HSC Past Papers by xiangpeng


									                                 Indochina 1954-1975 Revision Year 12
Revision Questions
   1. What was the Vietminh?
   2. What were the main provisions of the Geneva Accords of 1954 as far as Vietnam was
   3. To what extent was WHAM effective in helping win over the people of South Vietnam?
   4. What was the NLF? What was its purpose?
   5. What were the main decisions made at the Geneva Conference which affected Vietnam
       up to 1954?
   6. What were the main reasons why the Americans became involved in the Vietnam War?
   7. Why were the governments of North and South Vietnam unable to fulfill their obligations
       under the Geneva Accords?
   8. What were the main social, economic and political differences between the “two
   9. Describe the major differences between the DRV under Ho Chi Minh and the RVN under
   10. Nearly all the political groups rejoiced when President Ngo Diem was assassinated in
       1963? Why?
   11. Why did successive American Presidents increase the US presence in Vietnam up to
       about 1970?
   12. Why was Tet a turning point in the War?
   13. What did President Richard Nixon mean by “Vietnamisation” of the war? Why did he
       undertake this policy?
   14. What effects did the Vietnamisation of the War have on North and South Vietnam?
   15. The US poured enormous quantities of money, troops, arms and equipment into Vietnam
       during the second Indochina War. Yet they and their ARVN and other allies were unable
       to defeat the VC and NVA. Why?
   16. “I predict that you will, step by step, be sucked into a bottomless military and political
       quagmire.” French president Charles de Gaulle to President Kennedy in 1962.
       How and why did this prophecy come to pass?
   17. How did the conflict in Vietnam affect the American homefront in the 1960s and early
   18. How and why did Australia become involved in the Vietnam War?
   19. Why were so many Australian people opposed to Australia’s participation in the Vietnam
       War? Briefly describe the forms this opposition took.
   20. Describe the role of American forces in Vietnam up to about 1971.
   21. Why did the US withdraw from Vietnam without having achieved its objectives?
   22. Describe the role of the NLF/VC in the Second Indochina War.
   23. What problems has Vietnam had since the end of the Second Indochina War?
   24. What were the results of Vietnam’s invasion of Cambodia in 1978?
   25. Describe how Pol Pot came to power in 1975.
   26. What policies did the Khmer Rouge implement in Kampuchea/Cambodia 1975-78? How
       did this impact on Kampuchea/Cambodia?
Please note the Following Verbs used for History Examinations
Account Account for: state reasons for, report on. Give an account of: narrate a series of
events or transactions.
Assess Make a judgment of value, quality, outcomes, results or size
Describe Provide characteristics and features. Offer a detailed account of.
Discuss Identify issues and provide points for and/or against
Evaluate Make a judgment based on criteria; determine the value of. Appraise the worth
of something in light of its truth or utility. Give reasons for and against, present a
balanced view.
Explain Relate cause and effect; provide how and/or why
To what extent make a judgment about
Essay Questions
    1. Why did Americans support their country’s initial involvement in Vietnam but
       later oppose the war?
    2. Explain why the unification of Vietnam was achieved in 1975 despite the
       extensive US support for the South Vietnamese Government.
    3. Why did the US fail to contain and defeat the Vietcong and North Vietnamese
       forces up to 1975?
    4. Explain why the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces succeeded against the
    5. Assess the impact of the war in Indochina on the American public in the period
       1965 – 1975.
    6. Assess the impact of twenty years of war on Vietnam to 1979.
    7. Explain why it was so necessary for the governments of South Vietnam to have
       the support of the United States in the period 1960 to 1973?
    8. What were the results of the policies of Pol Pot Regime in Democratic
       Kampuchea (1975- 1979)?
    9. Evaluate the regime of Pol Pot on Democratic Kampuchea in the period 1975-


10.Evaluate the success of the North Vietnamese Government in achieving dominance in
Indochina by 1979.
11.Evaluate the effectiveness of the South Vietnamese Government in maintaining power
until 1968.

12. Assess the contribution of the media in determining the outcomes of the war in
Indochina from the overthrow of Diem to the withdrawal of US troops from Vietnam in
13. Evaluate the significance of the Tet Offensive in the success of communism in
Indochina between 1968 and 1979.
2002 HSC Questions
14.Assess the importance of anti-communism in shaping the policies of the United States
towards Indochina between 1954 and 1979.
15. Evaluate the effectiveness of the strategies and tactics used by soldiers in Vietnam
between 1960 and 1975.
2003 HSC Questions
16. Discuss the significance of the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin incident in the growth of US
intervention in Vietnam in the period 1954-1968.
17. Assess the impact of the spread of conflict from Vietnam had on Cambodia in the
period up to 1979.
2004 HSC Questions
18. Evaluate the view that North Vietnam’s determination to spread communism in
Indochina caused the failure of the Geneva peace Agreement by the late 1960s.
19. To what extent were the Vietcong responsible for the withdrawal of the United States
from Vietnam and the eventual defeat of the South Vietnamese forces in the period 1968-
2005 HSC Questions
20. Explain the reasons for the failure of the South Vietnamese government to maintain
control over its people by 1968.
21. Account for the success of the North Vietnamese government in achieving the
unification of Vietnam by 1975.
2006 Specimen Questions
22. To what extent was nationalism a cause of conflict in Indochina in the period 1954-
23. Account for the communist victory in the Second Indochina War.
2006 HSC Questions
24. Evaluate the view that an inability to separate nationalism from communism
dominated US policy towards Indochina in the period 1954-1968.
25. Assess the significance of the 1968 Tet Offensive as part of North Vietnam’s strategy
in achieving victory in the Second Indochina War.
2007 HSC Questions
26. Assess the consequences of the Vietnamese victory against the French for Indochina
in the period 1954-1964.
27. To what extent was the rise to power of Pol Pot’s regime a consequence of the spread
of the Vietnam War to Cambodia?
2008 HSC Questions
28. To what extent was the US involvement responsible for the ongoing conflict in
Indochina in the period 1954-1979?
29. Evaluate the view that the impact of the war on civilians in Indochina was responsible
for the communist victory in the period 1968-1979.
2009 HSC Questions
30. Assess the importance of the Geneva Peace Agreement to developments within North
and South Vietnam to 1964.
31. To what extent were the anti-war movements in the United States responsible for
communist victory in the Second Indochina War?
Trial HSC 2009
Modern History

Section IV International Studies in Peace and Conflict                         25 Marks

You must complete this question for Indochina instead of Q16 on the Trial Exam

Supplementary Question to replace Q. 16 Option C: Conflict in Indochina 1954-1979
Question (a) and (b)

16. (a) Assess the effectiveness of the South Vietnamese Government in maintaining
power until 1968.                                                                  25


16. (b) Account for the effectiveness of the strategy and tactics employed by the North
Vietnamese Army and the National Liberation Front (NLF) in the Second Indo China
War.                                                                                   25

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