Earth Observation Summit Update

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					     Group on Earth
Implications for the
Climate Observation
Office of Climate Observation
   Annual System Review

         Gregory W. Withee
       Assistant Administrator for Satellite
            and Information Services
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

               April 13, 2004
   Earth Observation Elements

  Climate                              Ecosystems

President’s Statement

                Our cooperation will
                enable us to develop the
                capability to predict
                droughts, prepare for
                weather emergencies,
                plan and protect crops,
                manage coastal areas
                and fisheries, and
                monitor air quality
           The Earth Observation Summit
           Washington, DC, July 31, 2003

Summit represented a high level governmental/political commitment
to move toward a comprehensive, coordinated, global network:

   •   Issued declaration to support this concept

   •   Launched development of 10-year implementation plan

   •   Established the Group on Earth Observations with US (NOAA)
    Earth Observation Summit Declaration
• Affirmed need for timely, quality, long-term, global information as a
  basis for sound decision making.

• Recognized need to support:
   1) Comprehensive, coordinated, and sustained Earth observation
      system or systems;
   2) Coordinated effort to address capacity-building needs related to
      Earth observations;
   3) Exchange of observations in a full and open manner with
      minimum time delay and minimum cost; and
   4) Preparation of a 10-year Implementation Plan, building on
      existing systems and initiatives by European ministerial in late

• Established ad hoc Group on Earth Observations (GEO) to develop

• Invited other governments to join.
Earth Observation Summit Participants
       Participating Governments
•   Algeria           •   Kazakhstan
•   Argentina         •   Mexico
•   Australia         •   Morocco
•   Belgium           •   Mozambique
•   Belize            •   Nepal
•   Brazil            •   Netherlands
•   Cameroon          •   New Zealand
•   Canada            •   Nigeria
•   China             •   Norway
•   Cyprus            •   Portugal
•   Denmark           •   Republic of the Congo
•   Egypt             •   Republic of Korea
•   Finland           •   Russian Federation
•   France            •   South Africa, co-chair
•   Gabon             •   Spain
•   Germany           •   Sudan
•   Greece            •   Sweden
•   India             •   Switzerland
•   Iran              •   Thailand
•   Indonesia         •   Ukraine
•   Ireland           •   United Kingdom
•   Israel            •   United States, co-chair
•   Italy             •   Uzbekistan
•   Japan, co-chair
                      • European Commission, co-chair
    Participating International Organizations
•   Association for the Development of Environmental Information (ADIE)
•   Central American Commission for the Environment and Development (SICA/CCAD)
•   Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS)
•   European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF)
•   European Environmental Agency (EEA)
•   European Space Agency (ESA)
•   European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT)
•   Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
•   Global Climate Observing System (GCOS)
•   Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS)
•   Global Terrestrial Observing System (GTOS)
•   Integrated Global Observing Strategy Partnership (IGOS-P)
•   Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC)
•   International Council for Science (ICSU)
•   International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (IGBP)
•   International Group of Funding Agencies for Global Change Research (IGFA)
•   International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR)
•   Network of European Meteorological Services/Composite Observing System
•   Partnership for Observation of the Global Ocean (POGO)
•   United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
•   United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
•   United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
•   United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA)
•   World Bank (IBRD)
•   World Climate Research Programme (WCRP)
•   World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Group on
    Earth Observations (GEO)

• Membership open to all countries
   – 47 countries (including the EC) are now represented

• International organizations are participants
   – 26 organizations are now represented

• Organized into 5 subgroups

• Established GEO Secretariat

• Established Implementation Plan Task Team
  Implementation Plan Task Team

• The Implementation Plan Task Team (IPPT) will draft the
  International 10-Year Implementation Plan

• IPPT is made up of one representative nominated by
  each GEO Co-Chair:
   – European Commission, Dr. David Williams of EUMETSAT

   – Japan, Dr. Toshio Koike of Tokyo University

   – South Africa, Dr. Robert Scholes of the Council for Scientific
     and Industrial Research (CSIR)

   – United States, Dr. Ivan DeLoatch of USGS
 U.S. Representatives to GEO Subgroups

GEO Architecture Subgroup
• Ivan DeLoatch, USGS, U.S. Representative (GEO Subgroup Co-Chair)
• Ron Birk, NASA, Alternate U.S. Representative
• Greg Withee, NOAA, Alternate U.S. Representative
GEO Capacity Building Subgroup
• Jacqueline Schafer, USAID, U.S. Representative (GEO Subgroup Co-Chair)
• John Jones, NOAA, Alternate U.S. Representative
GEO Data Utilization Subgroup
• Jack Kelly, NOAA, U.S. Representative (GEO Subgroup Co-Chair)
• Gladys Cotter, USGS, Alternate U.S. Representative
GEO User Requirements Subgroup
• Gary Foley, EPA, U.S. Representative
• Mary Gant, NIEHS/NIH, Alternate U.S. Representative
• Jim Yoder, NSF, Alternate U.S. Representative
GEO International Cooperation Subgroup
• Harlan Watson, State, U.S. Representative (GEO Subgroup Co-Chair)
• Bill Brennan, NOAA, Alternate U.S. Representative
• TBD, USGS, Alternate U.S. Representative
Group on Earth Observation (GEO) – Draft Timeline
    Earth Observation Summit-1 July 31, 2003
                                                                                         = GEO Secretariat
                  United States
    Initial GEO Meeting—August 1-2, 2003
                                                                                         = GEO Meetings planned

