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ebXML News, Implementations, Developments and more Presenters Name Presenters Title Affliation December 2002 Email@address.com Contents Speaker Hint • Deployment Landscape This presentation contains • ebXML Today extensive materials, you should tailor this to your • Latest Specification Developments audience and the amount of time available • ebXML in the marketplace - vendor products • ebXML projects - deployments, funding, and pathfinder work • Summary Deployment Landscape Chasing the technology ‗bouncing ball‘; delivering real ROI for eBusiness The CIO nightmare • What standards do I choose? • How do I build significant ROI for my organization? • Can I leverage my existing systems? • What resources are available to deploy my solution? • What are my partners doing? • How much of this is real? • How do I avoid being in a vendor revolving doors strategy? • What if I just build it my way and ignore everyone else? Identifying the Needs • What are you trying to build anyway? Speaker Hint • Better EDI system? • Reach SME partners more effectively? You can tailor this list to suit your • eMarketplace solution? audience and their industry • Next generation XML system and network? • Open eGovernment systems? • Integration of major corporations applications? • Common industry collaboration and vocabularies? The Challenge of Change • People accept that a digital world is coming and are adjusting their work habits accordingly: – Virtual presentations and meetings – All digital documents and transactions – Digital photographs, voices, sound, and signatures (UPS, Radio Shack, Home Depot, Best Buy and more). • Shared factor – naturally multi-lingual. • Vast gulf between First World and Third World. Business Challenges • In determining operational needs there are three levels and areas to include: – The first level is the overall operational approach to solving large enterprise level interactions, – then enterprise to small business interactions, – and small business to small business interactions. Affordable Infrastructure • For a large enterprise this translates into: – Reducing the headcount of staff needed – Decreasing the effort to migrate to implementation versions – Lowering the necessary specialty skills to instead enabling general business staff (costs, productivity, customers). • For small business it means: – Being able to support multiple large partners diverse requests for information interchanges – Supporting a single technology base – Linking the interchange to your applications. Electronic Business Technologies RPC / Web Services ebXML Web eCommerce EDI 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 e-Business Roadmap Business Architecture Reference Process Framework Data Public Asset Management Services to Citizens Regulated Activity Approval Reference Models Marketable Asset Management Consumer Safety Defense & Nat’l Security Ops* Diplomacy & Foreign Relations Environmental Management Law Enforcement Applications Disaster Management Legal Domestic Economy Revenue Collection Education Trade (Import/Export) Energy Management Transportation Insurance Workforce Management Public Health Recreation & National Resource Social Services R&D Science Reference Views Technology Architecture Technology Support Delivery of Services Legislative Management Business Management of Information IT Management Controls and Oversight Public Affairs Business Functional Technical Implementation Planning and Resource Allocation Internal Risk Management and Mitigation Regulatory Management Federal Financial Assistance Inter-Agency Internal Operations/Infrastructure Why is the Intra-Agency What will your How will your With what specific Human Resources Admin Financial Management Supply Chain Management Human Resources Admin engagement being Financial Management Supply Chain Management system do? What system be products and other undertaken? What are information will it realized with IT components will your your organization's provide? components? system be implemented? primary motivations In what organization? and business drivers? According to what plan? For each reference view OBJECTIVES REQUIREMENTS MODELS PRINCIPLES & RULES STANDARDS ONTOLOGY RATIONALE AUTHORATATIVE SOURCE PRIORITY RISK MANAGEMENT AS IS MIGRATION TO BE XML itself is not enough • XML, by itself, does not solve interoperability problems yet it is an important tool for doing so. • XML does not provide semantics. • XML by itself is not the magic bullet. • What we really