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					NATO CLASSIFICATION   1
Implications of a Comprehensive
  Approach for Reserve Forces

                      Guy HANOULLE
                        LTC, BELAR
                   Plans & Policy Division
                    Introduction



Outline:
• Strasbourg/Kehl: towards a new Strategic Concept
• NATO`s Contribution to a Comprehensive Approach
• Implications for Reserve Forces
                 Strasbourg/ Kehl

• Strasbourg/ Kehl Summit Declaration:
  Strengthening the Alliance`s ability to confront existing
  and emerging 21st century security threats.

• Declaration on Alliance Security:
  Reaffirming basic values, principles and purposes of NATO
  and launching process to develop new Strategic Concept
  until Apr 2010.

• Multiple Futures Project synthesizes current trends into
  coherent projections about the future. Basis for discussion
  in order to develop the new Strategic Concept.
     Towards a new Strategic Concept

Threats and Challenges:

•   Terrorism
•   Proliferation of WMD/ WME
•   Cyber attacks
•   Access to resources
•   Globalization
•   Weak and Failed States
•   Climate Change
•   Use of Technology
•   Demographics
•   Competing ideologies and worldviews
          Comprehensive Approach

                    Basic Principle:
             As much military as necessary
      and as much civilian instruments as possible.
Action Plan 2008:
• To review NATO`s OPP,
• To enhance relationships
  to international non-NATO actors,
• To collect lessons learned and develop opportunities
  for civil-military education, training and exercises,
• To improve public messaging.
                    Action Plan:
        Planning and Conduct of Operations


Aim:
Full assessment of all military and non-military aspects
of a NATO engagement.

Ongoing Work:
• Review NATO Crisis Response System Manual
• Review Planning Documentation (NATO`s OPP)
• Optimize role of civilian officials,
  e.g. of the Senior Civilian Representative
• Review Guidelines for Operational Planning (SHAPE)
• List of national Experts
• Implementation of Effects-based thinking
                   Action Plan:
   Enhancing Cooperation with external Actors


Aim:
Mutual Understanding, Trust and Confidence in order to
achieve an effective implementation of a CA.

Ongoing Work:
• Joint NATO/ UN Declaration
  on 29 Sep 08
• Workshop with partners
  and non-NATO troop contributors
  on 06 Mar 09
• Workshop with NGOs on 29 May 09
                    Action Plan:
Lessons Learned, Training, Education and Exercises


Aim:
Application of lessons learned process and making greater
use of NATO training, education and exercise opportunities.

Ongoing Work:
• Military support to
  Stabilization and Reconstruction
• Developing courses/ exercises on a CA
• Comprehensive scenarios for exercises
• Crisis Management Exercises
                         Challenges

Internal:
• Objections against watering down NATO`s core mission
• Ambitions for the European Union
• Bureaucratic challenges

External:
• Some IOs` and NGOs` strict policy of impartiality
• Civilian reservations to the military in general
• Cultural differences
        Civil-Military Interaction




without a CA




                                with a CA
     Implications for Reserve Forces


• Full participation in NATO’s approach to act increasingly
  in concert with other organisations and institutions in
  order to deal with today’s security challenges.

• Reservists, by their very nature, can offer a broader
  knowledge and understanding of the philosophy and
  rules of other organisations and institutions.

• Reservists can offer specific capabilities as required
  increasingly in a comprehensive approach, i.e. in the
  domain of CIMIC, Medical capabilities, media, …
                   Conclusion



Against the background of a Comprehensive Approach,
    Reserve Forces have an increasing role to play
       by inter alia offering specific capabilities
   and by facilitating the mutual understanding and
knowledge of all organisations and institutions involved
NATO CLASSIFICATION   14

				
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posted:5/11/2011
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