intended for
                 use on a daily basis in land use management and hence requires regular
                 revision in accordance with development trends.

           The SDF becomes binding on the Municipality through the adoption of the IDP. It
           should however be noted that IDPs are to be revised annually and this
           opportunity should be used to revise the SDF. This revision should consider the
           outcome of sectoral strategies and the other components of the hierarchy of
           plans, as well as changing trends and tendencies or local circumstances.

           2.2        RSDF Area
           This document represents the Northern Service Delivery Region Spatial
           Development Framework of the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality. The
           Ekurhuleni area has been divided into three service delivery regions, namely
           North, South and East, with a Spatial Development Framework formulated for
           each of these Regions.

           The Nothern SDR is made up of the areas of Tembisa, Kempton Park, Edenvale,
           Bedford view, Bapsfontein, Olifantsfontein / Clayvile areas and portions of
           northern Germiston, portions of northern Boksburg areas. The economic
           structure of the Northern SDR is focused on the established industrial nodes of
           and Spartan, Jet Park and Elansfontein and Isando. Other prominent existing
           industrial areas in the northern SDR include Clayville/ Olifantsfontein,
           Commercial, Chloorkop, Sebenza, Eastleigh, Lilianton and Anderbolt.

           Kempton Park, Edenvale, Boksburg, and Germiston are four of the nine Central
           Business Districts in Ekurhuleni. These areas hold considerable public and
           private investment and the Metropolitan Spatial Development Framework
           promotes the protection and regeneration of these areas, to make optimal use of
           these resources.

           2.3 Proposals from the Metropolitan Spatial Development Framework
           (MSDF)
           The Ekurhuleni Strategic Plan identifies the following priorities as the 7 thrusts
           which should be foremost when formulating any plan.
              • Urban Renewal

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               •    Poverty Alleviation
               •    Local Economic Development and Job Creation
               •    Prevention of HIV/Aids
               •    Safety and Security
               •    Good Governance
               •    Community Participation

           The section below provides a synopsis of the proposals put forward by the
           Metropolitan Spatial Development Framework. It is however important to refer to
           the detailed MSDF document for the concept and principles behind the MSDF as
           well as more detail regarding these proposals. The proposals are (refer to Figure
           1);

           2.3.1 Implementation of an Urban Development Boundary (UDB). It is important
           to note that UDB should not be seen as a rigid regulatory mechanism that will
           stifle all development initiatives. It is rather a policy statement aimed at
           redirecting patterns of growth and forcing all parties involved in development to
           reconsider all options available - including opportunities within the urban
           boundary. This is a line put in place for the next few years, but obviously, as
           circumstances demand it, it can/will be amended. The following guidelines for
           development will apply:

               -    Land uses within the Urban Development Boundary: Within the UDB, land
                    use that is consistent with the relevant local precinct plan, the spatial
                    development framework, land use management plan and/or town planning
                    scheme should be permitted, subject to the normal procedures and
                    legislation e.g. environmental considerations, transportation requirements
                    etc. Note that the UDB does not imply that the entire area within
                    can/should be allowed to develop and that development rights are
                    therefore guaranteed. Factors such as timing, availability of services, the
                    environment etc. must and should still be applicable when considering an
                    application within the boundary.

               -    Land uses outside the Urban Development Boundary: Land uses that are
                    rural in nature would be more desirable, and should therefore be promoted
                    outside the UDB, rather than inside it. Where applicable, it will also have
                    to be in line with provincial policies e.g. DACEL policy on subdivision of
                    land etc.

               -    Land uses complying with the following criteria should be allowed in the
                    rural areas outside the Urban Development Boundary:
                    a) Extensive agriculture;
                    b) Conservation Areas / Nature Reserves;
                    c) Tourism and related activities e.g. curio markets;
                    d) Recreational Facilities e.g. hiking trails / hotels /game lodges;
                    e) Farm stalls and home industries;

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                    f) Rural residential uses/Agricultural Holdings in specific areas;
                    g) Any other related development/service;

                    Provided that the proposed development/service

                    h) Services primarily the local market; and/or
                    i) is resource based; and/or
                    j) is located at a defined and approved service delivery centre.

                    Developments/services not complying with the criteria set in (a) – (f) may
                    thus only be allowed if it complies with criteria (h), (i) and (j).

           Applications outside the Urban Development Boundary that do not comply with
           the criteria are not prohibited, but specific measures will be applied. Please refer
           to the detailed SDF document in this regard.

           2.3.2 Peripheral Uses: The area directly outside the UDB is earmarked for this
           use. It is envisaged that a transition area will develop around the Urban
           Development Boundary, which may comprise a range of different peripheral
           uses. It is proposed that low intensity land uses like agricultural holdings, rural
           residential uses, low intensity service industries (typically those occurring on
           agricultural holdings) as well as urban agriculture be promoted in the fringe area
           around the Urban Development Boundary. These uses should support and
           protect the Urban Development Boundary and serve as a barrier for the future
           expansion of the urban environment. It is also necessary to optimally utilise
           opportunities for urban agriculture in this area, especially those areas near to the
           disadvantaged communities. The potential of the Sentraland area to the north of
           Daveyton-Etwatwa holds some potential for LED development.

           2.3.3 Extensive Agriculture: These are the areas outside the UDB and
           peripheral use zone, where extensive agriculture should be protected and
           promoted. The provision of services, such as health, education, retail etc. should
           also be catered for in these areas.

           2.3.4 Activity Nodes or Areas: there is a wide range of activity nodes or areas
           accommodating a variety of activities in Ekurhuleni. The Metropolitan Activity
           Area can be divided into four main core areas, namely:

               -    Greater Johannesburg International Activity Area; which includes the three
                    Blue IQ projects (ORTIA, Gautrain, and the IDZ) the CBD of Edenvale and
                    Kempton Park, the proposed corporate office precinct in Rhodesfield6, the
                    industrial complex of Isando, Spartan and Jet Park, the R21 Development
                    Corridor and the Olifantsfontein-Clayville industrial area.
               -    Central Activity Belt; comprising the CBDs of Kempton Park, Edenvale
                    Germiston, Boksburg,


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               -    R21 Corridor; which includes the industrial areas of Spartan, Jet park and
                    Isando is already a Blue IQ project; and

               In terms of retail, the existing nine Central Business Districts should be
               maintained and strengthened, to protect the public and private investment in
               these areas. The implementation of Business Improvement Districts is
               proposed as a strategy to improve safety, security and overall environmental
               improvement in the CBDs.

               The industrial areas include the full range of industrial activities, from heavy
               and toxic industries to light industrial, commercial and warehousing activities.
               Within the context of the four Core Areas identified, the functional
               specialisation of these industrial areas should be promoted, both in terms of
               local and regional context.

               The triangular area around the OR Tambo International Airport represents a
               core focus area for Ekurhuleni. Large portions of land to the south and east of
               ORTIA are still undeveloped or underdeveloped, which enhances the
               potential for large scale development/ redevelopment of these areas in future.
               These developments could be used to establish the identity of the Ekurhuleni
               Metro in future.

               The agricultural holdings of Boksburg directly to the south of the ORTIA in
               particular, have the potential to be developed in such a way that it promotes
               the identity of Ekurhuleni. Due to its proximity to ORTIA, there will, however,
               be a limit on the height of development and the type of development (noise
               zones) that will be allowed. The same applies to the portion of the R21
               corridor to the north of ORTIA. The area south of ORTIA already holds the
               East Rand Mall and associated developments. It is proposed that this precinct
               be developed for mixed-use purposes mainly focused on retail and office
               developments. The area is highly visual (especially from the surrounding
               freeway network), and therefore care should be taken that all developments in
               the area are aesthetically attractive in order to contribute towards establishing
               the identity and image of the new Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality.

           2.3.5 Infill Development Priority Areas: There are five main areas, which are a
              priority in terms of infill development (utilising un/underdeveloped land in
              central locations). These are the areas previously occupied by mining
              activities in the vicinity of Germiston, around the central part of Boksburg, to
              the east of Benoni, and to the northwest and west of the Springs CBD. All five
              these pockets of land are strategically located within the core areas of the
              EMM and some detailed work has already been done on the suitability for
              development of areas 28, 29 and 30.However there is no infill development
              priority areas in the NSDR.



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           2.3.6 Strategic Development Areas: As far as future residential expansion is
           concerned, three major precincts were identified in the NSDR, namely:
              - Olifantsfontein /Clayville (linking to the Midrand area);
              - Esselen Park /Kaalfontein area. This forms part of the Tembisa-ORTIA
                 corridor as it is served by both the commuter railway line and route K105;
              - Pomona/Benoni North (area northeast of ORTIA).

           2.3.7 Service Upgrading Priority Areas: The EMM should focus its capital
           expenditure and operational programmes towards upgrading services and
           facilities in the previously disadvantaged areas to levels comparable with that of
           the rest of the Metro. There are four major complexes of disadvantaged
           communities earmarked as Service Upgrading Priority Areas, namely:
               - Tembisa;
               - Katorus;
               - Kwatsaduza; and
               - Daveyton/Etwatwa.

           2.3.8 Regional Open Space

           Very little mining activities take place in the northern SDR, other than mining
           activities in the central mining /activity belt encroaching over the boundary
           between the northern SDR and the southern and eastern SDR’s. These
           encroachments occur in the vicinity of the primrose CBD, as well as the ERPM
           land south of the Lilianton industrial area and at Rynfield /Morehill (East of a
           regional open space system is proposed for the metropolitan area and has been
           schematically illustrated in the SDF.

           It must be noted that a detailed Strategic Environmental Assessment is to be
           conducted in the near future, to enhance the detail pertaining to the Regional
           Open Space System.

           2.3.9 Transportation

           The land use framework must be supported by a transportation network and
           services, in order to materialise. The following is a summary of the main features
           in this regard:

           2.3.10. Rail

           The entire urban complex of the EMM is served by rail infrastructure (commuter
           and freight), which link the disadvantaged communities of Tembisa, Katorus and
           Daveyton-Etwatwa to all four the core areas of economic activity identified. In
           fact, the railway line is central to each one of the four core areas.




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           In line with national and provincial policy guidelines, the railway service should
           represent the core service around which public transport is provided. It also
           presents an opportunity for Transit Orientated Development, which essentially
           means that the layout and design of land uses around the railway stations are all
           orientated towards promoting the utilisation of the railway system. The rail
           infrastructure also links to Gautrain, which provides for an Ekurhuleni commuter
           station at Rhodesfield.

           2. 3.11 Road: Freeway Network.

           The freeway network ensures good regional accessibility and links Ekurhuleni to
           all major centres in the Southern Africa context. The current freeway network is,
           however, mainly radially orientated towards Greater Johannesburg. The priority
           expansion of the freeway network in Ekurhuleni evolves around the PWV15,
           which will unlock the development opportunities to the east of ORTIA; route
           PWV13 which will directly link ORTIA with the N3 and which will improve
           accessibility of the Central Activity Belt around Boksburg;and route PWV14 which
           will link Germiston and the Central Activity Belt to ORTIA and the R21,M12 and
           N12 freeways.

           Second Order Road Network (class 2 – class 5 roads): The main objective of this
           network is to:

               -    Serve the metropolitan area in north-south and east-west directions of
                    movement;
               -    Link residential areas to one another and to the core areas of economic
                    activity;
               -    Link areas of economic activity to one another;
               -    Promote mixed use and high density developments adjacent to these
                    routes (subject to road access management requirements);
               -    Promote transport along these routes as a priority.

            Six main north-south desire lines have been identified. These include:

               -    Route K117/K127/K123 which runs from Tembisa through the Isando-
                    Spartan complex, through the Central Activity Belt near Germiston station
                    and surrounding industrial areas, through the Wadeville industrial area,
                    linking to Vosloorus and Katlehong, from where it links to Alrode and
                    further towards Alberton CBD.
               -    Route K105/K90/K131 which links to the following areas: Tembisa
                    Kempton Park CBD, Isando, Spartan, Jet Park, ORTIA, Boksburg CBD,
                    Sunward Park and Vosloorus;
               -    K155 which is the extension of R21, PWV15, and then passes through the
                    industrial areas of Anderbolt, Van Dykpark, Vosloorus, Thokoza and
                    Alberton;


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               -    K109 which links the northern suburbs of Benoni to the Benoni CBD and
                    Benoni South industrial area, from where it stretches southwards past
                    Tsakane and eventually link up with the N3 freeway;
               -    K161/K154 which serves Daveyton-Etwatwa from where it passes through
                    two infill priority areas (31 and 32), southwards towards the Springs CBD,
                    New Era industrial area, then past the communities of KwaThema,
                    Duduza and Nigel up to where it links to the N3. This route could serve as
                    the central spine around which the Far East Activity Belt is developed in
                    future; and
               -    K175 which links Etwatwa to Springs CBD.

               In an east-west direction there are three priority areas:

               -    K68 which is to link the Daveyton-Etwatwa complex to the ORTIA    Activity
                    Area, and which will also serve Strategic Development Areas 35    and 36
                    on figure 31
               -    K106 which links the Daveyton-Etwatwa complex to the Central      Activity
                    Belt including Benoni, Boksburg and Germiston
               -    K132/K163/K116, which links Springs to Brakpan CBD (Far East      Activity
                    Belt) and then to Boksburg (Central Activity Belt).




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           Figure 1: Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Spatial Development Framework



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           Figure 2: Metropolitan SDF Implementation Priority Areas (NSDR)



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           2.4       Implications for the Northern Service Delivery Region

           2.4.1 Implementation of an Urban Development Boundary (UDB)

           Development within the Urban Development Boundary consists of existing
           residential uses and supportive land uses such as community facilities, open
           spaces and business uses. The NSDR holds considerable potential for
           development within the Urban Development Boundary. The NSDR further
           includes pockets of active agriculture, dispersed between peripheral and urban
           activities. These uses are however under pressure, due to the southward
           expansion of residential activities. Proposals under consideration such as Africa
           the Park and Serengeti have been forwarded to Ekurhuleni requesting a shift of
           the Urban Development Boundary further to the North and North-East to include
           more land for urban development. The Urban Development Boundary has
           specific implications on this area in terms of designating an area where urban
           activities will be permitting and defining the land uses to be permitted outside the
           boundary.

           2.4.2 Peripheral Uses

           The areas known as OIlifantsfontein/ Clayville, Kaalfontein/ Esseen park and
           the agricultural holdings on the eastern side of the PWV17 along the inside of
           the urban development boundary as well as the areas in the vicinity of
           Brentwood Park agricultural holding (around the proposed PWV 15 ) between
           Atlas ville and the Pomona (Agricultural holdings) is earmarked for what we
           called peripheral use.

           These include agricultural holdings and agricultural areas where a diversity of
           land uses may occur, including rural residential, agriculture, light service
           industries, commercial uses, hospitality uses and tourism related activities. The
           peripheral uses to the north support and protect the Urban Development
           Boundary and serve as a barrier for the future expansion of the urban
           environment. The optimal utilisation of these areas for peripheral uses will
           support the disadvantaged communities of Tembisa

           2.4.3 Extensive Agriculture

           The Northern and and northeastern sector of the Northern SDR (generally known
           as the Bapsfontein area) is earmarked for extensive agricultural. This entire area
           is situated outside the urban development boundary and consists predominantly
           of natural open spaces, crop farming, rural residential uses as well as the sentra
           rand railway-shunting yard in the eastern corner of the sector.




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           Most of the existing agricultural holding on either side of the urban development
           boundary (in the northern part of the Benoni SDC) have been earmarked to be
           maintain as agricultural holdings on the eastern side of the proposed PWV 17
           (Inside the urban development boundary) which is earmarked for peripheral
           uses.

           The Bapsfontein Agricultural Holdings, falling outside of the UDB and peripheral
           use zone is one example of extensive agriculture which includes rural residential
           and agricultural uses. These areas include supportive uses such as community
           facilities, local business and farm stalls.

           2.4.4 Activity Nodes or Areas

           Existing decentralised regional activity nodes (in particular regional shopping
           malls) that affect the CBD’s in the Northern SDR include East gate, East Rand
           Mall, Lakeside Mall and Northmead Mall /Square, Festival Mall and Woodbridge
           Mall

           2.4.5 Infill Development Priority Areas

           Two cells, which falls outside the 70NI noise contours were identified.These
           areas are mainly situated between the existing Glen Marais townships and the
           R21 highway and in Pomona between proposed PWV 15 and High Road.

           2.4.6 Strategic Development Areas

           As far as future residential expansion is concerned, three major prencincts were
           identified, namely

           (a) Olifantsfontein /Clayville (linking to the Midrand area)
           (b) Esselenpark /Kaalfontein area (34) this forms part of the Tembisa- ORTIA
           Corridor as it served by both the commuter railway line and route K105.
           (c) Pamona/Benoni north (area north east of ORTIA)

           The most prominent future proposed residential areas are:

           -Kaalfontein/ Esselen park
           -Agricultural holdings in the northern parts of Benoni and eastern part of
           Kempton Park.
           -Areas to the north and in between Daveyton and Etwatwa and
           -Agricultural holdings in the northern parts of Boksburg.




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           2.4.7 Service Upgrading Priority Areas

           The Tembisa complex has been earmarked as a Service Upgrading Priority area,
           where expenditure by the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality should be focused
           on the upgrading of services and facilities to levels comparable with the rest of
           the metro.

           2.4.8 Regional Open Space

           The Swartspruit is identified as an open space corridor. A wetland of
           approximately 80 hectares situated between the R23 and R21 is also present in
           the Northern Region.

           The Kaalspruit area characterised by poor stormwater management, lack of
           services, effluent discharge in to the Spruit, as well as activities within the 1:50
           year floodline area, sensitive Vlei areas with conservation value (that also serves
           as bullfrog habitat) including Bonaero Park, Blaaupan, Witfontein, Esselen Park,
           Isekelo, Parkhaven And Bullfrog Dam, The upper branches of the Blesbokspruit,
           Sesmylspruit and Jukskei River and the Rietvlei River.

           2.4.9 Mining & Quarries

           Mines (underground and open cast), quarries and related activities, including
           shafts, slimes dams, stone crushing, residential uses and offices subsidiary to
           mining activities.

           There are very little mining activities takes place in the Northern SDR, other than
           mining activities in the central mining activity belt encroaching over the boundary
           between the Northern SDR and the Southern and Eastern SDR’s. Mining
           activities in the NSDR are mostly limited to quarrying (sand/clay) and does not
           contribute much on the GDP of the region.

           There are three Open Quarries and a Crusher in the NSDR:
                        • Portion 63 of the farm Klipfontein 14IR which is 21.3 in
                           hectares
                        • Remainder of portion 33 of the farm Witfontein 15 IR which is
                           95 hectares
                        • Portion 73 of the farm Vlakfontein 69 IR which is 24 hectares

           These quarry operations are an important source of building and construction
           material that is mined, extracted and processed.

           Focus should be on protecting un-mined areas against development and on
           rehabilitation of mines and quarries after the mines are depleted. Existing mine
           dumps are to be cleared and land to be rehabilitated as soon as possible.

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           No EMM Development Policies are specifically relevant to this area.

           2.4.10 Transportation

           The Northern SDR is well serviced in terms of railway infrastructure and therefore
           offers the potential for Transit Orientated Development. The Northern SDR has
           excellent transportation system, comprising of rail, road and air transport which
           was a catalyst for economic development in the NSDR ,apart from having the
           existing rail and road infrastructure, but also proposed developments such as
           Gautrain and various PWV and K –routes (of particular importance is PWV 14
           and PWV 13).

           2.5 Land Use Management Policies – February 2004

           2.5.1 Accommodation Establishment Policy

           The policy creates a framework to deal with applications for accommodation
           establishments. The intention of this policy is to make it possible for residents to
           operate from their residential properties, to the degree that it does not impact
           adversely on the quality and amenity of the surrounding residential environment.

           The scope of this policy covers Guest Houses, Back Packers, Self Catering,
           Rooming or Lodging and Guest Lodges.

           2.5.2 Crèche Policy

           The policy sets guidelines and principles regarding the processing of applications
           for crèches. In order to accommodate most of the situations existing in
           Ekurhuleni and set appropriate guidelines, the scope of this policy is wide and
           encompasses a wide range of child care facilities such as crèches, crèche-cum-
           nursery schools, day mothers, full-day care centres, half-day care centres, play
           groups and pre-primary schools. Various procedures apply to different sizes of
           childcare facilities and these are provided for in the policy.

           2.5.3 Home Enterprise Policy

           Home Enterprise: A small-scale enterprise, practice or occupation operated from
           a residential property, by a maximum of 3 people where at least one of them
           permanently resides on the property and is operated in such a way that the
           residential character of the dwelling house and surrounds are not adversely
           affected.




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           2.5.4 Rezoning on Farm Land Policy

           The objective of this policy is to propose a uniform approach/procedure with
           regards to the evaluation of land-use application submitted on farm portions and
           agricultural holdings. In terms of the policy a rezoning procedure is permitted
           where an application is for a single uses and a Township procedure should be
           followed with multiple uses.

           2.5.5 Second Dwelling Policy

           Second Dwelling Unit: An additional dwelling unit situated on the same erf as a
           dwelling or dwelling house and which may be attached to or detached from the
           original dwelling or dwelling house, consisting not more than 100m2. The policy
           enables landowners to obtain permission for erection of a second dwelling unit
           with the minimum of effort and cost, while maintaining and appropriate degree of
           control.

           Applicants wishing to apply for permission for the erection of a second dwelling
           unit shall submit a building plan in accordance with the requirements of the
           National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act, 1977 and shall pay a
           normal prescribed application fee required for such building plans.

           2.5.6 Security Township Policy

           A security township is a development where access to the development is
           controlled. This policy is not related to closure of streets in an existing township.
           It is intended to create uniformity in the Metro concerning the establishment of
           new security developments applicable to new township establishment
           applications and subdivision of existing residential zoned erven resulting in a
           security township. In terms of this policy the road/s thus created are given the
           status of a “Private Road” and responsibilities with regards to services are clearly
           defined. The process and conditions of approval are clearly stipulated in the
           policy.

           2.5.7 Spaza Shop Policy
           The policy is aimed at setting out guidelines to evaluate applications for Spaza
           Shops within residential areas where basic household goods can be obtained
           within a walking distance where communities are less mobile and existing
           businesses are out of reach, while promoting small business opportunities and
           boosting the economic status of an area/ community.




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           2.5.8 Street Naming Policy

           The scope of this policy covers the public road/street and private roads, street
           numbering as well as naming of Townships. The policy is aimed at creating a co-
           ordinating Metro-wide policy framework in terms of which street names and
           numbers as well as township names will be allocated and such applications
           assessed and approved. It is intended to, among other things avoid duplication
           and also involve the affected communities in the process of naming.

           2.5.8 Tavern Policy

           Tavern: An area of a dwelling unit, used by the occupant of such dwelling unit for
           the serving and sale of food and liquor. The intention of this policy is to promote a
           peaceful and healthy environment within which tavern operation will be/are
           operating while ensuring that they (taverns) are compatible with the residential
           character and also imposing conditions to maintain and control taverns.
           The policy on taverns is in line with the Liquor Act, 27 of 1989. Acquisition of
           rights to operate a Tavern is in terms of the procedure prescribed in the policy.
           Further to the approval of rights, an application must also be submitted to the
           Liquor Board to obtain a liquor licence.

           2.5.9 Urban Edge Policy

           Urban Edge: Is the boundary of the city beyond which no urban development is
           permitted as delineated by Gauteng Province in consultation with all affected
           Municipalities. The policy is intended to set parameters and guidelines within
           which land use application is considered outside the urban edge in order to
           facilitate assessment of the related applications and ensure achievement of the
           purpose of the Urban Edge.

           2.5.10 Cellular Masts/ Base Station Policy

           Any structure designed and used for the accommodation of equipment used in
           transmitting or receiving electronic communication signals intended for cellular
           handsets and may or may not include alteration or modification of cellular masts.
           The objective of this policy is to propose a uniform approach to the erection of
           Cellular Masts Towers with base stations within the Metro Area.

           2.5.11 Guest House Policy

           The policy creates a framework to deal with applications for accommodation
           establishments. The intention of this policy is to make it possible for residents to
           operate from their residential properties, to the degree that it does not impact
           adversely on the quality and amenity of the surrounding residential environment.



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           According to this policy land uses that are rural in nature would be more
           desirable and should be promoted outside the urban edge, subject to
           compliance with all applicable policies and legislation.

           2.6 Legislative Background

           2.6.1 Municipal System Act 32 of 2000

           The Act stipulates that all Municipalities prepare an Integrated Development
           Plan (IDP) which is the ’principal strategic planning instrument which guides and
           informs all planning and development.’ Chapter 5, Section 26(e) of the Act
           further instructs the inclusion of a Spatial Development Framework into the IDP.

           2.6.2 Municipal Planning and Performance Management Regulations
           (Government Gazette No. 2605, 24 August 2001)

           The Regulations specifies that a Spatial Development Framework reflected in a
           municipality’s IDP must:
            • Give effect to the principles contained in Chapter 1 of the Development
               Facilitation Act, 1995 (Act No.67 of 1995)
            • Set out objectives that reflect the desired spatial form of the Municipality
            • Contain strategies and policies regarding the manner in which to achieve
               the objectives.
            • Set out basic guidelines for a land use management system in the
               municipality.
            • Set out a capital investment framework for the municipality’s development
               program.
            • Contain a strategic assessment of the environmental impact of the spatial
               development framework.
            • Identify programmes and projects for the development of land within the
               municipality.
            • Be aligned with the spatial development frameworks reflected in the IDPs
               of neighbouring municipalities.
            • Provide a visual representation on the desired spatial form of the
               municipality which :
                     - Must indicate where public and private land development and
                         infrastructure investment should take place;
                     - Must indicate desired or undesired utilisation of space in a
                         particular area;
                     - May delineate the urban edge;
                     - Must identify areas where strategic intervention is required;
                     - Must indicate areas where priority spending is required.




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           2.6.3. Development Facilitation Act, 1995

           The Land Development Principles contained in Chapter 1 of the Development
           Facilitation Act, 1995 (Act No.67 of 1995) strives towards the following:-
              • The integration of the social, economic, institutional and physical aspects
                   of land development;
              • The promotion of integrated development between rural and urban areas
                   in support of each other;
              • The promotion of the availability of residential and employment
                   opportunities in close proximity to or integrated with each other
              • Optimising the use of existing resources which includes resources like
                   agriculture, land, minerals, bulk infrastructure, roads, transportation and
                   social facilities;
              • The promotion of a diverse combination of land uses;
              • Discouraging the phenomenon of urban sprawl in urban areas and
                   contributing to the development of more compact towns and cities.
              • Contributing to the correction of historically distorted spatial patterns of
                   settlement in the Republic and to the optimum use of existing
                   infrastructure in excess of current needs
              • Encourage environmentally sustainable land development practices and
                   processes.
              • Promote the establishment of viable communities;
              • Meet the basic needs of all citizens in an affordable way;
              • Ensure the safe utilisation of land by taking into consideration factors such
                   as geological formations and hazardous, undermined areas.

           2.6.4 National Environmental Management Act, 1998

           The act provides for co-operative environmental governance by establishing
           principals for decision making on matters affecting the environment and to
           provide for matters connecting therewith. The Chapter 1, National Environmental
           Management Principles strive toward the following:
           • Environmental Management should place people and their needs at the
               forefront of its concern, and serve their physical, psychological,
               developmental, cultural and social interests equitably.
           • Serve as the general framework within which environmental management and
               implementation plans must be formulated.
           • Development must be socially, environmentally and economically sustainable.
           • Sustainable development requires the consideration of all relevant
               environmental factors.
           • Environmental management must be integrated.




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           Chapter 5, Section 23 addresses Integrated Environmental Management from
           where linkages to the Spatial Development Frameworks occur. The general
           objective is to:
              • Promote the integration of the principle of environmental management into
                  decision making which have a significant effect on the environment.
              • Identify, predict and evaluate the actual and potential impact on the
                  environment, socio economic conditions and cultural heritage, the risks
                  and consequences and alternatives and options for mitigation of activities,
                  with a view to minimize negative impacts, maximizing benefits, promoting
                  compliance with the principles of environmental management.
              • Ensure that the effects of activities on the environment receive adequate
                  consideration before actions are taken in connection with them.
              • Ensure adequate and appropriate opportunity for public participation in
                  decisions that may affect the environment.
              • Ensure the consideration of environmental attributes in management and
                  decision making which may have significant effect on the environment.
              • Identify and employ the modes of environmental management best suited
                  to ensuring that a particular activity is pursued in accordance with the
                  principles of environmental management.

             2.6.5 Gauteng Planning and Development Act, 2003)

           The Gauteng Planning and Development Act provides for municipal Spatial
           Development Frameworks. Sections 31 to 38 deals specifically with the drafting
           of SDFs and their effect. In view of the fact that the Regulations to the Act are
           not approved yet, these sections of the Act can officially not be implemented
           yet.

           2.7 Process
           The process followed is divided into 3 phases as depicted below
           Table 2: Process

           3 Phases                                          Starting Dates

           Phase 1: INITIATION                               1 March 2005

           Phase 2: PLAN FORMULATION 1 February 2006

           Phase 3: APPROVALS                                1 August 2006




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           2.7.1 Technical Workshop

           A Technical Workshop regarding the Status Quo was held on the 20th of May 2005.
           The list of the attendees is as follows:

           1.       Nonceba Ngwenya -Development Planning (NSDR)
           2.       W Elsebeth –Corporate and Legal
           3.       S .Maluleke- Development Planning (Kempton Park CCC)
           4.       Praise-God- Development Planning
           5.       Tebogo Matsaanaka- Development Planning
           6.       Allen Smith –Development Planning
           7.       Sandra Du Rand- Fire Department
           8.       Jaco Viljoen-Development Planning
           9.       Rainier Schruin-Municipal Infrastructure (Solid Waste)
           10.      Louis De Klerk-Environment and Tourism
           11.      M.A Kekana -EMPD
           12.      Mashiane S Obakeng-Development Planning (ESDR)
           13.      Pieter Swanepol –Development Planning (SSDR)
           14.      Koos Wilken -ERWAT
           15.      Philip du Plessis- RTCW
           16.       M De Beer –RTCW
           17.      Mokgoebo M –GPG-DFEA
           18.      Sakoane M- GPD-DLG
           19.      Mali Msimango-Development Planning (Kempton Park CCC)
           20.      V.T Dubula- Development Planning (Kempton Park CCC)

           2.7.2 Public Workshop

           A Public Workshop regarding the Development Objective and Development Concept
           was held on the 18 Th of June 2005. The list of the attendees is as follows:

           1.       Dipao Mokeana -680 Moantsha Section (Ward 10)
           2.       Sarah Maisela-Health and Social Development (Ward 5)
           3.       Getta Mbalane -746 Umthambeka Aged (Ward 5)
           4.       Nkele Makhubo-Umthambheka Womens Sector (Ward 5)
           5.       George Booi- Umthambheka Public Safety (Ward 5)
           6.       Michael Mofokeng-292 Sedibeng (Ward 84)
           7.       David Thopola-175 Sedibeng (Ward 84)
           8.       Robert Mhedla -326 Esiphethweni (Ward 84)
           9.       Mike Masehlana -191 Vusimusi Section (Ward 6)
           10.      Lorraine Mhlanga 313 Esangweni Section (Ward 6)
           11.      Isaiah Ntshangase - 169 Vusimusi Section (Ward 6)
           12.      Johana Magina- 1012 Vusimusi Section (Ward 6)
           13.      George Booi- 248 Umthambheka Section
           14.      James Modiko -A1083 Vusimuzi (Ward 6)
           15.      Jim Makela- 578 Esselen Park (Ward 6)
           16.      Godwin Mashakane 586(Ward 6)
           17.      Phillis Munyai - (Ward 6)
           18.      Salome Munyai - (Ward 6)
           19.      Matlakala Mothopo- (Ward 6)


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           20.      Erasmus Modisha- (Ward 6)
           21.      Mandla Zulu- (Ward 6)
           22.      Godsave Chauke- (Ward 4)
           23.      Rebecca Mokhatla- (Ward 4
           24.      Phindile Zaca
           25.      Bongeni Sihlangu
           26.      Keneth Ndwandwe
           27.      Michael Mogono
           28.      Joyce Dlamini
           29.      Nozibele Mbola- ANCWL
           30.      Annah Qulu-ANCWL
           31.      Mokone S.R
           32.      Mbalane G-Aged WDS
           33.      Nkele Makhubo-Womens WDS
           34       Phaka Joe -Ward Co-ordinator EMM
           35.      Kwena Mphago-Disabled
           36.      Andrew Sebola-Disabled
           37.      Maria Mabusela
           38.      Agnes Ramatjie-Health and Welfare Sector
           39.      Phindile Zaca
           40.      Joseph Tshabalala-Religeon
           41.      Maseatlane Makama –AGED
           42.      Ellen Shiloke-Womens
           43.      Poppy Kwababa-Disabled
           44.      Johanna Mavundla-AGED
           45.      Lina Mokoka-Disabled
           46.      Sarah Maisela-Health and Social Development
           47.      Willie Maluleke –Sport and Culture Emm (Ward 2)
           48.      Michael Mojapelo AGED & Disabled
           49.      David Ndaba –Old Age
           50.      Rosina Dibotso –Public Safety
           51.      John Mlambo –Old Age (Ward 4)
           52.      Jolaues Nugalu
           53.      Lorraine Mhlanga –Disabled (Ward 6)
           56.      Mike Mosehlana-Environment (Ward 6)
           57.      Maitse Mokena- Sports, Arts and Culture (Ward 8)
           58.      Dipuo Mokoena –Health & Welfare
           60.      James Tatalo-CBO
           61.      Edward Mokgawa
           62.      John - (Ward 4)
           63.      Johannes Ledwaba- (Ward 6)
           64.      Martina Mokone - (Ward 6)
           65.      Philis Munyai- (Ward 6)
           66.      Matlakela Mothepo –Women (Ward 4)
           67.      Dipuo Mokoena -680 Moantsha Section (Ward 10)
           68.      Noria Mabusela – CDW (Ward 04)




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           2.7.3 Public Workshop

           The Public Workshop was held on the 27 June 2005. The list of the attendees is as
           follows:

           1.       Lionel Roulstone –GDE –Education
           2.       Tommy Wyer
           3.       Nel William
           4.       G Dounavi
           5.       F Matalane-Ekurhuleni Foot Print
           6.       N Matalane

           Several issues and concerned were raised at the Public Meeting held on the 04 June
           2005. Among them where the following which will have to be discussed with the
           appropriate EMM Departments

           Table 3: Issues emanating from Public Workshop

           Input                                                        Department
              • Communities should be involved in all stages of project DP
                 cycles, thus from planning to implementation stages

                •   LSDF’s developed by some consultants demonstrate lack DP
                    of physical knowledge of Tembisa areas by consultants
                    resulting in plans not reflecting the true physical status qua
                    of Tembisa areas and aspirations of communities.

                •   Lack of upgrading of some roads.                           DP

                •   High unemployment rate                                     DP

                •   Lack of catalytic projects to trigger economic growth.     DP

                •   Most building plans are approved in Kempton Park CCC DP
                    instead of Tembisa and this is very costing in terms of
                    transport and accessibility.



           2.7.4. Individual Meetings

           Individual Meetings with Stakeholders which were not present at the Workshops.
           The following new items were raised in these meetings:




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           Table 4: Issues raised at Individual Meetings
           MEETINGS                    DATE              INPUT
           LED                         02/09/2005           • To consider all aspects of the
                                                                     economy in the RSDF.
                                                                  •  To review the Bredell area as
           Karuna Mohan
                                                                     people are practicing Bed and
           Yasuf Mayet                                               Brakfast at Bredell instead of
           Mafu S                                                    agriculture.
           Nevile Govender                                        • Green field developments need to
                                                                     be assesd and to indicate how we
                                                                     protect the agrictural land.
                                                                  • To map out the industries next to
                                                                     ORTIA
                                                                  • To map out the Gautrain, and how
                                                                     is it going to affect the economy,
                                                                     the       movement        and  the
                                                                     environment.
                                                                  • To map out the quarrying and clay
                                                                     activities.
                                                                  • Map out the raliway sidings
                                                                  • RSDF to adress the 50 years
                                                                     projection
           Environment &Tourism                   07/09/2005   No comments received

           WL De Klerk
           Housing                                13/09/2005   No comments received

           John Mkwanazi
           Municipal Infrastructure-              30/08/2005   Comments were received via e-mail, the
           Water                                               department is on the process of appointing
                                                               consultants for the updating the Water and
                                                               Sewer Masterplans, and that the relevant
           Hennie Gouws                                        information as countained in the RSDF will
                                                               also be included in the masterplans.
           Municipal Infrastructure-              30/08/2005    • No comments received
           Electricity

           Paul Van Rooyen
           RTCW                                   30/08/2005   • No comments received

           Maclare Lucille
           Corporate and Legal                    13/09/2005   • No comments received

           Gertha White
           Muzi K




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           3. STATUS QUO
              PHYSICAL ASPECTS

           3.1 Land Use (Figure 4) MSDF

           3.1.1 Extensive Agriculture

           The Northern and the North-Eastern sector of the Northern SDR generally known as
           the Bapsfontein area is earmarked for extensive agricultural, Bapsfontein serves as
           the main agricultural service centre in this area. This entire area is situated outside
           the urban development boundary and consists predominately of natural open space,
           crop farming, rural residential uses, as well as the sentra rand railways shutting yard
           (48) in the eastern corner of the sector.

           3.1.2 Agricultural Holdings/Peripheral (transitional) uses

           Most of the existing agricultural holdings on either side of the urban development
           boundary in the northern part of the Benoni SDC have been earmarked to be
           maintained as an agricultural holding, with the exception of the agricultural holdings
           on the eastern side of the proposed PWV 47 inside the urban development boundary
           which is earmarked for peripheral uses.

           The areas known as Olifantsfontein / Clayvile, Kaalfontein / Esselen park and the
           agricultural holdings on the eastern side of the of the proposed PWV 47 along the
           inside of the urban development boundary as well as the areas in the vicinity of
           Brentwood Park agricultural holdings around the proposed PWV 35 between Atlas
           Ville and Pamona agricultural holdings is earmarked for what is termed peripheral
           use.

           Many peripheral (often illegal) land uses are encroaching in to agricultural holding
           areas to the east of the ORTIA. Although pressure for new development in these
           agricultural holding areas serves as opportunity for future expansion in the Northern
           SDR the pressure is not likely to be limited to the areas within the boundary of the
           “urban edge”.

           The agricultural holdings to the south of the ORTIA also experience pressure for new
           development in particular medium density residential development, in the form of
           townhouses and cluster houses.




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           Figure 3: Agricultural Constraints

           3.1.3 CBD’s and other activity nodes

           The Northern SDR comprises the two CBD’s, Kempton Park and Edenvale, smaller
           activity nodes include the existing decentralised regional activity nodes in particular
           regional shopping malls that affect the CBDs in the Northern SDF include East Rand
           Mall, Lakeside Mall and Northmead Mall/Square and Festival Mall.These areas are
           highly accessible by cars and in the case of Kempton Park CBD by rail.

           3.1.4 Existing industrial and proposed industrial

           The main concentration of existing industrial areas in the Northern SDR occurs on
           the western side of the ORTIA in the areas known as Isando, Spartan, Jetpark and
           Elandfontein. Other prominent existing industrial areas in the Northern SDR include
           Clayville /Olifantsfontein, Chloorkop, Sebenza, Easleigh, Lilianton and Anderbolt.

           Large portions of land to the and east of ORTIA are still undeveloped
           underdeveloped which enhance the potential for large –scale development
           redevelopment of these areas in future. The same applies to the land on either side
           of the R21 –freeway (the R21 corridor on the north of ORTIA).




           Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality                                                 28
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           3.1.5 Existing Residential and Proposed Residential

           The existing residential component of the Northern SDR caters for housing for
           communities along the full range of income levels, from the lower income residential
           areas such as Tembisa / Phomolong /Winnie Mandela park areas to the high-income
           residential areas as Bedfordview. Some new residential developments are proposed
           within the Northern SDR. The existing residential areas also experienced infill
           development in the form of new residential developments normally medium to high
           density on open land within these areas. The most prominent future residential areas
           are Kaalfontein / Esselen Park, agricultural holdings in the northern parts of Benoni
           and eastern parts of Kempton park, areas to the north and between Daveyton and
           Etwatwa and agricultural holdings in northern parts of Boksburg.

