grape export from india

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         Presented By:
        Gitanjali Deori- 10020242007
        Ishan Agarwal – 10020242008
        Komal Fulzele – 10020242009
       Manpreet Kalra – 10020242010
       Neemisha Chechi - 10020242011
• Origin – Western Asia and Europe
• Major Producing States – Maharastra, Karnataka,
  Punjab, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu
• Latest Production – 18.78 Lakh Tonnes
• Main Varieties – Thomson Seedless, Sonaka,
  Anabeshahi, Perlette, Banglore Blue, Pusa
  Seedless, Beauty Seedless Arkavati, Arkahans,
  Arkakanchan, Arkaneelmani, TaseGanesh, Sharad
  Seedless, Dilkush etc.
    Commercial varieties can be grouped under four
        categories based on colour & seeds:

•   Coloured seeded: Bangalore Blue, Gulabi (Muscat)
•   Coloured seedless: Beauty Seedless and Sharad Seedless
•   White seeded: AnabeShahi, Dilkhush (clone of AnabeShahi)
•   White seedless: Perlette, Pusa Seedless, Thompson Seedless,
    and its clones TasAGanesh, Sonaka and Manik Chaman

 Currently, the approximately area under Thompson Seedless is
  55% , Banglore Blue15% , AnabeShahi and Dilkhush15%,
  Sharad Seedless5%, Perlette5% and Gulabi & Bhokri
  together5% of the total area under grapes in the country
• Advanced Technology – Hard wood cutting and
  tissue cultural
• Precooling – Forced air
• Storage Conditions:
      Temperature : -5 to 0 C
      Relative Humidity : 85.90%
      Storage period : 38 weeks
      Freezing point : 1C
• Sensibility to – Freezing, Ethylene and Odours
             Growing Belts
• The major grapes production belts are as
  follows :
• Andhra Pradesh (Rangareddy, Medak,
• Tamil Nadu and Karnataka (Bangalore (R&U),
  Kolar, Bijapur)
• Maharashtra (Sangli, Satara, Nasik, Sholapur,
  Pune, Ahmed Nagar)
• Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan (Jhalwad)
Domestic strengths for exports of Grapes
• Grapes in India are mainly cultivated in tropical region of the
  country where vines are pruned twice. Fruit pruning can be adjusted
  to harvest the crop as per the demand of the importing country.
• Technology for production of Extra Class or Class I table grapes is
  available in the country.
• The grape growers of the country are very innovative and very much
  receptive to new technologies and have registered with
  GLOBALGAP certification.
• Yields of grapes in India are highest in the world.
• Farmers of different regions have organized themselves by forming
  association/cooperatives and thus transfer of technology is easy.
• Agri Export Zones for enhancing exports of grapes have been
• Farmers of Maharashtra state in cooperation with MSAMB have
  branded their product as MAHA GRAPE
• The grape cultivators have research support from NRC for
  grapes, Pune, IIHR, Bangalore and State Agricultural
• Grape growers in cooperation with MSAMB and APEDA have
  set up modern pack houses for handling and packing of grapes
  for exports.
• APEDA has already set up a residue analysis laboratory at
  Pune for grape growing area of Maharashtra in order to cater
  to phytosanitary requirements of importing countries.
• Geographically India is at an advantageous position as
  compared to Chile, South Africa and Israel for exporting
  grapes to South East Asian countries like Hong Kong,
  Singapore etc.
Production Trend of Grapes
                              Production IN 000'' MT

                       Value in Rupees
                       Qty. in Kg

                       Source: APEDA


  Variety             Middle East       Holland/Germany          U.K
    THOMPSON          Size: 15 mm          Size: 16mm             Size : 18 mm
     SEEDLESS         Colour white         Colour white          Colour Milky
                      /amber. TSS 17-      /amber. TSS >18       white /amber.
                      18 brix              brix                  TSS >18 brix.
                                                                 No variation in
    SHARAD            Size : 15 mm         Size : 16 mm          Size : 18 mm
   SEEDLESS           Colour Black         Colour Black          Colour
                                           Size : 16 mm          Size : 18 mm
FLAME SEEDLESS                             Colour Pink           Colour Pink
                                           4.5 kg / 9 kg pouch   4.5 kg / 9 kg pouch
                                           packing and 5 kg      packing and 5 kg
                                           punnet packing        punnet packing

   Storage Temp       0-1 C                0-1 C                 0-1 C
   Days required to   7-8 Days             21 days               21 days
  reach Destination
     From JNPT                                                    Source: APEDA
Thompson Seedless                     Flame Seedless

                    Sharad Seedless
                     Varieties in Demand
Name of the Varity       Description            Size       Harvesting period

THOMPSON             Round berries green 16 mm to 18 mm    January to April
SEEDLESS             color, Seed less
SONAKA               Elongated            16 mm to 18 mm   January to April
                     berries,green less
SHARAD               Round                16 mm to 18 mm   January to April
SEEDLESS             berries,Blackish red

