The MidSouth Aquatic Plant
APRIL 1992 NEWSLETrER VOLUME 10, NO 1
The Tenth Annual Meeting of the Midsouth Aquatic Plant Management Society
was held October 2-4, 1991 at the Best Western Conference Center, Auburn,
A1ab"'!'a. T~e following is a synopis of the Board Meetings, Business Meeting ana
1991 FmanCial Summary.
FINAL BUSINESS MEETING
The meeting was called to order by President Mike Eubanks.
President Eubanks extended his appreciation to the Program Committee and
Corp9rate Sponsors for their assistance and support durmg the 10th Annual
The financial Report (see page 2) was presented by Sec.-Treas. Jerry Moss.
President-Elect Earl Burns
President Randell Goodman
Secretary-Treasurer Jerry Moss
Editor Doug Powell
New Board Members: 1) Joe Kight
2) Stan Cook
Certificates of Appreciation were presented to out-going Board of Director mem-
bers Fred Harders and Johnny Fnzzell.
David Franks recommended that several minor changes in the By-Laws be consid-
ered and voted on at the next Annual Meeting.
President Randell Goodman assummed the Presidency and presented out-going
President Eubanks with an honorary plaque.
Appreciation was extended to APMS President Randall Stocker for attending the
MSAPMS 10th Annual Meeting.
It was decided that the Winter Board Meeting will be held in conjunction with the
AFA Annual Meeting at Joe Wheeler State Park, February 26-28, 1992.
FINAL BOARD OF DIRECTORS MEETING
October 4, 1991
The MSAPMS Board of Directors Meeting was called to order by President
Randell Goodman follo'Ying the Final Busmess Meeting of the MSAPMS on
October 4,1991 at the Auburn Conference Center. .
Stan Cook and Joe Kight were welcomed as new members of the MSAPMS Board
Former President Eubanks requested the sec.-treas. to forward a certificate of
appreciation to former Director Johnny Frizzell for service on the Board during the
President Goodman expressed his appreciation to APMS President Randall
Stocker for his attendance at the 10th Annual Meeting of the MSAPMS and for his
support of our organization.
The Board discussed a I1roposed regulation that would limit or prohibit federal
and/or state employees trom attendfug meetings or holding office in non-profit
organizations siriillar to the MSAPMS.
Sec. -Treas. Jerry Moss presented a brief flnancial summary and was directed by the
Board of Directors to purchase an additional Certificate of Deposit in the amount
of $1000.00 for the Scliolarship Fund.
Motion was approved by the Board to contact various
agency representatives advising them about the
1991 FINANCIAL SUMMARY MSAPMS and benefits of membership. A copy of tbe new
MSAPMS brochure will be included with any correspon-
Total Registered 71 dence.
Total Paid Dues 75
New Members 6
Editor Powell presented a committee report on the status
of the MSAPMS brochure. The Board reviewed the latest
INCOME editorial changes and e1'Pressed appreciation to Alabama
(46) Fish FlY Tickets @ $12.00 $ 564.00 Power Company for fmancial support associated with
(2) advanced Dues Paid (1992) 20.00 designing ana printing tbe brochure.
Income from Registration 355.00 Editor Powell distributed new MSAPMS stationery and
Income from 1991 Membership 795.00 letterhead to various Officers and Board Members.
Cash on Hand 250.00
Corporate Donations and Extra Raffle Scott Lankford presented a report concerning recent
Ticket Sales (Scholarship Fund) 36809 legal procedures required for tax exempt status for tbe
TOTAL $ 2,352.00 MSAPMS.
EXPENSES A series of documents were presented to tbe Board which
Membership Cards $ 43.87 amended tbe Articles of Incorporation and required sig~
Annual Meeting Supplies 112.72 natures of various Officers and Directors so tbe 1986
Honorary Membership Plaque 50.00 Internal Revenue Code could be met.
President's Plaque 71.18 Scott Lankford reviewed regulations regarding limita-
Registation Supplies 37.33 tions of scholarship benefits for tbe MSAPMS.