           3.1. 6 Disadvantaged Communities

           The Tembisa complex, located in the North West of the Northern region, is one of
           the disadvantaged communities. And they require service upgrading. Backyard
           shacks is quite prominent in remote order sections of Tembisa.

           3.1.7 Informal Settlements and Subsidised Housing

           A separate housing department dedicated to address issues relating to low-income
           housing development and informal settlements has been established as part of the
           structure of the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality, two existing housing
           institutions, known as Germiston Inner-city Housing Institution and the Lethabong
           Housing Institution are also already operating in the Ekurhuleni metropolitan area.

           Existing informal settlements occur mostly within and on the edges of existing low-
           income residential areas between mine dumps on undetermined land. This is also
           where most of the capital and efforts of the housing department is spent towards the
           provision of informal affordable subsidy housing. This is however not where the
           efforts of the two housing institutions are focused.

           However, the occupation of land by informal settlers, make the internal reticulation of
           infrastructure of infrastructure and the allocation of houses very complex .It is difficult
           to remove entire informal settlements to new formal residential areas, since not all
           informal settlers qualify for housing subsidies and as one family moves out of an
           informal settlement to a formal residential area, another family occupies the informal
           settlement.

           Informal Settlements

           The Tembisa complex is one of the areas which is having informal settlements, and
           is located in the far northern area of the region. This area constitutes predominantly
           formal housing with a large component of informal units in the form of backyard
           shacks.

           Informal settlements are dispersed within the region but are largely concentrated in
           Tembisa in areas like Vusimusi section: located South of Tembisa close to the
           boundaries of Norkem Park Ext 4.


           Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality                                                    29
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           The area is currently undergoing formalisation through upgrading. There is a
           proposed township to relocate existing community to Vusimuzi Ext 1. Enhlazeni
           Section: located south of Tembisa, this settlement is densely populated with
           degraded environmental conditions. Isevelo section –(Madelakufa) , is in process of
           upgrading. Esiphetweni: Located South of Tembisa, Enxiweni section plans of Erven
           149 Erf 460 south of Tembisa. Tembisa Ext 23 and 24 (Winnie Mandela) situated
           north of Tembisa, still not proclaimed. The area is currently being upgraded through
           services as being erected

           There are new housing development bounded houses within the NSDR Esiphetweni
           Section, Iililiba section, Tembisa Ext 1,6 &12 (Hospital view),Tembisa Ext 4
           (Hospital Gardens), Motsu Section next to Tembisa Ext 5




           Figure 4: Land Use: Northern Service Delivery Region

           Informal settlements are dispersed within the region, but are largely concentrated
           within the industries and adjacent to the Tembisa complex. Factors influencing the
           location of these settlements, apart from the availability of vacant land, include:

               •    Proximity to activity nodes and employment, as well as the presence of main
                    arterial routes and public transportation to employment opportunities
                    elsewhere.
               •    Low, middle, high income residential, housing trends.


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    Broadly speaking,
           three main categories. Some of the middle-income areas especially, are constantly
           in a state of transition and their classification in terms of strategic value will change
           over time.

               1. Low income residential areas:
               2. Middle income areas :
               3. High income areas:

           3.2 Municipal Infrastructure – Water Services

               •    From a water point of view there are major constraints to future development
                    in the Northern region, and as a result some of this old infrastructure has
                    already led to major environmental and economic problems in the area due to
                    the upgrading which is overdue.

           Rand Water‘s main waterlines to the Northern SDR, as well as lines through to
           Tshwane cross the study area. These lines are generally associated with the main
           road networks. Ekurhuleni ‘s water networks is linked to the current development
           and includes bulk reservoirs and pressure towers .The NSDR lies on the main
           watershed, and water towers are required to provide sufficient pressure in high –
           lying areas. The position of the water lines and reservoir are well defined and had no
           direct impact on new developments. Future expansion can be recommended, but will
           require the normal improvement to the bulk storage.

           3.3 Municipal Infrastructure – Waste Water

           Wastewater is treated by ERWAT, a fully owned utility of the council. The main
           wastewater treatment works are the Hartbeesfontein WWTW in the Swartspruit
           /Rietspruit catchment, and the Olifantsfontein works draining the northern parts of
           Kempton Park and Tembisa as well as Olifantsfontein and Clayville. The existing
           wastewater treatment works in the Blesbokspruit catchment is being phased out and
           replaced by a new regional Welgedacht in Springs. The effluent from all the ERWAT
           works are subject to stringet licensing conditions and is monitored regularly.

           3. 4. Municipal Infrastructure – Solid Waste

           The north western areas of Edenvale, Bedfordview and Germiston drains the Bruma
           outfall sewer of Johannesburg and small area drains to the Modderfontein WWTW.
           The outfall sewers are in a good condition, have sufficient capacity to accommodate
           future expansion and spills seldom occur.

           3.5 Municipal Infrastructure – Electricity

           One of the few private or non- Eskom power station in the area is the Kelvin power
           station in Kempton Park; it belongs to the City of Johannesburg Council, but has
           recently been privatised. The bulk of the electricity used in the region is generated on
           the Mpumalanga highveld. In addition to the power consumed in Ekurhuleni, The

           Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality                                                   31
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    area is a hub for
           the Kelvin power Station.

           The Apollo substation just north of the boundary in Tshwane feeds across the study
           area, and the Hartbeesfontein substation East of Kaalfontein is a major node for high
           tension power lines that radiates in all directions. A number of bulk electricity lines of
           both council and Eskom feed the area, although power lines have a visual impact on
           the environment. The informal settlement under the power lines between Hospital
           view and Tembisa is an example of dangerous and unhealthy conditions where
           people ignore regulations.




               Figure 5: Informal Settlements and Sanitation

           3.6 Roads and Transport
           3.6.1 Freeways, major road network

           The N12 freeway defines the Southern boundary of the region it is an important
           East-west link from Johannesburg to Mpumalanga and also carries local traffic. The
           road is congested at peak hours due to traffic to and from Johannesburg. The R21
           freeway is the main link between Tshwane and Ekurhuleni, and specifically the OR
           Tambo International Airport. There is still tremendous development potential along
           the R21 corridor and this potential visual impact must be well managed.

           Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality                                                   32
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    The R25 or Modderfontein road is another important East-west link .The North-
           eastern rural part of the Northern region has several provincial roads which link
           Ekurhuleni to Pretoria-East, Nkungwini and Delmas.

           A major interchange of the K90 route and the R21 North of ORTIA is under
           construction, and it is intended to improve access to and circulation in the airport
           precinct. The K90 will however not follow the route previously indicated as a possible
           future route through the ORTIA property, but will link up with atlas road east of the
           ORTIA.

           3.6.2 Airports

           The OR Tambo International Airport is the main hub for air transport in South Africa
           and the subcontinent, as well as being the main port of entry for visitors to South
           Africa. The airport has a direct impact on the surrounding area, firstly by preventing
           other airports from being established in the immediate vicinity, and because of
           aircraft noise zones. In earlier times some developments were allowed within the
           noise zones, but residents in these areas have no right to object to noise, as the
           airport was established first. There is also a demand for more hotel facilities near the
           airport as most passengers at present are accommodated in Sandton or even further
           from the airport.




           Figure 6: Pontential Noise Constraints



           Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality                                                  33
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    3.6.3 Rail

           There are eleven railway stations in the NSDR To the north the commuter line
           services the Kempton Park-Tembisa –Clayville areas but also links to Tswane and
           Limpopo province.Proposal from the South African commuter rail corporation also
           exist to extend the existing railway lines as basis for public transport ,to serve low-
           income residential areas better for example:

               •    A proposed extension of the existing railway line in Tembisa (22) to pass
                    Phomolon, Rabie Ridge, Ivory Park and Winnie Mandela park with a loopback
                    past Tembisa.

           The largest proportion of the train trips in the Northern SDR (Kempton Park area)
           comprises commuters from Tembisa to Kempton Park and beyond to Johannesburg.
           However, only about 7% of all work trips are made by rail.

           The existing route K105 (Pretoria road ) and railway line (along the same alignment
           as the K105 jointly serve as strong basis for public transport from the Tembisa low
           income residential areas to Isando, Spartan industrial areas as well as the Jetpark
           Elandsfontein industrial areas further south. The industrial areas of Isando and
           Olifantsfontein are fully serviced with railway sidings.

           A project is underway along route K105 under leadership of Gautrans, to illustrate
           how transport and land use planning can be integrated.

           The planned Gautrain will enter Ekurhuleni North of the Kelvin Power Station, and
           run along Zuurfontein road to new station at Rhodesfield, before passing underneath
           the freeway to ORTIA. The proposed Gautrain alignment runs through the Northern
           SDR and ends in two stations-one in Rhodesfield (before the ORTIA(1) and the
           second inside the airport) and the Gautrain will, however, need a secondary public
           transport distribution networks to transport commuters to and from the Gautrain
           stations, in order for the Gautrain to be successful.




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                                                                                    TRAINS PER HOU R
                                                                  Olifantsfontein   30    15        6



                                                 Tembisa



                                                                    Kempton              Daveyton
                                                                    Park


                                                                       Du nsw art
                       Johan nesburg

                        LINE CAPACITY UTILISAT IO N                                       Springs
                        IN PEAK HOUR
                        0 - 25%
                        26 - 40%                                 Kwesine
                        41 - 55%
                                                                                           Nigel
                        56 - 70%                   To
                        71 - 85%                   Vereeniging



           Figure 7: Line Capacity Utilisation in Peak Hour

           In a train set composed of 12 coaches, an average number of approximately 1 700
           to 1 860 passengers can be transported under normal loading conditions and will
           increase substantially under crush load conditions. The service capacity utilisation
           recorded in the Rail Passenger Status Quo Report and adapted in accordance with
           current timetables, indicates that there is excess capacity on most routes in the EMM
           area. The lowest line capacity is found between Alberton and Germiston, which
           allows for only two trains /direction/hour.

           The highest line capacities (between 30 and 37 trains/direction/hour) are found on
           the George Goch – Germiston, Oakmoor – Elandsfontein and Elandsfontein –
           Knights sections. The most under-utilised routes, with peak service
           capacity/utilisation rates of less than 25 per cent, are Germiston-Katlehong /Kutalo
           (15%) and Kwesine-Katlehong (15%).The most heavily utilised routes where the
           peak direction service capacity utilisation exceeds 60 per cent are Kaalfontein –
           Leralla (89%) Leralla-Kaalfontein (78%), Springs –Nigel (67%) and Nigel to Springs
           (67%).

           Rail fares are substantially lower than those charged on road-based modes and it is
           reasonable to assume that rail passengers are the most captive of the public
           transport users in the EMM area. Nevertheless, it may be assumed that some shift in
           the modal split from road-based transport to rail services could be achieved through
           the implementation of appropriate policies and strategies. Fare evasion is reported to
           be a major problem in the rail network in the EMM area and fare evasion rates
           varying between 10 per cent (Germiston - Alberton) and 80 per cent (Nigel –
           Springs) have been reported. These rates vary from station to station depending on
           the extent of ticket control (55 per cent of stations in the EMM area do not have fixed
           access control). It is not known whether those estimates of revenue loss include
           over-riding beyond the validity of the paid fare.



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    The age of the
           creation of the SARCC, no new rolling stock has been procured. The average age of
           coaches in the Ekurhuleni region is 30 years. The age of rolling stock also has a
           negative impact on the present levels of customer satisfaction. International
           experiences have shown renewed support of public transport after fleet
           recapitalisation programmes.

           3.6.4 Bus Services:

           Bus services are generally under-developed in terms of its low market share of
           public transport services. Three types of subsidised bus operators currently operate
           inside the boundaries of the EMM, namely municipal operators, privately owned
           state-subsidised operators, privately owned, non-subsidised operators and small bus
           operators.

           The impression can be created that there is an extensive bus service in the
           Ekurhuleni Area. This is not the case, because the vast majority of the routes have a
           single bus per day in each direction. These are peak hour services, either for
           workers or taking children to school. It is evident that there are no bus services in the
           rural areas.

           The number of buses used for EMM operations is shown in the Table 5. In total, 313
           peak buses (30 from the former KMC area) operate 829 trips over 560 routes and
           carry approximately 37 000 passengers per day in the morning peak. There is no
           co-ordination of services between the entities, limited service between municipalities
           within the EMM area, but substantial cross-boundary movement between the EMM
           and the City of Johannesburg. Road conditions in some of the residential areas are
           poor, as are passenger facilities. Passenger information is also poor, as evident from
           the difficulty of establishing accurate supply information.

           Table 5

             BUS SERVICE SUPPLY
                  OPERATOR                                        PEAK BUSES
             PUTCO Comuta                                         7

             PUTCO Soweto                                         40

             PUTCO Boksburg                                       114

             PUTCO Ekangala                                       9

             Boksburg Municipal Bus Service                       25

             Germiston Municipal Bus Service                      48

             Brakpan Municipal Bus Service                        40
             Buses operating in Kempton Park                      30
             TOTAL                                                313




           Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality                                                   36
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    Services operated
           are predominantly for scholar traffic. The capacity utilisation on some trips cannot be
           financially justified. The municipal transport operators are not financially ring-fenced
           and would not qualify as tenderers. Moreover, their cost structure would probably
           make them uncompetitive. The relatively high age of their fleets would also preclude
           many vehicles from the tender process. The low market share and high age of fleets,
           which requires considerable capital investment, are the two key areas emanating
           from the status quo investigation that need urgent and planned action. The bus
           service supply and the capacity utilisation for the various services in EMM are shown
           in table the table below. The lower apparent utilisation in the former KMC area may
           be the result of differences in counting or survey methods between the two areas.

           Preliminary opportunities for service rationalisation and subsidy reduction appear to
           be: PUTCO Boksburg and Boksburg CCC on internal routes in Boksburg, PUTCO
           Boksburg and Germiston CCC on both internal and cross-boundary routes, PUTCO
           Boksburg and PUTCO Soweto on cross-boundary routes to and from Johannesburg,
           PUTCO Tembisa cross-border services and Brakpan CCC routes.

           Table 6

              SUPPLY AND UTILISATION OF BUS SERVICES IN EKURHULENI
              Operator                 Number    Number    Passenger                   Utilisatio
                                                           s                           n
                                        of trips Of seats
                                                                                       %
              PUTCO Comuta                                   6     360      231        64

              PUTCO Soweto                                   42    2 520    2 005      79

              PUTCO Boksburg                                 89    5 340    4 969      93

              PUTCO Boksburg (Kempton                        15    900      965        61
              Park) (now J.R.Choeu)

              PUTCO Ekangala
                                                             10    600      426        71
              Boksburg          Municipal         Bus
              Service                                        19    1 140    1 235      108

              Germiston            Municipal      Bus        60    3 600    2 229      62
              Service
                                                             52    3 120    2 797      90
              Brakpan          Municipal          Bus
              Service
              TOTAL                                          293   17 580   14 352     82

           PUTCO Boksburg currently operates the largest fleet in the jurisdiction area of the
           EMM. The buses in general are old and obsolete and do not qualify for the tender
           process. Bus trips refer to the frequency of bus services as given on the timetables.
           The table below shows the number of bus trips that are rendered by each operator
           for each operating day. PUTCO Boksburg renders the most trips (223) per day.

           Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality                                                     37
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    Cross-border traffic
           Germiston CCC.

           Table 7

               SUPPLY STATISTICS - NUMBER OF BUS TRIPS
               Operator                       M-F                      SAT          TOTAL


               PUTCO Ekangala                                20        0            20

               PUTCO Soweto                                  117       0            117

               PUTCO Comuta                                  13        0            13

               PUTCO Boksburg                                223       35           258

               Germiston Municipal Bus Service               220       46           266

               Boksburg Municipal Bus Service                45        0            45

               Brakpan Municipal Bus Service                 121       0            121
               TOTAL                                         579       81           840

           3.6.5 Taxi Services

           In line with the adoption of the “one town, one association” policy, most of the former
           municipalities in the EMM area have only one Taxi association, The Taxi
           Associations in the NSDR is reflected below:

                    o   Benoni –Benoni TA, BELDTA (Long Distance)
                    o   Kempton Park-Lethabong TA (LETA),
                    o   Makgorometsa TA (MTA)
                    o   Tembisa Alexandra TA (TATA)
                    o   Johannesburg Tembisa TA (JTTA)
                    o   Kempton Park (TA) (KETA)
                    o   Oakmoor Commuter Transport Services (OCTS)
                    o   Tembisa Local TA (TELTA)
                    o   Tembisa Long Distance TA ( TELDTA)
                    o   Tembisa Pretoria TA (TEPTA)
                    o   Boksburg - Boksburg & District TA, Reiger Park TA.
                    o   Germiston - KAPTA, GGTA.

           There are over 11 000 minibus taxis operating in the EMM, 1 350 in the Kempton
           Park area, mini bus taxis carry over 335 000 passengers per day (53 000 in
           Kempton Park). The taxi associations are effectively acting as the regulatory
           authority for their respective operating territories, which they protect at all costs. This
           often results in forced transfers for passengers at municipal boundaries and the need
           for additional capital costs for ranks to facilitate such transfers.



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           3.6.6 Supply And Demand

           Except in isolated cases, supply generally exceeds demand. This over-trading,
           coupled with a flat fare structure regardless of distance travelled, contribute to a lack
           of financial viability. Financial problems are caused by the proportion of vehicles, (±
           30%), that operate only one trip in the morning peak period. This phenomenon may
           be the result of a combination of circumstances e.g. poaching by long distance
           operators whose market is predominantly at weekends, or workers carrying
           passengers to and from their residential and work areas. There is substantial
           evidence of local passengers being abandoned on Friday afternoon as local
           operators poach on long distance services.

           Over-supply is indicated by the extent of post-boarding waiting time until the vehicle
           departs full. Capacity utilisation over route sections is, therefore, the only relevant
           measure to determine modal split where the relevant route section is common to
           another mode, or subject to conflict amongst taxi associations or operators.

           The following are the most significant findings for the NSDR of the mini-bus taxi
           CPTR:

               • More than 50 per cent of all routes in the EMM area are over supplied.
               • Main corridors include the routes between townships and towns:
               • Tembisa and Kempton Park (although there is significant movement
                  eastwards to Johannesburg).
               • The towns where the largest volumes of minibus-taxi passengers are carried
                  include: Germiston (85 262), and Boksburg (60 662) and Kempton Park (52
                  700).

           3.6.7 Metered Taxi Transport

           The metered taxis in the EMM have over the years lost their main feature, namely a
           sealed meter by which fares have to be set. The mode was also infiltrated by what
           are called “4-plus-1” sedans which operate more like minibus-taxis.

           During the early 1990s the distinction between metered taxis and the 4-plus-1
           sedans became blurred. This rather artificial merging of the two modes was at that
           stage stimulated by a power struggle and a broadening of the support base before
           the first democratisation process in the taxi industry began.

           The true features of the two modes differ in the sense that the metered taxis tender
           services for single people or closed groups whereas the 4-plus-1 sedans operate on
           more of a shared basis in a similar way as the minibus-taxis.

           The data on the 4-plus-1 sedans operations were collected during the 2001/2002
           data collection process, as their operations are closely linked with the minibus-taxi
           type of operations. The metered taxis operate from the following points in the
           Northern Service Delivery Region.



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           Table 8

           METERED TAXI OPERATIONS IN NSDR
           TOWN                  LOCATION
                                    • East Rand Mall, on parking area
           Boksburg                 • Lodge



            Kempton Park                                 •   Station, Pretoria Road




                                                         •   Van Riebeeck Street
           Edenvale


                                                         •   Formula 1
                                                         •   Garden court
           Isando                                        •   Carterpillar
                                                         •   Caltex garage


           The conditions under which the metered taxis operate are reminiscent of the
           condition of the facilities that the minibus-taxis used 10 to 20 years ago. The only
           difference is that the metered taxis are allowed to use parking areas and street
           parking bays, but there is no sign of the provision of any facilities. The positioning of
           the metered taxi facilities with regard to intermodal co-ordination is good, but there is
           no facilities provided.

           The real question is what type of facilities needs to be provided for the metered taxi
           industry. In most cases there are facilities for the drivers but there are no amenities
           such as shelters, which are important when the metered taxis load their passengers.

           3.6.8 Long-Distance Minibus-Taxi Operations

           Long-distance minibus-taxi routes can be divided into two broad categories, namely:

           Type A: These are routes where both the origin and the destination are in the same
           province but where the origin and destination fall in different municipalities, e.g.
           Germiston Station to Pretoria. (Inter-metropolitan operations)

           Type B: These are routes where the origin and destination fall in different provinces,
           e.g. Germiston Station in Gauteng to Pietersburg / Polokwane in Limpopo Province.
           (Inter-provincial operations). They also include the routes to destinations in another
           country.




           Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality                                                  40
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           The operators of long-distance minibus-taxi services are members of minibus-taxi
           associations. In some cases the associations have members from both the local and
           long-distance operators but in other cases the associations are dedicated and have
           only long-distance members. The table below gives the associations and their long-
           distance routes for the membership of long-distance operators.

           Table 9

           LONG-DISTANCE ASSOCIATIONS AND ROUTES IN THE NSDR

                                                                                          Total
                                     Route                                  Departure     trips per
           Rank                      destinations            Associations   periods       day
           Oakmoor                   8                       TELDTA         07:40-18:00   43
           Total for NSDR            8                                                    43

           The surveys of long-distance taxi services were adjusted from the specified survey
           times in an attempt to capture all the services provided on a Friday. The information
           received from the associations showed that some long-distance taxis departed early
           on a Friday but others departed on Friday afternoons. What is clear from the results
           of the surveys is that long-distance taxi services are under economic pressure. In
           the case of the services from Oakmoor, only eight taxis depart during the early
           morning period and for some routes there were not enough passengers for any taxis
           to depart on the Friday that the survey was done.

           It is clear from the surveyed data that very few 25 seater-vehicles are currently in
           use. In most cases the average number of passengers per trip is between 14 and
           18, which also indicates that there is an element of overloading in the long-distance
           operations. There were also a number of routes where no taxis departed at all
           during the whole day of the survey. The pressure of competition was also evident as
           in some cases buses left on trips to the same destinations where taxis struggled to
           fill even one taxi.

           There were also cases where passengers waited for the full day or for the whole
           afternoon and even at 18:30 when the survey ended there were still not enough
           passengers for the taxi to leave. It will be very important to protect the long-distance
           routes from any further over-supply of transport services. The critical routes identified
           according to the GAUTRANS Specifications are given in the table.

           Table 10

             Route ID Origin Description                      Association      Destination description
             Additional Tembisa                              LETA              Edenvale
             Additional Tembisa                              KETA              Kempton Park




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           Figure 8: Transportation Movement

           3.7 Natural Environment – Soil and Geology

           The geological stability of the area is one of the key considerations in the
           determination of land suitability for various land uses. The geological factor or
           characteristics discussed here represent both significant cost and environmental
           factor that should be taken in to account when considering medium to long term
           development policies and planning strategies.

           The Witwatersrand, Ventersdorp and Transvaal supergroups are all part of the
           Precambrian period. The Witwatersrand supergroup directly overlies the old granite
           in the area. It consists mainly of quartzite, quartzite conglomerates, phylites and
           slates. Gold is found in places in auriferous reefs within the conglomerates. The
           Ventersdorp Supergroup overlies the Witwaterrand Supergroup in the Southwestern
           part of the area and mainly of volcanic rocks, but also includes sediments in places.
           The Transvaal supergroup consist of volcanic rocks that overlie the ventersdorp
           supergroup.

           Volcanic rocks include Lava, Tuff, Andesite, Basalt and Rhyolite. Sedimentary rocks
           include Quartzite, Shale, Conglomerate and Dolomite that is an important water
           carrier. Diabase intrusion, mainly in the form of sills and dykes, occurs near the top
           of the unit. The most important element of the dolomite is that it functions as an
           underground reservoir. The sediments of the Karooo super group overlay the
           Transvaal Supergroup. The sedimentary rock include Tillilite, Mudstone, Sand stone
           and Shale, these sedimentary rocks are intruded by dolerite in the form of sills and
           dykes.

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    The Edenvale
           Clayville area is dominated by Granite. The river valley, cut out by the Blesbokspruit,
           removed the Karoo sediments and exposed the dolomite of the Transvaal
           Supergroup along much of the course of the river.There are very little activities of
           quarries and mining ,and they are restricted to encroachments of the central mining
           belt into the area of Lilianton.




           Figure 9: Geology and Undermining

           3.8 Natural Environment – Pollution

           The potential pollution sources in the Northern region originates mainly from
           industries in three classes, mine dumps, slimes dams, waste sites and operating
           sewerage works, There is also some potential pollution from agriculture.

           3.8.1 Land uses with a low potential for water pollution

           The water catchments most at risk from these land uses are the upper Blesbokspruit
           and the Jukskei catchments. These land uses pose a low risk for water pollution;
           however the cumulative impact in certain water catchments may be significant

           3.8.2 Land uses with a high potential for water pollution

           The water catchments most at risk from these land uses are the upper Blesbokspruit
           (harzaous waste site) and the Kaalspruit catchments.

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           3.8.3 Land uses with a low to medium potential for both air and water pollution

           The water catchments most at risk from these land uses are the Kaalspruit,
           Natalspruit and Jukskei river catchments

           3.8.4 Land uses with high potential for both air and water pollution

           The water catchment most at risk from these land uses are the Kaalspruit,
           Natalspruit, upper Blesbokspruit and the Swatspruit catchments. The OR Tambo
           International Airport and associated activities has a significant impact on the upper
           Blesbokspruit and Swartspruit catchment

           3.8.5 The impact of pollution on agriculture

           Water run-off from agriculture pose a major water pollution risk in the Swartspruit
           and upper Blesbokspruit catchment.

           3.8.6 Land and infrastructure that generate excessive noise

           3.8.6.1 The OR Tambo International Airport

           Noise emanating from the airport severely affects most of the so called “R21
           development corridor” on both sides of the R21 road especially the area to the west
           of the road. This may well turn out to the biggest single restrictive factor on the
           development potential of the R21 development corridor.

           3.8.6.2 Roads and railway lines

           Major roads as well as railway lines also produce significant noise. It is
           recommended that noise impact assessments be conducted within buffer zones of
           800M around all railway lines the R21, N1 and other major roads where the following
           land uses are considered:

                    -Educational facilities
                    -Health care
                    -Residential, and
                    -Offices

           The Ekurhuleni area is generally severely impacted by Air pollution. Air pollution can
           be defined as the emission of chemical compounds into the air resulting from human
           activities and natural activities, and is associated with human health and global
           warming. Air pollution in the Northern region originates mainly from one of two
           sources, namely industry and secondary domestic fires. Indoor pollution resulting
           from the usage of coal and wood for lighting, heating and cooking has been shown to
           contribute to up to 60% of the pollution load in winter.

           This is considered to be the most important environmental health related issue,
           especially in the low-income areas. Most affected are the Tembisa area and river
           valleys carrying the pollution from these areas to lower lying areas.The industrial
           areas in Ekurhuleni have average annual sulphur dioxide levels that fall below the
           South African annual guidelines since 1975.
           Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality                                                44
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           Exhaust emissions from motor vehicles is considered to be the most significant
           source of air pollution particularly in urban areas. Vehicles emit greenhouse gases
           (including carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides), particulate matter
           (carbon and lead) and sulphur dioxides. Given the strategic location of Ekurhuleni, its
           road, rail and air networks support high levels of traffic.

           An Air Quality Management (AQM) Plan for Ekurhuleni was compiled on behalf of
           and in consultation with the Department of Environment and Tourism in November
           2004.

           The Environment and Tourism Department has embarked on an air quality
           management plan development project. The project has two focus areas:

           - Baseline assessment of the air pollution concentrations and air quality
             management practices within the EMM, and inventory of national and provincial
             requirements pertaining to the AQM Plan development.
           - Development of an AQM plan for EMM, taking into account:
                   - Operational and functional structure requirements.
                   - Air quality management system component requirements.
                   - Sources identification and prioritisation.
                   - Emission reduction measures implementable.
                   - Mechanisms for facilitating inter-departmental co-operation in the
                     identification.
                   - Implementation of emission reduction measures for certain sources.
                   - Human resource development (training) requirements.

           The key findings from the baseline assessment give a detailed overview of the status
           quo with regard to air pollution. These include priority pollutants, their sources and
           the key impact areas, and are summarised in the table below.




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    Table 11: Air pollution

           Pollutants         Main Contributing Sources                     Key Impacted Areas
           PM 10              Household fuel combustion                     Elevated concentrations
           PM 2.5             Transport (primarily diesel vehicle           over much of the region
                              emissions)                                    resulting in widespread
                              Industrial (coal combustion)                  health risks, with significant
                              Other sources (primarily wild fires, tyre     health effects anticipated in
                              burning)                                      residential fuel burning
                                                                            areas
           NO2                Transport (petrol vehicles, diesel vehicles   Elevated concentrations in
                              and air activities                            CBD and residential areas
                              Industrial processes                          transacted by highways, on-
                              Household fuel combustion                     ramps and main feeder
                              Wild fires, tyre burnings and other minor     roads.
                              sources
           Ozone              Secondary pollutants associated with NOx      Elevation anticipated to be
                              and other precursors releases                 across the region.
                              Transport – petrol vehicles as key            Monitoring is required to
                              contributors. Also diesel and airport         confirm ozone levels.
                              activities
                              Household fuel combustion
                              Industrial processes
                              Wildfires
           SO2                Industrial and non domestic fuel burning      Relatively small spatial
                              sector (coal and HFO combustion)              variations apparent with
                              Transport (diesel and petrol vehicles)        elevated levels occurring at
                              Household fuel combustion                     all sampling locations.
                              Tyre burning and wildfires
           VOCs               Transport – petrol vehicles as key            Main impact zones should
                              contributors. Also diesel and airport         be established following
                              activities                                    monitoring and modelling
                              Household fuel combustion                     efforts
                              Industrial processes
                              Wildfires
           CO                 Transport                                     Elevated concentrations
                              Household fuel combustion                     near busy roads
                              Industrial processes
                              Wildfires, tyre burning
           Air Toxics         Incinerators, landfill operations, specific   Concentration is in close
                              industries (refinery, printers, dyers, etc)   vicinity to sources.


           3.9 Parks and Open Spaces

           Many of the parks in the Northern SDR are undeveloped or poorly maintained.
           Green areas are disjointed and fragmented and no central theme connects the
           previous Eastrand towns. Natural areas are poorly protected and a conservation plan
           needs to be compiled. A large number of wetland areas, pans, dams and stream
           exist which can serve as the back-bone of an open space system.

           The Northern SDR has the following main open space features:
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           The system is mainly formed by watercourses such as the Spruit areas for instance
           the Swart-and Kaalspruit areas.

           Natural open space system

           Environmentally sensentive areas of particular interest in the Northern SDR include:

           1. Sensitive vlei areas with conservation value (that also serves as bullfrog habitat)
           include Bonaero Park, Blaaupan, Witfontein, Esselen Park, Isekelo, Parkhaven and
           Bullfrog Dam.

           2. Blesbokspruit.

           Pressure for new, soughtafter, high income residential developments within such
           open spaces systems and environmental sensitive areas threaten to reduce the
           extent of such natural environments and cause a further interruption of the continuity
           that does still exist. Establishment of informal settlements and low housing
           developments in and next to such open space systems and environmentally
           sensitive areas is often associated with pollution of the natural environment.

           The absence of a clear Environmental Management Framework (EMF) for the areas
           abutting the R21 –highway, causes uncertainty and conflict between the pressure for
           development as opposed to the need to preserve valuable agricultural land and the
           natural environment.

           3.9.1 Existing Parks and Open Space

           The table below indicates the amount of open space (m2) available to the citizens
           within Ekurhuleni.

           Table 12: Open space availability
           Population (2003)                                     865, 583
           Active Open Space (supplied m2)                       1,343,070
           Active Open Space Per Person (Supplied)               1.55

           The table below reflects the Shortage of Open Space

           Table 13: Shortage of space

           Active Open Space Required                            6,059,081m²
           Shortfall of Space                                    4,716,011m²


           The table below indicates the cost applicable to provide the open space required in
           the NSDR.




           Table 14: Cost applicable for the provision of open space
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               CCC                 Operational               Capital     Operational
                                   Budget                    Budget      Cost per ha
               Part             of R 11 977 548              R 751 500   R 29 720.97
               Boksburg

           No recommendation on the placement of new parks was made. In most areas there
           is no open space available and in order to make space for open space houses would
           have to be demolished.
           An exercise was conducted showing the current situation on each park.
           The parks were divided into the following categories:
           - Regional Open Space (open space with a surface area equal to and greater than
               3ha) Possible Regional Parks (Undeveloped Open Space) Regional Parks (Parks
               with recreation and play equipment).

           -      Local Open Spaces (Open Spaces less than 3 ha and greater than 300m2)
                     Developed Parks with play equipment
                     Developed Parks without play equipment
                     Undeveloped Parks with development potential
                     Undeveloped Parks with no development potential
           -      Vacant Land
                     Land that is less than 300m2 in extent. This open space includes stormwater
                     servitudes, sidewalks etc. which is there for municipal purposes and cannot
                     be used for any other uses.

                                      SOCIAL ASPECTS

           3.10 Demographics

           The Northern SDR houses about 658 800 people which represents 27% of the total
           population of the Ekurhuleni metropolitan area. The population growth rate in the
           Northern SDR is the lowest of the three SDR’s in the metropolitan area, with 2,5%
           per anum, compared to the 2,6% of the eastern SDR and the 3,1% of the SDR.

           The region has a projected growth rate of 1.7 up until 2010, which further decreases
           to 0.7 until 2015. This is largely due to the anticipated effect of HIV and AIDS. The
           continuous spreading of AIDS is anticipated to have a detrimental impact, not only
           on health and welfare infrastructure, community facilities and the need for
           cemeteries, but also on the economy as a whole (Through absenteeism from work.)

           28.5% of the Metro population resides in the Northern SDR, which represents 645
           634 people – the smallest portion of the metro. The population grew by 3.1% from
           1996 to 2002 compared to 2.7% of the metro as a whole, an increase of 150 000
           people in six years. The region has a projected growth rate of 1.7 up until 2010,
           which further decreases to 0.7 until 2015. This is largely due to the anticipated effect
           of HIV and AIDS.

           From 2015 to 2020 the growth rate is expected to be as low as 0.2% Overall from
           1996 to 2020 the projected growth rate will be 1.5% for the region in EMM. The
           variance in growth rate is greatest in the Northern SDR and this could largely be
           attributed to the fact that the biggest concentration of low-income and disadvantaged
           communities resides in this area (Predominantly in the Tembisa complex). Although
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    Gauteng is expecting
           although significantly lower until 2011. This trend can largely be attributed to the
           industrial labour opportunities present within the region.

           This trend will place severe pressure on the provision of social- and healthcare
           services. The situation is further exacerbated by the effect of migration of people
           from rural areas in the search of employment – the full effect of which is difficult to
           anticipate. Service provision therefore must include an additional margin to allow for
           unexpected growth (0.5% natural and 0.2% migration).

           3.11. Education

           The educational levels of the population aged 20+ in the Northen SDR were
           noticeable higher than the remainder of the Ekurhuleni area (with 49.0 % of the
           people having grade 12 or higher level.

           The proportion of persons over 20 that have no schooling have decreased from 8,2%
           to 7,2%.This percentage is better than the percentage for the EMM as a whole,
           where 9% of the adult population has not received schooling.

           Table 15: Distribution of activities related to educational facilities

                              Benoni        Boksburg         Brakpan   Kempton   Nigel   Springs        Total
                                                                       Park
           Schools
           Private            59            23               87        27        17      43             256
           Provincial         54            34               196       35        110     18             447
           Tertiary           14            6                25        1         5       22             73
           institution

           Early
           Childhood
           Developme
           nt Centres
           Formal             409           1346             743       578       144     713            3933
           Informal           844           245              473       729       121     463            2875
           Places      of     26            28               204       23        13      84             378
           Care(Places
           of Safety),
           Total              1406          1682             1728      1393      410     1343           7962

           Table 15 above reflects the distribution of activities related to education facilities;
           provincial schools had the highest number of activities i.e 447.with least activities at
           tertiary institutions at 73. As far as early childhood development centres are
           concerned 3933 activities, with least activities having taken place in places of care
           i.e 378.
           Municipal facilities like Libraries, Clinics and sporting facilities can be shared with
           schools that are in need of them. (No information received from GDE).




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           3.12 Health and Social Development

           Family Health services are rendered within clinics and encompass the full range of
           Primary Health Care (PHC) core package of services. This includes:
                    ·      Preventative services under 5 years
                    ·      Curative services under 5 years
                    ·      Antenatal care
                    ·      Post Natal care
                    ·      Reproductive health
                    ·      Violence and sexual abuse
                    ·      Termination of pregnancy counselling
                    ·      Screening for Cervical cancer
                    ·      Acute curative care
                    ·      Sexually transmitted infections
                    ·      HIV and Aids services
                    ·      Tuberculosis services
                    ·      Chronic disease care
                    ·      Occupational Health

           Health facilities can be divided into the following categories:

           Community Health Centre (CHC) - Provides the full Core Service Package as well as
           Oral Health, Mental Health, Rehabilitation services and Maternity Obstetrics services
           (MOU). Provides first level referral to doctors, therapists and other specialised staff
           as well as less serious emergency and day care for extended hours. It supports the
           surrounding clinics and is supported by district and regional hospitals through a
           referral system.

           Clinic - Provides essential services at first contact care by PHC-trained nurses, 5
           days a week for 8 hours a day. Is supported by CHC or equivalent through
           referrals.

           Satellite Clinic - Utilises staff from the mother clinic and is only operational on certain
           days of the week. Most satellites provide the full range of core services provided by
           mother clinics.

           Mobile Clinic - housed in a light duty vehicle or bus and go out to the community to
           provide a service where there is no fixed facility. Services provided are usually
           limited and may vary widely according to resources.

           In total, Local Government (LG) owns 90% of facilities in Ekurhuleni. Provincial
           facilities comprise mostly of Community Health Centre’s (CHC’s) and mobile clinics.

           Table 16:         Clinics in the NSDR
                                                              Type of
            NORTH SDR               SDC                Ward               Owner
                                                              Facility
            Chief    Albert                                   To     be
                                    Benoni             15                 EMM
            Luthuli                                           built
            Crystal Park            Benoni             15     Satelite    EMM
            Northmead               Benoni             24     Fixed       EMM
            Impala Park             Boksburg           23     Satelite    EMM
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    Witfield                        Boksburg           33    Satellite EMM
            Bedfordview             Gemiston           20    Fixed     EMM
            Bedfordview
                                    Gemiston           21    Mobile   EMM
            mobile
            Kloopper Park   Gemiston                   18    Satellite EMM
            Wannenburg      Gemiston                   21    Satellite EMM
                            Kempton
            Bapsfontein                                15    Fixed    EMM
                            Park
                            Kempton
            Birchleigh                                 16    Fixed    EMM
                            Park
            Birchleigh      Kempton
                                                       16    Fixed    EMM
            North           Park
                            Kempton
            Banaero Park                               15    Fixed    EMM
                            Park
            Edleen closed Kempton
                                                       16    Closed   EMM
            11/2003         Park
                            Kempton                          To    be
            Endayeni                                   11             EMM
                            Park                             built
                            Kempton
            Erin                                       06    Fixed    EMM
                            Park
                            Kempton
            Ethafeni                                   08    Fixed    EMM
                            Park
                            Kempton
            Kempton Park                               15    Fixed    EMM
                            Park
            Kempton Park Kempton
                                                       24    Mobile   EMM
            Mobile          Park
                            Kempton
            Olifantsfontein                            1     Fixed    EMM
                            Park
                            Kempton
            Spartan                                    17    Fixed    EMM
                            Park
            Tembisa
                            Kempton
            Health     Care                            02    Fixed    EMM
                            Park
            Centre
            Tembisa         Kempton
                                                       1     Hospital EMM
            Hospital        Park
                            Kempton
            Tembisa Main                               08    CHC      EMM
                            Park
            Tswelepelo      Kempton                          To    be
                                                       1              EMM
            WM (Dedusa)     Park                             built
            Winnie          Kempton
                                                       2     Fixed    EMM
            Mandela         Park
            Edenvale        Lethabong                  19    Fixed    EMM
            Edenvale
                            Lethabong                  19    Mobile   EMM
            Mobile
            Esongweni       Lethabong                  10    Fixed     EMM
            Illiondale      Lethabong                  19    Satellite EMM
            Itireleng       Lethabong                  12    Fixed     EMM
            IIsabela     De
                            Kempton
            Villiers   Oral                            16    Dental   EMM
                            Park
            Health Clinic


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    Environmental                   Section within Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality, in
           conjunction with the provincial government, is entrusted with safeguarding the
           Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality environment and to conduct monitoring
           strategies to prevent health risks.