FLAME                Round berries,       16 mm to 18 mm   January to April
SEEDLESS             Blackish red colour,
                     seedless variety.
• Three major quality parameters for export of
  the berries at post harvesting are:
Size of the grapes
Brix in the produce
Contamination due to pests
  • Size is determined by the weight of bunches
    (in gms). The following minimum (in gms)
    requirements per bunch are laid down for large
    and small berries grapes

Size tolerance:
Extra Class, Class I, Class II: 10% by weight of bunches not satisfying the size
Requirements for the grade, but meeting the size requirements for the grade
immediately below.
• It is primarily a measure of the carbohydrate
  level in plant juices
• Brix of the fruit depend on the irrigation of the
  field. If there is rain or the just irrigated then
  the average brix in the grapes will increase and
  make it unsuitable for the grape export
• More brix means more sugar content in the
  grapes which increase its chance to
  contamination during transportation of grapes
                 Insecticide/Pesticide       Max. Permissible
                                         Limits(mgm/kg)- Europe

Organochlorine Pesticides                ppm

Aldrin                                   ND

Chlordane (cis & trans)                  ND

Chlorothalonil                           1.00

DDT (all isomers)                        ND

Dichlofluanid                            10.00

Dicofol                                  2.00ppm

Dieldrin                                 ND

Endosulfan (all isomers)                 0.50

Endrin                                   0.01

Lindane                                  0.5

HCH (alpha & beta)                       ND

Heptachlor                               0.01
Organophosphorus Pesticides

Acephate                      0.02

Azinphos-methl                1.00
Chlorfenvinphos               0.05
Chlorpyriphos methyl          0.02
Drazinon                      0.02
Dichlorvos                    0.10
Dimerthoate                   1.00
Ehion                         0.50
Etrimphos                     ND
Fenchlorphos                  0.01
Fenitrothion                  0.50
Malathion                     0.10
Profenophos                   0.05
2-chlorophenol(metabolite)    ND
Methamidophos                 0.01
Methidathion                  0.50
Mevinphos                     0.10
Criteria For Grade Designation As
    Per AGMARK Standards
              Residue Analysis
• Sampling of grapes for residue analysis is usually done
  10-20 days before harvest
• 5 kg sample is taken randomly from each farm, in
  which 3 kg is crushed for testing immediately and 2 kg
  sample is kept in cold storage for 45 days till the
  consignment reach destination without any hindrance
• There are eight authorized institutions throughout India
  that can conduct residue analysis test
• For this test, they charge Rs.300 sample for one
  pesticide and Rs 7500 sample for all 87 chemicals
• APEDA gives 50% subsidy for residue analysis
• Residue analysis report is given to farmers within 6-8
  days. The residue analysis test is done for 92 chemical
• Harvesting
  Harvesting is done in morning hours
  based on the specifications of
  importer.     Weighing        is done
  immediately. The quantity harvested is
  entered in farmer’s registry.

• Knitting and Sorting/ Grading:
  Afterwards knitting of non uniform
  and water berries is done followed by
  sorting and weighing as per importers
   Grapes are usually packed in three types of Cardboard boxes for export
   Each box will have to be packed with grape guard, tear off liner and bubble
   sheets for Europe. For Middle East, each box has to be packed with paper
   cuttings, along with grape guard tape to hold two boxes.

• 5 kg Punnet packing : In this 500 gm transparent punnets are used.
  Totally 9-10 punnets are needed in each 5 kg Card board box. The punnets
  are imported from South Africa and Italy. From last one year UK and
  European imports are demanding grapes in punnet packing only.
• 4.5 kg Pouch packing : 9 plastic pouches of approximately 500 gm are
  kept inside 4.5 kg card board boxes. The demand for this type of packaging
  has decreased considerably with arrival of punnets. The cost of pouch will
  be around 50 paise each.
• 9 kg Pouch packing : 17-18 plastic zip pouches of appoximaely 500 gm
  are kept inside 9 kg card boxes. The demand for this type of packaging has
  decreased considerably with arrival of punnets.
Specification details for Corrugated Fiber Board (CFB)
             Boxes for packing (5 Kg Box )
           {Dimension: 480X300X100 mm}

            Source: Post- Harvest Manual for Export of Grapes, APEDA, New Delhi
      Cost of Packing for UK and EU
    Cost centre of           5 kg Box                40 ft container
     packing                                           (14.5 MT)
      Cost box @                27.5                      80000
    Rs.5.5 /kg
    Punnet @Rs 5/                50                       26100
     Grape guard                 8.3                      24070
     Bubble sheet                0.8                       2320
  @16 paise/kg
Tear off Liner @ 39             1.95                       5655
       Total                   88.75                      138145
              Source: Post- Harvest Manual for Export of Grapes, APEDA, New Delhi
• Pre cooling and Cold
  Storage : Pre –cooling is
  done at 0-2 C for 6-
  8hours.Usually cold stored for
  5-8 days depending on export

• Palletization: Wooden pellets
  are used to keep card boxes
  with in the containers. Grapes
  are exported in 40 ft container.
  Each container can hold 20
  pallets and carries 14.5 MT of
            Before Palletization
•   AGMARK certification
•   Fumigation certificate
•   PhytoSanitary certificate ( PSC)
•   Stuffing Permission
             Before Palletization
• AGMARK certification is compulsory, which is issued by
  Directorate of Marketing and Inspection officer of
  concerned area. AGMARK certification costs around 0.2 %
  of the FOB value. Usually this charge comes to around
  Rs.3000/ container.