Honorarium Gift to A.U. Assistants 100.00
Best Student Paper Award 25.00 Program Chairman Burns discussed proposed sites for
Groceries for FISh FI)' 277.00 the 1992 Annual Meeting. Proposed locations included
Friday Morning Break 250.11 Gulf Shores and GuntersVille State Park. Possible meet-
Projector Rental (Auburn Motor Lodge) ....ll..l!Q ingdates were discussed by tbe Board. Chairman Burns
TOTAL $ 999.01 inili'i3ted a fmal decision would be published in tbe up-
Nomination Committee Representative Broadwell pre-
sented a slate of nominations to be voted on at tbe 1992
Editor Doug Powell eocouraged members to provide him Annual Meeting. The following candidates were submit-
witb any notewor~y news items for tbe newsletter and ted for consideration:
rel'ortea on his efforts to complete work on tbe new Prsident-Elect: Fred Harders.
MSAPMS Brochure. Board members were given a deadl-
ine of Nov. 15 1991 to provide him witb reVISions and/or Secretary-Treasurer: Frank Ellis.
comments on the brochure. Editor: Mike Maceina.
Editor Powell indicated tbat he would handle ordering Directors (2 elected): M.C.McLeod
new stationery and envelopes for MSAPMS.
President Goodman directed tbat a Scholarship Commit-
tee (chaired by Dr. David Bayne) be establiShed to set Maurice Simpson.
up guidelines for tbe distribution of scholarship funds to President Goodman presented a list of official documents
qualified students. that are archived in the Fisheries Department at Auburn
Board members held a short discussion on the tax exempt University.
application tbat is being handled through tbe legal section fresident Goodman adjourned tbe Winter Board Meet-
of Alabama Power Co. mg.
Program Committee Chairman Earl Burns asked the
Board for their recommendations concerning a meeting BITS OF MACROPHYTE TRIVIA
site for tbe 11th MSAPMS Annual Meeting. roe Wheeler
State Park was tentatively' selected for tbe 1992 meeting. A Warning ---- Do not burn yourselves out. Be as I am.
(Editor's note: Guntersville State Park was tbe site cho- A reluctant entbusiast and part-time crusader. A half-
sen for tbe 1992 meeting.) hearted fanatic. Save tbe other half of yourselves for
pleasure and adventure ...... So get out tbere, hunt, fish,
President Goodman adjourned the Final Board Meeting. mess around witb your friends, ramble out yonder and
explore forests, encounter tbe griz, climb a mountain, bag
WINTER BOARD MEETING tbe peaks, run tbe rivers, breathe deep of tbat yet sweet
and elusive air. Sit 'lnietly for a while and contemplate tbe
Joe Wheeler State Park Feb. 26, 1992 precious stillness of the lovely, mysterious, and awesome
President Randell Goodman called tbe 1992 Winter space. Enjoy yourselves. Keep your brain in your head
Board Meeting to order. In attendance were: Directors and your lieadfrrmly attached to tbe body, tbe l:iody active
Thomas Broadwell, Stan Cook and Joe Kight; Officers and alive. And I promise you tbis one sweet victory over
Randell Goodman, Earl Burns, JelT)' Moss and Doug our enemies, over tbose deskbound people witb tbeir
Powell; and Member Scott Lankford. hearts in safe deposit boxes and their eyes hypnotized by
tbeir desk calculators. I promise you tbis: You will outlive
Secretary-Treasurer Moss 'presented a Financial Report the bastards! ~~--- Edward Abbey, Writer and Rabble Rouser
and reviewed tbe Minutes trom tbe 1991 Annual Meeting
held in Auburn.
The Board of Directors accepted the Financial Report
and Minutes after a short discussion.
MEMOS TO THE TROOPS zooplankton, insects, fish, and sometimes even to animals
that drink the water. Red tides, which occur in marine
Ammonium Sulfate Increases Efficacy of Glyphosate waters because of blooms of the dinoflagellate Gym-
A recent studJ E~ indicated that the addition of ammo- nodinium brevis, are a common example.