           During the past ten to fifteen years the Environmental Health profession has gone
           through a process of change and development with the result that it has become
           more dynamic than ever before. The major focus of environmental health has also
           changed from rigid law enforcement to community development through health
           education and promotion programmes. The development also included the official
           change of the professional designation from ‘Environmental Health Officer’ to
           ‘Environmental Health Practitioner’ that was endorsed by The Health Professions
           Council of South Africa.

           The Environmental Health Practitioner (EHP) plays an integral part to ensure that the
           environment augments the quality of life of the community. The role of the
           Environmental Health Practitioner is to anticipate, identify and monitor environmental
           factors that affect or potentially will affect health, and take steps to eliminate or
           reduce these factors to safe levels. Their daily actions form part of the National
           development programme aimed at developing societies to obtain high environmental
           status by encouraging the population to be self-sufficient in respect of the creation
           and maintenance of an environment that is safe and healthy.

           Essential components of the EHP functions are to control and monitor the quality of
           food, air and water, and to control and monitor noise levels and public nuisances.
           They also implement intervention strategies to control overgrown vacant stands,
           illegal dumping and pest control. Another component is the approval of building
           plans and trade licenses and the monitoring and training of street vendors. They
           respond to public needs and encourage public participation in environmental
           governance by providing for the mutual exchange of views and concerns.

           The Environmental Health Services are entrusted with the identification, evaluation
           and control of all unhygienic conditions and factors related to the environment and
           health risks. They undertake acts supplementary to statutory duties to eliminate
           unhygienic conditions and execute monitoring actions for the safeguarding and
           maintenance of the health of the community.
           In order to achieve the diverse range of duties the following fields are covered: -

                    -   Food quality control (food hygiene)
                    -   Air quality monitoring
                    -   Water quality monitoring
                    -   Noise monitoring
                    -   Pest control
                    -   Dwellings, stands and non-food activities
                    -   Pre-school institutions.
                    -   Trade licences.
                    -   Complaints
                    -   Health education
                    -   Notifiable Conditions investigated and follow up.

           Community Development Services


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    The constitution
           Local Government to take on developmental functions.

           The delivery of services to communities in the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan area on a
           continuous and sustainable basis therefore remains the central focus of the
           community development sector. Central to this process is the co-ordination and the
           implementation of service delivery to create on enabling environment and to
           endeavour to reduce social pathologies in our communities, by empowering
           communities and engendering self-reliance. Our developmental services span the
           entire cycle of human life and encompass advocacy, promotion, prevention and
           prioritised needs.

           The objectives for community development are:

               •    to uplift the community’s standards of living through economic development
               •    to promote, educate and sensitise communities about issues that affect them
                    through community development programmes
               •    to establish partnership programmes that promote unity of communities on
                    matters relating to community development services through co-operatives
               •    to educate communities to take initiatives about opportunities available
               •    networking with other organisations in order to avoid duplication
               •    to establish an information management system (data base for effective
                    networking in communities
               •    to advocate and facilitate the development of facilities and services needed by
                    specific communities, especially the marginalized.

           The overall objective of the unit is to promote social and economic development. The
           following target groups have been identified for Community Development projects:
               • Children
               • Youth
               • Women
               • Men
               • Aged
               • People living with disabilities

           Community Development projects range from poverty alleviation, skills development
           and training, empowerment, support groups, indigent registration and HIV and Aids
           related projects. Awareness campaigns and special projects are also conducted
           such as the 16 days of activism to create awareness of violence against women and
           children.

           3.13 Safety and Security

           Public safety includes emergency response services, fire brigade, traffic control and
           the metropolitan police force. These services are currently being integrated from the
           previous nine service areas (previous municipalities) into a single, municipal service
           with three Service Delivery Regions. The strategy for Public Safety is to have one
           central Emergency Call Centre, receiving all emergency calls in the metropolitan
           area. This will be supported by three Emergency Services Dispatch Centres in the
           three Service Delivery Regions.



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           Public safety services cover the entire Metropolitan area, including marginalised
           areas. The location of Metropolitan Police Precincts specifically considered areas
           experiencing high levels of crime. The spatial distribution of community services in
           the SSDR indicates a concentration of facilities and services in the three central
           business districts, particularly around civic centres and in established residential
           areas. Plans are in place to provide adequate facilities and services in marginalised
           areas, resources permitting. The strong relation between these facilities and Multi
           Purpose Centres point towards the clustering thereof, particularly where new
           infrastructure is provided. The concept of Multi-purpose Community Centres
           incorporating social services, public safety, sports and recreation as well as provision
           for economic activities, is thus strongly recommended.




           Figure 10: Emergency Services and Health Facilities

           3.14 Sport and Recreation

           3.14.1 Existing Sporting Facilities

           There are various existing sporting facilities within the Northern region than the other
           two regions; however some of these facilities are not commonly used.




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    Table 17: Existing

           ATLETICS                                          LOCATION
           Kempton Park Road Runners Club                    Edleen
           Benoni Road Running                               Benoni
           BASEBALL
           Imps baseball Club                                Primrose,Marlands
           Kempton Park Atletic                              Kempton Park ,Barnard
                                                             Stadium
           BOWLING
           Kempton Park Bowling Club                         Barnard
                                                             Stadium,Kempton Park
           Edenvale Bowling Club                             Edenvale
           Conrad Bowling Club                               Olifantsfontein
           Primrose Bowling Club                             Rivonia ,Marlands
           BOXING
           Texas Boxing Club                                 Tembisa
           Kempton Park, Amateur Boxing Club                 Edleen
           Primrose Kickboxing Club                          Primrose
           Comet Kickboxing Club                             Comet Indoor Centre
           CRICKET
           Kempton Park Cricket Club                         Edleen
           DOG TRAINING
           Birch Acres Dog Training Club                     Norkem Park
           Comet Dog Training                                Comet Indoor Centre
           Rottweiler Club                                   Bredell
           FOOTBALL SOCCER
           Birch Acres Football Club                         Birch Acres
           Bonaero 74 Amateur Football Club                  Boneoro Park
           Kempton Park Football Club                        Kempton Park ,Barnard
                                                             Stadium
           Edenvale Football Club                            Edenvale
           GOLF CLUB
           Kempton Park Golf Club                            Kempton Park ,Barnard
                                                             Stadium
           GYMNASTICS
           Kempton Park Gimnastics Club                      Crydon
           Eagles Tumbling Club                              Ferramere
           HIKING
           Comet Hiking Club                                 Comet Indoor Centre
           HOCKEY
           Kempton Park Hockey Club                          Kempton Park ,Barnard
                                                             Stadium
           JUDO
           Kempton Park Judo Club                            Kempton Park, Barnard
                                                             Stadium
           Comet Judo Club                                   Comet Indoor Centre
           KORFBALL
           Glen Marais Korfball                              Birchleigh
           Arende Action Korfbal Club                        Birchleigh, Kempton

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                                                             park
           Kempton Park Korf Bal Club                        Birchleigh, Kempton
                                                             park

           Benoni Korfbal Club                               Benoni
           Benoni Action Korfbal                             Benoni
           KARATE CLUB
           Kempton Park Karate                               Barnard Stadium,
                                                             Birchleigh
           Club

           Kempton Park Ju Jitsu                             Birchleigh
           Club

           NETBALL
           Benoni Netball Club                               Benoni

           Atlasville Netball Club                           Atlasville
           PIGEON CLUB
           Kosmos Racing Pegion Club                         Birch Acres
           Kempton Park Racing Pigeon Club                   Edleen
           Benoni Homing Pegion Club                         Benoni

           Edenvale Pigeon Club                              Edenvale
           RUGBY CLUB
           Edenvale Rugby Club                               Edenvale
           Kempton Park Wolves Rugby Club                    Barnard
                                                             Stadium,Kempton Park
           SQUASH
           Kempton Park Squash Club                          Barnard
                                                             Stadium,Kempton Park
           Edenvale Squash Club                              Edenvale
           SOFTBALL CLUB
           Kempton Park Red Sox Softball Club                Barnard Stadium,
                                                             Kempton Park
           SPEEDBOAT CLUB
           Benoni Speedboat Club                             Rynfield Dam ,Benoni
           SWIMMING CLUB
           Boksburg Swimming Club                            Boksburg

           Benoni Northerns Swimming Club                    Benoni
           SCUBA DIVING
           Eden Scuba Diving Club                            Edenvale
           SAILING CLUB
           Benoni Sailing Club                               Homestead Dam,Benoni


           Ekurhuleni Racing Kayak Club                      Homestead Dam,Benoni

           SHOOTING CLUB

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    Mopani Shooting                                                             Edenglen
           TENNIS CLUB

           Kempton Park Tennis Club                                             Kempton Park

           Birch Acres Tennis Club                                              Birch Acres

           Pine Grove Tennis Club                                               Birchleigh
           River Ridge Tennis Club                                              Edenglen

           Witfield Tennis Club                                                 Boksburg
           Merrylin Tennis Club                                                 Edenglen,Duvegan
           Hattingh Park Tennis Club                                            Gemiston
           Harmelia Tennis Club                                                 Gemiston
           Benoni Northerns Tennis Club                                         Rynfield, Benoni

           Atlasville Tennis Club                                               Atlasville

           Dayan Glen Tennis Club                                               Boksburg
           TABLE TENNIS CLUB
           Comet Table Tennis Club                                              Comet Sport Centre
           Benoni Table Tennis Club                                             Rynfield ,Benoni
           WATERPOLO CLUB
           Edenvale Waterpolo Club                                              Edenvale

           WRESTLING CLUB
           Kempton Park Wrestling Club                                          Barnard
                                                                                Stadium,Kempton Park
           Primrose amateur Wrestling Club                                      Primrose

           3.14.2 Community Facilities

               Community facilities are predominantly focussed within the CBD areas of the
               region, with a strong Local Government representation. The Tembisa area,
               however, is the biggest concentration of disadvantaged communities and there is
               a shortage of community facilities, given the concentration of the population in the
               area.

           Table 18:         Existing Community Centres in the NSDR
           Name                                       Location

           Wynand \Marais Community Centre                   Birchleigh
           Coen Scholtz Community Centre                     Birchleigh north
           Rabasotho Community Centre                        Tembisa
           Tembisa Multi Purpose Centre                      Tembisa
           Edenvale Community Centre                         Edenavale
           Oakmore Community Centre                          Tembisa
           Olifantsfontein Community Centre                  Olifantsfontein
           Impala Park Community Centre                      Boksburg
           Phomolong Community Centre                        Phomolong

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    Sam Hlalele Community Centre                             Tembisa
           Bedfordview Community Centre                      Bedfordview
           Klopperpark Community Centre                      Germiston
           Highway Gardens Community Centre                  Germiston
           Ferrarmere Community Centre                       Benoni
           Centenary Hall                                    Boksburg
           TOTAL                                             15

           3.15 Art & Culture

           In 2002 a Master Plan was formulated for Sports and Recreation, Arts, Culture &
           Heritage, Environment & Libraries and Information Services in the Ekurhuleni Area.
           Existing Art and Culture Facilities:

               •    Tsepo Art Centre in Tsepo Section, Tembisa Ward 2.

           The population projection of the NSDR for 2003 was 648 8000 which represents
           27% of the total population of the Ekurhuleni metropolitan area. It is estimated that
           there is a need of 1 facility per 100 000 people. The NSDR has 1 facilities hence
           there is an under provision of 7 Art & Culture facilities in the NSDR, which will
           estimate at approximately R31, 5 million. Proposals have been made for the
           Placement of new Arts and Culture facilities.

           3.16 Cemeteries

           The existing Cemeteries in the NSDR include the Primrose Cementry ,Rietfontein
           Cementry,8th Avenue Cementry, Edenvale Cementry, Sebenza Cementry,
           Zuurfontein Cementry, West Street Cementry , Lala Ngoxolo Cemetery ,Bredell
           Cementry, Mooifontein Cementry ,Illiliba Cementy , Mashimong Cemety ,Duvenhage
           Cementry ,Vusimuzi Cementry,Ehhlanzeni Cementry.

           Table 19: Burial Capacity

           Cementry                     Area                 State          Hectares
           Primrose Cemetery            Primrose             Active         5
           Rietfontein                  Meadowdale           Inactive       4
           8th Avenue                   Edenvale             Inactive       0.5
           Edenvale                     Edenvale             Active         1.5
           Sebenza                      Sebenza              Inactive       2
           Zuurfontein                  Spartan              Active         3
           West street                  Kempton Park         Inactive       1
           Lala Ngoxolo                 Crystal park         Active         32
           Bredell                      Bredel               Active         7
           Mooifontein                  Birch acres          Active         42
           Ililiba                      Tembisa              Inactive       36
           Mashimong                    Tembisa              Inactive       0.5
           Duvenhage                    Tembisa              Inactive       150 m2
           Vusimusi                     Tembisa              Inactive       2
           Enhlanzeni                   Tembisa              Inactive       1



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           3.17 Libraries

           There are 10 existing libraries in the NSDR. These include the Tembisa West Library
           which is not yet completed and be completed in January 2006 as well as the
           following: Kempton Park library, Birchleigh, Birchleigh North, Baneoro Park,
           Olifantsfontein, Tembisa, Edenvale, Primrose, and Bedfordview.

           There is a need for more libraries. The areas below are those where libraries should
           be placed to have the greatest effect on the surrounding areas. This will have an
           effect where 95 percent of the population is served by a library within an acceptable
           distance.

           3.18 Housing

           The presence of large informal settlements and backyard shacks is symptomatic of
           the fact that the rate of housing provision in the region is inadequate at present.

           The number of dwellings grew by 3.7% (including informal settlements) from 196 000
           to 244 000 since 1996 (48 000 units).

           The projected growth rate in housing provision is constantly higher than the
           projected population growth rate, which in theory should reduce the disparity
           between the two and eliminate and over the long term eliminate the backlog.

           The current EMM housing backlog is 135 000 units and the Northern region has 62
           422 in the form of informal units (46%). Ekurhuleni is planning for 98 000 units over
           the next 10 years of which 34% will be in the northern Region. If provision is to be
           made for the total amount of projected dwelling units that will have to be provided up
           until 2020 (112 000), the land that needs to be made available at a density of 20
           units/ha totals to 7280 ha.

           The vacant land audit of EMM indicates that there is approximately 30 786 ha
           available in the Metro area of which 48% falls within the Northern Region, amounting
           to 14 861 ha. Although this figure seems to be adequate, there are a number of
           factors influencing the availability of land for development:

           1. In the main, only small parcels of land are available and not big sections. These
              parcels fall under various ownership, which would slow delivery processes down
              since it would take much longer to bring non-government land into the housing
              market.

           2. The geology of the Northern Region is typified by five major geological systems, it
              includes the basement complex in the west, the Transvaal supergroup in the
              southern and eastern parts, the Witwaterrand supergroup and the Ventersdorp
              supergroup is present in the south western corner of the area.




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    Table 20: VACANT

                                                                      NSDR        %
              MUNICIPAL                                               638.8566    8.8
                                                                                  9.0
              NATIONAL                                                355.5844    4.9
                                                                                  58
              PARASTATAL                                              854.7324    11.8
                                                                                  49.7
              PRIVATE                                                 5188.0265   71.8
                                                                                  39.6
              PROVINCIAL                                              94.3965     1.3
                                                                                  11.3
              UNDETERMINED                                            89.8792     1.2
                                                                                  1.2
              TOTAL                                                   7221.4756   100.0 23.5


           Table 21:          VACANT LAND (ha): TYPE OF GEOLOGY

                                                           % NSDR
              DOLOMITE                                     29.8
                                                             2152.9552
                                                           21.7
              QUARTZITE                         1375.7645 19.1
                                                           18.7
              SHALE                             1956.5693 27.1
                                                           20.2
              AMPHIBOLITE                       99.6933    1.4
                                                           100.0
              NO DATA                           1636.4934 22.7
                                                           100.0
              LAVA                              0.0        0.0
                                                0.0        0.0
              TOTAL                             7221.4756 100.0
                                                           23.5
                 Source: Ekurhuleni/vacant_land.dbf, CD accessed                  from   Development
                 Planning: Planning Information Management

           Table 22: VACANT LAND (ha): MINING
                                                             NSDR         %
             MINING                                          0.0000       0.0

           The Northern Region has the biggest projected housing backlog in the metro area
           with little suitable land available for development, due to poor soil conditions. There
           is also a very small margin error when the population projection is taken in relation to
           the housing provision strategy. The situation has the potential to become even more
           critical when the HIV/AIDS factor is taken into consideration, the exact effect of
           which is difficult to anticipate since its effect will influence both demand for housing
           as well as financial resources in the local economy.


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           ECONOMIC ASPECTS

           3.19 Local Economic Development

           The overall purpose of a regional or local economic strategy is to point to the manner
           in which the economy should be structured and managed to ensure economic
           growth, stability, and the productive involvement of all citizens aimed at improving
           economic status. The Human Development Index of Ekurhuleni is 0.68, which
           indicates a dire need for increasing the human capacity and ensuring conducive
           environmental conditions to contribute to sustainable development.

           The strength of Ekurhuleni’s economy is its well-developed infrastructure and
           manufacturing base and the region is 99% urbanized. Despite this, the Gini-
           coefficient of the area is 0.58, which indicates an unequal distribution of wealth and,
           reflecting global economic trends indicate many have been forced out of the formal
           economy and into poverty. Nearly one third of Ekurhuleni’s population live in poverty,
           one in four people are unemployed.

           These indicators highlight the importance of addressing poverty in Ekurhuleni’s long-
           term economic sustainability. The local economic development policy framework,
           therefore, addresses interventions to close the poverty gap, while this economic
           strategy points to how the Metro could organize itself and all its services to realize
           improved service delivery and capacitation in the economy.

           Political and economic stability are two sides of the same coin. In other words, they
           mutually constitute in that health and stability in the one facilitates health and stability
           in the other. Confidence in the economy is directly impacted by political action.
           Despite the interconnectedness between economic and political stability, the local
           government’s ability to act in the economic arena is limited. For example, local
           government does not have a direct mandate to conduct trade promotion and regulate
           industry. Local government does, however, play a crucial role in the provincial and
           national economies by providing core infrastructure and services (i.e. water,
           electricity, and refuse removal) that no other level of government provides. Thus, the
           political mandate of local government is to facilitate the growth of the economy at
           local level by providing these services without which the economy would grind to a
           halt.

           The role of Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality is to ensure that economic growth is
           brought about by stimulating conditions for viable and sustainable economic activity.
           In this regard, the principal role of the Municipality in sustaining the economy is to
           provide core infrastructure for day-to-day economic activity. Thus, the core
           infrastructure that the Municipality provides (e.g., the provision of electricity, water
           management, and waste disposal) is the backbone of the economy. In addition to
           core infrastructure, the other key dimension to growing the local economy is
           developing an integrated approach where the Metropolitan area is consolidated into
           one economic region, taking into account all the imbalances and inequities in wealth,
           skills, and access to infrastructure.

           The market-led economy will continue to grow, but there is a dire need to ensure that
           the Municipality reconfigures itself to facilitate equitable economic growth and long-
           term sustainability.
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           Thus, local government must restructure itself to play the leading role in facilitating
           the implementation of national programs on economic development in particular
           Broad-based Black Economic Empowerment, Co-operative forms of ownership, and
           the economic empowerment of women. One of the requirements of the municipality
           is to provide for all citizens equally (i.e. residents, businesses, and government
           departments). At the same time, the municipality’s core business is provision of
           basic services, which is where it derives the majority of its income (the other income
           generating area of the municipality is property rating). Thus, the real disposable
           income level of households is of deep significance as the income to the metro is
           dependent on people being able to afford services.

           3.19.1 Strategic Interventions

           To realise the economic strategy and to ensure sustainable development a number
           of key interventions are needed. These strategic interventions aimed at contributing
           to the growth of all the economic sectors and are noted in the sections below.

           The main focus of all the interventions are to create jobs in small and micro
           enterprises and in cooperatives; to diversify the economy by providing for local
           needs and also to attempt to increase export revenue, as well as to provide for
           ownership opportunities for black people and women and the poor.

           The core components of the economic strategy are:

               •    Administered Pricing and Tariffs
               •    Ring fencing of revenue
               •    Developing and sustaining economic sectors

           3.19.2 Agriculture – Primary

           Wealth creation projects and increasing agricultural exports. Restructuring of local
           state assets for greater efficiencies and black economic empowerment to be
           realised.

           3.19.3 Mining – Primary
           Job creation projects to clean up the environment
           Manufacturing and Construction – Secondary
                   - Strategic Interventions
                   - Support and facilitate the sustainability of the manufacturing sector to grow
                     and be competitive
                   - Strategic Interventions on agriculture are backed up by an agricultural
                     strategy adopted by the council.
                   - Strategic Intervention on Mining is facilitated through the establishment of
                     a Mining Forum and;
           Upgrade and revitalisation of commercial areas for exchange of commodities
           Skills Development for growing the economy and ensuring sustainable development:




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           3.19.4 Services - Tertiary
           3.19.5 Finance - Tertiary
           3.19.6 Electricity and Water Services – Public Sector
           3.19.7 Development Zones
           3.19 .8 Harnessing Conditional Grants
           3.19.9 Mainstream the informal sector and women into the formal economy
           3.19.10 Procurement
           3.19.11Service levels to business and industry linked to retention plans
           3.19.12 Register of businesses-formal and informal

           3.19.2 Drivers of the strategy

           A strategy is driven through push and pulls factors. The main aspect of any strategy
           is the overall co-ordination and implementation.Key Drivers of the Strategy are:

               1. Cooperative governance
                     § Political buy in and support;
                     § Administrative co-ordination and cooperation;
                     § A collective response by all departments and political actors.
               2. Partnership
                     § Sectoral forums with business and communities;
                     § Grow the cooperative sector;
                     § Allow the private sector to conduct its business.
               3. Rapid Responsiveness to innovation and investment
                     § Service delivery linked to total quality management and just in time
                        processing;
                     § Reduction of unnecessary delays in administrative processes;
                     § Project management of investment initiatives.

               4. Sound intergovernmental relations
                     § Involvement of all spheres of government and with other municipalities
                       reducing competition and promoting cooperation;
                     § Presenting and defending national and provincial policies and
                       strategies of government;
                     § Speaking with one voice as government and working towards a
                       common goal.

           Details on the Catalytic Projects to Stimulate the Economy Linked to Capital
           Investment will be dealt with later in the document. (Department Local Economic
                  Development, Ekurhuleni Economic Strategy)

           3.20. Economic Trends

           The analysis of the Gross Geographic Product (GGP) trends for the Northern Region
           of EMM, have been conducted along the parameters of a sectoral analysis.




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        FIGURE 11
        FIGURE 13: GGP TRENDS BY SECTOR (CONSTANT 1995 PRICES)

                             Governm ent & oth er service s
                             Fina nce
                             Transp ort & com munica tions
                             W holesa le & retail trade
                             Construct ion
          2000 0000
                             Electricity
                             Manu facturing
                             Mining
                             Ag riculture

          1500 0000




          1000 0000




           5000000




                 0
                               1996                           2001   1996          2001   1996            2001


                                              North                         East                 Sou th
 Sou rce: D RI-W efa




                       3.20.1 Government and other services

                       •   The Northern SDR has experienced growth in all its economic sectors except in
                           construction, where it was in decline, and in Government and other (institutional)
                           services. The same could be said for the other two regions as well, this in spite of
                           the fact that the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality had been formed in the
                           interim.
                       •   It is anticipated however that the new Metro will be more efficient: occupying the
                           same space, but having a more far-reaching economic impact as an economic
                           sector in its area. It also holds the added potential of playing a key role in the
                           formation of nodes in especially the disadvantaged areas, where strong
                           institutional presence traditionally forms the core of further secondary growth
                           spin-offs.

                       3.20.2 Finance

                       The finance sector is one of the sectors in the northern region that has shown the
                       most growth over the last 5 years. It can be deduced that the demand for space in
                       the tertiary economic sector has increased correspondingly. However, Kempton Park
                       and Edenvale CBD’s have experienced a continued negative growth pattern, with the
                       exodus of business to decentralised nodes of East Rand Mall, Bedfordview, etc.

                       3.20.3 .Transport and Communications

                       Transport in the northern region has also seen little growth since 1996, although it
                       could be argued that it closely shadows economic activity as a whole.

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           The taxi industry is able to adjust to the increase in demand in transportation by
           virtue of being highly adaptable and responsive to the commuter market. Mass
           transport infrastructure (rail transport) has lost market share to road-based transport
           as well as to freight road transport, which are more flexible and cost effective than
           rail transport. This could also be the result of the relatively small growth in the heavy
           industrial sector with general move towards light industry and service industry.

           ORTIA is the gateway to Africa. According to blue IQ almost 18% of South Africa’s
           merchandise export by value and more than 28% of merchandise imports were
           channelled through ORTIA (R110 million worth of freight).in order to stimulate
           development of this sector Blue IQ has committed R220 million wich will inter alia be
           used for the upgrading of road infrastructure to increase accessibility to the IDZ and
           surrounding areas of Pomona and Kempton P[ark .Pomona is currently
           experiencing growth in especially the transportation and warehousing/logistic sector.

           3.20.4 Construction

           The construction industry has been severely affected by the current economic
           climate, defined by sharp interest rate fluctuations (1998). This sector has virtually
           shown no nominal growth over the last 5 years and has in fact declined in its
           proportion of the total economic profile of the region. In evidence, the demand in the
           commercial property market is currently very inelastic, with space optimisation being
           preferred over newly built space due to the high cost of construction. It is however a
           bigger sector compared to the other two regions.

           3.20.5 Electricity

           The provision of electricity has remained stable since 1996 and is still nominally a
           bigger component in the Northern Region compared to the other two regions.in
           addition to the power consumed in Ekurhuleni,The area is also a hub for the main
           transmission lines from Mpumalanga,Cahora Bassa and Kelvin power station.The
           Apolo substation just North of the boundary in Tshwane feeds across the area ,and
           the Hartbeesfontein substation East of Kaalfontein is a major node for higher-
           tension power lines that radiates in all directions.

           3.20.6 Manufacturing

           Manufacturing is the biggest component in both the economic profiles of the region
           and the Metro with the Northern Region representing the largest proportion of all
           three regions with industries to such Business/light industrial parks that have
           emerged in areas such as Jet Park, and the R21 and R24 corridor, as well as areas
           such as Lindbro Park and Midrand along the N3 and N1. There are industries
           located in Spartan /Isando, Elandsfontein, Commercial, Chloorkop, Sebenza,
           Easleigh, Lilianton and Anderbolt that manufactures various products.

           3.20.7 Mining

           Very little mining activities take place in the Northern SDR, other than mining
           activities in the central mining/activity belt encroaching over the boundary between
           the Northern SDR and the Southern and Eastern SDR‘s.


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           3.20.8 Agriculture

           According to the Ekurhuleni state of the environment report (2003) agriculture
           provides a marginal share of the GDP of the EMM(1%).Nearly 12 500 people in the
           NSDR are employed in the agricultural sector. Most of employment opportunities in
           the agricultural sector occur to the north and northeast on agricultural holdings and
           farm portions.

           3.20.9 Wholesale and Retail

           In 2001 wholesale and retail trade accounted for 1, 6 % of the job opportunities.
           Retail trade are preliminary found in the following locations: Malls, Eastgate,
           Eastrand Mall and Festival Mall and in the CBD’’s, Kempton Park Tembisa,
           Edenvale and Bedfordview.Kempton Park has contributed the highest percentage
           (26.6 %) towards the GGVA of Ekurhuleni.

           The demographic overview of household in Ekurhuleni thus reveals characteristics
           of a middle aged ,middle-income consumer market, with the higher income areas
           concentrated in the Germiston area (including Bedfordview and Edenvale).High
           profiled of employment opportunities are concentrated in the western towns (eg.
           Edenvale, Boksburg, Edenvale as well as Kempton Park) which implies that the
           disposable income levels are expected to be higher. The disposable income dictates
           the demand for retail floor space since retail is a derived demand. Brakpan is
           generally the town with the lowest weighted average household income .The skills
           levels in Ekurhuleni are fairly high, this indicative of relative high living standards.

           3.21     Retail

           3.21.1 Supply of retail facilities

           The first economy areas in Ekurhuleni are well served by the full spectrum of retail
           facilities. This supply trend is in stark contrast to the Second economy areas, which
           are characterised by high population concentrations and disproportionally low supply
           of retail floor space per capita. Findings of the retail supply analysis are summarised
           below:

               Table 23: SUPPLY AND RETAIL FACILITIES IN THE NSDR (2004)

                                              Central business district      Retail
                                                                          concentratio
                          Town
                                              Street front                 ns outside Total GLA
                                                  (m2)     Centres (m2)     CBD (m2)     (m2)
              Bedfordview                           5 150      19 917        146 530    171 597
              Percentage                             3.00       11.61           85.39     100.0
              Boksburg                             29 702      26 175        239 325    295 202
              Percentage                             10.1          8.9           81.1     100.0
              Edenvale                             30 855      18 164          48 563   9 7 582
              Percentage                            31.62       18.61           49.77     100.0
              Kempton Park                         65 388      80 080        124 610    270 078

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     Percentage                                        24.21   29.65     46.14         100.0
               Tembisa                                  N/A     N/A      8 698         8 698
                                                         N/A     N/A    100.00        100.00

           The previously disadvantaged areas rate the lowest in terms of retail floor space
           supply, this in spite of the high aggregate demand for retail facilities in these areas.
           In the second economy areas, the demand for retail floor space is disproportionally
           high to current supply within these areas. This trend can be ascribed to general lack
           of formal retail facilities, coupled with large population concentrations within these
           areas.

           Ekurhuleni has been subjected to a market shift in terms of the decentralisation of
           retail activities. Decentralised retail activities have increased substantially over the
           past two decades.

           Summary of demand and demand indicators in the NSDR excluding inter-town cross
           border trade impact, 2004

           3.21.2 Demand for retail facilities in the NSDR

           The demand for retail facilities is measured in terms of gross leasable floor area
           (GLA) and was determined by assessing the buying power of the population in each
           town. The analysis allows for a comparison to be made between the demand for
           retail facilities and supply of such facilities, which is expressed as a net effective
           demand value.

           Table 24:
            Summary of demand and demand indicators in the NSDR
            excluding inter-town cross border trade impact, 2004.
                                                       Total
                                        Weighted
                             Number of              expenditur
                                        average                 Demand Demand
                 Town        household                  e
                                         income                 2004 (m2) 2014 (m2)
                                 s                 (R/househo
                                        (R/year)
                                                    ld/month)
           Bedfordview           10116 290 489 10 332             -55 000    -34 993
           Boksburg              58 186    158 795        6 412   -56 000     23 000
           Edenvale             16 236     303 165        6 225     8 524     21 653
           Kempton Park          42 254    230 312        5 249   -40 312     35 000
           Tembisa             124 467      44 250        2 309 277 525     351 431

           On face value, there appears to be an oversupply of retail floor space in
           Bedfordview, Kempton Park and Boksburg.

           These demand figures do not reflect the cross border trade between former PDI
           areas and CBD’s. In this context, it is necessary to reflect on the following:

           The current ‘oversupply’ of retail floor space in Bedfordview can be ascribed to the
           size (m²) of the East gate coupled with the relative small Bedfordview population.
           East Gate has a much larger catchment area that also includes part of
           Johannesburg.


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           The current oversupply of retail floor space in Boksburg can be ascribed to the
           regional influence of the expanding Eastrand Mall node.East Rand Mall attracts
           customers as far as Springs on a regular basis and is widely supported by residents
           from Kathourus (e.g 96.6% of monthly groceries, 20% for Kwatsaduza and 4.5 %
           from Daveyton/Etwatwa).These shopping patters account account for sizeable
           injection in to the Boksburg retail sector. This node can be expected to continue to
           grow.

           There is currently an oversupply of retail floor space in Kempton Park. Retailers in
           Kempton Park do, however ,not only cater for the residents of Kempton Park.There
           is once again an overlap of geographical catchment areas due to ,inter alia, the high
           influx of consumers from Tembisa (Kempton City),for instance ,attracts 71.4% of
           Tembisa residents monthly grocery expenditure.

           The table below provides a summary of the current supply of retail floor space per
           town in the NSDR in relation to net effective demand estimations for 2004 and 2014.

           Due to the highly cyclical nature of the retail market, a glance at one point in time,
           i.e. 2004, would be completely inadequate for strategic decision making purposes,
           hence a 10 year forecast was made. This 10 year forecast indicates the extent to
           which market related growth in demand is likely to occur.

           Table 25:
             Summary of supply-demand analysis excluding
              Inter-town cross border trade impact.
                                                                                           NED 2014
                        Town                                                         2
                                                         Total supply (m²) NED 2004 (m )     (m2)
             Bedfordview                                          171 597        -55 000      -34 993
             Boksburg                                             295 202        -56 000       23 000
             Edenvale                                              97 582          8 524       21 653
             Kempton Park                                         270 078        -40 312       35 000
             Tembisa                                                8 698        277 525      351 431

           The analysis was conducted on a town basis, and it should be noted that, due to
           cross border trade, overlap in geographic support bases for retail centres inevitably
           exist. As a result of the overlap of the trade areas, the injections and leakages
           between cross-border trade areas has been calculated. Injections refer to the
           additional consumers (other than the residents of that particular town), which visits a
           shopping centre. The injection thus refers to the additional expenditure of theses
           consumers, whilst the leakage refers to leakage of expenditure from a certain town
           due to the shift of consumers to other shopping facilities.
           The table below subsequently illustrates the adjusted net effective demand figures
           for both 2004 and projected for 2014, including the impact of inter-town cross-border
           trade.




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           Table 26:
                Adjusted net effective demand including inter-town cross border
                trade impact.
                                 Demand        Demand          NED       NED
                     Town        adjusted      adjusted     adjusted adjusted
                               (R/year) 2004 (R/year) 2014 (m²) 2004 (m²) 2014
                                    2 038421      5 384 061
               Bedfordview            826,60         426,49 12 793,87 62 551,84

                               3 835 372 989, 10 599 461 804,
                  Boksburg                60              86 33 690,44 141 783,24
                                     864 744        2 284039
                  Edenvale            341,16          834,28 -17 809,44 3 717,23
                                   3 695 744           9 761
                  Kempton Park        456,20       529683,96 48 990,53 135 091,35
                                       4 512      11 811 165
                  Tembisa          524436,40          540,46 365 894,22 462 679,23


           Table 27:

                 Net effective demand for retail floor space in the NSDR, 2004.
                                         Above 100 000m2 GLA
                 Kempton Park                           Tembisa
                                        10 000 to 40 000 m2 GLA
                 Bedfordview                            Boksburg

           The above table summarises the net effective demand levels for retail floor space
           per town in terms of four categories, including the inter-town cross border trade
           impact. The table below provides a similar summary for 2014. Evidently, the PDI
           areas are largely undersupplied.

           Table 28:

            Net effective demand for retail floor space in the NSDR, 2014.
            Above 100 000m2 GLA
            Boksburg                                 Kempton Park
            Tembisa                                  Bedfordview

           3.21.3 Synthesis

           It is evident that in the Second economy areas, large leakages of purchase power
           occur to shopping malls and CBD’s. This trend is fuelled by a complete undersupply
           of retail floor space per capita. Existing retail activities are predominantly informal in
           nature and cater for a narrow band of goods. The retail market in these areas is


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    generally lethargic
           these areas.

           The first economy areas are well served by the full spectrum of retail facilities that
           tend to draw on consumer markets beyond town boundaries. There is a significant
           injection of purchase power, not only from other first economy areas, but also from
           second economy areas. The retail market in these first economy areas is generally
           well developed, as investors respond spontaneously to new opportunities.

           The generic short to medium term implications for retail development in each of
           these two distinct economies are summarised below.

           Table 29

            RETAIL MARKET POTENTIAL SYNTHESIS
                       General trend           Short to medium term implications
            - Of the first economy areas,       1. There should be strategies in
              Boksburg has the highest supply       place in order to manage the
              of retail floor space in              growth of retail facilities in the
              Ekurhuleni,                           first economy areas.
            - The second economy areas
              (previously disadvantaged         2. The second economy areas are
              areas) are largely undersupplied      in dire need for Kick-start
              with retail floor space.              strategies in order to stimulate
                                                    growth of retail facilities

           The net effective demand modelling exercise suggests that there is currently an
           oversupply of retail floor space in certain towns of the NSDR. It is, however, evident
           that cross border trade accounts for sizeable injections of purchase power into
           certain nodes.

           The 10-year growth prospects reflect the market related retail growth potential for
           each town. Albeit that trade areas do not adhere to administrative boundaries, these
           results reflect the growth potential, not only on a town basis, but for Ekurhuleni as a
           whole. At this level, i.e. metropolitan level, the effects of geographic overlap become
           less pronounced and the total demand / supply picture an accurate reflection of the
           state of the market: all in all, there is pent-up demand for additional retail
           development and hence, for new investment in the Ekurhuleni market. It is the
           judicious management of future development that will remain the key challenge in
           first economy areas, coupled with the challenge to catalyse new development in
           second economy areas.

           The modelling results can assist the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality in strategic
           decision making processes regarding the allocation / facilitation of retail rights in
           specific locations over the next decade. These findings can serve as decision
           support guidelines, which will best serve the decision maker if revised from time to
           time.

           It is furthermore important to note that the demand levels of the various towns reflect
           the findings of a macro analysis. The South African property landscape is
           increasingly characterised by highly differentiated micro markets. Pockets of wealth
           and pockets of poverty do exist and continue to exert a direct influence on demand
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    and supply patterns.            This phenomenon emphasises the fact that individual retail
           applications still need to be subjected to micro level analyses to identify these local
           intricacies and unique location dynamics.

           In order to facilitate sustainable retail growth, certain strategies could be proposed to
           manage and guide retail development over the next decade in Ekurhuleni.

           3.22 Development Corridors

           The Development of Corridors is one of the projects emanating from the MSDF.
           Corridors serve the purpose of a spatial structure that integrates land use and
           transport. The evaluation of possible or potential corridors is essential to determine
           the role and function of each corridor and its development towards the enhancement
           of the spatial structure of the EMM.

           3.22.1 Corridor Development in the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Area

           One of the key approaches followed in the Ekurhuleni MSDF is to optimise linkages
           and connectivity in the area. With the Alrode /Wadeville corridor in the south and the
           Greater ORTIA area, Central/activity belt & Far East activity belt and other
           demarcated economic activity nodes, linkages between them must be established in
           order to maximise the connectivity throughout the Metropolitan Activity Area. There
           are two main desire lines in Ekurhuleni of which both impact considerably on the
           NSDR. The east-west desire line between N12 and N17, and North-south linking
           Tembisa, Kempton Park, Germiston and Alberton.

           Mixed use should be promoted along and around these corridors to optimise
           utilisation of public transport and will support disadvantaged communities in terms of
           easy access to jobs.

           The promotion of corridors was proposed to connect disadvantaged communities to
           areas of opportunity. The corridors affecting the NSDR broadly comprised of the
           following:
                  - Route K123 linking from Alberton to Katlehong in the south, northwards
                      past Wadeville and Germiston where it links to K127 and then further north
                      along K117 towards Tembisa.
                  - Route K131 linking Vosloorus northwards to Boksburg from where it
                      extends further north as K90 up to the ORTIA
                  - Route K116 which serves the area between Boksburg and Brakpan.
                  - Route K68 to link Daveyton to ORTIA.
                  - Route K105 which links Tembisa to ORTIA

           Corridor development needs to consider Strategic Development Areas (SDAs) to
           maximise potential growth, functionality and inclusion within Ekurhuleni. The SDAs in
           the NSDR include the area of the northern part of Tembisa around the Clayville
           industrial area-currently in the form of informal settlements. Although seemingly
           peripheral to Ekurhuleni, the land is located in the context of the ‘Midrand strip’,
           southward development trust of centurion and the R21
           corridor.Essenlen Park/Kaalfontein area in the vicinity of the R21 Corridor-
           strategically located in a triangle between Tembisa to the north, residential areas of
           kempton Park to the west of the proposed R21 to the east. It also forms part of the
           ORTIA-Tembisa Corridor that is served by both the commuter railway line and the
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    route K105.Area
           evident in the close proximity of the ORTIA and northward residential expansion
           pressure from Benoni.The core activity areas in the North are the Greater ORTIA
           area which includes Kempton Park, Edenvale and Benoni CBDs’, Rhodesfied,
           Isando, Spartan and Jet Park complex and the R21 Corridor up to Olifantsfontein
           /Clayville.

