Soil Survey of Swift County, Minnesota by RMA

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									United States   In cooperation with
Department of
Agriculture
                Minnesota Agricultural
                Experiment Station and
                                          Soil Survey of
                Board of Water and Soil
                Resources                 Swift County,
Natural
                                          Minnesota
Resources
Conservation
Service
NRCS Accessibility Statement
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     information accessible to all of its customers and employees. If you are experiencing
     accessibility issues and need assistance, please contact our Helpdesk by phone at
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     with publications that include maps, graphs, or similar forms of information, you may
     also wish to contact our State or local office. You can locate the correct office and
     phone number at http://offices.sc.egov.usda.gov/locator/app.
                                                                                                                   3




How To Use This Soil Survey
This publication consists of a manuscript and a set of soil maps. The information provided can be useful in planning
the use and management of small areas.

To find information about your area of interest, locate that area on the Index to Map Sheets. Note the number of
the map sheet, and click on that sheet.

Locate your area of interest on the map sheet. Note the map unit symbols that are in that area. Turn to the
Contents, which lists the map units by symbol and name and shows the page where each map unit is described.
The map unit symbols and names also appear as bookmarks, which link directly to the appropriate page in the
publication.

The Contents shows which table has data on a specific land use for each soil map unit. Also see the Contents for
other sections of this publication that may address your specific needs.
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        This soil survey is a publication of the National Cooperative Soil Survey, a joint effort
    of the United States Department of Agriculture and other Federal agencies, State
    agencies including the Agricultural Experiment Stations, and local agencies. The
    Natural Resources Conservation Service (formerly the Soil Conservation Service) has
    leadership for the Federal part of the National Cooperative Soil Survey.
        Major fieldwork for this soil survey was completed in 1999. Soil names and
    descriptions were approved in 2000. Unless otherwise indicated, statements in this
    publication refer to conditions in the survey area in 1999. This survey was made
    cooperatively by the Natural Resources Conservation Service, the Minnesota
    Agricultural Experiment Station, and the Board of Water and Soil Resources. It is part of
    the technical assistance furnished to the Swift County Soil and Water Conservation
    District. Financial assistance was provided by Swift County.
        Soil maps in this survey may be copied without permission. Enlargement of these
    maps, however, could cause misunderstanding of the detail of mapping. If enlarged,
    maps do not show the small areas of contrasting soils that could have been shown at a
    larger scale.
        The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all of
    its programs on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, disability,
    political beliefs, sexual orientation, and marital or family status. (Not all prohibited bases
    apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for
    communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should
    contact the USDA’s TARGET Center at 202-720-2600 (voice or TDD).
        To file a complaint of discrimination, write USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights,
    Room 326W, Whitten Building, 14th and Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC
    20250-9410, or call 202-720-5964 (voice or TDD). USDA is an equal employment
    opportunity provider and employer.


        Cover: Irrigated soybeans in an area of Renshaw loam, 0 to 3 percent slopes, near Appleton.
    Irrigators are a distinctive part of the landscape in Swift County.




         Additional information about the Nation’s natural resources is available on the
       Natural Resources Conservation Service homepage on the World Wide Web. The
       address is http://www.nrcs.usda.gov.
                                                                                                                                                       5




Contents
How To Use This Soil Survey ................................. 3                J18A—Malachy sandy loam, 1 to 3 percent
Foreword ................................................................. 9      slopes .......................................................... 34
How This Survey Was Made ................................... 11                J19A—Hecla loamy fine sand, 1 to 3 percent
Classification of the Soils .................................... 13               slopes .......................................................... 35
  Table 1.—Classification of the Soils .................... 14                 J20A—Clontarf sandy loam, 1 to 3 percent
Soil Map Unit Descriptions .................................. 17                  slopes .......................................................... 36
  GP—Pits, gravel-Udipsamments complex .......... 18                           J21A—Hamar loamy fine sand, 0 to 2
  J1A—Parnell silty clay loam, depressional,                                      percent slopes ............................................. 37
      0 to 1 percent slopes .................................... 18            J22A—Renshaw loam, 0 to 3 percent slopes ..... 38
  J2A—La Prairie loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes,                                  J23A—Lamoure silty clay loam, 0 to 2
      occasionally flooded ..................................... 19               percent slopes, occasionally flooded ............ 39
  J3A—Arveson sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent                                       J24F—Buse loam, 18 to 40 percent slopes ........ 40
      slopes .......................................................... 20     J25A—Rauville silty clay loam, 0 to 1
  J4A—Rockwell loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes ........ 21                            percent slopes, frequently flooded ............... 41
  J5A—Fossum sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent                                        J26B—Darnen loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes ........ 41
      slopes .......................................................... 21     J27A—Hantho silt loam, 1 to 3 percent
  J6A—McDonaldsville silty clay, 0 to 2 percent                                   slopes .......................................................... 42
      slopes .......................................................... 22     J28A—Vallers clay loam, 0 to 2 percent
  J7A—Sverdrup sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent                                         slopes, bouldery ........................................... 43
      slopes .......................................................... 23     J29A—Cathro muck, depressional, 0 to 1
  J7B—Sverdrup sandy loam, 2 to 6 percent                                         percent slopes ............................................. 44
      slopes .......................................................... 24     J30A—Tara silt loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes ........ 44
  J8A—Egeland sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent                                       J31B—Arvilla-Sandberg complex, 2 to 6
      slopes .......................................................... 24        percent slopes ............................................. 45
  J8B—Egeland sandy loam, 2 to 6 percent                                       J32A—Bigstone silty clay loam,
      slopes .......................................................... 25        depressional, 0 to 1 percent slopes ............. 47
  J9A—Estelline silt loam, 0 to 2 percent                                      J33D2—Sisseton-Heimdal complex, 12 to 20
      slopes .......................................................... 27        percent slopes, eroded ................................ 48
  J10A—Sinai silty clay, 0 to 2 percent slopes ....... 27                      J34B—Byrne-Buse complex, 2 to 6 percent
  J10B—Sinai silty clay, 2 to 6 percent slopes ....... 28                         slopes .......................................................... 49
  J11A—Vallers clay loam, 0 to 2 percent                                       J35B—Hokans-Buse complex, 2 to 6 percent
      slopes .......................................................... 28        slopes .......................................................... 50
  J12A—Marysland loam, 0 to 2 percent                                          J36C2—Buse-Barnes complex, 6 to 12
      slopes .......................................................... 29        percent slopes, eroded ................................ 51
  J13A—Oldham silty clay loam, depressional,                                   J37D2—Langhei-Barnes complex, 12 to 20
      0 to 1 percent slopes .................................... 30               percent slopes, eroded ................................ 53
  J14F—Esmond loam, 18 to 40 percent                                           J38B—Zell-Eckman complex, 2 to 6 percent
      slopes .......................................................... 31        slopes .......................................................... 54
  J15B—Eckman silt loam, 2 to 6 percent                                        J38C2—Zell-Eckman complex, 6 to 12
      slopes .......................................................... 32        percent slopes, eroded ................................ 55
  J16A—Friberg silt loam, depressional, 0 to 2                                 J39A—Udorthents, shallow (sanitary
      percent slopes ............................................. 33             landfill) ......................................................... 56
  J17A—Quam silty clay loam, depressional,                                     J40A—Foxlake silty clay, 0 to 2 percent
      0 to 1 percent slopes .................................... 33               slopes .......................................................... 56
6




    J41A—Urness mucky silty clay loam,                                          J61A—Svea loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes,
       depressional, 0 to 1 percent slopes ............. 57                         bouldery ....................................................... 77
    J42C—Sandberg-Arvilla complex, 6 to 12                                      J62C—Buse-Barnes complex, 2 to 12
       percent slopes ............................................. 58              percent slopes, very bouldery ...................... 78
    J43A—Quam, Cathro, and Urness soils,                                        J62F—Buse-Barnes complex, 12 to 40
       ponded, 0 to 1 percent slopes ...................... 59                      percent slopes, very bouldery ...................... 79
    J44B—Esmond-Heimdal complex, 2 to 6                                         J63A—Ortonville-Vallers-Parnell,
       percent slopes ............................................. 60              depressional, complex, 0 to 3 percent
    J44C2—Esmond-Heimdal complex, 6 to 12                                           slopes .......................................................... 80
       percent slopes, eroded ................................ 61               J64A—Quam silty clay loam, 0 to 2 percent
    J45F—Sandberg sandy loam, 12 to 40                                              slopes .......................................................... 81
       percent slopes ............................................. 63          J65A—Shakopee silty clay, 0 to 2 percent
    J46B—Byrne silt loam, 2 to 4 percent                                            slopes .......................................................... 81
       slopes .......................................................... 64     J66A—Emrick loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes ......... 82
    J47A—Swenoda sandy loam, moderately                                         J67A—Fordtown loam, 1 to 3 percent
       wet, 1 to 3 percent slopes ............................ 65                   slopes .......................................................... 83
    J48A—Bigstone and Parnell soils, ponded,                                    J68A—Kerkhoven-Friberg, depressional,
       0 to 1 percent slopes .................................... 65                complex, 0 to 2 percent slopes .................... 83
    J49A—Lakepark-Parnell, depressional,                                        L33B—Kandiyohi clay, 2 to 5 percent
       complex, 0 to 2 percent slopes .................... 66                       slopes .......................................................... 84
    J50A—Balaton-Tara complex, 1 to 3 percent                                   L34A—Cosmos silty clay, 0 to 2 percent
       slopes .......................................................... 67         slopes .......................................................... 85
    J51A—Bearden-Quam, depressional,                                            M-W—Water, miscellaneous .............................. 86
       complex, 0 to 2 percent slopes .................... 68                   W—Water ........................................................... 86
    J52A—Rondell silty clay loam, 1 to 3                                        Table 2.—Acreage and Proportionate Extent
       percent slopes ............................................. 69              of the Soils ................................................... 87
    J53A—Ortonville loam, 1 to 3 percent                                      Use and Management of the Soils ...................... 89
       slopes .......................................................... 70     Interpretive Ratings ............................................ 89
    J54A—Marysland loam, depressional, 0 to                                        Rating Class Terms ........................................ 89
       1 percent slopes .......................................... 71              Numerical Ratings .......................................... 89
    J55A—Sedgeville loam, channeled, 0 to 2                                     Crops and Pasture ............................................. 89
       percent slopes, occasionally flooded ............ 71                        Cropland Management Considerations .......... 90
    J56A—Winger-Balaton-Parnell, depressional,                                     Crop Yield Estimates ...................................... 91
       complex, 0 to 3 percent slopes .................... 72                      Land Capability Classification ........................ 91
    J57A—Balaton loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes ........ 73                           Prime Farmland ............................................. 92
    J58B—Torning-Egeland complex, 2 to 6                                        Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings .......... 93
       percent slopes ............................................. 74             Windbreak Suitability Groups ......................... 93
    J59A—Urness mucky silty clay loam, sandy                                    Recreation .......................................................... 93
       substratum, ponded, 0 to 1 percent                                       Wildlife Habitat ................................................... 94
       slopes .......................................................... 75     Engineering ........................................................ 96
    J60B—Hattie-Audubon complex, 1 to 4                                            Building Site Development ............................. 96
       percent slopes ............................................. 76             Sanitary Facilities ........................................... 97
    J60C—Hattie-Audubon complex, 4 to 10                                           Construction Materials ................................... 99
       percent slopes ............................................. 76             Water Management ...................................... 100
                                                                                                                                                   7




Table 3.—Cropland Management                                               Table 13.—Water Management ........................ 387
    Considerations ........................................... 101       Soil Properties .................................................... 411
Table 4.—Land Capability and Yields per                                    Engineering Index Properties ........................... 411
    Acre of Crops ............................................. 127        Physical and Chemical Properties .................... 412
Table 5.—Prime Farmland ................................ 138               Water Features ................................................. 413
Table 6.—Windbreaks and Environmental                                      Soil Features .................................................... 415
    Plantings .................................................... 139     Table 14.—Engineering Index Properties ......... 416
Table 7.—Windbreak Suitability Groups ........... 174                      Table 15.—Physical Properties of the Soils ...... 477
Table 8a.—Recreation ...................................... 185            Table 16.—Chemical Properties of the Soils ..... 508
Table 8b.—Recreation ...................................... 208            Table 17.—Soil Moisture Status by Depth ........ 530
Table 9.—Wildlife Habitat .................................. 227           Table 18.—Flooding Frequency and
Table 10a.—Building Site Development ............ 241                           Duration ..................................................... 565
Table 10b.—Building Site Development ............ 262                      Table 19.—Ponding Frequency, Duration,
Table 11a.—Sanitary Facilities ......................... 289                    and Depth .................................................. 581
Table 11b.—Sanitary Facilities .......................... 314              Table 20.—Soil Features .................................. 599
Table 12a.—Construction Materials .................. 338                 References .......................................................... 611
Table 12b.—Construction Materials .................. 359                 Glossary .............................................................. 613


                                                                  Issued 2005
                                                                                                 9




Foreword
       This soil survey contains information that affects land use planning in this survey
    area. It contains predictions of soil behavior for selected land uses. The survey also
    highlights soil limitations, improvements needed to overcome the limitations, and the
    impact of selected land uses on the environment.
       This soil survey is designed for many different users. Farmers, foresters, and
    agronomists can use it to evaluate the potential of the soil and the management needed
    for maximum food and fiber production. Planners, community officials, engineers,
    developers, builders, and home buyers can use the survey to plan land use, select sites
    for construction, and identify special practices needed to ensure proper performance.
    Conservationists, teachers, students, and specialists in recreation, wildlife
    management, waste disposal, and pollution control can use the survey to help them
    understand, protect, and enhance the environment.
       Various land use regulations of Federal, State, and local governments may impose
    special restrictions on land use or land treatment. The information in this report is
    intended to identify soil properties that are used in making various land use or land
    treatment decisions. Statements made in this report are intended to help the land users
    identify and reduce the effects of soil limitations on various land uses. The landowner or
    user is responsible for identifying and complying with existing laws and regulations.
       Great differences in soil properties can occur within short distances. Some soils are
    seasonally wet or subject to flooding. Some are shallow to bedrock. Some are too
    unstable to be used as a foundation for buildings or roads. Clayey or wet soils are
    poorly suited to use as septic tank absorption fields. A high water table makes a soil
    poorly suited to basements or underground installations.
       These and many other soil properties that affect land use are described in this soil
    survey. The location of each soil is shown on the detailed soil maps. Each soil in the
    survey area is described, and information on specific uses is given. Help in using this
    publication and additional information are available at the local office of the Natural
    Resources Conservation Service or the Cooperative Extension Service.


    William Hunt
    State Conservationist
    Natural Resources Conservation Service
Location of Swift County in Minnesota
                                                                                                                  11




Soil Survey of
Swift County, Minnesota
              By Joe Kristoff, Natural Resources Conservation Service

              Fieldwork by Joe Kristoff, Ray Genrich, and Trudy Pink, Natural Resources
              Conservation Service

              United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service,
              in cooperation with the Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station and the Board of
              Water and Soil Resources




How This Survey Was Made                                    and other living organisms and has not been changed
                                                            by other biological activity.
   This survey was made to provide updated                     The soils and miscellaneous areas in the survey
information about the soils and miscellaneous areas in      area are in an orderly pattern that is related to the
the survey area, which is in Region 10 and is mostly in     geology, landforms, relief, climate, and natural
Major Land Resource Area 102A. Region 10 is an              vegetation of the area. Each kind of soil and
administrative division of the Natural Resources            miscellaneous area is associated with a particular kind
Conservation Service. Major land resource areas             of landscape or segment of the landscape. By
(MLRAs) are geographically associated land resource         observing the soils and miscellaneous areas in the
units that share a common land use, elevation and           survey area and relating their position to specific
topography, climate, water, soils, and vegetation           segments of the landscape, soil scientists develop a
(USDA, 1981). The Swift County survey area is a             concept, or model, of how the soils were formed. Thus,
subset of MLRA 102A. Map unit design and the soil           during mapping, this model enables the soil scientists
descriptions are based on the occurrence of each soil       to predict with a considerable degree of accuracy the
throughout the MLRA. In some cases a soil may be            kind of soil or miscellaneous area at a specific location
referred to that was not mapped in the Swift County         on the landscape.
subset but that is representative of the MLRA.                 Individual soils on the landscape commonly merge
   This survey updates the previous survey published        into one another as their characteristics gradually
for this area (Diedrick, 1973). The current survey          change. To construct an accurate map, however, soil
provides additional information and modern                  scientists must determine the boundaries between the
interpretations.                                            soils. They can observe only a limited number of soil
   The information includes a description of the soils      profiles. Nevertheless, these observations,
and miscellaneous areas and their location and a            supplemented by an understanding of the soil-
discussion of their properties and the subsequent           vegetation-landscape relationship, are sufficient to
effects on suitability, limitations, and management for     verify predictions of the kinds of soil in an area and to
specified uses. Soil scientists observed the steepness,     determine the boundaries.
length, and shape of the slopes; the general pattern of        Soil scientists recorded the characteristics of the
drainage; the kinds of crops and native plants; and the     soil profiles that they studied. They noted soil color,
kinds of bedrock. They dug many holes to study the          texture, size and shape of soil aggregates, kind and
soil profile, which is the sequence of natural layers, or   amount of rock fragments, distribution of plant roots,
horizons, in a soil. The profile extends from the surface   soil reaction, and other features that enable them to
down into the unconsolidated material in which the soil     identify soils. After describing the soils in the survey
formed. The unconsolidated material is devoid of roots      area and determining their properties, the soil
12




scientists assigned the soils to taxonomic classes           experience of specialists. For example, data on crop
(units). Taxonomic classes are concepts. Each                yields under defined levels of management are
taxonomic class has a set of soil characteristics with       assembled from farm records and from field or plot
precisely defined limits. The classes are used as a          experiments on the same kinds of soil.
basis for comparison to classify soils systematically.          Predictions about soil behavior are based not only
Soil taxonomy, the system of taxonomic classification        on soil properties but also on such variables as
used in the United States, is based mainly on the kind       climate and biological activity. Soil conditions are
and character of soil properties and the arrangement         predictable over long periods of time, but they are not
of horizons within the profile. After the soil scientists    predictable from year to year. For example, soil
classified and named the soils in the survey area, they      scientists can predict with a fairly high degree of
compared the individual soils with similar soils in the      accuracy that a given soil will have a zone in which the
same taxonomic class in other areas so that they             soil moisture status is wet within certain depths in
could confirm data and assemble additional data              most years, but they cannot predict that this zone will
based on experience and research.                            always be at a specific level in the soil on a specific
   While a soil survey is in progress, samples of some       date.
of the soils in the area generally are collected for            After soil scientists located and identified the
laboratory analyses and for engineering tests. Soil          significant natural bodies of soil in the survey area,
scientists interpret the data from these analyses and        they drew the boundaries of these bodies on aerial
tests as well as the field-observed characteristics and      photographs and identified each as a specific map
the soil properties to determine the expected behavior       unit. Aerial photographs show trees, buildings, fields,
of the soils under different uses. Interpretations for all   roads, and rivers, all of which help in locating
of the soils are field tested through observation of the     boundaries accurately.
soils in different uses and under different levels of           The descriptions, names, and delineations of the
management. Interpretations are modified as                  soils in this survey area may not fully agree with those
necessary to fit local conditions, and some new              in adjacent survey areas. Differences are the result of
interpretations are developed to meet local needs.           a better knowledge of soils, modifications in series
Data are assembled from other sources, such as               concepts, or variations in the intensity of mapping or in
research information, production records, and field          the extent of the soils in the survey areas.
                                                                                                                 13




Classification of the Soils
    The system of soil classification used by the          extragrades. The typic is the central concept of the
National Cooperative Soil Survey has six categories        great group; it is not necessarily the most extensive.
(Soil Survey Staff, 1998 and 1999). Beginning with the     Intergrades are transitions to other orders, suborders,
broadest, these categories are the order, suborder,        or great groups. Extragrades have some properties
great group, subgroup, family, and series.                 that are not representative of the great group but do
Classification is based on soil properties observed in     not indicate transitions to any other known kind of soil.
the field or inferred from those observations or from      Each subgroup is identified by one or more adjectives
laboratory measurements. Table 1 shows the                 preceding the name of the great group. The adjective
classification of the soils in the survey area. The        Typic identifies the subgroup that typifies the great
categories are defined in the following paragraphs.        group. An example is Typic Endoaquolls.
    ORDER. Twelve soil orders are recognized. The             FAMILY. Families are established within a
differences among orders reflect the dominant soil-        subgroup on the basis of physical and chemical
forming processes and the degree of soil formation.        properties and other characteristics that affect
Each order is identified by a word ending in sol. An       management. Generally, the properties are those of
example is Mollisol.                                       horizons below plow depth where there is much
    SUBORDER. Each order is divided into suborders         biological activity. Among the properties and
primarily on the basis of properties that influence soil   characteristics considered are particle-size class,
genesis and are important to plant growth or               mineralogy class, cation-exchange activity class, soil
properties that reflect the most important variables       temperature regime, soil depth, and reaction class. A
within the orders. The last syllable in the name of a      family name consists of the name of a subgroup
suborder indicates the order. An example is Aquoll         preceded by terms that indicate soil properties. An
(Aqu, meaning water, plus oll, from Mollisol).             example is sandy, mixed, frigid Typic Endoaquolls.
    GREAT GROUP. Each suborder is divided into                SERIES. The series consists of soils that have
great groups on the basis of close similarities in kind,   similar horizons in their profile. The horizons are
arrangement, and degree of development of                  similar in color, texture, structure, reaction,
pedogenic horizons; soil moisture and temperature          consistence, mineral and chemical composition, and
regimes; and base status. Each great group is              arrangement in the profile. The texture of the surface
identified by the name of a suborder and by a prefix       layer or of the substratum can differ within a series.
that indicates a property of the soil. An example is       The soils of the Fossum series are sandy, mixed, frigid
Endoaquolls (Endo, meaning within, plus aquoll, the        Typic Endoaquolls.
suborder of the Mollisols that has an aquic moisture          The Official Soil Series Descriptions (OSDs)
regime).                                                   provide the most current information about the series
    SUBGROUP. Each great group has a typic                 mapped in Swift County. These descriptions are
subgroup. Other subgroups are intergrades or               available on the Web at http://soils.usda.gov.
14                                                                                                         Soil Survey of



                                          Table 1.--Classification of the Soils
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                          |
         Soil name        |                                Family or higher taxonomic class
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                          |
 Arveson------------------|Coarse-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Typic Calciaquolls
 Arvilla------------------|Sandy, mixed, frigid Calcic Hapludolls
 Audubon------------------|Fine, smectitic, frigid Aquic Hapluderts
 Balaton------------------|Fine-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Aquic Calciudolls
 Barnes-------------------|Fine-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Calcic Hapludolls
 Bearden------------------|Fine-silty, mixed, superactive, frigid Aeric Calciaquolls
 Bigstone-----------------|Fine-silty, mixed, superactive, calcareous, frigid Cumulic Endoaquolls
 Buse---------------------|Fine-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Typic Calciudolls
 Byrne--------------------|Fine-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Calcic Hapludolls
 Cathro-------------------|Loamy, mixed, euic, frigid Terric Haplosaprists
 Clontarf-----------------|Coarse-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Aquic Hapludolls
 Colvin-------------------|Fine-silty, mixed, superactive, frigid Typic Calciaquolls
 Cosmos-------------------|Fine, smectitic, mesic Vertic Epiaquolls
 Darnen-------------------|Fine-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Cumulic Hapludolls
 Eckman-------------------|Coarse-silty, mixed, superactive, frigid Calcic Hapludolls
 Egeland------------------|Coarse-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Calcic Hapludolls
 Emrick-------------------|Coarse-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Pachic Hapludolls
 Esmond-------------------|Coarse-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Typic Calciudolls
 Estelline----------------|Fine-silty over sandy or sandy-skeletal, mixed, superactive, frigid Pachic Hapludolls
 Everts-------------------|Fine-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Cumulic Hapludolls
 Fordtown-----------------|Fine-loamy over sandy or sandy-skeletal, mixed, superactive, frigid Pachic Hapludolls
 Fordville----------------|Fine-loamy over sandy or sandy-skeletal, mixed, superactive, frigid Calcic Hapludolls
 Fossum-------------------|Sandy, mixed, frigid Typic Endoaquolls
 Foxlake------------------|Fine, smectitic, frigid Vertic Epiaquolls
 Friberg------------------|Fine-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Typic Argiaquolls
 Fulda--------------------|Fine, smectitic, frigid Vertic Epiaquolls
 Hamar--------------------|Sandy, mixed, frigid Typic Endoaquolls
 Hantho-------------------|Coarse-silty, mixed, superactive, frigid Aquic Hapludolls
 Hattie-------------------|Fine, smectitic, frigid Aquic Hapluderts
 Hecla--------------------|Sandy, mixed, frigid Oxyaquic Hapludolls
 Heimdal------------------|Coarse-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Calcic Hapludolls
 Hokans-------------------|Fine-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Calcic Hapludolls
 Kandiyohi----------------|Fine, smectitic, mesic Aquertic Hapludolls
 Kerkhoven----------------|Fine-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Cumulic Endoaquolls
 Langhei------------------|Fine-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Typic Eutrudepts
 La Prairie---------------|Fine-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Cumulic Hapludolls
 Lakepark-----------------|Fine-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Cumulic Endoaquolls
 Lamoure------------------|Fine-silty, mixed, superactive, calcareous, frigid Cumulic Endoaquolls
 Malachy------------------|Coarse-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Aquic Calciudolls
 Marysland----------------|Fine-loamy over sandy or sandy-skeletal, mixed, superactive, frigid Typic Calciaquolls
 McDonaldsville-----------|Clayey over sandy or sandy-skeletal, smectitic over mixed, frigid Vertic Endoaquolls
 McIntosh-----------------|Fine-silty, mixed, superactive, frigid Aeric Calciaquolls
 Okoboji------------------|Fine, smectitic, mesic Cumulic Vertic Endoaquolls
 Oldham-------------------|Fine, smectitic, calcareous, frigid Cumulic Vertic Epiaquolls
 Ortonville---------------|Coarse-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Aquic Calciudolls
 Parnell------------------|Fine, smectitic, frigid Vertic Argiaquolls
 Quam---------------------|Fine-silty, mixed, superactive, frigid Cumulic Endoaquolls
 Rauville-----------------|Fine-silty, mixed, superactive, calcareous, frigid Cumulic Endoaquolls
 Renshaw------------------|Fine-loamy over sandy or sandy-skeletal, mixed, superactive, frigid Calcic Hapludolls
 Rockwell-----------------|Coarse-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Typic Calciaquolls
 Rondell------------------|Fine-silty, mixed, superactive, frigid Aquic Calciudolls
 Sandberg-----------------|Sandy, mixed, frigid Calcic Hapludolls
 Sedgeville---------------|Coarse-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Fluvaquentic Endoaquolls
 Shakopee-----------------|Clayey over sandy or sandy-skeletal, smectitic over mixed, frigid Typic Calciaquolls
 Sinai--------------------|Fine, smectitic, frigid Typic Hapluderts
 Sioux--------------------|Sandy-skeletal, mixed, frigid Entic Hapludolls
 Sisseton-----------------|Coarse-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Typic Eutrudepts
 Spottswood---------------|Fine-loamy over sandy or sandy-skeletal, mixed, superactive, frigid Aquic Hapludolls
 Svea---------------------|Fine-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Pachic Hapludolls
 Sverdrup-----------------|Sandy, mixed, frigid Typic Hapludolls
 Swenoda------------------|Coarse-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Pachic Hapludolls
 Tara---------------------|Fine-silty, mixed, superactive, frigid Aquic Hapludolls
 Torning------------------|Coarse-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Typic Calciudolls
 Urness-------------------|Fine-silty, mixed, superactive, calcareous, frigid Mollic Fluvaquents
 Vallers------------------|Fine-loamy, mixed, superactive, frigid Typic Calciaquolls
                          |
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                                15



                                     Table 1.--Classification of the Soils--Continued
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                          |
         Soil name        |                                Family or higher taxonomic class
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                          |
 Winger-------------------|Fine-silty, mixed, superactive, frigid Typic Calciaquolls
 Zell---------------------|Coarse-silty, mixed, superactive, frigid Typic Calciudolls
                          |
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                                                      17




Soil Map Unit Descriptions
    In this section, arranged in numerical order, are the         The presence of multiple components in a map unit
soil map unit descriptions for the soil series mapped in      in no way diminishes the usefulness or accuracy of the
Swift County.                                                 data. The objective of mapping is not to delineate pure
    Characteristics of the soil and the material in which     taxonomic classes but rather to separate the
it formed are identified for each soil series. A brief        landscape into segments that have similar use and
description of the soil profile is provided in the map        management requirements. The delineation of such
unit descriptions. For more information about a soil          landscape segments on the map provides sufficient
series, the official series description can be viewed or      information for the development of resource plans, but
downloaded from the Web. The detailed descriptions            if intensive use of small areas is planned, onsite
follow standards in the “Soil Survey Manual” (Soil            investigation is needed to define and locate the soils
Survey Division Staff, 1993). Many of the technical           and miscellaneous areas.
terms used in the descriptions are defined in “Keys to            An identifying symbol is used for each map unit on
Soil Taxonomy” (Soil Survey Staff, 1998).                     the soil maps. This symbol precedes the map unit
    The map units on the soil maps in this survey             name in the map unit descriptions. Each description
represent the soils or miscellaneous areas in the             includes general information about the unit. The map
survey area. These soils or miscellaneous areas are           unit descriptions include representative values in feet
listed as individual components in the map unit               and the months in which a wet zone (a zone in which
descriptions. The map unit descriptions in this section,      the soil moisture status is wet) is highest and lowest in
along with the maps, can be used to determine the             the soil profile and ponding is shallowest and deepest
suitability and potential of a unit for specific uses. They   on the soil surface. The descriptions also include the
also can be used to plan the management needed for            frequency of flooding (if it occurs) and the months in
those uses. More information about each map unit is           which flooding is most frequent and least frequent.
provided in the tables (see Contents).                        Tables 17, 18, and 19 provide a complete display of
    A map unit delineation on the soil maps represents        this data for every month of the year. The available
an area on the landscape. It is identified by differences     water capacity given in each map unit description is
in the properties and taxonomic classification of             calculated for all horizons in the upper 60 inches of the
components and by the percentage of each                      soil profile. The organic matter content displayed in
component in the map unit.                                    each map unit description is calculated for all horizons
    Components that are dissimilar, or contrasting, are       in the upper 10 inches of the soil profile. Table 15
identified in the map unit description. Dissimilar            provides a complete display of available water
components are those that have properties and                 capacity and organic matter content by horizon.
behavioral characteristics divergent enough from                  The principal hazards and limitations to be
those of the major components to affect use or to             considered in planning for specific uses are described
require different management. They generally are in           in other sections of this survey.
small areas and could not be mapped separately                    Soils that have profiles that are almost alike make
because of the scale used. Some small areas of                up a soil series. Except for differences in texture of the
strongly contrasting soils or miscellaneous areas are         surface layer or of the underlying layers, all the soils of
identified by a special symbol on the maps.                   a series have major horizons that are similar in
    Components that are similar to the major                  composition, thickness, and arrangement.
components (noncontrasting) are not identified in the             Soils of one series can differ in texture of the
map unit description. Similar components are those            surface layer or of the underlying layers. They also can
that have properties and behavioral characteristics           differ in slope, stoniness, salinity, wetness, degree of
similar enough to those of the major components that          erosion, and other characteristics that affect their use.
they do not affect use or require different                   On the basis of such differences, a soil series is
management.                                                   divided into soil phases. The name of a soil phase
18                                                                                                       Soil Survey of




commonly indicates a feature that affects use or                  interpretations for specific uses are not available.
management. For example, Marysland loam, 0 to 2                   Onsite investigation is needed.
percent slopes, is a phase of the Marysland series.
                                                              Udipsamments
    A map unit is named for the component or
components that make up a dominant percentage of              Extent: 20 percent of the unit
the map unit. Many map units consist of one dominant          General description: Udipsamments are areas of soil
component. These map units are consociations. La                  that support plant growth. They are mapped as
Prairie loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes, occasionally                 areas of the pits that have been reclaimed or
flooded, is an example.                                           abandoned. Because of the variability of this
    Some map units are made up of two or more                     component, interpretations for specific uses are
dominant components. These map units are                          not available. Onsite investigation is needed.
complexes or undifferentiated groups.
    A complex consists of two or more components in
such an intricate pattern or in such small areas that         J1A—Parnell silty clay loam,
they cannot be shown separately on the maps.                     depressional, 0 to 1 percent slopes
Attempting to delineate the individual components of a
complex would result in excessive clutter that could                         Component Description
make the map illegible. The pattern and proportion of
                                                              Parnell, depressional, and similar soils
the components in a complex are somewhat similar in
all areas. Esmond-Heimdal complex, 2 to 6 percent             Extent: 85 to 95 percent of the unit
slopes, is an example.                                        Geomorphic setting: Depressions on lake plains, till
    An undifferentiated group is made up of two or                plains, and moraines
more soils or miscellaneous areas that could be               Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
mapped individually but are mapped as one unit                Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
because similar interpretations can be made for use           Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
and management. The pattern and proportion of the                 inches)
soils or miscellaneous areas in a mapped area are not         Drainage class: Very poorly drained
uniform. An area can be made up of only one of the            Parent material: Till
major soils or miscellaneous areas, or it can be made         Flooding: None
up of all of them. Quam, Cathro, and Urness soils,            Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,
ponded, 0 to 1 percent slopes, is an undifferentiated             April)
group in this survey area.                                    Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February, August)
    This survey includes miscellaneous areas. Such            Months in which ponding does not occur: January,
areas have little or no soil material and support little or       February, May, June, July, August, September,
no vegetation. The Pits component of Pits, gravel-                October, November, December
Udipsamments complex is an example.                           Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)
    Table 2 gives the acreage and proportionate extent        Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.4
of each map unit. Other tables give properties of the             inches
soils and the limitations, capabilities, and potentials for   Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 8
many uses. The Glossary defines many of the terms                 percent
used in describing the soils or miscellaneous areas.          Typical profile:
                                                                  A1,A2—0 to 22 inches; silty clay loam
                                                                  Btg—22 to 55 inches; silty clay
GP—Pits, gravel-Udipsamments complex                              BCg—55 to 80 inches; silty clay loam
                                                              Colvin soils
               Component Description
                                                              Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
Pits, gravel
                                                              Geomorphic setting: Drainageways on lake plains; flats
Extent: 80 percent of the unit                                    on lake plains; rims of depressions on lake plains
General description: Gravel pits are areas that have          Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
    been mined for gravel or sand. The areas are              Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
    actively being mined or are abandoned pits.               Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    Because of the variability of this component,                 inches)
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                        19




Drainage class: Poorly drained                            Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                      Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Flooding: None                                                inches)
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)            Drainage class: Moderately well drained
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)    Parent material: Alluvium
Ponding: None                                             Months in which flooding does not occur: January,
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.5        February, September, October, November,
    inches                                                    December
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5       Highest frequency of flooding: Occasional (March,
    percent                                                   April, May, June, July, August)
Typical profile:                                          Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; silty clay loam                    Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet
    Bk—10 to 25 inches; silt loam                             (February, August)
    Cg—25 to 80 inches; stratified silt loam to silty     Ponding: None
       clay loam                                          Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.9
                                                              inches
Vallers soils
                                                          Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit                           percent
Geomorphic setting: Drainageways on till plains; rims     Typical profile:
    of depressions on till plains; flats on till plains       Ap—0 to 9 inches; loam
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                                   A—9 to 38 inches; loam
Texture of the surface layer: Clay loam                       Bw—38 to 50 inches; loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60         C—50 to 60 inches; loam
    inches)
                                                          Lamoure soils
Drainage class: Poorly drained
Parent material: Till                                     Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Flooding: None                                            Geomorphic setting: Flats on flood plains
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)            Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)    Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
Ponding: None                                             Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.6        inches)
    inches                                                Drainage class: Poorly drained
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5     Parent material: Alluvium
    percent                                               Months in which flooding does not occur: January,
Typical profile:                                              February, September, October, November,
    Ap,A—0 to 14 inches; clay loam                            December
    Bkg—14 to 38 inches; loam                             Highest frequency of flooding: Occasional (March,
    Cg—38 to 80 inches; loam                                  April, May, June, July, August)
                                                          Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
             Major Uses of the Map Unit
                                                          Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
• Cropland                                                Ponding: None
                                                          Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.9
                                                              inches
J2A—La Prairie loam, 0 to 2 percent                       Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6
   slopes, occasionally flooded                               percent
                                                          Typical profile:
                Component Description                         A1,A2—0 to 27 inches; silty clay loam
                                                              Cg1—27 to 34 inches; silty clay loam
La Prairie and similar soils
                                                              Cg2—34 to 60 inches; silt loam
Extent: 80 to 95 percent of the unit
                                                                       Major Uses of the Map Unit
Geomorphic setting: Flats on flood plains
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                               • Cropland
20                                                                                               Soil Survey of




J3A—Arveson sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent                  Marysland soils in depressions
   slopes                                               Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
                                                        Geomorphic setting: Depressions on outwash
             Component Description
                                                            plains
Arveson and similar soils                               Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
                                                        Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Extent: 70 to 90 percent of the unit
                                                        Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Geomorphic setting: Rims of depressions on outwash
                                                            inches)
    plains; drainageways on outwash plains; flats on
                                                        Drainage class: Very poorly drained
    outwash plains
                                                        Parent material: Outwash
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
                                                        Flooding: None
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
                                                        Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,
Depth to restrictive feature: More than 60 inches
                                                            April)
Drainage class: Poorly drained
                                                        Deepest depth to wet zone: 1.8 feet (August)
Parent material: Outwash
                                                        Months in which ponding does not occur: January,
Flooding: None
                                                            February, May, June, July, August, September,
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
                                                            October, November, December
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (August)
                                                        Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)
Ponding: None
                                                        Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.3
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 7.6
                                                            inches
    inches
                                                        Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 8
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
                                                            percent
    percent
                                                        Typical profile:
Typical profile:
                                                            Ap,Ak—0 to 19 inches; loam
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; sandy loam
                                                            Bkg—19 to 23 inches; sandy loam
    Ak—10 to 22 inches; sandy loam
                                                            2Cg—23 to 80 inches; sand
    Bkg—22 to 35 inches; sandy loam
    2Cg—35 to 80 inches; sand                           Malachy soils
Marysland soils                                         Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
                                                        Geomorphic setting: Knolls on outwash plains
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
                                                        Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
Geomorphic setting: Drainageways on outwash plains;
                                                        Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
    flats on outwash plains; rims of depressions on
                                                        Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    outwash plains
                                                            inches)
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
                                                        Drainage class: Moderately well drained
Texture of the surface layer: Loam
                                                        Parent material: Outwash
Depth to restrictive feature: Mmore than 60 inches
                                                        Flooding: None
Drainage class: Poorly drained
                                                        Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)
Parent material: Outwash
                                                        Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (February, August)
Flooding: None
                                                        Ponding: None
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
                                                        Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.2
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (August)
                                                            inches
Ponding: None
                                                        Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.6
                                                            percent
    inches
                                                        Typical profile:
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
                                                            Ap,A—0 to 17 inches; sandy loam
    percent
                                                            Bk—17 to 28 inches; sandy loam
Typical profile:
                                                            2C—28 to 80 inches; loamy sand
    Ap—0 to 9 inches; loam
    Ak—9 to 12 inches; loam
                                                                     Major Uses of the Map Unit
    Bkg—12 to 27 inches; loam
    2Cg—27 to 80 inches; sand                           • Cropland
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                     21




J4A—Rockwell loam, 0 to 2 percent                            Ak—10 to 22 inches; sandy loam
   slopes                                                    Bkg—22 to 35 inches; sandy loam
                                                             2Cg—35 to 80 inches; sand
             Component Description
                                                                      Major Uses of the Map Unit
Rockwell and similar soils
                                                         • Cropland
Extent: 80 to 95 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Flats on outwash plains;
    drainageways on outwash plains; rims of              J5A—Fossum sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent
    depressions on outwash plains                           slopes
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                                     Component Description
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                         Fossum and similar soils
    inches)
Drainage class: Poorly drained                           Extent: 75 to 95 percent of the unit
Parent material: Outwash over lacustrine deposits;       Geomorphic setting: Drainageways on outwash plains;
    outwash over till                                        rims of depressions on outwash plains; flats on
Flooding: None                                               outwash plains
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)           Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (August)               Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
Ponding: None                                            Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.1       inches)
    inches                                               Drainage class: Poorly drained
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5.6    Parent material: Outwash
    percent                                              Flooding: None
Typical profile:                                         Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
    Ap—0 to 9 inches; loam                               Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (August)
    Ak—9 to 16 inches; loam                              Ponding: None
    Bg—16 to 25 inches; sandy loam                       Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 5.3
    2Cg—25 to 45 inches; stratified silt loam to silty       inches
       clay loam                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5
    3Cg—45 to 80 inches; clay loam                           percent
                                                         Typical profile:
Arveson soils
                                                             Ap,A1—0 to 13 inches; sandy loam
Extent: 0 to 15 percent of the unit                          A2—13 to 21 inches; sand
Geomorphic setting: Rims of depressions on outwash           Cg—21 to 80 inches; fine sand
    plains; drainageways on outwash plains; flats on
                                                         Arveson soils
    outwash plains
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                              Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                 Geomorphic setting: Rims of depressions on outwash
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60        plains; drainageways on outwash plains; flats on
    inches)                                                  outwash plains
Drainage class: Poorly drained                           Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Parent material: Outwash                                 Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
Flooding: None                                           Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)               inches)
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (August)               Drainage class: Poorly drained
Ponding: None                                            Parent material: Outwash
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 7.6    Flooding: None
    inches                                               Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5    Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (August)
    percent                                              Ponding: None
Typical profile:                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 7.6
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; sandy loam                            inches
22                                                                                                Soil Survey of




Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5    Typical profile:
    percent                                                  Ap—0 to 9 inches; loamy fine sand
Typical profile:                                             C—9 to 80 inches; fine sand
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; sandy loam
                                                                      Major Uses of the Map Unit
    Ak—10 to 22 inches; sandy loam
    Bkg—22 to 35 inches; sandy loam                      • Cropland
    2Cg—35 to 80 inches; sand

Fossum soils in depressions                              J6A—McDonaldsville silty clay, 0 to 2
                                                            percent slopes
Extent: 1 to 5 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Depressions on outwash plains                      Component Description
Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
                                                         McDonaldsville and similar soils
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Extent: 80 to 95 percent of the unit
    inches)                                              Geomorphic setting: Flats and drainageways on
Drainage class: Very poorly drained                          outwash plains
Parent material: Outwash                                 Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Flooding: None                                           Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay
Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,     Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    April)                                                   inches)
Deepest depth to wet zone: 1.8 feet (August)             Drainage class: Poorly drained
Months in which ponding does not occur: January,         Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over outwash
    February, May, June, July, August, September,        Flooding: None
    October, November, December                          Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)                          Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (August)
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 4.9    Ponding: None
    inches                                               Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 8.5
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4          inches
    percent                                              Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6
Typical profile:                                             percent
    Ap—0 to 8 inches; sandy loam                         Typical profile:
    A—8 to 14 inches; sand                                   Ap,A—0 to 17 inches; silty clay
    Cg—14 to 80 inches; fine sand                            Bw,BC—17 to 36 inches; silty clay
                                                             2C—36 to 80 inches; sand
Hecla soils
                                                         Somewhat poorly drained soils
Extent: 0 to 5 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Flats and swales on outwash          Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
    plains                                               Geomorphic setting: Flats on outwash plains
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                              Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Loamy fine sand            Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    inches)                                                  inches)
Drainage class: Moderately well drained                  Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained
Parent material: Outwash                                 Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over outwash
Flooding: None                                           Flooding: None
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)           Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.5 feet (April)
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (February, August)   Deepest depth to wet zone: 5.9 feet (February, August)
Ponding: None                                            Ponding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 5.1    Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.2
    inches                                                   inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.4    Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6
    percent                                                  percent
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                     23




Typical profile:                                        Typical profile:
    Ap,A—0 to 32 inches; silty clay                         Ap—0 to 10 inches; sandy loam
    Bw,BC—32 to 46 inches; silty clay                       Ak—10 to 22 inches; sandy loam
    2C—46 to 80 inches; sand                                Bkg—22 to 35 inches; sandy loam
                                                            2Cg—35 to 80 inches; sand
             Major Uses of the Map Unit
                                                        Clontarf soils
• Cropland
                                                        Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
                                                        Geomorphic setting: Flats and swales on outwash
J7A—Sverdrup sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent                     plains
   slopes                                               Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
                                                        Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
              Component Description                     Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                            inches)
Sverdrup and similar soils
                                                        Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained
Extent: 75 to 95 percent of the unit                    Parent material: Outwash
Geomorphic setting: Flats on outwash plains             Flooding: None
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                             Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.3 feet (April)
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                Deepest depth to wet zone: 3 feet (August)
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60   Ponding: None
    inches)                                             Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.5
Drainage class: Well drained                                inches
Parent material: Outwash                                Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3
Flooding: None                                              percent
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year          Typical profile:
Ponding: None                                               Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; sandy loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 4.6       Bw—15 to 25 inches; sandy loam
    inches                                                  2C—25 to 80 inches; sand
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3
                                                        Egeland soils
    percent
Typical profile:                                        Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
    Ap,A—0 to 12 inches; sandy loam                     Geomorphic setting: Flats on outwash plains
    Bw—12 to 26 inches; sandy loam                      Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
    2C—26 to 80 inches; sand                            Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
                                                        Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Arveson soils
                                                            inches)
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit                     Drainage class: Well drained
Geomorphic setting: Flats on outwash plains;            Parent material: Outwash
    drainageways on outwash plains; rims of             Flooding: None
    depressions on outwash plains                       Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                             Ponding: None
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.4
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60       inches
    inches)                                             Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.6
Drainage class: Poorly drained                              percent
Parent material: Outwash                                Typical profile:
Flooding: None                                              Ap—0 to 8 inches; sandy loam
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)              Bw1,Bw2—8 to 30 inches; sandy loam
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (August)                  Bw3—30 to 35 inches; loamy sand
Ponding: None                                               Bk—35 to 48 inches; loamy fine sand
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 7.6       C—48 to 80 inches; loamy fine sand
    inches
                                                                     Major Uses of the Map Unit
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
    percent                                             • Cropland
24                                                                                               Soil Survey of




J7B—Sverdrup sandy loam, 2 to 6 percent                 Position on the landform: Backslopes and summits
   slopes                                               Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
                                                        Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
             Component Description                      Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                            inches)
Sverdrup and similar soils
                                                        Drainage class: Well drained
Extent: 85 to 95 percent of the unit                    Parent material: Outwash
Geomorphic setting: Hills on outwash plains             Flooding: None
Position on the landform: Summits, shoulders, and       Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
    backslopes                                          Ponding: None
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent                             Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.4
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                    inches
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60   Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.6
    inches)                                                 percent
Drainage class: Well drained                            Typical profile:
Parent material: Outwash                                    Ap—0 to 8 inches; sandy loam
Flooding: None                                              Bw1,Bw2—8 to 30 inches; sandy loam
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year              Bw3—30 to 35 inches; loamy sand
Ponding: None                                               Bk—35 to 48 inches; loamy fine sand
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 4.6       C—48 to 80 inches; loamy fine sand
    inches
                                                                     Major Uses of the Map Unit
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3
    percent                                             • Cropland
Typical profile:
    Ap,A—0 to 12 inches; sandy loam
    Bw—12 to 26 inches; sandy loam                      J8A—Egeland sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent
    2C—26 to 80 inches; sand                               slopes
Clontarf soils
                                                                      Component Description
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
                                                        Egeland and similar soils
Geomorphic setting: Flats and swales on outwash
    plains                                              Extent: 70 to 90 percent of the unit
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                             Geomorphic setting: Flats on outwash plains
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60   Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
    inches)                                             Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained                     inches)
Parent material: Outwash                                Drainage class: Well drained
Flooding: None                                          Parent material: Outwash
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.3 feet (April)          Flooding: None
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3 feet (August)              Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Ponding: None                                           Ponding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.5   Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 7.5
    inches                                                  inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3     Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3
    percent                                                 percent
Typical profile:                                        Typical profile:
    Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; sandy loam                         Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; sandy loam
    Bw—15 to 25 inches; sandy loam                          Bw—15 to 40 inches; sandy loam
    2C—25 to 80 inches; sand                                Bk—40 to 60 inches; sandy loam
                                                            C—60 to 80 inches; loamy sand
Egeland soils
                                                        Clontarf soils
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Hills on outwash plains             Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                     25




Geomorphic setting: Flats and swales on outwash         Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
    plains                                              Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (August)
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                             Ponding: None
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 7.6
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60       inches
    inches)                                             Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained                     percent
Parent material: Outwash                                Typical profile:
Flooding: None                                              Ap—0 to 10 inches; sandy loam
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.3 feet (April)              Ak—10 to 22 inches; sandy loam
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3 feet (August)                  Bkg—22 to 35 inches; sandy loam
Ponding: None                                               2Cg—35 to 80 inches; sand
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.5
                                                        Hantho soils
    inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3     Extent: 0 to 5 percent of the unit
    percent                                             Geomorphic setting: Swales and flats on outwash
Typical profile:                                            plains
    Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; sandy loam                     Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
    Bw—15 to 25 inches; sandy loam                      Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam
    2C—25 to 80 inches; sand                            Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                            inches)
Sverdrup soils                                          Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained
                                                        Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
                                                        Flooding: None
Geomorphic setting: Flats on outwash plains
                                                        Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.5 feet (April)
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
                                                        Deepest depth to wet zone: 5.9 feet (February, August)
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
                                                        Ponding: None
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                        Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 12.3
    inches)
                                                            inches
Drainage class: Well drained
                                                        Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5
Parent material: Outwash
                                                            percent
Flooding: None
                                                        Typical profile:
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
                                                            Ap,A—0 to 12 inches; silt loam
Ponding: None
                                                            Bw—12 to 24 inches; silt loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 4.6
                                                            Bk,Bkg—24 to 65 inches; silt loam
    inches
                                                            Cg—65 to 80 inches; silt loam
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3
    percent                                                          Major Uses of the Map Unit
Typical profile:
                                                        • Cropland
    Ap,A—0 to 12 inches; sandy loam
    Bw—12 to 26 inches; sandy loam
    2C—26 to 80 inches; sand                            J8B—Egeland sandy loam, 2 to 6 percent
Arveson soils                                              slopes
Extent: 0 to 5 percent of the unit                                    Component Description
Geomorphic setting: Drainageways on outwash plains;
                                                        Egeland and similar soils
    flats on outwash plains; rims of depressions on
    outwash plains                                      Extent: 70 to 90 percent of the unit
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                             Geomorphic setting: Hills on outwash plains
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                Position on the landform: Backslopes, shoulders, and
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60       summits
    inches)                                             Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
Drainage class: Poorly drained                          Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
Parent material: Outwash                                Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Flooding: None                                              inches)
26                                                                                               Soil Survey of




Drainage class: Well drained                            Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3
Parent material: Outwash                                    percent
Flooding: None                                          Typical profile:
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year              Ap,A—0 to 12 inches; sandy loam
Ponding: None                                               Bw—12 to 26 inches; sandy loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.3       2C—26 to 80 inches; sand
    inches
                                                        Torning soils
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.9
    percent                                             Extent: 0 to 5 percent of the unit
Typical profile:                                        Geomorphic setting: Hills on outwash plains
    Ap,A—0 to 9 inches; sandy loam                      Position on the landform: Shoulders
    Bw—9 to 26 inches; sandy loam                       Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
    Bk—26 to 39 inches; loamy sand                      Texture of the surface layer: Fine sandy loam
    C—39 to 80 inches; loamy sand                       Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                            inches)
Clontarf soils
                                                        Drainage class: Well drained
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit                     Parent material: Outwash
Geomorphic setting: Flats and swales on outwash         Flooding: None
    plains                                              Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                             Ponding: None
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.2
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60       inches
    inches)                                             Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.2
Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained                     percent
Parent material: Outwash                                Typical profile:
Flooding: None                                              Ap—0 to 8 inches; fine sandy loam
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.3 feet (April)              Bk—8 to 30 inches; fine sandy loam
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3 feet (August)                  C—30 to 80 inches; fine sand
Ponding: None
                                                        Eckman soils
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.5
    inches                                              Extent: 0 to 5 percent of the unit
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3     Geomorphic setting: Hills on outwash plains
    percent                                             Position on the landform: Backslopes, shoulders, and
Typical profile:                                            summits
    Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; sandy loam                     Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
    Bw—15 to 25 inches; sandy loam                      Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam
    2C—25 to 80 inches; sand                            Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                            inches)
Sverdrup soils
                                                        Drainage class: Well drained
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit                     Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
Geomorphic setting: Hills on outwash plains             Flooding: None
Position on the landform: Shoulders                     Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent                             Ponding: None
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 12.7
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60       inches
    inches)                                             Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5
Drainage class: Well drained                                percent
Parent material: Outwash                                Typical profile:
Flooding: None                                              Ap,A—0 to 13 inches; silt loam
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year              Bw—13 to 22 inches; silt loam
Ponding: None                                               Bk—22 to 30 inches; silt loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 4.6       BC,C—30 to 80 inches; silt loam
    inches
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                     27




Egeland soils that are eroded                           Soils that have a thin surface layer
Extent: 0 to 5 percent of the unit                      Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Hills on outwash plains             Geomorphic setting: Flats on outwash plains
Position on the landform: Shoulders                     Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent                             Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60       inches)
    inches)                                             Drainage class: Well drained
Drainage class: Well drained                            Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over outwash
Parent material: Outwash                                Flooding: None
Flooding: None                                          Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year          Ponding: None
Ponding: None                                           Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.8
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.1       inches
    inches                                              Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.8       percent
    percent                                             Typical profile:
Typical profile:                                            Ap—0 to 10 inches; silt loam
    Ap,A—0 to 7 inches; sandy loam                          Bw—10 to 15 inches; silty clay loam
    Bw—7 to 20 inches; sandy loam                           Bk—15 to 26 inches; silt loam
    Bk—20 to 39 inches; loamy sand                          2C—26 to 80 inches; gravelly sand
    C—39 to 80 inches; loamy sand
                                                                     Major Uses of the Map Unit
             Major Uses of the Map Unit
                                                        • Cropland
• Cropland

                                                        J10A—Sinai silty clay, 0 to 2 percent
J9A—Estelline silt loam, 0 to 2 percent                    slopes
   slopes
                                                                      Component Description
              Component Description
                                                        Sinai and similar soils
Estelline and similar soils
                                                        Extent: 80 to 95 percent of the unit
Extent: 85 to 95 percent of the unit                    Geomorphic setting: Flats on moraines
Geomorphic setting: Flats on outwash plains             Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                             Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay
Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam                 Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60       inches)
    inches)                                             Drainage class: Moderately well drained
Drainage class: Well drained                            Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over outwash       Flooding: None
Flooding: None                                          Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April, May)
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year          Deepest depth to wet zone: 5.6 feet (February, August)
Ponding: None                                           Ponding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 8.4   Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9
    inches                                                  inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.4   Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5
    percent                                                 percent
Typical profile:                                        Typical profile:
    Ap—0 to 6 inches; silt loam                             Ap,A—0 to 12 inches; silty clay
    Bw—6 to 27 inches; silty clay loam                      Bss—12 to 23 inches; silty clay
    Bk—27 to 37 inches; silt loam                           Bkss—23 to 42 inches; silty clay
    2C—37 to 60 inches; gravelly sand                       C—42 to 60 inches; silty clay
28                                                                                                Soil Survey of




Fulda soils                                                  Bss—12 to 23 inches; silty clay
                                                             Bkss—23 to 42 inches; silty clay
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
                                                             C—42 to 60 inches; silty clay
Geomorphic setting: Flats and drainageways on
    moraines                                             Fulda soils
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
                                                         Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay
                                                         Geomorphic setting: Flats and drainageways on
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                             moraines
    inches)
                                                         Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Drainage class: Poorly drained
                                                         Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
                                                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Flooding: None
                                                             inches)
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
                                                         Drainage class: Poorly drained
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
                                                         Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
Ponding: None
                                                         Flooding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9
                                                         Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
    inches
                                                         Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5
                                                         Ponding: None
    percent
                                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9
Typical profile:
                                                             inches
    Ap,A—0 to 13 inches; silty clay
                                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5
    Bg—13 to 33 inches; silty clay
                                                             percent
    Bkg—33 to 40 inches; silty clay
                                                         Typical profile:
    Cg—40 to 60 inches; silty clay
                                                             Ap,A—0 to 13 inches; silty clay
             Major Uses of the Map Unit                      Bg—13 to 33 inches; silty clay
                                                             Bkg—33 to 40 inches; silty clay
• Cropland
                                                             Cg—40 to 60 inches; silty clay
                                                                      Major Uses of the Map Unit
J10B—Sinai silty clay, 2 to 6 percent                    • Cropland
   slopes
              Component Description                      J11A—Vallers clay loam, 0 to 2 percent
Sinai and similar soils                                     slopes
Extent: 85 to 95 percent of the unit                                   Component Description
Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
                                                         Vallers and similar soils
Position on the landform: Backslopes, shoulders, and
    summits                                              Extent: 75 to 95 percent of the unit
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent                              Geomorphic setting: Rims of depressions on till plains;
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay                     drainageways on till plains; flats on till plains
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
    inches)                                              Texture of the surface layer: Clay loam
Drainage class: Moderately well drained                  Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                         inches)
Flooding: None                                           Drainage class: Poorly drained
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April, May)      Parent material: Till
Deepest depth to wet zone: 5.6 feet (February, August)   Flooding: None
Ponding: None                                            Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9      Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
    inches                                               Ponding: None
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5      Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.6
    percent                                                  inches
Typical profile:                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
    Ap,A—0 to 12 inches; silty clay                          percent
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                      29




Typical profile:                                                      Major Uses of the Map Unit
    Ap,A—0 to 14 inches; clay loam
                                                         • Cropland
    Bkg—14 to 38 inches; loam
    Cg—38 to 80 inches; loam
Parnell soils in depressions                             J12A—Marysland loam, 0 to 2 percent
                                                            slopes
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Depressions on till plains                         Component Description
Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
                                                         Marysland and similar soils
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Extent: 75 to 95 percent of the unit
    inches)                                              Geomorphic setting: Drainageways on outwash plains;
Drainage class: Very poorly drained                          rims of depressions on outwash plains; flats on
Parent material: Till                                        outwash plains
Flooding: None                                           Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,     Texture of the surface layer: Loam
    April)                                               Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February, August)         inches)
Months in which ponding does not occur: January,         Drainage class: Poorly drained
    February, May, June, July, August, September,        Parent material: Outwash
    October, November, December                          Flooding: None
Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)                          Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.4   Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (August)
    inches                                               Ponding: None
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 8      Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.6
    percent                                                  inches
Typical profile:                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
    A1,A2—0 to 22 inches; silty clay loam                    percent
    Btg—22 to 55 inches; silty clay                      Typical profile:
    BCg—55 to 80 inches; silty clay loam                     Ap—0 to 9 inches; loam
                                                             Ak—9 to 12 inches; loam
Balaton soils
                                                             Bkg—12 to 27 inches; loam
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit                          2Cg—27 to 80 inches; sand
Geomorphic setting: Knolls on till plains
                                                         Arveson soils
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                       Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Geomorphic setting: Flats on outwash plains; rims of
    inches)                                                  depressions on outwash plains; drainageways on
Drainage class: Moderately well drained                      outwash plains
Parent material: Till                                    Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Flooding: None                                           Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)           Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet                inches)
    (February, August)                                   Drainage class: Poorly drained
Ponding: None                                            Parent material: Outwash
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.7   Flooding: None
    inches                                               Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6      Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (August)
    percent                                              Ponding: None
Typical profile:                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 7.6
    Ap,A—0 to 13 inches; loam                                inches
    ABk,Bk—13 to 31 inches; loam                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
    C—31 to 80 inches; loam                                  percent
30                                                                                               Soil Survey of




Typical profile:                                                      Major Uses of the Map Unit
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; sandy loam
                                                         • Cropland
    Ak—10 to 22 inches; sandy loam
    Bkg—22 to 35 inches; sandy loam
    2Cg—35 to 80 inches; sand
                                                         J13A—Oldham silty clay loam,
Marysland soils in depressions                              depressional, 0 to 1 percent slopes
Extent: 0 to 5 percent of the unit
                                                                        Component Description
Geomorphic setting: Depressions on outwash plains
Slope range: 0 to 1 percent                              Oldham and similar soils
Texture of the surface layer: Loam
                                                         Extent: 85 to 95 percent of the unit
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                         Geomorphic setting: Depressions on moraines, till
    inches)
                                                             plains, and lake plains
Drainage class: Very poorly drained
                                                         Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
Parent material: Outwash
                                                         Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
Flooding: None
                                                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,
                                                             inches)
    April)
                                                         Drainage class: Very poorly drained
Deepest depth to wet zone: 1.8 feet (August)
                                                         Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
Months in which ponding does not occur: January,
                                                         Flooding: None
    February, May, June, July, August, September,
                                                         Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,
    October, November, December
                                                             April)
Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)
                                                         Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February, August)
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.3
                                                         Months in which ponding does not occur: January,
    inches
                                                             February, May, June, July, August, September,
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 8
                                                             October, November, December
    percent
                                                         Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)
Typical profile:
                                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.9
    Ap,Ak—0 to 19 inches; loam
                                                             inches
    Bkg—19 to 23 inches; sandy loam
                                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5.5
    2Cg—23 to 80 inches; sand
                                                             percent
Malachy soils                                            Typical profile:
                                                             Ap,A—0 to 28 inches; silty clay loam
Extent: 0 to 5 percent of the unit
                                                             Cg—28 to 80 inches; silty clay loam
Geomorphic setting: Knolls on outwash plains
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
                                                         Colvin soils
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
    inches)                                              Geomorphic setting: Drainageways on lake plains;
Drainage class: Moderately well drained                      rims of depressions on lake plains; flats on lake
Parent material: Outwash                                     plains
Flooding: None                                           Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)           Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (February, August)   Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Ponding: None                                                inches)
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.2    Drainage class: Poorly drained
    inches                                               Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5    Flooding: None
    percent                                              Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
Typical profile:                                         Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
    Ap,A—0 to 17 inches; sandy loam                      Ponding: None
    Bk—17 to 28 inches; sandy loam                       Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.5
    2C—28 to 80 inches; loamy sand                           inches
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                       31




Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5       Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.4
    percent                                                   inches
Typical profile:                                          Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; silty clay loam                        percent
    Bk—10 to 25 inches; silt loam                         Typical profile:
    Cg—25 to 80 inches; stratified silt loam to silty         A—0 to 8 inches; loam
       clay loam                                              Bk—8 to 27 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
                                                                 to silt loam
Vallers soils
                                                              C—27 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit                              to silt loam
Geomorphic setting: Rims of depressions on till plains;
                                                          Emrick soils
    flats on till plains; drainageways on till plains
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                               Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Texture of the surface layer: Clay loam                   Geomorphic setting: Flats and swales on moraines
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60     Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
    inches)                                               Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Drainage class: Poorly drained                            Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Parent material: Till                                         inches)
Flooding: None                                            Drainage class: Moderately well drained
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)            Parent material: Till
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)    Flooding: None
Ponding: None                                             Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.6    Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet
    inches                                                    (February, August)
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5     Ponding: None
    percent                                               Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.3
Typical profile:                                              inches
    Ap,A—0 to 14 inches; clay loam                        Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5.5
    Bkg—14 to 38 inches; loam                                 percent
    Cg—38 to 80 inches; loam                              Typical profile:
                                                              Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; loam
             Major Uses of the Map Unit
                                                              Bw—15 to 25 inches; loam
• Cropland                                                    Bk—25 to 36 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
                                                                 to silt loam
                                                              C—36 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
J14F—Esmond loam, 18 to 40 percent                               to silt loam
   slopes                                                 Heimdal soils
                Component Description                     Extent: 5 to 10 percent of the unit
                                                          Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
Esmond and similar soils
                                                          Position on the landform: Backslopes
Extent: 75 to 95 percent of the unit                      Slope range: 12 to 18 percent
Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines                     Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Position on the landform: Backslopes, shoulders, and      Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    summits                                                   inches)
Slope range: 18 to 40 percent                             Drainage class: Well drained
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                        Parent material: Till
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60     Flooding: None
    inches)                                               Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Drainage class: Well drained                              Ponding: None
Parent material: Till                                     Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.5
Flooding: None                                                inches
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year            Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3.8
Ponding: None                                                 percent
32                                                                                                Soil Survey of




Typical profile:                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 12.7
    Ap—0 to 8 inches; loam                                   inches
    Bw—8 to 12 inches; loam                              Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3.5
    Bk—12 to 40 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam        percent
       to silt loam                                      Typical profile:
    C—40 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam         Ap,A—0 to 13 inches; silt loam
       to silt loam                                          Bw—13 to 22 inches; silt loam
                                                             Bk—22 to 30 inches; silt loam
           Major Uses of the Map Unit
                                                             BC,C—30 to 80 inches; silt loam
• Pasture and wildlife habitat
                                                         Egeland soils
                                                         Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
J15B—Eckman silt loam, 2 to 6 percent                    Geomorphic setting: Hills on lake plains
   slopes                                                Position on the landform: Shoulders, backslopes, and
                                                             summits
             Component Description
                                                         Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
Eckman and similar soils                                 Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
                                                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Extent: 70 to 90 percent of the unit
                                                             inches)
Geomorphic setting: Hills on lake plains
                                                         Drainage class: Well drained
Position on the landform: Summits, shoulders, and
                                                         Parent material: Outwash
    backslopes
                                                         Flooding: None
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
                                                         Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam
                                                         Ponding: None
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.3
    inches)
                                                             inches
Drainage class: Well drained
                                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.9
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
                                                             percent
Flooding: None
                                                         Typical profile:
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
                                                             Ap,A—0 to 9 inches; sandy loam
Ponding: None
                                                             Bw—9 to 26 inches; sandy loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 12.7
                                                             Bk—26 to 39 inches; loamy sand
    inches
                                                             C—39 to 80 inches; loamy sand
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5
    percent
                                                         Hantho soils
Typical profile:
    Ap,A—0 to 13 inches; silt loam                       Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
    Bw—13 to 22 inches; silt loam                        Geomorphic setting: Flats and swales on lake plains
    Bk—22 to 30 inches; silt loam                        Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
    BC,C—30 to 80 inches; silt loam                      Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam
                                                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Eckman soils that are eroded
                                                             inches)
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit                      Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained
Geomorphic setting: Hills on lake plains                 Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
Position on the landform: Shoulders                      Flooding: None
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent                              Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.5 feet (April)
Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam                  Deepest depth to wet zone: 5.9 feet (February, August)
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Ponding: None
    inches)                                              Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 12.3
Drainage class: Well drained                                 inches
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                     Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5
Flooding: None                                               percent
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year           Typical profile:
Ponding: None                                                Ap,A—0 to 12 inches; silt loam
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                      33




    Bw—12 to 24 inches; silt loam                        Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 7.5
    Bk,Bkg—24 to 65 inches; silt loam                        percent
    Cg—65 to 80 inches; silt loam                        Typical profile:
                                                             Ap,A—0 to 23 inches; silt loam
Zell soils
                                                             Btg—23 to 47 inches; silty clay loam
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit                          Bkg—47 to 60 inches; loam
Geomorphic setting: Hills on lake plains                     Cg—60 to 80 inches; loam
Position on the landform: Shoulders
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent                              Kerkhoven soils
Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam
                                                         Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                         Geomorphic setting: Flats and drainageways on
    inches)
                                                             moraines
Drainage class: Well drained
                                                         Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
                                                         Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Flooding: None
                                                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
                                                             inches)
Ponding: None
                                                         Drainage class: Poorly drained
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.1
                                                         Parent material: Till
    inches
                                                         Flooding: None
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.5
                                                         Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
    percent
                                                         Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
Typical profile:
                                                         Ponding: None
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; silt loam
                                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.2
    Bk—10 to 43 inches; silt loam
                                                             inches
    C—43 to 80 inches; silt loam
                                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
             Major Uses of the Map Unit                      percent
                                                         Typical profile:
• Cropland
                                                             Ap—0 to 10 inches; loam
                                                             A—10 to 35 inches; loam
J16A—Friberg silt loam, depressional, 0                      Bg—35 to 53 inches; loam
   to 2 percent slopes                                       Bkg—53 to 63 inches; loam
                                                             Cg—63 to 80 inches; loam
              Component Description
                                                                      Major Uses of the Map Unit
Friberg, depressional, and similar soils
                                                         • Cropland
Extent: 85 to 95 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Depressions on moraines
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                              J17A—Quam silty clay loam,
Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam                     depressional, 0 to 1 percent slopes
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    inches)                                                            Component Description
Drainage class: Very poorly drained
                                                         Quam, depressional, and similar soils
Parent material: Till
Flooding: None                                           Extent: 85 to 95 percent of the unit
Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,     Geomorphic setting: Depressions on moraines, lake
    April)                                                   plains, and till plains
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February, August)     Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
Months in which ponding does not occur: January,         Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
    February, May, June, July, August, September,        Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    October, November, December                              inches)
Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)                          Drainage class: Very poorly drained
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.3   Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
    inches                                               Flooding: None
34                                                                                                 Soil Survey of




Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,      Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.6
    April)                                                    inches
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February, August)      Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
Months in which ponding does not occur: January,              percent
    February, May, June, July, August, September,         Typical profile:
    October, November, December                               Ap,A—0 to 14 inches; clay loam
Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)                               Bkg—14 to 38 inches; loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.5        Cg—38 to 80 inches; loam
    inches
                                                                       Major Uses of the Map Unit
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 10.5
    percent                                               • Cropland
Typical profile:
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; silty clay loam
    A1,A2—10 to 45 inches; silty clay loam                J18A—Malachy sandy loam, 1 to 3
    Cg—45 to 80 inches; silty clay loam                      percent slopes
Colvin soils
                                                                        Component Description
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
                                                          Malachy and similar soils
Geomorphic setting: Drainageways on lake plains; flats
    on lake plains; rims of depressions on lake plains    Extent: 75 to 95 percent of the unit
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                               Geomorphic setting: Knolls on outwash plains
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam             Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60     Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
    inches)                                               Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Drainage class: Poorly drained                                inches)
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                      Drainage class: Moderately well drained
Flooding: None                                            Parent material: Outwash
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)            Flooding: None
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)    Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)
Ponding: None                                             Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (February, August)
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.5    Ponding: None
    inches                                                Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.2
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5           inches
    percent                                               Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5
Typical profile:                                              percent
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; silty clay loam                    Typical profile:
    Bk—10 to 25 inches; silt loam                             Ap,A—0 to 17 inches; sandy loam
    Cg—25 to 80 inches; stratified silt loam to silty         Bk—17 to 28 inches; sandy loam
       clay loam                                              2C—28 to 80 inches; loamy sand
Vallers soils                                             Arveson soils
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit                       Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Rims of depressions on till plains;   Geomorphic setting: Rims of depressions on outwash
    drainageways on till plains; flats on till plains         plains; flats on outwash plains; drainageways on
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                                   outwash plains
Texture of the surface layer: Clay loam                   Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60     Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
    inches)                                               Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Drainage class: Poorly drained                                inches)
Parent material: Till                                     Drainage class: Poorly drained
Flooding: None                                            Parent material: Outwash
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)            Flooding: None
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)    Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
Ponding: None                                             Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (August)
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                     35




Ponding: None                                               Bw—15 to 25 inches; sandy loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 7.6       2C—25 to 80 inches; sand
    inches
                                                                     Major Uses of the Map Unit
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
    percent                                             • Cropland
Typical profile:
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; sandy loam
    Ak—10 to 22 inches; sandy loam                      J19A—Hecla loamy fine sand, 1 to 3
    Bkg—22 to 35 inches; sandy loam                        percent slopes
    2Cg—35 to 80 inches; sand
                                                                      Component Description
Well drained soils
                                                        Hecla and similar soils
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Knolls on outwash plains            Extent: 70 to 90 percent of the unit
Slope range: 2 to 4 percent                             Geomorphic setting: Flats and swales on outwash
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                    plains
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60   Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
    inches)                                             Texture of the surface layer: Loamy fine sand
Drainage class: Well drained                            Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Parent material: Outwash                                    inches)
Flooding: None                                          Drainage class: Moderately well drained
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (April)          Parent material: Outwash
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet           Flooding: None
    (January, February July, August, September)         Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)
Ponding: None                                           Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (February, August)
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.5   Ponding: None
    inches                                              Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 5.1
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3         inches
    percent                                             Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.4
Typical profile:                                            percent
    Ap,A—0 to 14 inches; sandy loam                     Typical profile:
    Bw—14 to 28 inches; sandy loam                          Ap—0 to 9 inches; loamy fine sand
    C—28 to 80 inches; loamy sand                           C—9 to 80 inches; fine sand
Clontarf soils                                          Clontarf soils
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit                     Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Swales and flats on outwash         Geomorphic setting: Swales and flats on outwash
    plains                                                  plains
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                             Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60   Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    inches)                                                 inches)
Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained                 Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained
Parent material: Outwash                                Parent material: Outwash
Flooding: None                                          Flooding: None
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.3 feet (April)          Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.3 feet (April)
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3 feet (August)              Deepest depth to wet zone: 3 feet (August)
Ponding: None                                           Ponding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.5   Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.5
    inches                                                  inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3     Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3
    percent                                                 percent
Typical profile:                                        Typical profile:
    Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; sandy loam                         Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; sandy loam
36                                                                                               Soil Survey of




     Bw—15 to 25 inches; sandy loam                     Parent material: Outwash
     2C—25 to 80 inches; sand                           Flooding: None
                                                        Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)
Sverdrup soils
                                                        Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (February, August)
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit                     Ponding: None
Geomorphic setting: Flats on outwash plains             Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.2
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                                 inches
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60       percent
    inches)                                             Typical profile:
Drainage class: Well drained                                Ap,A—0 to 17 inches; sandy loam
Parent material: Outwash                                    Bk—17 to 28 inches; sandy loam
Flooding: None                                              2C—28 to 80 inches; loamy sand
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
                                                                     Major Uses of the Map Unit
Ponding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 4.6   • Cropland
    inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3
    percent                                             J20A—Clontarf sandy loam, 1 to 3 percent
Typical profile:                                           slopes
    Ap,A—0 to 12 inches; sandy loam
    Bw—12 to 26 inches; sandy loam                                    Component Description
    2C—26 to 80 inches; sand
                                                        Clontarf and similar soils
Hamar soils
                                                        Extent: 70 to 90 percent of the unit
Extent: 1 to 5 percent of the unit                      Geomorphic setting: Swales and flats on outwash
Geomorphic setting: Drainageways and flats on               plains
    outwash plains                                      Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                             Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
Texture of the surface layer: Loamy fine sand           Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60       inches)
    inches)                                             Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained
Drainage class: Poorly drained                          Parent material: Outwash
Parent material: Outwash                                Flooding: None
Flooding: None                                          Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.3 feet (April)
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)          Deepest depth to wet zone: 3 feet (August)
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (August)              Ponding: None
Ponding: None                                           Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.8
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 5         inches
    inches                                              Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2         percent
    percent                                             Typical profile:
Typical profile:                                            Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; sandy loam
    Ap,A—0 to 20 inches; loamy fine sand                    Bw—15 to 25 inches; sandy loam
    Cg—20 to 80 inches; loamy fine sand                     2C—25 to 80 inches; sand
Malachy soils                                           Hecla soils
Extent: 0 to 5 percent of the unit                      Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Knolls on outwash plains            Geomorphic setting: Flats and swales on outwash
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                                 plains
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60   Texture of the surface layer: Loamy fine sand
    inches)                                             Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Drainage class: Moderately well drained                     inches)
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                          37




Drainage class: Moderately well drained                  Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.5
Parent material: Outwash                                     inches
Flooding: None                                           Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)               percent
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (February, August)   Typical profile:
Ponding: None                                                Ap,A—0 to 14 inches; sandy loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 5.1        Bw—14 to 28 inches; sandy loam
    inches                                                   C—28 to 80 inches; loamy sand
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.4
                                                                      Major Uses of the Map Unit
    percent
Typical profile:                                         • Cropland
    Ap—0 to 9 inches; loamy fine sand
    C—9 to 80 inches; fine sand
Arveson soils                                            J21A—Hamar loamy fine sand, 0 to 2
                                                            percent slopes
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Rims of depressions on outwash                     Component Description
    plains; flats on outwash plains; drainageways on
                                                         Hamar and similar soils
    outwash plains
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                              Extent: 75 to 95 percent of the unit
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                 Geomorphic setting: Drainageways and flats on
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60        outwash plains
    inches)                                              Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Drainage class: Poorly drained                           Texture of the surface layer: Loamy fine sand
Parent material: Outwash                                 Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Flooding: None                                               inches)
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)           Drainage class: Poorly drained
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (August)               Parent material: Outwash
Ponding: None                                            Flooding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 7.6    Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
    inches                                               Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (August)
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5    Ponding: None
    percent                                              Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 5
Typical profile:                                             inches
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; sandy loam                        Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2
    Ak—10 to 22 inches; sandy loam                           percent
    Bkg—22 to 35 inches; sandy loam                      Typical profile:
    2Cg—35 to 80 inches; sand                                Ap,A—0 to 20 inches; loamy fine sand
                                                             Cg—20 to 80 inches; loamy fine sand
Well drained soils
                                                         Soils that are less sandy than the Hamar soil
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Knolls on outwash plains             Extent: 5 to 10 percent of the unit
Slope range: 1 to 4 percent                              Geomorphic setting: Flats and drainageways on
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                     outwash plains
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
    inches)                                              Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
Drainage class: Well drained                             Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Parent material: Outwash                                     inches)
Flooding: None                                           Drainage class: Poorly drained
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (April)           Parent material: Outwash
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet            Flooding: None
    (January, February, July, August, September)         Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
Ponding: None                                            Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (August)
38                                                                                                Soil Survey of




Ponding: None                                            Typical profile:
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.6        Ap—0 to 9 inches; loamy fine sand
    inches                                                   C—9 to 80 inches; fine sand
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3
                                                                      Major Uses of the Map Unit
    percent
Typical profile:                                         • Cropland
    Ap,A—0 to 18 inches; sandy loam
    Bg—18 to 27 inches; sandy loam
    Cg—27 to 80 inches; sand                             J22A—Renshaw loam, 0 to 3 percent
                                                            slopes
Arveson soils
                                                                       Component Description
Extent: 1 to 5 percent of the unit
                                                         Renshaw and similar soils
Geomorphic setting: Drainageways on outwash plains;
    flats on outwash plains; rims of depressions on      Extent: 75 to 95 percent of the unit
    outwash plains                                       Geomorphic setting: Flats on outwash plains
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                              Slope range: 0 to 3 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                 Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    inches)                                                  inches)
Drainage class: Poorly drained                           Drainage class: Somewhat excessively drained
Parent material: Outwash                                 Parent material: Outwash
Flooding: None                                           Flooding: None
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)           Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (August)               Ponding: None
Ponding: None                                            Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 4.8
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 7.6        inches
    inches                                               Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.3
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5        percent
    percent                                              Typical profile:
Typical profile:                                             Ap—0 to 7 inches; loam
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; sandy loam                            Bw—7 to 15 inches; loam
    Ak—10 to 22 inches; sandy loam                           2Bk—15 to 20 inches; gravelly loamy sand
    Bkg—22 to 35 inches; sandy loam                          2C—20 to 60 inches; gravelly loamy sand
    2Cg—35 to 80 inches; sand
                                                         Fordtown soils
Hecla soils
                                                         Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Extent: 1 to 5 percent of the unit                       Geomorphic setting: Swales and flats on outwash
Geomorphic setting: Flats and swales on outwash              plains
    plains                                               Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                              Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Texture of the surface layer: Loamy fine sand            Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60        inches)
    inches)                                              Drainage class: Well drained
Drainage class: Moderately well drained                  Parent material: Outwash
Parent material: Outwash                                 Flooding: None
Flooding: None                                           Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.6 feet (April)
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)           Deepest depth to wet zone: 4.9 feet (August,
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (February, August)       September)
Ponding: None                                            Ponding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 5.1    Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 8.1
    inches                                                   inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.4    Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5
    percent                                                  percent
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                    39




Typical profile:                                        J23A—Lamoure silty clay loam, 0 to 2
    Ap,A—0 to 30 inches; loam                              percent slopes, occasionally flooded
    Bw—30 to 36 inches; loam
    2C—36 to 80 inches; gravelly loamy sand                         Component Description
Arvilla soils                                           Lamoure and similar soils
Extent: 0 to 5 percent of the unit                      Extent: 75 to 95 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Hills on outwash plains             Geomorphic setting: Flats on flood plains
Position on the landform: Backslopes                    Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent                             Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60       inches)
    inches)                                             Drainage class: Poorly drained
Drainage class: Somewhat excessively drained            Parent material: Alluvium
Parent material: Outwash                                Months in which flooding does not occur: January,
Flooding: None                                              February, September, October, November,
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year              December
Ponding: None                                           Highest frequency of flooding: Occasional (March,
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 3.8       April, May, June, July, August)
    inches                                              Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.4   Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
    percent                                             Ponding: None
Typical profile:                                        Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.9
    Ap—0 to 9 inches; sandy loam                            inches
    Bw—9 to 14 inches; sandy loam                       Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6
    2Bk—14 to 48 inches; gravelly sand                      percent
    2C—48 to 80 inches; gravelly sand                   Typical profile:
                                                            A1,A2—0 to 27 inches; silty clay loam
Fordville soils
                                                            Cg1—27 to 34 inches; silty clay loam
Extent: 0 to 5 percent of the unit                          Cg2—34 to 60 inches; silt loam
Geomorphic setting: Flats on outwash plains
                                                        Rauville soils
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                      Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60   Geomorphic setting: Flats on flood plains
    inches)                                             Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
Drainage class: Well drained                            Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
Parent material: Outwash                                Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Flooding: None                                              inches)
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year          Drainage class: Very poorly drained
Ponding: None                                           Parent material: Alluvium
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 5.6   Months in which flooding does not occur: January,
    inches                                                  February, September, October, November,
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4         December
    percent                                             Highest frequency of flooding: Frequent (March, April,
Typical profile:                                            May, June)
    Ap—0 to 6 inches; loam                              Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,
    Bw—6 to 24 inches; loam                                 April, May)
    2C—24 to 80 inches; gravelly loamy sand             Deepest depth to wet zone: 1.6 feet (February, August)
                                                        Ponding: None
             Major Uses of the Map Unit
                                                        Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.7
• Cropland                                                  inches
40                                                                                                Soil Survey of




Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5.5    Parent material: Till
    percent                                              Flooding: None
Typical profile:                                         Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
    A1,A2—0 to 27 inches; silty clay loam                Ponding: None
    Cg—27 to 45 inches; silty clay loam                  Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.4
    2Cg—45 to 60 inches; stratified gravelly sand to         inches
       clay loam                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2
                                                             percent
La Prairie soils
                                                         Typical profile:
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit                          A—0 to 8 inches; loam
Geomorphic setting: Flats on flood plains                    Bk—8 to 37 inches; loam
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                                  C—37 to 80 inches; loam
Texture of the surface layer: Loam
                                                         Darnen soils
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    inches)                                              Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Drainage class: Moderately well drained                  Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
Parent material: Alluvium                                Position on the landform: Footslopes
Months in which flooding does not occur: January,        Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
    February, September, October, November,              Texture of the surface layer: Loam
    December                                             Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Highest frequency of flooding: Occasional (March,            inches)
    April, May, June, July, August)                      Drainage class: Well drained
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)           Parent material: Colluvium
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet            Flooding: None
    (February, August)                                   Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (April)
Ponding: None                                            Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.9       (January, February, July, August, September)
    inches                                               Ponding: None
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4      Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.4
    percent                                                  inches
Typical profile:                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
    Ap—0 to 9 inches; loam                                   percent
    A—9 to 38 inches; loam                               Typical profile:
    Bw—38 to 50 inches; loam                                 Ap,A—0 to 24 inches; loam
    C—50 to 60 inches; loam                                  AB,Bw1—24 to 34 inches; loam
                                                             Bw2—34 to 80 inches; loam
             Major Uses of the Map Unit
                                                         Barnes soils
• Cropland
                                                         Extent: 4 to 10 percent of the unit
                                                         Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains
J24F—Buse loam, 18 to 40 percent slopes                  Position on the landform: Backslopes
                                                         Slope range: 12 to 18 percent
              Component Description                      Texture of the surface layer: Loam
                                                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Buse and similar soils
                                                             inches)
Extent: 75 to 95 percent of the unit                     Drainage class: Well drained
Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains                 Parent material: Till
Position on the landform: Summits, backslopes, and       Flooding: None
    shoulders                                            Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Slope range: 18 to 40 percent                            Ponding: None
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                       Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.7
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60        inches
    inches)                                              Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5
Drainage class: Well drained                                 percent
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                       41




Typical profile:                                         Highest frequency of flooding: Occasional (March,
    A—0 to 14 inches; loam                                   April, May, June, July, August)
    Bw—14 to 18 inches; loam                             Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
    Bk—18 to 40 inches; loam                             Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
    C—40 to 80 inches; loam                              Ponding: None
                                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.9
           Major Uses of the Map Unit
                                                             inches
• Pasture and wildlife habitat                           Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6
                                                             percent
                                                         Typical profile:
J25A—Rauville silty clay loam, 0 to 1                        A1,A2—0 to 27 inches; silty clay loam
   percent slopes, frequently flooded                        Cg1—27 to 34 inches; silty clay loam
                                                             Cg2—34 to 60 inches; silt loam
             Component Description
                                                                    Major Uses of the Map Unit
Rauville and similar soils
                                                         • Pasture and wildlife habitat
Extent: 80 to 95 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Flats on flood plains
Slope range: 0 to 1 percent                              J26B—Darnen loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60                 Component Description
    inches)
                                                         Darnen and similar soils
Drainage class: Very poorly drained
Parent material: Alluvium                                Extent: 85 to 95 percent of the unit
Months in which flooding does not occur: January,        Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
    February, September, October, November,              Position on the landform: Footslopes
    December                                             Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
Highest frequency of flooding: Frequent (March, April,   Texture of the surface layer: Loam
    May, June)                                           Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,         inches)
    April, May)                                          Drainage class: Well drained
Deepest depth to wet zone: 1.6 feet (February, August)   Parent material: Colluvium
Ponding: None                                            Flooding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.7   Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (April)
    inches                                               Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5.5        (January, February, July, August, September)
    percent                                              Ponding: None
Typical profile:                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.4
    A1,A2—0 to 27 inches; silty clay loam                    inches
    Cg—27 to 45 inches; silty clay loam                  Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
    2Cg—45 to 60 inches; stratified gravelly sand to         percent
       clay loam                                         Typical profile:
                                                             Ap,A—0 to 24 inches; loam
Lamoure soils
                                                             AB,Bw1—24 to 34 inches; loam
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit                          Bw2—34 to 80 inches; loam
Geomorphic setting: Flats on flood plains
                                                         Hokans soils
Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam            Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
    inches)                                              Position on the landform: Backslopes and summits
Drainage class: Poorly drained                           Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
Parent material: Alluvium                                Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Months in which flooding does not occur: January,        Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    February, September, October, November,                  inches)
    December                                             Drainage class: Well drained
42                                                                                                Soil Survey of




Parent material: Till                                    Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Flooding: None                                               inches)
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (April)           Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet            Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
    (January, February, July, August, September)         Flooding: None
Ponding: None                                            Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.5 feet (April)
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.8   Deepest depth to wet zone: 5.9 feet (February, August)
    inches                                               Ponding: None
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5    Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 12.3
    percent                                                  inches
Typical profile:                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5
    Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; loam                                percent
    Bw—15 to 22 inches; loam                             Typical profile:
    Bk—22 to 40 inches; loam                                 Ap,A—0 to 12 inches; silt loam
    C—40 to 80 inches; loam                                  Bw—12 to 24 inches; silt loam
                                                             Bk,Bkg—24 to 65 inches; silt loam
Lakepark soils
                                                             Cg—65 to 80 inches; silt loam
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
                                                         Eckman soils
Geomorphic setting: Flats and drainageways on
    moraines                                             Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                              Geomorphic setting: Hills on lake plains
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                       Position on the landform: Backslopes
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
    inches)                                              Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam
Drainage class: Poorly drained                           Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Parent material: Till                                        inches)
Flooding: None                                           Drainage class: Well drained
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)           Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)   Flooding: None
Ponding: None                                            Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11     Ponding: None
    inches                                               Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 12.7
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5.9        inches
    percent                                              Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5
Typical profile:                                             percent
    Ap—0 to 8 inches; loam                               Typical profile:
    A—8 to 27 inches; loam                                   Ap,A—0 to 13 inches; silt loam
    Bg—27 to 41 inches; loam                                 Bw—13 to 22 inches; silt loam
    Cg—41 to 80 inches; loam                                 Bk—22 to 30 inches; silt loam
                                                             BC,C—30 to 80 inches; silt loam
             Major Uses of the Map Unit
• Cropland                                               Quam soils
                                                         Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
J27A—Hantho silt loam, 1 to 3 percent                    Geomorphic setting: Flats and drainageways on lake
   slopes                                                    plains
                                                         Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
              Component Description                      Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
                                                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Hantho and similar soils
                                                             inches)
Extent: 75 to 95 percent of the unit                     Drainage class: Poorly drained
Geomorphic setting: Flats and swales on lake plains      Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                              Flooding: None
Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam                  Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                       43




Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)       Bw—19 to 27 inches; silt loam
Ponding: None                                                2Bk—27 to 33 inches; loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.5       2C—33 to 80 inches; loam
    inches
                                                                      Major Uses of the Map Unit
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 10.2
    percent                                              • Cropland
Typical profile:
    Ap—0 to 9 inches; silty clay loam
    A—9 to 60 inches; silty clay loam                    J28A—Vallers clay loam, 0 to 2 percent
    Bg—60 to 68 inches; silty clay loam                     slopes, bouldery
    2Cg—68 to 80 inches; loam
                                                                       Component Description
Rondell soils                                            Vallers, bouldery, and similar soils
Extent: 0 to 5 percent of the unit                       Extent: 80 to 95 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Knolls on lake plains                Geomorphic setting: Flats on terraces; rims of
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                                  depressions on terraces; drainageways on terraces
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam            Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Texture of the surface layer: Clay loam
    inches)                                              Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Drainage class: Moderately well drained                      inches)
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                     Drainage class: Poorly drained
Flooding: None                                           Parent material: Till
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)           Flooding: None
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet            Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
    (February, August)                                   Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
Ponding: None                                            Ponding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10     Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.5
    inches                                                   inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.2    Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
    percent                                                  percent
Typical profile:                                         Typical profile:
    Ap—0 to 9 inches; silty clay loam                        A1,A2—0 to 12 inches; clay loam
    Bk—9 to 30 inches; silty clay loam                       Bkg—12 to 60 inches; loam
    C—30 to 80 inches; silty clay loam                       Cg—60 to 80 inches; loam
Tara soils                                               Parnell soils in depressions
Extent: 0 to 5 percent of the unit                       Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Flats and swales on lake plains      Geomorphic setting: Depressions on terraces
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                              Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam                  Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    inches)                                                  inches)
Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained                  Drainage class: Very poorly drained
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over till           Parent material: Till
Flooding: None                                           Flooding: None
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.5 feet (April)           Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,
Deepest depth to wet zone: 5.9 feet (February, August)       April)
Ponding: None                                            Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February, August)
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.4   Months in which ponding does not occur: January,
    inches                                                   February, May, June, July, August, September,
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6          October, November, December
    percent                                              Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)
Typical profile:                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.4
    Ap,A—0 to 19 inches; silt loam                           inches
44                                                                                                Soil Survey of




Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 8      Flooding: None
    percent                                              Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
Typical profile:                                         Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
    A1,A2—0 to 22 inches; silty clay loam                Ponding: None
    Btg—22 to 55 inches; silty clay                      Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.5
    BCg—55 to 80 inches; silty clay loam                     inches
                                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5
           Major Uses of the Map Unit
                                                             percent
• Pasture and wildlife habitat                           Typical profile:
                                                             Ap—0 to 10 inches; silty clay loam
                                                             Bk—10 to 25 inches; silt loam
J29A—Cathro muck, depressional, 0 to 1                       Cg—25 to 80 inches; stratified silt loam to silty
   percent slopes                                               clay loam
               Component Description                     Vallers soils
Cathro and similar soils                                 Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
                                                         Geomorphic setting: Drainageways on till plains; flats
Extent: 85 to 95 percent of the unit
                                                             on till plains; rims of depressions on till plains
Geomorphic setting: Depressions on till plains, lake
                                                         Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
    plains, and moraines
                                                         Texture of the surface layer: Clay loam
Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
                                                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Texture of the surface layer: Muck
                                                             inches)
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                         Drainage class: Poorly drained
    inches)
                                                         Parent material: Till
Drainage class: Very poorly drained
                                                         Flooding: None
Parent material: Organic material over till
                                                         Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
Flooding: None
                                                         Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,
                                                         Ponding: None
    April)
                                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.6
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February, August)
                                                             inches
Months in which ponding does not occur: January,
                                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
    February, May, June, July, August, September,
                                                             percent
    October, November, December
                                                         Typical profile:
Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)
                                                             Ap,A—0 to 14 inches; clay loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 14.4
                                                             Bkg—14 to 38 inches; loam
    inches
                                                             Cg—38 to 80 inches; loam
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 25
    percent                                                           Major Uses of the Map Unit
Typical profile:
                                                         • Cropland
    Op—0 to 9 inches; muck
    Oa—9 to 18 inches; muck
    A—18 to 50 inches; silt loam                         J30A—Tara silt loam, 1 to 3 percent
    Cg—50 to 80 inches; clay loam                           slopes
Colvin soils
                                                                         Component Description
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
                                                         Tara and similar soils
Geomorphic setting: Flats on lake plains; rims of
    depressions on lake plains; drainageways on lake     Extent: 85 to 95 percent of the unit
    plains                                               Geomorphic setting: Swales and flats on till plains
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                              Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam            Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    inches)                                                  inches)
Drainage class: Poorly drained                           Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                     Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over till
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                      45




Flooding: None                                           Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3.9
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.5 feet (April)               percent
Deepest depth to wet zone: 5.9 feet (February, August)   Typical profile:
Ponding: None                                                Ap—0 to 8 inches; silt loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.4       Bw—8 to 23 inches; silt loam
    inches                                                   Bk—23 to 28 inches; silt loam
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6          2Bk—28 to 72 inches; loam
    percent                                                  2C—72 to 80 inches; loam
Typical profile:
                                                         Quam soils
    Ap,A—0 to 19 inches; silt loam
    Bw—19 to 27 inches; silt loam                        Extent: 0 to 5 percent of the unit
    2Bk—27 to 33 inches; loam                            Geomorphic setting: Drainageways and flats on till
    2C—33 to 80 inches; loam                                 plains
                                                         Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
Balaton soils
                                                         Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit                      Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Geomorphic setting: Knolls on till plains                    inches)
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                              Drainage class: Poorly drained
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                       Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Flooding: None
    inches)                                              Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
Drainage class: Moderately well drained                  Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
Parent material: Till                                    Ponding: None
Flooding: None                                           Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.5
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)               inches
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet            Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 10.2
    (February, August)                                       percent
Ponding: None                                            Typical profile:
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.7       Ap—0 to 9 inches; silty clay loam
    inches                                                   A—9 to 60 inches; silty clay loam
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6          Bg—60 to 68 inches; silty clay loam
    percent                                                  2Cg—68 to 80 inches; loam
Typical profile:
                                                                      Major Uses of the Map Unit
    Ap,A—0 to 13 inches; loam
    ABk,Bk—13 to 31 inches; loam                         • Cropland
    C—31 to 80 inches; loam
Byrne soils
                                                         J31B—Arvilla-Sandberg complex, 2 to 6
Extent: 1 to 5 percent of the unit                          percent slopes
Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains
Position on the landform: Backslopes                                   Component Description
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
                                                         Arvilla and similar soils
Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Extent: 35 to 55 percent of the unit
    inches)                                              Geomorphic setting: Hills on outwash plains
Drainage class: Well drained                             Position on the landform: Backslopes and summits
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over till           Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
Flooding: None                                           Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (April)           Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet                inches)
    (January, February, July, August, September)         Drainage class: Somewhat excessively drained
Ponding: None                                            Parent material: Outwash
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.4   Flooding: None
    inches                                               Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
46                                                                                               Soil Survey of




Ponding: None                                               Bw—7 to 15 inches; loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 3.8       2Bk—15 to 20 inches; gravelly loamy sand
    inches                                                  2C—20 to 60 inches; gravelly loamy sand
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.4
                                                        Sioux soils
    percent
Typical profile:                                        Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
    Ap—0 to 9 inches; sandy loam                        Geomorphic setting: Hills on outwash plains
    Bw—9 to 14 inches; sandy loam                       Position on the landform: Shoulders
    2Bk—14 to 48 inches; gravelly sand                  Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
    2C—48 to 80 inches; gravelly sand                   Texture of the surface layer: Loam
                                                        Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Sandberg and similar soils
                                                            inches)
Extent: 20 to 40 percent of the unit                    Drainage class: Excessively drained
Geomorphic setting: Hills on outwash plains             Parent material: Outwash
Position on the landform: Summits and shoulders         Flooding: None
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent                             Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Texture of the surface layer: Gravelly sandy loam       Ponding: None
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60   Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 4
    inches)                                                 inches
Drainage class: Excessively drained                     Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.2
Parent material: Outwash                                    percent
Flooding: None                                          Typical profile:
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year              A—0 to 5 inches; loam
Ponding: None                                               AC—5 to 8 inches; gravelly loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 2.7       C—8 to 60 inches; very gravelly sand
    inches
                                                        Fordtown soils
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.8
    percent                                             Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
Typical profile:                                        Geomorphic setting: Flats and swales on outwash
    Ap—0 to 8 inches; gravelly sandy loam                   plains
    Bk—8 to 32 inches; very gravelly sand               Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
    C—32 to 80 inches; gravelly sand                    Texture of the surface layer: Loam
                                                        Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Renshaw soils
                                                            inches)
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit                     Drainage class: Well drained
Geomorphic setting: Hills on outwash plains             Parent material: Outwash
Position on the landform: Summits and backslopes        Flooding: None
Slope range: 0 to 3 percent                             Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (April)
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                      Deepest depth to wet zone: 4.9 feet (August,
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60       September)
    inches)                                             Ponding: None
Drainage class: Somewhat excessively drained            Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 8.1
Parent material: Outwash                                    inches
Flooding: None                                          Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year              percent
Ponding: None                                           Typical profile:
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 4.8       Ap,A—0 to 30 inches; loam
    inches                                                  Bw—30 to 36 inches; loam
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.3       2C—36 to 80 inches; gravelly loamy sand
    percent
                                                                     Major Uses of the Map Unit
Typical profile:
    Ap—0 to 7 inches; loam                              • Cropland
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                         47




J32A—Bigstone silty clay loam,                           Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 15
   depressional, 0 to 1 percent slopes                       percent
                                                         Typical profile:
             Component Description                           Ap—0 to 9 inches; mucky silt loam
                                                             Cg—9 to 32 inches; mucky silt loam
Bigstone and similar soils
                                                             2Cg—32 to 80 inches; silty clay loam
Extent: 70 to 90 percent of the unit
                                                         Colvin soils
Geomorphic setting: Depressions on lake plains, till
    plains, and moraines                                 Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
Slope range: 0 to 1 percent                              Geomorphic setting: Flats on lake plains;
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam                drainageways on lake plains; rims of depressions
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60        on lake plains
    inches)                                              Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Drainage class: Very poorly drained                      Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                     Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Flooding: None                                               inches)
Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,     Drainage class: Poorly drained
    April)                                               Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February, August)     Flooding: None
Months in which ponding does not occur: January,         Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
    February, May, June, July, August, September,        Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
    October, November, December                          Ponding: None
Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)                          Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.5
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.9       inches
    inches                                               Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 10.5       percent
    percent                                              Typical profile:
Typical profile:                                             Ap—0 to 10 inches; silty clay loam
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; silty clay loam                       Bk—10 to 25 inches; silt loam
    A—10 to 30 inches; silty clay loam                       Cg—25 to 80 inches; stratified silt loam to silty
    Cg—30 to 80 inches; loam                                    clay loam
Urness soils                                             Vallers soils
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit                      Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Depressions on moraines, lake        Geomorphic setting: Drainageways on till plains; flats
    plains, and till plains                                  on till plains; rims of depressions on till plains
Slope range: 0 to 1 percent                              Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Mucky silt loam            Texture of the surface layer: Clay loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    inches)                                                  inches)
Drainage class: Very poorly drained                      Drainage class: Poorly drained
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over till           Parent material: Till
Flooding: None                                           Flooding: None
Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,     Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
    April)                                               Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February, August)     Ponding: None
Months in which ponding does not occur: January,         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.6
    February, May, June, July, August, September,            inches
    October, November, December                          Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)                              percent
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11     Typical profile:
    inches                                                   Ap,A—0 to 14 inches; clay loam
48                                                                                               Soil Survey of




     Bkg—14 to 38 inches; loam                              Bw—10 to 21 inches; loam
     Cg—38 to 80 inches; loam                               Bk—21 to 38 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
                                                              to silt loam
             Major Uses of the Map Unit
                                                            C—38 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
• Cropland                                                    to silt loam
                                                        Esmond soils that are eroded
J33D2—Sisseton-Heimdal complex, 12 to                   Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
   20 percent slopes, eroded                            Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
                                                        Position on the landform: Shoulders and summits
              Component Description
                                                        Slope range: 6 to 12 percent
Sisseton, eroded, and similar soils                     Texture of the surface layer: Loam
                                                        Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Extent: 60 to 80 percent of the unit
                                                            inches)
Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
                                                        Drainage class: Well drained
Position on the landform: Shoulders
                                                        Parent material: Till
Slope range: 12 to 20 percent
                                                        Flooding: None
Texture of the surface layer: Loam
                                                        Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                        Ponding: None
    inches)
                                                        Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.4
Drainage class: Well drained
                                                            inches
Parent material: Till
                                                        Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.7
Flooding: None
                                                            percent
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
                                                        Typical profile:
Ponding: None
                                                            Ap—0 to 8 inches; loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.1
                                                            Bk—8 to 30 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
    inches
                                                               to silt loam
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.7
                                                            C—30 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
    percent
                                                               to silt loam
Typical profile:
    Ap—0 to 8 inches; loam
                                                        Heimdal soils that are slightly eroded
    Bk—8 to 36 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
       to silt loam                                     Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
    C—36 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam    Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
       to silt loam                                     Position on the landform: Backslopes
                                                        Slope range: 12 to 20 percent
Heimdal, eroded, and similar soils
                                                        Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit                     Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines                       inches)
Position on the landform: Summits                       Drainage class: Well drained
Slope range: 12 to 20 percent                           Parent material: Till
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                      Flooding: None
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60   Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
    inches)                                             Ponding: None
Drainage class: Well drained                            Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.5
Parent material: Till                                       inches
Flooding: None                                          Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3.8
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year              percent
Ponding: None                                           Typical profile:
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.7       Ap—0 to 8 inches; loam
    inches                                                  Bw—8 to 16 inches; loam
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3.5       Bk—16 to 27 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
    percent                                                    to silt loam
Typical profile:                                            C—27 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; loam                                    to silt loam
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                       49




Emrick soils                                             Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5
                                                             percent
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
                                                         Typical profile:
Geomorphic setting: Swales and hills on moraines
                                                             Ap—0 to 10 inches; silt loam
Position on the landform: Footslopes
                                                             Bw—10 to 23 inches; silt loam
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
                                                             Bk—23 to 28 inches; silt loam
Texture of the surface layer: Loam
                                                             2Bk—28 to 40 inches; loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                             2C—40 to 80 inches; loam
    inches)
Drainage class: Moderately well drained                  Buse and similar soils
Parent material: Till
                                                         Extent: 25 to 45 percent of the unit
Flooding: None
                                                         Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)
                                                         Position on the landform: Shoulders and summits
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet
                                                         Slope range: 3 to 6 percent
    (February, August)
                                                         Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Ponding: None
                                                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.3
                                                             inches)
    inches
                                                         Drainage class: Well drained
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5.5
                                                         Parent material: Till
    percent
                                                         Flooding: None
Typical profile:
                                                         Depth to wet zone: More than 6.6 feet all year
    Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; loam
                                                         Ponding: None
    Bw—15 to 25 inches; loam
                                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.4
    Bk—25 to 36 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
                                                             inches
       to silt loam
                                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2
    C—36 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
                                                             percent
       to silt loam
                                                         Typical profile:
             Major Uses of the Map Unit                      Ap—0 to 8 inches; loam
                                                             Bk—8 to 40 inches; loam
• Cropland
                                                             C—40 to 60 inches; loam
                                                         Buse soils that are eroded
J34B—Byrne-Buse complex, 2 to 6
   percent slopes                                        Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
                                                         Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains
              Component Description                      Position on the landform: Shoulders
                                                         Slope range: 3 to 6 percent
Byrne and similar soils
                                                         Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Extent: 35 to 55 percent of the unit                     Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains                     inches)
Position on the landform: Summits and backslopes         Drainage class: Well drained
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent                              Parent material: Till
Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam                  Flooding: None
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Depth to wet zone: More than 6.6 feet all year
    inches)                                              Ponding: None
Drainage class: Well drained                             Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.4
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over till               inches
Flooding: None                                           Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.9
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (April)               percent
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet            Typical profile:
    (January, February, July, August, September)             Ap—0 to 9 inches; loam
Ponding: None                                                Bk—9 to 34 inches; loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.6       C—34 to 80 inches; loam
    inches
50                                                                                                Soil Survey of




Hokans soils                                             J35B—Hokans-Buse complex, 2 to 6
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit                         percent slopes
Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains
                                                                      Component Description
Position on the landform: Summits and backslopes
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent                              Hokans and similar soils
Texture of the surface layer: Loam
                                                         Extent: 35 to 55 percent of the unit
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                         Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains
    inches)
                                                         Position on the landform: Backslopes and summits
Drainage class: Well drained
                                                         Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
Parent material: Till
                                                         Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Flooding: None
                                                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (April)
                                                             inches)
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.6 feet
                                                         Drainage class: Well drained
    (January, February, July, August, September)
                                                         Parent material: Till
Ponding: None
                                                         Flooding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.8
                                                         Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (April)
    inches
                                                         Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5
                                                             (January, February, July, August, September)
    percent
                                                         Ponding: None
Typical profile:
                                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.8
    Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; loam
                                                             inches
    Bw—15 to 22 inches; loam
                                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5
    Bk—22 to 40 inches; loam
                                                             percent
    C—40 to 80 inches; loam
                                                         Typical profile:
                                                             Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; loam
Tara soils
                                                             Bw—15 to 22 inches; loam
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit                          Bk—22 to 40 inches; loam
Geomorphic setting: Flats and swales on till plains          C—40 to 80 inches; loam
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
                                                         Buse and similar soils
Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Extent: 20 to 40 percent of the unit
    inches)                                              Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains
Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained                  Position on the landform: Summits and shoulders
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over till           Slope range: 3 to 6 percent
Flooding: None                                           Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.5 feet (April)           Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Deepest depth to wet zone: 5.9 feet (February, August)       inches)
Ponding: None                                            Drainage class: Well drained
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.4   Parent material: Till
    inches                                               Flooding: None
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6      Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
    percent                                              Ponding: None
Typical profile:                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.4
    Ap,A—0 to 19 inches; silt loam                           inches
    Bw—19 to 27 inches; silt loam                        Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2
    2Bk—27 to 33 inches; loam                                percent
    2C—33 to 80 inches; loam                             Typical profile:
                                                             Ap—0 to 8 inches; loam
             Major Uses of the Map Unit
                                                             Bk—8 to 40 inches; loam
• Cropland                                                   C—40 to 60 inches; loam
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                       51




Barnes soils                                             Flooding: None
                                                         Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
                                                         Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.6 feet
Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains
                                                             (February, August)
Position on the landform: Summits
                                                         Ponding: None
Slope range: 3 to 6 percent
                                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.9
Texture of the surface layer: Loam
                                                             inches
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
    inches)
                                                             percent
Drainage class: Well drained
                                                         Typical profile:
Parent material: Till
                                                             Ap,A—0 to 13 inches; loam
Flooding: None
                                                             Bw—13 to 17 inches; clay loam
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
                                                             Bk—17 to 27 inches; loam
Ponding: None
                                                             C—27 to 80 inches; loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.8
    inches                                                            Major Uses of the Map Unit
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5
                                                         • Cropland
    percent
Typical profile:
    Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; loam                            J36C2—Buse-Barnes complex, 6 to 12
    Bw—15 to 22 inches; loam                                percent slopes, eroded
    Bk—22 to 40 inches; loam
    C—40 to 80 inches; loam                                            Component Description
Buse soils that are eroded                               Buse, eroded, and similar soils
Extent: 5 to 20 percent of the unit                      Extent: 35 to 55 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains                 Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains
Position on the landform: Shoulders                      Position on the landform: Shoulders
Slope range: 3 to 6 percent                              Slope range: 6 to 12 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                       Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    inches)                                                  inches)
Drainage class: Well drained                             Drainage class: Well drained
Parent material: Till                                    Parent material: Till
Flooding: None                                           Flooding: None
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.6 feet all year           Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Ponding: None                                            Ponding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.4   Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.4
    inches                                                   inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.9    Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.9
    percent                                                  percent
Typical profile:                                         Typical profile:
    Ap—0 to 9 inches; loam                                   Ap—0 to 9 inches; loam
    Bk—9 to 34 inches; loam                                  Bk—9 to 34 inches; loam
    C—34 to 80 inches; loam                                  C—34 to 80 inches; loam
Svea soils                                               Barnes, eroded, and similar soils
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit                      Extent: 10 to 30 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Swales and flats on till plains      Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                              Position on the landform: Summits
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                       Slope range: 6 to 12 percent
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Texture of the surface layer: Loam
    inches)                                              Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Drainage class: Moderately well drained                      inches)
Parent material: Till                                    Drainage class: Well drained
52                                                                                                Soil Survey of




Parent material: Till                                    Typical profile:
Flooding: None                                               Ap—0 to 8 inches; loam
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year               Bk—8 to 35 inches; loam
Ponding: None                                                C—35 to 60 inches; loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.6
    inches                                               Darnen soils
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3.5
                                                         Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
    percent
                                                         Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains
Typical profile:
                                                         Position on the landform: Footslopes
    Ap,A—0 to 10 inches; loam
                                                         Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
    Bw—10 to 22 inches; loam
                                                         Texture of the surface layer: Loam
    Bk—22 to 42 inches; loam
                                                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    C—42 to 80 inches; loam
                                                             inches)
Barnes soils that are slightly eroded                    Drainage class: Well drained
                                                         Parent material: Colluvium
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
                                                         Flooding: None
Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains
                                                         Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (April)
Position on the landform: Backslopes
                                                         Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet
Slope range: 6 to 12 percent
                                                             (January, February, July, August, September)
Texture of the surface layer: Loam
                                                         Ponding: None
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.4
    inches)
                                                             inches
Drainage class: Well drained
                                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
Parent material: Till
                                                             percent
Flooding: None
                                                         Typical profile:
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
                                                             Ap,A—0 to 24 inches; loam
Ponding: None
                                                             AB,Bw1—24 to 34 inches; loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.8
                                                             Bw2—34 to 80 inches; loam
    inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5
                                                         Langhei soils that are eroded
    percent
Typical profile:                                         Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
    Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; loam                            Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains
    Bw—15 to 22 inches; loam                             Position on the landform: Shoulders
    Bk—22 to 40 inches; loam                             Slope range: 12 to 18 percent
    C—40 to 80 inches; loam                              Texture of the surface layer: Loam
                                                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Buse soils that are slightly eroded
                                                             inches)
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit                      Drainage class: Well drained
Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains                 Parent material: Till
Position on the landform: Summits                        Flooding: None
Slope range: 6 to 12 percent                             Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                       Ponding: None
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.4
    inches)                                                  inches
Drainage class: Well drained                             Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.2
Parent material: Till                                        percent
Flooding: None                                           Typical profile:
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year               Ap—0 to 6 inches; loam
Ponding: None                                                Bk—6 to 15 inches; loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.4       C—15 to 60 inches; loam
    inches
                                                                      Major Uses of the Map Unit
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2
    percent                                              • Cropland
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                       53




J37D2—Langhei-Barnes complex, 12 to                      Slope range: 12 to 20 percent
   20 percent slopes, eroded                             Texture of the surface layer: Loam
                                                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
             Component Description                           inches)
                                                         Drainage class: Well drained
Langhei, eroded, and similar soils
                                                         Parent material: Till
Extent: 50 to 70 percent of the unit                     Flooding: None
Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines                    Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Position on the landform: Summits and shoulders          Ponding: None
Slope range: 12 to 20 percent                            Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.4
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                           inches
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.9
    inches)                                                  percent
Drainage class: Well drained                             Typical profile:
Parent material: Till                                        Ap—0 to 9 inches; loam
Flooding: None                                               Bk—9 to 34 inches; loam
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year               C—34 to 80 inches; loam
Ponding: None
                                                         Darnen soils
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.4
    inches                                               Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.2    Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
    percent                                              Position on the landform: Footslopes
Typical profile:                                         Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
    Ap—0 to 6 inches; loam                               Texture of the surface layer: Loam
    Bk—6 to 15 inches; loam                              Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    C—15 to 60 inches; loam                                  inches)
                                                         Drainage class: Well drained
Barnes, eroded, and similar soils
                                                         Parent material: Colluvium
Extent: 10 to 20 percent of the unit                     Flooding: None
Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines                    Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (April)
Position on the landform: Summits                        Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet
Slope range: 12 to 20 percent                                (January, February, July, August, September)
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                       Ponding: None
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.4
    inches)                                                  inches
Drainage class: Well drained                             Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
Parent material: Till                                        percent
Flooding: None                                           Typical profile:
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year               Ap,A—0 to 24 inches; loam
Ponding: None                                                AB,Bw1—24 to 34 inches; loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.6       Bw2—34 to 80 inches; loam
    inches
                                                         Barnes soils that are slightly eroded
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3.5
    percent                                              Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
Typical profile:                                         Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains
    Ap,A—0 to 10 inches; loam                            Position on the landform: Backslopes and summits
    Bw—10 to 22 inches; loam                             Slope range: 12 to 20 percent
    Bk—22 to 42 inches; loam                             Texture of the surface layer: Loam
    C—42 to 80 inches; loam                              Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                             inches)
Buse soils that are eroded
                                                         Drainage class: Well drained
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit                      Parent material: Till
Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains                 Flooding: None
Position on the landform: Summits and shoulders          Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
54                                                                                                Soil Survey of




Ponding: None                                            Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 12.7
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.7       inches
    inches                                               Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5        percent
    percent                                              Typical profile:
Typical profile:                                             Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; silt loam
    Ap,A—0 to 14 inches; loam                                Bw—15 to 32 inches; silt loam
    Bw—14 to 18 inches; loam                                 Bk—32 to 42 inches; silt loam
    Bk—18 to 37 inches; loam                                 C—42 to 80 inches; silt loam
    C—37 to 80 inches; loam
                                                         Zell soils that are eroded
             Major Uses of the Map Unit
                                                         Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
• Cropland                                               Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
                                                         Position on the landform: Shoulders
                                                         Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
J38B—Zell-Eckman complex, 2 to 6                         Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam
   percent slopes                                        Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                             inches)
              Component Description
                                                         Drainage class: Well drained
Zell and similar soils                                   Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
                                                         Flooding: None
Extent: 30 to 55 percent of the unit
                                                         Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
                                                         Ponding: None
Position on the landform: Shoulders and summits
                                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
                                                             inches
Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam
                                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.9
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                             percent
    inches)
                                                         Typical profile:
Drainage class: Well drained
                                                             Ap—0 to 9 inches; silt loam
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
                                                             Bk—9 to 28 inches; silt loam
Flooding: None
                                                             C—28 to 80 inches; silt loam
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Ponding: None
                                                         Egeland soils
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.1
    inches                                               Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.5    Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
    percent                                              Position on the landform: Summits and
Typical profile:                                             backslopes
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; silt loam                         Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
    Bk—10 to 43 inches; silt loam                        Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
    C—43 to 80 inches; silt loam                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                             inches)
Eckman and similar soils
                                                         Drainage class: Well drained
Extent: 30 to 50 percent of the unit                     Parent material: Outwash
Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines                    Flooding: None
Position on the landform: Backslopes and summits         Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent                              Ponding: None
Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam                  Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.4
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60        inches
    inches)                                              Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.6
Drainage class: Well drained                                 percent
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                     Typical profile:
Flooding: None                                               Ap—0 to 8 inches; sandy loam
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year               Bw1,Bw2—8 to 30 inches; sandy loam
Ponding: None                                                Bw3—30 to 35 inches; loamy sand
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                       55




    Bk—35 to 48 inches; loamy fine sand                      Bk—9 to 28 inches; silt loam
    C—48 to 80 inches; loamy fine sand                       C—28 to 80 inches; silt loam
Hantho soils                                             Eckman, eroded, and similar soils
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit                      Extent: 10 to 30 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Flats and swales on moraines         Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                              Position on the landform: Summits
Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam                  Slope range: 6 to 12 percent
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam
    inches)                                              Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained                      inches)
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                     Drainage class: Well drained
Flooding: None                                           Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.5 feet (April)           Flooding: None
Deepest depth to wet zone: 5.9 feet (February, August)   Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Ponding: None                                            Ponding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 12.3   Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 12.5
    inches                                                   inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5      Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.9
    percent                                                  percent
Typical profile:                                         Typical profile:
    Ap,A—0 to 12 inches; silt loam                           Ap—0 to 8 inches; silt loam
    Bw—12 to 24 inches; silt loam                            Bw—8 to 31 inches; silt loam
    Bk,Bkg—24 to 65 inches; silt loam                        Bk—31 to 50 inches; silt loam
    Cg—65 to 80 inches; silt loam                            C—50 to 80 inches; silt loam
             Major Uses of the Map Unit                  Zell soils that are slightly eroded
• Cropland                                               Extent: 5 to 25 percent of the unit
                                                         Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
                                                         Position on the landform: Summits
J38C2—Zell-Eckman complex, 6 to 12                       Slope range: 6 to 12 percent
   percent slopes, eroded                                Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam
                                                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
              Component Description                          inches)
                                                         Drainage class: Well drained
Zell, eroded, and similar soils
                                                         Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
Extent: 35 to 55 percent of the unit                     Flooding: None
Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines                    Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Position on the landform: Shoulders                      Ponding: None
Slope range: 6 to 12 percent                             Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.1
Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam                      inches
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.5
    inches)                                                  percent
Drainage class: Well drained                             Typical profile:
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                         Ap—0 to 10 inches; silt loam
Flooding: None                                               Bk—10 to 43 inches; silt loam
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year               C—43 to 80 inches; silt loam
Ponding: None
                                                         Hantho soils
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11
    inches                                               Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.9    Geomorphic setting: Flats and swales on
    percent                                                  moraines
Typical profile:                                         Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
    Ap—0 to 9 inches; silt loam                          Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam
56                                                                                                  Soil Survey of




Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.4
    inches)                                                  inches
Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained                  Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.6
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                         percent
Flooding: None                                           Typical profile:
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.5 feet (April)               Ap—0 to 8 inches; sandy loam
Deepest depth to wet zone: 5.9 feet (February, August)       Bw1,Bw2—8 to 30 inches; sandy loam
Ponding: None                                                Bw3—30 to 35 inches; loamy sand
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 12.3       Bk—35 to 48 inches; loamy fine sand
    inches                                                   C—48 to 80 inches; loamy fine sand
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5
                                                                      Major Uses of the Map Unit
    percent
Typical profile:                                         • Cropland
    Ap,A—0 to 12 inches; silt loam
    Bw—12 to 24 inches; silt loam
    Bk,Bkg—24 to 65 inches; silt loam                    J39A—Udorthents, shallow (sanitary
    Cg—65 to 80 inches; silt loam                           landfill)
Eckman soils that are slightly eroded
                                                         • Udorthents consist primarily of soil fill material over
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit                      refuse material in a sanitary landfill. The cover material
Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines                    is dominantly loamy soil material. As much as 30
Position on the landform: Backslopes                     percent of this map unit is covered by impervious
Slope range: 6 to 12 percent                             surfaces. Because of the variability of this map unit,
Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam                  interpretations for specific uses are not available.
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Onsite investigation is needed.
    inches)
Drainage class: Well drained
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                     J40A—Foxlake silty clay, 0 to 2 percent
Flooding: None                                              slopes
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Ponding: None                                                          Component Description
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 12.7
                                                         Foxlake and similar soils
    inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5    Extent: 75 to 95 percent of the unit
    percent                                              Geomorphic setting: Drainageways and flats on till
Typical profile:                                             plains
    Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; silt loam                       Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
    Bw—15 to 32 inches; silt loam                        Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay
    Bk—32 to 42 inches; silt loam                        Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    C—42 to 80 inches; silt loam                             inches)
                                                         Drainage class: Poorly drained
Egeland soils
                                                         Parent material: Till
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit                      Flooding: None
Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines                    Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April, May)
Position on the landform: Backslopes and summits         Deepest depth to wet zone: 2.6 feet (February, August)
Slope range: 6 to 12 percent                             Ponding: None
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                 Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.2
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60        inches
    inches)                                              Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4
Drainage class: Well drained                                 percent
Parent material: Outwash                                 Typical profile:
Flooding: None                                               Ap—0 to 23 inches; silty clay
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year               Bkg—23 to 39 inches; silty clay
Ponding: None                                                Cg—39 to 80 inches; silty clay
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                       57