need is a consistent set of methods for building interoperable eBusiness systems using XML – ―railroads and telephony‖. Solving the right problem • Web services: – interactive point-to-point unrestricted transactions – internal backend system sockets • ebXML: – secure, reliable business-to-business exchanges – metadata alignment, consistent vocabularies, registries – open eBusiness architecture, business process engineering • W3C XML: – wire formats, syntax parsing, security, storage and retrieval – middleware plumbing, web service plumbing Standards Focus • OASIS – ebXML technology specifications – Web service technology specifications – Industry XML vocabularies – Registry technology specifications • CEFACT – ebXML architecture specifications – UMM / UML – Migration of UN/EDIFACT to UMM world – Business Process alignment • Industry Standards Groups – Local vocabularies for vertical industry use Standards Focus (more) • ISO – International standard tables and measures – Registry technology specifications • OMG – Programming language technology • EAN/ UCC / CEN / DISA and others – Cross-industry integration • Is there overlap and confusion of mission? YES! Standards Chemistry Traction XML W3C SOAP v1.1 SOAP v1.2 W3C eb MS v2 BPSS Market Adoption WSDL v1.2 OASIS CEFACT WSDL v1.1 W3C CCSD OAG BODs eb Reg v2 CEFACT UDDI v3x OASIS UMM/ UDDI v3 UDDI.org OASIS Content UML UBL Assembly XML SGML UN/EDIFACT ISO Proprietary JCV Consortia SDO Standing Open Standardization Reap the Benefits of Standards Lower costs and reduced errors. Greater efficiency of processes. Drive consistent business conduct. Increase speed of deployment. Improve inventory controls. Reduce risk for businesses. Provide investment protection. Key: Champion awareness and recognition of the value of standards. The first step is knowledge. ebXML Today Mission, focus and components ebXML Adoption Q4 - 2002 Government Commercial Industries North Europe Asia America ebXML History • Begun as 18-month initiative in November 1999 • V1.0 Specifications delivered on schedule in May 2001 • Developed in an open process by more than 2000 participants representing 100 organizations in 150 countries • Facilitation meetings held in N.America, Europe and Japan • Development and deployment of the specifications is continuing within OASIS and CEFACT with support from NIST, UCC/EAN, EU and more. ebXML – Why and How? • Computers are quicker and more reliable than people (in processing data), and offer potential business ROI • Mature organisations process their information electronically and reap very significant competitive and production benefits • Information exchange & accounting between organisations is: – largely still paper / fax based – dictated by regulation or large customers – great once you get it working and stable electronically – cost savings and availability via internet as delivery medium – international need to enable global trade and opportunities – eCommerce / Web revolution well underway (e.g. eBay+) Challenges of e-business today • XML initiatives underway for specific industries – attempts at verbatim translation of EDI to XML • Consensus required on common requirements • No core infrastructure means – Incompatibility – Reinvention the norm – Segregated pockets of communication Traditional EDI Distributers Manufacturers Shippers Each arrow is a project XML agXML Boeing cXML Togaf OBI IATA OTA GCI AIAG Rosettanet xCBL CIDX UBL SMDG Bolero HL7 EHD VICS Odette E- construct Open SWIFT trans HR- XML Ford Acord xBRL Wal- mart xCat More than 400 initiatives ebXML automates business partner connection across industry boundaries Profile Profile Profile Profile ebXML Profile Profile Profile Profile Each arrow is a product ebXML Approach – Business Centric Each participant needs to specify their own: ‘Who, What, Why and How?’ Business Terms ebXML parlance Organisation(s) CPPA Industry / Service Business process BPSS Context factors Content Assembly Transaction interchanges XML content structure(s) Information details Core components + Registry Messaging details CPP + ebMS ebXML Business Profile Organisation Business process Information Technology Own Capabilities and Requirements to trading partners ebXML Registry ebXML Profile ebXML Profile matching ebXML Profile 1 ebXML Profile 2 Requirements Alignment App.1 App.2 ebXML Agreement Runtime communication ebXML Profile Components Collaboration Partner Collaboration Partner Agreements Profiles 5 Contract Business 4 Registry Integration BP Specification Workflow Taxonomy