           3.22.2 Land Use Issues around Identified Corridors

           3.22.2.1 R24 (Combination Industrial/Commercial Corridor)

           The R24 is a route that acts as link between the ORTIA (R21) and Johannesburg
           (N12) towards Gillooleys opening up the (N3).Dorminant land uses along this route
           moving away from the ORTIA have the following dynamic, that industrial and
           commercial land use are stronger in the region of the eastern buffer strips as it links
           directly with the Jet Park industrial system,that residential and scattered commercial
           /retail land uses dominate in the region of the western buffer strips as it links directly
           with the eastern peripheral residential areas of Edenvale,That the Isando, Jet Park,
           Sebenza and Spartan industrial belt is most easily accessed through the off-ramps
           provided by the R24 e.g Barbara Road.

           3.22.2.2 R21 /K105 (Economic /Internodal Corridor)

           The R21 is a high order corridor that links the East Rand Mall complex to Pretoria via
           the ORTIA hub. The core triangular area around the ORTIA represents a key focus
           area for the EMM and the R21 corridor forms an integral part of this core economic
           area. It also links this core area to Tembisa and to the Tshwane area. The Corridor
           currently performs a movement function, but has good pontential to be developed as
           a mixed use Corridor.

           3.22.2.3 K105 (Upliftment Corridor)

           The K105 links Tembisa with the ORTIA hub through Kempton Park.Within the
           Kempton Park area it travels along Pretoria road, a route that functionally splits the
           Kempton Park residential dynamic between Kempton Park proper and Birghleigh to
           the north. It follows the railway line and the interaction between the two is evident
           from the number of taxis utilizing the route as well as the stations that open onto the
           route from Kempton Park towards Tembisa development is very sparse and much
           land is vacant, although increased residential development in the vicinity of the
           quarry is evident. The K105 is a corridor route that links Tembisa to the north with
           Kempton Park and the ORTIA /Isando complex in the south. As it transverses the
           Kempton Park area enroute to Tembisa, it supported by railway line and station that
           run parallel along Pretoria Road.

           3.23 Urban Renewal

           Like all other cities in the world, Ekurhuleni has experienced a spate of decline in all
           focus areas alluded to above. The decline in urban centres also includes the decline
           in the industrial areas which have been and some of which still are economic
           engines of the city. EMM houses the most of the informal settlement households in
           Gauteng Province. Some of these settlements which are steadily growing are
           located in close proximity to the urban centres along the mining belt.
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           The remainder are an extension or expansion of the previously disadvantaged areas
           “exclusion areas”. The strategies to address the issues on the EMM urban renewal
           agenda include revitalisation of our CBD’s through maintaining the expansive public-
           private investment that is evident in these places.

           This is an incremental approach where the focus currently is on demarcated areas
           within the CBD’s of Germiston (the institutional powerhouse and gateway of EMM);
           Kempton Park (the economic engine and gateway of EMM) and Boksburg CBD
           which is stone throw away from both Germiston and Kempton Park and houses one
           of the three primary urban cores (East Rand Mall). The choice of the two CBD’s has
           emanated from the major tax breaks to be given to inner city developers once they
           have been proclaimed as Urban Development Zones (UDZs) in terms of the
           Revenue Laws Amendment Act of 2003. Germiston and Kempton Park CBD’s
           houses the most important transportation hubs of EMM. All railway lines converge on
           the Germiston Station and the OR Tambo International Airport “the gem of EMM” is
           situated in Kempton Park. In addition the gradual and renewal of the Ekurhuleni
           urban centres is also supported by the enhanced image of rail as public transport
           mode mostly because the rail system is central to virtually all the CBD’s of
           Ekurhuleni.

           It is envisaged that other towns (specifically in the ESDR) will be identified once the
           National Treasury permits EMM to earmark more CBD’s for the tax breaks for inner
           city developers.

            For the informal settlements and exclusion areas, the strategies are more on poverty
           alleviation in terms of hard issues (infrastructure development) instead of soft issues
           (social aspects). These strategies are multi-sectoral and in certain instances
           divorced from each other. The challenge is to have concerted and consolidated
           efforts channelled to these areas to make them habitable. More importantly, is to
           change the development trajectory in the exclusion areas in order to make them
           more investor-friendly and to link them to opportunities within EMM and beyond by
           upgrading the EMM movement network. This need has been echoed by the EMM
           2003 Sector Performance Studies that have found that reliable services and safe
           public transport were the two most important services for local economic
           development. In addition; tenure security is another national strategy that has been
           cascaded to local government to address housing the people (especially those on
           unsafe land).

           3.24 Tourism

           The ORTIA as a major getaway in to Africa will feature prominently in the promotion
           and development of the local tourism industry.In this regard the following initiatives
           will be persued by the EMM:

               •    Business tourism and the development of international offices and conference
                    facilities linked to the airport will be promoted.
               •    The development of a craft manufacturing and business park aimed at the
                    international and domestic market from ORTIA will be promoted.partnerships
                    have already been established with DIT and TEP.
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           Developmentally there will be a definite focus on the creation of tourist toutes and
           facilities in the previously disadvantaged areas, and on the further development and
           marketing of the various wetland areas. Numerous tourist routes e.g Retail,
           arts/crafts, music and mining will also promoted.

           Future Environmental Management Frameworks, such as the future Gauteng
           Environmental Management Plan should be taken into account when becoming
           available for implementation.


           INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS

           3.25 Customer Care Centres (CCCs)

           The existing Customer Care Centres in the NSDR are reflected in the table below:

           Table 30

           CCCs                                              Location
           Tembisa CCC                                       Corner Andrew Maphetho and George
                                                             Nyanga
           Kempton park CCC                                  Corner Swaart Drive and Pretoria
                                                             road,Kempton Park
           Boksburg CCC                                      Boksburg Civic Centre, Corner Trichards
                                                             Road and Commissioner Street, Boksburg
           Edenvale CCC                                      Corner Van Riebeeck and Hendric
                                                             Potgieter
           Benoni CCC                                        Corner Trichardt and Commissiner

           The Northern Region of the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality consists out of the
           former municipal areas of Edenvale, Benoni, Boksburg and Kempton Park. The area
           is very diverse in terms of demographics and the structure of the urban fabric. (Refer
           to Figure 4)

           Within the previous dispensation, Cities within the Metro area were managed with
           little consideration of cross-boundary integration. Linkages were limited to fragile
           physical linkages in the form of predominantly road infrastructure. Very little
           consideration had been given to full economic and social integration between cross-
           boundary areas. Institutional management structures of the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan
           Municipality must therefore play a pivotal role in promoting overall cross-boundary
           development inter- and intra-regional.

           Politically the area of the Northern Region then is equally diverse, with not only
           diversified areas in terms of land use, but also with the relating diversity of income
           groups.

           3.26 Wards

           There are currently 25 Wards in the NSDR, the bulk of which fall within the Tembisa
           area. There are wards however, that are quite large area-wise, but which are

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    currently sparsely
           infill development will take place. Wards of the NSDR are depicted on figure 11.


           3.27 NSDR IDP PRIORITY LIST

           WARD 1
           Ward Councillor :                   Z.L Mafanga
           Ward Population :                   51036
           Ward Description :

           Ward one is mainly dominated by Farm Portions (Vacant) with a residential
           component and support functions such as churches, schools, shops, etc. Ward one
           has a large number of agricultural holdings and farm portions where huge
           developments can be accepted. The Olifantsfontein area is the main Industrial area
           in the ward. The south of the ward is part of an informal area.

           1.  Roads (New)
               Section/ Area
               Hospital View –        Bongani Trevor Khumalo Crescent;           Walter Sisulu;
                       Izwelethu; Abram O Tiro; Braam Fisher; Sabelo Phana; Solomon
                       Mahlangu;
               Moriting Section-      Soweto Street; Cross Road; Sharpeville; Kliptown;
           Sophiatown; Evaton; Robin Ireland
               Olifantsfontein        All the Streets in Clayville East, West and Extension 26
           are dirty, need a Comprehensive maintenance plan.
               Winnie Mandela         Zone 9 and 10 – No street names; Zone 12 – New Road
               No. – 2, 20, 30, 18, 19, 21, 75, 22, 26, 29, 35, 36, 25. Zone 13 – Twelapele Ext
               6; New – Ethopia Streets; Gana Morocco, Uganda, Cameroon.

           2.   Electricity (Reticulation)
                Section/ Area
                Winnie Mandela Park: Zone 9, 10, 12 this is needed very, very urgent

           3.     Street and High Mast Lighting
                   Section/ Area
                   Hospital View –   Bongani Trevor Khumalo Street; Walter Sisulu; Izwelethu;
                                     Abram O Tiro; Braam Fisher; Sabelo Phana; Solomon
                                     Mahlangu; Ruth First at new Bridge.

                    Moriting -                  Soweto, Cross Road; Sharpeville, Kliptown, Sophiatown,
                                                Evaton, Robin Ireland.

                    Winnie Mandela Park - Zone 9, 10 and 12 – All streets in these zones

           4.       Housing Development (New)
                    Section/ Area
                    Winnie Mandela Park Zone 9, 10 and 12 and completion of Tswelapele
                    Extension 6; Duduza/ Harry GwalaTswelapele Extension 1 and 8;
                    Olifantsfontein Farms; Cullinan and JR 410 Olifantsfontein. Another housing
                    issue is the people who are evicted from bond houses because unaffordability


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      due to retrenchment.                   Finally the people with Form C more especially from
                    1996, who are still in backyards waiting for their houses in Moriting Section.



           5.       Water Supply
                    Section/ Area
                    Hospital Hill Extension 4; Olifantsfontein farms; Cullinan and 410

           6.       Stormwater Management
                    On the new roads and on the existing roads in Hospital view, hill, gardens,
                    Olifantsfontein, Winnie Mandela and Duduza. There is no maintenance plan.
                    The roads are dirty and stormwater full of sand and stones.

           7.       Poverty alleviation
                    More than 60% people are not working in Ward 1

           8.       Safety and Security
                    We need new police station in Winnie Mandela/ Tswelapele.

           9.       Clinics
                    There is a need for two clinics: Tswelapele Clinic and Olifantsfontein Clinic

           10.      Sports facilities
                    New – Hospital View (Erf 188 Tembisa Ext. 1) Winnie Mandela Park
                          (Tswelapele Ext. 5); Tswelapele Ext 6 (Tswelapele ground);
                          Tswelapele Ext. 1 Maintenance – Olifantsfontein and Moriting

           11.      Pedestrian Facilities paving on sidewalk in Hospital view; Winnie Mandela
                    Park; Tswelapele 1, 6 and 8 and Olifantsfontein.

           12.      Industrial Development and Investment Promotion - Olifantsfontein in
                    Clayville

           13.      Traffic Calming Measures New in:- Corner of Reverend Namane and Ruth
                    First at the New Hospital View Bridge; Corner of Madiba Drive and K27;
                    Corner of Dr Marukane and K27; Corner of Dr Marukane and Indlovu Road;
                    Intersection at 4 way stop of Olifantsfontein Road and K27; Intersection of
                    Ruth First and Old Pretoria Road.

           14.      Parks (Provision and Maintenance)
                    New – Hospital View; Winnie Mandela; Duduza and Olifantsfontein

           15.      Local Support Centre
                    New – Hospital View; Winnie Mandela; Duduza and Olifantsfontein

           16.      Sewerage
                    New – Duduza/ Harry Gwala; Olifantsfontein Farms; Cullinan and 410

           17.      Libraries
                    New - Olifantsfontein, Winnie Mandela and Tswelapele Extension 1, 6 and 8


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    18. Public Transport
                    Winnie Mandela Park and Tswelapele Extension 1, 6 and 8



           19.      Cemeteries
                    Upgrading in Olifantsfontein and Winnie Mandela Park cemeteries.

           20.      Maintenance of Street Names
                    Street names need to be repaired as many of them are not visible and others
                    are broken in most of the streets.

           WARD 2
           Ward Councillor            :        G.R Malebo
           Ward Population            :        27863
           Ward Description           :
           Ward two is mainly dominated by residential Component and support functions such
           as churches, schools, shops, etc. The main problem in the area is that Tembisa Ext
           23 is an informal settlement that is being developed as a formal township. In addition
           one of the major sports field, Makhulong Stadium is situated in this ward.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED
           Roads and Stormwater – Makhulong and Tsepo. Pedestrian Bridge between zone 2
           and Makhulong. Sport ground zone 2 Winnie Mandela and Tembisa Extension 6.
           Street names. Development of Hawkers stalls. Parks – open space between Tsepo
           and zone 2. Multipurpose - job creation. High Mast Lighting – Winnie Mandela; Site
           for food gardening and recycle. Library – open space between Tsepo and zone 2.
           Pay point – next to Tembinkosi school. Emergency services – Ambulance – Fire
           fighter – Police (mobile) Electrification of zone 2, 3 and 5 Winnie Mandela;
           Alternative land – for housing proposal Old Mutual. Old Age Home and for the
           orphans.


           WARD 3
           Ward Councillor                      :        D.D Sebiloane
           Ward Population                      :        24463
           Ward Description                     :

           Ward 3 is mainly dominated by residential component and support functions such as
           churches, schools, shops etc. The main problem in the area is that Tembisa Ext.24
           is an informal settlement that is being developed as a formal township.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED

           1.       Roads Construction and Stormwater Drainage – Leboeng Section –
                    Chobe Street; Kakongo Street (from Cnr Teke Street to Hausa Kingdom
                    Street) skip Tsenelong. Etosha Street. Tsenelong Section – Kalahari
                    Gemsbok (from Etosha Street to Magalies Street) Karoo Street and Itala
                    Street.   Maokeng Section – Pilanesberg (from Kalahari Gemsbok to
                    Magalies); Milwane Street, Moremi Street, Kilwa Street; Umfolox Street;
                    Kazembe Place; Maravi place; Salonga Street; Columbia Street; Magellan
                    Street; Muccusso Street; Tembe Street and Ndumo Street (from Kruger Park
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      Street to
                    8 and 11

           2.       Completion of electrification in Winnie Mandela Zone 4.
           3.       Alternative land for people who share one stand (two on a stand).
           4.       Temporary Toilets – Zones 6, 4, 7, and 8
           5.       Prepaid metering in Winnie Mandela
           6.       Parks development of soccer grounds zones 4 and 11 Winnie Mandela
           7.       Hawker’s Stalls – Maokeng and Tsenelong; Zones 4 and 11 Winnie Mandela.
           8.       Food gardening site development – Tsenelong
           9.       Speed calming measures – D M Marokane Drive; Kruger Park Street and
                    Etosha Street
           10.      Emergency Services Provision – Ambulances fire fighting – stand
                    arrangements should respond promptly
           11.      Maintenance and repair of sewer pipes
           12.      Maintenance of street lights
           13.      Assistance to people who do not have stands and do not qualify for full
                    subsidy
           14.      Street names in Winnie Mandela
           15.      Transport – local taxis linking Winnie Mandela and all routes in Tembisa
                    (formal area) i.e. Mainline Routes; Rabasotho route and Straightline route to
                    and from Winnie Mandela.

           WARD 4
           Ward Councillor :                    L N Mohlapamaswi
           Ward Population :                    13242
           Ward Description :

           Ward 3 is mainly dominated by residential component and support functions such as
           churches, schools, shops etc. The main problem in the area is the Sethokga Hostel
           that is being developed as family units. In addition the Oakmoor Station whish is one
           of the major stations in Tembisa is situated in this ward.


           NEEDS IDENTIFIED

           Upgrading of Informal Housing and the Hostel
           1.1    Covert Sethokga Hostel into family units
           1.2    Build Stalls for Informal Vendors (in Brian Mazibuko Corner Nyarhi Streets
                  and Oakmoor Corridors
           1.3    Convert Sethokga Community Hall into Multi Purpose Center.
           Development Planning - Re-align Tembisa Extension Seven
           Electricity – We kindly ask the installation of six (6) high masts
           Roads
           We kindly request that the following roads should be tarred, these are:- Mhala;
           Izimbongi; Thular, Bongo. Thandi Mnyele, Tshukudu, Ndlovu, and Nyembane
           Streets
           Stormwater
           Six (6) Stormwater canals need to be built in the following streets, viz, three (3) in
           Lobolo, two (2) in Nyembani and two (2) in ImBhiza.
           Traffic Calming Measures - These are needed in the following streets viz Four (4)
           in Nyarhi, three (3) in Nyembani; and two (2) in Imbhiza and three(3) in Lobolo.
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    Poverty Alleviation
           It should be noted that this is a paramount terrorist
           Safety and Security
           Since that crime is very rife in this part of the Township, we are earnestly and
           urgently requesting the Government to place a satellite Police Station.

           This discussed and agreed upon by all sectional committee structure and the ward
           committee.

           WARD 5
           Ward Councillor            :      S.V Hlatshayo
           Ward Population            :     28831
           Ward Description           :
           Ward 5 is situated in the northern part of the former Edenvale/Modderfontein MLC.
           The ward consists of the Sophia Town informal settlement as well as the west part of
           Tembisa comprising of the following sections: parts of Umnonjaneni, parts of
           Endayeni, parts of Umfunyaneni, parts of Tembisa Ext.5, Umthambeka,
           Esiqongweni, and Entshonalanmga. Sophia Town informal settlement is densely
           populated and is situated over a SASOL gas pipeline and also within a flood area.
           Tembisa – west consists of medium density residential development. The ward has a
           small, underdeveloped economic basic generated by business from home, informal
           trading as well as few formal shops and low-key industrial activities. Most of people
           residing in the ward are employed outside the township i.e. Kempton Park, Midrand,
           Edenvale and Modderfontein. The shopping centre was identified by the former
           Edenvale/ Modderfontein as a node that can generate economic activities in
           Tembisa.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED

           Electricity – Regular maintenance of street lights.               Apolo light needed between
           Umthambeka Section and squatter camps.

           Informal settlements - To speed up development at Mncube and other informal
           settlements.

           Street & High Mast Lighting – Needs high mast lighting behind B P Garage including
           Umnojaneni and Ntsonolango passage.

           Highmast light                                - Needed at Leralla Station and Extension 11
           Stormwater management                         - Regular maintenance and cleaning

           Bridge needed over spruit behind BP Garage and need 3 Calvets for crossing and
           overhead bridge from Milhambeka to Tembisa Plaza.

           Water supply - Needs a programme to address problem of faulty meter not working.
           Sections that don have meters to be fitted with Siqonweni Section.

           Maintenance of Roads – resealing and potholes: In 3 informal settlements

           Sewerage: In 3 informal settlements. Concern to review sewer structure mostly
           townships to deal with sewerage blockage


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    Manufacturing                                                             A site is urgently
           needed

           Upgrading of Informal housing and hostels: In 3 informal settlements. Manufacturing
           advice Centre/ Local business support centres. A site urgently needed.

           The problem we have is that for the past four years not a single IDP item had been
           implemented in this ward. No reason had been submitted. We are told that a bridge
           over spruit behind BP Garage that was budgeted for 2004/2005 will not be build.
           Reasons given do not carry weight. The ward committee feel that IDP Meetings are
           just tack shows. More communications as to why the demands of the community are
           not budgeted for.

           WARD 6
           Ward Councillor                     :         Z Mpongose
           Ward Population                     :         31239
           Ward Description                    :

           Ward 6 is situated partly in the northern part of the former Edenvale/ Modderfontein.
           MLC and partly in the north – western part of the former Kempton park/ Tembisa
           MLC. The ward consists of the following townships fron the former Edenvale /
           Modderforntein MLC: parts of Endayeni, parts of Umnonjaneni, parts of Tembisa
           Ext.5, parts of Umfuyaneni, Esangweni, Khathamping, Moedi, Thiteng and
           Gahlanso. In the area of the former Edenvale/Modderfontein MLC, ward 6 consists
           primarily of medium density residential development. The ward has a small-
           undeveloped economic base generated by businesses that are operated from
           homes, informal trading as well as few shops and industrial activities. Most of the
           people residing in the ward are employed outside the township i.e. Kempton Park,

           Midrand, Edenvale and Modderfontein. Retail development (wholesale) is planned
           next to Sam Hlalele Community Hall on the remainder of ERF 584, Esangweni
           Section of Tembisa. The Leralla Precinct (urban design framework) has also been
           drafted. The existing informal traders have also incorporated in the design
           framework. Another retail development is envisaged on Portion 2 Erf 583
           Esangweni Section of Tembisa. The developers are in the process of acquiring
           finance for the development.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED

           Esangweni and Thiteng Sections

               1.       Erection of overhead Foot Bridge across Benjamin Nthlane Drive. It
                        should connect Esangweni and Gahlanso Section, at peak hours there are
                        people and pupils who are crossing the drive. We would to want to
                        experience preventable accidents.
               2.       Erecting fence around Children’s Play ground at Esangweni Section near
                        Esangweni Clinic.
               3.       Creating Motor Vehicle parking space adjacent the above playground at
                        Esangweni Section
               4.       Reducing and redirecting traffic flow around Thiteng Taxi Rank. A one
                        way street has to be introduced, if the road cannot be broadened.


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     5. Extending
                        adequately the Old Aged People and Youth around the ward.

               6.       Need to equip Sam Hlalele Hall with Pysical training equipment e.g.
                        Weight Lifting Equipment, Table Tennis equipment etc.
               7.       Mooifontein Cemetery has a serious problem of flow of traffic inside the
                        cemetery, especially on week-ends. The identified problem is that there is
                        only one gate used for entry and exit.

               Therefore we recommend that a second gate for Exit be introduced on the
               western side of the cemetery. The gate should lead traffic towards Mooifontein
               residential area. The road should lead to the new Sasol Garage at the Traffic
               Lights.

               Vusumuzi and Ehlanzeni Sections.

               1. Cemetery
                  A recently fenced cemetery at Ehlanzeni Section has been vandalised, one of
                  its gates has been stolen. Our recommendation is that a volunteer security
                  guard be obtained to lock at the cemetery at night and when there is not in
                  use

               2. Roads
                  Grading and maintaining of all gravel roads in both Section. Our priorities are
                  as follows: - Zambezi Street right up to where an unnamed Street begins
                  and it ends up at BP Garage (in ward 5). Cabinde Street – It needs urgent
                  attention as it is no longer passable. A storm water pipe needs to be installed
                  to avoid repeat of the degrading its form Equil street in Ehlanzeni.

                    A lot of potholes and little furrows developing (Gravel road). A stormwater
                    pipe that starts at Birch Acres on the eastern side of Ehlanzeni brings water
                    right at a residential area. In other words, stormwater that should have been
                    directed to a stream near-by is left on the way. We recommend that it be
                    redirected to the stream down towards Cabinde Street in Vusumuzi Sections.
                    Previously an attempt has been made to rehabilitate the said stream, but it
                    was left on way.

               3. Installing of extra communal water stand pipes in Elindelane Informal
                  Settlement, next to Duduza Informal Section (Ehlanzeni).

               Kgatlamping and Moedi Sections

               1. Water Problems

                    Upgrading of stormwater drainage at corner Lesedi Street and Robert
                    Mathekgane Street. Rehabilitating the stream that is from Birch Acres and
                    cuts across Umthambeka, Umfuyaneni, Moedi Gahlanso and Kgatlamping
                    Sections. Former Edenvale Municipality tried to rehabilitate, but stopped in
                    the middle of Umfuyaneni Section.




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           WARD 7
           Ward Councillor                      :        T A Sebola
           Ward population                      :        22564
           Ward description                     :

           Ward 7 is mainly dominated by a residential Component and support functions such
           as churches , schools, shops etc. the main problem in the area is the water table is
           high as a result some of the stands are water logged , the roads are not in very good
           condition especially in the Isiphetweni, Jiyana, Ibaxa, areas.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED
           Roads (high priority). Tarring and paving of streets in Emfihlweni Section. Mhlambi
           street right through Jiyane Section Abidjan through to Ponte Naire. Algeria Street
           (completion) Welamlambo/ Isivana. Benin Street; Jackie Mncube Street (Thafene).
           Sepen Street (Emfihlweni) St. Helena Street (from Thafeni to Vusimuzi – including a
           bridge. Pedestrian facilities – Emfilhlweni – Magengenene street and Isiziba Section.

           Tourism: Thafeni Park – tourism destination (High priority). Sport facilities.
           Stormwater management: all sections// wards (priority) High mast lighting: between
           Isiziba and Baxa Section. Street lighting – Emfihlweni Section – along the cemetery.
           Clinic upgrading – Thafeni. Multipurpose centres: community halls etc. Thafeni
           area. Kaalspruit rehabilitation. Cemeteries (new, upgrading and maintenance).
           Industrial development and investment promotion. Welamlambo, Thafeni and Baxa.

           WARD 8           (UPDATED INFORMATION NOT RECEIVED)
           Ward Councillor       :    J M Mngomezulu
           Ward Population       :    16635
           Ward Description      :

           Ward 08 mainly dominated by a residential component support functions such as
           churches, schools shops, etc. This ward hosts the industrial area of Tembisa in
           Mqantsa. The main problem in this ward is the road especially within the industrial
           area. In addition, the coal yard is situated on farm Tembisa 9 IR is also a major
           problem which needs to be addressed.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED
             • Roads (new & resurfacing)
             • Traffic calming measures
             • Pedestrian facilities (&paving of sidewalks)
             • Stormwater management
             • Industrial Development & Investment Promotion
             • Pollution (air, water, noise, littering, illegal dumping)
             • Clinics (health care)
             • Safety & Security
             • Sport facilities (new, upgrading & maintenance)
             • Poverty alleviation


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    WARD 8
           Ward Councillor                      :        J.M Mngomezulu
           Ward Population                      :        29396
           Ward Description                     :

           Ward 8 is mainly dominated by residential component and support functions as
           churches, schools, shops etc. This ward also has most of Council building such as
           the Civic Centre, Electricity Department, Public Safety and Emkatini Clinic. The CBD
           of Tembisa is situated on this ward. Two informal settlements namely Mandelakufa 1
           & 2 is within this ward.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED
           Roads/Stormwater – From Emanoko to Shamba Bolonogongo/ Radebe in
           Emkhathini Section; Kenneth Kaunda to Hlatshwayo in Emkhathini Section;
           Makhanya to Radebe in Endulwini Section; Lucas Mabuza to Molambo in Ebazelo
           Section; Mokwetje in Emoyeni Section; Hosi Mhlaba to Sam Molefe in Iqcaqca
           Section.
              • Dalinjebo Road needs to be rebuilt.
              • Roads resurfacing.
              • Economic Development.
              • Environment and Tourism at Emkhathini heritage Park and Natural
                 Environment.
              • Safety and Security.
              • Poverty Alleviation.
              • Pedestrian walkways.
              • Library extension.
              • Electrify Rabasotho Hall.

           WARD 9                               (UPDATED INFORMATION NOT RECEIVED)
           Ward Councillor :                    E Tekane
           Ward Population :                    27828
           Ward Description :

           Ward 9 is mainly dominated by residential component and support functions such as
           churches, school, shops, etc. This ward has some of the major recreation facilities
           such as Mahlareng.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED
             • Industrial Development and Investment Promotion
             • Manufacturing of school uniform; pottery; bead work
             • Tourism: Promotion of culture
             • Clinics: Propper home based care
             • Poverty alleviation: Skill audit, empowerment of our community

           WARD 10
           Ward Councillor                      :        M.F Sehwana
           Ward population                      :        35888
           Ward description                     :

           Ward 10 includes big farm portions that are currently being for agricultural purposes.
           Residential as well as industrial townships have already been established on these

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    properties. Exposure
           developments and attracts development of industries.


           The area is affected by the Johannesburg International Airports noise zone, which
           restricts residential development s. despite this restriction, some of the Kempton
           Park’s most expensive townships are situated in Ward 10. The provision of
           engineering services are however problematic and can               restrict industrial
           development Ward 10 also has a big, well established , residential townships with
           dwelling houses and support functions such as churches, school, shopping centres,
           etc. Two of the city’s reservoirs are locates in this ward, namely the Norkem Park
           Reservoir and Tembisa reservoir.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED
             • ILLEGAL BUSINESS
             • From Homes
             • Corner of Street
             • Street Hawkers – cnr. Mooirivier- and Soutpansberg Drive on R25 (P91)
             • ILLEGAL STRUCTURES
             • ILLEGAL SIGNAGE
             • PUBLIC SAFETY
             • Traffic in and around Mooifontein Cemetery.
             • Trespassing next to sign boards must be addressed (R25/P91) cor.
               Soutpansberg Drive/Mooirivier Drive R25
             • Squatter Camp (Mooifontein Cemetery)

           CLEANSING
           ILLEGAL DUMPING
           General Public not aware of Transfer Station, dump were-ever.
           Sign Post in: (No Dumping).
           Esselen Park.

           Birch Acres.
           Illiliba.
           Birchleigh North.
           Norkem Park Ext 4 (Squatter Camp Area).

           SRAC
           CUTTING OF GRASS
           Outer parimeter of Ward.
           Illiliba.
           Tembisa Ext 10.


           Esselen Park Ext 1 + 2.
           Birch Acres Ext 23.
           Birchleigh North.
           Birch Acres (Outer).
           Norkem Park Ext 4.



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    SPORT FACILITIES
           Grass Soccer Fields, Playground, Sport Fields.
           Illiliba.
           Tembisa Ext 10.
           Esselen Park Ext 1 + 2.
           BirchAcres Ext 23.
           Birchleigh North.
           Norkem Park Ext 4.

           PARKS/RECREATION
           Scraping, grass and Play Equipment.
           Illiliba.
           Tembisa Ext 10.
           Esselen Park Ext 1 + 2.
           Birch Acres Ext 23.
           Birchleigh North.
           Norkem Park.

           OPEN SPACE SYSTEM
           Swartspruit Area.

           Wet Lands.
           Erosion of Kaalspruit – Upper and Lower.
           Pan – Norkem Park on R25 at McDonalds.
           Pan – Illiliba (Esselen Park).
           Norkem Park Spruit (Kaalspruit) Phase 2.

           TREES
           Illiliba.
           Tembisa Ext 10.
           Esselen Park Ext 1 + 2.
           Norkem Park Ext 4.
           Birch Acres Ext 23.
           Along Sam Moleleki – Tembisa Ext 10.


           ENTRANCES
           Upgrading of Entrances to:
           Birch Acres Ext 23.
           Illiliba.
           Esselen Park.

           MUNICIPAL INFRASTRUCTURE
           STREETLIGHTS – NEW
           ESSELEN PARK:

           Cor. Pretoria Road and Sam Moleleki Road
           Sam Moleleki Road – This is one of only 3 entrances into Tembisa.

           BIRCH ACRES EXT 23
           Entrance bad and dangerous.
           Insufficient Streetlighting
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    Request Apolo

           TEMBISA EXT 10 – ILLILIBA
           Address bad Street Lighting.
           Request for Apolo Lights.

           APOLO LIGHTS
           Illiliba.
           Birch Acres Ext 23 – Entrance.

           STREETLIGHTS – GENERAL
           Intersection/ crossing to Birch Acres Ext 23.

           ELECTRICITY
           PRE-PAID
           To be installed in Illiliba.

           REQUEST PRE-PAID FOR:
           Norkem Park Ext 4.
           Birchleigh North.

           ESSELEN PARK
           No electricity at all.

           GENERAL
           Intersection/ crossing/ entrance to Birch Acres Ext 23 – Upgrade.
           Refuse bins – Norkem Park.
           Water pressure in Illiliba/Tembisa Ext 10.
           Security lights along back of Birchleigh North.
           Maintenance of Electrical Meter Boxes.
           Esselen Park area – No Electricity – New Development.

           ROADS
           TO BE COMPLETED
           Tembisa Ext 10:
           Mothibedi Street.

           Matlakala Street.
           Nobomvu Street.

           NEW ROADS
           INTERLINKING ROUTES
           Esselen Park Ext 1+2 to Birchleigh North.
           Tembisa Ext 10 to Emangweni.
           Esselen Park Ext 1+2 to Emangweni.

           ROADS
           RESURFACING
           Birchleigh North – Road deteriorated due to natural fountain.
           Groot Letaba Street – Norkem Park Ext 4.
           Storm Street.
           Piet my vrou Street.
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    Krombek Street.
           Dewald Street.
           Study on bad surface and general (poor/bad) condition of roads in Norkem Park Ext
           4.

           ROADS - Repairs
           Lewies Street – Birchleigh North
           Quintus van der Walt Street – Norkem Park
           Mooirivier Drive – Norkem Park
           Martinus Crouse Street – Norkem Park
           Kransduif Street – Birch Acres
           Doring Street – Norkem Park
           Meeu Street – Birch Acres
           Boel-Boel Street – Birch Acres
           Kwartel Street – Birch Acres

           Pongola Rivier Street – Birch Acres
           Bergeend Street – Birch Acres
           Valk Street – Birch Acres
           Bergrivier Street – Birch Acres

           Dunken Street – Birch Acres

           SPEEDHUMPS
           Montjane Street – Urgent – Tembisa Ext 10
           Krokodil Street – Norkem Park Ext 4

           PAVEMENTS
           Pedestrian Hazardous Areas: New Walkways
           Birch Acres Ext 23
           Norkem Park Ext 4
           Tembisa Ext 10 – Montjane Road
           Illiliba

           STORMWATER
           Norkem Park Spruit/Kaalspruit
           Cor. Mooirivier Street and Pongola Street

           Tembisa Ext 10 (Non existing)
           Illiliba
           Birch Acres Ext 23

           CURBS
           Tembisa Ext 10
           Illiliba
           Birch Acres 23
           Norkem Park Ext 4

           OPERATIONAL MATTERS
           ROAD SIGNS
           Maintenance, a problem due to vandalism.
           At speed humps - poor.
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    Replace broken
           New signs to indicate routes to area:
           Birch Acres Ext 23
           Esselen Park

           Tembisa Ext 10
           Illiliba (as there are none)

           NEW SIGNS
           Cor. Quintus van der Walt
           Cor Blomspruit and Kosi River
           Road markings are in very poor condition throughout Ward.

           PUBLIC TRANSPORT
           TAXI RANKS
           Birch Acres Ext 23

           Esselen Park Ext 1 + 2
           Taxi Associations should be consulted, as there is no formal Public Transport in
           place.
           Norkem Park Ext 4 – Existing area
           Birchleigh North – Existing area
           Birch Acres Ext 23 – New area

           Esselen Park Ext 1 + 2 – New area

           GENERAL
           ENTRANCE TO TEMBISA EXT 10
           Upgrading of intersection.
           Upgrading of Sam Moleleki Drive
           Upgrading of R25 (P91) by Province urgent as traffic load has increased.
           Closure off in Illiliba as it is now a short cut in heavy traffic.

           TRAFFIC LIGHTS
           Intersections on Sam Moleleki Drive.
           Esselen Park Crossings.
           Illiliba/Tembisa Ext 10
           Should look at Traffic calming (Circles/Islands) instead of Traffic Lights. This is a lot
           more economical in certain circumstances.

           HEALTH AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
           CLINICS
           Esselen Park Ext 1 (±1700 houses)
           Illiliba
           Tembisa Ext 10
           Birch Acres Ext 23

           These are on the outskirts of Tembisa, thus far from any support.

           RECREATION FACILITIES
           Birch Acres x 23
           Illiliba
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    Tembisa Ext 10
           Esselen Park Ext 1 + 2
           Norkem Park Ext 4
           Birchleigh North

           SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
           Need for Child Care Centres (Crèches, Study Centres and Libraries
           Tembisa Ext 10
           Birch Acres Ext 23
           Illiliba
           Norkem Park Ext 4
           Birchleigh North

           POVERTY ALLEVIATION
           Request for land in Esselen Park Area especially as the K60 development will still
           take some time and vast areas where no houses may be built is available for
           community farming.

           SATELITE POLICE STATION
           Esselen Park Ext 1 + 2, Illiliba, Tembisa Ext 10.
           Birch Acres Ext 23 – Pomolong.

           LACK OF SCHOOLS
           Esselen Park Ext 1 + 2, Illiliba, Tembisa Ext 10 area.
           Birch Acres Ext 23

           LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
           Sell land where necessary under market value for Business Development to make it
           attractive for the Developers to invest in Ward/Ekurhuleni.

           TELKOM LINES
           Birch Acres Ext 23
           K60
           R21
           Active corridor
           Sam Moleleki Drive = One of the main corridors into Tembisa.
           Development anticipated in new developments (shops/business)
           Esselen Park Ext 1 + 2
           Birch Acres Ext 23 – 25
           Multi Purpose Centre must be included in development of Esselen Park Ext 3.

           Community driven urban agriculture - needs exist. Council to assist in making vacant
           land, set aside for K60, etc. available until developed.
           Poverty alleviation project should be undertaken.

           Ward 11: UPDATED INFORMATION NOT RECEIVED

           Ward Councillor : B.R. Zitha
           Ward Population :
           Ward Description :

           WARD 12: UPDATED INFORMATION NOT RECEIVED
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    Ward Councillor         : D.A Sepirwa
           Ward Population :
           Ward Description :


           WARD 13
           Ward Councillor                      :        A Hunter
           Ward Population                      :        31340
           Ward Description                     :

           Ward 69 situated in the northern part of the former Edenvale/ Modderfontein MLC.
           The ward consists of the following from the form we Edenvale / Modderfontein MLC.:
           Chloorkop Extension 51, 52 and 53 (Phomolong) and all Chloorkop industrial
           townships. Ward 13 consists primarily of Industrial development and medium density
           residential development. The primary economic activities in the ward are generated
           by the industries in the area.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED

           Roads – All inside roads/ streets need to be tarred. If the deephole can not be used
           and the speed humps be built and paving sideways. Stormwater – in each and every
           tarred main road. There is only one stormwater drainage and cannot control the
           floods during raining days that should be corrected by adding stormwater drainage.
           Economic development projects – As women we need training in order to be able to
           establish poverty alleviation projects as a lot of women are not employed. Clinics –
           the staff is not enough at the clinic and the service is poor. We request a better
           service and enough staff. Safety and Security – we need a commitment from the
           police because when they are called they don’t respond immediately. They take their
           time. They take four to five hours before attending to the problem they are called for.
           Library art and culture – we need a multi-purpose that will include the library where
           children can study even if it’s late and the facility can be used for skills development
           etc. Sport facilities and the sportsfield need to be upgraded and maintenance in
           order to develop other sporting codes.

           Ward 14 UPDATED INFORMATION NOT RECEIVED
           Ward Councillor     : M.I.T Mahlangu
           Ward Population     :
           Ward Description    :

           WARD 15
           Ward Councillor                      :        J.D Roos
           Ward Population                      :        30842
           Ward Description                     :

           This ward is the largest in the metro and is predominately characterized by
           agricultural holdings and farm portions. Housing types vary from low cost subsidized
           housing to middle and higher income types. The ward borders the Tshwane
           Metropolitan Council and the Metsweding District Council.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED



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    Traffic Calming
           Putfontein and Springs Road. Orchards and Jarrar Road (Route to Pomona/
           Kempton Park). Stormwater Drainage System – Chief Luthuli Ext. 1 and Mayfield
           Ext. 5 should be erected in all the adjacent raods because high volume of water
           during rainy season, result into soil erosion, muddy conditions and most homes at
           the periphery of the area suffocate with floods.

           Refuse bins at Chief Luthuli Park Ext. 1; Masakhane Informal Settlement (Putfontein
           IR 26 Mayfiled) Mayfiled Ext. 5 Mogoba Informal Settlement. Umgababa,
           Bapsfontein/ Geesveld Informal Settlement and Luires Farm need more refuse bins,
           without which these areas would have massive amounts of litter. That situation
           poses health hazard especially to the people staying at the edge of the location or
           their homes are facing an open veld.Taxi facilities at Masakhane Informal settlement
           (Putfontein IR26/ Mayfield). Mogoba, Umgababa and Chief Albert Luthuli Extension
           1 should be put in place in the area so that more people could utilize transport
           allocated for Cloverdene residents, instead of crossing over the busy and dangerous
           Daveyton Road, which has resulted to the occurrence of fatal pedestrian accidents in
           the past months. Tarred road and scraping of muddy soil deposits – Chief Albert
           Luthuli Extension 1, Mayfield Ext 5 and maintenance of tarred and gravel roads at –
           Agricultural and small holdings; Nestpark, Cloverdene, Pufontein, Petit and
           Zesfontein and Shangri-la. Water and sanitation is needed in areas like –
           Masakhane informal settlement (provision of water and sanitation) Putfontein IR26/
           Mayfield.