nium sulfate (~#4 )~S04 will !l!:eatly enhance the efficacy Mortalities due to toxic algal blooms are unique in that
of glyphosate (Slllffinlj" D.G., W.T. Haller, T.R. Willard Ilroduction of the toxin is strongly related to photosyn-
and MA. Mossier, r~90, Influence of Surfactants and thetic activity. Kills begin at allout 9:00 a.m_, continue
Additives on Phytotoxicity of Glyphosate to torpedograss. through the day until 4:00 Il.m., and then subside, only to
J . Aquat. Plant Manage. 2S:23~27.) be repeated the following oay. Unless some factor inter-
Use of herbicides containing glyphosate (RODEO and venes, the phenomenon conhoues until the algae bloom
ROUNDUP) have sometimes produced erratic results, ends or an oxygen depletion occurs. Often there is a
particularly when mixed with water having a high tot3.1 large-sCale die-off of the problem alga, sometimes fol-
hardness (Calcium) content. It appears tbat g1yphosate lowed by signs of classiCal oxygen depletion (e.g., low
will combine with available carbonates, thus reaucing the oxygen, low pH, high C02, dark water color, and sour-
amount of glyphosate available to the plant. Various ad- cabbage odor). Uiiless tbe observer has information
ditives have -Ileen used in an attempt to alleviate this about the early phases of the fish kill, the role of the toxic
problem. algae may be overlooked. In toxic algal blooms, pH is very
high (9.5 to 11.0) at midday, dissolved oxygen is near
The study by Shilling, et.al. indicates that the addition of saturation or abov.:'? and water temperatures are above 27
from L25 pounds to 12.5 pounds of ammonium sulfate degrees C. A sin&e species of alga is present in large
per 100 gallons of water results in positive control. This numbers. Species of Anabaena Aphanizomenon,
was observed to be the case at Lake Seminole as a result Dinobryon, Glenodinium, Gleotri;/'ia, Gymnodinium,
of the 1991 spraying of torpedograss and giant cutgrass. andMlcrocystis are some that have been reported to cause
For most conditIOns, the addition of from six (6) to eight toxic blooms.
(8) pounds of ammonium sulfate per 100 gallons of water
was found to be an adequate amount. The above information was taken from Fish Stories 1991,
vol. 2, Alabama Cooperative Extension Service, Auburn
The proper sequence of mixing is to start with a known University. John W. Jensen and Michael P. Masser.
amount of water in the tank. Add the Ilroller ratio of
ammonium sulfate, which should inunediately dissolve, EDITORIAL
and stir. (It may be prudent to dissolve the sUlfate in a
bucket of water frrst as sometimes there are granules As Ilrofessionals we have been taught to keep an open
present that do not dissolve. These could clog the spray mind, because ntunnel vision can lead one down the pnm-
system.) Then add the herbicide and mix througbly. rose ~th'" MOTHER NATURE is not always predict-
This could, dellending on the hardness of water used, able remember Murphy's Law concerning MOTHER
enable the applicator to reduce the amount of RODEO NAT RE?). Since we deal with MOTHER NATURE
or ROUNDUP required by a very substantial amount. It on a daily basis, we should remain cognizant of this. Point
is suggested that experimentation based on loCal water one: Many times we make statements only to fmd that "it
sources be used to determine iust how much the herbicide isn't always so". This can sometimes create a credibility
concentration can be reduced. problem with the public and individuals who deal with
facts or data that doesn't vary (i.e_ engineers, accountants
LoCal costs for RODEO approximates $90.00 per gallon. and others in related fields). Be careful when presenting
LoCal cost for ammonium sUlfate is approximately $6.00 fmdings to such groups. Do not jump to conclusions with
for a 50 pound bag. This product is usually available at limited data. What is so in one instance in our line of work
farm supply outlets. is not always so in another instance.
Clean, soft water should be used with any_ herbicide mix, Now what have I tried to point out? I said to keep an open
but quite often is not available. The addition of ammo- mind, remember the variations in MOTHER
nium sulfate is a workable inexpensive option for use in NATURE'S realm, and watch out for credibility in pre-
hard water. ----- Joe Kigh~ Lake Seminole senting fmdings. This is all well and good, but what is my
purpose for tliese words of wisdom?