Process XForms 3 Specifications Schema Messages Assemblies Web Services 2 Motivation Time People Rules Events Roles Technology 1 Integration Data/Codes Services/Functions Network ebMS/SOAP Nouns Verbs Secure content delivery Deployment Flows / Components 4 Collaboration Partner Profiles 5 Collaboration Partner To/From Agreements Registry Partner 2 Events 2 Adaptors Rules 3 Messages Transform Verbs BP engine Nouns Assembly 4 1 Content Process Payload Secure Content Delivery Messages Nouns Verbs 2 Messaging Roles 1 Templates ebXML / WS Example – GM Bulk Used Cars <<BinaryCollaboration>> Bulk Buying Bulk Used General Motors Car Buyers Trading Partner Business Bulk Buying Agreement Specifies Process Business Process (CPA) Specifications (BPSS) Contains Check Vehicle Availability Business Dealer Location Transactions Vehicle History Speaker Submit PO Hint Contains XML Message You can change the DTDs Structures context here to your own project Example – Bulk Used Cars - Dealers Conceptual DealerLocator DealerLocator Speaker Map To Hint AvailableVehicle Map To Activity DealerLocation Activity You can DealerLocator change the context here e.g., Map DealerLocation to your Activity to the own project DealerLocator Map To Web service Business Analysts VehicleHistory Activity map B2B PurchaseRequest Activity Transactions to the services Map To available in Back- PurchaseApproval Activity end systems Map To [Business Error] DealerLocator Script into BPSS definitions Speaker You can Conceptual change the Hint context here to your AvailableVehicle own project Activity The B2B <<BusinessTransactionActivity>> DealerLocation Collaboration may Activity be composed of <<BusinessTransactionActivity>> several business transactions VehicleHistory <<BusinessTransactionActivity>> The resulting Activity VehicleHistory Activity sequence is PurchaseRequest captured in a BPSS Activity <<BusinessTransactionActivity>> Vehicle Purchase Request Activity PurchaseApproval Activity <<BusinessTransactionActivity>> VehiclePurchase Approval Activity [Business Error] Business Transactions Physical Example Deployment - GM DMZ Legac B2B— Tradin EJB y Internet Internal Business Apps g Firewal Partne l Services r EJB Business DB ebXML ebXM ebXM Services ebXM L L L Interface Systems SOAP Proce BSI MSH ss Orchestration Server Services J2EE Business Application Process Server J2EE Collaborati COTS AppsContainer Legac Web on y Apps Containe Apps r CPA BPSS Speaker This deployment model shows the ebXML components, Hint you can adapt this to your own implementation context. Deployment Issues - Information Quality • For eBusiness - vital to ensure low-cost interoperability • Accounting – mandatory for accuracy and verification • US Gov – critical for homeland security integration • Globally – meeting the challenges of a secure reliable electronic marketplace You can add context here to your Speaker own project, and Hint change the priority to those from your user commuity XML Information Exchange Quality (and long-term consistency) ebXML Secure Authenticated Delivery and Tracking: ebXML Messaging system, envelope format and payload with exchange source profile (CPP) controls Delivery Assembly Content Assembly: Business logic for content structure decisions and explicit rules to enforce content, Schema: and interdependencies, with Content structure definition and simple content typing XML business exchange context, and content definition UID references Schema Registry/ business information Dictionary UID content referencing system ensures consistent definition usage UID Comprehensive Messaging Delivery Web Services + ebXML Type Request/response Collaboration Communication RPC-style synchronous Synchronous, asynchronous communication between tightly communication coupled services, Document- style asynchronous communication between loosely coupled services Business Service CPP, CPA Interface description WSDL (WSDL within CPP, with CPA also) Protocol and Formats SOAP, XML ebXML Message Service (over SOAP), XML, BPSS (as "business" protocol) Content Standards None Recommended Standards (e.g. OAGI BODs, EDIFACT, UBL) How to find business UDDI Registry ebXML Registry partners (UDDI Registry may point to an ebXML Registry or Registry objects (e.g. CPA)) With thanks to Alan Kotok from his recent article : http://www.webservices.org/index.php/article/articleview/451/1/22/ ebXML in the marketplace Vendor products UCC ebXML Interoperability Certification • Eleven vendors: XML Global Fujitsu Sun Microsystems Sybase bTrade Sterling