           Mogoba Informal Settlement – provision of water and sanitation) Umgababa; Luries
           farm; Makhulu plaas, Mayfield Exteensionension Five old houses; agricultural and
           small holdings because they depend on ground water. On street electricity lighting at
           the Benoni Agricultural Holdings in required. Umgababa and Mogoba Informal
           settlement, Vlakfontein; Masakhane Informal settlement – Putfontein IF 26/ Mayfield;
           Luries farm; Bapsfontein/ Geesveld area. Safety measures at Masakhane Informal
           settlement (Putfontein and Mayfield IR 26) should be put in place because incidents
           of rapes and robbery are rife in that open veld, lighting system could be a solution so
           that people could access their homes safely after work. Dense forest is also a haven
           for criminals at the above area and the Community requests that the trees should be
           cut. Bapsfontein area needs safety and security. Benoni Agricultural Holdings –
           needs safety measures because of high incidents of robbery, murder.

           Illegal businesses on the very same area and there are shacks erected in some
           plots. Sports and Educational facilities – Crystal Park needs a resource center and
           sporting facilities. Most of the children are involved in drug abuse, roam around
           Crystal Gate and Sentrust Shopping Centre gambling because there are no facilities
           to engage them.

           Health – it is recommended that Crystal Park Health Clinic be opened every day so
           that the community and other areas could access health services. In areas like Chief
           Luthuli, Mayfield, Umgababa, Mogoba and Lurie’s farm the mobile clinic come once
           a month at times after two months. It could be appreciated if it operates fortnightly.

           Poverty alleviation programmes should be introduced so as to benefit the poor
           especially in the informal settlement where most people are not employed.



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           WARD 16          (UPDATED INFORMATION NOT RECEIVED)
           Ward Councillor       :    H.J.M Hunter
           Ward Population       :    26669
           Ward Description      :

           Ward 16 includes a number of agricultural holdings that is slowly being converted
           into commercial properties. The holdings surrounded by residential erven are
           gradually converted into residential townships. The ward is characterized by
           established residential townships with their support functions such as churches,
           schools, shopping centres, etc. The provision of engineering services is problematic
           and expensive in the Kempton Park Agricultural Holdings area. Dwelling houses
           close to the central business district area being converted into and business.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED
           - Electricity - New substation in 2 years time, due to Glen Erasmia Development
           - Roads - Need resurfacing, Pretoria Road to be doubled urgently
           - Stormwater management - Glen Marais
           - Public Transport - Taxi lay-byes and shelters
           - Economic Development Projects - CBD and surrounding area
           - Natural Environment - Enlargement of Vlei Street dam
           - Pollution - Measuring of noise
           - Clinics - Needs enlarging
           - Safety and Security - Look at area access control
           - Libraries - Study facilities to small.
           - Parks - Several parks needs pallisades
           - Housing Development - Bulk Services. Glen Erasmia etc.

           WARD 17    (UPDATED INFORMATION NOT RECEIVED)
           Ward Councillor :    A.E.K Sauls
           Ward Description :
           Ward Description :

           Ward 17 consists of major established residential areas with agricultural holdings
           and small farm portions scattered thought the areas, which are continuously being
           converted into residential townships. Normal residential compatible uses such as
           churches, schools, shopping centres, etc. The Kempton Spark Golf course is also
           situated in this area. Only one industrial township has been established in this area
           being Esther Park Exteension 11. This township has not been developed yet.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED
           - Pedestrian facilities - Besen Bos Street. Near station.
           - Stormwater Management – Kempton Park West and Van Riebeeck Park.
           - Closing ditch at the Golf Range – border Kempton Park West and Terenure
             Proper.
           - Safety and Security – Pallisade fence on P51 Kempton Park West.
           - Pallisade fence on R25 from Casa Caritas in Van Riebeeck Park to Edleen
             Extension 3.
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Documentsand resurfacing) - Resurface Koedoe Street, Birchleigh Extension.
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    - Roads (new
           -      Resurface roads in Kemtpon Park West – Spoorweg Avenue needs urgent
                  attention.
           -      Slipways Rienert Avenue (North) into R25 and CR Swart Drive – synchronizing of
                  Traffic light to improve the flow of traffic during peak hours.
           -      Construction of Speedhumps.
           -      Speedhumps to be erected around all schools in Ward 72
           -      Speedhumps to be erected in Rooihout Street, Sweet William and Loofboom
                  Streets in Terenure.
           -      Speedhump to be erected along Soutpansberg Avenue, beyond Klapper Street in
                  a northern direction.

           WARD 17
           Ward Councillor :                    A.E.K Sauls
           Ward Population :                    28274
           Ward Description :

           Ward 17 can be classified as the central business district and industrial area of
           Kempton Park although established residential areas with their churches, schools,
           shopping centres, etc. also exist in the area. The Johannesburg International Airport
           forms a large portion of ward 17. New development will most probably concentrate
           around the airport as well as the residential area of Rhodesfield, which has been
           earmarked for business related uses. Ward 17 is situated partly in the South Eastern
           part of the Edenvale/Modderfontein MLC and partly in the western part of the former
           Kempton Park/Tembisa MLC. Within metro context, the ward is situated in the
           northwestern part of the Metropolitan area. Edenvale part of ward: Primarily middle
           income single residential development in Leondale, Isando and southern part of
           Edenglen. The northern part of Edenglen is occupied primary by medium density
           residential development is the form of “walk up” type town houses. Numerous non-
           residential activities, such as neighbourhood shopping centres and community
           facilities (including two schools) exist in the area along the major roads. The
           industrial area known as Sebenza also comprises a prominent non- residential
           component of the ward.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED

           -      Upgrading of Electrical cables in Croydon
           -      Roads – The suburb of Cresslawn is in a terrible condition. Could you please
                  assist, as some of the roads have lost their top surface?
           -      Traffic calming measures in Gladiator Street at intersection of Fury Road.
                  Vehicles travel at high speeds down Gladiator Road while school children cross
                  into Fury Road to school.
           -      Spartan and Isando Industrial areas need a good clean up. (Pavements etc.)
           -      Building of a clinic in or near Sebenza Industrial areas.
           -      Street lighting in Driefontein Road, Croydon from the dip to Major Miller Road.
           -      Island in Driefontein Road, corner Serena Road. This Island is invisible at night.
                  Erect a streetlight on the Island please.




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           WARD 18
           Ward Councillor                      :        J.A Anticevich
           Ward Popoulation                     :
           Ward Description

           The ward consists of the following townships from the former Edenvale, Elm Park,
           Hurlyvale, part of Eastleigh and part of Harmelia. In the area of the former Edenvale/
           Modderfontein MLC, Ward 18 consists primarily of low-density residential
           development and the former central business district. The central business district is
           surrounded by a transition area, where old houses are converted to transitional /
           dwelling house offices. The primary economic activities in the former Edenvale/
           Modderfontein MLC area of the ward are generated by the shops and services in the
           former CBD and the offices surrounding the CBD.

           Major new developments anticipated in the central business district of the former
           Edenvale/Modderfontein MLC include a hotel and shopping centre on the site where
           the current Edenvale Community Centre is situated and a new shopping centre
           behind the Old Mutual building, at the corner of Van Riebeeck Avenue and Hendrik
           Potgieter Street.

           The existing community centre will be demolished to make space for the hotel and
           shopping centre. A new community centre will be constructed on Harwood’s farm.
           Other prominent planning projects in the former Edenvale central business district
           include the establishment of    a city improvement district, in terms of the City
           Improvement Districts Act, as well as the drafting of an urban design framework for
           the CBD. Both these projects are aimed at promoting the revival of the CBD
           Germiston. The area consists have residential and industrial activities.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED
           - Electricity
           - Street and High Mast Lighting
           - Roads (new and resurfacing)
           - Elandsfontein: All of Barbara, Olifant (especially near Barbara), Hattingh and
             Kraft (near Atlas road) all need resurfacing. Barbara Road is a major road
             carrying industrial traffic and urgently needs attention. It must be brought forward
             in capex to 2004/5.
           - Tunney: Gross and Nywerheid Roads in Tunney need resurfacing due to high
             volume and high industrial loads.

           -      N12 and R24 Barbara Road off ramps driving east (very bad due to heavy trucks)
                  needs resurfacing. Sunnyrock: Wesel Road Bridge over N12: needs to be
                  widened due to new developments in Tunney/Meadowdale. Huge congestion in
                  the afternoons.

           Traffic Calming Measures

           Elandsfontein: Hattingh between Seekoei and Kameel roads. Accidents occur here.
           Hattingh is supposed to be a private residents’ road but industrial traffic uses it as a
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    short cut to Kraft.        Large trucks from Firestone cross the island behind Quality and
           Kameel roads. Either lay a road or place bollards to prevent this shortcut.
           Sunnyrock: Wesel Road south of North Reef – have received numerous complaints.
           There are 2 blind corners and traffic travels too fast.

           There are concealed drive ways and residents need to be protected. Sunnyridge:
           Northridge road needs speed humps due to speeding traffic.Solheim. Libra and
           Mercurius need speed humps due to fast traffic to Manhattan complex. Robot
           required in Meadowdale, outside Makro in Herman Road because of danger of
           turning right (from Makro to travel east especially on weekends) because of high
           speed traffic. Makro will contribute.

           PEDESTRIAN FACILITIES (PAVING OF SIDEWALKS)

           Sunnyrock: Paving required alongside North Reef Road ±1km long due to high
           pedestrian traffic due to development in Tunney.

           STORMWATER MANAGEMENT

           Elandsfontein: stormwater drains are blocked and broken need covers to be
           redesigned more especially along Barbara Road just south of Olifant. Kraft road
           between Amber and North Reef; Buffel (opposite NGK church); corner Eland and
           Seekoei; Dassie (before Hartebees); Hattingh (just north of Seekoei where house on
           corner gets flooded) and Hattingh houses at No.74, 76 (which get flooded). The
           Whole area needs to be investigated and additional stormwater drains appear
           necessary.

           6.       WATER SUPPLY

                    Sunnyrock: water pressure is low due to new developments.

           8.       SEWERAGE

           9.       PUBLIC TRANSPORT

                    Elandsfontein: needs a new taxi rank on Kraft between Olifant and Amber
                    complete with ablutions (Henville Ext 9). The existing facility is a complete
                    mess. The dilapidated building on the NW corner of Kraft and Amber should
                    be demolished as it houses criminals and vagrants. This is very urgent and
                    there have been long Council delays here.

           10.      ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS

           11.      INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT

           MANUFACTURING ADVICE CENTRES
           TOURISM
           NATURAL ENVIRONMENT - Trees should be planted along the highway R24 in
           Hurlyvale, Buurendal and Highway Gardens. Also trees needed along Hattingh
           Street, Elandsfontein to buffer industrial area.Also trees needed along N12 highway
           at Sunnyrock.


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           POLLUTION - Littering: a general problem: more bins should be provided along
           A.G. de Witt (at the lookout post), North Reef, Edenvale Road, Barbara Road and
           the taxi rank in Elandsfontein needs 2 large containers. Need cleaners along main
           walk ways. Also the N12 Edenvale exit and on ramps are favourite littering sites.
           Worst is Elandsfontein: especially corner Serenade and Olifant, and along the
           railway line between Olifant to North Reef. Need large skip bins and a regular
           removal service.

           CLINICS - the clinic at Dries Klopper Hall in Klopperpark needs to be relocated to
           Elandsfontein as 95% of the people using the Clinic come from Elandsfontein and
           this is a 4km walk one way. The Clinic needs more personnel to assist with health
           care.

           FACILITIES FOR AGED, DISABLED
           EMERGENCY SERVICES

           SAFETY AND SECURITY - Speed trapping required in Hurlyvale Ave, Hurlyvale;
           Kraft Street and Barbara Road Elandsfontein; North Reef, Sunnyrock; Horwood, Van
           Riebeeck and 2nd Street, Edenvale. Need traffic control along Homestead/ Baker
           streets. Need traffic control in Edenvale as well as visible policing. Here the
           intersection of Horwood and Van Riebeeck needs a camera. Elandsfontein: more
           patrolling is required especially at weekends and on a 24 hour/day basis because of
           gangs causing house break-ins. Intersite/ Spoornet houses along Kraft east side
           between Rooibok and Alamein need to be investigated as suspect source of criminal
           activity.

           LIBRARIES, ART AND CULTURE
           PARKS - Elandsfontein: there is no park for the community. The community wants
           to see progress here. Spoornet could be approached to share their facilities.
           Alternatively, a park could be developed east of Hattingh, between Siswe School and
           Jakkals. Solheim: park along Crux and Zenith needs a complete new fence.

           HOUSING DEVELOPMENT
           UPGRADING OF INFORMAL HOUSING AND HOSTELS
           MULTIPURPOSE CENTRES - Klopperpark: Dries Klopper hall needs a fence to
           prevent vagrants sleeping on the grounds at night.

           CEMETERIES
           SPORT FACILITY
           ACCESS TO METRO INFORMATION
           POVERTY ALLEVIATION

           WARD 19
           Ward Councillor :                    B A Naylor
           Ward Population :
           Ward Description :

           The Bedford view portion of the ward consisted of the suburbs of Essexworld,
           Senderwood, St Andrews and Bedford Park. The socio economic profile is very high
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    and the area mainly
           of ward: The ward consists of the areas known as Dunvegan, Dowerglen, Marais
           Steyn Park, Edenvale and Eastleigh. The areas of Dunvegan Dowerglen and Marais
           Steyn Park are primarily characterized middle to high-income single residential
           development, mixed with residential cluster developments, sectional title townhouses
           and a few apartment buildings. The area of Edenvale consists of a motor town at its
           centre surrounded by middle-income single residential development and dwelling
           house offices. The area of Eastleigh consists of the industrial area at its centre
           surrounded by middle-income single residential development.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED
           - Electricity
           - Stormwater management
           - Roads – Resurfacing – Van Riebeeck Avenue between Horwood St. and St. John
             Road.
           - Water supply
           - Sewerage - Systems can not cope after rain in Glendower Avenue and St.
             Christopher Road; St. Andrews Road.
           - Public Transport – Only taxis which create dirt, litter and endanger other orad
             users. Is the rank at the Licensing Office legal yet?
           - Economic Development Projects – Revival of the CBD.
           - Natural Environment
           - Pollution (air, water, noise, littering, illegal dumping)
           - Facilities for disabled, aged & youth
           - Development Planning Studies – The Precinct Plan has damaged the economic
             structure of the town and has eroded the housing stock.
           - Emergency services (fire & ambulance) – Not enough manpower – all
             paramedics have been transferred or resigned.
           - Safety & Security – No traffic control especially for taxis, cardboard collector’s
             contraptions allowed free use of the road
           - Libraries, art & culture – What has happened to to the Edenvale Museum
             Exhibits? The gravesite of the benefactor of St. Andrews I overgrown and
             neglected and is not on any Heritage list.
           - Parks (provision & maintenance) – Unsafe and neglected – Horwood Farm. A
             shebeen is operating in the park on St. Christopher Road, St. Andrews.
           - Housing development (new)
           - Upgrading of informal housing and hostels
           - Multi-purpose centres (community halls & offices) – Due to staff transfers very
             little service is being rendered to the ratepayers of Edenvale. Names and contact
             numbers are unknown to Councillors let alone the public.
           - Cemeteries (new, upgrading & maintenance)
           - Sport facilities (new, upgrading & maintenance) – On-going maintenance
             required
           - Access to Metro information (maps, statistics, etc) – Official maps from Edenvale
             still incorrect.

           WARD 20
           Ward Councillor                      :        M .O Clarke
           Ward Population                      :        24036
           Ward Description :



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    The ward mainly
           suburbs such as Malvern East, Wychwood, Dania Park, Primrose Hill and
           Simmerfield. (The northern portion of Bedfordview including Senderwood, Bedford
           Park, St Andre)

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED

           Traffic Calming Measures –
           Pedestrian facilities (& paving of sidewalks) - Van Buuren – between Park and Nicol.
           The sidewalks on either side of Van Buuren Road had beautiful gardens alongside
           them. To be cleaned and maintained. Cleaning up of Smith Street traffic islands.
           Stormwater management - Drains need cleaning and construction – Van der Linde
           Street and Boeing Road West in Bedfordview. Unblocking and cleaning of all
           stormwater drains in the entire ward. They never get cleaned resulting in flooding
           during the rainy season.

           Roads (New and resurfacing) - Completion of Ring Road. Upgrading of North Reef
           Road between Germiston and Riley Roads/ Townsend Road/ Van Buuren Road.
           Natural Environment - River bank erosion Morninghill. Cleaning of Jukskei River in
           Morninghill Parks - Gilloolly’s .Cemeteries – Primrose

           NEW NEEDS IDENTIFIED

           Roads - Van Buuren Road needs upgrading in front of the News Café and the
           upgrading of the ring road is now an urgent need. Arterial Road – needs upgrading
           and resurfacing. Daws Road – needs upgrading and resurfacing. Banksia Road –
           Oriel needs upgrading and resurfacing. Ixia Road Wychwood – Needs speed
           humps, quite residential area, very long road and people speed done there like
           crazy. Cydonia Road Wychwood – needs permanent speeding cameras put in
           place. Cydonia and Protea Road Wychwood – Needs speed hump in front of stop
           sign. Geldenhuys road Wychwood Malvern East – The intersection between
           Graham Road and Geldenhuys Road needs to be re-designed and re-constructed.
           Kloof Road and AG de Wit Drive Bedfordview – Germiston – Island alongside AG De
           Wit needs to be designed with a turn into Kloof Road. The widening and re-tarring of
           Kelly Road.

           Road Markings – All road markings in the area of Bedfordview Malvern East,
           Wychwood, Dania Park, Primrose Hill and Simmerfield, need to be repainted in a
           very bad state.
           Traffic Signs – All traffic signs in this ward needs to be looked at, there are many
           signs that are half broken and have not been maintained.
           Paving, Sidewalks and Gardens – All sidewalks need to be maintained and cleaned
           up. Simmerfield, Malvern East and Wychwoods pavements are in a terrible state.
           Civic Centre Bedfordview – All gardens around the Civic Centre need to be cleaned
           up and maintained they are in a terrible state.

           Parks – need to be cleaned up and maintained in the entire ward. Park on Van Der
           Linde Road and Geldenhuys Road in terrible state, a haven for squatters and
           criminal activities.

           Infrastructure: This is probably the biggest problem in the ward. Daily queries on
           leaking water pipes, leaking sewerage and electricity supplies that have been
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    stopped. It is felt
           are not near enough to upgrade the infrastructure. Residents in the ward firs
           questions to the Councillor like “we pay a huge amount of rates, why always
           problems with infrastructure. This problem needs to be assessed as a matter of
           urgency.
           Hawkers – We need to demarcate three areas in this ward where hawkers can do
           their trade activities.
           Cemeteries – The Primrose cemetery is in a terrible state and needs to be upgraded,
           cleaned and maintained.
           Service Delivery Centre – A full functional service delivery centre needs to be
           constructed in the Bedfordview area.

           WARD 21
           Ward Councillor                      :      T.L Campbell
           Ward Population                      :       27306
           Ward Description

           Consisting mainly of residential development with associated business uses and
           Community facilities.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED
           - Crime
           - Roads (new and resurfacing)
           - Resurfacing of all roads, markings and street names need to be replaced, while a
             request was made for one pedestrian robot at the crossing of Rietfontein/
             Petunia.
           - Stormwater management.
           - Electricity substations need to be looked at as in certain areas there are lots of
             power failures.
           - Cleaning in and around of Informal settlement Rose Acres.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED

           -      The clinic (health care) must be extended because it serves a large number of
                  areas within the ward.
           -      Stormwater Management/ the stormwater system in Dukathole and Goodhope
                  are not enough because the residents face a disaster.
           -      Traffic Calming measures are needed within Dukathole and Goodhope as a
                  matter of urgency, because we have many accidents
           -      Sports facilities need upgrading and regular maintaince at the Dukathole Stadium
                  as they have been vandalised since 2002.
           -      Roads are in a bad condition in Dukathole and resurfacing of some of the roads
                  is extremely urgent because most of the motorists in the area are complaining
                  about the damages it causes to their cars.

           The above 5 priorities should at least take place within this financial year and the rest
           should follow as indicated on the list.
                 - Upgrading of informal housing and the hostels
                 - Economic Development Projects
                 - Poverty alleviation
                 - Safety and security
                 - Disability Centres
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      - Electricity



           WARD 22          (UPDATED INFORMATION NOT RECEIVED)
           Ward Councillor       :    J.P Louw
           Ward Population       :    29670
           Ward Description      :

           This ward is located to the south of the Jet Park and Hughes Industrial areas and the
           East Rand Mall retail node, which extends eastwards along the North rand road
           towards Benoni.

           The western portion of this ward portion of this ward is situated within the mining belt
           within which the majority of the informal settlements are located. The ward
           incorporates the Anderbolt and Lilianton industrial areas as well as the Boksburg
           North residential and business area and the mining land to the west.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED
           - Street and High Mast Lightning
           - Informal settlements
           - Roads (new and resurfacing)
           - Especially industrial areas
           - Traffic calming measures
           - Rietfontein RD in front of school
           - Economic Development Projects
           - Lillianton area
           - Industrial development and investment promotion
           - Anderbolt and Lillianton
           - Safety and Security
           - Lillianton/ Witfield
           - Parks (provision of and maintenance)
           - All parks needs maintenance
           - Upgrading of Informal housing and hostels
           - Angeloo/ Chris Hani
           - Poverty Alleviation
           - Informal Settlement.
           - Service Delivery Challenges
           - Informal settlement on private land

           Ward 23: UPDATED INFORMATION NOT RECEIVED
           Ward Councillor: A Du plessis
           Ward Population:
           Ward Description:

           WARD 24
           Ward Councillor                      :        B.C Robinson
           Ward Population                      :        21076
           Ward Description                     :

           This ward is characterized by predominant residential development. Housing types
           vary from middle to high-income groups. A few agricultural holdings and farm
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    portions are also
           facilities such as the Linmed Private Hospital are situated within the ward.


           Natural features such as the Vic Penning Bird Sanctuary, the CR Swart Dam and the
           Bullfrog and Sand Pans are also situated within the ward.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED

           One aspect that does need more attention is the basic infrastructure namely the
           provision of electricity, water and sewerage.With the increase in densification
           through townhouse developments and sub-divisions added pressure is being placed
           in these services and a plan needs to be implemented to ensure that water pressure
           remains at acceptable levels and that the electricity supply is secured.Further, road
           maintenance remains essential to ensure that the costs of repair in the long term are
           kept as low as possible.

           WARD 24
           Ward Councillor                      :        B.C Robinson
           Ward Population                      :        25962
           Ward Description :

           Ward 24 has a large number of agricultural holdings and farm portions where huge
           developments can be expected. The provision of engineering services are however
           problematic and restrict development. Some of the areas have already developed
           into commercial areas where first class developments can be seen. Ward 68 also
           has a big residential componet where well-established dwelling houses and support
           functions such as churches, schools, shopping centres, etc. are found. Large
           numbers of residential and commercial developments can be expected in ward 68
           over the next couple of years.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED

           Ward 24 has become a very dynamic ward as far as development is concerned and
           the major problematic factors are that development is over taking the installation of
           adequate roads and municipal services.
           The agricultural holdings of Pomona are specifically targeted for not only industrial
           development but also large and numerous residential Townhouse type complexes.
           The existing businesses and few remaining agricultural holdings along Pomona
           Road east of the Highway are constantly experiencing severe water pressure
           fluctuations. A 3 to 5 year plan must be implemented to systematically upgrade all
           the services to Pomona, Bredell, Benoni North Agricultural Holdings as well as
           Norton Home Estates and Brentwood Park with specific attention to reliable
           electricity supply, water supply, tarred roads, street lighting to the Agricultural
           Holdings as well as the regular maintenance of existing roads.

           The SRAC Department must budget for more equipment and Herbicide to maintain
           the islands and sidewalks of main thoroughfares on a more regular basis, for
           example; Great North Road, Atlas Road, High Road, Benoni Road, Pomona Road
           and Mercury Street. My suggestion is that these Traffic Islands and sidewalks should
           be cut at least every three weeks, a team of labourers must trim the edges,
           preferably with spades, wheelbarrows and brooms, at least every three weeks or
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    alternatively the
           every eight weeks. The cuttings of the grass get blown into the road and all the grass
           seeds then germinate in the gravel and sand thus causing the grass to actually grow
           in the road – This has to be sprayed at least every eight weeks during the summer
           and perhaps repeated if it has rained on the same day that spraying has taken place.

           PRIORITY LIST:

               1. Re-open Atlasville Swimming Pool.
               2. Build Library in Bonaero Park on Clinic Property, (plans for Library already
                  done!) plus establish a branch of the Emergency Services at this facility,
                  instead of the present Loss Control Office, as the Clinic often waits up to 2
                  hours for an ambulance.

               3. Do analysis of existing water supply to:
                      a. Pomona
                      b. Bredell
                      c. Benoni North Agricultural Holdings plus Norton Home Estates.
                  Take into account the present rate of Developments, then project this into the
                  next 10 years and start implementing an upgrade plan for the supply to these
                  areas on a 3, 5, 8 and 10 year programme, plus the sustainability thereof
                  beyond 10 years.
               4. Do the same for Roads and Storm water.
               5. Do the same for Electricity plus add Street lighting.
               6. Bonaero Park requires a Taxi Rank rather urgently, as there are at least 15
                  Taxis and Busses that transport children to Bonaero Park Primary School
                  every day, and they have no ablution facilities where they park in the Street
                  around the school. This is a major concern for the school as well as the
                  neighbouring residents. There are also many other Taxis that transport people
                  to and from the Bonaero Park area on a daily basis.
               7. Storm Water Drainage Problems:
                      a. Benoni Road in front of Kopanong Hotel.
                      b. Weston Road between Evans and Boundry Road in Benoni Small
                         Farms.
                      c. Corner of Calvinia- and Vryburg Street, Brentwoodpark.
                      d. Falcon Street, Atlasville.
                      e. Intersection of Estate Road and Benoni Road needs a storm water pipe
                         underneath the intersection, of Estate Road.
                      f. Corner Venus Road and Goud Street, Goedeburg Ext 3.
                      g. Possible future problems on low bridge over spillway lower end (north)
                         of Outeniqua Ave, Pomona where it becomes Galpina Road.
                      h. School Road at the corner of Muller Street, Marister.

               8.     Attention to roads in order of priority, plan to do all in 5 to 7 years:
                       a. Further upgrade of road and services to Constantia Road, Pomona
                           from E.P. Malan to West Street.
                       b. Installation of services and tarring of Deodar Road, Pomona.
                       c. Installation of services and tarring of Elgin Road, Pomona.
                       d. Further upgrade of services and construction of Maple Road, Pomona
                           from Mimosa to Eastern End where a large Traffic Turning Circle
                           should be constructed. Check Council records, as I believe that this
                           has already been approved. Please report on why the previous
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        construction                      of Maple Road ended. Abruptly ±30 meters before
                        Mimosa Road – This is now a major traffic hazard; with large potholes!
                     e. Re-construction of portions of Carp Road, Bonaero Park – Damaged
                        by heavy vehicles.
                     f. Re-construction of portions of Bonaero Drive at the entrance to Air
                        Traffic Control, Bonaero Park.
                     g. Installation of services and tarring of van Wyk Road, Brentwoodpark.
                     h. Installation of services and tarring of 6th Road Bredell, between High
                        Road and 3rd Avenue.
                     i. The existing “Tar” roads in the Benoni Small Farm areas, especially
                        Barbet, Swallow, Robin, Jurgens and Estate Roads have been patched
                        so many times that we now have patches upon patches which actually
                        reoccur after every rainy season and it is my suggestion that these
                        roads be put on a 5 year programme for installation of services and
                        resurfacing.
                     j. The dirt roads in Bredell seem to be getting deeper and deeper due to
                        all the grading maintenance being done to them. This maintenance
                        also only lasts one rainy season and these roads should also be put on
                        a 5 to 7 year programme for installation of services and tarring. Major
                        problem roads in Bredell are (in order of priority):
                              i. Eighth Road
                             ii. Fourth Road
                            iii. Second Avenue
                            iv. First Avenue (leads off Nineth Road from cemetery into Bredell)
                                 from Ninth Road to Seventh Road and again between 6th Road
                                 and Fourth Road.
                             v. Harvest Road between 6th Road and Fernandes Road especially
                                 between 7th Road and Fernandes Road.
                            vi. Fernandes Road.
                           vii. Da Costa Road.
                          viii. A portion of Killarney Road.
                            ix. Eureka Street (Pomona Agricultural Holdings)
                             x. Please note that no roads have been tarred or resurfaced in
                                 Bredell over at least the past byeans. If we had done one every
                                 two years we would be halfway completed by now!
                            xi. Similarly no roads have been resurfaced or tarred on the Benoni
                                 Agricultural Holdings for the past byeans.
                           xii. Consideration should be given to extending Methley Street in
                                 Pomona Ext 3 from Vlei- to Protea Ave, to line up with Eureka
                                 as this area is fast developing with townhouse complexes and
                                 the extension of Methley Street will greatly assist with the split of
                                 traffic.
               9. Speed Humps
                     a. Calvinia Road - Brentwood Park (Already approved).

                      b. Venus Street – Atlasville.
                      c. Stokroos Street – Northmead between Mimosa- and Celia Nestad
                          Street.
               10. Systematic replacement of electrical cables, with bundle cable for single
                   copper cable lines to all cable theft “hot spots” throughout my Ward – details
                   available from Electrical Departments of Benoni and Kempton Park.


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     11. Street lighting
                    also start with a programme for Bredell and Pomona.

               12. Taxi Rank to be built on Vic Reece Park, Great North Road next to Sentra
                   Shopping Centre, Brentwood Park.
               13. Playground equipment for two parks e.g. Swings, Slides, Jungle gym and
                   Roundabouts:
                        a. Corner Swellendam- and Hopetown Road, Brentwood Park.
                        b. Flamboyant- and Lantana Street, Northvilla.
               14. More regular mowing of Traffic Islands, every 3 to 4 weeks with more regular
                   trimming of edges and spraying of Herbicides every 6 to 8 weeks – including
                   all Suburbs!
               15. More regular pruning of sidewalk trees, at least once a year.
               16. It is also my suggestion that SRAC Northern Service Delivery Centre consider
                   building a Depot either at the Old Bens Soccer Club area next to the Bull Frog
                   Pan or alternatively at Benoni Northerns Sports complex to be situated on the
                   northern side behind the Tennis Club; off Brodigan Street and O’ Reilly Merry
                   Street, Northmead.
               17. Last but not least with reference to poverty alleviation I request that the one
                   Orphanage and three Havens for homeless people be given reductions on
                   their water, electricity, sanitation and refuse removal accounts. They are:
                        a. Beula Children’s Village situated in Second Avenue, Bredell.
                        b. Manger Mission situated on High Road and Lennox Road, Nortons
                            Home Estate.
                        c. Nu-Life Ministries situated on High Road, next to Fairwinds Caravan
                            Park.
                        d. Elim Havens situated on Da Costa Road, Bredell.

           Serious stormwater drainage problem on Great North Road, western side in front of
           Anzac. Reinforcing corner of Great North Road and Road No. 2 becomes Stanley
           Road on the opposite side of Great North Road. This factory is constantly flooded
           every time that it rains, as there is insufficient drainage of stormwater due to Great
           North Road having been built so high up.

           WARD 24          (UPDATED INFORMATION NOT RECEIVED)
           Ward Councillor       :    B.C Robinson
           Ward Population       :    29968
           Ward Description      :

           This ward is situated immediately south of the ORTIA and includes the Jet Park and
           Hughes industrial components as well as the East rand mall retail node. Several
           medium to upper income residential suburbs such as Beyerspark, Bardene and
           Bartlett are included in this ward, as well as farm portions and agricultural holdings.
           The ward is dissected by the N12 and R21 freeways and is the economic hub of the
           Greater Boksburg area due to Jet Park/Hughes industrial area as well as the East
           Rand Mall retail node.

           NEEDS IDENTIFIED
           - Street & High mast lighting
           - Roads (new & resurfacing)
           - Pedestrian facilities (&paving of sidewalks)
           - Stormwater management
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    - Sewerage
           -      Water supply
           -      Economic Development Projects
           -      Industrial Development & Investment Promotion
           -      Tourism
           -      Pollution (air, water, noise, littering, illegal dumping)
           -      Clinics (health care)

           -      Facilities for disabled, aged & youth
           -      Emergency services (fire & ambulance)
           -      Safety & Security
           -      Parks (provision & maintenance)
           -      Housing development (new)
           -      Upgrading of Informal housing & hostels
           -      Multi-purpose centres (community halls & offices)
           -      Poverty alleviation.

           WARD 25                              UPDATED INFORMATION NOT RECEIVED
           Ward Councillor                      : G.J Mofokeng
           Ward Population                      :
           Ward Description




           Figure 12: Institutional: Ward Boundaries

           3.28 Legislation


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    Legislation relevant
           the document. These include:
           §    Municipal System Act 32 of 2000;
           §    Municipal Planning and Performance Management Regulations;
           §    Development Facilitation Act, 1995
           §    National Environmental Management Act, 1998
           §    Gauteng Planning and Development Act, 2003)

           3.28 Maintenance

           There is a general lack of maintenance by the municipality in the NSDR. This leads
           to a feeling of neglect in large parts of the NSDR, especially in the CBDs of Kempton
           Park and Edenvale, the industrial areas, and the Tembisa area. The problem is
           compounded in areas of general neglect by other role players such as (large
           squatter camps) and Transnet (at stations).

           3.29 Regional Demarcation

           The possibility to change the regional demarcation of the EMM Regions has been
           discussed. This has however not been decided on, hence the regional boundaries
           as approved are used.

           3.31 Exsitng Local Plans

           Table 3 below indicates all existing local plans applicable to the NSDR.

           Table 31: Existing Local Plans

           LOCAL PLAN                                        STATUS                      COMPATIBILITY
                                                                                         WITH RSDF

           Area (1)Bonaero Park (Extentions
                                                             Approved                    Yes
           and adjacent farm portions)
           Area (2) Dennell Industrial
                                                             Approved                    Yes
           Development Zone (IDZ)
           Area (3) OR Tambo International                   Plan in progress of being   Will be drafted
           Air Port (ORTIA)                                  drafted                     compatible
           Area (4) Central Activity District
                                                             approved                    Yes
           (Rhodesfield)
           Area (5) Kempton Park extensions
           (including Nimrod Park,                                                       Yes
                                                             Approved
           Allengrove and extensions and
           parts of the farm Zuurfontein
           Area (6) Glen Marius (including
           Glen Marais extenttions, Aston
           Manor, Birghleigh agricultural
           holdings, Kempton Park,                                                       Yes
                                                             Approved
           agricultural holdings, Pomona
           agriculture holdings, Bredell
           agricultural holdings North of the
           R21

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    Area (7 ) Agricultural
           (Including Pomona Agricultural
           Holdings, Kempton Park
                                                                                       Yes
           Agricultural Holdings, Pomona                     Approved
           And Extensions, Bredell
           Agricultural Holdings, Brentwood
           Park agricultural holdings
           Area (8) Witfontein/R21
           (Witfontein 15IR farm Portion
                                                             Approved                  Yes
           east of railway, Witfontein 161IR
           and Hartbeesfontein 171IR
                                                                                       Yes
           Area (9) Esselen park                             Approved
                                                             New plan recently
           Area (10) Birchleigh,Van Reebeck                  completed for areas (10) &
                                                                                        Yes
           Park                                              (12) together, approval
                                                             pending
           Area (11) K60 Development Plan,
           including Birchleigh North ,Birch                 Approved                  Yes
           Acres,Norkem Park
                                                             New plan recently
           Area (12) Birchleigh,Van Reebeck                  completed for areas (10) &
                                                                                        Yes
           Park                                              (12) together, approval
                                                             pending.
           Area (13) Terenure including
                                                             Approved                  Yes
           Kempton Park West
           Area (14) Esther park including
           Edleen and Kempton Park                           Approved                  Yes
           extention 5 and 11
           Area (15) Industrial Area
           (including Rhodesfied Extention 1,
                                                             Approved                  Yes
           Cresslawn, Crydon And Crydon
           Extension 1,Spartan and Isando
           Area (16) Ehlanzeni including
           Vusimuzi, Welomlambo, Ethafeni,                   Approved                  Yes
           Jiyane and Esiphetweni
           Area (17) Iqqaqga including
           Esivana ,Emkatini, Ikusasa,                       Approved
                                                                                       Yes
           Elindinga, Emoyeni, Esekelo,
           Idulweni,Esiziba,Inxiweni & Ibaxa
           Area (18) Teanong (Including
           Motsu , Tembisa Extention 5,
           Leboeng, Tsenolong, Moakeng,                      Approved
                                                                                       Yes
           Moekeng Extension 1, Temong,
           Litafeng, Moteong, Seotloana,
           Gahlanzo,Mpho and Lekaneng
           Area (19) Oakmoor (including
           Makhulong,Moriting,Mashimong,S
           edibeng, Tshepo, Sethokga,                        Approved                  Yes
           Ecaleni, Tembisa Ext 7,Mgantsha,
           Kopanong and Tlamatlama

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    Area (20) Winnie                                         Approved                   Yes
           Area (21) Olifantsfontein &                       Plan in process of being   Will be drafted
           Clayville                                         drafted                    compatible
           Area (22) Bapsfontein                             Drafted                    Not yet approved
                                                                                        To be submitted for
           Area (23) Tembisa West                            Drafted
                                                                                        approval
                                                             Plan in process of being   Will be drafted
           Area(24)Phomolong /Chloorkop
                                                             reviewed                   compatible
                                                                                        Submitted for
           Area (25) Edenvale                                Drafted
                                                                                        approval
                                                             Approved structure plan-   Yes,but detail
           Area (26) Bedfordview                             plan old and need to be    needs to be
                                                             reviewed                   reviewed
           Area (27) Elandsfontein farm
           areas, including Highway
           Gardens, Meawbrook,                               No plan                    N/A
           Meadowdale, Klooper Park and
           Tunney
           Area (28) Northern residential
           suburbs of former Germiston,                      No plan                    N/A
           including Primose CBD
           Area (29) Lilianton and ERPM -
                                                             No plan                    N/A
           Land
           Area (30) Boksburg North,
                                                             Approved                   Yes
           Ravenswood
           Area (31) Beyerspark, Bartlett
                                                             No plan                    N/A
           (including East Rand Mall)
           Area (32) Anderbolt                               No plan                    N/A
           Area (33) Impala Park, Atlas
                                                             No plan                    N/A
           ville,Ferramere
           Area (34) Nortons ‘s Home                                                   Compatible inside
                                                             Comprise part of approved
           Estates (including Brentwood Park                                           urban edge (see
                                                             plan (see Note *1)
           AH)                                                                         note *2)
           Area (35) Northmead, Rynfield,                    Existing plan does not
                                                                                       Yes
           Morehill                                          cover entire prencinct
           Area (36) Slaterville area
                                                                                       Compatible inside
           (agricultural holdings of                         Comprise part of approved
                                                                                       urban edge (see
           Rynfield,Fairlead,Slatervile and                  plan (see note *1)
                                                                                       note *2)
           Benoni
           Area (37) Marister area (including
           agricultulture holdings of Benoni                 Comprise part of approved Compatible inside
           and Marister and portions of the                  plan (see note *1)        urban edge
           farms Vlaakfontein and Putfontein
           Area (38) Crystal park area
           (including Cloverdene, portions of                Comprised part of          Compatible inside
           the farms Putfontein an and                       approved plan (see note    urban edge (see
           modderfontein and the agricultural                *1)                        note *2)
           holdings of Rynfield and Van Ryn
           Area (39) Lilyvale area (including                                          Compatible inside
                                                             Comprise part of approved
           portions of the farm Putfontein                                             urban edge (see
                                                             plan (see note *1)
           and agricultultural holdings of                                             note *2)
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    Hillcrest and Sangrila
           Note *1: These areas (Areas 36,38,39,40 and 41) comprise part of the approved
           “land use management policy for the Benoni agricultural holdings and farm portions
           ‘dated July 2000.
           Note *2 : Proposals for some parts of the above –mentioned plan outside the urban
           development boundary are not compatible with the regional SDF, as it proposes
           uses that may not be allowed outside the urban development boundary.