Fish Kills Due to Toxic Algae "Now the rest of the story". Let's say that research is
Now and then fish dia@osticians have reverted to ex- conducted under a certain set of conditions and the
I'laining a fish kill by caJ1ing it "caused by toxic algae". results are used to make recommendations under a wide
These fish kills caused by toxic algae are usually not range of similar but slightly different conditions. This is
wholly substantiated but based mairily on circumstantial unavoidable in most cases due to fmancial and time con-
eYjde!1ce. A '!ew manual publish.ed by the U.S. Fish and straints and is an accepted way of doing business. The
Wildlife SefVlce, Resource Pubhcation 177 by Ro,ger L. problem arises when widespread generalizations are
Herman and Fred P. Meyer, includes a small sechon on made based on data gathered under a certain set of
toxic blooms on p. 42 - chap. 5. The following was taken conditions.
from th~t material. Lets expand this example further and say that the re-
"In certian unique situations, a single species of toxic alga search was on the introduction of an aquatic plant into a
may become dominant in the flOra. Some blue-green waterway for enhancement of the largemouth bass fish-
algae and certain dinoflagellates release toxins that kill or ery. The research demonstated a silZliificant positive ef-
inhibit other algae. When competition for nutrients be- fect on the largemouth bass popwation. Lets say the
come intense, the level of toxin released climbs. Suscep- aquatic plant was Hydrilla. This research was done prop-
tible.species of algae gradually ~appear until only the erly and was valid. The fmdings were published and even-
dommant speCIes rem3.lns, usually mliigh abundance. As tmilly found their way into a I?opular bass fIshing publica-
the algae uses up the available nutrients, the species tion as an article that read: 'Hydrilla Improves Fishing".
competes with itself and the level of toxin released con- The fishermen who read this and other fishermen woo
tinues to rise. Eventually, the water may become toxic to hear about the article become convinced that Hydrilla is
good for bass fIshing in every instance. The fishermen
transplant or promote the transplanting of Hydrilla in than June 1, 1992 and will be evaluated on the basis of
other lakes and waterways. Why not? Research con- relevant test scores (ACT, SAT, GRE, etc.), hi!!b school
ducted by qualified individuals demonstrated a definite andlor college grades, quiility and relevance oIresearch
benefit, and it only makes sense to spread it around to project, a proposed budget, information obtained from
other waterways to improve fishing. This is the problem: references, and other rerated considerations. Other fac-
Fishermen only get the message that Hydrilla is the best tors being equaL preference will be given to applicants
thing that ever happened to bass fishing. The down side enrolled m Southeastern and South Carolina academic
of exotic plant introductions presented by utilities, water institutions. The successful applicant will be requested to
management districts, and other water resource groups present an oral report on the research project at the
often appear as scare tactics to the fishermen. annual meeting of the Society. Persons interested in ap-
We should continue to alert and educate the public on the plying for the scholarship grant should contact Danny
problems of exotic aquatic plants, but we..as aquatic plant JolmSon, S.c. Water Resources Commission, 1201 Main
managers should recogwze the benencial aspects of Street, Suite 11(0) Columbia, S.c. 29201, or phone (803)
aquatIc plants on fuhenes, wildlife, and other aquatic 737-0800 for additional information on application pro-
organisms. We do not need to have "tunnel visionll nor do cedures.
the other professionals who often ~!!pear in adversarial
roles. However, if we do not quallly our fmdings and EDUCATIONAL VIDEOTAPE PROGRAMS
resulting statementshwe can never hope to achieve public Aquatic Plant Identification Series
trust and support. T e public support of our programs is
dependent on their awareness of the problems and solu- This series of videotapes features more than 100 of the
tions. This applies to other groups as well. They also have most common or important aquatic and wetland plants in
a responsibility to present a true picture of therr fmdings. Florida. Plants are described m everday language so that
Aquatic plant management for fisheries and wildlife ben- non-botanists will be able to easily identify them.
efits must be addressed now. To ignore it is to have "tunnel
vision" bordering on terminal b1indness. We must join Floating and Floating-Leaved Plants - 26 inin.(IFAS
forces with fuheries biologists, wildlife biologists, ecolo- Catalog no.VT-360)
gists, professional fisherman, sportsmen Ig0ups, and Emersed Plants (part I) - 38 min. (IFAS Catalog no.VT-
other environmental groups. II we don't, we II all lose in 361)
the long run. We all need to be "singing out of the same Emersed Plants (part II) - 38 min. (IFAS Catalog no.VT-
song book". Get my drift? 369)
ARCHIVES FOR MSAPMS Submersed Plants (part I) - 34 min. (IFAS Catalog
Randell Goodman bas requested copies of MSAPMS Submersed Plants (part II) - 28 min. (IFAS Catalog
Pronams prior to 1986 and minutes of previous Board no.VT-370)
andllusiness Meetings. if you have copies, please forward
to Randell. Two more identification programs (Grasses) Sedges and
Rushes, Parts I and II) are scheduled for release m early
11th ANNUAL MEETING 1992, and will be advertised at that time.