Audubon soils                                            Drainage class: Very poorly drained
                                                         Parent material: Till
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
                                                         Flooding: None
Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains
                                                         Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,
Position on the landform: Backslopes
                                                             April)
Slope range: 1 to 4 percent
                                                         Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February,
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay
                                                             August)
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                         Months in which ponding does not occur: January,
    inches)
                                                             February, May, June, July, August, September,
Drainage class: Moderately well drained
                                                             October, November, December
Parent material: Till
                                                         Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)
Flooding: None
                                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.3
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April, May)
                                                             inches
Deepest depth to wet zone: 5.6 feet (February, August)
                                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4
Ponding: None
                                                             percent
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.5
                                                         Typical profile:
    inches
                                                             Ap,A—0 to 26 inches; silty clay
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4
                                                             Bg—26 to 33 inches; silty clay
    percent
                                                             Cg—33 to 80 inches; silty clay
Typical profile:
    Ap,A—0 to 14 inches; silty clay                                   Major Uses of the Map Unit
    Bkss—14 to 36 inches; silty clay
                                                         • Cropland
    C—36 to 80 inches; silty clay
Calcareous soils
                                                         J41A—Urness mucky silty clay loam,
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit                         depressional, 0 to 1 percent slopes
Geomorphic setting: Flats on till plains; rims of
    depressions on till plains; drainageways on till                   Component Description
    plains
                                                         Urness and similar soils
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay                 Extent: 70 to 90 percent of the unit
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Geomorphic setting: Depressions on lake plains, till
    inches)                                                  plains, and moraines
Drainage class: Poorly drained                           Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
Parent material: Till                                    Texture of the surface layer: Mucky silty clay loam
Flooding: None                                           Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April, May)          inches)
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2.6 feet (February, August)   Drainage class: Very poorly drained
Ponding: None                                            Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over till
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11     Flooding: None
    inches                                               Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4          April)
    percent                                              Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February, August)
Typical profile:                                         Months in which ponding does not occur: January,
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; silty clay                            February, May, June, July, August, September,
    Bkg—10 to 25 inches; silty clay                          October, November, December
    Cg—25 to 80 inches; silty clay                       Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)
                                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11
Depressional soils
                                                             inches
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit                      Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 15
Geomorphic setting: Depressions on till plains               percent
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                              Typical profile:
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay                     Ap—0 to 9 inches; mucky silty clay loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60        Cg—9 to 32 inches; mucky silt loam
    inches)                                                  2Cg—32 to 80 inches; silty clay loam
58                                                                                                Soil Survey of




Bigstone soils                                           Geomorphic setting: Flats on till plains; rims of
                                                             depressions on till plains; drainageways on till
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
                                                             plains
Geomorphic setting: Depressions on moraines, lake
                                                         Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
    plains, and till plains
                                                         Texture of the surface layer: Clay loam
Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
                                                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
                                                             inches)
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                         Drainage class: Poorly drained
    inches)
                                                         Parent material: Till
Drainage class: Very poorly drained
                                                         Flooding: None
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
                                                         Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
Flooding: None
                                                         Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,
                                                         Ponding: None
    April)
                                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.6
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February, August)
                                                             inches
Months in which ponding does not occur: January,
                                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
    February, May, June, July, August, September,
                                                             percent
    October, November, December
                                                         Typical profile:
Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)
                                                             Ap,A—0 to 14 inches; clay loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.9
                                                             Bkg—14 to 38 inches; loam
    inches
                                                             Cg—38 to 80 inches; loam
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 10.5
    percent                                                           Major Uses of the Map Unit
Typical profile:
                                                         • Cropland
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; silty clay loam
    A1,A2—10 to 30 inches; silty clay loam
    Cg—30 to 80 inches; loam                             J42C—Sandberg-Arvilla complex, 6 to 12
Colvin soils                                                percent slopes
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit                                    Component Description
Geomorphic setting: Rims of depressions on lake
                                                         Sandberg and similar soils
    plains; flats on lake plains; drainageways on lake
    plains                                               Extent: 50 to 70 percent of the unit
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                              Geomorphic setting: Hills on outwash plains
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam            Position on the landform: Summits and shoulders
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Slope range: 6 to 12 percent
    inches)                                              Texture of the surface layer: Gravelly sandy loam
Drainage class: Poorly drained                           Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                         inches)
Flooding: None                                           Drainage class: Excessively drained
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)           Parent material: Outwash
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)   Flooding: None
Ponding: None                                            Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.5   Ponding: None
    inches                                               Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 2.8
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5          inches
    percent                                              Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2
Typical profile:                                             percent
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; silty clay loam                   Typical profile:
    Bk—10 to 25 inches; silt loam                            Ap—0 to 10 inches; gravelly sandy loam
    Cg—25 to 80 inches; stratified silt loam to silty        Bk—10 to 22 inches; gravelly sand
       clay loam                                             C—22 to 80 inches; gravelly sand
Vallers soils                                            Arvilla and similar soils
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit                      Extent: 25 to 35 percent of the unit
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                      59




Geomorphic setting: Hills on outwash plains              Geomorphic setting: Depressions on lake plains,
Position on the landform: Backslopes and summits             moraines, and till plains
Slope range: 6 to 12 percent                             Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                 Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    inches)                                                  inches)
Drainage class: Somewhat excessively drained             Drainage class: Very poorly drained
Parent material: Outwash                                 Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
Flooding: None                                           Flooding: None
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year           Depth to wet zone: At the surface all year
Ponding: None                                            Shallowest ponding: 0.5 foot (August)
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 3.8    Deepest ponding: 3 feet (March, April, May)
    inches                                               Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 12.5
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.4        inches
    percent                                              Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 10.5
Typical profile:                                             percent
    A—0 to 9 inches; sandy loam                          Typical profile:
    Bw—9 to 14 inches; sandy loam                            A—0 to 33 inches; silt loam
    2Bk—14 to 48 inches; gravelly sand                       Cg—33 to 50 inches; silty clay loam
    2C—48 to 80 inches; gravelly sand                        2Cg—50 to 60 inches; clay loam
Everts soils                                             Cathro and similar soils
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit                      Extent: 0 to 85 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines                    Geomorphic setting: Depressions on till plains, lake
Position on the landform: Footslopes                         plains, and moraines
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent                              Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                       Texture of the surface layer: Muck
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    inches)                                                  inches)
Drainage class: Well drained                             Drainage class: Very poorly drained
Parent material: Colluvium                               Parent material: Organic material over till
Flooding: None                                           Flooding: None
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year           Depth to wet zone: At the surface all year
Ponding: None                                            Shallowest ponding: 0.5 foot (August)
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.3   Deepest ponding: 3 feet (March, April, May)
    inches                                               Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 20
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5        inches
    percent                                              Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 25
Typical profile:                                             percent
    Ap,AB—0 to 38 inches; loam                           Typical profile:
    Bw—38 to 54 inches; loam                                 Oa1—0 to 20 inches; muck
    2C—54 to 80 inches; very gravelly coarse sand            Oa2—20 to 34 inches; muck
                                                             A—34 to 40 inches; loam
             Major Uses of the Map Unit
                                                             Cg—40 to 80 inches; loam
• Cropland
                                                         Urness and similar soils
                                                         Extent: 0 to 85 percent of the unit
J43A—Quam, Cathro, and Urness soils,                     Geomorphic setting: Depressions on lake plains,
   ponded, 0 to 1 percent slopes                             moraines, and till plains
                                                         Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
               Component Description                     Texture of the surface layer: Mucky silt loam
                                                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Quam, depressional, and similar soils
                                                             inches)
Extent: 0 to 85 percent of the unit                      Drainage class: Very poorly drained
60                                                                                                 Soil Survey of




Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over till            Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.6
Flooding: None                                                inches
Depth to wet zone: At the surface all year                Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
Shallowest ponding: 0.5 foot (August)                         percent
Deepest ponding: 3 feet (March, April, May)               Typical profile:
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.5        Ap,A—0 to 14 inches; clay loam
    inches                                                    Bkg—14 to 38 inches; loam
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 15          Cg—38 to 80 inches; loam
    percent
                                                                      Major Uses of the Map Unit
Typical profile:
    A—0 to 20 inches; mucky silt loam                     • Wildlife habitat
    Cg—20 to 45 inches; mucky silt loam
    2Cg—45 to 60 inches; loam
Colvin soils                                              J44B—Esmond-Heimdal complex, 2 to 6
                                                             percent slopes
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Rims of depressions on lake                         Component Description
    plains; drainageways on lake plains; flats on lake
                                                          Esmond and similar soils
    plains
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                               Extent: 35 to 55 percent of the unit
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam             Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60     Position on the landform: Shoulders and summits
    inches)                                               Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
Drainage class: Poorly drained                            Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                      Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Flooding: None                                                inches)
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)            Drainage class: Well drained
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)    Parent material: Till
Ponding: None                                             Flooding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.5    Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
    inches                                                Ponding: None
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5       Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.6
    percent                                                   inches
Typical profile:                                          Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.5
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; silty clay loam                        percent
    Bk—10 to 25 inches; silt loam                         Typical profile:
    Cg—25 to 80 inches; stratified silt loam to silty         Ap—0 to 10 inches; loam
       clay loam                                              Bk—10 to 30 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
                                                                 to silt loam
Vallers soils
                                                              C—30 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit                              to silt loam
Geomorphic setting: Rims of depressions on till plains;
                                                          Heimdal and similar soils
    flats on till plains; drainageways on till plains
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                               Extent: 30 to 50 percent of the unit
Texture of the surface layer: Clay loam                   Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60     Position on the landform: Backslopes and summits
    inches)                                               Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
Drainage class: Poorly drained                            Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Parent material: Till                                     Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Flooding: None                                                inches)
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)            Drainage class: Well drained
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)    Parent material: Till
Ponding: None                                             Flooding: None
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                      61




Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year           Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5.5
Ponding: None                                                percent
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.7    Typical profile:
    inches                                                   Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; loam
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5        Bw—15 to 25 inches; loam
    percent                                                  Bk—25 to 36 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
Typical profile:                                                to silt loam
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; loam                                  C—36 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
    Bw—10 to 22 inches; loam                                    to silt loam
    Bk—22 to 42 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
                                                                      Major Uses of the Map Unit
       to silt loam
    C—42 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam     • Cropland
       to silt loam
Esmond soils that are eroded
                                                         J44C2—Esmond-Heimdal complex, 6 to
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit                         12 percent slopes, eroded
Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
Position on the landform: Shoulders                                    Component Description
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
                                                         Esmond, eroded, and similar soils
Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Extent: 30 to 50 percent of the unit
    inches)                                              Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
Drainage class: Well drained                             Position on the landform: Shoulders
Parent material: Till                                    Slope range: 6 to 12 percent
Flooding: None                                           Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year           Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Ponding: None                                                inches)
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.5    Drainage class: Well drained
    inches                                               Parent material: Till
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.9    Flooding: None
    percent                                              Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Typical profile:                                         Ponding: None
    Ap—0 to 9 inches; loam                               Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.4
    Bk—9 to 44 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam         inches
       to silt loam                                      Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.7
    C—44 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam         percent
       to silt loam                                      Typical profile:
                                                             Ap—0 to 8 inches; loam
Emrick soils
                                                             Bk—8 to 30 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit                             to silt loam
Geomorphic setting: Swales and flats on moraines             C—30 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                                     to silt loam
Texture of the surface layer: Loam
                                                         Heimdal, eroded, and similar soils
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    inches)                                              Extent: 10 to 30 percent of the unit
Drainage class: Moderately well drained                  Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
Parent material: Till                                    Position on the landform: Summits
Flooding: None                                           Slope range: 6 to 12 percent
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)           Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet            Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    (February, August)                                       inches)
Ponding: None                                            Drainage class: Well drained
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.3   Parent material: Till
    inches                                               Flooding: None
62                                                                                               Soil Survey of




Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year          Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3.8
Ponding: None                                               percent
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.5   Typical profile:
    inches                                                  Ap—0 to 8 inches; loam
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.7       Bw—8 to 16 inches; loam
    percent                                                 Bk—16 to 27 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
Typical profile:                                               to silt loam
    Ap—0 to 7 inches; loam                                  C—27 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
    Bw—7 to 16 inches; loam                                    to silt loam
    Bk—16 to 36 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
       to silt loam                                     Emrick soils
    C—36 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
                                                        Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
       to silt loam
                                                        Geomorphic setting: Hills and swales on moraines
Esmond soils that are slightly eroded                   Position on the landform: Footslopes
                                                        Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
Extent: 5 to 25 percent of the unit
                                                        Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
                                                        Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Position on the landform: Summits
                                                            inches)
Slope range: 6 to 12 percent
                                                        Drainage class: Moderately well drained
Texture of the surface layer: Loam
                                                        Parent material: Till
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                        Flooding: None
    inches)
                                                        Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)
Drainage class: Well drained
                                                        Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet
Parent material: Till
                                                            (February, August)
Flooding: None
                                                        Ponding: None
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
                                                        Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.3
Ponding: None
                                                            inches
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.6
                                                        Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5.5
    inches
                                                            percent
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.5
                                                        Typical profile:
    percent
                                                            Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; loam
Typical profile:
                                                            Bw—15 to 25 inches; loam
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; loam
                                                            Bk—25 to 36 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
    Bk—10 to 30 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
                                                               to silt loam
       to silt loam
                                                            C—36 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
    C—30 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
                                                               to silt loam
       to silt loam
Heimdal soils that are slightly eroded                  Sisseton soils that are eroded
Extent: 5 to 25 percent of the unit                     Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines                   Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
Position on the landform: Backslopes                    Position on the landform: Shoulders
Slope range: 6 to 12 percent                            Slope range: 12 to 18 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                      Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60   Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    inches)                                                 inches)
Drainage class: Well drained                            Drainage class: Well drained
Parent material: Till                                   Parent material: Till
Flooding: None                                          Flooding: None
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year          Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Ponding: None                                           Ponding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.5   Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.1
    inches                                                  inches
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                      63




Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.7   Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.3
    percent                                                 inches
Typical profile:                                        Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
    Ap—0 to 8 inches; loam                                  percent
    Bk—8 to 36 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam    Typical profile:
       to silt loam                                         Ap,AB—0 to 38 inches; loam
    C—36 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam        Bw—38 to 54 inches; loam
       to silt loam                                         2C—54 to 80 inches; very gravelly coarse sand
             Major Uses of the Map Unit                 Arvilla soils
• Cropland                                              Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
                                                        Geomorphic setting: Hills on outwash plains
                                                        Position on the landform: Backslopes and summits
J45F—Sandberg sandy loam, 12 to 40                      Slope range: 6 to 12 percent
   percent slopes                                       Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
                                                        Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
               Component Description
                                                            inches)
Sandberg and similar soils                              Drainage class: Somewhat excessively drained
                                                        Parent material: Outwash
Extent: 70 to 90 percent of the unit
                                                        Flooding: None
Geomorphic setting: Hills on outwash plains
                                                        Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Position on the landform: Backslopes, shoulders, and
                                                        Ponding: None
    summits
                                                        Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 3.8
Slope range: 12 to 40 percent
                                                            inches
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
                                                        Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.4
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                            percent
    inches)
                                                        Typical profile:
Drainage class: Excessively drained
                                                            A—0 to 9 inches; sandy loam
Parent material: Outwash
                                                            Bw—9 to 14 inches; sandy loam
Flooding: None
                                                            2Bk—14 to 48 inches; gravelly sand
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
                                                            2C—48 to 80 inches; gravelly sand
Ponding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 3.6
                                                        Sioux soils
    inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.5   Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
    percent                                             Geomorphic setting: Hills on outwash plains
Typical profile:                                        Position on the landform: Shoulders
    A1,A2—0 to 12 inches; sandy loam                    Slope range: 12 to 40 percent
    Bk—12 to 28 inches; gravelly sand                   Texture of the surface layer: Loam
    C—28 to 80 inches; gravelly sand                    Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                            inches)
Everts soils
                                                        Drainage class: Excessively drained
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit                     Parent material: Outwash
Geomorphic setting: Hills on outwash plains             Flooding: None
Position on the landform: Footslopes                    Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent                             Ponding: None
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                      Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 4
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60       inches
    inches)                                             Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.2
Drainage class: Well drained                                percent
Parent material: Colluvium                              Typical profile:
Flooding: None                                              A—0 to 5 inches; loam
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year              AC—5 to 8 inches; gravelly loam
Ponding: None                                               C—8 to 60 inches; very gravelly sand
64                                                                                                Soil Survey of




           Major Uses of the Map Unit                    Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5
                                                             percent
• Pasture and wildlife habitat
                                                         Typical profile:
                                                             Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; loam
J46B—Byrne silt loam, 2 to 4 percent                         Bw—15 to 22 inches; loam
   slopes                                                    Bk—22 to 40 inches; loam
                                                             C—40 to 80 inches; loam
             Component Description
                                                         Buse soils
Byrne and similar soils
                                                         Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
Extent: 75 to 95 percent of the unit                     Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains
Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains                 Position on the landform: Shoulders
Position on the landform: Backslopes, summits, and       Slope range: 3 to 6 percent
    shoulders                                            Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Slope range: 2 to 4 percent                              Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam                      inches)
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Drainage class: Well drained
    inches)                                              Parent material: Till
Drainage class: Well drained                             Flooding: None
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over till           Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Flooding: None                                           Ponding: None
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (April)           Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.4
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet                inches
    (January, February, July, August, September)         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2
Ponding: None                                                percent
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.4   Typical profile:
    inches                                                   Ap—0 to 8 inches; loam
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3.9        Bk—8 to 40 inches; loam
    percent                                                  C—40 to 60 inches; loam
Typical profile:
                                                         Quam soils
    Ap—0 to 8 inches; silt loam
    Bw—8 to 23 inches; silt loam                         Extent: 0 to 5 percent of the unit
    Bk—23 to 28 inches; silt loam                        Geomorphic setting: Flats and drainageways on till
    2Bk—28 to 72 inches; loam                                plains
    2C—72 to 80 inches; loam                             Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
                                                         Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
Hokans soils
                                                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Extent: 0 to 15 percent of the unit                          inches)
Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains                 Drainage class: Poorly drained
Position on the landform: Shoulders and summits          Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent                              Flooding: None
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                       Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
    inches)                                              Ponding: None
Drainage class: Well drained                             Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.5
Parent material: Till                                        inches
Flooding: None                                           Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 10.2
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (April)               percent
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet            Typical profile:
    (January, February, July, August, September)             Ap—0 to 9 inches; silty clay loam
Ponding: None                                                A—9 to 60 inches; silty clay loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.8       Bg—60 to 68 inches; silty clay loam
    inches                                                   2Cg—68 to 80 inches; loam
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                     65




             Major Uses of the Map Unit                     Bw—15 to 25 inches; sandy loam
                                                            2C—25 to 80 inches; sand
• Cropland
                                                        Egeland soils

J47A—Swenoda sandy loam, moderately                     Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
   wet, 1 to 3 percent slopes                           Geomorphic setting: Flats on outwash plains
                                                        Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
              Component Description                     Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
                                                        Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Swenoda and similar soils
                                                            inches)
Extent: 75 to 95 percent of the unit                    Drainage class: Well drained
Geomorphic setting: Swales and flats on outwash         Parent material: Outwash
    plains                                              Flooding: None
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                             Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                Ponding: None
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60   Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 7.5
    inches)                                                 inches
Drainage class: Moderately well drained                 Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3
Parent material: Outwash over lacustrine deposits;          percent
    outwash over till                                   Typical profile:
Flooding: None                                              Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; sandy loam
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)              Bw—15 to 40 inches; sandy loam
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet               Bk—40 to 60 inches; sandy loam
    (February, August)                                      C—60 to 80 inches; loamy sand
Ponding: None
                                                                     Major Uses of the Map Unit
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.9
    inches                                              • Cropland
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5
    percent
Typical profile:                                        J48A—Bigstone and Parnell soils,
    Ap,A—0 to 17 inches; sandy loam                        ponded, 0 to 1 percent slopes
    Bw—17 to 29 inches; sandy loam
    2C—29 to 80 inches; silt loam                                     Component Description
Clontarf soils                                          Bigstone and similar soils
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit                     Extent: 0 to 85 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Swales and flats on outwash         Geomorphic setting: Depressions on moraines, lake
    plains                                                  plains, and till plains
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                             Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60   Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    inches)                                                 inches)
Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained                 Drainage class: Very poorly drained
Parent material: Outwash                                Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
Flooding: None                                          Flooding: None
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.3 feet (April)          Depth to wet zone: At the surface all year
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3 feet (August)              Shallowest ponding: 0.5 foot (August)
Ponding: None                                           Deepest ponding: 3 feet (March, April, May)
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.5   Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.3
    inches                                                  inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3     Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 10.5
    percent                                                 percent
Typical profile:                                        Typical profile:
    Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; sandy loam                         A1—0 to 18 inches; silty clay loam
66                                                                                               Soil Survey of




     A2—18 to 48 inches; silty clay loam                 Geomorphic setting: Drainageways on till plains; flats
     2Cg—48 to 80 inches; loam                               on till plains; rims of depressions on till plains
                                                         Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Parnell and similar soils
                                                         Texture of the surface layer: Clay loam
Extent: 0 to 85 percent of the unit                      Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Geomorphic setting: Depressions on till plains, lake         inches)
    plains, and moraines                                 Drainage class: Poorly drained
Slope range: 0 to 1 percent                              Parent material: Till
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam            Flooding: None
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
    inches)                                              Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
Drainage class: Very poorly drained                      Ponding: None
Parent material: Till                                    Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.6
Flooding: None                                               inches
Depth to wet zone: At the surface all year               Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
Shallowest ponding: 0.5 foot (August)                        percent
Deepest ponding: 3 feet (March, April, May)              Typical profile:
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.4       Ap,A—0 to 14 inches; clay loam
    inches                                                   Bkg—14 to 38 inches; loam
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 8          Cg—38 to 80 inches; loam
    percent
                                                                     Major Uses of the Map Unit
Typical profile:
    A1,A2—0 to 22 inches; silty clay loam                • Wildlife habitat
    Btg—22 to 55 inches; silty clay
    BCg—55 to 80 inches; silty clay loam
Colvin soils                                             J49A—Lakepark-Parnell, depressional,
                                                            complex, 0 to 2 percent slopes
Extent: 0 to 15 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Drainageways on lake plains;                       Component Description
    rims of depressions on lake plains; flats on lake
                                                         Lakepark and similar soils
    plains
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                              Extent: 40 to 60 percent of the unit
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam            Geomorphic setting: Flats and drainageways on
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60        moraines
    inches)                                              Slope range: 1 to 2 percent
Drainage class: Poorly drained                           Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                     Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Flooding: None                                               inches)
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)           Drainage class: Poorly drained
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)   Parent material: Till
Ponding: None                                            Flooding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.5   Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
    inches                                               Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5      Ponding: None
    percent                                              Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11
Typical profile:                                             inches
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; silty clay loam                   Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5.9
    Bk—10 to 25 inches; silt loam                            percent
    Cg—25 to 80 inches; stratified silt loam to silty    Typical profile:
       clay loam                                             Ap—0 to 8 inches; loam
                                                             A—8 to 27 inches; loam
Vallers soils
                                                             Bg—27 to 41 inches; loam
Extent: 0 to 15 percent of the unit                          Cg—41 to 80 inches; loam
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                       67




Parnell, depressional, and similar soils                 Geomorphic setting: Rims of depressions on till plains;
                                                             flats on till plains; drainageways on till plains
Extent: 25 to 45 percent of the unit
                                                         Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Geomorphic setting: Depressions on moraines
                                                         Texture of the surface layer: Clay loam
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
                                                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
                                                             inches)
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                         Drainage class: Poorly drained
    inches)
                                                         Parent material: Till
Drainage class: Very poorly drained
                                                         Flooding: None
Parent material: Till
                                                         Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
Flooding: None
                                                         Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,
                                                         Ponding: None
    April)
                                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.6
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February, August)
                                                             inches
Months in which ponding does not occur: January,
                                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
    February, May, June, July, August, September,
                                                             percent
    October, November, December
                                                         Typical profile:
Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)
                                                             Ap,A—0 to 14 inches; clay loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.4
                                                             Bkg—14 to 38 inches; loam
    inches
                                                             Cg—38 to 80 inches; loam
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 8
    percent                                                           Major Uses of the Map Unit
Typical profile:
                                                         • Cropland
    A1,A2—0 to 22 inches; silty clay loam
    Btg—22 to 55 inches; silty clay
    BCg—55 to 80 inches; silty clay loam                 J50A—Balaton-Tara complex, 1 to 3
Emrick soils                                                percent slopes
Extent: 5 to 10 percent of the unit                                    Component Description
Geomorphic setting: Swales and flats on moraines
                                                         Balaton and similar soils
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                       Extent: 35 to 55 percent of the unit
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Geomorphic setting: Knolls on lake plains
    inches)                                              Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
Drainage class: Moderately well drained                  Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Parent material: Till                                    Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Flooding: None                                               inches)
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)           Drainage class: Moderately well drained
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet            Parent material: Till
    (February, August)                                   Flooding: None
Ponding: None                                            Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.3   Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet
    inches                                                   (February, August)
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5.5    Ponding: None
    percent                                              Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.7
Typical profile:                                             inches
    Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; loam                            Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6
    Bw—15 to 25 inches; loam                                 percent
    Bk—25 to 36 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam    Typical profile:
       to silt loam                                          Ap,A—0 to 13 inches; loam
    C—36 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam         ABk,Bk—13 to 31 inches; loam
       to silt loam                                          C—31 to 80 inches; loam
Vallers soils                                            Tara and similar soils
Extent: 5 to 10 percent of the unit                      Extent: 25 to 45 percent of the unit
68                                                                                                Soil Survey of




Geomorphic setting: Flats and swales on lake plains      Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                                  (January, February, July, August, September)
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam            Ponding: None
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.6
    inches)                                                  inches
Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained                  Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over till               percent
Flooding: None                                           Typical profile:
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.5 feet (April)               Ap—0 to 10 inches; loam
Deepest depth to wet zone: 5.9 feet (February, August)       Bk—10 to 27 inches; loam
Ponding: None                                                C—27 to 80 inches; loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.8
                                                         Winger soils
    inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6      Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
    percent                                              Geomorphic setting: Drainageways on lake plains; flats
Typical profile:                                             on lake plains; rims of depressions on lake plains
    Ap,A—0 to 22 inches; silty clay loam                 Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
    Bw—22 to 38 inches; silt loam                        Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
    2C—38 to 80 inches; loam                             Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                             inches)
McIntosh soils
                                                         Drainage class: Poorly drained
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit                      Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over till
Geomorphic setting: Lake plains                          Flooding: None
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                              Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam            Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Ponding: None
    inches)                                              Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 12
Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained                      inches
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over till           Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5
Flooding: None                                               percent
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.5 feet (April)           Typical profile:
Deepest depth to wet zone: 5.9 feet (February, August)       Ap—0 to 7 inches; silty clay loam
Ponding: None                                                Ak—7 to 22 inches; silt loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.8       Bkg—22 to 27 inches; silt loam
    inches                                                   Cg1—27 to 31 inches; silt loam
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4          2Cg2—31 to 80 inches; loam
    percent
                                                                      Major Uses of the Map Unit
Typical profile:
    Ap—0 to 8 inches; silty clay loam                    • Cropland
    Ak,Bk—8 to 27 inches; silt loam
    2C—27 to 60 inches; loam
                                                         J51A—Bearden-Quam, depressional,
Well drained soils                                          complex, 0 to 2 percent slopes
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit                                    Component Description
Geomorphic setting: Knolls on lake plains
                                                         Bearden and similar soils
Slope range: 2 to 4 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                       Extent: 50 to 70 percent of the unit
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Geomorphic setting: Drainageways on lake plains; flats
    inches)                                                  on lake plains; rims of depressions on lake plains
Drainage class: Well drained                             Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Parent material: Till                                    Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
Flooding: None                                           Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (April)               inches)
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                      69




Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained                  Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                         (February, August)
Flooding: None                                           Ponding: None
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.5 feet (April)           Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10
Deepest depth to wet zone: 5.9 feet (February, August)       inches
Ponding: None                                            Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.2
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.5       percent
    inches                                               Typical profile:
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5          Ap—0 to 9 inches; silty clay loam
    percent                                                  Bk—9 to 30 inches; silty clay loam
Typical profile:                                             C—30 to 80 inches; silty clay loam
    Ap,A—0 to 16 inches; silty clay loam
                                                         Winger soils
    Bk—16 to 37 inches; silt loam
    Cg—37 to 80 inches; stratified silt loam to silty    Extent: 0 to 5 percent of the unit
       clay loam                                         Geomorphic setting: Rims of depressions on lake
                                                             plains; drainageways on lake plains; flats on lake
Quam, depressional, and similar soils
                                                             plains
Extent: 20 to 40 percent of the unit                     Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Geomorphic setting: Depressions on lake plains           Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
Slope range: 0 to 1 percent                              Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam                inches)
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Drainage class: Poorly drained
    inches)                                              Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over till
Drainage class: Very poorly drained                      Flooding: None
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                     Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
Flooding: None                                           Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,     Ponding: None
    April)                                               Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 12
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February, August)         inches
Months in which ponding does not occur: January,         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5
    February, May, June, July, August, September,            percent
    October, November, December                          Typical profile:
Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)                              Ap—0 to 7 inches; silty clay loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.4       Ak—7 to 22 inches; silt loam
    inches                                                   Bkg—22 to 27 inches; silt loam
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 10.5       Cg1—27 to 31 inches; silt loam
    percent                                                  2Cg2—31 to 80 inches; loam
Typical profile:
                                                                      Major Uses of the Map Unit
    Ap,A—0 to 28 inches; silty clay loam
    Bg—28 to 48 inches; silty clay loam                  • Cropland
    2Cg—48 to 80 inches; silty clay loam

Rondell soils                                            J52A—Rondell silty clay loam, 1 to 3
                                                            percent slopes
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Knolls on lake plains                              Component Description
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
                                                         Rondell and similar soils
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Extent: 75 to 95 percent of the unit
    inches)                                              Geomorphic setting: Knolls on lake plains
Drainage class: Moderately well drained                  Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                     Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
Flooding: None                                           Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)               inches)
70                                                                                                 Soil Survey of




Drainage class: Moderately well drained                  Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                         percent
Flooding: None                                           Typical profile:
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)               Ap,A—0 to 16 inches; silty clay loam
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet                Bk—16 to 37 inches; silt loam
    (February, August)                                       Cg—37 to 80 inches; stratified silt loam to silty
Ponding: None                                                   clay loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10
                                                                      Major Uses of the Map Unit
    inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.2    • Cropland
    percent
Typical profile:
    Ap—0 to 9 inches; silty clay loam                    J53A—Ortonville loam, 1 to 3 percent
    Bk—9 to 30 inches; silty clay loam                      slopes
    C—30 to 80 inches; silty clay loam
                                                                       Component Description
Zell soils
                                                         Ortonville and similar soils
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
                                                         Extent: 75 to 95 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Hills on lake plains
                                                         Geomorphic setting: Knolls on moraines
Position on the landform: Shoulders and summits
                                                         Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
                                                         Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam
                                                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                             inches)
    inches)
                                                         Drainage class: Moderately well drained
Drainage class: Well drained
                                                         Parent material: Till
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
                                                         Flooding: None
Flooding: None
                                                         Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
                                                         Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet
Ponding: None
                                                             (February, August)
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.1
                                                         Ponding: None
    inches
                                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.4
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.5
                                                             inches
    percent
                                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.8
Typical profile:
                                                             percent
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; silt loam
                                                         Typical profile:
    Bk—10 to 43 inches; silt loam
                                                             Ap—0 to 8 inches; loam
    C—43 to 80 inches; silt loam
                                                             Bk—8 to 24 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
                                                                to silt loam
Bearden soils
                                                             C—24 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit                             to silt loam
Geomorphic setting: Drainageways on lake plains; flats
                                                         Well drained soils
    on lake plains; rims of depressions on lake plains
Slope range: 1 to 2 percent                              Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam            Geomorphic setting: Knolls on moraines
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Slope range: 2 to 4 percent
    inches)                                              Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained                  Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                         inches)
Flooding: None                                           Drainage class: Well drained
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.5 feet (April)           Parent material: Till
Deepest depth to wet zone: 5.9 feet (February, August)   Flooding: None
Ponding: None                                            Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (April)
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.5   Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet
    inches                                                   (January, February, July, August, September)
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                      71




Ponding: None                                            Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.6        April)
    inches                                               Deepest depth to wet zone: 1.8 feet (August)
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6      Months in which ponding does not occur: January,
    percent                                                  February, May, June, July, August, September,
Typical profile:                                             October, November, December
    Ap,A—0 to 13 inches; loam                            Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)
    Bk—13 to 38 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam    Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.3
       to silt loam                                          inches
    C—38 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam     Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 8
       to silt loam                                          percent
                                                         Typical profile:
Vallers soils
                                                             Ap,Ak—0 to 19 inches; loam
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit                          Bkg—19 to 23 inches; sandy loam
Geomorphic setting: Drainageways on moraines; flats          2Cg—23 to 80 inches; sand
    on moraines; rims of depressions on moraines
                                                         Marysland soils that are not ponded
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Clay loam                  Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Geomorphic setting: Drainageways on outwash plains;
    inches)                                                  rims of depressions on outwash plains; flats on
Drainage class: Poorly drained                               outwash plains
Parent material: Till                                    Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Flooding: None                                           Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)           Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)       inches)
Ponding: None                                            Drainage class: Poorly drained
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.6   Parent material: Outwash
    inches                                               Flooding: None
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5    Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
    percent                                              Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (August)
Typical profile:                                         Ponding: None
    Ap,A—0 to 14 inches; clay loam                       Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.6
    Bkg—14 to 38 inches; loam                                inches
    Cg—38 to 80 inches; loam                             Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
                                                             percent
             Major Uses of the Map Unit
                                                         Typical profile:
• Cropland                                                   Ap—0 to 9 inches; loam
                                                             Ak—9 to 12 inches; loam
                                                             Bkg—12 to 27 inches; loam
J54A—Marysland loam, depressional, 0 to                      2Cg—27 to 80 inches; sand
   1 percent slopes
                                                                      Major Uses of the Map Unit
                Component Description
                                                         • Cropland
Marysland, depressional, and similar soils
Extent: 85 to 95 percent of the unit                     J55A—Sedgeville loam, channeled, 0 to 2
Geomorphic setting: Depressions on outwash plains           percent slopes, occasionally flooded
Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                                     Component Description
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                         Sedgeville and similar soils
    inches)
Drainage class: Very poorly drained                      Extent: 85 to 95 percent of the unit
Parent material: Outwash                                 Geomorphic setting: Flats on flood plains
Flooding: None                                           Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
72                                                                                                Soil Survey of




Texture of the surface layer: Loam                       J56A—Winger-Balaton-Parnell,
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60       depressional, complex, 0 to 3 percent
    inches)
                                                            slopes
Drainage class: Poorly drained
Parent material: Alluvium                                             Component Description
Months in which flooding does not occur: January,
                                                         Winger and similar soils
    February, September, October, November,
    December                                             Extent: 30 to 50 percent of the unit
Highest frequency of flooding: Occasional (March,        Geomorphic setting: Rims of depressions on lake
    April, May, June, July, August)                          plains; flats on lake plains; drainageways on lake
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)               plains
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (August)               Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Ponding: None                                            Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 8.4    Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    inches                                                   inches)
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 7.7    Drainage class: Poorly drained
    percent                                              Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over till
Typical profile:                                         Flooding: None
    A—0 to 8 inches; loam                                Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
    Bg—8 to 34 inches; coarse sandy loam                 Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February,
    2Cg—34 to 80 inches; gravelly loamy coarse               August)
       sand                                              Ponding: None
                                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 12
Soils that are frequently flooded
                                                             inches
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit                      Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5
Geomorphic setting: Flats on flood plains                    percent
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                              Typical profile:
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                           Ap—0 to 7 inches; silty clay loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60        Ak—7 to 22 inches; silt loam
    inches)                                                  Bkg—22 to 27 inches; silt loam
Drainage class: Very poorly drained                          Cg1—27 to 31 inches; silt loam
Parent material: Alluvium                                    2Cg2—31 to 80 inches; loam
Months in which flooding does not occur: January,
                                                         Balaton and similar soils
    February, September, October, November,
    December                                             Extent: 20 to 40 percent of the unit
Highest frequency of flooding: Frequent (March, April,   Geomorphic setting: Knolls on lake plains
    May, June, July, August)                             Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,     Texture of the surface layer: Loam
    April, May)                                          Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Deepest depth to wet zone: 1.6 feet (February, August)       inches)
Ponding: None                                            Drainage class: Moderately well drained
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.7    Parent material: Till
    inches                                               Flooding: None
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 8      Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)
    percent                                              Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet
Typical profile:                                             (February, August)
    A1,A2—0 to 34 inches; loam                           Ponding: None
    2Cg—34 to 80 inches; sand                            Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.7
                                                             inches
           Major Uses of the Map Unit
                                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6
• Pasture and wildlife habitat                               percent
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                          73




Typical profile:                                             Bk—10 to 25 inches; silt loam
    Ap,A—0 to 13 inches; loam                                Cg—25 to 80 inches; stratified silt loam to silty
    ABk,Bk—13 to 31 inches; loam                               clay loam
    C—31 to 80 inches; loam
                                                         Vallers soils
Parnell, depressional, and similar soils
                                                         Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
Extent: 10 to 30 percent of the unit                     Geomorphic setting: Rims of depressions on lake
Geomorphic setting: Depressions on lake plains               plains; flats on lake plains; drainageways on lake
Slope range: 0 to 1 percent                                  plains
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam            Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Texture of the surface layer: Clay loam
    inches)                                              Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Drainage class: Very poorly drained                          inches)
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over till           Drainage class: Poorly drained
Flooding: None                                           Parent material: Till
Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,     Flooding: None
    April)                                               Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February, August)     Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
Months in which ponding does not occur: January,         Ponding: None
    February, May, June, July, August, September,        Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.6
    October, November, December                              inches
Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)                          Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.4       percent
    inches                                               Typical profile:
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 8          Ap,A—0 to 14 inches; clay loam
    percent                                                  Bkg—14 to 38 inches; loam
Typical profile:                                             Cg—38 to 80 inches; loam
    A1,A2—0 to 22 inches; silty clay loam
                                                                      Major Uses of the Map Unit
    Btg—22 to 55 inches; silty clay
    BCg—55 to 80 inches; silty clay loam                 • Cropland

Colvin soils
                                                         J57A—Balaton loam, 1 to 3 percent
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit                         slopes
Geomorphic setting: Rims of depressions on lake
    plains; flats on lake plains; drainageways on lake                   Component Description
    plains
                                                         Balaton and similar soils
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam            Extent: 75 to 95 percent of the unit
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Geomorphic setting: Knolls on till plains
    inches)                                              Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
Drainage class: Poorly drained                           Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                     Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Flooding: None                                               inches)
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)           Drainage class: Moderately well drained
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)   Parent material: Till
Ponding: None                                            Flooding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.5   Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)
    inches                                               Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5          (February, August)
    percent                                              Ponding: None
Typical profile:                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.7
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; silty clay loam                       inches
74                                                                                                Soil Survey of




Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6      Vallers soils
    percent
                                                         Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
Typical profile:
                                                         Geomorphic setting: Flats on till plains; drainageways
    Ap,A—0 to 13 inches; loam
                                                             on till plains; rims of depressions on till plains
    ABk,Bk—13 to 31 inches; loam
                                                         Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
    C—31 to 80 inches; loam
                                                         Texture of the surface layer: Clay loam
Well drained soils                                       Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                             inches)
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
                                                         Drainage class: Poorly drained
Geomorphic setting: Knolls on till plains
                                                         Parent material: Till
Slope range: 2 to 4 percent
                                                         Flooding: None
Texture of the surface layer: Loam
                                                         Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                         Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
    inches)
                                                         Ponding: None
Drainage class: Well drained
                                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.6
Parent material: Till
                                                             inches
Flooding: None
                                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (April)
                                                             percent
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet
                                                         Typical profile:
    (January, February, July, August, September)
                                                             Ap,A—0 to 14 inches; clay loam
Ponding: None
                                                             Bkg—14 to 38 inches; loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.6
                                                             Cg—38 to 80 inches; loam
    inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6                   Major Uses of the Map Unit
    percent
                                                         • Cropland
Typical profile:
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; loam
    Bk—10 to 27 inches; loam                             J58B—Torning-Egeland complex, 2 to 6
    C—27 to 80 inches; loam                                 percent slopes
Tara soils
                                                                         Component Description
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
                                                         Torning and similar soils
Geomorphic setting: Flats and swales on till plains
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                              Extent: 35 to 55 percent of the unit
Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam                  Geomorphic setting: Hills on outwash plains
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Position on the landform: Shoulders and summits
    inches)                                              Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained                  Texture of the surface layer: Fine sandy loam
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over till           Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Flooding: None                                               inches)
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.5 feet (April)           Drainage class: Well drained
Deepest depth to wet zone: 5.9 feet (February,           Parent material: Outwash
    August)                                              Flooding: None
Ponding: None                                            Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.4   Ponding: None
    inches                                               Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.2
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6          inches
    percent                                              Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.2
Typical profile:                                             percent
    Ap,A—0 to 19 inches; silt loam                       Typical profile:
    Bw—19 to 27 inches; silt loam                            Ap—0 to 8 inches; fine sandy loam
    2Bk—27 to 33 inches; loam                                Bk—8 to 30 inches; fine sandy loam
    2C—33 to 80 inches; loam                                 C—30 to 80 inches; fine sand
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                     75