Commerce WebMethods Cyclone Commerce Mercator Excelon TIBCO • Full list of other ebXML vendors available from:- • http://www.ebxml.org/implementations/ Vendor Challenge – Implementing Business-Centric Approach Semantics - concept Frameworks & Stds • Define Business Context Business Goals • Use Case and Sequence Diagrams - linking • Identify Authoritative Sources • Register/Link Source Concepts - construct Conceptual Layer • Register Internal Concepts • Assign Classification • Place into organization’s ontology Business Drivers: Alias Model / Process / Patterns / Constraints Concepts Requirements Strategic • Identify business rules / patterns • Scope; atomics & constructs Context Business Layer • Structure: Resolution / Indenture Community • Workflow / process identification Reuse - of Interest Compound • Mandatory vs Optional Constructs • Sub-setting Codelists Target Constructs Legacy Outreach Speaker See presentation • Role-Process Identification • Standards & Framework Adoption Hint slide notes. Extension Layer • Qualifier to Object Breakout Reuse • Thesaurus Assignment • Publish Interchange Mapping Technology Model / Constraints Mappings Implementation Guide Tactical Partner Transaction / Presentation Profile • Collaboration Partner Specifics ‘Service’ • Elements vs Attributes Agreement Implementation Layer • Length, Datatyping and Masking • Routing & Packaging • Service Parameters • Framework Envelope - eg. X12 slots Physical ebXML projects Deployments, funding, and pathfinders today Speaker Hint This section can be customized to your audience. Additional project details can be found from the JMT website: http://www.ebxml.org/ebxml_jmt/index.htm/#documents US Government • CDC – lightweight ebXML client developed and being UCC certified • Homeland Security • NIST – OAG test-bed • DARPA – Advanced Supply Chain • CIO Council – Registry • DFAS – Information Agility – Addresses – Invoices • FDIC – MDR with intelligent mapping project Canadian Government • PWGSC – Registry – base implementation path finder • PWGSC - EDI transformation using ebXML approach - evaluation • XML in Ontario (XiO) – In Phase 2 through March 2003, evaluating tools to use ebXML Reg/Rep for prototype implementation – committed to ebXML. • EDAT – e-Forms Domain Architecture - In 2002, integrated MS BizTalk environment with a Registry and ebXML adapter. European ebXML • CEN/ISSS • EAN • CEN / eBIS Vendor forum - project began in September – to demonstrate implementations in Europe using ebXML • SEEM initiative for eCommerce • Industry - Steel 24x7 Open eXchange Automotive • GM demonstrated their ebXML system with web service integration at AIAG, Detroit - 25th Sept‘02 • Covisint – endorsed ebXML • STAR – ebXML messaging pathfinder implemented and delivered • AIAG – working from X12 base • OAG - Vendor challenges using automotive payloads and business processes • Straw poll in Detroit – 50% of new projects now using OAG V8 XML Industry • Australia – State of Victoria (Sydney) – Utility Supply – Gas and Electric Distribution – In production – 100,000 ebXML messaging transactions daily. • USA - State of Texas – Electric distribution – with power suppliers – Using ebXML messaging for daily transactions Industry Groups • DISA X12 – DRIVE Registry using GoXML – OTA and IFX • OAG – implementing Registry – OAGIS V8.0 schemas – Vendor challenges • UCCNet ebMS certification • OAG - RosettaNet – ebXML migration Latest Specification Developments Upcoming capabilities and extensions Content Assembly Mechanism (CAM) • Legacy payloads can be used ―as is‖ • Supports vocabulary alignment and multi-lingual element tags • Minimizes overhead in payload itself – can be just simple structure • Provides ability to do automated mapping • OASIS TC – scheduled to deliver complete specifications in July, 2003 Upcoming Registry Developments • ebXML V3.0 enhancements - partner discovery / extended content management services • Delivering on eBusiness web services - with critical federated model • Allows open industry and government deployments worldwide • Allows building collaborating communities Registry v 3.0 • Cooperating Registry Model – Allows linking multiple ebXML registries together – Loosely-coupled federation approach • Local operators have autonomy over their own registry • Can make several small registries appear as one single large registry – Supports direct accessing via URI (REST approach) – Built using the existing V2.0 Registry components – Event notification mechanism Example Deployment One View to User Organizations