           3.32 Status Quo Summary

           From the above analysis, the following priority issues have emerged, that play a key
           role in the spatial framework of the Northern Region. The priority issues reflected
           below are summarised as Strengths (& Opportunities) and Weaknesses (&
           Constraints):

           Table 32: PHYSICAL ASPECTS

                 STRENGTHS (& OPPORTUNITIES)                 WEAKNESSES (&CONSTRAINTS)
                 Vacant land (large tracts, single
                                                             Small, fragmented industrial areas
                 ownership) – mining belt
                 Strong middle & high income
                                                             Poor communities in uncontrolled
                 residential areas (Kempton park and
                                                             informal settlements
                 Edenvale )
                                                             Tembisa located far from
                 Water, waste water & electricity
                                                             employment areas & other
                 networks well established
                                                             amenities
                 Water & waste water projects in             Informal settlements (also on
                 Putfontein & Bapsfotein etc                 undermined land)
                                                             Urban decay in low & middle
                 Mayor freeway network good (R24,
                                                             income residential areas (kempton
                 R21 )
                                                             Park )
                                                             Ageing water, waste water &
                 Extensive rail network (also                electricity networks (Kempton park,
                 industrial areas and Tembisa )              Edenvale CBDs & industrial areas,
                                                             Clayville and Olifantsfontein)
                                                             Decline in use of rail (passenger &
                 Well established taxi industry
                                                             cargo)

           Table 33: SOCIAL ASPECTS

                 STRENGTHS (& OPPORTUNITIES)                 WEAKNESSES (&CONSTRAINTS)
                 Health & Social facilities 99%              Population growth higher than
                 municipal owned                             economic growth
                                                             Health facilities lower the population
                 33 clinics
                                                             growth.
                 Lower population growth (2.5%)              Migration of people from rural areas
                                                             Shortage of social facilities (Sports,
                                                             Schools, Parks, Libraries, etc) in
                                                             Tembisa
                                                             Large housing backlog
                                                             Informal settlements

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                                                             Small parcels of vacant land
                                                             (various owners)
                                                             HIV/Aids
                                                             Poverty


           Table 34: ECONOMIC ASPECTS

                 STRENGTHS (& OPPORTUNITIES)                 WEAKNESSES (&CONSTRAINTS)
                 Relatively skilled labour pool              Unemployment
                 Establish retail nodes in
                 Bedfordview, Boksburg, Kempton              Declining (heavy) industrial sectors
                 Park CBDs (first economy)
                                                             Kempton park, Edenvale CBD
                 Kempton Park & Edenvale CBD
                                                             decay
                 Isando & Spartan industrial area            Ageing industrial areas
                 Manufacturing (largest sector in            Manufacturers relocating out of
                 NSDR)                                       NSDR
                 Growth in transport & finance               Provincial pressure to protect
                 sectors                                     agricultural land
                                                             Retail leakage from Tembisa to
                 Net demand for retail space in
                                                             KemptonPark,Bedfordview
                 NSDR
                                                             Edenvale and Boksburg
                 Massive demand for retail space in
                 Tembisa (351431m2) & Kempton                North East linkages (M2 to R21)
                 Park (35000m2)
                 R21 Corridor                                Urban Decay
                 East West linkages (N12, N17)
                 Tourism potential (ORTIA)

           Table 35: INSTITUTIONAL ASPECTS

                 STRENGTHS (&OPPORTUNITIES)                  WEAKNESSES (&CONSTRAINTS)
                 NSDR organisational structure               General lack of maintenance
                 Availability of a Vacant Land Audit         Ward demarcation ineffective
                                                             No LED, PS and E&T staff in the
                 Undeveloped GDE and EMM land
                                                             NSDR
                                                             Lack of updated statistical
                                                             information
                                                             Lack of operational synergy among
                                                             departments
                 Regional and local planning
                 structures and service delivery
                 points

           IN SUMMARY:
           From the status quo assessment, the following stands out as the seven (7) most
           important positive aspects (strengths & opportunities) of the NSDR:
              • Locality;
              • Rail infrastructure;
              • Mayor freeway network;
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     • Labour pool
               •    Isando and Spartan industrial area;
               •    Growth in transport & finance sectors;
               •    NSDR organisational structure.

           From the status quo assessment, the following stands out as the seven (7) most
           important negative aspects (weaknesses & constraints) of the NSDR:
              • Undermining in north of NSDR;
              • Unemployment;
              • Informal settlements;
              • Mass transport (passenger & goods);
              • Lack of social facilities in Tembisa
              • Urban decay (CBDs & industrial areas);

           All information included in this status quo document will be used to formulate the
           development concept, spatial framework and implementation plan for the NSDR
           SDF.




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           4.1      Development Objectives

           In drafting a SDF for the NSDR, a development concept has to be set. The concept
           in turn is based on set development objectives.

           The MSDF set eight (8) development objectives as reflected below. Following the
           status quo assessment of the spatial structure in the NSDR, development
           opportunities and constraints emanating, the following are the development
           objectives from the MSDF as interpreted for the NSDR.

           A:       To be supportive in creating a single, uniform identity for Ekurhuleni Metro
                    (unicity) by:
                      • determining an ‘Ekurhuleni unique’ niche market for each of the two
                         CBDs and other nodes in the NSDR;
                      • not competing with other CBDs and industrial areas in EMM;
                      • strengthening transportation and other linkages with the rest of the EMM;
                      • creating a ‘sense of place’ for each functional area of the NSDR, linked
                         to an EMM ‘sense of place’.

           B:       To promote the development of a compact urban structure which optimise the
                    utilisation of all resources by:
                      • densifying activity nodes, residential areas and transport linkages;
                      • enforcing the Urban Development Boundary;
                      • directing growth of the NSDR to Johannesburg and to the EMM Core
                          Economic Triangle;
                      • identifying developable land for infill development mindful of strategic
                          location, socio-economic value and soil conditions.

           C:       To promote the formulation of an environmental strategy for the NSDR to
                    address, suggest actions and allocate responsibility to direct sustainable
                    environmental management in the NSDR by:
                     • Protection and conservation of areas that are sensitive from an
                         ecological and hydrological perspective
                     • Protection and conservation of areas that have a high potential or value
                         for agriculture
                     • Management of Geotechnical constraints, which include dolomite
                     • Management of urban sprawl
                     • Management of urban open space

           D:       To optimise the job creation capacity of the formal economy in the region by
                     • promoting specialisations in manufacturing, transport, finance, local
                        retail, and institutional uses; including the agricultural sector
                     • developing sector-specific growth strategies;
                     • protecting existing industrial areas from the negative effects of informal
                        settlement located in close proximity thereof;
                     • urban regeneration in industrial areas and CBDs;
                     • maximising export based transport linkages (air, rail, road, information).
                     • providing infrastructural linkages for globally orientated growth; and
                     • promoting SMME development and growth.

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           E:       To integrate the disadvantaged communities of the NSDR into the urban
                    fabric by:
                       • infill development on vacant land located close to CBDs, industrial
                           areas, bus and taxi routes and railway stations;
                       • promoting economic development along the main linkages between
                           these communities and the major concentrations of job opportunities;
                       • enforcing the Urban Development Boundary;
                       • directing growth of the Tembisa area to the southeast; and
                       • urban regeneration programmes in previously disadvantaged areas
                           and informal settlements.

           F:       To develop a well defined system of nodes this holds the bulk of economic
                    activity of the NSDR by;
                     • urban regeneration in industrial areas and CBDs;
                     • determining a niche market for each of the three CBDs and for other
                          nodes in the NSDR;
                     • improve and further develop existing nodes in the Tembisa area;
                     • promoting SMME development and growth;
                     • combining activity nodes an public transport nodes; and
                     • linking these activity nodes to one another.

           G:       To actively promote sustainable public transport by:
                     • providing public transport along all main corridors;
                     • effective management of Taxi ranks:
                     • promoting mixed use, high density development along suitably located
                        corridors and at suitable nodes;
                     • promoting Transit Oriented Development along the main railway
                        infrastructure;
                     • promoting pedestrianisation;
                     • implementing the Bicycle Strategy:
                     • initiating a “Road to Rail Program” for passengers and cargo; and

           H:       To establish a full range of services within convenient distance for entire
                    communities by way of Multi Purpose Service Delivery Centres by (MPSDC).
                     • consolidating departmental facilities and service points;
                     • consolidating municipal, provincial and national government facilities and
                        service points;
                     • placing MPSDC at accessible, nodal areas.


           4.2      Spatial Development Concept

           The development concept for the NSDR is reflected in Figure 13. The Development
           concept aims to spatially reflect and expand on the set development objectives. The
           development concept for the NSDR is based on, and contains key elements of the
           development concept drafted in the Metropolitan SDF document.In order to better
           describe the NSDR Development Concept; the section below is divided according to
           the set development objectives.



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           4.2.1 To be supportive in creating a single, uniform identity for Ekurhuleni
           Metro (unicity).

           Due to the size and diversity of Ekurhuleni, it is necessary for each node in
           Ekurhuleni to full-fill its own specialised function in the Ekurhuleni context. Where
           possible such function should be defined as a unique function in the Ekurhuleni
           context. The economic nodes in the NSDR, with its specialised and unique functions
           are reflected in Table 36 in Chapter 5:

           Not competing with other CBDs and industrial areas in EMM:

           Nodes in EMM can support each other by not competing for the same economic
           market. This will be achieved by identifying niche functions and by respecting
           geographic economic markets. Niche functions for the industrial areas in the NSDR
           are reflected in Table 38 in chapter 5.

           Each CBD and industrial are should be marketed through a Marketing Strategy.

           Strengthening transportation and other linkages with the rest of the EMM:

           The most visible and effective linkages within the EMM is major roads and railway
           lines, Due to the nature and function there of these linkages are all ready good.
           Better linkage between the Tembisa area and the employment areas in the NSDR is
           needed. An improvement of the major roads network between the SSDR and NSDR
           is also needed.

           Creating a ‘sense of place’ for each functional area of the NSDR, linked to an
           EMM ‘sense of place’:

           Due to the size and diversity of Ekurhuleni, it is necessary for each functional area in
           Ekurhuleni to create its own ‘sense of place’ among the residents/ users of that
           functional area. These local ‘sense of place’ should then all tie into an Ekurhuleni
           ‘sense of place’. The local sense of place should be built around the character and
           function of each area, e.g. the Isando sense of place should focus on its
           manufacturing function and its industrial character.

           4.2.2 To promote the development of a compact urban structure which
           optimise the utilisation of all resources

           Residential and other densification should be promoted in the three existing CBDs.
           Residential densification should especially be promoted in the three CBDs in order to
           create 24 hour CBDs. Residential densification should also be promoted in existing
           residential areas, but mindful of the locality, character, and service capacity in such
           areas. Residential areas in close proximity to the CBDs should be the prime
           densification areas. Densification at transport linkages should be focused within
           walking distance from all existing taxi ranks and railway stations.




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    4.2.2.1 Urban Development Boundary

           It is the intention of the Urban Development Boundary to optimise the utilization of
           opportunities for development within this boundary and promote the development of
           a more compact urban environment that is economically more sustainable and
           preserves the natural environment, as well as land with high agricultural potential in
           the surrounding rural areas. The boundary should especially take note of the
           proposed R21 Development Corridor area as promoted by EMF.

           Directing growth of the NSDR to the EMM Core Economic Triangle and to
           Johannesburg:

           Directing growth of the NSDR towards the EMM Core Economic Triangle relates to
           directing growth of the NSDR towards the CBDs of Kempton Park and Edenvale and
           towards O.R. Tambo International Airport. The EMM Core Economic Triangle forms
           part of a larger economic development areas on a provincial scale, i.e. the Gauteng
           economic triangle formed by Pretoria CBD, O.R. Tambo International Airport, and
           Johannesburg CBD. Due to the proximity of the Johannesburg CBD to the NSDR, it
           makes economic sense to also direct growth towards the Johannesburg area.

           Management of urban sprawl

           The priority issues that were identified in the EMF include:
               •        Development must be contained to protect the natural environment and
                        the agricultural potential.
               •        Development must be at optimal density provided though a variety in
                        density is promoted. Thus to make best use of infrastructure and
                        services taking account of the need for a variety of development options
                        thereby conserving energy and the need for additional infrastructure.
               •        Demand for development is driven by factors such as amenity, visibility
                        and accessibility and not necessarily location in relation to existing
                        development.
               •        Predicted accelerating influx of people into the area dominated by low to
                        no income job seekers with a growing need for low cost housing.
               •        The urban edge concept is not commonly understood and has various
                        interpretations.
               •        Guidelines, policy and legislation exist but are fragmented, inaccessible
                        and confusing.
               •        The mandates and jurisdiction of authorities overlap.
               •        Compliance and enforcement is inadequate.

           4.2.3 To promote the formulation of an environmental strategy for the NSDR
           to address, suggest actions and allocate responsibility to direct sustainable
           environmental management in the NSDR

           The environmental strategy can only have value if it determines the issues that must
           be addressed, suggest actions and allocate responsibility. In many instances, it will
           require processes to be set in motion that will require action across different
           authorities. The approved Environmental Management framework for the area
           identified the following strategic priorities which need to be incorporated in the future
           planning for the area

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           Strategy for the protection and conservation of areas that are sensitive from
           ecological and hydrological perspective

                    The priority issues that were identified in the EMF include:
                       • The extent of formally conserved areas should be increased;
                       • the majority of these areas fall within private properties that
                          complicates the conservation of these areas;
                       • inadequate funds are available at provincial and local level to buy out
                          the areas;
                       • guidelines, policy and legislation exist but is fragmented, inaccessible
                          and confusing (especially to the public);
                       • the mandates and jurisdiction of authorities overlap, creating
                          uncertainty;
                       • emission and effluent causes pollution in these area; and
                       • compliance and enforcement is inadequate.

           Protection and conservation of areas that have a high potential or value for
           agriculture

                    The priority issues that were identified in the EMF include:
                       • Importance of agriculture for job creation and economic growth.
                       • Importance of agricultural production for food security. (National and
                          provincial government sees Agriculture, as a long term strategic land
                          use that must “feed the nation” and become one of the main drivers
                          towards an industrialised country).
                       • Importance of agriculture for black economic empowerment. There is a
                          need to correct imbalances in terms of ownership (agriculture is seen
                          by national and provincial government, as an industry that should
                          contribute significantly to black empowerment).
                       • National and provincial government sees high potential agricultural
                          land, as a strategic resource that must be protected.
                       • Local government sees agriculture, as a high cost low return land use.


                        •    Development pressure on agricultural land use is severe in certain
                             areas.

               Current agriculture practices impacts negatively on bio-diversity in general and
               wetlands and hydrological systems specifically through ploughing, sedimentation
               and nutrient release.

                    Geotechnical constraints

                             The priority issues that were identified in the EMF include:
                                • Existing development on or close to dolines.
                                • Excessive water abstraction from dolomitic areas.
                                • Inappropriate engineering services.
                                • Low cost housing on seasonally wet soils.
                                • Inadequate funds available at provincial and local level to buy
                                   out risk areas.
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                                       Guidelines, policy and legislation are vague, conflicting or non-
                                       existent.
                                   •   Interpretation of information varies.
                                   •   The mandates and jurisdiction of authorities overlap.
                                   •   Compliance and enforcement is inadequate.


           4.2.4 To optimise the job creation capacity of the formal economy in the
           region.

           Promoting specialisation in manufacturing, transport, finance, local retail, and
           institutional uses:

           These major and growth sectors of the Gauteng economy are currently already well
           established in the NSDR and represent the most effective job creation sectors. The
           existing industrial areas of Isando, Spartan, Jet Park, Elandfontein, Clayville
           /Ollifantsfontein, Chloorkop, Sebenza, Eastleigh, Lilianton and Anderbolt contain the
           bulk of the manufacturing and transport industries in the NSDR and should thus be
           protected and promoted for these purposes. The two existing CBDs contain the bulk
           of the finance and local retail sector and should thus be protected and promoted for
           these purposes. The retail sector should also be promoted in the Tembisa area
           where the bulk of the untapped market is located. The Kempton Park CBD should
           be promoted as the private sector corporate offices and hospitality hub of the NSDR
           and EMM.

           Developing sector-specific growth strategies:

           Develop growth strategies in support of the Gauteng Growth and Development
           Strategy for the manufacturing, transport, finance, retail and institutional sectors in
           the NSDR. Job creation and human resource development should be the main focus
           of these strategies.

           Urban regeneration in industrial areas and CBDs:

           Regeneration should focus on visible projects in the worst affected areas in the two
           CBDs (especially Kempton Park and Edenvale) as well as in the industrial areas.
            Urban regeneration should also focus on enhanced maintenance, especially
           regarding cleansing, painting of road markings, repair of potholes, storm-water
           covers, street lights, etc., as well as the safety and security of the area.

           Providing infrastructural linkages for globally orientated growth:

           To optimise the locality of the NSDR in the Gauteng context it is important to ensure
           that all infrastructures required for economic growth in the formal sector is in place,
           including municipal services, human resource development, marketing and
           communication linkages, inter governmental linkages, etc.

           An important transport link to be provided is the link between the R21 and the
           PWV14. This link will allow for improved access from the NSDR to O.R. Tambo
           International Airport. The East-West Corridor Development Initiative by the City of
           Johannesburg began to fulfil a multidimensional function i.e. an entity that generates
           synergy between spatial efficiency, economies of scale, investment and employment
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    creation. The western
           the N3/N12 highways and it is foreseen that the corridor will cross the municipal
           boundary of Johannesburg to flow into the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Area.

           Promoting SMME Development and Growth

           The SMME sector should be encouraged to grow, especially at nodes in the PDAs
           and in other demarcated nodes. The EMM Street Trading Policy should be
           implemented in order to structure and promote growth in this sector. Economic
           linkages should be created between the informal and formal sectors of the economy.

           Job creation opportunities in the Tembisa areas should be organised at the existing
           and identified nodes in Tembisa.

           4.2.5 To integrate the disadvantaged communities of the NSDR into the urban
           fabric

           Social housing should be provided on developable vacant land close to the CBDs of
           Kempton Park and Edenvale (not Bedfordview as this caters for the middle to high
           income market). Development close to industrial areas should be handled with
           extreme caution so as not to negatively influence the industrial area and impact
           adversely on human lives.

           Housing projects should also be initiated and promoted within the CBDs either by
           converting existing buildings or by erecting new ones for this purpose. Emphasis
           should additionally be on providing housing for people already employed in the
           specific industrial area. This will enhance a sense of place and will allow for
           sustainability. Low income projects for unemployed people should not be provided in
           close proximity to industrial areas. Care should also be taken to protect residents of
           these developed residential areas from the negative effects, e.g. pollution of
           industrial areas.

           Existing railway stations, especially close to taxi ranks, should also be focused areas
           for social housing. All existing stations, associated taxi ranks in the NSDR should be
           focus areas for social housing. Emphasis at all of these nodes should be on the
           areas within walking distance from, e.g. the station or taxi rank. Social housing
           should be managed as to not cause urban decay.

           Promoting economic development along the main linkages between these
           communities and the major concentrations of job opportunities:

           Land adjoining main linkages (roads) from Tembisa to Kempton Park should be
           promoted as areas where small scale business, service industries and industrial
           uses can be accommodated. Optimal use should be made of the visibility and
           accessibility offered by these routes.




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           Enforcing the Urban Development Boundary:

           The RSDF should determine a more accurate and better defined urban development
           boundary so as to exclude as much land as possible. A more efficient management
           of the UDB will increase development pressure on land within the urban
           development boundary, thus speeding the process of infill development and optimal
           utilisation of resources. The urban development boundary should be enforced more
           vigorously than it has been to date, thus not allowing for exceptions or extensions. A
           firmer managed urban development boundary will stop the provision of housing at
           increasing distances from the established core urban fabric with all its facilities and
           infrastructure.

           4.2.6 To develop a well defined system of nodes which hold the bulk of
           economic activity of the NSDR.

           Identify primary and secondary activity nodes

           Mixed-used activity nodes have the potential to be an important city structuring
           devise; such nodes can be identified as those points in the urban structure where
           access to a range of opportunities is greatest, where networks of association create
           diversity, and where people are able to satisfy the broadest range of their day-to-day
           needs.
           Being points of maximum economic, social and infrastructural investment, as well as
           representing established patterns of settlement and accessibility, these nodes must
           be regarded as a primary device on which to anchor the structure of the urban
           system. On a regional level, primary and secondary Activity Nodes are to be
           identified.

           Protecting existing industrial areas and CBDs from the negative effects of
           informal settlements located in close proximity thereof:

           Industrial areas and CBDs in the NSDR already generate the bulk of employment
           and economic activity in the NSDR and render a large contribution to the metro
           economy.

           These areas should be protected from any negative influence. One of the main
           existing negative influences in this regard is informal settlements mushrooming in
           close proximity to industrial areas. This is leading to industries relocating to areas
           outside the NSDR. Informal settlements in close proximity to industrial areas should
           be relocated as a matter of priority.

           The available land should then be developed preferable as social housing or bonded
           housing if applicable. Focus should be on housing employees already employed in
           the relevant industrial area, with their families. Vacant land in close proximity to
           CBDs and industrial areas not suitable for housing development should be protected
           from invasion. Alternative uses should be identified and perused for such land.




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    Urban regeneration

           Regeneration should focus on visible projects in the worst affected areas (e.g.
           stations) in the two CBDs, especially in Kempton Park and Edenvale as well as in
           the industrial areas. Urban regeneration should focus on enhanced maintenance,
           especially regarding cleansing, painting of road markings, repair of potholes, storm-
           water covers, street lights, etc. Urban regeneration strategies for each area should
           be drafted to complement detail plans (LSDFs) for those areas. Existing national
           and provincial initiatives (Blue IQ & Development Zones) should be optimised.
           Proposed national and provincial initiatives should be influenced to further this
           objective. Improved safety and security in these areas should receive priority.

           Determining an ‘Ekurhuleni unique’ niche market for each of the two CBDs and
           other nodes in the NSDR:

           Due to the size and diversity of Ekurhuleni, it is necessary for each node in
           Ekurhuleni to full-fill its own specialised function in the Ekurhuleni context. Where
           possible such function should be defined as a unique function in the Ekurhuleni
           context. The economic nodes in the NSDR, with its specialised and unique functions
           are reflected in Table 36 and 37. Each node should be marketed through a
           marketing strategy.

           Improve and further develop existing nodes in the Tembisa area:

           Most of the nodes in Tembisa are currently fulfilling a relatively low key, localised
           function. The nodes listed below should be formalised and built upon as the main
           development nodes in Tembisa. This can be done by stimulating and promoting
           business development in existing nodes and by focussing municipal capital projects
           in these areas. All government services provided in Tembisa should be focussed
           into these nodes, mainly in the form of Multi Purpose Service Delivery Centres.

           Inter-modal transfer facilities should also be focussed into these areas, as well as
           compact housing projects.

           Combining activity nodes and public transport nodes:

           The public transport network should form the backbone of the system of nodes in the
           NSDR. The growth of development nodes should be encouraged around existing
           stations and taxi ranks. The following nodes should be noted in this regard:
               • Kempton Park (Taxi Rank);
               • Oakmore Station (& Taxi Rank);
               • Lerala Station
               • Birchleigh
               • Isando

           Linking these activity nodes to one another through activity spines:

           Enhance transport linkages between activity nodes mainly through providing and
           maintaining rail, road and public transport infrastructure. Commercial transport
           linkages within the existing industrial hubs should be improved in order to
           consolidate the strategic purpose of industry as an important economic driving agent
           Linkages between Tembisa and Kempton Park are of priority, as is the linkages
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    between the                        Park CBD and Edenvale CBD. Activity spines are
           characterised by the same mixed-use patterns and complexity and diversity as
           activity nodes. Movement corridors which “pick-up” exotic land uses can be regarded
           as major structuring elements within the urban environment. Movement flows along
           these corridors attract the establishment of various activities along them.

           The accessibility characteristics associated with the linear nature of activity spines is
           particularly important in the re-structuring of the city given the ease with which broad
           sectors of the population can be drawn into the urban mainstream. Foot-bound
           populations will be able to gain ready access to the facilities and activities structured
           along these spines and the public and taxi transport routes along the spines will
           provide them with ready access to the wider system.

           In the promotion of activity spines it is important that some degree of balance must
           be present between the location or degree of spread and power contained in the
           collective resources of the city. If activity spines are spread too thinly, they will not
           create the desired nexus for opportunities to agglomerate.

           An important issue to point out is that linearity and nodality are not opposites nor are
           they mutually exclusive. In the evolution of an activity spine it is inevitable that nodes
           and clusters will develop along. This is mainly due to the various degrees of
           accessibility which the activity spine offers. In addition to the main activity nodes, it
           has to be accepted that secondary nodes may develop at certain strategic points
           along the proposed activity spines.

           The K117 Public Transport Corridor/Andrew Maphetho Drive

           The K117 Public Transport Corridor/ Andrew Maphetho Drive transverses the
           Tembisa area in a north-south direction and serves as the main traffic distributor
           mainly as a major public transport route in the Tembisa Complex.

           In terms the National Guidelines for Road Access Management in South Africa
           (October 2001) the Andrew Maphetho Drive classification varies between a major
           arterial in the south to a minor arterial in the north. This movement spine connects
           the residential areas of Tembisa Township and Phomolong with places of
           employment such as Clayville / Olifantsfontein Industrial Node in the north and
           Spartan/Isando Industrial Node and the Kempton Park CBD in the south.

           Along this route presently there are few commercial/retail, social and higher order
           recreational facilities and high-density housing. Essentially non-residential land uses
           along this corridor are underdeveloped thus there is an opportunity to intensify the
           mixed land uses through:

               §   The introduction of high density but compatible land uses particularly cluster
                   housing and duplexes in both vacant and under-utilised land to strengthen the
                   mixed-use character that is starting to emerge along the K117 Public
                   Transport Corridor/Andrew Maphetho Drive. This can be reinforced by the
                   introduction of retail, commercial, institutional, light industrial and residential
                   uses along the corridor. However, high-density mixed uses in this corridor
                   should be compatible with the adjacent residential areas, therefore should
                   exclude noxious industries or carefully integrated into.


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     § Developments
                   and contribute to uninterrupted public street frontage.

           The R25 Movement Corridor

           This route connects the Kempton Park CBD with the residential areas in the
           southeast of the study area. The proposed land uses to be allowed along the R25
           movement corridor are commercial and high-density residential developments.
           These will take an advantage of easy access provided by high volume capacity of
           the road. Proposed land uses in this strip include group/multiple housing, retail
           outlets, filling stations/garages and entertainment facilities.

           Proposed K-60 Route

           The K60 route is an east-west arterial planned linking Tembisa going through the
           central areas of Midrand and westwards into the northern parts of Sandton. The
           realigned K60 route will be a major east-west connector in the Tembisa Complex.
           This will eventually release more land for development north of the K60, which can
           be predominantly utilised for light industrial development, except noxious industries,
           being supported by residential, business and retail land uses. The current
           development on the western section (Birch Acres, Norkem Park etc.) of this road
           confirms the potential of this corridor.

           The K27 (R562) Route

           This is the primary feeder to the Olifantsfontein area creating an east-west linkage
           with the Old Pretoria Road. This is therefore an important access route, which can
           be developed into an activity street by encouraging mixed land uses along its length
           and in particular intersections.

           The proposed development should comprise of formal land uses such as formal taxi
           rank, retail outlets, filling stations etc. This development should be located directly to
           the site, however constraints due to grade difference and spacing of intersection
           should be carefully considered.

           Activity Streets

           Brian Mazibuko Drive West

           Certain sections of the Brian Mazibuko Drive West from Isisekelo Pan to Andrew
           Maphetho Drive need to be improved through the redesign of the road layout and
           resurfaced. This should include the provision of taxi embayment along this street,
           traffic lights where there is no gap acceptance as it is one of the most important
           public transportation routes in the study area. Mixed land uses that should be
           allowed along this activity street include civic, social, and recreational on vacant
           erven, low scale home industries and high-density housing on built-up erven.




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    Brian Mazibuko

           Brian Mazibuko Drive East is a major collector route (especially of public transport)
           from areas such as Hospital View and is also utilised by train commuters
           disembarking from the Oakmoor Station. Proposed land uses are informal trading,
           formal retail, even industrial development on the northern reaches etc.

           George Nyanga Drive

           The George Nyanga Drive is an integral part of the Swazi Inn Corridor, which is
           aimed at organising informal traders and regulating informal trading along this street.
           Presently, there is an unregulated but vibrant informal trading along George Nyanga
           Drive due to its close proximity to the taxi rank and high volume of pedestrian
           movement. This street can play a significant role in the local economy through the
           clustering of informal trading activities, tourist facilities and the development of a flea
           market as proposed in the Swazi Inn Corridor Study. To reinforce the utilisation of
           this strip the following are inter alia proposed:

               §    The management of conflict between vehicular and pedestrian movement.
               §    The provision and proper utilisation of support facilities such as ablution
                    blocks, storage facilities etc.
               §    A better functioning design of trading stalls.
               §    The provision of appropriate street furniture e.g. refuses bins, seating, street
                    lighting etc.

           Nyarhi Street

           Nyarhi Street has been identified as an activity street because of high volumes of
           pedestrian traffic and taxis that utilises it, as it is the main direct access to the
           Oakmoor Station. The street is usually congested because of its narrow width and
           the utilisation of the verge and sidewalk for informal trading. This activity street
           therefore requires upgrading through the extension of its width and the provision of
           pedestrian facilities to be successfully utilised as an activity street.

           It is also proposed that the municipality should encourage conversion of residential
           to business landuses along this street. This should be largely service businesses
           such as hair salons, photocopying centre, shoe and key repairs etc.

           Activity Nodes

           Tembisa Station Node

           This node is built around the concept of a multi-modal public transport facility (i.e. a
           taxi rank and railway station). It is currently characterized by light industrial uses
           mainly related to maintenance and repair of vehicles and domestic electric
           appliances away from activity streets to reduce potential for limiting passing traffic.

           Oakmoor Station Node

           This node is characterised by high presence of pedestrian and vehicular traffic
           movement around the station. Existing land uses include a taxi rank, a railway
           station, butcheries, retail/supermarket and informal trading has reinforced this
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    business node.
           zones for taxis to ease the congestion at the station entrance and the development
           of a flea market in vacant land currently operating as an informal flea market. This
           includes a new road layout design to ease vehicular movement particularly
           competition and conflict with pedestrians. This node will therefore accommodate land
           uses such as small-scale industry, informal trading and commercial activities.

           Limindlela Station Node

           Limindlela station already has small-scale commercial/business activities. However,
           a constraint in this node is away from traffic of activity streets. It is proposed that
           existing commercial and business land uses should be reinforced through the
           construction of SMME hives for service and manufacturing industries. This node is
           sufficiently strong to attract patronage as a destination.

           Leralla Station Node

           This is proposed for the development of retail, commercial, social and civic facilities
           coupled by high-density housing development. The commercial component includes
           the Tembisa Plaza located in located in Esangweni Section, which is a newly built
           neighbourhood shopping centre (about 30 000m2).

           Through an incorporation of the nearby KFC retail outlet and a BP service station an
           opportunity of developing a fully-fledged commercial node at the entrance of
           Tembisa Township providing retail, service and small scale manufacturing land uses
           can be realised.

           Makhulong Stadium Precinct

           This node consists of a clinic, a welfare centre, an old age home, a school, vacant
           mini-industrial stalls and pieces of vacant land on one side of the Andrew Maphetho
           Drive and two underdeveloped playing grounds and community facilities on the
           other.

           It is proposed that a sport complex with athletic tracks, netball and tennis courts
           should be re-developed to strengthen this node. The vacant land could be developed
           into small scale, retail outlets, entertainment hall and a gymnasium.

           Sithebe Civic Node

           This node comprises of a school, a sports field, a clinic and a community centre. Its
           design and geographic location suggest that it was earmarked as a focus of civic and
           social activities. It is therefore proposed that it be developed into a civic and social
           node with the introduction of other facilities such as a health care centre, a multi
           purpose centre advice centre etc. This should also include consolidation with similar
           uses such as the fire station, municipal courts, magistrate courts, police station etc.

           The Swazi Inn Corridor

           The Swazi Inn is functionally defined as a linear development corridor consisting of a
           stretch of informal trading area within the road reserve of George Nyanga Drive
           (from the Swazi Inn Bottle Store in the corner of Reverend T. J. Nyamane and
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    George Nyanga
           important east-west arterial linking up Tembisa to the east and Ivory Park to the
           west.

           The corridor is characterised by an agglomeration of hawkers, makeshift shops,
           panel beaters, formally established trading shops and nomadic merchants displaying
           different wares for sale. Goods for sale range from perishables to sophisticated
           domestic appliances and lavish electronic gadgets. The corridor is heavily trafficked
           by pedestrian and vehicular traffic volumes as people and cars jostle for spaces on a
           daily basis. George Nyanga Drive within the bounds of this corridor is in a bad state
           of decrepitude and deteriorates progressively.

           Access streets at George Nyanga Drive’s various intersections are not in a better
           condition since most of them are rutted and spot one or two craters. Notwithstanding
           prevailing adverse physical environment, this area generates millions annually and
           contributes distinctly to the overall GDP of Tembisa and represents unlocked
           immense economic growth potential in the NSDR.

           There is a lack of amenities and proper management of the area resulting in littering,
           trespassing on private properties, hampering of vehicular traffic and pedestrian
           movement etc. This has prompted the municipality to propose a development of a
           retail shopping environment that will be exciting, yet safe, healthy and hygienic for all
           through:

               §    The formalisation of informal trading through the construction of stalls and
                    paving.
               §    The widening of the street and the provision of pedestrian facilities.

           However, for the Swazi Inn Corridor to be successful the municipality needs to
           coordinate the whole process of construction and management together with the
           hawkers associations in the area. These include but are not limited to:

               §    The provision of a wide range of fresh produce and services.

               §    The coordination of the project implementation between the Ekurhuleni
                    Metropolitan Municipality and the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan
                    Municipality as this is a cross-boundary project/initiative through on-going
                    negotiations between these municipalities.
               §    Major hawker and pedestrian congestion within the construction area giving
                    rise to slow progress and lack of continuity of construction within the area.
               §    Solving issues regarding encroachment of existing structures.
               §    Security of empty stands for ablution facilities.
               §    Supply of drinking water and drainage.
               §    Resolving of social or community issues such as relocation during and after
                    construction.
               §    Maintenance of facilities.
               §    Provision of promotion board.
               §    Provision of canvasses or cove boards to stall sides (sunscreen or rain-
                    shield).
               §    Addition of stalls to certain ablution blocks if encroachments are resolved.
               §    Remedial work to existing damaged structures.


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    It is also proposed
           uses:

               § The commercial/retail land uses (i.e. petrol station, bottle store etc.) in close
                 proximity to the intersection of Reverend T. J. Namane and George Nyanga
                 Streets.
               § The incorporation of Mehlareng Stadium and adjacent informal soccer fields in
                 the node. This can also be linked to the Sithebe Civic Node in the south.

           Ziniko Business Node

           This node is found at the intersection of Nakuru Street and Brian Mazibuko West
           Drive and comprises which has retail outlets, entertainment and small scale
           manufacturing activities. This node can be strengthened by a development of a
           convenience retail land uses due to its locality attributes. However, the unavailability
           of large tracks of vacant land in this area and the proximity to Kaalspruit should be
           taken into account.

           Birchleigh Rail Station Node

           The activities in this proposed node would be based on modal integration between
           taxi and rail transport along with retail land uses to be supported by passing
           commuters.

           4.2.7 To actively promote sustainable public transport

           In addition to the rail commuter facilities, the council maintains a large number of taxi
           ranks to cater for commuter traffic using private minibus taxis. These facilities are
           centred on modal transfer points such as stations, and at the main places of
           employment and residence. There is a need to improve and expand the facilities in
           central Kempton Park and the main taxi routes are very congested.

           Providing public transport along all main corridors:

           Main desire lines should be demarcated as development corridors. These will
           primarily be the desire lines between nodes. Public transport (rail, bus, and taxi)
           should be provided and promoted along such corridors.

           The rail network should be extended to kick start a circular rail system in the
           Tembisa area. Such system should provide for the movement of commuters from
           the Tembisa to Johannesburg, the two CBDs in the NSDR and to the Isando
           Industrial area.

           Effective management of Taxi ranks:

           Existing taxi ranks should be managed effectively in order to prevent urban decay
           and in order to make the facilities more user friendly for commuters.




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           Promoting mixed use, high density development along suitably corridors and
           at suitable nodes:

           Land use development should be aimed at supporting the existing public transport
           system. All existing stations in the NSDR are thus a priority for the development of
           medium to high density residential development. Details on the density and housing
           types to be provided for at each station should be addressed in the LSDF for each
           such area. Mixed use development optimising the visibility and accessibility offered
           by corridors should also be encouraged. Details on the types of development to be
           provided for along each corridor should be addressed in the LSDF for each such
           area. Development corridors will be identified in this RSDF.

           Promoting Transit                Oriented         Development   along   the   main   railway
           infrastructure:

           All existing stations in the NSDR are thus a priority for the development of medium to
           high density residential development. Detail on the density and housing type to be
           provided for at each station should be addressed in the LSDF each such area.

           Land uses supportive of the rail pedestrian function should be encouraged at
           stations, e.g. taxi ranks, retail trade (aimed at passers by – e.g. food, clothing,
           beverages, daily groceries, cigarettes, news papers, magazines), services (e.g.
           aimed at passers by – hairdressers, heel-bars, telephones, postal services), etc.

           Promoting pedestrianisation:

           All existing and proposed nodes, high or medium density development, transport
           orientated development, retail developments, transport nodes, social service nodes
           and other developments frequented by pedestrians should promote pedestrianisation
           by providing pedestrian facilities. This should include providing for the disabled.
           Provision of pedestrian path ways, side walks, road crossings, benches, mountable
           curbs, pedestrian gates, pedestrian ‘road signs’ should be enforced with new
           developments and should be enhanced at existing developments. Upgrading of
           safety and security measures (e.g. lighting pedestrian areas, pedestrianising roads in
           CBDs) should receive priority. Pedestrian zones should be demarcated in all two
           CBDs. In such zones, pedestrians should have right-of-way.

           Implementing the Bicycle Strategy:

           The approved Ekurhuleni Bicycle Strategy should be implemented.


           Initiating a “Road to Rail Program” for passengers and cargo:

           The EMM should initiate such a program with Johannesburg and Tshwane
           Municipalities as to align the provincial government, SARCC, Metro Rail, and the
           private sector to this objective.

           Rail way service should be extended and/or further developed as follows:



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    Rail Transport

           The railway line is one of the significant structuring elements in the study area. It
           serves as one of the major public transportation modes giving people access to
           different parts of Ekurhuleni and Gauteng major employment centres.
           It can also be utilised as an urban/land use management tool especially in promoting
           densification in surrounding residential areas. The railway line is also of significance
           to light commercial/ industrial industries as the means of transporting their freight. It
           is therefore proposed that closer to the railway line light commercial/ industrial
           developments should be promoted e.g. modern, light and clean industry, which can
           be secured as an extension of Clayville. However, for this corridor to be successful it
           needs to be supported by a higher order road.

           Rail Network

           As far as commuter rail is concerned, the Tembisa railway spur ends at Leralla
           Station in the north-eastern part of the study area.

           The South African Rail Commuter Corporation (SARCC) is investigating the
           possibility of extending the Tembisa railway spur to a full railway loop passing
           through Rabie Ridge, Ivory Park and the Winnie Mandela Settlement.

           This proposed extended railway line is still in the conceptual design stage. The
           extension of the Tembisa spur southwards past Phomolong (servitude for this
           purpose has been provided) to link up with the existing Choorkop goods lines is
           another possibility which has been mooted in the past, and was also proposed
           during the public meetings pertaining to this plan.

           As far as the freight rail is concerned, a goods freight line presently provides rail
           access to the Modderfontein factory complex. This line connects to the main railway
           system at Elandfontein Station in Germiston. The freight line runs further north to the
           Choorkop factory complex (NCP) who also shares the line with Kelvin Power Station.
           For most of its length it is a single-line track with rail sidings linking into it.


           4.2.8 To establish a full range of services within convenient distance for
           entire communities by way of Multi Purpose Service Delivery Centres

           Consolidating departmental facilities and service points:

           The five existing Customer Care Centres in the NSDR should be further developed
           and consolidated, especially in the Tembisa area. The most accessible CCC in
           Tembisa should be given preference and should be developed to the same level as
           the Kempton Park, Benoni, Boksburg and Edenvale CCCs.