Egeland and similar soils                               Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                            inches)
Extent: 30 to 50 percent of the unit
                                                        Drainage class: Well drained
Geomorphic setting: Hills on outwash plains
                                                        Parent material: Outwash
Position on the landform: Summits and backslopes
                                                        Flooding: None
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
                                                        Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam
                                                        Ponding: None
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                        Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 4.6
    inches)
                                                            inches
Drainage class: Well drained
                                                        Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3
Parent material: Outwash
                                                            percent
Flooding: None
                                                        Typical profile:
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
                                                            Ap,A—0 to 12 inches; sandy loam
Ponding: None
                                                            Bw—12 to 26 inches; sandy loam
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.4
                                                            2C—26 to 80 inches; sand
    inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.6                Major Uses of the Map Unit
    percent
                                                        • Cropland
Typical profile:
    Ap—0 to 8 inches; sandy loam
    Bw1,Bw2—8 to 30 inches; sandy loam                  J59A—Urness mucky silty clay loam,
    Bw3—30 to 35 inches; loamy sand                        sandy substratum, ponded, 0 to 1
    Bk—35 to 48 inches; loamy fine sand
                                                           percent slopes
    C—48 to 80 inches; loamy fine sand
                                                                      Component Description
Clontarf soils
                                                        Urness, sandy substratum, and similar soils
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Swales and flats on outwash         Extent: 80 to 95 percent of the unit
    plains                                              Geomorphic setting: Depressions on outwash plains
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                             Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                Texture of the surface layer: Mucky silty clay loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60   Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    inches)                                                 inches)
Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained                 Drainage class: Very poorly drained
Parent material: Outwash                                Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over till
Flooding: None                                          Flooding: None
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.3 feet (April)          Depth to wet zone: At the surface all year
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3 feet (August)              Shallowest ponding: 0.5 foot (August)
Ponding: None                                           Deepest ponding: 3 feet (March, April, May)
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.5   Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 12
    inches                                                  inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3     Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 15
    percent                                                 percent
Typical profile:                                        Typical profile:
    Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; sandy loam                         A1,A2—0 to 34 inches; mucky silty clay loam
    Bw—15 to 25 inches; sandy loam                          Cg—34 to 66 inches; mucky silty clay loam
    2C—25 to 80 inches; sand                                2Cg—66 to 80 inches; sand
Sverdrup soils                                          Marysland soils
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit                     Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Hills on outwash plains             Geomorphic setting: Flats on outwash plains; rims of
Position on the landform: Summits, shoulders, and           depressions on outwash plains; drainageways on
    backslopes                                              outwash plains
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent                             Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Sandy loam                Texture of the surface layer: Loam
76                                                                                               Soil Survey of




Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Slope range: 1 to 4 percent
    inches)                                              Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay
Drainage class: Poorly drained                           Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Parent material: Outwash                                     inches)
Flooding: None                                           Drainage class: Moderately well drained
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)           Parent material: Till
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (August)               Flooding: None
Ponding: None                                            Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April, May)
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6.6    Deepest depth to wet zone: 5.6 feet (February, August)
    inches                                               Ponding: None
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5    Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.5
    percent                                                  inches
Typical profile:                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4
    Ap—0 to 9 inches; loam                                   percent
    Ak—9 to 12 inches; loam                              Typical profile:
    Bkg—12 to 27 inches; loam                                Ap,A—0 to 14 inches; silty clay
    2Cg—27 to 80 inches; sand                                Bkss—14 to 36 inches; silty clay
                                                             C—36 to 80 inches; silty clay
            Major Uses of the Map Unit
                                                         Foxlake soils
• Wildlife habitat
                                                         Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
                                                         Geomorphic setting: Drainageways and flats on till
J60B—Hattie-Audubon complex, 1 to 4                          plains
   percent slopes                                        Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
                                                         Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay
              Component Description
                                                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Hattie and similar soils                                     inches)
                                                         Drainage class: Poorly drained
Extent: 35 to 55 percent of the unit
                                                         Parent material: Till
Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains
                                                         Flooding: None
Position on the landform: Summits and shoulders
                                                         Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April, May)
Slope range: 1 to 4 percent
                                                         Deepest depth to wet zone: 2.6 feet (February, August)
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay
                                                         Ponding: None
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.2
    inches)
                                                             inches
Drainage class: Moderately well drained
                                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4
Parent material: Till
                                                             percent
Flooding: None
                                                         Typical profile:
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April, May)
                                                             Ap—0 to 23 inches; silty clay
Deepest depth to wet zone: 5.6 feet (February, August)
                                                             Bkg—23 to 39 inches; silty clay
Ponding: None
                                                             Cg—39 to 80 inches; silty clay
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 8.8
    inches                                                            Major Uses of the Map Unit
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3
                                                         • Cropland
    percent
Typical profile:
    Ap—0 to 8 inches; silty clay                         J60C—Hattie-Audubon complex, 4 to 10
    Bwss—8 to 15 inches; silty clay                         percent slopes
    Bkss—15 to 22 inches; silty clay
    C—22 to 80 inches; silty clay                                      Component Description
Audubon and similar soils                                Hattie and similar soils
Extent: 35 to 55 percent of the unit                     Extent: 50 to 70 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains                 Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains
Position on the landform: Summits and backslopes         Position on the landform: Summits and shoulders
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                       77




Slope range: 4 to 10 percent                             Deepest depth to wet zone: 2.6 feet (February, August)
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay                 Ponding: None
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.2
    inches)                                                  inches
Drainage class: Moderately well drained                  Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4
Parent material: Till                                        percent
Flooding: None                                           Typical profile:
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April, May)          Ap—0 to 23 inches; silty clay
Deepest depth to wet zone: 5.6 feet (February, August)       Bkg—23 to 39 inches; silty clay
Ponding: None                                                Cg—39 to 80 inches; silty clay
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 8.8
                                                                      Major Uses of the Map Unit
    inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3.3    • Cropland
    percent
Typical profile:
    Ap—0 to 9 inches; silty clay                         J61A—Svea loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes,
    Bkss—9 to 19 inches; silty clay                         bouldery
    C—19 to 80 inches; silty clay
                                                                       Component Description
Audubon and similar soils
                                                         Svea, bouldery, and similar soils
Extent: 20 to 40 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains                 Extent: 80 to 95 percent of the unit
Position on the landform: Backslopes and summits         Geomorphic setting: Flats and swales on terraces
Slope range: 4 to 10 percent                             Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay                 Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    inches)                                                  inches)
Drainage class: Moderately well drained                  Drainage class: Moderately well drained
Parent material: Till                                    Parent material: Till
Flooding: None                                           Flooding: None
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April, May)      Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)
Deepest depth to wet zone: 5.6 feet (February, August)   Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet
Ponding: None                                                (February, August)
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.3    Ponding: None
    inches                                               Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.1
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3.4        inches
    percent                                              Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
Typical profile:                                             percent
    Ap—0 to 8 inches; silty clay                         Typical profile:
    Bkss—8 to 34 inches; silty clay                          A1,A2—0 to 10 inches; loam
    C—34 to 80 inches; silty clay                            Bw—10 to 23 inches; clay loam
                                                             Bk—23 to 60 inches; loam
Foxlake soils
                                                             C—60 to 80 inches; loam
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
                                                         Vallers soils that are bouldery
Geomorphic setting: Flats and drainageways on till
    plains                                               Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                              Geomorphic setting: Rims of depressions on terraces;
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay                     flats on terraces; drainageways on terraces
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
    inches)                                              Texture of the surface layer: Clay loam
Drainage class: Poorly drained                           Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Parent material: Till                                        inches)
Flooding: None                                           Drainage class: Poorly drained
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April, May)      Parent material: Till
78                                                                                                Soil Survey of




Flooding: None                                           Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)               inches)
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)   Drainage class: Well drained
Ponding: None                                            Parent material: Till
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.5   Flooding: None
    inches                                               Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5    Ponding: None
    percent                                              Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.4
Typical profile:                                             inches
    A1,A2—0 to 12 inches; clay loam                      Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.7
    Bkg—12 to 60 inches; loam                                percent
    Cg—60 to 80 inches; loam                             Typical profile:
                                                             A—0 to 8 inches; loam
Parnell soils in depressions
                                                             Bk—8 to 24 inches; loam
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit                          BC,C—24 to 80 inches; loam
Geomorphic setting: Depressions on terraces
                                                         Barnes, very bouldery, and similar soils
Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam            Extent: 20 to 30 percent of the unit
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Geomorphic setting: Hills on terraces
    inches)                                              Position on the landform: Summits and backslopes
Drainage class: Very poorly drained                      Slope range: 6 to 12 percent
Parent material: Till                                    Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Flooding: None                                           Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,         inches)
    April)                                               Drainage class: Well drained
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February, August)     Parent material: Till
Months in which ponding does not occur: January,         Flooding: None
    February, May, June, July, August, September,        Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
    October, November, December                          Ponding: None
Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)                          Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.8
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.4       inches
    inches                                               Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3.5
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 8          percent
    percent                                              Typical profile:
Typical profile:                                             A1,A2—0 to 15 inches; loam
    A1,A2—0 to 22 inches; silty clay loam                    Bw—15 to 22 inches; loam
    Btg—22 to 55 inches; silty clay                          Bk—22 to 50 inches; loam
    BCg—55 to 80 inches; silty clay loam                     C—50 to 80 inches; loam
           Major Uses of the Map Unit
                                                         Hokans soils
• Pasture and wildlife habitat
                                                         Extent: 10 to 20 percent of the unit
                                                         Geomorphic setting: Hills on terraces
J62C—Buse-Barnes complex, 2 to 12                        Position on the landform: Summits and backslopes
   percent slopes, very bouldery                         Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
                                                         Texture of the surface layer: Loam
             Component Description                       Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                             inches)
Buse, very bouldery, and similar soils
                                                         Drainage class: Well drained
Extent: 35 to 55 percent of the unit                     Parent material: Till
Geomorphic setting: Hills on terraces                    Flooding: None
Position on the landform: Summits and shoulders          Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (April)
Slope range: 2 to 12 percent                             Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                           (January, February, July, August, September)
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                       79




Ponding: None                                            Typical profile:
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.8       Ap,A—0 to 24 inches; loam
    inches                                                   AB,Bw1—24 to 34 inches; loam
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5        Bw2—34 to 80 inches; loam
    percent
                                                                    Major Uses of the Map Unit
Typical profile:
    Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; loam                            • Pasture and wildlife habitat
    Bw—15 to 22 inches; loam
    Bk—22 to 40 inches; loam
    C—40 to 80 inches; loam                              J62F—Buse-Barnes complex, 12 to 40
Svea soils that are bouldery                                percent slopes, very bouldery
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit                                   Component Description
Geomorphic setting: Swales and flats on terraces
                                                         Buse, very bouldery, and similar soils
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                       Extent: 40 to 60 percent of the unit
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Geomorphic setting: Hills on terraces
    inches)                                              Position on the landform: Backslopes, shoulders, and
Drainage class: Moderately well drained                      summits
Parent material: Till                                    Slope range: 12 to 40 percent
Flooding: None                                           Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)           Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet                inches)
    (February, August)                                   Drainage class: Well drained
Ponding: None                                            Parent material: Till
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.1   Flooding: None
    inches                                               Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5    Ponding: None
    percent                                              Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.4
Typical profile:                                             inches
    A1,A2—0 to 10 inches; loam                           Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 1.5
    Bw—10 to 23 inches; clay loam                            percent
    Bk—23 to 60 inches; loam                             Typical profile:
    C—60 to 80 inches; loam                                  A—0 to 7 inches; loam
                                                             Bk—7 to 44 inches; loam
Darnen soils
                                                             C—44 to 80 inches; loam
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
                                                         Barnes, very bouldery, and similar soils
Geomorphic setting: Hills on terraces
Position on the landform: Footslopes                     Extent: 30 to 50 percent of the unit
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent                              Geomorphic setting: Hills on terraces
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                       Position on the landform: Summits and backslopes
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Slope range: 12 to 40 percent
    inches)                                              Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Drainage class: Well drained                             Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Parent material: Colluvium                                   inches)
Flooding: None                                           Drainage class: Well drained
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (April)           Parent material: Till
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet            Flooding: None
    (January, February, July, August, September)         Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
Ponding: None                                            Ponding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.4   Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.6
    inches                                                   inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5    Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 3.5
    percent                                                  percent
80                                                                                                Soil Survey of




Typical profile:                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.4
    A—0 to 12 inches; loam                                   inches
    Bw—12 to 19 inches; loam                             Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.8
    Bk—19 to 33 inches; loam                                 percent
    C—33 to 80 inches; loam                              Typical profile:
                                                             Ap—0 to 8 inches; loam
Darnen soils
                                                             Bk—8 to 24 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit                             to silt loam
Geomorphic setting: Hills on terraces                        C—24 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
Position on the landform: Footslopes                            to silt loam
Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
                                                         Vallers and similar soils
Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Extent: 25 to 45 percent of the unit
    inches)                                              Geomorphic setting: Rims of depressions on
Drainage class: Well drained                                 moraines; flats on moraines; drainageways on
Parent material: Colluvium                                   moraines
Flooding: None                                           Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (April)           Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet            Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    (January, February, July, August, September)             inches)
Ponding: None                                            Drainage class: Poorly drained
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.4   Parent material: Till
    inches                                               Flooding: None
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5    Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
    percent                                              Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
Typical profile:                                         Ponding: None
    Ap,A—0 to 24 inches; loam                            Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.8
    AB,Bw1—24 to 34 inches; loam                             inches
    Bw2—34 to 80 inches; loam                            Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5
                                                             percent
           Major Uses of the Map Unit
                                                         Typical profile:
• Pasture and wildlife habitat                               Ap—0 to 10 inches; loam
                                                             Bkg—10 to 29 inches; loam
                                                             Cg—29 to 80 inches; loam
J63A—Ortonville-Vallers-Parnell,                         Parnell, depressional, and similar soils
   depressional, complex, 0 to 3 percent
                                                         Extent: 15 to 25 percent of the unit
   slopes                                                Geomorphic setting: Depressions on moraines
             Component Description                       Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
                                                         Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
Ortonville and similar soils
                                                         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Extent: 35 to 55 percent of the unit                         inches)
Geomorphic setting: Knolls on moraines                   Drainage class: Very poorly drained
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                              Parent material: Till
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                       Flooding: None
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,
    inches)                                                  April)
Drainage class: Moderately well drained                  Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February, August)
Parent material: Till                                    Months in which ponding does not occur: January,
Flooding: None                                               February, May, June, July, August, September,
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)               October, November, December
Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet            Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)
    (February, August)                                   Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.4
Ponding: None                                                inches
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                        81




Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 8       Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.5
    percent                                                   inches
Typical profile:                                          Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5
    A1,A2—0 to 22 inches; silty clay loam                     percent
    Btg—22 to 55 inches; silty clay                       Typical profile:
    BCg—55 to 80 inches; silty clay loam                      Ap—0 to 10 inches; silty clay loam
                                                              Bk—10 to 25 inches; silt loam
             Major Uses of the Map Unit
                                                              Cg—25 to 80 inches; stratified silt loam to silty
• Cropland                                                       clay loam
                                                          Quam soils in depressions

J64A—Quam silty clay loam, 0 to 2                         Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
   percent slopes                                         Geomorphic setting: Depressions on till plains
                                                          Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
               Component Description                      Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
                                                          Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Quam and similar soils
                                                              inches)
Extent: 80 to 95 percent of the unit                      Drainage class: Very poorly drained
Geomorphic setting: Drainageways and flats on till        Parent material: Lacustrine deposits
    plains                                                Flooding: None
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent                               Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam                 April)
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60     Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February, August)
    inches)                                               Months in which ponding does not occur: January,
Drainage class: Poorly drained                                February, May, June, July, August, September,
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                          October, November, December
Flooding: None                                            Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)            Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.5
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)        inches
Ponding: None                                             Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 10.5
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.5        percent
    inches                                                Typical profile:
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 10.2        Ap—0 to 10 inches; silty clay loam
    percent                                                   A1,A2—10 to 45 inches; silty clay loam
Typical profile:                                              Cg—45 to 80 inches; silty clay loam
    Ap—0 to 9 inches; silty clay loam
                                                                       Major Uses of the Map Unit
    A—9 to 60 inches; silty clay loam
    Bg—60 to 68 inches; silty clay loam                   • Cropland
    2Cg—68 to 80 inches; loam
Colvin soils
                                                          J65A—Shakopee silty clay, 0 to 2 percent
Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit                          slopes
Geomorphic setting: Rims of depressions on till plains;
    flats on till plains; drainageways on till plains                   Component Description
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
                                                          Shakopee and similar soils
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60     Extent: 80 to 95 percent of the unit
    inches)                                               Geomorphic setting: Drainageways on outwash plains;
Drainage class: Poorly drained                                flats on outwash plains; rims of depressions on
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits                          outwash plains
Flooding: None                                            Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)            Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)    Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Ponding: None                                                 inches)
82                                                                                               Soil Survey of




Drainage class: Poorly drained                          Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over outwash       Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Flooding: None                                              inches)
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)          Drainage class: Moderately well drained
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (August)              Parent material: Till
Ponding: None                                           Flooding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 5.5   Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)
    inches                                              Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5.8       (February, August)
    percent                                             Ponding: None
Typical profile:                                        Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.3
    Ap—0 to 9 inches; silty clay                            inches
    A—9 to 15 inches; silty clay                        Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5.5
    Bkg—15 to 38 inches; silty clay                         percent
    2C—38 to 80 inches; sand                            Typical profile:
                                                            Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; loam
Soils in depressions
                                                            Bw—15 to 25 inches; loam
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit                         Bk—25 to 36 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
Geomorphic setting: Depressions on outwash plains              to silt loam
Slope range: 0 to 1 percent                                 C—36 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay                       to silt loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                        Lakepark soils
    inches)
Drainage class: Very poorly drained                     Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over outwash       Geomorphic setting: Flats and drainageways on
Flooding: None                                              moraines
Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,    Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
    April)                                              Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February, August)    Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Months in which ponding does not occur: January,            inches)
    February, May, June, July, August, September,       Drainage class: Poorly drained
    October, November, December                         Parent material: Till
Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)                         Flooding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 5.7   Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)
    inches                                              Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5.8   Ponding: None
    percent                                             Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11
Typical profile:                                            inches
    Ap—0 to 9 inches; silty clay                        Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5.9
    Ak—9 to 34 inches; silty clay                           percent
    Bkg—34 to 45 inches; silty clay                     Typical profile:
    2Cg—45 to 80 inches; sand                               Ap—0 to 8 inches; loam
                                                            A—8 to 27 inches; loam
             Major Uses of the Map Unit
                                                            Bg—27 to 41 inches; loam
• Cropland                                                  Cg—41 to 80 inches; loam

                                                        Heimdal soils
J66A—Emrick loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes
                                                        Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit
              Component Description                     Geomorphic setting: Hills on moraines
                                                        Position on the landform: Backslopes and summits
Emrick and similar soils
                                                        Slope range: 2 to 6 percent
Extent: 75 to 95 percent of the unit                    Texture of the surface layer: Loam
Geomorphic setting: Swales and flats on moraines        Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                                 inches)
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                     83




Drainage class: Well drained                            Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Parent material: Till                                       inches)
Flooding: None                                          Drainage class: Somewhat excessively drained
Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year          Parent material: Outwash
Ponding: None                                           Flooding: None
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.7   Depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet all year
    inches                                              Ponding: None
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 4.5   Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 4.8
    percent                                                 inches
Typical profile:                                        Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 2.3
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; loam                                 percent
    Bw—10 to 22 inches; loam                            Typical profile:
    Bk—22 to 42 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam       Ap—0 to 7 inches; loam
       to silt loam                                         Bw—7 to 15 inches; loam
    C—42 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam        2Bk—15 to 20 inches; gravelly loamy sand
       to silt loam                                         2C—20 to 60 inches; gravelly loamy sand
             Major Uses of the Map Unit                 Spottswood soils
• Cropland                                              Extent: 0 to 10 percent of the unit
                                                        Geomorphic setting: Swales and flats on outwash
                                                            plains
J67A—Fordtown loam, 1 to 3 percent                      Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
   slopes                                               Texture of the surface layer: Loam
                                                        Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
              Component Description
                                                            inches)
Fordtown and similar soils                              Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained
                                                        Parent material: Outwash
Extent: 75 to 95 percent of the unit
                                                        Flooding: None
Geomorphic setting: Swales and flats on outwash
                                                        Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.3 feet (April)
    plains
                                                        Deepest depth to wet zone: 3 feet (August)
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent
                                                        Ponding: None
Texture of the surface layer: Loam
                                                        Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 6
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                            inches
    inches)
                                                        Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5
Drainage class: Well drained
                                                            percent
Parent material: Outwash
                                                        Typical profile:
Flooding: None
                                                            Ap—0 to 10 inches; loam
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 3.9 feet (April)
                                                            Bw—10 to 26 inches; loam
Deepest depth to wet zone: 4.9 feet (August,
                                                            2C—26 to 80 inches; gravelly loamy sand
    September)
Ponding: None                                                        Major Uses of the Map Unit
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 8.1
                                                        • Cropland
    inches
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5
    percent                                             J68A—Kerkhoven-Friberg, depressional,
Typical profile:                                           complex, 0 to 2 percent slopes
    Ap,A—0 to 30 inches; loam
    Bw—30 to 36 inches; loam                                          Component Description
    2C—36 to 80 inches; gravelly loamy sand
                                                        Kerkhoven and similar soils
Renshaw soils
                                                        Extent: 45 to 65 percent of the unit
Extent: 5 to 10 percent of the unit                     Geomorphic setting: Drainageways and flats on
Geomorphic setting: Flats on outwash plains                 moraines
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                             Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                      Texture of the surface layer: Loam
84                                                                                               Soil Survey of




Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    Parent material: Till
    inches)                                              Flooding: None
Drainage class: Poorly drained                           Shallowest depth to wet zone: 2.5 feet (April)
Parent material: Till                                    Deepest depth to wet zone: More than 6.7 feet
Flooding: None                                               (February, August)
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April)           Ponding: None
Deepest depth to wet zone: 3.3 feet (February, August)   Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.3
Ponding: None                                                inches
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.2   Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5.5
    inches                                                   percent
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6.5    Typical profile:
    percent                                                  Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; loam
Typical profile:                                             Bw—15 to 25 inches; loam
    Ap—0 to 10 inches; loam                                  Bk—25 to 36 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
    A—10 to 35 inches; loam                                     to silt loam
    Bg—35 to 53 inches; loam                                 C—36 to 80 inches; stratified sandy loam to loam
    Bkg—53 to 63 inches; loam                                   to silt loam
    Cg—63 to 80 inches; loam
                                                                    Major Uses of the Map Unit
Friberg, depressional, and similar soils
                                                         • Cropland, hayland, and pasture
Extent: 25 to 45 percent of the unit
Geomorphic setting: Depressions on moraines
Slope range: 0 to 1 percent                              L33B—Kandiyohi clay, 2 to 5 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Silt loam                     slopes
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    inches)                                                           Component Description
Drainage class: Very poorly drained
                                                         Kandiyohi and similar soils
Parent material: Till
Flooding: None                                           Extent: 80 to 90 percent of the unit
Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,     Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains
    April)                                               Position on the landform: Backslopes, shoulders, and
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February, August)         summits
Months in which ponding does not occur: January,         Slope range: 2 to 5 percent
    February, May, June, July, August, September,        Texture of the surface layer: Clay
    October, November, December                          Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)                              inches)
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 11.3   Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained
    inches                                               Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over till
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 7.5    Flooding: None
    percent                                              Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.5 feet (April, May)
Typical profile:                                         Deepest depth to wet zone: 4.9 feet (February, August)
    Ap,A—0 to 23 inches; silt loam                       Ponding: None
    Btg—23 to 47 inches; silty clay loam                 Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10
    Bkg—47 to 60 inches; loam                                inches
    Cg—60 to 80 inches; loam                             Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5.5
                                                             percent
Emrick soils
                                                         Typical profile:
Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit                          Ap—0 to 10 inches; clay
Geomorphic setting: Flats and swales on moraines             Bw—10 to 23 inches; clay
Slope range: 1 to 3 percent                                  Bkg—23 to 64 inches; clay loam
Texture of the surface layer: Loam                           BCg—64 to 80 inches; clay loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                         Cosmos soils
    inches)
Drainage class: Moderately well drained                  Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                     85




Geomorphic setting: Drainageways and flats on till       L34A—Cosmos silty clay, 0 to 2 percent
    plains                                                  slopes
Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay                             Component Description
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
                                                         Cosmos and similar soils
    inches)
Drainage class: Poorly drained                           Extent: 75 to 95 percent of the unit
Parent material: Till                                    Geomorphic setting: Drainageways and flats on till
Flooding: None                                               plains
Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April, May)      Slope range: 0 to 2 percent
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2.6 feet (February, August)   Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay
Ponding: None                                            Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.5        inches)
    inches                                               Drainage class: Poorly drained
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6      Parent material: Till
    percent                                              Flooding: None
Typical profile:                                         Shallowest depth to wet zone: 0.5 foot (April, May)
    Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; silty clay                      Deepest depth to wet zone: 2.6 feet (February, August)
    Btg—15 to 30 inches; silty clay                      Ponding: None
    Btkg—30 to 36 inches; silty clay                     Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 9.5
    2Bkg—36 to 80 inches; clay loam                          inches
                                                         Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 6
Okoboji soils
                                                             percent
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit                      Typical profile:
Geomorphic setting: Depressions on till plains               Ap,A—0 to 15 inches; silty clay
Slope range: 0 to 1 percent                                  Btg—15 to 30 inches; silty clay
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam                Btkg—30 to 36 inches; silty clay
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60        2Bkg—36 to 80 inches; clay loam
    inches)
                                                         Kandiyohi soils
Drainage class: Very poorly drained
Parent material: Till                                    Extent: 5 to 15 percent of the unit
Flooding: None                                           Geomorphic setting: Hills on till plains
Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,     Position on the landform: Backslopes, shoulders, and
    April)                                                   summits
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February,             Slope range: 1 to 5 percent
    August)                                              Texture of the surface layer: Clay
Months in which ponding does not occur: January,         Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60
    February, May, June, July, August, September,            inches)
    October, November, December                          Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained
Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)                          Parent material: Lacustrine deposits over till
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.8   Flooding: None
    inches                                               Shallowest depth to wet zone: 1.5 feet (April, May)
Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 8      Deepest depth to wet zone: 4.9 feet (February, August)
    percent                                              Ponding: None
Typical profile:                                         Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10
    Ap..A3—0 to 32 inches; silty clay loam                   inches
    Bg—32 to 56 inches; silty clay loam                  Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 5.5
    Cg—56 to 80 inches; silty clay loam                      percent
                                                         Typical profile:
             Major Uses of the Map Unit
                                                             Ap—0 to 10 inches; clay
• Cropland                                                   Bw—10 to 23 inches; clay
86                                                                                                Soil Survey of




     Bkg—23 to 64 inches; clay loam                      Content of organic matter in the upper 10 inches: 8
     BCg—64 to 80 inches; clay loam                          percent
                                                         Typical profile:
Okoboji soils
                                                             Ap..A3—0 to 32 inches; silty clay loam
Extent: 1 to 10 percent of the unit                          Bg—32 to 56 inches; silty clay loam
Geomorphic setting: Depressions on till plains               Cg—56 to 80 inches; silty clay loam
Slope range: 0 to 1 percent
                                                                      Major Uses of the Map Unit
Texture of the surface layer: Silty clay loam
Depth to restrictive feature: Very deep (more than 60    • Cropland
    inches)
Drainage class: Very poorly drained
Parent material: Till                                    M-W—Water, miscellaneous
Flooding: None
                                                         • This map unit consists of constructed bodies of
Shallowest depth to wet zone: At the surface (March,
                                                         water. These areas include sewage lagoons,
    April)
                                                         stormwater sediment basins with a permanent pool of
Deepest depth to wet zone: 2 feet (February,
                                                         water, and aquaculture ponds.
    August)
Months in which ponding does not occur: January,
    February, May, June, July, August, September,        W—Water
    October, November, December
Deepest ponding: 1 foot (April)                          • This map unit consists of naturally occurring bodies
Available water capacity to a depth of 60 inches: 10.8   of water or water that has been impounded by
    inches                                               structures in natural waterways.
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                          87



                               Table 2.--Acreage and Proportionate Extent of the Soils
       _______________________________________________________________________________________________________
              |                                                                         |             |
        Map   |                                Soil name                                |   Acres     |Percent
       symbol |                                                                         |             |
              |                                                                         |             |
       _______________________________________________________________________________________________________
              |                                                                         |             |
       GP     |Pits, gravel-Udipsamments complex----------------------------------------|      1,512 |     0.3
       J1A    |Parnell silty clay loam, depressional, 0 to 1 percent slopes-------------|      4,550 |     0.9
       J2A    |La Prairie loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes, occasionally flooded-------------|         417 |     *
       J3A    |Arveson sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes--------------------------------|     18,985 |     3.9
       J4A    |Rockwell loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes-------------------------------------|      2,353 |     0.5
       J5A    |Fossum sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes---------------------------------|      3,415 |     0.7
       J6A    |McDonaldsville silty clay, 0 to 2 percent slopes-------------------------|      1,874 |     0.4
       J7A    |Sverdrup sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes-------------------------------|      1,590 |     0.3
       J7B    |Sverdrup sandy loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes-------------------------------|      5,079 |     1.1
       J8A    |Egeland sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes--------------------------------|      6,409 |     1.3
       J8B    |Egeland sandy loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes--------------------------------|      4,577 |     1.0
       J9A    |Estelline silt loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes-------------------------------|      1,640 |     0.3
       J10A   |Sinai silty clay, 0 to 2 percent slopes----------------------------------|         202 |     *
       J10B   |Sinai silty clay, 2 to 6 percent slopes----------------------------------|         243 |     *
       J11A   |Vallers clay loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes---------------------------------|      3,516 |     0.7
       J12A   |Marysland loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes------------------------------------|     30,783 |     6.4
       J13A   |Oldham silty clay loam, depressional, 0 to 1 percent slopes--------------|      2,123 |     0.4
       J14F   |Esmond loam, 18 to 40 percent slopes-------------------------------------|         893 |    0.2
       J15B   |Eckman silt loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes----------------------------------|         878 |    0.2
       J16A   |Friberg silt loam, depressional, 0 to 2 percent slopes-------------------|          33 |     *
       J17A   |Quam silty clay loam, depressional, 0 to 1 percent slopes----------------|      6,336 |     1.3
       J18A   |Malachy sandy loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes--------------------------------|      4,009 |     0.8
       J19A   |Hecla loamy fine sand, 1 to 3 percent slopes-----------------------------|      8,816 |     1.8
       J20A   |Clontarf sandy loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes-------------------------------|      3,583 |     0.7
       J21A   |Hamar loamy fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes-----------------------------|      2,606 |     0.5
       J22A   |Renshaw loam, 0 to 3 percent slopes--------------------------------------|     15,776 |     3.3
       J23A   |Lamoure silty clay loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes, occasionally flooded-----|      3,631 |     0.8
       J24F   |Buse loam, 18 to 40 percent slopes---------------------------------------|         806 |    0.2
       J25A   |Rauville silty clay loam, 0 to 1 percent slopes, frequently flooded------|      6,907 |     1.4
       J26B   |Darnen loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes---------------------------------------|         469 |     *
       J27A   |Hantho silt loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes----------------------------------|      4,639 |     1.0
       J28A   |Vallers clay loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes, bouldery-----------------------|      1,897 |     0.4
       J29A   |Cathro muck, depressional, 0 to 1 percent slopes-------------------------|          67 |     *
       J30A   |Tara silt loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes------------------------------------|      8,956 |     1.9
       J31B   |Arvilla-Sandberg complex, 2 to 6 percent slopes--------------------------|      5,148 |     1.1
       J32A   |Bigstone silty clay loam, depressional, 0 to 1 percent slopes------------|      5,554 |     1.2
       J33D2 |Sisseton-Heimdal complex, 12 to 20 percent slopes, eroded----------------|       2,936 |     0.6
       J34B   |Byrne-Buse complex, 2 to 6 percent slopes--------------------------------|     12,418 |     2.6
       J35B   |Hokans-Buse complex, 2 to 6 percent slopes-------------------------------|     10,337 |     2.1
       J36C2 |Buse-Barnes complex, 6 to 12 percent slopes, eroded----------------------|       2,057 |     0.4
       J37D2 |Langhei-Barnes complex, 12 to 20 percent slopes, eroded------------------|          882 |    0.2
       J38B   |Zell-Eckman complex, 2 to 6 percent slopes-------------------------------|      1,216 |     0.3
       J38C2 |Zell-Eckman complex, 6 to 12 percent slopes, eroded----------------------|          326 |     *
       J39A   |Udorthents, shallow (sanitary landfill)----------------------------------|          15 |     *
       J40A   |Foxlake silty clay, 0 to 2 percent slopes--------------------------------|         642 |    0.1
       J41A   |Urness mucky silty clay loam, depressional, 0 to 1 percent slopes--------|      3,631 |     0.8
       J42C   |Sandberg-Arvilla complex, 6 to 12 percent slopes-------------------------|      1,263 |     0.3
       J43A   |Quam, Cathro, and Urness soils, ponded, 0 to 1 percent slopes------------|      4,575 |     1.0
       J44B   |Esmond-Heimdal complex, 2 to 6 percent slopes----------------------------|     30,564 |     6.4
       J44C2 |Esmond-Heimdal complex, 6 to 12 percent slopes, eroded-------------------|       8,582 |     1.8
       J45F   |Sandberg sandy loam, 12 to 40 percent slopes-----------------------------|         336 |     *
       J46B   |Byrne silt loam, 2 to 4 percent slopes-----------------------------------|         567 |    0.1
       J47A   |Swenoda sandy loam, moderately wet, 1 to 3 percent slopes----------------|      1,636 |     0.3
       J48A   |Bigstone and Parnell soils, ponded, 0 to 1 percent slopes----------------|      4,735 |     1.0
       J49A   |Lakepark-Parnell, depressional, complex, 0 to 2 percent slopes-----------|      9,833 |     2.0
       J50A   |Balaton-Tara complex, 1 to 3 percent slopes------------------------------|     30,831 |     6.4
       J51A   |Bearden-Quam, depressional, complex, 0 to 2 percent slopes---------------|     58,847 |    12.2
       J52A   |Rondell silty clay loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes---------------------------|     13,509 |     2.8
       J53A   |Ortonville loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes-----------------------------------|      1,908 |     0.4
       J54A   |Marysland loam, depressional, 0 to 1 percent slopes----------------------|      7,111 |     1.5
              |                                                                         |             |

            See footnote at end of table.
88



                        Table 2.--Acreage and Proportionate Extent of the Soils--Continued
     _______________________________________________________________________________________________________
            |                                                                         |              |
       Map  |                                Soil name                                |    Acres     |Percent
     symbol |                                                                         |              |
            |                                                                         |              |
     _______________________________________________________________________________________________________
            |                                                                         |              |
     J55A   |Sedgeville loam, channeled, 0 to 2 percent slopes, occasionally flooded--|       3,419 |     0.7
     J56A   |Winger-Balaton-Parnell, depressional, complex, 0 to 3 percent slopes-----|      48,255 |    10.0
     J57A   |Balaton loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes--------------------------------------|       9,754 |     2.0
     J58B   |Torning-Egeland complex, 2 to 6 percent slopes---------------------------|       1,345 |     0.3
     J59A   |Urness mucky silty clay loam, sandy substratum, ponded, 0 to 1 percent   |              |
            | slopes------------------------------------------------------------------|       4,133 |     0.9
     J60B   |Hattie-Audubon complex, 1 to 4 percent slopes----------------------------|          528 |    0.1
     J60C   |Hattie-Audubon complex, 4 to 10 percent slopes---------------------------|           70 |     *
     J61A   |Svea loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes, bouldery-------------------------------|       1,462 |     0.3
     J62C   |Buse-Barnes complex, 2 to 12 percent slopes, very bouldery---------------|       1,267 |     0.3
     J62F   |Buse-Barnes complex, 12 to 40 percent slopes, very bouldery--------------|          171 |     *
     J63A   |Ortonville-Vallers-Parnell, depressional, complex, 0 to 3 percent slopes |       4,683 |     1.0
     J64A   |Quam silty clay loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes------------------------------|       6,201 |     1.3
     J65A   |Shakopee silty clay, 0 to 2 percent slopes-------------------------------|       2,686 |     0.6
     J66A   |Emrick loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes---------------------------------------|       5,811 |     1.2
     J67A   |Fordtown loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes-------------------------------------|       4,143 |     0.9
     J68A   |Kerkhoven-Friberg, depressional, complex, 0 to 2 percent slopes----------|       1,848 |     0.4
     L33B   |Kandiyohi clay, 2 to 5 percent slopes------------------------------------|           12 |     *
     L34A   |Cosmos silty clay, 0 to 2 percent slopes---------------------------------|           10 |     *
     M-W    |Water, miscellaneous-----------------------------------------------------|           20 |     *
     W      |Water--------------------------------------------------------------------|       6,353 |     1.3
            |                                                                         |____________|________
            |     Total---------------------------------------------------------------|     481,200 | 100.0
            |                                                                         |              |
     _______________________________________________________________________________________________________

          * Less than 0.1 percent.
                                                                                                                      89




Use and Management of the Soils
    This soil survey is an inventory and evaluation of        identify the limitations that affect specified uses and
the soils in the survey area. It can be used to adjust        indicate the severity of those limitations. The ratings in
land uses to the limitations and potentials of natural        these tables are both verbal and numerical.
resources and the environment. Also, it can help to
prevent soil-related failures in land uses.                   Rating Class Terms
    In preparing a soil survey, soil scientists,
conservationists, engineers, and others collect                   Rating classes are expressed in the tables in terms
extensive field data about the nature and behavioral          that indicate the extent to which the soils are limited by
characteristics of the soils. They collect data on            all of the soil features that affect a specified use or in
erosion, droughtiness, flooding, and other factors that       terms that indicate the suitability of the soils for the
affect various soil uses and management. Field                use. Thus, the tables may show limitation classes or
experience and collected data on soil properties and          suitability classes. Terms for the limitation classes are
performance are used as a basis in predicting soil            not limited, somewhat limited, and very limited. The
behavior.                                                     suitability ratings are expressed as well suited,
    Information in this section can be used to plan the       moderately suited, poorly suited, and unsuited or as
use and management of soils for crops and pasture;            good, fair, and poor.
as sites for buildings, highways and other
transportation systems, and parks and other                   Numerical Ratings
recreational facilities; and as wildlife habitat. It can be
used to identify the potentials and limitations of each           Numerical ratings in the tables indicate the relative
soil for specific land uses and to help prevent               severity of individual limitations. The ratings are shown
construction failures caused by unfavorable soil              as decimal fractions ranging from 0.00 to 1.00. They
properties.                                                   indicate gradations between the point at which a soil
    Planners and others using soil survey information         feature has the greatest negative impact on the use
can evaluate the effect of specific land uses on              and the point at which the soil feature is not a
productivity and on the environment in all or part of the     limitation. The limitations appear in order from the
survey area. The survey can help planners to maintain         most limiting to the least limiting. Thus, if more than
or create a land use pattern in harmony with the              one limitation is identified, the most severe limitation is
natural soil.                                                 listed first and the least severe one is listed last.
    Contractors can use this survey to locate sources
of sand and gravel, roadfill, and topsoil. They can use       Crops and Pasture
it to identify areas where bedrock, wetness, or very
firm soil layers can cause difficulty in excavation.             General management needed for crops and for hay
    Health officials, highway officials, engineers, and       and pasture is suggested in this section. The
others may also find this survey useful. The survey           estimated yields of the main crops and hay and
can help them plan the safe disposal of wastes and            pasture plants are listed, the system of land capability
locate sites for pavements, sidewalks, campgrounds,           classification used by the Natural Resources
playgrounds, lawns, and trees and shrubs.                     Conservation Service is explained, and prime
                                                              farmland is described. Planners of management
Interpretive Ratings                                          systems for individual fields or farms should consider
                                                              obtaining specific information from the local office of
   The interpretive tables in this survey rate the soils in   the Natural Resources Conservation Service or the
the survey area for various uses. Many of the tables          Cooperative Extension Service.
90                                                                                                     Soil Survey of