The 11th annual meeting has been scheduled for Sept. 30 How to order: These programs are available on VHS,
- Oct. 2, 1992 at Guntersville State Park, Alabama. The S-VHS and PAL video formats. Please specify video
lodge is located on beautiful Lake Gunteresville. Field format and IFAS Catalog VT-number. They are available
trips are planned. Further details will be in the next from: IFAS Publications~ IFAS Building 664, Gainesville,
newsletter. Contact Earl Burns at (205)386-3650. FL. 32611-0001, (904) ~92-1764. Eacli videotape costs
$15.00, plus .90 tax for Florida residents; $15.00 Tor non-
FIRST CALL FOR PAPERS Florida residents. Make payable to "University of Flor-
Those interestsd in presenting a paper at this year's meet-
ing should contact Dr. Earf Burns. Current research, MSAPMS BULLETIN BOARD
other pertinent information dealing with aquatic plant
management, and Industry/Agency updates are re- July 12-17,'92 - APMS International Symposium, Marri-
quested. Please submit title and brief abstract utilizing ott Hotel.. Daytona Beach, Florida. Contact Center for
form in newsletter. Deadline is August 28, 1992. Aquatic dants, (904) 392-9613 or Bill Rushing, (202)
SOUTH CAROLINA APMS August 13-14,'92 - South Carolina APMS, Charleston,
SCHOLARSHIP GRANT S.c. Contact Phil Fields, (803) 737-0800.
October'92 - Minnesota Lake Management Federation,
The South Carolina Aquatic Plant Management Society, Radisson, Alexandria, MN. Contact Kevin Kretch, (612)
Inc., a non.-profit corporation establis.hedror th~ purpose 478-9421.
of promotmg the management of noXIOUS aquatic vegeta- October 27-29,'92 - Florida APMS, Holiday Inn Surfside,
tion in Soutli Carolina, IS seeking applications for a schol- Clearwater Beach, FL. Contact Don Doggett, (813) 694-
arship grant. The Society intends to award a $1000 grant 2174.
to the successful applicant in the Fall of 1992. Grant funds
may be.used by the recipient to cover costs associated with November 2-7,'92 - North American Lakes Management
educatIon and research expenses. Society 12th Annual International Symposium on Lake
Eligible applicants must be enrolled as full time under- and Reservoir Management, The Clarion, Cincinnati,
graduate or graduate students in an accredited college or Ohio. Contact Lorraine Duncan, (904) 462-2554.
university in the United States. Performance of research November 10,'92 - Texas APMS, Victoria, TX. Contact
related to aquatic plant management in South Carolina is Joyce Johson, (512) 389-4858.
also required. Applications must be received no later
FIRST CALL FOR PAPERS
MidSouth Aquatic Plant Management Society
11th Annual Meeting
30 September, 1·2 October, 1992
Guntersville State Park
AUTHOR(S): _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
ABSTRACf (150 WORDS MAXIMUM): ________________________
SUBMIT ABSTRACf TO: Earl Burns
Office Service Annex 1B
Muscle Shoals, AL 35660
DEADLINE: 28 August, 1992
• Make checks payable to: MidSouth Aquatic Plant Management Society:
Full Membership $10 Remit to:
Student $5 Jerry Moss
Sustaining $50 Ala. Dept. of Cons. and Natural Res.
Amount Enclosed: $,--- P.O. Box 305
Northport, AI 35476
The MidSouth Aquatic Plant Management Society
Please address reply to:
Douglas Powell· Editor
Alabama Power Company
#8 General Services Complex
P.O. Box 2641
Birmingham, AL 35291