           Such node (CCC) can acquire critical mass for transport orientated development,
           through the establishment of a strong institutional presence. Existing satellite service
           points (e.g. libraries, clinics, etc) should preferably be relocated to existing CCC
           nodes.




           Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality                                                  128
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           Consolidating municipal, provincial and national government facilities and
           service points:

           The service points to be developed CCCs should be developed in co-operation with
           national and provincial government’s MPSDC initiative. To this extent, the following
           5 MPSDCs are identified for the NSDR:
              • Kempton Park CBD (Civic Centre);
              • Tembisa (Civic Centre);
              • Edenvale CBD (Civic Centre);
              • Boksburg (Civic Centre)
              • Benoni (Civic Centre)

           Placing MPSDC at accessible, nodal areas:

           MPSDC areas identified above are placed as to optimise accessibility to the greatest
           possible portion of the NSDR community. The MPSDCs correlate with public
           transport facilities, safe for Bedfordview and Edenvale where the local communities
           rely mostly on private transport.

           The concept described above is spatially indicated on Figure 20. This concept is
           used to guide the drafting of the NSDR Spatial Development Framework and
           Implementation plan in the following chapter.




           Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality                                             129
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           Figure 13: SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK

           In this chapter the various components of the development concept is interpreted
           and refined. The concept is then spatially expressed into the Spatial Development
           Framework (SDF). The description below relates to Figure 13. This chapter should
           be read in conjunction with Chapter 5 (Implementation Strategy).




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           5.       Implementation Strategy

           5.1      Residential [bright yellow]

           Existing and future urban residential areas, including supportive uses such as
           community facilities, local business, parks and open space, recreation and
           entertainment. In low income areas focus should be on the provision of social and
           municipal infrastructure, as well as the aesthetic upgrading of the area. In medium
           and high income areas, focus should be on the maintenance of infrastructure in
           these areas. Without creating a negative environmental impact on a broader scale
           i.e. high density developments which causes storm water problems and flooding
           further down stream.

           Residential townships situated to the east of Great North (K119) and west of
           Putfontein Road between the Urban Development Boundary to the north and N-12
           Motorway to the south are experiencing pressure for densification. The rural
           character of existing Agricultural Holdings in this expansive landscape is gradually
           being threatened by urban encroachments in the form of high density residential
           developments and illegal non-residential uses. In the light of this, proposals for such
           developments shall be evaluated on merit with due regard to the ruling character of
           the area, applicable land development policies and existing civil engineering
           infrastructure capacity.

           Residential densities in all residential areas should be directed to support activity and
           transport nodes. Detailed land use proposals are to be formulated in LSDFs for
           these areas. Special attention should be focused on areas to the east and northeast
           of the ORTIA in the light of the ACSA (Airports Company South Africa) Master Plan’s
           proposals for the construction of the additional runway to the east of the existing
           ones. LSDF(s) indicating phased land use transformation from the current
           predominantly residential land uses to mainly non-residential land uses to the east
           and northeast of the ORTIA should be formulated to guide developments in
           successive stages over time.

           N: B Portions 5 of the Farm Knoppiesfontein 23 IR is indicated as part of the
           open space (Green colour). However it is being developed with low affordable
           dwelling units after the EMM received a positive R.O.D from GDACE.

           5.1.1 Industrial Development Zone (IDZ): [Mixed Uses C ]

           The IDZ land (initially earmarked for the Gauteng Province’s Blue IQ projects) will
           now be used to accommodate the planned expansion of the ORTIA.

           ACSA is in the process of identifying a suitable parcel of land in close proximity to
           the Airport for IDZ purposes.
           It is proposed that the IDZ concept be retained, but that its location be revised to the
           Bonaero Park area adjacent to the prospective cargo terminal.

           This is a more appropriate location for an IDZ in that it will be sufficiently removed
           from the surrounding residential fabric and located within an area that is essentially
           flanked by runway systems and hence undesirable for residential land use activities’
           (ACSA Master Plan June 2005).
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           The following EMM Development Policies are relevant to low income residential
           areas and are specifically to be interpreted during the drafting of LSDFs: Tavern
           Policy; Spaza Shop Policy; Accommodation Establishment Policy; Home Enterprise
           Policy; Street and Township Naming Policy; Container Policy; Street Trading Policy;
           Density Policy. The following EMM Development Policies are relevant to medium
           and high income areas and are specifically to be interpreted during the drafting of
           LSDFs: Home Office Policy; Second Dwelling Policy; Accommodation Establishment
           Policy; Home Enterprise Policy; Street and Township Naming Policy; Density Policy.

           5.2   Activity Nodes
           5.2.1 Primary nodes (Central Business Districts) [RED]

           Offices, retail, general business, recreation, entertainment, light service industries,
           residential uses, parks and open space. Table 35 below identifies specific land uses
           to be allowed and promoted in each of the two CBDs.

           Table 36: List of land uses to be promoted in each CBD

            Node                            Specialised function                  Niche function
            Edenvale CBD                    Regional retail (medium & low         Linear           corridor
                                            income), offices, entertainment,      accommodating private
                                            service     industries,   transport   sector offices, motor
                                            mode interface, high density          trade businesses, craft,
                                            residential; service industries.      antique shops, prime
                                                                                  high             density
                                                                                  developments, places of
                                                                                  refreshment          and
                                                                                  entertainment etc.

              Kempton Park CBD              Regional retail (medium & low         Serve the retail needs of
                                            income), offices, entertainment,      the middle to lower
                                            service     industries, transport     income groups
                                            modal interface, high density         especially from
                                            residential.                          Tembisa.
                                                                                  Provides for packet
                                                                                  shoppers.
                                                                                  Provides
                                                                                  accommodation in terms
                                                                                  of guest houses and
                                                                                  motels. Government
                                                                                  offices & services.




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    Table 37: Nodal

           CLASSIFICATION                    CHARACTERISTICS             NODES
           Primary / Core /Urban             Situated on major             • ORTIA Activity Area,
           Nodes                             movement corridor and           Kempton Park CBD
                                             supported by main               including Rhodesfield
                                             activity corridors/spines       and Edenvale CBD
                                             and are accessible on a
                                             regional scale.
           Secondary Urban                   Located close to main          •   Bedfordview and
           Nodes                             mobility pines/corridors           Boksburg
                                             that increase regional
                                             and sub-regional
                                             accessibility and within
                                             a specific spatial
                                             context where they
                                             serve an important
                                             service provision.
           Functional Specialised            Equally crucial as the      Specialised retail nodes:
           Nodes                             previous category,            • Eastgate Shopping
                                             although with a more              Complex, East Rand
                                             sub-regional focus.               Mall Complex, Festival
                                                                               Mall and the Emperor
                                             Economically                      Palace.
                                             specialized in terms of
                                             the investment and          Industrial nodes:
                                             activities concentrated        • Clayville/Olifansfontein,
                                             in these areas and the             Spartan, Isando and
                                             market focus of these              Jetpark areas.
                                             activities.



           Second Economy                    Location mainly linked         •   Tembisa CBD Area
           Nodes                             to central market areas            and Tembisa Plaza.
                                             (mixture of smaller
                                             formal and informal
                                             enterprises often close
                                             to intermodal facilities
                                             and access routes).

           5.2.3 Tertiary Nodes

           Tertiary nodes are to be identified and addressed in Local Spatial Development
           Frameworks and should be supportive of the primary and secondary nodes identified
           in this document.

           5.2.4 Specialised Nodes

           The are specialised nodes in the NSDR is Emperor’s Palace, Eastgate Rand Mall
           Complex, and Festival Mall Complex nodes should be developed with entertainment
           uses and supporting retail and related uses.
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           5.2.5 Industrial

           Light and heavy industries, service industries, warehouses and commercial uses.
           Noxious industries as per local town planning scheme. Table 37 below indicates the
           type of industrial uses to be promoted per industrial area.

           Table 38: Functions of Industrial Areas

            Node                               Niche function
            Clayville                           Light and heavy industries
            Olifantsfontein                    High tech industrial parks, warehousing
                                               and distribution centres
            Chloorkop                           Clean industries such as packaging,
                                               non-mechanicanised assembly facilities
                                               and clothing manufactures
            Isando                             Heavy and light industries
            Jet Park                           Manufacturing and light industries

           Focus should be on operational maintenance in these areas, i.e. refuse removal,
           road maintenance, law enforcement, building maintenance, etc. Detailed land use
           proposals are to be formulated in the LSDFs for these areas. Urban Renewal
           initiatives identified in the Urban Renewal Strategy should be implemented as a
           matter of priority. Municipal spending should be focused on these areas as the
           industrial areas contains the bulk of job opportunities and forms the backbone of the
           EMM economy.

           5.3 Environmental areas of strategic concern to promote sustainable
           development within the area. Strategic issues including:

               − Protection and conservation of areas that are sensitive from an ecological and
                 hydrological perspective
               − Protection and conservation of areas that have a high potential or value for
                 agriculture
               − Geotechnical constraints
               − Management of urban sprawl
               − Management of urban open space

           5.3.1 Protection and conservation of areas that are sensitive from an
           ecological and hydrological perspective

           Natural topographical features are not prominent in the study area, due to the flat
           terrain. The two small ridge systems that occur in the area have also been included
           in the ecological/hydrological constraint zone.Although not obvious; the natural
           features occurring in the study area are of great importance.




           A primary national watershed bisects the study area. Further attributed to by the flat
           terrain, the study area is inundated by endoergic pans and wetlands, which form the

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    spongy headwaters
           vegetation in the study area has been altered by urbanisation and agricultural
           practices, a significant amount of open grassland still exists in various states, with a
           very limited amount of high quality grassland remaining.

           Natural grasslands have been impacted upon by grazing activities and various forms
           of misuse, which include pathways and tracks as well as illegal dumping in urban
           areas. Naturally re-vegetated old lands are interspersed in the agricultural land use,
           but are floristically impoverished due to the loss of specifically the natural
           herbaceous diversity. The natural vegetation type in the study area comprises of
           the Rocky Highveld Grassland occurring in the Northern Region of the NSDR
           predominately on the dolomites and the Moist Cool Highveld Grassland
           predominantly on the Karoo sediments.

           Both vegetation types are under threat and are poorly conserved within and outside
           the Province. The grassland biome is species rich and supports a multitude of red
           data plant and animal species. This diversity is further increased through the habitat
           provided for by the pan and wetland systems, for waterfowl species in particular.
           One of the primary constraints to development in the areas of remaining grassland is
           the occurrence of red data species, protected by the GDACE Red Data Policy. This
           policy, as well as the confirmed distribution of red data species was integrated into
           the ecological and hydrological constraint zone. The ecological aspects, which were
           taken into consideration in the determination of the zones include:

           •   Viable natural grassland distribution – significant remnants of high quality
               grassland were identified. In places, areas of disturbed grassland were also
               included where they function as habitat connectors between higher quality areas.

           •   Red data fauna and flora distribution – confirmed provincially irreplaceable red
               data fauna and flora habitat. Distribution of confirmed GDACE fauna and flora
               species were included.

           •   Hydrological systems – All surface hydrological systems are considered
               sensitive, including wetlands, streams, rivers and pans and were included.

           Critical aspects considered which influenced the zonation include the
           following:

           • Consultation: The proposed zonation was discussed in workshops with the
             relevant personnel of the GDACE Conservation Section. The focus of these
             discussions was on the government position and policy on red data fauna and
             flora species and how it could be incorporated in the spatial plan.

           Confirmed distribution of red data species were annotated on the spatial coverage
           and included into the environmental / ecological high constraint zone. Species
           included plant, bird, mammal, amphibian and invertebrate species.

           • Viable habitats: Areas of high quality grassland were considered as having high
             potential to function as viable fauna and flora habitat, especially for red data
             species. Large well functioning pan systems surrounded by relatively intact
             grassland were similarly considered as viable habitat, especially potential
             breeding habitat for red data species such as Giant Bullfrog.
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           • Connectivity: The extensive natural hydrological system forms the first order
             connections between areas of viable habitat.

           • The hydrological system in itself also serves as an extensive network of viable
             habitat. Relevant and appropriate remnant “slivers” of grassland next to
             hydrological systems were included in order to form areas with better habitat
             diversity. Some infrastructure elements such as power lines and pipeline
             servitudes also function as secondary open space connectors.

           • Areas with hydrological constraints: All hydrological systems have been
             identified as having environmental constraints, including all pans, wetlands, rivers
             and streams. Where these systems are surrounded and associated by viable
             tracts of grassland these have been included. They function as critical buffers
             between development activities (urban and agricultural) and the sensitive aquatic
             features. Areas of viable grassland habitat have also been included and where
             possible connected to the primary hydrological systems.




           Figure 14: Map indicating areas with ecological and hydrological sensitivity

           The South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) in cooperation with GDACE
           and Local Authorities is in a process of identifying all the Gauteng Biodiversity
           Priority Sites, which forms part of the SANBI Urban Grasslands protection project.
           The reason is due to the high development pressures on a very sensitive and highly
           threatened ecosystem which provides a valuable ecosystem service.




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           Figure 15: Map indicating the strategic environmental priority sites for
           biodiversity conservation.

           The environmental priority areas for biodiversity conservation within Northern
           Service Delivery Region of the EMM are the following:
                 − Blaauwpan and surrounding pans
                 − Bullfrog Pan
                 − Glen Austin - bird sanctuary & surrounds (shared with Johannesburg
                     Metro)
                 − Westdene area - including Korsman Bird Sanctuary
                 − Swartspruit wetland
                 − Kaalfontein area/Esselen Park
                 − Carlos-Rolfes Bird Sanctuary
                 − Primrose Hill: council land, ridge, Bill Steward Nature Reserve, active
                     Friends Group
                 − Hartbeestfontein area - above Kaalfontein

           5.3.2 Protection and conservation of areas that have a high potential or value
                 for agriculture

           One of the primary constraints to development is the extensive occurrence of
           medium to high potential agriculture land. The Gauteng Agricultural Potential Atlas
           (GAPA) and further analysis by the project team were taken into consideration during
           this analysis.

           Agricultural potential is based upon a multitude of factors, which have been covered
           in the status quo section of this framework. The status quo assessment divided
           agricultural potential into two categories:


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           Figure 16: Soil suitability for rain fed cropping




           Figure 17: Soil suitability for irrigation crop production
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           The availability and reliability of water supply for crop production were identified as
           additional significant factors determining the viability of agriculture.

           The basis for the evaluation is the refinement of the suitability features (legend) into
           the following:

              • Low-medium (light brown areas). Areas falling outside of the urban edge will
                require protection for the predominant purposes of agricultural production.
                Applications for development must meet the basic requirement of supporting
                agriculture or the agricultural communities.

              • Medium to high (dark brown areas). Agriculture potential in these areas
                requires full protection for the purposes of agriculture.

              • Low and not applicable / built up (grey areas). Most of this category falls
                within the urban edge, and is represented by built up areas and urbanisation.
                Agricultural potential in these areas are regarded as low and these areas can
                be better utilised for other purposes.

              • Urban agriculture (green areas). Areas that are most suitable for urban
                agriculture were identified. These areas are all within close proximity of a
                natural water source which can be utilised for irrigation purposes, and should
                not have significant impact on wetlands.




           Figure 18: Map indicating areas with agricultural potential

           5.3.3 Geotechnical constraints

           Geotechnical aspects influence the viability of development on specific land parcels.
           In many instances geotechnical constraints are not “show stoppers” for development
           but may influence the cost of development. In some cases, geotechnical conditions
           can have significant influences on safety aspects, such as sinkhole and doline
           formation. The geotechnical constraint zones are based on the Geological stability

           Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality                                                 139
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    section of the status
           the status quo assessment include the following:

               •    Active, expansive or swelling soil
               •    Acidic soil
               •   Collapsing or settling soil
               •   Poorly consolidated soil
               •   Dispersive soil
               •   Erodible soil
               •   Excavatibility of ground
               •   Inundation
               •   Permeability of soil
               •   Shallow water table
               •   Sinkhole formation
               •   Slope instability
               •   Subsidence.

           Geo-technically, the entire study area has some or other constraint for development.
           From the above, approximately 650 different combinations of severity exist. For the
           purposes of this assessment they were considerably simplified and consolidated to
           indicate the most critical potential geotechnical constraints for the NSDR. The area
           was divided into two categories namely areas with no to little potential geotechnical
           constraints and areas with potentially significant potential geotechnical constraints.

           • Areas of no to low geotechnical constraints: These areas are categorised by
             land parcels where critical geotechnical constraints do not occur or are low.
             Typically, however, these areas may still include areas with active (swelling) soils,
             settling soils, areas of difficult Excavatibility, poorly consolidated soils, amongst
             others. These constraints are not critical and can be dealt with albeit at a cost to
             the developer.

           • Potentially significant geotechnical constraints: This category makes
             provision for three factors, namely all areas with levels of inundation, all areas with
             sinkhole and doline formation as well as areas with complex combinations of a
             variety of geotechnical factors.         Areas characterised by inundation are
             predominately those associated with rivers, streams, wetlands and pan systems
             (hydrological features) where partial or total inundation by water occurs at various
             times of the year. Inundation events are very costly to design for, and even then
             the associated risks remain high. Sinkhole and doline formation is a significant
             threat and constraint to development, which often sterilises an area for further
             development. The northern section of the NSDR extending from ORTIA towards
             Pretoria, encompassing Tembisa (low cost housing settlement) on the western
             side of the R21, and the large tracts of farmland east of the R21 as well as a large
             portion of the Bapsfontein area have significant doline and sinkhole formation
             problems. Sinkhole risk areas also extend to other areas in the study area and
             include the headwaters of the Blesbokspruit system sinkholes. The formation, and
             especially accelerated formation of sinkholes can be attributed to various factors,
             the most significant of which are ponding and poor natural drainage of surface
             water; and excessive lowering of the dolomitic groundwater aquifers in the
             dolomitic areas for irrigation purposes.


           Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality                                                  140
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           Figure 19: Map indicating areas with geotechnical constraints


           5.3.3 Management of urban open space

           5.3.3.1 Open space associated with roads

           Open space associated with roads infrastructure, include rights of way, road
           servitudes, medians and “fly areas”. These areas form critical connectors between
           large core area open spaces.

           5.3.3.2 Parks and passive recreational areas

           Parks and passive recreational areas are included in this feature. Predominantly
           utilised for passive use and relaxation, and focused on family use, and include
           facilities for outdoor entertainment.

           Focus should be on the provision of active open space in the Tembisa area and the
           general operational maintenance of existing facilities.

           No EMM Development Policies are specifically relevant to Open Space. Detailed
           land use and management proposals are to be formulated in the NSDR Open Space
           Study and the LSDFs for these areas.

           5.3.3.3 Open veld and grazing

           Open veld and grazing consists of areas of open veld and grazing, mainly found on
           farms between developed or built-up areas.It includes areas that have been


           Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality                                          141
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    described as unsuitable for development. In general these areas does not form part
            of the EMMs priority spending areas.

            The following EMM Development Policies are relevant to these areas and are
            specifically to be interpreted during the drafting of LSDFs: Accommodation
            Establishments Policy; and Urban Edge Policy.

            5.3.3.4 Natural open space

            These areas occur within developed areas and form clusters and linkages of open
            space in the urban environment. Most of these areas can be linked through careful
            planning and selective development.

            These areas are important as many of theses areas have retained their natural
            species composition and they contain important wetlands. Natural open spaces can
            vary in quality from selected pockets of pristine habitat to be impacted upon by
            human activity and alien vegetation. Many degraded areas offer the potential for
            rehabilitation activities and initiatives.

            5.3.3.5 Conservation areas

            Areas of conservation value are included in this feature. These areas have a high
            conservation value as they contain species that may be threatened, or sustain a high
            species diversity.

            These areas are mostly formally conserved or demarcated by local authorities and
            prioritised by provincial authorities.  Where not formally conserved, these
            conservation-worthy areas should be conserved as they are of ecological
            importance.




            Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality                                             142
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            Figure 20: Conservation Areas:

           5.4 Amenities

           Community facilities and social amenities, including sport stadiums, tertiary
           education and training, hospitals and community centres.

           5.5 Mixed land use

           Mixed land use consists of a hybrid of retail, business, commercial and services
           industries. This may include residential land uses depending on compatibility
           between the residential and other land uses. For the purpose of the Northern Region
           SDF mixed land use zones have been categorized in to three categories, thereby
           promoting variety and choice for locational purposes as shown in Table 38.




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    Table 39: Land

           LAND USE                       DEVELOPMENT CRITERIA
           CATEGORY
           Mixed Land Uses A              Aerodrome related uses, commercial including related
                                          retail trade, offices, hotels, guesthouses, conference
                                          facilities, and places of refreshment, light industrial/high
                                          tech industrial.

           Mixed Land Uses B              Business (1-5), Offices, hotels, high density residential,
                                          places of refreshment, retail motor trade and related uses
                                          (only on designated areas), service industries, clean
                                          industries, conference facilities & commercial.
           Mixed Land Uses C              Commercial, light industrial, Airport related services and
                                          businesses.




           5.6   Infrastructure
           5.6.1 Roads

           Proposed PWV routes and other major roads of regional significance (proposed and
           existing).

           Focus should be on:

               •    Linking the NSDR to the rest of Ekurhuleni, notable linking the Germiston
                    CBD area to Boksburg CBD and the ORTIA through the PWV 14 and PWV
                    15;
               •    Improving access to O.R. Tambo International Airport;
               •    Linking nodes (primary and secondary);
               •    Stimulating growth on access routes to Tembisa;
               •    Improving linkages between Tembisa and areas of employment; and to
                    strengthen Andrew Maphetho Drive as the main south-north arterial serving
                    the Tembisa Complex.
               •    The construction of an east-west linkage road though Winnie Mandela
                    settlement.
               •    The construction of an east west linkage road through Isisekelo Pan in
                    Tembisa.
               •    The surfacing of distributor /collector road that are being utilised by public
                    transport.
               •    The proposed K90 route which will link up with Atlas road east of the ORTIA.
               •    The R21 freeway is the main link between Tshwane and Ekurhuleni and
                    specifically the O.R. Tambo International Airport.
               •    The R25 Modderfonein Road is another important east-west link.

           Activity spines are characterised by the same mixed-use patterns and complexity
           and diversity as activity nodes. Movement corridors which “pick-up” exotic land uses
           can be regarded as major structuring elements within the urban environment.


           Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality                                                          144
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    Movement flows
           along them.

           The accessibility characteristics associated with the linear nature of activity spines is
           particularly important in the re-structuring of the city given the ease with which broad
           sectors of the population can be drawn into the urban mainstream. Foot-bound
           populations will be able to gain ready access to the facilities and activities structured
           along these spines and the public and taxi transport routes along the spines will
           provide them with ready access to the wider system.

           Activity spines also have the potential to act as “tendrils of development” stitching
           diverse parts of the city together by stimulating infill development around them. This
           potential is of particular relevance in the Southern parts, where Boksburg and
           Vosloorus nee to be integrated. In the promotion of activity spines it is important that
           some degree of balance must be present between the location or degree of spread
           and power contained in the collective resources of the city. If activity spines are
           spread too thinly, they will not create the desired nexus for opportunities to
           agglomerate.

           An important issue to point out is that linearity and nodality are not opposites nor are
           they mutually exclusive. In the evolution of an activity spine it is inevitable that nodes
           and clusters will develop along t. This is mainly due to the various degrees of
           accessibility which the activity spine offers. In addition to the main activity nodes, it
           has to be accepted that secondary nodes may develop at certain strategic points
           along the proposed activity spines.

           A number of activity spines have been identified in the former Boksburg area.
           Further activity spines are to be identified for the rest of the NSDR as part of the
           Regional Integrated Transport Plan.

           Route K155 and Extension [Atlas Road, Barry Marais Road, Bierman Road]:

           This route can be regarded as the main potential future north/south activity spine
           linking Boksburg with Vosloorus and linking northwards towards Kempton Park and
           towards the southwest with Katlehong over the Natalspruit. Barry Marais Road
           currently serves as the main taxi route between Vosloorus and Anderbolt/Boksburg
           East/Dunswart industrial node. Agglomeration of mixed business, industrial and
           medium density residential uses on both sides of Atlas Road between the N12
           freeway and Main Reef Road is evidence that a natural activity spine is already
           forming along this section of the route.

           Route K90/K131:

           Although the parts of the K90 between the OR Tambo International Airport and the
           N12, and North Rand Road and Rietfontein Road have not yet been built, this route
           already functions as an important north/south arterial. As such, it is identified as a
           second major potential activity spine, linking Vosloorus with Boksburg CBD, and
           eventually, once the northern portions of the K90 have been completed, with the
           East Rand Mall node and OR Tambo International Airport.




           Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality                                                  145
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           Certain parts of this route e.g. along Rondebult Road in Farrar Park is already
           exhibiting the rudiments of an activity spine with the exotic land uses which have
           been established here during the past few years.

           Route K106 [Main Reef/ Cason Road]:

           Main Reef/ Cason Road currently serves as the major northern arterial linking
           Germiston CBD through Boksburg North with Benoni CBD. The eastern part of this
           route up to Rietfontein Road already displays all the characteristics of an activity
           spine, with mixed industrial, business, high density residential and other uses
           situated alongside it. The western part of the route, from Rietfontein Road up to the
           Germiston border is also characterised by mixed uses around it, but not at the same
           intensity as the eastern section.

           The reason being that the land on south of Main Reed Road has been sterilsed to by
           mining activities in the past and SRPs, and shallow undermining along the Main Reef
           Outcrop. There is a stretch of developable land between the Main Reef Road and
           the Main Reef Outcrop, with the decline of mining activities in the area; this has
           ensured that this part of the route is now ripe for an extension of the existing spine
           development. The development of job opportunities to support the envisaged low
           cost housing developments here is of utmost importance, and the development of
           this spine should therefore receive a high priority.

           Route K110 [Commissioner Street]:

           Commissioner Street is the other major arterial linking Benoni, Boksburg and
           Germiston CBDs and running roughly parallel to the south of the Main Reef/ Cason
           Road spine. The eastern part of Commissioner Street runs through the CBD and the
           Boksburg East industrial area and is characterised by mainly industrial and business
           uses alongside it. The western part of the route, which runs past Reiger Park and
           Delmore Park, has some potential for densification of land uses around it.
           Nevertheless, the existing mining uses such as rail lines, SRPs, and natural
           constraints like the low lying area and poor drainage impact to some extent on its
           development potential as a fully fledged spine. As in the case of the Main Reef/
           Cason Road spine, the development of job opportunities in support of the low cost
           housing initiatives here is of paramount importance.

           North Boundary Road [K132]:

           The inclusion of North Boundary Road as an activity spine is a logical step not only
           to benefit from the subregional traffic using the route but also to catalyse non-
           residential development in this area that is known to be stagnant.

           5.6.2 Rail
           The existing and proposed main rail network with stations. Focus should be on:
              • Optimal utilisation of stations by promoting high density residential and other
                 development around all existing stations;
              • Initiating a ‘Road to Rail Programme’ in order to maximise the use of rail for
                 passenger and freight transport

           Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality                                               146
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    5.6.3 Gautrain

           Gautrain has been identified as one of the three Blue IQ projects (other two being
           the ORTIA and IDZ respectively) of the Gauteng Provincial Government. According
           the provincial government: “The purpose of the Gautrain Rapid Rail link is to allow
           Johannesburg, Pretoria. O.R. Tambo International Airport and the corridors between
           nodes to continue to grow and develop without being hindered by access problems
           and traffic congestion in future years. One of the greatest distorters of urban
           economic growth and urban planning is traffic congestion.

           The investment in a mass rapid transport system of this nature at this time is a long-
           term measure to ensure that future growth is unhindered and to encourage economic
           activity and urban densification along the crucial north-south and east-west axes.
           Besides the tangible benefits of reducing congestion, improving accessibility and
           mobility, assisting tourism, promoting the use of public transport and reducing
           pollution in economic terms. The Gautrain is seen as a key element in improving
           economies of urbanisation, increasing total factor productivity and improving the
           conduciveness of the local economic environment” (Blue IQ Plan, 2003).

           The Gautrain station in Rhodesfield is likely to be associated with a further network
           of public transport modes that will carry passengers to and from this station. There
           will also be a Gautrain Station at ORTIA. The confluence of these factors makes the
           Greater Rhodesfield area Ideal for office blocks, hospitality related uses and high
           density residential developments. Upgrading of Roads such as Voortrekker Road,
           Gladiator Road and albatross Road will not only promote inter-modal linkages with
           the surrounding important high intensity developments but also invigorate currently
           latent development potential in the area.

           A number of “transit orientated developments” are also likely to be associated with
           the rail transport network. Possible locations for such “transit orientated
           developments” include:

               -    Kempton Park station (already existing – “Kempton City”)
               -    Rhodesfield
               -    Leralla station
               -    Esselen Park

           The final alignment of the Gautrain route has been determined. During the course of
           construction and consequently upon the completion of the project, the Gautrain rail
           infrastructure’s structuring influence will be become evident along its length until the
           Rhodesfield Station located in close proximity to the O.R. Tambo International
           Airport.

           Most residential and other sensitive developments directly adjoining the Gautrain rail
           reserves of either side of the route would have to give way to commercial land uses
           (mixed land uses B) save the areas immediately surrounding stations where “transit
           orientated developments”, in additions to related compatible uses, shall be supported
           to provide sufficient threshold densities necessary for the sustenance of efficient rail
           public transport system in the NSDR.




           Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality                                                  147
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           5.6.4 R21-Development Corridor

           A development corridor is defined as a linear strip of land or area, connecting large
           activity nodes, transversing urban or inter-urban areas, surrounding major transport
           facilities, providing an appropriate regional level of mobility and accessibility to
           adjacent areas, and should contain a high concentration of population and mixed-
           land uses (job opportunities). Activity Corridors normally incorporate Activity Spines,
           Nodes and Activity Streets to accommodate the accessibility need, without
           sacrificing the mobility and regional accessibility function of higher order
           transportation facilities in the corridor.

           In accordance with the above description, the R21- Freeway is supported by the
           existing Route K105 as well as the existing railway line that runs along Route K105.
           Therefore, as regard to the transportation function, the R21-Freeway has the
           potential to serve as the regional mobility spine along which a development corridor
           can be established over time. An important factor that needs to be addressed in
           respect of the R21-development corridor is the existence of agricultural activities
           together with the position of the “urban development boundary” along the R21-
           Freeway.

           The “urban development boundary” has purposely not been drawn on the R21-
           Freeway, in order give recognition to the fact that development pressure exists on
           both sides of the main mobility spine of a development corridor (in this case the R21-
           Freeway).

           In accordance with this principle, pressure for development will be experienced on
           both sides of the R21- Freeway. Hence, the “urban development boundary” has
           been drafted in such a position along the eastern side of the R21-Freeway that
           allows for a strip of land along the eastern side of the R21-Freeway to be included as
           part of the area where urban development will be permitted.

           Therefore, urban development will be permitted along both the eastern and the
           western side of the R21- Freeway. As per the description of the concept
           “development corridor”, a variety of land uses may be permitted along the R21-
           development corridor.

           The exact type and scope of such activities will be guided by a Local Spatial
           Development Framework (including an Environmental Management Framework) to
           be drafted for this corridor. Furthermore, the municipal boundary to the north and
           east of Olifantsfontein needs to be reviewed. This part of the boundary should be
           revised to such an extent that the R21- Freeway and abutting land is included within
           the area of jurisdiction of the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality. This will enable
           the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality to regulate the implementation of the R21-
           development corridor more effectively.

           5.7      Urban Development Boundary

           The city approved/Demarcated urban development boundary serves to direct and
           control the outer limits of urban expansion. The urban development boundary is a
           line, which spatially represents a policy initiative aimed at redirecting patterns of
           urban development.
           Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality                                                148
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           This is done by encouraging stakeholders involved in urban development to first
           consider all options available for development within the urban boundary before
           considering development outside the urban development. The intention with the
           urban development boundary is not to stifle development but to optimise the
           utilisation of opportunities within its boundary. This creates favourable material
           conditions for the promotion of compact urban development that is economically
           sustainable and preserves the natural environment, including pieces of land with
           high agricultural potential in the surrounding rural areas.

           5.7.1 Alignment between the Provincial Urban Edge and the Ekurhuleni Urban
           Edge

           As requested by the Gauteng Department of Finance and Economic Affairs
           (Development Planning Section) in a letter dated 16 February 2007, a number
           amendments need to be made to the 2003 Provincial Urban Edge in order to align
           with the Ekurhuleni Urban Edge (2007). The principles used in said letter was used
           to determine the alignment of the Urban Edge as indicated below. A short motivation
           is included for each section.

           The following sections are applicable to the Northern Spatial Development
           Framework area:

           5.7.1.1 From the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality (EMM) to R 23 Road
           (Urban Edge Map 1)

           Description:
           The Urban Edge should be amended to accommodate the R21 Development
           Corridor. The line starts from the point where it crosses into Ekurhuleni from the
           Kungwini municipality (approximately 640 metres east north east of the point where
           the K-27 on-ramp joins the R-21). From here the line runs south east to a point 1000
           metres due east of the southern tip of the eastern portion of the Engen Garage on
           the R-21 Corridor (portion 104 or Olifantsfontein 402-JR). It then runs parallel to the
           boundaries of portion 5 of the farm Witfontein 16-IR to a point on the R-25
           (Bapsfontein road) approximately 1300 metres to the east thereof. Furthermore it
           follows the cadastral line around the site earmarked for the Serengeti Township
           recently approved by the EMM to the Junction of R23 Road and M32 Road.

           Motivation:

           The following principles are specifically referred to in this requested amendment:
           Both the Gauteng Provincial Government and EMM have identified R 21 Road as an
           important strategic development corridor within which different low intensive to high
           intensity developments should be promoted. As an emerging potential economic
           flagship in the northern EMM area, the R 21 Development Corridor holds invaluable
           economic growth potential in terms of private investments and job opportunities
           provided sound development planning is accompanied by prudent government
           investments in terms of the provision of needed civil engineering infrastructure. This
           entails, inter alia, the development of the corridor on both sides; hence the need to
           relax the Urban Edge to the east as indicated in the Map (Northern Planning Area) to
           maximise the corridor’s “attractiveness” to prospective investors/developers and
           promote its developability as envisaged by both the Province and EMM.
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           5.7.1.2 From R 23 Road to the proposed K-68 (Urban Edge Map 2)

           Description:

           The Urban edge then runs south east on the rear boundaries of the holdings
           between Second and Third roads Bredell Agricultural holdings to Glengyle road
           where after it turns north to follow Glengyle to First road, east to Meyer and then
           southward to the M32 (Birch Road). It follows the M32 to the M44 whereafter it runs
           northward to the R51 (Geldenhuys road) once again turning southward on this road
           until it reaches the proposed K68.

           Motivation:

           The following principles are specifically referred to in this requested amendment:
           This proposed alignment of the Urban Edge is intended to preserve and protect
           sensitive and irreplaceable environmental assets; discourage urban sprawl and
           promote compact and efficient cities.

           5.7.1.3 From the K68 to the Eastern boundary of Ekurhuleni
            (Urban Edge Map 3)

           Description:

           The Urban edge runs on the proposed K68 in an easterly direction, joins up with
           Vermeulen road and then runs northeastward on Du Randt road turning south on the
           flood line of the Blesbokspruit and then northwards around the existing informal
           settlement (which is being formalized) on Portion 5 of the Farm Konppiesfontein 23-
           IR and southwards on Du Randt road and thereafter following the railway tracks of
           the marshalling yard to the eastern boundary of Ekurhuleni.

           Motivation:

           The EMM expanded the Urban Edge to include existing township north of Putfontein,
           between Lilyvale A.H and Gordon View A.H. in addition, this area has been
           earmarked for EMM housing provision programmes (especially on parts of Portion 5
           of the Farm Konppiesfontein). It is the intention of the EMM to direct public sector-
           driven housing development programmes towards the west. Thus bring the poor
           closer to places of economic opportunities and optimising the use of existing civil
           engineering infrastructure and social facilities.

           The inclusion of the aforementioned residential developments inside the Urban Edge
           will ensure that the sensitive environment north of its boundary is protected and
           originally excluded residential properties are afforded opportunities usually the
           ‘preserve’ of areas within the Urban Edge in terms of planning and provision of
           essential civil engineering infrastructure.

           5.7.1.4 Environmental Constraint Zones

           An environmental constraint zones helps municipalities to manage and improve their
           environmental performance to benefit communities. This means guiding day to day
           activities with a view to conserving the land’s natural resources and avoids pollution;
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    protect the ecologically                     sensitive systems from unnecessary damage and
           destruction.

           Standards can be set to avoid unacceptable levels of adverse effects on the
           environment; and there is certainty for property owners, developers, communities
           and officials in the employ of the state and its agencies as to those levels of
           environmental effects that are acceptable in a particular location.

           The adoption of land management zones provides an acceptable method to manage
           the adverse environmental effects of activities undertake. Standards and rules
           provide measurable and certain approaches to assess the compliance of an activity
           in terms of its associated environmental effects.

           Resource consent processes allow Council to consider individual proposals and their
           actual or potential effects on the environment, and measures to avoid or mitigate
           adverse effects on a case-by-case basis. This also enables the monitoring of the
           effectiveness of plan provisions and standards.

           5.7.1.5 The key constraint zones
              • Agricultural potential constraints
              • Geotechnical constraints
              • Ecological and hydrological constraints

           Based on the above, the NSDR has been catogorised into the following eight
           constraint zones: (1) No to low constraint zone; (2) Geotechnical constraint zone ;
           (3) Ecological/hydrological constraint zone; (4) Agricultural and geotechnical
           constraint zone; (5) Agricultural and ecological/hydrological constraint zone; (6)
           Geotechnical, ecological/hydrological and agricultural constraint zone; (7)
           Geotechnical, ecological/hydrological and agricultural constraint zone; and (8).
           Agricultural constraint zone Figure 15 provides valuable information in this regard.
           Management parameters in environmental constraint zones.

           Zone 1: Low or no constraint zone

           These represent areas, which are already developed to a high degree where
           ecological, hydrological, agricultural and geotechnical constraints are low.
              (a) Land uses and activities that may be allowed without further assessment,
                   provided that all other conditions or parameters of the EMF are met include:
                  • Agricultural activities (excluding agro-industrial activities, abattoirs and
                     feedlots).
                  • Low density rural residential at a maximum of 1 unit per hectare (if workers
                     housing is present on the properties, the first 300m2 of such housing and
                     every further 300m2 or part thereof should be regarded as equivalent to 1
                     unit).
              (b) Land uses and activities that may be considered after screening assessment,
              provided that all other conditions or parameters of the EMF are met where these
              areas are located inside the urban edge include:
                  • Urban parks, sport fields.
                  • All kinds of residential development.
                  • Education facilities.
                  • Guesthouses, hotels and restaurants.

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      • Retail
                    • Commercial activities (warehousing and wholesale).
                    • Local authority engineering services (local roads, water reticulation, sewa
                      rege reticulations, electricity reticulation and storm water systems).
                   • Commercial service infrastructure (telecommunications etc).
               (c) Land uses and activities that may be considered after screening assessment,
                   provided that all other conditions or parameters of the EMF are met where
                   these areas are located outside the urban edge include:
                   • Residential development that supports agriculture (e.g. residential
                      developments for farm workers).
                   • School facilities for farm workers.

                    •  Guesthouses that are integrated with and contributes to the rural character
                       of the area.
                   • Retail activities that serve the farming community.
                   • Commercial activities (warehousing and wholesale) that supports
                       agriculture.
                   • Local authority engineering services (local roads, water reticulation,
                       sewerage reticulations, electricity reticulation and storm water systems).
                   • Commercial service infrastructure (telecommunications etc).
                   • Industrial activities (inside existing industrial areas).
               (d) Land uses and activities that may be considered after environmental impact
                   assessment, provided that all other conditions or parameters of the EMF are
                   met where these areas are located inside the urban edge include:
                   • Industrial activities (outside existing industrial areas).
                   • Filling stations.
                   • Chemical storage facilities.
               (e) Land uses and activities that should not be considered outside the urban edge
                   include:
                   • Industrial activities.
                   • Chemical storage facilities.

               (f) Land uses and activities that should not be allowed in the area (wherever they
                   occur) include:
                   • Any industrial or other activities that produce effluent that will have a direct
                      negative impact on the water quality of the area.