Cropland Management Considerations                              Surface rock fragments.—This limitation causes
                                                             rapid wear of tillage equipment. It cannot be easily
    The management concerns affecting the use of the         overcome.
soil map units in the survey area for crops are shown           Surface stones.—Stones or boulders on or near the
in table 3. The main concerns in managing                    surface can hinder normal tillage unless they are
nonirrigated cropland are conserving moisture,               removed.
controlling wind erosion and water erosion, and                 Salt content.—In areas where this is a limitation,
maintaining soil fertility.                                  only salt-tolerant crops should be grown.
    Conserving moisture consists primarily of reducing          On irrigated soils the main management concerns
the evaporation and runoff rates and increasing the          are efficient water use, nutrient management, control
water infiltration rate. Applying conservation tillage and   of erosion, pest and weed control, and timely planting
conservation cropping systems, farming on the                and harvesting for a successful crop. An irrigation
contour, stripcropping, establishing field windbreaks,       system that provides optimum control and distribution
and leaving crop residue on the surface conserve             of water at minimum cost is needed. Overirrigation
moisture.                                                    wastes water, leaches plant nutrients, and causes
    Generally, a combination of several practices is         erosion. Also, it can increase wetness and soil salinity.
needed to control wind erosion and water erosion.
                                                             Explanation of Criteria
Conservation tillage, stripcropping, field windbreaks,
contour farming, conservation cropping systems, crop            Acid soil.—The pH is less than 6.1.
residue management, terraces, diversions, and                   Channeled.—The word “channeled” is included in
grassed waterways help to prevent excessive soil loss.       the map unit name.
    Measures that are effective in maintaining soil             Dense layer.—The bulk density is 1.80 g/cc or
fertility include applying fertilizer, both organic and      greater within the soil profile.
inorganic, including manure; incorporating crop                 Depth to rock.—The depth to bedrock is less than
residue or green manure crops into the soil; and using       40 inches.
proper crop rotations. Controlling erosion helps to             Eroded.—The word “eroded” is included in the map
prevent the loss of organic matter and plant nutrients       unit name.
and thus helps to maintain productivity, although the           Excessive permeability.—Saturated hydraulic
level of fertility can be reduced even in areas where        conductivity is 42 micrometers per second or more
erosion is controlled. All soils used for nonirrigated       within the soil profile.
crops respond well to applications of fertilizer.               Flooding.—Flooding is occasional, frequent, or very
    Some of the considerations shown in the table            frequent.
cannot be easily overcome. These are channels,                  Gullied.—The word “gullied” is included in the map
flooding, gullies, and ponding.                              unit name.
    Additional considerations are as follows:                   High content of organic matter.—The surface layer
    Lime content, limited available water capacity,          has more than 20 percent organic matter.
limited content of organic matter, potential poor tilth         Lime content.—The pH is 7.4 or more in the surface
and compaction, and restricted permeability.—These           layer, or the wind erodibility group is 4L.
limitations can be minimized by incorporating green             Limited available water capacity.—The available
manure crops, manure, or crop residue into the soil;         water capacity calculated to a depth of 60 inches or to
applying a system of conservation tillage; and using         a root-limiting layer is 6 inches or less.
conservation cropping systems. Also, crops may                  Limited content of organic matter.—The content of
respond well to additions of phosphate fertilizer to soils   organic matter is 2 percent or less in the surface layer.
that have a high content of lime.                               Ponding.—Ponding duration is assigned to the soil.
    Potential for ground-water contamination.—The            Water is above the surface.
proper use of nutrients and pesticides can reduce the           Potential poor tilth and compaction.—The content of
risk of ground-water contamination.                          clay is 27 percent or more in the surface layer.
    Potential for surface-water contamination.—The risk         Potential for ground-water contamination (by
of surface-water contamination can be reduced by the         nutrients or pesticides).—The depth to a zone in which
proper use of nutrients and pesticides and by                the soil moisture status is wet is 4 feet or less, the
conservation farming practices that reduce the runoff        saturated hydraulic conductivity of any layer is more
rate.                                                        than 42 micrometers per second, or the depth to
    Surface crusting.—This limitation retards seedling       bedrock is less than 60 inches.
development after periods of heavy rainfall.                    Potential for surface-water contamination (by
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                                91




nutrients or pesticides).—The soil is occasionally,           agents. Available yield data from nearby counties and
frequently, or very frequently flooded, is subject to         results of field trials and demonstrations also are
ponding, is assigned to hydrologic group C or D and           considered.
has a slope of more than 2 percent, is assigned to                The management needed to obtain the indicated
hydrologic group A and has a slope of more than 6             yields of the various crops depends on the kind of soil
percent, or is assigned to hydrologic group B, has a          and the crop. Management can include drainage,
slope of 3 percent or more, and has a K factor of more        erosion control, and protection from flooding; the
than 0.17.                                                    proper planting and seeding rates; suitable high-
    Previously eroded.—The word “eroded” is included          yielding crop varieties; appropriate and timely tillage;
in the map unit name.                                         control of weeds, plant diseases, and harmful insects;
    Restricted permeability.—Saturated hydraulic              favorable soil reaction and optimum levels of nitrogen,
conductivity is less than 0.42 micrometer per second          phosphorus, potassium, and trace elements for each
within the soil profile.                                      crop; effective use of crop residue, barnyard manure,
    Salt content.—The electrical conductivity is 4 or         and green manure crops; and harvesting that ensures
more in the surface layer or 8 or more within a depth         the smallest possible loss.
of 30 inches.                                                     The estimated yields reflect the productive capacity
    Slope (equipment limitation).—The slope is more           of each soil for each of the principal crops. Yields are
than 15 percent.                                              likely to increase as new production technology is
    Surface crusting.—The content of clay is 27 percent       developed. The productivity of a given soil compared
or more and the content of organic matter is 2 percent        with that of other soils, however, is not likely to
or less in the surface layer.                                 change.
    Surface rock fragments (equipment limitation).—               Crops other than those shown in the table are
The terms describing the texture of the surface layer         grown in the survey area, but estimated yields are not
include any rock fragment modifier, except for gravelly,      listed because the acreage of such crops is small. The
channery, stony, very stony, extremely stony, bouldery,       local office of the Natural Resources Conservation
very bouldery, and extremely bouldery.                        Service or of the Cooperative Extension Service can
    Surface stones (equipment limitation).—The word           provide information about the management and
“stony” or “bouldery” is included in the description of       productivity of the soils for those crops.
the surface layer, or 0.01 percent or more of the
surface is covered by boulders.                               Land Capability Classification
    Water erosion.—Either the slope is 6 percent or
more, or the slope is more than 3 percent and less                Land capability classification shows, in a general
than 6 percent and the surface layer is not sandy.            way, the suitability of soils for most kinds of field crops.
    Wet soil moisture status.—A zone in which the soil        Crops that require special management are excluded.
moisture status is wet is within 2.5 feet of the surface.     The soils are grouped according to their limitations for
    Wind erosion.—The wind erodibility group is 1, 2, 3,      field crops, the risk of damage if they are used for
or 4L.                                                        crops, and the way they respond to management. The
    Hydrologic groups are described under the heading         criteria used in grouping the soils do not take into
“Water Features.” Erosion factors (e.g., K factor) and        account major and generally expensive landforming
wind erodibility groups are described under the               that would change slope, depth, or other
heading “Physical and Chemical Properties.”                   characteristics of the soils, nor do they include
                                                              possible but unlikely major reclamation projects.
Crop Yield Estimates                                          Capability classification is not a substitute for
                                                              interpretations designed to show suitability and
   The average yields per acre that can be expected           limitations of groups of soils for woodland or for
of the principal crops and hay and pasture plants             engineering purposes.
under a high level of management are shown in                     In the capability system, soils generally are grouped
table 4. In any given year, yields may be higher or           at three levels—capability class, subclass, and unit
lower than those indicated in the table because of            (USDA, 1961). These categories indicate the degree
variations in rainfall and other climatic factors. The land   and kinds of limitations affecting mechanized farming
capability classification of the soils in the survey area     systems that produce the more commonly grown field
also is shown in the table.                                   crops, such as corn, small grain, cotton, hay, and field-
   The yields are based mainly on the experience and          grown vegetables. Only class and subclass are used
records of farmers, conservationists, and extension           in this survey.
92                                                                                                       Soil Survey of




    Capability classes, the broadest groups, are             well as individuals, must encourage and facilitate the
designated by the numbers 1 through 8. The numbers           wise use of our Nation’s prime farmland.
indicate progressively greater limitations and narrower         Prime farmland soils, as defined by the U.S.
choices for practical use.                                   Department of Agriculture, are soils that are best
    If properly managed, soils in classes 1, 2, 3, and 4     suited to food, feed, forage, fiber, and oilseed crops.
are suitable for the mechanized production of                Such soils have properties that favor the economic
commonly grown field crops and for pasture and               production of sustained high yields of crops. The soils
woodland. The degree of the soil limitations affecting       need only to be treated and managed by acceptable
the production of cultivated crops increases                 farming methods. An adequate moisture supply and a
progressively from class 1 to class 4. The limitations       sufficiently long growing season are required. Prime
can affect levels of production and the risk of              farmland soils produce the highest yields with minimal
permanent soil deterioration caused by erosion and           expenditure of energy and economic resources, and
other factors.                                               farming these soils results in the least damage to the
    Soils in classes 5, 6, and 7 are generally not suited    environment.
to the mechanized production of commonly grown field            Prime farmland soils may presently be used as
crops without special management, but they are               cropland, pasture, or woodland or for other purposes.
suitable for plants that provide a permanent cover,          They either are used for food and fiber or are available
such as grasses and trees. The severity of the soil          for these uses. Urban or built-up land, public land, and
limitations affecting crops increases progressively          water areas cannot be considered prime farmland.
from class 5 to class 7.                                     Urban or built-up land is any contiguous unit of land 10
    Areas in class 8 are generally not suitable for crops,   acres or more in size that is used for such purposes
pasture, or woodland without a level of management           as housing, industrial, and commercial sites, sites for
that is impractical. These areas may have potential for      institutions or public buildings, small parks, golf
other uses, such as recreational facilities and wildlife     courses, cemeteries, railroad yards, airports, sanitary
habitat.                                                     landfills, sewage treatment plants, and water-control
    Capability subclasses identify the dominant kind of      structures. Public land is land not available for farming
limitation in the class. They are designated by adding a     in National forests, National parks, military
small letter, e, w, s, or c, to the class numeral, for       reservations, and State parks.
example, 2e. The letter e shows that the main hazard            Prime farmland soils commonly receive an
is the risk of erosion unless a close-growing plant          adequate and dependable supply of moisture from
cover is maintained; w shows that water in or on the         precipitation or irrigation. The temperature and growing
soil interferes with plant growth or cultivation (in some    season are favorable, and the level of acidity or
soils the wetness can be partly corrected by artificial      alkalinity and the content of salts and sodium are
drainage); s shows that the soil is limited mainly           acceptable. The soils have few, if any, rocks and are
because it is shallow, droughty, or stony; and c, used       permeable to water and air. They are not excessively
in only some parts of the United States, shows that the      erodible or saturated with water for long periods, and
chief limitation is climate that is very cold or very dry.   they are not frequently flooded during the growing
    There are no subclasses in class 1 because the           season or are protected from flooding. Slopes range
soils of this class have few limitations. Class 5            mainly from 0 to 6 percent.
contains only the subclasses indicated by w, s, or c            Soils in which a zone with a wet soil moisture status
because the soils in class 5 are subject to little or no     is high in the profile or soils that are subject to flooding
erosion. They have other limitations that restrict their     may qualify as prime farmland where these limitations
use mainly to pasture, woodland, wildlife habitat, or        are overcome by drainage measures or flood control.
recreation.                                                  Onsite evaluation is necessary to determine the
    The capability classification of the soils in the        effectiveness of corrective measures. More information
survey area is given in table 4.                             about the criteria for prime farmland can be obtained
                                                             at the local office of the Natural Resources
Prime Farmland                                               Conservation Service.
                                                                A recent trend in land use has been the conversion
   Prime farmland is of major importance in meeting          of prime farmland to urban and industrial uses. The
the Nation’s short- and long-range needs for food and        loss of prime farmland to other uses puts pressure on
fiber. The acreage of high-quality farmland is limited,      lands that are less productive than prime farmland.
and the U.S. Department of Agriculture recognizes               The map units in the survey area that meet the
that government at local, State, and Federal levels, as      requirements for prime farmland are listed in table 5.
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                            93




This list does not constitute a recommendation for a        windbreaks and screens and planting and caring for
particular land use. On some soils included in the          trees and shrubs can be obtained from local offices of
table, measures that overcome limitations are needed.       the Natural Resources Conservation Service or the
The need for these measures is indicated in                 Cooperative Extension Service or from a nursery.
parentheses after the map unit name. The location of
each map unit is shown on the soil maps. The soil           Windbreak Suitability Groups
qualities that affect use and management are
described in the section “Soil Map Unit Descriptions.”         Windbreak suitability groups consist of soils in
                                                            which the kinds and degrees of the hazards and
                                                            limitations that affect the survival and growth of trees
Windbreaks and Environmental                                and shrubs in windbreaks are about the same. The
Plantings                                                   windbreak suitability groups assigned to the soils in
                                                            the survey area are listed in table 7. Descriptions of
   Windbreaks protect livestock, buildings, and yards       the groups are provided in the “Field Office Technical
from wind and snow. They also protect fruit trees and       Guide,” which is available in local offices of the Natural
gardens, and they furnish habitat for wildlife. Several     Resources Conservation Service.
rows of low- and high-growing broadleaf and
coniferous trees and shrubs provide the most                Recreation
protection.
   Field windbreaks are narrow plantings made at right          The soils of the survey area are rated in tables 8a
angles to the prevailing wind and at specific intervals     and 8b according to limitations that affect their
across the field. The interval depends on the erodibility   suitability for recreation. The ratings are both verbal
of the soil. Field windbreaks protect cropland and          and numerical. Rating class terms indicate the extent
crops from wind, help to keep snow on the fields, and       to which the soils are limited by all of the soil features
provide food and cover for wildlife.                        that affect the recreational uses.
   Environmental plantings help to beautify and screen          Not limited indicates that the soil has features that
houses and other buildings and to abate noise. The          are very favorable for the specified use. Good
plants, mostly evergreen shrubs and trees, are closely      performance and very low maintenance can be
spaced. To ensure plant survival, a healthy planting        expected.
stock of suitable species should be planted properly            Somewhat limited indicates that the soil has
on a well prepared site and maintained in good              features that are moderately favorable for the specified
condition.                                                  use. The limitations can be overcome or minimized by
   Windbreaks are often planted on land that did not        special planning, design, or installation. Fair
originally support trees. Knowledge of how trees            performance and moderate maintenance can be
perform on such land can be gained only by observing        expected.
and recording the performance of trees that have been           Very limited indicates that the soil has one or more
planted and have survived. Many popular windbreak           features that are unfavorable for the specified use. The
species are not indigenous to the areas in which they       limitations generally cannot be overcome without
are planted.                                                major soil reclamation, special design, or expensive
   Each tree or shrub species has certain climatic and      installation procedures. Poor performance and high
physiographic limits. Within these parameters, a tree       maintenance can be expected.
or shrub may grow well or grow poorly, depending on             Numerical ratings in the tables indicate the severity
the characteristics of the soil. Each tree or shrub has     of individual limitations. The ratings are shown as
definable potential heights in a given physiographic        decimal fractions ranging from 0.01 to 1.00. They
area and under a given climate. Accurate definitions of     indicate gradations between the point at which a soil
potential heights are necessary when a windbreak is         feature has the greatest negative impact on the use
planned and designed.                                       (1.00) and the point at which the soil feature is not a
   Table 6 shows the height that locally grown trees        limitation (0.00).
and shrubs are expected to reach in 20 years on                 The ratings in the tables are based on restrictive
various soils. The estimates in this table are based on     soil features, such as wetness, slope, and texture of
measurements and observation of established                 the surface layer. Susceptibility to flooding is
plantings that have been given adequate care. They          considered. Not considered in the ratings, but
can be used as a guide in planning windbreaks and           important in evaluating a site, are the location and
screens. Additional information on planning                 accessibility of the area, the size and shape of the
94                                                                                                        Soil Survey of




area and its scenic quality, vegetation, access to               Playgrounds require soils that are nearly level, are
water, potential water impoundment sites, and access          free of stones, and can withstand intensive foot traffic.
to public sewer lines. The capacity of the soil to absorb     The ratings are based on the soil properties that affect
septic tank effluent and the ability of the soil to support   the ease of developing playgrounds and that influence
vegetation also are important. Soils that are subject to      trafficability and the growth of vegetation after
flooding are limited for recreational uses by the             development. Slope and stoniness are the main
duration and intensity of flooding and the season when        concerns affecting the development of playgrounds.
flooding occurs. In planning recreational facilities,         For good trafficability, the surface of the playgrounds
onsite assessment of the height, duration, intensity,         should absorb rainfall readily, remain firm under heavy
and frequency of flooding is essential.                       foot traffic, and not be dusty when dry. The soil
   The information in the tables can be supplemented          properties that influence trafficability are texture of the
by other information in this survey, for example,             surface layer, depth to a zone in which the soil
interpretations for building site development,                moisture status is wet, ponding, flooding, permeability,
construction materials, and water management.                 and large stones. The soil properties that affect the
   Camp areas require site preparation, such as               growth of plants are depth to bedrock or a cemented
shaping and leveling the tent and parking areas,              pan, permeability, and toxic substances in the soil.
stabilizing roads and intensively used areas, and                Paths and trails for hiking and horseback riding
installing sanitary facilities and utility lines. Camp        should require little or no slope modification through
areas are subject to heavy foot traffic and some              cutting and filling. The ratings are based on the soil
vehicular traffic. The ratings are based on the soil          properties that affect trafficability and erodibility. These
properties that affect the ease of developing camp            properties are stoniness, depth to a zone in which the
areas and the performance of the areas after                  soil moisture status is wet, ponding, flooding, slope,
development. Slope, stoniness, and depth to bedrock           and texture of the surface layer.
or a cemented pan are the main concerns affecting                Off-road motorcycle trails require little or no site
the development of camp areas.                                preparation. They are not covered with surfacing
   The soil properties that affect the performance of         material or vegetation. Considerable compaction of the
the areas after development are those that influence          soil material is likely. The ratings are based on the soil
trafficability and promote the growth of vegetation,          properties that influence erodibility, trafficability,
especially in heavily used areas. For good trafficability,    dustiness, and the ease of revegetation. These
the surface of camp areas should absorb rainfall              properties are stoniness, slope, depth to a zone in
readily, remain firm under heavy foot traffic, and not be     which the soil moisture status is wet, ponding,
dusty when dry. The soil properties that influence            flooding, and texture of the surface layer.
trafficability are texture of the surface layer, depth to a      Golf fairways are subject to heavy foot traffic and
zone in which the soil moisture status is wet, ponding,       some light vehicular traffic. Cutting or filling may be
flooding, permeability, and large stones. The soil            required. Irrigation is not considered in the ratings. The
properties that affect the growth of plants are depth to      ratings are based on the soil properties that affect
bedrock or a cemented pan, permeability, and toxic            plant growth and trafficability after vegetation is
substances in the soil.                                       established. The properties that affect plant growth are
   Picnic areas are subject to heavy foot traffic. Most       reaction; depth to a zone in which the soil moisture
vehicular traffic is confined to access roads and             status is wet; ponding; depth to bedrock or a cemented
parking areas. The ratings are based on the soil              pan; the available water capacity in the upper 40
properties that affect the ease of developing picnic          inches; the content of salts, sodium, or calcium
areas and that influence trafficability and the growth of     carbonate; and sulfidic materials. The properties that
vegetation after development. Slope and stoniness are         affect trafficability are flooding, depth to a zone in
the main concerns affecting the development of picnic         which the soil moisture status is wet, ponding, slope,
areas. For good trafficability, the surface of picnic         stoniness, and the amount of sand, clay, or organic
areas should absorb rainfall readily, remain firm under       matter in the surface layer. The suitability of the soil for
heavy foot traffic, and not be dusty when dry. The soil       traps, tees, roughs, and greens is not considered in
properties that influence trafficability are texture of the   the ratings.
surface layer, depth to a zone in which the soil
moisture status is wet, ponding, flooding, permeability,      Wildlife Habitat
and large stones. The soil properties that affect the
growth of plants are depth to bedrock or a cemented              Soils affect the kind and amount of vegetation that
pan, permeability, and toxic substances in the soil.          is available to wildlife as food and cover. They also
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                               95




affect the construction of water impoundments. If food,       and flooding. The length of the growing season also is
cover, or water is missing, inadequate, or inaccessible,      important.
wildlife will be scarce or will not inhabit the area.             Hardwood trees and woody understory produce
    If the soils have potential for habitat development,      nuts or other fruit, buds, catkins, twigs, bark, and
wildlife habitat can be created or improved by planting       foliage that wildlife eat. Examples are oak, poplar,
appropriate vegetation, properly managing the existing        hickory, birch, maple, green ash, willow, and American
plant cover, and fostering the natural establishment of       elm.
desirable plants.                                                 Coniferous plants are cone-bearing trees, shrubs,
    In table 9, the soils in the survey area are rated        or ground cover that provide habitat or supply food in
according to their potential for providing habitat for        the form of browse, seed, or fruit-like cones. Examples
various kinds of wildlife. This information can be used       are pine, spruce, cedar, and tamarack.
in planning parks, wildlife refuges, nature study areas,          The major soil properties affecting the growth of
and other developments for wildlife; in selecting soils       hardwood and coniferous trees and shrubs are depth
that are suitable for establishing, improving, or             of the root zone, the amount of water available to
maintaining specific elements of wildlife habitat; and in     plants, and wetness.
determining the intensity of management needed for                Wetland plants are annual and perennial wild
each element of the habitat.                                  herbaceous plants that grow on moist or wet sites.
    The potential of the soil is rated good, fair, poor, or   Submerged or floating aquatic plants are excluded.
very poor. A rating of good indicates that the element        Wetland plants produce food or cover for wetland
or kind of habitat is easily established, improved, or        wildlife. Examples of these plants are smartweeds,
maintained. Few or no limitations affect management,          wild millet, rushes, sedges, bulrushes, wild rice,
and satisfactory results can be expected. A rating of         arrowhead, waterplantain, cattail, prairie cordgrass,
fair indicates that the element or kind of habitat can be     bluejoint grass, asters, and beggarticks.
established, improved, or maintained in most places.              The major soil properties affecting wetland plants
Moderately intensive management is required for               are texture of the surface layer, wetness, acidity or
satisfactory results. A rating of poor indicates that         alkalinity, and slope.
limitations are severe for the designated element or              Shallow water areas have an average depth of less
kind of habitat. Habitat can be created, improved, or         than 5 feet. They are useful as habitat for some wildlife
maintained in most places, but management is difficult        species. They are naturally wet areas or are created
and must be intensive. A rating of very poor indicates        by dams, levees, or water-control measures in
that restrictions for the element or kind of habitat are      marshes or streams. Examples are waterfowl feeding
very severe and that unsatisfactory results can be            areas, wildlife watering developments, beaver ponds,
expected. Creating, improving, or maintaining habitat         and other wildlife ponds.
is impractical or impossible.                                     The major soil properties affecting shallow water
    The elements of wildlife habitat are described in the     areas are depth to bedrock, wetness, surface
following paragraphs.                                         stoniness, slope, and permeability.
    Grain and seed crops are domestic grains and                  The habitat for various kinds of wildlife is described
seed-producing herbaceous plants used by wildlife.            in the following paragraphs.
Examples are corn, soybeans, wheat, oats, and                     Habitat for openland wildlife consists of cropland,
barley.                                                       pasture, meadows, and areas that are overgrown with
    Grasses and legumes are domestic perennial                grasses, herbs, and shrubs. These areas produce
grasses and herbaceous legumes planted for wildlife           grain and seed crops, grasses and legumes, and wild
food and cover. Examples are bromegrass, timothy,             herbaceous plants. The wildlife attracted to these
orchardgrass, clover, alfalfa, and wheatgrass.                areas include Hungarian partridge, ring-necked
    Wild herbaceous plants are native or naturally            pheasant, bobwhite quail, sharp-tailed grouse,
established grasses and forbs, including weeds, that          meadowlark, field sparrow, killdeer, cottontail rabbit,
provide food and cover for wildlife. Examples are             and red fox.
bluestems, indiangrass, blueberry, goldenrod,                     Habitat for woodland wildlife consists of areas of
lambsquarters, dandelions, blackberry, ragweed, and           hardwoods or conifers or a mixture of these and
wheatgrass.                                                   associated grasses, legumes, and wild herbaceous
    The major soil properties affecting the growth of         plants. The wildlife attracted to this habitat include wild
grain and forage crops and wild herbaceous plants are         turkey, ruffed grouse, thrushes, woodpeckers, owls,
depth of the root zone, texture of the surface layer, the     tree squirrels, porcupine, raccoon, and white-tailed
amount of water available to plants, wetness, salinity,       deer.
96                                                                                                       Soil Survey of




   Habitat for wetland wildlife consists of open, marshy       industrial, and recreational uses; make preliminary
or swampy shallow water areas, bogs, or flood plains           estimates of construction conditions; evaluate
that support water-tolerant plants. The wildlife attracted     alternative routes for roads, streets, highways,
to this habitat include ducks, geese, herons, bitterns,        pipelines, and underground cables; evaluate
rails, kingfishers, muskrat, otter, mink, and beaver.          alternative sites for sanitary landfills and sewage
                                                               lagoons; plan detailed onsite investigations of soils
Engineering                                                    and geology; locate potential sources of gravel, sand,
                                                               earthfill, and topsoil; plan drainage systems, irrigation
   This section provides information for planning land         systems, ponds, terraces, and other structures for soil
uses related to urban development and to water                 and water conservation; and predict performance of
management. Soils are rated for various uses, and the          proposed small structures and pavements by
most limiting features are identified. Ratings are given       comparing the performance of existing similar
for building site development, sanitary facilities,            structures on the same or similar soils.
construction materials, and water management. The                 The information in the tables, along with the soil
ratings are based on observed performance of the               maps, the soil descriptions, and other data provided in
soils and on the data in the tables described under the        this survey, can be used to make additional
heading “Soil Properties.”                                     interpretations.
   Information in this section is intended for land use           Some of the terms used in this soil survey have a
planning, for evaluating land use alternatives, and for        special meaning in soil science and are defined in the
planning site investigations prior to design and               Glossary.
construction. The information, however, has limitations.
For example, estimates and other data generally apply          Building Site Development
only to that part of the soil between the surface and a
depth of 5 to 7 feet. Because of the map scale, small              Soil properties influence the development of
areas of different soils may be included within the            building sites, including the selection of the site, the
mapped areas of a specific soil.                               design of the structure, construction, performance
   The information is not site specific and does not           after construction, and maintenance. Tables 10a and
eliminate the need for onsite investigation of the soils       10b show the degree and kind of soil limitations that
or for testing and analysis by personnel experienced in        affect dwellings with and without basements, small
the design and construction of engineering works.              commercial buildings, local roads and streets, shallow
   Government ordinances and regulations that                  excavations, and lawns and landscaping.
restrict certain land uses or impose specific design               The ratings in the tables are both verbal and
criteria were not considered in preparing the                  numerical. Rating class terms indicate the extent to
information in this section. Local ordinances and              which the soils are limited by all of the soil features
regulations should be considered in planning, in site          that affect building site development.
selection, and in design.                                          Not limited indicates that the soil has features that
   Soil properties, site features, and observed                are very favorable for the specified use. Good
performance were considered in determining the                 performance and very low maintenance can be
ratings in this section. During the fieldwork for this soil    expected.
survey, determinations were made about particle-size               Somewhat limited indicates that the soil has
distribution, liquid limit, plasticity index, soil reaction,   features that are moderately favorable for the specified
depth to bedrock, hardness of bedrock within 5 to 7            use. The limitations can be overcome or minimized by
feet of the surface, soil wetness, depth to a zone in          special planning, design, or installation. Fair
which the soil moisture status is wet, ponding, slope,         performance and moderate maintenance can be
likelihood of flooding, natural soil structure                 expected.
aggregation, and soil density. Data were collected                 Very limited indicates that the soil has one or more
about kinds of clay minerals, mineralogy of the sand           features that are unfavorable for the specified use. The
and silt fractions, and the kinds of adsorbed cations.         limitations generally cannot be overcome without
Estimates were made for erodibility, permeability,             major soil reclamation, special design, or expensive
corrosivity, linear extensibility, available water capacity,   installation procedures. Poor performance and high
and other behavioral characteristics affecting                 maintenance can be expected.
engineering uses.                                                  Numerical ratings in the tables indicate the severity
   This information can be used to evaluate the                of individual limitations. The ratings are shown as
potential of areas for residential, commercial,                decimal fractions ranging from 0.01 to 1.00. They
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                              97




indicate gradations between the point at which a soil       that affect the ease of excavation and grading and the
feature has the greatest negative impact on the use         traffic-supporting capacity. The properties that affect
(1.00) and the point at which the soil feature is not a     the ease of excavation and grading are depth to
limitation (0.00).                                          bedrock or a cemented pan, hardness of bedrock or a
   Dwellings are single-family houses of three stories      cemented pan, depth to a zone in which the soil
or less. For dwellings without basements, the               moisture status is wet, ponding, flooding, the amount
foundation is assumed to consist of spread footings of      of large stones, and slope. The properties that affect
reinforced concrete built on undisturbed soil at a depth    the traffic-supporting capacity are soil strength (as
of 2 feet or at the depth of maximum frost penetration,     inferred from the AASHTO group index number),
whichever is deeper. For dwellings with basements,          subsidence, linear extensibility (shrink-swell potential),
the foundation is assumed to consist of spread              the potential for frost action, depth to a zone in which
footings of reinforced concrete built on undisturbed soil   the soil moisture status is wet, and ponding.
at a depth of about 7 feet. The ratings for dwellings are       Shallow excavations are trenches or holes dug to a
based on the soil properties that affect the capacity of    maximum depth of 5 or 6 feet for graves, utility lines,
the soil to support a load without movement and on          open ditches, or other purposes. The ratings are
the properties that affect excavation and construction      based on the soil properties that influence the ease of
costs. The properties that affect the load-supporting       digging and the resistance to sloughing. Depth to
capacity include depth to a zone in which the soil          bedrock or a cemented pan, hardness of bedrock or a
moisture status is wet, ponding, flooding, subsidence,      cemented pan, the amount of large stones, and dense
linear extensibility (shrink-swell potential), and          layers influence the ease of digging, filling, and
compressibility. Compressibility is inferred from the       compacting. Depth to a zone in which the soil moisture
Unified classification. The properties that affect the      status is wet, flooding, and ponding may restrict the
ease and amount of excavation include depth to a            period when excavations can be made. Slope
zone in which the soil moisture status is wet, ponding,     influences the ease of using machinery. Soil texture,
flooding, slope, depth to bedrock or a cemented pan,        depth to a zone in which the soil moisture status is
hardness of bedrock or a cemented pan, and the              wet, and linear extensibility (shrink-swell potential)
amount and size of rock fragments.                          influence the resistance to sloughing.
   Small commercial buildings are structures that are           Lawns and landscaping require soils on which turf
less than three stories high and do not have                and ornamental trees and shrubs can be established
basements. The foundation is assumed to consist of          and maintained. Irrigation is not considered in the
spread footings of reinforced concrete built on             ratings. The ratings are based on the soil properties
undisturbed soil at a depth of 2 feet or at the depth of    that affect plant growth and trafficability after
maximum frost penetration, whichever is deeper. The         vegetation is established. The properties that affect
ratings are based on the soil properties that affect the    plant growth are reaction; depth to a zone in which the
capacity of the soil to support a load without              soil moisture status is wet; ponding; depth to bedrock
movement and on the properties that affect excavation       or a cemented pan; the available water capacity in the
and construction costs. The properties that affect the      upper 40 inches; the content of salts, sodium, or
load-supporting capacity include depth to a zone in         calcium carbonate; and sulfidic materials. The
which the soil moisture status is wet, ponding,             properties that affect trafficability are flooding, depth to
flooding, subsidence, linear extensibility (shrink-swell    a zone in which the soil moisture status is wet,
potential), and compressibility (which is inferred from     ponding, slope, stoniness, and the amount of sand,
the Unified classification). The properties that affect     clay, or organic matter in the surface layer.
the ease and amount of excavation include flooding,
depth to a zone in which the soil moisture status is        Sanitary Facilities
wet, ponding, slope, depth to bedrock or a cemented
pan, hardness of bedrock or a cemented pan, and the            Tables 11a and 11b show the degree and kind of
amount and size of rock fragments.                          soil limitations that affect sewage lagoons, sanitary
   Local roads and streets have an all-weather surface      landfills, and daily cover for landfill. The ratings are
and carry automobile and light truck traffic all year.      both verbal and numerical. Rating class terms indicate
They have a subgrade of cut or fill soil material; a base   the extent to which the soils are limited by all of the
of gravel, crushed rock, or soil material stabilized by     soil features that affect these uses. Not limited
lime or cement; and a surface of flexible material          indicates that the soil has features that are very
(asphalt), rigid material (concrete), or gravel with a      favorable for the specified use. Good performance and
binder. The ratings are based on the soil properties        very low maintenance can be expected. Somewhat
98                                                                                                       Soil Survey of




limited indicates that the soil has features that are        daily with a thin layer of soil excavated at the site.
moderately favorable for the specified use. The              When the trench is full, a final cover of soil material at
limitations can be overcome or minimized by special          least 2 feet thick is placed over the landfill. The ratings
planning, design, or installation. Fair performance and      in the table are based on the soil properties that affect
moderate maintenance can be expected. Very limited           the risk of pollution, the ease of excavation,
indicates that the soil has one or more features that        trafficability, and revegetation. These properties
are unfavorable for the specified use. The limitations       include permeability, depth to bedrock or a cemented
generally cannot be overcome without major soil              pan, depth to a water table, ponding, slope, flooding,
reclamation, special design, or expensive installation       texture, stones and boulders, highly organic layers,
procedures. Poor performance and high maintenance            soil reaction, and content of salts and sodium. Unless
can be expected.                                             otherwise stated, the ratings apply only to that part of
    Numerical ratings in the tables indicate the severity    the soil within a depth of about 6 feet. For deeper
of individual limitations. The ratings are shown as          trenches, onsite investigation may be needed.
decimal fractions ranging from 0.01 to 1.00. They                Hard, nonrippable bedrock, creviced bedrock, or
indicate gradations between the point at which a soil        highly permeable strata in or directly below the
feature has the greatest negative impact on the use          proposed trench bottom can affect the ease of
(1.00) and the point at which the soil feature is not a      excavation and the hazard of ground-water pollution.
limitation (0.00).                                           Slope affects construction of the trenches and the
    Sewage lagoons are shallow ponds constructed to          movement of surface water around the landfill. It also
hold sewage while aerobic bacteria decompose the             affects the construction and performance of roads in
solid and liquid wastes. Lagoons should have a nearly        areas of the landfill.
level floor surrounded by cut slopes or embankments              Soil texture and consistence affect the ease with
of compacted soil. Nearly impervious soil material for       which the trench is dug and the ease with which the
the lagoon floor and sides is required to minimize           soil can be used as daily or final cover. They
seepage and contamination of ground water.                   determine the workability of the soil when dry and
Considered in the ratings are slope, permeability,           when wet. Soils that are plastic and sticky when wet
depth to a water table, ponding, depth to bedrock or a       are difficult to excavate, grade, or compact and are
cemented pan, flooding, large stones, and content of         difficult to place as a uniformly thick cover over a layer
organic matter.                                              of refuse.
    Soil permeability is a critical property affecting the       The soil material used as the final cover for a trench
suitability for sewage lagoons. Most porous soils            landfill should be suitable for plants. It should not have
eventually become sealed when they are used as sites         excess sodium or salts and should not be too acid.
for sewage lagoons. Until sealing occurs, however, the       The surface layer generally has the best workability,
hazard of pollution is severe. Soils that have a             the highest content of organic matter, and the best
permeability rate of more than 2 inches per hour are         potential for plants. Material from the surface layer
too porous for the proper functioning of sewage              should be stockpiled for use as the final cover.
lagoons. In these soils, seepage of the effluent can             In an area sanitary landfill, solid waste is placed in
result in contamination of the ground water. Ground-         successive layers on the surface of the soil. The waste
water contamination is also a hazard if fractured            is spread, compacted, and covered daily with a thin
bedrock is within a depth of 40 inches, if the water         layer of soil from a source away from the site. A final
table is high enough to raise the level of sewage in the     cover of soil material at least 2 feet thick is placed over
lagoon, or if floodwater overtops the lagoon.                the completed landfill. The ratings in the table are
    A high content of organic matter is detrimental to       based on the soil properties that affect trafficability and
proper functioning of the lagoon because it inhibits         the risk of pollution. These properties include flooding,
aerobic activity. Slope, bedrock, and cemented pans          permeability, depth to a water table, ponding, slope,
can cause construction problems, and large stones            and depth to bedrock or a cemented pan.
can hinder compaction of the lagoon floor. If the                Flooding is a serious problem because it can result
lagoon is to be uniformly deep throughout, the slope         in pollution in areas downstream from the landfill. If
must be gentle enough and the soil material must be          permeability is too rapid or if fractured bedrock, a
thick enough over bedrock or a cemented pan to make          fractured cemented pan, or the water table is close to
land smoothing practical.                                    the surface, the leachate can contaminate the water
    A trench sanitary landfill is an area where solid        supply. Slope is a consideration because of the extra
waste is placed in successive layers in an excavated         grading required to maintain roads in the steeper
trench. The waste is spread, compacted, and covered          areas of the landfill. Also, leachate may flow along the
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                             99




surface of the soils in the steeper areas and cause              The soils are rated good, fair, or poor as potential
difficult seepage problems.                                  sources of sand and gravel. A rating of good or fair
    Daily cover for landfill is the soil material that is    means that the source material is likely to be in or
used to cover compacted solid waste in an area               below the soil. The bottom layer and the thickest layer
sanitary landfill. The soil material is obtained offsite,    of the soils are assigned numerical ratings. These
transported to the landfill, and spread over the waste.      ratings indicate the likelihood that the layer is a source
The ratings in the table also apply to the final cover for   of sand or gravel. The number 0.00 indicates that the
a landfill. They are based on the soil properties that       layer is a poor source. The number 1.00 indicates that
affect workability, the ease of digging, and the ease of     the layer is a good source. A number between 0.00
moving and spreading the material over the refuse            and 1.00 indicates the degree to which the layer is a
daily during wet and dry periods. These properties           likely source.
include soil texture, depth to a water table, ponding,           The soils are rated good, fair, or poor as potential
rock fragments, slope, depth to bedrock or a cemented        sources of reclamation material, roadfill, and topsoil.
pan, reaction, and content of salts, sodium, or lime.        The features that limit the soils as sources of these
    Loamy or silty soils that are free of large stones and   materials are specified in the tables. The numerical
excess gravel are the best cover for a landfill. Clayey      ratings given after the specified features indicate the
soils may be sticky and difficult to spread; sandy soils     degree to which the features limit the soils as sources
are subject to wind erosion.                                 of reclamation material, roadfill, or topsoil. The lower
    Slope affects the ease of excavation and of moving       the number, the greater the limitation.
the cover material. Also, it can influence runoff,               Reclamation material is used in areas that have
erosion, and reclamation of the borrow area.                 been drastically disturbed by surface mining or similar
    After soil material has been removed, the soil           activities. When these areas are reclaimed, layers of
material remaining in the borrow area must be thick          soil material or unconsolidated geological material, or
enough over bedrock, a cemented pan, or the water            both, are replaced in a vertical sequence. The
table to permit revegetation. The soil material used as      reconstructed soil favors plant growth. The ratings in
the final cover for a landfill should be suitable for        the table do not apply to quarries and other mined
plants. It should not have excess sodium, salts, or lime     areas that require an offsite source of reconstruction
and should not be too acid.                                  material. The ratings are based on the soil properties
                                                             that affect erosion and stability of the surface and the
Construction Materials                                       productive potential of the reconstructed soil. These
                                                             properties include the content of sodium, salts, and
   Tables 12a and 12b give information about the soils       calcium carbonate; reaction; available water capacity;
as potential sources of gravel, sand, reclamation            erodibility; texture; content of rock fragments; and
material, roadfill, and topsoil. Normal compaction,          content of organic matter and other features that affect
minor processing, and other standard construction            fertility.
practices are assumed.                                           Roadfill is soil material that is excavated in one
   Sand and gravel are natural aggregates suitable for       place and used in road embankments in another
commercial use with a minimum of processing. They            place. In table 12b, the soils are rated as a source of
are used in many kinds of construction. Specifications       roadfill for low embankments, generally less than 6
for each use vary widely. In table 12a, only the             feet high and less exacting in design than higher
likelihood of finding material in suitable quantity is       embankments.
evaluated. The suitability of the material for specific          The ratings are for the whole soil, from the surface
purposes is not evaluated, nor are factors that affect       to a depth of about 5 feet. It is assumed that soil layers
excavation of the material. The properties used to           will be mixed when the soil material is excavated and
evaluate the soil as a source of sand or gravel are          spread.
gradation of grain sizes (as indicated by the Unified            The ratings are based on the amount of suitable
classification of the soil), the thickness of suitable       material and on soil properties that affect the ease of
material, and the content of rock fragments. If the          excavation and the performance of the material after it
bottom layer of the soil contains sand or gravel, the        is in place. The thickness of the suitable material is a
soil is considered a likely source regardless of             major consideration. The ease of excavation is
thickness. The assumption is that the sand or gravel         affected by large stones, depth to a zone in which the
layer below the depth of observation exceeds the             soil moisture status is wet, and slope. How well the soil
minimum thickness.                                           performs in place after it has been compacted and
100                                                                                                       Soil Survey of




drained is determined by its strength (as inferred from            Numerical ratings in the table indicate the severity
the AASHTO classification of the soil) and linear              of individual limitations. The ratings are shown as
extensibility (shrink-swell potential).                        decimal fractions ranging from 0.01 to 1.00. They
   Topsoil is used to cover an area so that vegetation         indicate gradations between the point at which a soil
can be established and maintained. The upper 40                feature has the greatest negative impact on the use
inches of a soil is evaluated for use as topsoil. Also         (1.00) and the point at which the soil feature is not a
evaluated is the reclamation potential of the borrow           limitation (0.00).
area. The ratings are based on the soil properties that            Pond reservoir areas hold water behind a dam or
affect plant growth; the ease of excavating, loading,          embankment. Soils best suited to this use have low
and spreading the material; and reclamation of the             seepage potential in the upper 60 inches. The
borrow area. Toxic substances, soil reaction, and the          seepage potential is determined by the permeability of
properties that are inferred from soil texture, such as        the soil and the depth to fractured bedrock or other
available water capacity and fertility, affect plant           permeable material. Excessive slope can affect the
growth. The ease of excavating, loading, and                   storage capacity of the reservoir area.
spreading is affected by rock fragments, slope, depth              Embankments, dikes, and levees are raised
to a zone in which the soil moisture status is wet, soil       structures of soil material, generally less than 20 feet
texture, and thickness of suitable material.                   high, constructed to impound water or to protect land
Reclamation of the borrow area is affected by slope,           against overflow. Embankments that have zoned
depth to a zone in which the soil moisture status is           construction (core and shell) are not considered. In
wet, rock fragments, depth to bedrock or a cemented            this table, the soils are rated as a source of material
pan, and toxic material.                                       for embankment fill. The ratings apply to the soil
   The surface layer of most soils is generally                material below the surface layer to a depth of about 5
preferred for topsoil because of its organic matter            feet. It is assumed that soil layers will be uniformly
content. Organic matter greatly increases the                  mixed and compacted during construction.
absorption and retention of moisture and nutrients for             The ratings do not indicate the ability of the natural
plant growth.                                                  soil to support an embankment. Soil properties to a
                                                               depth even greater than the height of the embankment
Water Management                                               can affect performance and safety of the embankment.
                                                               Generally, deeper onsite investigation is needed to
   Table 13 gives information on the soil properties           determine these properties.
and site features that affect water management. The                Soil material in embankments must be resistant to
degree and kind of soil limitations are given for pond         seepage, piping, and erosion and have favorable
reservoir areas; embankments, dikes, and levees; and           compaction characteristics. Unfavorable features
aquifer-fed excavated ponds. The ratings are both              include less than 5 feet of suitable material and a high
verbal and numerical. Rating class terms indicate the          content of stones or boulders, organic matter, or salts
extent to which the soils are limited by all of the soil       or sodium. A seasonal zone in which the soil moisture
features that affect these uses.                               status is wet affects the amount of usable material. It
   Not limited indicates that the soil has features that are   also affects trafficability.
very favorable for the specified use. Good performance             Aquifer-fed excavated ponds are pits or dugouts
and very low maintenance can be expected.                      that extend to a ground-water aquifer or to a depth
   Somewhat limited indicates that the soil has features       below a permanent zone in which the soil moisture
that are moderately favorable for the specified use. The       status is wet. Excluded are ponds that are fed only by
limitations can be overcome or minimized by special            surface runoff and embankment ponds that impound
planning, design, or installation. Fair performance and        water 3 feet or more above the original surface.
moderate maintenance can be expected.                          Excavated ponds are affected by depth to a
   Very limited indicates that the soil has one or more        permanent zone in which the soil moisture status is
features that are unfavorable for the specified use. The       wet, permeability of the aquifer, and quality of the
limitations generally cannot be overcome without               water as inferred from the salinity of the soil. Depth to
major soil reclamation, special design, or expensive           bedrock and the content of large stones affect the
installation procedures. Poor performance and high             ease of excavation.
maintenance can be expected.
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                 101