Request Federation Federation Server Make Associations Synch User Groups OAG Registry Local content control Content Classification STAR Registry OAG BOD's STAR Assemblies STAR BPS OAG staff Data Dictionary approve Data Dictionary Element Definitions Element Definitions STAR staff Transaction Assembly Transaction Assembly Extending ebXML Registry Collaborat Supported ion Business <<references>> Protocol 1.. WSDL Process Profile (BPS) (CPP) <<References>> 1.. <<References>> Binding CAM templates Info INPUT/ CAM templates OUTPUT DTDs & Schemas DTDs / 1.. Schemas DTDs / Schemas Physical Payloads Leveraging UDDI work within OASIS tModel Start Collaboration Protocol UDDI Registry here Profile (CPA / CPP) WSDL CAM templates Classifications ebXML Registry Binding INPUT/ Info OUTPUT DTDs & BPS Catalog Schemas CAM templates INPUT/ Core Core Core Core Comp. Comp. Comp. Comp. OUTPUT DTDs & Schemas UBL project ebXML Registry Vision “A semantic registry is the key foundation block upon which global electronic business exchanges will be built”. Summary Adopting ebXML - roadmap for implementers Planning • Incremental adoption of components and operational maturity Speaker • Plan 1 year, 2 year and 5 years out. Hint • Issues, implementation criteria, ROI, support, interoperability, XML. You can add your own project experience • Schema neutral content assembly. here and provide first hand reporting. • Separation of business semantics from XML mechanics. • Web services and discovery. Implementing ebXML roadmap Existing Integration New Deployment 1 Install messaging Install messaging INCREASING 2 Create partner delivery details Create partner delivery details 3 Document business process Agree on business process 4 Migrate existing payloads to new delivery Select payload standards Make assembly definitions Make assembly definitions MATURITY Map to applications Build payload content 4 Adopt Business Process automation - BPSS Adopt Business Process automation - BPSS 5 Cross reference assembly to registry Cross reference assembly to registry dictionary dictionary 6 Publish details to registry Publish details to registry Some ebXML selection metrics • B2B or large A2A Environments— extending or integrating enterprise systems, or when loosely coupled messaging is desirable • Need Reliable Messaging— when enterprise services perform updates, insert, or deletes to the underlying data model, reliable messaging becomes critical • Security is a Concern—when different security profiles and requirements exist between trading partners • High scalability requirements—ebXML‘s loosely coupled messaging architecture allows for horizontal scalability, queuing, and clustering • Want to Leverage Industry Standards—XML grammars, business process modelling and trading partner agreements Main ebXML concepts • Business Processes – defined as models in UMM, scripted in XML • Business Messages – content agnostic - exchanged using ebMS • Trading Partner Agreement – specifies parameters for businesses to interface with each other – expressed in XML • Messaging Layer – moves the actual XML data between trading partners – ebMS • Core components – library of pre-defined business vocabulary artifacts • Collaboration Registry - Provides a ―container‖ for process models, vocabularies, assembly templates, partner profiles + discovery. Continuing ebXML Work • Latest Specifications; available at http://www.ebxml.org • Infrastructure work continuing at OASIS – Messaging – Collaborative Partner Agreements (CPA) – Interoperability, Implementation, Conformance – Registry / Assembly • Conceptual / Process related work continuing at UN/CEFACT – Business Process – Core Components – Modelling / UMM ―Information systems have the potential to transform the Government and the services it provides to the public. But without consistent policies and standards to underpin those systems it will not be possible to work together to deliver ‗joined up‘ services.‖ RT Hon Ian McCartney MP, Minister of State, UK Cabinet Office ―Never plan further than 24 months out. Everything is going to be so different by then, why do it?‖ Number One of Gartner’s Top 10 E-Business Imperatives; www.gartner.com ―It is clear that ebXML will soon become the standard for all global trade. By implementing ebXML, GCI takes advantage of the excellent work that‘s being accomplished to streamline many EDI processes and remove waste and redundancy from supply chains.‖ Industry Groups Support ebXML The Open Healthcare Group Find out more http://www.ebXML.org Thank you!