                                                                                         = GEO Meetings notional
               GEO-2 Italy
           November 28-29, 2003
                                                                                         = E.O. Summits

                           GEO-3 South Africa
                           February 25-27, 2004
                                                    Earth Observation Summit-2
                                                    April 25, 2004 Tokyo, Japan
                                                   GEO-4 Tokyo, Japan
                                                   April 22-23, 2004
                                                                                      GEO-5 Ottawa, Canada
                                                                                      September 2004

                                                                          Earth Observation Summit-3
                                                                                    Brussels, Belgium
                                                                                        February 2005
                                                                           GEO-6 Brussels, Belgium
                                                                                    February 2005

A     S     O     N    D     J     F    M      A     M    J      J   A    S       O     N      D      J      F

          2003                                            2004                                      2005
U.S. Plans
            FY05 Budget Directives

―A key goal of the Administration’s R&D investments is to enhance
  capabilities to assess and predict key environmental systems.

―Assessment and prediction are important to improving our
  understanding of and ability to model climate change, but they also
  affect many other aspects of society, such as health, resource
  management, weather prediction, sustainable development, and
  economic prosperity.

―To this end, integrated, comprehensive, global observation systems
  are required for understanding, monitoring, and predicting changes to
  the Earth system (atmosphere, land, freshwater, ocean and
   Interagency Working Group on Earth
          Observations (IWGEO)
• IWGEO reports to the White House Committee on
  Environment and Natural Resources (CENR)

• 15 agencies participate as members

• CENR Subcommittee Co-chairs are ex officio members

• Co-chairs
   – Ghassem Asrar, NASA
   – Cliff Gabriel, OSTP
   – Greg Withee, NOAA

• 5 Teams – mirror the GEO sub-group structure

• Includes a planning and integration team for
  development of the US 10-year implementation plan
                IWGEO Membership

Co-Chairs                            Principals (contd.)
 – White House Office of Science      – Federal Emergency Management
   and Technology Policy                Agency
 – National Aeronautics and Space     – National Institutes for
   Administration                       Environmental Health Studies
 – National Oceanic and               – National Institute for Standards
   Atmospheric Administration           and Technology
Principals                            – National Science Foundation
 – Department of Agriculture          – Smithsonian Institute
 – Department of Defense              – Tennessee Valley Authority
 – Department of Energy               – U.S. Geological Survey
 – Department of State                – U.S. Forest Service
 – Department of Transportation       – White House Council on
                                        Environmental Quality
 – Environmental Protection Agency
                                      – White House Office of
 – Federal Aviation Administration
                                        Management and Budget
                        IWGEO Goals

―to develop and begin implementation of the U.S. framework and 10
 year plan for an integrated, comprehensive Earth observation system
 to answer environmental and societal needs, including a U.S.
 assessment of current observational capabilities, evaluation of
 requirements to sustain and evolve these capabilities considering both
 remote and in situ instruments, assessment of how to integrate current
 observational capabilities across scales, and evaluation and
 addressing of data gaps;‖

―to formulate the U.S. position and input to the international ad hoc Group
 of Earth Observations (GEO) as formed at the Earth Observation
 Summit on July 31, 2003.‖
  U.S. 10-year Implementation Plan
• Focuses on societal benefits:
   – Reduce loss of life and property from disasters
   – Protect and monitor ocean resources
   – Understand climate, and assess and mitigate climate change
   – Support sustainable agriculture and combat land degradation
   – Understand the effect of environmental factors on human health
     and promote well being
   – Develop the capacity to make ecological forcasts
   – Protect and monitor water resources
• Will have flexibility to incorporate additional societal
  benefit areas
• Will work to integrate these benefit areas with the
  international plan
          IWGEO in the Year Ahead

•   Developing U.S. comments to international process
•   Developing U.S. 10-year Implementation Plan
•   Continuing to engage academic, industry, and
    non-profit partners to guarantee plan comprehensive and
    – April and June workshops are being planned to coordinate
      expert input and comment
    – Industry alliance has been formed
•   Planning anniversary of Washington Summit event and roll-
    out of 10-year Implementation Plan for broad community
    review and comment
•   Continue education/outreach on the global initiative