                                    Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations

                      (See text for a description of the considerations listed in this table)

               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                         Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                            and              | map unit |               considerations
                       component name        |           |
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                             |           |
               GP:                           |           |
                Pits, gravel-----------------|    80     | Not applicable
                                             |           |
                Udipsamments-----------------|    20     | Not applicable
                                             |           |
               J1A:                          |           |
                Parnell, depressional--------|    90     | Ponding
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                Colvin-----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Vallers----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
               J2A:                          |           |
                La Prairie-------------------|    90     | Flooding
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                Lamoure----------------------|    10     | Flooding
                                             |           | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
               J3A:                          |           |
                Arveson----------------------|    80     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Marysland--------------------|    10     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Marysland, depressional------|     5     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Lime content
                                             |           | Ponding
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
102                                                                                            Soil Survey of



                      Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                   and              | map unit |               considerations
              component name        |           |
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                    |           |
      J3A:                          |           |
       Malachy----------------------|     5     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
      J4A:                          |           |
       Rockwell---------------------|    90     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Arveson----------------------|    10     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
      J5A:                          |           |
       Fossum-----------------------|    85     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Lime content
                                    |           | Limited available water capacity
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Arveson----------------------|    10     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Fossum, depressional---------|     3     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Lime content
                                    |           | Limited available water capacity
                                    |           | Ponding
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Hecla------------------------|     2     | Limited available water capacity
                                    |           | Limited content of organic matter
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
      J6A:                          |           |
       McDonaldsville---------------|    90     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Restricted permeability
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Somewhat poorly drained soils|    10     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Restricted permeability
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                 103



                               Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                         Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                            and              | map unit |                considerations
                       component name        |           |
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                             |           |
               J7A:                          |           |
                Sverdrup---------------------|    85     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Limited available water capacity
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Arveson----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Clontarf---------------------|     5     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Egeland----------------------|     5     | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
               J7B:                          |           |
                Sverdrup---------------------|    90     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Limited available water capacity
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Clontarf---------------------|     5     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Egeland----------------------|     5     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
               J8A:                          |           |
                Egeland----------------------|    80     | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Clontarf---------------------|    10     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Sverdrup---------------------|     5     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Limited available water capacity
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Arveson----------------------|     3     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Hantho-----------------------|     2     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
               J8B:                          |           |
                Egeland----------------------|    80     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
104                                                                                            Soil Survey of



                      Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                   and              | map unit |                considerations
              component name        |           |
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                    |           |
      J8B:                          |           |
       Clontarf---------------------|     8     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Sverdrup---------------------|     5     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Limited available water capacity
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Torning----------------------|     3     | Lime content
                                    |           | Limited content of organic matter
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Eckman-----------------------|     2     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
       Egeland, eroded--------------|     2     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
      J9A:                          |           |
       Estelline--------------------|    90     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           |
       Soils that have a thin       |           |
        surface layer---------------|    10     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           |
      J10A:                         |           |
       Sinai------------------------|    90     | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Fulda------------------------|    10     | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
      J10B:                         |           |
       Sinai------------------------|    90     | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Fulda------------------------|    10     | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
      J11A:                         |           |
       Vallers----------------------|    85     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                 105



                               Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                         Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                            and              | map unit |               considerations
                       component name        |           |
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                             |           |
               J11A:                         |           |
                Parnell, depressional--------|    10     | Ponding
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                Balaton----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
               J12A:                         |           |
                Marysland--------------------|    85     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Arveson----------------------|    10     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Marysland, depressional------|     3     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Lime content
                                             |           | Ponding
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Malachy----------------------|     2     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
               J13A:                         |           |
                Oldham-----------------------|    90     | Ponding
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Restricted permeability
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                Colvin-----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Vallers----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
106                                                                                            Soil Survey of



                      Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                   and              | map unit |                considerations
              component name        |           |
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                    |           |
      J14F:                         |           |
       Esmond-----------------------|    85     | Slope
                                    |           | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Emrick-----------------------|    10     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Heimdal----------------------|     5     | Slope
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
      J15B:                         |           |
       Eckman-----------------------|    80     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
       Eckman, eroded---------------|     5     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
       Egeland----------------------|     5     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Hantho-----------------------|     5     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Zell-------------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
      J16A:                         |           |
       Friberg, depressional--------|    90     | Ponding
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Kerkhoven--------------------|    10     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
      J17A:                         |           |
       Quam, depressional-----------|    90     | Ponding
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Colvin-----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Vallers----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                 107



                               Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                         Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                            and              | map unit |                considerations
                       component name        |           |
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                             |           |
               J18A:                         |           |
                Malachy----------------------|    85     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Arveson----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Well drained soils-----------|     5     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Clontarf---------------------|     5     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
               J19A:                         |           |
                Hecla------------------------|    80     | Limited available water capacity
                                             |           | Limited content of organic matter
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Clontarf---------------------|    10     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Sverdrup---------------------|     5     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Limited available water capacity
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Hamar------------------------|     3     | Limited available water capacity
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Malachy----------------------|     2     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
               J20A:                         |           |
                Clontarf---------------------|    80     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Hecla------------------------|    10     | Limited available water capacity
                                             |           | Limited content of organic matter
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
108                                                                                            Soil Survey of



                      Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                   and              | map unit |                considerations
              component name        |           |
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                    |           |
      J20A:                         |           |
       Arveson----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Well drained soils-----------|     5     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
      J21A:                         |           |
       Hamar------------------------|    85     | Limited available water capacity
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Less sandy soils-------------|     8     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Arveson----------------------|     4     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Hecla------------------------|     3     | Limited available water capacity
                                    |           | Limited content of organic matter
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
      J22A:                         |           |
       Renshaw----------------------|    85     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Limited available water capacity
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           |
       Fordtown---------------------|    10     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           |
       Arvilla----------------------|     3     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Limited available water capacity
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Fordville--------------------|     2     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Limited available water capacity
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           |
      J23A:                         |           |
       Lamoure----------------------|    85     | Flooding
                                    |           | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                 109



                               Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                         Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                            and              | map unit |                considerations
                       component name        |           |
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                             |           |
               J23A:                         |           |
                Rauville---------------------|    10     | Flooding
                                             |           | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                La Prairie-------------------|     5     | Flooding
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
               J24F:                         |           |
                Buse-------------------------|    85     | Slope
                                             |           | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Darnen-----------------------|    10     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           |
                Barnes-----------------------|     5     | Slope
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           |
               J25A:                         |           |
                Rauville---------------------|    90     | Flooding
                                             |           | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Lamoure----------------------|    10     | Flooding
                                             |           | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
               J26B:                         |           |
                Darnen-----------------------|    90     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           |
                Hokans-----------------------|     5     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           |
                Lakepark---------------------|     5     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
               J27A:                         |           |
                Hantho-----------------------|    85     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
110                                                                                            Soil Survey of



                      Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                   and              | map unit |                considerations
              component name        |           |
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                    |           |
      J27A:                         |           |
       Eckman-----------------------|     5     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
       Quam-------------------------|     5     | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Rondell----------------------|     3     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Tara-------------------------|     2     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
      J28A:                         |           |
       Vallers, bouldery------------|    90     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Surface stones
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Parnell, depressional--------|    10     | Ponding
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
      J29A:                         |           |
       Cathro-----------------------|    90     | High content of organic matter
                                    |           | Ponding
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Colvin-----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Vallers----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
      J30A:                         |           |
       Tara-------------------------|    90     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Balaton----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Byrne------------------------|     3     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                 111



                               Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                         Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                            and              | map unit |                considerations
                       component name        |           |
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                             |           |
               J30A:                         |           |
                Quam-------------------------|     2     | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
               J31B:                         |           |
                Arvilla----------------------|    45     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Limited available water capacity
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Sandberg---------------------|    30     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Limited available water capacity
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Renshaw----------------------|    10     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Limited available water capacity
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           |
                Sioux------------------------|    10     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Limited available water capacity
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           |
                Fordtown---------------------|     5     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           |
               J32A:                         |           |
                Bigstone---------------------|    80     | Lime content
                                             |           | Ponding
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Urness-----------------------|    10     | Lime content
                                             |           | Ponding
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Colvin-----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Vallers----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
112                                                                                            Soil Survey of



                      Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                   and              | map unit |                considerations
              component name        |           |
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                    |           |
      J33D2:                        |           |
       Sisseton, eroded-------------|    70     | Slope
                                    |           | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Previously eroded
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Heimdal, eroded--------------|    10     | Slope
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Previously eroded
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
       Esmond, eroded---------------|    10     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Previously eroded
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Heimdal, slightly eroded-----|     5     | Slope
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Previously eroded
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
       Emrick-----------------------|     5     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Previously eroded
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
      J34B:                         |           |
       Byrne------------------------|    45     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
       Buse-------------------------|    35     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Buse, eroded-----------------|    10     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Hokans-----------------------|     5     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
       Tara-------------------------|     5     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
      J35B:                         |           |
       Hokans-----------------------|    45     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
       Buse-------------------------|    30     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                 113



                               Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                         Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                            and              | map unit |                considerations
                       component name        |           |
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                             |           |
               J35B:                         |           |
                Barnes-----------------------|    10     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           |
                Buse, eroded-----------------|    10     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Svea-------------------------|     5     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
               J36C2:                        |           |
                Buse, eroded-----------------|    45     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Previously eroded
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Barnes, eroded---------------|    20     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Previously eroded
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           |
                Barnes, slightly eroded------|    10     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Previously eroded
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           |
                Buse, slightly eroded--------|    10     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Previously eroded
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Darnen-----------------------|    10     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Previously eroded
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           |
                Langhei, eroded--------------|     5     | Slope
                                             |           | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Previously eroded
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
               J37D2:                        |           |
                Langhei, eroded--------------|    60     | Slope
                                             |           | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Previously eroded
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Barnes, eroded---------------|    15     | Slope
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Previously eroded
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           |
                Buse, eroded-----------------|    10     | Slope
                                             |           | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Previously eroded
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
114                                                                                            Soil Survey of



                      Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                   and              | map unit |                considerations
              component name        |           |
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                    |           |
      J37D2:                        |           |
       Darnen-----------------------|    10     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Previously eroded
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
       Barnes, slightly eroded------|     5     | Slope
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Previously eroded
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
      J38B:                         |           |
       Zell-------------------------|    41     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Eckman-----------------------|    39     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
       Zell, eroded-----------------|    10     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Egeland----------------------|     5     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Hantho-----------------------|     5     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
      J38C2:                        |           |
       Zell, eroded-----------------|    45     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Previously eroded
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Eckman, eroded---------------|    20     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Previously eroded
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
       Zell, slightly eroded--------|    15     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Previously eroded
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Hantho-----------------------|    10     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Previously eroded
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Eckman, slightly eroded------|     5     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Previously eroded
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
       Egeland----------------------|     5     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Previously eroded
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                 115



                               Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                         Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                            and              | map unit |                considerations
                       component name        |           |
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                             |           |
               J39A:                         |           |
                Udorthents-------------------|   100     | Not applicable
                                             |           |
               J40A:                         |           |
                Foxlake----------------------|    85     | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Restricted permeability
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                Audubon----------------------|     5     | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Restricted permeability
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                Calcareous soils-------------|     5     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Restricted permeability
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                Soils in depressions---------|     5     | Ponding
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Restricted permeability
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
               J41A:                         |           |
                Urness-----------------------|    80     | Lime content
                                             |           | Ponding
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Bigstone---------------------|    10     | Lime content
                                             |           | Ponding
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Colvin-----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Vallers----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
               J42C:                         |           |
                Sandberg---------------------|    60     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Limited available water capacity
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           |
116                                                                                            Soil Survey of



                      Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                   and              | map unit |                considerations
              component name        |           |
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                    |           |
      J42C:                         |           |
       Arvilla----------------------|    30     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Limited available water capacity
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Everts-----------------------|    10     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
      J43A:                         |           |
       Quam, depressional-----------|    30     | Ponding
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Cathro-----------------------|    30     | High content of organic matter
                                    |           | Ponding
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Urness-----------------------|    30     | Lime content
                                    |           | Ponding
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Colvin-----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Vallers----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
      J44B:                         |           |
       Esmond-----------------------|    45     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Heimdal----------------------|    40     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
       Esmond, eroded---------------|    10     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Emrick-----------------------|     5     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                 117



                               Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                         Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                            and              | map unit |                considerations
                       component name        |           |
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                             |           |
               J44C2:                        |           |
                Esmond, eroded---------------|    40     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Previously eroded
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Heimdal, eroded--------------|    25     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Previously eroded
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           |
                Esmond, slightly eroded------|    15     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Previously eroded
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Heimdal, slightly eroded-----|    10     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Previously eroded
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           |
                Emrick-----------------------|     5     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Previously eroded
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                Sisseton, eroded-------------|     5     | Slope
                                             |           | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Previously eroded
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
               J45F:                         |           |
                Sandberg---------------------|    80     | Slope
                                             |           | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Limited available water capacity
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Everts-----------------------|    10     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           |
                Arvilla----------------------|     5     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Limited available water capacity
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Sioux------------------------|     5     | Slope
                                             |           | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Limited available water capacity
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           |
118                                                                                            Soil Survey of



                      Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                   and              | map unit |                considerations
              component name        |           |
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                    |           |
      J46B:                         |           |
       Byrne------------------------|    85     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
       Hokans-----------------------|     7     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
       Buse-------------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Quam-------------------------|     3     | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
      J47A:                         |           |
       Swenoda----------------------|    85     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Clontarf---------------------|    10     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Egeland----------------------|     5     | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
      J48A:                         |           |
       Bigstone---------------------|    40     | Lime content
                                    |           | Ponding
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Parnell----------------------|    40     | Ponding
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Colvin-----------------------|    10     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Vallers----------------------|    10     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
      J49A:                         |           |
       Lakepark---------------------|    50     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                 119



                               Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                         Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                            and              | map unit |                considerations
                       component name        |           |
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                             |           |
               J49A:                         |           |
                Parnell, depressional--------|    35     | Ponding
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                Emrick-----------------------|     8     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                Vallers----------------------|     7     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
               J50A:                         |           |
                Balaton----------------------|    45     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Tara-------------------------|    35     | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                McIntosh---------------------|    10     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Well drained soils-----------|     5     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Winger-----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
               J51A:                         |           |
                Bearden----------------------|    60     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Quam, depressional-----------|    30     | Ponding
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                Rondell----------------------|     7     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
120                                                                                            Soil Survey of



                      Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                   and              | map unit |                considerations
              component name        |           |
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                    |           |
      J51A:                         |           |
       Winger-----------------------|     3     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
      J52A:                         |           |
       Rondell----------------------|    85     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Zell-------------------------|     9     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Bearden----------------------|     6     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
      J53A:                         |           |
       Ortonville-------------------|    85     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Well drained soils-----------|    10     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Vallers----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
      J54A:                         |           |
       Marysland, depressional------|    90     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Lime content
                                    |           | Ponding
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Marysland soils that are not |           |
        ponded----------------------|    10     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                 121



                               Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                         Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                            and              | map unit |                considerations
                       component name        |           |
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                             |           |
               J55A:                         |           |
                Sedgeville-------------------|    90     | Flooding
                                             |           | Channeled
                                             |           | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                Soils that are frequently    |           |
                 flooded---------------------|    10     | Flooding
                                             |           | Channeled
                                             |           | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
               J56A:                         |           |
                Winger-----------------------|    40     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Balaton----------------------|    30     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Parnell, depressional--------|    20     | Ponding
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                Colvin-----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Vallers----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
               J57A:                         |           |
                Balaton----------------------|    85     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Well drained soils-----------|     5     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Tara-------------------------|     5     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
122                                                                                            Soil Survey of



                      Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                   and              | map unit |                considerations
              component name        |           |
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                    |           |
      J57A:                         |           |
       Vallers----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
      J58B:                         |           |
       Torning----------------------|    45     | Lime content
                                    |           | Limited content of organic matter
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Egeland----------------------|    40     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Clontarf---------------------|    10     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Sverdrup---------------------|     5     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Limited available water capacity
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
      J59A:                         |           |
       Urness, sandy substratum-----|    90     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Lime content
                                    |           | Ponding
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Marysland--------------------|    10     | Excessive permeability
                                    |           | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
      J60B:                         |           |
       Hattie-----------------------|    46     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Restricted permeability
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Audubon----------------------|    44     | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Restricted permeability
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                 123



                               Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                         Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                            and              | map unit |                considerations
                       component name        |           |
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                             |           |
               J60B:                         |           |
                Foxlake----------------------|    10     | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Restricted permeability
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
               J60C:                         |           |
                Hattie-----------------------|    60     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Restricted permeability
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                Audubon----------------------|    30     | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Restricted permeability
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                Foxlake----------------------|    10     | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Restricted permeability
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
               J61A:                         |           |
                Svea, bouldery---------------|    90     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Surface stones
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                Vallers, bouldery------------|     5     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Surface stones
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Parnell, depressional--------|     5     | Ponding
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
               J62C:                         |           |
                Buse, very bouldery----------|    45     | Lime content
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Surface stones
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wind erosion
                                             |           |
                Barnes, very bouldery--------|    25     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Surface stones
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           |
                Hokans-----------------------|    15     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Surface stones
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           |
124                                                                                            Soil Survey of



                      Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                   and              | map unit |                considerations
              component name        |           |
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                    |           |
      J62C:                         |           |
       Svea, bouldery---------------|    10     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Surface stones
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Darnen-----------------------|     5     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
      J62F:                         |           |
       Buse, very bouldery----------|    50     | Slope
                                    |           | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Surface stones
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Barnes, very bouldery--------|    40     | Slope
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Surface stones
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
       Darnen-----------------------|    10     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           |
      J63A:                         |           |
       Ortonville-------------------|    45     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Vallers----------------------|    35     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Parnell, depressional--------|    20     | Ponding
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
      J64A:                         |           |
       Quam-------------------------|    90     | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Colvin-----------------------|     5     | Lime content
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           | Wind erosion
                                    |           |
       Quam, depressional-----------|     5     | Ponding
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                 125



                               Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                         Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                            and              | map unit |                considerations
                       component name        |           |
               ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                             |           |
               J65A:                         |           |
                Shakopee---------------------|    90     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Lime content
                                             |           | Limited available water capacity
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Restricted permeability
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                Soils in depressions---------|    10     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Lime content
                                             |           | Limited available water capacity
                                             |           | Ponding
                                             |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Restricted permeability
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
               J66A:                         |           |
                Emrick-----------------------|    85     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                Lakepark---------------------|    10     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                Heimdal----------------------|     5     | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           |
               J67A:                         |           |
                Fordtown---------------------|    85     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           |
                Renshaw----------------------|     8     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Limited available water capacity
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           |
                Spottswood-------------------|     7     | Excessive permeability
                                             |           | Limited available water capacity
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
               J68A:                         |           |
                Kerkhoven--------------------|    55     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                Friberg, depressional--------|    35     | Ponding
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
                Emrick-----------------------|    10     | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
               L33B:                         |           |
                Kandiyohi--------------------|    85     | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                             |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                             |           | Restricted permeability
                                             |           | Water erosion
                                             |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                             |           |
126                                                                                            Soil Survey of



                      Table 3.--Cropland Management Considerations--Continued
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                Map symbol          | Pct. of |              Cropland management
                   and              | map unit |                considerations
              component name        |           |
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
                                    |           |
      L33B:                         |           |
       Cosmos-----------------------|    10     | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Restricted permeability
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Okoboji----------------------|     5     | Ponding
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
      L34A:                         |           |
       Cosmos-----------------------|    85     | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Restricted permeability
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Kandiyohi--------------------|    10     | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Restricted permeability
                                    |           | Water erosion
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
       Okoboji----------------------|     5     | Ponding
                                    |           | Potential poor tilth and compaction
                                    |           | Potential for ground-water contamination
                                    |           | Potential for surface-water contamination
                                    |           | Wet soil moisture status
                                    |           |
      M-W:                          |           |
       Water, miscellaneous---------|   100     | Not applicable
                                    |           |
      W:                            |           |
       Water------------------------|   100     | Not applicable
                                    |           |
      ______________________________________________________________________________________
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                            127



                                Table 4.--Land Capability and Yields per Acre of Crops

   (Yields are those that can be expected under a high level of management. They are for nonirrigated areas. Absence
        of a yield indicates that the soil is not suited to the crop or the crop generally is not grown on the soil)

   _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
        Map symbol and      | Pct. of |   Land     |Bromegrass- |    Corn    |    Oats    | Soybeans |Spring wheat
        component name      | map unit| capability |alfalfa hay |            |            |            |
   _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                            |         |            |    Tons    |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   GP:                      |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Pits, gravel------------|   80    |     ---    |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Udipsamments------------|   20    |     ---    |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J1A:                     |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Parnell, depressional---|   90    |     3w     |       3.4 |         124 |         72 |         37 |         50
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Colvin------------------|    5    |     2w     |       4.1 |         136 |         79 |         43 |         54
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Vallers-----------------|    5    |     2w     |       4.1 |         134 |         78 |         40 |         53
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J2A:                     |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    La Prairie--------------|   90    |     1      |       4.8 |         145 |         84 |         46 |         58
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Lamoure-----------------|   10    |     2w     |       3.6 |         120 |         70 |         36 |         48
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J3A:                     |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Arveson-----------------|   80    |     2w     |       3.3 |         105 |         71 |         32 |         49
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Marysland---------------|   10    |     2w     |       3.3 |         110 |         72 |         33 |         50
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Marysland, depressional |    5    |     3w     |       2.6 |          90 |         66 |         30 |         46
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Malachy-----------------|    5    |     2s     |       3.4 |         105 |         71 |         32 |         49
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J4A:                     |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Rockwell----------------|   90    |     2w     |       3.4 |         115 |         73 |         35 |         51
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Arveson-----------------|   10    |     2w     |       3.3 |         105 |         71 |         32 |         49
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J5A:                     |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Fossum------------------|   85    |     3w     |       2.8 |          90 |         68 |         28 |         46
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Arveson-----------------|   10    |     2w     |       3.3 |         105 |         71 |         32 |         49
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Fossum, depressional----|    3    |     4w     |       2.6 |          88 |         66 |         27 |         45
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Hecla-------------------|    2    |     4s     |       2.9 |          90 |         68 |         28 |         46
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J6A:                     |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    McDonaldsville----------|   90    |     2w     |       2.8 |          90 |         68 |         28 |         46
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Somewhat poorly drained |         |            |            |            |            |            |
     soils------------------|   10    |     1      |       2.9 |          92 |         69 |         29 |         47
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J7A:                     |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Sverdrup----------------|   85    |     3s     |       2.5 |          80 |         65 |         26 |         44
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Arveson-----------------|    5    |     2w     |       3.3 |         105 |         71 |         32 |         49
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Clontarf----------------|    5    |     3s     |       3.4 |         110 |         72 |         33 |         50
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Egeland-----------------|    5    |     3e     |       3.2 |         100 |         70 |         31 |         48
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J7B:                     |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Sverdrup----------------|   90    |     3e     |       2.5 |          80 |         65 |         26 |         44
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
128                                                                                                     Soil Survey of



                          Table 4.--Land Capability and Yields per Acre of Crops--Continued
  _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
        Map symbol and     | Pct. of |   Land     |Bromegrass- |    Corn    |    Oats    | Soybeans |Spring wheat
        component name     | map unit| capability |alfalfa hay |            |            |            |
  _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                           |         |            |    Tons    |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J7B:                     |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Clontarf----------------|    5    |     3s     |       3.4 |         105 |         71 |        32 |         49
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Egeland-----------------|    5    |     3e     |       3.2 |         100 |         70 |        31 |         48
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J8A:                     |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Egeland-----------------|   80    |     3s     |       3.2 |         100 |         70 |        31 |         48
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Clontarf----------------|   10    |     3s     |       3.4 |         110 |         72 |        33 |         50
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Sverdrup----------------|    5    |     3s     |       2.5 |          80 |         65 |        26 |         44
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Arveson-----------------|    3    |     2w     |       3.3 |         105 |         71 |        32 |         49
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Hantho------------------|    2    |     1      |       4.8 |         145 |         84 |        46 |         58
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J8B:                     |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Egeland-----------------|   80    |     3e     |       3.2 |         100 |         70 |        31 |         48
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Clontarf----------------|    8    |     3s     |       3.4 |         110 |         72 |        33 |         50
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Sverdrup----------------|    5    |     3e     |       2.5 |          80 |         65 |        26 |         44
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Torning-----------------|    3    |     3e     |       2.9 |          92 |         68 |        29 |         46
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Eckman------------------|    2    |     2e     |       4.8 |         143 |         83 |        46 |         57
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Egeland, eroded---------|    2    |     3e     |       3.2 |          98 |         69 |        31 |         47
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J9A:                     |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Estelline---------------|   90    |     2s     |       3.0 |          95 |         69 |        30 |         47
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Soils that have a thin |          |            |            |            |            |            |
    surface layer----------|   10    |     2s     |       3.0 |          95 |         69 |        30 |         47
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J10A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Sinai-------------------|   90    |     2s     |       3.9 |         125 |         76 |        37 |         52
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Fulda-------------------|   10    |     2w     |       3.6 |         120 |         71 |        39 |         48
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J10B:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Sinai-------------------|   90    |     3e     |       3.9 |         125 |         76 |        37 |         52
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Fulda-------------------|   10    |     2w     |       3.6 |         120 |         70 |        36 |         48
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J11A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Vallers-----------------|   85    |     2w     |       4.1 |         134 |         78 |        40 |         53
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Parnell, depressional---|   10    |     3w     |       3.4 |         124 |         72 |        37 |         50
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Balaton-----------------|    5    |     2s     |       4.8 |         144 |         84 |        46 |         58
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J12A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Marysland---------------|   85    |     2w     |       3.3 |         110 |         72 |        33 |         50
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Arveson-----------------|   10    |     2w     |       3.3 |         105 |         71 |        32 |         49
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Marysland, depressional |    3    |     3w     |       2.6 |          90 |         66 |        30 |         46
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Malachy-----------------|    2    |     2s     |       3.4 |         105 |         71 |        32 |         49
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                            129



                           Table 4.--Land Capability and Yields per Acre of Crops--Continued
   _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
         Map symbol and     | Pct. of |   Land     |Bromegrass- |    Corn    |    Oats    | Soybeans |Spring wheat
         component name     | map unit| capability |alfalfa hay |            |            |            |
   _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                            |         |            |    Tons    |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J13A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Oldham------------------|   90    |     3w     |       3.4 |         124 |         72 |         37 |         50
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Colvin------------------|    5    |     2w     |       4.1 |         136 |         79 |         43 |         54
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Vallers-----------------|    5    |     2w     |       4.1 |         134 |         78 |         40 |         53
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J14F:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Esmond------------------|   85    |     7e     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Emrick------------------|   10    |     2e     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Heimdal-----------------|    5    |     4e     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J15B:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Eckman------------------|   80    |     2e     |       4.8 |         143 |         83 |         46 |         57
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Eckman, eroded----------|    5    |     2e     |       4.8 |         141 |         82 |         46 |         56
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Egeland-----------------|    5    |     3e     |       3.2 |         100 |         70 |         31 |         48
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Hantho------------------|    5    |     1      |       4.8 |         145 |         84 |         46 |         58
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Zell--------------------|    5    |     3e     |       4.6 |         140 |         82 |         44 |         56
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J16A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Friberg, depressional---|   90    |     3w     |       3.3 |         120 |         70 |         35 |         48
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Kerkhoven---------------|   10    |     2w     |       4.0 |         130 |         75 |         39 |         52
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J17A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Quam, depressional------|   90    |     3w     |       3.6 |         126 |         73 |         38 |         51
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Colvin------------------|    5    |     2w     |       4.1 |         136 |         79 |         43 |         54
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Vallers-----------------|    5    |     2w     |       4.1 |         134 |         78 |         40 |         53
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J18A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Malachy-----------------|   85    |     2s     |       3.4 |         105 |         71 |         32 |         49
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Arveson-----------------|    5    |     2w     |       3.3 |         105 |         71 |         32 |         49
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Well drained soils------|    5    |     3e     |       3.4 |         105 |         71 |         32 |         49
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Clontarf----------------|    5    |     3s     |       3.4 |         110 |         72 |         33 |         50
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J19A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Hecla-------------------|   80    |     4s     |       2.9 |          90 |         68 |         28 |         46
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Clontarf----------------|   10    |     3s     |       3.4 |         110 |         72 |         33 |         50
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Sverdrup----------------|    5    |     3s     |       2.5 |          80 |         65 |         26 |         44
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Hamar-------------------|    3    |     4w     |       2.8 |          90 |         68 |         28 |         46
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Malachy-----------------|    2    |     2s     |       3.4 |         105 |         71 |         32 |         49
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J20A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Clontarf----------------|   80    |     3s     |       3.4 |         110 |         72 |         33 |         50
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Hecla-------------------|   10    |     4s     |       2.9 |          90 |         68 |         28 |         46
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
130                                                                                                     Soil Survey of



                          Table 4.--Land Capability and Yields per Acre of Crops--Continued
  _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
        Map symbol and     | Pct. of |   Land     |Bromegrass- |    Corn    |    Oats    | Soybeans |Spring wheat
        component name     | map unit| capability |alfalfa hay |            |            |            |
  _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                           |         |            |    Tons    |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J20A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Arveson-----------------|    5    |     2w     |       3.3 |         105 |         71 |         32 |         49
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Well drained soils------|    5    |     3e     |       3.4 |         110 |         72 |         33 |         50
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J21A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Hamar-------------------|   85    |     4w     |       2.8 |          90 |         68 |         28 |         46
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Less sandy soils--------|    8    |     2w     |       3.3 |         105 |         71 |         32 |         49
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Arveson-----------------|    4    |     2w     |       3.3 |         105 |         71 |         32 |         49
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Hecla-------------------|    3    |     4s     |       2.9 |          90 |         68 |         28 |         46
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J22A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Renshaw-----------------|   85    |     3s     |       2.6 |          80 |         65 |         25 |         45
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Fordtown----------------|   10    |     2s     |       3.7 |         105 |         78 |         36 |         53
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Arvilla-----------------|    3    |     3s     |       2.4 |          72 |         60 |         23 |         42
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Fordville---------------|    2    |     2s     |       3.6 |         102 |         75 |         34 |         51
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J23A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Lamoure-----------------|   85    |     2w     |       3.6 |         120 |         70 |         36 |         48
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Rauville----------------|   10    |     5w     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   La Prairie--------------|    5    |     1      |       4.8 |         145 |         84 |         46 |         58
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J24F:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Buse--------------------|   85    |     7e     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Darnen------------------|   10    |     2e     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Barnes------------------|    5    |     4e     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J25A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Rauville----------------|   90    |     5w     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Lamoure-----------------|   10    |     2w     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J26B:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Darnen------------------|   90    |     2e     |       4.8 |         145 |         84 |         46 |         58
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Hokans------------------|    5    |     2e     |       4.8 |         143 |         83 |         46 |         58
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Lakepark----------------|    5    |     2w     |       4.1 |         140 |         82 |         44 |         56
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J27A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Hantho------------------|   85    |     1      |       4.8 |         145 |         84 |         46 |         58
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Eckman------------------|    5    |     2e     |       4.8 |         143 |         83 |         46 |         57
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Quam--------------------|    5    |     2w     |       4.2 |         139 |         80 |         43 |         56
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Rondell-----------------|    3    |     2e     |       4.3 |         137 |         80 |         41 |         56
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Tara--------------------|    2    |     1      |       4.8 |         145 |         84 |         46 |         58
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                            131



                           Table 4.--Land Capability and Yields per Acre of Crops--Continued
   _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
         Map symbol and     | Pct. of |   Land     |Bromegrass- |    Corn    |    Oats    | Soybeans |Spring wheat
         component name     | map unit| capability |alfalfa hay |            |            |            |
   _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                            |         |            |    Tons    |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J28A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Vallers, bouldery-------|   90    |     5w     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Parnell, depressional---|   10    |     3w     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J29A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Cathro------------------|   90    |     4w     |       3.2 |         118 |         68 |         35 |         47
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Colvin------------------|    5    |     2w     |       4.1 |         136 |         79 |         43 |         54
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Vallers-----------------|    5    |     2w     |       4.1 |         134 |         78 |         40 |         53
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J30A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Tara--------------------|   90    |     1      |       4.8 |         145 |         84 |         46 |         58
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Balaton-----------------|    5    |     2s     |       4.8 |         144 |         84 |         46 |         58
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Byrne-------------------|    3    |     2e     |       4.8 |         143 |         83 |         46 |         57
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Quam--------------------|    2    |     2w     |       4.2 |         139 |         80 |         43 |         56
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J31B:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Arvilla-----------------|   45    |     4s     |       2.4 |          72 |         60 |         23 |         42
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Sandberg----------------|   30    |     4s     |       2.0 |          60 |         50 |         18 |         34
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Renshaw-----------------|   10    |     4s     |       2.6 |          80 |         65 |         25 |         45
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Sioux-------------------|   10    |     6s     |       1.8 |          55 |         45 |         16 |         32
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Fordtown----------------|    5    |     2s     |       3.7 |         105 |         78 |         36 |         53
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J32A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Bigstone----------------|   80    |     3w     |       3.4 |         124 |         72 |         37 |         50
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Urness------------------|   10    |     3w     |       3.2 |         118 |         68 |         35 |         47
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Colvin------------------|    5    |     2w     |       4.1 |         136 |         79 |         43 |         54
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Vallers-----------------|    5    |     2w     |       4.1 |         134 |         78 |         40 |         53
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J33D2:                   |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Sisseton, eroded--------|   70    |     6e     |       2.9 |          88 |         44 |         28 |         30
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Heimdal, eroded---------|   10    |     4e     |       3.0 |          90 |         45 |         29 |         32
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Esmond, eroded----------|   10    |     4e     |       2.9 |          88 |         44 |         28 |         30
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Heimdal, slightly eroded|    5    |     4e     |       3.0 |          90 |         45 |         29 |         32
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Emrick------------------|    5    |     2e     |       4.6 |         138 |         80 |         43 |         55
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J34B:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Byrne-------------------|   45    |     2e     |       4.8 |         143 |         83 |         46 |         58
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Buse--------------------|   35    |     2e     |       4.6 |         139 |         81 |         44 |         56
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Buse, eroded------------|   10    |     2e     |       4.6 |         138 |         80 |         44 |         55
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Hokans------------------|    5    |     2e     |       4.8 |         143 |         83 |         46 |         58
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Tara--------------------|    5    |     1      |       4.8 |         145 |         84 |         46 |         58
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
132                                                                                                     Soil Survey of



                          Table 4.--Land Capability and Yields per Acre of Crops--Continued
  _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
        Map symbol and     | Pct. of |   Land     |Bromegrass- |    Corn    |    Oats    | Soybeans |Spring wheat
        component name     | map unit| capability |alfalfa hay |            |            |            |
  _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                           |         |            |    Tons    |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J35B:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Hokans------------------|   45    |     2e     |       4.8 |         143 |         83 |         46 |         58
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Buse--------------------|   30    |     2e     |       4.6 |         139 |         81 |         44 |         56
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Barnes------------------|   10    |     2e     |       4.8 |         143 |         83 |         46 |         58
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Buse, eroded------------|   10    |     2e     |       4.6 |         138 |         80 |         44 |         55
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Svea--------------------|    5    |     1      |       4.8 |         145 |         84 |         46 |         58
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J36C2:                   |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Buse, eroded------------|   45    |     3e     |       3.8 |         115 |         67 |         35 |         45
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Barnes, eroded----------|   20    |     3e     |       4.0 |         121 |         72 |         38 |         50
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Barnes, slightly eroded |   10    |     3e     |       4.0 |         122 |         73 |         39 |         51
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Buse, slightly eroded---|   10    |     3e     |       4.0 |         122 |         73 |         39 |         51
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Darnen------------------|   10    |     2e     |       4.8 |         145 |         84 |         46 |         58
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Langhei, eroded---------|    5    |     4e     |       3.7 |         114 |         66 |         34 |         44
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J37D2:                   |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Langhei, eroded---------|   60    |     6e     |       3.0 |          90 |         45 |         28 |         30
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Barnes, eroded----------|   15    |     4e     |       3.1 |          94 |         48 |         30 |         33
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Buse, eroded------------|   10    |     4e     |       3.1 |          93 |         47 |         30 |         32
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Darnen------------------|   10    |     2e     |       4.8 |         145 |         84 |         46 |         58
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Barnes, slightly eroded |    5    |     4e     |       3.2 |          95 |         49 |         31 |         34
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J38B:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Zell--------------------|   41    |     3e     |       4.6 |         140 |         82 |         44 |         56
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Eckman------------------|   39    |     2e     |       4.9 |         143 |         84 |         47 |         58
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Zell, eroded------------|   10    |     3e     |       4.5 |         138 |         80 |         42 |         54
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Egeland-----------------|    5    |     3e     |       3.2 |         100 |         70 |         31 |         48
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Hantho------------------|    5    |     1      |       4.8 |         145 |         84 |         46 |         58
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J38C2:                   |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Zell, eroded------------|   45    |     4e     |       3.6 |         117 |         69 |         37 |         46
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Eckman, eroded----------|   20    |     3e     |       3.8 |         120 |         71 |         39 |         48
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Zell, slightly eroded---|   15    |     4e     |       3.7 |         118 |         70 |         38 |         47
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Hantho------------------|   10    |     1      |       4.8 |         145 |         84 |         46 |         58
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Eckman, slightly eroded |    5    |     3e     |       3.9 |         122 |         72 |         40 |         50
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Egeland-----------------|    5    |     3e     |       3.1 |          95 |         67 |         30 |         45
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J39A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Udorthents--------------| 100     |     ---    |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                            133