• Fumigation certificate: As wooden pallets are kept in
  container, fumigation certificate is necessary for grape
  export. This will be issued by Private certified Pest control
  agency or pellet supplier. Fumigation charge is Rs 20-25 /
  pallet. So for a 40 ft container containing 20 pallets, this
  charge may end up at Rs 400-500.
• PhytoSanitary certificate ( PSC)
It can be availed from directorate of plant
protection, Quarantine and Storage, Ministry
Of Agriculture. Usually in Maharashtra
District Superintending Agricultural Officer
(SAO ) looks after procedures. For issuing
PSC usually 0.2% of the FOB value is
      Following information is collected from
        Exporter for issue of PSC for Grapes
• Application
• Copy of Import Permit
• Letter of credit/ agreement
• Performa invoice
• Copy of Import Export code
• The white and green copy of residue test report
• Container loading sheet/Packing list.
• Copy of declaration by farmer
• Farm inspection report
• Exporters declaration.
• Pack house recognition certificate issued by APEADA.
• Self- certified copy of the certificate of Agmark Grading (CAG) issued by
  the concerned Office of Marketing and Inspection.
• A Challan of prescribed fess paid for inspection.
           Stuffing Permission
• It is issued by Central Excise and Customs
  department. Stuffing permission is the permit
  to export a good to a particular place / nation
  from central excise. It is life time permission.
     Quality parameters such size, packing,
  temperature requirements should be according to
  the importers specifications. It is better to get
  requirement from the importer in writing in
  Purchase order. Pack the material strictly as per the
  sample provided by the importer’s requirement.
   Documents required for exports
a) Documents related to goods: -
• a) Invoice b) Packing List c) Certificate of origin
b) Documents related to shipment: -
• a) Mate Receipt b) Shipping Bill c) Bill of handing
c) Documents related to Payment: -
• a) Letter of Credit (L/C) b) Bill of Exchange
d) Documents related to quality of goods: -
• a) Phytosanitary Certificate b) GLOBALGAP Certification c) Health Certificate
e) Organic Certification: -
• - Certificate indicating material produce is based on organic farming.
f) Documents related to Foreign Exchange Regulations: -
• GR Form: Documents required by RBI which assures to RBI that the exporter will
    realize the proceeds of goods within 180 days from the date of Shipment.
g) Other Document:
• Bank Realization Certification (BRC): This is the advice given by Foreign Exchange
    Bank after the realization of money from Importer.
      Loading Of Container
• Refrigerated container usually comes from JNPT
  to the farm gate.
• While loading the grape to container, Central
  excise officer will inspect the commodity as per
  the purchase order and seal the container.
• Once the container is sealed, it can not be opened
  by anybody till it reach its destination.
Transportation Charge to carry a 40
ft refer container to JNPT, Mumbai

 Sr . No   From              Transportation cost

 1         Nasik             Rs 20000/ container

 2         Pune              Rs 18000/ container

 3         Sangli/ Tasgaon    Rs 25000/ container

                                       Source: Comtrade Database
               Procedure of Shipment
• Services of Customs House Agents ( CHA’s) to be reserved to carry out
  necessary logistic and paperwork required for export. Job like space for
  exports, order for the container, custom clearance of origin etc. is carried
  out by CHA. An efficient and competent CHA should be appointed.

•   Following is the list of documents to be provided to CHA:
   Letter of Credit (if available )
   Invoice
   Certificate of origin.
   Phyto sanitary certificate
   Packing List ( if items are more )
   Customs / Excise Formalities and charges.

• For agro exports, excise duty is not applicable. Customs Duty @ 1% with
  respect to the cost of the invoice is charged while processing the
• GrapeNet is an internet based Residue traceability
  software system, for monitoring fresh grapes
  exported from India to the European Union.
• GrapeNet is a first of its kind initiative in India
  that has put in place an end-to-end system for
  monitoring pesticide residue, achieve product
  standardization and facilitate tracing back from
  retail shelves to the farm of the Indian grower,
  through the various stages of sampling, testing,
  certification and packing.
Features of Grapenet
•The grape area in Nasik District is a naturally
developed cluster due to the agro-climatic conditions
and easy availability of related inputs.
•The growers association and “Mahagrapes”, an
organisation created by the farmers especially for
export of grapes, developed the pre-cooling
technology and introduced the Indian Seedless
grapes in London Super Market.
•The export of grapes from Maharashtra has been on
an increasing trend since the year 1990 and today it
has reached to 32000 MT earning a foreign exchange
of Rs 90 crores.
• A partnership firm of sixteen grape growers
• Mahagrapes exports its members produce in
  international markets. It negotiates for better
  prices, arranges the logistics.
• It acts as facilitator, quality controller, input
  supplier as well as service provider to its
  member societies.
• Indian Horticulture Database 2009
• NRC for Grapes, Pune (

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