           Zone 2: Ecological/hydrological constraint zone

           These areas represent areas, which have significant ecological and/or hydrological
           value:
              (a) Land uses and activities that may be allowed without further assessment,
                  provided that all other conditions or parameters of the EMF are met include:
                  • Conservation
              (b) Land uses and activities that may be considered after environmental impact
                  assessment, provided that all other conditions or parameters of the EMF are
                  met include:
                  • Conservation related facilities or infrastructure.
                  • Development proposals that cover a wider area, which incorporates the
                     sensitive areas as conservation areas.
                  • Urban open space areas with appropriate recreation activities.
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      • Essential
                      systems.
                   • Road, rail, pipeline and cable crossings and bridges.
               (c) Land uses and activities that should not be allowed in the area (wherever they
                   occur) include:
                   • Any land use or activity that will have a significant or destructive impact on
                      the vegetation cover or hydrological functioning of the area.

           Zone 3: Agricultural constraint zone

           These represent arable areas that are generally suitable for agriculture:
              (a) Land uses and activities that may be allowed without further assessment,
                  provided that all other conditions or parameters of the EMF are met include:
                  • Agricultural activities (excluding agro-industrial activities, abattoirs and
                     feedlots).
                  • Grazing of animals.

               (b) Land uses and activities that may be considered after screening assessment,
                   provided that all other conditions or parameters of the EMF are met, include:
                   • Residential development that supports agriculture (e.g. residential
                      development for farm workers).
                   • School facilities for farm workers.
                   • Guesthouses on farms that are integrated with and contribute to the rural
                      character of the area.
                   • Retail activities that serve the farming community.
                   • Commercial activities (warehousing and wholesale) that supports
                      agriculture.
                   • Local authority engineering services (local roads, water reticulation,
                      sewerage reticulations, electricity reticulation and storm water systems).
                   • Commercial service infrastructure (telecommunications etc).
                   • Agro-industrial activities (excluding processing and packaging plants,
                      abattoirs and feedlots).
               (c) Land uses and activities that may be considered after environmental impact
                   assessment, provided that all other conditions or parameters of the EMF are
                   met, include:
                   • Filling stations that comply with the GDACE policy.
                   • Agricultural processing and packaging plants, abattoirs and feedlots.
                   • Subdivision of agricultural land for the purpose of rural residential use
                      (smallholdings or limited development areas within a rural context).
               (d) Land uses and activities that should not be considered include:
                   • Urban development
                   • Industrial activities
                   • Chemical storage facilities
               (e) Land uses and activities that should not be allowed in the area (wherever they
                   occur) include:
                   • Any industrial or other activities that produce effluent that will have a direct
                      negative impact on the water quality of the area.
               (f) Land uses and activities that may be considered after environmental impact
                   assessment in the R21 Corridor Development Area, provided that all other
                   conditions or parameters of the EMF are met, include:

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      • Commercial,
                        development.
                    •   Intensive agriculture uses integrated into the corridor development, which
                        include agricultural production, processing and packaging plants.
                    •   Local authority engineering services (local roads, water reticulation,
                        sewerage reticulations, electricity reticulation and storm water systems).
                    •   Commercial service infrastructure (telecommunications etc.)

           Zone 4: Ecological/hydrological and agricultural constraint zone

           These areas represent areas with a combination of constraints. In most instances
           the ecological/hydrological constraints override the agricultural constraints.
              (a) Land uses and activities that may be allowed without further assessment,
                  provided that all other conditions or parameters of the EMF are met include:
                  • Conservation.
              (b) Land uses and activities that may be considered after environmental impact
                  assessment, provided that all other conditions or parameters of the EMF are
                  met include:
                  • Conservation related facilities or infrastructure.
                  • Essential engineering services relating to outfall sewers and storm water
                     systems.

                   • Road, rail, pipeline and cable crossings and bridges.
               (c) Land uses and activities that should not be allowed in the area (wherever they
                   occur) include:
                   • Any land use or activity that will have an impact on the vegetation cover or
                      hydrological functioning of the area.

           Zone 5: Geotechnical constraint zone

           These represent areas, where significant geotechnical constraints may be present.
              (a) Land uses and activities that may be allowed without further assessment,
                  provided that all other conditions or parameters of the EMF are met include:
                  • Conservation areas.
                  • Agricultural activities (excluding agro-industrial activities, abattoirs and
                     feedlots).
                  • Grazing of animals.
                  • Recreational areas.
                  • Sport fields.
              (b) Land uses and activities that may be considered after a geotechnical
                  investigation has been conducted, include:
                  • Residential development.
                  • Educational facilities.
                  • Industrial activities.
                  • Retail activities.
                  • Commercial activities (warehousing and wholesale).
                  • Local authority engineering services (local roads, water reticulation,
                     sewerage reticulations, electricity reticulation and storm water systems).
                  • Commercial service infrastructure (telecommunications etc).
                  • Filling stations that comply with the GDACE policy.
                  • Agricultural processing and packaging plants, abattoirs and feedlots.
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     (c) Land uses
                    occur) include:
                       • Any industrial or other activities that produce effluent that will have a
                           direct negative impact on the water quality of the area.

           Zone 6: Ecological/hydrological and geotechnical constraint zone

           These areas represent areas with a combination of constrains. In most instances
           the ecological/hydrological constraints override the geotechnical constraints:
              (a) Land uses and activities that may be allowed without further assessment,
                  provided that all other conditions or parameters of the EMF are met include:
                  • Conservation.
              (b) Land uses and activities that may be considered after environmental impact
                  assessment, provided that all other conditions or parameters of the EMF are
                  met include:
                  • Conservation related facilities or infrastructure.
                  • Urban open space areas with appropriate recreation activities.
                  • Essential engineering services relating to outfall sewers and storm water
                     systems.
                  • Road, rail, pipeline and cable crossings and bridges.
              (c) Land uses and activities that should not be allowed in the area (wherever they
                  occur) include:

                    •   Any land use or activity that will have an impact on the vegetation cover or
                        hydrological functioning of the area.

           Zone 7: Geotechnical and agricultural constraint zone:

           These areas represent areas, which have significant geological constraints as well
           as agricultural potential.
              (a) Land uses and activities that may be allowed without further assessment,
                  provided that all other conditions or parameters of the EMF are met include:
                  • Agricultural activities (excluding agro-industrial activities, abattoirs and
                      feedlots).
                  • Grazing of animals.
              (b) Land uses and activities that may be considered after a geotechnical study
                  has been done, provided that all other conditions or parameters of the EMF
                  are met, include:
                  • Residential development that supports agriculture (e.g. residential
                      development for farm workers).
                  • School facilities for farm workers.
                  • Guesthouses on farms that are integrated with and contribute to the rural
                      character of the area.
                  • Retail activities that serve the farming community.
                  • Commercial activities (warehousing and wholesale) that supports
                      agriculture.
                  • Local authority engineering services (local roads, water reticulation,
                      sewerage reticulations, electricity reticulation and storm water systems).
                  • Commercial service infrastructure (telecommunications etc).
                  • Agro-industrial activities (excluding processing and packaging plants,
                      abattoirs and feedlots).
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     (c) Land uses
                    assessment in the R21 Corridor Development Area, provided that all other
                    conditions or parameters of the EMF are met, include
                    • Commercial, industrial and residential development as part of the corridor
                       development.
                    • Intensive agriculture uses integrated into the corridor development, which
                       include agricultural production, processing and packaging plants.
                    • Local authority engineering services (local roads, water reticulation,
                       sewerage reticulations, electricity reticulation and storm water systems).
                    • Commercial service infrastructure (telecommunications etc.).

           Zone 8: Geotechnical, agricultural and ecological/hydrological
                 constraint zone:

           These areas represent areas, which have significant ecological and/or hydrological
           value:
              (a) Land uses and activities that may be allowed without further assessment,
                  provided that all other conditions or parameters of the EMF are met include:

                   • Conservation
               (b) Land uses and activities that may be considered after environmental impact
                   assessment, provided that all other conditions or parameters of the EMF are
                   met include:
                   • Conservation related facilities or infrastructure (refer to Section C: 3.3 of
                      this report).
               (c) Land uses and activities that should not be allowed in the area (wherever they
                   occur) include:
                   • Any land use or activity that will have an impact on the vegetation cover or
                      hydrological functioning of the area.

           R21 Corridor Development Area

                    The R21 Corridor Development Area is an area with strong competing land
                    use demands. The R21 is situated between central Ekurhuleni and Tshwane,
                    and is ideal for corridor development and is well situated in relation to the
                    O.R. Tambo International Airport.

                    The piecemeal development of this area cannot adequately capture the
                    different values in a model that will be in the best interest of the area and the
                    province.

                    It has therefore been decided to isolate the area as a R21 Corridor
                    Development Area where development should take place within the context of
                    a Local Spatial Development Framework (LSDF) for the area.

                    This LSDF will be based on the consensus reached between GDACE and the
                    EMM that urban development will be accommodated on both the western and
                    the eastern sides of the R21 from north of the O.R. Tambo International
                    Airport to the northern boundary of EMM. The LSDF will be developed in
                    consultation with the major stakeholders in the area, including the land
                    owners.

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             Figure 21: Ecological and hydrological buffer zone

           To protect the environmental and hydrological constraint zone a 500m buffer is
           proposed around these features in the R21 Corridor Development Area. Only
           development proposals, which acknowledge the function of these areas and
           contribute to its protection should be allowed in the buffer zone and should:

               •    Have a low density, minimising surface run-off from hard surfaces affecting
                    the hydrological system;
               •    Non-polluting activities, especially in respect to water pollution;
               •    Complement the rural ‘sense of place’; and
               •    Form a visual and physical buffer between development and the natural
                    system.

           The ecological and hydrological buffer zone should form a permanent buffer between
           development and the natural system. Management criteria within this zone will
           require stringent implementation, monitoring and auditing.

           5.8 Agricultural Holdings

           Agricultural Holdings and associated rural residential uses occur mostly in the central
           parts of the NSDR (northern-east and east of the ORTIA and to a lesser extent to the
           south of the Airport (in the northern parts of the former Boksburg municipal area).
           Although pressure for development in these agricultural holding areas serves as
           opportunity for future expansion in the NSDR, the pressure is not likely to be limited
           to the areas within the boundary of the urban development boundary.




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    The agricultural
           development (especially medium to high density developments) in the form of
           townhouses and cluster houses.

           Pressure for non-residential developments along the proposed K86 between ORTIA
           and Daveyton – Etwatwa area could be in conflict with valued residential areas (e.g.
           Atlasville, Farrarmere, Northmead and Rynfield) as well as environmentally sensitive
           areas (such as the Bullfrog Dam, Sand Pan and Van Ryn Dam).

           Developments on agricultural holdings and environmental sensitive areas shall be
           guided by LSDFs (where no LSDF is applicable a development application’s fate
           shall be decided on merits or demerits after taking into account, inter alia, the
           objectives and provisions of the Northern SDF; guidance from the Northern EMF;
           availability of civil engineering infrastructure, ruling character of the area including its
           emerging predominant land use patterns, economic sustainability etc.

           5.8.1 Extensive Agricultural/Agriculture

           The northern and north-eastern sector of the Northern SDR (generally known as the
           Bapsfontein area) is earmarked for “extensive agricultural”. This entire area is
           situated outside the “urban development boundary” and consists predominantly of
           natural open space, crop farming, rural residential uses, as well as the Sentra Rand
           railway-shunting yard in the eastern corner of the sector.

           Approximately 12 500 people in the Northern SDR are employed in the Agriculture
           sector. The wards with the highest employment figures in this sector are Wards15
           and 25 where more than 70% of the people are employed, thus suggesting that
           significant population in the NSDR are involved in Urban Agriculture. Low
           employment in the agriculture sector is evident in Wards 23 and 24 which consist of
           Pomona, Bredell and Benoni Agricultural Holdings and Farm Portions.

           Some of these agricultural holdings and farm portions present an ample opportunity
           for instituting poverty alleviation programmes.

           Such programmes should aim at promoting productive agriculture by addressing
           skewed land holding patterns, and providing for the redistribution of agricultural land
           to targeted groups, including farm workers, labour tenants, share croppers, and
           members of disadvantaged communities. Such programmes should be linked to
           training, capacity building and agricultural extensions.

           For areas falling outside the Urban Development Boundary, the proposal is to
           maintain the existing character of this sector (which includes agriculture, nature
           reserves, agri-villages, tourism, arts, crafts, hikes and trails, conference facilities and
           accommodation) by not permitting other uses, other than that permitted per definition
           outside the “urban development boundary” (as mentioned under the description of
           the “urban development boundary”).

           The rural character of certain areas within the Urban Development Boundary shall be
           preserved or protected with a view to conserving valuable environmentally sensitive
           fauna and flora in the NSDR.



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           5.9       Bapsfontein

           The Gauteng Spatial Development Framework (GSDF, 2000) has identified several
           primary rural service centres (known also as primary towns) outside the Urban Edge
           which has links with the urban areas while providing essential services to the
           surrounding rural areas. These rural service centres which form part of the provincial
           settlement hierarchy include inter alia Rayton, Bronkhorstspruit, Cullinan, Carltonville
           Heilderberg and Bapsfontein in the Northern SDF area of Ekurhuleni.

           In terms of the GSDF the communities living in Bapsfontein are entitled to equitable
           social services delivery and a strategy to ensure that the Bapsfontein area receives
           an adequate spectrum of social services and the centre developed long as it is still
           inhabited by communities.

           Bapsfontein area should be investigated as a potential development area and a
           strategy to attract development to this area that will generate a new job opportunities
           should be developed. This strategy should enable the Bapsfontein area to identify,
           develop and market its comparative locational advantages through suitably allotted
           locational benefits and public private partnerships to optimally realize their inherent
           development potential. However, the presence of dolomites and sink-hole formation
           needs to be taken into account.

           5.10 Development Trends and Pressures

           5.10.1 Residential

           Up-market residential areas exist in the Northern SDR and make the region an
           attractive residential destination.

           However, conflict is experienced between pressure for development of non-
           residential activities and densification as opposed to preservation of high-income
           residential areas in Bedfordview, Ferrarmere, and Edenvale etc.

           Residential pressures on agricultural holdings and undeveloped land has been
           significantly noticeable across the NSDR landscape. These pressures have been
           privately driven and spurred on by the recent residential boom which encourages the
           alienation of privately owned land to accommodate steadily rising demand for upper-
           market houses.

           Residential pressures, especially the middle to high income sector is currently being
           experienced, inter alia, in areas such as Birchleigh North; Glen Marais Extension;
           Glen Erasmia; Pomona; Rynfield; Bartlett; Bardene; Beyerspark and Birch Acres

           The proposed Serengeti residential development (officially known as Witfontein
           Extensions 23 and 24 respectively) will consist of more than 1200 residential units
           and associated facilities, thus offering a solution both to the primary residential and
           leisure market.

           The site for the proposed development is located immediately to the east of the R21
           Corridor Development area, north and in close proximity to the O.R. Tambo
           International Airport (ORTIA). The site is arguably positioned to provide a tourism
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    facility of international
           Corridor and ORTIA.

           From a tourism perspective the proposed Serengeti may contribute significantly in
           the regional economy as a desirable golf tourism destination since a sizeable
           amount of part of the site’s northern -eastern bound land will be reserved for
           conservation purposes.

           Employment and income benefits to the local communities; attraction of higher-
           spending social groups; increasing of local property values; helping to conserve
           sensitive ecological systems and attraction of private investments into the region are
           some of highlighted expected advantages associated with the proposed Serengeti
           Development.

           Disadvantages include high consumption of water; Eutrophication of natural water
           courses through the use of fertilisers; increased storm water runoff, the proposed
           development being in a potential noise constraint zone due to increase air traffic
           from ORTIA and increase traffic noise from the R21 Road, increased traffic
           congestions on main carriageways such as the R21 Development Corridor and
           sometimes the loss of valuable biodiversity.




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           Figure 22: Development Pressures


           5.10 .2 Non-Residential pressures

           Pressure also exists for the expansion of more business activities around East Rand
           Mall and Eastgate which infiltrates surrounding residential areas. In addition,
           commercial and industrial pressures are experienced in areas such as Spartan, Jet
           Park, Banaero Park, Meadowdale, Anderbolt and the area west of Rietfontein Road
           between North Rand Road and Medeley Street in Boksburg.




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           5.11. O.R. Tambo International Airport

           The O.R. Tambo International Airport is the main hub of air transport in South Africa
           and the sub continent, as well as being the main port of entry for visitors to Southern
           Africa, catering for approximately 13 million passengers each year. The envisaged
           ORTIA future planning aims to redevelop and expand the ORTIA to an eventual
           capacity of 40 million passengers per annum. The ORTIA and its surrounds
           represent the important strategically located land in Gauteng Province in terms of the
           Gauteng Spatial Development Framework (Phase 3 document, 2000). The Airport is
           one of the three (other two being the IDZ and Gautrain) Blue IQ projects of strategic
           significance being planned in the area.

           The Airport freight and linked export processing zone to the east of the Airport is an
           area of growing economic importance, and has a direct impact on the surrounding
           area and creates a demand for development opportunities along the R21
           Development Corridor. There is also a demand for more hotel facilities near the
           Airport, as most passengers at present are accommodated in Sandton area or even
           further from the Airport.

           The ORTIA and surrounding industrial and commercial development forms a major
           industrial/commercial district in the Northern Service Delivery Region (NSDR) of the
           Ekurhuleni metropolitan area .Pressure for development of more such activities to
           the north-east and south of the Airport, together with existing and proposed roads
           and railway lines in the vicinity of the Airport strengthens the potential to this area to
           become the most significant industrial/commercial hub within the Ekurhuleni
           metropolitan area.

           From the Ekurhuleni Growth and Development Strategy (EGDS) perspective the
           ORTIA and R21 Transport corridor combined constitute important pillars upon which
           economic growth catalytic projects in the NSDR hinges.

           Focus should be on the development and promotion of O.R. Tambo international
           Airport as an air transport hub serving the NSDR and the east of Johannesburg.

           The recommended exposure standards for different land-uses must be incorporated
           in development plans and designs. The noise control zones do not restrict or inhibit
           development, they merely require proposed developments to comply with and meet
           certain standards and regulations pertaining to structural development.


           5.12     Mines & Quarries

           There are very little mining activities taking place in the northern SDF area other than
           mining activities in the central mining activity encroaching over the boundary
           between the northern SDR and the south and southern and eastern SDF areas.

           Mining activities in the NSDR are mostly limited to quarrying (sand/clay) and does
           not contribute much on the GDP of the region. Mines (underground and open cast),
           quarries and related activities, including shafts, slimes dams, stone crushing,
           residential uses and offices subsidiary to mining activities.


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    There are three
                             •     Portion 63 of the Farm Klipfontein 14IR which is 21.3 in hectares
                             •     Remainder of Portion 33 of the farm Witfontein 15 IR which is 95
                                   hectares
                             •     Portion 73 of the Farm Vlakfontein 69 IR which is 24 hectares.

           These quarry operations are an important source of building and construction
           material that is mined, extracted and processed. Focus should be on protecting un-
           mined areas against development and on rehabilitation


           6.       IMPLEMENTATION PLAN

           This chapter contains the Implementation Plan for the NSDR RSDF. The following
           are addressed:
                   • Local Spatial Development Frameworks;
                   • Considering Land Development Applications;
                   • Definitions;
                   • Land Use Management System Guidelines;
                   • Projects and Programmes (IDP Table); and
                   • Monitoring and Revision.




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           6.1      Local Spatial Development Frameworks (LSDFS)

           As part of the EMM goal to draft LSDF for the total municipal area, the NSDR is
           divided into 39 LSDF areas as indicated in Table 39.

           Table 40: Local Spatial Development Frameworks

           LOCAL PLAN NAME                                        BUDGET STATUS
                                                      LSDF NO

           Area (1) Bonaero Park                             1    Approved
           (Extentions and adjacent farm
           portions)
           Area (2) Dennell Industrial                       2    Approved
           Development Zone (IDZ)
           Area (3) Johannesburg                             3    Approved
           International Air Port ORTIA
           Area (4) Central Activity District                4    Approved
           (Rhodesfield)

           Area (5) Kempton Park                             5    Approved
           extensions (including Nimrod
           Park, Allengrove and extensions
           and parts of 6the farm
           Zuurfontein
           Area (6) Glen Marius (including                   6    Approved
           Glen Marais extenttions, Aston
           Manor, Birghleigh agricultural
           holdings, Kempton Park,
           agricultural holdings, Pomona
           agriculture holdings, Bredell
           agricultural holdings North of the
           R21
           Area (7 ) Agricultural holding                    7    Approved
           (Including Pomona Agricultural
           Holdings, Kempton Park
           Agricultural Holdings, Pomona
           And Extensions, Bredell
           Agricultural Holdings, Brentwood
           Park agricultural holdings
           Area (8) Witfontein/R21                           8    Approved
           (Witfontein 15IR farm Portion
           east of railway, Witfontein 161IR
           and Hartbeesfontein 171IR
           Area (9) Esselen park                             9    Approved
           Area (10) Birchleigh,Van                          19   Approved
           Reebeck Park
           Area (11) K60 Development                         11   Approved
           Plan, including Birchleigh North
           ,Birch Acres,Norkem Park

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    Area (13) Terenure                                       13   Approved
           Kempton Park West.

           Area (14) Esther park including                   14   Approved
           Edleen and Kempton Park
           xtention 5 and 11
           Area (15) Industrial Area                         15   Approved
           (including Rhodesfied Extention
           1, Cresslawn, Crydon And
           Crydon Extension 1,Spartan and
           Isando
           Area (16) Ehlanzeni including                     16   Approved
           Vusimuzi, Welomlambo,
           Ethafeni, Jiyane and
           Esiphetweni
           Area (17) Iqqaqga including                       17   Approved
           Esivana ,Emkatini, Ikusasa,
           Elindinga, Emoyeni, Esekelo,
           Idulweni,Esiziba,Inxiweni & Ibaxa
           Area (18) Teanong (Including                      18   Approved
           Motsu , Tembisa Extention 5,
           Leboeng, Tsenolong, Moakeng,
           Moekeng Extension 1, Temong,
           Litafeng, Moteong, Seotloana,
           Gahlanzo,Mpho and Lekaneng
           Area (19) Oakmoor (including                      19   Approved
           Makhulong,Moriting,Mashimong,
           Sedibeng, Tshepo, Sethokga,
           Ecaleni, Tembisa Ext
           7,Mgantsha, Kopanong and
           Tlamatlama
           Area (20) Winnie Mandela Park                     20   Approved
           Area (21) Olifantsfontein &                       21   On draft 05/06
           Clayville                                              budget
           Area (22) Babsfontein                             22   On draft 05/06
                                                                  budget
           Area (23) Tembisa West                            23   On draft 07/08
                                                                  budget
           Area(24)Phomolong /Chloorkop                      24   On draft 07/08
                                                                  budget
           Area (25) Edenvale                                25   On draft 06/07
                                                                  budget
           Area (26) Bedfordview                             26   On draft 07/08
                                                                  budget
           Area (27) Elandsfontein farm                      27   On draft 07/08
           areas, including Highway                               budget
           Gardens, Meawbrook,
           Meadowdale, Klooper Park and
           Tunney
           Area (28) Northern residential                    28   On draft 07/08
           suburbs of former Germiston,                           budget

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    including Primose

           Area (29) Lilianton and ERPM -                    29   On draft 08/09
           Land                                                   budget
           Area (30) Boksburg North,                         30   Approved
           Ravenswood
           Area (31) Beyerspark, Bartlett                    31   On draft 07/08
           (including East Rand Mall)                             budget
           Area (32) Anderbolt                               32   On draft 08/09
                                                                  budget
           Area (33) Impala Park, Atlas ville, 33                 On draft 07/08
           Ferramere.                                             budget

           Area (34) Nortons ‘s Home                         34   On draft 07/08
           Estates (including Brentwood                           budget
           Park AH)
           Area (35) Northmead, Rynfield,                    35   On draft 07/08
           Morehill                                               budget
           Area (36) Slaterville area                        36   On draft 08/09
           (agricultural holdings of                              budget
           Rynfield,Fairlead,Slatervile and
           Benoni
           Area (37) Marister area                           37   On draft 07/08
           (including agricultulture holdings                     budget
           of Benoni and Marister and
           portions of the farms
           Vlaakfontein and Putfontein
           Area (38) Crystal park area                       38   On draft 08/09
           (including Cloverdene, portions                        budget
           of the farms Putfontein an and
           modderfontein and the
           agricultural holdings of Rynfield
           and Van Ryn
           Area (39) Lilyvale area (including                39   On draft 08/09
           portions of the farm Putfontein                        budget
           and agricultultural holdings of
           Hillcrest and Sangrila

           With the approval of an LSDF all previous plans, strategies, policies or frameworks
           applicable to that LSDF area is to be rescinded.

           Due to high potential for development pressures to occur in certain areas and noted
           developmental trends, projects for the formulation of LSDFs/ Land Development
           Plans for selected planning areas have been prioritized as follows:




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           Table 41: Local Spatial Development Framework Priority List (New plans)

            LSDF AREA                              STATUS               PRIORITY
            Impala Park, Atlasville
            and Ferrarmere                       Draft Compiled         1
             (Area 33)


            Bedfordview (Area 26)                Only outdated structure 2
                                                plan exist
            One LSDF to cover
            Planning Areas 36, 38,              No plan                 3
            39, 40 & 41.


           Table 42: Existing LSDFs to be reviewed:

           LSDF AREA                                  STATUS            PRIORITY
           Banaero Park (Area 1)
                                                   Approved             1

           Tembisa West Chloorkop-                 Draft                2
           Phomolong (Area 26)

           Kempton Park (Area 5)                   Approved             3
           Rhodesfield     (Area 4)                Approved             4
           O.R. Tambo International                                     5
           Airport (Area 3).                       Approved.
           Olifantsfontein & Clayville             Draft                6
           (Areas 21&22)
           Denel Industrial Zone (Area             Approved             7
           2)

           *N: B (the above list is not exhaustive other plans will be added over time)


           6.2      Considering Land Development Applications

           This Section reflects the official position of the Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality
           regarding the use of Spatial Development Frameworks and Policies when
           considering land development applications. ‘Land development applications’ refers
           to all application types: rezonings, townships establishment, consent uses, removal
           of restrictive conditions of titles, sub-divisions, divisions of land, DFA applications,
           applications for the purchase of council land, etc.




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    This Section is                                 decision making bodies, e.g. Ekurhuleni
           Development Planning Portfolio Committee, Ekurhuleni Development Tribunal,
           Ekurhuleni Corporate Affairs Committee, DFA Tribunal, Provincial Townships
           Board, Gauteng Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Environment and all
           Ekurhuleni officials with delegated authority.

           6.2.1      MSDF approval

           The Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality approved its Metropolitan Spatial
           Development Framework (MSDF) in June 2005 in accordance with the provisions of
           the Municipal System Act 32 of 2000. All aspects from the legislation listed above
           were adhered to in preparing the MSDF. The MSDF is also to be submitted for
           approval in terms of the provisions of the DFA.

           All approved EMM Development Policies applicable to development planning are to
           be included in the MSDF revision and are to be interpreted for each region in each
           RSDF. Policies are thus not to be used in isolation when evaluating applications as
           these policies are intended to inform the MSDF and RSDFs.

           All Urban Development Frameworks, Spatial Plans, Development Plans, Structure
           Plans and other Spatial Planning documents as compiled by the disestablished
           Councils to be rescinded with the approval of the RSDFs will be listed in the
           RSDFs. All previous Urban Development Frameworks, Spatial Plans, Development
           Plans, Structure Plans and other Spatial Planning documents to be retained will
           also be listed in the RSDFs.

           The MSDF provides for a hierarchy of plans, and assigns status to these plans as
           discussed below.

           6.2.2      Hierarchy of Spatial Development Frameworks

           The Region Spatial Development Frameworks (RSDFs) are formulated with the
           MSDF as a basis but are detailed and specific and are thus a refinement of the
           Metropolitan Spatial Development Framework indicating definite land use proposals
           for pockets of land, and providing more detail to consider land development
           applications.

           The RSDF covers the entire Service Delivery Region and is formulated in terms of
           the Municipal Systems Act, the Municipal Planning and Performance Management
           Regulations, the Development Facilitation Act and the National Environmental
           Management Act (NEMA).

           Local Spatial Development Frameworks (LSDFs) are formulated for a specific
           functional area and takes account of finer levels of detail down to individual erf level.
           The LSDFs give comprehensive proposals regarding development type, size,
           phasing and management measures. While the LSDFs cannot override the RSDFs
           which cannot override the MSDF, the level of detailed planning is intended for use on
           a daily basis in land use management. LSDFs would require regular revision in
           accordance with development trends.

           Local Spatial Development Frameworks (LSDFs) are thus to be used for the
           consideration of all application types: rezoning, township establishment, consent
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    use, removal
           applications for the purchase of council land, etc.

           LSDFs are to be used by all decision making bodies, e.g. Ekurhuleni Development
           Planning Portfolio Committee, Ekurhuleni Development Tribunal, Ekurhuleni
           Corporate Affairs Committee, DFA Tribunal, Provincial Townships Board, Gauteng
           Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Environment and all Ekurhuleni
           officials with delegated authority.

           If no LSDF is available for a specific application site, the RSDF can be used to
           consider the application. A comprehensive list of LSDFs and approved policies
           applicable to each region is to be listed in each RSDF. A list of all plans, policies,
           strategies, etc to be rescinded with each RSDF is also to be listed in each RSDF.


           The diagram below reflects the hierarchy and function of SDFs:
                                                                           Long term spatial plan Guide RSDFs &
                     INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN &                         policies. Not for motivating or
               METROPOLITAN SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK                  evaluating applications.




                                                                           Interpret & refine MSDF. Guide LSDFs.
                  REGIONAL SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK                   Not for motivating or evaluating
                            service delivery region                        applications, unless no LSDF.




                                                                           Interpret & refine RSDF and policies for
                    LOCAL SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK                    area. For motivating & evaluating
                          defined functional LSDF area                     applications.




           6.2.3      Delegation of Powers

           In terms of the approved delegation of authority, the authority to approve certain
           development applications is delegated to the Development Planning Regional
           Executive Managers and Area Managers if such application “… is in line with any
           approved policy or plan”. The term “…approved policy or plan…” refers to a LSDF.
           If no LSDF is available for the subject area, reference is to the RSDF. All approved
           policies are interpreted in the RSDF and are thus not to be used for the motivation or
           evaluation of an application.

           6.3      Definitions

           The following guidelines apply in the use of all definitions used in this RSDF:
           • In areas where Local Spatial Development Frameworks have been approved, the
              detailed description of land use categories put forward by the LSDFs should be
              applied.

           •     Land use zonings and definitions put forward by Town Planning Schemes should
                 be applied for more detailed guidelines regarding permissible land uses.

           6.4      Land Use Management System Guidelines
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           The following guidelines serve to guide the compilation of an EMM Land Use
           Management System:
              • The same land use definitions should be used in all SDFs and the LUMS.
              • The LUMS should cross refer to LSDFs in terms of minimum development
                 control measures, and secondary rights to be allowed through a simplified,
                 shortened application procedure.
              • A once off automatic granting of land use rights should be done in areas
                 where existing municipal services can accommodate such rights without any
                 cost.
              • More focus should be placed on the control of aesthetics (through aesthetic
                 committees/ ward committees).
              • Simplified (shorter, cheaper) application processes should be ensured.
              • Minimum densities should be set for new developments at transport nodes
                 and in the Central Business Districts.
              • Stricter, more effective law enforcement (fines).
              • Dealing with mixed land uses on erf level.
              • Linking the LUMS with EMM policies and SDFs.

           6.5      Regional Projects and Programmes

           As short description is given for each regional project or programme. All aspects to
           be related to the EMM Operational and Capital Budget is summarised in Table 41 for
           input in the IDP process.

           6.5.1 Environmental Management Framework

           An Environmental Management Framework for the NSDR has been completed. This
           EMF is the basis of doing a Strategic Environmental Assessment for the RSDF.

           The information of the approved Environmental Management Framework has been
           included into this RSDF. Although all the relevant environmental attributes has been
           included, it is suggested that the EMF be referenced for specific information.

           The following strategies have been identified by the EMF and are included into this
           NSDR EMF:
              • Strategy for the protection and conservation of areas that are sensitive from
                 an ecological and hydrological perspective;
              • Protection and conservation of areas that have a high potential or value for
                 agriculture;
              • Geotechnical constraints;
              • Management of urban sprawl;
              • Management of urban open space; and
              • Identifying noise affected areas next to roads, Airports, industrial areas and
                 other sources of noise pollution.




           6.5.2 Open Space Study


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    An Open Space                                                                           The
           Open Space Study should identify and investigate all vacant land used for or
           proposed for use as part of an Open Space System. The Study should specifically
           refer to all public owned land (municipal, provincial & national) and should indicate
           which land is needed to be retained as Open Space (active or passive) or should
           indicate if any public owned land can be alienated for other purposes.

           The following open space features are to be addressed in the NSDR Open Space
           Study: Open space associated with roads; Parks and passive recreational areas;
           Open veld and grazing; Natural open space; and conservation areas.

           6.5.5 Urban Regeneration – Implementation

           All projects as identified in the EMM Urban Regeneration Strategy are to be
           implemented as a matter of priority.

           6.5.6 Maintenance of existing business and industrial areas

           Increased general maintenance by all responsible departments in existing CBDs and
           industrial areas. Focus should be on main routes and areas most used, e.g.
           stations, public buildings, and the entrances to CBDs and industrial areas. Such
           maintenance should include roads, public buildings, storm water, parks, side walks;
           private buildings refuse removal, crime prevention, traffic signs and road markings,
           general law enforcement, etc.

           6.5.7 Maintenance of existing residential areas

           All responsible departments need to increase their maintenance in the currently
           existing low, medium and high income residential areas. Focus should be on main
           routes and areas most used, e.g. stations, shopping centres, public buildings, and
           the entrances to residential areas. Such maintenance should include roads, public
           buildings, storm water, parks, side walks; private buildings refuse removal, crime
           prevention, traffic signs and road markings, general law enforcement, etc.

           6.5.8 Integrated Transport Plan

           Drafting of an Integrated Transport Plan for the NSDR to specifically address the
           following:
               • Route K105 which links Tembisa to Kempton Park CBD and ORTIA
               • Proposed PWV 14 and R 21 link route.
               • Proposed K 86 route linking ORTIA and Etwatwa area.
               • East-west arterial through Ivory Park and Tembisa
               • Long distance taxi rank at Oakmoor Station
               • Kempton Park - Rhodesfield Gautrain Station
               • Kempton Park Taxi Rank upgrade

               •    Minibus-taxi feeder service to Pomona area.
               •    Upgrade of the link between Plane Road and the K105.
               •    Implementation of the bicycle strategy;

               •    Access Management Plans; and

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     • Defining

           6.5.9 ‘Road to Rail’ Programme

           A programme is to be launched in co-operation with Johannesburg and Tshwane
           Metropolitan Municipalities aimed at optimally utilising existing rail infrastructure.
           The programme should involve all other role players including the SARCC, Metro
           Rail, Spoornet, Intersite, Gautrans, Blue IQ and the private sector (passenger and
           cargo related).

           As a first step, a business plan for this project should be drafted.

           6.5.10 PWV 13 & 14, K 111 and K 220.

           The EMM is to promote the construction of these routes with Gautrans. The EMM
           should engage with Gautrans and Blue IQ regarding a possible apportionment of
           cost for the construction of these routes.

           The EMM is to promote the construction of these routes with Gautrans. The EMM
           should engage with Gautrans and Blue IQ regarding a possible apportionment of
           cost for the construction of these routes. PWV 14 in particular, if constructed, will
           enhance the realisation of the Municipality’s envisaged triangle development upon
           which the identity of Ekurhuleni will be founded.

           The construction of PWV 14 will more than relieve traffic congestions pressure on
           Gilooly’s interchange by linking north and south traffic patterns directly to the R21
           carriageways but also unlock economic potential between Kempton Park, Germiston
           and Bedfordview business nodes.

           By improving the north-south linkages between the NSDR and NSDR one hand and
           the east-west linkage with the City of Johannesburg’s business nodes on the other
           hand, the constructed PWV14 is likely to increase the attractiveness of the region as
           a market for Foreign Direct Investment and local private investment in general.
           Hence its construction should be prioritised since its proposed alignment is
           strategically located to unleash sustainable economic growth.

           The construction of the proposed K111 and K 220 Roads has been made even more
           urgent by the budding Midstream upmarket residential properties to the north of the
           EMM. The construction of the abovementioned proposed roads will facilitate a direct
           link between the Midstream area with Tembisa/Clyayville areas to the south and R21
           Development Corridor/Bapsfontein areas located to the east. The establishment of
           these linkages will further render the area more attractive for developments and
           investments.

           6.5.11 Regional Density Strategy

           The EMM Density Policy is to be interpreted for the NSDR by drafting a NSDR
           Density Strategy. Such strategy must be included in the next revision of the NSDR
           SDF and will give guidance for the drafting of future LSDFs.


           6.5.12 Housing Provision

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           Provision of low income housing (including social housing) in areas proposed
           therefore in this SDF and in line with the plans and policies of the Housing
           Department.

           6.5.13 RSDF Marketing Strategy

           A RSDF Marketing Strategy is to be prepared with the aim of marketing the RSDF to
           all role players who can facilitate and encourage economic growth and social
           development in the NSDR.

           Specific components of the RSDF should be marketed to specific target groups, e.g.
           marketing the Kempton CBD as suitable for commercial and hospitality hub.

           As part of the Marketing Strategy, pamphlets are to be prepared and distributed to all
           interested parties with the aim of marketing the proposals of the plan. The approved
           RSDF is to be presented to all interested parties after approval, including, but not
           limited to:
               • NSDR MANCO (political);
               • All NSDR Ward Councillors;
               • All NSDR Departments;
               • National & Provincial government departments;
               • The NSDR Developers Forum; and
               • All parties who rendered input in the drafting of the RSDF.




           Table 43: Regional Projects and Programmes (estimated costs to be calculated
           by responsible department)

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                                                                                   ESTIMATED COST
                         PROJECT/                                   EXECU
      DEPART-                                                                2005/ 2006/ 2007/   2011/
                        PROGRAMME                     WARD           TING
       MENT                                                                  2006    2007 2008   2012
                        DESCRIPTION                                  CCC
                                                                              (R )   (R )  (R )   (R )
      DP              Special project –                             Corpor
                      Leralla Station,              Wards 10         ate     -     0.2     5
                      Ibaxa and                      &14                           million million
                      Tembisa CBD
                      (Infrastructure
                      developments)
      DP              Swazi Inn                    Wards 7 & 9      Corpor
                                                                     ate                     1       8
                                                                                             million million

      DP              PWV 14                          Routes        Corpor   -               -
                                                   transverses       ate                             200
                                                    Wards 22                                         million
                                                        &33
      DP              Townships Retail            Wards, 2, 3,               -               -
                      Strategy                    4, 5, 6,7,8, 9,   Corpor         0.25
                                                    10,11 &14        ate           Million
      DP              Regional Density               All NSDR       NSDR
                      Strategy                                               -     0.2
                                                                                   Million
      DP              LSDFs as per                   All NSDR       NSDR           1.5     0.4     6
                      priority list                                          -     Million Million million
      DP              Proposed K111                   Ward 1        NSDR
                      & K220 Roads                                           -     -         -       50
                                                                                                     million


           6.5.14 Monitoring

           Monitoring of the RSDF implementation will consist of a two pronged approach,
           namely monitoring of the implementation of land use proposals; and monitoring of
           the implementation of Projects and programmes.

           6.6.     Land Use Proposals

           Land Use Proposals formulated in Chapter 5 will be implemented during the drafting
           of LSDFs for the NSDR. The Regional Executive Manager: City Development will
           monitor these LSDF processes.




           6.6.1 Regional Projects and Programmes


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    The implementation
           paragraph 5 will be monitored by the Regional Executive Director (NSDR). This will
           be done by ensuring that all projects and programmes proposed are included in the
           responsible department’s budget (capital or operational) for the priority year as
           indicated. Responsible Departmental Heads should report to the RED on a monthly
           basis (first RED of every month) on progress with the implementation of projects and
           programmes.

           6.7      Revision

           This RSDF is to be revised every five years following the revision of the MSDF at
           that stage. A comprehensive process, similar to the process followed with the
           drafting of this RSDF should be followed for the revision of this RSDF. New
           information to become available (e.g. a NSDR EMF) might necessitate an update of
           this RSDF within five years.




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