                           Table 4.--Land Capability and Yields per Acre of Crops--Continued
   _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
         Map symbol and     | Pct. of |   Land     |Bromegrass- |    Corn    |    Oats    | Soybeans |Spring wheat
         component name     | map unit| capability |alfalfa hay |            |            |            |
   _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                            |         |            |    Tons    |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J40A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Foxlake-----------------|   85    |     2w     |       3.6 |         120 |         70 |         36 |         48
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Audubon-----------------|    5    |     2e     |       4.0 |         127 |         77 |         39 |         54
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Calcareous soils--------|    5    |     2w     |       3.5 |         119 |         67 |         34 |         47
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Soils in depressions----|    5    |     3w     |       3.4 |         116 |         66 |         32 |         44
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J41A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Urness------------------|   80    |     3w     |       3.2 |         118 |         68 |         35 |         47
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Bigstone----------------|   10    |     3w     |       3.4 |         124 |         72 |         37 |         50
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Colvin------------------|    5    |     2w     |       4.1 |         136 |         79 |         43 |         54
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Vallers-----------------|    5    |     2w     |       4.1 |         134 |         78 |         40 |         53
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J42C:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Sandberg----------------|   60    |     6s     |       1.6 |          52 |         41 |         12 |         28
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Arvilla-----------------|   30    |     4e     |       2.0 |          58 |         49 |         20 |         36
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Everts------------------|   10    |     2e     |       3.7 |         105 |         78 |         36 |         53
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J43A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Quam, depressional------|   30    |     8w     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Cathro------------------|   30    |     8w     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Urness------------------|   30    |     8w     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Colvin------------------|    5    |     2w     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Vallers-----------------|    5    |     2w     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J44B:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Esmond------------------|   45    |     3e     |       4.3 |         133 |         77 |         41 |         52
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Heimdal-----------------|   40    |     2e     |       4.5 |         136 |         80 |         43 |         56
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Esmond, eroded----------|   10    |     3e     |       4.2 |         132 |         76 |         40 |         53
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Emrick------------------|    5    |     2e     |       4.6 |         138 |         80 |         43 |         55
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J44C2:                   |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Esmond, eroded----------|   40    |     4e     |       3.6 |         113 |         66 |         34 |         44
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Heimdal, eroded---------|   25    |     3e     |       3.8 |         115 |         68 |         36 |         46
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Esmond, slightly eroded |   15    |     4e     |       3.7 |         114 |         67 |         35 |         45
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Heimdal, slightly eroded|   10    |     3e     |       3.9 |         117 |         70 |         37 |         48
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Emrick------------------|    5    |     2e     |       4.6 |         138 |         80 |         43 |         55
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Sisseton, eroded--------|    5    |     6e     |       3.5 |         111 |         65 |         33 |         42
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J45F:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Sandberg----------------|   80    |     7e     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
134                                                                                                     Soil Survey of



                          Table 4.--Land Capability and Yields per Acre of Crops--Continued
  _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
        Map symbol and     | Pct. of |   Land     |Bromegrass- |    Corn    |    Oats    | Soybeans |Spring wheat
        component name     | map unit| capability |alfalfa hay |            |            |            |
  _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                           |         |            |    Tons    |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J45F:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Everts------------------|   10    |     2e     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Arvilla-----------------|    5    |     4e     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Sioux-------------------|    5    |     7e     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J46B:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Byrne-------------------|   85    |     2e     |       4.8 |         143 |         83 |         46 |         57
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Hokans------------------|    7    |     2e     |       4.8 |         143 |         83 |         46 |         58
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Buse--------------------|    5    |     2e     |       4.6 |         139 |         81 |         44 |         56
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Quam--------------------|    3    |     2w     |       4.2 |         139 |         80 |         43 |         56
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J47A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Swenoda-----------------|   85    |     2s     |       3.8 |         115 |         70 |         36 |         48
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Clontarf----------------|   10    |     3s     |       3.4 |         110 |         72 |         33 |         50
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Egeland-----------------|    5    |     3s     |       3.2 |         100 |         70 |         31 |         48
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J48A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Bigstone----------------|   40    |     8w     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Parnell-----------------|   40    |     8w     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Colvin------------------|   10    |     2w     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Vallers-----------------|   10    |     2w     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J49A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Lakepark----------------|   50    |     2w     |       4.1 |         140 |         82 |         44 |         56
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Parnell, depressional---|   35    |     3w     |       3.4 |         124 |         72 |         37 |         50
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Emrick------------------|    8    |     2e     |       4.6 |         138 |         80 |         43 |         55
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Vallers-----------------|    7    |     2w     |       4.1 |         134 |         78 |         40 |         53
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J50A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Balaton-----------------|   45    |     2s     |       4.8 |         144 |         84 |         46 |         58
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Tara--------------------|   35    |     1      |       4.8 |         145 |         84 |         46 |         58
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   McIntosh----------------|   10    |     2s     |       4.3 |         137 |         80 |         41 |         56
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Well drained soils------|    5    |     2e     |       4.7 |         142 |         82 |         45 |         56
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Winger------------------|    5    |     2w     |       4.1 |         134 |         78 |         40 |         53
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J51A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Bearden-----------------|   60    |     2s     |       4.2 |         140 |         82 |         44 |         58
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Quam, depressional------|   30    |     3w     |       3.6 |         126 |         73 |         38 |         51
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Rondell-----------------|    7    |     2e     |       4.3 |         137 |         80 |         41 |         56
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Winger------------------|    3    |     2w     |       4.1 |         134 |         78 |         40 |         53
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                            135



                           Table 4.--Land Capability and Yields per Acre of Crops--Continued
   _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
         Map symbol and     | Pct. of |   Land     |Bromegrass- |    Corn    |    Oats    | Soybeans |Spring wheat
         component name     | map unit| capability |alfalfa hay |            |            |            |
   _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                            |         |            |    Tons    |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J52A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Rondell-----------------|   85    |     2e     |       4.3 |         137 |         80 |         41 |         56
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Zell--------------------|    9    |     3e     |       4.6 |         140 |         82 |         44 |         56
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Bearden-----------------|    6    |     2s     |       4.2 |         140 |         82 |         44 |         58
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J53A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Ortonville--------------|   85    |     2s     |       4.3 |         137 |         79 |         43 |         55
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Well drained soils------|   10    |     2e     |       4.2 |         135 |         78 |         42 |         54
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Vallers-----------------|    5    |     2w     |       4.1 |         134 |         78 |         40 |         53
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J54A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Marysland, depressional |   90    |     3w     |       2.6 |          90 |         66 |         30 |         46
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Marysland soils that are|         |            |            |            |            |            |
     not ponded-------------|   10    |     2w     |       3.3 |         110 |         72 |         33 |         50
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J55A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Sedgeville--------------|   90    |     4w     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Soils that are          |         |            |            |            |            |            |
     frequently flooded-----|   10    |     6w     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J56A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Winger------------------|   40    |     2w     |       4.1 |         134 |         78 |         40 |         53
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Balaton-----------------|   30    |     2s     |       4.8 |         144 |         84 |         46 |         58
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Parnell, depressional---|   20    |     3w     |       3.4 |         124 |         72 |         37 |         50
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Colvin------------------|    5    |     2w     |       4.1 |         136 |         79 |         43 |         54
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Vallers-----------------|    5    |     2w     |       4.1 |         134 |         78 |         40 |         53
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J57A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Balaton-----------------|   85    |     2s     |       4.8 |         144 |         84 |         46 |         58
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Well drained soils------|    5    |     2e     |       4.7 |         142 |         82 |         44 |         56
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Tara--------------------|    5    |     1      |       4.8 |         145 |         84 |         46 |         58
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Vallers-----------------|    5    |     2w     |       4.1 |         134 |         78 |         40 |         53
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J58B:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Torning-----------------|   45    |     3e     |       2.8 |          92 |         68 |         28 |         45
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Egeland-----------------|   40    |     3e     |       3.2 |          98 |         69 |         31 |         47
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Clontarf----------------|   10    |     3s     |       3.4 |         110 |         72 |         33 |         50
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Sverdrup----------------|    5    |     3e     |       2.5 |          80 |         65 |         26 |         44
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J59A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Urness, sandy substratum|   90    |     8w     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Marysland---------------|   10    |     2w     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
136                                                                                                     Soil Survey of



                          Table 4.--Land Capability and Yields per Acre of Crops--Continued
  _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
        Map symbol and     | Pct. of |   Land     |Bromegrass- |    Corn    |    Oats    | Soybeans |Spring wheat
        component name     | map unit| capability |alfalfa hay |            |            |            |
  _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                           |         |            |    Tons    |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J60B:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Hattie------------------|   46    |     2s     |       3.8 |         123 |         73 |         35 |         50
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Audubon-----------------|   44    |     2e     |       4.0 |         127 |         77 |         39 |         54
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Foxlake-----------------|   10    |     2w     |       3.6 |         120 |         70 |         36 |         48
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J60C:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Hattie------------------|   60    |     3e     |       3.3 |         103 |         61 |         30 |         41
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Audubon-----------------|   30    |     3e     |       3.5 |         107 |         65 |         34 |         45
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Foxlake-----------------|   10    |     2w     |       3.6 |         120 |         70 |         36 |         48
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J61A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Svea, bouldery----------|   90    |     5s     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Vallers, bouldery-------|    5    |     5w     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Parnell, depressional---|    5    |     3w     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J62C:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Buse, very bouldery-----|   45    |     6e     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Barnes, very bouldery---|   25    |     6e     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Hokans------------------|   15    |     6e     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Svea, bouldery----------|   10    |     5s     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Darnen------------------|    5    |     2e     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J62F:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Buse, very bouldery-----|   50    |     7e     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Barnes, very bouldery---|   40    |     7e     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Darnen------------------|   10    |     2e     |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J63A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Ortonville--------------|   45    |     2s     |       4.3 |         137 |         79 |         43 |         55
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Vallers-----------------|   35    |     2w     |       4.1 |         134 |         78 |         40 |         53
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Parnell, depressional---|   20    |     3w     |       3.4 |         124 |         72 |         37 |         50
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J64A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Quam--------------------|   90    |     2w     |       4.2 |         139 |         80 |         43 |         56
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Colvin------------------|    5    |     2w     |       4.1 |         136 |         79 |         43 |         54
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Quam, depressional------|    5    |     3w     |       3.6 |         126 |         73 |         38 |         51
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J65A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Shakopee----------------|   90    |     2w     |       2.5 |          90 |         64 |         25 |         43
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Soils in depressions----|   10    |     3w     |       2.4 |          86 |         60 |         24 |         40
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
  J66A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   Emrick------------------|   85    |     2e     |       4.6 |         138 |         80 |         43 |         55
                           |         |            |            |            |            |            |
Swift County, Minnesota                                                                                            137



                           Table 4.--Land Capability and Yields per Acre of Crops--Continued
   _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
         Map symbol and     | Pct. of |   Land     |Bromegrass- |    Corn    |    Oats    | Soybeans |Spring wheat
         component name     | map unit| capability |alfalfa hay |            |            |            |
   _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                            |         |            |    Tons    |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu     |     Bu
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J66A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Lakepark----------------|   10    |     2w     |       4.1 |         140 |         82 |         44 |         56
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Heimdal-----------------|    5    |     2e     |       4.5 |         136 |         80 |         43 |         56
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J67A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Fordtown----------------|   85    |     2s     |       3.7 |         105 |         78 |         36 |         53
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Renshaw-----------------|    8    |     3s     |       2.6 |          80 |         65 |         25 |         45
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Spottswood--------------|    7    |     2s     |       3.6 |         104 |         77 |         35 |         52
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   J68A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Kerkhoven---------------|   55    |     2w     |       4.0 |         130 |         75 |         39 |         52
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Friberg, depressional---|   35    |     3w     |       3.3 |         120 |         70 |         35 |         48
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Emrick------------------|   10    |     2e     |       4.6 |         138 |         80 |         43 |         55
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   L33B:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Kandiyohi---------------|   85    |     2e     |       3.9 |         125 |         76 |         37 |         52
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Cosmos------------------|   10    |     2w     |       3.6 |         120 |         70 |         36 |         48
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Okoboji-----------------|    5    |     3w     |       3.4 |         118 |         68 |         35 |         47
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   L34A:                    |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Cosmos------------------|   85    |     2w     |       3.6 |         120 |         70 |         36 |         48
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Kandiyohi---------------|   10    |     2e     |       3.9 |         125 |         76 |         37 |         52
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Okoboji-----------------|    5    |     3w     |       3.4 |         118 |         68 |         35 |         47
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   M-W:                     |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Water, miscellaneous----| 100     |     ---    |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   W:                       |         |            |            |            |            |            |
    Water-------------------| 100     |     ---    |       --- |         --- |        --- |        --- |        ---
                            |         |            |            |            |            |            |
   _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
138                                                                                                    Soil Survey of



                                             Table 5.--Prime Farmland

      (Only the soils considered prime farmland are listed. Urban or built-up areas of the soils listed are
           not considered prime farmland. If a soil is prime farmland only under certain conditions, the
           conditions are specified in parentheses after the soil name)

      _______________________________________________________________________________________________________
             |
        Map |                                             Soil name
      symbol |
             |
      _______________________________________________________________________________________________________
             |
      J1A    |Parnell silty clay loam, depressional, 0 to 1 percent slopes (where drained)
      J2A    |La Prairie loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes, occasionally flooded (where protected from flooding
             | or not frequently flooded during the growing season)
      J3A    |Arveson sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes (where drained)
      J4A    |Rockwell loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes (where drained)
      J5A    |Fossum sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes (where drained)
      J6A    |McDonaldsville silty clay, 0 to 2 percent slopes (where drained)
      J8A    |Egeland sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes
      J8B    |Egeland sandy loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes
      J9A    |Estelline silt loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes
      J10A   |Sinai silty clay, 0 to 2 percent slopes
      J10B   |Sinai silty clay, 2 to 6 percent slopes
      J11A   |Vallers clay loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes (where drained)
      J12A   |Marysland loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes (where drained)
      J13A   |Oldham silty clay loam, depressional, 0 to 1 percent slopes (where drained)
      J15B   |Eckman silt loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes
      J16A   |Friberg silt loam, depressional, 0 to 2 percent slopes (where drained)
      J17A   |Quam silty clay loam, depressional, 0 to 1 percent slopes (where drained)
      J18A   |Malachy sandy loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes
      J20A   |Clontarf sandy loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes
      J23A   |Lamoure silty clay loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes, occasionally flooded (where drained and
             | either protected from flooding or not frequently flooded during the growing season)
      J26B   |Darnen loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes
      J27A   |Hantho silt loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes
      J30A   |Tara silt loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes
      J32A   |Bigstone silty clay loam, depressional, 0 to 1 percent slopes (where drained)
      J34B   |Byrne-Buse complex, 2 to 6 percent slopes
      J35B   |Hokans-Buse complex, 2 to 6 percent slopes
      J38B   |Zell-Eckman complex, 2 to 6 percent slopes
      J40A   |Foxlake silty clay, 0 to 2 percent slopes (where drained)
      J41A   |Urness mucky silty clay loam, depressional, 0 to 1 percent slopes (where drained)
      J44B   |Esmond-Heimdal complex, 2 to 6 percent slopes
      J46B   |Byrne silt loam, 2 to 4 percent slopes
      J47A   |Swenoda sandy loam, moderately wet, 1 to 3 percent slopes
      J49A   |Lakepark-Parnell, depressional, complex, 0 to 2 percent slopes (where drained)
      J50A   |Balaton-Tara complex, 1 to 3 percent slopes
      J51A   |Bearden-Quam, depressional, complex, 0 to 2 percent slopes
      J52A   |Rondell silty clay loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes
      J53A   |Ortonville loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes
      J54A   |Marysland loam, depressional, 0 to 1 percent slopes (where drained)
      J56A   |Winger-Balaton-Parnell, depressional, complex, 0 to 3 percent slopes (where drained)
      J57A   |Balaton loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes
      J58B   |Torning-Egeland complex, 2 to 6 percent slopes
      J60B   |Hattie-Audubon complex, 1 to 4 percent slopes
      J63A   |Ortonville-Vallers-Parnell, depressional, complex, 0 to 3 percent slopes (where drained)
      J64A   |Quam silty clay loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes (where drained)
      J65A   |Shakopee silty clay, 0 to 2 percent slopes (where drained)
      J66A   |Emrick loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes
      J67A   |Fordtown loam, 1 to 3 percent slopes
      J68A   |Kerkhoven-Friberg, depressional, complex, 0 to 2 percent slopes (where drained)
      L33B   |Kandiyohi clay, 2 to 5 percent slopes
      L34A   |Cosmos silty clay, 0 to 2 percent slopes (where drained)
             |
      _______________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                                                                               Swift County, Minnesota
                                              Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings

                            (Absence of an entry indicates that trees generally do not grow to the given height)

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
     Map symbol and      | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
     component name      | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |        26-35       |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
GP:                      |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Pits, gravel------------|   80    |        ---         |        ---         |        ---         |         ---        |        ---
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Udipsamments------------|   20    |        ---         |        ---         |        ---         |         ---        |        ---
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J1A:                     |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Parnell, depressional---|   90    |Redosier dogwood,   |Siberian peashrub, |White spruce,        |Golden willow, white|Siberian elm,
                         |         | silver buffaloberry| gray dogwood       | Russian-olive,     | willow             | eastern cottonwood,
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    | robusta cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Colvin------------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Vallers-----------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J2A:                     |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 La Prairie--------------|   90    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Lamoure-----------------|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J3A:                     |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Arveson-----------------|   80    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Marysland---------------|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |




                                                                                                                                               139
                                                                                                                                               140
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
     Map symbol and      | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
     component name      | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |       26-35        |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J3A:                     |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Marysland, depressional |    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Malachy-----------------|    5    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | blue spruce, common| Russian-olive, bur |                     |
                         |         |                    | chokecherry,       | oak, ponderosa pine|                    |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J4A:                     |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Rockwell----------------|   90    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Arveson-----------------|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J5A:                     |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Fossum------------------|   85    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Arveson-----------------|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Fossum, depressional----|    3    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Hecla-------------------|    2    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |




                                                                                                                                               Soil Survey of
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
                                                                                                                                               Swift County, Minnesota
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
     Map symbol and      | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
     component name      | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |       26-35        |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J6A:                     |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 McDonaldsville----------|   90    |Common lilac,       |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Golden willow,
                         |         | redosier dogwood   | eastern redcedar   | blue spruce, common|                    | eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | common hackberry   |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Somewhat poorly drained |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
  soils------------------|   10    |Redosier dogwood----|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow, green|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common lilac,      | blue spruce, common| ash                |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | common hackberry   |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J7A:                     |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Sverdrup----------------|   85    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Arveson-----------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Clontarf----------------|    5    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Egeland-----------------|    5    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J7B:                     |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Sverdrup----------------|   90    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |




                                                                                                                                               141
                                                                                                                                               142
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
     Map symbol and      | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
     component name      | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |       26-35        |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J7B:                     |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Clontarf----------------|    5    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Egeland-----------------|    5    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J8A:                     |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Egeland-----------------|   80    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Clontarf----------------|   10    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Sverdrup----------------|    5    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Arveson-----------------|    3    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Hantho------------------|    2    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J8B:                     |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Egeland-----------------|   80    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood




                                                                                                                                               Soil Survey of
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
                                                                                                                                               Swift County, Minnesota
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
     Map symbol and      | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
     component name      | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |       26-35        |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J8B:                     |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Clontarf----------------|    8    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Sverdrup----------------|    5    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Torning-----------------|    3    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Eckman------------------|    2    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Egeland, eroded---------|    2    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J9A:                     |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Estelline---------------|   90    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Soils that have a thin |          |                    |                    |                    |                    |
  surface layer----------|   10    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |




                                                                                                                                               143
                                                                                                                                               144
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |        26-35       |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J10A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Sinai-------------------|   90    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Austrian pine,       |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | common chokecherry,| eastern redcedar   | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      |                    | ponderosa pine, bur|                    |
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | oak                |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Fulda-------------------|   10    |Common lilac,       |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Golden willow,
                         |         | redosier dogwood   | eastern redcedar   | blue spruce, common|                    | eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | common hackberry   |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J10B:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Sinai-------------------|   90    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Austrian pine,       |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | common chokecherry,| eastern redcedar   | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      |                    | ponderosa pine, bur|                    |
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | oak                |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Fulda-------------------|   10    |Common lilac,       |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Golden willow,
                         |         | redosier dogwood   | eastern redcedar   | blue spruce, common|                    | eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | common hackberry   |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J11A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Vallers-----------------|   85    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Parnell, depressional---|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |Siberian peashrub, |White spruce,        |Golden willow, white|Siberian elm,
                         |         | silver buffaloberry| gray dogwood       | Russian-olive,     | willow             | eastern cottonwood,
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    | robusta cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Balaton-----------------|    5    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | blue spruce, common| Russian-olive, bur |                     |
                         |         |                    | chokecherry,       | oak, ponderosa pine|                    |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J12A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Marysland---------------|   85    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland




                                                                                                                                               Soil Survey of
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
                                                                                                                                               Swift County, Minnesota
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |       26-35        |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J12A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Arveson-----------------|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Marysland, depressional |    3    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Malachy-----------------|    2    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | blue spruce, common| Russian-olive, bur |                     |
                         |         |                    | chokecherry,       | oak, ponderosa pine|                    |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J13A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Oldham------------------|   90    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Colvin------------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Vallers-----------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J14F:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Esmond------------------|   85    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Emrick------------------|   10    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |




                                                                                                                                               145
                                                                                                                                               146
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |        26-35       |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J14F:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Heimdal-----------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J15B:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Eckman------------------|   80    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Eckman, eroded----------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Egeland-----------------|    5    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Hantho------------------|    5    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Zell--------------------|    5    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J16A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Friberg, depressional---|   90    |Redosier dogwood,   |Siberian peashrub, |White spruce,        |White willow, golden|Siberian elm,
                         |         | silver buffaloberry| gray dogwood       | Russian-olive,     | willow             | eastern cottonwood,
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    | robusta cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Kerkhoven---------------|   10    |Common lilac,       |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Golden willow,




                                                                                                                                               Soil Survey of
                         |         | redosier dogwood   | eastern redcedar   | blue spruce, common|                    | eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | common hackberry   |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
                                                                                                                                               Swift County, Minnesota
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |        26-35       |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J17A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Quam, depressional------|   90    |Redosier dogwood,   |Siberian peashrub, |White spruce,        |Golden willow, white|Siberian elm,
                         |         | silver buffaloberry| gray dogwood       | Russian-olive,     | willow             | eastern cottonwood,
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    | robusta cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Colvin------------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Vallers-----------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J18A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Malachy-----------------|   85    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | blue spruce, common| Russian-olive, bur |                     |
                         |         |                    | chokecherry,       | oak, ponderosa pine|                    |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Arveson-----------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Well drained soils------|    5    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Clontarf----------------|    5    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J19A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Hecla-------------------|   80    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Clontarf----------------|   10    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |




                                                                                                                                               147
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
                                                                                                                                               148
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |       26-35        |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J19A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Sverdrup----------------|    5    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Hamar-------------------|    3    |Common lilac,       |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Golden willow,
                         |         | redosier dogwood   | eastern redcedar   | blue spruce, common|                    | eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | common hackberry   |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Malachy-----------------|    2    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | blue spruce, common| Russian-olive, bur |                     |
                         |         |                    | chokecherry,       | oak, ponderosa pine|                    |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J20A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Clontarf----------------|   80    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Hecla-------------------|   10    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Arveson-----------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Well drained soils------|    5    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J21A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Hamar-------------------|   85    |Common lilac,       |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Golden willow,




                                                                                                                                               Soil Survey of
                         |         | redosier dogwood   | eastern redcedar   | blue spruce, common|                    | eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | common hackberry   |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
                                                                                                                                               Swift County, Minnesota
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |       26-35        |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J21A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Less sandy soils--------|    8    |Common lilac,       |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Golden willow,
                         |         | redosier dogwood   | eastern redcedar   | blue spruce, common|                    | eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | common hackberry   |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Arveson-----------------|    4    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Hecla-------------------|    3    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J22A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Renshaw-----------------|   85    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Fordtown----------------|   10    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Arvilla-----------------|    3    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Fordville---------------|    2    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |




                                                                                                                                               149
                                                                                                                                               150
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |       26-35        |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J23A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Lamoure-----------------|   85    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Rauville----------------|   10    |        ---         |        ---         |        ---         |        ---         |        ---
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 La Prairie--------------|    5    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J24F:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Buse--------------------|   85    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Darnen------------------|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Barnes------------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J25A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Rauville----------------|   90    |        ---         |        ---         |        ---         |        ---         |        ---
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Lamoure-----------------|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J26B:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Darnen------------------|   90    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |




                                                                                                                                               Soil Survey of
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
                                                                                                                                               Swift County, Minnesota
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |       26-35        |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J26B:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Hokans------------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Lakepark----------------|    5    |Common lilac,       |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Golden willow,
                         |         | redosier dogwood   | eastern redcedar   | blue spruce, common|                    | eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | common hackberry   |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J27A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Hantho------------------|   85    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Eckman------------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Quam--------------------|    5    |Common lilac,       |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Golden willow,
                         |         | redosier dogwood   | eastern redcedar   | blue spruce, common|                    | eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | common hackberry   |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Rondell-----------------|    3    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | blue spruce, common| Russian-olive, bur |                     |
                         |         |                    | chokecherry,       | oak, ponderosa pine|                    |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Tara--------------------|    2    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J28A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Vallers, bouldery-------|   90    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |




                                                                                                                                               151
                                                                                                                                               152
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |        26-35       |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J28A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Parnell, depressional---|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |Siberian peashrub, |White spruce,        |Golden willow, white|Siberian elm,
                         |         | silver buffaloberry| gray dogwood       | Russian-olive,     | willow             | eastern cottonwood,
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    | robusta cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J29A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Cathro------------------|   90    |Redosier dogwood----|Siberian peashrub, |Green ash-----------|Black willow, golden|Carolina poplar
                         |         |                    | silky dogwood      |                    | willow, white      |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    | willow             |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Colvin------------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Vallers-----------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J30A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Tara--------------------|   90    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Balaton-----------------|    5    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | blue spruce, common| Russian-olive, bur |                     |
                         |         |                    | chokecherry,       | oak, ponderosa pine|                    |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Byrne-------------------|    3    |Redosier dogwood----|American plum,      |Manchurian          |Green ash-----------|        ---
                         |         |                    | Siberian peashrub, | crabapple, Russian |                    |
                         |         |                    | common lilac, bur | olive, blue spruce,|                     |
                         |         |                    | oak, eastern       | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Quam--------------------|    2    |Common lilac,       |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Golden willow,
                         |         | redosier dogwood   | eastern redcedar   | blue spruce, common|                    | eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | common hackberry   |                    |




                                                                                                                                               Soil Survey of
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
                                                                                                                                               Swift County, Minnesota
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |       26-35        |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J31B:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Arvilla-----------------|   45    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Sandberg----------------|   30    |Siberian peashrub, |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Eastern cottonwood |           ---
                         |         | common lilac,      |                    | Russian-olive, blue|                    |
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | spruce, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, ponderosa|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | pine, silver maple,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Renshaw-----------------|   10    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Sioux-------------------|   10    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Fordtown----------------|    5    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J32A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Bigstone----------------|   80    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Urness------------------|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |




                                                                                                                                               153
                                                                                                                                               154
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |       26-35        |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J32A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Colvin------------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Vallers-----------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J33D2:                   |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Sisseton, eroded--------|   70    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Heimdal, eroded---------|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Esmond, eroded----------|   10    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Heimdal, slightly eroded|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Emrick------------------|    5    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J34B:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Byrne-------------------|   45    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |




                                                                                                                                               Soil Survey of
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
                                                                                                                                               Swift County, Minnesota
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |       26-35        |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J34B:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Buse--------------------|   35    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Buse, eroded------------|   10    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Hokans------------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Tara--------------------|    5    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J35B:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Hokans------------------|   45    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Buse--------------------|   30    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Barnes------------------|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Buse, eroded------------|   10    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |




                                                                                                                                               155
                                                                                                                                               156
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |       26-35        |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J35B:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Svea--------------------|    5    |Nanking cherry,     |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur    |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J36C2:                   |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Buse, eroded------------|   45    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Barnes, eroded----------|   20    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Barnes, slightly eroded |   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Buse, slightly eroded---|   10    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Darnen------------------|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Langhei, eroded---------|    5    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J37D2:                   |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Langhei, eroded---------|   60    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---




                                                                                                                                               Soil Survey of
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
                                                                                                                                               Swift County, Minnesota
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |       26-35        |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J37D2:                   |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Barnes, eroded----------|   15    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Buse, eroded------------|   10    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Darnen------------------|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Barnes, slightly eroded |    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J38B:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Zell--------------------|   41    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Eckman------------------|   39    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Zell, eroded------------|   10    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Egeland-----------------|    5    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |




                                                                                                                                               157
                                                                                                                                               158
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |       26-35        |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J38B:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Hantho------------------|    5    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J38C2:                   |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Zell, eroded------------|   45    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Eckman, eroded----------|   20    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Zell, slightly eroded---|   15    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Hantho------------------|   10    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Eckman, slightly eroded |    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Egeland-----------------|    5    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J39A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Udorthents--------------| 100     |        ---         |        ---         |        ---         |        ---         |        ---




                                                                                                                                               Soil Survey of
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
                                                                                                                                               Swift County, Minnesota
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |        26-35       |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J40A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Foxlake-----------------|   85    |Common lilac,       |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Golden willow,
                         |         | redosier dogwood   | eastern redcedar   | blue spruce, common|                    | eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | common hackberry   |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Audubon-----------------|    5    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Austrian pine,       |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | common chokecherry,| eastern redcedar   | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      |                    | ponderosa pine, bur|                    |
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | oak                |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Calcareous soils--------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Soils in depressions----|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Siberian peashrub, |White spruce,        |Golden willow, white|Siberian elm,
                         |         | silver buffaloberry| gray dogwood       | Russian-olive,     | willow             | eastern cottonwood,
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    | robusta cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J41A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Urness------------------|   80    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Bigstone----------------|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Colvin------------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Vallers-----------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |




                                                                                                                                               159
                                                                                                                                               160
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |       26-35        |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J42C:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Sandberg----------------|   60    |Siberian peashrub, |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Eastern cottonwood |           ---
                         |         | common lilac,      |                    | Russian-olive, blue|                    |
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | spruce, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, ponderosa|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | pine, silver maple,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Arvilla-----------------|   30    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Everts------------------|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J43A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Quam, depressional------|   30    |        ---         |        ---         |        ---         |        ---         |        ---
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Cathro------------------|   30    |        ---         |        ---         |        ---         |        ---         |        ---
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Urness------------------|   30    |        ---         |        ---         |        ---         |        ---         |        ---
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Colvin------------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Vallers-----------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J44B:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Esmond------------------|   45    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |




                                                                                                                                               Soil Survey of
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
                                                                                                                                               Swift County, Minnesota
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |       26-35        |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J44B:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Heimdal-----------------|   40    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Esmond, eroded----------|   10    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Emrick------------------|    5    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J44C2:                   |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Esmond, eroded----------|   40    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Heimdal, eroded---------|   25    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Esmond, slightly eroded |   15    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Heimdal, slightly eroded|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Emrick------------------|    5    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |




                                                                                                                                               161
                                                                                                                                               162
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |       26-35        |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J44C2:                   |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Sisseton, eroded--------|    5    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J45F:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Sandberg----------------|   80    |Siberian peashrub, |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Eastern cottonwood |           ---
                         |         | common lilac,      |                    | Russian-olive, blue|                    |
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | spruce, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, ponderosa|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | pine, silver maple,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Everts------------------|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Arvilla-----------------|    5    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Sioux-------------------|    5    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J46B:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Byrne-------------------|   85    |Redosier dogwood----|American plum,      |Manchurian          |Green ash-----------|        ---
                         |         |                    | Siberian peashrub, | crabapple, Russian |                    |
                         |         |                    | common lilac, bur | olive, blue spruce,|                     |
                         |         |                    | oak, eastern       | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Hokans------------------|    7    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |




                                                                                                                                               Soil Survey of
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
                                                                                                                                               Swift County, Minnesota
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |       26-35        |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J46B:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Buse--------------------|    5    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Quam--------------------|    3    |Common lilac,       |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Golden willow,
                         |         | redosier dogwood   | eastern redcedar   | blue spruce, common|                    | eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | common hackberry   |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J47A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Swenoda-----------------|   85    |Siberian peashrub, |American plum,       |Black Hills spruce, |        ---         |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur    |                    |
                         |         |                    | ponderosa pine     | oak, eastern       |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, green ash   |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Clontarf----------------|   10    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Egeland-----------------|    5    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J48A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Bigstone----------------|   40    |        ---         |        ---         |        ---         |        ---         |        ---
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Parnell-----------------|   40    |        ---         |        ---         |        ---         |        ---         |        ---
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Colvin------------------|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Vallers-----------------|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |




                                                                                                                                               163
                                                                                                                                               164
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |        26-35       |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J49A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Lakepark----------------|   50    |Common lilac,       |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Golden willow,
                         |         | redosier dogwood   | eastern redcedar   | blue spruce, common|                    | eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | common hackberry   |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Parnell, depressional---|   35    |Redosier dogwood,   |Siberian peashrub, |White spruce,        |Golden willow, white|Siberian elm,
                         |         | silver buffaloberry| gray dogwood       | Russian-olive,     | willow             | eastern cottonwood,
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    | robusta cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Emrick------------------|    8    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Vallers-----------------|    7    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J50A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Balaton-----------------|   45    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | blue spruce, common| Russian-olive, bur |                     |
                         |         |                    | chokecherry,       | oak, ponderosa pine|                    |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Tara--------------------|   35    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 McIntosh----------------|   10    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | blue spruce, common| Russian-olive, bur |                     |
                         |         |                    | chokecherry,       | oak, ponderosa pine|                    |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Well drained soils------|    5    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | blue spruce, common| Russian-olive, bur |                     |
                         |         |                    | chokecherry,       | oak, ponderosa pine|                    |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |




                                                                                                                                               Soil Survey of
 Winger------------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
                                                                                                                                               Swift County, Minnesota
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |        26-35       |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J51A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Bearden-----------------|   60    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | blue spruce, common| Russian-olive, bur |                     |
                         |         |                    | chokecherry,       | oak, ponderosa pine|                    |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Quam, depressional------|   30    |Redosier dogwood,   |Siberian peashrub, |White spruce,        |Golden willow, white|Siberian elm,
                         |         | silver buffaloberry| gray dogwood       | Russian-olive,     | willow             | eastern cottonwood,
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    | robusta cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Rondell-----------------|    7    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | blue spruce, common| Russian-olive, bur |                     |
                         |         |                    | chokecherry,       | oak, ponderosa pine|                    |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Winger------------------|    3    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J52A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Rondell-----------------|   85    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | blue spruce, common| Russian-olive, bur |                     |
                         |         |                    | chokecherry,       | oak, ponderosa pine|                    |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Zell--------------------|    9    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Bearden-----------------|    6    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | blue spruce, common| Russian-olive, bur |                     |
                         |         |                    | chokecherry,       | oak, ponderosa pine|                    |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J53A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Ortonville--------------|   85    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | blue spruce, common| Russian-olive, bur |                     |
                         |         |                    | chokecherry,       | oak, ponderosa pine|                    |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Well drained soils------|   10    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | blue spruce, common| Russian-olive, bur |                     |
                         |         |                    | chokecherry,       | oak, ponderosa pine|                    |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |




                                                                                                                                               165
                                                                                                                                               166
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |        26-35       |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J53A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Vallers-----------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J54A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Marysland, depressional |   90    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Marysland soils that are|         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
  not ponded-------------|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J55A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Sedgeville--------------|   90    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Soils that are          |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
  frequently flooded-----|   10    |        ---         |        ---         |        ---         |         ---        |        ---
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J56A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Winger------------------|   40    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Balaton-----------------|   30    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | blue spruce, common| Russian-olive, bur |                     |
                         |         |                    | chokecherry,       | oak, ponderosa pine|                    |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Parnell, depressional---|   20    |Redosier dogwood,   |Siberian peashrub, |White spruce,        |Golden willow, white|Siberian elm,
                         |         | silver buffaloberry| gray dogwood       | Russian-olive,     | willow             | eastern cottonwood,
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    | robusta cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |




                                                                                                                                               Soil Survey of
 Colvin------------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
                                                                                                                                               Swift County, Minnesota
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |       26-35        |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J56A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Vallers-----------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J57A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Balaton-----------------|   85    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | blue spruce, common| Russian-olive, bur |                     |
                         |         |                    | chokecherry,       | oak, ponderosa pine|                    |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Well drained soils------|    5    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | blue spruce, common| Russian-olive, bur |                     |
                         |         |                    | chokecherry,       | oak, ponderosa pine|                    |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Tara--------------------|    5    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Vallers-----------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J58B:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Torning-----------------|   45    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Egeland-----------------|   40    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Clontarf----------------|   10    |Sargent crabapple---|American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur   |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |




                                                                                                                                               167
                                                                                                                                               168
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |       26-35        |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J58B:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Sverdrup----------------|    5    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Blue spruce, common |Black Hills spruce |Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | bur oak, eastern    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    | redcedar           | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J59A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Urness, sandy substratum|   90    |        ---         |        ---         |        ---         |        ---         |        ---
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Marysland---------------|   10    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J60B:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Hattie------------------|   46    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Austrian pine,       |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | common chokecherry,| eastern redcedar   | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      |                    | ponderosa pine, bur|                    |
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | oak                |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Audubon-----------------|   44    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Austrian pine,       |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | common chokecherry,| eastern redcedar   | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      |                    | ponderosa pine, bur|                    |
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | oak                |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Foxlake-----------------|   10    |Common lilac,       |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Golden willow,
                         |         | redosier dogwood   | eastern redcedar   | blue spruce, common|                    | eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | common hackberry   |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J60C:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Hattie------------------|   60    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Austrian pine,       |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | common chokecherry,| eastern redcedar   | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      |                    | ponderosa pine, bur|                    |
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | oak                |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Audubon-----------------|   30    |American plum,      |Siberian peashrub, |Austrian pine,       |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | common chokecherry,| eastern redcedar   | Russian-olive,     |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      |                    | ponderosa pine, bur|                    |
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | oak                |                    |




                                                                                                                                               Soil Survey of
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
                                                                                                                                               Swift County, Minnesota
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |        26-35       |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J60C:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Foxlake-----------------|   10    |Common lilac,       |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Golden willow,
                         |         | redosier dogwood   | eastern redcedar   | blue spruce, common|                    | eastern cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | chokecherry,       |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine,    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | common hackberry   |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J61A:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Svea, bouldery----------|   90    |Nanking cherry,     |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur    |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Vallers, bouldery-------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Common chokecherry |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, green|Golden willow,
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | eastern redcedar, | ash                 | Siouxland
                         |         |                    |                    | blue spruce,       |                    | cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Parnell, depressional---|    5    |Redosier dogwood,   |Siberian peashrub, |White spruce,        |Golden willow, white|Siberian elm,
                         |         | silver buffaloberry| gray dogwood       | Russian-olive,     | willow             | eastern cottonwood,
                         |         |                    |                    | green ash          |                    | robusta cottonwood
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J62C:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Buse, very bouldery-----|   45    |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Russian-olive, bur |Eastern cottonwood |          ---
                         |         | Siberian peashrub, | blue spruce,       | oak, green ash,    |                    |
                         |         | common lilac,      | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         | silver buffaloberry|                    |                    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Barnes, very bouldery---|   25    |Nanking cherry,     |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | Peking cotoneaster,| common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern   |                    |
                         |         | redosier dogwood, |                     | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         | redosier dogwood, |                     | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         | sargent crabapple |                     | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Hokans------------------|   15    |Redosier dogwood,   |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Green ash-----------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry | bur oak, eastern    |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | redcedar, Russian- |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | olive, blue spruce,|                    |
                         |         |                    |                    | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Svea, bouldery----------|   10    |Nanking cherry,     |American plum,      |Black Hills spruce, |Golden willow-------|Eastern cottonwood
                         |         | sargent crabapple | common chokecherry,| blue spruce, bur    |                    |
                         |         |                    | redosier dogwood, | oak, Russian-olive,|                     |
                         |         |                    | eastern redcedar   | ponderosa pine     |                    |
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |




                                                                                                                                               169
                                                                                                                                               170
                                         Table 6.--Windbreaks and Environmental Plantings--Continued
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                      Trees having predicted 20-year average height, in feet, of--
      Map symbol and     | Pct. of |________________________________________________________________________________________________________
      component name     | map unit|         <8         |        8-15        |       16-25        |        26-35       |        >35
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                         |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
J62C:                    |         |                    |                    |                    |                    |
 Darnen------------------|    5    |Redosier dogwood,